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Biochar amendment regulated growth, physiological, and biochemical responses of conifer in red …

1 November, 2020
 

iForest – Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 6, Pages 490-498 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3416-013
Published: Nov 01, 2020 – Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Research Articles

The addition of Biochar (BC) into the soil is expected to improve soil physicochemical properties and plant growth. However, few studies have verified such an effect on the growth and physiological characteristics of conifers. The current study aims to assess the efficacy of novel physiological parameters as an indicator for assessing the impact of hardwood biochar (BH) on the development of Fokienia hodginsii seedlings to strengthen our understanding of the impacts of the BH on soil to optimize the achievement of BC-based restoration projects. The BH was applied to the soil under four different levels (0, 5, 20, and 80 g Kg-1 of soil) to assess their influence on the leave’s photosynthetic pigments, photosynthesis (Pn), and biochemical traits of F. hodginsii seedlings in four different seasons, and on biomass and soil physicochemical properties at final harvest under greenhouse conditions for one year. In the first two seasons, BH20 and BH80 amended seedlings responded with an improved photosynthetic rate with more production of photosynthetic pigments and biochemical attributes. However, none of the BC doses increased the Pn of seedlings in the final season. Nonetheless, after one year a rise in soil pH as well as P and K availability resulted in a maximum 25% increase in biomass of F. hodginsii under BH80 amendments. Our findings reveal that the incorporation of BH (20 and 80 g kg-1 of soil) has a substantial positive effect on seedling biomass and soil fertility. However, the application of BH into acidic soils may be effective in restoring degraded soils if initially combined with fertilizers. We recommend a careful approach to the selection of BC because its influence may vary between different soil types, plant species, and BC feedstocks.

Fokienia hodginsii, Hardwood Biochar, Restoration, Photosynthesis

Received: Mar 31, 2020
Accepted: Aug 15, 2020

First online: Nov 01, 2020
Publication Date: Dec 31, 2020
Publication Time: 2.60 months

© SISEF – The Italian Society of Silviculture and Forest Ecology 2020

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Tarin Muhammad Waqqas K, Fan L, Cai Y, Tayyab M, Chen L, He T, Rong J, Zheng Y (2020). Biochar amendment regulated growth, physiological, and biochemical responses of conifer in red soil. iForest 13: 490-498. – doi: 10.3832/ifor3416-013

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A Theoretical basis for biochar

1 November, 2020
 

Check out Redhawk’s soil series: https://permies.com/wiki/redhawk-soil


Nanoscale zerovalent iron, carbon nanotubes and biochar facilitated the phytoremediation of …

1 November, 2020
 

SN100, MW500 and TB500 promoted the uptake of Cd in ramie seedlings.

The addition of materials improved the bioavailability of Cd in the sediments.

The applied materials altered the bacterial community structure in the sediments.

Materials induced sediments environment change could facilitate phytoremediation.

SN100, MW500 and TB500 promoted the uptake of Cd in ramie seedlings.

The addition of materials improved the bioavailability of Cd in the sediments.

The applied materials altered the bacterial community structure in the sediments.

Materials induced sediments environment change could facilitate phytoremediation.

Environment functional materials have been widely used, but whether their effects on the contaminated environment could facilitate phytoremediation is not yet well understood. In this study, starch stabilized nanoscale zerovalent iron (SN), multiwall carbon nanotubes (MW) and tea waste derived biochar (TB) were used to facilitate the phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) contaminated sediments by Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. Results showed that 100 mg/kg SN, 500 mg/kg MW and 500 mg/kg TB facilitated phytoremediation, as evidenced by increasing Cd accumulation and/or promoting plant growth. These concentrations of materials increased the reducible fraction of Cd by 9–10% and decreased the oxidizable proportion of Cd by 48–52%, indicating the improvement of Cd bioavailability through converting the oxidizable Cd into reducible form. The activities of urease, phosphatase and catalase, which related to nutrient utilization and oxidative stress alleviation, increased by 20–24%, 25–26%, and 8–9% in the sediments treated with 500 mg/kg MW and 500 mg/kg TB, respectively. In addition, the 16S rRNA gene sequence results showed that these concentrations of materials changed the bacterial diversity. The abundance of Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Nitrospirae and Firmicutes were increased by some of the applied materials, which could promote plant growth, change Cd bioavailability and reduce Cd toxicity. These findings indicated that the applied environment functional materials could facilitate the phytoremediation of Cd contaminated environment by changing Cd fractions, sediments properties and bacterial community structure.


Biochar Fertilizer Market – Overview on Future Threats by 2025

1 November, 2020
 

This report also researches and evaluates the impact of Covid-19 outbreak on the Biochar Fertilizer industry, involving potential opportunity and challenges, drivers and risks. We present the impact assessment of Covid-19 effects on Biochar Fertilizer and market growth forecast based on different scenario (optimistic, pessimistic, very optimistic, most likely etc.). 

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Overview: 

The research report, titled [Global Biochar Fertilizer Market 2020 by Company, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025], presents a detailed analysis of the drivers and restraints impacting the overall market. Analysts have studied the key trends defining the trajectory of the market. The research report also includes an assessment of the achievements made by the players in the global Biochar Fertilizer market so far. It also notes the key trends in the market that are likely to be lucrative. The research report aims to provide an unbiased and a comprehensive outlook of the global Biochar Fertilizer market to the readers. 

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Global Biochar Fertilizer Market: Segmentation 

For clearer understanding of the global Biochar Fertilizer market, analysts have segmented the market. The segmentation has been done on the basis of application, technology, and users. Each segment has been further explained with the help of graphs figures. This breakdown of the market gives the readers an objective view of the global Biochar Fertilizer market, which is essential to make sound investments. 

Segment by Type, the Aerospace Data Recorder market is segmented into
Flight Data Recorders
Cockpit Data Recorders
Voyage Data Recorders

Segment by Application, the Aerospace Data Recorder market is segmented into
Commercial Aircraft
Military Aircraft
Private Aircraft

Regional and Country-level Analysis
The Aerospace Data Recorder market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries).
The key regions covered in the Aerospace Data Recorder market report are North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa. It also covers key regions (countries), viz, U.S., Canada, Germany, France, U.K., Italy, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Mexico, Brazil, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, etc.
The report includes country-wise and region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. It also includes market size and forecast by Type, and by Application segment in terms of sales and revenue for the period 2015-2026.

 

To understand the changing political scenario, analysts have regionally segmented the market. This gives an overview of the political and socio-economic status of the regions that is expected to impact the market dynamic. 

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market: Research Methodology 

To begin with, the analysis has been put together using primary and secondary research methodologies. The information has been authenticated by market expert through valuable commentary. Research analysts have also conducted exhaustive interviews with market-relevant questions to collate this research report. 

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Global Biochar Fertilizer Market: Competitive Rivalry 

The research report also studied the key players operating in the global Biochar Fertilizer market. It has evaluated and elucidated the research and development statuses of these companies, their financial outlooks, and their expansion plans for the forecast period. In addition, the research report also includes the list of strategic initiatives that clearly explain the achievements of the companies in the recent past. 

Competitive Landscape and Aerospace Data Recorder Market Share Analysis
Aerospace Data Recorder market competitive landscape provides details and data information by players. The report offers comprehensive analysis and accurate statistics on revenue by the player for the period 2015-2020. It also offers detailed analysis supported by reliable statistics on revenue (global and regional level) by players for the period 2015-2020. Details included are company description, major business, company total revenue and the sales, revenue generated in Aerospace Data Recorder business, the date to enter into the Aerospace Data Recorder market, Aerospace Data Recorder product introduction, recent developments, etc.
The major vendors covered:
Danelec Marine
Honeywell International
HR Smith Group
L-3 Communications Aviation Recorders
Teledyne Technologies
Acr Electronics
Flyht Aerospace Solutions
Phoenix International Holdings
Universal Avionics Systems
 

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Strategic Points Covered in TOC: 

Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product scope, market risk, market overview, and market opportunities of the global Biochar Fertilizer market 

Chapter 2: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the global Biochar Fertilizer market which consists of its revenue, sales, and price of the products 

Chapter 3: Displaying the competitive nature among key manufacturers, with market share, revenue, and sales  

Chapter 4: Presenting global Biochar Fertilizer market by regions, market share and with revenue and sales for the projected period 

Chapter 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions 

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Biochar Market 2020 Emergent Technology Advancement in upComing Years

1 November, 2020
 

Biochar Market 2020: Latest Analysis:

The most recent Biochar Market Research study includes some significant activities of the current market size for the worldwide Biochar market. It presents a point by point analysis dependent on the exhaustive research of the market elements like market size, development situation, potential opportunities, and operation landscape and trend analysis. This report centers around the Biochar-business status, presents volume and worth, key market, product type, consumers, regions, and key players.

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The prominent players covered in this report: Genesis Industries LLC, Vega Biofuels, Inc., Phoenix Energy, Full Circle Biochar, Pacific Pyrolysis Pty Ltd, Biochar Supreme LLC, CharGrow, LLC, and Cool Planet Energy Systems..

The market is segmented into By Feed-stock Type (Woody Biomass, Agricultural Waste, Animal Manure, Others), By Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification, others), By Application (Electricity Generation, Agriculture, Forestry).

Geographical segments are North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and South America.

It has a wide-ranging analysis of the impact of these advancements on the market’s future growth, wide-ranging analysis of these extensions on the market’s future growth. The research report studies the market in a detailed manner by explaining the key facets of the market that are foreseeable to have a countable stimulus on its developing extrapolations over the forecast period.

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This is anticipated to drive the Global Biochar Market over the forecast period. This research report covers the market landscape and its progress prospects in the near future. After studying key companies, the report focuses on the new entrants contributing to the growth of the market. Most companies in the Global Biochar Market are currently adopting new technological trends in the market.

Finally, the researchers throw light on different ways to discover the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats affecting the growth of the Global Biochar Market. The feasibility of the new report is also measured in this research report.

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Fine Biochar Powder Market Size 2025 – Global Industry Sales, Revenue, Price Trends And More

1 November, 2020
 

Fine Biochar Powder Market Forecast 2020-2026

The Global Fine Biochar Powder Market research report provides and in-depth analysis on industry- and economy-wide database for business management that could potentially offer development and profitability for players in this market. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report. It offers critical information pertaining to the current and future growth of the market. It focuses on technologies, volume, and materials in, and in-depth analysis of the market. The study has a section dedicated for profiling key companies in the market along with the market shares they hold.

The report consists of trends that are anticipated to impact the growth of the Fine Biochar Powder Market during the forecast period between 2020 and 2026. Evaluation of these trends is included in the report, along with their product innovations.

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The Report Covers the Following Companies:
Diacarbon Energy
Agri-Tech Producers
Biochar Now
Carbon Gold
Kina
The Biochar Company
Swiss Biochar GmbH
ElementC6
BioChar Products
BlackCarbon
Cool Planet
Carbon Terra

By Types:
Wood Source Biochar
Corn Source Biochar
Wheat Source Biochar
Others

By Applications:
Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Furthermore, the report includes growth rate of the global market, consumption tables, facts, figures, and statistics of key segments.

By Regions:

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Years Considered to Estimate the Market Size:
History Year: 2015-2019
Base Year: 2019
Estimated Year: 2020
Forecast Year: 2020-2026

Important Facts about Fine Biochar Powder Market Report:

What Our Report Offers:

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Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Scope and Price Analysis of Top Manufacturers Profiles 2019-2025

1 November, 2020
 

The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market analysis report published on Upmarketresearch.com is a detailed study of market size, share and dynamics covered in XX pages and is an illustrative sample demonstrating market trends. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report. It covers the entire market with an in-depth study on revenue growth and profitability. The report also delivers on key players along with strategic standpoint pertaining to price and promotion.

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The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market report entails a comprehensive database on future market estimation based on historical data analysis. It enables the clients with quantified data for current market perusal. It is a professional and a detailed report focusing on primary and secondary drivers, market share, leading segments and regional analysis. Listed out are key players, major collaborations, merger & acquisitions along with upcoming and trending innovation. Business policies are reviewed from the techno-commercial perspective demonstrating better results. The report contains granular information & analysis pertaining to the Global Biochar Fertilizer Market size, share, growth, trends, segment and forecasts from 2020-2026.

With an all-round approach for data accumulation, the market scenarios comprise major players, cost and pricing operating in the specific geography/ies. Statistical surveying used are SWOT analysis, PESTLE analysis, predictive analysis, and real-time analytics. Graphs are clearly used to support the data format for clear understanding of facts and figures.

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Primary research, interviews, news sources and information booths have made the report precise having valuable data. Secondary research techniques add more in clear and concise understanding with regards to placing of data in the report.

The report segments the Global Biochar Fertilizer Market as:
Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Size & Share, by Regions

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Size & Share, by Products
Organic Fertilizer
Inorganic Fertilizer
Compound Fertilizer

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Size & Share, Applications
Cereals
Oil Crops
Fruits and Vegetables
Others

Key Players
Biogrow Limited
Biochar Farms
Anulekh
GreenBack
Carbon Fertilizer
Global Harvest Organics LLC

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Biochar and herbicide application effect on weed dynamics and yield of dry direct-seeded rice …

1 November, 2020
 


Biochar and herbicide application effect on weed dynamics and yield of dry direct-seeded ric Crop …

1 November, 2020
 


Fine Biochar Powder Market 2020, Research Analysis Report Growth at CAGR Value, Industry …

1 November, 2020
 

A recent market research report added to repository of Credible Markets is an in-depth analysis of Global Fine Biochar Powder Market. On the basis of historic growth analysis and current scenario of Fine Biochar Powder market place, the report intends to offer actionable insights on global market growth projections. Authenticated data presented in report is based on findings of extensive primary and secondary research. Insights drawn from data serve as excellent tools that facilitate deeper understanding of multiple aspects of global Fine Biochar Powder market. This further helps users with their developmental strategy.

This report examines all the key factors influencing growth of global Fine Biochar Powder market, including demand-supply scenario, pricing structure, profit margins, production and value chain analysis. Regional assessment of global Fine Biochar Powder market unlocks a plethora of untapped opportunities in regional and domestic market places. Detailed company profiling enables users to evaluate company shares analysis, emerging product lines, scope of NPD in new markets, pricing strategies, innovation possibilities and much more.

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Data presented in global Fine Biochar Powder market report allows users to realize their market entry potential and devise fruitful developmental strategies to fulfil their business goals. A report sample can be requested to view the report outline before you actually purchase it.

Key players in the global Fine Biochar Powder market covered in Chapter 4:

BioChar Products
Swiss Biochar GmbH
Carbon Terra
The Biochar Company
Diacarbon Energy
Kina
Carbon Gold
BlackCarbon
ElementC6
Biochar Now
Cool Planet
Agri-Tech Producers

In Chapter 11 and 13.3, on the basis of types, the Fine Biochar Powder market from 2015 to 2026 is primarily split into:

Wood Source Biochar
Corn  Source Biochar
Wheat  Source Biochar
Others

In Chapter 12 and 13.4, on the basis of applications, the Fine Biochar Powder market from 2015 to 2026 covers:

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Geographically, the detailed analysis of consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate, historic and forecast (2015-2026) of the following regions: 

United States, Canada, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, Netherlands, Turkey, Switzerland, Sweden, Poland, Belgium, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, India, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Columbia, Chile, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa and Rest of the World

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Some Points from Table of Content

Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Report 2020 by Key Players, Types, Applications, Countries, Market Size, Forecast to 2026

Chapter 1 Report Overview

Chapter 2 Global Market Growth Trends

Chapter 3 Value Chain of Fine Biochar Powder Market

Chapter 4 Players Profiles

Chapter 5 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Analysis by Regions

Chapter 6 North America Fine Biochar Powder Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter 7 Europe Fine Biochar Powder Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter 8 Asia-Pacific Fine Biochar Powder Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter 9 Middle East and Africa Fine Biochar Powder Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter 10 South America Fine Biochar Powder Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter 11 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Segment by Types

Chapter 12 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Segment by Applications

Chapter 13 Fine Biochar Powder Market Forecast by Regions (2020-2026)

Chapter 14 Appendix

14.1 Methodology

14.2 Research Data Source

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Points Covered in the Report

• The points that are discussed within the report are the major market players that are involved in the market such as market players, raw material suppliers, equipment suppliers, end users, traders, distributors and etc.

• The complete profile of the companies is mentioned. And the capacity, production, price, revenue, cost, gross, gross margin, sales volume, sales revenue, consumption, growth rate, import, export, supply, future strategies, and the technological developments that they are making are also included within the report. This report analyzed 12 years data history and forecast.

• The growth factors of the market are discussed in detail wherein the different end users of the market are explained in detail.

• Data and information by market player, by region, by type, by application and etc., and custom research can be added according to specific requirements.

• The report contains the SWOT analysis of the market. Finally, the report contains the conclusion part where the opinions of the industrial experts are included.

Impact of Covid-19 in Fine Biochar Powder Market: Since the COVID-19 virus outbreak in December 2019, the disease has spread to almost every country around the globe with the World Health Organization declaring it a public health emergency. The global impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are already starting to be felt, and will significantly affect the Fine Biochar Powder market in 2020. The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought effects on many aspects, like flight cancellations; travel bans and quarantines; restaurants closed; all indoor/outdoor events restricted; over forty countries state of emergency declared; massive slowing of the supply chain; stock market volatility; falling business confidence, growing panic among the population, and uncertainty about future. 

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[PDF] Télécharger Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying …

1 November, 2020
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant Health (English Edition) par Jeff Fry
Author: Jeff Fry .
File Type: PDF EPUB MOBI.
MD5 Hash Code: a9cefca6f7a21b267bdaab1c8d172b12


Over 10 million titles spanning every genre imaginable on your fingertips. Get the best books, magazines, and comics in all genres including action, adventure, anime, manga, kids & family, classics, comedies, reference, manuals, the theater, aliens, horror, music, romance, science fiction, fantasy, sports and many more.

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant Health (English Edition) par Jeff Fry
Author: Jeff Fry .
File Type: PDF EPUB MOBI.
MD5 Hash Code: a9cefca6f7a21b267bdaab1c8d172b12

Over 10 million titles spanning every genre imaginable on your fingertips. Get the best books, magazines, and comics in all genres including action, adventure, anime, manga, kids & family, classics, comedies, reference, manuals, the theater, aliens, horror, music, romance, science fiction, fantasy, sports and many more.

2020 Read Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant Health (English Edition) par Jeff Fry Inc. All rights reserved.


Global Biochar Market Outlook: Business Overview, Upcoming Trends and Top Company Analysis …

1 November, 2020
 

The up-to-date research report on Global Biochar Market portrays a detailed fundamental market overview which is fueled by deep research to acquaint the users with latest Biochar market trends, current market overview and Biochar market development status expected during the forecast period from 2020-2023. Global Biochar Report offers a thorough analysis of different Biochar market segments like dominant key players their visions which will help the readers in analysing the Biochar growth opportunities.

The report provides concise knowledge of the Biochar market on a global scale based on the past-present size and Biochar market forecast scenario in the form of graphs, tables, pie-charts to help all the existing as well as new Biochar market players in making decisions which will favour the growth of Biochar industry.

Global Biochar Market report is divided into different portions on basis of Biochar product category, numerous product applications, and key regions which contribute greatly to the Biochar market share. The in-depth analysis of the Biochar market to know growth opportunities, potholes to the market development in a segmented manner will help in studying the market development scenario.

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Global Biochar report portrays the fundamental details of the dominant market players elaborating their business profiles, Biochar market revenue, sales volume, press releases, technical developments taking place in this industry.

Report is segmented into different parts as below:

Global Biochar Market Details Based On Key Players:

Cool Planet
Biochar Supreme
NextChar
Terra Char
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy
CharGrow
Pacific Biochar
Biochar Now
The Biochar Company (TBC)
ElementC6
Vega Biofuels
Carbon Gold
Kina
Swiss Biochar GmbH
BlackCarbon
Carbon Terra
Sonnenerde
Biokol
ECOSUS
Verora GmbH

Global Biochar Market Details Based on Product Category:

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

Global Biochar Market Details Based On Key Product Applications:

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Global Biochar Market Details Based On Regions

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The first part of the report portrays the information related to the basic Biochar introduction, key market players, their company profiles, sales ratio, demand and supply volume, Biochar market gains during 2018 and 2019. The second part of the Biochar report extracts more details stating the sales revenue of each Biochar industry player, the business strategies followed by them. The third part of the report displays the competitive scenario of all the Biochar market players on basis of the revenue gains.

The fourth part of the report enlists the Biochar details based on key producing regions and Biochar market gains during the period from 2015 to 2019. Fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth part of the Biochar report enlists the major countries within the regions and the Biochar revenue generated during the period from 2012 to 2017. Tenth and eleventh part of the Biochar report mentions the variety of Biochar product applications, Biochar statistics during 2015 to 2019.

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Part number twelve, thirteen, fourteen and fifteen provides information regarding the futuristic Biochar market trends expected during the forecast period from 2020 to 2023, Biochar marketing strategies, Biochar market vendors, facts and figures of the Biochar market and vital Biochar business conclusion along with data collection sources and appendix.

What Biochar Market Report Contributes?

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LOS ANGELES (AP) — An explosion Saturday at a hash oil manufacturer in downtown Los Angeles injured 11 firefighters who had gone inside and on the roof to try to knock down a fire and then had to run for their lives when a ball of flames shot out the building and scorched a fire truck across the street. Erik Scott said “one significant explosion” shook the neighborhood around p.m. Firefighters inside had to run through a wall of flames he estimated as 30 feet high and wide, and those on the roof scrambled down a ladder that was engulfed in fire. Scott said people at the scene described the explosion as sounding like a freight train or jet engine. Some of the fleeing firefighters were on fire and tore off their protective equipment and left it on the sidewalk, along with melted helmets, Scott said.“The was one of the worst scenes I’ve seen,” he said. All 11 firefighters suffered burns ranging from minor to serious. Three were listed as critical condition, and two of them were on ventilators. All were expected to survive.“The good news is everybody’s going to make it,” Mayor Eric Garcetti said at a news conference outside the Los Angeles County-University of Southern California Medical Center where all the injured were treated.“Things could have been so much worse,” said Los Angeles Fire Department Medical Director Dr. Marc Eckstein, who works at the hospital and helped treat the injured. in the city’s Toy District for a report of a fire at a one-story commercial building. There was light to moderate smoke when firefighters entered the building and went on the roof, normal procedures to try to quickly knock down any flames. Los Angeles Fire Chief Ralph Terrazas said one of the firefighters inside the building thought things didn’t seem right — the pressure from the smoke and heat coming from the rear of the building were increasing. He directed everyone to get out, and as they quickly started exiting the building as it was rocked by the explosion. Firefighters on the roof scrambled down ladders with their protective coats on fire. The wall of flames shot out the building and burned seats inside a fire truck across the street. More than 200 firefighters rushed to the scene, and dozens of engines, trucks and rescue vehicles clogged the streets. The fire spread to several nearby buildings, but firefighters were able to douse it in about an hour. The injured firefighters were rushed to the hospital. Those who remained at the scene, unaware of the seriousness of their colleagues’ injuries, were traumatized by what had transpired, Terrazas said.“You can imagine the amount of emotional stress,” he said. Scott said the building was a warehouse for Smoke Tokes, which he described as a maker of “butane honey oil.” Butane is an odorless gas that easily ignites, and it’s used in the process to extract the high-inducing chemical THC from cannabis to create a highly potent concentrate also known as hash oil. The oil is used in vape pens, edibles, waxes and other products. On its website, Smoke Tokes advertises a variety of products including “puff bars,” pipes, “dab” tools, vaporizers, “torches and butane,” and cartridges. The company says it is “an international distributor and wholesaler of smoking and vaping products, and related accessories.” Founded in 2009, it offers “discounts to loyal customers, fast shipping, a huge catalog of products and customer service that is untouched.”The cause of the fire is under investigation. The Paxman diesels business has been associated with Colchester since 1865 when James Noah Paxman founded a partnership with the brothers Henry and Charles Davey (' Davey, Paxman, and Davey') and opened the Standard Ironworks. The submarines were powered by Paxman diesels generating 615 bhp (460 k W) and electric motors that could put out 825 shp (615 k W) giving a surface speed of 11.25 knots (21 km/h) and a submerged speed of 10 knots (19 km/h). In 1988, General Electric Company plc merged its Paxman (engines), Ruston and Mirrlees Blackstone diesels businesses with the Alsthom division of Compagnie Générale d' Electricité (CGE) to form GEC-Alsthom. BTH (the main contractor) provided electrical equipment, Paxman supplied the power units, and Clayton supplied bogies and superstructure, with the frame construction and final assembly taking place at Yorkshire Engine's Sheffield works. In 1988, GEC merged its Paxman, Ruston and Mirrlees Blackstone diesels businesses with the Alsthom division of Compagnie Générale d' Electricité (CGE) to form GEC-Alsthom. In 1940, Ruston & Hornsby Ltd purchased a controlling interest in the company; this co-operation led to the formation of Ruston-Paxman Group.

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Among the primary causes of the chaos were program trading and illiquidity, both of which fueled the vicious decline for the day as stocks continued lower even as volume grew lighter. Today, circuit breakers are in place to prevent a repeat of Black Monday. After a 7% drop, trading would be suspended for 15 minutes, with the same 15 minute suspension kicking in after a 13% drop. However, in the event of a 20% drop, trading would be shut down for the remainder of the day. Iraq invaded Kuwait in July 1990, causing oil prices to increase. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 18% in three months, from 2,911.63 on July 3 to 2,381.99 on October 16,1990. Lasting approximately twenty years, through at least the end of 2011, share and property price bubble bursts and turns into a long deflationary recession. Some of the key economic events during the collapse of the Japanese asset price bubble include the 1997 Asian financial crisis and the Dot-com bubble. 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BIOCHAR IN EUROPEAN SOILS AGRICUL 9780367606046

1 November, 2020
 


Granular Biochar Market- Latest Innovations, Drivers and Industry Key Events 2020– 2025

2 November, 2020
 

“Overview Of Granular Biochar Industry 2020-2025: 

This has brought along several changes in This report also covers the impact of COVID-19 on the global Granular Biochar market. 

The Granular Biochar Market analysis summary by Reports Insights is a thorough study of the current trends leading to this vertical trend in various regions. Research summarizes important details related to market share, market size, applications, statistics and sales. In addition, this study emphasizes thorough competition analysis on market prospects, especially growth strategies that market experts claim. 

The key players covered in this study
Accenture
Cisco
Intel
Schneider Electric
Siemens
Actility
Bosch Software Innovations
Huawei
Sierra Wireless
Texas Instruments
ThingWorx
 

At the same time, we classify Granular Biochar according to the type, application by geography. More importantly, the report includes major countries market based on the type and application. 

Get PDF Sample Copy of this Report to understand the structure of the complete report: (Including Full TOC, List of Tables & Figures, Chart) @ https://www.researchmoz.com/enquiry.php?type=S&repid=2823131&source=atm

 

The global Granular Biochar market has been segmented on the basis of technology, product type, application, distribution channel, end-user, and industry vertical, along with the geography, delivering valuable insights. 

segment by Type, the product can be split into
Private IoT
Public IoT
Other

Market segment by Application, split into
Oil Field
Chemical
Natural Gas
Other

Based on regional and country-level analysis, the IoT In Energy Grid Management market has been segmented as follows:
North America
United States
Canada
Europe
Germany
France
U.K.
Italy
Russia
Nordic
Rest of Europe
Asia-Pacific
China
Japan
South Korea
Southeast Asia
India
Australia
Rest of Asia-Pacific
Latin America
Mexico
Brazil
Middle East & Africa
Turkey
Saudi Arabia
UAE
Rest of Middle East & Africa

 

Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report covers

Major factors covered in the report:

Do You Have Any Query Or Specific Requirement? Ask to Our Industry [email protected] https://www.researchmoz.com/enquiry.php?type=E&repid=2823131&source=atm 

 

The analysis objectives of the report are: 

Our Granular Biochar market report offers: 

– Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments.

– Market share analysis of the top industry players.

– Strategic recommendations for the new entrants.

– Market forecasts for a minimum of 9 years of all the mentioned segments, sub segments and the regional markets.

– Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations).

– Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations.

– Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends.

– Company profiling with detailed strategies, financials, and recent developments.

– Supply chain trends mapping the latest technological advancements. 

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charcoal making grinder

2 November, 2020
 

SHANGHAI GME MINERALS CO., LTD. is a hi-tech, engineering group. We are specialized in the research, development, and production of industrial crushing, powder grinding, mineral processing equipments and other related devices.

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Varying pyrolysis temperature impacts application effects of biochar on soil labile organic carbon …

2 November, 2020
 

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Impact of COVID-19 on Granular Biochar Market 2020 | Size, Growth, Demand, Opportunities …

2 November, 2020
 

Granular Biochar Market research report is the new statistical data source added by A2Z Market Research.

“Granular Biochar Market is growing at a High CAGR during the forecast period 2020-2026. The increasing interest of the individuals in this industry is that the major reason for the expansion of this market”.

Granular Biochar Market research is an intelligence report with meticulous efforts undertaken to study the right and valuable information. The data which has been looked upon is done considering both, the existing top players and the upcoming competitors. Business strategies of the key players and the new entering market industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this report analysis.

Get the PDF Sample Copy (Including FULL TOC, Graphs and Tables) of this report @:

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Note – In order to provide more accurate market forecast, all our reports will be updated before delivery by considering the impact of COVID-19.

Top Key Players Profiled in this report are: 

Kina, Carbon Gold, Diacarbon Energy, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, Swiss Biochar GmbH, BlackCarbon, Biochar Now, BioChar Products, Agri-Tech Producers, ElementC6, The Biochar Company

The key questions answered in this report:

Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Granular Biochar market. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market. The influence of the latest government guidelines is also analyzed in detail in the report. It studies the Granular Biochar market’s trajectory between forecast periods.

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Global Granular Biochar Market Segmentation:

Market Segmentation by Type:

Wood Source Biochar
Corn  Source Biochar
Wheat  Source Biochar
Others

Market Segmentation by Application:

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Regions Covered in the Global Granular Biochar Market Report 2020:
• The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt)
• North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)
• South America (Brazil etc.)
• Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)
• Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)

The cost analysis of the Global Granular Biochar Market has been performed while keeping in view manufacturing expenses, labor cost, and raw materials and their market concentration rate, suppliers, and price trend. Other factors such as Supply chain, downstream buyers, and sourcing strategy have been assessed to provide a complete and in-depth view of the market. Buyers of the report will also be exposed to a study on market positioning with factors such as target client, brand strategy, and price strategy taken into consideration.

The report provides insights on the following pointers:

Table of Contents

Global Granular Biochar Market Research Report 2020 – 2026

Chapter 1 Granular Biochar Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast

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If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.   

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The company helps clients build business policies and grow in that market area. A2Z Market Research is not only interested in industry reports dealing with telecommunications, healthcare, pharmaceuticals, financial services, energy, technology, real estate, logistics, F & B, media, etc. but also your company data, country profiles, trends, information and analysis on the sector of your interest.

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Eco Water Filtration Systems

2 November, 2020
 

Ecowater offers a variety of reverse osmosis water systems. Ecowater is a leading edge commercial and industrial water treatment equipment manufacturer. All membranes and eco water filters.


Bibliometric analysis of the evolution of biochar research trends and scientific production

2 November, 2020
 

Biochar has caught great attention over the last decade, yielding a large number of publications in a broad range of disciplines. This scientometric study produces a combined qualitative–quantitative assessment of 10,000 publications recorded in the period 2005–2019 in the Web of Science (WoS) database, based on innovative methods and indicators, and focusing in particular on biochar production and valorization pathways. The cumulated number of publications was analyzed with power and logistic models, and the economic indicator CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) for the estimation of future academic output. Mapping of the evolution of academic output revealed the worldwide diffusion of academic production toward many countries and continents. According to the analysis of collaboration networks of most productive countries, the development of academic output may be linked to high levels of international collaboration, as well as the diversity of these networks. Furthermore, the rise of academic output in the African continent may preclude an evolution toward a multipolar academic world. The average number of citations per paper at both author level (number of citations/number of papers) and journal level (total citations/total papers) was found to be a useful indicator of scientific productivity. In particular, academic journals with impact factors as low as 2.5–3 still ranked high on this criterion, revealing their high impact on academic research in the biochar sector. Finally, the analysis of targeted keywords co-occurrences emphasized the diversification of research on biochar applications, from its initial use as soil improver toward engineered biochar for versatile applications.

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The authors do not apply any restrictions regarding the availability of data. Specific code information for models is provided in “Appendix 2”. Furthermore, detailed data on exact numbers resulting from the analyses are available in supplementary tables in “Appendix 3”.

Arbitrary constant

Annual growth rate

Arbitrary constant

Compound Annual Growth Rate

Google Scholar

Impact factor

Number of publications produced during the year x

Number of publications produced during the year x−1

Query string (keyword combination)

Kinetics constant

Saturation constant and cumulated number of publications on the topic of biochar at infinite time

Cumulated number of publications in year x

Cumulated number of publications in year 0 (year 2005)

Cumulated number of publications already generated at time t (variable)

Time elapsed (years) since the first year of the study, with t = 0 corresponding to the year 2005

Total number of citations

Total number of publications

Arbitrary constant

Web of Science

Reference year for data modeling, with x = 0 in year 2005

Years

This research has been conducted in the framework of the joint doctorate thesis (“cotutelle”) of Emna Abdeljaoued on the topic “Development of new hybrid multifunctional materials based on biochar: applications in agriculture, energy and environment” under co-supervision of Prof. Abdallah Oukarroum at Mohamed VI Polytechnic University in Morocco, and Dr. HDR Abdellatif Barakat at INRAE (UMR IATE) in France. Furthermore, the works have been supported by the project ARIMNet2 PYRODIGEST, which is funded through the ARIMNet2 2017 Joint Call by the following funding agencies: DGRSDT (Algeria), ANR (France), MESRSFC (Morocco), MHESRT (Tunisia) and GDAR (Turkey). The ARIMNet2 (ERANET) program has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no. 618127.

All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by Emna Abdeljaoued, with the support of Mathieu Brulé for language review, data formatting, computing and modeling analyses, and Abdellatif Barakat for defining the overall scope of the article, as well as preparing the graphical abstract. The first draft of the manuscript was written by Emna Abdeljaoued, and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Abdellatif Barakat.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

See Fig. 9.

Geographical distribution of publications on biochar indexed in WoS in a 2005–2010; b 2011–2015; c 2016–2019

(a) Modeling toolbox developed in MATLAB Version 7.4.0 (R2007a) for the analysis of the cumulated number of articles, exemplified on the data retrieved from Google Scholar. Year 0 = 2005.

(b) For the analysis of data retrieved from Web of Science (WoS), the same toolbox was used, replacing data series as follows:

See Tables 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13.

Received: 25 May 2020

Accepted: 14 October 2020

Published: 02 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-020-01969-x

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Synthesis and characterization of rice husk biochar via hydrothermal carbonization for wastewater …

2 November, 2020
 

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2 November, 2020
 

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2 November, 2020
 


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2 November, 2020
 

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2 November, 2020
 

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“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.”-Margaret Mead “The only thing worse than being blind, is having sight but no vision.”-Helen Keller


Global Biochar Fine Granules Market: Facts & Figures by Region and Country Wise Analysis in a …

3 November, 2020
 

Biochar is a form of charcoal used to improve compost and top soil. It is created by heating wood in the absence of oxygen — the process is called ‘pyrolysis’. (This differs to a normal biomass boiler that ‘combusts wood’ – ie burns the wood with oxygen). Biochar is a form of horticultural charcoal.

The global Biochar Fine Granules market is valued at US$ xx million in 2019 is expected to reach US$ xx million by the end of 2026, growing at a CAGR of xx% during 2020-2026.

Access more details about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/global-biochar-fine-granules-market-research-report

(This is our latest offering and this report also analyzes the impact of COVID-19 on Biochar Fine Granules market and updated by the current situation, especially the forecast)

This report focuses on Biochar Fine Granules volume and value at the global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Biochar Fine Granules market size by analysing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America, Europe, China and Japan etc.

Market Segment Analysis

The research report includes specific segments by Type and by Application. This study provides information about the sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of 2015 to 2026. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.

Global Biochar Fine Granules Market: Competitive Analysis

This section of the report identifies various key manufacturers of the market. It helps the reader understand the strategies and collaborations that players are focusing on combat competition in the market. The comprehensive report provides a significant microscopic look at the market. The reader can identify the footprints of the manufacturers by knowing about the global revenue of manufacturers, the global price of manufacturers, and sales by manufacturers during the forecast period of 2015 to 2019. Key companies profiled in this report are Cool Planet Energy Systems, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), etc.

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Global Biochar Fine Granules Market: Regional Analysis

The Biochar Fine Granules market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). The report includes country-wise and region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. It also includes market size and forecast by Type and by Application segment in terms of sales and revenue for the period 2015-2026.

The key regions covered in the Biochar Fine Granules market report are:

Table of Contents:

1 Biochar Fine Granules Market Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Biochar Fine Granules

1.2 Biochar Fine Granules Segment by Type

1.3 Biochar Fine Granules Segment by Application

1.4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Size Estimates and Forecasts

2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Competitions by Manufacturers

2.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Average Price by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.4 Manufacturers Biochar Fine Granules Manufacturing Sites, Area Served, Product Type

2.5 Biochar Fine Granules Market Competitive Situation and Trends

2.6 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

2.7 Primary Interviews with Key Biochar Fine Granules Players (Opinion Leaders)

3 Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario by Region

3.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-2020

3.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020

3.3 North America Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.4 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.5 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Region

3.6 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.7 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country

4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Historic Market Analysis by Type

4.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Price Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End

5 Global Biochar Fine Granules Historic Market Analysis by Application

5.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

5.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

5.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Price by Application (2015-2020)

6 Company Profiles and Key Figures in Biochar Fine Granules Business

6.1 Company 1

6.1.1 Corporation Information

6.1.2 Company 1Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue

6.1.3 Company 1Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)

6.1.4 Company 1Products Offered

6.1.5 Company 1Recent Development

6.2 Company B

6.3 Company C….and so on

7 Biochar Fine Granules Manufacturing Cost Analysis

7.1 Biochar Fine Granules Key Raw Materials Analysis

7.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

7.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Biochar Fine Granules

7.4 Biochar Fine Granules Industrial Chain Analysis

8 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers

8.1 Marketing Channel

8.2 Biochar Fine Granules Distributors List

8.3 Biochar Fine Granules Customers

9 Market Dynamics

9.1 Market Trends

9.2 Opportunities and Drivers

9.3 Challenges

9.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

10 Global Market Forecast

10.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Type

10.2 Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Application

10.3 Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Region

10.4 North America Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.5 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.6 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.7 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.8 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

11 Research Finding and Conclusion

12 Methodology and Data Source

12.1 Methodology/Research Approach

12.2 Data Source

12.3 Author List

12.4 Disclaimer

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Wood Vinegar Market Assessment – Latest Insights on Trends and Challenges 2020: Canada …

3 November, 2020
 

This press release was orginally distributed by SBWire

New York, NY — (SBWIRE) — 11/02/2020 — The current report on the Wood Vinegar Market provides a comprehensive assessment of the business vertical and offers a comprehensive overview of the industry along with its key segments. The study includes an accurate estimate of the current industry scenario along with the market size, market volume, and revenue garnered by the industry. The report delivers radical data about the competitive landscape of the Wood Vinegar industry and a thorough bifurcation of the regions where the Wood Vinegar market has established a significant footing. The report further estimates the market scenario in context with the COVID-19 pandemic. The report analyses the current market scenario along with the effects of the COVID-19 on the present and future scenario. The report also focuses on the key changes, progress, or hurdles due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Key Summary of Regional Analysis and Competitive Landscape:

The report offers a comprehensive overview of the competitive landscape of the Wood Vinegar industry. The competitive landscape includes extensive profiling and overview of prominent players of the Wood Vinegar industry. The report studies the following companies in detail: ACE (Singapore) Pte Ltd, Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp., Nettenergy BV (Netherlands), TAGROW CO., LTD. (China), and Byron Biochar (Australia).

Radical Highlights of the Wood Vinegar Market Report:

The report further provides key insights into the market share held by each product and application in the Wood Vinegar market. Moreover, it also offers radical information about growth prospects and patterns. It also provides extensive coverage of the product consumption of each application and product. The report also provides a pricing analysis and growth trends for the key segments of the market.

Along with the basic information, the report also offers insights into marketing strategies readily adopted by the key manufacturers for the endorsement of their products. The report offers significant data pertaining to development trends and market position to offer deeper insights into targeted clients, brand promotions, and pricing analysis. The report also sheds light on the supply chains and the changes in the trends of the upstream raw materials and downstream distributors. 

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Based on Pyrolysis Method, the wood vinegar market has been segmented as follows: (Revenue, USD Million; 2020-2027)

Slow pyrolysis
Fast pyrolysis
Intermediate pyrolysis

Based on Application, the wood vinegar market has been segmented as follows: (Revenue, USD Million; 2020-2027)

Agriculture
Animal feed
Food, medicinal, and consumer products
Others (including industrial source for production of acetic acid, tar & creosote production, and waste water treatment)

The report explains the market share and sales volume of each company, along with the key details of the operations of these companies. The report further offers extensive coverage of their product portfolio, business expansion plans, gross profit margins, revenue contribution, investment plans, and financial standings. The report also covers the strategic alliances observed within these key companies such as mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, corporate and government deals, partnerships and agreements, and brand promotions and product launches.

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Furthermore, the research study gives additional insights into the companies' regional presence through extensive regional analysis. The regional analysis covers the key geographical regions such as North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Middle East & Africa. The regional analysis segment covers details about the market share held by each region along with the prospective growth opportunities and revenue generation. The report also offers a projection of the growth rate for each region in the entirety of the forecast timeline. It also offers a country-wise analysis to impart a better understanding of the industry.

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Biochar Market 2020: Global Business Growth, Demand, Trends, Key Players and Forecasts till 2025

3 November, 2020
 

The Global Biochar Market report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Biochar market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Biochar manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry.

Complete report on Biochar market spreads across 120 pages profiling companies and supported with tables and figures.

A substantial amount of data is scanned by our team that analyzes trends and achieves systematic evaluation. Our enormous think tank of talents from varied domains evaluate every standpoint and determine every gap, pertaining to each deliverable.

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Key Companies Analysis: — Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels, profiles overview.

This report includes the estimation of market size for value (million USD) and volume (K Units). Both top-down and bottom-up approaches have been used to estimate and validate the market size of Biochar market, to estimate the size of various other dependent submarkets in the overall market. Key players in the market have been identified through secondary research, and their market shares have been determined through primary and secondary research. All percentage shares, splits, and breakdowns have been determined using secondary sources and verified primary sources.

Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures are also analysed. This report also states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins.

The Global Biochar Market focuses on global major leading industry players providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out. The Biochar industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Finally the feasibility of new investment projects are assessed and overall research conclusions offered. With the tables and figures the report provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.

The Report is segmented by types TypesMentioned and by the applications ApplicationsMentioned etc.

The study objectives are:

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Major Points from the Table of Contents

1 Biochar Market Overview

2 Global Biochar Market Competition by Manufacturers

3 Global Biochar Capacity, Production, Revenue (Value) by Region)

4 Global Biochar Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region

5 Global Biochar Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

6 Global Biochar Market Analysis by Application

7 Global Biochar Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis

8 Biochar Manufacturing Cost Analysis

9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

12 Global Biochar Market Forecast

13 Research Findings and Conclusion

14 Appendix

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Fire up your soil's fertility and health with biochar

3 November, 2020
 

If you feel like your soil is in dire need of nutrient replenishment, you might want to give biochar a try.

Biochar is a carbon-rich form of charcoal formed by burning organic material from agricultural and forestry wastes – also known as biomass – in an environment with very little oxygen.

This process, called pyrolysis, helps stabilize the carbon present in the organic matter stable, thereby ensuring that it can’t easily escape into the atmosphere.

Biochar, despite its seemingly futuristic nature, actually has its roots in indigenous Amazonian practices.

According to historians, the process of creating it was modeled after a 2,000-year-old practice in the Amazonian basin. Here, indigenous peoples would mix terra preta or “dark earth” – a combination of low-temperature charcoal, rotted plant matter, animal manure and crushed terracotta – into the notoriously infertile Amazonian soil, in order to render it fit for farming.

Recent studies have found that this mixture was so potent that its effects on Amazonian soil are still being felt today. This is likely because of the ability of charcoal – one of its major components – to effectively bind and retain minerals and nutrients and then release them over time.

Biochar is a black, highly porous, lightweight and fine-grained material that has a large surface area.

While any organic material can be used to make biochar, experts recommend clean and high-quality organic feedstock or raw material. Ideally, the feedstock that’s chosen is one that has around 10 to 20 percent moisture and high lignin content. This include farm residues, woody biomass such as fallen trees and tree parts and energy crops, such as elephant grass.

These types of feedstock not only store more carbon than other sources but they also help minimize the risk of introducing toxins into the soil or drastically changing its pH, which can prevent plants from absorbing nutrients.

Biochar is best known for its ability to enhance the inherent properties in both soil and organic compost — an ability that can be traced to both its chemical and physical properties.

For instance, biochar has an interior layer of bio-oil condensates that act as a food source for both bacteria and fungi, thus spurring rapid decomposition of organic matter present in the soil and ensuring its speedy enrichment. In addition, biochar has a large surface area, which means that it can support large numbers of the said beneficial microorganisms

Aside from that, biochar particles are also quite small, a property that makes its easier for the particles to migrate deeper into the soil.

With that said, here are some of the benefits that biochar can impart on the soil:

In addition, biochar has also been found to be beneficial for composting, since it helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions as well as prevents the loss of nutrients in the material being composted. It has also been found to help reduce the compost’s ammonia losses, as well as its overall bulk density and even odor.

Using biochar in the soil can also help reduce the need for chemical fertilizers. This, in turn, can result in reductions in groundwater pollution, as well as waste production.

Furthermore, because of its ability to boost soil fertility, it can help increase yields for farmers, thus boosting their farm’s profitability and contributing to their food security.

Using biochar is a pretty straightforward affair, albeit one that is dependent on several factors such as the health of the soil and its type.

As noted by experts, biochar can be applied to the soil in the following ways:

Use biochar as a top dressing – The easiest way to use biochar is to simply sprinkle it on top of the soil and then wet it. To maximize its nutrient retention properties, you can mix your biochar with some organic compost before laying it on top of the soil.

Incorporate biochar into your soil by tilling – One other way to use biochar is to incorporate into the soil by tilling. Simply add a biochar mix on top of your soil and then use a tiller to mix it right in. If you are planting in pots or raised garden beds, you can just use your hands or a small rake to work the biochar into your soil.

In addition, experts often recommend mixing biochar with organic compost and other amendments in order to load it with nutrients and beneficial organisms. This process, called “charging” is especially important if you are working with soil that is not fertile in the first place.

It may come as a surprise to some but biochar can be easily made in the safety and comfort of your own backyard. This can be done in two ways, both of which are very straightforward and easy:

Trench Method:

Cone Pit Method:

Biochar is one of the best amendments you can use on your soil. Not only is it natural and safe, but it is also proven to be among the most potent when it comes to restoring soil fertility.

Use biochar and organic compost the next time you till your land or when you are preparing for another growing season.

Sources:

ScienceDirect.com

PermacultureNews.org

RegenerationInternational.org

Eprida.com

IntechOpen.com

Allotment-Garden.org

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Creating value: Inside the world's only net zero charcoal plant

3 November, 2020
 

Wood industry veterans Antoine and Simon Langlois have long noted two interesting trends: the challenges that some processers have in selling by-products in the fluctuating wood chips market, and Canadians’ fondness for charcoal barbecues.

In 2017, the pair (who are not related) teamed up with Fonds Valorisation Bois de la FTQ and Investissement Québec to invest $10 million in Xylo-Carbone, a company dedicated to converting wood waste into charcoal – biochar.

“Barbecuing is a more than $1 billion dollar per year market,” says Simon, a chemical engineer by training. “We set up operations in the Mauricie region because it is a good place to harvest maple, yellow birch and other hardwood and there are few other businesses competing to buy the by-products.”

The investment created 20 jobs at the company’s Saint-Tite, Que., plant. Xylo-Carbone operates on 15 hectares of land, which means that it had plenty of room for expansion.

The entrepreneurs point out that the local community quickly got behind the project, which involves transforming what Antoine calls “bazou” (low-quality) crushed wood, worth around $60 per tonne, into finished “limousine” charcoal worth between $1,200 and $1,500 per tonne.

“The quality of the workforce, many of whom are locals who are very attached to the area, is excellent,” notes Antoine. “They have been a big asset.”

According to Simon, Xylo-Carbone, which recovers all the gases and tars that it emits during the production process, operates the world’s only net zero charcoal plant.

“We stand out by fostering sustainable forestry practices and offering a renewable product,” he says, noting that most of the world’s charcoal is produced in developing countries by burning wood stuffed in a hole dug in the ground, a process that causes considerable pollution.

The two other traditional Canadian charcoal plants only produce limited output because their technologies are also highly polluting, he says. (Coal found in mines is not used by the barbecue market because it contains too many toxins).

The process
Xylo-Carbone has access to a guaranteed annual supply of 20,000 m3 from Forex Langlois, Antoine’s logging company. “We are able to harvest smaller trees, which allows us to recover more fibre,” he says.

The wood is then sent to a dedicated yard for sorting. Groupement Forestier Mauricie (a buyers’ group made up of industrial clients) purchases about 200,000 m3 a year. The lower-quality wood ends up at Xylo-Carbone.

At the plant, the wood is sawed first into 16-inch logs, and then split again into four-inch pieces using a splitter designed by Cardinal Saw. The pieces are then put into cages and shipped to two refurbished MEC rail dryers to lower the moisture content from about 50 per cent to 15 per cent. This helps speed up the processing during later stages.

The four-inch pieces are then transferred to large, sealed metal tanks, designed in-house by Xylo-Carbone, to be heated in the pyrolizers. “PLCs control the entire cycle, which lasts 10 to 12 hours,” explains Simon. In a traditional coal mine, a cycle lasts about a week.

Inside the tanks, the wood is indirectly heated to temperatures of up to 800 C. “The wood never touches a flame,” Simon says. “Carbon is built-up in the wood fibre through pyrolysis, by heating the wood in the absence of oxygen.”

This process generates three products: the biochar, gas, and pyrolytic oil. Xylo-Carbone only sells the biochar. The other by-products are used to generate the energy the plant consumes during the production process.

At the end of the cycle, the sealed tanks are moved with the help of overhead cranes and the charcoal is cooled for three days before being stored. The material is then transferred to a conveyor before being bagged using a machine that was initially designed for packaging potatoes (a product of similar size).

Xylo-Carbone can produce a tonne of biochar using just four to five tonnes of green wood, compared to the six to seven tonnes of wood traditional processes take. In addition, 90 per cent of the lumps of charcoal produced are of a suitable size for the more lucrative BBQ market, compared to less than 70 per cent in traditional charcoal plants.

Barbecue and other uses
The fact that Xylo-Carbone designed its own conversion units means that the company can control key parameters, including carbon levels.

“Our charcoal lights up quickly and produces intense heat, without dust,” notes Antoine. “Our clients appreciate this.”

About 80 per cent of Xylo-Carbone’s product is sold under the Xylo-Grill brand name to Costco, BMR and other major retailers. The company also produces charcoal for private label brands. While most of the output is sold in Canada, some is exported.

Xylo-Carbone is also developing new markets for the charcoal pieces that are too small to be used in the barbecue market (around 10 per cent of their product). For example, the company is currently carrying out tests with large car manufacturing subcontractors to produce a black pigment made from Quebec charcoal. Research projects are also underway to produce activated charcoal in order to develop water or air filters. Charcoal could also be used to fertilize agricultural soils.

By increasing its volume 15-fold, Xylo-Carbone could one day even supply metal processors, Simon estimates.

The future
At the time of writing in the spring, Xylo-Carbone intended to double production in the summer. Next year, the company will add two pyrolizers, which should enable it to double production again.

The company is also considering better leveraging the technology it has developed.

“Using our process, we produce all the energy we need and we still have surpluses,” notes Antoine, who believes that small factories could be set up next to sawmills using the bark and other by-products to produce charcoal. The excess energy that is produced could be used to power the dryers at the sawmills.

Simon argues that the process could also power greenhouses or other energy-intensive business.

The entrepreneurs are in the process of patenting the pyrolysis technology and plan to bring the product to market soon.

“With a market this big, others could also benefit from the technology,” Simon says. “Our goal is to license the technology and to buy back and market the charcoal that is produced.” •

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Synthesis and characterization of rice husk biochar via hydrothermal carbonization for wastewater …

3 November, 2020
 

The recent implication of circular economy in Australia spurred the demand for waste material utilization for value-added product generations on a commercial scale. Therefore, this experimental study emphasized on agricultural waste biomass, rice husk (RH) as potential feedstock to produce valuable products. Rice husk biochar (RB) was obtained at temperature: 180 °C, pressure: 70 bar, reaction time: 20 min with water via hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), and the obtained biochar yield was 57.9%. Enhancement of zeta potential value from − 30.1 to − 10.6 mV in RB presented the higher suspension stability, and improvement of surface area and porosity in RB demonstrated the wastewater adsorption capacity. Along with that, an increase of crystallinity in RB, 60.5%, also indicates the enhancement of the catalytic performance of the material significantly more favorable to improve the adsorption efficiency of transitional compounds. In contrast, an increase of the atomic O/C ratio in RB, 0.51 delineated high breakdown of the cellulosic component, which is favorable for biofuel purpose. 13.98% SiO2 reduction in RB confirmed ash content minimization and better quality of fuel properties. Therefore, the rice husk biochar through HTC can be considered a suitable material for further application to treat wastewater and generate bioenergy.

 


Stubborn stubble

3 November, 2020
 

Unless all stakeholders are strong-willed and opt for a united response, cracking down on farmers won’t help

Even as Delhiites continue to suffer from a thick smog, Punjab farmers continue to burn their rice crop residue. This despite the Punjab Government banning stubble burning, appointing 8,000 nodal officers to douse the blaze and deploying over 70,000 extra machines for residue management. In fact, stubble burning cases have been the highest this year in Punjab as compared to the previous three years. So, why do the farmers seem indifferent? The fact is they are in a fix. Already overburdened, the present problem of a short gap between harvesting and sowing two different crops was thrust upon them by well-meaning environmentalists crying hoarse over the need for water conservation. So, now they have to remove the paddy straw instead of letting it lie and decompose. If they wish to remove stubble manually, they will need at least Rs 6,000-7,000 per acre. This is economically unviable for small and marginal farmers. Even if an equipment like the happy seeder is given to them to cut the stubble and sow wheat seeds simultaneously at a subsidised rate by the State Government, the additional per acre cost of rent and diesel needed to run these machines means this option is also uneconomical. Then there is the issue of low germination of wheat seeds sown with happy seeders, something our farmers cannot afford.

But a solution has to be found which is viable for everyone. A united and shared approach may yet solve matters as envisaged in the just declared commission on air management provided there is political will. State Governments of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh could buy the rice straw from the farmers and then sell it to biomass factories, power plants, paper mills and cardboard factories. Then there is the paddy straw chopper-cum-spreader which can be operated by a tractor with 45-50 HP or more. It will not only chop the straw and spread it in the field, thus maintaining the fertility of the soil, but ease sowing of the next crop too. Plus, the accelerated straw decomposition process or Pusa capsule developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute is something that can be looked at as it costs less than Rs 1,000 per acre and is good for increasing nutrients in the soil. Converting stubble into biochar is another option. All stakeholders have to come together in mission mode. Simply coming down on the growers will not help.


Market Research Reports — Global Biochar Market Latest Industry Size, Share

3 November, 2020
 


biochar fertilizer Market 2020-2027 Significant Developments By Leading Key Players: 3R …

3 November, 2020
 

The report provides a detailed overview of the industry including both qualitative and quantitative information. It provides an overview and forecast of the global biochar fertilizer market based on various segments. It also provides market size and forecast estimates from the year 2018 to 2027 with respect to five major regions, namely; North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and South America. The biochar fertilizer market by each region is later sub-segmented by respective countries and segments. The report covers the analysis and forecast of 18 countries globally along with the current trend and opportunities prevailing in the region.

Biochars are defined as solid, carbon-rich materials which are added in soil to improve soil charaterstics and agronomic performance. It is produced with the help of pyrolysis by using several biomasses. According to various studies, the use of biochar as a fertilizer to boost the crop growth and yield. Biochar-based compound fertilizers (BCF) and amendments also helps to alter soil properties in the form of pH, nutrients, organic matter, structure etc.

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Major Regions play vital role in Biochar Fertilizer market are:
North America, Europe, China, Japan, Middle East & Africa, India, South America, Others

Some of the key players of Biochar Fertilizer Market:

3R-BioPhosphate Ltd., Adsorb, Anulekh, ArSta Eco Pvt Ltd, Biochar Farms, Biogrow Limited, Carbon Fertilizer, Global Harvest Organics LLC, GreenBack, Kingeta Group Co. Ltd.

Fundamentals of Table of Content:

1 Report Overview
1.1 Study Scope
1.2 Key Market Segments
1.3 Players Covered
1.4 Market Analysis by Type
1.5 Market by Application
1.6 Study Objectives
1.7 Years Considered

2 Global Growth Trends
2.1 Biochar Fertilizer Market Size
2.2 Biochar Fertilizer Growth Trends by Regions
2.3 Industry Trends

3 Market Share by Key Players
3.1 Biochar Fertilizer Market Size by Manufacturers
3.2 Biochar Fertilizer Key Players Head office and Area Served
3.3 Key Players Biochar Fertilizer Product/Solution/Service
3.4 Date of Enter into Biochar Fertilizer Market
3.5 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

4 Breakdown Data by Product
4.1 Global Biochar Fertilizer Sales by Product
4.2 Global Biochar Fertilizer Revenue by Product
4.3 Biochar Fertilizer Price by Product

5 Breakdown Data by End User
5.1 Overview
5.2 Global Biochar Fertilizer Breakdown Data by End User

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Read PDF Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation

3 November, 2020
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation (English Edition)
Author: English Edition .
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A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant He …

3 November, 2020
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant He…
Author: Plant He .
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Rakennusjätepuu biohiilen raaka-aineena ja biohiilen käyttösovellukset rakennusalalla

3 November, 2020
 


Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Market- By Type, Component, Industry, Region

3 November, 2020
 

This report also researches and evaluates the impact of Covid-19 outbreak on the Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers industry, involving potential opportunity and challenges, drivers and risks. We present the impact assessment of Covid-19 effects on Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers and market growth forecast based on different scenario (optimistic, pessimistic, very optimistic, most likely etc.). 

Global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Market Overview: 

The research report, titled [Global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Market 2020 by Company, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025], presents a detailed analysis of the drivers and restraints impacting the overall market. Analysts have studied the key trends defining the trajectory of the market. The research report also includes an assessment of the achievements made by the players in the global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers market so far. It also notes the key trends in the market that are likely to be lucrative. The research report aims to provide an unbiased and a comprehensive outlook of the global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers market to the readers. 

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Global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Market: Segmentation 

For clearer understanding of the global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers market, analysts have segmented the market. The segmentation has been done on the basis of application, technology, and users. Each segment has been further explained with the help of graphs figures. This breakdown of the market gives the readers an objective view of the global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers market, which is essential to make sound investments. 

Segment by Type, the Granular Biochar market is segmented into
Wood Source Biochar
Corn Source Biochar
Wheat Source Biochar
Others

Segment by Application, the Granular Biochar market is segmented into
Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Regional and Country-level Analysis
The Granular Biochar market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries).
The key regions covered in the Granular Biochar market report are North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa. It also covers key regions (countries), viz, U.S., Canada, Germany, France, U.K., Italy, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Mexico, Brazil, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, etc.
The report includes country-wise and region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. It also includes market size and forecast by Type, and by Application segment in terms of sales and revenue for the period 2015-2026.

 

To understand the changing political scenario, analysts have regionally segmented the market. This gives an overview of the political and socio-economic status of the regions that is expected to impact the market dynamic. 

Global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Market: Research Methodology 

To begin with, the analysis has been put together using primary and secondary research methodologies. The information has been authenticated by market expert through valuable commentary. Research analysts have also conducted exhaustive interviews with market-relevant questions to collate this research report. 

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Global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Market: Competitive Rivalry 

The research report also studied the key players operating in the global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers market. It has evaluated and elucidated the research and development statuses of these companies, their financial outlooks, and their expansion plans for the forecast period. In addition, the research report also includes the list of strategic initiatives that clearly explain the achievements of the companies in the recent past. 

Competitive Landscape and Granular Biochar Market Share Analysis
Granular Biochar market competitive landscape provides details and data information by players. The report offers comprehensive analysis and accurate statistics on revenue by the player for the period 2015-2020. It also offers detailed analysis supported by reliable statistics on revenue (global and regional level) by players for the period 2015-2020. Details included are company description, major business, company total revenue and the sales, revenue generated in Granular Biochar business, the date to enter into the Granular Biochar market, Granular Biochar product introduction, recent developments, etc.
The major vendors covered:
Diacarbon Energy
Agri-Tech Producers
Biochar Now
Carbon Gold
Kina
The Biochar Company
Swiss Biochar GmbH
ElementC6
BioChar Products
BlackCarbon
Cool Planet
Carbon Terra
 

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Strategic Points Covered in TOC: 

Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product scope, market risk, market overview, and market opportunities of the global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers market 

Chapter 2: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers market which consists of its revenue, sales, and price of the products 

Chapter 3: Displaying the competitive nature among key manufacturers, with market share, revenue, and sales  

Chapter 4: Presenting global Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers market by regions, market share and with revenue and sales for the projected period 

Chapter 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions 

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Stormwater management of biochar-amended green roofs: peak flow and hydraulic parameters …

3 November, 2020
 

Green roofs have been suggested as one solution to manage stormwater in cities. Soil amendments such as biochar appear to be very promising owing to its water retention capacity. Furthermore, biochar is more stable with time (expected half-life over 100 years) than other biomass (fibers), which is likely to degrade at higher rate upon microbial action. Rational utilization of biochar-amended soil in substrates is the critical factor for improving ability of stormwater management (peak-flow reduction and delay). The objective of this study is to evaluate the hydraulic performance of green roofs amended with biochar. Laboratory experiments combined with numerical approach were adopted to achieve the objective. A dual-layer substrate mode with biochar-amended soil was proposed for optimizing the ability of stormwater management. Four experimental columns were built to observe the hydraulic processes under artificial rainfall. Unsaturated hydraulic parameters of substrates were estimated by the inverse solution method. Numerical simulations have been conducted to explore the stormwater management of dual-layer substrates with biochar. Both biochar and vegetation are found to enhance saturated water content. However, their effects on hydraulic properties of soil were opposite, with vegetation having positive influence. Different biochar application modes showed varied performance in peak-outflow delay and reduction. In the selected rainstorm case, the substrate with 3 cm vegetated natural soil in upper layer and 12 cm biochar-amended soil showed a longer delay, higher reduction in peak outflow, and rainwater retention. The dual-layer substrate mode is a flexible utilization of biochar in green roofs. It provided a more reasonable design with the consideration of the local rainfall statistical data.

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The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding.

This work had been supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 41672296, 51878185, 41867034), the Innovative Research Team Program of Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (grant no. 2016GXNSFGA380008), the Bagui Scholars Program (grant no. 2016A31), and the China Scholarship Council (CSC) (grant no. 201906660001, 201808455023).

All persons who meet authorship criteria are listed as authors, and all authors certify that they have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content, including participation in the concept, design, analysis, writing, or revision of the manuscript. Furthermore, each author certifies that this material or similar material has not been and will not be submitted to or published in any other publication.

Correspondence to Mingjie Jiang or Guoxiong Mei.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

The software HYDRUS-1D (ver. 4.16) was provided by a third party (PC-Progress s.r.o.). This software is an open source code which it is available online (www.pc-progress.com).

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Received: 30 July 2020

Revised: 07 October 2020

Accepted: 22 October 2020

Published: 03 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-01109-x

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Global Biochar Sales Market Report Focusing on Current Trends and Leading Fortune Companies …

3 November, 2020
 

Contrive Datum Insights has published a newly innovative statistical data, titled as Biochar Sales Market. It is a valuable source of statistical data for Biochar Sales market and includes accurate information, which uses primary and secondary research techniques. The research analyst provides comprehensive data, which enhances the growth of the industries. This report focuses on the basic requirement strategies of the businesses, which helps to enlarge the productivity. Additionally, it offers different market segments, such as application, types, size, end users, cost etc.

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This report studies the global Biochar Sales market, and analyzes the leading key players to understand the competition globally. The report elaborates on the of dynamic growth market and is used to analyze the different scenario of the industries. This quantitative data helps to promote a clear vision of all the situations to structure the growth of the Biochar Sales market. It focuses on the statistical data of drivers and opportunities, which gives better insights to develop the businesses. In addition to this, it helps to identify the opportunities in Biochar Sales market.

The following manufacturers are covered in this report: Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels.

The global Biochar Sales market is divided on the basis of domains along with its competitors. Drivers and opportunities are elaborated along with its scope that helps to boosts the performance of the industries. It throws light on different leading key players to recognize the existing outline of Biochar Sales market.

Global Biochar Sales Market Segmentation:

On the Basis of Type: Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar

On the Basis of Application: Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others

Regions Covered in the Global Biochar Sales Market:
The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt)
North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)
South America (Brazil etc.)
Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)
Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)

 

This report provides a point-to-point analysis of dynamic aspects of Biochar Sales market. Along with the recent trends, it focuses on the upcoming innovations. In addition to this, it consists of different segment with its subtypes as well. It helps in making critical business decisions on the basis of different predictions, which are studied in the same report. Technologies and tools are elaborated for an understanding of Biochar Sales market.

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This report serves as a useful guide, to enlarge the businesses rapidly and makes use of several analytical tools, to examine the different factors in Industrial sectors. The key players in different regions, such as North America, Latin America, Japan, China, and India are listed in the report. In addition to this, it uses graphical representation such as graphs, charts, diagrams to elaborate the facts and accurate data of Biochar Sales market. A clear picture of the Biochar Sales market is provided to the target audience. Key drivers and restraints are demonstrated for boosting and hampering the overall growth of the Biochar Sales market globally.

The major key questions addressed through this innovative research report:

 

Table of Content (TOC):

Chapter 1 Introduction and Overview

Chapter 2 Industry Cost Structure and Economic Impact

Chapter 3 Rising Trends and New Technologies with Major key players

Chapter 4 Global Biochar Sales Market Analysis, Trends, Growth Factor

Chapter 5 Biochar Sales Market Application and Business with Potential Analysis

Chapter 6 Global Biochar Sales Market Segment, Type, Application

Chapter 7 Global Biochar Sales Market Analysis (by Application, Type, End User)

Chapter 8 Major Key Vendors Analysis of Biochar Sales Market

Chapter 9 Development Trend of Analysis

Chapter 10 Conclusion

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Biochar Fertilizer Market to witness astonishing growth with Key Players | Biogrow Limited, Anulekh …

3 November, 2020
 

A latest study published by Read Market Research on World Biochar Fertilizer Market shows some tremendous recovery of the market from COVID-19. The analysis provides a detailed overview of the current market scenarios and how all the players are combining their efforts to come out of the recession caused by COVID-19.

The report titled COVID-19 World Biochar Fertilizer Market Research Report (by Product Type, End-User / Application and Regions / Countries) provides details of all the major segments of the market and how it is behaving with respect to the demand and supply. Factors such as growing demand from developing nations and technological advancement in various industry is expected to drive the market to a new level.

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According to our primary research and expert opinions, the market is likely to cross the USD XX Million mark before the end of year 2022 and the estimated growth rate of the overall industry is expected to be XX% during 2020 to 2026.

In order to provide a comprehensive analysis, we have segmented the World Biochar Fertilizer Market into 4 Major Segment.

World Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis and Forecast by Type:
Organic Fertilizer, Inorganic Fertilizer, Compound Fertilizer

Key data provided:

 

 

 

 

 

 

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World Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis and Forecast by Application:
Cereals, Oil Crops, Fruits and Vegetables and Others

Key data provided:
• Market Size By Application
• Market Share By Application
• Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
• Historic Data From 2016-2019
• Forecast Data From 2020-2026

Along with above segments, we have also studied the demand and supply on global level and presented the outcome of the research into geography chapter. Information such as market size, share, forecast and CAGR will be provided for all the major regions mentioned below-
North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico), Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Russia, Spain etc), Asia-Pacific (China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia etc), South America (Brazil, Argentina etc) and Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, South Africa etc)

Key data provided:
• Market Size By Regions and Countries
• Market Share By Regions and Countries
• Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
• Historic Data From 2016-2019
• Forecast Data From 2020-2026

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Competitive Landscape: The report covers all the major companies operating in the field of Biochar Fertilizer and answers some of the most important questions regarding the players.
• Who is currently dominating the market?
• What market share does that company have?
• What are the revenues of those companies for Biochar Fertilizer segment?
• What is the possibility for a new company to enter this market?
• What kind of products/services those companies are offering?
• Etc

The report includes following companies however if you are looking to include any additional company in the report, please let us know-
Biogrow Limited, Anulekh, GreenBack, Global Harvest Organics LLC, Pacific Biochar, American BioChar, Pyrotech Energy, AIRTERRA, MBD Industries

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Reasons to Purchase this Report:
• Analyzing the outlook of the market
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• Regional analysis using top down and bottom up approaches
• Competitive landscape

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Comprehensive Report on Flush Valve Assembly Market 2020 | Size, Growth, Demand …

3 November, 2020
 

Flush Valve Assembly Market research report is the new statistical data source added by A2Z Market Research.

“Flush Valve Assembly Market is growing at a High CAGR during the forecast period 2020-2026. The increasing interest of the individuals in this industry is that the major reason for the expansion of this market”.

Flush Valve Assembly Market research is an intelligence report with meticulous efforts undertaken to study the right and valuable information. The data which has been looked upon is done considering both, the existing top players and the upcoming competitors. Business strategies of the key players and the new entering market industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this report analysis.

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Note – In order to provide more accurate market forecast, all our reports will be updated before delivery by considering the impact of COVID-19.

Top Key Players Profiled in this report are: 

Briggs, Kohler, Xinle Bathroom Products, JOMOO, TECE, Case, Roca, Caroma, Universal Rundle, Mansfield, Haixin, American Standard, GEA, Geberit

The key questions answered in this report:

Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Flush Valve Assembly market. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market. The influence of the latest government guidelines is also analyzed in detail in the report. It studies the Flush Valve Assembly market’s trajectory between forecast periods.

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Global Flush Valve Assembly Market Segmentation:

Market Segmentation by Type:

Foot-flush valve
Inductive flush valve
Other

Market Segmentation by Application:

Household
Hotels
Public places
Farms
Other

Regions Covered in the Global Flush Valve Assembly Market Report 2020:
• The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt)
• North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)
• South America (Brazil etc.)
• Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)
• Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)

The report provides insights on the following pointers:

Table of Contents

Global Flush Valve Assembly Market Research Report 2020 – 2026

Chapter 1 Flush Valve Assembly Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Flush Valve Assembly Market Forecast

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PDF Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to …

4 November, 2020
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant He…
Author: Plant He .
File Type: PDF EPUB MOBI.
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How A Beginner Can Start Making Biochar Easily – In Search of Soil

4 November, 2020
 

The new podcast is In Search of Soil.

SUBSCRIBE & LISTEN TO FULL EPISODES:

iTunes – http://bit.ly/soilpodcast

Spotify – http://bit.ly/insearchofsoil

WATCH FULL EPISODES 

YouTube https://bit.ly/watchISOS

 

Let me know what you think @diegofooter – https://www.instagram.com/diegofooter


Biochar Market Size, Future Trends, Segmentation, Gross Margin, Opportunity Assessment and …

4 November, 2020
 

Biochar Market Overview:

Reports and Data has recently published a new research study titled Global Biochar Market that offers accurate insights for the Biochar market formulated with extensive research. The report explores the shifting focus observed in the market to offer the readers data and enable them to capitalize on market development. The report explores the essential industry data and generates a comprehensive document covering key geographies, technology developments, product types, applications, business verticals, sales network and distribution channels, and other key segments.

The report is further furnished with the latest market changes and trends owing to the global COVID-19 crisis. The report explores the impact of the crisis on the market and offers a comprehensive overview of the segments and sub-segments affected by the crisis. The study covers the present and future impact of the pandemic on the overall growth of the industry.

Get a sample of the report @ https://www.reportsanddata.com/sample-enquiry-form/3226

Competitive Landscape:

The global Biochar market is consolidated owing to the existence of domestic and international manufacturers and vendors in the market. The prominent players of the key geographies are undertaking several business initiatives to gain a robust footing in the industry. These strategies include mergers and acquisitions, product launches, joint ventures, collaborations, partnerships, agreements, and government deals. These strategies assist them in carrying out product developments and technological advancements.

The report covers extensive analysis of the key market players in the market, along with their business overview, expansion plans, and strategies. The key players studied in the report include:

Diacarbon Energy Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Biochar Products Inc., Vega Biofuels Inc., Phoenix Energy, Pacific Pyrolysis, The Biochar Company, Clean Biofuels BV, and Biochar Supreme LLC, among others.

An extensive analysis of the market dynamics, including a study of drivers, constraints, opportunities, risks, limitations, and threats have been studied in the report. The report offers region-centric data and analysis of the micro and macro-economic factors affecting the growth of the overall Biochar market. The report offers a comprehensive assessment of the growth prospects, market trends, revenue generation, product launches, and other strategic business initiatives to assist the readers in formulating smart investment and business strategies.

To read more about the report, visit @ https://www.reportsanddata.com/report-detail/biochar-market

In market segmentation by types of Biochar, the report covers-

In market segmentation by applications of the Biochar, the report covers the following uses-

Request a discount on the report @ https://www.reportsanddata.com/discount-enquiry-form/3226

Key Coverage in the Biochar Market Report:

Thank you for reading our report. Please get in touch with us if you have any queries regarding the report or its customization. Our team will make sure the report is tailored to meet your requirements.

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Global Biochar Market to Witness Positive Growth amid COVID-19 Impact, as Sales of Brake …

4 November, 2020
 

A recent study on the Biochar market presents data-driven expert insights and various opportunity assessment frameworks for stakeholders. The business intelligence report on the various growth dynamics of the Biochar market helps interested market participants to chart possible evolution trajectories during the forecast period. The study is prepared after completing several rounds of primary research and making extensive secondary research. The analysts or the authors of the study have strived to offers critical scrutiny of the changing vendor landscape, recent macroeconomic upheavals that affect consumer sentiment, and the overall competitive dynamics. The account on the growth dynamics of the Biochar market makes a detailed as well as in-depth segmentation to understand the current opportunities and emerging avenues.

In particular, the expert assessment on the emerging growth dynamics offers methods and frameworks for industries, policymakers, and investors to understand the current and emerging avenues in the Biochar market. The frameworks offered to facilitate decision making for stakeholders on comprehending the essence of the value chain, and the possibilities that end-use industries offer to the Biochar market.

Request Sample Report with More Professional and Technical Insights Including COVID-19 Impact @

https://www.factmr.com/connectus/sample?flag=S&rep_id=3781

The study offers data and statistics that shape the investment avenues and interests of stakeholders in the key end-use industries and application avenues.

The market analysts and the opinion leaders who have collaborated in offering insights into the growth prospects in the Biochar market. Of note, the assessment aims at expanding the understanding of various elements of marketing and supply chains in the currently emerging COVID-era. The new business models and their attractiveness are scrutinized in the new study on the Biochar market.

Some of the new approaches that Fact.MR report analysts strive for analyzing the dynamics of the Biochar market can be summed as:

The detailed regional assessment of the global Biochar market includes the attractiveness index shaping the avenues in various regions. The data-driven insights also help lay down the foremost factors and trends that is likely to make some regions fast-emerging markets while making some regions maturing during the assessment period.

The research presents a comprehensive insight into the competitive dynamics and detailed profiling of various industry players. Some of the top players in the Biochar market are:

Get Customized Understanding of the Biochar Market @

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On the basis of product type, the global Biochar market report covers the footprint and consumption of the segments including

The global Biochar market covers the demand trends of each end-user which includes

Some of the insights and trends that help understand the imminent investment pockets in the Biochar market are mentioned below: 

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Making biochar from sawdust

4 November, 2020
 


Reusable magnetite nanoparticles–biochar composites for the efficient removal of chromate from …

4 November, 2020
 

Metals


A novel, recyclable magnetic biochar modified by chitosan–EDTA for the effective removal of Pb(ii)

4 November, 2020
 

We report here the preparation process of a recyclable magnetic biochar functionalized with chitosan and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (E-CMBC). This prepared biochar was then evaluated regarding its adsorption performance for Pb(II) from an aqueous solution along with the potential adsorption mechanisms behind this process. XRD and SEM analyses showed that the magnetite particles were successfully embedded into biochar and the subsequent surface coating of chitosan and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid modification were also successful. The effects of the adsorbent dosage, ionic strength, initial solution pH, and contact time, on adsorption kinetics, adsorption isotherms, adsorption thermodynamics and regeneration performance were investigated. The removal of Pb(II) was dramatically improved to 156.68 mg g−1 compared with that by unmodified pristine biochar (10.90 mg g−1) at pH 3.0. In the range of pH 2.0–5.0, the adsorption performance of Pb(II) by E-CMBC remained above 152.50 mg g−1, which suggested that the adsorption capacity of the novel sorbent was not impacted by the competing adsorption of hydrogen cations under acidic conditions. The adsorption process could be well described by the Avrami fractional-order and Langmuir models. Thermodynamic analysis proved that the adsorption process was spontaneous and endothermic. The magnetic strength of E-CMBC was measured as 3.1 emu g−1, suggesting that the consumed E-CMBC could be separated from water by an external magnet. A regeneration study showed that after three cycles of adsorption–desorption, 78.60% of the sorbent was recovered and 97.26% of the adsorption capacity was retained. The adsorption mechanism investigation indicated that Pb(II) adsorption was mainly due to the presence of functional amides and carboxyl groups of E-CMBC forming strong chemical complexation. In conclusion, E-CMBC is a novel, recyclable, and highly efficient adsorbent for removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


How A Beginner Can Start Making Biochar Easily – Kelpie Wilson

4 November, 2020
 

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{Download/Read Book PDF} Sacred Soil: Biochar and the Regeneration of the Earth by Robert …

4 November, 2020
 

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Biocarbón market research report through line material, raw material, technology, application

4 November, 2020
 

New York, November 4, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Reportlinker. com announces the release of the report “Biochar Market Research Report Through Row Material, Through Raw Material, Through Technology, Through application — Global Forecast to 2025 — Cumulative Impact of COVID -19 “- https://www. reportlinker. com/p05913581/?utm_source=GNW The biochar marketplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaplaceplap through the arrival of 2025 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR Market Segmentation and Coverage — This study report ranks Biochar to forecast earnings and analyze finishes in each of the following submarkets: places: receptacles, receptacles, receptacles , receptacles, receptacles, receptacles, receptacles, receptacles: Based on Row Materials, the biochar market studies do in materials of biochar origin and soil / substrate. in more detail on citrus wood, carbonated rice husks, har wood and stunned wheat. The soil / substrate was investigated in more detail on coconut fiber, peat, peat, pine bark and soil. Based on raw curtains, biochar market, canister, canister, canister, canister, canister, canister, canister, has studied agricultural waste, animal manure and woody biomass. Based on the technology, the biochar marketplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplac and gasification and gasification have been studied. Based on the application, the biochar market has been studied in agriculture, power generation, and water and wastewater treatment. Based on geography, the biochar marketplacceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplac The Americas region studied in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico and the United States. The Asia-Pacific region studied in Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, South Korea, and Thailand. The Europe, Middle East and Africa region studied across France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom. Company Usability Profiles: The report explores in depth the recent significant progressions of key finishers and innovation profiles in the global biochar market, adding 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Agro-Tech Producers, LLC, Airex EnergyArray Aries Clean Energy, ArSta Eco, Biochar Products, Inc. , Biochar Supreme, LLC, Carbon Gold, Clean Fuels BV, Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc. , Diacarbon Energy Inc. , Earth Systems PTY. LTD. , Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, The Biochar Company and Vega Biofuels, Inc. FPNV Positioning Matrix: The FPNV Positioning Matrix assesses and categorizes the biochar market, market, acceptance, stockpiling, stockpiling, stockpiling , stockpiling, stockpiling, stockpiling, end of business strategy (business expansion, industry and financial coverage, Channel Support), and product satisfaction (value for money, ease of use, product features, and customer support visitors) that help companies make more important decisions and perceive the competitive landscape. Competitive strategic window: The competitive strategic window analyzes the competition. landscape in terms of the marketplace The competitive strategic window is helping the provider delineate an alignment or fit between its functions and the opportunities for long-term expansion prospects. During a forecast age, it describes the optimal or favorable suitability for vendors to adopt successive M&A strategies, geographic expansion, studies and progression, and new advent strategies. products to execute extra expansion and expansion of the company. COVID-19 is an unrivaled global public fitness emergency that has affected nearly every industry, so the long-term effects are expected to have an effect on the expansion of the industry during the forecast age. Our ongoing studies amplify our study framework to ensure the inclusion of the underlying issues of COVID-19 and possible future pathways. The report provides information on COVID-19 taking into account adjustments in customer habit and demand, purchasing patterns, origin chain deviation, existing market dynamics, stockpiling, stockpiling, stockpiling , the gathering, the gathering, the coupling, the gathering, the forces and the significant interventions of the governments. The updated test data supply, analysis, estimates and forecasts, considering the effect of COVID-19 on the market, laceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplacelace. The report provides data on the following indicators: 1. Market Penetration — Provides comprehensive data on the market. new product launches, untapped geographies, recent advancements and investments 4. Competitive intelligence and assessment: Provides a comprehensive assessment of the market, strategies, products and production functions of key players 5. Product development and innovation: provides intelligent data on long term technologies, R & D and new product developments the report answers questions such as: 1. What is the length and prognosis of marketplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplacelaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplacepla ceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplace 2. What are the inhibitory points and what effect does COVID-19 have on the global biochar market? You accept? You accept? You accept? You accept? You accept? 3. What are the products / segments / programs / spaces to invest in during the forecasting era in the global biochar market? You accept? You accept? You accept? You accept? 4. What is the strategic competitive window for opportunities in the global biochar market? Placeplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplacelace? 5. What are the technological finishes and regulatory frameworks in the global biochar market? You accept? You accept? 6. What are the strategic trends and movements that are considered suitable to enter the global biochar market? You accept? You accept? You accept? You accept? Read the full report: https://www. reportlinker. com/p05913581/?utm_source=GNWA About ReportlinkerReportLinker is an award-winning solution of marketplaces studies. unearths Reportlinker and organizes knowledge latest industry so you can get all you want marketplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplaceplace studies — at the moment, in one place.


Global Granular Biochar Market Research Report 2020

4 November, 2020
 

In this report, the Global Granular Biochar market is valued at USD XX million in 2019 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2026, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2019 and 2026. Global Granular Biochar market has been broken down by major regions, with complete market estimates on the basis of products/applications on a regional basis.

Browse full research report at https://www.crystalmarketreport.com/global-granular-biochar-market-research-report-2020

The global Granular Biochar market size is projected to reach US$ XX million by 2026, from US$ XX million in 2020, at a CAGR of XX% during 2021-2026.

This report focuses on Granular Biochar volume and value at the global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Granular Biochar market size by analysing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America, Europe, Japan, China, Southeast Asia, India, etc.

Global Granular Biochar Market: Segment Analysis

The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by company, by Type and by Application. This study provides information about the sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of 2015 to 2026. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.

Global Granular Biochar Market: Regional Analysis

The research report includes a detailed study of regions of North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa. The report has been curated after observing and studying various factors that determine regional growth such as economic, environmental, social, technological, and political status of the particular region. Analysts have studied the data of revenue, sales, and manufacturers of each region. This section analyses region-wise revenue and volume for the forecast period of 2015 to 2026. These analyses will help the reader to understand the potential worth of investment in a particular region.

Global Granular Biochar Market: Competitive Landscape

This section of the report identifies various key manufacturers of the market. It helps the reader understand the strategies and collaborations that players are focusing on combat competition in the market. The comprehensive report provides a significant microscopic look at the market. The reader can identify the footprints of the manufacturers by knowing about the global revenue of manufacturers, the global price of manufacturers, and sales by manufacturers during the forecast period of 2015 to 2019.

Following are the segments covered by the report are:

Wood Source Biochar

Corn Source Biochar

Wheat Source Biochar

Others

By Application:

Soil Conditioner

Fertilizer

Others

Key Players:

The Key manufacturers that are operating in the global Granular Biochar market are:

Diacarbon Energy

Agri-Tech Producers

Biochar Now

Carbon Gold

Kina

The Biochar Company

Swiss Biochar GmbH

ElementC6

BioChar Products

BlackCarbon

Cool Planet

Carbon Terra

Competitive Landscape

The analysts have provided a comprehensive analysis of the competitive landscape of the global Granular Biochar market with the company market structure and market share analysis of the top players. The innovative trends and developments, mergers and acquisitions, product portfolio, and new product innovation to provide a dashboard view of the market, ultimately providing the readers accurate measure of the current market developments, business strategies, and key financials.

Browse full research report at https://www.crystalmarketreport.com/global-granular-biochar-market-research-report-2020

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About Crystal Market Reports

Crystal Market Reports is a distributor of market research spanning 160 industries. Our extensive database consists of over 400,000 quality publications sourced from 400 plus publishers, this puts our research specialists in the unique position of been able to offer truly unbiased advice on what research provides the most valuable insights.

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Asia Pacific Biochar Market

4 November, 2020
 

Asia Pacific Biochar Market was worth USD 0.92 million in 2020 and estimated to be growing at a CAGR of 15.7%, to reach USD 1.2 million by 2025.

Biochar is a type of fine-grained charcoal rich in carbon and is procured by igniting organic mass in an oxygen-free environment. It is mostly used as a soil additive as it enhances the soil quality which leads to larger growth of plants. The high CAGR of this market is due to and increasing food demand and decreasing soil quality due to the excessive use of chemical fertilizers.

Biochar improves the quality of soil by the addition of rich nutrients and minerals. It offers advantages like absorbing carbon from the atmosphere. It can be used for absorbing greenhouse gas CO2 leading to global warming. It has nutrient retaining capacity from flowing water. While producing biochar, it generates energy that is used for other purposes. It prevents soil erosion and is water absorbing.

Browse for full report @ https://www.marketdataforecast.com/market-reports/asia-pacific-biochar-market

The Asia Pacific Biochar market driving factors are agricultural sector requiring more Biochar, rigorous environmental regulations, rising usage of biochar as food stock, rising demand for organic farming and its use as waste management material among others. A few setbacks that this market has are lack of awareness  and its high price. However the awareness seems to improve rapidly. 

Ask for a sample report @ https://www.marketdataforecast.com/market-reports/asia-pacific-biochar-market/request-sample

Geographical Analysis:

The Asia-Pacific Biochar market is segmented by

 Application

By Technology

 By Manufacturing

By Feedstock 

Geographical Analysis:

The Asia-Pacific market for Biochar is geographically segmented into

Asia-Pacific is the fastest-growing region in the world and the third-largest in terms of share. China is the leading market in this region and is the third-largest producer of Biochar.

Major Key Players:

 

Some of the major companies dominating the Asia-Pacific Biochar market are Biochar Products Inc., Diacarbon Energy Inc., Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Genesis Industries, Green Charcoal International, Vega Biofuels Inc., The Biochar Company, Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Full Circle Biochar, and Pacific Pyrolysis Pty Ltd.

Market Data Forecast is a well versed market research firm catering solutions in the fields of market research, business intelligence and consulting. With a profound knowledge about the global market activities coupled with a customized approach. We render services in the most gripping markets like healthcare, agriculture and food & Beverages

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Biochar Market Research Report by Row Material, by Feedstock, by Technology, by Application …

4 November, 2020
 

New York, Nov. 04, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report “Biochar Market Research Report by Row Material, by Feedstock, by Technology, by Application – Global Forecast to 2025 – Cumulative Impact of COVID-19” – https://www.reportlinker.com/p05913581/?utm_source=GNW

The Global Biochar Market is expected to grow from USD 1,385.94 Million in 2019 to USD 3,457.61 Million by the end of 2025 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 16.45%.

Market Segmentation & Coverage:
This research report categorizes the Biochar to forecast the revenues and analyze the trends in each of the following sub-markets:

Based on Row Material, the Biochar Market studied across Biochar Source Material and Soil/Substrate. The Biochar Source Material further studied across Citrus wood, Gasifed Rice Hulls, Hardwood, and wheat Straw. The Soil/Substrate further studied across Coconut Fiber, Peat, Peat Moss, Pine Bark, and Soil.

Based on Feedstock, the Biochar Market studied across Agricultural Waste, Animal Manure, and Woody Biomass.

Based on Technology, the Biochar Market studied across Gasification and Pyrolysis.

Based on Application, the Biochar Market studied across Agriculture, Energy Production, and Water & Waste Water Treatment.

Based on Geography, the Biochar Market studied across Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe, Middle East & Africa. The Americas region surveyed across Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and United States. The Asia-Pacific region surveyed across Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, South Korea, and Thailand. The Europe, Middle East & Africa region surveyed across France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, United Arab Emirates, and United Kingdom.

Company Usability Profiles:
The report deeply explores the recent significant developments by the leading vendors and innovation profiles in the Global Biochar Market including 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Agri-Tech Producers, LLC, Airex Energy, Aries Clean Energy, ArSta Eco, Biochar Products, Inc., Biochar Supreme, LLC, Carbon Gold, Clean Fuels B.V., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Diacarbon Energy Inc., Earth Systems PTY. LTD., Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, The Biochar Company, and Vega Biofuels, Inc..

FPNV Positioning Matrix:
The FPNV Positioning Matrix evaluates and categorizes the vendors in the Biochar Market on the basis of Business Strategy (Business Growth, Industry Coverage, Financial Viability, and Channel Support) and Product Satisfaction (Value for Money, Ease of Use, Product Features, and Customer Support) that aids businesses in better decision making and understanding the competitive landscape.

Competitive Strategic Window:
The Competitive Strategic Window analyses the competitive landscape in terms of markets, applications, and geographies. The Competitive Strategic Window helps the vendor define an alignment or fit between their capabilities and opportunities for future growth prospects. During a forecast period, it defines the optimal or favorable fit for the vendors to adopt successive merger and acquisition strategies, geography expansion, research & development, and new product introduction strategies to execute further business expansion and growth.

Cumulative Impact of COVID-19:
COVID-19 is an incomparable global public health emergency that has affected almost every industry, so for and, the long-term effects projected to impact the industry growth during the forecast period. Our ongoing research amplifies our research framework to ensure the inclusion of underlaying COVID-19 issues and potential paths forward. The report is delivering insights on COVID-19 considering the changes in consumer behavior and demand, purchasing patterns, re-routing of the supply chain, dynamics of current market forces, and the significant interventions of governments. The updated study provides insights, analysis, estimations, and forecast, considering the COVID-19 impact on the market.

The report provides insights on the following pointers:
1. Market Penetration: Provides comprehensive information on the market offered by the key players
2. Market Development: Provides in-depth information about lucrative emerging markets and analyzes the markets
3. Market Diversification: Provides detailed information about new product launches, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments
4. Competitive Assessment & Intelligence: Provides an exhaustive assessment of market shares, strategies, products, and manufacturing capabilities of the leading players
5. Product Development & Innovation: Provides intelligent insights on future technologies, R&D activities, and new product developments

The report answers questions such as:
1. What is the market size and forecast of the Global Biochar Market?
2. What are the inhibiting factors and impact of COVID-19 shaping the Global Biochar Market during the forecast period?
3. Which are the products/segments/applications/areas to invest in over the forecast period in the Global Biochar Market?
4. What is the competitive strategic window for opportunities in the Global Biochar Market?
5. What are the technology trends and regulatory frameworks in the Global Biochar Market?
6. What are the modes and strategic moves considered suitable for entering the Global Biochar Market?
Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05913581/?utm_source=GNW

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Biochar built soil carbon over a decade by stabilizing rhizodeposits.

4 November, 2020
 

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Biochar Market Statistics Analysis 2020-2025 | Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries …

4 November, 2020
 

Global Biochar market research synopsis and report is a ready to adopt documentation to guide future-ready growth decisions allowing market players to gauge thoroughly at the prevalent conditions to enable further investments.

Get A Sample Copy of Research Report @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=AD

Relevant details about product classification and service solutions as well as cues on application segment aligning with end-user needs have also been presented in the report to enable readers comprehend the ability of these factors in inducing growth in the global Biochar market. Additionally, details on COVID-19 outrage and associated implications as well as recovery route also form vital sections in the report to ensure real time data intelligence.

The report has analysed several players in the market, some of which include:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

Read complete report @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/biochar-market?utm_source=AD

Main Focal Point of the Report

Detailed and multi-layered dissection of the global Biochar market for seamless comprehension

* A complete reference of dominant market dynamics across industries
* Reference to market segmentation
* A complete analysis of past an ongoing market development to ensure smooth and error-free market predictions and forecasts
* A real-time analysis of the competitive landscape, identifying key players as well as dominant trend review
* A run-down through the crucial segments, geographical belts as well as major tactics followed across countries
* Integral information on vendor platforms, supply-chain analysis, consumption and production volumes, as well as winning business strategies

Global Biochar market is segmented based by type, application and region.
Market by Types

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Market by Application

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

Competitive Landscape: Global Biochar Market

A comprehensive analysis of major players as well as contributors has been highlighted in the report to address reader queries. Furthermore, in this report, readers are rendered substantial cues on vendor landscape and competition intensity that thoroughly influence the growth momentum.

The report is targeted to aid in the business decisions and investment priorities of multiple stakeholders inclusive of manufacturers, suppliers, distributors as well as traders.

Besides closely following the market overview section, highlighting closely classified information procured across sources, this Biochar market report also follows notable drivers, challenges and threats that direct growth patterns.

Understanding Segmentation: Global Biochar Market

Additionally, the report also ensures a clear analysis of the segment diversification in Biochar market identifying type, application as well as regional belts that orchestrate stability. The report also isolates the segment triggering thorough revenue generation in global Biochar market ensuring long term stability,

Furthermore, our expert researchers have also lent substantial attention in detailing about various industry associations, product managers and the like who could directly aid and influence favorable and fair decision making for various audiences such as consulting firms and aspiring new entrants.

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Improve Your Farming Practices by Using Biochar

5 November, 2020
 

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Selective hydrogenation of acetylene on the PdLa@N-doped Biochar catalyst surface

5 November, 2020
 

Carbon materials showed great potential in catalytic applications, due to their advantages of wide raw material sources, stable chemical properties and large specific surface area. In this paper, N-doped biochar was prepared from Pennisetum giganteum for supporting PdLa bimetallic nanoparticles to achieve efficient conversion of acetylene. The results showed that the conversion and ethylene selectivity of Pd0.25La0.25/N-pgBC bimetallic catalyst could reach 100% and 94.2%, respectively. From the characterization results, it could be inferred that the electron transfer from lanthanum to palladium can weaken the ethylene adsorption onto the negatively-charged Pd sites and thus improve the selectivity of Pd0.25La0.25/N-pgBC. Of note, the bimetallic PdLa/N-pgBC catalyst showed strong component dependence, which may be caused by the difference in electronic or geometric modification caused by different metal ratios. This work has shown that the active site separation effect formed by doping inert metals is of great significance to whole catalytic field.

This article has not yet been cited.


Biochar Market- Industry Analysis and Forecast (2020-2027) – Protean Electric, Elaphe, e-Traction …

5 November, 2020
 

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The opportunities in front of the various Biochar industries are calculated by considering the different factors like consumer segmentation, purchasing decision, services, industries, and environmental analysis. The notable points such as drivers, risk analysis, and investors are examined in different fields such as Biochar to shed light on the flow of the businesses.

Some of the key players profiled in the Biochar market include: Protean Electric, Elaphe, e-Traction, ZIEHL-ABEGG, .

This report focuses on the important pillars of the businesses such as drivers, restraints and opportunities that either grow or obstruct the market. This research report recognizes the industrial base, productivity, manufacturers, strengths, recent trends, features, which are the basic requirements in Biochar market to enlarge the companies and promote financial growth.

The report also gives detailed information on the global market in terms of its revenue and various dynamic aspects of economic growth such as Biochar. The annual volume of the market is examined from the year 2019 to 2026. The overview of the market includes the applications of the latest technologies to enlarge the businesses rapidly.

Global Biochar Market Segmentation:

By Type/Product, Biochar market has been segmented into: Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar

By Application/End User, Biochar has been segmented into: Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others

Regions Covered in the Global Biochar Market:
The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt)
North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)
South America (Brazil etc.)
Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)
Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)

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Globally, areas such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa are examined to make great decisions in businesses. Effective policies are included in the report which gives tremendous response to scale up the businesses. The statistics included in the report gives accurate data of drivers, restraints, and opportunities, which helps to balance the growth of the existing and upcoming industries.

 

Reasons to Purchase this Report:

Table of Content (TOC):

Chapter 1 Introduction and Overview

Chapter 2 Industry Cost Structure and Economic Impact

Chapter 3 Rising Trends and New Technologies with Major key players

Chapter 4 Global Biochar Market Analysis, Trends, Growth Factor

Chapter 5 Biochar Market Application and Business with Potential Analysis

Chapter 6 Global Biochar Market Segment, Type, Application

Chapter 7 Global Biochar Market Analysis (by Application, Type, End-User)

Chapter 8 Major Key Vendors Analysis of Biochar Market

Chapter 9 Development Trend of Analysis

Chapter 10 Conclusion

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Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) Market By Top key players – Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar …

5 November, 2020
 

NOTE: Our report highlights the major issues and hazards that companies might come across due to the unprecedented outbreak of COVID-19.

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Scope of the Report:

The research report contains an exploration of the competitive landscape present in the global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market. The report provides analysis from the supply chain, import, and export, and future influence on the industry. The study includes an estimation of the business outlooks of the players and explains the nature of the competition. Detailed analysis of market status, enterprise competition pattern, advantages, and disadvantages of enterprise products, industry development trends (2020-2027), regional industrial layout characteristics have also been included. Additionally, raw materials, end-users of this industry, the trends of product circulation, and sales channels are analyzed.

Major competitors in the market, including the following: Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels, Carbon Gold, Kina, Swiss Biochar GmbH, BlackCarbon, Carbon Terra, Sonnenerde, Biokol, ECOSUS, Verora GmbH.

By Type/Product, Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market has been segmented into: Purity: 95%, Purity: 96%, Purity: 97%, Purity: 98%, Purity: 99%

By Application/End User, Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) has been segmented into: Flavors, Fragrances

Global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market Drivers, Opportunities and Restraints:

A detailed explanation of the Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market drivers, opportunities, restraints, and threats has been given. The report covers the analysis of the market from the perspective of the industry chain. The report divides the market into different segments such as end-user, product type, application, and regional landscape. The research offers a broad view of the top industry manufacturers with significant data such as sales area, product specification, company profiles, and product picture, competitors, and industrialized base. Research analysts understand the competitive strengths and provide a competitive analysis.

From a global perspective, this report represents the overall global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market size by analyzing historical data and prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America (United States, Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Southeast Asia and Australia), South America (Brazil, Argentina), MENA (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Turkey and South Africa)

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The report includes details about global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market figures, both historical and estimates, key segments, Porter’s five forces analysis, and SWOT analysis. The demand and supply dynamics are offered in the report. In addition, the report sheds light on significant product offerings, major market facts, market overview, risk analysis, several marketing strategies, product expansion, innovative product launching, and other activities in the market.

A holistic study of the market is made by considering a variety of factors, from demographics conditions and business cycles in a particular country to market-specific microeconomic impacts. The study found the shift in market paradigms in terms of regional competitive advantage and the competitive landscape of major players.

Some of the key questions answered in this report:

What will the market growth rate, growth momentum or acceleration market carries during the forecast period?

Which are the key factors driving the Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market?

What was the size of the emerging Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market by value in 2019?

What will be the size of the emerging Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market in 2026?

Which region is expected to hold the highest market share in the Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market?

What trends, challenges and barriers will impact the development and sizing of the Global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market?

What is sales volume, revenue, and price analysis of top manufacturers of Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market?

What are the Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) Industry?

Table of Content (TOC):

Chapter 1 Introduction and Overview

Chapter 2 Industry Cost Structure and Economic Impact

Chapter 3 Rising Trends and New Technologies with Major key players

Chapter 4 Global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) Market Analysis, Trends, Growth Factor

Chapter 5 Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) Market Application and Business with Potential Analysis

Chapter 6 Global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) Market Segment, Type, Application

Chapter 7 Global Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) Market Analysis (by Application, Type, End User)

Chapter 8 Major Key Vendors Analysis of Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) Market

Chapter 9 Development Trend of Analysis

Chapter 10 Conclusion

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2 Super Sacks of BioChar Soil Enhancement – Must Be Gone by Monday

5 November, 2020
 

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farm & garden – by owner

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How A Beginner Can Start Making Biochar Easily – In Search of Soil on Apple Podcasts

5 November, 2020
 

3 min

The new podcast is In Search of Soil.
SUBSCRIBE & LISTEN TO FULL EPISODES:
iTunes – http://bit.ly/soilpodcast
Spotify – http://bit.ly/insearchofsoil
WATCH FULL EPISODES 
YouTube https://bit.ly/watchISOS
 
Let me know what you think @diegofooter – https://www.instagram.com/diegofooter

The new podcast is In Search of Soil.
SUBSCRIBE & LISTEN TO FULL EPISODES:
iTunes – http://bit.ly/soilpodcast
Spotify – http://bit.ly/insearchofsoil
WATCH FULL EPISODES 
YouTube https://bit.ly/watchISOS
 
Let me know what you think @diegofooter – https://www.instagram.com/diegofooter


Straw biochar activated persulfate oxidation and degradation of phenol.

5 November, 2020
 

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Biochar saves farmers money, study says

5 November, 2020
 

Mostly sunny skies. Near record high temperatures. High 76F. Winds SSW at 10 to 15 mph..

Clear to partly cloudy. Low 53F. Winds SSW at 10 to 15 mph.

Biochar provides beneficial long-term storage of carbon and nitrogen. But it also provides farmers short-term benefits, according to a new study by researchers at Rice University. The short-term benefit would be money not spent on irrigation. Extensive use of biochar could save farmers in some regions about half the water they currently use to grow crops, according to the researchers.

Biochar is charcoal produced through pyrolysis, the high-temperature decomposition of straw, wood, grass or other materials.

“There’s a lot of biochar research that focuses on its carbon benefits, but there’s fairly little on how it could help stakeholders on a more commercial level,” said Jennifer Kroeger, the study’s lead author and Rice University alumna. She’s currently a fellow at the Science and Technology Policy Institute in Washington, D.C.

The study was co-led by Caroline Masiello, a biogeochemist, and Kenneth Medlock an economist, both at Rice University. The study provides formulas to help farmers estimate irrigation-cost savings from increased water-holding capacity with a biochar amendment.

The researchers’ formulas indicated that regions with sandy soils would see the most benefit from a biochar amendment. The study analyzed the relationship between biochar properties, application rates and changes in water-holding capacity for various soils detailed in 16 existing studies to judge their ability to curtail irrigation.

Water-holding capacity was defined as the amount of water that remains after allowing saturated soil to drain for a set period, typically 30 minutes. Clay soils have a greater water-holding capacity than sandy soils. But sandy soils combined with biochar open more pore space for water, making them more efficient, according to the researchers.

Water-holding capacity also is determined by pore space in biochar particles themselves, with the best results from grassy feedstocks, according to the analysis.

“The study draws attention to the value of biochar amendment especially in sandy soils, but it’s important to note that there’s a lack of data on finer-textured soils,” Masiello said. “It’s possible there are significant financial benefits on other soil types as well; the data just weren’t available to model under those conditions.”

The article recently was published in “GCB-Bioenergy.” Visit onlinelibrary.wiley.com and search for “Water Cost Savings from Soil Biochar Amendment” for more information.


Registration Still Open for Virtual Ag Expo and International Sustainable Winegrowing Summit

5 November, 2020
 

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Posted by | Nov 5, 2020

ATASCADERO — Since 2003, the Sustainable Ag Expo has been a leader in providing world-class educational content for farmers, researchers, and consultants. Every year the Ag Expo and International Sustainable Winegrowing Summit features the latest viticulture research and technology from the world’s top experts to help professionals be competitive in the ever-changing business landscape.

This year’s virtual format provides access to a greater diversity of topics and speakers accessible from Nov. 9 through Dec. 4, featuring over 25 hours of live and recorded content. Registrants will have convenient access to all content during those four weeks; a silver lining to the pandemic that will allow students and professionals valuable flexibility during an already busy time of year.

“Registration is now open for the 2020 Ag Expo,” says Vineyard Team Executive Director Kris Beal.  “We had to quickly pivot away from an in-person event due to the COVID-19 pandemic but we are finding some major benefits by hosting the event online. The virtual format actually allows us so much flexibility. Rather than having to compress all the presentations into 3 days, we can offer an even greater variety of course content with time to dig a bit deeper. In addition, our speaker pool comes from all over the world including Tasmania, New York and Pennsylvania. We now have speakers who are able to attend the Expo without having to fly across the country and registrants will be able to access valuable content for an entire month at their own convenience.”

Experts from all over the country will join the Expo online for a comprehensive program. Topics include climate adaption, leafroll and redblotch, winegrape supply and demand, invasive insects, bio control for Pierce’s Disease, irrigation technology, rootstock breeding, regenerative agriculture, biochar, floor management technology, vineyard and hemp coexistence, weed management, growing healthy soils and marketing sustainability, just to name a few. 

The event offers over 15 Department of Pesticide Regulation Continuing Education hours and over 20 Certified Crop Advisor CE hours. Full access to all live and recorded content is $345 for the four-week period. For more information or to register, visit www.sustainableagexpo.org or email kyle@vineyardteam.org.

Here is a sneak peek into this year’s sessions with more updates to be released over the coming months:

Leafroll and Red Blotch Diseases: What’s new? And what can I do?

Dr. Marc Fuchs, Professor, Plant Pathology and Microbiology Division, Cornell University

Australia’s New Climate Map for the Australian Wine Industry

Dr. Tom Remenyi, Climate Research Fellow, School of Technology, Environments and Design, University of Tasmania, Hobart Tasmania

Spotted Latternfly — Threat to California

Dr. Heather Leach, Extension Associate, Dept. of Entomology, Penn State University

Economic Sustainability of Winegrapes in California

Jeff Bitter, President Allied Grape Growers

Managing Leafroll Virus in Lodi and Central Coast Vineyards

Dr. Kent Daane, Cooperative Extension Specialist, University of California Berkeley

Growing a Revolution — Soil Health, Vineyards, and Wine

Dr. David Montgomery, Professor of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington

Smoke Effects on Wine and Winegrapes

Glenn McGourty, Retired UCCE Farn Advisor, Lake and Mendocino Counties

Vineyard of the Past, Present and the Future: How will we farm?

Dr. Kaan Kurtural, Associate Specialist UC Davis

Biochar: Soil Amendment for Improved Vine Performance and Long-term Carbon Sequestration

Dr. Douglas Beck, Science Officer, Monterey Pacific Inc.

Farming Hemp in Wine Country

Dr. George Sellu, Program Coordinator, Instructor, Agribusiness at Santa Rosa Junior College

Can Viticulture be Environmentally Sustainable without Disease Resistant Grape Varieties?

Dr. Andrew Walker, Professor, Dept of Enology and Viticulture, UC Davis

Biological Control of PD with Endophytic Bacteria

Dr. Steve Lindow, Professor, Dept. of Plant and Microbial Biology UC Berkeley

Vineyard Weed Management: Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities

Dr. Anil Shrestha, Professor, Dept. of Plant Sciences, CSU Fresno

Recruitments & Retirements in UC Cooperative Extension — Status & Impacts

Dr. Wendy Powers,Associate Vice President, UC Agriculture and Natural Resources

Larry Bettiga,UCCE Farm Advisor Monterey County

Dr. Clifford Ohmart, Ohmart Consulting Services

Industry Driven Research: Got a problem? Be a part of the solution!

Donnell Brown, President, National Grape Research Alliance

About the Atascadero-based Vineyard Team: Arising from growers’ interest to educate and guide themselves toward sustainable winegrowing practices, the Vineyard Team has become an internationally recognized leader in the sustainability movement since 1994.

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Potential use of olive stone biochar as a hydroponic growing medium.

5 November, 2020
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Research Report 2020 Global Analysis, Outlook And Forecasts To 2027

5 November, 2020
 

Biochar Fertilizer Market Overview

The Biochar Fertilizer Market is undergoing rapid advancements due to the introduction of the latest technology every year. These progressions are steady and offer an insight into factors that push the market development upwards. This yearly climb of the market revealed a strong and steady growth for the next decade (2020-2027). With the new innovations being introduced every year, businesses are going to thrive both in terms of profit generation as well as client base generation.

The Biochar Fertilizer Market report bestows a periodic change that the market witnesses throughout the time frame under investigation (2020-2027). The business associations use market research to evaluate new things or to get information from clients about what kind of things they need and want. The primary motivation behind the statistical surveying is to distinguish the critical portions of development for the business alongside information about the potential obstacles in the way.

Biochar Fertilizer Market: Competitive Landscape

Report covers the serious examination of the market. As information is power. Report making team uses statistical surveying to get a superior viewpoint and comprehension of the market or target crowd. This will get the companies an added advantage over the competition. Report shows the advantages of diffusing the existing business framework with latest technology to realise more profits in less duration of time and steps on how this can be done.

Additionally, the market report has a devoted segment covering the current market players from the Biochar Fertilizer Market. A concise profile section similarly fuses the business system and capital-related information so that capital-related decisions can be recommended to the clients effectively.

Following key players have been profiled with the help of proven research methodologies:

The Biochar Fertilizer Market has been examined into different global market segments such as type, applications and global geographies. Each and every global market segment has been studied to get informative insights into various global regions.

Biochar Fertilizer Market Segmentation:

Biochar Fertilizer Market Segment by Type:

Biochar Fertilizer Market Segment by Application:

Biochar Fertilizer Market Segment by Global Presence:

• North America
• Latin America
• Middle East
• Asia-Pacific
• Africa
• Europe

The report has been aggregated by using a couple of research methodologies such as primary and secondary research techniques. It helps in collecting informative pieces of professional information for deriving effective insights into the market. This informative report helps in making well informed and strategic decisions throughout the forecast period.

Biochar Fertilizer Market: Scope of the Report

This report gives an extensive comprehension of the Biochar Fertilizer Market, under scrutiny. Research offers a look into the elements that can challenge the business development. As the statistical surveying likewise brushes over the advertising plan for the new item, organizations get the time to comprehend the market and make the business arrangements appropriately. Additionally, organizations get the idea of external variables that can’t be controlled. Henceforth, the market exploration helps in measuring the elements and helping associations in adjusting their business contributions explicitly. Our passionately committed group of specialists analysed the social, political and monetary components affecting the Biochar Fertilizer Market. Thusly, associations can adjust their organizations, as per most recent patterns, for producing benefits and building fresh customer base.

For understanding the momentum of the market drifts, businesses require statistical surveying investigation that can help them in planning the business over a course of time till organizations achieve break-even point. It likewise helps the associations in making the important blueprint that cover the methods businesses will need to tackle the unforeseen circumstances.

For empowering the clients to understand the industries, our experienced team has added the segment Porter’s Five Forces that can either build the business or break the business. The five powers that drive the market are: examination buyers’ bargaining power, providers’ managing power, and risk to business from new companies and substitutes, and level of competition in the Biochar Fertilizer Market.

Not only these factors, but stakeholders (delegates and end clients) who fuel the market also play an important role in pushing the business forward. These factors are indicated in the report to help businesses understand the importance of keeping external factors in mind while making marketing strategies. Along with this, the report is loaded up with facts and figures of the competitors’ offerings, from the Biochar Fertilizer Market. This will help companies to grow operations at global level.

Key questions answered through this analytical market research report include:

• What are the latest trends, new patterns and technological advancements in the Biochar Fertilizer Market?
• Which factors are influencing the Biochar Fertilizer Market over the forecast period?
• What are the global challenges, threats and risks in the Biochar Fertilizer Market?
• Which factors are propelling and restraining the Biochar Fertilizer Market?
• What are the demanding global regions of the Biochar Fertilizer Market?
• What will be the global market size over the coming future?
• What are the different effective business strategies followed by global companies?

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Global Granular Biochar Market: Facts & Figures by Region and Country Wise Analysis in a Latest …

5 November, 2020
 

The global Granular Biochar market is valued at US$ xx million in 2020 is expected to reach US$ xx million by the end of 2026, growing at a CAGR of xx% during 2021-2026.

Access more details about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/global-granular-biochar-market-research-report

(This is our latest offering and this report also analyzes the impact of COVID-19 on Granular Biochar market and updated by the current situation, especially the forecast)

This report focuses on Granular Biochar volume and value at the global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Granular Biochar market size by analysing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America, Europe, China and Japan etc.

Market Segment Analysis

The research report includes specific segments by Type and by Application. This study provides information about the sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of 2015 to 2026. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.

Global Granular Biochar Market: Competitive Analysis

This section of the report identifies various key manufacturers of the market. It helps the reader understand the strategies and collaborations that players are focusing on combat competition in the market. The comprehensive report provides a significant microscopic look at the market. The reader can identify the footprints of the manufacturers by knowing about the global revenue of manufacturers, the global price of manufacturers, and sales by manufacturers during the forecast period of 2015 to 2019. Key companies profiled in this report are Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, etc.

Purchase this exclusive research report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/buy-now/1573906

Global Granular Biochar Market: Regional Analysis

The Granular Biochar market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). The report includes country-wise and region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. It also includes market size and forecast by Type and by Application segment in terms of sales and revenue for the period 2015-2026.

The key regions covered in the Granular Biochar market report are:

Table of Contents:

1 Granular Biochar Market Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Granular Biochar

1.2 Granular Biochar Segment by Type

1.3 Granular Biochar Segment by Application

1.4 Global Granular Biochar Market Size Estimates and Forecasts

2 Global Granular Biochar Market Competitions by Manufacturers

2.1 Global Granular Biochar Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.3 Global Granular Biochar Average Price by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.4 Manufacturers Granular Biochar Manufacturing Sites, Area Served, Product Type

2.5 Granular Biochar Market Competitive Situation and Trends

2.6 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

2.7 Primary Interviews with Key Granular Biochar Players (Opinion Leaders)

3 Granular Biochar Retrospective Market Scenario by Region

3.1 Global Granular Biochar Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-2020

3.2 Global Granular Biochar Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020

3.3 North America Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.4 Europe Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.5 Asia Pacific Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Region

3.6 Latin America Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.7 Middle East and Africa Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Country

4 Global Granular Biochar Historic Market Analysis by Type

4.1 Global Granular Biochar Sales Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.3 Global Granular Biochar Price Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.4 Global Granular Biochar Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End

5 Global Granular Biochar Historic Market Analysis by Application

5.1 Global Granular Biochar Sales Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

5.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

5.3 Global Granular Biochar Price by Application (2015-2020)

6 Company Profiles and Key Figures in Granular Biochar Business

6.1 Company 1

6.1.1 Corporation Information

6.1.2 Company 1Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue

6.1.3 Company 1Granular Biochar Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)

6.1.4 Company 1Products Offered

6.1.5 Company 1Recent Development

6.2 Company B

6.3 Company C….and so on

7 Granular Biochar Manufacturing Cost Analysis

7.1 Granular Biochar Key Raw Materials Analysis

7.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

7.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Granular Biochar

7.4 Granular Biochar Industrial Chain Analysis

8 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers

8.1 Marketing Channel

8.2 Granular Biochar Distributors List

8.3 Granular Biochar Customers

9 Market Dynamics

9.1 Market Trends

9.2 Opportunities and Drivers

9.3 Challenges

9.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

10 Global Market Forecast

10.1 Global Granular Biochar Market Estimates and Projections by Type

10.2 Granular Biochar Market Estimates and Projections by Application

10.3 Granular Biochar Market Estimates and Projections by Region

10.4 North America Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.5 Europe Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.6 Asia Pacific Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.7 Latin America Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.8 Middle East and Africa Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

11 Research Finding and Conclusion

12 Methodology and Data Source

12.1 Methodology/Research Approach

12.2 Data Source

12.3 Author List

12.4 Disclaimer

Inquire for more details / sample / customization about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/ask-your-query/1573906


Global Biochar Market 2020 Industry Outlook, Classification, Demand, Regional Analysis and …

5 November, 2020
 

Artificial Intelligence driven Marketing Communications

An exhaustive investigation of this Global Biochar Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 brings you the most recent and the most updated data on the market and the ruthless structure of the general sector worldwide. The report is distributed inside this examination, comprehensive of things like the business size concerning value and volume. The report represents the context of current and future trends driving global Biochar market growth. It clarifies the assessment of the current market together with subtleties of the division. The prediction for CAGR is also mentioned in the report in percentage for the forecasted period. It contains computable information, qualitative information sets, and evaluation tools. The research highlights major market insights, challenges, current trends, and value chain analysis.

The report tracks the key dynamics of the global Biochar market involving future growth drivers, challenges, and opportunities. The study contains a detailed profile and information of all the major market players currently active in the global market. These players are assessed considering their company profiles, latest developments, financial and business overview, and product portfolio. The study is segmented by component, application, vertical, and region. It sheds light on the other segments and the potential segments that will register a considerable share of the market in the coming years.

NOTE: Our report highlights the major issues and hazards that companies might come across due to the unprecedented outbreak of COVID-19.

DOWNLOAD FREE SAMPLE REPORT: https://www.marketsandresearch.biz/sample-request/118237

Market development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Additionally, the report provides an in-depth analysis of the global Biochar industry supply chain as well as the competition trends. Production patterns, market share, and estimated growth rate of all the product fragments over the study duration are also emphasized in the research report. Also, the market share held and growth rate estimations of all the application fragments are enlisted.

Leading contenders in the market: Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar, Terra Char, Biochar Supreme, Swiss Biochar GmbH, NextChar, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Carbon Gold, Biochar Now, BlackCarbon, Carbon Terra, Terra Humana

Product type coverage (market size & forecast, a major company of product type, etc.): Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar

Application coverage (market size & forecast, different demand market by region, main consumer profile, etc.): Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others

Geographical Landscape:

An analysis of the geographical landscape of the global Biochar market classified into main regions and data regarding several parameters to the regional contribution is provided in the research report. The study consists of data related to the sales produced through all regions as well as the registered market share. By geographical location, the report covers: North America (United States, Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Southeast Asia and Australia), South America (Brazil, Argentina), Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt and South Africa)

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Modelling biochar-colloids fate and transport in the subsurface

5 November, 2020
 

Groundwater and soil pollution is a great cause of concern for drinking-water sources, as toxic chemicals continue to contaminate subsurface reservoirs via wastewater, agricultural runoff, storm water, air pollution, and polluted soils.

Various alternative options for water remediation technologies, based on the use of advanced materials to adsorb pollutants, have been developed recently. Among them, biochar (BC), namely biomass-derived charcoal, and hydrogel BC composite (HBC) have been recognized as being effective in treating a wide range of pollutants typically occurring in drinking water, such as microbial, inorganic and organic contaminants1-3. BC has a wide particle size distribution and contains a substantial fraction of colloids and nanoparticles4. It is produced by decomposition of a wide range of biomass carbon-rich materials that includes wood based agricultural residues and other waste products5,6.

BC materials have shown to be sustainable, cost-effective, and a promising technology for water and soil applications, by increasing potential for agronomic and environmental benefits, e.g., enhancing carbon sequestration, nutrient retention, water holding capacity, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and bioavailability of environmental contaminants7. However, colloidal and nanoscale BC particles have not only an affinity with pollutants but also the potential to be transported through porous media by water flow, especially after a rainfall event. Therefore, BC colloid-facilitated transport of contaminants and BC colloids can pose a potential environmental risk for groundwater and, consequently, for human health

Water flow and transport in the vadose zone depend on the distribution, size, shape and configuration of the pores. These processes affect the soil hydraulic properties and, consequently, the directly related processes such as water storage, infiltration, groundwater recharge, erosion and runoff. Soils amended with BC are quick to improve their physical and hydraulic properties. BC addition alters not only porosity, the water retention pattern and the derived pore distribution, but also the hydraulic conductivity under saturated and unsaturated conditions.

While adsorption of various contaminants by BC is well studied, little attention has been directed on the hydrodynamic effects of BC in the long term and how these particles can move into subsurface and alter the soil's physical and chemical characteristics over time. Various modelling work has considered the hydraulic performance8 while previous models simulate the vertical flow in the vadose area using a simplified one-dimensional form of the convection−dispersion equation9.

Understanding BC mobility is important because its transport in soil greatly influences its stability, the dynamics of soil microbial communities and organic matter, and the movement of BC-associated contaminants.

This project aspires to develop prediction and decision tools combining subsurface main flow and transport phenomena, removal mechanisms, and option appraisal processes to determine the impact of the use of BC in the subsurface over time.

New knowledge and understanding will be generated on the mechanisms governing water flow and transport of colloids and pollutants from the vadose zone to groundwater, physico-chemical interaction with soil and biodegradation of BC in the long term.

This will also: (i) provide additional data on the development of innovative and promising water/soil remediation technologies; (ii) help to elaborate future strategies to protect the surface and groundwater supplies from contamination; (iii) contribute to the sustainable management and conservation of resources while reducing the impact on the environment, in line with the challenges of sustainable development.

Hypothesis

The main hypothesis is that BC colloids and BC-associated contaminants are transported over time, from the vadose zone to the subsurface water resources, via the natural physico-chemical processes, thus representing a source of pollution and environmental hazard by themselves.

Objectives

Methodology

This project will be carried out by combining CU and UTC complementary expertise, lab equipment and facilities, with assays at lab-scale and numerical modelling. Additionally, in-situ observation studies, available from complementary research projects, both at CU and UTC, will advise on soil heterogeneity and typical flow conditions.

The study will be primarily conducted at UTC’s laboratory facilities. Lab-scale infiltration/percolation experiments at Darcy scale (Phase-1) will be performed in soil with distinct pore size distribution to investigate and quantify the contaminants and particles transport process under various hydrodynamic (saturated and unsaturated) and hydraulic (various flow rates) flow conditions. Physical and chemical characterization of the soil used will concern the granular grain size, specific density (pycnometer measurements), surface images by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the pore size distribution (mercury porosimetry measurements, Micromeritics, AutoPore IV-9500-V1.07). Laboratory column devices will be used for water flow characterization (using a tracer solution) and the transport will be studied by injecting a suspension of biochar/hydrogel particles under differing conditions. Additional tracer experiments combined with monitoring and analysis of the materials will distinguish between sorption and degradation processes.

Phase-2 will develop an inverse modelling analysis. 1D numerical simulations with Hydrus code will be performed to describe the tracer tests and to estimate BC transport and deposition parameters. The information obtained from Phase-1 and Phase-2 will be improved by theoretical calculation of differing contaminant/soil interactions at air/water/solid interfaces. Hydrophobic, steric, capillary and hydrodynamic forces will be considered to identify their relative impact on contaminant retention.

TIMR laboratory is composed of 51 permanent staff members (41 academic staff and 10 technical and administrative staff), »42 PhD students and postdocs.

UTC TIMR (EA 4297) Laboratory: Chemical engineering, green chemistry and environmental engineering.Particularly, the aeras of expertise related to this project are: Hydrodynamics and mass transfer in porous media; Fate and transport of pollutants in subsurface soil; Remediation of contaminated soils

Cranfield University, Centre for Climate and Environmental Protection. Aeras of expertise : Carbon, Climate and Risk; Energy and the Environment; Environment and Health; Environmental Impacts; Waste Management and Resource Efficiency; Water Science and Engineering


In Search of Soil

6 November, 2020
 

Exploring the mysteries of soil in search of answers that you can use in your garden or on your farm. Each week features scientists and experts sharing insights into topics like soil science, composting, cover cropping, biochar, no-till, and fungi, among other things! In Search of Soil is hosted and produced by Diego Footer.

In this episode of In Search of Soil, we’ll be getting information about biochar straight from a biochar expert, Kelpie Wilson.

There are as many soil amendments out there as there is soil. Some of them are well-known and widely accepted, while others are a little bit more controversial because of the amount and quality of information readily available.

One such amendment is biochar. With the amount of contradicting information available about biochar, it’s understandable to have some confusion about what it is, how it’s used, and whether or not it’s actually good for the soil.

More on Kelpie: https://wilsonbiochar.com/

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In this episode of In Search of Soil

Kelpie Wilson talks about how a beginner can get started making biochar. Follow Kelpie: https://wilsonbiochar.com/

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Kelpie Wilson talks about how a beginner can get started making biochar. Follow Kelpie: https://wilsonbiochar.com/

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Follow Diego @diegofooter – https://www.instagram.com/diegofooter

Dr. David Johnson talks about how the soil isn’t missing one thing and how we need to restore the whole soil ecosystem.

Follow David – https://www.csuchico.edu/regenerativeagriculture/bioreactor/david-johnson.shtml

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Dr. David Johnson talks about insects not liking plants with high brix content.

Follow David – https://www.csuchico.edu/regenerativeagriculture/bioreactor/david-johnson.shtml

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Dr. David Johnson talks about why you should consider a Johnson-Su Bioreactor for composting. Follow David – https://www.csuchico.edu/regenerativeagriculture/bioreactor/david-johnson.shtml

Build a Bioreactor: https://youtu.be/q8o_f8jL3g8

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Dr. David Johnson talks about the importance of having biologically active soils.

Follow David – https://www.csuchico.edu/regenerativeagriculture/bioreactor/david-johnson.shtml

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In this episode of In Search of Soil, we’re talking to microbiologist and co-creator of the Johnson-Su bioreactor, Dr. David Johnson to talk about composting, fungal-dominated compost, and just how much compost you really need to help improve the soil and rebuild the microbial communities there. Dr. David Johnson is an adjunct professor for the College of Agriculture at Chico State University, and a Faculty Affiliate for the Center for Regenerative Agriculture. He has done numerous research on soil, fungal-dominated compost, and carbon sequestration. He and his wife, Hui Chun Su Johnson have co-created the Johnson-Su bioreactor. More on David’s work: https://www.csuchico.edu/regenerativeagriculture/bioreactor/david-johnson.shtml

Build a Bioreactor: https://youtu.be/q8o_f8jL3g8

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In this episode of In Search of Soil

In this episode of In Search of Soil, we have farm educator Jim Hoorman of Hoorman Soil Health Services, and he’ll walk us through some of the questions you might have about tillage and soil compaction—what it is, how it happens, and how to remedy the problems along with a lot of talk on the many benefits of cover crops. Follow Jim Hoorman – https://www.hoormansoilhealth.com/

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In this episode of In Search of Soil

Jim Hoorman talks about how healthy plants grown in healthy soils face less insect pressure. Healthier plants don’t yield food sources that insects like.

Follow Jim – https://www.hoormansoilhealth.com/

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Jim Hoorman discusses the problems with tillage and how it leads to compaction in agricultural soils.

Follow Jim – https://www.hoormansoilhealth.com/

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Jim Hoorman talks about soils with high organic matter contents and how it probably isn’t ever going to be a problem when you are building soil.

Follow Jim – https://www.hoormansoilhealth.com/

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Dr. Elaine Ingham discusses the importance of the fungal to bacteria ratio in the soil and how you should think about it when it comes to growing specific crops.

Follow Dr. Elaine – https://www.soilfoodweb.com/

WATCH FULL EPISODES

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Dr. Elaine Ingham talks about what she thinks is missing from our current knowledge of soil.

Follow Dr. Elaine – https://www.soilfoodweb.com/

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Dr. Elaine Ingham talks about why it might be a good idea, not to rotate crops.

Follow Dr. Elaine – https://www.soilfoodweb.com/

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Dr. Elaine Ingham answers the question – how do you replace soil nutrients when you are growing cash crops.

Follow Dr. Elaine – https://www.soilfoodweb.com/

WATCH FULL EPISODES

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Follow Diego @diegofooter – https://www.instagram.com/diegofooter

In this episode of In Search of Soil, we’ll be talking about the truths behind soil, break the myths behind it, and illuminate some interesting and intriguing ways to go about how to build soil. Our guest is one of the world’s leading soil biologists, Dr. Elaine Ingham, who will help us see soil in a new light. Follow Dr. Elaine – https://www.soilfoodweb.com/

WATCH FULL EPISODES

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Follow Diego @diegofooter – https://www.instagram.com/diegofooter

In this episode of In Search of Soil

Watch interviews and clips from the show on YouTube – http://bit.ly/watchISOS

In Search of Soil is a show that debunks some of the myths about soil while exploring some of its mysteries.

Scientists and experts will share their insights on the soil to give you answers to the hard questions so you can farm or garden better.

We’ll cover topics including, but not-limited-to, soil science, composting, cover cropping, biochar, no-till, and fungi, among other things!

In Search of Soil is hosted and produced by Diego Footer

Follow Diego to give guest suggestions and comment on the show https://www.instagram.com/diegofooter


Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Size And Forecast

6 November, 2020
 

Get detailed analysis of COVID-19 impact on the Global Biochar Fine Granules Market

• Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the market based on segmentation involving both economic as well as non-economic factors
• Provision of market value (USD Billion) data for each segment and sub-segment
• Indicates the region and segment that is expected to witness the fastest growth as well as to dominate the market
• Analysis by geography highlighting the consumption of the product/service in the region as well as indicating the factors that are affecting the market within each region
• Competitive landscape which incorporates the market ranking of the major players, along with new service/product launches, partnerships, business expansions and acquisitions in the past five years of companies profiled
• Extensive company profiles comprising of company overview, company insights, product benchmarking and SWOT analysis for the major market players
• The current as well as future market outlook of the industry with respect to recent developments (which involve growth opportunities and drivers as well as challenges and restraints of both emerging as well as developed regions
• Includes an in-depth analysis of the market of various perspectives through Porter’s five forces analysis
• Provides insight into the market through Value Chain
• Market dynamics scenario, along with growth opportunities of the market in the years to come
• 6-month post sales analyst support

Customization of the Report

• In case of any queries or customization requirements please connect with our sales team, who will ensure that your requirements are met.

1. Introduction of Global Biochar Fine Granules Market
• Overview of the Market
• Scope of Report
• Assumptions

2. Executive Summary

3. Research Methodology of Verified Market Research
• Data Mining
• Validation
• Primary Interviews
• List of Data Sources

4. Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Outlook
• Overview
• Market Dynamics
○ Drivers
○ Restraints
○ Opportunities
• Porters Five Force Model
• Value Chain Analysis

5. Global Biochar Fine Granules Market, By Product
• Wood Source Biochar
• Corn Source Biochar
• Wheat Source Biochar
• Others

6. Global Biochar Fine Granules Market, By Application
• Soil Conditioner
• Fertilizer
• Others

7. Global Biochar Fine Granules Market, By Geography
• North America
o U.S.
o Canada
o Mexico
• Europe
o Germany
o UK
o France
o Rest of Europe
• Asia Pacific
o China
o Japan
o India
o Rest of Asia Pacific
• Rest of the World
o Latin America
o Middle East & Africa

8. Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Competitive Landscape
• Overview
• Company Market Ranking
• Key Development Strategies

9. Company Profiles
• Cool Planet Energy Systems
• Biochar Supreme
• Terra Char
• CharGrow
• NextChar
• The Biochar Company (TBC)
• Pacific Biochar
• Biochar Now

10. Appendix
• Related Reports

List of Tables:

TABLE 1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market, By Geography, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 4 North America Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Country, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 5 North America Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 6 North America Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 7 US Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 8 US Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 9 Canada Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 10 Canada Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 11 Mexico Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 12 Mexico Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 13 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Country, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 14 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 15 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 16 Germany Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 17 Germany Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 18 UK Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 19 UK Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 20 France Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 21 France Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 22 Rest of Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 23 Rest of Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 24 Asia-Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Country, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 25 Asia-Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 26 Asia-Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 27 China Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 28 China Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 29 Japan Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 30 Japan Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 31 India Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 32 India Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 33 Rest of Asia-Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 34 Rest of Asia-Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 35 RoW Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Country, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 36 RoW Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 37 RoW Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 38 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 39 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 40 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 41 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application, 2018 – 2027 (USD Million)
TABLE 42 – 63 Company Profiles

List of Figures:

FIGURE 1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Market Segmentation
FIGURE 2 Research Timelines
FIGURE 3 Data Triangulation
FIGURE 4 Market Research Flow
FIGURE 5 Data Sources
FIGURE 6 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Market Overview
FIGURE 7 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Market Geographical Analysis, 2020-2027
FIGURE 8 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product (USD Million)
FIGURE 9 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application (USD Million)
FIGURE 10 Future Market Opportunities
FIGURE 11 Porters Five Force Model
FIGURE 12 Value Chain Analysis
FIGURE 13 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Market Geographical Analysis, 2019-2027
FIGURE 14 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Product (USD Million)
FIGURE 15 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Market, By Application (USD Million)
FIGURE 16 North America Snapshot
FIGURE 17 North America Biochar Fine Granules Market Market Share, By Country, 2019
FIGURE 18 Europe Snapshot
FIGURE 19 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Market Share, By Country, 2019
FIGURE 20 Asia-Pacific Snapshot
FIGURE 21 Asia-Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Market Share, By Country, 2019
FIGURE 22 RoW Snapshot
FIGURE 23 RoW Biochar Fine Granules Market Market Share, By Country, 2019
FIGURE 24 – 37 Company Insights & Key Developments

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Biochar Fine Granules Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to …

6 November, 2020
 

Biochar Fine Granules Market Overview

The Biochar Fine Granules Market is moving towards progressive changes. These movements are pointers of market improvement that are currently happening. This year-over-year upswing of the market is pointing towards a predictable climb for the next decade 2020-2027 (timeframe under investigation).

The report also depicts the key business areas that can be engaged for cultivating another endeavor. The market drivers and impediments are inborn fragments while opportunities and threats are outward (outside) elements of the market. The Biochar Fine Granules Market Report gives a viewpoint towards the cyclic improvement of the market, in the foreordained period of time.

Biochar Fine Granules Market: Competitive Landscape

The report covers a genuine examination of the market. As the interest is driven by a client’s paying cut-off and the development of thing headway, the report shows the critical regions that will drive advancement. This movement is critical to keep up the congruity between capitals (inflow of cash) with benefits made. Additionally, the market report has a committed region covering the current weighty weight market players. This part is exclusively devoted to cover the spending reports of majors from the Biochar Fine Granules Market. A market investigation was coordinated to give essential data about the thing benchmarking and SWOT analysis. A compact profile segment comparably sums up the business structure and capital-related data. It must be noticed that the business affiliations referred to in the report can be changed by the customer’s requests.

The Biochar Fine Granules Market report details the market factors fuelling it over the estimated time frame (2020-2027). The market evaluation report contains various segments that have a deep impact on the smooth running of the market. Factors, for example, market trends help organizations in penning an outline of moves to be made throughout the span of the predefined time period.

Following key players have been profiled with the help of proven research methodologies:

The Biochar Fine Granules Market has been examined into different global market segments such as type, applications, and global geographies. Each and every global market segment has been studied to get informative insights into various global regions.

Biochar Fine Granules Market Segmentation:

Biochar Fine Granules Market Segment by Type:

Biochar Fine Granules Market Segment by Application:

Biochar Fine Granules Market Segment by Global Presence:

• North America
• Latin America
• Middle East
• Asia-Pacific
• Africa
• Europe

The report has been aggregated by using a couple of research methodologies such as primary and secondary research techniques. It helps in collecting informative pieces of professional information for deriving effective insights into the market. This informative report helps in making well informed and strategic decisions throughout the forecast period.

Biochar Fine Granules Market: Scope of the Report

This report gives a broad appreciation of the Biochar Fine Granules Market, under investigation. The market recommendations pointed in the report are the consequences of start to finish examination and assembled criticism from the target crowd. This fundamental segment of the investigation supported in understanding the cravings set forward, by an existing client, on the lookout. Our group examined the social, political, and financial parts to contemplate the long-term factors that can place obstacles in the smooth development of the Biochar Fine Granules Market. In this way, affiliations can change their organizations, according to the latest examples, for making advantages and building new client base.

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Special Issue : Biochar Stability and Long-Term Carbon Storage

6 November, 2020
 

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A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section “Environmental Sustainability and Applications“.

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 October 2021.

Dear Colleagues,

Biochar is considered to be the most stable form of organic carbon existing in the terrestrial environment, contributing substantially to the mitigation of global climate change by long-term carbon sequestration into the soil system for several centuries to millennia. It has a condensed aromatic carbon structure containing a carbon content ranging between 400–900 g kg-1 depending upon operating conditions and feedstock materials. Therefore, it is a suitable candidate for the sequestration of atmospheric carbon by acting as a long-term sink to mitigate the challenges of global warming and climate change. In addition to the abovementioned benefits, recent studies have shown that the application of biochar to soil produced from various biomass feedstocks reduced the emission of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, and N2O) by 2–5 times in comparison to burning biomass for fuel. During the thermal conversion process, the carbon content increases as cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and other existing compounds in biomass decompose, making a chemically inert stable structure due to its fused aromatic rings and the old radiocarbon age of pyrolysis residues. Consequently, the resulting stable aromatic rings show potentially high resistance to biological decay/degradation and mineralization, which may result in enhanced biochar stability and prolonged carbon storage in the terrestrial environment.

This Special Issue of Sustainability is seeking papers that can demonstrate the role of pyrolyzed feed materials, modification, and operating conditions in long-term carbon storage. Experimental work can range from production technologies to laboratory-field experiments. Keeping in view the importance of the biochar stability to climate change and carbon sequestration, we specifically seek contributions from different environmental, agricultural, and waste conversion teams.

The selected papers will contribute to describing the state-of-the-art in this field, and will provide new directions for research on the topic of biochar stability and long-term storage of atmospheric carbon to soil systems.

Dr. Balal Yousaf
Prof. Dr. Guijian Liu
Guest Editors

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Global Biochar Market: Drivers is Responsible to for Increasing Market Share, Forecast 2026

6 November, 2020
 

The Biochar market research study considers the present scenario of the Biochar industry and its market dynamics for the period 2020−2026. The report covers both the demand and supply aspect of the market. Biochar market research report provides market sizing, share, forecast — estimation & approach,  Covid19 aftermath — Analyst view, strategic analysis, revenue opportunities, industry trends, competition outlook, insights and growth — relevancy mapping, growth drivers, and vendor analysis.

Biochar Market reports under the Biochar industry are supported by various macro and microeconomic factors impacting the industry. We browse through historical data and provide an overview of the emerging markets and the next big opportunities for investors within the niche market. After COVID pandemic, there are increasing demand from emerging countries provides a good business opportunity for companies to invest in coming years. Our reports are updated with changing industry regulatory policies and offer insight depending on client’s requirement.

The global Biochar market has been subjected to several regulatory compliances and crucial coding terminology over the years. Adherence to regulatory standards remains crucial for vendors.

Request for Sample Copy of Report to get more information about the market @ https://in4research.com/sample-request/416

The study profiles and examines leading companies and other prominent companies operating in the Biochar industry.

List of key players profiled in the report: 

Biochar Market segmentation as per below: 

Based on Product Types: 

Applications covered in this report: 

COVID-19 Impact on Biochar Industry

The outbreak of COVID-19 has bought along a global recession, which has impacted several industries. Along with this impact COVID Pandemic has also generated few new business opportunities for Biochar market. Overall competitive landscape and market dynamics of Biochar has been disrupted due to this pandemic. All these disruptions and impacts has been analysed quantifiably in this report, which is backed by market trends, events and revenue shift analysis. COVID impact analysis also covers strategic adjustments for Tier 1, 2 and 3 players of Biochar market.

The competitive environment in the Biochar market is intensifying. The market currently witnesses the presence of several major as well as other prominent vendors, contributing toward the market growth. However, the market is observing an influx of local vendors entering the market.

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Vendors can consider targeting key regions such as APAC, North America, and Europe to gather maximum customer attention. Countries in the APAC region such as China, India, and Japan among others are expected to display significant growth prospects in the future due to high economic growth forecasts along with huge population statistics leading to high consumption of goods and products.

Regional Overview & Analysis of Biochar Market:

The changing regulatory compliance scenario and the growing purchasing power among consumers are likely to promise well for the North America market. New product development and technological advancements remain key for competitors to capitalize upon in the Biochar industry across the globe.

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Effect of pyrolysis temperature of rice husks and corncobs on the concentration of heavy metals in …

6 November, 2020
 

Biochar has the potential to remove heavy metal ions through the adsorption process. Corncobs and rice husks are agricultural waste that has the potential to be biochar. This research was aimed to decrease the concentration of lead metal from leachate liquid. The sample is taken from the Supit Urang landfills Malang City. The used method is an experimental method applying a completely randomized design. The method used in the collection of leachate wastes using a grab sampling method. Biochar is made from rice husk and corncobs with a high temperature of 600 °C, 700 °C while the low temperature is 300 °C, 400 °C, dried in an oven to determine the moisture content. The running process is carried out by entering biochar charcoal weighing 10 g in 100 ml of water leachate. When observing heavy metals, lead is carried out for 1 day at the 6th hours. After being separated, lead concentration was measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. As well as producing that the treatment of corncobs with a temperature of 400 °C can absorb the best Fe compared to the other treatments, the concentration of lead metal in wastewater has decreased significantly, because the carbon content of corncob is greater than that of rice husks.

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The authors are grateful to the financial support from Brawijaya University Research Grant for Professor. Furthermore, the authors thank the management of the Laboratory of Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, and the University of Brawijaya who had been helping this study.

Correspondence to R. Wiroesoedarmo.

Editorial responsibility: Anna Grobelak.

Received: 15 January 2020

Revised: 22 August 2020

Accepted: 08 October 2020

Published: 06 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-020-02984-7

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Exploring the Potential of Biochar Activated with Phosphoric Acid towards Hexavalent Chromium …

6 November, 2020
 

The biochar derived from the dreadful weed water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) was activated with phosphoric acid was utilized for adsorption of hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)) from the simulated solution. The characterization (Zeta potential, specific surface area, Scanning Electron Microscope analysis) of biochar was done to study the surface properties of the biochar. The modified biochar (379 m2g-1) recorded 49.80% greater surface area in comparison to the pristine biochar (253 m2g-1). Zeta potential of modified biochar is 4.2 mV and pristine biochar is -13.9 mV. Positively charged modified surface enhance the sorption of negatively charged Cr (VI) ions. Study on effect of pH and concentration revealed that maximum sorption occurred at pH 2 and the increasing trend of concentration resulted in the decreased sorption respectively. The isotherm study was well supported by Langmuir isotherm (R2 value=0.976) defining the monolayer adsorption. Maximum adsorption capacity was recorded for phosphoric acid modified biochar (50.0 mg g-1) than the pristine biochar (35.7 mg g-1). Pseudo second order kinetics (R2 value=0.998) sounds good in explaining the rate of reaction. The findings reflect the utility of acid modified Eichhornia crassipes for heavy metal removal from aqueous medium.

© Copyright 2010-Till Date, International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry. All rights reserved.


Prepare Biochar to End Up Paddy Stump Burning

6 November, 2020
 

A new technique of carbon fixation is reported to solve the problem of pollution due to burning of rice stumps. This technique is Carbon Fixation.

The technique of carbon fixation has been developed by Dr. Ram Swaroop Meena of Banaras Hindu University, U.P. — India who has patentized his technique entitled “Low cost Biochar with Integrated Nutrient Management”.

Dr. Meena claims that the Biochar (Bio-Charcoal) produced by his technique can remain in soil up to hundreds of years. During this period the Biochar will reduce pollutants existing in the soil thereby enhancing crop production. A farmer can adopt this technique on zero budgets.

Burning of rice stumps or stubbles and mixing the burnt out material into soil has been proved harmful. The form of carbon so produced causes air pollution. Secondly, if mixed into the soil, it cannot be retained there in the soil for long.

When after a two crop cycle the field is ploughed, the carbon is released from the soil and goes into the atmosphere. There it contributes to the concentration of Green House Gases (GHGs). This technique of carbon fixation presents a solution to this problem.

Dr. Meena conducted his experiments in a farm of Agriculture Science Institute of the University. He was supported by Prof. Ratan Lal, the winner of the World Food Prize.

Since the whole project of Carbon Fixation is in the Official Process Dr. Meena was not in a position to disclose its broad details. However he reported that paddy stumps were put into a deep trench and covered with soil leaving a hole for exchange of gases. The stumps were burnt in the ditch under very low supply of oxygen. The process is more or less similar to that of making wood charcoal.

In the present process the paddy stumps turn into charcoal. This charcoal can be mixed into soil with the fungus powder available in the market.

The machine of making Biochar costs about twenty lakh while the current technique is of zero budgets.

The use of the Biochar for the conservation of soil health and as a fertilizer is a new step. The project has been sent to the Government of India and the Government can send the technique for the application by common farmers.

Carbon is an essential nutrient for the soil. Indian soil lacks carbon. For example the soil of Punjab contains 0.2 percent carbon whereas the soil of Varanasi contains 0.4 percent carbon as against the standard of 1 to 1.5 percent.

If rice stumps are converted into manure and mixed into soil, it cannot produce any considerable benefit. On contrary, mixing of Biochar into soil is proved as a boon for it. It enhances water holding capacity and increases fertility of soil while reducing its toxicity.

Feature Image and concept Courtesy: Dainik Jagaran

Key words: paddy, stumps, burning, soil, carbon fixation

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Address:- Ranchi, Jharkhand


Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Research Report 2020 with Covid-19 Impact Analysis, Growth …

6 November, 2020
 

“Global Biochar Fertilizer Market 2020-2026 report is a professional study on the current state of the market that focuses on the major drivers, challenges, opportunities for the leading players. Biochar Fertilizer Industry research report also offers a granular analysis of various definitions, and classification of the industry, applications of the industry, regional breakdown, opportunities, challenges, and chain structure.

According to this report the market was valued at US$ million in 2019 and is projected to reach US$ XX million by 2026; it is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX% from 2019 to 2026.

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Market Summary:

The Biochar Fertilizer market is a comprehensive report which offers a meticulous overview of the market share, size, trends, demand, product analysis, application analysis, regional outlook, competitive strategies, forecasts, and strategies impacting the Global Biochar Fertilizer Industry. The report includes a detailed analysis of the market competitive landscape, with the help of detailed business profiles, SWOT analysis, project feasibility analysis, and several other details about the key companies operating in the Biochar Fertilizer market.

The years that were considered for the study of this report are the following:

The study on the worldwide Biochar Fertilizer market strives to offer substantial and profound insights into the current market scenario and the developing growth dynamics. Moreover, the report on Global Biochar Fertilizer Market also provides the market players along with the new contenders a complete view of the market landscape. The inclusive research will enable the well-established as well as the entry-level players to establish their business strategies and accomplish their short-term and long-term goals.

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Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on Global Biochar Fertilizer Market

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading across the world with a serious impact on the economy and the global market. The report considers and accounts for the impact of COVID-19 on Global Biochar Fertilizer Market across all the segments, regions, countries, and key players. North America and Europe are worst-hit countries by Coronavirus which are key players in the global economy The report provides a detailed analysis of the impact on the market, growth strategies, supply china disruption, consumption pattern of the Global Biochar Fertilizer Market.

Scope and Segmentation of the Report

The segment analysis is one of the significant sections of this report. Our expert analyst has categorized the global market into product type, application/end-user, and geography. All the segments are analyzed based on their market share, growth rate, and growth potential. In the geographical classification, the report highlights the regional markets having high growth potential. This thorough evaluation of the segments would help the players to focus on revenue-generating areas of the Biochar Fertilizer market.

Based on Type

Organic Fertilizer

Inorganic Fertilizer

Compound Fertilizer

Based on Application

Cereals

Oil Crops

Fruits and Vegetables

Others

Regional Analysis

Our analysts are experts in covering all types of geographical markets from developing to mature ones. You can expect a comprehensive research analysis of key regional and country-level markets such as Europe, North America, South America, Asia-Pacific, and the Middle East & Africa. With accurate statistical patterns and regional classification, our domain experts provide you one of the most detailed and easily understandable regional analyses of the global Biochar Fertilizer market.

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Research Methodology

The research methodology of the market is based on both primary as well as secondary research data sources. It compels different factors affecting the Biochar Fertilizer industry such as historical data and market trends, different policies of the government, market environment, market risk factors, market restraints, technological advancements, forthcoming innovations, and obstacles in the industry.

Competitive Landscape:

The research report also studied the key players operating in the global Biochar Fertilizer market. It has evaluated and explained the research & development stages of these companies, their financial performances, and their expansion plans for the coming years. Moreover, the research report also includes the list of planned initiatives that clearly explain the accomplishments of the companies in the recent past.

Prominent players operating in the market

Seek Fertiliser

Anulekh

CARBON EARTH COMPANY

Carbon Gold Ltd

GreenBack

Shike Biological Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

Hendrikus

Fujian Longchuang Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.

Sinochem Fertilizer Holdings Co., Ltd.

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The content of the study subjects includes a total of 8 chapters:

Chapter 1: describe the Biochar Fertilizer market reports – executive summary, market definition, and market scope. Moreover, the report helps in picking up the crucial information about the said market.

Chapter 2: defines the Research Methodology including primary research, assumptions & exclusions, and secondary data sources. Our company follows the simultaneous top-down and bottom approach to provide you the accurate market sizing.

Chapter 3: explains the report segmentation & scope, key market trends (drivers, restraints, and opportunities), along with Porter’s five forces analysis and market share analysis

Chapter 4: It helps in understanding the key product segments and their future of the Global Biochar Fertilizer Market. It provides strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations.

Chapters 5, and 6: to segment the sales by type and application/end-user, with sales market share and growth rate by type, application/end-user, from 2018 to 2016. Our team of Analysts and experts dedicatedly put their effort to provide you the best possible and accurate segmentation data and analysis.

Chapter 7: describes the regional segmentation based on the country level for the forecast period 2018 – 2026. We not only provide the market data of the five geographies but we also provide you qualitative as well we qualitative information on country level bifurcation.

Chapter 8: to profile the top manufacturers of Biochar Fertilizer, with price, sales, revenue and global market share of Biochar Fertilizer in 2017, 2018, and 2019. Players are expected to sign acquisition and collaboration deals to expand their products and services portfolio. Such strategic agreements could help them to improve their client base in other countries and gain a competitive advantage

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Forecast to 2027 – COVID-19 Impact and Global Analysis by Product Type

6 November, 2020
 

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GLOBAL BIOCHAR FERTILIZER MARKET OUTLOOK 2027 INDUSTRY GROWTH AND …

6 November, 2020
 

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Size, Status and Forecast 2020-2027

The data presented in the global Biochar Fertilizer market report is a compilation of data identified and collected from various sources. The scope of growth of the Biochar Fertilizer market during the forecast period is identified after analyzing different data sources. The report is a valuable guidance tool that can be used to increase the market share or to develop new products that can revolutionize the market growth. The analysis of the collected data also helps in providing an overview of the Biochar Fertilizer industry which further helps people make an informed choice. Latent growth factors that can manifest themselves during the forecast period are identified as they are key to the Biochar Fertilizer market growth. The Biochar Fertilizer report presents the data from the year 2020 to the year 2027 during the base period while forecasting the same during the forecast period for the year 2020 to the year 2027.

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Top Key players: 3R-BioPhosphate Ltd, Adsorb, Anulekh, ArSta Eco Pvt Ltd, Biochar Farms, Biogrow Limited, Carbon Fertilizer, Global Harvest Organics, GreenBack, Kingeta Group

Our new sample is updated which correspond in new report showing impact of COVID-19 on Industry

The report scrutinizes different business approaches and frameworks that pave the way for success in businesses. The report used Porter’s five techniques for analyzing the Biochar Fertilizer Market; it also offers the examination of the global market. To make the report more potent and easy to understand, it consists of info graphics and diagrams. Furthermore, it has different policies and development plans which are presented in summary. It analyzes the technical barriers, other issues, and cost-effectiveness affecting the market.

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Research Report 2020 carries in-depth case studies on the various countries which are involved in the Biochar Fertilizer market. The report is segmented according to usage wherever applicable and the report offers all this information for all major countries and associations. It offers an analysis of the technical barriers, other issues, and cost-effectiveness affecting the market. Important contents analyzed and discussed in the report include market size, operation situation, and current & future development trends of the market, market segments, business development, and consumption tendencies. Moreover, the report includes the list of major companies/competitors and their competition data that helps the user to determine their current position in the market and take corrective measures to maintain or increase their share holds.

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What questions does the Biochar Fertilizer market report answer pertaining to the regional reach of the industry

A short overview of the Biochar Fertilizer market scope:

Global market remuneration

Overall projected growth rate

Industry trends

Competitive scope

Product range

Application landscape

Supplier analysis

Marketing channel trends – Now and later

Sales channel evaluation

Market Competition Trend

Market Concentration Rate

Reasons for Buying this Report

TABLE OF CONTENT:

Chapter 1: Biochar Fertilizer Market Overview

Chapter 2: Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3: Biochar Fertilizer Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4: Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5: Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6: Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7: Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8: Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9: Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10: Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11: Biochar Fertilizer Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12: Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Forecast to 2027

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A diverse range of physicochemically-distinct biochars made from a combination of different …

6 November, 2020
 

Diverse physicochemical differences in biochar were generated from Jatropha biomass.

Different combinations of Jatropha tissues and pyrolysis temperatures were compared.

Leaf biochar was rich in nutrient minerals and trunk biochar was rich in calcium.

Water holding capacity of silica sand was improved by Jatropha biochar amendment.

Diverse physicochemical differences in biochar were generated from Jatropha biomass.

Different combinations of Jatropha tissues and pyrolysis temperatures were compared.

Leaf biochar was rich in nutrient minerals and trunk biochar was rich in calcium.

Water holding capacity of silica sand was improved by Jatropha biochar amendment.

Jatropha curcas (Jatropha) is drought-resistant and produces seed oil that is suitable for biodiesel fuel production. During cultivation, Jatropha produces a large amount of non-oil biomass from fallen leaves and pruned branches; however, their utilization has been largely unexplored. In the present study, we evaluated the potential of Jatropha non-oil biomass as a feedstock for biochar that could be utilized as a soil modifier and fertilizer for sustainable farming. A total of 12 different Jatropha biochars were produced using a combination of three tissue types (leaf, trunk, and branch) and four pyrolysis temperatures (300, 400, 500, and 600 °C), and their physicochemical properties were comparatively analyzed. For each tissue type biochar, a general trend of increasing pH and electrical conductivity, and decreasing yield and cation exchange capacity was observed as the pyrolysis temperature increased. The leaf biochar had significantly lower carbon and higher nitrogen, phosphate, potassium, and magnesium contents than that of the other tissue biochars, whereas the trunk biochar had the highest calcium content among all the biochars. Except for the leaf biochar pyrolyzed at 300 °C, all biochars significantly improved the water holding capacity of silica sand applied at a 1%(w/w) concentration. Pearson’s correlation and principal component analyses highlighted a wide range of biochars with divergent physicochemical properties, which were characterized by nitrogen, phosphate, and magnesium richness in the leaf biochar; and calcium richness in the trunk biochar. Therefore, a specific combination of pyrolysis temperature and tissue type from Jatropha non-oil biomass could serve as a feedstock for tailor-made biochar products for various agronomic needs such as soil modifiers and fertilizers.


Biochar Market 2020-2025 Industry Analysis | BioChar Products, Agri-Tech Producers, Hawaii …

6 November, 2020
 

The report titled Worldwide Biochar Market 2020 sectors of the global Biochar market. The report provides information regarding all the aspects associated with the market, which includes reviews of the final product, and the key factors influencing or constraining the market growth. Measurements, tables, and figures are referenced in this report will help key partners for vital arranging which leads to the achievement of the association. The study serves the in-depth analysis of the market by value, by production capacity, by companies, by applications, by segments, by region, etc.

NOTE: Our analysts monitoring the situation across the globe explains that the market will generate remunerative prospects for producers post COVID-19 crisis. The report aims to provide an additional illustration of the latest scenario, economic slowdown, and COVID-19 impact on the overall industry.

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The report describes the situation of the global Biochar market at the global and regional levels through geographical segmentation. It encompasses a detailed compilation of this industry and a excellent overview of its segmentation. The report offers an inclusive overview of the market based on its current status and market size, in terms of volume and returns. In the competitive analysis section of the report, leading as well as prominent players of the global market are broadly studied on the basis of key factors. The report offers a comprehensive analysis and accurate statistics on revenue by the player for the period 2020.

The report presents the market rivalry scene and a point by point investigation of the significant producers in the global Biochar market. It also provides market investment plans like product features, price trend analysis, channel features, regional and industry investment opportunity, cost and revenue calculation, economic performance evaluation, etc. Later in the chapters, the market growth factors, limitations, market opportunities, and challenges are described.

Further in the subsequent sections of the report, research analysts have rendered precise judgment regarding the various applications that the Biochar market mediates for superlative end-user benefits.

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The market competitive landscape provides details by a competitor. Details included are company overview, company financials, revenue, global Biochar market potential, investment in research and development, global presence, production sites and facilities, production capacities, company strengths and weaknesses, product launch, product width and breadth, application dominance.

This intensively researched report presentation has been prepared in real time parlance, rendering substantial attention towards COVID-19 outbreak that has lately wreaked unprecedented damage across industries, stagnating growth.

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Municipal sewage sludge energetic conversion as a tool for environmental sustainability

6 November, 2020
 

In this study, municipal sewage sludge (MSS) is converted simultaneously into renewable biofuels (bio-oil, syngas) and high value-added products (biochar) using a fixed bed pyrolyzer. This work examines the combined effect of two factors: final pyrolysis temperature (°C) and MSS moisture content (%) on pyrogenic product yields and characteristics. A centered composite experimental design (CCD) is established for pyrolysis process optimization by adopting the response surface methodology (RSM). The statistical results indicate that the optimal conditions considering all studied factors and responses are 550 °C as final pyrolysis temperature and 15% as MSS moisture content. In these optimal conditions, biofuels yield is around 48 wt%, whereas biochar yield is about 52 wt%. The pyrolysis products characterizations reveal that (i) pyrolytic oil has a complex molecular composition rich with n-alkanes, n-alkenes, carboxylic acids, and aromatic compounds; (ii) bio-oil presents a high-energy content (high heating value HHV around 30.6 MJ/kg); (iii) syngas mixture has a good calorific value (HHV up to 8 MJ/kg), which could be used as renewable energy vector or for pyrolysis reactor heating; and (iv) biochar residue has good aliphatic and oxygenated group contents favoring its application as biofertilizer. These findings suggest that MSS conversion into biofuels and biochar is an appropriate approach for MSS treatment. MSS-to-energy could be proposed as an element for circular economy concept due to its effectiveness in producing high value-added and sustainable products and reducing environmental problems linked to MSS disposal.

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The authors thank the National Sanitation Office in Tunisia (ONAS) for kindly providing the MSS samples for this study. All authors acknowledge Mrs. Rym Zayoud for her contribution in the pyrolysis experiments and in RSM result interpretation.

The research leading to these results received funding from the “Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Tunisia (MESRST)” and the National Research Project: “Thermo-chemical conversion of solid waste into renewable biofuels and bio-products.” Project Leader: Aïda Ben Hassen Trabelsi.

ABHT: verified the analytical results, supervised the findings of this work, and has a major contribution in the redaction of the manuscript. KZ: conceived and planned the experiments by building CCD model, analyzed RSM results, and contributed in writing manuscript. AF: carried out pyrolysis experiments, interpreted RSM results with supports of KZ, and contributed in writing manuscript. SA: contributed in the raw materials and pyrolysis product analyses. SN and FJ: helped in pyrolysis facility setup and monitoring. All authors discussed the results, provided critical feedback, and helped shape the research, analysis, and manuscript.

Correspondence to Aïda Ben Hassen Trabelsi.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Responsible Editor: Ta Yeong Wu

Received: 25 June 2020

Accepted: 23 October 2020

Published: 06 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11400-z

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Full article: Ash and biochar mixed biomixtures for adsorption of atrazine and fipronil in the …

6 November, 2020
 

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Impact of Existing and Emerging Biochar Fertilizer Market Trends 2020-2025

6 November, 2020
 

 Latest Industry Reports Research has recently announced a report on Global Biochar Fertilizer Market based on the Global Industry. The Biochar Fertilizer Market report emphasizes various key aspects, which include growth drivers, restraints, opportunities and recent market trends for the forecast period 2020-2025. 

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market overview: 

The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market is segmented on the basis of Product Type, Application, End Use Industry and Region. This report also covers all the regions and countries of the world, which shows a regional development status, including market size. 

 

This Press Release will help you to understand the Volume, growth with COVID19 Impact Analysis. Click HERE To get SAMPLE PDF (Including TOC, Table & Figures) at: @ https://chronicalmarketresearch.com/request-for-sample-report/64565

 

This report includes the following manufacturers:

Seek Fertiliser

Anulekh

GreenBack

CARBON EARTH COMPANY

Carbon Gold Ltd

Hendrikus

Sinochem Fertilizer Holdings Co., Ltd.

Shike Biological Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

Fujian Longchuang Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.

 

Essential Facts about Biochar Fertilizer Market Report: 

The study comprises different procedures and approaches approved by Major Biochar Fertilizer Market players that enable well-organized business decisions

This research report on the Biochar Fertilizer market contains industry overview, demand and supply ratio, market share, import/export details, and supply chain analysis

The study further provides information like strategies adopted by market players, production value, and services and products they offer 

Request Discount About This Report @ https://chronicalmarketresearch.com/discount-request-on-report/64565 

 

Market Segmentation: 

Market Segment by Type

Organic Fertilizer

Inorganic Fertilizer

Compound Fertilizer

Market Segment by Application

Cereals

Oil Crops

Fruits and Vegetables

Others

                        

Chapter 1 Overview of Biochar Fertilizer Market

Chapter 2 Key Manufacturers Analysis of Biochar Fertilizer Market

Chapter 3 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis by Type, Application, End User, Region, and Manufacturers

Chapter 4 North America Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis by Types, End Users, and Countries

Chapter 5 Europe Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis by Types, End Users, and Countries

Chapter 6 Asia Pacific Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis by Types, End Users, and Countries

Chapter 7 Latin America Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis by Types, End Users, and Countries

Chapter 8 Middle East & Africa Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis by Types, End Users, and Countries

Chapter 9 Distributors, Marketing Channel, and Traders Analysis

Chapter 10 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Forecast by Countries, Regions, Types, Application, End Users, and Manufacturers

Chapter 11 Chain Analysis of Biochar Fertilizer Market

Chapter 12 Biochar Fertilizer New Project, Feasibility Analysis, and Investment

Chapter 13 Biochar Fertilizer Market Research Findings and Conclusion

Chapter 14 Appendix 

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Shop | Black Earth Biochar

6 November, 2020
 

Copyright © 2020 Black Earth Biochar – All Rights Reserved.


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7 November, 2020
 

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Biochar Market – Strategic Recommendations, Trends, Segmentation, Use Case Analysis …

7 November, 2020
 

Category : Chemicals & Materials

Published On : Oct 2020

B8, Kubera Park Rd, Heaven Hills Co Operation Society, Lullanagar,
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Global Biochar Market Development, Market Trends, Key Driven Factors, Segmentation and …

7 November, 2020
 

In4Research’s latest market research report on the Biochar market, with the help of a complete viewpoint, provides readers with an estimation of the global market landscape. This report on the Biochar market analyzes the scenario for the period of 2020 to 2026, wherein, 2019 is the base year. This report enables readers to make important decisions regarding their business, with the help of a variety of information enclosed in the study.

This report on the Biochar market also provides data on the developments made by important key companies and stakeholders in the market, along with competitive intelligence. The report also covers an understanding of strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities, along with the market trends and restraints in the landscape. 

Questions Answered in Biochar Market Report: 

Request for a sample copy of the report to get extensive insights into Biochar market @ https://www.in4research.com/sample-request/416

Based on Product type, Biochar market can be segmented as: —

Based on Application, Biochar market can be segmented:

The Biochar industry study concludes with a list of leading companies/suppliers operating in this industry at different stages of the value chain.

List of key players profiled in the report:

If you are planning to invest into new products or trying to understand this growing market, this report is your starting point.

Ask for more details or request custom reports from our industry experts @ https://www.in4research.com/customization/416

Regional Overview & Analysis of Biochar Market:

Analysis of COVID-19 Impact & Post Pandemic Opportunities in Biochar Market:
 

The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought along a global recession, which has impacted several industries. Along with this impact COVID Pandemic has also generated few new business opportunities for Biochar market. Overall competitive landscape and market dynamics of Biochar has been disrupted due to this pandemic. All these disruptions and impacts has been analysed quantifiably in this report, which is backed by market trends, events and revenue shift analysis. COVID impact analysis also covers strategic adjustments for Tier 1, 2 and 3 players of Biochar market. 

Table of Content: Global Biochar Market

Chapter 1. Research Objective
1.1 Objective, Definition & Scope
1.2 Methodology
1.2.1 Primary Research
1.2.2 Secondary Research
1.2.3 Market Forecast — Estimation & Approach
1.2.4 Assumptions & Assessments
1.3 Insights and Growth — Relevancy Mapping
1.3.1 FABRIC Platform
1.4 Data mining & efficiency

Chapter 2. Executive Summary
2.1 Biochar Market Overview
2.2 Interconnectivity & Related markets
2.3 Ecosystem Map
2.4 Biochar Market Business Segmentation
2.5 Biochar Market Geographic Segmentation
2.6 Competition Outlook
2.7 Key Statistics

Chapter 3. Strategic Analysis
3.1 Biochar Market Revenue Opportunities
3.2 Cost Optimization
3.3 Covid19 aftermath — Analyst view
3.4 Biochar Market Digital Transformation

Chapter 4. Market Dynamics
4.1 DROC
4.1.1 Drivers
4.1.2 Restraints
4.1.3 Opportunities
4.1.4 Challenges
4.2 PEST Analysis
4.2.1 Political
4.2.2 Economic
4.2.3 Social
4.2.4 Technological
4.3 Market Impacting Trends
4.3.1 Positive Impact Trends
4.3.2 Adverse Impact Trends
4.4 Porter’s 5-force Analysis
4.5 Market News — By Segments
4.5.1 Organic News
4.5.2 Inorganic News

Chapter 5. Segmentation & Statistics
5.1 Segmentation Overview
5.2 Demand Forecast & Market Sizing 

Any Questions/Queries or need help? Speak with our analyst: https://www.in4research.com/speak-to-analyst/416

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Share & Size 2020

7 November, 2020
 

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Strategy and Planning to Grow Business, Opportunities, Industry Development, Forecast to 2025 The Biochar Fertilizer report is produced by executing an…


5 L HORTICULTURAL BIOCHAR, shipping possible

7 November, 2020
 

For further information, do not hesitate to contact us.

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Development of biochar from the refuse derived fuel (RDF) through organic / inorganic sludge …

7 November, 2020
 

Mixed sludge increases the C% after adding rice straw and coconut shell.

Water content is one of the important factors affecting the productivity of sludge.

Carbonization of coconut shell shows optimal at 350 °C than other material.

The calorific value of the raw materials detected in the study shows to be maximum at 350 °C.

The highest calorific value of the Organic and Inorganic sludge was 1199 and 434 Cal/g.

Mixed sludge increases the C% after adding rice straw and coconut shell.

Water content is one of the important factors affecting the productivity of sludge.

Carbonization of coconut shell shows optimal at 350 °C than other material.

The calorific value of the raw materials detected in the study shows to be maximum at 350 °C.

The highest calorific value of the Organic and Inorganic sludge was 1199 and 434 Cal/g.

With the advancement of technology and industrial growth, environmental pollution has become the major phenomenon that hinder the environmental adjoining with the volume of wastes that has been discarded without any proper treatment. In particular, industrial sector consumes a maximum amount of water which results in generating of large quantity of solid waste-sludge. However, with the progression of environmental awareness, the treatment of sludge recycling and reuse has been carried out considerably. Subsequently, after drying, sorting, granulating, sintering and other procedures, it is re-created into various types of aggregates and used for making biochar and other purposes. Therefore, in this study, the waste rice straw and coconut shell were mixed with the sludge and the biomass was pressed to form a non-loose granular shape, subjected to low-temperature of 300–400 °C co-firing carbonization technique for 30–60 min to prepare a solid refuse-derived fuel (RDF-5). The higher the addition ratio of the raw material (rice straw or coconut shell), the more superior is the effect of the mixture. The optimum carbon content is then mixed with inorganic sludge (IS) and organic sludge (OS) and the calorific value obtained was about 2852 Cal/g and 2840 Cal/g.


No soil? No problem for this hydroponic planter that brings all your growing inside

7 November, 2020
 

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BIOCHAR SOIL AMENDMENT

7 November, 2020
 

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Crystal Fertilizer Nitrogen 20.5% N Steel Grade Ammonium Sulphate

7 November, 2020
 

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Protein Organic Nitrogen Fertilizer

Best Seaweed Organic Granular Fertilizer with NPK12-3-3

NPK12-3-3 Seaweed Organic Granular Fertilizer

Product Description

Ammonium Sulphate is one of the most widely used nitrogen fertilizers. Ammonium  Sulphate can provide nitrogen and sulphur and can make crops thrive and improve fruit quality , yield and strengthen resistance to disaster.Ammonium Sulphate is the best quick-acting nitrogen fertilizer.
It is particularly suitable for the soil which lack of sulfur, low chloride tolerance crops. It is suitable for rice ,fruit trees and vegetables.

Properties:

1.Our products are white crystal or granular,easily solubling  in water.
2.It  appears acid in  aqueous environment and it is insoluble in alcohol, acetone and ammonia.
3.It easily deliquesces in the air.

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Crystal Fertilizer Nitrogen 20.5% N Steel Grade Ammonium Sulphate

Ammonium Sulfate Steel Grade Crystal Powder Granular

Ammonium Sulphate Fertilizer Powder Crystal Granular Nitrogen 20.5% Steel Nitrogen 21% Caprolactam Grade

Ammonium Sulfate Steel Grade Crystal Powder

Steel Grade Crystal Powder Ammonium Sulfate


Buy Steel Grade Crystal Powder Ammonium Sulfate – Biochar Organic Fertilizer Manufacture

7 November, 2020
 

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Product Description

Product Name

Ammonium Sulphate

CAS NO.

7783-20-2

EINECS NO.

231-984-1

HS Code

31022100

Molecular Formula

(NH4)2SO4

State

White, Off-White power/granular

Advantage:

1. Ammonium nitrogen and sulfur fertilizer
2. Quick and physiological fertilizer in the soil, response to acidic, suitable in alkaline soil and carbon soil.
3. More suitable for crops which has good taste such as fruits, tea, citrus, lemon, oil and sugar cane crops.
4. Low moisture absorption, good physical properties.

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NOTES All unreferenced numbers are results from the GlobAgriWRR model All dollars are US dollars unless otherwise indicated All tons are metric tons unless otherwise indicate

The dataset shows the solubility relationships between the various soil characteristics for 84 soils covering a wide range of soil properties pH 35 to 81 total Pb 10 to 15 000 mg Pb kg−1

14 Dehydrated Alfalfa Pellets 302 Fertilizer WESTERN ALFALFA MILLING CO LTD Fertilizers and Amendments CANADA Allowed and inspected under Canadian regulation COR Canadian Organic Regulation 1051 Granulés 1051 Granulated Les Entreprises A Jr L Inc Fertilizers and Amendments CANADA

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Calculated EC50 48h value of ionic gold was 258 03 mg AuL EC50 value of phosphinestabilized gold nanoclusters was 322 11 mg AuL It was not possible to calculate EC50 for 15 nm citrate gold nanoparticles as they were nontoxic at all concentrations tested

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NOTES All unreferenced numbers are results from the GlobAgriWRR model All dollars are US dollars unless otherwise indicated All tons are metric tons unless otherwise indicate

The dataset shows the solubility relationships between the various soil characteristics for 84 soils covering a wide range of soil properties pH 35 to 81 total Pb 10 to 15 000 mg Pb kg−1

Correction Fibulin1C C1 Esterase Inhibitor and Glucose Regulated Protein 75 Interact with the CREC Proteins Calumenin and Reticulocalbin September 23 2015 MEDLINE Abstract

Calculated EC50 48h value of ionic gold was 258 03 mg AuL EC50 value of phosphinestabilized gold nanoclusters was 322 11 mg AuL It was not possible to calculate EC50 for 15 nm citrate gold nanoparticles as they were nontoxic at all concentrations tested

velopment of fastgr owing bacteria using simple carbon sub stra tes mainly sugar and organic acids Hengstmann et al 1999 Lehours et al 2009 and howe ver do not reflect natural

Critical deficiency level of Zn in cowpea was 13 mg kg1 in soil and 285 mg kg1 in shoot dry matter however to barely symptoms of Zn deficiency was not observed and concentration of Zn was higher than the critical level reported in literatures Organic carbon OC calcium carbonate equivalent CCE pH and field capacity soil moisture

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Self-propagating synthesis of Zn-loaded biochar for tetracycline elimination

7 November, 2020
 

Zn-loaded biochar was successfully prepared by self-propagating combustion method.

The self-propagating combustion is facile, effective and time-saving (30 min).

Excellent adsorption performance (159.64 mg/g) of tetracycline was achieved.

Adsorption mechanism included surface complexation, π-π interactions and H-bond.

Zn-loaded biochar was successfully prepared by self-propagating combustion method.

The self-propagating combustion is facile, effective and time-saving (30 min).

Excellent adsorption performance (159.64 mg/g) of tetracycline was achieved.

Adsorption mechanism included surface complexation, π-π interactions and H-bond.

Herein, a novel Zn-loaded biochar (Zn-LBC) originating from Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh leaves was successfully prepared through a simple and rapid self-propagating combustion reaction (SHS) and could serve as an efficient adsorbent for tetracycline (TC) elimination from water. The adsorption performance was analyzed via a series of characterizations and batch adsorption experiments. The results showed that the novel adsorbent Zn-LBC exhibited an excellent TC adsorption capacity (159.64 mg/g), which was 2.63 times higher than that of the original biochar (60.78 mg/g). The pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Freundlich isothermal model fit the adsorption data well. It is noteworthy that Zn-LBC had little effect on the adsorption capacity of TC in the 0-10 mg/L various coexisting ion range and presence of humic acid (HA). In addition, the adsorption test of TC using hospital wastewater as the water sample also achieved satisfactory results (raw influent: 52.65 mg/g, final effluent: 85.64 mg/g). FT-IR and XPS investigations showed that the TC adsorption mechanism included surface complexation, π-π interactions, and hydrogen bonds. The results provide new ideas for exploring low-cost and highly efficient modified biochar adsorbent for TC elimination.


Biochar Market Global Industry Size, Growth, Segments, Revenue, Manufacturers & Forecast …

7 November, 2020
 

Chicago, United States:- Global Biochar Market reports offers important insights which help the industry experts, product managers, CEOs, and business executives to draft their policies on various parameters including expansion, acquisition, and new product launch as well as analyzing and understanding the market trends.

Each segment of the global Biochar market is extensively evaluated in the research study. The segmental analysis offered in the report pinpoints key opportunities available in the global Biochar market through leading segments. The regional study of the global Biochar market included in the report helps readers to gain a sound understanding of the development of different geographical markets in recent years and also going forth. We have provided a detailed study on the critical dynamics of the global Biochar market, which include the market influence and market effect factors, drivers, challenges, restraints, trends, and prospects. The research study also includes other types of analysis such as qualitative and quantitative.

Global Biochar Market report offers a detailed Outlook and future prospects of the Industry. The Biochar Market report includes various topics like market size & share, Product types, applications, key market drivers & restraints, challenges, growth opportunities, key players, competitive landscape.

Some of the prominent companies that are covered in this report: Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd

Competitive landscape is a critical aspect every key player needs to be familiar with. The report throws light on the competitive scenario of the global Biochar market to know the competition at both the domestic and global levels. Market experts have also offered the outline of every leading player of the global Biochar market, considering the key aspects such as areas of operation, production, and product portfolio. Additionally, companies in the report are studied based on the key factors such as company size, market share, market growth, revenue, production volume, and profits.

NOTE:Due to the pandemic, we have included a special section on the Impact of COVID 19 on the Biochar Market which would mention How the Covid-19 is Affecting the Biochar Industry, Market Trends and Potential Opportunities in the COVID-19 Landscape, Covid-19 Impact on Key Regions and Proposal for Biochar Players to Combat Covid-19 Impact.

The global Biochar market is expected to reach xxx Million USD by 2026, with a CAGR of xx% from 2020 to 2028.

Our exploration specialists acutely ascertain the significant aspects of the global Biochar market report. It also provides an in-depth valuation in regards to the future advancements relying on the past data and present circumstance of Biochar market situation. In this Biochar report, we have investigated the principals, players in the market, geological regions, product type, and market end-client applications. The global Biochar report comprises of primary and secondary data which is exemplified in the form of pie outlines, Biochar tables, analytical figures, and reference diagrams. The Biochar report is presented in an efficient way that involves basic dialect, basic Biochar outline, agreements, and certain facts as per solace and comprehension.

The Essential Content Covered in the Global Biochar Market Report :

* Top Key Company Profiles.
* Main Business and Rival Information
* SWOT Analysis and PESTEL Analysis
* Production, Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin
* Market Share and Size

Regional Coverage: North America (United States, Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia), South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia etc.), Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

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✔ Readers of this report will receive in-depth knowledge about the market.
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Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd, Biochar , Biochar Industry, Biochar Market, Biochar Market 2020, Biochar Market analysis, Biochar Market Analysis in Developed Countries, Biochar Market by Application, Biochar Market by Type, Biochar Market comprehensive analysis, Biochar Market comprehensive report, Biochar Market Development, Biochar Market Evolving Opportunities With Top Industry Experts, Biochar Market forecast, Biochar Market Forecast to 2025, Biochar Market Forecast to 2026, Biochar Market Forecast to 2027, Biochar Market Future Innovation, Biochar Market Future Trends, Biochar Market Google News, Biochar Market Growing Demand and Growth Opportunity, Biochar market growth, Biochar Market in Asia, Biochar Market in Australia, Biochar Market in Canada, Biochar Market in Europe, Biochar Market in France, Biochar Market in Germany, Biochar Market in Israel, Biochar Market in Japan, Biochar Market in Key Countries, Biochar Market in Korea, Biochar Market in United Kingdom, Biochar Market in United States, Biochar Market insights, Biochar Market is Booming, Biochar Market is Emerging Industry in Developing Countries, Biochar Market Latest Report, Biochar Market opportunities, Biochar market report, Biochar market research, Biochar Market Research report, Biochar Market research study, Biochar Market Rising Trends, Biochar Market Size in United States, Biochar market strategy, Biochar Market SWOT Analysis, Biochar Market Updates”

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PDF Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to …

7 November, 2020
 

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Biochar Biochar Market: To Witness Remarkable… BFN CA

7 November, 2020
 


Biochar Market 2020-2025 Industry Analysis

7 November, 2020
 

The report titled Worldwide Biochar Market 2020 sectors of the global Biochar market. The report provides information regarding all the aspects associated with the market, which includes reviews of the final product, and the key factors influencing or constraining the market growth. Measurements, tables, and figures are referenced in this report will help key partners for vital arranging which leads to the achievement of the association. The study serves the in-depth analysis of the market by value, by production capacity, by companies, by applications, by segments, by region, etc.

NOTE: Our analysts monitoring the situation across the globe explains that the market will generate remunerative prospects for producers post COVID-19 crisis. The report aims to provide an additional illustration of the latest scenario, economic slowdown, and COVID-19 impact on the overall industry.

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The report describes the situation of the global Biochar market at the global and regional levels through geographical segmentation. It encompasses a detailed compilation of this industry and a excellent overview of its segmentation. The report offers an inclusive overview of the market based on its current status and market size, in terms of volume and returns. In the competitive analysis section of the report, leading as well as prominent players of the global market are broadly studied on the basis of key factors. The report offers a comprehensive analysis and accurate statistics on revenue by the player for the period 2020.

The report presents the market rivalry scene and a point by point investigation of the significant producers in the global Biochar market. It also provides market investment plans like product features, price trend analysis, channel features, regional and industry investment opportunity, cost and revenue calculation, economic performance evaluation, etc. Later in the chapters, the market growth factors, limitations, market opportunities, and challenges are described.

Further in the subsequent sections of the report, research analysts have rendered precise judgment regarding the various applications that the Biochar market mediates for superlative end-user benefits.

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The market competitive landscape provides details by a competitor. Details included are company overview, company financials, revenue, global Biochar market potential, investment in research and development, global presence, production sites and facilities, production capacities, company strengths and weaknesses, product launch, product width and breadth, application dominance.

This intensively researched report presentation has been prepared in real time parlance, rendering substantial attention towards COVID-19 outbreak that has lately wreaked unprecedented damage across industries, stagnating growth.

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Customization of the Report:
This report can be customized to meet the clients requirements. Please connect with our sales team ([email protected]), who will ensure that you get a report that suits your needs.

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Retort Build From Smoker

7 November, 2020
 


Download Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation

7 November, 2020
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation (English Edition)
Author: English Edition .
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Effect of biochar addition on hydrogen and methane production in two-phase anaerobic digestion …

7 November, 2020
 

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Biochar as carbon emissions negative technology and climate change

8 November, 2020
 

In partnership with the U.S. Biochar Initiative and the Southern Regional Extension Forestry, the USDA Forest Service Research and Development is hosting a monthly Biochar webinar series 2020.

On November 12, the speaker is Carlos Rodriguez Franco from the USDA Forest Service Research and Development. Carlos is a Senior Forester; He earned a doctorate degree in Forest Sciences from Yale University, a master’s degree in Silviculture from Colegio de Postgraduados and a bachelor’s degree in Forest Engineering from Chapingo Autonomous University both in Mexico. He has written more than 90 scientific articles on subjects related to forest inventories, silviculture, forest management, plant production techniques, forest plantations, and agroforestry systems published in Mexico, the USA. Some of his contributions were his participation in the "Forestry Compendium" published by CAB International in the United Kingdom, and the book "Pines of silvicultural importance" that was published by CAB International.

2020 © Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer


A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant Health

8 November, 2020
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant Health (English Edition) par Jeff Fry
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DOWNLOAD [PDF] The Biochar Solution: Carbon Farming and Climate Change par Albert K. Bates …

8 November, 2020
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Volume Analysis, size, share and Key Trends 2020-2020

9 November, 2020
 

GLOBAL Biochar Fertilizer MARKET: INDUSTRY OPPORTUNITIES, DEVELOPMENT SCENARIO, AND FORECAST TILL 2025

Beathan Report has published the global report on the Biochar Fertilizer market, which consists of insights about all the important parameters of the market such as consumption and the production patterns coupled with the revenue patterns for the forecast period. In terms of production aspect, the report offers complete detailed analysis regarding the manufacturing processes coupled with the gross financials gathered by the top most manufacturers functioning in this industry. The primary aspect of the Biochar Fertilizer market that is covered in the report assists the clients and the organizations to better understand the business profile in terms of drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities pertaining and affecting the market dynamics.

Request Sample Report @ https://beathanreports.com/request-for-sample-report/77678

The major companies include:

Seek Fertiliser

Anulekh

GreenBack

CARBON EARTH COMPANY

Carbon Gold Ltd

Hendrikus

Sinochem Fertilizer Holdings Co., Ltd.

Shike Biological Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

Fujian Longchuang Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.

According to the Biochar Fertilizer report, the market is projected to expand with a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period 2020 to 2025.

COVID-19 has majorly affected the overall global businesses and it will take a huge time for the business recovery. Majority of the industry sectors have realigned their business strategies, priorities, and have amended their economic planning in order to remain in the business and retain their position on the global platform. The exhaustive analysis of the Biochar Fertilizer market will help the new market entrants to obtain reliable market strategies and plan strong action plans for the forecast period.

Segment by Type, the Biochar Fertilizer market is segmented into

Organic Fertilizer

Inorganic Fertilizer

Compound Fertilizer

Segment by Application, the Biochar Fertilizer market is segmented into

Cereals

Oil Crops

Fruits and Vegetables

Others

Request Discount About This Report @ https://beathanreports.com/discount-request-on-report/77678 

Major highlights of the Biochar Fertilizer market report:

* COVID-19 impact on the revenue streams of the Biochar Fertilizer market players.

* Statistics of the total sales volume and overall market revenue.

* Industry trends breakdowns.

* Estimated growth rate of the Biochar Fertilizer market.

* Pros and cons of the direct and indirect sales channels.

* In-depth information about the major distributors, dealers, and traders.

Request For Customization About This Report @ https://beathanreports.com/request-for-customization/77678 

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Global Biochar Market 2020-2025 Industry Analysis By

9 November, 2020
 

Gauging through Scope: Global Biochar Market, 2020-2025Augmented by various supportive market forces and elements, the global Biochar market is anticipated to demonstrate a lingering growth stride in the coming years through the forecast span, 2020-2025, reverberating a steady CAGR output.

This well presented, highly researched market synopsis sets forth a thoroughly unbiased portrayal of the current market conditions to aid enthusiastic investors and established players in global Biochar market to harness high potential growth and steady revenue output through the entire growth span. For further inkling into historical events and developments in the aforementioned market, this well-researched documentation delves into historical timeline, unearthing significant market developments that have upscaled growth in multiple significant ways.

Request free sample report https://www.pixionmarketresearch.com/report/global-biochar-market/8145/

The report draws references of an extensive analysis of the Biochar market, entailing crucial details about key market players, complete with a broad overview of expansion probability and expansion strategies.

Present and past market developments help market players to well comprehend current growth effective parameters to ensure lucrative returns in the coming years. The report is inclined towards unravelling diverse influencing catalysts that have systematically orchestrated high potential growth in global Biochar market taking into account both historic and current perspectives.

Further in the subsequent sections of the report, research analysts have rendered precise judgment regarding the various applications that the Biochar market mediates for superlative end-user benefits.

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The report encourages high end commercialization and profit steering possibilities, also considering market dimensions and volatility of market size.

To ensure thoroughly impeccable investor participation and noteworthy growth prospects, this section of the report also dwells over accurately decoding the competitive landscape with astute high-end identification of frontline players, complete with an in-depth analytical study of their business choices and investment discretion.

Details pertaining to portfolio advances, regional footprint and other relevant market details have been well gauged in this report to ensure smooth ride and optimistic business returns despite several odds and unprecedented challenges.

A dedicated chapter on COVID-19 analysis has therefore been included in this versatile report to encourage future-ready business discretion aligning with post COVID-19 market environment.

Read complete report along with TOC :https://www.pixionmarketresearch.com/report/global-biochar-market/8145/

This intensively researched report presentation has been prepared in real time parlance, rendering substantial attention towards COVID-19 outbreak that has lately wreaked unprecedented damage across industries, stagnating growth.

The report is designed to offer remarkable breakthroughs pertaining to distribution and supplychain operations, besides also showcasing logistics angle. The report is designed to highlight crucial details on key competition trends, popular sales channels as well as other growth instigating parameters, crucial for growth. The report also identifies the segment with most promising growth potential and revenue boosting capabilities.

BROWSE COMPLETE REPORT AND TABLE OF CONTENTS :https://www.pixionmarketresearch.com/report/global-biochar-market/8145/

Customization of the Report:
This report can be customized to meet the clients requirements. Please connect with our sales team ([email protected]), who will ensure that you get a report that suits your needs.




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Biochar Production Characterization And Applications Urbanization Industrialization And The …

9 November, 2020
 

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2025 Projections: Biochar Fertilizer Market Report By Type, Application And Regional Outlook

9 November, 2020
 

UMR has published a research report on the Biochar Fertilizer market. The report covers comprehensive data on emerging trends, market drivers, growth opportunities, and restraints that can change the market dynamics of the report. It provides an in-depth analysis of the market segments which include products, applications, and end-user applications.

This report also includes a complete analysis of industry players that cover their latest developments, product portfolio, pricing, mergers, acquisitions, and collaborations. Moreover, it provides crucial strategies that are helping them to expand their market share. The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market research report is prepared by implying robust research methodology and including Porter’s Five Forces analysis to provide the complex matrix of the market.

Get Free Sample Report + All Related Graphs & Charts: https://www.upmarketresearch.com/home/requested_sample/69654

Key Highlights of the Report

Complete Purchase of Latest Version Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Study with COVID-19 Impact Analysis: https://www.upmarketresearch.com/buy/biochar-fertilizer-market-2019

Market Segmentation Covered in the report.

By Type

Organic Fertilizer
Inorganic Fertilizer
Compound Fertilizer

The market research report is classified into the types of products and is analyzed in a detailed manner. Moreover, it includes potential future products that are expected to open new market avenues and can change the dynamics of the market. Each product type is analyzed on the basis of their developments, growth, and threats in the different regions.

By Application

Cereals
Oil Crops
Fruits and Vegetables
Others

This report covers all the applications of the afore-mentioned products and also provides information on the potential applications in the foreseeable future. The dedicated research team has to look into all possible parameters and analyzed the applications that drive the growth of the market.

By Region

North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico)

Asia Pacific (India, China, Japan, South Korea, ASEAN, Rest of Asia Pacific)

Europe (Italy, Germany, France, Spain, Central & Eastern Europe, Rest of Europe)

Middle East & Africa (GCC, Turkey, Rest of the Middle East & Africa)

South America (Brazil, Argentina, Rest of South America)

One country of interest can be added with no additional cost on the report. Moreover, if more than one needs to be added, the regional segment quote may vary. In this report, the questions such as which country/region is expected to witness a steep rise in CAGR & year-on-year (Y-o-Y) are also covered.

Ask for the discount @ https://www.upmarketresearch.com/home/request_for_discount/69654

Competitive Landscape

Biogrow Limited
Biochar Farms
Anulekh
GreenBack
Carbon Fertilizer
Global Harvest Organics

Note: Additional companies can be profiled in the report.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the report

1) Does the report cover COVID-19 impact and future market projections?

Yes. The market research report covers the detailed analysis of COVID-19 impact on the market. Our research team has been monitoring the market closely while it has been conducting interviews with the industry experts to get better insights on the present and future implications of the COVID-19 virus on the market.

The market report provides vital information on the strategies deployed by industry players during the COVID-19 crisis to maintain their position in the market. Along with this, it also shares crucial data on product developments due to the inevitable pandemic across the globe.

2) Can the report be customized according to the requirements?

Yes. The Biochar Fertilizer market report can be customized according to your needs. For instance, the company can be profiled you ask for while specific region/country analysis can be focused that meets your interests. You can talk to our research analyst about your exact requirements and UMR will accordingly tailor the required report.

3) Can we narrow the available business segments?

Yes, the market report can be further segmented on the basis of data availability and feasibility. We can provide a further breakdown in product types and applications (if applicable) by size, volume, or revenue. In the market segmentation part, the latest product developments and customer behavior insights are also included to give an in-depth analysis of the market.

Get on the call with our research analyst if you have any particular doubts before buying the report @ https://www.upmarketresearch.com/home/enquiry_before_buying/69654

About Us:

UpMarketResearch is a leading publisher of market research report. With more than 800+ global clients, our motto is to help our clients with the most accurate, easy to understand and actionable market research reports.

Accuracy, prompt response and aftermarket client consulting forms the basis of our business model. We have a large repository of market reports belonging to various verticals such as healthcare, chemicals and energy, consumer goods, automotive, IT & Telecom, food & beverages and further more.

Leveraging your business decision with accuracy and timeliness coupled with insight on market trends, size and demand are some major highlights of our research and market studies.

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Biochar Calendar

9 November, 2020
 

Upcoming biochar events and education.

Nov 10,12,17,19
Cornell Extension Biochar Webinar Series
https://enych.cce.cornell.edu/event.php?id=1478

Nov 12 – 11am Eastern
US Forest Service Webinar: Biochar as carbon emissions negative technology and climate change
http://www.forestrywebinars.net/webinars/biochar-carbon-emissions-negative-tech/?sr=wp~upcoming

Dec 7-12 National Biochar Week sponsored by Eastern Biochar – a week of online programs
https://www.easternbiochar.org

 

A first look at technology options that are readily available.

Interview September 2020

Building the Future from the Ground Up

A not-for-profit organization promoting the sustainable production and use of biochar through research, policy, technology and doing it!

© 2020 USBI. All rights reserved.

Be among the first 100 to take this 5-minute survey and get a free, online USBI Directory listing! Your feedback will help us design educational resources that closely fit your needs.


Switchgrass Cat Litter

9 November, 2020
 

Ourpets switchgrass natural cat litter with biochar. Switchgrass natural cat litter with biochar after years of extensive research ourpets has developed an all natural cat litter that has a strong clumping action moisture absorption and odor control from the sustainable resources switchgrass and biochar. The other good choice is smart cats litter made of only grass and pricier.


Global Biochar Market Future Scope (2020-2025) | Competitors Analysis and Growth Factors

10 November, 2020
 

The research report titled “Global Biochar Market Future Scope (2020-2025) | Competitors Analysis and Growth Factors” and published by “Zion Market Research” is an in-depth and dedicated scrutiny of the existing stats of the global Biochar Market entailing the numerous facets pertinent to statistics and growth of the business. The report segregated into diverse sections to simplify the comprehension of the included data and thus, market dynamics. It encompasses all the major competitors and players Airex Energy, BSEI, Diacarbon Energy, Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Biochar Supreme, Cool Planet Energy Systems involved in the global Biochar Market along with the various features relating to the market players like company profiles, supply chain value, product specifications, market shares, and so on. Also, the report entails the major strategic market developments, comprising R&D activities, collaborations, new product launch, agreements, joint ventures, partnerships, M&A, and presence & expansion extent of these prominent players on the global and regional scale. In addition, it comprises the systematic examination of business strategies for expansion of the prominent Biochar Market players.

Request Free Sample Report of Biochar Market Report @ https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/sample/biochar-market

Some of the Major Market Players Are:

Airex Energy, BSEI, Diacarbon Energy, Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Biochar Supreme, Cool Planet Energy Systems

The Biochar Market report encompasses the general idea of the global Biochar Market including definition, classifications, and applications. Further, it includes the all-inclusive comprehension of several factors such as drivers, constraints, and major micro markets. The report is a wide-ranging source of widespread facts and figures for business strategists as it offers the historical & futuristic data such as demand & supply data, cost, revenue, profit, supply chain value, and so on. Furthermore, it entails the key market features, comprising production, revenue, price, capacity, gross margin, market share, consumption, gross, production rate, demand/supply, cost, capacity utilization rate, export/import, and CAGR (compound annual growth rate). In addition the report encompasses global Biochar Market segmentation on the basis of diverse facets like product/service type, application, technology, end-users, and major geographic regions Latin America, North America, Asia Pacific, Middle & East Africa, and Europe. Apart from this, the researcher market analyst and experts present their outlook or insights of product sales, market share, and value along with the possible opportunities to grow or tap into in these regions.

Promising Regions & Countries Mentioned In The Biochar Market Report:

The Biochar Market report also entails the vigorous evaluation about the growth plot and all opportunities & risk related to of global Biochar Market during the forecast period. In addition, the report comprises the key events and most recent innovations in the industry together with the prospective trends technological progresses within the global Biochar Market that can impact its expansion graph. Entailing the pivotal data on the market’s statistics and dynamics, the report will serve as a valued asset in term of decision-making and guidance for the businesses and companies already active within industry or looking forward to enter into it.

Download Free PDF Report Brochure @ https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/requestbrochure/biochar-market

The Study Objectives of Biochar Market Report Are:

Request coronavirus impact analysis on sectors and market

Request impact analysis on this market @ https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/custom/2594?covid19=true

Some Major Points in TOC:

Inquire more about this report @ https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/inquiry/biochar-market

Also, Research Report Examines:

Thanks for reading this article; you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like North America, Europe or Asia.

About Us:

Zion Market Research is an obligated company. We create futuristic, cutting-edge, informative reports ranging from industry reports, company reports to country reports. We provide our clients not only with market statistics unveiled by avowed private publishers and public organizations but also with vogue and newest industry reports along with pre-eminent and niche company profiles. Our database of market research reports comprises a wide variety of reports from cardinal industries. Our database is been updated constantly in order to fulfill our clients with prompt and direct online access to our database. Keeping in mind the client’s needs, we have included expert insights on global industries, products, and market trends in this database. Last but not the least, we make it our duty to ensure the success of clients connected to us—after all—if you do well, a little of the light shines on us.

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Green Roof Envrionment Biochar

10 November, 2020
 

Another biochar type increased the leaching of nutrients from green roofs. Experimental green roofs a comparison of standard and green roof layers with a combination of biochar article pdf available january 2020 with 112 reads how we measure reads. Studies on the properties of biochar are needed to avoid unintended consequences.


Optimization of process and properties of biochar from cabbage waste by response surface …

10 November, 2020
 

The properties of biochar produced by pyrolysis are strongly influenced by various factors such as feedstock. Cabbage makes up around 6.5% of global vegetable production with around 30% wasted from the farm to plate, making it a considerable and widely available biochar feedstock. This study investigates the optimization of three design factors, namely, pyrolysis temperature, feed particle size, and quantity of waste cabbage biomass to produce biochar. Feed particle size was selected due to its relevance to solar or other drying pretreatment, necessary for moisture reduction. To evaluate the influence of these parameters and find their optimum conditions, response surface methodology (RSM) with a central composite design of experiments was used. Optimum response for cabbage biochar was observed at lower temperature (360 °C) with particle size of 0.90 mm and a relatively low quantity, though this latter parameter had minimal influence on most response parameters. Temperature was the most influential parameter on all response variables, although particle size was important for nitrogen content, cation exchange capacity (CEC), and electrical conductivity. Biochar produced at an optimum pyrolysis temperature of 360 °C and nearest practical size of 1 mm was tested with Ipomoea purpurea in sandy soil. Two percent biochar loading provided an increase in water retention from 6.5% in the control to 10% in the biochar amended soil (p = 0.016). Increases were also observed in plant height and leaf production but were not statistically significant at α = 0.05.

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The authors would like to thank Qatar National Research Fund for their support of this research through NPRP-11S-0117-180328, and co-funding from Qatar Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy through the Challenge 22 program.

Correspondence to Hamish R. Mackey.

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of HBKU, QF, or Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

(PDF 962 kb)

Received: 12 June 2020

Revised: 14 October 2020

Accepted: 16 October 2020

Published: 09 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-01101-5

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Changes in Biochar Functional Groups and Its Reactivity after Volatile–Char Interactions during …

10 November, 2020
 

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Gas permeability of biochar-amended clay: potential alternative landfill final cover material.

10 November, 2020
 

Authors: James Tsz Fung Wong, Zhongkui Chen, Charles Wang Wai Ng, Ming Hung Wong

PMID: 26092359

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-4871-2

ISSN: 1614-7499

Journal Title: Environmental science and pollution research international

Publication Date: 2016 Apr

Compacted biochar-amended clay (BAC) has been proposed as an alternative landfill final cover material in this study. Biochar has long been proposed to promote crop growth, mitigate odor emission, and promote methane oxidation in field soils. However, previous studies showed that soil-gas permeability was increased upon biochar application, which will promote landfill gas emission. The objective of the present study is to investigate the possibility of using compacted BAC as an alternative material in landfill final cover by evaluating its gas permeability. BAC samples were prepared by mixing 425-μm-sieved peanut shell biochar with kaolin clay in different ratios (0, 5, 10, and 15 %, w/w) and compacting at different degrees of compactions (DOC) (80, 85, and 90 %) with an optimum water content of 35 %. The gas permeability of the BACs was measured by flexible wall gas permeameter and the microstructure of the BACs was analyzed by SEM with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The results show that the effects of biochar content on BAC gas permeability is highly dependent on the DOC. At high DOC (90 %), the gas permeability of BAC decreases with increasing biochar content due to the combined effect of the clay aggregation and the inhibition of biochar in the gas flow. However, at low DOC (80 %), biochar incorporation has no effects on gas permeability because it no longer acts as a filling material to the retard gas flow. The results from the present study imply that compacted BAC can be used as an alternative final cover material with decreased gas permeability when compared with clay.

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Turning a Water Plant Plague Into Useful Biochar

11 November, 2020
 

An organisation has developed a process to produce biochar from the invasive water hyacinth. The so-called C2C biochar destroys weeds, improves soil yield, protects the climate and generates new sources of income for communities.

The thoughtless introduction of a non-native species can have an astonishing, and frightening, impact on the environment. The water hyacinth is such a case and, as an ornamental plant, it was introduced from the Brazilian tropics to areas of Asia and Africa in the late 19th century, where it was able to reproduce explosively. The invasive aquatic plant is regarded as the fastest growing plant in the world, as its biomass can double within two weeks. The devastating extent of this plague is visible, for example, at Lake Victoria, the largest freshwater lake in Africa. Natural predators are lacking here and the growing conditions are ideal, partly due to the over-fertilisation in agriculture.

The water hyacinth poses a huge ecological, economic and social problem outside its natural range. It can destroy entire ecosystems, paralyse ships and hydroelectric power stations and put fishermen out of work. Its dense plant cover displaces the native flora by consuming nutrients and oxygen at the surface and limiting the amount that penetrates deeper. As a result of the lack of food supply, fish stocks are also reduced. In addition, the plant influences the water balance of the region, as its lush foliage causes increased surface evaporation and, in addition, hinders the circulation of water. This results in ideal nurseries for malarial mosquitoes and increased soil erosion. But that’s not all; after dying off, the aquatic weeds sink to the bottom of the water and rot there without oxygen. This leads to the formation of methane, a greenhouse gas that is around 25 times more harmful to the climate than CO2.

The Char2Cool e.V. association based in Reisbach, Germany is convinced that simply removing the plant can never be sustainable. Instead, a form of added value must be found. From this thought the idea of producing biochar was born. Like charcoal, biochar is carbon residue that results from decomposing biomass at high temperatures, in a process known as pyrolysis – or charring. This process is of course nothing new, but what is innovative is the use of water hyacinth as a source material. The non-profit organisation, which has officially only been in existence since February 2020, initially planned to enter biogas production, but rejected this project due to the lack of demand and infrastructure in the targeted countries. Olivia Thierley of Char2Cool, on the other hand, developed a “Frugal Engineering Solution“, the C2C-Kiln, for water hyacinth carbonisation: “Anyone, anywhere, can make vegetable coal from anything,” she told RESET.

The materials for building the three-part C2C-Kiln, a kind of oven, cost between 20 and 80 euros and are also readily available in less developed regions. The operation of the kiln is intuitive, safe and requires no physical effort, explains Thierley. The individual production steps for charring are simple and can be done by hand: After the harvest, the water hyacinths are dried for about a week before being placed in the C2C kiln where it is carbonised at high temperatures (300-600 degrees) and under oxygen deficiency. With two kilns, 65 kg of vegetable coal can be produced a day. The biochar can then be fortified with increased nutrients by using it, for example, as litter for poultry.

C2C Biochar kills several birds with one stone when used as a soil conditioner which limit weed growth and improve soil quality. In Nigeria, for example, nutrients in soil is often leached out by state-subsidised synthetic fertilisers. Water hyacinth charcoal compensates for this acidification by means of soil-chemical processes. In addition, its porous structure enables it to absorb water and the nutrients dissolved in it very well. After being brought into the fields, it gradually releases these valuable substances to the plant as required. It is therefore a carrier of nutrients rather than a fertiliser itself and, in addition to other positive properties, can promote the presence of microorganisms. In Ghana, Char2Cool has been able to observe a fourfold increase in maize yields through its use.

At the same time, however, the charring of the water hyacinth also creates a permanent carbon sink, so that value creation is combined with climate protection at this point. This is achieved by the CO2 absorbed during plant growth remaining bound in the form of a “carbon skeleton” after carbonisation. In this way, it remains stable in the soil for more than 1,000 years. Vegetable carbon is thus one of the negative emission technologies. In addition, harvesting this almost inexhaustible resource counteracts the occurrence of methane. According to Char2Cool, one ton of water hyacinth biochar produces 200 to 300 tons of CO2 equivalents. This corresponds to the annual CO2 footprint of up to 30 people living in Germany.

The production of C2C biochar is independent and decentralised. “Our model is to support local entrepreneurs who then manage their production independently,” says Thierley. This creates new livelihoods within the communities and thus jobs. The three-member association team passes on its know-how directly to interested parties, by telephone, electronically or in person. “What we do is not driven by millions of euros, but by the motivation and entrepreneurial spirit of the local people. We do not actively seek out producers, but support those who take the initiative and contact us,” she explains.

This is how local producer Peter Bassey from Nigeria started his C2C biochar production with a start-up capital of just 50 euros. After five months, he had already produced six tons of water hyacinth biochar and hired three employees. Char2Cool has meanwhile gained further positive experience in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Peru. The future challenge will be to create a real local market for the vegetable biochar. Many farmers are simply unfamiliar with the product and its benefits, namely faster plant growth and higher yields with less water and nutrient consumption. For this reason, a training centre and demonstration garden will be set up in Nigeria, and workshops on the subject of vegetable charcoal will be offered.

Furthermore, as a climate protector, there will be the possibility to purchase CO2 compensation directly through Char2Cool – without intermediaries and based on verified CO2 savings per tonne of water hyacinth biochar. Such calculations often refer to extrapolations or forecasts. So far, Char2Cool’s CO2 compensations are only sold within its own network and to individual companies. Those who would like to support the project now can participate in crowdfunding.

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Global Granular Biochar Market share, size 2020| emerging rapidly with latest trends, growth …

11 November, 2020
 

MarketsandResearch.biz has published a new report titled Global Granular Biochar Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 that aims to define the market size of different segments in previous years and to forecast the values to the next five years. The report entails a comprehensive database on market estimation based on historical data analysis. The report emphasizes knowledge-based information on both qualify qualitative and quantitative aspects of the industry. It covers the new players entering the global Granular Biochar market. It focuses on primary and secondary drivers, market share, leading segments, and regional analysis. Then the report demonstrates detailed information about the crucial aspects such as drivers and restraining factors which will show the future growth of the market.

The most recent improvements and new industrial explanations are revealed in the report. Report analysts analyze the key elements such as demand, growth rate, cost, capacity utilization, import, margin, and production of the global market players. The report further focuses on global major leading industry players of the global Granular Biochar market providing information such as company profiles, product picture, and specification, production, price, cost, revenue, and contact information. Details of different sections and sub-sections of the global market on the basis of topographical regions have been given. In terms of a global perspective, this report represents the overall market size by analyzing historical data and future prospects.

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The product types covered in the report include: Wood Source Biochar, Corn Source Biochar, Wheat Source Biochar, Other

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Influences of feedstock sources and pyrolysis temperature on the properties of biochar and …

12 November, 2020
 


Global Pyrolytic Products Market : Analysis and In-depth study on market Size Trends, Emerging …

12 November, 2020
 

Global Pyrolytic Products Market Report helps the readers to maximize their profits and business making ventures by gaining complete insights of Pyrolytic Products Industry. The latest developments and growth opportunities in Pyrolytic Products market are covered. Development trends, revenue analysis, Pyrolytic Products market share and market dynamics are presented to optimize the business. The vital Pyrolytic Products insights, opportunities in existing and emerging segments are explained. An in-depth analysis on the present state of Pyrolytic Products, progressive future trends, and comprehensive analysis based on type, application, players and regions are covered. The report thoroughly analyzes the competitors, SWOT analysis, industry chain structure and production process view.

Pyrolytic Products Market Leading Players (2019-2026:

Agri-Tech Producers LLC
Tagrow Co., Ltd.
DOI & Co., Ltd
Nakashima Trading Co. Ltd.
Ace (Singapore) PTE Ltd
New Life Agro
Byron Biochar
Vega Bioguels Inc
Tolero Energy
Cool Planet Energy System
Nettenergy BV
Diacarbon Energy Inc
Penta Manufacturer
Verdi Life
Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp.

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Biochar
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The Green Space | Carbon and NET goals

13 November, 2020
 

The Green Space is a biweekly blog about all things environmental — whether we’re talking a mason-jar compost heap or the entire world.

By Sarah Stager, Contributing Editor

We often hear talk about reducing emissions, cutting back on fossil fuels and switching over to green energy sources like solar panels or hydroelectric. But that’s only half the battle. 

According to a 2018 report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, all scenarios for limiting the rise in global temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius depend upon the use of negative emissions technologies, more conveniently called NETs. So what exactly are these NETs, and how can we use them to slow global warming?

The term describes a wide range of techniques for pulling carbon out of the atmosphere and either storing it elsewhere or making use of it. NETs range from naturalistic solutions, like restoring carbon-storing peat bogs or planting more trees to suck carbon from the air, to more high-tech alternatives, like the carbon capture, utilization and storage systems — commonly called CCUS — that president-elect Joe Biden has included in his environmental plan

An especially promising subset of CCUS is called bioenergy with carbon capture and storage, and involves burning plant matter for energy, then capturing the carbon emitted by that plant matter and rerouting it underground, where it can act as fertilizer for more plants. Unlike some other CCUS models, this method doesn’t produce excess carbon that requires storage, keeping it all in a closed, energy-producing cycle.

There are so many cool NETs that it’s difficult to list them all. Adding alkali to the atmosphere or the ocean could speed up the rate at which water, whether vapor or liquid, absorbs carbon dioxide to make carbonic acid. Though this one sounds pretty rad, scientists are not yet sure what other impacts it could have on the environment.

Another possibility, with a very mystical name, is biochar. Unlike the coal we burn for fuel, biochar is produced by burning biomass in a controlled environment without oxygen. This process essentially locks the carbon contained in the biomass in place for hundreds of years, and the biochar can then be used to improve soil fertility. Considering that this process doesn’t produce unusable waste and it gives off biofuel as a byproduct, biochar ranks among one of the better options for carbon sequestration. Even then, scientists have some concerns — biochar darkens the soil, meaning that the earth will warm more quickly, and, according to one study, it has the potential to simply dissolve and wash into the watershed.

A more naturalistic proposition comes in the form of enhanced ocean productivity, in which scientists infuse parts of the ocean with the nutrient iron, which would set off the growth of phytoplankton. Just like trees and other plants, phytoplankton take in carbon from their surroundings, allowing more carbon to enter the ocean from the atmosphere. When the plant dies, it would simply fall to the bottom of the ocean, where its carbon-filled skeleton would lay for many, many years. Like all other NETs, enhanced ocean productivity still has its downfalls — it could be difficult to navigate international regulations on oceans, and the large-scale impact on the marine environment remains unknown.

You might be noticing a pattern here. Though scientists have many ideas for potential NETs, so much uncertainty surrounds the actual execution of these techniques. Often the implementation of NETs is limited by available land, environmental concerns and cost. For instance, bioenergy with carbon capture and storage could cost from $100 all the way up to $400 per ton of carbon sequestered. Considering that, according to estimates, about 10 billion tons of carbon will need to be stored by 2050 in order to reach the Paris Climate Accord’s goal of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius, that’s a pretty heavy price tag.

In addition to the logistical concerns, NETs could encounter bureaucratic difficulties because of the massive scale most of them require in order to make an impact. Many governments could only implement such schemes on a regional or national level, barring unprecedented international cooperation, and if some governments choose to ignore the growing threat of climate disaster, there’s not much others can do despite the global nature of the problem.

The good news, though, is that there are so, so many ideas, from restoring shoreline ecosystems to optimizing farming techniques for carbon sequestration, from direct-air capture — sucking the carbon directly out of the atmosphere — to using plant-based materials in buildings in order to keep that carbon locked away. When I think of combining all these different methods of capture and storage, that goal of 10 billion tons doesn’t look quite as preposterous. 

Even with the difficulties, there’s no denying that we need both emission reduction and NETs working simultaneously in order to prevent disaster. As Stephen Pacala, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at Princeton University, tells Yale Environment 360, we have dallied on the problem of climate change long enough that we can no longer delay on either of these fronts.

“Humanity keeps procrastinating on mitigation and so it becomes impossible at some point to meet the safe or declared target of limiting temperature increases to 1.5 to 2 degrees [Celsius] without negative emissions,” Pacala said. “That’s sadly where we are now.”

Sad indeed, but not without hope. We still have a chance to pull back from the precipice if we start right this very second. The U.S. government has already allocated $60 million for NET research, and hopefully will continue such efforts. Note, although NETs are undeniably important, the potential impact of NETs does not lessen the need for emission reduction efforts. While you might not be able to do much to implement NETs in your daily life — other than plant some trees once you manage to get your own patch of land — you can express their importance to your local representatives, alongside starting or continuing your own emission reduction efforts. Stay hopeful out there, my friends.

Sarah writes primarily about trees, climate change and walking. You can reach her at [email protected].

 

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Manuals And User Guides Reference

13 November, 2020
 

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Coffee Grounds As A Soil Amendent For Tomatoes Plants

14 November, 2020
 


pdf Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation

14 November, 2020
 

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Full Length Article Activation strategies for biochar to use as an efficient catalyst in various …

15 November, 2020
 

Biochar obtained from thermochemical methods can be activated by various strategies.

Physical viz., steam and CO2 based activation of biochar is used.

Activation of biochar by H2O2, KOH, ZnCl2, K2CO3 are chemical methods.

Activated biochar has improved surface area, pore size and minimal contaminants.

Activated biochar is used as catalyst for biodiesel production.

Biochar obtained from thermochemical methods can be activated by various strategies.

Physical viz., steam and CO2 based activation of biochar is used.

Activation of biochar by H2O2, KOH, ZnCl2, K2CO3 are chemical methods.

Activated biochar has improved surface area, pore size and minimal contaminants.

Activated biochar is used as catalyst for biodiesel production.

Microalgae and macroalgae are known for their use in food and fuel applications. Recently, tremendous interest on algal biomass for biochar production has been increased. Biochar are well known for its catalytic activity to produce many finished products such as alternative fuels, treat environmental waste water and act as an input for agricultural applications. Three routes are commonly adopted for alternative fuel production from algal biomass namely, biochemical, chemical, and thermochemical techniques. Recently, thermochemical methods for the conversion of algal biomass to biochar are employed to use biochar based catalyst. Biochar must be activated before used as a potential catalyst. Therefore, this review has given broad information of various activation strategies for biochar modification. Different activation methods such as physical and chemical modes are being practiced to modify the biochar for efficient catalyst in alternative fuel production.


Phosphorus Removal Working Well on Lake: Commission

15 November, 2020
 

A grant received by Mount Arlington for beach restoration and stream maintenance can serve as a match for more Watershed Improvement Planning (WIP) money, Fred Lubnow of PrincetonHydro told the Lake Hopatcong Commission on Monday, November 9.

PrincetonHydro completed the WIP and submitted it to both the commission and the Highlands Council, Lubnow said. He is going to meet with Mount Arlington’s project engineer after the Council looks over the proposed design and engineering.

Lubnow had some good news to report to the commission.

The biochar installed in streams leading into the lake accomplished 50% removal and the material installed in Memorial Pond, Duck Pond, and Ashley Cove removed between 80% and 90%.

Lubnow said biochar works better in still water, as the program last summer proved. The biochar in streams was installed at the point where the streams enter the lake and the water moves more slowly than in the bulk of the stream. But even 50% removal is considered good, he said. Even the three-chambered baffle boxes in many storm drains only remove about 30% or 40%, Lubnow explained.

The question remains how often the biochar material must be replaced. John Paul Bell from PrincetonHydro suggested flipping the chambers next year to see if that prolongs the material’s usefulness.

Lubnow will present the findings of the phosphorus abatement projects to the NJ Water Association Resource Conference and the North American Lake Management Association Conference. He said Lake Hopatcong is ahead of other bodies of water in phosphorus removal so he is sharing the database with other lake communities.

He told the commission the WIP was paid for by the Highlands Council. The state Department of Environmental Protection gave its blessing to all the projects. A WIP increases funding opportunities.

The WIP mentions Jefferson is looking into a sewer feasibility study, Lubnow said.

Jefferson Mayor Eric Wilsusen said the township received a $100,000 grant to update the 2002 sewer plan.

PrincetonHydro will also be working with the commission’s land use subcommittee. Lubnow said the firm has an engineer and an environmental scientist familiar with site plan issues.

Subcommittee Chair Robert Tessier, the state Department of Community Affairs representative to the commission, said the commission’s planning consultant, Ken Nelson, is working on a procedure for reviewing site plans. Tessier said the land use committee is working on a procedure to allow its members to see land use applications at the same time they go to the professionals hired by the land use boards in the four towns. This will enable the land use committee to review the applications and make any recommendations to the municipal board in a timely manner.

Drawdown

In other business, Commissioner Fred Steinbaum presented a proposal for the annual drawdown of the lake.

Steinbaum, who has lived on the lake since the 1940s, has worked on lake level proposals since 2015, he reminded the commission.

The lake is lowered by 60 inches every five years to accommodate repairs to docks and other structures. The annual drawdown was reduced from 26 inches to 22 inches on the recommendation of the Citizens Advisory Council. During one drought year, the lake didn’t recover properly from the 26-inch drawdown. Steinbaum would like to see an 18-inch drop. The DEP rejected a recommendation for a 16-inch drawdown a few years ago.

Commission Vice President Dan McCarthy reminded the commission annual drawdowns were originally 36 inches and then 30 inches. He said a change to 18 inches may not be received well by the state.

He noted the annual drawdown is performed to protect docks and other structures and also to prevent downstream flooding.

Steinbaum said the DEP rejected 16 inches because of the danger of high water damage to two buildings in Stanhope, downstream on the Musconetcong River. He said that’s why he suggested 18 inches instead. He said that would be low enough to prevent ice damage when a large ice floe breaks off and hits a dock.

DEP representative to the commission Josh Osowski said the next CAC meeting is next week and will discuss the lake level.


Analise ph biochar manual internacional

16 November, 2020
 

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accumulation in wheat grains and grain quality under PAEs-polluted brown soil

16 November, 2020
 

Weight of wheat grain under PAEs stress increased with BC and FMBC addition.

Bioavailability of PAEs significantly reduced with BC and FMBC application.

Quality of wheat grain under PAEs stress was improved with BC and FMBC addition.

Weight of wheat grain under PAEs stress increased with BC and FMBC addition.

Bioavailability of PAEs significantly reduced with BC and FMBC application.

Quality of wheat grain under PAEs stress was improved with BC and FMBC addition.

Phthalate esters (PAEs), such as dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), are used extensively as additives and plasticizers, and have become ubiquitous in the environment. PAEs in the soil could have adverse effects on crop plants as well as humans via accumulations in food chain. Thus, it is important to explore strategies to reduce the bioavailability of phthalate esters. We investigated the effects of Fe-Mn oxide-modified biochar composite (FMBC) applications on the quality of wheat grown in DBP- and DEHP-polluted brown soil. The application of FMBC and biochar (BC) increased the wheat grain biomass by 9.71–223.01% and 5.40–120.15% in the DBP-polluted soil, and 10.52–186.21% and 4.50–99.53% in the DEHP-spiked soil in comparison to the controls. All FMBC treatments were better than the BC treatments, in terms of decreasing DBP and DEHP bioavailability for the wheat grains. The activities of the glutamine synthetase and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase in the flag leaves at the filling stage and of granule-bound starch synthase, soluble starch synthase, and adenosine diphosphate-glucose pyrophosphorylase in the grains at maturity increased significantly with increases in either the BC or FMBC applications. This, in turn, increased the starch, protein, and amino acid content in the wheat grains. Compared with the BC treatment, the FMBC amendment induced only slight increases in the aforementioned factors. This study offers novel insights into potential strategies for decreasing PAEs bioavailability in soil, with potential positive implications for crop quality and environmental health improvements.


Biochar from agricultural waste products can adsorb contaminants in wastewater

17 November, 2020
 


Adsorption of pharmaceuticals from aqueous solutions using biochar derived from cotton gin waste …

17 November, 2020
 

Biochars produced from cotton gin waste (CG) and guayule bagasse (GB) were characterized and explored as potential adsorbents for the removal of pharmaceuticals (sulfapyridine-SPY, docusate-DCT and erythromycin-ETM) from aqueous solution. An increase in biochar pyrolysis temperature from 350 οC to 700 οC led to an increase in pH, specific surface area, and surface hydrophobicity. The electronegative surface of all tested biochars indicated that non-Coulombic mechanisms were involved in adsorption of the anionic or uncharged pharmaceuticals under experimental conditions. The adsorption capacities of Sulfapyridine (SPY), Docusate (DCT) and Erythromycin (ETM) on biochar were influenced by the contact time and solution pH, as well as biochar specific surface area and functional groups. Adsorption of these pharmaceutical compounds was dominated by a complex interplay of three mechanisms: hydrophobic partitioning, hydrogen bonding and π–π electron donor–acceptor (EDA) interactions. Despite weaker π–π EDA interactions, reduced hydrophobicity of SPY and increased electrostatic repulsion between anionic SPY and the electronegative CG biochar surface at higher pH, the adsorption of SPY unexpectedly increased from 40% to 70% with an increase in pH from 7 to 10. Under alkaline conditions, adsorption was dominated by the formation of strong negative charge-assisted H-bonding between the sulfonamide moiety of SPY and surface carboxylic groups. There seemed to be no appreciable and consistent differences in the extent of DCT and ETM adsorption as the pH changed. Results suggest the CG and GB biochars could act as effective adsorbents for the removal of pharmaceuticals from reclaimed water prior to irrigation. High surface area biochars with physico-chemical properties (e.g., presence of functional groups, high cation and anion exchange capacities) conducive to strong interactions with polar-nonpolar functionality of pharmaceuticals could be used to achieve significant contaminant removal from water.

Anthropogenic activities, including increasing urbanization, population growth and intensive agricultural activities have introduced a broad range of emerging contaminants (ECs) into the environment (Houtman 2010; Pal et al. 2010; Fenet 2012). ECs are defined as chemicals and microorganisms that have been detected in the environment and can potentially cause toxic effects in aquatic and human life at trace-level concentrations (ng- μg/L levels), but for which no water quality regulations exist (Ahmed et al. 2017a; USGS, 2015). There are several classes of ECs including pesticides, industrial additives, flame retardants, endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) and pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPSs). Among all classes of ECs, PPCPs are the most abundant in the environment and are often detected at elevated concentrations in surface and groundwaters (Daughton 2004) due to continuous human use. Additionally, wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are not effective at removing many of these chemicals, leading to the presence of various PPCPs in wastewater effluents (Gros et al. 2010; Sui et al. 2011).

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in 2025, two-third of the world’s population could be living in regions with limited access to water. Agriculture is the sector which requires the most water and is expected to be impacted by the shortage. To mitigate these impacts, treated wastewater or reclaimed water has become an important source of water for agricultural irrigation especially in arid regions of the world. Reclaimed water is wastewater from homes, offices, hospitals and industries that has undergone treatment to remove impurities such as nutrients and pathogens (DSWS 2011). Reclaimed water can be successfully used for irrigation because even after treatment, it still contains nitrogen and phosphorus that are essential to plant growth (Kinney et al. 2006).

When treated wastewater is used for irrigation, contaminants such as pharmaceuticals may be introduced into crops from the soil through root uptake and translocation, leading to accumulation of these contaminants not only in the roots, but also in edible above-ground plant parts (Bartha et al. 2010). Erythromycin, a commonly used antibiotic, was found to accumulate over 5 months in soil irrigated with reclaimed water (Kinney et al. 2006). A study by Gibson et al. (2010) demonstrated that wastewater reused for irrigation contains pharmaceuticals such as ibuprofen (0.7–1.4 μg L−1), naproxen (7.2–13.5 μg L−1) and diclofenac (2.0–4.8 μg L−1). In addition, runoff from irrigated farmlands has been shown to impact surface water bodies and leach into groundwater. A study by Kolpin et al. (2002) showed that organic contaminants, including PPCPs, were detected in 80% of a network of 139 streams located downstream of urban networks and livestock production. Another study in New York on streams receiving wastewater discharge showed the presence of sulfamethoxazole and clindamycin at concentrations varying between 0.043 and 0.076 μg L−1 (Batt et al. 2006). Continuous accumulation and persistence of these chemicals in the environment can lead to ecotoxicological risks such as interference with endocrine systems of higher organisms, intersex characteristics in organisms such as fish, and microbiological resistance among bacterial populations (Belhaj et al. 2015).

Continuing concerns regarding possible population-level impacts of pharmaceuticals from wastewater effluents has contributed to a search for sustainable and cheap technologies which will result in the effective removal of pharmaceuticals from reclaimed water. Recently, biochar has been explored as a potential material for the adsorption of pharmaceuticals from aqueous solutions (Ahmed et al. 2017a; Mondal et al. 2016; Mostafapour et al. 2019; Sumalinog et al. 2018; Taheran et al. 2016; Yanyan et al. 2018). Biochar is a stable carbon (C)-rich, energy dense by-product synthesized through the pyrolysis of waste biomass in the absence of oxygen (Lehmann and Joseph 2009). Biochar has been employed as an adsorbent and it has the ability to compete with activated carbons (ACs) for the removal of contaminants from water due to its microporous structure, high C content, and specific surface area. Research on biochar as a potential filter media for urban stormwater runoff demonstrated that biochar filters effectively remove total suspended solids, heavy metals, nutrients, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and E. coli (Mohanty and Boehm 2014; Reddy et al. 2014). Bolster (2019) demonstrated that adding biochar to sand columns enhanced the removal of bacterial isolates E. coli and Salmonella, with sorption being the primary mechanisms for bacteria removal. Studies have also reported the potential use of biochar as an adsorbent for the treatment of agricultural wastewater effluents. Particular attention has been given to the removal of pesticides from water using biochar, with reported sorption coefficients as high as 1158 mg kg−1 for atrazine and 1066 mg kg−1 for simazine (Zheng et al. 2010).

The cotton gin and guayule industries are viable sources of biomass for biochar. The production of textiles from cotton gin accounts for approximately 2.5 million metric tons of cotton gin waste being generated every year (Maglinao et al. 2015). A minimum 200 metric ton per day of guayule bagasse is discarded from the production of latex and biofuels from guayule (Sabaini et al. 2018). The enormous quantities of waste generated present several economic and environmental problems such as the cost associated with landfilling (e.g., tipping fees). Thus, the transformation of cotton gin waste and guayule bagasse into value-added products such as biochar for the treatment of wastewater used for irrigation warrants investigation.

The overall aim of this research was to investigate the use of biochars derived from cotton gin waste and guayule bagasse as filter media for removal of pharmaceuticals known to persist in wastewater effluent used for irrigation. Herein we investigate the effect of biochar pyrolysis temperature on important adsorption-related properties (surface area, porosity, surface charge and functionality, pH). The biochars were then evaluated for their abilities to remove selected pharmaceuticals from aqueous solution using batch adsorption experiments. Mechanisms and kinetics governing the interaction between pharmaceuticals and biochars were elucidated. Based on our results, the utility of these biochars in sand filters for removal of pharmaceuticals from reclaimed water prior to irrigation of food crops is addressed.

Three pharmaceuticals (sulfapyridine, docusate and erythromycin) were purchased from Sigma–Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA). These pharmaceuticals were selected due to their frequency of occurrence in environmental systems as a result of widespread usage. Additionally, their pKa values and octanol water-partition coefficients (log Kow) cover broad ranges. The physico-chemical properties of the pharmaceuticals are provided in Table 1.

Biochars obtained from the pyrolysis of guayule (Parthenium argentatum) bagasse (GB) and cotton (Gossypium L.) gin (CG) waste were studied to compare their adsorption capacities for pharmaceuticals in batch adsorption experiments. The biochar samples were prepared according to Novak et al. (2012). All feedstocks were processed before pyrolysis through air-drying, grinding, and sieving to pass a 6 mm sieve. Between 0.5 and 1.5 kg of ground biomass were placed in a stainless-steel tray and pyrolyzed slowly at low heating rates (0.05–0.1 οC) using a gas tight retort (Lindberg/MPH, Riverside, MI) at three different temperatures 350, 500 and 700 οC for 2 h under a stream of N2 gas. The resulting biochar samples are herein referred to as GB350, GB500, GB700, CG350, CG500 and CG700. The biochar samples were ground to pass a 0.5 mm sieve and stored in a desiccator to minimize water absorption.

The pH of the biochar samples was measured following a modified procedure by Angin (2013). Biochars were added to deionized (DI) water in a mass ratio of 1:20 (0.5 g of biochar + 10 mL of water). The mixture was shaken for 1 h using a mechanical shaker and the pH was measured. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas (SAs) and pore volumes of the biochar were determined using the ASAP 2020 plus surface area and porosimetry system (Micrometrics, Norcross, GA) and the accompanying t-plot analysis software.

The surface functional groups of the biochars were identified according to a modified procedure described by Kloss et al. (2012), using a Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR;  Bruker IFS 66/S and Bruker Vertex V70) spectrometer equipped with a liquid nitrogen cooled mercury cadmium telluride (MCT) detector. Experiments were carried out in diffuse reflectance mode on a Praying Mantis diffuse reflectance accessory. Sample powder was placed in a 3 mm diameter 316 stainless steel sample cup assembly and a total of 500 scans were averaged per spectrum at a resolution of 4 cm−1.

The zeta potential values of the samples were measured using Malvern Zetasizer ZS and according to a modified procedure by Johnson et al. (1996). The biochar samples were ground and sieved to pass a 34 µm sieve. About 0.015 g of each biochar sample was added to 30 mL of DI water. Solution pH was adjusted using 0.05 M HCl or NaOH. Zeta potential was measured three times at each pH (150 scans each time), with the average values reported.

Batch adsorption experiments were conducted to determine the rate at which adsorption might reach equilibrium for the different biochars and pharmaceuticals. Stock solutions (200 mg L−1) of SPY, DCT and ETM were diluted with DI water to produce initial concentrations of 10 mg L−1 for each pharmaceutical compound. While concentrations are relatively high compared to typical wastewater effluent concentrations, the initial concentration in this study was chosen for batch adsorption experiments to ensure that concentrations following adsorption were above the limit of detection. Single batch adsorption experiments were conducted to determine the adsorption kinetics for pharmaceuticals using 125 mL polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-lined® bottles containing 0.5 g of each biochar and 100 mL of solution containing 10 mg L−1 of each pharmaceutical. The mixtures were agitated at 200 rpm using a mechanical shaker at ambient laboratory conditions ( ≈ 23 οC) and 10 mL aliquots (pharmaceutical solution + biochar) were collected after 5, 15, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240 min and 24 h contact times. Adsorption experiments were conducted in triplicates and PTFE-lined® bottles were covered with aluminum foil to minimize photodegradation. Control treatments were included to investigate potential contamination or non-adsorption losses. Collected samples were filtered through a 1 µm Whatman membrane filter and filtrates were analyzed by high-pressure liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (HPLC–MS).

The pharmaceutical removal efficiency and amount adsorbed (qt; mg g−1) were calculated using Eqs. (1) and (2), respectively:

where C0 is the initial concentration of pharmaceuticals in solution (mg L−1), Ct is the concentration (mg L−1) at time t (5, 15, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240 min and 24 h), V is the volume of the solution (L) and m is the mass of the biochar (g).

The effect of solution pH on the adsorption of SPY, DCT and ETM was studied using CG700 biochar as the adsorbent. Batch adsorption experiments were conducted at the inherent solution pH ranging from 10–11 and at pH 7 to mimic the typically near-neutral conditions of wastewater effluents. The initial pH of the pharmaceutical solutions was adjusted to pH 7 by adding 0.1 M H2SO4. Mixtures of 0.5 g of CG700 biochar in 100 mL of 10 mg L−1 stock solution of SPY, DCT and ETM were agitated at 200 rpm on a mechanical shaker and then filtered at selected times between 5 min and 24 h.

The kinetics of adsorption were analyzed using a pseudo-second-order (PSO) kinetic model, which is widely used for pollutant adsorption from aqueous solution (Ho 2006). Equation (3) shows the linearized form of the PSO kinetic rate equation:

where qe and qt (mg g−1) are the amounts of pharmaceuticals adsorbed per unit of mass of biochar at equilibrium and at time t (min), respectively, and k2 (g mg−1 min) is the rate constant of the PSO adsorption. From the PSO  plot of t/qt versus t, the values of qe and k2 were obtained from the slope and intercept, respectively. Model conformity was evaluated using the linear regression coefficients (R2).

Adsorption isotherms of SPY, DCT and ETM on CG700 biochar were performed at room temperature. CG700 biochar (0.5 g) was added to SPY, DCT and ETM solutions (100 mL) of varying initial concentrations (2, 10, 20, 40 and 50 mg L−1). Solutions were agitated for 24 h at 200 rpm to reach equilibrium and then filtered. The equilibrium data obtained from the study were fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The linear forms of the Langmuir and Freundlich models (Goswami et al. 2011) are represented by Eqs. (4) and (5):

where Ce (mg L−1) is the equilibrium pharmaceutical concentration, qe and qm are the equilibrium and maximum adsorption capacity, respectively (mg g−1), KL is the Langmuir adsorption equilibrium constant in L mg−1, Kf (mg g−1) is the Freundlich constant related to adsorption capacity and n is a measure of adsorption intensity.

All biochar samples were alkaline and biochar pH increased with increasing pyrolysis temperature (Table 2). The basic nature of the biochar is due to the transformation of C into ash during pyrolysis and alkali salts begin to separate from the organic matrix, increasing the pH (Cao and Harris 2010). Porous structure (BET surface area and pore volume) of the studied biochar samples are summarized in Table 2.

The SAs of the cotton gin waste biochars were found to be low, but increased as the pyrolysis temperature increased to 700 °C. Numerous studies have documented an increasing surface area of biochars with increasing pyrolysis temperatures (Ding et al. 2014; de Caprariis et al. 2017; Goswami et al. 2016; Kloss et al. 2012; Uchimiya et al. 2011). As the pyrolysis temperature reached 700 °C, the BET SAs and number of micropores for the biochars significantly increased resulting from the removal of volatile matter that was either inside or blocking the micropores (Guedidi et al. 2017). Biochars obtained from guayule bagasse did not exhibit adequate SA and porous structure characteristics. This may be attributed to the softening, melting, fusing and carbonization which likely resulted in the pores of the biochar being partially blocked. This would prevent the access of the absorption gas to the pores and, therefore, lead to lower surface areas and pore volumes (Fu et al. 2011).

The SAs of the biochars were generally lower than values for biochars produced from various feedstocks used in other studies, although several biochars are reported to have values less than 10 m2 g−1. Uchimiya et al. (2011) reported SAs of biochar obtained from the pyrolysis of cottonseed hull at 350 °C and 500 °C to be 4.7 and 0.0 m2 g−1, respectively. Such low SAs do not preclude substantial adsorption of organic pollutants. Cao and Harris (2010) reported nearly 77% removal of atrazine (1.5 mg g−1 adsorption capacity) by dairy manure-derived biochar pyrolyzed at 200 °C with a SA of 2.7 m2 g−1.

Figure 1 shows the pH-dependent zeta potential of the biochars. The measured zeta potential for CG and GB was negative for all pH conditions tested. Increasing pH resulted in increasing negative zeta potential for all of the biochars. A similar pH-dependent trend has been observed for pine wood biochars (Essandoh et al. 2015; Taheran et al. 2016). Given the nature of the pH dependence (Fig. 1), it was not possible to identify a pH point of zero charge (pHzpc) for the biochars. However, the relevance to the current research is that CG and GB biochar samples carry a net negative charge under all pH conditions used.

Zeta potential-pH curves of CG and GB biochar samples

The FT-IR spectra of the biochar samples were used to characterize the surface functional groups. As shown in Fig. 2a,b, all spectra exhibit the OH, C–H, C=O and C=C, bond stretching at 3400, 2850, 1750, 1600 cm−1, respectively. The peaks at about 3400 and 3550 cm−1 correspond to vibrations of OH groups and were still present in the biochar prepared at 700 °C, but were dramatically straightened at 350 and 500 °C. The peak at 1770 cm−1 is due to the C=O stretching vibrations of the carbonyls (aldehyde, ketones esters, carboxylic acids) both unconjugated and conjugated with aromatic rings (Uchimiya et al. 2011).

(a) FT-IR spectra of CG350, CG500 and CG700. (b) FT-IR spectra of GB350, GB500 and GB700

Carboxyl groups contribute to negative surface charge at circumneutral pH (Sect. 3.1.2) which promotes electrostatic adsorption of cations in aqueous solution. The absorbance peaks between 1400 and 1500 cm−1 represent C=C stretching vibrations indicative of alkanes and aromatics (Inyang et al. 2010). The C–O stretching (1350 cm−1) occurred due to the presence of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, phenols, ethers and esters. The peak at wavenumber near 870 cm−1 reflects the C–H bending vibration in β-glycosidic linkage (Krishnan and Haridas 2008). This also indicates the presence of adjacent aromatic hydrogen on the biochar surface.

The absorbance peak at 2850–2960 cm−1 indicates the presence of an alkyl C–H and the intensity of this group decreased as temperatures increased from 350 °C to 500 °C and then to 700 °C (Fig. 2a, b). The 2850–2960 cm−1 peak area is strongly correlated to the hydrophobicity of the biochars (Kinney et al. 2012). From these results, it can be suggested that the increase of this functional group results from conversion of functional groups in a low oxidation state to those in a high oxidation state by means of heat treatment. The decrease of these functional groups at 700 °C was attributed to the release of these groups or conversion to other functionalities.

Adsorption is a process governed by several mechanisms operating simultaneously and it is often difficult to precisely identify the role of each mechanism in a specific system. For interpreting adsorption behavior, it is convenient to consider the overall free energy for the adsorption reaction, ΔGads, as a combination of terms representing various adsorption mechanisms:

where ΔGelect is the electrostatic adsorption term, ΔGhydro accounts for removal from solution due to hydrophobic interaction, ΔGH-bond accounts for adsorption due to hydrogen bonding and ΔGπ–π EDA accounts for electron-donor–acceptor interactions. The adsorption behaviors of DCT, SPY and ETM using CG and GB biochars are interpreted based on the interplay of these different mechanisms.

The time-dependent removal of SPY from solution using the six biochars is shown in Fig. 3a, b. The data indicates that the highest removal of SPY by biochar was observed with the CG700 (70% removal), followed by CG350 (50% removal) and CG500 (15% removal) (Fig. 3a). Removal was correlated to the surface areas of the adsorbents that follow the same order CG700 > CG350 > CG500 (Table 2). The pyrolysis at 700 °C increased the surface area eightfold compared to the surface area at 350 °C and this was accompanied by an increase of approximately 20% in the extent of adsorption.

Removal of Sulfapyridine by (a) CG700, CG500 and CG350 and (b) GB700, GB500 and GB350 (Red errors bars < 10%)

Binding of the SPY to the biochars is initially explained by the surface charge of the biochars and the properties of SPY; log Kow (0.35) and acidity constants (pKa1 = 2.30; pKa2 = 8.43). The ionic character of SPY varies greatly with pH, as reflected by the acidity constants. At the inherent solution pH which varied between 8.3–11.2 over a 24 h contact time using CG700 and CG350, SPY exists mainly in its neutral and anionic forms (pH > pKa1 and pKa2; SPY) and hydrophobic interactions caused by solvation of apolar molecular surfaces between SPY and the negatively charged biochar surfaces (pH > pHzpc) resulted in SPY adsorption (Yao et al. 2017). However, the amount of SPY adsorbed by CG700 and CG350 (Fig. 3a) is greater than what would be expected due to hydrophobic interactions alone, because SPY has a log Kow value of 0.35. This suggests that other mechanisms are responsible for the removal of SPY from solution.

An additional binding mechanism for SPY removal is the formation of negative charge-assisted H-bonds (CAHB) between the anionic SPY and the O-containing functional groups of the biochars. CAHB occurred in response to the elevation in pH as the contact time increased to 24 h. The increase in pH is attributed to the release of OH during the proton exchange between SPY and water molecules, which is followed by interaction of the SPY molecules with the O-functional groups present on the biochar surface leading to SPY adsorption (SPY + biochar → SPYo ≡ biochar; Teixidó et al. 2011).

Furthermore, the sorption of SPY by CG700, CG500 and CG350 can be explained by π–π electron-donor acceptor (EDA) interactions. SPY can act as a π-electron acceptor due to the presence of the amino functional group and N and/or O-hetero-aromatic rings (Ahmed et al. 2017a, b). CG700, CG500 and CG350 biochars enriched with C=C, OH, C=O groups act as strong electron donors. Both of these factors may have facilitated π–π EDA interactions between CG700, CG500 and CG350 and SPY resulting in the removal from SPY from solution. Yao et al. (2017) recently proposed that the adsorption of SPY and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) onto biochars derived from anaerobically digested bagasse was due to π–π EDA interactions between graphitic regions of biochars and the sulfonamide group in SMX and SPY. Ji et al. (2009) also reported that the adsorption of SMX and SPY to graphite and carbon nanotubes is enabled by π–π EDA interactions involving the heterocyclic rings of the antibiotics.

The low removal by CG500 (14% after 24 h) compared to CG700 and CG350 might be attributed to the inherent pH of the solution. The pH varied between 8.79 and 9.30 from the beginning of the experiment to the final time. This is lower than the inherent solution pH using CG700 and CG350 (pH between 10.5–11.2 and 9.9–11.1, respectively). Consequently, with the pH being slightly above the pKa2 of SPY (8.4), a significant fraction of SPY exists as neutral species which do not participate in negative charge-assisted H-bonding. It is therefore hypothesized that adsorption of SPY by CG500 occurred primarily via two mechanisms (hydrophobic interaction and π–π EDA interactions) instead of the three mechanisms attributed to the removal using CG700 and CG350 (hydrophobic interaction, CAHB and π–π EDA interactions).

Differences in adsorption of SPY between CG and GB are correlated to the different physico-chemical characteristics of these biochars, which are predominantly controlled by the inherent molecular configuration of the plant-based biomass feedstock. GB700, GB500 and GB350 are characterized by more O-containing functional groups (Fig. 2b) compared to CG biochars, which renders GB biochars more hydrophilic and limits the potential for hydrophobic interaction. This is explained by the fact that during adsorption, the oxygen groups on the biochar surfaces usually act as the primary adsorption center. Water molecules show a greater affinity for surface oxygen groups on the biochar via hydrogen bonding compared to the more hydrophobic SPY molecules. Water molecules are therefore adsorbed onto the GB biochars surfaces and act as polarized secondary adsorption centers, promoting further water-molecule adsorption and cluster formation. These clusters form an envelope extending beyond the localized adsorption centers, reducing the accessibility of SPY molecules to the solid particles (Zheng et al. 2013). Moreover, water molecules strongly compete for adsorption sites with SPY on the functionalized biochar surface. As a result, the potential for hydrophobic interaction between SPY molecules and the GB biochars was strongly inhibited (Wu and Pendleton 2001). One additional factor is that low pore volume and specific surface areas of the GB700 (5.92 m2 g−1) GB500 (0.06 m2 g−1) and GB350 (0.00 m2 g−1) compared to the CG700 (16.33 m2 g−1), made the active sites less available for SPY adsorption, thereby resulting in minimal removal (Fig. 3b).

All tested biochars exhibited some ability to remove aqueous DCT (Fig. 4a, b). The removal of DCT reached 98% using CG700, followed by 85% and 79% using CG500 and CG350, respectively (Fig. 4a). The biochar surfaces have a net negative charge (Fig. 1) and DCT, containing a strongly acidic sulfonate group (Table 1), is anionic over a wide pH range. For DCT to be adsorbed, it is likely that hydrophobic interactions are involved.

Removal of Docusate by (a) CG700, CG500 and CG350 and (b) GB700, GB500 and GB350 (Red errors bars < 10%)

The hydrophobic nature of the CG700, CG500 and CG350 biochars (Table 2), compared to GB biochars, coupled with the relatively high log Kow (5.24) for DCT, aided in its adsorption. DCT has a greater tendency to withdraw from the aqueous phase compared to the other selected pharmaceuticals, facilitating hydrophobic interaction between the hydrophobic moiety of the surfactant DCT and the hydrophobic regions of the biochar surface. In addition, hydrophobic interactions can occur between the hydrophobic moiety of previously adsorbed DCT and other DCT molecules in solution, resulting in multilayer adsorption (Brown et al. 1998).

Moreover, even the GB biochars showed more than 50% removal after 24 h (Fig. 4b). Adsorption using GB700, GB500 and GB350 reached 51%, 53% and 66%, respectively. However, GB biochars showed the least removal, likely due to the presence of the additional O-containing functional group. The predominance of O-containing functional groups on the GB biochar causes a reduction in the hydrophobic character of the carbon surface, which, in turn, militates against the development of hydrophobic interactions between GB700, GB500 and GB350 and DCT. This resulted in lower DCT removal compared to the CG biochars.

The lower temperature biochar, GB350, showed the greatest removal of DCT compared to GB700. Besides the parent feedstock used to produce biochar, the pyrolysis temperature can also influence the surface area and natural organic matter (NOM) content of biochar. This will, in turn, affect the removal of DCT. Biochars made at lower pyrolysis temperatures contain higher NOM content and can sorb organic compounds through the mechanism of partitioning into the organic phase in contrast to hydrophobic interactions (Kupryianchyk et al. 2016). Thus, lower temperature GB350 biochar could have higher DCT adsorption potential due to its higher NOM content. The higher sorption of DCT onto lower temperature biochars suggests that surface functional groups on the biochars and NOM may play a more important role in interactions between DCT and biochar than other factors, such as specific SA. No research addressing the adsorption of DCT onto biochar could be found; therefore, further investigation of binding mechanisms is warranted.

The ETM adsorption profiles onto CG700, CG500 and CG350 biochars show 74%, 44% and 37% removal, respectively (Fig. 5a). Using the GB biochars, removal reached 53%, 64% and 50% for GB700, GB500 and GB350, respectively (Fig. 5b). Since ETM has a pKa value of 8.88 and the inherent experimental pH of the solution varied between 10.2 and 11.4 when using the biochars, ETM existed predominantly in its anionic form. Since the biochar surface also carries a net negative charge (Fig. 1), electrostatic attraction is precluded. Consequently, adsorption is in response to hydrophobic interactions induced by van der Waals forces arising between the hydrophobic ETM molecules (log Kow = 3.06) and the negatively charged graphemic planes of hydrophobic biochars (Sun et al. 2009).

Removal of Erythromycin by (a) CG700, CG500 and CG350 and (b) GB700, GB500 and GB350 (Red errors bars < 10%)

The adsorption of ETM onto microporous hydrophobic beads studied by Sun et al. (2009) showed that increasing the temperature and pH resulted in decreased Kd, indicating that more ETM molecules were present in the solution and that adsorption occurred due to van der Waals forces. In addition, the adsorption of ETM onto the biochars is increased by rapid diffusion of ETM molecules from the solution into the porous structures of the biochars (Mostafapour et al. 2019). Moreover, ETM has the ability to form hydrogen bonds between its hydroxyl moieties and the (C=O) and (C=C) group present on the biochars surfaces. The adsorption of ETM follows the order CG700 > GB500 > GB700 > GB350 > CG500 > CG350. Apart from the CG700, the more hydrophilic GB biochars removed ETM more than the CG biochars. These results indicate that the more O-containing functional groups present on the GB biochar increased the formation of H-bonds, thereby leading to greater removal. Moreover, this suggests that adsorption might be dominated by the formation of H-bonds and not the availability of active surface sites.

Quantifying the rate of pharmaceutical removal is necessary for modeling adsorption and determining the contact time needed to achieve a desired amount of pharmaceutical removal in water treatment processes. In this study, both PFO and PSO kinetic models were employed to model the experimental data but only the PSO results are shown (Table 3), since the R2 values for the PFO model are low.

From the results, it can be deduced that the PSO model could be used to explain the adsorption processes onto almost all of the biochars because of the high R2 values (> 0.8), with the exception of a few cases. It is also observed from Table 3 that the experimental adsorption capacity (qe (exp)) value is very close to the model-calculated adsorption capacity (qe (cal)) for SPY, DCT and ETM, which is consistent with the high correlation of the adsorption of pharmaceuticals onto biochars to the PSO model. The better fit of the experimental data by the PSO model implies that the adsorption of SPY, DCT and ETM onto CG and GB biochars was a rate-limited process controlled by chemical adsorption involving sharing or exchange of electrons between pharmaceuticals and biochars (Qiu et al. 2009). The results for the PSO model fitting for the adsorption of the SPY onto GB700, CG500 and GB350 biochars are less favorable (R2 < 0.9) compared to the adsorption of SPY, DCT and ETM onto CG biochars (R2 > 0.9). This less favorable fit may be attributed to the irregular variation of the adsorption results characterized by very low removal, followed by high removal efficiencies and then no removal, leading to a flat horizontal line showing 0% additional removal after 24 h. The adsorption kinetics do not plateau, and therefore determining the values of R2 and qe (cal) becomes difficult.

No kinetic studies could be found on adsorption of SPY, DCT and ETM onto cotton gin waste and guayule bagasse biochars. Nonetheless, other researchers have reported that the PSO model is useful for describing the adsorption of pharmaceuticals onto different adsorbents. The sorption of sulfonamides by functionalized biochar followed the PSO chemisorption kinetic model (Ahmed et al. 2017b). Reguyal et al. (2017) found that the removal of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and sulfamethazine (SMT) by magnetized pine saw dust biochar followed the PSO model. The adsorption of ETM by carbon nanotubes was better explained by the PSO model (R2 = 0.995) compared to the PFO with an R2 value of 0.892 (Mostafapour et al. 2019). Therefore, our results are consistent with other previous findings.

The adsorption isotherm represents the relationship between the mass of pharmaceuticals adsorbed per unit weight of biochar and liquid-phase equilibrium concentration of the pharmaceuticals. These isotherms provide important design data for adsorption systems (Lata et al. 2007). When SPY, DCT and ETM concentrations in the aqueous solutions were increased from 2 to 50 mg L−1, adsorptive uptake of the CG700 also increased. Table 4 shows the different isotherm parameters and their corresponding values. It is seen from Table 4 that the Langmuir isotherm model (Fig. 6a) exhibited a better fit (i.e., a higher R2) to the adsorption data than the Freundlich isotherm model (Fig. 6b). The data obtained from the Langmuir isotherm model produces a straight line fitted with higher R2 of 0.962, 0.966 and 0.989 for SPY, DCT and ETM, respectively, and this clearly suggests that the Langmuir isotherm validates the experimental data for the adsorption of pharmaceuticals onto CG700 biochar. The maximum SPY, DCT and ETM adsorption capacities (qm) were 1.221, 19.685 and 17.123 mg g−1, respectively. The value qm for DCT suggests a greater affinity between DCT molecules and CG700 compared to ETM and SPY molecules. These results are in accordance with the results from the adsorption of the pharmaceuticals showing 98% DCT removal after 24 h (Sect. 3.2.2). The adsorption data fitting the Langmuir isotherm suggests that there is uniform binding energy on the surface of the adsorbent and negligible sorbate-sorbate interaction which, in turn, facilitates physical monolayer adsorption (Gong et al. 2008).

Adsorption isotherms of ETM, DCT and SPY (secondary axis) removal by CG700 (a) Langmuir and (b) Freundlich isotherm

The suitability of the Freundlich model for SPY, DCT and ETM is indicated by R2 values of 0.909, 0.905 and 0.947, respectively. The Freundlich constants (Kf) for SPY, DCT and ETM are 0.531, 2.957 and 0.337 mg g−1, respectively, and the n values lie between 1 and 10 signifying favorable adsorption by CG700. There is a stronger affinity between DCT and CG700 which is demonstrated by the larger Kf value for DCT compared to ETM and SPY. The Freundlich isotherm model suggests that adsorption of these pharmaceuticals onto the surface of CG700 is considered to be a multi-layer, chemisorption process in which the amount of pharmaceuticals absorbed per unit mass of the CG700 increases gradually and is not restricted to the formation of the monolayer (Chung et al. 2015).

The data fitting both isotherm models (R2 > 0.9) indicates that the adsorption of pharmaceuticals on CG700 biochar is not restricted to physical monolayer adsorption and that chemical interactions may be involved. Other studies (Wang et al. 2010; Liu et al. 2012) have reached similar conclusions. Caution is warranted in choosing one isotherm model over another to explain the adsorption mechanism, given the fact that linear and nonlinear models give different correlation coefficients and this leads to difficulties in explaining the adsorption mechanism as it relates to isotherms (Foo and Hameed 2010). However, once the isotherm parameters are determined, these parameters can be used as constants and experimental conditions such as initial pharmaceutical concentrations and biochar mass required to achieved desired removal efficiencies could be estimated prior to the actual adsorption process. This is particularly useful when designing columns for scaling the adsorption process (Essandoh et al. 2015).

Solution pH affects both the ionization of the pharmaceuticals and the surface charge of the biochars which, in turn, influences the different mechanisms for pharmaceutical adsorption onto biochar. The removal of SPY was approximately 70% at pH 10–11 but was significantly reduced (40%) at pH 7 (Fig. 7a). These results differ from other previous studies, with several reporting a decrease in SPY adsorption with a rise in pH due to increased electrostatic repulsion between the anionic SPY and the negatively charged biochar surface (Ji et al. 2009; Xie et al. 2014; Yao et al. 2017). Additionally, anionic SPY present at higher pH is more hydrophilic than the neutral form (present at lower pH), which causes a decrease in hydrophobic interactions (Huang et al. 2017). At pH 7, the solution is between the pKa1 (2.30) and pKa2 (8.43) of SPY, hence the neutral SPY° species dominate and act as π-electron acceptors. These π-electron acceptors facilitated strong π–π EDA interactions between SPY and CG700 and this was the predominant adsorption mechanism at pH 7 (Ahmed et al. 2017b).

Removal of (a) Sulfapyridine, (b) Docusate and (c) Erythromycin on CG700 at pH 7 and 10 (Red errors bars < 10%)

In contrast, at a pH of 10, the anionic SPY species principally exists in solution and an increase in adsorption was observed (70% removal after 24 h). However, the increase in SPY removal with increase in pH is attributed to the formation of negative-charge assisted hydrogen bonds (CAHB). As demonstrated by Teixidó et al. (2011), this mechanism proceeds through the adsorption of negative molecules by the release of − OH to proton exchange with water (SPY + H2O → SPY° + OH), followed by the formation of exceptionally strong H-bonds between the neutral molecules and the carboxylate functional group present on the CG700 biochar surface (e.g., [RSO2N(R’) …H…O2C-surf]). Zheng et al. (2013) reported similar results from the adsorption of sulfamethoxazole (a member of the sulfonamide family with similar properties to SPY) using biochar, where removal still occurred at alkaline pH due to the formation of CAHB.

The effect of pH on the adsorption of DCT and ETM is shown in Fig. 7b, c, respectively. There were no consistent and pronounced differences between the removal of DCT and ETM using CG700 at pH 7 and at pH 10. DCT and ETM are negatively charged at pH 7 and the proportion of negatively charged species increases as the pH rises. Likewise, CG700 surface becomes increasingly more negative as the pH becomes more alkaline. Thus, electrostatic repulsion between negatively charged DCT and ETM and the biochar should be reduced at pH 7 relative to pH 10. However, π–π electron donor acceptor interactions between the π-electrons of the pharmaceuticals and the π-electrons in the aromatic ring of the CG700 exists throughout the entire pH range. Similarly, diffusion, hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction between the biochar and the pharmaceutical are still dominant mechanisms and this results in the similar equilibrium adsorption amount after 24 h even at different pH conditions.

The kinetics for the adsorption of the pharmaceuticals onto CG700 biochar was evaluated at pH 7 and 10 and the parameters are shown in Table 5. The experimental data were fitted to the PSO model and high correlation coefficients were observed (R2 > 0.8) with excellent linearity. Additionally, the calculated and experimental qe values were similar for both pH conditions. The excellent fit of the data to the PSO models indicates chemisorption may be the rate limiting step at different pH values, where electrons sharing through hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interactions and π–π EDA interactions occur by valence forces between the pharmaceuticals and CG700 biochar (Qiu et al. 2009). Moreover, it was seen that the PSO rate constant k2 is lower at pH 7 than at pH 10 for SPY, DCT and ETM indicating that adsorption at pH 7 required a higher amount of biochar than at pH 10 to achieve the same adsorption efficiency (Ferreira et al. 2015).

Biochars produced from the pyrolysis of cotton gin waste and guayule bagasse exhibited significant capacity to remove pharmaceuticals from aqueous solution. Removal is a strong function of the solution pH and the mechanisms involved are hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonding and π–π electron donor acceptor interactions. Adsorption data fit the PSO model, indicating that adsorption was dominated by chemisorption through electron sharing or transfer. These findings demonstrate the potential for biochar to serve as a low-cost additional treatment for reducing pharmaceuticals in treated wastewater prior to beneficial reuse in a wastewater irrigation system. The surface properties of biochar can vary depending on the biochar feedstock, with some functional groups more effective at reducing some pharmaceuticals compared to others. Given that most pharmaceuticals are weak acids or bases that are moderately hydrophobic (log Kow ~ 0–4), biochar materials that have intermediate degrees of hydrophobicity will likely be most effective in enhancing the removal of pharmaceuticals commonly found in wastewater effluent.

Support of M. C. Ndoun through a USDA-ARS Cooperative Agreement is gratefully acknowledged. H. A. Elliott, H. E. Preisendanz (formerly, Gall) and J. E. Watson are supported, in part, by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Federal Appropriations under Project PEN04574 and Accession number 1004448. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by The Pennsylvania State University or the USDA. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pennsylvania State University or the USDA.

Correspondence to Marlene C. Ndoun.

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Received: 10 March 2020

Accepted: 01 October 2020

Published: 16 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42773-020-00070-2


Fine Biochar Powder Market Trends

17 November, 2020
 


Biochar Market Size 2020 | Opportunities, Regional Overview, Top Leaders, Revenue and …

17 November, 2020
 

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The potential for biochar application in rubber plantations in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China

18 November, 2020
 

Biochar can enhance crop production and sequester carbon, but there have been few studies with tree crops. Rubber plantations cover more than 8 million hectares in Southeast Asia, so we assessed the feasibility of biochar application in these plantations with a pot trial. Rubber seedlings were planted in soil with four concentrations (0, 1.25%, 2.5% and 5%, w/w) of biochar combined with two concentrations of compound fertilizer (0 kg/ha and 300 kg/ha). Soil properties and seedling growth were measured, and a leaching experiment was conducted in the rainy season. Our results show that biochar increased pH, water content (27.4–65.1%), total carbon (25.4–53.6%), nitrate nitrogen, and available phosphorus in the soil, and decreased bulk density (3.2–23.9%). Biochar treatment reduced leaching of ammonium nitrogen and ortho-P. Biochar increased seedling nutrient uptake (C, N, P and K), with 2.5% and 5% biochar showing the largest effects, but seedling biomass was the highest with 1.25%, and declined in 2.5% and 5%. Our results suggest that biochar addition is an effective way to improve rubber plantation soils, sequester more carbon and decrease nutrient leaching, but the optimum application rate under field conditions needs further research.

Biochar is charcoal made from biomass by high-temperature pyrolysis. Recent interest in biochar reflects the evidence that its addition to soil can both enhance crop production and help to mitigate climate change. Mean biomass increased for agricultural crops in response to biochar additions have been 10–30% (Biederman and Harpole 2013; Jeffery et al. 2011), although few studies found a reduction (Haider et al. 2017; Rajkovich et al. 2012). A limited number of studies have focused on forests or tree crops, but short-term experiments on tree seedlings have found large positive responses, particularly for angiosperms and in the boreal and tropical regions (Thomas and Gale 2015). The mechanisms suggested for the improvement of growth include: (1) the initial input of soluble and easily mineralized nutrients (P, K, Ca, and others) in the biochar; (2) reduced leaching of nutrients as a result of retention by the biochar; (3) increased pH; (4) increased water holding capacity; (5) immobilization of growth-inhibiting substances, such as phenolics and salts; and (6) changes in microbial biomass and activity (Li et al. 2018a, b; Thomas and Gale 2015).

The recalcitrance of biochar to decomposition gives it a very long half-life in soils, estimated as centuries to millennia, making it ideal for long-term carbon sequestration (El-Naggar et al. 2019; Li et al. 2018a, b; Smith 2016; Thomas and Gale 2015). If biomass from wastes or dedicated biomass crops is converted to recalcitrant biochar, this can be added to croplands without changing their current use and with likely co-benefits of increased crop yield. This could provide a significant contribution to the ‘negative emissions’ that will be required to stay within the global warming target of 2.0 °C, with fewer potential disadvantages (costs, other impacts) than the alternatives (Smith 2016).

The most widely grown tree crop in continental Southeast Asia is rubber (Hevea brasiliensis), which now covers more than 8 million hectares, mostly in Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia (Warren-Thomas et al. 2015). The negative environmental impacts of rubber expansion on biodiversity, soil erosion, water supply, and carbon stocks have been increasingly well-documented (Ahrends et al. 2015; Liu et al. 2017a, b). Conversion of natural forests to rubber plantations leads to losses in above- and below-ground biomass and in soil carbon, while conversion of arable land to rubber plantations will usually increase carbon stocks (Blagodatsky et al. 2016; Guillaume et al. 2018). Adding biochar in rubber plantations could potentially increase carbon sequestration and will help to mitigate some of the adverse environmental impacts. Moreover, rubber is usually grown on deep, highly weathered soils, which are acidic, low in nutrients, and have low cation exchange capacities. These limitations could potentially be alleviated by biochar addition. Biochar addition is being promoted in North East Thailand to enhance rubber production and mitigate the negative impacts of high fertilizer applications, but there is currently little evidence to support this use (Herrmann et al. 2019).

This study, therefore, investigated the potential for biochar application to rubber plantations in tropical Xishuangbanna, Southwest China, where the rubber plantation area has increased rapidly in the last 20 years and now occupies 22% of the total land area (Xu et al. 2014a, b). Although these plantations have brought large economic benefits, Xishuangbanna has experienced many of the adverse environmental impacts reported elsewhere (Li et al. 2012; Liu et al. 2011, 2016a; Monkai et al. 2018; Min et al. 2019; Zhou and Hu 2008). Many of new plantation areas are on land previously occupied by natural forests, so carbon stocks have generally declined (Liu et al. 2017a, b; Yang et al. 2016). A previous study in Sri Lanka using rubber wood biochar found that the application of biochar alone increased the growth of nursery rubber plants, and the effect on plant growth was much larger when fertilizer (N and Mg) was also applied (Dharmakeerthi et al. 2012). A study in North East Thailand that applied 5–20 t/ha of bamboo biochar in rubber plantations found changes in soil properties and microbial communities, but did not look at tree growth or rubber yields (Herrmann et al. 2019).

We, therefore, investigated the effects of biochar with and without fertilizer in pot experiment on rubber plantation soil in Xishuangbanna. We tested the hypothesis that rubber wood biochar improves the soil condition under rubber plantation and enhances the rubber seedling growth. Our objectives were: (1) to investigate the impacts of different concentrations of rubber wood biochar on soil properties and their relationships with rubber seedling growth; (2) to assess the feasibility of biochar application to rubber plantations in Xishuangbanna and elsewhere in Southeast Asia.

The pot experiment was conducted in the rainy season in the shade house of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (101°25′ E, 21°41′ N) in 2013. Topsoil (0–20 cm depth) was collected from a local rubber plantation [a ferralsol in the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) classification, pH is about 6, typical for Xishuangbanna], soil animals, fine roots, stones, twigs, and leaves were picked out, and the collection was then mixed. The bottoms of the pots (25 cm height, 30 cm diameter) were successively covered in fine and coarse sand to a depth of 5 cm, and put on iron shelves (30 cm height). A hole was drilled in the bottom of each pot and connected to a rubber tube (Fig. S1).

Biochar was made from the wood of rubber trees by a local manufacturer who used traditional kilns at a temperature range of 400–500 ℃ in the absence of oxygen. The properties of the biochar used in the experiment are shown in Table 1. The biochar was alkaline, high in organic carbon, available phosphorous and nutrient cations, but low in nitrogen. The rubber wood biochar was smashed into pieces < 2 mm and then mixed with 15 kg of dry soil for each pot (in 0, 1.25%, 2.5% and 5%, w/w, referred to here as CK, B1.25, B2.5, and B5, respectively). These proportions are equivalent to applying biochar at 0, 27.75 t/ha, 55.5t/ha and 111 t/ha in the field when uniformly mixed with soil to a depth of 10 cm. These four biochar treatments were set up with and without compound fertilizer. The N, P, K contents of the compound fertilizer were all 15%, respectively, and the usage was equivalent to 300 kg/ha according to local rubber plantation management. Fertilizer was added three times during the trial period, in May, June and July. Rubber seedlings were transplanted in March and all pots received the same treatment (water, light, etc.).

The leaching experiment was conducted in the rainy season. Plastic bottles were washed with ultrapure water and connected to the tube before rain at 6 p.m. and collected at 8 a.m. the next day. We measured the total leachate volume and collected the supernatant liquid. Three leaching experiments were conducted during the rainy season, but we only used the first two here, because natural rain was insufficient in September and had to be supplemented with artificial watering. Ammonium nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen and ortho-P in the collected leachate were analyzed using a Continuous Flow Analyzer (Auto Analyzer 3, SEAL Analytical GmbH).

The heights and basal diameters of the rubber seedlings were measured twice per month by measuring tape and Vernier caliper, respectively. We used a Time Domain Reflectometer (MP-KIT; Beijing Channel, Beijing, China) at 5 cm depth to measure soil water content and took the average value of three random samples in every pot. Soil temperature was determined with a digital thermometer (6310; Spectrum, IL, USA) at 5 cm depth, with one measured value for each pot. To minimize the effect of soil disturbance on soil leaching and seedling roots, soil water content and temperature were measured in May, June, September and October, once a month.

Photosynthesis was measured using a Li-6400 (Li-Cor, Lincoln, NE, USA) at 9:00–11:30 a.m. in September, 2014. We chose one upper, mature, compound leaf for each seedling, with all leaves in the same direction, and used the red and blue light resources to test the photosynthesis rate of the three leaves under the light intensity of 1000 μmol m−2 s−1 and took the average value.

After harvesting the rubber seedlings in October, 2014, soil samples were collected and pretreated for analysis. Soil pH value was measured with an Acidity Detector (PHS-3C). A portion of the fresh soil was passed through a 2 mm sieve for analysis of ammonium nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC) and soil microbial biomass nitrogen (SMBN). Soil ammonium nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen were extracted with 2 mol/L KCl and then analyzed with a Continuous Flow Analyzer (Auto Analyzer 3, SEAL Analytical GmbH). SMBC and SMBN were analyzed with the chloroform fumigation-extraction method (Liu et al. 2016b), using conversion coefficients of 0.45 and 0.54, respectively. Soil samples were air-dried at lab temperature and a portion of the dried soil was passed through a 100 mesh sieve for soil total carbon (TC), total nitrogen (TN), soil total phosphorus (TP) and available phosphorus (AP) analysis. TC and TN were measured using a Vario MAX CN (Elementar Analysensysteme GmbH, Germany). AP was extracted by 0.03 mol/L NH3F and 0.025 mol/L HCl solution and was determined by an inductively coupled plasma atomic-emission spectrometer (ICP-AES; Thermo Fisher Scientific USA). ICP-AES was also used to analyze TP after soil digestion with HClO4–HF. Soil cation exchange capacity (CEC) was analyzed with neutral CH3COONH4 after thermal treatment in 1 mol/L NH4Cl solution.

Seedling biomass was obtained after drying the rubber seedlings. Seedling leaf nutrients (C, N, P, K, Ca, Mg) were measured after crushing the dry leaves and passing them through a 0.25 mm sieve. C and N of leaves were analyzed using the same methods as used with soil TC and TN. P, K, Ca and Mg were determined using ICP-AES, after digesting in HNO3–HClO4 and dissolving in HCl.

One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post-hoc Tukey’s tests was used for all treatment comparisons. All statistics were calculated in the R programming language, version R 3.4.0 (R Core Team 2016).

Soil properties measured after seedling harvest are listed in Table 2. Biochar significantly increased soil pH along with increasing biochar usage, by up to 1 unit (F = 82.324, P < 0.01). Biochar significantly reduced soil bulk density, by 23.9%, 9.9% and 3.2% for B5, B2.5, and B1.25, respectively, in comparison to CK in fertilizer treatments, while the corresponding reductions without fertilizer were 17.1%, 9.9% and 3.6%. Biochar reduced soil ammonium concentrations, except for B1.25 under fertilizer treatment (increased 15%), but increased nitrate, with particularly large increases with fertilizer additions compared to the control. SMBC contents in biochar additions with fertilizer were significantly higher than CK, but there were no differences among biochar additions without fertilizer. SMBN contents had no differences among biochar treatments but all showed a substantial increase compared to CK.

Biochar greatly increased soil TC, with B5 > B2.5 > B1.25 > CK, but decreased TN of B2.5 and B5 with no fertilizer, while no changes were observed in fertilized treatments. Biochar increased soil TP of B2.5 and B5 with no fertilizer, while no significant changes were observed with fertilizer. Soil available phosphorus increased in the order B5 > B2.5 > B1.25 > CK, with significant differences between any two biochar treatments without fertilizer, while B1.25 was significantly higher than any other treatment with fertilizer. Biochar addition had no significant effects on soil dissolved organic carbon (DOC) or cation exchange capacity (CEC).

Biochar addition had no effects on soil temperature (Fig. S3), but significantly increased soil water content (Fig. 1): the more biochar added the higher the water content. In treatments without fertilizer, biochar increased the average soil water content of B1.25, B2.5 and B5 by 42.9%, 44.9%, and 63.6% compared to CK. A similar result was observed under the fertilizer treatments, with soil water content increased by 27.4%, 43.07%, and 65.1%, respectively.

Comparisons of soil water content in different biochar treatments. The columns with same letter indicate no statistical difference in corresponding fertilizer treatments (the same below)

The basal diameters of seedlings showed no differences from May to July, but differences were obvious after fertilizer had been added three times (Fig. S4). Fertilizer treatments increased both basal diameter and final biomass, with the highest biomass of B1.25 with and without fertilizer (Figs. 2, S2). The biomass of B1.25 was significantly higher than CK without fertilizer, but there was no significant difference from CK with fertilizer. Both B2.5 and B5 with fertilizer apparently inhibited the growth of rubber seedlings but for treatments without fertilizer, B2.5 enhanced the biomass, whereas B5 was not changed when compared to the control.

Effects of different biochar treatments on average biomass of rubber seedlings

Biochar generally increased seedling leaf nutrient content, and B2.5 and B5 were mostly obviously higher than CK and B1.25 (Table 3). Total carbon in seedling leaves was increased with increasing biochar concentration with fertilizer, and B5 and B2.5 were significantly higher than CK. Ca and Mg concentration in leaves didn’t change much, but without fertilizer Mg declined.

The photosynthesis rate of seedlings in September was lower in fertilizer than without fertilizer treatments (Fig. S5), though the difference was found to be insignificant. Although B2.5 and B5 increased the photosynthesis rates with and without fertilizer, the differences were not significant.

Biochar reduced the concentration and total leached quantity of ammonium nitrogen, with and without fertilizer, although only some of the differences were significant (Fig. 3). The results of nitrate nitrogen were more complicated (Fig. 4). Biochar had little effect on the July results, although nitrate concentration in the leachate was significantly reduced with higher biochar proportions and fertilizer treatment. In August, biochar increased both the concentration and the total amount of nitrate leached without fertilizer, but decreased both with fertilizer. However, only the reduction in total leached quantity with fertilizer was significant. For ortho-P (Fig. 5), the trends and patterns were very similar to those for ammonium nitrogen. An increase in the proportions of biochar resulted a reduction in leaching, while only few differences were found to be significant.

Comparisons of NH4+-N leaching concentration and total leaching quantity in different biochar treatments

Comparisons of NO3-N leaching concentration and total leaching quantity in different biochar treatments

Comparisons of PO43−-P leaching concentration and total leaching quantity in different biochar treatments

The results of this experiment show that the addition of biochar to rubber seedlings grown in pots significantly increased soil pH, carbon, water content, nitrate nitrogen, and available phosphorous (without the fertilizer treatment). Biochar addition decreased bulk density and ammonium, but had no significant effect on cation exchange capacity or soil temperature. Seedling growth was the greatest with 1.25% biochar—the lowest addition tested—while 2.5% and 5.0% reduced growth. Biochar generally increased seedling leaf nutrient content but had no consistent effect on photosynthesis. Biochar generally reduced leaching of nutrients, particularly in the fertilized treatments.

Biochar addition significantly improved soil pH, as observed in other studies (Dai et al. 2017; Hansen et al. 2017; Major et al. 2010), which is mainly due to the application of alkaline biochar (El-Naggar et al. 2019). The higher pH may account for part of the increase in phosphorus availability (Herrmann et al. 2019; Laghari et al. 2016; Laird et al. 2010), although the biochar itself contained large amounts of available phosphorus. Biochar may also decrease the immobilization of soil phosphorus by absorbing organic compounds in the soil, such as phenols, and providing energy resources to enhance the capacity of soil microorganisms to increase phosphorus availability (Liu et al. 2016a, b, c). Biochar significantly decreased soil bulk density (3.2–23.9%), and greatly enhanced soil water content (< 63.6%), which have both been observed in many other studies (Chen et al. 2018; Haider et al. 2017; Vaccari et al. 2011). This indicated biochar’s high superficial porosity (i.e., intrinsic surface area), which increased soil porosity (Glaser et al. 2002; Randolph et al. 2017; Zimmerman et al. 2011), and the reduction in bulk density increased space for water (Haider et al. 2017). Increased porosity and air permeability probably also explain the increased microbial biomass C and N (Jaafar et al. 2015; Lehmann and Rondon 2006).

The impact of biochar addition on soil nitrogen was large but presumably indirect, since concentrations were low in the biochar itself. Biochar impacts soil nitrogen concentration via changing soil microorganisms (El-Naggar et al. 2019), such as the ammonification of nitrate (NO3) to ammonium (NH4+). Soil nitrate nitrogen was significantly increased in this study though ammonium leaching was decreased with little or no change in soil ammonium. This suggests that the biochar addition can enhance the nitrification of N in soil. A study conducted in rhizobox mesocosms showed that plant roots respond to biochar addition and the interaction is affected by biochar nutrient content and its positive effect on soil nutrient availability (Prendergast-Miller et al. 2014). The biochar could act as a nutrient source of labile carbon though with its small contribution (Prendergast-Miller et al. 2014). The porous structure and NH4+ retention capacity of biochar stimulate the nitrification in soil (Berglund et al. 2004). Furthermore, the presence of fertilizer may benefit the root development, and accelerate the activities of rhizospheric microorganism, which may further enhance the nitrification effect and provide more nitrate.

Biochar increased soil total carbon by 25.4–53.6% and 28.2–52.0%, respectively, in fertilizer and no fertilizer treatments. Decay-resistant compounds in the biochar, formed during pyrolysis, provide a long-term carbon storage (Ghani et al. 2013; Shariff et al. 2016). Meta-analysis showed that the inert portions of biochar contribute more to the total carbon increase in soil, but there is another contribution from enhanced soil microbial biomass, which result from refugia provision and food resources retention by biochar structure, as well as the greater rhizosphere effect led by plant growth promotion after biochar addition (Biederman and Harpole 2013; Jones et al. 2012).

Many studies have found that biochar changes soil CEC (Liang et al. 2006; Oguntunde et al. 2004), but both increments and declines have been observed (El-Naggar et al. 2018). Differences in the impact on CEC have been noted in studies that compare different kinds of biochar and may be at least partly explained by differences in pH (Van Zwieten et al. 2010). El-Naggar et al. (2018) stated that the great increase of soil pH might explain the soil CEC increment, while the non-significant change of soil CEC was due to the high K+ concentrations in biochars. Oguntunde et al. (2004) considered that more charge density per unit area on the soil particle surface or high superficial area leads to more adsorption sites which may improve the soil CEC. The ash content and the total cation exchange of the biochar we used were very high (Table 1). As soil CEC is affected by many factors, such as soil type and biochar production conditions (El-Naggar et al. 2019), more research is needed to explain why it had no effect on the CEC of the soil.

Biochar addition decreased leaching of soil ammonium nitrogen and ortho-P, with a general trend of decreasing leaching with increasing biochar (Figs. 3, 5). The reduced leaching of ammonium could be due to adsorption via the negative charges on the biochar particles (Angst et al. 2014; Lehmann et al. 2011; Sun et al. 2017), the high CEC of biochar, or enhanced nitrification induced by biochar (Li et al. 2019). Liang et al. (2006) also pointed out that biochar applied to soil has strong capacity for irons retention due to more cation adsorption sites and greater charge density, which could lead to the reduction of ammonium cation and nitrate anion leaching.

Compared to ammonium, nitrate is more easily leached as it is hydrosoluble. In this study, biochar addition with fertilizer resulted in less nitrate leaching with increasing biochar concentration, which was consistent with other studies with fertilizer addition (Liu et al. 2017a, b; Xu et al. 2016), but the contrary result was shown in the treatments without fertilizer (Fig. 4). The leached nitrate might largely leach from soil in the treatments with biochar alone, as it is possible that biochar has the prior capacity to adsorb cations. While, more ions were present around biochar particles in fertilizer treatments which stimulated ion exchange and enhanced biochar sorption of nitrate.

The capacity of biochar to absorb soil available phosphorus has also been reported (Laghari et al. 2016; Laird et al. 2010). The sorption capacity of phosphorus was associated with soil acidity when biochar was added, and the sorption effect was stronger in acidic soil than alkaline soil (Xu et al. 2014a, b). B5 showed the greatest adsorption capacity in our study, although soil pH was significantly increased after biochar addition. However, the soil was still acidic (< 7). Further research is needed about phosphorus sorption in a wide range of soil pH after biochar addition.

The reduced leaching of soil nutrients could be due to: (1) physical process: holding soil nutrients by porous structure of biochar; (2) chemical process: retaining cation by high surface charge density of biochar; and (3) biological process: stimulating soil microbial activity for nutrient cycle (Laird et al. 2010; Liang et al. 2006; Mukherjee and Zimmerman 2013). Nutrient adsorption depends on the nutrient and the biochar type. Most of the biochars made from 13 different materials showed no adsorption of soil ammonium and nitrate nitrogen, while the biochar made from Brazilian pepperwood under 600 ℃ decreased soil ammonium, nitrate nitrogen, and phosphorus leaching by 34.7%, 34% and 20.6%, respectively (Yao et al. 2012). Moreover, biochar made from peanut shells decreased ammonium and nitrate leaching but increased phosphorus leaching. Biochar made from switchgrass at 800 ℃ had the strongest NH4+ retention capacity, while biochar made from water oak (Quercus nigra) at 400 ℃ was the strongest (Li et al. 2018a, b). CEC and micropore volume have been found to be the predominant factors in sorption of NH4+ by biochar (Li et al. 2018a, b). Therefore, the interaction between biochar type and soil nutrients should be studied before its application to a specific soil.

Biochar addition increased rubber seedling leaf carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium content, and slightly raised the leaf photosynthesis rate, showing that it increased nutrient availability in the soil, as shown in other studies (Agegnehu et al. 2016; Atkinson et al. 2010). Both the available nutrient content and the nutrient retention capacity of biochar could increase the availability of soil nutrients (Dai et al. 2017), which could increase the probability of nutrients uptake through plant roots and enhance more nutrients retention in leaves.

Seedling biomass in the 1.25% (w/w) biochar treatment was significantly higher than that in any other treatments, with or without fertilizer, but 2.5% and 5% (w/w), reduced biomass, even with fertilizer. Other studies have also shown that moderate amounts of biochar accelerate growth, while excessive biochar can reduce it (Lefebvre et al. 2019; Lehmann and Rondon 2006; Ma et al. 2012). The positive effects may be attributed to the raised utilization efficiency of nitrogen fertilizer, increased pH, enhanced soil nutrient retention, and the supply of biochar nutrient (Atkinson et al. 2010; Chan et al. 2008; Li et al. 2018a, b; Major et al. 2010; Wang et al. 2012). And the negative effects might result from volatile substances produced during the process of biochar preparation which can directly inhibit root growth (Angst et al. 2014; Fernandes et al. 2003). It also, could indirectly affect plant growth by changing microbial reactions (Lefebvre et al. 2019), and the higher C/N ratio due to biochar addition may lower the availability of some nutrients (He et al. 2011). In our study, high rate of biochar addition reduced the seedling biomass but not the reduction for photosynthesis. The high rate of biochar addition might have a negative impact on leaf dry matter content of rubber seedlings. And the high concentration nutrients after the addition of fertilizer (compound fertilizer) might have impacted the seedling photosynthesis negatively compared to the treatments without fertilizer.

Biochar addition at 1.25% (w/w) with fertilizer greatly improved seedling biomass compared to the control and B1.25 without fertilizer. This may due to the increased soil nutrient content and leaching reduction after biochar addition. This will be beneficial to rubber plantations in the tropics, as fertilization is one of the main management measures to improve production and has led to soil hardening, low water penetration, and water and soil erosion (Zeng et al. 2010).

Rubber plantations cover 8 million hectares of Southeast Asia and are still expanding, so adding biochar into existing or new rubber plantations would make it possible to sequester large amounts of carbon. Biochar could be ploughed into the surface soil when establishing new plantations, while, in existing plantations, biochar could be applied to the soil on the terrace bench between rubber trees. In our experiments, the larger proportions of biochar inhibited seedling growth, but 1.25% biochar (w/w) had a positive effect. This implies that at least 54 million tons of C (assuming that the terrace bench occupies half of the total area) could be sequestrated when incorporating biochar into an existing rubber plantation in a 10 cm depth. Or 13.54 t/ha organic carbon could be sequestrated if apply biochar with the same technology when establishing new plantations.

For large scale application, a sufficient supply of feedstock would be needed. All forest wastes, animal manures, and crop residues can be feedstock for biochar, and biochar characters vary with the kind of feedstock (Brewer et al. 2011; Laghari et al. 2016), but wood chips and plant residues seem to be the best materials (Ghani et al. 2013). Rubber wood is sold for making furniture in China, and the branches and twigs are collected for firewood, while other byproducts, such as seed shells, stay in the soil (Li et al. 2013). However, there are fallen trees and dead wood in rubber plantations every year, and roots and branches are left when rubber trees are cut down. These remaining residues in plantations can be collected for biochar. Recently, an environmentally friendly rubber plantation construction has been initiated in Xishuangbanna, and several combinations of rubber trees and other economic plants in agroforestry systems have been tried (Liu et al. 2016a; Mo and Sha 2016). In these systems, some understory plants, such as Flemingia macrophylla (Liu et al. 2018; Pang et al. 2009), produce waste biomass after clipping every year which could be used to make biochar. Other potential feedstocks in the Xishuangbanna area, such as corn stalks and coconut shells, are also available for biochar production. As a carbon reduction strategy, using plant residues rather than harvesting whole plants is recommended (Tenenbaum 2009). Turning residual biomass in the plantation or field into biochar can build soil carbon while returning nutrients through mulching and composting often brings pests and disease, and the labile soil carbon produced does not survive long in a tropical climate (Richards 2016).

High cost and expensive transportation make biochar production with machinery impractical, but farmers have the local knowledge to produce charcoal by burning biomass (Lehmann and Rondón 2006). In Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, a variety of traditional kilns are built by farmers and smallholders to produce charcoal for consumption, and many of these have been developed and improved (Haruthaithanasan et al. 2016). These simple methods can make it practical for biochar to be produced at low-cost and used everywhere. Traditionally, farmers produce charcoal for sale (Lehmann and Rondón 2006), so the Government would need to provide incentives to encourage farmers to switch the use of “charcoal” into “biochar” to increase carbon sequestration. To achieve this, more studies are needed to assess the appropriate application rate for yield improvement. It is also important to include biochar in national carbon emission trading (El-Naggar et al. 2019; Gaunt and Lehmann 2008; Lehmann 2007; Zhang and Zhang 2019), so that farmers will directly benefit from carbon markets. In this way, more carbon will be stored in the soil voluntarily by farmers and net carbon emissions will be reduced.

Our pot trial shows that biochar addition increases soil water content and maintains more soil nutrients. It also decreases nutrient leaching, mitigates soil acidity, and improves gas permeability by decreasing soil bulk density. Biochar, therefore, has the potential to improve soil conditions in rubber plantations, with benefits for both crop yield and carbon sequestration. Biochar also increased rubber seedling leaf nutrients and rubber seedling biomass, and with the effect on biomass increased with fertilization. However, more research is needed to determine the optimum application rate under field conditions of rubber plantations and to estimate the underlying mechanisms of soil nutrient cycle and nutrient retention for the observed responses of soil nutrient dynamic and plant growth to biochar addition.

We are grateful to Xishuangbanna Central Laboratory and Biogeochemical Laboratory for the soil analyses. And we also thank Dr. Mohd Zeeshan for his kindly help of English editing.

This research was supported by the “Strategic Priority Research Program” of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA05070304), the CAS 135 Program (XTBG-T03), Key program of NSF (31290221), the Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. KFJ-EW-STS-084).

LP and LS: designed the study, LP, FX and HM: coordinated data collection, LP and LS: designed and implemented the analytical approach, LP, RC and LS: lead the writing, and all authors provided comments.

Correspondence to Liqing Sha.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Received: 16 June 2020

Accepted: 07 October 2020

Published: 18 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42773-020-00072-0


WHEAT STRAW BIOCHAR

20 November, 2020
 

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Biochar and Other Amendments Promote Douglas fir Survival and Growth on Mine Tailings

20 November, 2020
 

Olszyk, D., Mark G Johnson, Mike Bollman, M. Nash, K. Trippe, V. Manning, D. Watts, AND J. Novak. Biochar and Other Amendments Promote Douglas fir Survival and Growth on Mine Tailings. Annual Meeting of Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Virtual, OR, November 15 – 19, 2020.

In the western US, there are over 33,000 abandoned sites where heavy metal contaminated mine tailings contaminate local ground and surface water sources. The EPA has regulatory authority, especially under Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund) to oversee cleanup of these sites; and responsibility to regions, states and local communities under the Office of Research and Development’s Safe and Healthy Community Research Program to develop new techniques to assist in this cleanup. Of special concern to EPA’s Region 10 is the Formosa mine superfund site in south-central Oregon, which has a large area of mine spoils (waste material from mining on the soil surface) where it is difficult to establish vegetation. At sites such as this, successful growth of plants is often limited by low spoil pH and associated high soil heavy metal concentrations, poor soil structure, diminished water holding capacity, limited fertility, soil carbon, and microbial activity. In a field study, we evaluated the effects of a mixture of amendments (lime, biosolids, biochar, locally effective microbes) on Formosa mine spoil pH and metal concentrations and subsequent impacts on injury, growth and needle elemental concentrations for Douglas fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco]. Two years past amendment application, the spoil had a pH increase and lowered metal availability, resulting in enhanced seedling survival, growth, and needle N contents; while reducing needle heavy metal concentrations, such as Cu. This study indicates that biochar, along with lime and nutrients, can enhance tree seedling growth and affect needle elements in mine affected spoils, providing immediately useful information to alleviate a mine spoil pollution problem in Region 10. More broadly, the study illustrated the potential for techniques developed under ORD’s biochar research program to enhance plant growth by improving soil chemistry, thus increasing the potential for success of vegetation reestablishment to degraded mine soils across the United States.

In the western US, there are over 33,000 abandoned sites where heavy metal contaminated mine tailings contaminate local ground and surface water sources. At these sites, revegetation is required to prevent further erosion of heavy metal contaminated soils into nearby waters. However, successful growth of plants is often limited by degraded soil conditions, including low soil pH and associated high soil heavy metal concentrations, poor soil structure, diminished water holding capacity, limited soil fertility, soil carbon, and microbial activity. In a field study, we evaluated the effects of a mixture of amendments (lime, biosolids, biochar, locally effective microbes) on spoil pH and metal concentrations and subsequent impacts on injury, growth and needle elemental concentrations for Douglas fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] growing in mine spoil at the Formosa mine Superfund site in southwestern Oregon. Two years past amendment application, the spoil had a pH increase and lowered metal availability, resulting in enhanced seedling survival, growth, and needle N contents; while reducing needle heavy metal concentrations, such as Cu. This study indicates that biochar, along with lime and nutrients, can enhance tree seedling growth and affect needle elements in mine affected spoils.


Life-cycle assessment and techno-economic analysis of biochar produced from forest residues …

20 November, 2020
 

Producing biochar from forest residues can help resolve environmental issues by reducing forest fires and mitigating climate change. However, transportation and storage of biomass to a centralized facility are often cost-prohibitive and a major hurdle for the economic feasibility of producing biobased products, including biochar. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the environmental impacts and economic feasibility of manufacturing biochar from forest residues with small-scale portable production systems.

This study evaluated the environmental performance and economic feasibility of biochar produced through three portable systems (biochar solutions incorporated (BSI), Oregon Kiln (OK), and air curtain burner (ACB)) using forest residues in the United States (US). Cradle-to-grave life-cycle assessment (LCA) and techno-economic analysis (TEA) were used to quantify environmental impacts and minimal selling price (MSP) of biochar respectively considering different power sources, production sites, and feedstock qualities.

The results illustrated that the global warming (GW) impact of biochar production through BSI, OK, and ACB was 0.25–1.0, 0.55, and 0.61-t CO2eq/t biochar applied to the field, respectively. Considering carbon-sequestration, 1-t of biochar produced with the portable system at a near-forest site and applied to the field reduced the GW impact by 0.89–2.6 t CO2eq. For biochar production, the environmental performance of the BSI system improved substantially (60–70%) when it was powered by a gasifier-based generator instead of a diesel generator. Similarly, near-forest(off-grid) biochar production operations performed better environmentally than the operations at in-town sites due to the reduction in the forest residues transportation emissions. Overall, the net GW impact of biochar produced from forest residues can reduce environmental impacts (i.e., 1–10 times lower CO2eq emissions) compared with slash-pile burning. The MSP per tonne of biochar produced through BSI, OK, and ACB was $3,000–$5,000, $1,600, and $580 respectively considering 100 working days per year. However, with improved BSI systems when allowed to operate throughout the year, the MSP can be reduced to below $1000/t of biochar. Furthermore, considering current government grants and subsidies (i.e.,$12,600/ha for making biochar production from forest residues), the MSP of biochar can be reduced substantially (30–387%) depending on the type of portable system used.

The portable small-scale production systems could be environmentally beneficial and economically feasible options to make biochar from forest residues at competitive prices given current government incentives in the US where excess forest biomass and forest residues left in the forest increase the risk of forest fires.

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The authors appreciate the peer-reviews conducted by Drs. Sevda Alanya-Rosenbaum (USDA Forest Service) and Nalladurai Kaliyan (University of Georgia).

This material is based upon work supported by a grant from the US Department of Energy under the Biomass Research and Development Initiative program: Award Number DE-EE0006297.

Correspondence to Kamalakanta Sahoo.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Communicated by: Jörg Schweinle

(DOCX 3.18 mb)

Received: 30 August 2019

Accepted: 01 October 2020

Published: 20 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-020-01830-9

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To the editor | Richmond County vetting new industry

21 November, 2020
 

To the editor:

International Tie Disposal (ITD) has been the subject of conversation within the Richmond County Community for the past month. ITD has interest in Richmond County solely based on a business transaction with CSX Transportation, whose railyard has called Richmond County home for more than a century.

Richmond County and the State of North Carolina have a long-standing relationship with CSX Transportation, and it is one of the largest employers within Richmond County. CSX currently owns 100 acres adjacent to their rail yard in Hamlet, NC and has agreed to lease the site to ITD, which is a subsidiary of Polivka International, experts in rail infrastructure for more than 60 years, and one of CSX’s main suppliers.

ITD has come to an agreement with CSX to dispose of old rail ties in an environmentally friendly and safe way. Through a process known as pyrolysis, ITD breaks down the old rail ties into a compound known as biochar, an eco-friendlier method of recycling than simply burning the old ties and releasing harmful chemicals into the air.

It is important to note that neither Richmond County Commissioners, Richmond County Economic Development nor the State of North Carolina recruited this project nor incented this project with taxpayer dollars. No concessions have been made to CSX, ITD or their parent company.

The county first learned of this project when ITD reached out to the City of Hamlet and Richmond County simultaneously with their air permit application, as is required for by most manufacturing construction projects. As plans progressed between the two parties (CSX and Polivka), ITD reached out to the economic development office to begin their community engagement, which is a standard operating procedure for companies.

As requested through their community outreach, Richmond County Economic Development arranged several “small scale” public hearings throughout the development process of ITD’s new facility. While smaller in scale due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, these hearings with local neighbors, local industries and communities, elected officials and business owners presented the opportunity to engage with CSX and ITD.

Upon some concerns from the local residents raised during one of these hearings, a third-party study is currently being conducted to learn more about the water-run off from the old rail ties and if there will be any contamination. Local officials and residents want to ensure any water run-off will not contaminate any local water sources. The findings of the study should be released within the next 2 weeks.

Richmond County Economic Development & Richmond County Commissioners will continue to be good stewards for the community by continuing the vetting process for new industries to Richmond County.

Martie Butler

Richmond County Economic Developer

John Hood | Our state has gotten more free

Teachers paint mural to inspire students

HAMLET — The county’s vote last week to rezone a parcel on Marks Creek Church Road to Heavy Industrial left the Hamlet City Council feeling like their county had again left them in the dark on an important development that would have a direct impact on their community, reopening the wounds from April when the commissioners voted to change the sales tax distribution method without notice to municipalities.

[…]

HAMLET — The Richmond County Board of Commissioners will vote on whether to approve CSX Transportation’s request to rezone 167 acres of property in Marks Creek to Heavy Industrial Thursday morning at 10 a.m.

[…]

HAMLET — The City of Hamlet has cancelled its annual Christmas parade due to COVID-19 concerns, and other holiday events will likely look much different than in years past.

[…]

Call:
T:910-997-3111
F:910-323-1041

Address:
607 East Broad Ave. Suite B.,
Rockingham NC, 28379


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Use of biochar by sheep: Impacts on diet selection, digestibility and performance

22 November, 2020
 

Darren MacAvoy, Beth Burritt, Juan J Villalba, Use of biochar by sheep: Impacts on diet selection, digestibility and performance, Journal of Animal Science, , skaa380, https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skaa380

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Iron-modified biochar and water management regime-induced changes in plant growth, enzyme …

22 November, 2020
 

وب سایت فری‌پیپر امکان دانلود مقاله از طریق وب سایت های مرجع علمی همچون sciencedirect و springer را به صورت رایگان در اختیار کاربران خود قرار می دهد. در حال حاضر دسترسی به صدها وب سایت مرجع من جمله Sage Journals Oxford Journals Wiley Online Library Informs.org nature.com ProQuest IEEE Taylor & Francis برای کاربران فراهم شده است. فری‌پیپر اولین وب سایت تخصصی دانلود مقاله علمی در کشور می‌باشد. دسترسی به تمام منابع از طریق افزونه فری‌پیپر برای همیشه رایگان خواهد بود.


Biochar

22 November, 2020
 

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Nano-black carbon (biochar) released from pyrogenic carbonaceous matter as a super suspending …

24 November, 2020
 

Nano-black carbon (BC) is one of the most active fractions in the pyrogenic carbonaceous matter continuum. The majority of recent studies mainly focus on the role of nano-BC in the global carbon cycle. However, based on literature and our recent studies, we suggest that nano-BC may also serve as a super suspending agent, carrier, and redox mediator for sorbates during its migration from terrestrial to water bodies due to its unique properties such as high colloidal stability, strong sorption capacity, and high surface reactivity. The full implications of nano-BC in water/soil environments are far more than we expected. Thus, we call for more detailed investigations on the activity and reactivity of nano-BC in water/soil environments.

Pyrogenic carbonaceous matter (PCM) such as charcoal, soot, and biochar is generally produced by incomplete combustion of fresh and/or fossilized biomass, which is a significant fraction of natural organic matter (NOM) and ubiquitous in water/soil environments. Besides vegetation fires (e.g., forest fires and crop residue burnings), man-made PCM products (mainly biochar) are being produced much more than ever before for various environmental and agricultural applications. Statistically, the global production of biochar can be up to ~ 270 Tg per year, and majority of the products would remain in soils (Jha et al. 2010). The environmental functions of biochar are based on the assumption that it represents one of the most inert natural organic C pools and can be stored in soils/sediments at centurial or millennial time scales. However, an increasing number of studies have demonstrated that a fraction of PCM can be mobilized into aquatic ecosystems in dissolved and colloidal forms, serving as a crucial contributor to the global C flux. More importantly, the nano-sized black carbon (nano-BC) has extraordinary suspending ability in aquatic environments, which can strongly sorb contaminants and nutrients (e.g., N and P), heteroaggregate with minerals, and mediate environmental transformation of certain compounds. Consequently, the full implications of nano-BC in water/soil environments are far more than we expected. Here, we suggest that nano-BC is not only a soil C pool but a super suspending agent, greatly altering the transport and behavior of elements, chemicals, and soil components (e.g., minerals, NOM, and organisms) in water/soil environments.

Nano-BC has an outstanding colloidal stability in aqueous solutions, which is reflected by its much higher critical coagulation concentration (Fig. 1a) relative to that of engineered carbon nanomaterials [such as carbon nanotube (Saleh et al. 2008), fullerene, graphene oxides (Sun et al. 2018)] and soil colloids (e.g., iron oxides). Moreover, the unique properties of nano-BC including abundant oxyl groups, large surface area, and high reactivity (Lian et al. 2019) endow them with higher sorption affinity for contaminants (especially hydrophobic organic compounds) than NOM (Fig. 1b) (Yue et al. 2019). Thus, nano-BC is expected to greatly enhance the suspension and transport of contaminants, as well as alter the distribution of contaminants among solid phases and solutions, influencing their environmental risks. Nano-BC also has high sorption affinity for biomacromolecules including proteins, extracellular DNA, and even bacterial cells through multiple interactions (e.g., electrostatic interactions, π − π stacking, hydrogen bonding, and covalent conjugation) (Lian et al. 2020), which is rarely reported in the literature. Potentially, nano-BC can be considered as an important carrier of contaminants and a linker between chemical and biological processes in water/soil systems (Qian et al. 2016). Thus, the relevant mechanisms of nano-BC in sorption/desorption, co-migration, and reactions with contaminants, biotic and abiotic components in soils merit further studies for better understanding the role of nano-BC in these processes.

Schematic diagram for the effects of nano-BC as a suspending agent on the transport and behavior of contaminants and solid fractions in water/soil environments because of its higher dispersion ability (a), sorption for contaminants (b), and attachment tendency (c). Data were from Saleh et al. (2008), Sun et al. (2018), Lian et al. (2019), and Yue et al. (2019)

Nano-BC readily heteroaggregates with oppositely charged soil colloids by electrostatic attraction. For example, nano-BC could significantly enhance the dispersion of goethite via heteroaggregation when its concentration was higher than the critical concentration (Fig. 1c) (Lian et al. 2019). The dispersed goethite may possess unprecedented properties because of the binding of nano-BC, such as increased sorption affinity to contaminants and charge reversal. For like-charge and neutral colloids, nano-BC could also combine with them through other mechanisms such as core–shell stabilization (Peng et al. 2015). The increased loading of nano-BC (natural or man-made) into soils indicates that heteroaggregation of nano-BC with natural colloids is a widespread phenomenon, however, the related impacts on the composition, structure, and reactivity of indigenous soil colloids are largely unknown. Heteroaggregation between nano-BC and soil colloids can be considered as an ordered assembling process, mainly controlled by the solution chemistry (Li et al. 2017). The information on the configuration, stability, activity, and reactivity of the ordered assemblies is crucial to fully evaluate their environmental behaviors. From an application perspective, nano-BC is also important for the design of in-situ remediation materials for contaminated soils and groundwater.

The abundant oxyl groups and graphitic structures imply that nano-BC is not only a passive sorbent but a redox-active material. However, relative to bulk-PCM, the catalytic ability of nano-BC is much less identified and understood. We recently observed that nano-BC can trigger decomposition and transformation inhibition of extracellular DNA owing to oxidative damage (Lian et al. 2020), which is among the first to shed light on the reactivity of nano-BC. In addition, other attached chemicals, biomacromolecules, and colloidal particles are likely to experience transformation via electron transfer with nano-BC. Further, nano-BC is photoactive and can generate reactive oxygen species during sunlight irradiation (Fu et al. 2016), which could greatly alter the properties and reactivity of nano-BC. Hence, we suggest that besides sorption and aggregation, nano-BC-induced transformation should be paid more attention, which is probably one of the most important driving forces to regulate the fate and transport of elements, chemicals, engineered nanoparticles, and microorganisms in the environment. Due to the extremely small particle size and high surface reactivity, nano-BC might cause potential toxicity to microbiota and plants; however, the relevant knowledge is very limited. Furthermore, the presence of NOM would unavoidably affect the properties, heteroaggregation, and reactivity of nano-BC, which also deserves detailed investigations.

Nano-BC is one of the most active fractions in the PCM continuum. Previous studies mainly focus on the role of nano-BC in the global carbon cycle. It is also worth noting that nano-BC may serve as a suspending agent, carrier, and/or mediator for sorbates during its migration from terrestrial to water bodies, which has profound implications for many critical biogeochemical processes (Fig. 1). For example, if the effect of nano-BC on the transport of contaminants is not considered in theoretical predicting models, it would probably lead to systematic errors in evaluating their distribution and fate in the soil/aquatic systems. Thus, more effort should be made to the sorption, heteroaggregation, and reactions of nano-BC with anthropogenic contaminants (e.g., organic compounds, metals, engineered nanoparticles, microplastics) and solid fractions (e.g., natural colloids, NOM, organisms). On the other hand, due to the high suspending ability and in situ reactivity, nano-BC would be a promising candidate for designing smart remediation materials, nano-fertilizers, and nano-pesticides in the future environmental and agricultural applications.

The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41977278 and 41573127) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (JUSRP22015). BX acknowledges the UMass Amherst Conti Faculty Fellowship.

Correspondence to Zhenyu Wang or Baoshan Xing.

Received: 02 September 2020

Accepted: 30 October 2020

Published: 23 November 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42773-020-00075-x


RSPB Science's tweet – "#PhDOpportunity in #peatland restoration linking in biochar and water …

24 November, 2020
 


Biochar Fertilizer Market 2020-2025 Forecast and COVID-19 Impact on Business, Industry …

25 November, 2020
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Market and Ecosystem, Growth Trends, Sales, Revenue

25 November, 2020
 

The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Biochar Fertilizer market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Biochar Fertilizer manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry.

Report Highlights

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market is expected to grow at a formidable rate and the market size will reach at remarkable number by 2025. The Global Biochar Fertilizer market report also provides CAGR from 2020 to 2025. Key players in this market are Biogrow Limited , Anulekh , GreenBack , Global Harvest Organics LLC , Pacific Biochar , American BioChar , Pyrotech Energy , AIRTERRA , MBD Industries etc.

Complete report on Biochar Fertilizer market spreads across 114 pages profiling companies and supported with tables and figures. 

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The major types mentioned in the report are TypesMentioned and the applications covered in the report are ApplicationsMentioned.

The report provides insights in the following areas:

Market Size: Accurate market size and CAGR forecasts for the period 2020-2025

Also the mentioned Tables and Figure with required and significant statistics and insights are there in our report to give an all-round idea to our clients.

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Major Points from the Table of Contents

1 Biochar Fertilizer Market Overview

2 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Competition by Manufacturers

3 Global Biochar Fertilizer Capacity, Production, Revenue (Value) by Region)

4 Global Biochar Fertilizer Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region

5 Global Biochar Fertilizer Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

6 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis by Application

7 Global Biochar Fertilizer Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis

8 Biochar Fertilizer Manufacturing Cost Analysis

9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

12 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Forecast

13 Research Findings and Conclusion

14 Appendix

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Biochar Market 2020: Analysis By Product Type, Usage, End User, Geography, Application, Drivers …

25 November, 2020
 

Biochar Market research report comprises of several parameters which are thoroughly studied by the experts. Market research analysis and data lend a hand to businesses for the planning of production, product launches, costing, inventory, purchasing and marketing strategies. This market study considers a market attractiveness analysis, where each segment is benchmarked based on its market size, growth rate, and general attractiveness. Market info can be explained more specifically in terms of breakdown of data by manufacturers, region, type, application, market status, market share, growth rate, future trends, market drivers, opportunities, challenges, emerging trends, risks and entry barriers, sales channels, and distributors.

The Biochar business report presents key statistics on the market status of Global and Regional manufacturers and proves to be an important source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry. The major topics have been covered in this market report and include market definition, market segmentation, key developments in the market, competitive analysis and research methodology. This market research report gives answers to many of the critical business questions and challenges. The world class Biochar report provides the company profile, product specifications, capacity, production value, and market shares for each company for the forecast period.

Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

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Market Definition: Global Biochar Market

Biochar is usually formed when biomass like wood leaves or manure are heated or burned in the presence of oxygen. They are usually formed by a process called pyrolysis and are widely used to improve the quality of the soil and mitigate climate change. Biochar have the ability to convert carbon into stable form and is cleaner than the other form of charcoal. They are widely used in applications like gardening, agriculture, electricity generation etc. Increasing demand of biochar in greenhouse gas remediation is the major factor fuelling the growth of this market.

Market Drivers:

Market Restraints:

Biochar Market Country Level Analysis:

The countries covered in the Biochar Market report are U.S., Canada and Mexico in North America, Germany, France, U.K., Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, Russia, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Rest of Europe in Europe, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in the Asia-Pacific (APAC), Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, South Africa, Egypt, Israel, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA) as a part of Middle East and Africa(MEA), Brazil, Argentina and Rest of South America as part of South America.

Check Table of Contents of This Report @ https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/toc/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

Leading Biochar  manufacturers/companies operating at both regional and global levels: 

Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd and others.

Key Developments in the Market:

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Making Biochar and Charcoal with the Brick Chimney Kiln

26 November, 2020
 


Influence of Synthesis Methods on the High-Efficiency Removal of Cr(VI)

26 November, 2020
 


[Podcast] How To Make Biochar And Its Many Awesome Uses

27 November, 2020
 

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Charcoal. Its not just for cooking. 

When you make biochar – a more advanced type of charcoal – you have created a product that has a plethora of uses. 

Not only can you cook with it, you can also apply it to many household, healthcare, and personal care uses. 

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[PDF] Télécharger Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying …

27 November, 2020
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant Health (English Edition) par Jeff Fry
Author: Jeff Fry .
File Type: PDF EPUB MOBI.
MD5 Hash Code: a9cefca6f7a21b267bdaab1c8d172b12


Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant Health (English Edition) par Jeff Fry
Author: Jeff Fry .
File Type: PDF EPUB MOBI.
MD5 Hash Code: a9cefca6f7a21b267bdaab1c8d172b12

2020 Read Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing Charging and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant Health (English Edition) par Jeff Fry Inc. All rights reserved.


Full article: The effect of particle size of bamboo biochar on the phytoremediation of Salix …

29 November, 2020
 

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Global Fine Biochar Powder Market mr

29 November, 2020
 


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Phoenix Biochar CIC

29 November, 2020
 

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Phoenix Biochar CIC

30 November, 2020
 


Converting cocoa shells into green energy: Barry Callebaut utilizes agricultural

30 November, 2020
 


Global Biochar Market 2020 Segmentation, Demand, Growth, Trend, Opportunity and Forecast to …

30 November, 2020
 

Adroit Market Research offers the latest published report on Biochar Market analysis and forecast 2019-2029. The report delivers key insights and provides a competitive advantage to clients through an in-depth study. The report defines, describes, and focuses on key global Biochar market players. The report includes market share analysis, value chain analysis, SWOT analysis, market competition landscape, and development plans in the next few years.

Get Sample Copy of This Report @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698

Biochar Market by Top Manufacturers:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

Market Overview

The Biochar market report provides a detailed study of segmentation market growth, market size, regional and country-wise market size, sales analysis, Competitive Landscape, the impact of domestic and global market players, trade regulations, recent developments, opportunities, trends, technological innovations, and product launches.

Market Segmentation

For the period 2019-2029, the report provides growth of the market among segments. It provides accurate calculations and forecasts for sales in terms of volume and value. This analysis can help you strengthen your business by targeting qualified niche markets.

Regional Analysis

Regional Analysis provides sales growth based on different regional and country-level Biochar markets. This is another highly comprehensive part of the research and analysis study. It provides an in-depth analysis of regional and country-wise market size.

Competitive Landscape

The Competitive Landscape provides company overview, financial overview, key highlights, business strategies, global presence, and SWOT analysis. It also provides revenue generated, market share, price, production sites, and new product launches.

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Biochar Market Segmentation

By Type:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

By Application:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

Influences of the market report:

1. In-depth assessment of all opportunities and challenges in the market
2. Major events and recent innovations in the market
3. Comprehensive study business strategies for the growth of the prominent players in the market
4. Depth study of growth plot of Biochar Market for upcoming years
5. Detail understanding of particular drivers, constraints and major micro markets.

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Regional and Country- level Analysis different geographical areas are studied deeply and an economic scenario has been offered to support new entrants, leading market players, and investors to regulate emerging economies.

1. North America (United States, Canada)
2. Europe (Germany, Spain, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)
3. Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Australia, and South Korea)
4. Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, etc.)
5. The Middle East and Africa (GCC and South Africa)

Market size, Y-O-Y growth & Opportunity Analysis

Latin America Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Rest of Latin America Market size, Y-O-Y growth & Opportunity Analysis
Middle East and Africa Israel, GCC, South Africa, Rest of Middle East and Africa Market size, Y-O-Y growth & Opportunity Analysis
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The report includes data till 2029 which makes the report an invaluable resource for industry executives, product managers, marketing, sales, and consultants, analysts, and other people searching for key industry data in readily accessible documents with clearly presented graphs and tables.

Important Questions Answered in Biochar Market Report:

1. At what rate the market is growing?
2. Why the demand for segment in particular region is increasing?
3. What are the factors influencing growth of the market?
4. Which key player in the market currently dominates?
5. What is the current trends observed in the market?

Segmentation Overview:

By Component (Software and Services),
By Business Function (Sales, Finance, Operations, and Human Resources),
By Organization Size (Small Market Enterprises and Large Enterprises),
By Vertical (Banking, Financial Services & Insurance (BFSI), manufacturing, Healthcare, Media & Entertainment, Information Technology & Telecommunication, Energy & Utilities, and Others),
By Deployment (On-Premise and On Cloud),
By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa)

Reasons to purchase the market:

Investigates Biochar Market thoroughly and includes present status and future estimations of the market.
Detail analysis of segments, sub-segments, and environmental markets for understanding market expansion.
Provides ten-year forecast prediction on how the Biochar market is estimated to grow.
Provides recent collaborations, mergers, acquisitions, and partnerships along with regulatory framework across vast regions impacting the market trajectory

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