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Kangaroo Island Plantation Timbers switches to 'Kiland' | The Islander | Kingscote, SA

1 December, 2021
 

The company formerly known as Kangaroo Island Plantation Timbers is switching its name to “Kiland” and is buying back shares from shareholders.

It issued an off-market, buy-back booklet on November 16 that explains the transition and invites Australian residents to sell their shares to Kiland by the December 10 deadline.

“As announced on 11 August 2021, Kiland has adopted an agricultural strategy to remove the treecrop and convert its land for more traditional agricultural use,” the booklet stated.

“This reversion strategy will require significantly less capital, and will revert Kiland’s 18,696 hectares of high rainfall land to a productive agricultural estate over a shorter period of time.”

Nigel Gammon is paying close attention as he has set up a business called Kangaroo Island Industries with the mission of removing remaining timber using pyrolysis to create biochar material to enrich the soil, as well as lignin, used in composite wood products.

See: Removing timber waste from KI will be massive job

He said that in his opinion the Kiland proposal did not make economic sense, as cleaning up timber waste could take five years of constant work and cost hundreds of millions.

He was however ready to implement his clearing plans, if and when he could be compensated by whomever owned the land.

He said contractors had stated it would take $200 million to clear 4.5 million tonnes of timber, but his associates calculate that it would cost at least $300 million to purchase the pyrolysis plant to produce the biochar and lignin plus the harvester will need to purchase additional equipment.

A south coast landowner told him it cost $200,000 to clear and windrow 370 acres of bluegums.

Meanwhile, Mr Gammon said KI residents held valid concerns about what would happen to the remaining timber plantations in regards to fire and biological spread in the interim time frame.

The Islander will continue attempts to contact Kiland for comment.

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Valorization of hemp stalk waste through thermochemical conversion for energy and …

1 December, 2021
 

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Sewage sludge-derived biochar for the adsorptive removal of wastewater pollutants – Science Direct

1 December, 2021
 

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Global Biochar Market Shares are on a tear, growing at a rapid rate between 2021 and 2028 …

1 December, 2021
 

Limited period offer till 20th October only : Don’t Miss out the opportunity.

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The Global Biochar market is expected to reach $3.53 billion by 2026, with a projected CAGR of 13.8% during the forecast period.

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The study analysis offers projected growth for the next few years and the historical background with a base year over the determined forecast period.

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The study covers the offers ground scenario and the future growth prospects of the Marketfor 2021-2028 along with the import & export data of Global {Keyword}. We calculated the total market size and revenue share based on the revenue generated from key players and sales of Global Marketfrom leading players across the world. The report also forecasted the industry size on the basis of profiles of the major market players and their core competencies while leading players in the market have been recognized through secondary sources & primary sources, and their market revenue in respective regions has been determined.

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Polaris announces full specs for all-electric Ranger XP Kinetic UTV – New Atlas

1 December, 2021
 

Although it has two full seats, the Ranger XP Kinetic is rated for three passengersThe Ranger XP Kinetic has the ability to tow up to 2,500 lb (1,134 kg) – and to pull up tree stumpsOne charge of the Ranger XP Kinetic's battery pack should be good for a range of up to 80 miles (129 km)Ranger XP Kinetic users can switch between between Eco-plus, Standard and Sport drive modes as the situation dictatesPricing for the Polaris Ranger XP Kinetic starts at $24,999A regenerative braking system helps the Ranger XP Kinetic extend its battery range

Last September, Polaris and Zero Motorcycles announced their “rEV’d up” collaborative program, aimed at the development of electric off-road vehicles. The first product to result from that initiative is Polaris’ Ranger XP Kinetic UTV, which can now be reserved for a 2022 delivery.

Initially teased back in March, the side-by-side/two-seater Ranger XP Kinetic UTV (utility task vehicle) is being offered in two models – the Ultimate and the Premium.

The Ultimate delivers 110 HP and 140 lb-ft (190 Nm) of torque, a sub-four-second 0 to 40 mph (64 km/h) acceleration time, plus the ability to tow up to 2,500 lb (1,134 kg) and carry as much as 1,250 lb (567 kg) in its cargo box. One charge of its 29.8-KWh lithium-ion battery pack should reportedly be good for a range of approximately 80 miles (129 km).

Some of its other features include 14 inches (356 mm) of ground clearance; 29-inch Pro Armor X-Terrain Tires on 14-inch wheels; a 7-inch vehicle data/navigation touchscreen display; LED headlights and tail lights; a full-body skid plate; integrated winch and plow mounts; along with a 12-volt power port in the cargo box.

The Premium offers most of those same features, the main difference being that it has a 14.9-KWh battery pack that delivers a range of 45 miles (72 km).

On both models, users can switch between between Eco-plus, Standard and Sport drive modes as the situation dictates. Additionally, the vehicle will automatically switch from two-wheel-drive to all-wheel-drive whenever a loss of traction is detected – it can also be switched on demand.

Interested parties can reserve a vehicle now, via either the Polaris website or a Polaris dealer. Pricing for the Ultimate starts at US$29,999, with the Premium coming in at $24,999.

Shipments should begin next summer (Northern Hemisphere). In the meantime, you can see the Ranger XP Kinetic in action, in the video below.

Source: Polaris


Combined effects of biochar and fertilizer applications on yield: A review and meta-analysis …

1 December, 2021
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Market 2021 with (COVID-19) Impact Analysis – The Japan Herald

1 December, 2021
 

Biochar is a type of fine-grained charcoal which is created by burning wood and agricultural byproducts slowly, at low temperatures, with a reduced oxygen supply. Biochar as a soil amendment enhances plant growth and reduces need for other fertilizers. Primary biochar benefits are its potential to combat climate change by removing harmful carbon from the atmosphere.

This research report will give you deep insights about the Biochar Fertilizer Market and it will also help you in strategic decision making. The final research document is an exhaustive document comprising of 150 pages. All our reports are usually purchased across industries by Executives, Managers, Senior Managers, Strategy people, Directors, Vice Presidents, CXOs, etc. and help them in understanding about the market trends and analysis, competition, industry landscape, market size, market revenue, forecast, COVID-19 impact analysis, SWOT analysis, etc.

Market Scope:
The “Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis to 2028” is a specialized and in-depth study of the chemicals and materials industry with a special focus on the global market trend analysis. The report aims to provide an overview of Biochar Fertilizer market with detailed market segmentation type, applications, and geography. The global Biochar Fertilizer market is expected to witness high growth during the forecast period. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the leading Biochar Fertilizer market players and offers key trends and opportunities in the market.

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Notable Players Profiled in the Biochar Fertilizer Market:

Regional Overview:
The report provides a detailed overview of the industry including both qualitative and quantitative information. It provides an overview and forecast of the global Biochar Fertilizer market based on various segments. It also provides market size and forecast estimates from the year 2017 to 2028 with respect to five major regions, namely; North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and South & Central America. The Biochar Fertilizer market by each region is later sub-segmented by respective countries and segments. The report covers the analysis and forecast of 18 countries globally along with the current trend and opportunities prevailing in the region.

Drivers & Constraints

The Biochar Fertilizer Market rests united with the incidence of leading players who keep funding to the market’s growth significantly every year. The report studies the value, volume trends, and the pricing structure of the market so that it could predict maximum growth in the future. Besides, various suppressed growth factors, restraints, and opportunities are also estimated for the advanced study and suggestions of the market over the assessment period.

Chapter Details of Biochar Fertilizer Market:
Part 01: Executive Summary
Part 02: Scope of Biochar Fertilizer Market Report
Part 03: Biochar Fertilizer Market Landscape
Part 04: Biochar Fertilizer Market Sizing
Part 05: Biochar Fertilizer Market Segmentation by Product
Part 06: Five Forces Analysis
Part 07: Customer Landscape
Part 08: Geographic Landscape
Part 09: Decision Framework
Part 10: Drivers and Challenges
Part 11: Market Trends
Part 12: Vendor Landscape
Part 13: Vendor Analysis

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Figure 2 | The sorption of Tebuconazole and Linuron from an Aqueous Environment with a …

1 December, 2021
 

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.


Comparison Between Fresh and Degraded Biochar for Ammonium Ion (NH4+) Removal …

1 December, 2021
 

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HCH Removal in a Biochar-Amended Biofilter – MDPI

1 December, 2021
 

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The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel research study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature. This type of paper provides an outlook on future directions of research or possible applications.

Editor’s Choice articles are based on recommendations by the scientific editors of MDPI journals from around the world. Editors select a small number of articles recently published in the journal that they believe will be particularly interesting to authors, or important in this field. The aim is to provide a snapshot of some of the most exciting work published in the various research areas of the journal.

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Amirbekov, A.; Mamirova, A.; Sevcu, A.; Spanek, R.; Hrabak, P. HCH Removal in a Biochar-Amended Biofilter. Water 2021, 13, 3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233396

Amirbekov A, Mamirova A, Sevcu A, Spanek R, Hrabak P. HCH Removal in a Biochar-Amended Biofilter. Water. 2021; 13(23):3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233396

Amirbekov, Aday, Aigerim Mamirova, Alena Sevcu, Roman Spanek, and Pavel Hrabak. 2021. “HCH Removal in a Biochar-Amended Biofilter” Water 13, no. 23: 3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233396

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How Pyrolysis Works. Biochar Week 4 Update | by Ahmed Hassan | Nov, 2021 | Medium

1 December, 2021
 


Nordic Biochar Network (@NordicBiochar) / Twitter

1 December, 2021
 

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Nordic Biochar Network on Twitter: "Our (free) webinar series continues!☃️ On the 3rd of …

1 December, 2021
 

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Biochar and potassium humate shift the migration, transformation and redistribution of urea …

1 December, 2021
 

Improper fertilization or excessive nitrogen input may cause serious environmental problems and affect soil health. This is particularly the case in saline agroecosystems, as soil salinization alters nitrogen cycling and contributes to substantial nitrogen losses. However, the impact of amendment materials on the combined processes of nitrogen transformation and migration in salt-affected soil has not yet been explicitly clarified. Here, soil column and incubation experiments on biochar (BC)- and potassium humate (PH)-amended salt-affected soil were conducted. The transport and redistribution characteristics of soil water, salt and mineral nitrogen under drip fertigation (urea as fertilizer) were investigated, and the responses of urea hydrolysis and nitrification to BC and PH addition under soil salinity gradients were elucidated. The results showed that BC application increased the migration and redistribution ranges of soil water, salt and mineral nitrogen by improving soil macropores and infiltration and diffusion rates. PH addition maintained higher contents of soil water, salt and mineral nitrogen in the wetting pattern by enhancing the soil water-holding capacity. Both BC and PH addition shifted not only the transport and redistribution but also the morphological conversion of urea-N. BC and PH addition delayed the rise and decline of ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N) content and postponed the rise of nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) content in the wetting pattern. The results of the incubation experiment corroborated those of the column experiment. Both BC and PH aggravated the inhibitory effect of soil salinity on urea hydrolysis and nitrification by prolonging the duration by 2–7 days and postponing the time when the maximum NH4+-N and NO3-N concentrations were reached. PH showed a stronger inhibitory effect on nitrification than BC. The redistribution of urea-N in soil under drip fertigation was primarily dominated by water migration and diffusion, as physically mediated by BC and PH addition, and by the morphological conversion biochemically affected by the interactions of soil salt and BC and PH addition. It was concluded that morphological conversion played an important role in soil nitrogen transport and redistribution, and it is essential to consider the interactive impact of amendment materials and soil salinity level on nitrogen transformation for efficient and sustainable management of fertilizer nitrogen in salt-affected soil.

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This work was jointly supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (U1906221; 42077084; U1806215), the National Key Research & Development Program of China (2019YFD1002702; 2019YFD0900702), the Key Research & Development Program of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (2020GG0181) and the Special Fund Project for Local Science & Technology Development Guided by Central Government (2020ZY0016). We acknowledge the anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions that greatly improved this manuscript.

Correspondence to Jingsong Yang.

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Received: 09 March 2021

Accepted: 16 November 2021

Published: 30 November 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-021-00763-x

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British Phycological Society conference to cover the future of algae – Bio Market Insights

1 December, 2021
 

The British Phycological Society’s annual conference will be held between the 4th to the 7th of January 2022. Registration is open on their website until December 15th. The themes of the conference will be algae’s potential as a blue carbon sink, its growing role in food systems, and sustainable industrial applications.

Reference:

https://www.bps-conf2022.org 

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New Opportunities in E-Cigarette Market 2021 by Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon …

1 December, 2021
 

Global Biochar Market Forecast this research provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market. Global Biochar Market assists businesses to improve productivity, increase the pace of innovation, and adapt to the rapidly shifting economic scenario and competitive dynamics. The report also focuses on global major leading industry players of Biochar market share providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information.

Global Biochar Market Forecast 2021-2028:

Researcher has been monitoring the Biochar market and it is poised to grow by USD XX billion during 2021-2028 progressing at a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period. Our reports on Biochar market provides a holistic analysis, market size and forecast, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, as well as vendor analysis covering around 25 vendors.
The report offers an up-to-date analysis regarding the current market scenario, latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment. The market is driven by the premiumization of products and value-added service. In addition, premiumization of products is anticipated to boost the growth of the market as well.

Get a sample copy of the report @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=pr

This study identifies the growing popularity of private-label brands as one of the prime reasons driving the Biochar market growth during the next few years.

Researcher presents a detailed picture of the market by the way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters. Our Biochar market covers the following areas:

* Biochar market sizing
* Biochar market forecast
* Biochar market industry analysis

Competitive Landscape include –

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

Have different Market Scope & Business Objectives; Enquire for customized study @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/researchreport/purchase/698?utm_source=pr

Researcher’s robust vendor analysis is designed to help clients improve their market position, and in line with this, this report provides a detailed analysis of several leading Biochar market vendors that include Companies. Also, the Biochar market analysis report includes information on upcoming trends and challenges that will influence market growth. This is to help companies strategize and leverage on all forthcoming growth opportunities.

Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.

The study was conducted using an objective combination of primary and secondary information including inputs from key participants in the industry. The report contains a comprehensive market and vendor landscape in addition to an analysis of the key vendors.

Researcher presents a detailed picture of the market by the way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters such as profit, pricing, competition, and promotions. It presents various market facets by identifying the key industry influencers. The data presented is comprehensive, reliable, and a result of extensive research – both primary and secondary. Researcher’s market research reports provide a complete competitive landscape and an in-depth vendor selection methodology and analysis using qualitative and quantitative research to forecast an accurate market growth.

Global Biochar Market report provides a detailed evaluation of the market by highlighting information on different aspects which include drivers, restraints, opportunities, threats, and global markets including progress trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions expansion status. This report is comprehensive numerical analyses of the Biochar industry analysis and provides data for making strategies to increase the market growth and success. The Report also estimates the market size, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share, cost structure and growth rate for decision making.

Biochar Market size provides key analysis on the market status of the Biochar manufacturers with best facts and figures, meaning, definition, SWOT analysis, expert opinions and the latest developments across the globe. The Report also calculate the market size, Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share, cost structure and growth rate.

The Biochar market analysis includes product segment and distribution channel segment.

Researcher’s Biochar market is segmented as below:

By Product:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

By Application:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

The report demonstrates detail coverage of Biochar industry and main market trends. The market research includes historical and forecast data, like demand, application details, price trends, and company shares of the leading Biochar by geography, especially focuses on the key regions like United States, European Union, China, and other regions.
Since the COVID-19 virus outbreak in December 2019, the World Health Organization declared it a public health emergency. The desease has spread to over 100 countries and caused huge losses of lives around the globe. Especially the global manufacturing, tourism and financial markets have been hit hard. The downward pressure on the world economy that once showed signs of recovery in the previous period has increased again. The outbreak of the epidemic has added risk factors to the already weak growth of the world economy. Many international organizations have pointed out that the world economy is in the most severe period since the financial crisis.

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Magnum Mining and Exploration : Successful Green Pig Iron Production | MarketScreener

1 December, 2021
 

For personal use only

SUCCESSFUL GREEN PIG IRON PRODUCTION

Highlights:

Magnum Mining and Exploration Limited has completed its first biochar pig iron test using 100% biochar. The SGS test result shows that our green pig iron is a premium feed for Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) steel making.

As announced on 28 September 2021, Magnum Mining and Exploration Limited (“Magnum” or the “Company”) (ASX:MGU) has undertaken an extensive test work program over the past few months.

The Company is pleased to confirm:

that it is on track to become a leading producer of green pig iron products for sales to US and export markets at premium prices.

extensive test work was completed by Beijing Shougang International Engineering Technology Company (BSIET) (see here – bisect.com) at its pilot plant in China and included:

production of a dry iron ore concentrate at 63%Fe (SGS tested);

reduction in the rotary kiln using 100% Biochar to produce Direct Reduction Iron (DRI) and

melting the DRI in an Electric Furnace to produce the end product, green pig iron (SGS tested). SGS China tested and has confirmed the quality of the iron ore concentrate and green pig iron produced.

that Magnum green pig iron with low silica & high carbon offers premium value in use for EAF steel makers.

the process of dry concentration with minimal water consumption compared to a ‘wet’ concentrate and the utilisation of Biomass/Biochar in a ‘carbon neutral’ process are also significant contributions to a healthier environment when compared to other steel making processes.

this success is an important step in the Company’s strategy of moving up the value chain to green pig iron with a significant Carbon Credit premium.

Magnum with its wholly owned low-cost iron ore resource is now well positioned to take advantage of the rapidly increasing demand in high value green pig iron. There is a US$400 per ton value difference between iron ore & pig iron, with iron ore prices currently around US$100/t delivered China and pig iron delivered into the US is around US$550/t.

the US steel industry is rapidly expanding with over 80% using EAFs. Relevantly, the Company advises that a global shortage of quality steel scrap and pig iron supply is forecasted and considers that Magnum is well placed to supply quality pig iron both domestically and internationally.

Magnum Mining & Exploration Ltd

ABN: 70 003 170 376

Level 11, 52 Phillip Street, Sydney 2000 Tel: +61 02 8316 3989

Email: info@mmel.com.au Web: www.mmel.com.au

For personal use only

TEST WORK RESULTS

1. Dry Concentrate Results:

The iron ore sample from the Buena Vista Project was crushed and sized before undergoing a dry magnetic separation process. As announced on 28 September 2021, the Company has decided to use a ‘dry concentrate’ process to produce the iron ore that is required as feed to the rotary kiln at the Buena Vista Project. The planned dry magnetic beneficiation plant is a cost-effective and efficient setup that provides added savings in water consumption in what is an increasingly arid region. This will further strengthen the Company’s vision of being a green pig iron producer.

SGS has confirmed the test work was successful with a concentrate product grade of 63%Fe.

1

For personal use only

Figure 1 SGS Iron Ore Concentrate Quality Report – Page 1

2

For personal use only

Figure 1 SGS Iron Ore Concentrate Quality Report – Page 2

3

For personal use only

BSIET have proposed a ‘plug & play’ off the shelf Dry Magnetic Beneficiation Plant with an annual output of 1 million tonnes of 63%Fe concentrate using a feed grade of 15-20%Fe ROM. This feed grade optimizes the resource tonnes available for mining as well as allowing a lower strip ratio and hence reduces the overall mining costs.

The outcome from this work will feed into the detailed engineering design and estimates of the capital and operating costs of the dry concentrator.

Figure 2 Proposed Dry Magnetic Beneficiation Plant

4

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Magnum Mining and Exploration Limited published this content on 01 December 2021 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 01 December 2021 02:00:08 UTC.


Impossible Foods Hopes For $7Bn Valuation – Bio Market Insights

1 December, 2021
 

Impossible Foods has set a goal to raise $500 million in its latest funding round. According to Bloomberg, the company is expecting a valuation of $7 billion, though terms had not yet been finalised.

Last year, the company had two very successful fundraisers. In August 2020, Impossible raised $200 million, and a significant $500 million a few months prior. The company is also reportedly preparing for a $10 billion IPO.

If the funding round reaches its goal, Impossible Food’s value will exceed that of its main competitor, Beyond Meat. Beyond is currently valued at approximately $6.2 billion, although its shares recently lost value after it lowered its projected revenue for the third quarter of 2021. The company says it is still struggling with the impact of Covid-19, along with operational challenges and lower retail orders.

Both Impossible and Beyond have always been competitive players in the market, going head-to-head to innovate and launch new products to the market. This recent summer, the companies raced to launch plant-based nuggets in what was labelled “Chicken Wars”. After that, Impossible has been offering its plant-based sausage across the US and has also expanded into the Middle East. Additionally, the company has revealed it is working on plant-based whole-muscle meat products, which are known for being difficult to get right.

Earlier this year, Reuters released a report which suggested that Impossible Foods may have been preparing for a public listing which could either take the form of an IPO or a merger with a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC). The report also claimed that Impossible had been receiving the help of a financial adviser to discuss mergers with SPACs, and noting that the SPAC option may “dilute existing Impossible Foods shareholders, however, by a greater extent than an IPO,” the sources added.

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Adsorption, separation and recovery properties of blocky zeolite-biochar composites for …

1 December, 2021
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Market 2021 with (COVID-19) Impact Analysis Industry Booming Globally …

2 December, 2021
 

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Biochar-augmented carbon-negative concrete,Chemical Engineering Journal – X-MOL

2 December, 2021
 

Biochar is a waste-derived carbon-based material that can sequester carbon. This study proposed a revolutionary design of carbon-negative concrete with a large volume of biochar incorporation and elaborated the roles of biochar in the cement hydration and microstructure development of biochar-augmented concrete. Moreover, the total CO2 emissions and economic values of biochar-augmented concrete were, for the first time, quantified by conducting life cycle assessment (LCA) and cost-benefit analysis (CBA). Biochar as aggregate in concrete promoted the cement hydration process, facilitating the formation of calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H) and enhancing the polymerization degree of C-S-H gel via internal curing. The incorporation of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) in the binder further enhanced the mechanical strength of biochar-augmented concrete via time-dependent pozzolanic reaction. The life cycle assessment confirmed that the biochar incorporation significantly reduced CO2 emissions, and most importantly, the combined use of biochar and SCMs successfully achieved carbon-negative concrete production. Preliminary cost and benefit analysis illustrated that the biochar-augmented concrete could yield satisfactory overall economic profits. Considering the mechanical performance, resource availability, negative CO2 emissions, and economic profits, the 30BC-MK (with biochar as aggregate and metakaolin as a binder representing 30 wt.% and 9 wt.%, respectively) was the most promising mixture, which could sequester 59 kg CO2 tonne-1 and potentially generate the overall profit of 35.4 USD m-3. In summary, our novel design of biochar-augmented concrete can open up a new field of biochar application that produces technically feasible and financially profitable carbon-negative construction materials.

生物炭是一种废物衍生的碳基材料,可以固碳。本研究提出了一种具有大量生物炭掺入量的负碳混凝土的革命性设计,并阐述了生物炭在生物炭增强混凝土的水泥水化和微观结构发展中的作用。此外,总 CO 2生物炭增强混凝土的排放和经济价值首次通过生命周期评估 (LCA) 和成本效益分析 (CBA) 进行量化。生物炭作为混凝土骨料,促进了水泥水化过程,促进了水化硅酸钙(CSH)的形成,并通过内固化提高了CSH凝胶的聚合度。在粘合剂中加入补充胶凝材料 (SCM),通过时间依赖性火山灰反应进一步提高了生物炭增强混凝土的机械强度。生命周期评估证实,生物炭的掺入显着减少了 CO 2排放,最重要的是,生物炭和 SCM 的结合使用成功地实现了碳负混凝土生产。初步的成本效益分析表明,生物炭增强混凝土可以产生令人满意的整体经济效益。考虑到机械性能、资源可用性、负 CO 2排放和经济利润,30BC-MK(以生物炭为骨料,偏高岭土为粘合剂,分别占 30 wt.% 和 9 wt.%)是最有前途的混合物,这可以隔离 59 kg CO 2 tonne -1并可能产生 35.4 USD m -3的整体利润. 总之,我们对生物炭增强混凝土的新颖设计可以开辟生物炭应用的新领域,生产技术上可行且经济上有利可图的负碳建筑材料。


Energy Research Accelerator – t.co / Twitter

2 December, 2021
 

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USDA Issues Final Pandemic Payments for Timber Harvesters and Haulers

2 December, 2021
 

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Email: press@usda.gov

WASHINGTON, Dec. 2, 2021 — The U.S. Department of Agriculture will begin issuing final pandemic assistance payments to timber harvesters and timber hauling businesses through the Pandemic Assistance for Timber Harvesters and Haulers (PATHH) program starting next week. In total, $200 million will be provided to loggers and log trucking businesses who experienced a gross revenue loss of at least 10% during the period of Jan. 1 through Dec. 1, 2020, compared to the period of Jan. 1 through Dec. 1, 2019. This support is part of USDA’s broader Pandemic Assistance for Producers initiative.

“We know loggers and truckers felt the financial burden of the pandemic,” said FSA Administrator Zach Ducheneaux. “This included lack of access to wood processing mills, which caused major disruptions to the logging industry. We made initial payments as we enrolled customers in PATHH and are happy to now finalize payments to provide this much needed assistance.”

“We are grateful for the partnerships with other USDA agencies to recognize the tremendous need and to mobilize quickly to assist loggers and log truckers adversely impacted by the pandemic,” said Forest Service Chief Randy Moore. “The American Loggers Council, Intertribal Timber Council, National Association of State Foresters, and Forest Resources Association were critical to helping us better understand the impacts and tailor a program that best serves these two sectors that are critical to forest management across the country.”

Eligible PATHH applicants must have derived at least 50 percent of total gross revenue from timber harvesting and/or timber hauling. Specifically, eligible activities included cutting timber, transporting timber and/or the processing of wood on-site on the forest land, such as chipping, grinding, converting to biochar or cutting to smaller lengths.

The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, authorized up to $200 million for PATHH. FSA issued initial payments up to $2,000 as applications were approved. Now that signup has ended and FSA has evaluated remaining funds, FSA has started to issue second payments to those applicants whose calculated payment amount was over $2,000.

Based on the number of actual PATHH applications filed, FSA will be required to lower the payment limitation for PATHH from $125,000 to $75,000 and apply a payment factor of 70.5% across all calculated payments to ensure program outlays do not exceed the available funding. These provisions were previously outlined in the Notice of Funding Availability in the event the revenue loss reported exceeded available funding.

As USDA looks for long-term solutions to build back a better food system, the Department is committed to delivery of financial assistance to farmers, ranchers and agricultural producers and businesses who have been impacted by COVID-19 market disruptions. In addition to the funding USDA is issuing today, the Department has provided a broad range of support to America’s farmers and ranchers as part of its Pandemic Assistance for Producers initiative, including:

A full list of Pandemic Assistance is available at farmers.gov/pandemic-assistance. USDA expects further Pandemic Assistance to continue to fill remaining gaps later this year.

USDA touches the lives of all Americans each day in so many positive ways. In the Biden-Harris Administration, USDA is transforming America’s food system with a greater focus on more resilient local and regional food production, fairer markets for all producers, ensuring access to healthy and nutritious food in all communities, building new markets and streams of income for farmers and producers using climate smart food and forestry practices, making historic investments in infrastructure and clean energy capabilities in rural America, and committing to equity across the Department by removing systemic barriers and building a workforce more representative of America. To learn more, visit www.usda.gov.

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USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer, and lender.


Sustainability – The Oxford Charcoal Company

2 December, 2021
 

We use the most environmentally friendly charcoal making system with an efficiency of at least 25%, only using felled wood from sustainable woodlands from within 50 miles. This helps us fund privately owned woodlands and small businesses working in this value chain.

During our Charcoal making process, we also create Biochar, Wood Vinegar, and a lot of smiles.

Oxford Charcoal has been committed to the COP26 and beyond since 2013, so enjoy our products and be proud that every time you buy from us you can be sure that you have the most sustainable produce available

Karl Ahmed – CEO since 2018

Biochar Production – 516,600 kg in addition to the above figure creating a massive carbon sequestration of 2,021,760 kg of CO2

We have been using paper bags since 2013 top pack our Charcoal and have not deviated for costs, we have recyclable jute bags for Big and little logs. We deliver locally using our own vans saving unnecessary CO2 between shipping partners and customers.

Copyright All Rights Reserved © 2013 – 2020 – Website created by Web Windows Marketing


Vale tests biochar in pellet production

2 December, 2021
 

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Learn about Vale’s initiatives to incorporate sustainability into its business​

For the first time, Vale used biochar in the pellets production, a lump of iron ore used in the production of steel in the steel industry. Biochar is a renewable product, obtained through the biomass carbonization. The test took place at the pelletizing plant that the company maintains in São Luís (MA). In the traditional pelletizing process, solid fossil fuels are used. At the time of the test, 57,000 tons of pellets were produced, where around 25% of the charcoal used was of vegetable origin. The experience reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the process by 10%. This was considered to be the first successful Vale's industrial scale test carried out.

Biochar was supplied by a company in Minas Gerais, which works with a premium, certified product, specific for steelmaking purposes. According to engineer Rodrigo Boyer, who led the initiative, another test will be carried out in São Luís with the objective of reaching at least 50% of the load made up of biochar. “Our objective is, in 2022, to test the technical feasibility of further increasing the share of the use of biochar in the furnace”, he adds. The experience will also be replicated at the company's pellet plant in Vargem Grande, in Minas Gerais, next year.

Reducing emissions from pelletizing is one of Vale's biggest challenges. Today it represents approximately 33% of the company's GHG emissions, ahead of mining and rail transport. The biochar test is part of the company's portfolio of initiatives that contribute to the objective of reducing its direct and indirect carbon emissions by 33% by 2030, in line with the Paris Agreement, with the objective of zeroing its net carbon emissions by 2050. To do so, Vale is investing between US$ 4 billion and US$ 6 billion, reinforcing its pact with society and the best sustainability practices worldwide.


Biochar Market 2021 | Explained Covid-19 Impact | Analysis By Top Countries Data … – Newshunt360

2 December, 2021
 

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In a recent published report, Kenneth Research has updated the market report for Biochar Market for 2021 till 2030. Report further now discusses; the various strategies to be adopted or being adopted by the business players across the globe at various levels in the value chain. In the view of the global economic slowdown, we further estimated that China, India, Japan and South Korea to recover fastest amongst all the countries in the Asian market. Germany, France, Italy, Spain to take the worst hit and this hit is expected to be regain 25% by the end of 2021- Positive Growth in the economic demand and supply.

U.S. Market recovers fast; In a release on May 4th 2021, the U.S. Bureau and Economic Analsysis and U.S. Census Bureau mentions the recovery in the U.S. International trade in March 2021. Exports in the country reached $200 billion, up by $12.4 billion in Feb 2021. Following the continuous incremental trend, imports tallied at $274.5 billion, picked up by $16.4 billion in Feb 2021. However, as COVID19 still haunts the economies across the globe, year-over-year (y-o-y) avergae exports in the U.S. declined by $7.0 billion from March 2020 till March 2021 whilest imports increased by $20.7 billion during the same time. This definitely shows how the market is trying to recover back and this will have a direct impact on the Healthcare/ICT/Chemical industries, creating a huge demand for Biochar Market products.

Download Sample of This Strategic Report: https://www.kennethresearch.com/sample-request-10082391

A report on Biochar Market has recently been added into the repository of market research reports of Kenneth Research. The report, which is calculated for the forecast period 2021 2025, provides an in-depth analysis on the opportunities, latest trends, challenges and the growth drivers that are associated with the growth of the market. The market is thriving on account of the growing need for chemicals that are less toxic, backed by the stringent government regulations to regulate chemical pollution. It is estimated that more than 3 million tons of toxic chemicals have been released by industries till date in the year 2021. On the other hand, it is estimated that every second, around 300kgs of toxic chemicals are released into water, land and air by the industrial facilities.

Further, the market is projected to grow on account of the growing trade in chemicals worldwide. The European Union recorded to be the largest exporter of chemical products around the globe in the year 2019. The region was also the second largest importer of chemical products after the United States in the same year. The exports of chemicals in Europe, according to the statistics by Eurostat, grew from USD 323.49 billion in 2010 to USD 504.83 billion in 2020. Moreover, the imports of chemicals in the region grew from USD 205.64 billion in 2010 to USD 285.91 billion in 2020.

The Biochar Market is predicted to grow with a robust CAGR during the forecast period. Some of the significant factors that are anticipated to drive the market are the growing investments from the multinational companies in several nations worldwide to develop production facilities that can promote the production growth, backed by the rising need for chemicals from several end-user industries for different end-use purposes. According to the statistical report titled “Global Chemicals Outlook II”, published by the United Nations Environment Programme, the global chemical industry’s production capacity almost doubled to reach 2.3 billion tonnes in the year 2017 from 1.2 billion tonnes in the year 2000. Moreover, increasing spending on research and innovation (R&I) for the development of advanced chemicals is also anticipated to drive the growth of the market over the forecast period.

The global biochar market is estimated to reach USD 3.23 billion by 2026 growing at a CAGR of 9.1% during the forecast period, according to a new study published by Polaris Market Research. The report ‘Biochar Market Share, Size, Trends, & Industry Analysis Report, [By Technology (Gasification, Pyrolysis, Others), By Application (Agriculture {Livestock Farming, General Farming (Organic Farming, Inorganic Farming, Others)} Others), By Regions Segment Forecast, 2019 – 2026’ provides an extensive analysis of present market dynamics and predicted future trends. In 2018, pyrolysis technology segment dominated the market, in terms of revenue. In 2018, North America accounted for the majority share in the global market.

Biochar, a carbon rich product or a pyrogenic black carbon that has been attracting significant attention in both academic and political arenas. Much of the product’s attention is owing to its potential to mitigate the climate change, offer food security along with offering a solution for organic waste management.

Download Sample of This Strategic Report:- https://www.kennethresearch.com/sample-request-10082391

Product application to soils has been gaining immense interest worldwide, owing to its potential to enhance soil capacity of nutrient retention and soil’s water holding capacity. Moreover, this also helps in sustainable storage of carbon thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

However, commercialization of biochar as a soil additive is yet to achieve its full potential among its primary users, the farmers. To make this happen, the industry participants manufacturing biochar are focused on arranging several programs in different geographical marketspaces to explicitly educate farmers.

biochar market

Farming methods including mixing the product with seeds and fertilizers, uniform mixing with soil, applying through no till systems deep banding of soil with plow, hoeing into ground, top-dressed, applying char and compost on raised beds. However, the type of application of biochar to soil depends on farming system, labor and available machinery. These types of methods are promoted and increasing use of such methods among farmers will boost product application and henceforth its overall demand.

Biochar retains its potential to control/mitigate climate change owing to its inherent fixed carbon in the raw biomass, which would otherwise degrade to the greenhouse gases and sequestered within the soil for years. The product acts as tool for soil amendment owing to its beneficial impact on cation exchange that leads to higher water holding capacity and greater soil pH, and an affinity for macro and micro plant nutrients.

Although biochar applications have been increasing owing to its great agricultural and environmental contributions, there are also controversial restraining factors of the product. Cutting of timber, a major feedstock of biochar is the primary concern which might lead to complete deforestation and eventually threaten the food security. As this could compromise on the amount of rainfall useful for agriculture. Hence, to avoid this industry participants and government organizations are focused on producing it from saw dust, waste wood, rice husk, rice straw, empty bunches of fruit etc.

The physical and chemical properties of the product add to another layer of complexity to the interactions between soil and food web. This happens as it alters the availability of mineral nutrients, soluble organic matter, soil aggregation, pH and even the effects of the extracellular enzymes. Hence, the product has an important role to affect the diversity, abundance and also circulation of related microbial communities. The environmental factors that most strongly influence the bacterial abundance, its activity and diversity are temperature, moisture and the pH, and all of these are enhanced by biochar presence in soil. But, optimal and efficient use of the product will help mitigate climate and enhance agricultural soil productivity.

The global biochar market is a moderately growing sector and numerous companies participate in the marketspace from different phase of the industry value chain. Some of the leading participants include BlackCarbon A/S , Biochar Industries, Swiss Biochar GmbH, Carbon Terra GmbH, Biochar Ireland, Sunriver Biochar, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Waste to Energy Solutions Inc., Airex Energy, Carbon Gold, Clean Fuels B.V., 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Earth Systems PTY. LTD., ArSta Eco, Pacific Pyrolysis, Biochar Supreme, LLC, Phoenix Energy, The Biochar Company, Vega Biofuels, Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Biochar Products, Inc., Diacarbon Energy Inc., and Agri-Tech Producers, LLC.

Request For Full Report- https://www.kennethresearch.com/sample-request-10082391

Polaris Market Research has segmented the global Biochar market on the basis of technology, application and region:

Biochar Technology Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2015 – 2026)

Gasification
Pyrolysis
Others

Biochar Application Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2015 – 2026)

Agriculture
Livestock Farming
General Farming
Organic Farming
Inorganic Farming
Others
Others

Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2015 – 2026)

North America
U.S.
Canada
Europe
Germany
UK
France
Rest of Europe
Asia-Pacific
China
India
Japan
Rest of Asia-Pacific
Latin America
Brazil
Mexico
Rest of Latin America
Middle East and Africa

About Us

Kenneth Research is a reselling agency providing market research solutions in different verticals such as Automotive and Transportation, Chemicals and Materials, Healthcare, Food & Beverage and Consumer Packaged Goods, Semiconductors, Electronics & ICT, Packaging, and Others. Our portfolio includes set of market research insights such as market sizing and market forecasting, market share analysis and key positioning of the players (manufacturers, deals and distributors, etc), understanding the competitive landscape and their business at a ground level and many more. Our research experts deliver the offerings efficiently and effectively within a stipulated time. The market study provided by Kenneth Research helps the Industry veterans/investors to think and to act wisely in their overall strategy formulation

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Collectively, more than 70% of the energy demand was driven by China, United States and India in 2018.

CRIFAX added a report on ‘Global LiFePO4 Battery Market, 2020-2028’ to its database of market research collaterals consisting of overall market scenario with prevalent and future growth prospects, among other growth strategies used by key players to stay ahead of the game. Additionally, recent trends, mergers and acquisitions, region-wise growth analysis along with challenges that are affecting the growth of the market are also stated in the report.

On the back growing population and economic development around the world, increase in demand for heating and cooling from among the global population due to climate change combined with rising energy demand among residential, commercial and public services and transport sector, the global LiFePO4 Battery market is estimated to witness exuberant growth over the forecast period, i.e., 2020-2028. According to IEA (International Energy Agency), the worldwide energy demand grew by 4% (900 TWh) in 2018. The highest amount of energy was consumed by industrial segment of around 8945 TWh in 2017 as compared to 8699 TWh in 2016. Apart from that, CO2 emissions arising from production of energy had registered an increase of 1.7% with emission levels of CO2 reaching 33 Gigatonnes. International Energy Agency (IEA) had already stated in its report that the average growth rate of energy consumption had nearly doubled since 2010 and globally grew by 2.3% in 2018. Rising demand for clean and sustainable eco-friendly energy has propelled many government bodies to introduce strict policies and regulations, in order to reduce carbon emissions and their adverse impact on the environment.

Click to Download Complete Sample Report@ https://crifax.com/sample-request-1013816

With power consumption across the world rising every year, China recorded the highest levels of power consumption of about 5537 TWh in 2017 as compared to United States which consumed about 3738 TWh of power. China, India and United States had accounted for about 70% of the total energy demand. The demand for oil and gas was reportedly the highest in the United States in 2018 across the world. The growing awareness related to climate change and environment degradation is encouraging many manufacturers to implement sustainable energy strategies, which is further estimated to promote sustainable development among various nations across the globe. Moreover, electricity contribution from non-OECD nations such as China, India, Russia and Brazil stood at 37.2%, with China generating 46.7% which is the highest share of power consumed among these nations. These initiatives to achieve cleaner energy goals is estimated to positively impact the growth of the global LiFePO4 Battery market throughout the forecast period.

Click to Download Complete Sample Report@ https://crifax.com/sample-request-1013816

To provide better understanding of internal and external marketing factors, the multi-dimensional analytical tools such as SWOT and PESTEL analysis have been implemented in the global LiFePO4 Battery  market report. Moreover, the report consists of market segmentation, CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), BPS analysis, Y-o-Y growth (%), Porter’s five force model, absolute $ opportunity and anticipated cost structure of the market.

About CRIFAX

CRIFAX is driven by integrity and commitment to its clients and provides cutting-edge marketing research and consulting solutions with a step-by-step guide to accomplish their business prospects. With the help of our industry experts having hands on experience in their respective domains, we make sure that our industry enthusiasts understand all the business aspects relating to their projects, which further improves the consumer base and the size of their organization. We offer wide range of unique marketing research solutions ranging from customized and syndicated research reports to consulting services, out of which, we update our syndicated research reports annually to make sure that they are modified according to the latest and ever-changing technology and industry insights. This has helped us to carve a niche in delivering ‘distinctive business services’ that enhanced our global clients’ trust in our insights and helped us to outpace our competitors as well.

Contact Us:

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For parents trying to navigate new child support claims, it can be difficult to know how child support will change your lifestyle. Whether you are the custodial or noncustodial parent, it’s likely that you’re hoping your child support order will mean a better quality of life for your child. With that said, the legalities in any child support order mean that while there are recommended things the custodial parent should use support for, there are no hard lines on what you can and can’t spend your support checks on.

For a closer look at ways child support and your support order could be spent to improve your child’s life and meet their basic needs, read on.

Many parents who are new to child support and child support orders have a lot of questions. If this is you, it’s a good idea to reach out to your attorney or a legal service for help. For example, if you live in Orlando, learning about child support in Florida at a place like Legal Eagles, where you can get any questions you have about child support answered, is a great way to have a positive experience with the support order process.

In most places, there are no laws on how you spend your child support payments. While the idea behind child support is to provide for a child’s basic needs like health insurance, clothing, food, and private or public high school education, the custodial parent is free to make decisions about whether to spend support checks on dental health or Christmas presents. If you aren’t sure how you can spend your support checks, check with the court or department of health and human services that signed your order. You can always ask your lawyer during your first visit, too.

For most people, a child’s dental needs are important and expensive. On top of providing for a child’s overall health, a custodial parent is responsible for paying for comprehensive dental care, orthodontics, and other dentistry needs. Maybe you’re a parent in New South Wales and love your dentist in Sydney, like CDC Dental. Perhaps your child having a confident smile is important to you, but your income level makes that beautiful smile harder to achieve. Using your support payments to pay for your child’s dental care is a great way to spend them.

Essential care for your child extends well beyond dental treatment and the dentist. When considering how you’ll use your support order, it’s important to look at your gross income and assess your child’s other needs, too. For some parents, creating a parenting plan that lists how you’ll spend support payments can be a great way to ensure your child’s basic needs, like doctor’s visits and education, are accounted for.

Filling your child’s basic needs checklist is easier with good credit. While most people struggle from time to time, it’s important to consider things like unemployment, underemployment, and overall income as you work to prioritize the needs of the child you love. Keep in mind that kids have emotional needs, too. Spending money on free-time activities is a great way to bond and okay to devote part of your monthly income to.

At the end of the day, no matter how big or small your child support order, research shows that kids do best when their parents work together to put their needs first. In spending child support payments wisely, whether it be on dental needs, paying off credit cards, maintaining a civil relationship with your co-parent, or doing what you can to make your child a priority, your child will have a happier life for it.

Best of luck to you as you and your ex-partner work to give your child every opportunity they deserve while putting their needs first.

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Collectively, more than 70% of the energy demand was driven by China, United States and India in 2018.

CRIFAX added a report on ‘Global Sealed Lead Acid Batteries Market, 2020-2028’ to its database of market research collaterals consisting of overall market scenario with prevalent and future growth prospects, among other growth strategies used by key players to stay ahead of the game. Additionally, recent trends, mergers and acquisitions, region-wise growth analysis along with challenges that are affecting the growth of the market are also stated in the report.

On the back growing population and economic development around the world, increase in demand for heating and cooling from among the global population due to climate change combined with rising energy demand among residential, commercial and public services and transport sector, the global Sealed Lead Acid Batteries market is estimated to witness exuberant growth over the forecast period, i.e., 2020-2028. According to IEA (International Energy Agency), the worldwide energy demand grew by 4% (900 TWh) in 2018. The highest amount of energy was consumed by industrial segment of around 8945 TWh in 2017 as compared to 8699 TWh in 2016. Apart from that, CO2 emissions arising from production of energy had registered an increase of 1.7% with emission levels of CO2 reaching 33 Gigatonnes. International Energy Agency (IEA) had already stated in its report that the average growth rate of energy consumption had nearly doubled since 2010 and globally grew by 2.3% in 2018. Rising demand for clean and sustainable eco-friendly energy has propelled many government bodies to introduce strict policies and regulations, in order to reduce carbon emissions and their adverse impact on the environment.

Click to Download Complete Sample Report@ https://crifax.com/sample-request-1013817

With power consumption across the world rising every year, China recorded the highest levels of power consumption of about 5537 TWh in 2017 as compared to United States which consumed about 3738 TWh of power. China, India and United States had accounted for about 70% of the total energy demand. The demand for oil and gas was reportedly the highest in the United States in 2018 across the world. The growing awareness related to climate change and environment degradation is encouraging many manufacturers to implement sustainable energy strategies, which is further estimated to promote sustainable development among various nations across the globe. Moreover, electricity contribution from non-OECD nations such as China, India, Russia and Brazil stood at 37.2%, with China generating 46.7% which is the highest share of power consumed among these nations. These initiatives to achieve cleaner energy goals is estimated to positively impact the growth of the global Sealed Lead Acid Batteries market throughout the forecast period.

Click to Download Complete Sample Report@ https://crifax.com/sample-request-1013817

To provide better understanding of internal and external marketing factors, the multi-dimensional analytical tools such as SWOT and PESTEL analysis have been implemented in the global Sealed Lead Acid Batteries market report. Moreover, the report consists of market segmentation, CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), BPS analysis, Y-o-Y growth (%), Porter’s five force model, absolute $ opportunity and anticipated cost structure of the market.

About CRIFAX

CRIFAX is driven by integrity and commitment to its clients and provides cutting-edge marketing research and consulting solutions with a step-by-step guide to accomplish their business prospects. With the help of our industry experts having hands on experience in their respective domains, we make sure that our industry enthusiasts understand all the business aspects relating to their projects, which further improves the consumer base and the size of their organization. We offer wide range of unique marketing research solutions ranging from customized and syndicated research reports to consulting services, out of which, we update our syndicated research reports annually to make sure that they are modified according to the latest and ever-changing technology and industry insights. This has helped us to carve a niche in delivering ‘distinctive business services’ that enhanced our global clients’ trust in our insights and helped us to outpace our competitors as well.

Contact Us:

CRIFAX

Email:      sales@crifax.com

U.K. Phone: +44 161 394 2021

U.S. Phone: +1 917 924 8284

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The average rate of growth of energy consumption had almost doubled since 2010 and grew by 2.3% in 2018.

CRIFAX added a report on ‘Global D-Shaped Centronics Cables Market, 2020-2028’ to its database of market research collaterals consisting of overall market scenario with prevalent and future growth prospects, among other growth strategies used by key players to stay ahead of the game. Additionally, recent trends, mergers and acquisitions, region-wise growth analysis along with challenges that are affecting the growth of the market are also stated in the report.

The global D-Shaped Centronics Cables  market is estimated to observe significant growth, owing to several factors affecting the demand for energy from various sectors that include residential, commercial and public services and transport sector, apart from growing population, rapid growth in industrial and residential sectors, increase in demand for heating and cooling from among the global population, due to changes in climate conditions that is driving the growth of the market over the forecast period (2020-2028). International Energy Agency (IEA) has mentioned in its report that global demand for energy has risen by 4% (900 TWh).

Click to Download Complete Sample Report@ https://crifax.com/sample-request-1013818

Several sectors have witnessed high levels of energy consumption globally, with the industrial segment consuming the highest of about 8945 TWh in the year 2017 as compared to 8699 TWh of energy consumed in 2016. ). Moreover, International Energy Agency (IEA) had also mentioned in its report that in 2018, the average growth rate of energy consumption had almost doubled since 2010 and grew by 2.3% in 2018. Additionally, CO2 emission levels arising from production of energy had recorded an increase of 1.7% reaching about 33 Gigatonnes. Many governments across the world have introduced stringent policies and regulations for reducing carbon emissions that is destroying the environment. 

Nations such as China, India and United States are creating a huge demand for energy globally, with at least 70% of total energy demand coming from these nations. Moreover, the awareness on climate change has been increasing which is encouraging many manufacturers to implement sustainable energy strategies to prevent further environment degradation. In 2018, United States of America had recorded the highest demand for oil and gas across the world. High levels of power consumption was reported by China and United States of America which was about 5537 TWh and 3738 TWh of power consumed respectively in 2017. On the other hand, electricity contribution stood at 37.2% from non-OECD countries such as China, India, Russia and Brazil, with China generating 46.7% which is the highest share of power consumed among these nations. These factors are predicted to drive the growth of the market over the forecast period.

Click to Download Complete Sample Report@ https://crifax.com/sample-request-1013818

To provide better understanding of internal and external marketing factors, the multi-dimensional analytical tools such as SWOT and PESTEL analysis have been implemented in the global D-Shaped Centronics Cables  market report. Moreover, the report consists of market segmentation, CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), BPS analysis, Y-o-Y growth (%), Porter’s five force model, absolute $ opportunity and anticipated cost structure of the market.

About CRIFAX

CRIFAX is driven by integrity and commitment to its clients and provides cutting-edge marketing research and consulting solutions with a step-by-step guide to accomplish their business prospects. With the help of our industry experts having hands on experience in their respective domains, we make sure that our industry enthusiasts understand all the business aspects relating to their projects, which further improves the consumer base and the size of their organization. We offer wide range of unique marketing research solutions ranging from customized and syndicated research reports to consulting services, out of which, we update our syndicated research reports annually to make sure that they are modified according to the latest and ever-changing technology and industry insights. This has helped us to carve a niche in delivering ‘distinctive business services’ that enhanced our global clients’ trust in our insights and helped us to outpace our competitors as well.

Contact Us:

CRIFAX

Email:      sales@crifax.com

U.K. Phone: +44 161 394 2021

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The average rate of growth of energy consumption had almost doubled since 2010 and grew by 2.3% in 2018.

CRIFAX added a report on ‘Global Extension Cable Market, 2020-2028’ to its database of market research collaterals consisting of overall market scenario with prevalent and future growth prospects, among other growth strategies used by key players to stay ahead of the game. Additionally, recent trends, mergers and acquisitions, region-wise growth analysis along with challenges that are affecting the growth of the market are also stated in the report.

The global Extension Cable  market is estimated to observe significant growth, owing to several factors affecting the demand for energy from various sectors that include residential, commercial and public services and transport sector, apart from growing population, rapid growth in industrial and residential sectors, increase in demand for heating and cooling from among the global population, due to changes in climate conditions that is driving the growth of the market over the forecast period (2020-2028). International Energy Agency (IEA) has mentioned in its report that global demand for energy has risen by 4% (900 TWh).

Click to Download Complete Sample Report@ https://crifax.com/sample-request-1013819

Several sectors have witnessed high levels of energy consumption globally, with the industrial segment consuming the highest of about 8945 TWh in the year 2017 as compared to 8699 TWh of energy consumed in 2016. ). Moreover, International Energy Agency (IEA) had also mentioned in its report that in 2018, the average growth rate of energy consumption had almost doubled since 2010 and grew by 2.3% in 2018. Additionally, CO2 emission levels arising from production of energy had recorded an increase of 1.7% reaching about 33 Gigatonnes. Many governments across the world have introduced stringent policies and regulations for reducing carbon emissions that is destroying the environment. 

Nations such as China, India and United States are creating a huge demand for energy globally, with at least 70% of total energy demand coming from these nations. Moreover, the awareness on climate change has been increasing which is encouraging many manufacturers to implement sustainable energy strategies to prevent further environment degradation. In 2018, United States of America had recorded the highest demand for oil and gas across the world. High levels of power consumption was reported by China and United States of America which was about 5537 TWh and 3738 TWh of power consumed respectively in 2017. On the other hand, electricity contribution stood at 37.2% from non-OECD countries such as China, India, Russia and Brazil, with China generating 46.7% which is the highest share of power consumed among these nations. These factors are predicted to drive the growth of the market over the forecast period.

Click to Download Complete Sample Report@ https://crifax.com/sample-request-1013819

To provide better understanding of internal and external marketing factors, the multi-dimensional analytical tools such as SWOT and PESTEL analysis have been implemented in the global Extension Cable  market report. Moreover, the report consists of market segmentation, CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), BPS analysis, Y-o-Y growth (%), Porter’s five force model, absolute $ opportunity and anticipated cost structure of the market.

About CRIFAX

CRIFAX is driven by integrity and commitment to its clients and provides cutting-edge marketing research and consulting solutions with a step-by-step guide to accomplish their business prospects. With the help of our industry experts having hands on experience in their respective domains, we make sure that our industry enthusiasts understand all the business aspects relating to their projects, which further improves the consumer base and the size of their organization. We offer wide range of unique marketing research solutions ranging from customized and syndicated research reports to consulting services, out of which, we update our syndicated research reports annually to make sure that they are modified according to the latest and ever-changing technology and industry insights. This has helped us to carve a niche in delivering ‘distinctive business services’ that enhanced our global clients’ trust in our insights and helped us to outpace our competitors as well.

Contact Us:

CRIFAX

Email:      sales@crifax.com

U.K. Phone: +44 161 394 2021

U.S. Phone: +1 917 924 8284

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Brazil's Vale tests biochar in pellet production in move to cut emissions | Nasdaq

2 December, 2021
 

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Biochar from Agricultural Residues for Soil Conditioning: Technological Status and Life …

2 December, 2021
 

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Biochar a 'no-brainer' for Donnybrook beef farmers Bernie and Wendy Kurz – – portlandforum.net

2 December, 2021
 

The pair — who buy a truckload of biochar a year — believe more farmers should give it a go, saying it is not an expensive or laborious process.

Source link

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Vale tests biochar in pellet production and intends to expand the initiative – – Pledge Times

2 December, 2021
 

by Marta Nogueira

RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) – Vale has successfully tested on an industrial scale the replacement of part of the mineral coal used in the composition of its iron ore pellets by charcoal, or biochar, in an important step towards reducing emissions, they told the Reuters mining company officials.

In pellet production, coal is added to the product before being processed in the pelletizing plant.

In this first test carried out at the mining company’s pelletizing unit in São Luís (MA), Vale produced 57 thousand tons of pellets, with about 25% of the charcoal used in the composition of the product being of vegetable origin, allowing for a 10% reduction in pellets. emissions in the process.

“There was (on the market) a great fear of using charcoal; companies were afraid of impacting the quality (of the pellet). But we managed to break some taboos, we proved that it is feasible, that it can be done successfully”, said the executive manager of Pelletizing Engineering at Vale, Fabio Brandão.

Now, the company plans to move forward and work on the possibility of definitively replacing 100% of the fossil coal used in all of its 12 pellet plants (11 in Brazil and one in Oman), which would allow a 16% reduction in the total emissions of the company. company.

According to engineer Rodrigo Boyer, who led the initiative, another test will be carried out in São Luís this year with the objective of reaching at least 50% of the load made up of biochar.

“Our objective is, in 2022, to test the technical feasibility of further increasing the share of the use of biochar in the oven,” he said.

Tests with 100% of the load with biochar are planned for next year. Officials pointed out that there is still no definition and deadline for a definitive replacement of the fossil product in the composition of the pellets, but they said that the prospects are excellent.

CHALLENGES OVERCOME Boyer said that one of the project’s greatest challenges was finding a quality biochar supplier. The product used by Vale was supplied by a company in Minas Gerais, “which works with a premium, certified product, specific for steelmaking purposes”, he highlighted.

The engineer also said that Vale’s commitments to reduce emissions, in a world that has become increasingly demanding for initiatives in this regard, helped to compose the environment so that the replacement of coal was possible.

“This is the moment, we have to do it. This anthracite coal cannot remain in the pellet plant”, he stated.

Boyer also pointed out that around 80% of the fossil coal currently used in pellets comes from mines on the African continent and the rest from Peru, while biochar can be supplied by the Brazilian industry.

The project puts Vale steps forward in achieving its emission reduction targets, as pelletizing currently represents around 33% of the company’s greenhouse gas emissions, ahead of mining and rail transport.

The biochar test is part of the company’s portfolio of initiatives that contribute to the objective of reducing its direct and indirect carbon emissions by 33% by 2030, in line with the Paris Agreement, with the objective of zeroing its net carbon emissions by 2050 .

Vale plans to invest between 4 billion and 6 billion dollars to reduce emissions by 2030.

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#Vale #tests #biochar #pellet #production #intends #expand #initiative #ISTOÉ #DINHEIRO

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Analysis of the Physicochemical Characteristics of Biochar Obtained by Slow Pyrolysis of … – MDPI

2 December, 2021
 

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Figure 1

Gorshkov, A.; Berezikov, N.; Kaltaev, A.; Yankovsky, S.; Slyusarsky, K.; Tabakaev, R.; Larionov, K. Analysis of the Physicochemical Characteristics of Biochar Obtained by Slow Pyrolysis of Nut Shells in a Nitrogen Atmosphere. Energies 2021, 14, 8075. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238075

Gorshkov A, Berezikov N, Kaltaev A, Yankovsky S, Slyusarsky K, Tabakaev R, Larionov K. Analysis of the Physicochemical Characteristics of Biochar Obtained by Slow Pyrolysis of Nut Shells in a Nitrogen Atmosphere. Energies. 2021; 14(23):8075. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238075

Gorshkov, Alexander, Nikolay Berezikov, Albert Kaltaev, Stanislav Yankovsky, Konstantin Slyusarsky, Roman Tabakaev, and Kirill Larionov. 2021. “Analysis of the Physicochemical Characteristics of Biochar Obtained by Slow Pyrolysis of Nut Shells in a Nitrogen Atmosphere” Energies 14, no. 23: 8075. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238075

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Biochar Market Size and Challenges 2021: Supporting Growth, Industry Demand, Top …

2 December, 2021
 

Report Ocean publicize new report on the biochar market. The biochar market report contains numerous information about factors, such as market restraints, drivers, and opportunities. In addition, the report provides an in-depth review of industry developments and trends in the market that are influencing the biochar market growth. Additionally, the database analyzes and estimates the biochar market both globally and regionally.

The global biochar market is estimated to reach USD 3.23 billion by 2026 growing at a CAGR of 9.1% during the forecast period, according to a new study published. The report ?Biochar Market Share, Size, Trends, & Industry Analysis Report, [By Technology (Gasification, Pyrolysis, Others), By Application (Agriculture {Livestock Farming, General Farming (Organic Farming, Inorganic Farming, Others)} Others), By Regions Segment Forecast, 2019 – 2026′ provides an extensive analysis of present market dynamics and predicted future trends. In 2018, pyrolysis technology segment dominated the market, in terms of revenue. In 2018, North America accounted for the majority share in the global market.

Request To Download Sample of This Strategic Report@
https://reportocean.com/industry-verticals/sample-request?report_id=31999

Biochar, a carbon rich product or a pyrogenic black carbon that has been attracting significant attention in both academic and political arenas. Much of the product’s attention is owing to its potential to mitigate the climate change, offer food security along with offering a solution for organic waste management.

Product application to soils has been gaining immense interest worldwide, owing to its potential to enhance soil capacity of nutrient retention and soil’s water holding capacity. Moreover, this also helps in sustainable storage of carbon thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

However, commercialization of biochar as a soil additive is yet to achieve its full potential among its primary users, the farmers. To make this happen, the industry participants manufacturing biochar are focused on arranging several programs in different geographical marketspaces to explicitly educate farmers.

Have Questions? Request a sample or make an Inquiry before buying this report by clicking the link below:https://reportocean.com/industry-verticals/sample-request?report_id=31999

Farming methods including mixing the product with seeds and fertilizers, uniform mixing with soil, applying through no till systems deep banding of soil with plow, hoeing into ground, top-dressed, applying char and compost on raised beds. However, the type of application of biochar to soil depends on farming system, labor and available machinery. These types of methods are promoted and increasing use of such methods among farmers will boost product application and henceforth its overall demand.

Biochar retains its potential to control/mitigate climate change owing to its inherent fixed carbon in the raw biomass, which would otherwise degrade to the greenhouse gases and sequestered within the soil for years. The product acts as tool for soil amendment owing to its beneficial impact on cation exchange that leads to higher water holding capacity and greater soil pH, and an affinity for macro and micro plant nutrients.
Although biochar applications have been increasing owing to its great agricultural and environmental contributions, there are also controversial restraining factors of the product. Cutting of timber, a major feedstock of biochar is the primary concern which might lead to complete deforestation and eventually threaten the food security. As this could compromise on the amount of rainfall useful for agriculture. Hence, to avoid this industry participants and government organizations are focused on producing it from saw dust, waste wood, rice husk, rice straw, empty bunches of fruit etc.
The physical and chemical properties of the product add to another layer of complexity to the interactions between soil and food web. This happens as it alters the availability of mineral nutrients, soluble organic matter, soil aggregation, pH and even the effects of the extracellular enzymes. Hence, the product has an important role to affect the diversity, abundance and also circulation of related microbial communities. The environmental factors that most strongly influence the bacterial abundance, its activity and diversity are temperature, moisture and the pH, and all of these are enhanced by biochar presence in soil. But, optimal and efficient use of the product will help mitigate climate and enhance agricultural soil productivity.

The global biochar market is a moderately growing sector and numerous companies participate in the marketspace from different phase of the industry value chain. Some of the leading participants include BlackCarbon A/S , Biochar Industries, Swiss Biochar GmbH, Carbon Terra GmbH, Biochar Ireland, Sunriver Biochar, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Waste to Energy Solutions Inc., Airex Energy, Carbon Gold, Clean Fuels B.V., 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Earth Systems PTY. LTD., ArSta Eco, Pacific Pyrolysis, Biochar Supreme, LLC, Phoenix Energy, The Biochar Company, Vega Biofuels, Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Biochar Products, Inc., Diacarbon Energy Inc., and Agri-Tech Producers, LLC.

Request To Download Sample of This Strategic Report@
https://reportocean.com/industry-verticals/sample-request?report_id=31999

COVID-19 Impact

The COVID-19 pandemic in 2019 engulfed the world. It caused a worldwide halt. The entire global economy was affected. In addition, many people have also lost their lives. Around 252,297,094 cases and 5,091,465 deaths have been reported worldwide so far for COVID-19. The pandemic spread to almost every country in the world. In most industries, the pandemic resulted in some form of loss. As a result of the pandemic, the biochar market also experienced a slowdown. Statista estimates that the biochar market total worldwide revenue stood at approximately US$ 3.94 trillion in 2019. In 2014, the biochar market generated revenues of US$ 5.4 trillion at a record high.

 

The degree of competition among prominent global companies has been developed by analyzing several leading competitors operating globally. In addition, specialist analysts examine various aspects of the biochar market, including market competition, market share, the most recent advancements in the industry, innovative product launches, partnerships, mergers, and acquisitions by leading companies.

Get a Sample PDF copy of the report@

https://reportocean.com/industry-verticals/sample-request?report_id=31999

Polaris Market Research has segmented the global Biochar market on the basis of technology, application and region:

Biochar Technology Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2015 – 2026)

Gasification
Pyrolysis
Others

Biochar Application Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2015 – 2026)

Agriculture
Livestock Farming
General Farming
Organic Farming
Inorganic Farming
Others
Others

Get a Sample PDF copy of the report@
https://reportocean.com/industry-verticals/sample-request?report_id=31999

Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2015 – 2026)

North America
U.S.
Canada
Europe
Germany
UK
France
Rest of Europe
Asia-Pacific
China
India
Japan
Rest of Asia-Pacific
Latin America
Brazil
Mexico
Rest of Latin America
Middle East and Africa

What is the key information extracted from the report?

Extensive information on factors estimated to affect the Market growth and market share during the forecast period is presented in the report.
The report offers the present scenario and future growth prospects Market in various geographical regions.
The competitive landscape analysis on the market as well as the qualitative and quantitative information is delivered.
The SWOT analysis is conducted along with Porter’s Five Force analysis.
The in-depth analysis provides an insight into the Market, underlining the growth rate and opportunities offered in the business.

Access full Report Description, TOC, Table of Figure, Chart, etc:

https://reportocean.com/industry-verticals/sample-request?report_id=31999

About Report Ocean:

We are the best market research reports provider in the industry. Report Ocean believes in providing quality reports to clients to meet the top line and bottom line goals which will boost your market share in today’s competitive environment. Report Ocean is a ‘one-stop solution’ for individuals, organizations, and industries that are looking for innovative market research reports.

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SPR – Northeastern BioChar PH NOTICE 11-30-2021 | Legal Announcements | poststar.com

2 December, 2021
 

NOTICE OF PUBLIC HEARING Pursuant to the site plan review regulations of the Town of Moreau, notice is hereby given that the Planning Board of the Town of Moreau will conduct a public hearing on Monday, December 13, 2021 at 7:01pm in the Town Office Building, 351 Reynolds Road, Moreau, NY to hear all parties for or against the construction and operation a carbon fertilizer manufacturing facility within the Town of Moreau Industrial Park. The facility will produce carbon fertilizer from biosolids delivered to the proposed manufacturing plant at a rate of 720 tons per day. The proposed facility will consist of a new 34,100 sq. ft. building which will fully enclose the manufacturing process. In addition to the manufacturing process, the proposed building will facilitate the receiving and handling of biosolid feedstock from which the carbon fertilizer will be produced. The proposed project will require the merging of two existing and adjoining parcels (tax map nos. 50.-4-16 and 50.-4-22). By order of the Town of Moreau Planning Board Peter Jensen, Chairman PUB: DECEMBER 2, 2021

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Biochar Reactor | Small to Continuous – Beston Machinery

3 December, 2021
 

Biochar reactor is a part of charcoal production line. It is used to make high-quality charcoal. There are many types of biochar reactors on the markets. If investors wanna find a reactor to make a large quantity of biomass charcoal safely and automatically in a short time, see Beston biochar reactor. Beston biochar at a competitive price has good quality. And it has high-level safety and high efficiency.

A biochar reactor is a kind of equipment to make charcoal without oxygen under the high-temperature situation. The raw materials can be coconut shell, wood, sawdust, agricultural stalks, bamboo, coffee seed, and other kinds of biomass waste. A good biochar reactor can serve customers for 5-8 years.

Beston provides two kinds of biochar reactors, including small biochar reactors and continuous biochar reactors. They all can be used to carbonize biomass waste, sewage sludge and municipal solid waste. See their differences.

Beston small biochar furnace is used to process 12-40mm³ of raw materials per furnace. For customers, this type of biochar making machine is easy to transport, install and move. It has a simple configuration. Normally, feed the reactor manually. Besides, some customers have requirements for a feeding platform, dedusting system. We offer custom machines. Leave your requirement to Beston.

Beston continuous biochar furnace is used to process 0.3-5 tons of raw materials per day. For customers, this type of reactor can produce charcoal in a large quantity. Moreover, it is equipped with gas recycling system and deducting system. Customers can save some costs in fuel and emission management. Besides, this line has an automatic feeder and water-cooling discharger. The production time can be reduced greatly.

Beston biochar reactor has the latest design. It is mainly composed of wind shelter, in seal head, out seal head, colling output, deputy drive wheel, casing, main roller, main drive wheel, burning room, and motor. Good designs are mainly shown on the following points.

Beston reactor is mainly composed of 301 stainless steel, Q245 R Boiler steel, steel casting. These materials have good heat resistance. And they are not easily deformed. Moreover, Beston will order these parts from formal channels. All of them have quality assurance. Contact Beston for a full part list.

When the carbonizing process starts, the temperature rises rapidly.

Note: take biomass as an example. When the raw materials are different, the temperature inner reactor is also different.

Beston, as a reliable biochar reactor manufacturer in China, has manufactured 100+ biochar reactors. Beston biochar furnaces have been delivered and installed in more than 40+ countries. They are mainly applied to make biomass charcoal and sewage sludge charcoal. After the finish of the installment, some customers will send some pictures and good feedback to Beston.

Beston arranged the shipment of BST-J40 Beston small biochar reactor to Spain in July. This reactor is used to process wood chips.

BST-10 Beston continuous biochar reactor was installed in Lianyungang, China in May 2021. Carbonizing wood chips and straw is the main purpose of this furnace. Look at the completed biochar reactor and final straw biochar.

There is a video that shows the project in Spain. At 00:45, we can see the main reactor. After automatic feeding, wood chips entered into the reactor. After workers heated the chamber and controlled the PLC system, the reaction of wood chips started. At the end of the video, this customer was satisfied with the final charcoal and this efficient Beston biochar reactor.

When you take Beston biochar reactor to manufacture charcoal, the charcoal making process is simple and automatic. Look at four main steps.

There are many ways to make biochar in daily life, like burning, charcoal retort. Why investors should invest in a biochar reactor? See the following reasons.

Several technologies are shown on Beston biochar kiln, including bio-gas recycling technology and dedusting technology. They are connected to Beston biochar furnace.

Many customers from all over the world choose Beston biochar reactor for sale. The reasons not only include good quality and competitive price but also contains good functions. See the details.

When you take Beston biochar production line, 20-30% of the fuel cost can be saved. Firstly, when you take a dryer, the recycled hot air can be used to dry raw materials after the drying preheating. Secondly, the recycled gas can be instead of fuel to heat the reactor. Besides, the water in this system won’t be polluted and be reused.

Beston provides custom reactors to customers. The custom parts include capacity, door, groove, gear, inlet, outlet, and so on. Before design and manufacturing, Beston will confirm every detail with customers. Finally, customers will get an ideal biochar reactor from Beston. Besides custom reactor, Beston also provides a one-stop service for charcoal making projects.

In order to improve the safety of this production line, Beston has many new designs and parts for the reactor.

Beston biochar reactor can be employed to carbonize different kinds of biomass waste (wood, sawdust, bamboo, coffee shell, rice husk, bagasse, corn straw, etc), sewage sludge, industrial sludge, MSW, organic sludge. When you get Beston coconut shell charcoal production line and wanna change the materials, you won’t need to change the device. You send the details to Beston. Then we will handle the rest of things.

Besides, for Beston biochar furnace, the requirement of raw materials is low. The moisture is less than 15%. And the size is no more than 2.5com.

There are some traditional biochar kilns in the market. They have a low cost. And they are easy to use. Why did many investors choose Beston biochar reactor to make charcoal?

Many traditional biochar reactors have a simple structure. They are mainly composed of an iron barrel or stainless steel barrel with some holes. These kinds of reactors don’t have safety devices. Moreover, some of them are easy to scald customers.

Beston biochar reactors are equipped with many safety devices, including explosion-proof valves, pressure relief valves, and so on. The casing of the reactor has several Heat-resistant materials. So, the heat can be kept well. And the workers won’t get scaled.

When customers use a traditional furnace, the production time is long. And traditional furnaces can carbonize small materials every time.

If customers take Beston biochar kiln, the carbonization time is about 15-20 minutes for every furnace. Moreover, it can carbonize 0.3-5 tons of raw materials per hour.

When customers use the traditional biochar kiln, lots of raw materials will be wasted. Because the temperature and the seals are difficult to control. The final charcoal yield is not high and unstable.

If customers employ Beston kiln, the charcoal yield can reach 99%. The whole process is fully sealed and won’t contact with oxygen. Moreover, the reactor can be controlled by the PLC system. Accordingly, customers can control the quality of final charcoal.

For traditional reactor, the option for raw materials is single. The most common materials are wood branches, bamboo, and other large trees. Moreover, these materials need to be dried in advance.

For Beston reactors, the option for raw materials is wide. They are all kinds of biomass waste, different kinds of sludge, and organic solid waste. Customers can use this reactor to do a wide charcoal making business.

When you get a reactor, the cost is the most important factor you consider. The cost does not contain the machine price but also includes the delivery and installation fee. You can see some delivery videos on Youtube.

Beston offers 7 reactors and custom reactors to customers. When you wanna get Beston biochar furnace price, send your requirement to Beston. There are several questions that you should consider before you send the message to Beston. These questions will help you to get a cost-efficient biochar reactor.

The delivery and installment fee of biochar reactor for sale can’t be neglected. The delivery fee is flexible. It changes according to the port cargo situation and sea route. The installation fee is influenced by basic construction and manual labor. Send your location and the market situation in your country.

When you plan to get a good-quality biochar reactor, contact Beston. 10+ years of experience will help you to get an ideal reactor at a fair price. Moreover, we offer a comprehensive post-sales service to all customers. Besides, you can see some charcoal making machine FAQs.

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Police ID 35-year-old woman shot dead inside Hampton home – Daily Press

3 December, 2021
 


High-efficient removal of Cu(II) using biochar/ZnS composite: optimized by response surface …

3 December, 2021
 

Rice hull biochar modified by ZnS nanocrystals (RBZ) was developed as an efficient absorbent for the removal of Cu(II) in aqueous solution. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied for modeling and optimizing the performance of RBZ. The maximum adsorption capacity of RBZ toward Cu(II) through the Langmuir model fitting was 248.98 mg g−1, which was four times larger than that of rice hull biochar (RB). The adsorption kinetics of Cu(II) and XPS analysis revealed that the chemisorption process played the leading role when using RBZ. Through competition ions study, Pb(II), Cd(II), or Ca(II) can slightly reduce the adsorption of Cu(II). According to the Box Behnken design method, the analysis of variance results showed that the pH and adsorbent dosage had significant effects on the predicted responses of adsorption capacity and removal efficiency. When using the optimum conditions, pH 6, temperature 27 °C, and dosage 0.20 mg mL−1 for removing Cu(II) in solution, the maximum adsorption capacity and relatively higher removal efficiency could be obtained through the 3D response surface plots. The results demonstrated that RSM is feasible to achieve optimal conditions for adsorption capacity and removal efficiency simultaneously toward heavy metals from aqueous medium, and the interaction between them when using the biochar/ZnS composite.


Venna Lepel on LinkedIn: New WSU report charts biochar path

3 December, 2021
 

Venna Lepel


Is Kearny about to be $h!t upon again? If one Tennessee company gets its way, it's likely …

3 December, 2021
 

After years and years of fighting with countless businesses, government agencies and other organizations who have treated the Town of Kearny as a dumping ground, it appears one company that tried to do the same in Newark is preparing to try to “$h!t” on Kearny — proverbially and literally.

Here’s what we know so far.

Earlier this year, a company called Aries Clean Energy attempted to open a plant in an industrial area of Newark — on Doremus Avenue — that would have been used to process “biosolids,” or in simpler terms, “human feces.” It would have treated up to 430 tons of waste (per day) that originated from parts of Jersey and New York.

Reports indicate the “crap” is heated to 1,500º Fahrenheit and then turned into “biochar,” which is sold to area construction companies and then used to thicken concrete.

But, the people of Newark fought against its approval.

The NJ Department of Environmental “Protection” must grant permission for such a facility to operate. That approval never came.

So now, just months later, the Tennessee-based company wants to create such a facility, you guessed it, in Industrial Kearny, a part of the town that has seen an incredibly positive renaissance over the past decade, in ways once thought impossible.

Kearny Mayor Alberto G. Santos says he and the town are staunchly against the plan — which will have an NJDEP-sponsored public hearing Monday, Dec. 13, at 7 p.m. at the Scots-American Club, 40 Patterson St.

The DEP announced the hearing in public notices in other newspapers and will do so, also, in The Observer on Dec. 8, just five days before the scheduled hearing.

Santos hopes for a “good turnout,” in solidarity, against this proposal, but he fears that might not happen because he and others only just this week learned about the public hearing and since it’s happening just 12 days before Christmas, it may be difficult for many to attend. (It will be livestreamed — more on that later.)

“This use of property in South Kearny would be tremendously negative,” Santos told The Observer in an interview Dec. 3.

Santos says despite what the company says — that it would not be harmful to Kearny — it would be harmful, actually, based on numerous factors.

There would be dioxide emissions, truck traffic and pollution, odors that would form regardless of what the company says, ammonia emissions. And, not all of the human waste, he says, will be reusable.

“That waste would have to be disposed of in landfills,” Santos said.

He says the company is using a tactic called “Green Washing,” which is where a company that says it’s clean technologically works to “confuse” residents into believing its operations are all copasetic, when in reality, they’re not.

Santos points to years of progress in South Kearny — including the Kearny Pointe project at an old shipyard — that has brought with it a tremendous ratable to keep taxes stable.

“Property is selling for $5 million an acre in South Kearny. This is two times what it was selling for just two years ago,” Santos said. “We’ve turned the corner in a location that hadn’t seen progress like this for over half a century. There were many reasons why Newark fought this — and we will, too.”

Santos says he plans to attend the Dec. 13 public hearing, along with an environmental attorney and Town Administrator Steve Marks, to establish, for the town, its opposition to the proposal.

Meanwhile, the company would, at some point, need to bring its building plans before the town Planning Board and/or Zoning Board of Adjustment.

Ultimately, however, the decision whether to grant approval rests in the hands of the NJDEP.

“Recently, NJDEP finally got it as we saw with the Keegan Landfill,” the mayor said. “We are hoping they understand the role they’re supposed to play in 2021.”

Now, Santos noted something else — if the NJDEP approves this plan, allowing Aries to build in Industrial Kearny, it likely wouldn’t cause a health issue for uptown residents, but it would certainly hurt every taxpayer and renter’s wallets.

“We’ve made such great progress, more than we’ve seen in half a century,” Santos said. “An operation like this could deter others from coming here and hurt the public’s perception of Kearny.

Here’s where you all come in. We need residents to be as vocal about this as with the Keegan crisis. If you can’t make the public meeting, it will be livestreamed at www.transperfect.remotecounsel.com/meetings/GjhCuKD5n1o/join. The password is 715197.

The Observer plans to restream the meeting broadcast for those who might not be able to access the Zoom-based broadcast on all its online platforms, including Facebook, Twitter, Youtube and Twitch.

Kevin Canessa is the editor and broadcaster at The Observer, a place where he has served on and off since 2006. He is responsible for the editorial content of the newspaper and website, the production of the e-Newspaper, writing several stories per week (including the weekly editorial), conducting live broadcasts on Facebook Live, including a weekly recap of the news — and much more behind the scenes. Between 2006 and 2008, he introduced the newspaper to its first-ever blog — which included podcasts, audio and video. Originally from Jersey City, Kevin lived in Kearny until 2004, lived in Port St. Lucie. Fla., for four years until February 2016 and in March of that year, he moved back to West Hudson to return to The Observer full time. Click Here to send Kevin an email.


Notice of Public Hearing Pursuant to Administrative Order No. 2021-25 – TAPinto

3 December, 2021
 


USDA Begins Issuing Final Pandemic Payments for Timber Harvesters and Haulers – AllOnGeorgia

3 December, 2021
 

by

The U.S. Department of Agriculture will begin issuing final pandemic assistance payments to timber harvesters and timber hauling businesses through the Pandemic Assistance for Timber Harvesters and Haulers (PATHH) program starting next week.

In total, $200 million will be provided to loggers and log trucking businesses who experienced a gross revenue loss of at least 10% during the period of Jan. 1 through Dec. 1, 2020, compared to the period of Jan. 1 through Dec. 1, 2019. This support is part of USDA’s broader Pandemic Assistance for Producers initiative.

“We know loggers and truckers felt the financial burden of the pandemic,” said FSA Administrator Zach Ducheneaux. “This included lack of access to wood processing mills, which caused major disruptions to the logging industry. We made initial payments as we enrolled customers in PATHH and are happy to now finalize payments to provide this much needed assistance.”

“We are grateful for the partnerships with other USDA agencies to recognize the tremendous need and to mobilize quickly to assist loggers and log truckers adversely impacted by the pandemic,” said Forest Service Chief Randy Moore. “The American Loggers Council, Intertribal Timber Council, National Association of State Foresters, and Forest Resources Association were critical to helping us better understand the impacts and tailor a program that best serves these two sectors that are critical to forest management across the country.”

Eligible PATHH applicants must have derived at least 50 percent of total gross revenue from timber harvesting and/or timber hauling. Specifically, eligible activities included cutting timber, transporting timber and/or the processing of wood on-site on the forest land, such as chipping, grinding, converting to biochar or cutting to smaller lengths.

The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, authorized up to $200 million for PATHH. FSA issued initial payments up to $2,000 as applications were approved. Now that signup has ended and FSA has evaluated remaining funds, FSA has started to issue second payments to those applicants whose calculated payment amount was over $2,000.

Based on the number of actual PATHH applications filed, FSA will be required to lower the payment limitation for PATHH from $125,000 to $75,000 and apply a payment factor of 70.5% across all calculated payments to ensure program outlays do not exceed the available funding. These provisions were previously outlined in the Notice of Funding Availability in the event the revenue loss reported exceeded available funding.

As USDA looks for long-term solutions to build back a better food system, the Department is committed to delivery of financial assistance to farmers, ranchers and agricultural producers and businesses who have been impacted by COVID-19 market disruptions. In addition to the funding USDA is issuing today, the Department has provided a broad range of support to America’s farmers and ranchers as part of its Pandemic Assistance for Producers initiative, including:

A full list of Pandemic Assistance is available at farmers.gov/pandemic-assistance. USDA expects further Pandemic Assistance to continue to fill remaining gaps later this year.

USDA

Copyright © 2021 AllOnGeorgia


Compost Market is expected to reach $8.9 Billion by 2025 – Digital Journal

3 December, 2021
 

By

Published

Lucintel’s latest market report analyzed that compost provides attractive opportunities in the agriculture, home gardening, landscaping, horticulture, and construction industries. The compost market is expected to reach $8.9 billion by 2025 with a CAGR of 6.2%. In this market, yard trimming is the largest segment by product type, whereas agriculture is largest by application. Development of bio dynamic compost and use of biochar in composting provides strategic growth path in this market.

Download Brochure of this report by clicking on https://www.lucintel.com/compost-market.aspx

Based on product type, the compost market is segmented into yard trimming, food waste, manure, mushroom compost, and vermicomposting. The yard trimming segment accounted for the largest share of the market in 2020 due to its ability to recycle nutrients back into the soil and to reduce yard waste and food waste is expected to register the highest CAGR during the forecast period, due to its unique properties as a raw compost agent and high moisture content. 

Browse in-depth TOC on “Compost Market”

171 – Tables

128 – Figures

211 – Pages

The compost market is marked by the presence of several big and small players. Some of the prominent players offering compost include Harvest Power, Pacific, Worm Power, Dirt Hugger, Agrilife, MyNoke, Nutrisoil, Davo’s Worm Farm, Dirty Dynasty, and Kahariam Farms.

This unique research report will enable you to make confident business decisions in this globally competitive marketplace. For a detailed table of contents, contact Lucintel at +1-972-636-5056 or click on this link helpdesk@lucintel.com.

About Lucintel

Lucintel, the premier global management consulting and market research firm, creates winning strategies for growth. It offers market assessments, competitive analysis, opportunity analysis, growth consulting, M&A, and due diligence services to executives and key decision-makers in a variety of industries. For further information, visit www.lucintel.com.

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Biochar in climate change mitigation,Nature Geoscience – X-MOL

3 December, 2021
 

Climate change mitigation not only requires reductions of greenhouse gas emissions, but also withdrawal of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. Here we review the relationship between emissions reductions and CO2 removal by biochar systems, which are based on pyrolysing biomass to produce biochar, used for soil application, and renewable bioenergy. Half of the emission reductions and the majority of CO2 removal result from the one to two orders of magnitude longer persistence of biochar than the biomass it is made from. Globally, biochar systems could deliver emission reductions of 3.4–6.3 PgCO2e, half of which constitutes CO2 removal. Relevant trade-offs exist between making and sequestering biochar in soil or producing more energy. Importantly, these trade-offs depend on what type of energy is replaced: relative to producing bioenergy, emissions of biochar systems increase by 3% when biochar replaces coal, whereas emissions decrease by 95% when biochar replaces renewable energy. The lack of a clear relationship between crop yield increases in response to fertilizer and to biochar additions suggests opportunities for biochar to increase crop yields where fertilizer alone is not effective, but also questions blanket recommendations based on known fertilizer responses. Locally specific decision support must recognize these relationships and trade-offs to establish carbon-trading mechanisms that facilitate a judicious implementation commensurate with climate change mitigation needs.


PISTACHIO BIOCHAR CERTIFIED ORGANIC – business/commercial – by owner… – Craigslist Hawaii

3 December, 2021
 

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Vale testing biochar in large scale to replace mineral coal – SteelOrbis

3 December, 2021
 

Vale told Reuters the company’s pelletizing unit near São Luís produced 57,000 mt of pellets in a process in which biochar represented 25 percent of the total coal used. The media report noted Vale now plans to potentially replace all coal it uses in 12 pellet plants, 11 in Brazil and one in Oman, with biochar. That way, it will reduce emissions by 16 percent. Vale plans to conduct another test using 50 percent biochar, and test 100 percent in 2022.

“Our goal for 2022 is to test the technical feasibility of further increasing the share of biochar used in the furnace,” Rodrigo Boyer, a Vale engineer leading the project said in the report.


technology – Carbo Culture

3 December, 2021
 

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Vale tests biochar for pellet production – Mining Magazine

3 December, 2021
 

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Vale successfully completed its first test of the use of biochar, a renewable product created through biomass carbonisation, in its production of pellets.

This allowed Vale to decrease its greenhouse gas emissions in the pellet production process by 10%, the company said. Pellet plants are the largest source of Vale’s carbon emissions, accounting for 33% of the company’s overall emissions.

4 Emerging Trends Driven by the Global Mining Boom

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The test took place at the pelletising plant in San Luis, Brazil. Vale tested production of 57,000 pellets where 25% of the charcoal that was used originated from vegetable matter.

Vale plans another test in San Luis where biochar will make up 50% of the load.

“Our objective is, in 2022, to test the technical feasibility of further increasing the share of the use of biochar in the furnace,” engineer Rodrigo Boyer, who led the initiative, said.

Vale also plans to test biochar use in its Vargem Grande pellet plant in Minas Gerais next year.

The biochar test is part of the company’s plan to reduce carbon by one-third by 2030, and achieve net zero by 2050. Vale said it is investing between US$4 billion and US$6 billion to achieve these targets.

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Immobilization of heavy metals (Cd, Zn, and Pb) in different contaminated soils with swine …

3 December, 2021
 

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Net life-cycle GHG emissions for the system – Bio-protocol

3 December, 2021
 


Cosponsors – HR4504 – 117th Congress (2021-2022): Tribal Biochar Promotion Act of 2021

3 December, 2021
 

Sponsor: Rep. LaMalfa, Doug [R-CA-1] | Cosponsor statistics: 5 current – includes 5 original

07/19/2021 – Rep. Westerman, Bruce [R-AR-4]&#42

07/19/2021 – Rep. Newhouse, Dan [R-WA-4]&#42

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07/19/2021 – Rep. Obernolte, Jay [R-CA-8]&#42

07/19/2021 – Rep. Rosendale Sr., Matthew M. [R-MT-At Large]&#42


Simultaneous removal of arsenite and cadmium by a manganese-crosslinking sodium …

3 December, 2021
 

Biochar (BC) pyrolyzed using solid waste has attracted increasing attention for wastewater treatment, while pure BC has limitations in the simultaneous removal of arsenite (As(III)) and cadmium (Cd(II)). Herein, a novel manganese-crosslinking sodium alginate modified biochar and zerovalent iron composite (Mn/SA-BC@nZVI) was prepared for the simultaneous removal of As(III) and Cd(II) from contaminated water. Mn/SA-BC@nZVI allowed for the simultaneous removal of As(III) (20 mg L−1) and Cd(II) (20 mg L−1), with efficiencies of >90% and >80% within 10 min, which were 17.18% and 28.23% higher than those of single As(III) and Cd(II) solution, respectively. Principally, this is attributed to the production of anion-bridged (MnO/FeO–As–Cd) and cation-bridged surface complexes (MnO/FeO–Cd–As) via surface multiple complexation, multiple H-bonds, electrostatic attraction, and precipitation. The Langmuir adsorption capacities of Mn/SA-BC@nZVI towards As(III) and Cd(II) were 121 and 120 mg g−1, respectively. The graphitized structure of Mn/SA-BC@nZVI promoted electron transfer and free radical production. As a result, part of As(III) was oxidized to arsenate (As(V)). The inner-sphere surface complexation of As(III) or As(V) with iron and manganese oxides was the main mechanism of As(III) removal. However, Cd–π binding with aromatic carbon components, surface complexation with oxygen-containing groups, and precipitation with CO32− were predominant in Cd(II) removal. Moreover, the current research provides an efficient adsorbent for the synchronous removal of As(III) and Cd(II) in wastewater treatment.

W. Mao, L. Zhang, Y. Zhang and Y. Guan, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2022, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D1EN00722J

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Nathanael Jin – Functional Biochar and Its Balanced Design – LinkedIn

3 December, 2021
 

Nathanael Jin


Surprising Superfoods For Your Soil – GrowVeg.com

4 December, 2021
 

As gardeners we try to make use of all the resources at our disposal in our quest to grow the perfect garden naturally. We’re going to look at some very simple ways to make use of four common items of kitchen and household waste in the garden. Each will help to boost your soil’s fertility, and best of all, they’re free!

Wake up and smell the coffee folks – coffee grounds are a superb natural addition to any garden! They’re a great source of nitrogen, contain some of the other two major plant elements – phosphorus and potassium – and also contain micronutrients like magnesium, copper, calcium, zinc, manganese and iron.

The nitrogen isn’t immediately available to plants, but as the microbes in your soil set to work on the grounds, that nitrogen will gradually be converted into a form that plants can take up and use. This in effect makes coffee grounds a very effective slow-release organic fertilizer.

Don’t dig coffee grounds into your soil, because some plants (particularly tomatoes) don’t respond well to this. Instead, simply add them to the soil surface as a mulch around plants. They’re best added thinly, sprinkled over the surface or in combination with other mulches to prevent them forming a hard crust which is difficult for water to penetrate.

Coffee grounds are slightly acidic, with a pH in the region of 6.5-6.8, which is actually ideal for most vegetables. Most of the acidity is lost into the coffee itself on brewing, so there’s no need to worry about coffee grounds being overly acidic. When added in thin layers they will have next to no effect on your soil’s overall pH.

Coffee grounds are also a great addition to your compost heap. Their relatively high nitrogen content can really power your compost. Despite being brown in color, coffee grounds are considered a ‘green’ and can be used to help balance out ‘browns’ such as fallen leaves, straw or shredded paper. Your compost heap’s microbes will love it, breaking the nitrogen down into a form that’s accessible to plants while generating plenty of heat to speed up the whole decomposition process and give your heap a pep in its step! Simply add generous handfuls of coffee grounds when you add your browns, broadcasting it over your pile.

What about tea leaves, I hear you ask? Add them too, but if you’re using teabags, bear in mind most bags contain plastics, so if you’re going to add the whole bag switch to a brand with fully biodegradable outers.

Worms love coffee grounds too – it aids their digestion – so this is also a great ingredient to add along with other ingredients to your worm bin. Seems like worms like their caffeine fix as much as we do!

You can save your grounds from home-brewed coffee, but if you really want to up your game why not have a friendly word with your local coffee shop? Many coffee shops are only too happy to give their grounds away.

What the cluck – eggshells?! Yes sirree! Eggshells are a really rather fantastic source of calcium, as well as a host of other trace elements such as magnesium. So don’t shell out on expensive soil amendments, save your shells instead!

Before using eggshells in the garden it’s important to sterilize them – we don’t want to spread salmonella around, right? Rinse them thoroughly then either sterilize on a low heat in the oven for a few minutes, or in a microwave on high power for at least 10 seconds. Once they’re done, crush them up to increase their surface area or, better still, grind them into a fine powder using a pestle and mortar, a high-speed blender or coffee grinder.

The calcium within an eggshell is locked up as calcium carbonate, making it unavailable to plants as it is. But by grinding it up into this fine powder we’ve made it a lot easier for your soil life to get to work on it, turning it into a form plants can use. What we’ve in essence done is turn eggshells into a fabulous slow-release source of calcium that plants can gradually take up over several months.

Sprinkle the eggshell powder thinly over beds just like the coffee grounds. Because this is full of calcium, I’d especially recommend using it on beds that will contain plants like tomatoes, peppers and zucchini that are prone to blossom end rot, a disease caused by calcium deficiency. Calcium helps promote the production of healthy cell walls too, so this is going to be a real powerhouse for next season’s crops.

And worms absolutely love powdered eggshells! At this consistency worms can easily ingest it, and it serves as a grit that, just like coffee grounds, aids their digestion and general health. Healthy worms mean better compost and better soil! If you don’t have a worm composter, add your eggshells to your general compost pile to help the worms there. They’ll love you for it.

Some gardeners claim that eggshells (and coffee grounds) will keep slugs away, but we haven’t found them to be very effective.

Finally, wood ash. And by wood ash I mean good, clean ash from untreated wood. Ash from charcoal’s fine too, but avoid barbeque briquette ash and definitely not coal ash, which has a very high sulfur content.

Wood ash makes a useful fertilizer, containing good levels of phosphorous and potassium along with trace elements like calcium and magnesium. In fact, that’s where the word potash (the name for nutrient forms of potassium) comes from, because ash used to be collected up in metal pots – pot-ash.

The bits of charcoal you get (the partially burned wood) are biochar, which has an almost impossibly gigantic surface area of nooks and crannies that are great for soil biology – lots of homes for all those microorganisms that make outstanding soil!

I collect wood ash from my wood fire, and at this time of year there’s plenty of it. Use your common sense of course – only collect it once it’s completely cooled down, and never mix hot ash with plastic! Metal containers are best.

Like our other natural and free soil amendments, you can scatter wood ash onto beds. It’s quite water soluble though and is easily washed through, so do add some in winter as it’s produced but save some for the growing season too. It’s great for spreading around most plants, and because it’s actually pretty alkaline it’s a good one to use around brassica-family crops like broccoli, which like the soil slightly on the alkaline side. It can be used as an alternative to lime to help neutralize acidic soils. It’s about half as strong as lime, so you can use approximately twice as much to achieve the same effect.

Don’t use wood ash around acid-loving plants (blueberries, rhododendrons, raspberries and so on), and don’t scatter it where you want to grow potatoes next year, because alkaline soils tend to encourage potato scab.

Wood ash is a very handy addition to compost heaps and bins too. This is because it helps to bring down the acidity of compost a little, and also because those bits of biochar will help those magical microorganisms to do their thing. It will also add to the overall fertility of your heap. Sprinkle a thin layer over every foot or so depth of material.

Nothing goes to waste in my household, believe me! Are you saving any of these plentiful and natural soil amendments? Tell me what you’re up to in the comments below.

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Crop residue management remains a major problem in the Indian agriculture sector. The in-situ firing of crop residues has been linked to air pollution, global warming, soil fertility decline and others. Biochar conversion through slow pyrolysis could be one of the techniques for the safe disposal of crop residues. 212.04 ± 44.27 MT biochar could be produced from 517.82 MT crop residues in India. Biochar conversion of crop residues can address agriculture production, safe drinking water, livelihood, energy security and environmental protection. Soil amendment with biochar sequestrate about 376.11 ± 78.52 MT CO2e carbon and help retain about 1.66 ± 0.46 MT of soil nutrients. Also, crop residues derived biochar has an estimated market value of approximately $500 billion in India. Biochar applications in the cosmetics, pharma and chemical industries offer market and employment opportunities. This review discusses the impact of in-situ crop residue burning and its biochar conversion through slow pyrolysis as part of sustainable crop residue management. Also, biochar applications and socio-economic aspects of crop residues – biochar system has been deliberated to fulfil several sustainable development goals (SDGs).


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Effects on soil fertility of different textures and corn nutrition Biochar and swine wastewater

4 December, 2021
 

The use of organic waste in agriculture has stimulated the search for technologies that reduce environmental pollution. Among the residues are the biochar and swine wastewater (SW), which incorrectly disposed cause negative impacts, however, when combined, they can enhance agricultural production, due to the synergism between both.

In this sense, the objective was to evaluate the influence of doses of biochar, from conilon coffee straw, combined or not with swine wastewater diluted to 50% (SW50%), on the nutrient content in medium and clayey texture soils and in the corn plant tissue. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, with five doses of biochar, two irrigation waters and two soils, with three repetitions. The pH, P, K+, Ca+2, Mg+2, Zn+2 and Na+ in the soil and N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Zn and Na in plant were evaluated. The addition of biochar in doses linearly increased the levels of P and K+ in both soil textures, with synergy when irrigated with SW50%. The SW50% provided a nutrients increase in the corn plant tissue. The agricultural use of biochar from conilon coffee straw was important to increase the content of P and, mainly, K in the aerial part of corn.

Keywords:
biochar; coffee straw; corn nutrition; nutrient availability; swine slurry; water reuse

The use of residues from agricultural activities in agriculture has been constantly studied by researchers in search of improvements in environmental conservation and productivity, mainly related to the cycling of nutrients and the increase of soil organic matter (Pires & Mattiazzo, 2008Pires AMM & Mattiazzo ME (2008) Avaliação da viabilidade do uso de resíduos na agricultura. Jaguariúna, Embrapa Meio Ambiente. 9p. ).

Biochar is the product obtained from the thermal decomposition of organic waste, in an environment with low oxygen availability and temperatures that can vary from 250 to 700 ºC, by the pyrolysis process (Lehmann & Joseph, 2015Lehmann J & Joseph S (2015) Biochar for environmental management: An introduction. In: Lehmann J & Joseph S (Ed.) Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation. New York, Routledge. p.1-14.). Biochars, when compared to in natura biomass, have the advantage of providing nutrients and carbon to the soil, which can change chemical attributes, due to the transformation of open chain carbon into carbon of stable aromatic structure, through dynamic and reversible interactions with nutrients and mineral particles in the soil. That way, aiding in the retention, availability and increase of nutrients, promoting better nutritional performance of plants grown in nurseries or in the field (Enders et al., 2012Enders A, Hanley K, Whitman T, Joseph S & Lehmann J (2012) Characterization of biochars to evaluate recalcitrance and agronomic performance. Bioresource Technology, 144:644-653.; Novotny, 2014Novotny EH (2014) Condicionador de solo à base de resíduos orgânicos carbonizados (biochar) e funcionalizados. In: Leite LFC, Maciel GA & Araújo ASF (Ed.) Agricultura conservacionista no Brasil. Brasília, Embrapa. p. 341-363.).

Depending on the material that originated the biochar, it can provide more or less nutrients (Akhtar et al., 2015Akhtar SS, Andersen MN & Liu F (2015) Residual effects of biochar on improving growth, physiology and yield of wheat under salt stress. Agricultural Water Management, 158:61-68.). According to Barbosa (2016Barbosa CF (2016) Caracterização de biocarvões de palha de café e casca de eucalipto Produzidos a 350 e 600 ºC. Master Dissertation. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre. 76p.), the biochar from coffee straw has a high concentration of potassium and phosphorus, enhancing its use in agriculture. Corroborating this statement is the conclusion of the work by Alvarenga (2019Alvarenga AC (2019) Biocarvões de palha de café conilon sobre atributos do solo e desenvolvimento inicial e nutrição do cafeeiro conilon. Doctoral Thesis. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre. 108p.), where the increase in the K content available in the soil was directly proportional to the doses of coffee straw biochars applied, reinforcing the evidence there is the work developed by Fonseca et al. (2020Fonseca AA, Santos DA, Passos RR, Andrade FV & Rangel OJP (2020) Phosphorus availability and grass growth in biochar‐modified acid soil: a study excluding the effects of soil pH. Soil Use and Management, 36:714-725.), where the authors concluded that coffee straw biochars are efficient in promoting the optimization of phosphate fertilization, providing the largest accumulation of phosphorus in the aerial part of plants.

The State of Espirito Santo, Brazil, stands out as the largest Brazilian producer of Conilon coffee (CONAB, 2020CONAB – Companhia Nacional De Abastecimento (2020) Acompanhamento da safra brasileira de café. Available at: Available at: https://www.conab.gov.br/info-agro/safras/cafe . Accessed on: January 15th, 2021.
https://www.conab.gov.br/info-agro/safra…
), being coffee straw the main waste generated during the processing, and that incorrectly disposed of contributes to the proliferation of pests, like the stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans). For this reason, Ordinance N. 23-R of 2003, prohibits the use of coffee straw in the decomposition phase as a source of organic material, without adequate prevention measures, which is one of the limiting aspects of its agricultural use (Espírito Santo, 2003Espírito Santo (2003) Instituto de Defesa Agropecuária e Florestal do Espirito Available at: Available at: https://idaf.es.gov.br/legislacao-idaf . Accessed on: January 14th, 2021.
https://idaf.es.gov.br/legislacao-idaf…
). Therefore, it is of great importance to study new technologies that enable the use of this residue in agriculture.

Another organic waste suitable for agricultural use is the swine wastewater (SW), the State of Espírito Santo is not the largest Brazilian producer, but according to Effgen (2014Effgen EM (2014) Potássio no solo, na planta e produção de Capim Mombaça decorrente do uso de água residuária da suinocultura. Doctoral Thesis. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre. 81p.), a volume of 2,000 m³ of swine wastewater is launched in the State on a daily basis, a material rich in nutrients, which has aroused the interest of researchers.

Many authors have reported the use of SW, in substitution or complementation of mineral fertilization, as a way to supply the water and nutritional needs of agricultural crops (Freitas et al., 2004Freitas WDS, Oliveira RA, Pinto FA, Cecon PR & Galvão JCC (2004) Efeito da aplicação de águas residuárias de suinocultura sobre a produção do milho para silagem. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 8:120-125.; Moreira et al., 2015Moreira EDS, Fernandes LA, Colen F & Cruz ER (2015) Características agronômicas e produtividade de milho e milheto para silagem adubados com biofertilizante suíno sob irrigação. Boletim de Indústria Animal, 72:185-192.).

However, the agricultural use of SW in large quantities or inappropriately can negatively affect the plant nutrition and development due to problems such as nutrient imbalance in the soil (Seganfredo, 2000Seganfredo MA (2000) Análises do Risco de Poluição do Ambiente, quando se usa Dejetos de Suínos como Adubo do Solo. Concórdia, Embrapa Suínos e Aves. 3p.; Dal Bosco et al., 2008Dal Bosco TC, Sampaio SC, Opazo MAU, Gomes SD & Nóbrega LHP (2008) Aplicação de água residuária de suinocultura em solo cultivado com soja: cobre e zinco no material escoado e no solo. Engenharia Agrícola, 28:699-709. ). There is also an environmental risk, since the use of SW in agriculture can increase the concentration of potentially saline ions and heavy metals in the soil, due to the high concentration mainly of sodium, zinc and copper in the SW (Pereira, 2006Pereira ER (2006) Qualidade da água residuária em sistemas de produção e de tratamento de efluentes de suínos e seu reuso no ambiente agrícola. Doctoral Thesis. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Piracicaba. 131p.).

As a way to mitigate the negative effects of the use of waste or saline water in irrigation, some authors have studied its interaction with biochar. The results obtained are encouraging because, in addition to attenuating the harmful effects of the salinity and toxicity of some ions, biochar improves soil attributes, the absorption of nutrients by plants increases plant production (Akhtar et al., 2015Akhtar SS, Andersen MN & Liu F (2015) Residual effects of biochar on improving growth, physiology and yield of wheat under salt stress. Agricultural Water Management, 158:61-68.; Costa, 2017Costa ME (2017) Efeito do biochar e de águas salinas sobre o crescimento e nutrição do milho e na salinidade do solo. Doctoral Thesis. Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Mossoró. 52p.), and further enhances the agricultural use of wastewater from various activities.

In view of this, it is expected that the agricultural use of biochar from conilon coffee straw and SW promotes an increase in the levels of nutrients in the soil and in corn plants, culture that was chosen for evaluation, due to its fast cultivation cycle and socioeconomic importance of world order, being used in human and animal feeding, its insertion in this study is relevant in order to enrich the literature.

Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of doses of biochar from conilon coffee straw, combined or not with SW diluted to 50%, in the nutrient content in soils of different textures and in the nutrition of the corns plants.

The study was conducted in a greenhouse at the Federal Institute of Espírito Santo (Ifes), Campus de Alegre, located in the municipality of Alegre, state of Espirito Santo, Brazil. The region’s climate is tropical, with an average annual temperature of around 23 ºC. The experimental design used was in randomized blocks, with three replications. The experiment was implemented in a 5x2x2 factorial scheme, with five doses of biochar conilon coffee straw (Coffea canephora) (equivalent to 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 Mg ha-1), two irrigation waters (deionized water-DW and swine wastewater diluted to 50%-SW50%) and two soil textures (medium and clayey texture).

For the evaluation of the effect of textural differences, deformed samples of the B horizon (depth of 25 to 60 cm) of a Red-Yellow Oxisol, of medium texture, and of a Red-Yellow Ultisol, of clay texture, were collected (USDA, 1999USDA – United States Department of Agriculture (1999) Soil Taxonomy: A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. 2nd ed. Washington, Natural Resources Conservation Service. 886p. ). The soils were collected starting horizon A, with the objective to reduce the effect of high levels of organic matter on the surface of the soil, in order to assess the maximum potential of treatments. Initially, before any other stage of the experiment, the soils were characterized chemically and physically, according to the methodology recommended by Embrapa (2017) (Table 1).

The biochar used was obtained from conilon coffee straw, from the processing of conilon coffee beans. The coffee straw passed through a pyrolysis reactor model SPPT-V60, installed in the experimental area of the Center for Agricultural Science and Engineering at the Federal University of Espírito Santo (CCAE/UFES). The carbonization temperature was 350 ºC, with an hour of residence in this temperature. The biochar was characterized in terms of pH values in water, ash content (Ac), cation exchange capacity – CEC and macro and micronutrient contents (Silva, 2009Silva FCS (2009) Manual de análises químicas de solos, plantas e fertilizantes. 2nd ed. Brasília, Embrapa Informação Tecnológica . 627p.) (Table 2). After characterization, the biochar was passed through sieves of 2 and 0.5 mm mesh, being used the granulometry in this interval in the experiment.

Table 2:
Chemical characterization of the biochar from conilon coffee straw produced at a temperature of 350 °C

The swine wastewater (SW) used in the experiment came from the farm located on the premises of Ifes – Campus de Alegre. The SW was collected from the biofertilizer pond and transported to near of the greenhouse, where it was stored. The water was diluted in a 1:1 ratio with deionized water and stored in 50 liter drums. Before the implementation of the experiment, an undiluted SW sample was collected and sent for chemical analysis in a specialized laboratory, the results are shown in Table 3.

Table 3:
Chemical characterization of swine wastewater

The collected soils were air dried, crushed and passed through 2 mm sieves. Subsequently, the soils were prepared to be incubated for a period of 35 days with dolomitic limestone (CaO 32%, MgO 14%, PRNT 86%) together with the different doses of biochar (equivalent to 0, 10, 15 and 20 Mg ha-1), the biochar doses in Mg ha-1, were extrapolated for the experiment in a greenhouse based on the transformation of the biochar dose in hectare, for the volume of soil used in each container (Experimental unit). Liming was performed to increase base saturation to 60%, ideal for corn culture (Prezotti et al., 2007Prezotti LC, Gomes JA, Dadalto GG & Oliveira JA (2007) Manual de Recomendação de Calagem e Adubação para o estado do Espírito Santo. Vitória, SEEA/INCAPER/CEDAGRO. 305p.). The incubation was carried out in plastic bags with maintenance of humidity with the addition of water and homogenization with agitation.

In order to evaluate the initial effect of different doses of biochar on the chemical properties of the soil, in addition to obtaining the initial condition of the soil for each treatment, soil samples were collected after incubation (soil+limestone+biochar) to assess the chemical attributes (Embrapa, 2017EMBRAPA – Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (2017) Manual de métodos de análise de solo. 3rd ed. Rio de Janeiro, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Solos. 573p.) (Table 4).

Table 4:
Average values of chemical attributes of soils of different textural classes after 35 days of incubation with biochar doses of conilon coffee straw and limestone

The experimental units were composed of PVC tubes with 100 mm in diameter and 50 cm high, of which 45 cm were filled with soil, that is, 3.53 dm³ of soil inside each tube. As the soils showed a difference in density (1.149 kg dm-3 for medium textured soil and 1.016 kg dm-3 for clayey soil), 4.05 kg of medium textured soil and 3.59 kg of clayey soil were required for each experimental unit corresponding to these soils.

The tubes had their internal walls sanded, in order to prevent irrigation water from taking a preferential path. The tubes were protected in the basal part by a shading material, with small holes (<2mm), preventing the passage of the soil, but allowing good drainage.

The corn used was the hybrid AG 1051, a material suitable for grains and silage. Sowing took place on August 18, 2017, and the experiment was dismantled on October 21, 2017, 62 days after planting.

Deionized water and 50% SW were added in sufficient quantity to make up around 50% of the total pore volume (TPV) (Bedin et al., 2003Bedin I, Resende AA, Neto AEF, Mendonça LA & Vilela LCS (2003) Fontes de fósforo e crescimento do milho em solos com diferentes capacidades tampão de fosfato. Revista Ciência e Agrotecnologia, Edição Especial:1522-1531.). The calculation used as basis the values of soil density (Sd) and particle density (Pd) (Table 1), for medium texture and clay texture soils. The total pore volume was calculated using the formula TPV=1-SdPdX100, reaching values of 0.525dm3 dm-3 and 0.602 dm3 dm-3, for medium and clay texture soils, respectively. Thus, to maintain 50% of TPV, it was necessary to 0.262 dm³ of water in 1 dm³ of medium texture soil and 0.301 dm³ of water in 1 dm³ of clayey soil. Then, weighing the set (tube + soil + water needed to maintain 50% of the TPV), the weight value for each experimental unit was found. Thus, the maintenance of soil moisture was performed through daily weighing of the experimental units.

Three fertilizations were carried out. Phosphate fertilization was carried out at planting with 3.07 and 3.21 grams/PVC tube with simple superphosphate (19% P2O5) for soils with medium and clayey texture, respectively. Nitrogen fertilizations were carried out in cover, at 21 and 45 days after planting, with 2.12 and 2.22 grams of ammonium sulfate (21% N), by PVC tube for clayey and medium soils, respectively, following recommendation by Oliveira et al. (1991Oliveira AJ, Garrido WE, Araújo JD & Lourenço S (1991) Métodos de pesquisa em fertilidade do solo. Brasília, Embrapa-SEA. 392p.). As there was a considerable increase in potassium in the soil due to incubation with biochar (Table 4), the potassium fertilization was not necessary.

To evaluate the variables associated with the soil, at the end of the experiment, corn plants were cut close to the soil, separating the aerial part from the root. The soil of each experimental unit was removed from the tubes, separated from the root, dried in the open air and homogenized. Samples of each treatment and repetition were collected for chemical determinations of pH in water, of K, Na+, Zn+2 and P extracted with Mehlich-1 (HCl 0.05 mol L−1 + H2SO4 0.0125 mol L−1) and determined by flame emission spectrophotometry (K+ and Na+), tomic absorption spectrophotometer (Zn+2) and colorimetry (P). Available calcium (Ca+2) and magnesium (Mg+2), were extracted with potassium chloride solution (1 mol L−1) and determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (Ca+2 and Mg+2), according to methodology of Embrapa (2017).

The nutritional status of corn was evaluated by determining the levels of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and Zn in the aerial part of the plant, according to methodology of Silva (2009Silva FCS (2009) Manual de análises químicas de solos, plantas e fertilizantes. 2nd ed. Brasília, Embrapa Informação Tecnológica . 627p.).

The data were submitted to analysis of variance, applying the F test (p ≤ 0.05) to verify the significance of the effect of the factors and their interactions. In the case of significant effect for the interactions, the Tukey test was applied to compare means at 5% probability. In the case of significant interaction between the factors with the doses of biochar, the effect of the doses in each type of irrigation water and soil type was verified. The regression analysis of the significant factors was carried out, choosing the model of best fit according to the level of significance and the coefficient of determination. Sisvar was the statistical program used (Ferreira, 2011Ferreira DF (2011) Sisvar: a computer statistical analysis system. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 35:1039-1042. ).

The levels of P, K+ and Na+ were significantly higher for the two soils studied when irrigation was carried out with SW50% (Table 5) and in interactions with all doses of biochar, except for P at doses of 0 and 5 Mg ha-1 (Table 6). These results show the potential of the SW to increase these elements in the soil, corroborating the work carried out by Medeiros et al. (2011Medeiros SS, Gheyi HR, Pérez-Marin AM, Soares FAL & Fernandes PD (2011) Características químicas do solo sob algodoeiro em área que recebeu água residuária da suinocultura. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 35:047-1055.), who highlighted the contribution and increase of macronutrient and sodium contents in soil irrigated with SW100% or diluted. Queiroz et al. (2004Queiroz FM, Matos AT, Pereira OG, Oliveira RA & Lemos AF (2004) Características químicas do solo e absorção de nutrientes por gramíneas em rampas de tratamento de águas residuárias da suinocultura. Revista Engenharia na Agricultura, 12:77-90.) also found similar results, where they observed an increase in the levels of P, K+ and Na+ in soils treated with SW, even if for a short period (four months).

The clayey soil had a higher P content (Tables 5 and 7), this situation can be explained by some factors, initially, in general, the clay texture soil already had a higher P content than the medium texture soil (Table 4). To understand a fact that can corroborate with the maintenance of the highest P value in the clayey soil, it is necessary to know that the mineralogical composition of the clayey soil has a higher proportion of clay (60%) than the medium textured soil (30%), and with that the soil becomes a P drain, increasing the retention of this nutrient in the soil (Novais et al., 2007Novais RF, Smyth TJ & Nunes FN (2007) Fósforo. In: Novais RF, Alvarez VHV, Barros NF, Fontes RLF, Cantarutti RB & Lima JC (Ed.) Fertilidade do solo. Viçosa, Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo. p.471-550.). According to Falcão & Silva (2004Falcão NPS & Silva JRA (2004) Características de adsorção de fósforo em alguns solos da Amazônia Central. Acta Amazônica, 34:337-342.), the adsorption of P varies depending on the mineralogical composition of the soil, with a positive correlation between the maximum adsorption capacity of P and the clay content in the soil. Despite the control of irrigation, it was observed percolation of WA and SW50% of the tubes where the experiment was implanted. Thus, it assumes that as the SW50% passes through the clay soil, P is retained, this situation that does not occur as efficiently in the average texture and the nutrient is lost through percolation. Situation reported by Toor & Sims (2015Toor GS & Sims JT (2015) Managing phosphorus leaching in mid‐Atlantic soils: Importance of legacy sources. Vadose Zone Journal, 14:1-12.) where greater interaction between soil particles (clay texture) and percolated water resulted in low P leaching.

When the Ca+2 content was analyzed, the medium textured soil had a significantly higher content than the clay textured soil (Table 7), which is due to its higher initial concentration (Table 4). When calculating the average of the Ca+2 content in the soil after incubation and at the end of the experiment, it appears that, proportionally, there was a greater increase in the clayey texture soil (40.2%) in relation to the medium textured soil (17.8%).

The levels of P and K+ in the soil showed a linear increase as a function of the applied biochar doses (Figure 1 A, B, C and D). These results are associated with the high levels of these nutrients in the biochar (Table 2). Barbosa (2016Barbosa CF (2016) Caracterização de biocarvões de palha de café e casca de eucalipto Produzidos a 350 e 600 ºC. Master Dissertation. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre. 76p.), when characterizing biochars from coffee straw, observed high concentrations of phosphorus and, especially, potassium. And they can also be associated with the biochars chemical structure, which according to Petter & Madari (2012Petter FA & Madari BE (2012) Biochar: Agronomic and environmental potential in Brazilian savannah soils. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 16:761-768.) provide stability and reactivity to the soil, conditioned to the time of application, aromatic structures and functional groups, which will result in the accumulation and persistence of carbon in the soil, in greater or lesser amounts which will cause retention and availability of nutrients.

Another important fact is the alkaline characteristic of the biochar, as noted in Table 2, which can influence the nutriens availability, especially P, which is more available in soil conditions with a pH close to 7.0 (Nóbrega, 2011Nóbrega ÍPC (2011) Efeitos do biochar nas propriedades físicas e químicas do solo: Sequestro de carbono no solo. Master Dissertation. Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Lisboa. 46p. ). The pH of the environment influences the adsorption reactions of P and the solubilization of phosphates, interfering in the availability of P in the soil (Novais et al., 2007Novais RF, Smyth TJ & Nunes FN (2007) Fósforo. In: Novais RF, Alvarez VHV, Barros NF, Fontes RLF, Cantarutti RB & Lima JC (Ed.) Fertilidade do solo. Viçosa, Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo. p.471-550.). According to Oliveira (2018Oliveira YR (2018) Estudo da adsorção de Cu (II) utilizando biocarvão de palha de café conilon. Master Dissertation. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre. 40p. ), the biochar from conilon coffee straw has a zero charge point (ZCP) above 7.5, a value higher than the pH of the soils studied in this experiment. In this way, the biochar surface will be protonated and will present an accumulation of positive charges, contributing to the anion exchange capacity, such as H2PO4 , therefore, increasing the availability of P for plants. However, the application of biochar did not change the acidity of the soil, since no significant differences were observed between the pH with the increase of the applied doses (Table 7). These results demonstrate that the pH change was not the determining factor in increasing the availability of P in the soil.

It was observed a synergistic effect between biochar and SW50% in the increase of P and K+ in the soil (Figures 1 B and D). The increase in K+ content in the soil is due to the high concentration of the nutrient in SW50% (Table 3) and in the biochar from conilon coffee straw (Table 2). However, the high increase in K+ must be accompanied, especially if there is an increase in the soil of Na+, Ca+2, Mg+2because together, at high levels, they generate salinization causing a decrease in the productive potential of plants (Fernandes et al., 2019Fernandes JD, Chaves LHG, Mendes JS, Chaves IB & Tito GA (2019) Alterations in soil salinity with the use of different biochar doses. Revista de Ciências Agrárias, 42:89-98.).

An important aspect about biochar is the presence of electrochemical adsorption sites on the surface of particles capable of retaining nutrients (Petter & Madari, 2012Petter FA & Madari BE (2012) Biochar: Agronomic and environmental potential in Brazilian savannah soils. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 16:761-768.). In a situation of low concentration of nutrients with saline potential in the soil, this characteristic of biochar is of great importance for maintaining fertility. However, according to Verheijen et al. (2010Verheijen F, Jeffery S, Bastos AC, Velde M, Van DER & Diafas I (2010) Biochar application to soils: a critical scientific review of effects on soil properties, processes and functions. Luxembourg, European Commission. 149p) salts contained in biochar in high concentrations, depending of the source of production, can cause secondary salinization of the soil. This fact reported by Da Costa et al. (2019Da Costa ME, Do Nascimento EKÁ, De Oliveira MN, Pimenta AS, Dos Santos RAPM & De Mendonça JAF (2019) Efeito do biochar sobre condutividade elétrica e pH de solos irrigados com água salina. Educamazônia-Educação, Sociedade e Meio Ambiente, 23:189-204.) in their study, observing a linear increase of 45% in Ultisol ECs between zero dose and 1.5% biochar, independent of water salinity. In this sense, the use of SW, which contains saline elements in high concentrations, together with biochar, require further studies to better understand its interaction, especially when biochar presents saline elements in high concentrations.

The application of SW50% did not significantly affect the levels of Ca+2, Mg+2 and Zn+2 in the studied soils, even though their concentrations are high in this residue. This result probably occurred due to the high consumption of these nutrients by the corn plant, which can be seen in Table 8, where the mineral nutrition of corn is compared between treatments under the influence of irrigation with DW and SW50% in different doses of biochar.

In general, irrigation with SW50% increased the levels of Ca, Mg and Zn in the dry mass of aerial part (DMAP) of corn, mainly when the plants were grown in medium texture soils (Table 8). Similar results were obtained by Oliveira et al. (2004Oliveira RA, Freitas WS, Galvão JCC, Pinto FA & Cecon PR (2004) Efeito da aplicação de águas residuárias de suinocultura nas características nutricionais do milho. Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo, 3:357-369.), who, when using SW for corn irrigation, observed a higher concentration of Ca, Mg and Zn in DMAP, when compared to common water.

The levels of Mg and Zn in DMAP in treatments with SW50% were higher or equivalent to DW, except when the plant was grown in clayey soil and in the absence of biochar, which can be explained by the lower levels of Zn+2 e Mg+2 in the original clay soil.

As for the N content, the influence of irrigation water was observed, being higher in plants irrigated with SW50% in both soils (Table 9) and in all doses of biochar, except 10 Mg ha-1 (Table 10), confirming the potential of SW in providing this nutrient. Authors highlight this positive effect in their work. Medeiros et al. (2015Medeiros SS, Perez-Marin AM, Júnior JAS, Reis CF & Gheyi HR (2015) Potencial hídrico-nutricional da água residuária de suinocultura na irrigação do algodoeiro cultivado em condições semiáridas. Revista Irriga, 20:248-260.) and Guidinelle (2019Guidinelle RB (2019) Água residuária de suinocultura e sistema plantio direto no desenvolvimento do milho para produção de silagem. Master Dissertation. Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre. 125p. ) irrigated the corn with SW, for two consecutive cycles, and verified a significant increase in the N content in the plant’s DMAP.

Corn plants when irrigated with DW showed N levels in the plant tissue below the range stated as idealized by Martinez et al. (1999Martinez HEP, Carvalho JG & Souza RB (1999) Diagnose foliar. In: Ribeiro AC, Guimarães PTG & Alvarez VVH (Ed.) Recomendações para uso de corretivos e fertilizantes em Minas Gerais: 5ª Aproximação. Viçosa, Comissão de Fertilidade do solo do Estado de Minas Gerais. p.143-168.), which corresponds to 27.5- 32.5 g kg-1, however, when irrigated with SW50%, the N content was higher than ideal for the crop (<32.5 g kg-1). In order to avoid high leaf values, Seganfredo (2000Seganfredo MA (2000) Análises do Risco de Poluição do Ambiente, quando se usa Dejetos de Suínos como Adubo do Solo. Concórdia, Embrapa Suínos e Aves. 3p.) recommends applications of SW with the criterion of defining the supply of the N necessary for the corn, avoiding the excess of this nutrient in the soil.

The P content in the DMAP was not influenced by the SW50%, but were higher in plants grown in medium texture soils (Table 9). Regardless of the treatment, the levels of P in the plant tissue were below the ideal range described by Martinez et al. (1999Martinez HEP, Carvalho JG & Souza RB (1999) Diagnose foliar. In: Ribeiro AC, Guimarães PTG & Alvarez VVH (Ed.) Recomendações para uso de corretivos e fertilizantes em Minas Gerais: 5ª Aproximação. Viçosa, Comissão de Fertilidade do solo do Estado de Minas Gerais. p.143-168.), which corresponds to 2.5 – 3.5 g kg-1. This fact may be associated with clay soils that have a high P adsorption capacity, competing with plants for phosphorus applied in irrigation and via biochar, making the nutrient less available to be absorbed by plants (Novais et al., 2007Novais RF, Smyth TJ & Nunes FN (2007) Fósforo. In: Novais RF, Alvarez VHV, Barros NF, Fontes RLF, Cantarutti RB & Lima JC (Ed.) Fertilidade do solo. Viçosa, Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo. p.471-550.). This result is supported by Bedin et al. (2003Bedin I, Resende AA, Neto AEF, Mendonça LA & Vilela LCS (2003) Fontes de fósforo e crescimento do milho em solos com diferentes capacidades tampão de fosfato. Revista Ciência e Agrotecnologia, Edição Especial:1522-1531.), when observing that even after a greater supply of P in the clayey soil than in the medium textured soil, corn plants absorbed less nutrient when cultivated in clayey soil.

The K content in the corn DMAP was influenced by irrigation water and soil texture, being higher in plants irrigated with SW50% and cultivated under clayey soil (Table 9). SW50% also increased the K content in DMAP when combined with biochar, except at doses of 10 and 20 Mg ha-1 (Table 10). Costa (2017Costa ME (2017) Efeito do biochar e de águas salinas sobre o crescimento e nutrição do milho e na salinidade do solo. Doctoral Thesis. Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Mossoró. 52p.) reports that high concentrations of Na+ in the soil can reduce the absorption of K+, with a consequent reduction in the content of this element in the corn leaf. This fact may explain the lower concentrations of K in plants grown in medium textured soil, which in its initial state has a higher concentration of sodium compared to clayey soil (Table 4).

The K content in corn DMAP was significantly higher in plants irrigated with SW50%, even with the addition of exchangeable sodium to the soil. This result can be explained by the high supply of de K by SW, a rich source of this nutrient and, also, by the addition of biochar which helps to reduce the negative effects of Na+ excesso in the soil.

However, no significant effect was observed between the increase in biochar doses and the decrease in Na+ content. Unlike this study, Akhtar et al. (2015Akhtar SS, Andersen MN & Liu F (2015) Residual effects of biochar on improving growth, physiology and yield of wheat under salt stress. Agricultural Water Management, 158:61-68.) observed that the addition of biochar in saline soil reduced the Na+ absorption by wheat plants, due to its high capacity to adsorb this element and release K+ in the soil solution.

Similar results were obtained by other authors. Effgen (2014Effgen EM (2014) Potássio no solo, na planta e produção de Capim Mombaça decorrente do uso de água residuária da suinocultura. Doctoral Thesis. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre. 81p.) found higher K levels in Mombaça grass with the increase in the amount of SW used in irrigation. Oliveira et al. (2004Oliveira RA, Freitas WS, Galvão JCC, Pinto FA & Cecon PR (2004) Efeito da aplicação de águas residuárias de suinocultura nas características nutricionais do milho. Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo, 3:357-369.) found K concentration in corn DMAP 2.3 times higher where SW was used. In the present work, the K content in the DMAP was approximately 1.3 times higher in the treatments with SW50%, in relation to the plants irrigated with deionized water (DW). This may have occurred due to the dilution of SW in 50% deionized water, reducing the concentration of the element in the residue. Even so, the K content in the plant tissue in DMAP is above the ideal range (17.5 – 22.5g kg-1) described by Martinez et al. (1999Martinez HEP, Carvalho JG & Souza RB (1999) Diagnose foliar. In: Ribeiro AC, Guimarães PTG & Alvarez VVH (Ed.) Recomendações para uso de corretivos e fertilizantes em Minas Gerais: 5ª Aproximação. Viçosa, Comissão de Fertilidade do solo do Estado de Minas Gerais. p.143-168.) in all corn plants irrigated with SW50%.

The P content in DMAP increased linearly in the interactions between clayey soil x biochar doses and SW50% x biochar doses, and quadratically in the interactions between medium textured soil x biochar doses and DW x biochar doses (Figures 2 A and B), showing that, independently of the interaction, increasing doses of biochar were important to increase the absorption of P by corn plants. These results are in line with the statement of Lehmann & Joseph (2009Lehmann J & Joseph S (2009) Biochar for environmental management: An introduction. In: Lehmann J & Joseph S (Ed.) Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology. London, Earthscan. p.1-12. ). According to the authors, biochar has high persistence in the soil with a high capacity for adsorption and release of nutrients, presenting residual effect when combined with different irrigation waters and soil type.

The K content in the aerial part of the corn grew linearly with the increase of biochar doses, regardless of the type of soil (Figure 2 C) and irrigation water (Figure 2 D). This behavior is similar to that seen in the soil, where the application of increasing doses of biochar guaranteed the linear increase of potassium. Therefore, it is believed that the growth and high content of this nutrient in the aerial part of corn is directly linked to its large contribution to the soil, due to the addition of biochar. This potassium linear increase in the aerial part of corn was different from that observed by Pinho et al. (2009Pinho RGV, Borges ID, Pereira JLAR & Reis MC (2009) Marcha de absorção de macronutrientes e acúmulo de matéria seca em milho. Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo , 8:157-173.), who verified a quadratic behavior during the corn crop cycle. However, the same authors pointed out that the peak of K absorption is in the initial phenological stages, where up to two thirds of K are accumulated by the plant, varying from the vegetative stage to the beginning of reproductive development, which roughly coincides with the duration of this experiment, 62 days of leading, and according to the authors, in the final stages of the corn crop cycle, after 90 days, there is no accumulation of K, generating a quadratic curve.

It was also found that the combination of biochar and irrigation with SW50% increased the K content in the aerial part of the corn. This fact is related to the greater potassium supply to the soil due to the addition of biochar and SW50%, associated with the high demand for the nutrient, which is the second most absorbed by the corn crop (Pinho et al., 2009Pinho RGV, Borges ID, Pereira JLAR & Reis MC (2009) Marcha de absorção de macronutrientes e acúmulo de matéria seca em milho. Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo , 8:157-173.).

Under the conditions of the present study, the addition of biochar doses linearly increased the levels of P and K in the soil, presenting a synergistic effect when combined with SW50%, being a satisfactory alternative to increase soil fertility.

Irrigation with 50% SW, isolated or associated with biochar, increased the Na+ content in the medium and clayey texture soils. Circumstance that due to the saline potential of Na+, deserves the development of new experiments with the application of doses of 100% of SW, to deepen the knowledge.

The agricultural use of biochar from conilon coffee straw was important to increase the content of P and, mainly, K in the aerial part of corn. In turn, SW50% irrigation was important for increasing the levels of N, K, Ca, Mg and Zn in the aerial part of the corn. Demonstrating that the joint application of the residues, presents itself as an alternative to increase the nutrition of the corn culture, providing a correct alternative for the destination of residues with polluting potential.

To FAPES (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa e Inovação do Espírito Santo) for granting financial support.


Biochar Market Size, Growth, key Player, share, Demand, Impact Analysis, Opportunities …

4 December, 2021
 

 

 

Biochar Market Overview:

Biochar Market comprises a broad presentation of past data as well as current and future system, constraint, and improvement requirements. The study contains in-depth information on the key factors influencing the growth of the fuel market.

Shipments, prices, revenue, gross margin, interview records, and business dispersion, among other things, are included in the Biochar Market research. Consumers can use this information to learn more about their competitors. The report also provides data on all regions and countries throughout the world, as well as business sector size, scale, and value, as well as pricing information.

Request for free sample:https://www.maximizemarketresearch.com/request-sample/11779

Biochar Market Scope:

Global Biochar Market, By Feedstock

• Agriculture Waste
• Forestry Waste
• Animal Manure
• Biomass Plantation
Global Biochar Market, By Technology

• Pyrolysis
• Gasification
• Others
Global Biochar Market, By Application

• Gardening
• Agriculture
• Household
Global Biochar Market, By Geography

• North America
• Europe
• Asia-Pacific
• Middle East & Africa
• Latin America

The leading suppliers’ successful business techniques are included in this statistical analysis of the Biochar market. To be competitive in the Biochar industry, vendors employ both organic and inorganic growth strategies.

To make the most of the opportunities and recover from the post-COVID-19 impact, market suppliers should concentrate more on growth prospects in fast-growing types while maintaining their positions in slow-growing segments.

The Biochar market forecast study goes into great detail on key vendor profiles. The profiles provide details on the production, long-term viability, and future prospects of the most successful enterprises.

Biochar Market Segmentation:

In the production of biochar, these waste products are primarily used as feedstock. Biochar aids in carbon sequestration and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Biochar Market is easily available of a cheap and wide variety of feedstock. Increase in biochar applications in the agriculture sector, Reliable and constant flow of energy, and strict environmental regulations. Increase in the use of biochar to enhance soil fertility and crop yields, as well as waste management ability, is also driving the Biochar Market for biochar.

Global Biochar Market can be segmented by feedstock, by technology, by application, and region. On the basis of the feedstock, wood biomass segment accounted for nearly half of the overall demand in the Biochar Market. Wood waste that is converted into biochar is used as a valuable soil amendment product. Based on technology, Pyrolysis technology is one of the most efficient and effective ways of producing a high-quality product.

Gasification technology does not create stable biochar which can be used in agriculture for soil amendment. Gasification technology has witnessed a rise in demand on account of the growing need for electricity in distributed energy systems. In terms of application, Agriculture was the largest application segment in 2017 and is expected to grow substantially over the forecast period.

 

Key players:
• ECOSUS
• Cool Planet
• Biochar Supreme
• NextChar
• Terra Char
• Genesis Industries
• Interra Energy
• CharGrow
• Pacific Biochar
• Biochar Now
• The Biochar Company (TBC)
• ElementC6
• Vega Biofuels
• Carbon Gold
• Kina
• Swiss Biochar GmbH
• BlackCarbon
• Carbon Terra

The research report focuses on the current market size of the Biochar market and their growth rates, based on records and financial information with a company profile of major players/manufacturers.

Get more Report Details:https://www.maximizemarketresearch.com/market-report/biochar-market/11779/

Regional analysis:

This Biochar market research analysis provides valuable insights into the market’s post-COVID-19 impact, which will help businesses evaluate their business strategy. Market segmentation by end-user as well as geography are also included in this report (North America, Europe, APAC, South America, and MEA).

COVID-19 IMPACT On the Biochar Market:

COVID-19 has caused public health emergency and has affected every business and industry and the long term effects are also mentioned in the report which can affect the growth of Biochar Market Market and solutions to these are also provided in the same. The report also mentions changes and dynamics of the current Market that have taken place due to COVID-19. The updated study provides you with insights, dynamics, changes, estimates, analysis, and forecasts considering the impact of COVID-19.

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http://www.marketwatch.com/story/wedding-rings-market-size-share-industry-size-development-key-opportunities-and-analysis-of-key-players-to-2027-2021-11-17


https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/night-cream-market-market-production-analysis-opportunity-assessments-industry-revenue-advancement-strategy-and-geographical-market-performance-forecast-to-2027-2021-11-17?tesla=y


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Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market 2021 Industry Insight, Regional Analysis and Opportunity … – Vox Bikol

4 December, 2021
 

The Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market report is a rich asset of basic information that is relatable for financial specialists who are aiming to make a route into the market. It bolsters the ones searching for the market statistical data points by assisting them with graphing and gathering hotspots for the development of the market alongside procedure and vision to safeguard the rate alongside the changing business sector elements in the current and impending years.

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Research Coverage of Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market:

The market study covers the Lithium Cobalt Oxide market size across different segments. It aims at estimating the market size and the growth potential across different segments, including application, type, organization size, vertical, and region. The study further includes an in-depth competitive analysis of the leading market players, along with their company profiles, key observations related to product and business offerings, recent developments, and market strategies.

A detailed study of business strategies for growth of the Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market with Leading players

Based on product type, the Lithium Cobalt Oxide market is segmented into:

Based on application, the critical illness market is segmented into:

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Impact of COVID-19:

Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market report analyses the impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on the Lithium Cobalt Oxide industry.
Since the COVID-19 virus outbreak in December 2019, the disease has spread to almost 180+ countries around the globe with the World Health Organization declaring it a public health emergency. The global impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are already starting to be felt and will significantly affect the Lithium Cobalt Oxide market in 2020.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought effects on many aspects, like flight cancellations; travel bans, and quarantines; restaurants closed; all indoor events restricted; emergency declared in many countries; massive slowing of the supply chain; stock market unpredictability; falling business assurance, growing panic among the population, and uncertainty about future.

COVID-19 can affect the global economy in 3 main ways: by directly affecting production and demand, by creating supply chain and market disturbance, and by its financial impact on firms and financial markets.

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Lastly, this Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market report provides Industry intelligence in the most comprehensive way. The report structure has been kept such that it offers maximum business value. It provides critical insights into the market dynamics and will enable strategic decision making for the existing market players as well as those willing to enter the Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market.

Table of Content

Chapter 1. Research Objective

Chapter 2. Executive Summary

Chapter 3. Strategic Analysis

Chapter 4. Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market Dynamics

Chapter 5. Segmentation & Statistics

Chapter 6. Lithium Cobalt Oxide Market Use case studies

Chapter 7. KOL Recommendations

Chapter 8. Investment Landscape

Chapter 9. Competitive Intelligence

Chapter 10. Company Profiles

Chapter 11. Appendix

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Vale tested the use of biochar in pellet production | EqualOcean

4 December, 2021
 

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A stable biochar supported S-nZVI to activate persulfate for effective dichlorination of atrazine

4 December, 2021
 

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Biochar Market Size, Growth, key Player, share, Demand, Impact Analysis, Opportunities …

5 December, 2021
 

EhTrend!Biochar Market Size, Growth, key Player, share, Demand, Impact Analysis, Opportunities & Forecast To 2027

Biochar Market comprises a broad presentation of past data as well as current and future system, constraint, and improvement requirements. The study contains in-depth information on the key factors influencing the growth of the fuel market.
18 hours ago
from: Vox Bikol


Carbon-Negative Biochar Augmented Concrete – Azom.com

6 December, 2021
 

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There is little dispute of the fact that concrete plays an important role in the development of human society; however, in terms of limiting its environmental impact, there is still work to be done. Now, a team of researchers, writing in the Chemical Engineering Journal, have developed a carbon-negative bio-char augmented concrete that could influence the future of the concrete industry.

Study: Biochar-augmented carbon-negative concrete. Image Credit: P.KASIPAT/Shutterstock.com

It is well-established that the concrete industry and use of cement is one of the most emission-intensive industrial processes on Earth. Concrete is the most widely used human-made material on the planet shaping most of the built environment; however, it also has an immense carbon footprint.

As excessive anthropogenic carbon (CO2) emissions threaten ecosystems as the main driver of the current climate crisis, many nations have set ambitious goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030. The European Union has set a net-zero goal by 2050, while China has set a target of carbon neutrality by 2060, as a result of which many countries are offering market-oriented Carbon Emissions Trading Scheme (CETS) to offer a financial reward (or penalty) to those who emitted below (or beyond) the permissible limits.

In order to meet carbon neutrality targets, carbon capture, utilization, and storage technologies should be developed. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, biochar is both a safe and promising solution to facilitate carbon neutrality.

“1 tonne biochar could trap 2.0-2.6 tonnes of CO2. Biochar can be produced from pyrolysis of a wide range of waste biomass (e.g., rice straw, wood waste, food waste, sludge, and manure) under limited availability of oxygen, after which carbon can be stabilized and stored,” explains co-author Professor Dan Tsang at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.

As it stands, biochar is primarily used in agriculture, but as such offers limited potential in terms of its impact in urban areas and could in fact lead to pollution in the soil over prolonged periods of time. Thus, diversifying the use of biochar as carbon capture technology could reveal its true application potential. “Application of biochar in construction materials to generate low-carbon or even carbon-negative concrete will break new ground to achieve carbon neutrality,” says Tsang.

On average, around 4 billion tons of concrete is produced annually and its primary ingredient, cement, and conventional aggregates typically require labor-intensive mining processes that also have a significant environmental impact. Thus, Tsang and his colleagues propose the innovative use of biochar as the aggregate in a concrete dry-mix in addition to low-carbon supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs).

The researchers produced biochar blocks as biochar augmented concrete to determine the mechanical strength, and assess the life cycle and potential cost-savings of their method. Furthermore, the team created a biochar mortar in order to characterize the roles of biochar in the cement hydration and microstructure of biochar concrete.

Amongst the results, the team discovered that incorporation of biochar enhanced cement hydration via internal curing, which facilitated the formation of calcium-silicate-hydrate (CSH), which is primarily responsible for the strength properties in concrete.

Moreover, the researchers also reported for the first time that carbon-negative concrete can be achieved by incorporating 30 wt.% biochar into the mixture. “The life cycle assessment confirmed that the biochar incorporation significantly reduced CO2 emissions, and most importantly, the combined use of biochar and SCMs successfully achieved carbon-negative concrete production,” Tsang stated.

The assessments demonstrated that the carbon-negative concrete product successfully sequestered between 59 and 65 kg of CO2 and could lead to overall economic profitability. As a result of this, the researchers believe their method and biochar-augmented carbon-negative concrete will become a competitive product in the future.

The researchers state that further work and research should be done in the field to qualify durability in environmental conditions as well as true sustainability metrics and value-added features.

As future demand for concrete and cement-based materials is likely to increase as urban expansion continues to unfold around the globe, finding new ways and methods to produce eco-friendly materials is key in achieving greenhouse gas targets. Therefore, biochar-augmented carbon-negative concrete could offer various players in the concrete industry a path towards achieving their own climate goals.

L. Chen, Y. Zhang, L. Wang, S. Ruan, J. Chen, H. Li, J. Yang, V. Mechtcherine, D.C.W. Tsang, Biochar-augmented carbon-negative concrete, Chemical Engineering Journal (2021), doi: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1385894721055194

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Lagos, firm train youths in water hyacinth recycling – Punch Newspapers

6 December, 2021
 

punchng.com © 1971-2020 The Punch newspaper

LASWA GM, Damilola Emmanuel

The Lagos State Waterways Authority in collaboration with Mitimeth Nigeria has commenced the fifth edition of its annual initiative to train youths in the conversion of water hyacinth into means of sustainable livelihood.

The Managing Director of LASWA, Mr Damilola Emmanuel, disclosed this in a statement on Monday.

Emmanuel was quoted to have said this during the 10-day training programme at Ijede Local Council Development Area.

He said, “The agency, in collaboration with Mitimeth Nigeria, a Lagos-based social enterprise, is turning the menace of water hyacinth into sustainable livelihood and fashion for people in coastal communities by providing requisite skills to convert the hyacinth into valuable handcrafted materials such as bags, mats, furniture items and textile decorations.”

Emmanuel added that the agency is partnering with another firm to produce organic manure through water hyacinth recycling.

“LASWA, through a partnership with P. I. B Global Services – a startup firm dedicated to turning environmental problems into common solutions, is also producing Regenerative Agriculture with Water hyacinth-based Biochar.

“This RAWB can be used for livestock and crop farming. For livestock, the water hyacinth-based biochar is poured on the poultry floor to absorb heat, gas and odour, thus making the place safe for the birds, farmers and environment.

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“The mixture of the biochar with poultry waste is then used as organic manure to improve crop yield on the farms,” he said.

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Punjab University Sets Up Biomass Resource Unit To Produce Compost Using Solid Waste …

6 December, 2021
 

Punjab University sets up biomass resource unit to produce compost using solid waste

LAHORE, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News – 6th Dec, 2021 ) :The scientists of Punjab University (PU) have established a fully functional Biomass Resource Unit (BRU) with provision of composting of all types of biodegradable wasted biomass, an indigenous project which could provide high quality fertilisers, strengthen agricultural economy, contribute to environment protection, utilise solid waste in a proper way and save billions of rupees.

Punjab University Vice Chancellor Prof Niaz Ahmad inaugurated the unit at Botanical Garden, New Campus on Monday. Pro-Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Muhammad Saleem Mazhar, Former Dean of Life Sciences and Director Institute of Botany Prof Dr Firdaus-e-Bareen, Principal Investigator of the Project Dr Muhammad Shafiq, Dr Aisha Nazir and other researchers were present.

Addressing the inaugural ceremony, Prof Niaz Ahmad said that the BRU will enable people to be self-sufficient in production of safe vegetables and fruits. He said that the people would also get rid of those elements who sell organic compost on a high price. He said that the installation of BRUs not only can save billions of rupees but also it can contribute to the development of agricultural economy, ensue food security and safety.

Through the BRU, he said, biodegradables being 70-100 per cent of the total MSW can be utilised for production of cheap and organic compost. He said that through the establishment of BRUs, the government could cope with air, earth and water pollution generated by solid waste.

Giving details of the unit, Prof Dr Firdaus-e-Bareen said that the BRU was capable of developing high-quality compost by utilising biodegradable components of municipal solid waste (MSW); lawn and yard waste; crop residue; bones of chicken, mutton and beef; offals and carcass arising from animals through mass slaughtering activities. He said this high-quality compost could be used for production of vegetables, fruits etc with good nutrition values.

Dr Barin said that based on dominant composition and its gross & net calorific value of MSW of Pakistan, any WtE or centralised management of MSW would always come up with very poor cost-to-benefit ratio.

She said the established BRU was a replicative indigenously adaptable model that can have maximum solution compatibility with the local solid waste management issues of Pakistan. “The current budget of MSW management in major cities of Punjab is in billions of rupees mainly being spent as intensive MSW collection cost, for example, around 6-7 thousand tons per day of MSW is currently being generated in Lahore only, out of which more than 70 per cent is biodegradable or compostable,” she said. Mainly, the MSW collected from various points of the city is being disposed of at Mahmood Booti MSW open dump site and adjoining areas of Lakhodair sanitary landfill site of Lahore for being filled beyond its capacity. Furthermore, it involves huge transportation cost and human resource.

Principal Investigator Dr Muhammad Shafiq said that the BRU facility established at PU ensures waste ownership by its generator. He said that the MSW generated by the source will not be part of the current MSW stream of the city. Dr Shafiq said that directly, it would help in minimising MSW collection cost and associated environmental pollution, shed off burden on land area of open dumps and landfills. He said that indirectly, it would reduce multiple tangible and intangible costs of the current MSW system. He said that through decentralised MSW management system, the government can enhance feedstock utility of MSW for various productive purposes and save billions of rupees annually.

He said that the BRU facility at PU has been established by the funding from PU, HEC and other industrial collaborators under the supervision of Prof Dr Firdaus-e-Bareen, the team leader of the Environmental Biotechnology Research Group in Institute of Botany comprising him, Dr Aisha Nazir and research mentees.

Giving details of the HEC funded project on “Decentralised Management of MSW through Composting in HEIs and Private Housing Societies”, Dr Shafiq elaborated that achieving 100 per cent collection efficiency in the major cities of Punjab had been an uphill task for the major MSW management companies. He said that collecting MSW from whole city and fetching it to one point for sorting and effective disposal had been facing several challenges. First, it bears a huge collection cost, he said, adding it also compromises the feedstock suitability of biodegradable, combustible, and recyclable components of MSW for producing compost, drawing energy from waste, and drawing recyclable from the waste stream respectively. He was of the view that sometimes it becomes a big challenge to isolate usable solid waste components and thus a huge quantity of recoverable resources from the MSW goes ‘wasted’. Ultimately, he explained, most of the collected waste goes dumped at open disposal sites in the form of gigantic heaps and poses multiple environmental, economic, and social challenges. He said that the compost produced through decentralised MSW management approach could be linked with the urban agriculture, urban kitchen gardening, and other horticultural activities of the major cities of Pakistan. Giving details about the unit, he said that the BRU installed at PU uses the rapid composting technology that expedites composting process. Dr Shafiq said that one of the key prerequisites for achieving rapid composting and high-quality biochar was optimum particle size of the feedstock through comminution.

He said that the BRU at PU had been provided with woodchipper with a capacity to transform two tones of wood into wood chips in just an hour. He said that overall, the biomass chipping, chopping, and crushing facilities are provided at the BRU. He said that the compost prepared from wasted biomass was much better and cheaper than the compost available in the market in terms of quality. Therefore, he suggested, it was better to set up these types of units at various places of Lahore under controlled environment and with effective health and safety measures.

Dr Aisha Nazir said: “Another component of the BRU is biomass pyrolysis unit for generation of high-quality biochar, bio-oils and syngas, the established BRU provides an indigenous technology for retaining and managing wasted biomass at source level through production of high-quality compost and biochar”.

She highlighted the benefits of pyrolysis unit, one of the components of BRU. Aisha emphasized that converting biomass to biomass through pyrolysis could help in deriving organic soil amendments with maximum possible longevity.

“At local level, the adoption of decentralised MSW management system in PU would enable to play its role as Pioneer Green Campus of the Universities of Pakistan striving to achieve zero discharge of MSW, ultimately, it would help PU to improve its world ranking as Sustainable Campus in the UI GreenMetric World University Ranking,” she added.

The team led by Prof Dr Firdaus-e-Bareen shared that PU scientists can easily transfer this technology to the relevant stakeholders from public and private sector.

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Biochar Market : Industry Analysis & Opportunities-DataM Intelligence – EIN News

6 December, 2021
 

There were 804 press releases posted in the last 24 hours and 183,992 in the last 365 days.

DataM Intelligence

The Global Biochar Market is expected to grow at a high CAGR of 12.3% during the forecasting period (2021-2028).

EIN Presswire’s priority is source transparency. We do not allow opaque clients, and our editors try to be careful about weeding out false and misleading content. As a user, if you see something we have missed, please do bring it to our attention. Your help is welcome. EIN Presswire, Everyone’s Internet News Presswire™, tries to define some of the boundaries that are reasonable in today’s world. Please see our Editorial Guidelines for more information.

Follow EIN Presswire


Biochar Man – Quest to Save the Planet – The Portugal News

6 December, 2021
 

On some of my previous ‘Renature’ story adventures, I kept hearing about what sounded like a quite magical and game changing substance known as ‘biochar’. Indeed, both Julia (The grass is greener with goats) and Sebastian (The pig poop plant plan) told me of its wonders and Julia said she even hosts workshops at her Terra Robinia homestead (near Messines) about how to make it.

The person who comes to teach these classes is a Dutch/Portuguese chap called Martijn and I started to get the feeling that he was just the man I needed to see. He lives near São Brás and now that summer is over (and the season for making biochar has started again) he very kindly invited me round to visit him at what he calls his ‘Permaculture Playground’.

Now, before we go on, maybe I should try and answer what we might call ‘the burning question’:

What is biochar?

Well… I admit I didn’t really know either and after Martijn had greeted me warmly and invited me into his really quite tiny little house, he tried very patiently to explain (and to show me) the answer to that question.

Martijn really knows his stuff and the scientific processes, temperatures and mathematics behind it. There’s just no way that I was going to be able to keep up with all that. I’m afraid the best I’m going to be able to offer you is the gist. A sort of ‘biochar for dummies’, if you will.

With that in mind, the very simple answer is that biochar is: charcoal, but buried underground.

For the slightly more complex answer, maybe we should start by talking about plants and how they perform what could be thought of as the ultimate magic trick, namely: photosynthesis. As we all know, they ‘breathe’ in carbon dioxide and (to our eternal gratitude) expel oxygen. They then use that carbon (along with a little sunshine and water) to ‘build themselves’ (a pretty neat trick you have to admit).

However, when a plant dies it slowly starts to decompose and that carbon is released back into the atmosphere. Indeed, we quite often speed up the process by setting fire to it – either to warm our homes, or as frequently is the case here, have bonfires to clear the land and get all our branches and whatnot out of the way.

Now, biochar is produced when we still burn it, but in a place with limited oxygen – a process known as ‘pyrolysis’.

How to make it?

Martijn came to live in Portugal 8 years ago and was interested in learning more about permaculture and this led him to get more and more interested in biochar. However, in order to make it he needed the right equipment and this, in a strange twist of fate, has meant that he has had to learn to become quite an adept welder as well.

Using a combo of metal that he buys, as well as bits and pieces he finds around, he has been experimenting with creating all kinds of different biochar burners. The basic principle with all of them though, is to limit the oxygen by burning from the top (the secret to a smoke-free fire) and to stop the process at just the right moment with the use of water or sand.

Carbon negative inventions

Through trial and error, he’s really been refining his technique and his latest burner that he showed me in his house was particularly neat. It’s his ‘carbon negative biochar indoor cookstove’. Using what’s called a ‘gasifier’ (that looked to me like a thermos), he filled it with wood pellets and, with strategic holes in the bottom to let in just enough air, he lit it from the top and the flames started shooting up (like an upside-down rocket) into the stove where he cooks soups and stews and even pizza (with his homemade pizza oven).

While we’re on the subject (but please don’t ask me how), he also manages to have a bath from the heat produced by his burners.

He just has to remember when the flame turns blue, to stop the process by placing it in a sandbox. And, once he’s bathed and fed, instead of the fuel literally ‘going up in smoke’, he’s left with this very high quality biochar.

Now, the process does release some carbon back into the atmosphere (that’s why he also has a chimney) but it’s much less than what would happen if the material was left to decompose naturally and it actually ends up being what’s known as ‘carbon negative’.

You see, now that the organic material has been turned into biochar, it will take a lot longer to break down. Indeed, it will prevent that carbon from escaping back into the atmosphere for hundreds (if not thousands) of years. Which is great, but it gets better…

The Benefits – everything AND the kitchen sink

There’s a long list of benefits and reasons why ‘Renature people’ are so excited about this stuff. Martijn calls it a ‘force multiplier’ and says that just about every aspect of a farm or homestead can be improved by the addition of biochar.

I’ll keep it simple, but once dried and broken up (the most labour intensive part – and also the reason why you might really need a bath afterwards), the main benefit is that it does wonders for your soil. It is highly porous and thus able to attract and retain water and nutrients, which in turn increases soil fertility and biodiversity. This means more plants grow and start doing their thing, capturing more carbon and creating more ‘biochar fuel’, thus neatly completing the circle.

You can even feed it to your livestock as it improves their digestion and even, apparently, Martijn told me, experiments have shown that it makes cows produce less methane (although I don’t quite know how they measure such things).

It’s even useful in the kitchen too. It works super well for washing dishes, even in cold water and without the need for soap. Martijn says, if you put a piece in the fridge it will absorb bad odours and keep food fresh and you can even brush your teeth with it. I’ll leave it there but the list goes on and on…

What materials can you use?

You can make biochar with almost any organic material and Martijn is up for trying anything. He showed me both a carbonized goat horn and a dog skull he made for a friend.

The Permaculture Playground

I don’t have space to tell you everything but Martijn showed me around the rest of the Permaculture Playground and it turned out he was really quite a wizard when it comes to the whole garden thing as well. His particular specialities were a ‘super’ plant called vetiver, as well as white sage (the special kind of sage witches burn to chase away the bad spirits).

Re-’cycle’

Martijn is pretty carbon negative in other areas of his life too. For instance, he doesn’t have a car and gets around by bicycle. If you visit Permaculture Playground (Jager Biochar) on Facebook or jager.biochar on Instagram you will be quite impressed, not only by pictures of his flaming biochar burns and other ongoing projects, but also how he manages to carry back all the tools and metal needed to make his burners.

Indeed, he seemed quite unconcerned about how he was going to get all the way to Messines for the next workshop at the Terra Robinia that weekend. To be honest, I wouldn’t be surprised if the next thing he invents is a biochar jetpack. I see him as a mix between Iron Man and Captain Planet.

By Jake Cleaver, In Renature15 Sep 2021, 10:00

By Jake Cleaver, In Renature27 Aug 2021, 01:00

By TPN/Lusa, In Renature, Algarve20 Aug 2021, 01:00

Be the first to comment on this article

By Jake Cleaver, In Renature15 Sep 2021, 10:00

By Jake Cleaver, In Renature27 Aug 2021, 01:00

By TPN/Lusa, In Renature, Algarve20 Aug 2021, 01:00

Bam&Boo is a Lisbon based start-up business, selling sustainable but affordable oral and personal care products and accessories online. Bam&Boo was founded in 2017 and has really taken off as it has great reviews on social media. I had the pleasure of speaking with co-founder Fernando Ribeiro about their growing brand.
By Cristina da Costa Brookes, In Renature 17 Nov 2021, 10:00

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If you happened to be a bee at the moment, the rather dry and golden brown countryside wouldn’t leave you much in the way of fabulous floral displays to dive into, and consequently, it would be getting harder and harder to fly back to the hive and tell the others that, well… “Honey, I’m home!”.
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One of only two black vultures that were born in the Douro International Natural Park…
By TPN/Lusa, In Renature20 Aug 2021, 01:00

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Does Biochar Alleviate Salt Stress Impact on Growth of Salt-Sensitive Crop Common Bean

6 December, 2021
 

Registered in England & Wales No. 3099067
5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG


Biochar Market : Industry Analysis & Opportunities-DataM Intelligence – EIN Presswire

6 December, 2021
 

There were 805 press releases posted in the last 24 hours and 183,994 in the last 365 days.

DataM Intelligence

The Global Biochar Market is expected to grow at a high CAGR of 12.3% during the forecasting period (2021-2028).

EIN Presswire’s priority is source transparency. We do not allow opaque clients, and our editors try to be careful about weeding out false and misleading content. As a user, if you see something we have missed, please do bring it to our attention. Your help is welcome. EIN Presswire, Everyone’s Internet News Presswire™, tries to define some of the boundaries that are reasonable in today’s world. Please see our Editorial Guidelines for more information.

Follow EIN Presswire


Biochar Man – Quest to Save the Planet – The Portugal News

6 December, 2021
 

On some of my previous ‘Renature’ story adventures, I kept hearing about what sounded like a quite magical and game changing substance known as ‘biochar’. Indeed, both Julia (The grass is greener with goats) and Sebastian (The pig poop plant plan) told me of its wonders and Julia said she even hosts workshops at her Terra Robinia homestead (near Messines) about how to make it.

The person who comes to teach these classes is a Dutch/Portuguese chap called Martijn and I started to get the feeling that he was just the man I needed to see. He lives near São Brás and now that summer is over (and the season for making biochar has started again) he very kindly invited me round to visit him at what he calls his ‘Permaculture Playground’.

Now, before we go on, maybe I should try and answer what we might call ‘the burning question’:

What is biochar?

Well… I admit I didn’t really know either and after Martijn had greeted me warmly and invited me into his really quite tiny little house, he tried very patiently to explain (and to show me) the answer to that question.

Martijn really knows his stuff and the scientific processes, temperatures and mathematics behind it. There’s just no way that I was going to be able to keep up with all that. I’m afraid the best I’m going to be able to offer you is the gist. A sort of ‘biochar for dummies’, if you will.

With that in mind, the very simple answer is that biochar is: charcoal, but buried underground.

For the slightly more complex answer, maybe we should start by talking about plants and how they perform what could be thought of as the ultimate magic trick, namely: photosynthesis. As we all know, they ‘breathe’ in carbon dioxide and (to our eternal gratitude) expel oxygen. They then use that carbon (along with a little sunshine and water) to ‘build themselves’ (a pretty neat trick you have to admit).

However, when a plant dies it slowly starts to decompose and that carbon is released back into the atmosphere. Indeed, we quite often speed up the process by setting fire to it – either to warm our homes, or as frequently is the case here, have bonfires to clear the land and get all our branches and whatnot out of the way.

Now, biochar is produced when we still burn it, but in a place with limited oxygen – a process known as ‘pyrolysis’.

How to make it?

Martijn came to live in Portugal 8 years ago and was interested in learning more about permaculture and this led him to get more and more interested in biochar. However, in order to make it he needed the right equipment and this, in a strange twist of fate, has meant that he has had to learn to become quite an adept welder as well.

Using a combo of metal that he buys, as well as bits and pieces he finds around, he has been experimenting with creating all kinds of different biochar burners. The basic principle with all of them though, is to limit the oxygen by burning from the top (the secret to a smoke-free fire) and to stop the process at just the right moment with the use of water or sand.

Carbon negative inventions

Through trial and error, he’s really been refining his technique and his latest burner that he showed me in his house was particularly neat. It’s his ‘carbon negative biochar indoor cookstove’. Using what’s called a ‘gasifier’ (that looked to me like a thermos), he filled it with wood pellets and, with strategic holes in the bottom to let in just enough air, he lit it from the top and the flames started shooting up (like an upside-down rocket) into the stove where he cooks soups and stews and even pizza (with his homemade pizza oven).

While we’re on the subject (but please don’t ask me how), he also manages to have a bath from the heat produced by his burners.

He just has to remember when the flame turns blue, to stop the process by placing it in a sandbox. And, once he’s bathed and fed, instead of the fuel literally ‘going up in smoke’, he’s left with this very high quality biochar.

Now, the process does release some carbon back into the atmosphere (that’s why he also has a chimney) but it’s much less than what would happen if the material was left to decompose naturally and it actually ends up being what’s known as ‘carbon negative’.

You see, now that the organic material has been turned into biochar, it will take a lot longer to break down. Indeed, it will prevent that carbon from escaping back into the atmosphere for hundreds (if not thousands) of years. Which is great, but it gets better…

The Benefits – everything AND the kitchen sink

There’s a long list of benefits and reasons why ‘Renature people’ are so excited about this stuff. Martijn calls it a ‘force multiplier’ and says that just about every aspect of a farm or homestead can be improved by the addition of biochar.

I’ll keep it simple, but once dried and broken up (the most labour intensive part – and also the reason why you might really need a bath afterwards), the main benefit is that it does wonders for your soil. It is highly porous and thus able to attract and retain water and nutrients, which in turn increases soil fertility and biodiversity. This means more plants grow and start doing their thing, capturing more carbon and creating more ‘biochar fuel’, thus neatly completing the circle.

You can even feed it to your livestock as it improves their digestion and even, apparently, Martijn told me, experiments have shown that it makes cows produce less methane (although I don’t quite know how they measure such things).

It’s even useful in the kitchen too. It works super well for washing dishes, even in cold water and without the need for soap. Martijn says, if you put a piece in the fridge it will absorb bad odours and keep food fresh and you can even brush your teeth with it. I’ll leave it there but the list goes on and on…

What materials can you use?

You can make biochar with almost any organic material and Martijn is up for trying anything. He showed me both a carbonized goat horn and a dog skull he made for a friend.

The Permaculture Playground

I don’t have space to tell you everything but Martijn showed me around the rest of the Permaculture Playground and it turned out he was really quite a wizard when it comes to the whole garden thing as well. His particular specialities were a ‘super’ plant called vetiver, as well as white sage (the special kind of sage witches burn to chase away the bad spirits).

Re-’cycle’

Martijn is pretty carbon negative in other areas of his life too. For instance, he doesn’t have a car and gets around by bicycle. If you visit Permaculture Playground (Jager Biochar) on Facebook or jager.biochar on Instagram you will be quite impressed, not only by pictures of his flaming biochar burns and other ongoing projects, but also how he manages to carry back all the tools and metal needed to make his burners.

Indeed, he seemed quite unconcerned about how he was going to get all the way to Messines for the next workshop at the Terra Robinia that weekend. To be honest, I wouldn’t be surprised if the next thing he invents is a biochar jetpack. I see him as a mix between Iron Man and Captain Planet.

By Jake Cleaver, In Renature15 Sep 2021, 10:00

By Jake Cleaver, In Renature27 Aug 2021, 01:00

By TPN/Lusa, In Renature, Algarve20 Aug 2021, 01:00

Be the first to comment on this article

By Jake Cleaver, In Renature15 Sep 2021, 10:00

By Jake Cleaver, In Renature27 Aug 2021, 01:00

By TPN/Lusa, In Renature, Algarve20 Aug 2021, 01:00

Bam&Boo is a Lisbon based start-up business, selling sustainable but affordable oral and personal care products and accessories online. Bam&Boo was founded in 2017 and has really taken off as it has great reviews on social media. I had the pleasure of speaking with co-founder Fernando Ribeiro about their growing brand.
By Cristina da Costa Brookes, In Renature 17 Nov 2021, 10:00

Not the first time an olive has appeared in the press.
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature, Portugal, Food & Drink 02 Nov 2021, 12:00

Not many people will know that this little creature (Danaus plexippus) might be heading towards extinction
By Marilyn Sheridan, In Renature, Environment 29 Oct 2021, 14:00

Following a thread up into the hills to find some of the mountains more mysterious inhabitants.
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature 12 Oct 2021, 10:31

This week I’ve been talking to Matthew Davies, co-founder of Mossy Earth, a company dedicated to restoring nature and fighting climate change. They have a website where you can become a member and sponsor all kinds of reforestation and rewilding projects in Portugal and around the world.
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature 06 Oct 2021, 11:00

If you happened to be a bee at the moment, the rather dry and golden brown countryside wouldn’t leave you much in the way of fabulous floral displays to dive into, and consequently, it would be getting harder and harder to fly back to the hive and tell the others that, well… “Honey, I’m home!”.
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature 21 Sep 2021, 13:29

By TPN/Lusa, In Business06 Dec 2021, 20:30

By TPN/Lusa, In News, COVID-19, Porto & North06 Dec 2021, 19:20

By Bruno G. Santos, In News06 Dec 2021, 18:30

One of only two black vultures that were born in the Douro International Natural Park…
By TPN/Lusa, In Renature20 Aug 2021, 01:00

Up before the sun to capture nature’s best kept secrets
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature13 Aug 2021, 09:00

The deafening serenade of the bug who is looking for love before he dies
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature13 Aug 2021, 01:00

Not just for Christmas
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature06 Aug 2021, 01:00

New foundation is bringing people and plants together to create a hopeful future.
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature, Environment23 Jul 2021, 01:00

To the tropics beyond Moncarapacho
By Jake Cleaver, In Renature, Environment16 Jul 2021, 01:00


Biochar Fertilizer Market Size 2021 Explosive Factors of Revenue By Industry Statistics …

6 December, 2021
 

The “Biochar Fertilizer Market” research report provides key statistics of the market status in terms of market size estimates and forecasts, growth rate. This report also covers key players of the market identified through their market share, product offerings. Further, the Biochar Fertilizer market research report strategical insights based on an assessment of recent developments, strategy analysis of the players. It also covers drivers, opportunities, and challenges prevailing in the industry. The report covers segmental analyses for across the key region North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and South America.

“Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.”

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The Global Biochar Fertilizer market 2020 research provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications, and industry chain structure. The Global Biochar Fertilizer market research is provided for the international markets as well as development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Report also provides exclusive vital statistics, data, information, trends, and competitive landscape details in this niche sector.

Company Coverage (Company Profile, Sales Revenue, Price, Gross Margin, Main Products, etc.):

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Global Biochar Fertilizer Market forecast to 2026 providing information such as company profiles, product picture, and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue, and contact information. Upstream raw materials and instrumentation and downstream demand analysis are additionally dispensed. The Global Biochar Fertilizer market trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Finally, the feasibility of the latest investment projects is assessed and overall analysis conclusions offered.

Main Aspects covered in the Report:

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Product Type Coverage (Biochar Fertilizer Market Size & Forecast, Major Company of Product Type, etc.):

Application Coverage (Market Size & Forecast, Different Demand Market by Region, Main Consumer Profile, etc.):

Region Coverage (Regional Production, Demand & Biochar Fertilizer Market Forecast by Countries, etc.):

Some of the key questions answered in this report:

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With tables and figures helping analyze worldwide Global Biochar Fertilizer market growth, this research provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.

Key Points from TOC:

1 Industrial Chain Overview
1.1 Biochar Fertilizer Industry
1.2 Upstream
1.3 Product List By Type
1.3.1 Type 1
1.3.2 Type 2
1.3.3 Type 3
1.3.4 Other
1.4 End-Use List
1.4.1 Application 1
1.4.2 Application 2
1.4.3 Application 3
1.4.4 Other
1.5 Global Market Overview
1.5.1 Global Market Size and Forecast, 2016-2026
1.5.2 Global Market Size and Forecast by Geography with CAGR, 2016-2026
1.5.3 Global Market Size and Forecast by Product Type with CAGR, 2016-2026
1.5.4 Global Market Size and Forecast by End-Use with CAGR, 2016-2026

2 Global Production & Consumption by Geography
2.1 Global Production & Consumption
2.2 Geographic Production & Consumption

3 Major Manufacturers Introduction
3.1 Manufacturers Overview

3.2 Manufacturers List
3.2.1 Manufacturer 1 Overview
3.2.1.1 Product Specifications
3.2.1.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
3.2.1.3 Recent Developments
3.2.1.4 Future Strategic Planning

3.2.2 Manufacturer 2 Overview
3.2.2.1 Product Specifications
3.2.2.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
3.2.2.3 Recent Developments
3.2.2.4 Future Strategic Planning

3.2.3 Manufacturer 3 Overview
3.2.3.1 Product Specifications
3.2.3.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
3.2.3.3 Recent Developments
3.2.3.4 Future Strategic Planning

3.2.4 Manufacturer 4 Overview
3.2.4.1 Product Specifications
3.2.4.2 Business Data (Production Volume (Volume), Production Amount (Million USD), Price, Cost, Margin)
3.2.4.3 Recent Developments
3.2.4.4 Future Strategic Planning
…………………………………………..
4 Market Competition Pattern
4.1 Market Size and Sketch
4.2 Company Market Share
4.3 Market News and Trend
4.3.1 Merger & Acquisition
4.3.2 New Product Launch

5 Product Type Segment
6 End-Use Segment
7 Market Forecast & Trend
8 Price & Channel

9 Market Drivers & Investment Environment
9.1 Market Drivers
9.2 Investment Environment
9.3 Impact of Coronavirus on the Biochar Fertilizer Industry
9.3.1 Impact on Industry Upstream
9.3.2 Impact on Industry Downstream
9.3.3 Impact on Industry Channels
9.3.4 Impact on Industry Competition
9.3.5 Impact on Industry Employment
Continued…………………………….

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Product Manager, Biochar | Climatebase

6 December, 2021
 

A biotech startup commercialising large-scale carbon removal. We convert wood residues to biocarbons. Stabilised carbon out of the atmosphere for 1000 years.


Biochar addition into activated sludge mitigate antibiotic toxicity on nitrification performance

6 December, 2021
 

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Diminishing heavy metal hazards of contaminated soil via biochar supplementation

6 December, 2021
 

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Industry Growth Analysis| Recent Developments| Strategies| Market Impact – MW Creators

6 December, 2021
 

Biochar Market report offers a deep analysis of the Market Research Industry. It demonstrates a rapid summary of industry data and a key enumerate of the market. The report highlights well-known performers from the Biochar Market beside contribution to the market vocation progress within the estimated time. CSP Market Research Report covers recent improvements while predicting the expansion of the players of the market.

Request for free PDF Sample Report @ https://www.cspmarketresearch.com/download-sample.php?id=1765

Market Overview:

Biochar Market Report is expected to grow at CAGR XX% by 2030. Biochar Market Report was $XX Million in 2020 and is expected to reach $XX Billion by the forecasted period 2021 to 2030.

Biochar Market:

The Biochar Market size was estimated at US$ XX Million in 2020 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of XX% over the upcoming years. The key growth factors behind the growth of Biochar Market include the growing demand for Biochar Market in the industry along with the increased use for Biochar Market in the related sector. Furthermore, the emergence of new market along with the growing urbanization across the globe are some other key factors for the growth of the Biochar Market in the upcoming years.

CSP Market Research- recently promoted report on Biochar Market offers a comprehensive valuation of the marketplace via in-depth comprehensions, accurate market growth by evaluating past developments, and keeping track of the current situation and future prospects by intellect progressive and likely areas.

Global Biochar Market: COVID-19 Impact

The COVID-19 pandemic had a huge impact across all the industries including logistics & supply chain, oil & gas, manufacturing, electronics, and others. The partial or full lockdown in the year 2020 and 2021 across numerous countries such as India, the U.S., the U.K., Germany, and others had further impacted the supply of raw materials and finished products across the globe. The demand for the product has decreased during the COVID-19 period due to halt in the manufacturing industry as the demand for raw materials and finished good has been halted during the COVID-19 period. Therefore, the Biochar Market is severely impacted by COVID-19.

Contact for Any Query or Get Customized Report @ https://www.cspmarketresearch.com/ask-for-discount.php?id=1765

Biochar Market: Regional Analysis

Based on the regions, the >Biochar Market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America (LATAM), and Middle East & Africa (MEA). Asia Pacific is estimated to witness fastest growth in the Biochar Market during the forecast period. This is ascribed to the growing personal care industry in the region along with the rising urban population in the region. Besides, North America and Europe is estimated to witness substantial growth during the forecast period.

The study of CSP Market Research comprises of comprehensive primary investigation along with the detailed investigation of qualitative as well as quantitative aspects by various enterprise experts, key opinion leaders to obtain a deeper insight of the market and enterprise performance. The report Biochar Market gives a definite perception of popular market situation which introduces the historical and predicted market size in terms of value and volume, technological advancement, macro economical and governing factors in the market. The report presents detailed information and strategies of the top key players in the industry.

Please have a glance at the Covered Segment in the Report Biochar Market

By Types-

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

By Application-

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Key Player covered in the Report- Competitive Land Scape-

Diacarbon Energy
Agri-Tech Producers
Biochar Now
Carbon Gold
Kina
The Biochar Company
Swiss Biochar GmbH
ElementC6
BioChar Products
BlackCarbon
Cool Planet
Carbon Terra
Pacific Biochar
Vega Biofuels
Liaoning Jinhefu Group
Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy
Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology
Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai)

*Listed companies in this report may vary in the final report subject to Name Change/Merger etc

CSP Market Research is also covering the Global-

Note- Reports can also be available Specific region-wise as per Client requirements

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The global Market classification is predicated on the variability of products and end-user request sections. The market study includes the event of every section of the worldwide market. The info summarized within the report may be a collection of variant manufacturer bodies to approximate the expansion of sections in future time.

Qualitative, Quantitative, Forecasting and in-depth analysis for the market will be provided on a global, regional, and country-level for the following years:

Our Research covers Competitors:

Market share and company profiles of the:

CSP Market Research Present latest study on- Biochar Market The report present extensive, in-depth analysis of the on-going trends, opportunities/ high growth areas, market drivers, which could help stakeholders to device and align market strategies according to the future market dynamics.

Based on elite players, present, past, and futuristic data will offer a profitable guide for all the readers and competitors. The overall analysis covers an overview of the industry policies, the cost structure of the products available in the market.

How will this Market study assistance you?

CSP Market Research- Our Research study will provide you with an understanding of the key market trends, challenges, Market Size, Market Key Players, Market Insights, SWOT analysis, and opportunities in the industries.

1. The report offers statistical data in terms useful (US$) also as Volume (units) till Forecast period.

2. Exclusive insight into the key trends affecting the industry, although key threats, opportunities, and disruptive technologies that would shape the Biochar Market supply and demand.

3. The report tracks the leading market players which will shape and impact the Biochar Market most.

4. The info analysis present within the report is predicated on the mixture of both primary and secondary resources.

5. The report helps you to know the important effects of key market drivers or restrains on business.

6. Distribution Channel sales Analysis by Value.

7. The study provides you the data from the different segment of the industry

8. Free Customization as per your requirement.

Target Audience of the Biochar Market in Market Study:

• Key Consulting Companies & Advisors

• Large, medium-sized, and small enterprises

• Venture capitalists

• Value-Added Resellers (VARs)

• Third-party knowledge providers

• Investment bankers

• Investors

Research Methodology- CSP Market Research

The research report Biochar Market has been prepared by conducting several rounds of primary interviews with key top management of several Tier-I and II companies. The primary research percentage of all of reports are above 80% whereas 20% of secondary research includes data from Hoovers, Factiva, Companies websites, one source avention and other government published records. Both top-down approach has been applied for the calculation of market size, volume, import and export and has been validated thoroughly.

Table of Content- Some Point Covered in the Report Biochar Market
For Complete and detailed TOC speak with our analyst and fill the inquiry form.

Chapter- 1. Research Framework (Research Objective, Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 2. Research Methodology- Qualitative Research, Primary & Secondary Sources, Quantitative Research, Primary & Secondary Sources, Market Size Estimation, Data Triangulation

Chapter- 3. Executive Summary (Overview)

Chapter- 4. Market Dynamics- Global Industry Outlook, Porter’s Five Forces Model, COVID-19 Impact Assessment on Market, Major Strategies Adopted by Key Players, Market Positioning of Key Players

Chapter- 5. Global Biochar Market Analysis, by Market Segmentation- Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast

Chapter- 6. Global Biochar Market Analysis, by Geography- Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa )

Chapter- 7. North America Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 8. Europe Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 9. Asia Pacific Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 10. Latin America Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 11. Middle East & Africa Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 12. Company Profiles- (Company, Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area, Company Sales and Net Income Highlights, Business Overview, Company News

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Korea University Scientist and University Rankings 2022 – AD Scientific Index 2021

6 December, 2021
 

© 2022″AD Scientific Index Ltd.” World Scientist and University Rankings 2022, All rights reserved

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Degradation of 1,4-dioxane by biochar activating peroxymonosulfate under continuous flow …

7 December, 2021
 

1,4-Dioxane degradation under both batch-scale and column experiments has been investigated within the biochar activated peroxymonosulfate (PMS) system for in-situ remediation of 1,4-dioxane contaminated groundwater. In case of the batch experiments, the 1,4-dioxane degradation efficiencies were significantly increased with the increased biochar pyrolysis temperatures. The optimized 1,4-dioxane degradation efficiency at 89.2% was achieved with 1.0 g L−1 of biochar (E800) and 8.0 mM PMS. In the absence of PMS, the breakthrough rates of 1,4-dioxane in biochar packed column experiments under the dynamic flow conditions were relatively slow compared with those in sand packed columns. Simultaneously, based on the integrated areas (IA) from the 1,4-dioxane breakthrough curves, the degradation efficiency at 70.2% was estimated in biochar packed column (WE800:WSand = 1:9) under continuous injections of 16.0 mM PMS. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) indicated that hydroxyl, sulfate and superoxide radicals were generated within the biochar/PMS systems and alcohol quenching experiments suggested that the dominated hydroxyl and sulfate radicals were responsible for 1,4-dioxane degradation. The findings of this study suggested that the biochar activated PMS system is a promising and cost-effective strategy for the remediation of 1,4-dioxane contaminated groundwater.

已在生物炭活化过硫酸盐 (PMS) 系统中研究了批量和柱实验下的 1,4-二恶烷降解,用于原位修复 1,4-二恶烷污染的地下水。在批量实验的情况下,随着生物炭热解温度的升高,1,4-二恶烷的降解效率显着提高。1.0 g L -1 的1,4-二恶烷降解效率达到 89.2%biochar (E800) 和 8.0 mM PMS。在没有 PMS 的情况下,与砂填料塔相比,动态流动条件下生物炭填充柱实验中 1,4-二恶烷的穿透率相对较慢。同时,根据 1,4-二恶烷穿透曲线的积分面积 (IA),估计生物炭填充柱 (W E800 :W Sand = 1:9) 连续注入 16.0 mM PMS。电子顺磁共振 (EPR) 表明在 biochar/PMS 系统中产生了羟基、硫酸根和超氧化物自由基,酒精淬灭实验表明占主导地位的羟基和硫酸根自由基是 1,4-二恶烷降解的原因。这项研究的结果表明,生物炭活化的 PMS 系统是修复 1,4-二恶烷污染地下水的一种有前景且具有成本效益的策略。


Removal of pharmaceuticals from water using sewage sludge-derived biochar – X-MOL

7 December, 2021
 

In recent years, considerable attention has been paid to the beneficial utilization of sewage sludge to reduce the risks associated with sludge disposal. Besides other applications of sludge, biochar produced from sludge has also been employed for the elimination of various pollutants from water. This review critically evaluates the recent progress in applications of sludge-based biochar for the adsorption of pharmaceuticals from water. The synthesis techniques of biochar production from sludge and their effects on physicochemical characteristics of produced biochar are discussed. The removal of various pharmaceuticals by sludge-based biochar are described in detail, with the emphasis on the adsorption mechanism and their reusability potential. It is evident from the literature that sludge-based biochar has demonstrated excellent potential for the adsorption of numerous pharmaceuticals from the aqueous phase. The major hurdles and issues related to the synthesis of sludge-based biochar and applications are highlighted, with reference to the adsorption of pharmaceuticals. Finally, a roadmap is suggested along with future research directions to ensure the sustainable production of biochar from sludge and its applications in water treatment.

近年来,人们对污水污泥的有益利用以降低与污泥处置相关的风险给予了相当大的关注。除了污泥的其他应用外,由污泥生产的生物炭也被用于去除水中的各种污染物。这篇综述批判性地评估了基于污泥的生物炭在从水中吸附药物的应用的最新进展。讨论了利用污泥生产生物炭的合成技术及其对生产的生物炭理化特性的影响。详细描述了通过基于污泥的生物炭去除各种药物,重点介绍了吸附机制及其可重复使用的潜力。从文献中可以明显看出,基于污泥的生物炭已显示出从水相中吸附多种药物的出色潜力。参考药物的吸附,强调了与污泥基生物炭的合成和应用相关的主要障碍和问题。最后,提出了路线图以及未来的研究方向,以确保从污泥中可持续生产生物炭及其在水处理中的应用。


1. (6 pts) A biochar material was tested for aqueous | Chegg.com

7 December, 2021
 

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Biochar and Super Soil – farm & garden – by owner – sale – Craigslist

7 December, 2021
 

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Pretreatment, modification and applications of sewage sludge-derived biochar for resource …

7 December, 2021
 

With the quick increase in industrialization and urbanization, a mass of sludge has been produced on the account of increased wastewater treatment facilities. Sewage sludge (SS) management has become one of the most crucial environmental problems because of the existence of various pollutants. However, SS is a carbon-rich material, which has favored novel technologies for biochar production, which can be utilized for dissimilar applications. This review systematically analyzes and summarizes the pretreatment, modification, and especially application of sewage sludge-derived biochar (SSBC), based on published literature. The comparative assessment of pretreatment technology such as pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, combustion, deashing, and co-feeding is presented to appraise their appropriateness for SS resource availability and the production of SSBC. In addition, the authors summarize and analyze the current modification methods and divide them into two categories: physical properties and surface chemical modifications. The applications of SSBC as absorbent, catalyst and catalyst support, electrode materials, gas storage, soil amendment, and sold biofuel are reviewed in detail. Furthermore, the discussion about the existing problems and the direction of future efforts are presented at the end of each section to envisage SS as a promising opportunity for resources rather than a nuisance.

}

Pretreatment, modification and applications of sewage sludge-derived biochar for resource recovery- A review. / Xiao, Yao; Raheem, Abdul; Ding, Lu; Chen, Wei Hsin; Chen, Xueli; Wang, Fuchen; Lin, Sheng Lun.

TY – JOUR

T1 – Pretreatment, modification and applications of sewage sludge-derived biochar for resource recovery- A review

AU – Xiao, Yao

AU – Raheem, Abdul

AU – Ding, Lu

AU – Chen, Wei Hsin

AU – Chen, Xueli

AU – Wang, Fuchen

AU – Lin, Sheng Lun

N1 – Funding Information: This work was supported by National Key Research and development (R&D) Program and International Science and Technology Innovation Project between Governments (project code: 2021YFE0108900 ), the project of the key research plan of Ningxia ( 2021BEE03011 ), Belt & Road Young Scientist Exchange Project Supported by Fund of Shanghai Science and Technology Committee ( 20230742400 ), and Pujiang Talent Program Supported by Fund of S hanghai Science and Technology Committee ( 20PJ1402800 ). The authors also acknowledge the financial support of the Ministry of Science and Technology , Taiwan, under contracts MOST 109-2221-E-006-040-MY3 , MOST 110-2622-E-006-001-CC1 , and MOST 110-3116-F-006-003 – for this research. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

PY – 2022/1

Y1 – 2022/1

N2 – With the quick increase in industrialization and urbanization, a mass of sludge has been produced on the account of increased wastewater treatment facilities. Sewage sludge (SS) management has become one of the most crucial environmental problems because of the existence of various pollutants. However, SS is a carbon-rich material, which has favored novel technologies for biochar production, which can be utilized for dissimilar applications. This review systematically analyzes and summarizes the pretreatment, modification, and especially application of sewage sludge-derived biochar (SSBC), based on published literature. The comparative assessment of pretreatment technology such as pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, combustion, deashing, and co-feeding is presented to appraise their appropriateness for SS resource availability and the production of SSBC. In addition, the authors summarize and analyze the current modification methods and divide them into two categories: physical properties and surface chemical modifications. The applications of SSBC as absorbent, catalyst and catalyst support, electrode materials, gas storage, soil amendment, and sold biofuel are reviewed in detail. Furthermore, the discussion about the existing problems and the direction of future efforts are presented at the end of each section to envisage SS as a promising opportunity for resources rather than a nuisance.

AB – With the quick increase in industrialization and urbanization, a mass of sludge has been produced on the account of increased wastewater treatment facilities. Sewage sludge (SS) management has become one of the most crucial environmental problems because of the existence of various pollutants. However, SS is a carbon-rich material, which has favored novel technologies for biochar production, which can be utilized for dissimilar applications. This review systematically analyzes and summarizes the pretreatment, modification, and especially application of sewage sludge-derived biochar (SSBC), based on published literature. The comparative assessment of pretreatment technology such as pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, combustion, deashing, and co-feeding is presented to appraise their appropriateness for SS resource availability and the production of SSBC. In addition, the authors summarize and analyze the current modification methods and divide them into two categories: physical properties and surface chemical modifications. The applications of SSBC as absorbent, catalyst and catalyst support, electrode materials, gas storage, soil amendment, and sold biofuel are reviewed in detail. Furthermore, the discussion about the existing problems and the direction of future efforts are presented at the end of each section to envisage SS as a promising opportunity for resources rather than a nuisance.

UR – http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85113526153&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR – http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85113526153&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 – 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131969

DO – 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131969

M3 – Article

AN – SCOPUS:85113526153

VL – 287

JO – Chemosphere

JF – Chemosphere

SN – 0045-6535

M1 – 131969

ER –

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Fwd: [Biochar] List growth spurt – Google Groups

7 December, 2021
 

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Dane Dickinson — Department of Green Chemistry and Technology — Ghent University

7 December, 2021
 

“Biochar” is a special form of charred organic matter (similar to charcoal) that is intentionally blended into soils to improve soil structure and fertility. As a material, biochar is the darkened, highly porous, carbon-ich, amorphous solid that is produced from pyrolyzing biomass feedstock at temperatures between approximately 400 and 700 °C (Figure 1). Incorporating biochar into soil improves soil properties like water holding capacity and nutrient retention, which ultimately results in increased agricultural yields.

Biochar also represents a novel approach to atmospheric carbon sequestration: Unlike in the biomass from which it is produced, the carbon that is contained in biochar is extremely resistant to decay. In this way, the carbon contained in biomass which was initially removed from the atmosphere during photosynthesis will finally become stored in the soil as biochar instead of being rapidly cycled back to the atmosphere through decomposition (Figure 2). Biochar is thus a technology that can help mitigate climate change, while simultaneously improving agricultural productivity and enhancing bioenergy schemes.

The research explores two aspects of biochar: i) Determining the long-term stability of biochar in soil. ii) Developing biochar characterization techniques to quantify its relevant properties and behaviours in soil.

With regard to biochar stability, the research aims to use in-situ isotopic techniques to definitively answer how much biochar-carbon remains stable in the soil and for exactly how long. This information is fundamental for the successful development of biochar as a carbon sequestration technology.

Concerning biochar characterization, we are interested in formulating new analytic approaches to relate observed behaviors of biochar in the soil to inherent material properties. In the first instance, this will be to devise proxy assays and characteristics for long-term biochar stability. Further research will examine biochar surface chemistry for properties that relate to its nutrient and water sorption behavior in soil.


Biochar Market: Shaping Tomorrow with Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries …

7 December, 2021
 

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Facts, Figures and Trends 2020-2026 by Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra …

7 December, 2021
 

“The latest study titled ‘Global Biochar Market 2021 by Key Players, Regions, Type, and Application, Forecast to 2027’ published by Affluence Market Report, features an analysis of the current and future scenario of the global Biochar market.”

In this report, a comprehensive analysis of the current global Biochar market in terms of demand and supply environment is provided, as well as price trends currently and in the next few years. This report also includes global and regional market size and forecast, major product development trends, and typical downstream segment scenarios, under the context of market drivers and inhibitors analysis. The report overview includes studying the market scope, leading players like Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Carbon Gold, Swiss Biochar GmbH, etc., market segments and sub-segments, market analysis by type, application, geography, and the remaining chapters that shed light on the overview of the Biochar market

To Get Premium Quality Sample copy of Biochar Market Report with Complete TOC, Figures & Graphs. Connect with us at: https://www.affluencemarketreports.com/industry-analysis/request-sample/1536622/

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Global Biochar Market: Segment Analysis

The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by company, by Type, and by Application. This study provides information about the sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of 2015 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.

The key market players for the global Biochar market are listed below:

Biochar Market Segmented by Types

Biochar Market Segmented by Applications

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Solved 1. (6 pts) A biochar material was tested for aqueous | Chegg.com

7 December, 2021
 

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Application of the engineered sewage sludge-derived biochar to minimize water … – Science Direct

7 December, 2021