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Kochii on target for 100 tonnes

1 July, 2020
 

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Hydochar and biochar: production, physicochemical properties and techno-economic analysis.

1 July, 2020
 

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Technological Advancements in Wood Vinegar Market to boost Revenues Through COVID-19 …

1 July, 2020
 

Wood Vinegar Market 2020 Abstract: The report introduces Wood Vinegar basic information including definition, application, industry chain structure, industry overview, classification, policy analysis, and news analysis. Insightful predictions for the Wood Vinegar Market for the coming few years have also been included in the report.

• Top Insights of Wood Vinegar Market Report Covered by MarketResearch.Biz with Major Key Players | ” Nettenergy BV, Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp., Wood Vinegar Australia, Ace (Singapore) Pte Ltd, Byron Biochar, Verdi Life, Taiko Pharmaceutical Co Ltd, Mizkan Americas Inc, Green Man Char, Doi & Co Ltd

   Here is a quick overview of the report:

             • Market representation: main players, analysis, size, company situation, SWOT analysis 2020 to 2029.

             • Regional scope: North America (United States, Mexico, Canada), Europe (Germany, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, etc.),

               Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, South Africa, etc.), South America (Brazil, Argentina, etc.)

             • Methodology: a mixture of primary and secondary research

             • Report coverage: statistics, opportunities, challenges, drivers, constraints, limits, market size, share and trends.

             • Forecast period: 2020-2029

• Request For The Sample Copy of Wood Vinegar Market Report Which Provides — Key Market Trends | Growth | Share | Sale | Revenue | Manufactures | Technology Component- Click To Know For Details

• NOTE: Our analysts screens the condition across the globe explains that the market will generate remunerative prospects for producers post COVID-19 crisis. The report objects to provide an additional illustration of the latest scenario, economic slowdown, and COVID-19 impact on the overall industry.

Click Here To Download (Short Term & Long Term) Impact Analysis [PDF] : To Know What Is The Impact Of COVID 19 On Current Wood Vinegar Market And How Market Will Grow In The Upcoming Period 2020-2029? 

Wood Vinegar market report provides a detailed analysis of global market size, segmentation market growth, regional and country-level market size, market share, competitive Landscape, sales analysis, the impact of domestic and global market players, value chain optimization, trade regulations, recent developments, opportunities analysis, strategic market growth analysis, product launches, area marketplace expanding, and technological innovations.

 Wood Vinegar market report gives an detailed analysis of worldwide market size, segmentation market development, regional and country level market size, market share, competitive Landscape, deals investigation, the effect of domestic and worldwide market players, value chain streamlining, exchange guidelines, late turns of events, openings investigation, key market development investigation, product launches, territory commercial center growing, and mechanical advancements. 

• Years Considered For This Report:

This report presents an intensive outline of the market and its normal development way over the period somewhere in the range of 2020 and 2029. The compound yearly development rate (CAGR %) for all fragments of the market is accommodated this period. The report features the key patterns of at various times expected to assume a key job in the general improvement of the market over the forecast period. The report additionally diagrams the urgent variables driving and controlling the market. An itemized outline of rewarding development openings across key portions and local markets is additionally included. 

• Worldwide Wood Vinegar Market: Trends and Opportunities 

One of the key variables driving the worldwide Wood Vinegar market is the expanded interest for new procedures and standards for viably taking care of enormous information related issues and the rising appropriation of Wood Vinegar-based automatons and different items in safeguard and military applications. Various different businesses are additionally contributing expanded entireties on the appropriation of logical arrangements that can cut down operational expenses and make activities speedier and increasingly beneficial. As Wood Vinegar-based calculations end up being viable in these zones and the mindfulness with respect to their advantages rises, the Wood Vinegar is relied upon to profit hugely from a potential ascent in set of uses. 

At long last,  report gives subtleties of serious advancements, for example, developments, understandings, new item dispatches, and acquisitions in the market for guaging, territorial interest, and gracefully factor, investment, market elements including specialized situation, consumer conduct, and end-use industry patterns and elements, capacity, spending were contemplated. 

• To Know More About How The Report Uncovers Exhaustive Insights | Enquire or Speak To An Expert Here: https://marketresearch.biz/report/wood-vinegar-market/#inquiry

• Important Key questions answered in Wood Vinegar market report:

What will the market growth rate, Overview, and Analysis by Type of Wood Vinegar in 2029?

What are the key factors affecting market dynamics? What are the drivers, challenges, and business risks in Wood Vinegar market?

What is Dynamics, This Overview Includes Analysis of Scope and price analysis of top Manufacturers Profiles?

Who Are Opportunities, Risk, and Driving Force of Wood Vinegar market? Knows Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing and Downstream Buyers.

Who are the key manufacturers in space? Business Overview by Type, Applications, Gross Margin, and Market Share

What are the opportunities and threats faced by manufacturers in the global market?

• Global Wood Vinegar Industry Report Roofed Below Topics:

01: Wood Vinegar Market Outlook

02: Global Wood Vinegar Industry Sales, Revenue (USD$) and Market Share by Key Players

03: Wood Vinegar Market Sales, Revenue (USD$) by Regions and Segmentation

04: Regionwise Wood Vinegar Top Players Growth, Sales, Price and Revenue

05: Worldwide Wood Vinegar industry Vendors Profiles Study

06: Wood Vinegar Production Cost Study

07: Industrial Chain Analysis, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Wood Vinegar Buyers

08: Wood Vinegar Marketing Strategy Study, Distributors/Suppliers

09: Wood Vinegar Industry Growth Factors Study

10: Global Wood Vinegar Market Foresight (2020-2029)

11: Wood Vinegar Research Discoveries and Conclusion

12: Wood Vinegar Appendix

TOC Continued

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Coronavirus Vaccine


Global Granular Biochar Market Research

1 July, 2020
 

Request for Covid-19 Impact Assessment of this Report

Aimed to provide most segmented consumption and sales data of different types of Granular Biochar, downstream consumption fields and competitive landscape in different regions and countries around the world, this report analyzes the latest market data from the primary and secondary authoritative source.

The report also tracks the latest market dynamics, such as driving factors, restraining factors, and industry news like mergers, acquisitions, and investments. It provides market size (value and volume), market share, growth rate by types, applications, and combines both qualitative and quantitative methods to make micro and macro forecasts in different regions or countries.

The report can help to understand the market and strategize for business expansion accordingly. In the strategy analysis, it gives insights from marketing channel and market positioning to potential growth strategies, providing in-depth analysis for new entrants or exists competitors in the Granular Biochar industry.

The report focuses on the top players in terms of profiles, product analysis, sales, price, revenue, and gross margin.

Major players covered in this report:

Agri-Tech Producers

ElementC6

Carbon Terra

Kina

Swiss Biochar GmbH

BioChar Products

Carbon Gold

Cool Planet

Biochar Now

Diacarbon Energy

The Biochar Company

BlackCarbon

By Type:

Wood Source Biochar

Corn  Source Biochar

Wheat  Source Biochar

Others

By Application:

Soil Conditioner

Fertilizer

Others

Geographically, the regional consumption and value analysis by types, applications, and countries are included in the report. Furthermore, it also introduces the major competitive players in these regions.

Major regions covered in the report:

North America

Europe

Asia-Pacific

Latin America

Middle East & Africa

Country-level segmentation in the report:

United States

Germany

UK

France

Italy

Spain

Poland

Russia

China

Japan

India

Indonesia

Thailand

Philippines

Malaysia

Singapore

Vietnam

Brazil

Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates

Qatar

Bahrain

Years considered for this report:

Historical Years: 2015-2019

Base Year: 2019

Estimated Year: 2020

Forecast Period: 2020-2027

1.1 Granular Biochar Introduction

1.2 Market Analysis by Type

1.2.1 Wood Source Biochar

1.2.2 Corn  Source Biochar

1.2.3 Wheat  Source Biochar

1.2.4 Others

1.3 Market Analysis by Application

1.3.1 Soil Conditioner

1.3.2 Fertilizer

1.3.3 Others

1.4 Market Analysis by Region

1.4.1 United States Market States and Outlook (2015-2027)

1.4.2 Europe Market States and Outlook (2015-2027)

1.4.3 China Market States and Outlook (2015-2027)

1.4.4 Japan Market States and Outlook (2015-2027)

1.4.5 Southeast Asia Market States and Outlook (2015-2027)

1.4.6 India Market States and Outlook (2015-2027)

1.4.7 Brazil Market States and Outlook (2015-2027)

1.4.8 GCC Countries Market States and Outlook (2015-2027)

1.5 Market Dynamics and Development

1.5.1 Merger, Acquisition and New Investment

1.5.2 Market SWOT Analysis

1.5.3 Drivers

1.5.4 Limitations

1.5.5 Opportunities and Development Trends

1.6 Global Granular Biochar Market Size Analysis from 2015 to 2027

1.6.1 Global Granular Biochar Market Size Analysis from 2015 to 2027 by Consumption Volume

1.6.2 Global Granular Biochar Market Size Analysis from 2015 to 2027 by Value

1.6.3 Global Granular Biochar Price Trends Analysis from 2015 to 2027

2 Global Granular Biochar Competition by Types, Applications, and Top Regions and Countries

2.1 Global Granular Biochar (Volume and Value) by Type

2.1.1 Global Granular Biochar Consumption and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

2.1.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

2.2 Global Granular Biochar (Volume and Value) by Application

2.2.1 Global Granular Biochar Consumption and Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

2.2.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

2.3 Global Granular Biochar (Volume and Value) by Region

2.3.1 Global Granular Biochar Consumption and Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

2.3.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

3 United States Granular Biochar Market Analysis

3.1 United States Granular Biochar Consumption and Value Analysis

3.2 United States Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

3.3 United States Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

4 Europe Granular Biochar Market Analysis

4.1 Europe Granular Biochar Consumption and Value Analysis

4.2 Europe Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

4.3 Europe Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

4.4 Europe Granular Biochar Consumption by Top Countries

4.4.1 Germany Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

4.4.2 UK Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

4.4.3 France Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

4.4.4 Italy Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

4.4.5 Spain Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

4.4.6 Poland Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

4.4.7 Russia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

5 China Granular Biochar Market Analysis

5.1 China Granular Biochar Consumption and Value Analysis

5.2 China Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

5.3 China Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

6 Japan Granular Biochar Market Analysis

6.1 Japan Granular Biochar Consumption and Value Analysis

6.2 Japan Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

6.3 Japan Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

7 Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Market Analysis

7.1 Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption and Value Analysis

7.2 Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

7.3 Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

7.4 Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption by Top Countries

7.4.1 Indonesia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

7.4.2 Thailand Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

7.4.3 Philippines Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

7.4.4 Malaysia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

7.4.5 Singapore Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

7.4.6 Vietnam Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

8 India Granular Biochar Market Analysis

8.1 India Granular Biochar Consumption and Value Analysis

8.2 India Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

8.3 India Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

9 Brazil Granular Biochar Market Analysis

9.1 Brazil Granular Biochar Consumption and Value Analysis

9.2 Brazil Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

9.3 Brazil Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

10 GCC Countries Granular Biochar Market Analysis

10.1 GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption and Value Analysis

10.2 GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

10.3 GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

10.4 GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Major Countries

10.4.1 Saudi Arabia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

10.4.2 United Arab Emirates Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

10.4.3 Qatar Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

10.4.4 Bahrain Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

11 Manufacturers Profiles

11.1 Agri-Tech Producers

11.1.1 Business Overview

11.1.2 Products Analysis

11.1.3 Agri-Tech Producers Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.1.4 Agri-Tech Producers Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.2 ElementC6

11.2.1 Business Overview

11.2.2 Products Analysis

11.2.3 ElementC6 Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.2.4 ElementC6 Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.3 Carbon Terra

11.3.1 Business Overview

11.3.2 Products Analysis

11.3.3 Carbon Terra Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.3.4 Carbon Terra Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.4 Kina

11.4.1 Business Overview

11.4.2 Products Analysis

11.4.3 Kina Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.4.4 Kina Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.5 Swiss Biochar GmbH

11.5.1 Business Overview

11.5.2 Products Analysis

11.5.3 Swiss Biochar GmbH Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.5.4 Swiss Biochar GmbH Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.6 BioChar Products

11.6.1 Business Overview

11.6.2 Products Analysis

11.6.3 BioChar Products Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.6.4 BioChar Products Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.7 Carbon Gold

11.7.1 Business Overview

11.7.2 Products Analysis

11.7.3 Carbon Gold Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.7.4 Carbon Gold Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.8 Cool Planet

11.8.1 Business Overview

11.8.2 Products Analysis

11.8.3 Cool Planet Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.8.4 Cool Planet Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.9 Biochar Now

11.9.1 Business Overview

11.9.2 Products Analysis

11.9.3 Biochar Now Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.9.4 Biochar Now Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.10 Diacarbon Energy

11.10.1 Business Overview

11.10.2 Products Analysis

11.10.3 Diacarbon Energy Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.10.4 Diacarbon Energy Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.11 The Biochar Company

11.11.1 Business Overview

11.11.2 Products Analysis

11.11.3 The Biochar Company Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.11.4 The Biochar Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

11.12 BlackCarbon

11.12.1 Business Overview

11.12.2 Products Analysis

11.12.3 BlackCarbon Granular Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin

11.12.4 BlackCarbon Granular Biochar Sales by Region

12 Marketing Strategy Analysis

12.1 Marketing Channel

12.1.1 Direct Marketing

12.1.2 Indirect Marketing

12.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend

12.2 Market Positioning

12.2.1 Pricing Strategy

12.2.2 Brand Strategy

12.2.3 Target Client

12.3 Distributors/Traders List

13 Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast (2020-2027)

13.1 Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume, Revenue and Price Forecast (2020-2027)

13.1.1 Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

13.1.2 Global Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

13.1.3 Global Granular Biochar Price and Trend Forecast (2020-2027)

13.2 Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume, Value and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2020-2027)

13.2.1 Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2020-2027)

13.2.2 Global Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2020-2027)

13.3 Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2020-2027)

13.3.1 Global Granular Biochar Consumption Forecast by Type (2020-2027)

13.3.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue Forecast by Type (2020-2027)

13.3.3 Global Granular Biochar Price Forecast by Type (2020-2027)

13.4 Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume Forecast by Application (2020-2027)

14 Research Conclusions

15 Appendix

15.1 Methodology

15.2 Research Data Source

List of Tables and Figures

Global Granular Biochar Value ($) and Growth Rate Segment by Region 2015-2027

Global Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate Segment by Product Type from 2015-2027

Global Granular Biochar Value ($) and Growth Rate Segment by Application 2015-2027

Figure Granular Biochar Picture

Table Product Specifications of Granular Biochar

Figure Global Sales Market Share of Granular Biochar by Type in 2019

Table Types of Granular Biochar

Figure Wood Source Biochar Picture

Figure Corn  Source Biochar Picture

Figure Wheat  Source Biochar Picture

Figure Others Picture

Figure Granular Biochar Consumption Market Share by Application in 2019

Table Application of Granular Biochar

Figure Soil Conditioner Picture

Figure Fertilizer Picture

Figure Others Picture

Figure United States Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Europe Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Germany Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure UK Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure France Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Italy Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Spain Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Poland Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Russia Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure China Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Japan Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Indonesia Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Thailand Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Philippines Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Malaysia Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Singapore Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Vietnam Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure India Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Brazil Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure GCC Countries Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Saudi Arabia Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure United Arab Emirates Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Qatar Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Figure Bahrain Granular Biochar Revenue ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2027)

Table Emerging and Growing Market of Granular Biochar

Table Industry Limitations

Table Opportunities and Development Trends

Figure Global Granular Biochar Market Size Analysis from 2015 to 2027 by Consumption Volume

Figure Global Granular Biochar Market Size Analysis from 2015 to 2027 by Value

Figure Global Granular Biochar Price Trends Analysis from 2015 to 2027

Table Global Granular Biochar Consumption and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

Table Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

Figure Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

Table Global Granular Biochar Consumption and Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

Table Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

Figure Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

Table Global Granular Biochar Consumption and Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

Table Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

Figure Global Granular Biochar Revenue and Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

Figure United States Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure United States Granular Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure United States Granular Biochar Sales Price Analysis (2015-2020)

Table United States Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

Table United States Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

Figure Europe Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Europe Granular Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Europe Granular Biochar Sales Price Analysis (2015-2020)

Table Europe Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

Table Europe Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

Table Europe Granular Biochar Consumption by Top Countries

Figure Germany Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure UK Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure France Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Italy Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Spain Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Poland Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Russia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure China Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure China Granular Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure China Granular Biochar Sales Price Analysis (2015-2020)

Table China Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

Table China Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

Figure Japan Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Japan Granular Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Japan Granular Biochar Sales Price Analysis (2015-2020)

Table Japan Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

Table Japan Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

Figure Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Sales Price Analysis (2015-2020)

Table Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

Table Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

Table Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption by Top Countries

Figure Indonesia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Thailand Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Philippines Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Malaysia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Singapore Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Vietnam Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure India Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure India Granular Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure India Granular Biochar Sales Price Analysis (2015-2020)

Table India Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

Table India Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

Figure Brazil Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Brazil Granular Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Brazil Granular Biochar Sales Price Analysis (2015-2020)

Table Brazil Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

Table Brazil Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

Figure GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure GCC Countries Granular Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure GCC Countries Granular Biochar Sales Price Analysis (2015-2020)

Table GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Type

Table GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption Structure by Application

Table GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption Volume by Major Countries

Figure Saudi Arabia Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure United Arab Emirates Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Qatar Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Figure Bahrain Granular Biochar Consumption Volume from 2015 to 2020

Table Agri-Tech Producers Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table ElementC6 Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table Carbon Terra Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table Kina Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table Swiss Biochar GmbH Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table BioChar Products Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table Carbon Gold Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table Cool Planet Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table Biochar Now Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table Diacarbon Energy Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table The Biochar Company Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Table BlackCarbon Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin (2015-2020)

Figure Company Sales and Growth Rate

Figure Company Revenue ($) Market Share 2015-2020

Figure Company Granular Biochar Sales by Region

Table Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base

Table Products Analysis

Figure Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Global Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Global Granular Biochar Price and Trend Forecast (2020-2027)

Table Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume Forecast by Region (2020-2027)

Table Global Granular Biochar Value Forecast by Region (2020-2027)

Figure United States Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure United States Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Europe Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Europe Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Europe Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Germany Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Germany Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure UK Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure UK Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure France Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure France Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Italy Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Italy Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Spain Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Spain Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Poland Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Poland Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Russia Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Russia Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure China Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure China Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Japan Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Japan Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Southeast Asia Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Indonesia Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Indonesia Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Thailand Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Thailand Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Philippines Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Philippines Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Malaysia Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Malaysia Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Singapore Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Singapore Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Vietnam Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Vietnam Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure India Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure India Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Brazil Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Brazil Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure GCC Countries Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure GCC Countries Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Saudi Arabia Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Saudi Arabia Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure United Arab Emirates Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure United Arab Emirates Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Qatar Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Qatar Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Bahrain Granular Biochar Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Figure Bahrain Granular Biochar Value and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2027)

Table Global Granular Biochar Consumption Forecast by Type (2020-2027)

Table Global Granular Biochar Revenue Forecast by Type (2020-2027)

Figure Global Granular Biochar Price Forecast by Type (2020-2027)

Table Global Granular Biochar Consumption Volume Forecast by Application (2020-2027)

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Photonic Crystals are attractive optical materials for controlling and manipulating the flow of light. The global market for components and modules using Photonic Crystals indicates a CAGR of 33.1% and is estimated to reach $20.4 billion in 2017.

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Global molded plastics market was valued at $529,845 million in 2016, and is expected to garner $690,158 million by 2023, registering a CAGR of 3.9% from 2017 to 2023. Molded plastics are synthetically produced non-metallic compounds, which can be molded …

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Granular Biochar Market 2020 Technological Advancement and Growth Analysis with Forecast to …

1 July, 2020
 

The recent research report on the global Granular Biochar Market market presents the latest industry data and future trends, allowing you to recognize the products and end users driving Revenue growth and profitability of the market.

The report offers an extensive analysis of key drivers, leading market players, key segments, and regions. Besides this, the experts have deeply studied different geographical areas and presented a competitive scenario to assist new entrants, leading market players, and investors determine emerging economies. These insights offered in the report would benefit market players to formulate strategies for the future and gain a strong position in the global market.

Our analysis involves the study of the market taking into consideration the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Please get in touch with us to get your hands on an exhaustive coverage of the impact of the current situation on the market. Our expert team of analysts will provide as per report customized to your requirement. For more connect with us at [email protected] or call toll free: +1-800-910-6452

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The report begins with a brief introduction and market overview of the Granular Biochar Market industry followed by its market scope and size. Next, the report provides an overview of market segmentation such as type, application, and region. The drivers, limitations, and opportunities for the market are also listed, along with current trends and policies in the industry.

The report provides a detailed study of the growth rate of every segment with the help of charts and tables. Furthermore, various regions related to the growth of the market are analyzed in the report. These regions include North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa. Besides this, the research demonstrates the growth trends and upcoming opportunities in every region.

Analysts have revealed that the Granular Biochar Market market has shown several significant developments over the past few years. The report offers sound predictions on market value and volume that can be beneficial for the market players, investors, stakeholders, and new entrants to gain detailed insights and obtain a leading position in the market.
Additionally, the report offers an in-depth analysis of key market players functioning in the global Granular Biochar Market industry.

Major market players are: 
Agri-Tech Producers
ElementC6
Carbon Terra
Kina
Swiss Biochar GmbH
BioChar Products
Carbon Gold
Cool Planet
Biochar Now
Diacarbon Energy
The Biochar Company
BlackCarbon

The research presents the performance of each player active in the global Granular Biochar Market market. It also offers a summary and highlights the current advancements of each player in the market. This piece of data is a great source of study material for the investors and stakeholders interested in the market. In addition, the report offers insights on suppliers, buyers, and merchants in the market. Along with this, a comprehensive analysis of consumption, market share, and growth rate of each application is offered for the historic period.

The end users/applications listed in the report are:
Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

The key product type of Granular Biochar Market market are:
Wood Source Biochar
Corn  Source Biochar
Wheat  Source Biochar
Others

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The report clearly shows that the Granular Biochar Market industry has achieved remarkable progress since 2027 with numerous significant developments boosting the growth of the market. This report is prepared based on a detailed assessment of the industry by experts. To conclude, stakeholders, investors, product managers, marketing executives, and other experts in search of factual data on supply, demand, and future predictions would find the report valuable.

The report constitutes:
Chapter 1 provides an overview of Granular Biochar Market market, containing global revenue, global production, sales, and CAGR. The forecast and analysis of Granular Biochar Market market by type, application, and region are also presented in this chapter.
Chapter 2 is about the market landscape and major players. It provides competitive situation and market concentration status along with the basic information of these players.
Chapter 3 provides a full-scale analysis of major players in Granular Biochar Market industry. The basic information, as well as the profiles, applications and specifications of products market performance along with Business Overview are offered.
Chapter 4 gives a worldwide view of Granular Biochar Market market. It includes production, market share revenue, price, and the growth rate by type.
Chapter 5 focuses on the application of Granular Biochar Market, by analyzing the consumption and its growth rate of each application.
Chapter 6 is about production, consumption, export, and import of Granular Biochar Market in each region.
Chapter 7 pays attention to the production, revenue, price and gross margin of Granular Biochar Market in markets of different regions. The analysis on production, revenue, price and gross margin of the global market is covered in this part.
Chapter 8 concentrates on manufacturing analysis, including key raw material analysis, cost structure analysis and process analysis, making up a comprehensive analysis of manufacturing cost.
Chapter 9 introduces the industrial chain of Granular Biochar Market. Industrial chain analysis, raw material sources and downstream buyers are analyzed in this chapter.
Chapter 10 provides clear insights into market dynamics.
Chapter 11 prospects the whole Granular Biochar Market market, including the global production and revenue forecast, regional forecast. It also foresees the Granular Biochar Market market by type and application.
Chapter 12 concludes the research findings and refines all the highlights of the study.
Chapter 13 introduces the research methodology and sources of research data for your understanding.

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Biochar Fine Granules Market 2020 Size, Share, Global Trends, Comprehensive Research Study …

1 July, 2020
 

Global “Biochar Fine Granules Market” 2020 Global Industry Research Report is deep analysis by historical and current status of the market/industries for Global Biochar Fine Granules industry. Also, research report categorizes the global Biochar Fine Granules market by Segment by Player, Type, Application, Marketing Channel, and Region. Biochar Fine Granules Market report also tracks the latest market dynamics, such as driving factors, restraining factors, and industry news like mergers, acquisitions, and investments. Biochar Fine Granules Market Research Report provides market size (value and volume), market share, growth rate by types, applications, and combines both qualitative and quantitative methods to make micro and macro forecasts.

Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry

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The global Biochar Fine Granules market is anticipated to rise at a considerable rate during the forecast period, between 2020 and 2026. In 2020, the market was growing at a steady rate and with the rising adoption of strategies by key players, the market is expected to rise over the projected horizon.

The Global Biochar Fine Granules market 2020 research provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Share analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures are also analyzed. This report also states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins. For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Biochar Fine Granules manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market.

Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Report 2020 provides exclusive vital statistics, data, information, trends and competitive landscape details in this niche sector.

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List Of TOP KEY PLAYERS in Biochar Fine Granules Market Report are —

 

 

The report also focuses on global major leading industry players of Global Biochar Fine Granules market providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. This report focuses on Biochar Fine Granules Market Trend, volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Biochar Fine Granules Market Size by analyzing historical data and future prospect.

With tables and figures helping analyze worldwide Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Forecast provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.

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On the basis of product, this report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

 

 

On the basis of the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, consumption (sales), market share and growth rate for each application, including

 

 

Major Points from Table of Contents:

1 Biochar Fine Granules Market Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Biochar Fine Granules
1.2 Biochar Fine Granules Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Growth Rate Comparison by Type (2021-2026)
1.2.2 Wood Source Biochar
1.2.3 Corn Source Biochar
1.2.4 Wheat Source Biochar
1.2.5 Others
1.3 Biochar Fine Granules Segment by Application
1.3.1 Biochar Fine Granules Sales Comparison by Application: 2020 VS 2026
1.3.2 Soil Conditioner
1.3.3 Fertilizer
1.3.4 Others
1.4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Size Estimates and Forecasts
1.4.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue 2015-2026
1.4.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales 2015-2026
1.4.3 Biochar Fine Granules Market Size by Region: 2020 Versus 2026

2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
2.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
2.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Average Price by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
2.4 Manufacturers Biochar Fine Granules Manufacturing Sites, Area Served, Product Type
2.5 Biochar Fine Granules Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.5.1 Biochar Fine Granules Market Concentration Rate
2.5.2 Global Top 5 and Top 10 Players Market Share by Revenue
2.5.3 Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
2.6 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans
2.7 Primary Interviews with Key Biochar Fine Granules Players (Opinion Leaders)

3 Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario by Region
3.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-2020
3.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020
3.3 North America Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country
3.3.1 North America Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.3.2 North America Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.3.3 U.S.
3.3.4 Canada
3.4 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country
3.4.1 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.4.2 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.4.3 Germany
3.4.4 France
3.4.5 U.K.
3.4.6 Italy
3.4.7 Russia
3.5 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Region
3.5.1 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Region
3.5.2 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Region
3.5.3 China
3.5.4 Japan
3.5.5 South Korea
3.5.6 India
3.5.7 Australia
3.5.8 Taiwan
3.5.9 Indonesia
3.5.10 Thailand
3.5.11 Malaysia
3.5.12 Philippines
3.5.13 Vietnam
3.6 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country
3.6.1 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.6.2 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.6.3 Mexico
3.6.3 Brazil
3.6.3 Argentina
3.7 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country
3.7.1 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.7.2 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.7.3 Turkey
3.7.4 Saudi Arabia
3.7.5 U.A.E
4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Historic Market Analysis by Type
4.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Price Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End

5 Global Biochar Fine Granules Historic Market Analysis by Application
5.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
5.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
5.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Price by Application (2015-2020)

6 Company Profiles and Key Figures in Biochar Fine Granules Business
6.1 Cool Planet Energy Systems
6.1.1 Corporation Information
6.1.2 Cool Planet Energy Systems Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.1.3 Cool Planet Energy Systems Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.1.4 Cool Planet Energy Systems Products Offered
6.1.5 Cool Planet Energy Systems Recent Development
6.2 Biochar Supreme
6.2.1 Biochar Supreme Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.2.2 Biochar Supreme Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.2.3 Biochar Supreme Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.2.4 Biochar Supreme Products Offered
6.2.5 Biochar Supreme Recent Development
6.3 NextChar
6.3.1 NextChar Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.3.2 NextChar Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.3.3 NextChar Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.3.4 NextChar Products Offered
6.3.5 NextChar Recent Development
6.4 Terra Char
6.4.1 Terra Char Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.4.2 Terra Char Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.4.3 Terra Char Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.4.4 Terra Char Products Offered
6.4.5 Terra Char Recent Development
6.5 CharGrow
6.5.1 CharGrow Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.5.2 CharGrow Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.5.3 CharGrow Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.5.4 CharGrow Products Offered
6.5.5 CharGrow Recent Development
6.6 Pacific Biochar
6.6.1 Pacific Biochar Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.6.2 Pacific Biochar Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.6.3 Pacific Biochar Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.6.4 Pacific Biochar Products Offered
6.6.5 Pacific Biochar Recent Development
6.7 Biochar Now
6.6.1 Biochar Now Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.6.2 Biochar Now Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.6.3 Biochar Now Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.4.4 Biochar Now Products Offered
6.7.5 Biochar Now Recent Development
6.8 The Biochar Company (TBC)
6.8.1 The Biochar Company (TBC) Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.8.2 The Biochar Company (TBC) Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.8.3 The Biochar Company (TBC) Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.8.4 The Biochar Company (TBC) Products Offered
6.8.5 The Biochar Company (TBC) Recent Development

7 Biochar Fine Granules Manufacturing Cost Analysis
7.1 Biochar Fine Granules Key Raw Materials Analysis
7.1.1 Key Raw Materials
7.1.2 Key Raw Materials Price Trend
7.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
7.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
7.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Biochar Fine Granules
7.4 Biochar Fine Granules Industrial Chain Analysis

8 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers
8.1 Marketing Channel
8.2 Biochar Fine Granules Distributors List
8.3 Biochar Fine Granules Customers

9 Market Dynamics
9.1 Market Trends
9.2 Opportunities and Drivers
9.3 Challenges
9.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

10 Global Market Forecast
10.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Type
10.1.1 Global Forecasted Sales of Biochar Fine Granules by Type (2021-2026)
10.1.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Biochar Fine Granules by Type (2021-2026)
10.2 Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Application
10.2.1 Global Forecasted Sales of Biochar Fine Granules by Application (2021-2026)
10.2.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Biochar Fine Granules by Application (2021-2026)
10.3 Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Region
10.3.1 Global Forecasted Sales of Biochar Fine Granules by Region (2021-2026)
10.3.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Biochar Fine Granules by Region (2021-2026)
10.4 North America Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
10.5 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
10.6 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
10.7 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
10.8 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
11 Research Finding and Conclusion

12 Methodology and Data Source
12.1 Methodology/Research Approach
12.1.1 Research Programs/Design
12.1.2 Market Size Estimation
12.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
12.2 Data Source
12.2.1 Secondary Sources
12.2.2 Primary Sources
12.3 Author List
12.4 Disclaimer

………………………Continued

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Difference Between Biochar and Charcoal

1 July, 2020
 

The key difference between biochar and charcoal is that biochar is a type of charcoal that is made via the modern pyrolysis method, whereas charcoal is produced either from the older method or from the modern method.

Charcoal is a substance that is high in carbon, and it is obtained via the pyrolysis of biomass in the absence of oxygen.

1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Biochar
3. What is Charcoal
4. Side by Side Comparison – Biochar vs Charcoal in Tabular Form
5. Summary

Biochar is a type of charcoal that is used for soil amendment. This is important in both carbon sequestration and for soil health. It is a stable solid substance that is rich in carbon, and it can endure in soil for a very long time (e.g. thousand years). Similar to most of the charcoal types, biochar is also made from the pyrolysis of biomass.

Moreover, biochar is important in increasing soil fertility (of acidic soil types), increasing soil productivity, providing protection against some soil-borne diseases, etc. We can define biochar as a high-carbon, finely grained residue that is made from the modern pyrolysis process. Here, the direct thermal decomposition of biomass in the absence of oxygen forms a mixture of solids, bio-oil and syngas. The solid residue in this mixture is the biochar. The yield of this pyrolysis depends on the temperature, pressure, residence time, heating rate, etc.

Charcoal is a porous black solid, consisting of an amorphous form of carbon. We can obtain this material as a residue when wood, bone, or other organic matter is heated in the absence of air. There are different types of charcoal, as follows:

Pyrolysis is the process we can use to produce charcoal. It can be done in two ways: the older method and the new/modern method.

According to the source of the charcoal, we can categorize it into several forms such as,

When considering the uses of charcoal, it is mostly important as a fuel. Charcoal is useful for blacksmiths since charcoal burns at higher temperatures such as 2700oC. As an industrial fuel, charcoal is used for smelting of iron. A more common use of charcoal, especially activated charcoal, is its use for purification purposes. Activated charcoal readily adsorbs chemical compounds such as organic impurities. Charcoal can also be used as a source of carbon in chemical reactions.

Charcoal is a substance that is high in carbon, and it is obtained via the pyrolysis of biomass in the absence of oxygen. Biochar is a type of charcoal that is used for soil amendment. The key difference between biochar and charcoal is that biochar is a type of charcoal that is made via the modern pyrolysis method, whereas charcoal is produced either from the older method or from the modern method.

Below infographic presents more details about the difference between biochar and charcoal.

Biochar is a type of charcoal. The key difference between biochar and charcoal is that biochar is a type of charcoal that is made thought the modern pyrolysis method, whereas charcoal is produced either from the older method or from the modern method.

1. “Biochar.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 27 June 2020, Available here.

1. “Biochar sample size” By Oregon Department of Forestry(CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia
2. “Coals, black, background, carbon, charcoal, energy, dark, stone, texture, Coal” (CC0) via Pxfuel.com

Madhu is a graduate in Biological Sciences with BSc (Honours) Degree and currently persuing a Masters Degree in Industrial and Environmental Chemistry. With a mind rooted firmly to basic principals of chemistry and passion for ever evolving field of industrial chemistry, she is keenly interested to be a true companion for those who seek knowledge in the subject of chemistry.

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Doolan family are investing in a sustainable future

1 July, 2020
 

Sustainability is the key to the future for Ecklin South dairy farmers Sam and Peter Doolan and at the very centre of that philosophy is carbon farming.

The brothers milk 580 cows along with their wives Belinda and Bonnie and parents Carol and Sam (senior) and today’s management is very much about setting the family farm up for what will be the future for the fourth generation.

As members of the Heytesbury District Landcare Network (HDLN), the family have shared a common goal of improving environmental outcomes for the family farm and the demise of milk processor Murray Goulburn became the instigator for some real change as the business looked to cut costs and tighten the bottom line.

“We were looking at every aspect of our business from more efficient use of fertiliser, to compost and bio-char, growing more grass and reducing energy costs,” Sam said.

The brothers were very interested in the process of storing carbon and around the same time their mum stumbled across a research project into keeping carbon on the farm.

“They were looking for a trial farm as part of the project we submitted an expression of interest form and were successful.”

The Keeping Carbon on the Farm project looked at increasing carbon sequestration in the soil profile, reducing energy use and understanding impacts of climate change on regional dairy farms -there was an expected outcome at the end of the project to see improvements in productivity and soil and animal health – objectives that very much appealed to the Doolan family.

An energy audit was completed before commencement of the project in April 2019 with another to be completed mid-2020, three test sites will also be monitored to check carbon and microbial activity.

“We have been involved in exploring the benefits of applying ameliorants including biochar and compost, testing the soil and studying soil biology with the goal of retaining carbon in the soil. Through this process we can reduce fertiliser costs while still growing higher quality feed,” Sam said.

With a milking platform of around 280 ha, the family have begun adopting the process of growing multi specie crops to create biodiversity in the soil.

“Allowing different plants to share nutrients with each other reduces the amount of fertiliser needed. It also gives the cows access to a balanced diet reducing our need for purchasing feed and additives,” he said.

Revegetation is also a significant part of the process and the family have planted 5000 seedlings across 2.5ha.

“We are looking to provide shelter for our stock, capture atmospheric carbon dioxide and provide habitat for our local wildlife – mum is very interested in the bio-diversity side of things.”

The installation of a 36KW and 10KW solar PV system has created instant savings for the family of an estimated $8000 over the first 12 months.

“We have already started to reduce power consumption, GHG emissions and power costs. We have also installed a diesel generator for backup if the power goes out or the cost of electricity becomes too much – it’s a good feeling to have the option of diesel if we ever need it.”

Throughout the project the family have hosted a couple of successful filed days with over 50 farmers and service providers in attendance.

“Before COVID-19, climate change was probably one of the most talked about issues on farm. We are hoping our involvement in a project like this will help to change the mindset of the dairy farming community.

“I think we can make huge inroads into improving our management to benefit our farming environment and ensure we have a sustainable industry in the future.”


Plant Analysis As A Guide To The Nutrient Requirements Of Temparate And Tropical Crops. Effects …

1 July, 2020
 

Patterns of plant carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. – PNAS Apr 16, 2018. Plant nitrogen N and phosphorus P content regulate productivity and. requirements, plants allocate biomass and nutrients between woody. in leaves, stems, and roots with mean annual temperature. 2001 Laboratory Guide for Conducting Soil Tests and Plant Analysis CRC Press, New York.Alfalfa Management Guide – American Society of Agronomy Selecting fields with well-drained soil, adding lime and nutrients if needed, selecting. needs of the seeding year crop includ- ing the companion. Plant tissue analysis can determine the nutritional. may occur if the temperature exceeds.Estimating nutrient uptake requirements for soybean. – PLOS May 12, 2017. Estimating balanced nutrient requirements for soybean Glycine max L. The quantitative evaluation of the fertility of tropical soils QUEFTS model can quantify crop nutrient. The region was dominated by a cool temperate climate with a. For analysis of the observed nutrient uptake, harvested plant.

APES Chapter 3-4,5 Data Analysis Flashcards Quizlet||Crop nutrient replacement: calculator for fertiliser requirements

APES Chapter 3-4,5 Data Analysis. Matter, in the form of nutrients, cycles within and among ecosystems and the biosphere, and human activities are altering these chemical cycles. The elements and compounds that make up nutrients move continually through air, water, soil, rock, and living organisms within ecosystems.. The Bulletin reviews the information on the use of leaf analysis and soil testing for plantation tree crops such as rubber, oil palm, cocoa, and coconut, with an emphasis on Malaysia’s experience. In addition, critical levels of nutrient elements in leaf tissues for these crops are reported. This is accompanied by a discussion on the combined use of soil testing and leaf analysis to assess nutrient needs and fertilizer rates. Abstracts in Other Languages: 中文(1161), 日本語(1046), 한국어(1294) Plant tissues, particularly leaves, are analyzed to determine the nutrient content in the sample and hence in the selected stand of the crop, with a view to utilizing the data to improve fertilizer use efficiency and/or to confirm visual symptoms. The potential role of leaf analysis in fertilizer use includes evaluation of the rates of nutrient inputs needed; checking on nutrient deficiencies and any imbalance, interaction or antagonisms; and determination of whether the fertilizers applied are being utilized by the plants..
Applying biochar to soil is thought to have multiple benefits, from helping mitigate climate change [1, 2], to managing waste [3] to conserving soil [4]. Biochar is also widely assumed to boost crop yield [5, 6], but there is controversy regarding the extent and cause of any yield benefit [7]. Here we use a global-scale meta-analysis to show that biochar has, on average, no effect on crop yield in temperate latitudes, yet elicits a 25% average increase in yield in the tropics. In the tropics, biochar increased yield through liming and fertilization, consistent with the low soil p H, low fertility, and low fertilizer inputs typical of arable tropical soils. We also found that, in tropical soils, high-nutrient biochar inputs stimulated yield substantially more than low-nutrient biochar, further supporting the role of nutrient fertilization in the observed yield stimulation. In contrast, arable soils in temperate regions are moderate in p H, higher in fertility, and generally receive higher fertilizer inputs, leaving little room for additional benefits from biochar. Our findings demonstrate that the yield-stimulating effects of biochar are not universal, but may especially benefit agriculture in low-nutrient, acidic soils in the tropics. Biochar management in temperate zones should focus on potential non-yield benefits such as lime and fertilizer cost savings, greenhouse gas emissions control, and other ecosystem services. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Biochar is a heterogeneous combination of pyrogenic compounds with varying physical and chemical properties that interact with soil [8], economically valuable crops, and aquatic organisms [9] and their environment, in a variety of ways [5, 10]. The range and extent of such interactions, in turn, determines the consequences for ecosystem functions and services. It is often claimed to address multiple environmental problems simultaneously, while also benefitting agriculture. Biochar has been shown to increase soil carbon storage, soil fertility, and soil water holding capacity [1, 5, 6, 11, 12], effects that are often described as consistent and universal [13, 14]. However, there is evidence to the contrary: biochar can suppress plant growth [5, 15] and reduce nutrient availability [16]. While some management actions are reversible [17], biochar application to soil is not, which urges caution. Past syntheses have quantified the effects of biochar application to soil on crop productivity [5, 6, 14, 15, 18], but under-representation of certain environmental variables and crop types [5, 6, 18], along with restrictive inclusion criteria [5, 6, 14], call into question the generality of their conclusions. Here, we compile 1125 observations from 109 independent studies of the effects of biochar on yield (See supplementary information for reference list and table S1, available at org/ERL/12/053001/mmedia for attribution of papers to each category for analysis), to produce a substantially larger and more representative database than used in past syntheses, spanning temperate and tropical regions and a wide range of soil conditions, to test whether the effect of biochar is driven by interactions with soil p H and the introduction of nutrients in the biochar. Gaining such an understanding of the mechanism underlying biochar’s observed effect on crop productivity is vital to allow effective predictions as to the probably longevity of such effects. Here we focus on soil p H effects and potential fertilisation effects as our previous work has indicated these as likely drivers of observed yield effects [5, 7, 15]. If yield increases are due to a fertilisation effect of nutrients available from the applied biochar, such increases will only last for the duration of increased nutrient availability. Conversely, if yield increases are due to a p H effect, they should only be expected to last for as long as the soil p H is ameliorated, expected to be measured in years rather than decades to centuries as for the residence time of the biochar C in soils [13, 19]. Overall, biochar increased crop yield by a grand mean of 13% (figure 1), similar to previously reported meta-analyses, which were 10% [5] and 11% [6]. However, without geographical consideration these global averages may belie important variation. Previous studies had a strong numerical bias towards the tropics [5, 6, 14, 15]. This current analysis allows geographical partitioning because it has similar numbers of pairwise comparisons from the two main climatic zones: ≤35th degree latitude including the tropics and subtropics (hereafter called ‘tropics’) and ). However, it should be noted that the pairwise comparisons from temperate regions were drawn from fewer papers, suggesting that larger experiments were run at temperate latitudes and so the independence of the data from such studies was lower than that of the tropical studies. Nevertheless, the observed difference in yield effect of biochar application to soils at the different latitudes is sufficiently large that it is unlikely to be greatly impacted by this potential bias; the result for temperate latitudes is still based on a large data set of 44 independent papers. We found biochar amendment to soils in temperate regions to significantly decrease crop yield, averaging approximately −3% (figure 1) at a median biochar application rate of 30 t ha (online supplementary figure 12). Even when we only consider field experiments, to exclude any forcing of negative effects in pot studies, we find no effect of biochar on crop yield (supplementary figure 13). This contrasts with soils in tropical regions where crop yields significantly increase by approximately 25% (figure 1) at a median biochar application rate of 15 t ha (online supplementary figure 12). These results show that the effects of biochar on yield cannot be extrapolated from tropical to temperate regions [20]. The reason for the differences in application rates between temperate and tropical systems is unclear. However, it is likely impacted by the fact that potential feedstock materials are more restricted in the tropics, where the produced biomass is generally used for other purposes [20]. That yield increases were seen in tropical soils despite the lower biochar application rate used for temperate soils provides evidence for the hypothesis that yield benefits derive from a nutrient effect. If the nutrients that can be provided by the biochar are already not limiting to crop growth, as is more likely the case in the relatively fertile temperate soils compared to tropical soils, then adding more nutrients is unlikely to have any impact [21]. What causes the disproportionate yield increase in the tropics? We found that the yield stimulation was highest for soils with lower initial soil p H, prior to biochar application, and the effect systematically declined as initial soil p H increased (figure 1 and sup supplementary figure 14()). However, this pattern was observed for tropical data and not for temperate soils. This suggests that, to a large extent, the yield-stimulating property of biochar derives from an effect of soil liming, similar to that found for natural chars in wildfire-affected ecosystems [23]. The p H of biochars applied in the studies we synthesized was high (median p H = 9.0), consistent with a larger liming effect on the acidic tropical soils (median p H = 5.7) compared to the more neutral temperate soils (median p H = 6.9). As soil p H was unlikely causing yield penalties in temperate soils, as suggested by the neutral median p H, it should be expected that application of any material applied with the aim of ameliorating acidic soil p H would have little to no effect in such soils. In temperate soils, crop yields are often already near their maximum potential [24, 25]. Nevertheless, the general expectation has been that biochar could improve crop yields by further improving soil fertility by a range of posited mechanisms [22] (see also Supplementary Information). In contrast, data presented here suggest no effect or potentially a negative effect on yields in temperate soils. A possible mechanism for this observed effect may be that biochar raised the soil p H too much (i.e. over-liming) leading to immobilisation of key (micro)nutrients, such as manganese, iron, boron, and phosphorus. Most studies did not report the change in soil p H following biochar application, which indicates that the liming effect was often not considered in the experimental design. However, the addition of biochar with a p H that is two units higher than that of the soil, at the median biochar application rate (30 t ha), is very likely to have increased the p H beyond the optimum for soil fertility in many cases. To gain further insight into the mechanisms underlying biochar’s influence on crop yield, we sub-divided the feedstocks used to produce biochars into two categories: ‘Nutrient’ such as manures and biosolids, which have a strong potential to provide a fertilising effect; and ‘Structure’ such as wood and straw, which are likely to have negligible fertilisation effects, but may provide a soil structural effect (i.e. increasing water retention [26], decreasing bulk density or providing refugia for soil organisms [8, 26]; supplementary table 2). This contrasts with temperate soils where yields show no stimulation following application of either Structure (−3%) or of Nutrient biochars (−1%). In the generally nutrient-poor tropical soils, addition of Nutrient biochars produces more than three times the increase in crop yield than that by addition of Structure biochars, i.e. This indicates that biochar’s effect on crop yield under nutrient-limited conditions derives largely from a fertilisation effect from nutrients that are co-introduced with the biochar, possibly acting in combination with a liming effect due to biochar’s high p H. However, it should be noted that in all cases, treatments with biochar are compared to controls without biochar. As we have argued previously, it is necessary to be able to compare the impacts of biochar application to the impacts of application of the feedstock from which the biochar is made [7]. This would allow identification of biochar effects , i.e. beyond those that would have been expected from the application of the feedstock in unpyrolysed form. However, currently there are not sufficient published studies utilising such an experimental set up to allow such a meta-analysis to be performed. Further research is needed with appropriate use of experimental controls. Such application of positive controls will also allow the empirical verification as to whether the mechanisms suggested by this analysis are indeed the key mechanisms. No other biochar properties previously found to be key drivers for other biochar impacts were found to modulate the yield response, including maximum production temperature [27] (supplementary figure 6) or H: Corg [28] (supplementary figure 8). Figure 1 Influence of initial soil p H, latitude, and feedstock type on crop yields following biochar application. See online supplementary table 3 for more details on this categorisation. Biochar feedstock was categorised by its main contributing property: predominantly structural (e.g. Points show means, bars show 95% confidence intervals. The numbers in parentheses show the number of pairwise comparisons on which that statistic is based (left) and the number of independent publications from which the data were drawn (right). Our results show that biochar can be a useful tool to improve crop yield in nutrient-poor and acidic soils. The implication of this finding is crucial considering that approximately 30% of the world’s soils are acidic, including more than 50% of potential arable land [29]. In the tropical zone, adoption of biochar as a management technique may be driven by farmers’ considering yield benefits as well as potential reductions in liming and fertiliser costs, also depending on the eventual market price of biochar compared to agricultural lime [30]. In the temperate zone, biochar may also contribute to reduced fertiliser and liming costs, if applied periodically at low application rates, rather than the one-off applications used in the studies in our database. The economic returns from using biochar in these soils may be higher than those from using lime after accounting for non-yield-related effects, such as carbon sequestration [3, 18]. A meta-analysis on tree growth responses following biochar amendment, based on 17 studies, found a 10% growth increase in temperate regions compared to 38% in tropical regions [23]. Forests are mostly located in the more naturally-constrained areas in the temperate zone, which is likely to explain the positive effect. However, the current study’s overall no-effect of biochar on arable crop yield in the temperate zone is a step further, which highlights the need for more careful consideration of the interactions between biochar and soil properties [31] for soils that are yielding near their maximum crop productivity. Biochar has been linked to important potential environmental benefits (e.g. carbon sequestration, NO mitigation, soil remediation, crop disease and pest suppression, soil water retention, etc.) [4, 10, 32, 33], which are beyond the scope of the current study. Future research should investigate the generality of these claims. If proven to be true for temperate soils, these benefits may justify the application of biochar when weighted against potential yield penalties. However, in light of this comprehensive analysis, the widespread hype of biochar use for crop yield effects must be questioned. Others have suggested that the global biochar research community needs to match biochars to soils and socio-economic conditions and have come up with ‘tailored treatments [10, 31, 32]. Our results indicate that, even for a basic and well-known agronomic factor such as liming, this matching has thus far mostly not happened, particularly in the temperate zone. We expect that our results will contribute to a compatibility system of the properties between biochars and soils to maximise its potential to enhance multiple ecosystem services and minimise trade-offs [5]. It is also crucial to identify the socio-economic conditions and options for biochar incentive mechanisms for climate change mitigation, particularly in instances where yield gains are likely to be minimal at best. Biochar is not always a win-win-win technology [7, 33, 34]. Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar were searched using ‘biochar AND crop productivity OR crop production OR crop yield’. The cut-off date for inclusion of studies in the database was 31 December 2014. To maximise the number of publications on which this analysis was based, all studies that reported quantitative results and fulfilled the following criteria were included (i.e. both pot and field experiments): i) report means and a measure of variance from which standard deviation could be calculated (when no measures of variance were given, efforts were made to obtain these from the corresponding authors); ii) the study design had to include replication ( ≥ 3) and randomisation; iii) only treatments from each study were included if a ‘control’ could be identified in which all factors, such as soil amendments, were the same as the biochar ‘treatment’, but without the application of biochar. All reported auxiliary variables for both soil and biochar properties were recorded in the database. A total of 111 publications, giving 1135 pairwise comparisons fulfilled these requirements and were included in the analysis. When contacted authors did not reply variances were interpolated as the coefficient of variance of all experimental means from that paper multiplied by the treatment mean. Each variance was then doubled to reduce the weighting of studies containing interpolated data in the final analysis. A database validation exercise was conducted whereby each co-author was randomly assigned three articles for which they had not entered the data. All appropriate cells in the database corresponding to these papers were then double checked. The error rate was found to be ~1%, usually consisting of typing input errors. With each of these errors now corrected, the database is assumed to have an error rate represents the mean of the control. Meta-analyses using this metric can have issues whereby the use of multiple pairwise comparisons means that the number of replicates that the statistic is based on may be artificially high; replicates from the control treatment may be used more than once in pairwise comparisons. This can lead to overconfidence in a reported statistic due to artificial reduction of the size of calculated 95% confidence intervals. Steps which can be taken to account for this bias [36, 37] have been shown to have little effect and sacrifice too much information [38, 39, 40]. As such, results from this analysis are reported on the level of single comparisons [41]. Figure 2 Map showing the global distribution of the 107 experimental sites included in the meta-analysis database for which data location data were available. Note that each marker may represent several studies published by the same research institute. We gratefully acknowledge the Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (no. GA 526/09/1762) of Simon Jeffery and the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) for the postdoctoral fellowships of Frank Verheijen (SFRH/BPD/107913/2015) and Ana Catarina Bastos (SFRH/BPD/98231/2013) as well as the Ph D fellowship of Marija Prodana (SFRH/BD/89891/2012). We are also grateful to all of those who replied to data requests: Dr R D Lentz, Dr B Nzanza, Dr P Tammeorg and Dr J A Alburquerque..
A wide variety of temperate, subtropical, and tropical fruit crops are grown commercially in Florida. Farm size ranges from large commercial operations exceeding 100 acres to small 1- or 2-acre “estate” farms. Irrigation and fertilization practices vary widely with crop, soil type, and management philosophy. However, many growers are adopting practices such as microirrigation, fertigation, and other technologies, which, if properly used, should reduce water and fertilizer inputs and minimize leaching and runoff of fertilizers and pesticides. Although fertilizer and irrigation recommendations exist for major crops such as avocado (A wide variety of temperate, subtropical, and tropical fruit crops are grown commercially in Florida..
.

Avocado – DAFF Buyer’s guide. The 3 best-known avocado races each has specific climatic requirements as a. and require a cool, tropical climate without any extremes of temperature or humidity. Soil analysis, in addition to leaf analysis, increases the reliability of the. A cover crop prevents erosion and the loss of plant nutrients.

Biochar boosts tropical but not temperate crop yields. Here we use a global-scale meta-analysis to show that biochar has. We also found that, in tropical soils, high-nutrient biochar inputs stimulated yield.

Plant Nutrition & Ferilizers For Greenhouse Production Strates the availability of nutrients to plants at different media pH. Nitrogen and potas-sium are readily available at a wide pH range. Although phosphorus is more readily available at a low pH, phosphorus problems are not commonly observed in greenhouse crops. Calcium and magnesium are more readily available at a higher pH. At a low pH,

Leaf, stem, and wood samples were collected for nutrient analysis from a total of 639 trees belonging to. 20 dominant. The mineral nutrient status of plants is directly related to their growth and. Gautier, P. Eds. Plant Analysis as a Guide to the Nutrient Requirements of. Temperate and Tropical Crops. Lavoisier Publ.. 80006Fruit tree programme: Progress reports, February 1986 – March 1987Rosadi, M; Pudjiantoro, P; vd Noll, I; Savitri, EWorking Paper No. 2; Kali Konto Project, 1987; 34 p Abstract: A total of 17 cultivars of peach, nectarine, plum and apricot were introduced into the Konto river area. Fruiting is reported 13 months after planting for five out of seven peach cultivars and four out of six plum cultivars; nectarine and apricot were not producing yet. Availability : International Agrarian Centre (IAC); Lawickse Allee 11, 6701 AN Wageningen, the Netherlands NO. 71618Prunus armeniaca Mo Do Tat Loi Nhung cay thuoc va vi thuoc Vietnam [Medicinal plants and medicaments in Vietnam]; Vol..
This site uses cookies to improve performance by remembering that you are logged in when you go from page to page. To provide access without cookies would require the site to create a new session for every page you visit, which slows the system down to an unacceptable level. This site stores nothing other than an automatically generated session ID in the cookie; no other information is captured. In general, only the information that you provide, or the choices you make while visiting a web site, can be stored in a cookie. For example, the site cannot determine your email name unless you choose to type it. Allowing a website to create a cookie does not give that or any other site access to the rest of your computer, and only the site that created the cookie can read it..
He realisation dawned with an artichoke flower bud, this gourmet delight that had not only survived but multiplied under my utter neglect. It had been a dizzying summer in our new garden started too late to harness the mild flush of spring. Our annuals had struggled under baking sun and then a dreary winter had snuffed out hope of even mild self-sufficiency until the following spring, 3pm the dreaded time that the flats next door snuffed out our sun each day. A year later our annual beds bloomed and tomatoes swayed seductively, it looked great and tasted better but it had been a slog against sun, wind and snail. We finally turned our attention to our little attempt at a food forest, planted and then forgotten for almost a year..

Soil is the unconsolidated mineral or organic material on the immediate surface of the earth, and serves as a natural medium for the growth of land. This surface material has been affected by environmental factors such as climate and organisms acting on parent material over a period of time. Modern plant analysis is used primarily as a source of information on plant nutrient status and, ultimately, as a tool to aid in nutrient management decisions. For nutrient management of crops, analytical data are used in various tests designed to: There are also other, less common applications, such as crop-quality measurements, regional nutrient status evaluations, assessment of crops for animal and human nutrition, and environmental protection. (a) a deficiency of it makes it impossible for the plant to complete the vegetative or reproductive stage of its life cycle; (b) such deficiency is specific to the element in question, and can be prevented or corrected only by supplying this element; and (c) the element is directly involved in the nutrition of the plant quite apart from its possible effects in correcting some unfavorable microbiological or chemical condition of the soil or other culture medium..
Overview Young orchards need regular fertilizing, irrigating, pruning and spraying. Irrigation is not available in all countries, but is recommended for new plantings. Pruning should be carried out in young orchards to improve tree structure, minimize wind damage and to increase fruit bearing area. Young trees can be infested with a number of insect pests and broad-leaf weeds and grasses growing through the leaf mulch also need to be controlled. Traditionally, orchards were planted at low densities of 100 to 200 trees per ha, and the trees thinned out when they began to crowd each other..


Global Biochar Market Research Report 2020 (Covid-19 Version)

2 July, 2020
 

“The Global Biochar Market report gives all the essential information about the market and the aspects related to it in detail. There are different marketing strategies that every marketer looks up to in order to ace the competition in the Global market. Some of the primary marketing strategies that is needed for every business to be successful are Passion, Focus, Watching the Data, Communicating the value To Your Customers, Your Understanding of Your Target Market. There is a target set in market that every marketing strategy has to reach. So basically the Global Biochar Market report is deep study of the present market dynamics.

This study covers following key players:
By Company
DRT
Rosin Chemical (Wuping)
Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical)
Arakawachem
Finjet Chemical Industries
Guilin Songquan Forest Chemical
Shenzhen Jitian Chemical

Request a sample of this report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/4699998

The Global Biochar Market is a highly competitive market with a huge number of vendors. Out of these number, there are some players that has been in this game for quite a time now and made it big for themselves. Whereas, there are many new startups as well who are coming up well. To standout in such a competitive landscape it is very important for vendors to adopt new innovative ideas or trends. To identify what makes the business stand out and to take the chance to gain advantage from these findings, SWOT analysis is used by marketers. Whereas PESTEL analysis is the study concerning Economic, Technological, legal political, social, environmental matters. For the analysis of market on the terms of research strategies, these techniques are helpful. A significant development has been recorded by the market of Biochar, in past few years.

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Market segment by Type, the product can be split into
By Type
B-90
B-115
B-140
Others

Market segment by Application, split into
By Application
Coating Industry
Ink Industry
Adhesive Industry
Medical Industry
Pigment Industry
Others

It is also for it to grow further. Various important factors such as market trends, revenue growth patterns market shares and demand and supply are included in almost all the market research report for every industry. A systematized methodology is used to make a Report on the Global Biochar Market. For the analysis of market on the terms of research strategies, these techniques are helpful. All the information about the Products, manufacturers, vendors, customers and much more is covered in research reports.

The Biochar Market has its impact all over the globe. On global level Biochar industry is segmented on the basis of product type, applications, and regions. It also focusses on market dynamics, Biochar growth drivers, developing market segments and the market growth curve is offered based on past, present and future market data. The industry plans, news, and policies are presented at a global and regional level. For the stakeholders seeking for new investment opportunities, this research report works as a guide as it offers the in-depth study of the Global Biochar Market.

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Making biochar from sawdust

2 July, 2020
 


New $18 million centre for transforming construction waste announced

2 July, 2020
 

Funding for a new research centre has been announced, with its work to focus on recycling for construction products and focussing on ten challenging waste streams.

 

The Australian Research Council Hub for Transformation of Reclaimed Waste Resources to Engineered Materials and Solutions for a Circular Economy is part of a response to the country’s landfill issues, according to a release for RMIT, which is the lead of nine universities and 36 partners involved in the new centre.

 

Research lead Professor Sujeeva Setunge said investigations would include, “changing behaviours, smart designs to minimise waste, optimum processing of waste and converting waste to energy, developing novel materials using recycling and upcycling technologies, and metrics and tools to encourage uptake of new materials and solutions.

 

“There is currently a material shortage for Australia’s $14 billion heavy construction industry, so this research to reclaim waste and transform it into new materials will deliver benefits both economically and environmentally.”

 

The ten waste streams of focus would be textile waste; biomass; tyres; glass; paper and cardboard; construction and demolition waste; fly ash; plastics; biochar and timber.

 

Industry partners include AGL Energy, ARRB Group, Downer EDI Works and Composite Reinforcement Solutions (CRS).

 

Roughly a third of construction waste currently ends up in landfill, with the country’s current landfill space predicted to be occupied by 2025.

 

The total value of the hub’s effort is budgeted at $18 million. The initiative shared in $25 million in federal funding announced on Thursday for five ARC Industrial Transformation Research hubs.

 

Picture: Salman Shooshtarian

 

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Customised fabrication of nitrogen-doped biochar for environmental and energy applications

2 July, 2020
 

N-doped biochar can act as an efficient carbocatalyst in environmental and energy fields.

Manipulating N-doping methods and the operational parameters lead to controllable N-dopants population.

Different electroactive N-dopants play distinct role in electrochemical catalysis.

Knowledge gaps and future challenges for N-doped biochar development are discussed.

N-doped biochar can act as an efficient carbocatalyst in environmental and energy fields.

Manipulating N-doping methods and the operational parameters lead to controllable N-dopants population.

Different electroactive N-dopants play distinct role in electrochemical catalysis.

Knowledge gaps and future challenges for N-doped biochar development are discussed.

Global warming, environmental pollution, and energy shortage are causing severe environmental concerns for sustainable development. Conversion of various renewable biowastes into value-added carbon-based materials can be a promising option to alleviate these issues. The emergence of nitrogen (N)-doped biochar provides a versatile electroactive candidate suitable for environmental and energy applications. In this review, we scrutinise and highlight the customised production of N-doped biochars and their up-to-date applications in environmental remediation, energy storage, and biorefinery fields. With a comprehensive overview on the original precursor, the interspecies conversion, and the ultimate deactivation of various N-dopants in biochar-based carbocatalysis, their formation mechanisms, distinct electrochemical characteristics, fate in the environmental and energy applications, and electrochemical behaviour can be thoroughly analysed. Contemporary challenges that require to be addressed and perspectives on improving N-doping technique on biochar are articulated. Overall, this review helps to provide new insights into the customised production of N-doped biochar for its broader applications in sustainable carbocatalysis and green chemistry.


Catalytic degradation of sulfamethoxazole by persulfate activated with magnetic graphitized biochar

2 July, 2020
 

 


Catalytic performance and mechanism of biochars for dechlorination of tetrachloroethylene in …

3 July, 2020
 

Biochar catalyzed the dechlorination of >99% PCE in sulfide solution.

Catalytic effect remained stable under both neutral and alkaline pH conditions.

Both biochar and sulfide concentrations affected the dechlorination rate.

Carbon and oxygen adjacent to pyridine nitrogen on biochar were the active sites of biochar.

Biochar catalyzed the dechlorination of >99% PCE in sulfide solution.

Catalytic effect remained stable under both neutral and alkaline pH conditions.

Both biochar and sulfide concentrations affected the dechlorination rate.

Carbon and oxygen adjacent to pyridine nitrogen on biochar were the active sites of biochar.

Biochar (BC) has been investigated as a natural and economical activator to treat organic contamination. Compared with commercial carbon materials, BCs have a better prospect of large-scale application. For the first time, this study certified degradation of tetrachloroethene (PCE) in sulfide-containing aqueous solutions catalyzed by wormwood-based BCs pyrolyzed at 600 °C, 700 °C, and 800 °C (BC600, BC700, and BC800). Interestingly, BC800 could catalyze PCE dechlorination and form acetylene and chloride ion with over 99% nontoxic transformation in neutral and alkaline pH conditions. Furthermore, materials surface properties, BC dosages and sulfide concentrations were considered as limiting factors for dechlorination, and the last one had the strongest influence. XPS analysis demonstrated that catalytic ability of BC was attributed to pyridine nitrogen (N6) on surface, because C and O adjacent to N6 strongly favor nucleophilic reactions. These results evaluated the applicability of degrading toxic chlorinated alkenes mediated by natural carbon materials in sulfide-containing environment.


Improvement of mechanical properties of clay in landfill lines with biochar additive

3 July, 2020
 

Compressibility and shear strength of clay barriers are some of the most important geotechnical properties in designing an effective and stable landfill containment system. Biochar has been widely used in soil improvement, soil remediation, and carbon sequestration. In this research study, clay that is used in landfill liners has been pre-mixed with biochar as an additive. Biochar was added to the soil with 0, 2.5, 5, 10, and 20% of biochar by weight. The biochar clay is tested for its effectiveness in improving the consolidation and shear strength properties of the material. Numerical modeling is used to examine characteristics of the capillary forces between biochar particles and soil particles. The effects of the amount of biochar on the shear strength of the clay under different consolidation pressures are analyzed. The results indicate that a biochar content of 5% provides the optimum improvement on the mechanical behavior of biochar-added soils. At a biochar content of 5%, under normal stresses of 50, 100, 200, and 400 kPa are equal respectively to 1.81, 1.39, 1.20, and 1.08 times the shear strength of the soil under the same normal stress with no biochar; the shear strength reaches the maximum value mainly due to a maximum increase in cohesion of the material while the angle of internal friction is decreasing. Although the shear strength of the biochar-added clay is increased with biochar content, the increase in strength relative to the soil without biochar is gradually decreasing with increased consolidation pressure. With increase in the distance between the biochar and clay particles, the capillary force first increases and then decreases. For the same separation distance between the clay and biochar particles, the capillary force between clay and clay particles is the smallest, while the capillary force between biochar and biochar particles is the largest, and the capillary force between the biochar and biochar particles is 1.78 times of that between the clay and clay particles under the same largest values. In general, biochar improves the shear strength of biochar-added soils.

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The authors would like to acknowledge financial support from the Henan Scientific and Technical Project under Grant No. 192102310480.

Correspondence to Binbin Yang.

Responsible Editor: Amjad Kallel

Received: 08 March 2020

Accepted: 22 June 2020

Published: 02 July 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-020-05622-1

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Improvement of mechanical properties of clay in landfill lines with biochar additive

3 July, 2020
 

 


A critical review of the production and advanced utilization of biochar via selective pyrolysis of …

3 July, 2020
 

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Matt Powers's tweet – "#Biochar is AMAZING!! – Holds 270% its mass in WATER – Provides Habitat …

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Lei, Sicong

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Making biochar from sawdust

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Overview and Opportunities 2020: Leading Players are Adsorb, Anulekh …

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Global Biochar Fuel Market 2020 | Volume, competitor, Cost Structure,Conclusion,Channel …

3 July, 2020
 

Global Biochar Fuel Market 2020 research affords a number one review of the business enterprise inclusive of characterizations, companies, displays and organisation chain shape. The evaluation is recommended with Biochar Fuel market trends research, evaluation additionally covers each the winning and earlier cutting-edge market developments, drivers and barriers faced through Biochar Fuel Market.

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Moreover, the analysis report categorizes the worldwide Biochar Fuel markets by leading companies/products, state, category, and user. This study categorizes the worldwide Biochar Fuel product breakdown knowledge by makers, area, category and presentations, additionally analyses the marketplace, chances, and tasks.

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Combined Analytical Py-GC/MS, SEM, FTIR and 13C NMR for Investigating the Removal of Trace …

3 July, 2020
 

In this study, the efficiency of biochar (BC) produced from sugarcane bagasse at different pyrolysis temperatures (300, 400, 500 and 600 ºC) for simultaneous removal of CdII, PbII, CuII, CrIII, NiII and ZnII ions from aqueous solutions was assessed. All BC were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS). The effects of pyrolysis temperature, initial adsorbate concentration and adsorbent dosage on adorption capacity of BC were examined through batch experiments. The BC efficiency was also evaluated after a desorption cycle. The maximal adsorptions (CdII: 51.50%, CrIII: 74.35%, CuII: 91.18%, NiII: 47.05%, PbII: 96.17% and ZnII: 40.50%) were observed for BC produced at 500 ºC, probably because of its higher porosity and presence of functional groups detected by SEM and FTIR. The maximum adsorption capacity for CdII, CrIII, CuII, NiII and ZnII (ions fitted to Langmuir model) were 175, 303, 455, 156 and 128 µg g-1, respectively. The predominance of phenolic groups observed in Py-GC-MS data may explain the high percentage of multi-element removal. Experimental data were best fitted to pseudo-second order, Sips and Freundlich models. The BC presented good removal results after a desorption cycle.

Keywords: low-cost adsorbents; adsorption; heavy metals; multi-element solution; isotherms

Trace metals such as Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn are classified as significant water pollutants due to their persistence, high toxicity and tendency of bioaccumulation.1 Although they occur naturally in rocks (geogenic sources), most of contamination sources and human exposure are derived from anthropogenic activities, including agriculture, battery, mining, textile and tanning industries.24 The rapid industrialization and urbanization are increasing the levels of these chemicals in environment, raising concerns over the impacts of these pollutants on ecosystems and human health. All these factors are also contributing to potable water scarcity, requiring the development of cheap and efficient techniques to simultaneously remove all dangerous chemicals from natural waters and effluents.5

The methods conventionally used to remove trace metals from aqueous solutions are chemical precipitation (e.g., hydroxide precipitation and sulfide precipitation), ion exchange and adsorption methods. The chemical precipitation is the most used from these methods for treatment in industry. It consists basically in a reaction between chemicals and trace metals producing insoluble precipitates, which can be removed via sedimentation or filtration.6 Ion exchange methods are known to have fast kinetics and high treatment capacity,7 involving for instance the use of a strong acid cation-exchanger (synthetic or natural solid resin) that removes the contaminants from water.6,7 Adsorption is a process that offers flexibility in the treatment and sometimes can be reversible, consisting in the accumulation of contaminants at the interface of two phases. The sorption can be physical (via van der Waals forces) or chemical (chemical bonding).6,8

Among all adsorption methods, biosorption is the most cost effective and environmentally friendly technique since it can provide a high trace metal removal efficiency and reduce the amounts of residues produced by agriculture.9 These residues include bagasse from crops, non-living biomass (bark, lignin, shrimp, krill, etc.) and algal or microbial biomass.6

A biosorbent largely used for treatment of contaminated waters with trace metals is biochar (BC), which is a carbon-rich material derived from the thermal decomposition of organic matter in low oxygen content atmosphere. It can be produced from a large range of feedstocks at different pyrolysis conditions that can change its adsorptions characteristics and removal efficiency.10 Furthermore, the presence of micro and/or mesoporous, surface functional groups (carboxyl, carbonyl, hydroxyl, among other groups) in its structure gives the BC a promising potential in removing trace metal ions from water systems. Despite this, very little is known about the removal efficiency of multiple trace metal ions coexisting in aqueous solutions (competitive adsorption) by BC from different materials, as pointed out by Park et al.11 These authors reported that Cd lost most of its adsorption capacity on BC of sesame straw under multielement (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn) conditions. These ions can occur simultaneously in both natural waters and effluents (e.g., from textile dyeing industry), supporting this kind of investigation.12

Biochars produced from residues of local crops can be used as alternative adsorbent for trace metals removal. The BC used in this work was made from sugarcane bagasse (SB) since it is an important by-product of sugar production in the world and there is a great need to find a valuable destination for this type of waste. Brazil is the largest sugarcane producer country in the world, with a production of 652 million tons in the 2016/2017 harvest.13 This fact by itself demonstrates the great potential of the amount of agricultural residues production of the sugar industry. Among these residues, SB is one of the by-products created in massive volumes from sugar and alcohol industries.14 Nearly 123 million tons of sugarcane are produced every year in China, and about 5.2 million tons of sugarcane bagasse are generated annually.15 According to Saadati and Hosseininezhad,16 one of the problems of the sugar industry is the management of the large amount of produced bagasse, which sometimes exceed 2 Tg per year just in one sugar mill located in Iran, for instance. The sugarcane bagasse represents 25 to 30% of the product’s weight and nearly 65 to 75% of the SB produced in the farms, mills and industry is burned into boilers for steam and power generation.17,18 Nevertheless, this method may not be suitable in organic waste management due to pollutant emissions, economic and labor costs, loss of energy, and bad odour.19 Because of that, the post-harvest residues in the industry can no longer be considered as the final product from a sugar mill or first-generation ethanol fabrication and requires a long-term innovation to ensure the environmental quality and profitability of sugarcane crops.20 The sugarcane bagasse residues are not only of critical importance to Brazil sugar industry, but also to South Africa, the United States, Australia, India, and China which maintain an increasing demand for sugarcane feedstock for the sugar industry and also to expand bioethanol production.21

In addition, the SB is proven to be a great raw material for the production of BC, since vegetal based-BC has its original structures, such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, which maintain functional groups such as carboxylic acids, alcohols, and amines with high affinity for metal ions.2224 It is also important to highlight that BC made of SB is an environmental friendly product since sugarcane crops grows faster than trees (wood is used to produce activated carbon), which means that the use of this raw material for biosorbent production helps to reduce our dependence on harvesting trees.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the adsorption capacity of BC from SB in removing simultaneously the potentially toxic trace metals CdII, CrIII, CuII, NiII, PbII and ZnII from aqueous solutions. Several analytical techniques (pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR)) were used for characterizing BC and understanding the simultaneous removal of the trace metals. Furthermore, the desorption capabilities of this material were assessed in order to evaluate the use of BC from SB as filter for removal of the mentioned metals from multielement aqueous solutions. A range of experiments were performed using different pH conditions and BC produced at different pyrolysis temperatures. Since the BC used in this study was produced from SB, this research would contribute to add commercial value to leftovers from sugarcane crops. Moreover, the utilization of BC would reduce the impacts caused by poor management of residues of sugarcane crops, especially for big producers worldwide.

Sugarcane bagasse was used to produce raw and modified BC. The biomass was firstly washed with tap water and dried in drying oven at 80 ºC for 24 h. The dried biomass was crushed (Willey mill MA048 at 1730 rpm) and then pyrolyzed (60 g) using cylindrical reactor (0.82 cm3) using a muffle oven at different temperatures regimes (300, 400, 500 and 600 ºC, named BC300, BC400, BC500 and BC600, respectively) at a rate of 5 ºC min-1 (slow pyrolysis). The target temperature was kept for 2 h in a low-oxygen environment. Subsequently the sugarcane biochars (BC-SC) were cooled at room temperature overnight, sieved (35-mesh sieve) and stored in polypropylene bottles until analysis.

The biomass and BC produced were characterized using Py-GC-MS. The technique provides a high level of structural information of the materials analyzed in a fast and inexpensive way, although some limitation related to the semi-quantitative nature of the technique.25 The analyses were carried out using a Varian 450-GC Gas Chromatograph (with a HP -5 column: 30 m-long × 0.25 mm, 0.25 m) with a Varian Saturn 2000 ion-trap mass spectrometer set at an electron ionization at 70 eV in full scan acquisition (m/z 10-450). A pyrolizer (CDS 5000 Series Pyroprobe) was coupled to the mass spectrometer and the method used was described by Fabbri et al.26

13C NMR analyses were conducted on a Bruker spectrometer (Avance III 400 MHz WB model) operating at 50.3 MHz frequency. Samples (approximately 100 mg of BC300, BC400, BC500 and BC600) were packed in a 4 mm rotor and then analyzed under the following experimental conditions: band spectral cross-polarization, magic-angle spinning, 5.5 kHz, 4 µs proton preparation pulse, a contact time of 2 ms, acquisition time of 20 ms, and wait time for relaxation of 5 s. Chemical shifts were expressed in ppm. Data were analyzed using the ACD/NMR software Processor Academic Edition.27 The plots of the groups of carbon present in the samples were obtained by integrating the peaks present in the spectra according to the methodology described by Stevenson.27

Surface morphology and pore diameter were evaluated by means of SEM (JEOL JSM-6010LA). The BC samples were coated with Au/Pd thin conductive coating (via sputtering) before analysis to avoid charging effects during the inspections. Secondary electron micrographs were taken with amplification of 5 to 200 µm, using beam energy of 5 keV, spot size of 30 and working distance of 16 mm from the most representative region of the samples.

FTIR spectra were taken to identify the functional groups of all different BC produced and their interactions with trace metals. The spectra, recorded with 4 cm-1 resolution in the spectral range between 4000 and 650 cm-1 (32 scans), were collected using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (PerkinElmer® Spectrum 65 FTIR) in the attenuated total reflection (ATR).

The experiments were carried out adding BC (0.2 g) produced at different pyrolysis temperatures (BC300, BC400, BC500 and BC600) in 100 mL (500 µg L-1) multielement solutions containing CdII, CrIII, CuII, NiII, PbII and ZnII, which were prepared from dilutions of individual standard SpecSol® (1000 mg L-1, Quimlab, Jacareí, Brazil). The samples were shaken at 175 rpm and aliquots were taken at specific times (0, 30, 60, 90, 180, 300, 360, 420, 480, 540, 600 and 1440 min). Afterwards, all trace metals were analyzed using an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP OES). The removal rate for each BC was calculated from the time when the equilibrium was reached. Kinetic studies were performed using the BC with highest removal rate.

A preliminary evaluation of the best conditions to conduct experiments with BC was carried out adding 0.2 g of BC in 100 mL multielement solutions containing different concentrations (100, 300, 500 and 700 µg L-1) of CdII, CrIII, CuII, NiII, PbII and ZnII. The samples were shaken at 175 rpm in an incubator shaker for 1440 min at 25 ºC for all tests. Aliquots were taken during specific times (0, 30, 60, 90, 180, 300, 360, 420, 480, 540, 600 and 1440 min) and subsequently filtrated through 0.45 µm membrane before metal determination.

Different amounts (0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 g) of the BC with best removal efficiency were added in 100 mL solutions containing CuII, CdII, CrIII, NiII, PbII and ZnII. The initial concentrations (500 µg L-1) for all metals were determined in previous tests. The samples were shaken at 175 rpm in an incubator shaker at 25 ºC and aliquots were taken at specific times and filtrated through 0.45 µm membrane filters. All experiments were performed in duplicate and the metal concentrations were determined using an ICP OES.

The adsorption kinetics on removal of CuII, CdII, CrIII, NiII, PbII and ZnII was studied by adding 0.2 g of BC in 100 mL of solution, using the best conditions found in previous experiments. The solutions were shaken at 25 ºC in an incubator shaker and aliquots were taken at specific times and determined as described in previous “Adsorption of trace metals by biochars produced at different pyrolysis temperatures” sub-section. All trials were performed in duplicate.

Adsorption isotherms of CuII, CdII, CrIII, NiII, PbII and ZnII onto BC were determined by adding 0.2 g of BC500 in 100 mL of multielement solution in different concentrations (100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700 and 800 µg L-1). The samples were shaken under the same conditions described in previous experiments. The samples were filtrated (0.45 µm membrane filters) and the metals determined through ICP OES.

Galán et al.28 state that activated carbon is the most widely used material in adsorption processes. However, according to Saka et al.,29 this element presents a high acquisition cost and needs to be regenerated after each application. In this context, it was decided to compare the removal efficiency of the BC with the activated carbon.

Kinetic tests using activated carbon (Dinâmica, Indaiatuba, Brazil) were carried out using the same conditions of the BC-SC. In this way, 0.2 g of activated carbon was added in a 100 mL solution (500 µg L-1) of CuII, CdII, CrIII, NiII, PbII and ZnII. The samples were shaken at 175 rpm in a shaker incubator during 1440 min at room temperature. Aliquots were taken after 10, 20, 30, 45, 60, 90, 180, 300, 360, 420, 480, 540, 600 and 1440 min and analyzed in an ICP OES.

The experiments described in past sections were performed at pH 5 based on previous experiments (Figure S2, Supplementary Information (SI) section) and studies (such as Kołodyńska et al.30 and Ding et al.)31 where the pH 5 had the maximum adsorption efficiency. At higher pHs, the sorption capacity values would decrease because the metal ions would start to hydrolyze and precipitate.32 The Cd and Pb for instance can precipitate at high pH solution (pH > 7 for Cd and pH > 5 for Pb) as stated by Ding et al.33 Park et al.34 indicated that the metal precipitation can be avoided at pH less than 7. On the other hand, the adsorption of some analyzed cations can be lower at low pH due to electrostatic repulsion between the BC surface and the cations.

The desorption experiments started with an adsorption cycle performed under similar conditions as described for the batch adsorption experiments (0.2 g of BC500, 100 mL of multielement solution (CuII, CdII, CrIII, NiII, PbII and ZnII at original concentration of 500 µg L-1), pH 5 and 25 ºC). After the adsorption cycle, the BC500 was dried, weighted and treated with 100 mL of HNO3 (0.1 mol L-1) solution during 10 h to evaluate the desorption percentage (D).35 Afterwards, another adsorption was performed using the same conditions of the first adsorption in order to evaluate the BC500 regeneration capacity.

The amount of metals adsorbed on BC-SC (q, µg of metal per g of adsorbent) was determined through the following equation:36

q=C0−Cf×V/m (1)

where C0 and Cf are, respectively, the initial and final ion concentration of each metal in the solution (µg L-1). The volume of solution (V) and adsorbent dose (g) are correspondingly V and m. The percentage of metal removal (Q) was calculated using the equation:

Q=C0−Cf/C0×100 (2)

Pseudo-first order and pseudo-second models were fit to the experimental data in order to clarify the adsorption reaction mechanisms and predict the speed of metal removal from the aqueous solutions.37 The pseudo-first and -second order models were calculated according to equations 3 and 4, respectively:3739

qt=Qe1−exp−K1t (3)

qt=K2Qe2t/1+QeK2t (4)

where, qt is the metal adsorbed at a given time t (µg g-1), Qe is the amount adsorbed (µg g-1) at equilibrium time (min), K1 is the rate constant of pseudo-first order kinetics model (min-1) and K2 is the rate constant of pseudo-second order kinetics model (µg (g min-1)-1).

The mechanism of the adsorption process was evaluated by the Langmuir (that assumes monolayer and homogeneous adsorption) and Freundlich (that assumes multilayer adsorption) isotherms, being described by equations 5 and 6:4042

Qe=qmaxKLCe/1+KLCe (5)

Qe=NFCe1/n (6)

where Qe is the amount of trace metal adsorbed per weight of biochar (µg g-1) at equilibrium time, Ce is the solute concentration at equilibrium (µg L-1), KL is the Langmuir constant and qmax is the maximum amount of adsorbed metal ions required to form a monolayer on BC surface (µg g-1), NF is the Freundlich constant (µ g-1 (g L-1)-1/n) and n is the Freundlich linearity constant.

The interactions between adsorbate and adsorbent were also investigated using the Dubinin-Radushkevich, Sips and Temkin isotherm models. The first one assumes a multilayer character and it is used for distinguishing between physical and chemical adsorption of metals.4345 The second model (Sips) combines Langmuir and Freundlich models and is used for predicting adsorption on heterogeneous surfaces. The last model (Temkin) assumes a uniform distribution of biding energy and it is used to check if the adsorption follows a chemisorption process.4446

The Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm model is calculated using the equations:44,47

Qe=qm×e−β∈2 (7)

ɛ=RTln1+1/Ce (8)

E=1/2β (9)

where Qe is the is the amount of trace metal adsorbed per weight of biochar (µg g-1) at equilibrium; qm is the saturation capacity; ϵ is the Polanyi potential, β is the Dubinin-Radushkevich constant, R is the gas constant (8.31 × 10-3 kJ mol-1 k-1), T is the absolute temperature and E is the mean adsorption energy.

The Sips and Temkin models are described by the following equations, respectively:44,48,49

Qe=qmsKSCeN/1+KSCeN (10)

Qe=Rt/blnKTCe (11)

where Ce is the equilibrium concentration of adsorbate, qms is the Sips maximum adsorption capacity, Ks is Sips equilibrium constant, N is the heterogeneity factor, b is Temkin isotherm constant, KT is the equilibrium biding constant.

The separation factor (RL) was calculated to verify if the adsorption is favorable to irreversibility according to Mahmoud et al.50 and Bozorgi et al.51 (equation 12).

RL=1/1+KL×C0 (12)

where C0 represents the initial metals concentrations. According to RL values, the adsorption is assumed to be unfavorable (RL > 1), linear (RL = 1), favorable (0 < RL < 1), or irreversible (RL = 0).

The biochar yield on a dry mass basis decreased when the biomass was pyrolyzed at higher temperatures (500 and 600 ºC) (Table S1, SI section) that was attributed to volatilization of organic matter.52 At the same time, the pH of BC increased probably due to the increased content of carbonates in ashes, which can be hydrolyzed, besides acid groups loss of the raw material.53,54

The pyrograms (data not shown) indicated that the oxygen of biochars, produced from lignocellulosic materials, comes from a large variety of reactive functional groups, such as carboxyl, hydroxyl and carbonyl which are fragments characterized as lignin polymer.55 Table S2 (SI section) indicates that pyrolysis products from biomass carbonization are predominant, especially in the form of hydroxyls present in phenolic functions. This data is interesting because it is known that biochars absorb/adsorb gases generated during pyrolysis.56,57 These adsorbed volatiles influence the adsorption behavior of other inorganic species,58 as well as organic contaminants such as naphthalene, nitrobenzene and benzene.59,60 The phenolic groups found in all the analyzed samples are characterized by receiving electrons (by the Lewis model) and are associated with the electron-rich regions p in the basal planes of graphite microstructures in the biochar.61 In this way, the phenolic groups form chemical bonds with free radicals, favoring the adsorption of functional molecules in the structure of the biochar.

The analysis of Py-GC-MS was confirmed by comparison with results obtained by 13C NMR data. It was found a good correlation between qualitative and semi-quantitative data of the analytical techniques in relation to the chemical characteristics of the carbon formed in the BC, as also observed by Pastorova et al.62 By integrating the area of the peaks obtained in 13C NMR spectra (data not shown), the distribution of the main groups of total aromatic carbon present in the biochar samples was obtained (Figure 1). The functional groups of the BC were modified according to the increase of the pyrolysis temperature and these modifications are important to predict and investigate how their interaction with the environment in which they are inserted occurs.63 This interaction is directly related to the amount of oxygen groups present on the surface of the biochar.64

Figure 1a shows that for the BC produced from SB, the quantity and presence of the carbonyl, aromatic and alkyl groups do not occur proportionally to the increase of the pyrolysis temperature. The same behavior was observed for the portions of protonated and deprotonated carbons, as indicated in Figure 1b. Therefore, the variations of the percentages of the analyzed groups did not present a direct correlation with the increase of the pyrolysis temperature, but with the amount of pyrolytic products formed in the analytical pyrolysis (Py-GC-MS), showing that the combination of the number of organic compounds groups added to the protonated and deprotonated carbon contents is important to define the efficiency and the adsorption behavior of a biochar. This data corroborates with that reported by Bandosz,65 who states that BC typically have amphoteric surfaces according to the variation of acidic and basic functional groups.

The chemical and physical properties of the BC are dependent on the pyrolysis conditions. The temperature, for instance, influences both the yield and BC nature, which will affect BC adsorption capacity.66 The removal rates ranged from ca. 18% (minimum value recorded) for NiII using BC300 to approximately 100% for PbII using BC500 and BC600.

The trace metal removal efficiency increased when BC was produced under higher pyrolysis temperatures (Table 1). Since there was no significant difference among the BC surface functional groups, the higher porosity presented by BC400 to BC600 was responsible to the higher efficiency results. In addition, BC produced at low pyrolysis temperatures still had organic substances from the parental biomass as carbohydrates, polysaccharides, lipids and proteins, which do not contribute significantly to metal adsorption.36,60

When all BC produced are compared, the BC500 had the best removal efficiency for most metals from a 500 µg L-1 multielement solution. At these conditions, the results indicated that removal rates were PbII (96.17%) > CuII (91.18%) > CrIII (74.35%) > CdII (51.50%) > NiII (47.05%) > ZnII (40.50%), followed by BC600 and BC400. The trace metal with highest removal efficiency among all BC was PbII. Park et al.11 also reported that Pb was the most adsorbed cation on sesame straw BC (produced at 700 ºC) in a multielement (Cu, Cr, Cd, Pb and Zn) aqueous solution (initial pH 7). However, Cd had the lowest adsorption capacity in their investigation, different from the current study where Zn was the least adsorbed. This difference can be attributed probably to the type of organic matter used to produce the BC, the pH used in the experiments and the nature of some ions in the solution. The greater PbII sorption capacity was also observed in another study,67 where the immobilization of the ions CdII, CuII, NiII and PbII by broiler litter-derived BC was investigated.

The structures of the original biomass were still observed in the SEM images of BC300 and BC400 (Figures S1a, S1b and S1c, SI section) when compared to other biochars (BC500 and BC600). On the other hand, changes in BC structures were observed at higher pyrolysis temperatures (> 400 ºC). These changes included the increase in porosity and loss of functional groups originally present in original biomass, which can be observed in FTIR spectra (Figure 2) and can influence the removal rate of organic and inorganic contaminants in aqueous solutions.36,66,68

There were no significant differences among the FTIR spectra of BC produced at different pyrolysis temperatures (see Figure 2). In addition, the main bands present on all different BC from sugarcane bagasse are -OH stretching (3400-3500 cm-1), C=O and/or C=C stretching (bands between 1708-1594 cm-1) from carbonyl and carboxyl groups, C-O stretching and S compounds typical from cellulose and hemicellulose (1000-1240 cm-1). At higher pyrolysis temperatures, some functional groups associated to the original biomass and hydroxyl stretching decreased noticeably (see Figure 2a, before of adsorption process).69,70

After the simultaneous adsorption process of CuII, CdII, CrIII, NiII, PbII and ZnII ions on BC, some bands from FTIR spectra were displaced and/or disappeared. The bands at 3397, 1708 and 1596 cm-1 for instance shifted to 3421, 1698 and 1594 cm-1, respectively; the band at 1230 cm-1 disappeared and the band at 1097 cm-1 appeared (Figure 2b). These data suggested that the functional groups on BC-OH, -C=C or C=O and -C=O were involved in the adsorption process.71

The main known adsorption mechanisms of BC are electrostatic interactions between contaminants and the adsorbent surface, cation exchange between metals on biochar surface, complexation with functional groups present at the BC surface, metal precipitation and reduction of metal species. These mechanisms for a target metal can change depending on the solution pH for instance.9 Considering this variability of sorption mechanisms for different target metals, the biggest challenge is to have an efficient method that removes all contaminants at the same time at different conditions. The removal of multiple contaminants by one material can represent an advantage when robust and cheap filters are required in water treatment.71

Some studies pointed out that biochar can be used to remove trace metals from wastewater. Xu et al.10 for instance showed that BC produced from dairy manure can be used successfully to remove Cu, Zn and Cd. The sorption was attributed to mineral components originated in the BC and surface complexation via phenolic -OH in a smaller extent. Pine and oak wood and bark BC were also tested and successfully removed Pb, Cd and As from water via ion exchange.72

The adsorption, kinetics, FTIR and Py-GC-MS results and SEM micrographs suggested that the biding between the trace metals on BC500 can be attributed to surface properties of BC, as for example, their porosity and negative charges abundance due to the presence of functional groups, such as phenolic, hydroxyl and carboxyl groups. Then, chemisorption is probably the preferential adsorption mechanism and/or ionic exchange. In addition, by SEM images it is possible to notice that the mineral and carbon skeleton formed after the pyrolysis process is maintained through the rudimentary porosity of the original material, which allows evolution of a well-defined porous structure in the pyrolyzed material. For instance, the original vegetal structure of sugarcane bagasse was imprinted on its BC and directly influenced the formation of the porous structure and, consequently, on the final adsorption behavior of biochars. As can be seen in the Figures S1b, S1c and S1d (SI section), the longitudinal section of the BC grain indicated the parenchyma tissue with many cells’ spaces, which gives origin to meso and microporosity. Figure S1d showed the vessel structures from the xylem tissue, imprinting a higher porosity in the BC used in this work.

Since the rate between adsorbent and adsorbate can be a limiting factor in the adsorption process, this study assessed the influence of initial multielement trace metal concentration (100, 300, 500 and 700 µg L-1) on the adsorption process, which was performed at 25 ºC and pH 5.

The results showed that the adsorption capacity after equilibrium (q (µg g-1)) was higher when initial concentrations increased. The sorption capacity for CuII on BC500 were 45.5, 151.1, 238.1, 303.9 µg g-1 for the initial concentrations 100, 300, 500 and 700 µg L-1, respectively. This behavior was observed to other trace metals. However, there was a clear decrease of the percentage of removal (R) when the ions concentration increased for constant mass experiments (R for 100 and 700 µg L-1 multielement solutions: CdII (88 to 38%), CrIII (85 to 61%), CuII (99 to 93%), NiII (85 to 35%), PbII (100 to 95%) and ZnII (80 to 28%)). The same trend was observed in the studies of Fan et al.36 and Kolodyńska et al.32

The decrease of R for CdII, NiII and ZnII at higher trace metals concentrations can be attributed to the effective availability of adsorption sites on BC500 and the lower competition and/or preference of these ions to active sites in the presence of other ions. On the other hand, PbII and CuII took priority for active sites in all evaluated concentration.73

Although there was a decrease in R for some ions at 500 µg L-1 experiments, values of R were higher than 50% to all ions. Therefore, this concentration was chosen for further experiments.

The percentage of trace metal adsorption increased when a higher BC500 dose was used (Figure 3). The removal rate increased when the mass of biochar in solution (100 mL) increased from 0.2 g (0.4 g for ZnII, which had no detectable removal at lower amounts) to 0.5 g of BC500, from 23 to 85% for CdII, 48 to 83% for CrIII, 88 to 99% for CuII, 25 to 77% for NiII, 89 to 98% for PbII and 21 to 79% for ZnII. This behavior was also observed by Fan et al.,36 Ngah and Hanafiah74 and Vaghetti et al.75 and can be attributed to the higher availability of active sites on the surface of BC500 and therefore higher contact surface.

Figure 3 shows that there is no significant increase in the percentage of PbII and CuII removed as a function of adsorbent dose. This occurs possibly because these ions are not affected by the competition of binding sites in multielement solutions.76,77 However, it can be assumed that Cd and Zn are more affected. Consequently, the higher the adsorbent dose, the greater the number of active sites available and the greater the adsorption of Cd and Zn ions.

Competition among different metal ions can occur affecting the adsorption of each ion present in solution. Past studies76,77 showed that the amount of adsorbed CdII decreases and PbII is not so much affected in multielement solutions.

The adsorption capacity, q (µg g-1), and the removal percentage increased when the contact time increased from 0 to 1440 min between the ions CdII, CrIII, CuII, NiII, PbII and ZnII and BC500. The equilibrium time varied between 90 and 420 min (Figure 4), presenting the following order Pb ca. Cu >> Cr >> Cd > Ni > Zn.

The kinetics adsorption of CuII and PbII was faster when compared to the other analyzed metals since it was necessary 90 min to approximately 90% of adsorption. The fast and high adsorption of CuII ions can be associated to hydrolysis of CuII ions at pH close to 5.5. This leads to the formation of Cu(OH)+ species, which are easily adsorbed. The formation of complexes among the carboxyl functional groups present on the biochar surface can also explain the CuII adsorption.78 Other metals analyzed had a slower adsorption kinetics, since it was necessary 420 min to reach their maximum adsorption (CdII: 51.50%, CrIII: 74.35%, NiII: 47.05% and ZnII: 40.50%).

The adsorption kinetics of the metal ions on BC500 were evaluated using the pseudo-first and second order. The kinetic data adjusted better to second order model, which presented 1 ≤ coefficient of determination (R2) ≥ 0.988 and good results of chi-square (χ2) and standard deviation (SD) (Table S3, SI section). This model describes surface adsorption and intra-particle diffusion processes controlling removal of metals by BC and suggests that chemical adsorption or ionic exchange occurred between adsorbent and adsorbate.36

The adsorption mechanisms between adsorbent and adsorbate and the adsorption capacity of biochars can be predicted using isotherms models.79 The adsorption isotherms of the metals analyzed on BC500 adjusted better on type L, according to Giles et al.79 classification, which indicated the mass of adsorbate retained by each mass unit of adsorbent was high.80

The adsorption isotherms of the metal ions analyzed using BC500 after 600 min of stirring are presented in the Figure 5. The concentration of metal in the equilibrium is represented by Ce (µg L-1) and the adsorption capacity by BC is represented by Qe (µg g-1). The parameters of the non-linear regression of Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich, Sips and Temkin models are presented in Table S4 (SI section). The RL values are essential features of the Langmuir isotherm. All values for the adsorption for the Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni and Zn ions showed a favorable adsorption isotherm and tended, consequently, to values between 0 and 1.

The isotherm that best adjusted to the data was the Freundlich due to the higher R2 when compared to Langmuir. The Freundlich model reflects solids with heterogeneous surface and multilayer adsorption and it was probably the main adsorption mechanism of the studied species.80

Concerning the NF, higher values indicates a higher affinity between adsorbate and adsorbent, which means a strong interaction between metals and BC500.81 Values of 1/n below 1 were observed for all ions studied that also indicates favorable adsorption.36

The maximum adsorption capacity in this study followed the order CuII > CrIII > CdII > NiII > ZnII to Langmuir model and PbII > CuII > ZnII > NiII > CdII > CrIII to Freundlich model. Park et al.11 found similar results in experiments using sesame straw biochar, where the adsorption order to Langmuir and Freundlich were Pb > Cu > Cr > Zn > Cd and Pb > Cu > Cr > Zn > Cd, respectively. Furthermore, the Freundlich model was the best-fit model in the experiments performed by Wang et al.,82 presenting the following adsorption order Zn > Cu > Pb. Ding et al.,31 using the Langmuir model, found the following order to their multielement system Pb > Cu > Zn > Ni > Cd. A comparison of the maximum adsorption capacities calculated by the Langmuir isotherm model for different adsorbents in literature is shown in Table S5 (SI section).

The E value of Dubinin-Radushkevich predicts the type of adsorption that occurs between adsorbate and adsorbent. If this value is < 8 kJ mol-1, the adsorption is physical by interactions of van der Waals. On the other hand, the adsorption is chemical if it is from 8 to 16 kJ mol-1, indicating an electron transfer from adsorbent to adsorbate. Table S4 (SI section) shows that the E values calculated for all metal ions are < 8 kJ mol-1, suggesting that the adsorption of CdII, PbII, CuII, CrIII, NiII and ZnII on the surface of biochar is physical.83,84

The high values of R2 indicates that the data are also well adjusted to Sips isotherm model. When n = 1, this model tends to Langmuir model. On the other hand, the model takes form of Freundlich at values approaching to 0. The data (Table S4, SI section) indicates that especially the ions Cd, Ni and Zn are more associated with the Freundlich model.85

Studies86 with commercial granular activated carbon, which is a good adsorbent broadly used in remediation of trace metals from waters, aimed to compare its efficiency in removing the ions CdII, CrIII, CuII, NiII, PbII and ZnII using BC-SB. These tests using activated carbon were performed under same experimental conditions of the tests using BC-SB: 0.2 g of activated carbon, pH 5, and 100 mL of multielement solution (500 µg L-1).

Both adsorbents activated carbon and BC500 presented similar removal rates for PbII, CuII and CrIII, which ranged from 72 to 96% and were higher than removal results for CdII, NiII and ZnII (52, 45 and 38%, respectively). These values were higher than the activated carbon ones, which presented removal of 25% for CdII, 23% for NiII and 15% for ZnII (see Figure S3, SI section).

The adsorption process for BC-SB in the removal of CdII, CrIII, CuII, NiII, PbII and ZnII from multielement solutions is a promising technique, which can be used in effluents and natural waters due to easier operation and cost-benefit than activated carbon (the commercial activated carbon is expensive and the BC used in this study came from an abundant residue from agriculture in some countries such as Brazil and China).

The desorption capacity of BC was performed to evaluate the possibility of reuse of BC since its reutilization using a diluted non-pollutant solution that does not change the BC structure is desirable. According to Kołodyńska et al.35 different desorbing agents such as HNO3, H2SO4 and HCl can be used for regeneration of BC. From all these agents, the authors showed that HNO3 (0.1 mol L-1) was the most effective for desorbing trace metal ions (CuII, ZnII, CoII, CdII and PbII) from BC. Therefore, 0.1 mol L-1 HNO3 was used as desorbing agent in the present investigation. A higher acid concentration was not considered because it may damage the BC structure, affecting BC adsorption/desorption efficiency.35

Among all adsorbed ions to BC500, PbII and CuII presented the highest desorbing capacities (D) with 89 and 80%, respectively, followed by ZnII (33%), CdII (27%), NiII (24%) and CrIII (6%). After the desorption process, the regenerated BC500 (with part of ions still adsorbed) was used in the second adsorption. Although the desorption was not efficient for the ions CdII, NiII and CrIII, BC500 presented potential reuse capacity. The equilibrium varied between 15 and 420 min, presenting the following order PbII (100%) ca. CuII (99%) > CrIII (78%) > CdII (54%) > ZnII (40%) > NiII (47%). Similar results were recorded when BC500 was used for the first adsorption (PbII (96%) > CuII (91%) > CrIII (74%) > CdII (51%) > NiII (47%) > ZnII (40%)), where there was an inversion in the removal order between ZnII and NiII ions and a faster adsorption kinetics of CuII and PbII compared to other metal ions (15 min to ca. 100% of adsorption).

Adsorption experiments using BC produced at different temperatures showed that BC500 had the highest percentage of metal removal from an aqueous solution (CuII, CdII, CrIII, NiII, PbII and ZnII). The removal efficiency was attributed to functional groups like carboxyl (-COOH) and hydroxyl (-OH) present in the BC structure as shown by the data obtained by Py-GC-MS, that can bind to the metal ions. Adsorption kinetics showed that the equilibrium time was 90 min to PbII and CuII and 420 min for the other metal ions analyzed. The experimental data was best adjusted to the pseudo second-order model. The isotherm analysis showed that the Freundlich and Sips models adjusted better to the experimental data.

The adsorption capacity increased following the order PbII ca. CuII > CrIII > CdII > NiII > ZnII. In addition, BC500 presented good removal results after a desorption/adsorption cycle, although the desorption was not reversible for all metal ions in solution. Therefore, the BC produced from sugarcane bagasse can act as adsorbent in the removal of metal ions from a multielement solution.

The results presented in this work demonstrated the potential of sugarcane bagasse biochar produced by slow pyrolysis as a green and low-cost adsorbent for the simultaneous removal of several contaminants (CuII, CdII, CrIII, NiII, PbII and ZnII) present in an aqueous solution.

Supplementary information (scanning electron microscope images, tables and graphics) associated with this article is available free of charge at http://jbcs.sbq.org.br as PDF file.

The authors thank the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP, grant number 2016/17343-6; 2016/08215-4) for financial support and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, grant number 303189/2013-4 and 158227/2018-2) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, PNPD) for scholarships.

Received: October 23, 2019; Accepted: March 11, 2020


Wakefield 1 Pound Premium Biochar Organic Garden Soil Conditioner (4 Pack)

3 July, 2020
 

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Model-based synthesis and Monte Carlo simulation of biochar-based carbon management networks

3 July, 2020
 

Biochar-based carbon management networks (BCMNs) can achieve negative rates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by storing carbon fixed from the air in a stable form in soil. BCMNs can be optimized in the same manner as reverse supply chains using mathematical programming models; in particular, mixed integer linear programs (MILPs) are often used as computationally efficient formulations. Optimal and near-optimal solutions can be found using integer cuts. The performance of these alternative solutions can then be assessed via Monte Carlo simulation. This three-step procedure can then be applied to assess the robustness of BCMNs amidst variations in biochar supply due to various factors that may arise such as changes in agricultural productivity due to climate change-induced events. An illustrative case study is explored using the methodology developed. This chapter thus provides a rational approach to plan biochar-based CMNs.


Investigating the effect of biochar on microbial activities and biological processes in soil

3 July, 2020
 

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Biochar Market Insight Report 2020-2025 | Covid-19 Economic Implications

3 July, 2020
 

Global Biochar Market report 2020 is an exceptional exploration which gives developing business sector trends, market divisions, regional standpoint and thorough investigation on various market fragments. This Biochar Market contemplate incorporates information about purchaser point of view, far-reaching examination, insights, piece of the overall industry, organization exhibitions (Stocks), recorded data 2014 to 2019, forecast frame 2020 to 2026 as far as Biochar Market volume, income, YOY development rate, and CAGR for the year 2020 to 2026, and so on. The Biochar Industry report additionally gives division based on item compose, application, end client and regional division.

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The Biochar Market report analyses a significant framework of the key sections of the Industry. Each rapidly and gradually developing areas of the Biochar Market is analyzed by means of this investigation. Market size of each and sub-fragment is analyzed inside the examination. The Biochar Market key vivacious potential outcomes related to the principals rapidly developing sections of the market additionally are cracking of this report. Additionally, Biochar characterization upheld topographies likewise the fact that the patterns fueling the main regional markets and creating geologies is reachable amid this information think about. The Global Biochar Market report wraps regional development in the primary order into: North America, Europe, Latin America, Middle East and Africa, Asia-Pacific, Rest of the world.

The report covers a number of the players in the Biochar Market, including:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

Read complete report @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/biochar-market

Utilizing the Biochar business driving strategies and systems, the report assesses the market and its elements. Demand and supply in regards to challenges, the players look in the Biochar Market have likewise been recorded in the report. Other secured viewpoints that are gainful to the perusers which incorporate proposals for Biochar development, trend information, venture achievability, speculation return investigation, and SWOT and PESTEL analysis of other organizations.

Biochar Market Segmentation

Type Analysis of Biochar Market:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Application Analysis of Biochar Market:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

There are following Sections of the Worldwide Biochar Market Report:
Section 1- Biochar Definition, Details and Order, Utilization, Market Portion by Regions;
Section 2- Cost Structure, Material and Providers, Assembling Procedure, Biochar Industry Chain Structure;
Section 3- Specialized Information and Analysis of Biochar, Limit and Business Creation Date, Assembling Plants Dissemination, Research and development Status and Innovation Source, Materials Sources information;
Section 4- General Market, Biochar information (Organization Fragment), Deals Examination (Organization Portion), Deals Value Examination (Organization Section);
Section 5 and 6- Biochar Regional Market Examination, Biochar Types Market Information (by Type Analysis);
Section 7 and 8- The Biochar Section Market (by Application Analysis) Real Players information of Biochar;
Section 9- Market Pattern Examination, Regional Market Pattern, Market Pattern by Types, Market Pattern by Application;
Section 10- Application Promoting includes information about different applications
Section 11- The End Clients information of Global Biochar;
Section 12- Biochar Exploration Discoveries and Conclusion, Supplement, procedure and information source;
Section 13, 14 and 15- Biochar deals channel, merchants, brokers, Exploration Discoveries and Conclusion;

Therefore, Global Biochar Report tracks the all the significant market occasions. Social occasion of data from different fields and through proper discoveries, the report has firmly anticipated development of the worldwide Biochar Market including Regions and different section.

The Biochar report concludes with the coverage of data of big companies with information about their sales data, upcoming innovations and development, revenue margins, investments, business models, strategies, and business estimations. This research report is an overall study of the global Biochar Market and drafted in such way that every reader can easily understand the behavior of the industry in the detail information including revenue graphs and figure, vendors implementing strategies escalate the market demand across the globe.

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Global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) Market (2020-2026 …

3 July, 2020
 

Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) Market Global and Outlook (2016 – 2026)

The report published on Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) is an invaluable foundation of insightful data helpful for the decision-makers to form the business strategies related to R&D investment, sales and growth, key trends, technological advancement, emerging market and more. The COVID-19 outbreak is currently going the world over, this report covers the impact of the corona-virus on leading companies in the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) sector. This research report categorizes as the key players in the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market and also gives a comprehensive study of Covid-19 impact analysis of the market by type, application and by regions like (Americas, APAC, and EMEA).

Click Here To Access The Free Sample PDF Report (including COVID19 Impact Analysis, full TOC, Tables and Figures): https://www.syndicatemarketresearch.com/market-analysis/biochar-pyrolysis-gasification-hydrothermal-and-others-technology-market.html#sample

The global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market report includes key facts and figures data which helps its users to understand the current scenario of the global market along with anticipated growth. The Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market report contains quantitative data such as global sales and revenue (USD Million) market size of different categories and subcategories such as regions, CAGR, market shares, revenue insights of market players, and others. The report also gives qualitative insights into the global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market, which gives the exact outlook of the global as well as country level Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market.

Major Companies Profiled in the Global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) Market are: Diacarbon Energy Inc, Vega Biofuels Inc, Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Hawaii Biochar Products. LLC, Biochar Products Inc, Cool Planet Energy Technologys Inc, Blackcarbon A/S, Green Charcoal International, Earth Technologys Pty Ltd, Genesis

The focus of the global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market report is to define, categorized, identify the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market in terms of its parameter and specifications/ segments for example by product, by types, by applications, and by end-users. This study also provides highlights on market trends, market dynamics (drivers, restraints, opportunities, challenges), which are impacting the growth of the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market.

By Type, the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market is segmented into: Woody Biomass, Agricultural Waste, Animal Manure, Others

By Application, the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market is segmented into: Agriculture, Water & Waste Water Treatment, Others

For Any Query Regarding the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) Market Report? Contact Us at: https://www.syndicatemarketresearch.com/inquiry/biochar-pyrolysis-gasification-hydrothermal-and-others-technology-market

Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) Market Regional Analysis

The Regions covered in this study are North America, Europe, Middle East & Africa, Latin America, and the Asia Pacific. It analyzes these regions on the basis of major countries in it. Countries analyzed in the scope of the report are the U.S., Canada, Germany, the UK, France, Spain, Italy, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asian countries, Australia, Brazil, Mexico, GCC countries, Egypt, South Africa, and Turkey among others.

Main Highlights and Significant aspects of the Reports:

•  A comprehensive look at the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) Industry
•  Changing business trends in the global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market
•  Historical and forecast size of the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market in terms of Revenue (USD Million)
•  Detailed market bifurcation analysis at a various level such as type, application, end-user, Regions/countries
•  Current industry growth and market trends
•  Player positioning analysis and Competitive Landscape analysis for the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market
•  Key Product presents by Major players and business strategies used
•  Niche and Potential segments (ex. types, applications, and regions/countries) predicted to revealed promising growth
•  Key challenges encountered by operating players in the market space
•  Analysis of major risks linked with the market operations

Browse Full Research Report [email protected] https://www.syndicatemarketresearch.com/market-analysis/biochar-pyrolysis-gasification-hydrothermal-and-others-technology-market.html

Overview: This segment offers an overview of the report to provide an idea regarding the contents and nature of the research report along with a wide synopsis of the global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) Market.

Analysis of Leading Players Strategies: Market top players can utilize this analysis to increase the upper hand over their rivals in the market.

Study on Major Market Trends: This segment of the report delivers a broad analysis of the most recent and future market trends.

Forecasts of the Market: The report gives production, consumption, sales, and other market forecasts. Report Buyers will approach exact and approved evaluations of the total market size in terms of value and volume.

Analysis of Regional Growth: This report covered all major regions and countries. The regional analysis will assist market players to formulate strategies specific to target regions, tap into unexplained regional markets, and compare the growth of all regional markets.

Analysis of the Segment: This report provides a reliable and accurate forecast of the market share of important market segments. This analysis can be used by market participants for strategic development so that they can make significant growth in the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market.

The main questions given in the report include:

1.  What will be the market size and growth rate in 2026 with COVID-19 Impact Analysis?
2.  What are the major market trends impacting the growth of the global market with COVID-19 impact analysis?
3.  Who are the major players operating in the worldwide market?
4.  What are the important factors driving the worldwide Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market?
5.  What are the challenges to market growth?
6.  What are the opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the international market?
7.  What are the trending factors affecting the market shares of the Americas, APAC, and EMEA?
8.  What are the major effects of the five forces analysis of the global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market?

Note – In order to provide a more accurate market forecast, all our reports will be updated before delivery by considering the impact of COVID-19.
(*If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.)

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Urban Pest Management Market Report 2020, Size, Share, Growth, Opportunities, Trends and …

3 July, 2020
 

The growth of Global Urban Pest Management Market is expected on account of many factors, such as an increase in disposable income, increasing international inbound and Urban Pest Management and aging demography by 2024.

Request a sample of this report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/4700924

Every market intelligence report is based on certain important parameters. It includes a meticulous analysis of market trends, market shares and revenue growth patterns and the volume and value of the market. Market studies are based on methodical researches. This report on Global Urban Pest Management Market’ is also based on a meticulously structured methodology. These methods help to analyze markets on the basis of thorough research and analysis. Generally, research includes information about manufacturers, vendors, products, consumers, research papers and more.

The analysis part mostly includes qualitative and quantitative analysis of markets like business models, market forecasts, market segmentations and other aspects that help in analysis. Every market research study gives specified importance to manufacturers dwelling in that market. A detailed analysis of manufacturers or key players is essential for anyone seeking to jumpstart business in any market. Competitive analysis or competitor study includes detailed information of manufacturer’s business models, strategies, revenue growth and all the data required that would benefit the person conducting the market research. For new investors and business initiatives market research is a must as it gives them a direction and a plan of action to move forward keeping in mind their competitors.

Manufacturer Detail
Indian Pest Control Company
Terminix
LP Pest Solutions
Mitie
Brunswick Pest Control
Venus Pest Company
POC Pest
Home Paramount
Pesticon
Wil-Kil Pest Control

Browse Full Report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/reports/index/global-urban-pest-management-market-report-2020

Market segmentation is also an important aspect of any market research report. Market segmentation is mostly based on demography, geography and behavior. It helps understand the consumers and their demands and behavior towards a particular product or market. Another important aspect covered in any market research report and is also a part of market segmentation is the regional study of the market. This section focusses on the regions with significant advancements in a particular market. Regional analysis of any market can give a detailed overview of regions which have more business opportunities, revenue generation potential and a forecast of next few years.

For any new business establishment or business looking to upgrade and make impactful changes in their businesses, this particular section in a market report is very important. In this Global Urban Pest Management Market’ report, the region highlighted the most is North America. For many markets this region is of extreme importance. This report gives detailed information of market size and price of this region and other important regions like South America, Asia, Europe and Middle East.

The report on Global Urban Pest Management Market’, is a comprehensive documentation that covers all the aspects of a market study and provides a concise conclusion to its readers.

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Tilting batch biochar kiln

3 July, 2020
 

The clone army is always ahead: counterfeit Galaxy Note 9 units already out in the wild


Wood Vinegar Market: Future Scenarios and Business Opportunity Analysis 2026

4 July, 2020
 

The global Wood Vinegar market reached ~US$ xx Mn in 2018 and is anticipated grow at a CAGR of xx% over the forecast period 2019-2029. In this Wood Vinegar market study, the following years are considered to predict the market footprint:

The business intelligence study of the Wood Vinegar market covers the estimation size of the market both in terms of value (Mn/Bn USD) and volume (x units). In a bid to recognize the growth prospects in the Wood Vinegar market, the market study has been geographically fragmented into important regions that are progressing faster than the overall market. Each segment of the Wood Vinegar market has been individually analyzed on the basis of pricing, distribution, and demand prospect for the Global region.

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Key Players

Some of the key players of wood vinegar market are Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp, Doishouten, Nohken-techno, TagrowCo. Ltd., Nettenergy BV, Byron Biochar, Thai Wood Vinegar, Wood Vinegar Australia, New Life agro, Nakashima Trading Co.,Ltd. and others.

Opportunities for Market Participants in the Wood Vinegar Market-

As the demand for the biological compound for farming is growing at the global level, the market participants will be getting a beneficial opportunity in the global wood vinegar market during the forecast period. The growing awareness towards organic farming across the world is strengthening the size of global wood vinegar market. This is offering a better market scenario to the manufacturers in global wood vinegar market.

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Regional Outlook

South Asia is leading in the global wood vinegar market by showing the highest value share due to the highly developed agriculture industry in the region. Whereas, North America is followed by South Asia is also showing the significant value share in global wood vinegar market and the major reason is growth in growth in organic farming in the region. However, Europe and East Asia are displaying the highest growth in the global wood vinegar market due to increasing use of bio-based fertilizer in the agriculture industry.

Each market player encompassed in the Wood Vinegar market study is assessed according to its market share, production footprint, current launches, agreements, ongoing R&D projects, and business tactics. In addition, the Wood Vinegar market study scrutinizes the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis.

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The Wood Vinegar market report answers the following queries:

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Changes in soil pH and nutrient extractability after co-applying biochar and paper mill biosolids

4 July, 2020
 

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Making biochar from sawdust

4 July, 2020
 


COVID-19 Impact on Biochar Market Analysis, Trends, Growth And Forecast 2020 To 2025 | Cool …

4 July, 2020
 

Chicago, United States:- The Biochar market report 5 Years Forecast [2020-2025] focuses on the COVID19 Outbreak Impact analysis of key points influencing the growth of the market. The research report on the Biochar Market is a deep analysis of the market. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the Biochar market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report. Experts have studied the historical data and compared it with the changing market situations. The report covers all the necessary information required by new entrants as well as the existing players to gain deeper insight.

Furthermore, the statistical survey in the report focuses on product specifications, costs, production capacities, marketing channels, and market players. Upstream raw materials, downstream demand analysis, and a list of end-user industries have been studied systematically, along with the suppliers in this market. The product flow and distribution channel have also been presented in this research report.

Top Players of Biochar Market are studied:

Cool Planet
Biochar Supreme
NextChar
Terra Char
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy
CharGrow
Pacific Biochar
Biochar Now
The Biochar Company (TBC)
ElementC6
Vega Biofuels

 

>>> Get Free Sample PDF (including COVID19 Impact Analysis, full TOC, Tables and Figures) of Biochar Market:

What Our Report Offers:

Note: Covid-19 pandemic affects most industries in the globe. Here at acquire market research we offer you comprehensive data of related industry which will help and support your business in all possible ways.Due to the pandemic of COVID-19 businesses have seen a decrease in their profits. While our intention is to help businesses regain their profits we also provide information regarding the COVID-19 virus to help our customers stay safe during the pandemic

Biochar Segmentation by Product

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

Biochar Segmentation by Application

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Market split by Sales Channel, can be divided into:
Direct Channel
Distribution Channel

Market segment by Region/Country including:
North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Spain etc.)
Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia and Southeast Asia etc.)
South America Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and Chile etc.)
Middle East & Africa (South Africa, Egypt, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia etc.)

If you have any special requirement, please let us know and we can provide you the report as your requirement.

The global Biochar market was valued at $XX million in 2019, and MAResearch analysts predict the global market size will reach $XX million by the end of 2029, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2019 and 2029.

Since the COVID-19 virus outbreak in December 2019, the disease has spread to over 210 countries and territories around the world and 2 international conveyances. The global impacts of COVID-19 are already starting to be felt, and will significantly affect this industry in 2020.

This report analyses the impact of COVID-19 on this industry. COVID-19 can affect the global market in 3 ways: by directly affecting production and demand, by creating supply chain and market disruption, and by its financial impact on enterprises and financial markets.

This report provides detailed historical analysis of global market for Biochar from 2014-2019, and provides extensive market forecasts from 2020-2029 by region/country and subsectors. It covers the sales volume, price, revenue, gross margin, historical growth and future perspectives in the Biochar market.

Benefits of Buying this Market Research Report:

Our exploration specialists acutely ascertain the significant aspects of the global Biochar market report. It also provides an in-depth valuation in regards to the future advancements relying on the past data and present circumstance of Biochar market situation. In this Biochar report, we have investigated the principals, players in the market, geological regions, product type, and market end-client applications. The global Biochar report comprises of primary and secondary data which is exemplified in the form of pie outlines, Biochar tables, analytical figures, and reference diagrams. The Biochar report is presented in an efficient way that involves basic dialect, basic Biochar outline, agreements, and certain facts as per solace and comprehension.

Table of Contents.

Report Overview: It includes major players of the global keyword market covered in the research study, research scope, and market segments by type, market segments by application, years considered for the research study, and objectives of the report.

Global Growth Trends: This section focuses on industry trends where market drivers and top market trends are shed light upon. It also provides growth rates of key producers operating in the global keyword market. Furthermore, it offers production and capacity analysis where marketing pricing trends, capacity, production, and production value of the global keyword market are discussed.

Market Share by Manufacturers: Here, the report provides details about revenue by manufacturers, production and capacity by manufacturers, price by manufacturers, expansion plans, mergers and acquisitions, and products, market entry dates, distribution, and market areas of key manufacturers.

Market Size by Type: This section concentrates on product type segments where production value market share, price, and production market share by product type are discussed.

Market Size by Application: Besides an overview of the global keyword market by application, it gives a study on the consumption in the global keyword market by application.

Production by Region: Here, the production value growth rate, production growth rate, import and export, and key players of each regional market are provided.

Consumption by Region: This section provides information on the consumption in each regional market studied in the report. The consumption is discussed on the basis of country, application, and product type.

Company Profiles: Almost all leading players of the global keyword market are profiled in this section. The analysts have provided information about their recent developments in the global keyword market, products, revenue, production, business, and company.

Market Forecast by Production: The production and production value forecasts included in this section are for the global keyword market as well as for key regional markets.

Market Forecast by Consumption: The consumption and consumption value forecasts included in this section are for the global keyword market as well as for key regional markets.

Value Chain and Sales Analysis: It deeply analyzes customers, distributors, sales channels, and value chain of the global keyword market.

Key Findings: This section gives a quick look at the important findings of the research study.

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Black liquor as biomass feedstock to prepare zero-valent iron embedded biochar with red mud for …

4 July, 2020
 

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Synthesis of Eichhornia crassipes Biochar: Sustainable Efficient Adsorbent for Reducing Cr

4 July, 2020
 

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Mulyatun 2020 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1539 012003

https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1539/1/012003

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Chromium (Cr) is the most widely used metal in industrial activities and is the most toxic heavy metal ion found in waters. Utilization of Eichhornia crassipes as a Sustainable Efficient Adsorbent of heavy metal Cr (VI) is one of the innovations and alternative technologies that are very beneficial for society and the environment. The synthesis of Eichhornia crassipes biochar in this study employed the hydrothermal method. Hydrothermal temperature variations used in biochar synthesis were 220°C/240°C/260°C/280°C. Eichhornia penetrated biochar with H2O2 to the Cr (VI) metal adsorption capacity. The synthesis of biochar Eichhornia crassipes has the characteristics of combining hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, and amine functional groups. The surface morphology in the Eichhornia crassipes biochar modification term is rougher and irregular compared to Eichhornia crassipes biochar without modification. The modification of Eichhornia crassipes biochar using H2O2 showed an increase in oxygen composition in terms of modified biochar so that it increased the adsorption capacity of Cr (VI) metal ion. The best value of adsorption capacity in Eichhornia crassipes biochar terms modified with a hydrothermal temperature of 240°C that is equal to 30.2156 mg/g.

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Effects of biochar on soil fertility and crop productivity in arid regions

4 July, 2020
 

Biochar, carbon-rich materials produced during the thermochemical processing of biomass, are receiving increased attention given their potential value as soil amendments. Biochar are formed through pyrolysis processes—heating to several hundred degrees Celsius under oxygen-limited environments—and both the source feedstock and the reaction conditions affect the quality of the resulting chars. Biochar can enhance soil physical and chemical properties and increase agricultural systems’ productivity through direct and indirect effects on crop growth and soil quality. Biochar also may directly help mitigate climate change by sequestering stable carbon compounds in the soil and perhaps indirectly through increased C uptake by trees. As the world faces growing challenges from soil degradation and climate change, biochar application to soils represents a potential pathway forward. Although a large volume of literature exists regarding the use of biochar under favorable climatic conditions, information regarding biochar applications in semiarid and arid climates has been more limited. Evidence of greater water holding capacity and reduced infiltration suggests these materials have potential to improve the productivity of such lands and provides a basis for considering its wider application in the arid environments such as Saudi Arabia. Challenges and limitations for biochar use on a mass scale are also briefly discussed. To move this technology forward, crop and soil scientists should involve economists and agricultural extension educators in studies that consider economic as well as biophysical implications for biochar’s application on a mass scale.

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The authors are thankful to the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia for providing all the possible assistance and support.

Correspondence to Mirza Barjees Baig.

This article is part of the Topical Collection on Implications of Biochar Application to Soil Environment under Arid Conditions

Received: 22 August 2018

Accepted: 18 June 2020

Published: 04 July 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-020-05586-2

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Dynamic Effects of Different Biochars on Soil Properties and Crop Yield of Acid Farmland

4 July, 2020
 

To investigate the dynamic effects of biochars produced from different biomass materials on farmland soil acidity, exchangeable cations, phosphorus nutrient, and crop yield, a field experiment was performed on acid paddy soil. Five types of biochars-rice straw biochar (RSB), maize straw biochar (MSB), wheat straw biochar (WSB), rice husk biochar (RHB), and bamboo charcoal (BCB)-were applied to farmland soil at mass fraction of 0.1%. No biochar addition was used as control treatment (CK). The soil physicochemical properties and crop yields were analyzed after harvesting rice, rapeseed, and corn crops. Results indicated that the addition of biochars could effectively increase soil pH and exchangeable cations and reduce exchangeable acid content, but the effects decreased with time. The biochars increased the content of exchangeable K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ and decreased the exchangeable Na+ content in soils. The biochars increased the contents of organic matter (SOM), available phosphorus, total phosphorus, and inorganic phosphorus (Al-P and Fe-P). Compared with the control treatment, biochars significantly (P<0.05) increased the yields of rice, oil seed, and maize crops. Rice husk biochar (RHB) had the best effect in improving acid soil physicochemical properties and increasing crop yield.

Keywords: acidification; biochar; crop yield; exchangeable cations; phosphorus nutrient.

NLM  |  NIH  |  HHS  |  USA.gov


Effectiveness of the combination of biopellet, biochar, chicken manure and fish waste to the …

4 July, 2020
 

Sugeng Winarso
Universitas Jember
Indonesia

Soil Science Departement

Bambang Hermiyanto
Soil Departement, Agricultural Faculty, The University of Jember, Jln. Kalimantan 37 Kampus Tegal Boto Jember, 68121
Indonesia

Sukron Romadhona
Soil Departement, Agricultural Faculty, The University of Jember, Jln. Kalimantan 37 Kampus Tegal Boto Jember, 68121
Indonesia

Marinus H Pandutama
Soil Departement, Agricultural Faculty, The University of Jember, Jln. Kalimantan 37 Kampus Tegal Boto Jember, 68121
Indonesia

Tri Candra Setiawati
Soil Departement, Agricultural Faculty, The University of Jember, Jln. Kalimantan 37 Kampus Tegal Boto Jember, 68121
Indonesia

I Indasah
Soil Departement, Agricultural Faculty, The University of Jember, Jln. Kalimantan 37 Kampus Tegal Boto Jember, 68121
Indonesia

Most of the activities of the use of organic fertilizers and natural additions of organic matter in agricultural intensification fields in Indonesia have not been able to compensate for the rate of decline in soil organic matter by the decomposition process. Biochar has a high C level and has the mean residence time in a long period in the soils. It has been proven that biochar applications may increase soil Carbon but have not been able to increase plant production. Therefore, the use of biochar combined with organic waste rich in nutrients is essential to develop. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of some biochar compositions with sugar cane, chicken manure, fish waste in the form of biopellet fertilizer on improving the chemical properties of sandy soils and the vegetative growth of soybean plants. This study used a completely randomized block design with two factors. The first factor (B) was the composition of biochar consisting of three levels, namely: 70% biochar, 15% chicken manure, 15% fish waste (B1), 50 % biochar, 25% chicken manure, 25% fish waste (B2), and 20% biochar, 40% chicken manure, 40% fish waste (B3). The second factor (D) was the dose of biopellet fertilizers consisting of four levels, namely: control (D0), 2.5 t/ha (D1), 5 t/ha (D2), and 10 t/ha (D3). The results showed that the addition of biopellet fertilizer effectively improved soil chemical properties (pH, C-organic, and CEC) and the availability of N, P, and K of the sandy soil. The effectiveness of increasing the soil total-N varied from 32.42 to 75.79%, P-available varied from 17.46 to 40.69%, and exchangeable K ranged from 8.7 to 25.67%. Improvement of soil chemical properties and the availability of N, P, and K by biopellet fertilizer application increased plant growth but reduced the weight of root nodules.

Alemi, H., Kianmehr, M.H. and Borghaee, A.M. 2010. Effect of pellet processing of fertilizer on slow-release nitrogen in soil. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 9(2):75-80, doi: 10.3923/ajps.2010.74.80.

Berkeley, L. 2009. Storage and Turnover of Organic Matter in Soil. In: Senesi, N., Xing, B. and Huang, P.M. (eds). Organic Matter in Soil. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 220-263.

Bruun, S. and El-zehery, T. 2012. Biochar effect on the mineralization of soil organic matter. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 47(5):665-671, doi: 10.1590/S0100-204X2012000500005.

Decree of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia No. 261/KPTS/SR.310/M/4/2019 concerning Minimum Technical Requirements of Fertilizers Organic, Biofertilizers, and Soil Enhancers, Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia (in Indonesian).

Ge, X., Lixiong, Z., Wenfa, X., Zhilin, H., Xiansheng, G. and Benwang, T. 2013. Effect of litter substrate quality and soil nutrients on forest litter decomposition: a review. Acta Ecologica Sinica 33(2):102-108, doi: 10.1016/j.chnaes.2013.01.006.

Gezahegn, A.M., Halim, R.A., Yusoff, M.M. and Wahid, S.A. 2016. Decomposition and nitrogen mineralization of individual and mixed maize and soybean residue. MAYFEB Journal of Agricultural Science 2: 28-45.

Gmach, M.R., Cherubin, M.R., Kaiser, K. and Cerri, C.E.P. 2018. Processes that influence dissolved organic matter in the soil: a review. Scientia Agricola 77(3): e20180164, doi: 10.1590/1678-992X-2018-0164.

Ilmiawan, N.M., Winarso, S. and Pandutama, M.H. 2018. Soybean Root Nodes Behavior in Various Treatment of Enriched Biochar with NPK. Proceeding of the International Conference of Food Sovereignty and Sustainable Agriculture (FoSSA 2017): Building of Food Sovereignty Through A Sustainable Agriculture, Challenges Toword Climate Change and Blobal Economic Community. Agriculture Faculty, Jember University, Indonesia. 75-83.

Iyamuremye, F., Dick, R.P. and Baham, J. 1996. Organic amendments and phosphorus dynamics: phosphorus chemistry and sorption. Soil Science 161(7):426-435.

Lamanda, D.D., Setyawari, D., Nurhaida, Diba, F. and Roslinda, E. 2015. Biopellet based on the composition of palm oil stem powder and laban wood charcoal with different types of adhesive as an alternative renewable fuel. Hutan Lestari 3(2): 313-321 (in Indonesian).

Lei, Z., Yu, D., Zhou, F., Zhang, Y., Yu, D., Zhou, Y. and Han, Y. 2019. Changes in soil organic carbon and its influencing factors in the growth of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica plantation in Horqin Sandy Land, Northeast China. Scientific Reports 9, Article number: 16453 (2019).

Mensah, A.K. and Frimpong, K.A. 2018. Biochar and/or compost applications improve soil properties, growth, and yield of maize grown in acidic rainforest and coastal savannah soils in Ghana. International Journal of Agronomy Volume 2018, Article ID 6837404, doi: 10.1155/2018/6837404.

Mishra, G., Das, J. and Sulieman, M. 2019. Modeling soil cation exchange capacity in different land use systems using artificial neural networks (ANNs) and multiple regression analysis (MRA). Current Science 116(12):1-25, doi: 10.18520/cs/v116/i12/2020-2027.

Nicolás, C., Martin-Bertelsen, T., Floudas, D., Bentzer, J., Smits, M., Johansson, T., Troein, C., Persson, P. and Tunlid, A. 2019. The soil organic matter decomposition mechanisms in ectomycorrhizal fungi are tuned for liberating soil organic nitrogen. The ISME Journal 13(4):977–988, doi: 10.1038/s41396-018-0331-6.

Ryan, M., Agren, G.I., Birge, H.E. and Davidson, E.A. 2011. Temperature and soil organic matter decomposition rates – synthesis of current knowledge and a way forward. Global Change Biology 17(11): 3392–3404, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02496.x.

Sari, M.N. 2017. Effect of organic matter on phosphorus availability in soils rich of Al and Fe. Buletin Tanah dan Lahan 1(1): 65-71 (in Indonesian).

Siregar, P., Fauzi, and Supriadi. 2017. Effect of giving some organic matter and incubation period to some chemical fertility aspects of Ultisol. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi 5(2): 256- 264 (in Indonesian).

Soil Research Institute. 2005. Technical Guidelines for Soil, Plant, Water, and Fertilizer Chemical Analysis. Agricultural Research and Development Agency Ministry of Agriculture. Indonesia (in Indonesian).

Sun, Z., Liu, S., Zhang, T., Zhao, X., Chen, S. and Wang, Q. 2019. Priming of soil organic carbon decomposition induced by exogenous organic carbon input: a meta-analysis. Plant and Soil August 2019, doi: 10.1007/s11104-019-04240-5.

Wang, J., Xiong, Z. and Kuzyakov, Y. 2015. Biochar stability in soil: meta-analysis of decomposition and priming effects. Global Change Biology Bioenergy 8: 512-523, doi: doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12266.

Winarso, S and Taufiq, A. 2011. Aluminium exchangeable and phosphorous availability on Ultisol using humic substance and synthetic organic acid. Journal of Tropical Soils 16(3): 183-190, doi: 10.5400/jts.2011.16.3.183.

Winarso, S., Mandala, M., Sulistiyowati, H. and N. M. Ilmiawan, N.M. 2019. Improvement of Soil Properties by Addition of Biochar as Enriched Fertilizer for Growth Promoting of Soybean Plant. International Seminar and Congress. Indonesian Soil Science Society. SCO-ISS 2019. Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

Winarso, S., Sulistyanto, D. and Handayanto, E. 2011. Effects of humic compounds and phosphate solubilizing bacteria on phosphorus availability in an acid soil. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment 3(7): 232-240.

Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

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p-ISSN 2339-076X | e-ISSN 2502-2458 | DOI : 10.15243

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Global Biochar growth

5 July, 2020
 

The new research report titled Biochar Market published by Global Marketers into his huge database. Primary and secondary research methodologies have been used to formulate this report. This Report Provides an in-depth study analyzing the current and future demands of this market also it provides the overview, definition, cost structure, segmentation, recent developments, application,and industry chain analysis, CAGR growth, and Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, demand. The report has offered an all-inclusive analysis of the global market taking into consideration all the pivotal aspects like growth factors, market developments, future prospects, and trends.

Get/Download Free sample report, @ https://www.globalmarketers.biz/report/chemicals-and-materials/2014-2029-report-on-global-biochar-market-by-player,-region,-type,-application-and-sales-channel/152240 #request_sample

This study covers The following key players:

Cool Planet
Biochar Supreme
NextChar
Terra Char
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy
CharGrow
Pacific Biochar
Biochar Now
The Biochar Company (TBC)
ElementC6
Vega Biofuels

This Biochar market report will help you determine and analyze your portfolio of key market players with information such as company profile, components and services offered, financial information from the past three years, and key developments it helps you to develop a strategy to gain a competitive edge in the past 4-5 years.

Market Segment by Regions

North America (United States, Canada), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Australia, and South Korea), Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, etc.), The Middle East and Africa (GCC and South Africa), Europe (Germany, Spain, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)

The competitive landscape of the Biochar Market is discussed in the report, including the market share and new orders market share by the company. The report profiles the leading players in the market for providing an in-depth study of this industry as well as provides growth opportunities, future demands of this market. The report also discusses the implemented by the key vendors to maintain their hold on the industry. The business overview and financial overview of each of the key vendors have been analyzed in this research Report.

The research report studies the market in a detailed manner by explaining the key facets of the market that are foreseeable to have a countable stimulus on its developing extrapolations over the forecast period. This report defines the current and present situation as well as the future forecast of this Biochar Market. Also, this report provide all the information on Impact Analysis of COVID-19 on this industry.

Biochar Market By Type:

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

Biochar Market By Application:

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Hurry Up…!!! Ask For Discount https://www.globalmarketers.biz/discount_inquiry/discount/152240

For more Information or Browse the complete report @ https://www.globalmarketers.biz/report/chemicals-and-materials/2014-2029-report-on-global-biochar-market-by-player,-region,-type,-application-and-sales-channel/152240 #table_of_contents


Global Biochar Market (2019-2029) with COVID-19 After Effects Analysis by Emerging Trends …

5 July, 2020
 

The new research report titled Biochar Market published by Global Marketers into his huge database. Primary and secondary research methodologies have been used to formulate this report. This Report Provides an in-depth study analyzing the current and future demands of this market also it provides the overview, definition, cost structure, segmentation, recent developments, application,and industry chain analysis, CAGR growth, and Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, demand. The report has offered an all-inclusive analysis of the global market taking into consideration all the pivotal aspects like growth factors, market developments, future prospects, and trends.

Get/Download Free sample report, @ https://www.globalmarketers.biz/report/chemicals-and-materials/2014-2029-report-on-global-biochar-market-by-player,-region,-type,-application-and-sales-channel/152240 #request_sample

This study covers The following key players:

Cool Planet
Biochar Supreme
NextChar
Terra Char
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy
CharGrow
Pacific Biochar
Biochar Now
The Biochar Company (TBC)
ElementC6
Vega Biofuels

This Biochar market report will help you determine and analyze your portfolio of key market players with information such as company profile, components and services offered, financial information from the past three years, and key developments it helps you to develop a strategy to gain a competitive edge in the past 4-5 years.

Market Segment by Regions

North America (United States, Canada), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Australia, and South Korea), Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, etc.), The Middle East and Africa (GCC and South Africa), Europe (Germany, Spain, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)

The competitive landscape of the Biochar Market is discussed in the report, including the market share and new orders market share by the company. The report profiles the leading players in the market for providing an in-depth study of this industry as well as provides growth opportunities, future demands of this market. The report also discusses the implemented by the key vendors to maintain their hold on the industry. The business overview and financial overview of each of the key vendors have been analyzed in this research Report.

The research report studies the market in a detailed manner by explaining the key facets of the market that are foreseeable to have a countable stimulus on its developing extrapolations over the forecast period. This report defines the current and present situation as well as the future forecast of this Biochar Market. Also, this report provide all the information on Impact Analysis of COVID-19 on this industry.

Biochar Market By Type:

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

Biochar Market By Application:

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

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Global Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) Market Potential Growth, Share, Demand and Analysis of …

5 July, 2020
 

Global Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market Size, Insights and Forecast 2020 to 2026 Latest Innovations & Application Analysis with the key players – Sika BASF Pidilite Industries Paul Bauder Kemper System America Dow Chemical Company DuPont Hexis Fosroc CICO Technologies Limited Carlisle Companies Soprema Group Saint Gobain, including Production, Price, Revenue, Cost, Application, Growth Rate, Import, Export, Capacity, Market Share and Technological Developments.

The research report on Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market provides a granular analysis of this business space and also assesses its various segmentations. Major aspects such as existing market size ad position in terms of volume and revenue estimations are detailed in the study. Also, the document offers insights related to the regional scope and the competitive scenario of this industry vertical.

Throwing light on the key details from the Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market report:

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Citing the regional analysis:

Revealing the competitive arena of the Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market:

Other information offered by the research report:

Highlights of the report:

A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the parent market

Important changes in market dynamics

Market segmentation up to the second or third level

Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume

Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments

Market shares and strategies of key players

Emerging niche segments and regional markets

Key Questions Answered in the report:

What will the market growth rate of Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market

What are the key factors driving the global Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market

Who are the key manufacturer Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market space

What are the market opportunities, market risk and market overview of the Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market

What are sales, revenue, and price analysis of top manufacturers of Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market

Who are the distributors, traders, and dealers of Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) Industry

What are sales, revenue, and price analysis by types and applications of Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) market

What are sales, revenue, and price analysis by regions of Liquid Applied Membranes (LAM) industries.

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Making biochar from sawdust

5 July, 2020
 


Further HAB Work on Lake Hopatcong – Four Locations Get Biochar – Designed to Prevent HABs

5 July, 2020
 

Other the last week Princeton Hydro and the Lake Hopatcong Commission installed the newest Biochar installations that absorbs variety of pollutants including phosphorus as they try to enter the lake.

The first Biochar installations that occurred were at four outlet locations around the lake yesterday, Thursday 6/2/2020.  This project is being completed as part of the NJDEP HAB Grant award provided to the Lake Hopatcong Commission with project partner the Lake Hopatcong Foundation.

Biochar is a woody material that has a high affinity for a variety of pollutants including phosphorus.  Biochar can be placed in flotation balls or cages and tethered along a beach area or where an inlet enters the lake.  This product has been shown to remove dissolved phosphorus directly from nearshore waters in turn limiting algal growth.  Biochar is a relatively low-cost option for phosphorus removal and has the added benefit of compost once its capacity to absorb phosphorus is exhausted.  Phosphorus is held within the product it will not leach back out, instead when biochar is used as a compost/mulch plant roots grow into the material and uptake phosphorus directly.

The help in these efforts and contribute like-kind-services toward the Grant Money requirements of the funding, all four towns Department of Public Works when through the full training on Biochar and it’s operations.

Installations occurred at the Lake Winona Outlet and Lake Forest Yacht Club in Jefferson, Lakeside Ave and Holiday Ave (Near Ingram Cove) in Hopatcong, and at the Edith Decker School outlet in Mount Arlington.  Below are some photos of Princeton Hydro’s field staff installing the Biochar socks.  For those who were unable to attend the installations we encourage you to check on these locations as we want to be sure the municipal DPWs approve of the installations and don’t think they will cause any issues with water flow. 

Princeton Hydro will be installing additional Biochar socks at Duck Pond in Roxbury, Memorial Pond in Mount Arlington and in two MTDs in Jefferson Township the week of July 13th, remember that DPW time contributed to these projects counts toward the municipal match for the HAB Grant.  Any recommended adjustments from the DPWs on the installations that were completed yesterday can also be made the week of July 13th while Princeton Hydro is on the lake. 

– Because of higher process temperatures, the chemical structure of biomass changes and content of hydrogen, nitrogen and organic carbon in biochar is significantly decreased when fix carbon concentration increase. In contrary to charcoal, biochar is also not phytotoxic, says Anna Grochowska.

Biochar is mainly used in agriculture to enhance soil fertility and water retention capacity and then improve plant growth. As a result, it improves the overall farming productivity. But biochar can also be used in animal feed or as a bio-based substitute of active carbon.

Protected by international patents the Biogreen technology is a robust, reliable and cost-efficient process, allowing for very precise operating conditions up to 1000°C. In addition, thanks to having an electrically heated spiral, the Spirajoule allows the user to adjust both the process time and temperature – two essential pyrolysis parameters to control, in order to achieve the desired quality of biocoal, biochar and other products.

Processed bulk products, after entering the pyrolysis chamber, is efficiently conveyed along the reactor and transformed by temperature in the pyrolysis chamber.

 


Wood Vinegar Market to Witness Stunning Growth | New Life Agro, Verdi Life, Nakashima Trading

5 July, 2020
 

Wood vinegar is also known as pyroligneous acid or liquid smoke. It is a dark liquid in appearance and it is produced by destructive distillation of wood and several other plant materials. Wood vinegar consists of 80-90 %water and approximately 200 plus organic compounds. This type of vinegar has various health benefits such as it helps in digestion, reduces the effect of diarrhea and vomiting, maintain cholesterol level, etc. Further, improving crop yield production and increasing base of end-use industries with government initiatives for bio-based products, and stringent environmental regulations are driving the market growth.

 

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AMA Research added a comprehensive research document of 200+ pages on ‘Wood Vinegar’ market  with detailed insights on growth factors and strategies. The study segments key regions that includes North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific with country level break-up and provide volume* and value related cross segmented information by each country. Some of the important players from a wide list of coverage used under bottom-up approach are ACE Pte Ltd (Singapore),Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp. (Canada),Nettenergy BV (Netherlands),TAGROW CO., LTD. (China),Byron Biochar (Australia),New Life Agro (United States),Verdi Life (United States),Nakashima Trading Co. Ltd. (Japan)

 

Market Segmentation

by Type (Wood Destructive Distillation, Chemical Synthesis), Application (Natural plant-derived pesticide, Herbicide, Plant Growth Promoter, Fungal Growth Enhancer, Others), End users (Agriculture, Food processing, Healthcare, Others), Components (Acetic acid, Methanol, Acetone), Methods (Slow Pyrolysis, Intermediate Pyrolysis, Fast Pyrolysis)

 

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Market Growth Drivers: Increasing Production of Processed Foods such as Meat and Seafood

Growing Consumption of Organic Food Products

Rising Application of Wood Vinegar among Various Industries

 

Highlights of Influencing Trends: The Demand for Charcoal and Its By-Products, Including Wood Vinegar for Energy Production

 

Restraints: Lack of Consumer Awareness about Liquid Smoke Products

 

Challenges: Limited Production of Charcoal by the Government, hence limiting the Adoption of Wood Vinegar

 

View Detailed Table of Content @ https://www.advancemarketanalytics.com/reports/63884-global-wood-vinegar-market-1

 

Country level Break-up includes:

North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)

Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland, Nordic, Others)

Asia-Pacific (Japan, China, Australia, India, Taiwan, South Korea, Middle East & Africa, Others)

 

Strategic Points Covered in Table of Content of Global Wood Vinegar Market:

Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product Objective of Study and Research Scope the Wood Vinegar market

Chapter 2: Exclusive Summary – the basic information of the Wood Vinegar Market.

Chapter 3: Displaying the Market Dynamics- Drivers, Trends and Challenges of the Wood Vinegar

Chapter 4: Presenting the Wood Vinegar Market Factor Analysis Porters Five Forces, Supply/Value Chain, PESTEL analysis, Market Entropy, Patent/Trademark Analysis.

Chapter 5: Displaying market size by Type, End User and Region 2014-2019

Chapter 6: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the Wood Vinegar market which consists of its Competitive Landscape, Peer Group Analysis, BCG Matrix & Company Profile

Chapter 7: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries (2020-2025).

Chapter 8 & 9: Displaying the Appendix, Methodology and Data Source

Finally, Wood Vinegar Market is a valuable source of guidance for individuals and companies in decision framework.

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Making biochar from sawdust

5 July, 2020
 


Effect of Modified Biochar on the Remediation of Pb-Contaminated Soil

5 July, 2020
 

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Miao Liu 2020 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 514 052025

https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/514/5/052025

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High levels of heavy metals, particularly of lead, in soil and water occur worldwide in many countries. Due to the harmful consequences on human health, it is mandatory to avoid Pb-contaminated soils and waters to enter in the food chain. In this research, biochar was prepared by corn stalk paralysation and alkali-modification. BCR sequential extraction method was employed to evaluate the morphological changes of lead in soil and a pot experiment was conducted with garland chrysanthemum as an indicator plant to investigate the bioavailability of lead in soil with biochar. The results indicated that alkali-modified biochar KBC showed strong immobilization abilities and could reduce the mobility and bioavailability of lead in soil.

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continuous retort charcoal kiln design

5 July, 2020
 

Home /Products/ continuous retort charcoal kiln design

Making DIY Charcoal and BioChar Retort , #Biochar #TerraPeta #Incas #Farming #Soil , for many years I have been asked to design a bigger retort This retort will produce on average 650 to 700 Kg’s per B , These photographs show two different retort type charcoal making kilns Nunya

Jan 15, 2019· Continuous charcoal retort idea Small Engin Charcoal Gasification , used for recycling plastic ,so if I can say that if you can design a screw that will not compress the wood chips in the barrel but convey them along then you will be onto a winner , I have seized up a extruder with a 600 hp dc motor trying to push along a handful of .

Charcoal Kiln Design The Magic KilnMay 01, 2017· Charcoal Kiln Design 9 out of 10 based on 338 ratings This homepage is a English version There are misspellings in English Use the Iwasaki charcoal making kiln to make charcoal from forest thinnings Below is some information about the Adam Retort charcoal kiln design for you to image how it works and how to build , Continue reading Charcoal Kiln DesignProcess Design and Operation of a Wood Charcoal Retort ,Jun 22, 2017· The integrated compact retort system is further tested experimentally; only 2–3 h were needed to achieve complete carbonization of oak wood Various temperatures are achieved during operation, the maximum of which is at 900 °C The charcoal yield ranged between 37 and 46% on a dry basis, and the charcoal carbon contents were between 73 and 87%Make charcoal in your own backyard – VUTHISANov 14, 2009· ,with a Portable Charcoal Kiln By Vuthisa Herewith a step by step guide to making charcoal from yard waste in your own backyard This specific design has been used extensively since 1996 to clear Namibian encroachment bushHaving tested this system recently we see no reason why this technique cannot be applied to clear yard waste or any other biomass, including corn cobsKiln design web3revteduKiln design The kiln designed here was adapted from the New Hampshire Charcoal Kiln described by Henry Baldwin, New Hampshire State Forester, in 1950 Baldwin’s kilns were used extensively in pre WWII New England charcoal making, most of which was aimed at producing fuel for residential cooking in East Coast urban apartment dwellingsA mobile biochar retort this is Bob Wells of New ,The 500 series batch kiln is a commercial unit that produces up to 750 kg of biochar per burn The kiln is built in to a 20 ft container which allows it to be transported anywhere a truck can reach The kiln consists of two kiln bodies (retorts) with a capacity of 6 cubic meters each, and a central combustor or burner that provides heat to both

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Biochar-Ca and Biochar-Al

5 July, 2020
 

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Biochar-Ca and Biochar-Al/-Fe-Mediated Phosphate Exchange Capacity are Main Drivers of the …

5 July, 2020
 

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Graphical abstract

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Baigorri, R.; San Francisco, S.; Urrutia, Ó.; García-Mina, J.M. Biochar-Ca and Biochar-Al/-Fe-Mediated Phosphate Exchange Capacity are Main Drivers of the Different Biochar Effects on Plants in Acidic and Alkaline Soils. Agronomy 2020, 10, 968.

Baigorri R, San Francisco S, Urrutia Ó, García-Mina JM. Biochar-Ca and Biochar-Al/-Fe-Mediated Phosphate Exchange Capacity are Main Drivers of the Different Biochar Effects on Plants in Acidic and Alkaline Soils. Agronomy. 2020; 10(7):968.

Baigorri, Roberto; San Francisco, Sara; Urrutia, Óscar; García-Mina, José M. 2020. “Biochar-Ca and Biochar-Al/-Fe-Mediated Phosphate Exchange Capacity are Main Drivers of the Different Biochar Effects on Plants in Acidic and Alkaline Soils.” Agronomy 10, no. 7: 968.

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Caffeine removal by Gliricidia sepium biochar: Influence of pyrolysis temperature and …

6 July, 2020
 

Caffeine speciation on pH of the media influence the adsorption capacity.

Freundlich isotherm constant positively correlated with surface area of GBC.

Temkin equilibrium binding constant positively correlated with H/C ratio.

Mixed mechanisms; chemisorption and physisorption employed in CFN removal by GBC.

Caffeine speciation on pH of the media influence the adsorption capacity.

Freundlich isotherm constant positively correlated with surface area of GBC.

Temkin equilibrium binding constant positively correlated with H/C ratio.

Mixed mechanisms; chemisorption and physisorption employed in CFN removal by GBC.

The present study aimed to envisage the effect of physicochemical properties on the performance of Gliricidia sepium biochar (GBC) pyrolyzed at 300, 500, and 700 °C in the removal caffeine (CFN); a pharmaceutical and personal care product, from water. The physicochemical properties of GBC were characterized by proximate and ultimate analysis, BET, SEM, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopy. The adsorption batch experiment was carried out at various pH values (pH 3–10), mixing times (up to 24 h), and initial CFN concentration (10–500 mg/L). The FTIR analysis revealed the loss of polar functional groups on the surface of GBC derived at high temperatures. The red-shifted and blue-shifted Raman peaks indicate the condensation of small molecules on GBC. The GBC derived at 700 °C demonstrated high CFN adsorption capacity (16.26 mg/g) due to its high surface area and aromaticity. The highest adsorption of CFN was occurred at acidic pH range from 3.5 to 4.5 due to the existence of non-specific attraction between CFN and GBC. The kinetics and isotherm experimental data were fitted with Elovich and fractional power kinetic regression, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherm models, which suggested the adsorption of CFN on the GBC by mixed mechanisms; physisorption and chemisorption including π–π interactions, hydrogen bonding, n–π interactions, electrostatic attraction, and electron donor-acceptor attraction. Moreover, both surface area and aromaticity index have demonstrated a high positive correlation for CFN adsorption, signifying the importance of controlling physicochemical properties based on the end-user purpose of biochar.


Global Biochar Fine Granules Market 2020 Growing Strategies, Industry Segmentation and …

6 July, 2020
 

Global Biochar Fine Granules Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 attempts to provide significant insights associated with the current market scenario and future growth prospects based on in-depth research. The report is the most important research for who looks for complete information on the global Biochar Fine Granules market. The report covers market players as well as the new entrants in the market landscape. The report contains details of the evaluation of the scope of the regions and where the key participants should head to find potential growth opportunities in the future. The report assessed and predicts the upcoming industrial growth rates of the market.

Overview of The Market Report:

This report analyzes the market players, sub-segments and sections, product category, and major improvements in the market. Top players are examined for revenue areas manufacturing, market rivalry, capacity, sales (value), price, supply and market share, and product types. Market growth, consumption volume, the upcoming market trends, and the different prices variation for the forecast year from 2020 to 2025 are also studied. The ongoing marketing trends that are faced by the market competitors, the ups, and downs in the global Biochar Fine Granules market are highlighted in the report.

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NOTE: Our report highlights the major issues and hazards that companies might come across due to the unprecedented outbreak of COVID-19.

All the market players that are operating in the market are incorporated. Some of the major players that are included within the report are: Cool Planet Energy Systems, The Biochar Company (TBC), Terra Char, Biochar Supreme, Biochar Now, NextChar, Pacific Biochar, CharGrow

The research study further comprises investigations of the potential conditions of the global Biochar Fine Granules industry dynamics in terms of forthcoming growth opportunities. It sheds light on desirable opportunities, current applications, differentiable patterns related to the industry, and risk factors. The competitive market scenario among key players will help the industry aspirants in planning their strategies.

The report highlights product types which are as follows: Wood Source Biochar, Corn Source Biochar, Wheat Source Biochar, Others, etc.,

The report highlights top applications which are as follows: Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others

Data Extraction And Analysis:

Data extraction and analysis are totally based on two main factors such as data synthesis (collation of data, estimation of key figures and analysis of derived insights) and data validation (triangulation with data models, and corroboration with industry experts). Data is extracted at an extensive level from various sources and repository of reports. Some of the secondary sources are being used.

The report offers an in-depth assessment of the growth and other aspects of the global Biochar Fine Granules market in important regions, including the North America (United States, Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia), South America (Brazil, Argentina, etc.), Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

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An efficient lithium ions adsorption-desorption performance in aqueous media

6 July, 2020
 

Coconut shell and rice husk biochar-based MnO2 composites were synthesized by simple pyrolysis, ultrasonication and heat treatment methods.

Comparative Lithium (Li+) uptakes performance of all fabricated composites has been done by optimizing adsorption parameters.

The prepared composites also showed efficacy for Li+ recovery from aqueous media.

Coconut shell and rice husk biochar-based MnO2 composites were synthesized by simple pyrolysis, ultrasonication and heat treatment methods.

Comparative Lithium (Li+) uptakes performance of all fabricated composites has been done by optimizing adsorption parameters.

The prepared composites also showed efficacy for Li+ recovery from aqueous media.

Lithium (Li+) is used in various applications involving pharmaceuticals, textile dyes, and batteries. Therefore, the demand for environmentally friendly and effective materials for Li+ uptake and recovery continues to increase. Herein, rice husk (RH) and coconut shell (CS) biomasses were used to fabricate honeycomb-networked biochar (BC) precursors via slow pyrolysis. RHBC- and CSBC-based MnO2 composites were synthesized by depositing MnO2 in various ratios onto RHBC and CSBC by varying the KMnO4 concentration (2%, 3%, and 4%), followed by simple ultrasonication and heat-treatment methodologies. The structural and physicochemical properties of all of the fabricated composites were analyzed using several different instrumental methods. The batch adsorption experiments were performed for comparative Li+-adsorption studies of RHBC-Mnx and CSBC-Mnx composites by optimizing several parameters (pH, adsorbent dose, Li+ initial concentration, and contact time). The comparative adsorption analysis revealed that the RHBC-Mnx composites exhibited stronger Li+-adsorption ability than the CSBC-Mnx composites and that increasing the MnO2 deposition to 3% in both cases led to maximum Li+ adsorption capacities (62.85 mg g−1 and 57.8 mg g−1), respectively. The kinetic studies show that Li+ adsorption proceeds through the pseudo-second-order mechanism. Li+ recovery was successfully carried out using HCl (eluting agent), thereby demonstrating the benefits of synthesized composites at the industrial scale. The current work indicates that the fabricated RHBC-Mnx and CSBC-Mnx composites may have potential for use as economical composites in eco-friendly applications such as Li+ adsorption and recovery from aqueous media.


MnO2-decorated biochar composites of coconut shell and rice husk

6 July, 2020
 

 


Biochar combined with gypsum reduces both nitrogen and carbon losses during agricultural waste …

6 July, 2020
 

The addition of biochar combined with gypsum (BCG) shortened composting time.

The BCG reduced N loss, C loss and potential ecological risk during composting.

The BCG enhanced nutrient retention and overall compost quality (OCQ).

The effect of BCG on OCQ was closely associated with microbial activities/functions.

The BCG-induced enhancement in OCQ determined the agronomic performance of compost.

The addition of biochar combined with gypsum (BCG) shortened composting time.

The BCG reduced N loss, C loss and potential ecological risk during composting.

The BCG enhanced nutrient retention and overall compost quality (OCQ).

The effect of BCG on OCQ was closely associated with microbial activities/functions.

The BCG-induced enhancement in OCQ determined the agronomic performance of compost.

Composting is an efficient method for treating agricultural wastes. This study investigated the effects of the addition of biochar (B) and gypsum (G) to straw mixed with chicken manure (SC) (i.e. SC, SC+B, SC+G and SC+B+G) on composting performance at different initial C/N ratios (20, 25 and 30). In general, biochar combined with gypsum (BCG) efficiently shortened composting time and reduced N loss, C loss and potential ecological risk. It also enhanced lignocellulose decomposition, nutrient retention and the overall compost quality expressed by a compost quality index (CQI), and increased the biomass of four different test crops. The BCG-induced increase in CQI was closely associated with microbial enzyme activities and C catabolic profiles. These results indicated that the combination of biochar and gypsum is more effective than each single additive during composting, and emphasized that microbial activities and functions play pivotal roles in determining compost quality and thereby agronomic performance.


A review on facilitating bio-wastes degradation and energy recovery efficiencies in anaerobic …

6 July, 2020
 

 


Fight Against Lake Hopatcong Algae Blooms Continues with 'Biochar' Bags

6 July, 2020
 

ROXBURY, NJ – Several Lake Hopatcong inlets are the sites for an experiment that could help control harmful algal blooms (HABs), the green bacterial growths that shut down the lake last summer.

Workers from Princeton Hydro installed, at four places, tethered flotation bags containing “Biochar,” a material that might help remove dissolved phosphorous from water near the shoreline. Too much phosphorous is a major cause of HABs, according to biologists.

The Biochar bags were placed July 2 at the Lake Winona outlet, the Lake Forest Yacht Club, Lakeside Avenue and Holiday Avenue (near Ingram Cove) in Hopatcong and the Edith Decker School outlet in Mount Arlington, according to Lake Hopatcong Commission Administrator Colleen Lyons.

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The Biochar installations are being funded by a $500,000 state grant that also paid for Princeton Hyrdo’s recent dispersal of Phoslock, a different type of HAB-battling material, in Landing Cove in Roxbury.

“Biochar is a woody material that has a high affinity for a variety of pollutants including phosphorus,” said Lyons in a letter to local officials. “Biochar can be placed in flotation balls or cages and tethered along a beach area or where an inlet enters the lake.  This product has been shown to remove dissolved phosphorus directly from nearshore waters in turn limiting algal growth.”

She noted that Biochar is a relatively inexpensive “and has the added benefit of compost once its capacity to absorb phosphorus is exhausted.” Lyons said the phosphorus is held within the Biochar and won’t leach back out.

“Instead, when Biochar is used as a compost/mulch, plant roots grow into the material and uptake phosphorus directly,” she said.

She noted Princeton Hydro will soon be installing additional Biochar “socks” at some local ponds, including Duck Pond in Roxbury and Memorial Pond in Mount Arlington.

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ROXBURY, NJ – The Roxbury Public Library is happy to announce that starting July 6 it is resuming passport service.

Here’s how it’s going to work:

Save yourself some time and look through the U.S. State Department’s extensive travel hub and passport information page here. Read closely all the COVID-19 news updates, …

ROXBURY, NJ – The Roxbury Public Library is happy to …

ROXBURY, NJ – Students in Roxbury’s public schools, forced to receive remote instruction since March when school buildings were shuttered due to COVID 19, will return to classrooms for 2½  hours each day when school opens this fall, according to the latest plan.

In addition to the 2½ hours of “in-person instruction” each day, students will be required to attend 1½ hours of virtual instruction …

ROXBURY, NJ – Students in Roxbury’s public schools, forced to receive remote instruction since …

ROXBURY, NJ – Quinnipiac University recently gave some Facebook praise to Brendan Dillon, a first lieutenant with Roxbury Fire and First Aid Co. 2 and one of a group of Quinnipiac students who recently formed the school’s first student-run emergency medical service.

Dillon, 21, lives in Mount Arlington and is headed for his senior year at Quinnipiac, where he is studying nursing. He’s been a …

ROXBURY, NJ – Quinnipiac University recently gave some Facebook praise to Brendan Dillon, a first …

TRENTON, NJ — Roxbury restaurants that set up tents recently for outdoor dining, assuming it would be a very temporary way to get back to business, might be using them for longer than they anticipated.

Although he planned to loosen restrictions on indoor dining in New Jersey on July 2, Gov. Phil Murphy announced today he will delay the reopening. He provided no timetable of when indoor dining …

TRENTON, NJ — Roxbury restaurants that set up tents recently for outdoor dining, assuming it would …

ROXBURY, NJ – Roxbury’s municipal buildings, closed to the public since March 19 due to COVID-19 concerns, are scheduled to re-open this week with restrictions.

RoxburyTown Hall in Ledgewood, the recreation and health department offices at 72 Eyland Ave. in Succasunna and the public works building on Dell Avenue in Kenvil will again be open to the public starting 8 a.m. July 1, said Roxbury …

ROXBURY, NJ – Roxbury’s municipal buildings, closed to the public since March 19 due to COVID-19 …

ROXBURY, NJ – For Roxbury residents made the Spring 2020 semester Dean’s List at Muhlenberg College, according to the school.

To make the list, a student had to achieve to a term GPA of 3.50 or higher .

Making the list were Madison Amdur of Succasunna, Donovan Brady of Ledgewood, Lauren Brinkman of Succasunna and Jordan Segrave of Ledgewood.

 

ROXBURY, NJ – For Roxbury residents made the Spring 2020 semester Dean’s List at Muhlenberg …

ROXBURY, NJ – We’ve been cooped up for so long! It’s time to get outside to enjoy some music, the night air and each other.

The Friends of the Roxbury Public Library, in conjunction with Skylands Songwriters Guild, is presenting five free outdoor concerts this summer.

Join us on the library lawn at the Gazebo and at the Gazebo at Horseshoe Lake.

Attendees are encouraged to bring their …

ROXBURY, NJ – We’ve been cooped up for so long! It’s time to get outside to enjoy some music, the …

ROXBURY, NJ – Meeting in the Horseshoe Lake Park pavilion, a structure it built for the township in 1993, the Roxbury Rotary Club on Thursday welcomed local firefighter Bill Diamond as its new president.

Diamond, 50, a plumber and member of Roxbury Company 1 Fire and EMS in Succasunna, replaces Steve Alford as the club’s leader. He said he looks forward to continuing the organization’s …

ROXBURY, NJ – Meeting in the Horseshoe Lake Park pavilion, a structure it built for the township in …

ROXBURY, NJ – Roxbury resident Veronica DeGloria was named to the Dean’s List at the University of New Hampshire for the spring 2020 semester.

DeGloria of Landing and majoring in Human Development and Family Studies, achieved Highest Honors. 

Highest honors are awarded to students who earn a semester grade point average of 3.85 or better out of a possible 4.0. Students with a 3.65 to 3.84 …

ROXBURY, NJ – Roxbury resident Veronica DeGloria was named to the Dean’s List at the University of …

ROXBURY, NJ – Faith Jacobus, of Ledgewood, was one of more than 2,300 undergraduate students at Coastal Carolina University named to the Dean’s List for the Spring 2020 semester, said the school.

Jacobus is a Marine Science major.

Coastal Carolina University is a dynamic, public comprehensive liberal arts institution located in Conway, just minutes from the resort area of Myrtle Beach, …

ROXBURY, NJ – Faith Jacobus, of Ledgewood, was one of more than 2,300 undergraduate students at …


physico-chemical properties and applications.

6 July, 2020
 

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Carbothermal synthesis of biochar-supported metallic silver for enhanced photocatalytic removal of …

6 July, 2020
 

Biochar-supported Ag° was prepared via thermal reduction between 150-200 °C.

Sorption of methylene blue by Ago-based catalysts was not significant.

Hydroxyl, superoxide and singlet oxygen and hole participated in dye degradation.

Thermally-prepared AgH generate more ROS than AgW due to favorable C property.

Supported-Ago maintained good antimicrobial efficacy and low Ag+ leaching.

Biochar-supported Ag° was prepared via thermal reduction between 150-200 °C.

Sorption of methylene blue by Ago-based catalysts was not significant.

Hydroxyl, superoxide and singlet oxygen and hole participated in dye degradation.

Thermally-prepared AgH generate more ROS than AgW due to favorable C property.

Supported-Ago maintained good antimicrobial efficacy and low Ag+ leaching.

Authors contributed equally to this work.


Impact of Biomass Sources on Acoustic-Based Chemical Functionalization of Biochars for …

6 July, 2020
 


Global Granular Biochar Market 2020- Impact of COVID-19, Future Growth Analysis and …

6 July, 2020
 

The Global Granular Biochar Market research report provides and in-depth analysis on industry- and economy-wide database for business management that could potentially offer development and profitability for players in this market. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. The global Granular Biochar market report is included with major key players of the market which are profiled on the basis of business strategies, financial weaknesses and strengths and recent development. The Granular Biochar market report offers a special assessment of collaboration, partnership, acquisition and new product launch of the major key players.

The Report Covers the Following Companies:

Diacarbon Energy
Agri-Tech Producers
Biochar Now
Carbon Gold
Kina
The Biochar Company
Swiss Biochar GmbH
ElementC6
BioChar Products
BlackCarbon
Cool Planet
Carbon Terra

Download Sample Copy of Granular Biochar Market Report Study 2019-2026 At: https://www.glamresearch.com/report/global-granular-biochar-market-by-product-type-wood-316756/#sample

The COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) pandemic has created the impact on the global Granular Biochar market. Due to this virus many companies in the Granular Biochar market are forced to halt their manufacturing and production operations. The business operations of this market are paused because new government rulings is introduced in the market. This break in proceedings of the business operations is directly influencing the revenue drift of the Granular Biochar market.

Global Granular Biochar Market: Overview

The Granular Biochar market report starts with product overview and further gives production growth rate which is compared with products and consumption growth rate is compared with the applications. The report also includes various company profiles which are evaluated for its market growth, production, areas served, production sites and markets served, along with this, it also evaluates revenue, market gross margin, product specifications and applications. Moreover, Granular Biochar market report also includes raw materials analysis, manufacturing cost structure and manufacturing processes analysis.

In addition to this, the global Granular Biochar market report provides influencing and driving factors, market challenges, retrains and threats, opportunities, sample of the regional study and forecast of production and consumption during the forecast period 2020-2027. The report also provides it’s segmentation on the basis of product types, market applications and geographic regions.

Global Granular Biochar Market: Segmentation

Global Granular Biochar Market Segmentation: By Types

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Source Biochar
Wheat Source Biochar
Others

Global Granular Biochar Market segmentation: By Applications

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Place Inquiry for Buying or Customization of Report: https://www.glamresearch.com/report/global-granular-biochar-market-by-product-type-wood-316756/#inquiry

Global Granular Biochar Market Segmentation: By Region

Global Granular Biochar market report categorized the information and data according to the major geographical regions which are expected to impact on the industry in forecast period.

The Global Granular Biochar market is displayed in 13 Chapters:

Chapter 1: Market Overview, Drivers, Restraints and Opportunities
Chapter 2: Market Competition by Manufacturers
Chapter 3: Production by Regions
Chapter 4: Consumption by Regions
Chapter 5: Production, By Types, Revenue and Market share by Types
Chapter 6: Consumption, By Applications, Market share (%) and Growth Rate by Applications
Chapter 7: Complete profiling and analysis of Manufacturers
Chapter 8: Manufacturing cost analysis, Raw materials analysis, Region-wise manufacturing expenses
Chapter 9: Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
Chapter 10: Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
Chapter 11: Market Effect Factors Analysis
Chapter 12: Market Forecast
Chapter 13: Granular Biochar Research Findings and Conclusion, Appendix, methodology and data source

Owned by Everestthemes


Lanthanum ferrite nanoparticles modification onto biochar

6 July, 2020
 

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Biochar as a sustainable alternative to açaí waste disposal in Amazon, Brazil.

6 July, 2020
 

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response from anaerobic digestion of laying hen manure with biochar addition

6 July, 2020
 

This study aimed to assess the anaerobic digestion response of laying hen manure with different inclusion levels of biochar in batch reactors as measured by physicochemical parameters, biogas production and digestate quality. Four levels of biochar inclusions (0, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5%) were tested with 3 replicates each. Twelve two-liter anaerobic batch reactors were used for 86 days at 35°C. Substrate and digestate of each treatment were assessed for monitored parameters, biogas production and digestate quality. Increased levels (0, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5%) of biochar were found to gradually reduce total ammonia nitrogen (1794.33, 140.84, 950.81 and 509.32 mg.L-1, respectively). Despite the positive effect of biochar to accelerate initial biogas production, its use at any inclusion rate did not contribute significantly to biogas production in terms of biogas yield or digestate quality as compared to control treatment.

KEYWORDS biogas yield; total ammonia nitrogen; volatile solids

Anaerobic digestion (AD) has been well studied and used as a tool for harnessing valuable sub-products, however, it still has some incovenient problems in terms of reactor monitoring parameters that may strongly affect biogas production (Dalkilic & Ugurlu, 2015; Cuetos et al., 2017; Wang et al., 2019). High levels of total ammoniacal nitrogen (TAN) which suppress anaerobic microbes have been cited as one of the main issues regarding anaerobic digestion of laying hen manure (Massé & Singh, 2013; Farrow et al., 2016; Molaey et al., 2018).

Rich protein biomass used as a substrate in anaerobic reactors may lead to a severe disturbance from resulting high ammonia concentration, causing reduced activity of microorganisms and incomplete digestion of intermediate products such as volatile fatty acids, thereby decreasing methanogenic activity (Jian et al., 2019). Increased TAN above a certain threshold may strongly affect AD performance; Dalkilic & Ugurlu (2015) reported that TAN concentrations up to 3000 mg.L-1 decreased biogas production while Wang et al. (2019) encountered that TAN concentration above 1600 mg.L-1 can strongly affect the AD system’s efficiency specifically in terms of solids removal efficiency. These authors also recommended that the ideal TAN concentration for AD of poultry manure should be around 800 mg.L-1.

Alternatives to overcome negative effects of high TAN concentration during anaerobic digestion have been studied. These include anaerobic co-digestion (Wang et al., 2014; Zhang et al., 2014), acclimation of microorganism (Yenigün & Demirel, 2013), dilution (Yun et al., 2016), and use of adsorbent substances (Cuetos et al., 2017). However, very few studies have focused on the use of adsorbent material aiming to improve the energetic performance and monitoring parameters of poultry manure AD.

Biochar is an adsorbent material, generated by pyrolysis of biomass conducted under high temperature in the absence of oxygen (Guo et al., 2016). Its use as a component in AD is relatively new but some studies that have been carried out with biochar noted its positive impact by allowing better stability and overall equilibrium of fermentative reactions (Ho & Ho, 2012; Luo et al., 2015; Cuetos et al., 2017 and Pan et al., 2019). Biochar’s pore structure coupled with its electrical conductivity may provide a higher potential for volatile fraction degradation by concentrating and immobilizing microorganisms on the organic fraction (Luo et al., 2015).

The adsorption phenomena of biochar with other substrates may improve digestion by: a) sorption of inhibitory components through its pores and sites for binding, b) increase buffering capacity, and c) formation of a biofilm to immobilize microorganism (Mumme et al., 2014; Luo et al., 2015 and Pan et al., 2019).

The present study proposed to assess the AD response of laying hen manure with different inclusion rate of biochar in batch anaerobic reactors with respect to physicochemical parameters and biogas production yield.

The study was conducted in the Anaerobic Digestion Laboratory in the Department of Agricultural Engineering at the Federal University of Viçosa (UFV). To perform the study, twelve anaerobic batch reactors of 2 L each were kept under controlled temperature at 35°C. Three levels (2.5; 5.0 and 7.5% by mass) of biochar inclusion plus the control were utilized, with each treatment replicated three times. A completely randomized design formed by 4 treatments and 3 replications was adopted.

Manure used in the experiment was collected from beneath cages in the laying hen barns of the Animal Science Department at Federal University of Viçosa. At the time of collection, manure was homogenized, and it was composed primarily of excreted feces, plus some feed waste, cracked eggs, insects, larva and particulate matter. The homogenized mixture was placed in plastic bags and transported to the Anaerobic Digestion Laboratory in the Agricultural Engineering Department. The biochar was made of pyrolyzed broiler chicken litter provided by a company from Sao Paulo State (SP Pesquisa e Tecnologia Ltda.).

To perform the physicochemical characterization of manure, biochar, substrates, and digestates, the following measurement were made: pH, total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), total solids (TS), and volatile solids (VS) according to the methodologies suggested by APHA, AWWA, WPCF (2017). Total carbon (TC) was determined by a gravimetric method which consisted of placing samples in a furnace for combustion at 550°C for four hours. After that, the residual total organic matter (TOM) was weighed and computed as percentage of initial dry matter. TC was obtained from a conversion factor (1.8:1 OM:TC) as suggested by Jiménez & Garcia (1992). Determination of total nitrogen (TN), phosphorous (P), and calcium (Ca) followed methodologies suggested by APHA, AWWA, WPCF, (2017). Table 1 lists the mean values of the parameters that characterize the laying hen manure and biochar.

For AD, twelve two-liters batch anaerobic reactors were used (figure 1). Each reactor had a hose barb on top connected to flexible tubing for gas to move to the gas collector, which consisted of two concentric cylindrical PVC pipes, with the outer pipe containing water to trap the collected gas.

All substrates to feed reactors were adjusted with deionized water to attain 7% of total solids (TS) of the manure and biochar mixtures. Formulated material used to feed reactors expressed in mass percent are displayed in Table 2.

All twelve anaerobic reactors were simultaneously sealed, placed inside a bath half-filled with water and kept there under controlled temperature at 35°C throughout the entire experiment. The batch time was 86 days and biogas production was recorded daily.

To measure the volume of generated biogas, a linear scale was attached to the gas collector (as seen in the figure 1) to record its displacement as pressure mounted by the generated gas. The value was multiplied by the inner cross-sectional area of the collector, assumed to be at local standard atmospheric pressure of 95.05 kPa. Biogas volume was corrected to 1 atm and 20°C using an equation resulting from the combination of Boyle’s and Gay-Lussac’s law. Biogas yield was calculated using data from daily biogas production and expressed in m3 of biogas per kg of TS and VS in and VS removed.

The experiment was a completely randomized design in with four treatments replicated three times each. The data were analyzed by a one-way ANOVA (analysis of variance) using Speed Stat software (Carvalho & Mendes, 2017). Mean values of all treatments were separated using a Tukey test with 5% level of significance.

Treatment means of pH and total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) of substrates and digestate are presented in Table 3. Mean substrate pH used to feed the reactors were different from one another (P<0.05) while pH digestate values were not affected by inclusions of biochar (Table 3). Total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) increased at the end of the experiment by about 3.2 times as compared to the initial. Higher inclusions of biochar (at 7.5%) led to lower TAN concentration in both substrate and digestate.

Means followed by different letters in the same row differ at 5% through Tukey test.

Both substrate and digestate pH values after 86 days of AD were within the acceptable range of 6.0 to 8.0 (Andrade et al., 2016) recommended for AD, but there was a decrease of values from the beginning to the end which is an indicative of system’s attempt to achieve stability.

Treatments that had only laying hen manure contributed to greater increase of TAN concentration, but it was still below the AD limit (3000 to 4000 mg.L-1, Niu et al. 2014). As observed by Cuetos et al., (2017), addition of larger amounts of activated carbon tend to minimize inhibitory occurrence in anaerobic reactors fed high nitrogen content biomass since total nitrogen is lower compared to treatments with lower inclusions of activated carbon. In the present study, inclusion of biochar resulted in a lower increase in TAN concentrations for both substrate and digestate, presumably from a lower load of rich organic matter which elicited less generation of TAN.

Biochar inclusion affected TS reduction (Table 3), while no effect was noted for VS reduction. In terms of TS, the 7.5% biochar treatment was higher than the control treatment and similar to the 2.5 and 5.0% treatments. The volatile fraction reduction averaged 55.5%, quite similar to the 56.6% achieved by Rahman et al. (2018) working with poultry droppings under mesophilic condition, and 59.8% achieved by Farias et al. (2012) with anaerobic batch reactors fed old laying hen manure with TS load of about 4%. Usually, lower amounts of TS are recommended for feeding anaerobic reactors to mitigate toxic effects of TAN.

Substrate C:N ratio was higher in all treatments compared to the control treatment with values ranging from 14.70 to 15.70% (Table 3) vs 12.2%. No statistical difference was observed for C:N ratio for digestate with values ranging from 5.29 to 6.07. Substrates of treatments with biochar inclusion had better C:N ratio with values in the range recommended by Niu et al. (2014) of 13:1 to 28:1. All C:N ratios for digestate samples were low compared to optimum values for the AD process, however, the lower values are indicative that digestate was already stabilized.

Higher biogas yield per kilogram feedstock, substrate, TS in, VS in and VS removed (m3.kg-1) were attained by the control (Table 4). Inclusions of 2.5% biochar displayed better performance in terms of biogas yield as compared to the other inclusions, despite being significantly lower than the control.

Means followed by different letters in the same row differ at 5% through Tukey test.

It was clearly noticed that as biochar inclusion increased biogas production decreased, and that effect might be due to the proportions of each component used to feed the reactors. In terms of biogas yield per kilogram of VS in, the achieved values (Table 4) were quite similar to other research with similar experimental conditions found in the literature by: Farias et al. (2012) of 0.21 m3.kg-1 VS in and Fantozzi & Buratti (2009) of 0.22 m3.kg-1 VS in, but lower than Zanato (2014) of 0.39 m3.kg-1 VS in. Our findings were higher than that found by Vicente Jr et al. (2018) of 0.166 m3.kg-1 VS in even though they used poultry feces as substrate in the AD process. High pH of all digestate and improper C:N ratio may have led to kinetic instabilities, affecting biogas yield.

All inclusions of biochar reduced biogas yield per kilogram of TS and VS in (m3.kg-1). The extent of decrease in biogas yield per kilogram of VS removed as compared to control treatment were 51, 74 and 83%, for 2.5; 5.0 and 7.5% of biochar inclusions, respectively.

As see in figure 2, biogas production in treatments peaked in the first days and it was not as prominent as expected, and that probably happened due to the high pH of all substrates used to feed the reactors. By contrast, the control biogas production was toward the latter half of the experiment.

It is known that in the beginning of the fermentative process for biogas production there is higher activity of acidogenic and acetogenic microorganisms which convert complex molecules into precursors for biogas production (Siddique & Wahid, 2018). This class of microorganism is known for better development and activity under a more acidified pH, and, since pH substrates were not corrected to neutral condition or below, certain instability may have happened and lower fermentative action of this microorganisms’ group took place at that time, which certainly could have influenced the kinetics of overall substrate’s metabolization, lowering the conversion rate of precursors into biogas.

Inclusions of biochar initiated rapid biogas production as illustrated in figure 2, starting slowly during the first week, peaking around the 20th to 25th day, and ceasing production around the 36th day. This early biogas production might be due to an increase in the hydrolysis rate in the presence of biochar as suggested by Ma et al. (2019). Yang & Wang (2019) mentioned that activation of important hydrolases such as proteases, cellulases and amylase can be attributed to the presence of biochar. Probably higher activity of proteases rapidly promotes generation of ammonia nitrogen which is efficiently used as substrate by microorganisms’ growth and development. On the other hand, the control treatment displayed an initial first peak of biogas production in the first week, but only started to produce significant amounts of biogas after the 41st day, with a peak biogas production around the 53rd day and another in the 66th day, before subsiding.

For better understanding the differences in biogas production over time, figure 3 displays the development and cumulative biogas production of batch anaerobic reactors feed laying hen manure different levels of biochar.

In spite of adversities, reactors fed hen manure with different inclusions of biochar displayed fast start-up of biogas production (Figures 3) which can also be attributed to a better C:N ratio at the beginning of the process which met the minimum metabolic requirements of fermentative microorganisms contributing to an early metabolization of organic matter and generation of volatile fatty acids for biogas production.

C:N ratio has a great influence on overall biogas production since it directly influences how organic matter is used by microorganisms. Despite lower biogas production than the control, a 2.5% inclusion rate of biochar may be an option in systems to achieve early biogas production. However, besides an early start-up of biogas production, biogas plants look for a longer production at a sustained high level, and taking this into account further research may be done using inoculum, since it not only improves biogas production but also would provide better conditions regarding monitoring parameters for microorganism development and therefore fermentative processes can be carried under conditions that favors biogas production at its high level.

Table 5 summarizes mean values of total nitrogen, phosphorous and calcium concentration of substrate and digestate from batch anaerobic reactors fed laying hen manure with different inclusions of biochar. The highest substrate TN concentration was observed in the control, which was probably due to the higher inclusion of manure on that treatment. No statistical difference was detected for digestate material, with values in the range of 4.57 to 4.93% on DM basis.

Means followed by different letters in the same row differ at 5% through Tukey test.

It should be noted that the use of non-stable digestate or even fresh raw manure in crop fields can lead to a caustic effect on plants due to rapid availability of nitrogen, and thus previous treatment are generally needed to attain a stable material. Use of non-stable digestate can inhibit seeds germination and root growth, as well as offering sanitary risks in vegetables cultivation and soil due to pathogenic microorganisms (Sediyama et al., 2008).

Higher concentration of substrate Total-P was detected for the 2.5% treatment while no difference was revealed among the other treatments, with values ranging from 4.48 to 4.87% on DM basis. A lower Total-P concentration was seen in the 7.5% treatment (Table 5).

There was no difference among treatments for calcium concentrations in substrate and digestate, with values ranging from 1.19 to 1.47% and 1.35 to 1.72%, respectively. High values of Ca substrate concentration might have been due to higher calcium inclusion in the hens’ diet which is indeed important for bone calcification, eggshell formation and other equally important metabolic functions. As previously mentioned, the manure used was a mixture of feces, feathers, waste feed, eggshell and egg contents, and others; All these components can increase the quantity of different macro and micro-nutrients on manure, including calcium.

Increased digestate concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorous and calcium were detected compared with substrate occurred as a function of the cumulative effects caused by break down of organic matter by fermentative microorganisms. Since the AD process using laying hen manure diluted in water with addition of biochar did not display a persistent improvement in biogas production over the 86 day experiment, lower fermentative activity of organic matter probably influenced a lower accumulated content of nitrogen, phosphorous and calcium on final digestate material.

Based on the results of this study, inclusions of biochar in the anaerobic digestion of laying hen manure diluted in water to 7% total solids in a batch reactor for 86 days resulted in lower concentrations of total ammonia nitrogen, which were in an acceptable range for anaerobic digestion process, however, despite this, biochar did not contribute to the increase of overall biogas yield per kilogram of feedstock, substrate, total solids, or volatile in and volatile solids removed. In terms of digestate quality, no significant contribution was found, despite the increase of total nitrogen, phosphorous and calcium in final the digestate

The authors thank the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) for the granting of a scholarship and financial aid.

Received: August 23, 2019; Accepted: April 01, 2020


Field-based investigation of aged biochar coupled with summer legumes effect on wheat yield in …

6 July, 2020
 

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Biochar Fine Granules Market 2020 Size, Share, Global Trends, Comprehensive Research Study …

6 July, 2020
 

Global “Biochar Fine Granules Market” 2020 Global Industry Research Report is deep analysis by historical and current status of the market/industries for Global Biochar Fine Granules industry. Also, research report categorizes the global Biochar Fine Granules market by Segment by Player, Type, Application, Marketing Channel, and Region. Biochar Fine Granules Market report also tracks the latest market dynamics, such as driving factors, restraining factors, and industry news like mergers, acquisitions, and investments. Biochar Fine Granules Market Research Report provides market size (value and volume), market share, growth rate by types, applications, and combines both qualitative and quantitative methods to make micro and macro forecasts.

Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry

Get a sample copy of the report athttps://www.researchreportsworld.com/enquiry/request-sample/15334501

The global Biochar Fine Granules market is anticipated to rise at a considerable rate during the forecast period, between 2020 and 2026. In 2020, the market was growing at a steady rate and with the rising adoption of strategies by key players, the market is expected to rise over the projected horizon.

The Global Biochar Fine Granules market 2020 research provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Share analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures are also analyzed. This report also states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins. For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Biochar Fine Granules manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market.

Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Report 2020 provides exclusive vital statistics, data, information, trends and competitive landscape details in this niche sector.

Enquire before purchasing this reporthttps://www.researchreportsworld.com/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/15334501

List Of TOP KEY PLAYERS in Biochar Fine Granules Market Report are —

 

 

The report also focuses on global major leading industry players of Global Biochar Fine Granules market providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. This report focuses on Biochar Fine Granules Market Trend, volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Biochar Fine Granules Market Size by analyzing historical data and future prospect.

With tables and figures helping analyze worldwide Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Forecast provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.

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On the basis of product, this report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

 

 

On the basis of the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, consumption (sales), market share and growth rate for each application, including

 

 

Major Points from Table of Contents:

1 Biochar Fine Granules Market Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Biochar Fine Granules
1.2 Biochar Fine Granules Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Growth Rate Comparison by Type (2021-2026)
1.2.2 Wood Source Biochar
1.2.3 Corn Source Biochar
1.2.4 Wheat Source Biochar
1.2.5 Others
1.3 Biochar Fine Granules Segment by Application
1.3.1 Biochar Fine Granules Sales Comparison by Application: 2020 VS 2026
1.3.2 Soil Conditioner
1.3.3 Fertilizer
1.3.4 Others
1.4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Size Estimates and Forecasts
1.4.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue 2015-2026
1.4.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales 2015-2026
1.4.3 Biochar Fine Granules Market Size by Region: 2020 Versus 2026

2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
2.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
2.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Average Price by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
2.4 Manufacturers Biochar Fine Granules Manufacturing Sites, Area Served, Product Type
2.5 Biochar Fine Granules Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.5.1 Biochar Fine Granules Market Concentration Rate
2.5.2 Global Top 5 and Top 10 Players Market Share by Revenue
2.5.3 Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
2.6 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans
2.7 Primary Interviews with Key Biochar Fine Granules Players (Opinion Leaders)

3 Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario by Region
3.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-2020
3.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020
3.3 North America Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country
3.3.1 North America Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.3.2 North America Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.3.3 U.S.
3.3.4 Canada
3.4 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country
3.4.1 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.4.2 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.4.3 Germany
3.4.4 France
3.4.5 U.K.
3.4.6 Italy
3.4.7 Russia
3.5 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Region
3.5.1 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Region
3.5.2 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Region
3.5.3 China
3.5.4 Japan
3.5.5 South Korea
3.5.6 India
3.5.7 Australia
3.5.8 Taiwan
3.5.9 Indonesia
3.5.10 Thailand
3.5.11 Malaysia
3.5.12 Philippines
3.5.13 Vietnam
3.6 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country
3.6.1 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.6.2 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.6.3 Mexico
3.6.3 Brazil
3.6.3 Argentina
3.7 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country
3.7.1 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.7.2 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Sales by Country
3.7.3 Turkey
3.7.4 Saudi Arabia
3.7.5 U.A.E
4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Historic Market Analysis by Type
4.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Price Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End

5 Global Biochar Fine Granules Historic Market Analysis by Application
5.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
5.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
5.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Price by Application (2015-2020)

6 Company Profiles and Key Figures in Biochar Fine Granules Business
6.1 Cool Planet Energy Systems
6.1.1 Corporation Information
6.1.2 Cool Planet Energy Systems Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.1.3 Cool Planet Energy Systems Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.1.4 Cool Planet Energy Systems Products Offered
6.1.5 Cool Planet Energy Systems Recent Development
6.2 Biochar Supreme
6.2.1 Biochar Supreme Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.2.2 Biochar Supreme Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.2.3 Biochar Supreme Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.2.4 Biochar Supreme Products Offered
6.2.5 Biochar Supreme Recent Development
6.3 NextChar
6.3.1 NextChar Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.3.2 NextChar Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.3.3 NextChar Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.3.4 NextChar Products Offered
6.3.5 NextChar Recent Development
6.4 Terra Char
6.4.1 Terra Char Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.4.2 Terra Char Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.4.3 Terra Char Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.4.4 Terra Char Products Offered
6.4.5 Terra Char Recent Development
6.5 CharGrow
6.5.1 CharGrow Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.5.2 CharGrow Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.5.3 CharGrow Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.5.4 CharGrow Products Offered
6.5.5 CharGrow Recent Development
6.6 Pacific Biochar
6.6.1 Pacific Biochar Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.6.2 Pacific Biochar Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.6.3 Pacific Biochar Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.6.4 Pacific Biochar Products Offered
6.6.5 Pacific Biochar Recent Development
6.7 Biochar Now
6.6.1 Biochar Now Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.6.2 Biochar Now Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.6.3 Biochar Now Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.4.4 Biochar Now Products Offered
6.7.5 Biochar Now Recent Development
6.8 The Biochar Company (TBC)
6.8.1 The Biochar Company (TBC) Biochar Fine Granules Production Sites and Area Served
6.8.2 The Biochar Company (TBC) Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue
6.8.3 The Biochar Company (TBC) Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
6.8.4 The Biochar Company (TBC) Products Offered
6.8.5 The Biochar Company (TBC) Recent Development

7 Biochar Fine Granules Manufacturing Cost Analysis
7.1 Biochar Fine Granules Key Raw Materials Analysis
7.1.1 Key Raw Materials
7.1.2 Key Raw Materials Price Trend
7.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
7.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
7.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Biochar Fine Granules
7.4 Biochar Fine Granules Industrial Chain Analysis

8 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers
8.1 Marketing Channel
8.2 Biochar Fine Granules Distributors List
8.3 Biochar Fine Granules Customers

9 Market Dynamics
9.1 Market Trends
9.2 Opportunities and Drivers
9.3 Challenges
9.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

10 Global Market Forecast
10.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Type
10.1.1 Global Forecasted Sales of Biochar Fine Granules by Type (2021-2026)
10.1.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Biochar Fine Granules by Type (2021-2026)
10.2 Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Application
10.2.1 Global Forecasted Sales of Biochar Fine Granules by Application (2021-2026)
10.2.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Biochar Fine Granules by Application (2021-2026)
10.3 Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Region
10.3.1 Global Forecasted Sales of Biochar Fine Granules by Region (2021-2026)
10.3.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Biochar Fine Granules by Region (2021-2026)
10.4 North America Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
10.5 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
10.6 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
10.7 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
10.8 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)
11 Research Finding and Conclusion

12 Methodology and Data Source
12.1 Methodology/Research Approach
12.1.1 Research Programs/Design
12.1.2 Market Size Estimation
12.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
12.2 Data Source
12.2.1 Secondary Sources
12.2.2 Primary Sources
12.3 Author List
12.4 Disclaimer

………………………Continued

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Development of Biochar Filled High Density Polyethylene Composite

6 July, 2020
 


PEMBERIAN BIOCHAR DIPERKAYA TRICHODERMA DENGAN PENAMBAHAN AMONIUM …

7 July, 2020
 

Wuri Nastiti
ORCID iD https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5092-8286
Universitas Brawijaya
Indonesia

Cahyo Prayogo
UB
Indonesia

Lecturer

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan

Universitas Brawijaya Journal – © 2019

e-ISSN : 2549-9793

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Calcium-Loaded Municipal Sludge-Biochar as an Efficient and Stable Catalyst for Biodiesel …

7 July, 2020
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Growth By Manufacturers, Type And Application, Forecast To 2026

7 July, 2020
 

New Jersey, United States,- Market Research Intellect sheds light on the market scope, potential, and performance perspective of the Global Biochar Fertilizer Market by carrying out an extensive market analysis. Pivotal market aspects like market trends, the shift in customer preferences, fluctuating consumption, cost volatility, the product range available in the market, growth rate, drivers and constraints, financial standing, and challenges existing in the market are comprehensively evaluated to deduce their impact on the growth of the market in the coming years. The report also gives an industry-wide competitive analysis, highlighting the different market segments, individual market share of leading players, and the contemporary market scenario and the most vital elements to study while assessing the global Biochar Fertilizer market.

The research study includes the latest updates about the COVID-19 impact on the Biochar Fertilizer sector. The outbreak has broadly influenced the global economic landscape. The report contains a complete breakdown of the current situation in the ever-evolving business sector and estimates the aftereffects of the outbreak on the overall economy.

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Leading Biochar Fertilizer manufacturers/companies operating at both regional and global levels:

The report also inspects the financial standing of the leading companies, which includes gross profit, revenue generation, sales volume, sales revenue, manufacturing cost, individual growth rate, and other financial ratios.

Industrial Analysis:

The Biochar Fertilizer market report is extensively categorized into different product types and applications. The study has a separate section for explaining the cost of raw material and the revenue returns that are gained by the players of the market.

The segmentation included in the report is beneficial for readers to capitalize on the selection of appropriate segments for the Biochar Fertilizer sector and can help companies in deciphering the optimum business move to reach their desired business goals.

In Market Segmentation by Types of Biochar Fertilizer, the report covers-

In Market Segmentation by Applications of the Biochar Fertilizer, the report covers the following uses-

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The Biochar Fertilizer market report provides successfully marked contemplated policy changes, favorable circumstances, industry news, developments, and trends. This information can help readers fortify their market position. It packs various parts of information gathered from secondary sources, including press releases, web, magazines, and journals as numbers, tables, pie-charts, and graphs. The information is verified and validated through primary interviews and questionnaires. The data on growth and trends focuses on new technologies, market capacities, raw materials, CAPEX cycle, and the dynamic structure of the Biochar Fertilizer market.

This study analyzes the growth of Biochar Fertilizer based on the present, past and futuristic data and will render complete information about the Biochar Fertilizer industry to the market-leading industry players that will guide the direction of the Biochar Fertilizer market through the forecast period. All of these players are analyzed in detail so as to get details concerning their recent announcements and partnerships, product/services, and investment strategies, among others.

Sales Forecast:

The report contains historical revenue and volume that backing information about the market capacity, and it helps to evaluate conjecture numbers for key areas in the Biochar Fertilizer market. Additionally, it includes a share of each segment of the Biochar Fertilizer market, giving methodical information about types and applications of the market.

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This report gives a forward-looking prospect of various factors driving or restraining market growth.

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It assists in making informed business decisions by performing a pin-point analysis of market segments and by having complete insights of the Biochar Fertilizer market.

This report helps the readers understand key product segments and their future.

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In the end, the Biochar Fertilizer market is analyzed for revenue, sales, price, and gross margin. These points are examined for companies, types, applications, and regions.

To summarize, the global Biochar Fertilizer market report studies the contemporary market to forecast the growth prospects, challenges, opportunities, risks, threats, and the trends observed in the market that can either propel or curtail the growth rate of the industry. The market factors impacting the global sector also include provincial trade policies, international trade disputes, entry barriers, and other regulatory restrictions.

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Biochar Market Survey Report 2020 Along with Statistics, Forecasts till 2026

7 July, 2020
 

The Biochar Market Research Report 2020 to 2026 presents an in-depth assessment of the Station Biochar It provides the industry overview with market growth analysis with a historical & futuristic perspective considering the following parameters; cost, revenue, demands, and supply data (as applicable). The bottom-up approach was used to estimate the global market size of Station Biochar based on end-use applications in the various regions, in terms of USD million. The report covers the historic growth of the market, the impact of the COVID-19, and also forecasts its recovery post-COVID-19. The report also presents forecasts for Biochar investments from 2020 to 2026.

Top Companies in the Global Speech Therapy Software Market
PYREG GmbH, Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Vega Biofuels, Inc., Pacific Pyrolysis, Carbon Terra GmbH, Swiss Biochar GmbH, Phoenix Energy, Sonnenerde, Diacarbon Energy Inc., Biochar Supreme, LLC, BlackCarbon A/S, Carbon Gold Ltd, Biochar Products, Inc., ArSta Eco, The Biochar Company, Agri-Tech Producers, LLC, among others.

The global Biochar Market is expected to reach approximately US$ 687.58 Million by 2026 growing at a CAGR of 9.6% from 2020-2026.

Market Overview
This report studies the Biochar market, Biochar is the solid product of pyrolysis, designed to be used for environmental management. IBI defines biochar as A solid material obtained from the thermochemical conversion of biomass in an oxygen-limited environment.

Get Free Sample PDF Copy of Latest Biochar Research on Biochar Market 2020 Before the purchase
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Market Insights
Biochar is charcoal used as a soil amendment. Like most charcoal, biochar is made from biomass via pyrolysis. Biochar can increase soil fertility of acidic soils (low pH soils), increase agricultural productivity, and provide protection against some foliar and soil-borne diseases. Furthermore, biochar reduces pressure on forests. Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon, and can endure in soil for thousands of years.
Biochar is a fragmented industry with a variety of manufacturers, among which most are small privately-owned companies. The top 5 producers account for just 38.34% of the market. Also, many companies are emerging companies that specialized in the production of biochar, and a large share of their products is sold by traders and online.
A key variable in the performance of biochar producers is raw material costs, specifically the speed at which any increase can be passed through to customers. The materials of biochar include wood, rice stove, corn stove, and other biomass materials. Wood now is the major raw material of biochar, but its price would be higher than other derived products. The price of crop raw material fluctuates with the agricultural market in the local market.

The Biochar market can be divided based on product types and It’s sub-type, major applications and Third-Party usage area, and important regions

This report segments the global Biochar Market based on Types are:
primarily split into:
Agriculture Waste
Forestry Waste
Animal Manure
Biomass Plantation

Based on Application, the Global Biochar Market is Segmented into:
Gardening
Agriculture
Household

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Geographically, this report is segmented into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue (million USD), and market share and growth rate of Biochar Market these regions, from 2020 to 2026 (forecast), covering
North AmericaEuropeChinaJapan, Southeast Asia, India, North America (USA, Canada, and Mexico) Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy) Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia) South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, etc.), Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa).

Significant Features that are under Offering and Key Highlights of the Reports:

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Recent industry trends and developments
-Competitive landscape of Biochar Market
-Strategies of key players and product offerings
-Potential and niche segments/regions exhibiting promising growth.

Frequently Asked Questions about Biochar market:

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The Global Biochar Market report includes the accurately studied and assessed data of the key industry players and their scope in the market utilizing several analytical tools. The analytical tools such as Porter’s five forces analysis, SWOT analysis, feasibility study, and investment return analysis have been used to analyze the growth of the key players operating in the market

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Effects of biochar on methane emission from paddy soil: Focusing on DOM and microbial …

7 July, 2020
 

Low-temperature biochar (BC300) increased methane yields.

BC300 could provide more biodegradable fluorescent components to microorganisms.

Higher-temperature biochar (BC700) induced decreased methane production.

BC700 reduced some inherent organics in the soil.

Several syntrophic bacteria showed a positive correlation with methane production.

Low-temperature biochar (BC300) increased methane yields.

BC300 could provide more biodegradable fluorescent components to microorganisms.

Higher-temperature biochar (BC700) induced decreased methane production.

BC700 reduced some inherent organics in the soil.

Several syntrophic bacteria showed a positive correlation with methane production.

Biochar can be used as a soil amendment. However, it generally possesses unique physicochemical properties and complex organics, which could affect soil methanogenesis. In this study,straw-based biochars obtained at 300 °C (BC300), 500 °C (BC500) and 700 °C (BC700) were added to the paddy soil. Compared with the blank group, BC300 significantly increased paddy soil methane emissions by about 38%. However, this promoting effect gradually disappeared with the increase of pyrolysis temperature, and the inhibition even appeared in the BC700 group with the methane reduction by 18.2%. This might be related to the organics released from biochar. Van Krevelen (VK) diagram showed that the aromaticity of BC700 and BC500 were significantly higher than BC300. Fluorescent analysis further revealed that BC300 increased the amount of degradable fluorescent organics in the soil, which could provide more substrate for methane production. Moreover, as pyrolysis temperature increased, the fluorescent organics released were more likely to be non-biodegradable humus. In addition, it was shown that BC700 could adsorb some inherent organics in the soil, and thus reduced the total organic content and inhibited soil methane emissions. Microbial analysis showed that methanogenesis had a positive correlation with the abundance of syntrophic bacteria (e.g. Desulfobacca and Clostridium) which had ability to further degrade various types of organics and provided substrates to the methanogens. This article provides a deeper understanding regarding for the effects of biochar on methane emission from paddy soil in terms of organics and microbial perspectives.

Authors contributed equally to this article.


Global Biochar Market Review & Forecast Research Report Published Adroit Market Research

7 July, 2020
 

Global Biochar Market Research Report 2020 Cover Covid-19 Impact

The study on the Biochar Market by Adroit Market Research is a compilation of systematic details in terms of market valuation, market size, revenue estimation, and geographical spectrum of the business vertical. The study also offers a precise analysis of the key challenges and growth prospects awaiting key players of the Biochar Market, including a concise summary of their corporate strategies and competitive setting.

Download Premium Sample of the Report: https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698

The detailed market intelligence report on the Global Biochar Market applies the most effective of each primary and secondary analysis to weighs upon the competitive landscape and also the outstanding market players expected to dominate Global Biochar Market place for the forecast 2019- 2025.

Global market report helps to identify opportunities in market place.

Global market report covers extensive analysis of emerging trends and competitive landscape.

Company Profiles include —

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

Read complete report with Toc at: https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/biochar-market

Scope of the Report:

Report evaluates the growth rate and the Market value based on Market dynamics, growth inducing factors. The complete knowledge is based on latest industry news, opportunities and trends. The report contains a comprehensive Market analysis and vendor landscape in addition to a SWOT analysis of the key vendors.

Geographically, this report split global into several key Regions, revenue (Million USD) The geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa) focusing on key countries in each region. It also covers market drivers, restraints, opportunities, challenges, and key issues in Global Biochar Market.

Global market report covers in-depth historical and forecast analysis.

Global market research report provides detail information about Market Introduction, Market Summary, Global market Revenue (Revenue USD), Market Drivers, Market Restraints, Market Opportunities, Competitive Analysis, Regional and Country Level.

Biochar Market Segmentation:

Segmentation by Type:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Segmentation by Application:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

This comprehensive report will provide:
* Enhance your strategic decision making
* Assist with your research, presentations and business plans
* Show which emerging market opportunities to focus on
* Increase your industry knowledge
* Keep you up-to-date with crucial market developments
* Allow you to develop informed growth strategies
* Build your technical insight
* Illustrate trends to exploit
* Strengthen your analysis of competitors
* Provide risk analysis, helping you avoid the pitfalls other companies could make
* Ultimately, help you to maximize profitability for your company.

Our Market Research Solution Provides You Answer to Below Mentioned Question:
1. Which are the driving factors responsible for the growth of market?
2. Which are the roadblock factors of this market?
3. What are the new opportunities, by which market will grow in coming years?
4. What are the trends of this market?
5. Which are main factors responsible for new product launch?
6. How big is the global & regional market in terms of revenue, sales and production?
7. How far will the market grow in forecast period in terms of revenue, sales and production?
8. Which region is dominating the global market and what are the market shares of each region in the overall market in 2017?
9. How will each segment grow over the forecast period and how much revenue will these segment account for in 2025?
10. Which region has more opportunities?

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biochar pulverizers America

7 July, 2020
 

The farm occupied a total area of 320 ha, and the experimental parcels on 100 ha of this total The insecticide applications were performed with costal pulverizers, Inquérito » Properties of biochar ScienceDirect The chemical properties of biochar range from elemental composition to ,

SKS

No.416 Jianye Road South Jinqiao Area Shanghai, China

No.416 Jianye Road South Jinqiao Area Shanghai, China


Biochar Market Supply

7 July, 2020
 

Biochar Market 2020: Latest Analysis 

Chicago, United States —The Biochar market report [5 Years Forecast 2020-2025] focuses on the COVID19 Outbreak Impact analysis of key points influencing the growth of the market. Providing info like market competitive situation, product scope, market overview, opportunities, driving force and market risks. Profile the Top Key Players of Biochar, with sales, revenue and global market share of Biochar are analyzed emphatically by landscape contrast and speak to info. Upstream raw materials and instrumentation and downstream demand analysis is additionally administrated. The Biochar market business development trends and selling channels square measure analyzed. From a global perspective, It also represents overall industry size by analyzing qualitative insights and historical data.

The Global Biochar Market report briefs on the existing competitors and major market trends, covering comprehensive analysis of both growth factors and restrains those can positively or negatively impact the industry outlook during the forecast period. It entails all details about the key factors that are expected to drive the Global Biochar market growth during the forecast time-frame.Market data and analytics showcased in the report are a product of extensive research done on root level and so the resultant information serves as a guideline for new players willing to enter the market. The data comes from several trustworthy sources considering the degree of accuracy and reliability.

>>>>>Get a Sample PDF Copy (including full TOC, Tables, and Figures) of Biochar Market Report @

>>>>>>This Report Covers Leading Companies Associated in Worldwide Biochar Market: :
DRT
Rosin Chemical (Wuping)
Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical)
Arakawachem
Finjet Chemical Industries
Guilin Songquan Forest Chemical
Shenzhen Jitian Chemical

 

Our exploration specialists acutely ascertain the significant aspects of the global Biochar market report. It also provides an in-depth valuation in regards to the future advancements relying on the past data and present circumstance of Biochar market situation. In this Biochar report, we have investigated the principals, players in the market, geological regions, product type, and market end-client applications. The global Biochar report comprises of primary and secondary data which is exemplified in the form of pie outlines, Biochar tables, analytical figures, and reference diagrams. The Biochar report is presented in an efficient way that involves basic dialect, basic Biochar outline, agreements, and certain facts as per solace and comprehension.

Global Biochar Market by Type:
B-90
B-115
B-140
Others

 

Global Biochar Market by Application:
Coating Industry
Ink Industry
Adhesive Industry
Medical Industry
Pigment Industry
Others

 

Regions and Countries: U.S, Canada, France, Germany, UK, Italy, Rest of Europe, India, China, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Australia, Rest of APAC, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Rest of LATAM, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, UAE.

The analysis includes market size, upstream situation, market segmentation, market segmentation, price & cost and industry environment. In addition, the report outlines the factors driving industry growth and the description of market channels.The report begins from overview of industrial chain structure, and describes the upstream. Besides, the report analyses market size and forecast in different geographies, type and end-use segment, in addition, the report introduces market competition overview among the major companies and companies profiles, besides, market price and channel features are covered in the report.

Reasons to Purchase this Report:

To understand the impact of end-user applications on the market
Analyzing various perspectives of the market
To understand the dominating type in the market
Countries expected to witness the fastest growth during the forecast period
Identify the latest developments, market shares, and strategies employed by the major market players

NOTE:  Our team is studying Covid-19 impact analysis on various industry verticals and Country Level impact for a better analysis of markets and industries. The 2020 latest edition of this report is entitled to provide additional commentary on latest scenario, economic slowdown and COVID-19 impact on overall industry. Further it will also provide qualitative information about when industry could come back on track and what possible measures industry players are taking to deal with current situation.

Strategic Points Covered in TOC:
Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product scope, market risk, market overview, and market opportunities of the global Biochar market.

Chapter 2: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the global Biochar market which consists of its revenue, sales, and price of the products.

Chapter 3: Displaying the competitive nature among key manufacturers, with market share, revenue, and sales.
Chapter 4: Presenting global Biochar market by regions, market share and revenue and sales for the projected period.

Chapters 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions.

Get Full Customize report  @ https://www.reporthive.com/request_customization/2341174

Why Go For Report Hive Research?

Report Hive Research delivers strategic market research reports, statistical surveys, industry analysis and forecast data on products and services, markets and companies. Our clientele ranges mix of global business leaders, government organizations, SME’s, individuals and Start-ups, top management consulting firms, universities, etc. Our library of 700,000 + reports targets high growth emerging markets in the USA, Europe Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific covering industries like IT, Telecom, Semiconductor, Chemical, Healthcare, Pharmaceutical, Energy and Power, Manufacturing, Automotive and Transportation, Food and Beverages, etc. This large collection of insightful reports assists clients to stay ahead of time and competition. We help in business decision-making on aspects such as market entry strategies, market sizing, market share analysis, sales and revenue, technology trends, competitive analysis, product portfolio, and application analysis, etc.

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Suite 6014,

Chicago, IL – 60611,

United States

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Email: [email protected]
Phone: +1 312-604-7084


TRENDING NEWS: COVID-19 IMPACT ON PROFESSIONAL SKINCARE MARKET …

7 July, 2020
 

Biochar Market 2020: Latest Analysis 

Chicago, United States —The Biochar market report [5 Years Forecast 2020-2025] focuses on the COVID19 Outbreak Impact analysis of key points influencing the growth of the market. Providing info like market competitive situation, product scope, market overview, opportunities, driving force and market risks. Profile the Top Key Players of Biochar, with sales, revenue and global market share of Biochar are analyzed emphatically by landscape contrast and speak to info. Upstream raw materials and instrumentation and downstream demand analysis is additionally administrated. The Biochar market business development trends and selling channels square measure analyzed. From a global perspective, It also represents overall industry size by analyzing qualitative insights and historical data.

The Global Biochar Market report briefs on the existing competitors and major market trends, covering comprehensive analysis of both growth factors and restrains those can positively or negatively impact the industry outlook during the forecast period. It entails all details about the key factors that are expected to drive the Global Biochar market growth during the forecast time-frame.Market data and analytics showcased in the report are a product of extensive research done on root level and so the resultant information serves as a guideline for new players willing to enter the market. The data comes from several trustworthy sources considering the degree of accuracy and reliability.

>>>>>Get a Sample PDF Copy (including full TOC, Tables, and Figures) of Biochar Market Report @

>>>>>>This Report Covers Leading Companies Associated in Worldwide Biochar Market: :
DRT
Rosin Chemical (Wuping)
Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical)
Arakawachem
Finjet Chemical Industries
Guilin Songquan Forest Chemical
Shenzhen Jitian Chemical

 

Our exploration specialists acutely ascertain the significant aspects of the global Biochar market report. It also provides an in-depth valuation in regards to the future advancements relying on the past data and present circumstance of Biochar market situation. In this Biochar report, we have investigated the principals, players in the market, geological regions, product type, and market end-client applications. The global Biochar report comprises of primary and secondary data which is exemplified in the form of pie outlines, Biochar tables, analytical figures, and reference diagrams. The Biochar report is presented in an efficient way that involves basic dialect, basic Biochar outline, agreements, and certain facts as per solace and comprehension.

Global Biochar Market by Type:
B-90
B-115
B-140
Others

 

Global Biochar Market by Application:
Coating Industry
Ink Industry
Adhesive Industry
Medical Industry
Pigment Industry
Others

 

Regions and Countries: U.S, Canada, France, Germany, UK, Italy, Rest of Europe, India, China, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Australia, Rest of APAC, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Rest of LATAM, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, UAE.

The analysis includes market size, upstream situation, market segmentation, market segmentation, price & cost and industry environment. In addition, the report outlines the factors driving industry growth and the description of market channels.The report begins from overview of industrial chain structure, and describes the upstream. Besides, the report analyses market size and forecast in different geographies, type and end-use segment, in addition, the report introduces market competition overview among the major companies and companies profiles, besides, market price and channel features are covered in the report.

Reasons to Purchase this Report:

To understand the impact of end-user applications on the market
Analyzing various perspectives of the market
To understand the dominating type in the market
Countries expected to witness the fastest growth during the forecast period
Identify the latest developments, market shares, and strategies employed by the major market players

NOTE:  Our team is studying Covid-19 impact analysis on various industry verticals and Country Level impact for a better analysis of markets and industries. The 2020 latest edition of this report is entitled to provide additional commentary on latest scenario, economic slowdown and COVID-19 impact on overall industry. Further it will also provide qualitative information about when industry could come back on track and what possible measures industry players are taking to deal with current situation.

Strategic Points Covered in TOC:
Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product scope, market risk, market overview, and market opportunities of the global Biochar market.

Chapter 2: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the global Biochar market which consists of its revenue, sales, and price of the products.

Chapter 3: Displaying the competitive nature among key manufacturers, with market share, revenue, and sales.
Chapter 4: Presenting global Biochar market by regions, market share and revenue and sales for the projected period.

Chapters 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions.

Get Full Customize report  @ https://www.reporthive.com/request_customization/2341174

Why Go For Report Hive Research?

Report Hive Research delivers strategic market research reports, statistical surveys, industry analysis and forecast data on products and services, markets and companies. Our clientele ranges mix of global business leaders, government organizations, SME’s, individuals and Start-ups, top management consulting firms, universities, etc. Our library of 700,000 + reports targets high growth emerging markets in the USA, Europe Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific covering industries like IT, Telecom, Semiconductor, Chemical, Healthcare, Pharmaceutical, Energy and Power, Manufacturing, Automotive and Transportation, Food and Beverages, etc. This large collection of insightful reports assists clients to stay ahead of time and competition. We help in business decision-making on aspects such as market entry strategies, market sizing, market share analysis, sales and revenue, technology trends, competitive analysis, product portfolio, and application analysis, etc.

Get in Touch with Us :

Report Hive Research

500, North Michigan Avenue,

Suite 6014,

Chicago, IL – 60611,

United States

Website: https://www.reporthive.com
Email: [email protected]
Phone: +1 312-604-7084


COVID-19 impact on Aluminum Alloy Wheels Market Key Manufacturers, Demand, Application …

7 July, 2020
 

Chicago, United States:- The Aluminum Alloy Wheels market report 5 Years Forecast [2020-2025] focuses on the COVID19 Outbreak Impact analysis of key points influencing the growth of the market. The research report on the Aluminum Alloy Wheels Market is a deep analysis of the market. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the Aluminum Alloy Wheels market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report. Experts have studied the historical data and compared it with the changing market situations. The report covers all the necessary information required by new entrants as well as the existing players to gain deeper insight.

Furthermore, the statistical survey in the report focuses on product specifications, costs, production capacities, marketing channels, and market players. Upstream raw materials, downstream demand analysis, and a list of end-user industries have been studied systematically, along with the suppliers in this market. The product flow and distribution channel have also been presented in this research report.

Top Players of Aluminum Alloy Wheels Market are studied:

Diacarbon Energy
Agri-Tech Producers
Biochar Now
Carbon Gold
Kina
The Biochar Company
Swiss Biochar GmbH
ElementC6
BioChar Products
BlackCarbon
Cool Planet
Carbon Terra
Pacific Biochar
Vega Biofuels
Liaoning Jinhefu Group
Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy
Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology
Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai)

 

>>> Get Free Sample PDF (including COVID19 Impact Analysis, full TOC, Tables and Figures) of Aluminum Alloy Wheels Market:

What Our Report Offers:

Note: Covid-19 pandemic affects most industries in the globe. Here at acquire market research we offer you comprehensive data of related industry which will help and support your business in all possible ways.Due to the pandemic of COVID-19 businesses have seen a decrease in their profits. While our intention is to help businesses regain their profits we also provide information regarding the COVID-19 virus to help our customers stay safe during the pandemic

Aluminum Alloy Wheels Segmentation by Product

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

Aluminum Alloy Wheels Segmentation by Application

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

The analysis includes market size, upstream situation, market segmentation, market segmentation, price & cost and industry environment. In addition, the report outlines the factors driving industry growth and the description of market channels.The report begins from overview of industrial chain structure, and describes the upstream. Besides, the report analyses market size and forecast in different geographies, type and end-use segment, in addition, the report introduces market competition overview among the major companies and companies profiles, besides, market price and channel features are covered in the report.

Benefits of Buying this Market Research Report:

Our exploration specialists acutely ascertain the significant aspects of the global Aluminum Alloy Wheels market report. It also provides an in-depth valuation in regards to the future advancements relying on the past data and present circumstance of Aluminum Alloy Wheels market situation. In this Aluminum Alloy Wheels report, we have investigated the principals, players in the market, geological regions, product type, and market end-client applications. The global Aluminum Alloy Wheels report comprises of primary and secondary data which is exemplified in the form of pie outlines, Aluminum Alloy Wheels tables, analytical figures, and reference diagrams. The Aluminum Alloy Wheels report is presented in an efficient way that involves basic dialect, basic Aluminum Alloy Wheels outline, agreements, and certain facts as per solace and comprehension.

Table of Contents.

Report Overview: It includes major players of the global keyword market covered in the research study, research scope, and market segments by type, market segments by application, years considered for the research study, and objectives of the report.

Global Growth Trends: This section focuses on industry trends where market drivers and top market trends are shed light upon. It also provides growth rates of key producers operating in the global keyword market. Furthermore, it offers production and capacity analysis where marketing pricing trends, capacity, production, and production value of the global keyword market are discussed.

Market Share by Manufacturers: Here, the report provides details about revenue by manufacturers, production and capacity by manufacturers, price by manufacturers, expansion plans, mergers and acquisitions, and products, market entry dates, distribution, and market areas of key manufacturers.

Market Size by Type: This section concentrates on product type segments where production value market share, price, and production market share by product type are discussed.

Market Size by Application: Besides an overview of the global keyword market by application, it gives a study on the consumption in the global keyword market by application.

Production by Region: Here, the production value growth rate, production growth rate, import and export, and key players of each regional market are provided.

Consumption by Region: This section provides information on the consumption in each regional market studied in the report. The consumption is discussed on the basis of country, application, and product type.

Company Profiles: Almost all leading players of the global keyword market are profiled in this section. The analysts have provided information about their recent developments in the global keyword market, products, revenue, production, business, and company.

Market Forecast by Production: The production and production value forecasts included in this section are for the global keyword market as well as for key regional markets.

Market Forecast by Consumption: The consumption and consumption value forecasts included in this section are for the global keyword market as well as for key regional markets.

Value Chain and Sales Analysis: It deeply analyzes customers, distributors, sales channels, and value chain of the global keyword market.

Key Findings: This section gives a quick look at the important findings of the research study.

Get Full Customize report  @ https://www.reporthive.com/request_customization/2341173

Why Go For Report Hive Research?

Report Hive Research delivers strategic market research reports, statistical surveys, industry analysis and forecast data on products and services, markets and companies. Our clientele ranges mix of global business leaders, government organizations, SME’s, individuals and Start-ups, top management consulting firms, universities, etc. Our library of 700,000 + reports targets high growth emerging markets in the USA, Europe Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific covering industries like IT, Telecom, Semiconductor, Chemical, Healthcare, Pharmaceutical, Energy and Power, Manufacturing, Automotive and Transportation, Food and Beverages, etc. This large collection of insightful reports assists clients to stay ahead of time and competition. We help in business decision-making on aspects such as market entry strategies, market sizing, market share analysis, sales and revenue, technology trends, competitive analysis, product portfolio, and application analysis, etc.

Get in Touch with Us :

Report Hive Research

500, North Michigan Avenue,

Suite 6014,

Chicago, IL – 60611,

United States

Website: https://www.reporthive.com
Email: [email protected]
Phone: +1 312-604-7084

 


Biochar Industry Trends

7 July, 2020
 

The research report on global Biochar Market is a comprehensive guide for new market entrants. The report provides the market history of each product retailed by the company. It also provides a history of product types, technology and volume during the forecast period. The growth rate, challenges and obstacles are also explained in the Global Biochar study report. The report highlights the rate of development of the strategies, products and technologies used in the production, manufacture and marketing of the product.

The following Top manufacturers are evaluated in this report: DRT, Rosin Chemical (Wuping), Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical), Arakawachem, Finjet Chemical Industries, Guilin Songquan Forest Chemical, Shenzhen Jitian Chemical & amp; More.

More Insightful information | Request a sample copy @ https://www.reportsmonitor.com/request_sample/962600

Key Product Type
B-90
B-115
B-140
Others

Market by Application
Coating Industry
Ink Industry
Adhesive Industry
Medical Industry
Pigment Industry
Others

Some of the main geographic regions included in this report are:
1. North America (United States and Canada and rest of North America)
2. Europe (Germany, France, Italy and the rest of Europe)
3. Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, South Korea and the rest of Asia-Pacific)
4. LAMEA (Brazil, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and the rest of LAMEA)

Chapter 1: The World Market Research Report Biochar Help Understand Crucial Information About The Given Market.
Chapter 2: The report provides a detailed study on each actor having a major impact on the global market Biochar, such as company profiles, the latest technological advances of market players and the product profile of the player currently available in the market, as well as the regions in which they operate mainly.
Chapter 3: It helps to understand the key product segments and their future on the global market Biochar. It provides strategic solutions and recommendations in key business sectors based on market estimates.
Chapter 4: The report also presents an eight-year forecast survey based on expected market growth.

Grab Your Report at an Impressive Discount ! Please click [email protected]https://www.reportsmonitor.com/check_discount/962600

The Global Biochar Market report analyzes the production of goods, supply, sales and the current state of the market in detail. In addition, the report examines the market share of production and sales of products, as well as capacity, production capacity, sales trends, cost analysis and revenue generation. Several other factors such as import / export status, industrial statistics, supply and demand ratio, gross margin and the structure of the industrial chain were also studied in the Global Biochar Reports.

The main questions answered in the report are:

• What is the estimated market size of the Global Biochar market?
• What are the effective growth drivers in the global Biochar market?
• Who are the main manufacturers on the world market for Biochar?
• What are the opportunities, risks, obstacles and challenges of the global Biochar?
• What are the sales, revenues and price analysis of the main manufacturers on the world market?
• Who are the main traders, distributors and resellers on the world market ?

Get the full report with TOC Please click here @ https://www.reportsmonitor.com/report/962600/Biochar-Market

To conclude, the Biochar report mentions the key geographies, the market landscapes as well as the product price, revenues, volume, production, supply, demand, rate of market growth and forecasts etc. This report also provides a SWOT analysis, an investment feasibility analysis and a return on investment. analysis.

Contact us
Jay Matthews
Direct: +1 513 549 5911 (U.S.)
+44 203 318 2846 (U.K.)
Email: [email protected]


Biochar Market 2021-2026 Study & Future Prospects Including key players | DRT, Rosin Chemical …

7 July, 2020
 

The research report on global Biochar Market is a comprehensive guide for new market entrants. The report provides the market history of each product retailed by the company. It also provides a history of product types, technology and volume during the forecast period. The growth rate, challenges and obstacles are also explained in the Global Biochar study report. The report highlights the rate of development of the strategies, products and technologies used in the production, manufacture and marketing of the product.

The following Top manufacturers are evaluated in this report: DRT, Rosin Chemical (Wuping), Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical), Arakawachem, Finjet Chemical Industries, Guilin Songquan Forest Chemical, Shenzhen Jitian Chemical & amp; More.

More Insightful information | Request a sample copy @ https://www.reportsmonitor.com/request_sample/962600

Key Product Type
B-90
B-115
B-140
Others

Market by Application
Coating Industry
Ink Industry
Adhesive Industry
Medical Industry
Pigment Industry
Others

Some of the main geographic regions included in this report are:
1. North America (United States and Canada and rest of North America)
2. Europe (Germany, France, Italy and the rest of Europe)
3. Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, South Korea and the rest of Asia-Pacific)
4. LAMEA (Brazil, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and the rest of LAMEA)

Chapter 1: The World Market Research Report Biochar Help Understand Crucial Information About The Given Market.
Chapter 2: The report provides a detailed study on each actor having a major impact on the global market Biochar, such as company profiles, the latest technological advances of market players and the product profile of the player currently available in the market, as well as the regions in which they operate mainly.
Chapter 3: It helps to understand the key product segments and their future on the global market Biochar. It provides strategic solutions and recommendations in key business sectors based on market estimates.
Chapter 4: The report also presents an eight-year forecast survey based on expected market growth.

Grab Your Report at an Impressive Discount ! Please click [email protected]https://www.reportsmonitor.com/check_discount/962600

The Global Biochar Market report analyzes the production of goods, supply, sales and the current state of the market in detail. In addition, the report examines the market share of production and sales of products, as well as capacity, production capacity, sales trends, cost analysis and revenue generation. Several other factors such as import / export status, industrial statistics, supply and demand ratio, gross margin and the structure of the industrial chain were also studied in the Global Biochar Reports.

The main questions answered in the report are:

• What is the estimated market size of the Global Biochar market?
• What are the effective growth drivers in the global Biochar market?
• Who are the main manufacturers on the world market for Biochar?
• What are the opportunities, risks, obstacles and challenges of the global Biochar?
• What are the sales, revenues and price analysis of the main manufacturers on the world market?
• Who are the main traders, distributors and resellers on the world market ?

Get the full report with TOC Please click here @ https://www.reportsmonitor.com/report/962600/Biochar-Market

To conclude, the Biochar report mentions the key geographies, the market landscapes as well as the product price, revenues, volume, production, supply, demand, rate of market growth and forecasts etc. This report also provides a SWOT analysis, an investment feasibility analysis and a return on investment. analysis.

Contact us
Jay Matthews
Direct: +1 513 549 5911 (U.S.)
+44 203 318 2846 (U.K.)
Email: [email protected]


SUNY ESF Receives USDA Grant

7 July, 2020
 

The ESF Employee Directory was moved to improve information security for campus contact information. You can now reach the directory through your Faculty/Staff or MyESF student portal.

Faculty & Staff Login MyESF Login

SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF), as a member of a mid-Atlantic consortium, has received $630,000 over five years from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to develop biomass systems and products with the potential to put abandoned lands and people back to work. The Mid-Atlantic Sustainable Biomass for Value-Added Products Consortium will deliver a sustainable and economically feasible system to facilitate development and commercialization of bioproducts and the rural bioeconomy. In total, the USDA awarded $10 million.

Co-principal investigator Tim Volk, senior research associate at ESF, will collaborate with Tristan Brown, associate professor at ESF, and scientists from universities, industry partners and national laboratories, including West Virginia University, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Penn State University, the USDA Forest Service and Forest Products Laboratory, USDOE Oak Ridge (ORNL) and Idaho (INL) National Laboratories, Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, Lignetics, Allegheny Wood Products, Eastern Biochar, Tucker Engineering, Torresak, Lanzatech, and Norris Thermal Technologies.

“Biomass crops like shrub willow are an ideal solution,” said Volk. “They do not add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere as they absorb the same amount of carbon in growing as they release when consumed as a fuel. This biomass can be used to replace fossil fuels for heat and power or as biofuels for transportation. Our goal is to grow these biomass crops on former mine land and other marginal land in the region … land that is otherwise not being used for anything. If we can do this, we are, in essence, turning the land into a renewable energy resource.”

“The multi-agency, interdisciplinary initiative includes a variety of projects. An ESF team led by Volk will compare two harvesting systems to determine which is more efficient for the low-quality, marginal land under consideration.

“There are at least 10 million acres of abandoned mine lands that could be helped by biomass products developed through this consortium,” said Volk. “We’re looking at two machines that could be used to harvest crops produced on this land, considering factors like the size and shape, and the ideal piece of machinery to handle those realities.”

In addition, researchers at ESF led by Associate Professor Tristan Brown will conduct an economic analysis to determine which areas of the process can be adjusted to reduce production costs of biomass products.

“ESF will also partner with other universities to create online courses to improve general knowledge about biomass production and inspire the next generation of researchers to investigate 21st century possibilities,” said Volk.

An annual project will be conducted across four universities, inviting undergraduate students to collaborate virtually on a biomass project. In addition, each summer, a student cohort will travel to one of the universities to conduct biomass-specific research on-site.

“Ultimately, the idea is to repurpose abandoned land and to create jobs in rural environments around that land using biomass and lower our carbon footprint,” said Volk. “To be successful, we need to pull together an entire program, with the depth and breadth of expertise that resides across each of the member organizations.”

Communications & Marketing
SUNY-ESF
122 Bray Hall
1 Forestry Drive
Syracuse, NY 13210
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MoS2 nano‐flowers stacked by ultrathin sheets coupling with oxygen self‐doped porous biochar

7 July, 2020
 

 

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Biomass pyrolysis with alkaline-earth-metal additive for co-production of bio-oil and biochar-based …

7 July, 2020
 

Pyrolysis of biomass with alkaline-earth-metal (AEM) additives was studied.

The presence of AEM additives increased the hydrocarbons content in bio-oil.

The biochar by MgCO3 modification had a high water/nutrient retention capacity.

Pyrolysis of biomass with alkaline-earth-metal (AEM) additives was studied.

The presence of AEM additives increased the hydrocarbons content in bio-oil.

The biochar by MgCO3 modification had a high water/nutrient retention capacity.

The alkaline-earth-metal (AEM) has a good performance on modification of both bio-oil and biochar during biomass pyrolysis. In this work, the pyrolysis of rice husk (RH) in the presence of CaO, CaCO3, MgO and MgCO3 was comparatively studied for selecting an appropriate AEM additive to balance the qualities of pyrolytic products. Pyrolysis of RH with the AEM additives could decrease the acids content and increase the hydrocarbons content in bio-oil. Compared with the Ca-additives (i.e., CaO, CaCO3), the Mg-additives (i.e., MgO, MgCO3) were more beneficial for enhancing the hydrocarbons production. The addition of biochar to soil can significantly enhance the water retention. RHC-MgCO3 had a maximum water retention capacity, while RHC-MgO had a minimum water retention capacity due to its lowest specific surface area. Additionally, the Mg-modified biochar had a much higher nutrient (i.e., K+, PO43−) adsorption capacity. In particular, RHC-MgO with a lowest specific surface area had a highest PO43− adsorption capacity, which was evidenced by the adsorption of PO43− onto biochar mainly controlled by the chemisorption process. PO43− adsorbed in the RHC-MgO released rapidly indicating its low PO43− retention capacity. In general, MgCO3 would be an appropriate candidate that is used in pyrolysis of biomass for co-production of bio-oil and biochar composite with high capacities of water/nutrient adsorption and retention for soil amendment.


Cannabis soil expert Cuauhtemoc Villa on how he restores ecosystems

8 July, 2020
 

Cannabis soil expert Cuauhtemoc Villa on how he restores ecosystems (bokashi, biochar)


Biochar Applications in Agriculture and Environment Management

8 July, 2020
 

View online UGent only

Reference details

All data below are available with an Open Data Commons Open Database License. You are free to copy, distribute and use the database; to produce works from the database; to modify, transform and build upon the database. As long as you attribute the data sets to the source, publish your adapted database with ODbL license, and keep the dataset open (don’t use technical measures such as DRM to restrict access to the database).
The datasets are also available as weekly exports.


In situ growth of carbon nitride on titanium dioxide/hemp stem biochar toward 2D heterostructured …

8 July, 2020
 

In this work, hierarchical structure TiO2/hemp stem biochar carbon (HSBC) and C3N4-TiO2/HSBC were successfully fabricated, which were used as efficient visible-light photocatalyst degradation for ammonia nitrogen from aqueous solution. The as-prepared C3N4-TiO2/HSBC hybrid catalyst showed the higher efficient photocatalytic activity for decomposition of ammonia nitrogen than those of pure TiO2 and TiO2/HSBC, suggesting suppressed recombination of photogenerated charges and promoted mass transfer due to synergistic effect, and thus increased photocatalytic degradation activity. The degradation of ammonia follows a pseudo-first-order kinetics. All prepared catalysts demonstrated extremely photocatalytic efficiency under visible-light and UV light illumination; the ammonia nitrogen photocatalytic degradation activity of C3N4-TiO2/HSBC can reach 90.3% under UV light while the degradation activity achieved about 50.7% under visible-light irradiation. The results revealed that the h+ was dominantly active intermediates in the process of photocatalytic degradation. The prepared catalysts are promising for the degradation of ammonia nitrogen from water resource.

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This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51908213, 61872141), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (Nos. 20192BAB216029, 20181BAB206037, 20192BCD40013), and State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse Foundation (No. PCRRF19015).

Correspondence to Fengping Hu.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Responsible Editor: Sami Rtimi

Received: 07 March 2020

Accepted: 19 May 2020

Published: 08 July 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09381-0

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Massive Growth in Granular Biochar Market 2020 | Size, Growth, Demand, Opportunities …

8 July, 2020
 

Granular Biochar Market research is an intelligence report with meticulous efforts undertaken to study the right and valuable information. The data which has been looked upon is done considering both, the existing top players and the upcoming competitors. Business strategies of the key players and the new entering market industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this report analysis.

“Granular Biochar Market is growing at a High CAGR during the forecast period 2020-2026. The increasing interest of the individuals in this industry is that the major reason for the expansion of this market”.

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Top Key Players Profiled in This Report:

Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra,

The key questions answered in this report:

Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Granular Biochar market. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market. The influence of the latest government guidelines is also analyzed in detail in the report. It studies the Granular Biochar market’s trajectory between forecast periods.

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Table of Contents:

Global Granular Biochar Market Research Report

Chapter 1 Granular Biochar Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast

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Representativeness of European biochar research: part II – pot and laboratory studies

8 July, 2020
 


Biochar For Environmental Management Science Technology And Implementation

8 July, 2020
 

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Global trade impact of the Coronavirus Kid's Backpack Market to Expand Substantially Owing to …

8 July, 2020
 

Latest Study on the Global Kid’s Backpack Market

The recently published report by Transparency Market Research on the global Kid’s Backpack market offers resourceful insights pertaining to the future prospects of the Kid’s Backpack market. The underlying trends, growth opportunities, impeding factors, and glaring market drivers are thoroughly studied in the presented report.

As per the report, the global Kid’s Backpack market is projected to grow at a CAGR of ~XX% and exceed the value of ~US$ towards the end of 2029. Moreover, an in-depth analysis of the micro and macro-economic factors that are anticipated to influence the trajectory of the Kid’s Backpack market during the forecast period (2019-2029) is included in the report.

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Competitive landscape.

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  • A neutral perspective on market performance
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  • NOTE — All statements of fact, opinion, or analysis expressed in reports are those of the respective analysts. They do not necessarily reflect formal positions or views of the company.

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    Ready To Use Biochar Market Global Industry Analysis and Forecast Till 2028

    8 July, 2020
     

    Global Biochar market study presents an in-depth scenario Which is segmented according to manufacturers, product type, applications, and areas. This segmentation will provide deep-dive analysis of the Biochar industry for identifying the growth opportunities, development trends and factors limiting the growth of the market. This report offers forecast market information based on previous and current Biochar industry scenarios and growth facets. All the key regions covered in Biochar report are North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa. The Biochar market share and market outlook of each area from 2020-2027 are presented in this report. A deep study of Biochar market dynamics can help the market aspirants in identifying the business opportunities which will lead to accumulation of revenue. This section can effectively determine the Biochar risk and key market driving forces.

    Get PDF Sample Copy of this Report to understand the structure of the complete report: (Including Full TOC, List of Tables & Figures, Chart) @ https://www.researchmoz.com/enquiry.php?type=S&repid=2641183&source=atm

    The Biochar report is segmented to provide a clear and Precise view of the international Biochar market statistics and market estimates. Biochar report Information represented in the form of graphs, charts, and figures will show the Biochar growth speed, volume, goal consumer analysis. This report introduces the significant data to all Biochar industry aspirants which will facilitate useful business decisions.

    Competition Analysis
    In the competitive analysis section of the report, leading as well as prominent players of the global Biochar market are broadly studied on the basis of key factors. The report offers comprehensive analysis and accurate statistics on sales by the player for the period 2015-2020. It also offers detailed analysis supported by reliable statistics on price and revenue (global level) by player for the period 2015-2020.
    On the whole, the report proves to be an effective tool that players can use to gain a competitive edge over their competitors and ensure lasting success in the global Biochar market. All of the findings, data, and information provided in the report are validated and revalidated with the help of trustworthy sources. The analysts who have authored the report took a unique and industry-best research and analysis approach for an in-depth study of the global Biochar market.
    The following manufacturers are covered in this report:
    Cool Planet
    Biochar Supreme
    NextChar
    Terra Char
    Genesis Industries
    Interra Energy
    CharGrow
    Pacific Biochar
    Biochar Now
    The Biochar Company (TBC)
    ElementC6
    Vega Biofuels
    Biochar Breakdown Data by Type
    Wood Source Biochar
    Corn Stove Source Biochar
    Rice Stove Source Biochar
    Wheat Stove Source Biochar
    Other Stove Source Biochar
    Biochar Breakdown Data by Application
    Soil Conditioner
    Fertilizer
    Others

    Do You Have Any Query Or Specific Requirement? Ask to Our Industry [email protected] https://www.researchmoz.com/enquiry.php?type=E&repid=2641183&source=atm 

    The Biochar report cover following data points:

    Part 1: This section enlists the global Biochar marketplace Summary, covering the simple market introduction, market evaluation by kind, software, and regions. The major Biochar producing areas include North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle-East, and Africa. Biochar industry states and outlook (2020-2027) is introduced in this part. Additionally, Biochar market dynamics stating the opportunities, market risk, and key driving forces are researched.

    Part 2: This part covers Biochar manufacturers profile based On their small business overview, product type, and program. Additionally, the sales volume, Biochar product cost, gross margin analysis, and Biochar market share of each participant is profiled in this report.

    Part 3 and Part 4: This component presents the Biochar competition Based on sales, earnings, and market share of every manufacturer. Part 4 covers the Biochar market situation based on areas. Region-wise Biochar sales and expansion (2015-2019) is analyzed in this report.

    Part 5 and Part 6: These two sections cover the North America and Europe’s Biochar industry by countries. Under this Biochar earnings, market share of those countries like USA, Canada, and Mexico is supplied. Beneath Europe Biochar report includes, the states such as Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Russia and their sales and growth is covered.

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    Sales revenue and expansion for the regions like Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East & Africa. The earnings and expansion in these areas are introduced within this Biochar business report.

    Part 10 and Part 11: This part depicts the Biochar market Share, earnings, sales by product type and application. The Biochar sales growth seen during 2012-2020 is covered in this report.

    Associated with Biochar economy (2020-2027) for each area. The sales channels such as direct and indirect Biochar marketing, traders, distributors, and future trends are presented within this report.

    Part 14 and Part 15: These components present Biochar market crucial Research findings and conclusion, study methodology, and information sources are covered.

    Therefore, Global Biochar report is a whole blend covering all The very important market aspects.


    Testimonials & Ratings

    8 July, 2020
     


    The Global Biochar Market is expected to grow from USD 1385.94 Million in 2019 to USD 3457.61 …

    8 July, 2020
     

    New York, July 08, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report “Biochar Market Research Report by Row Material, by Feedstock, by Technology, by Application – Global Forecast to 2025 – Cumulative Impact of COVID-19” – https://www.reportlinker.com/p05913581/?utm_source=GNW
    The Biochar Source Material further studied across Citrus wood, Gasifed Rice Hulls, Hardwood, and wheat Straw. The Soil/Substrate further studied across Coconut Fiber, Peat, Peat Moss, Pine Bark, and Soil.

    On the basis of Feedstock, the Biochar Market is studied across Agricultural Waste, Animal Manure, and Woody Biomass.

    On the basis of Technology, the Biochar Market is studied across Gasification and Pyrolysis.

    On the basis of Application, the Biochar Market is studied across Agriculture, Energy Production, and Water & Waste Water Treatment.

    On the basis of Geography, the Biochar Market is studied across Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe, Middle East & Africa. The Americas region is studied across Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and United States. The Asia-Pacific region is studied across Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, South Korea, and Thailand. The Europe, Middle East & Africa region is studied across France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, United Arab Emirates, and United Kingdom.

    Company Usability Profiles:
    The report deeply explores the recent significant developments by the leading vendors and innovation profiles in the Global Biochar Market including 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Agri-Tech Producers, LLC, Airex Energy, Aries Clean Energy, ArSta Eco, Biochar Products, Inc., Biochar Supreme, LLC, Carbon Gold, Clean Fuels B.V., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Diacarbon Energy Inc., Earth Systems PTY. LTD., Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, The Biochar Company, and Vega Biofuels, Inc..

    FPNV Positioning Matrix:
    The FPNV Positioning Matrix evaluates and categorizes the vendors in the Biochar Market on the basis of Business Strategy (Business Growth, Industry Coverage, Financial Viability, and Channel Support) and Product Satisfaction (Value for Money, Ease of Use, Product Features, and Customer Support) that aids businesses in better decision making and understanding the competitive landscape.

    Competitive Strategic Window:
    The Competitive Strategic Window analyses the competitive landscape in terms of markets, applications, and geographies. The Competitive Strategic Window helps the vendor define an alignment or fit between their capabilities and opportunities for future growth prospects. During a forecast period, it defines the optimal or favorable fit for the vendors to adopt successive merger and acquisition strategies, geography expansion, research & development, and new product introduction strategies to execute further business expansion and growth.

    Cumulative Impact of COVID-19:
    COVID-19 is an incomparable global public health emergency that has affected almost every industry, so for and, the long-term effects projected to impact the industry growth during the forecast period. Our ongoing research amplifies our research framework to ensure the inclusion of underlaying COVID-19 issues and potential paths forward. The report is delivering insights on COVID-19 considering the changes in consumer behavior and demand, purchasing patterns, re-routing of the supply chain, dynamics of current market forces, and the significant interventions of governments. The updated study provides insights, analysis, estimations, and forecast, considering the COVID-19 impact on the market.

    The report provides insights on the following pointers:
    1. Market Penetration: Provides comprehensive information on sulfuric acid offered by the key players
    2. Market Development: Provides in-depth information about lucrative emerging markets and analyzes the markets
    3. Market Diversification: Provides detailed information about new product launches, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments
    4. Competitive Assessment & Intelligence: Provides an exhaustive assessment of market shares, strategies, products, and manufacturing capabilities of the leading players
    5. Product Development & Innovation: Provides intelligent insights on future technologies, R&D activities, and new product developments

    The report answers questions such as:
    1. What is the market size and forecast of the Global Biochar Market?
    2. What are the inhibiting factors and impact of COVID-19 shaping the Global Biochar Market during the forecast period?
    3. Which are the products/segments/applications/areas to invest in over the forecast period in the Global Biochar Market?
    4. What is the competitive strategic window for opportunities in the Global Biochar Market?
    5. What are the technology trends and regulatory frameworks in the Global Biochar Market?
    6. What are the modes and strategic moves considered suitable for entering the Global Biochar Market?
    Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05913581/?utm_source=GNW

    About Reportlinker
    ReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need – instantly, in one place.

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    Making biochar from sawdust

    8 July, 2020
     


    Assessing Nitrogen Cycling in Corncob Biochar Amended Soil Columns for Application in …

    8 July, 2020
     

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    Biochar reduces nitrous oxide but increases methane emissions in batch wetland mesocosms

    8 July, 2020
     

    Biochar was added into constructed wetlands (CWs) as an amendment to the main substrate (i.e., coarse gravel) for improving the removal efficiency of pollutants and mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Four types of mesocosm-scale CWs, i.e., unamended subsurface batch CWs (SSBCWs) and surface batch CWs (SBCWs), and biochar-amended SSBCWs and SBCWs, were established in this study. The SSBCWs outperformed SBCWs in both removing pollutants (particularly COD, NO3–N and TN) and reducing the global warming potential (GWP), irrespective of adding biochar or not. The amendment of biochar improved the efficacy of CWs for removing pollutants and mitigating GHG emissions in both configurations of CWs. The highest removal percentages of COD (89.6%), NO3- -N (89.2%) and TN (92.5%) were obtained in biochar-amended SSBCWs, followed by unamended SSBCWs, biochar-amended SBCWs, and unamended SBCWs. The lowest GWP (5.252 mg/m(2)/h) was simultaneously obtained in biochar-amended SSBCWs, and the addition of biochar reduced GWP by 57.3% and 3.0% for SSBCWs and SBCWs, respectively. The abatement of GHG by biochar addition was mainly reflected in reduction of N2O fluxes, while the CH4 fluxes were promoted and the CO2 fluxes were not affected. The quantitative PCR results indicate that the reduced N2O fluxes in biochar-amended CWs were driven by the enhanced transcription of the nosZ gene and the ratio of nosZ/(nirS + nirK). This study demonstrates that biochar-amended SSBCWs can be an ideal alternative for design and application of CWs for removing pollutants and abating GHG emissions in the future.

    Biochar was added into constructed wetlands (CWs) as an amendment to the main substrate (i.e., coarse gravel) for improving the removal efficiency of pollutants and mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Four types of mesocosm-scale CWs, i.e., unamended subsurface batch CWs (SSBCWs) and surface batch CWs (SBCWs), and biochar-amended SSBCWs and SBCWs, were established in this study. The SSBCWs outperformed SBCWs in both removing pollutants (particularly COD, NO3–N and TN) and reducing the global warming potential (GWP), irrespective of adding biochar or not. The amendment of biochar improved the efficacy of CWs for removing pollutants and mitigating GHG emissions in both configurations of CWs. The highest removal percentages of COD (89.6%), NO3- -N (89.2%) and TN (92.5%) were obtained in biochar-amended SSBCWs, followed by unamended SSBCWs, biochar-amended SBCWs, and unamended SBCWs. The lowest GWP (5.252 mg/m(2)/h) was simultaneously obtained in biochar-amended SSBCWs, and the addition of biochar reduced GWP by 57.3% and 3.0% for SSBCWs and SBCWs, respectively. The abatement of GHG by biochar addition was mainly reflected in reduction of N2O fluxes, while the CH4 fluxes were promoted and the CO2 fluxes were not affected. The quantitative PCR results indicate that the reduced N2O fluxes in biochar-amended CWs were driven by the enhanced transcription of the nosZ gene and the ratio of nosZ/(nirS + nirK). This study demonstrates that biochar-amended SSBCWs can be an ideal alternative for design and application of CWs for removing pollutants and abating GHG emissions in the future.


    Huge Innovation in Biochar Market By Top Players: Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit …

    8 July, 2020
     

    Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

    Find out more about the Biochar industry by requesting a sample of this Report: https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

    Unlock new opportunities in Biochar Market; the latest release from Data Bridge Market Research highlights the key market trends significant to the growth prospects, Let us know if any specific players or list of players needs to consider to gain better insights.

    Biochar Market report offers an in-depth overview of product specification, technology, product type and production analysis considering major factors such as Revenue, Cost, Gross and Gross Margin. Biochar Market report takes care of every opportunity, challenges, drivers, market structures, and competitive scene for the customers.

    Competitive Landscape:

    The Biochar Market report contains an in-depth profiling of the key market players, along with the recent developments (New product launches, partnerships, agreements, collaborations, and joint ventures) and strategies adopted by them to sustain and strengthen their positions in the market.

    What’s keeping “Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture” Ahead in the Biochar Market.

    Table Of Contents Is Available Here @ https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/toc/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

    Global Biochar Market Segmentation:

    Global Biochar Market By Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Batch Pyrolysis Kiln, Microwave Pyrolysis, Cookstove and Others)

    Application (Gardening, Agriculture, Household, Electricity Generation)

    Feedstock (Agriculture Waste, Animal Manure, Forestry Waste, Biomass Plantation)

    Geography (North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa)

    To prepare Biochar Market research report, certain steps are to be followed for collecting, recording and analysing market data. All statistical and numerical data is interpreted in Biochar Market report with the use of established and advanced tools such as SWOT analysis and Porter’s Five Forces Analysis. The major areas covered in the Biochar Market report include market definition, market segmentation, competitive analysis and research methodology. The finest market research report is the one which is pertinent, unique, and creditable and also makes use of proven tools and techniques to formulate complex market insights into simpler version.

    Inquire for further detailed information of Biochar Market Report at: https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/inquire-before-buying/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

    Important Questions Answered in Biochar Market Report:-

    What will the market growth rate, overview, and analysis by type of Biochar Market in 2026?

    What are the key factors driving, analysis by applications and countries Biochar Market?

    What are dynamics, this overview includes analysis of scope and price analysis of top vendors profiles of Biochar Market?

    What are opportunities, risk and driving force of Biochar Market?

    Who are the opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in Biochar Market?

    Thanks for reading this article; you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like North America, Europe, MEA or Asia Pacific.

    About Us:

    Data Bridge Market Research set forth itself as an unconventional and neoteric Market research and consulting firm with unparalleled level of resilience and integrated approaches. We are determined to unearth the best market opportunities and foster efficient information for your business to thrive in the market. Data Bridge Market Research provides appropriate solutions to the complex business challenges and initiates an effortless decision-making process.

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    Biochar Fertilizer – LNBR

    9 July, 2020
     

    A process to obtain high porosity and high nutrient content biochar fertilizer. The physicochemical and structural characteristics of the biochar fertilizer promote the controlled release of nutrients and improve the water retention capacity of the soil. Biochar can be obtained from agroforestry residues promoting their sustainable use in the form of an added value product.

    Greater efficiency in the use of nutrients by plants and improvement of the physical-chemical and microbiological conditions of the soil, promoting better development of agricultural species and increasing productivity. In addition, it allows for the optimal use of nutrients and water, with a positive impact on fertilization and irrigation costs.

    Owner: CNPEM
    Development stage: pilot plant
    IP Number: BR 10 2017 023632 3

    Patrícia Toledo
    Head of Innovation
    +55 (19) 3518-2542
    inovacao@cnpem.br


    Biochar

    9 July, 2020
     


    Making biochar from sawdust

    9 July, 2020
     


    Council water charges frozen

    9 July, 2020
     

    Mayor Darren Power said Council’s decision would be welcome news for Logan households still battling to overcome the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and shutdown.

    However, the State Government’s bulk water charge will increase by 3.5 per cent (higher than the Brisbane CPI March rate of 1.8 per cent) — a cost that is out of Council’s control.

    “Our water business continues to focus on efficiently delivering vital infrastructure and providing quality drinking water to our community,” he said.

    “That’s why we are able to maintain our component of water charges at the same rate for a fourth consecutive year.”

    City Infrastructure Committee Chairperson, Councillor Teresa Lane, said Council was committed to helping drive down costs for ratepayers in challenging times, and would only apply an increase of 0.8 per cent for wastewater charges.

    In addition to shielding residents and business from a water price hike, Council will continue to invest in its vast water and sewerage network with $119.1 million being spent this year on projects including:

    The Biosolids Gasification initiative is an Australian-first project that aims to turn solid waste into energy through a special gasification process.

    The process will reduce the volume of waste by 90 per cent and produce a ‘biochar’ suitable for agricultural applications. The facility should be fully operational by July next year.

    Smart water meters give real-time access to water use data for customers, fast detection of leaks, and awareness of water conservation.

    “It is a remarkable achievement for Logan Water to embark on something as ambitious as the Biosolids Gasification project while delivering another water charge freeze,” Cr Lane said.

    “It’s even more remarkable when you consider the challenges our growing population puts on our existing water and sewerage network.”

    Logan City Council maintains a water network that includes 2285km of wastewater mains, 2345km of water supply mains, 134 wastewater pump stations, four wastewater treatment plants, 27 water pump stations, 40 water supply reservoirs and 10 chlorination facilities.

    Council will adopt its 2020/2021 Budget on Monday, July 20.

    Contractors have called in a crane for an upgrade of Paluma Dam, which will increase…

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    A 31 year-old man and 37 year-old woman have been arrested and charged following a…

    A man will appear in court charged following a domestic-related assault in the upper Hunter…

    On Tuesday this week, the Prime Minister announced a multi-agency, multi-million-dollar plan to dig New…

    A Wollongong basketball coach has been charged following an investigation into the alleged grooming of…


    Nature's Always Right – What is Biochar?

    9 July, 2020
     

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    Effect of Biochar and Compost Amendments on Soil Biochemical Properties and Dry Weight of …

    9 July, 2020
     

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    Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market Forecast and Growth Opportunities 2020-2025 …

    9 July, 2020
     

    This intricately designed research offering on the Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market is rife with accurate projections about growth prospects and overall market prognosis in the coming years, besides also housing crucial elements and determinants such as macro and micro economic factors that accelerate growth scope in the global Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Industry. This high-end research comprehension on Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market renders major impetus on detailed growth facets, in terms of product section, payment and transaction platforms, further incorporating service portfolio, applications, as well as a specific compilation on technological interventions that facilitate ideal growth potential in global Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market.

    Request for a free sample report here https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/681

    The report on Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market makes concrete headways in identifying and deciphering each of the market dimensions to evaluate logical derivatives which have the potential to set the growth course in global Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market. The report is directed to arm report readers with conclusive judgment on the potential of mentioned factors that propel relentless growth in global Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market. Besides presenting notable insights on Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market factors comprising above determinants, the report further in its subsequent sections of this detailed research report on Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market states information on regional segmentation, as well as thoughtful perspectives on specific understanding comprising region specific developments as well as leading market players’ objectives to trigger maximum revenue generation and profits.

    The well-known players of Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market are:

    Corning Inc., Merck KgaA, Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, BioVision, Inc., PerkinElmer, Inc., Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Greiner Bio One International GmbH and Trevigen Inc.

    Read complete report along TOC at: https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/cell-culture-protein-surface-coating-market

    This carefully crafted research based analytical review on Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market is expert analysis portraying crucial market relevant information and developments. The report is an exclusive embodiment of a range of factors that direct an uncompromised growth trajectory in the Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market. This elaborate research report on the aforementioned Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market is an essential market presentation that nurtures crucial details on notable growth rendering factors such as PESTEL and SWOT analysis that collectively determine various socio-economic and political factors based on which new as well as established players in the Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market can facilitate high end growth and sustainable revenue pools in the Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market.

    Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market Segmentation

    Type Analysis of Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market:

    By Type (Self Coatings, Pre Coatings), By Pre Coatings (Multi Well Plates, Petri Dishes, Flasks, Slides, Coverslips), By Source (Animal Derived Sources, Human Derived Sources, Plant Derived Sources, Synthetic Sources)

    Based on these elaborate and accurate market specific factors market players can effectively nurture and deliver growth rendering business discretion in the Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market. Other vital factors related to the Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market such as scope, growth potential, profitability, and structural break-down have been innately roped in this Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings report to accelerate market growth.

    Further in the report, readers are also presented with elaborate understanding about the competition intensity. The report in its subsequent sections also offers a detailed outlook of cut-throat competition profiling frontline players complete with their mindful, insight driven business decisions that render optimum growth in the Cell Culture Protein Surface Coatings Market.

    Ask our expert if you have a query at: https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/enquiry-before-buying/681

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    Effects of softwood biochar on the status of nitrogen species and elements of potential toxicity in soils

    9 July, 2020
     

    Updating…

    Updating…


    Differential release of sewage sludge biochar borne elements by common low molecular weight …

    9 July, 2020
     

    Updating…

    Updating…


    WVU researchers leading $10 million sustainable biomass to value-added bioproducts project

    9 July, 2020
     

    IMAGE: Jingxin Wang, professor of wood science and technology at WVU, at work on MASBio, a project that will leverage research, education and extension strategies for increasing utilization of available resources… view more 

    As demand increases for sustainable and environmentally friendly energy and products, the Mid-Atlantic region with its abundance of forests and abandoned mine land is poised to grow its biomass-based renewable energy and products economy.

    With the help of a $10 million competitive grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, West Virginia University is spearheading the development of a perennial multi-feedstock production system that is sustainable and economically feasible for the region.

    At the heart of the project is the establishment of the Mid-Atlantic Sustainable Biomass for Value-Added Products Consortium, a regional group of universities, industry partners, national laboratories and governmental agencies interested in advancing the science and practice of sustainable bioproducts.

    “Through previous projects and activities, this team has developed a strong network and working relationship with industry, landowners and policy makers across the region that will be the project’s foundation for success,” said Fred King, vice president for research at WVU. “Renewable energy is an important part of our future and we’re proud to be part of this effort.”

    Led by Jingxin Wang, professor of wood science and technology in the Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, MASBio will leverage research, education and extension strategies for increasing utilization of available resources in the Mid-Atlantic region.

    “This region has over 10 million acres of mined and marginal agricultural lands that can be reclaimed to produce biomass crops without competing with food crop production for resources,” he said. “Additionally, timber harvest in the area produces more than eight million dry tons of residue annually and will be a foundation for the multi-feedstock biomass.”

    Plans include utilizing some of the mined and marginal lands to grow switchgrass, a hardy, self-seeding perennial crop, and hybrid willow, a short-rotation woody crop, which can benefit the land, economy and biomass feedstock production.

    “We want to create a circular system of renewable resources where some of the products that are produced from the harvested biomass can be utilized in stormwater management, stream restoration and acid mine drainage restoration which enhances soil and water quality and creates a continuous, sustainable system that is both environmentally and economically feasible,” Wang explained.

    When it comes to maintaining a sustainable feedstock supply, the biomass crops will be blended with logging residue wood chips to create a massive regional multi-feedstock biomass supply chain with minimized costs, consistent quality and continuous supply.

    That biomass feedstock supply will potentially help create more than 10 news businesses within the bioproduct supply chain and produce value-added products such as bioadhesives, biochemicals, resins for 3D printing, bicarbonate nanomaterials, and other carbon products such as activated carbon and biochar.

    “With the knowledge and expertise on our team, we’ll be able to make a significant contribution to further development of the sustainable bioproducts sector,” Wang said.

    Other WVU researchers include Robert Burns, Zac Freedman, Shawn Grushecky, Jason Hubbart, Charlene Kelly, Louis McDonald, Dave McGill, Jamie Schuler and Jeff Skousen from the Davis College; Debangsu Bhattacharyya, John (Jianli) Hu and Xin Li from the Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources, and Binyung Li from the WVU School of Medicine.

    Consortium partners include Penn State University, Virginia Tech, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, West Virginia State University, Eastern WV Community and Technical College, U.S. Department of Energy Idaho National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S.Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory and Rocky Mountain Research Station.

    Various industry partners will also be involved in the project for commercial scale development and demonstrations including Double-A-Willow, Allstar Ecology, Ernst Biomass, Lignetics, Gas Technology Institute, Norris Thermal Technologies, Torresak and Eastern Biochar.

    Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

    Media Contact

    Lindsay Willey
    Lindsay.Willey@mail.wvu.edu
    304-293-2381

    http://www.wvu.edu 


    Sacred soil biochar and the regeneration of the earth

    9 July, 2020
     

    This book details the remarkable potential of terra preta, the recently rediscovered sacred soil of the pre-Columbian peoples of the Amazon rainforest, to reverse some of the most the catastrophic damage that has been visited on our environment. They predict that biochar could significantly contribute to the restoration of the planet to pre-industrial levels of atmospheric carbon by 2050. The book also shows that the rediscovery of terra preta is an opportunity to move beyond the West’s tradition of plunder and genocide of the native civilizations of the Americas by offering an invitation to embrace the deeper mystery of the indigenous methods of inquiry and to participate in an animate cosmos that gave rise to such a powerful technology as terra preta in the first place. Sacred Soil, in recognizing the need for biocultural regeneration, takes a multi-disciplinary approach to the phenomenon of bio-char soils, utilizing mythopoeic, historical, anthropological, and scientific perspectives to embrace the deep past, the vexed present, and the prospectus for our future. Coming at this crucial juncture in human history, the potential resting in biochar is also an open doorway into the indigenous ways of knowing that enabled the pre-Columbian Amazonian high civilizations to support a population of millions while leaving their lands more fertile than when they arose.ISBN: 1623171180

    Blogs, Ecology, Learning, NEU News, NEU News, New Earth Media News, Practices, Spirituality, World, Agnihotra, agnihotra ash, ancient remedies, Ann Ralles, Biochar, Dr. The soil, in turn, receives the sun’s energy which transforms CO2, water and minerals into living plants that grow and become the basis for our food chain. Ann Ralles, ecology & regeneration, enriching soil, New Earth University, Remedy, School of Socio-Economics & Ecology As I write this on the day of the summer solstice, I wonder about the similarity between the words “sol” and “soil”. To “culture” means to develop, elevate or to bring to a higher level. However, today’s conventional farming is certainly not about culturing the soil, it is really a mining operation, using up all the organic matter and natural fertility leaving a lifeless medium poisoned by chemicals. It shuts down leaving a permanent scar on the land. But this is not about copper, coal or gold, this is our food supply! Yet, in the midst of this crisis that will only end in malnourishment or even starvation, we can hear the wisdom of our ancestors traveling forward through the centuries to nurture our soil at this critical moment. In recent decades, two ancient secrets of soil renewal have been uncovered. These old technologies, beautiful in their simplicity, can foster a stunning reversal in the loss and degradation of topsoil and increase food production and food quality by leaps and bounds.

    Download PDF Read online A Linn primer that captures the essence of what they’ve shared and experienced in their ministry; the universal application of eight ways of praying that have the capacity to heal by virtue of their integrating contemporary spirituality with the wisdom of St. Simple Ways to Pray for Healing Sheila Fabricant Linn, Dennis Linn, and Matt Linn work together as a team, integrating Linn Ministries includes the retreats and conferences given by Dennis, Sheila & Matt We began when Denny and Matt, who are brothers, studied at St. Healing the Purpose of Your Life [Dennis Linn, Matthew Linn, Sheila Fabricant Linn, The authors offer ways to help readers discover their special purpose in life — through love, life circumstances. Louis Sheila joined us several years later, after she had finished her seminary training in . we integrated it with spirituality in our book Simple Ways to Pray for Healing.

    Although it looks a lot like common charcoal, biochar is produced using a specific process to reduce contamination and safely store carbon. During pyrolysis organic materials, such as wood chips, leaf litter or dead plants, are burned in a container with very little oxygen. As the materials burn, they release little to no contaminating fumes. Although biochar technology is considered a more recent strategy for carbon sequestration, the practice of adding charred biomass to improve soil quality is not new. This process is modeled after a 2,000-year-old practice in the Amazonian basin, where indigenous people created areas of rich, fertile soils called than the otherwise famously infertile soils of the Amazon. This explains why plants grown in terra preta soil grow faster, and are more nutrient-dense, than plants grown in neighboring soils. In fact, terra preta soils continue to The quality of feedstocks, or materials burned, have a direct impact on the quality of the final biochar product.
    ISBN: 1623171180


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    Biochar Fertilizer Market is projected to reach US$ 3714.3 Mn by 2030 | FMI Report

    9 July, 2020
     

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    Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Insights Report 2020 with New Business Strategy, COVID-19 …

    9 July, 2020
     

    Biochar Fertilizer Market Global and Outlook (2016 – 2026)

    The report published on Biochar Fertilizer is an invaluable foundation of insightful data helpful for the decision-makers to form the business strategies related to R&D investment, sales and growth, key trends, technological advancement, emerging market and more. The COVID-19 outbreak is currently going the world over, this report covers the impact of the corona-virus on leading companies in the Biochar Fertilizer sector. This research report categorizes as the key players in the Biochar Fertilizer market and also gives a comprehensive study of Covid-19 impact analysis of the market by type, application and by regions like (Americas, APAC, and EMEA).

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    The global Biochar Fertilizer market report includes key facts and figures data which helps its users to understand the current scenario of the global market along with anticipated growth. The Biochar Fertilizer market report contains quantitative data such as global sales and revenue (USD Million) market size of different categories and subcategories such as regions, CAGR, market shares, revenue insights of market players, and others. The report also gives qualitative insights into the global Biochar Fertilizer market, which gives the exact outlook of the global as well as country level Biochar Fertilizer market.

    Major Companies Profiled in the Global Biochar Fertilizer Market are: Biogrow Limited, Biochar Farms, Anulekh, GreenBack, Carbon Fertilizer, Global Harvest Organics LLC

    The focus of the global Biochar Fertilizer market report is to define, categorized, identify the Biochar Fertilizer market in terms of its parameter and specifications/ segments for example by product, by types, by applications, and by end-users. This study also provides highlights on market trends, market dynamics (drivers, restraints, opportunities, challenges), which are impacting the growth of the Biochar Fertilizer market.

    By Type, the Biochar Fertilizer market is segmented into: Organic Fertilizer, Inorganic Fertilizer, Compound Fertilizer

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    For Any Query Regarding the Biochar Fertilizer Market Report? Contact Us at: www.syndicatemarketresearch.com/inquiry/biochar-fertilizer-market

    Biochar Fertilizer Market Regional Analysis

    The Regions covered in this study are North America, Europe, Middle East & Africa, Latin America, and the Asia Pacific. It analyzes these regions on the basis of major countries in it. Countries analyzed in the scope of the report are the U.S., Canada, Germany, the UK, France, Spain, Italy, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asian countries, Australia, Brazil, Mexico, GCC countries, Egypt, South Africa, and Turkey among others.

    Main Highlights and Significant aspects of the Reports:

    •  A comprehensive look at the Biochar Fertilizer Industry
    •  Changing business trends in the global Biochar Fertilizer market
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    •  Detailed market bifurcation analysis at a various level such as type, application, end-user, Regions/countries
    •  Current industry growth and market trends
    •  Player positioning analysis and Competitive Landscape analysis for the Biochar Fertilizer market
    •  Key Product presents by Major players and business strategies used
    •  Niche and Potential segments (ex. types, applications, and regions/countries) predicted to revealed promising growth
    •  Key challenges encountered by operating players in the market space
    •  Analysis of major risks linked with the market operations

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    Overview: This segment offers an overview of the report to provide an idea regarding the contents and nature of the research report along with a wide synopsis of the global Biochar Fertilizer Market.

    Analysis of Leading Players Strategies: Market top players can utilize this analysis to increase the upper hand over their rivals in the market.

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    Forecasts of the Market: The report gives production, consumption, sales, and other market forecasts. Report Buyers will approach exact and approved evaluations of the total market size in terms of value and volume. 

    Analysis of Regional Growth: This report covered all major regions and countries. The regional analysis will assist market players to formulate strategies specific to target regions, tap into unexplained regional markets, and compare the growth of all regional markets.

    Analysis of the Segment: This report provides a reliable and accurate forecast of the market share of important market segments. This analysis can be used by market participants for strategic development so that they can make significant growth in the Biochar Fertilizer market.

    The main questions given in the report include:

    1.  What will be the market size and growth rate in 2026 with COVID-19 Impact Analysis?
    2.  What are the major market trends impacting the growth of the global market with COVID-19 impact analysis?
    3.  Who are the major players operating in the worldwide market?
    4.  What are the important factors driving the worldwide Biochar Fertilizer market?
    5.  What are the challenges to market growth?
    6.  What are the opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the international market?
    7.  What are the trending factors affecting the market shares of the Americas, APAC, and EMEA?
    8.  What are the major effects of the five forces analysis of the global Biochar Fertilizer market?

    Note – In order to provide a more accurate market forecast, all our reports will be updated before delivery by considering the impact of COVID-19.
    (*If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.)

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    Biochar to Hit a Market Value of US$ by 2014 – 2020

    9 July, 2020
     

    A new intelligence report Biochar Market has been recently Added into Global Market Research collection of top-line market research reports. Global Biochar Market report is a meticulous comprehensive analysis of this market that provides access to direct first-hand insights on the growth trail of market in near term and long term. On the basis of factual advice sourced from authentic industry pros and extensive main industry research, the report provides insights about the historical growth pattern of Biochar Market and current market situation. It then provides short- and long-term market development projections.

    Projections are purely based on the detailed analysis of key Market dynamics that are expected to influence Biochar Market performance and their intensity of impacting market growth within the span of assessment period.

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    In addition to evaluation of dynamics, the report provides In-depth examination of key business trends that are expected to act more prominently in global Biochar Market. The study also provides valued information about the present and upcoming growth opportunities in Biochar Market the important players and new market entrants can capitalize on.

    Competitive companies And manufacturers in global market

    Key Geographies/ Countries Covered

    Asia Pacific: Greater China, India, ASEAN, Australia & Zealand, Japan and Others (Singapore, North Korea and South Korea)
    Other Key Topics

    Examples of key Companies Covered
    ARSTA Eco, Earth Systems, Guangdong Dazhong Agricultural Science and Technology Co. Ltd, Rainbow Bee Eater and Pacific Pyrolysis

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    Opportunity assessment Provided in the Biochar Market report Is important concerning understanding the profitable regions of investment, which are the technical insights for major market players, suppliers, vendors, and other stakeholders in Biochar Market.

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    Key Regions and Countries Covered in Global Biochar Market Report-

    Taxonomy and geographical analysis of the international Biochar Market empowers readers to spot profits in present chances and catch upcoming growth opportunities even until they approach the market location. The analysis given in report is only intended to unroll the economic, societal, regulatory and political scenarios of the marketplace specific to each area and country, which might help prospective market entrants in Biochar Market landscape to comprehend the nitty-gritty of target market regions and invent their strategies accordingly.

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    Major TOC Covered In this Report are:

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    Trending Now: Biochar Market Will Generate Massive Revenue in Coming Years|Cool Planet …

    9 July, 2020
     

    Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

    Click to get Global Biochar Market Research Sample PDF Copy Here https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

    Unlock new opportunities in Biochar Market; the latest release from Data Bridge Market Research highlights the key market trends significant to the growth prospects, Let us know if any specific players or list of players needs to consider to gain better insights.

    Biochar Market report offers an in-depth overview of product specification, technology, product type and production analysis considering major factors such as Revenue, Cost, Gross and Gross Margin. Biochar Market report takes care of every opportunity, challenges, drivers, market structures, and competitive scene for the customers.

    Competitive Landscape:

    The Biochar Market report contains an in-depth profiling of the key market players, along with the recent developments (New product launches, partnerships, agreements, collaborations, and joint ventures) and strategies adopted by them to sustain and strengthen their positions in the market.

    What’s keeping “Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture” Ahead in the Biochar Market.

    Table Of Contents Is Available Here @ https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/toc/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

    Global Biochar Market Segmentation:

    Global Biochar Market By Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Batch Pyrolysis Kiln, Microwave Pyrolysis, Cookstove and Others)

    Application (Gardening, Agriculture, Household, Electricity Generation)

    Feedstock (Agriculture Waste, Animal Manure, Forestry Waste, Biomass Plantation)

    Geography (North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa)

    To prepare Biochar Market research report, certain steps are to be followed for collecting, recording and analysing market data. All statistical and numerical data is interpreted in Biochar Market report with the use of established and advanced tools such as SWOT analysis and Porter’s Five Forces Analysis. The major areas covered in the Biochar Market report include market definition, market segmentation, competitive analysis and research methodology. The finest market research report is the one which is pertinent, unique, and creditable and also makes use of proven tools and techniques to formulate complex market insights into simpler version.

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    Fine Biochar Powder Market Size, Analytical Overview, Growth Factors, Demand, Trends and …

    10 July, 2020
     

     

    LOS ANGELES, United States: The global Fine Biochar Powder market is analyzed in quite some detail in the report with strong focus on the competitive landscape, segmentation, market dynamics, and regional market expansion. The report includes thorough assessment of the business of key players operating in the global Fine Biochar Powder market. With deeper qualitative and quantitative analysis of the global Fine Biochar Powder market, the report sheds light on several macroeconomic, microeconomic, and others factors influencing global market growth. Furthermore, it throws light on important regions and countries contributing to the global market growth. The authors of the research study have also provided PESTLE analysis and absolute dollar opportunity analysis of the global Fine Biochar Powder market.

    Get Full PDF Sample Copy of Report: (Including Full TOC, List of Tables & Figures, Chart) https://www.qyresearch.com/sample-form/form/1853854/global-fine-biochar-powder-market

    The authors of the report have profiled top as well as prominent players of the global Fine Biochar Powder market while concentrating on their overall business, key markets, production, manufacturing style, business tactics, sales growth strategies, and other aspects. The report also shows how the competitive landscape has changed in the past or will change in the coming years. It explains the current nature of the competition in the global Fine Biochar Powder market and provides expert analysis on future growth strategies that players could adopt to strengthen their market position. Furthermore, it provides thorough competitive leadership mapping and competitive scenario analysis.

     Key Players Mentioned in the Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Research Report: Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels

     Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Segmentation by Product: Wood Source Biochar
    Corn Source Biochar
    Wheat Source Biochar
    Others

     Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Segmentation by Application: Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others

    The comprehensive segmental analysis offered in the report digs deep into important type and application segments of the global Fine Biochar Powder market. It shows how leading segments are attracting growth in the global Fine Biochar Powder market. Moreover, it includes accurate estimations of the market share, CAGR, and market size of all segments studied in the report.

    The regional segmentation study is one of the best offerings of the report that explains why some regions are taking the lead in the global Fine Biochar Powder market while others are making a low contribution to the global market growth. Each regional market is comprehensively researched about in the report with accurate predictions about its future growth potential, market share, market size, and market growth rate.

    Key questions answered in the report:

    Request for customization in Report:  https://www.qyresearch.com/customize-request/form/1853854/global-fine-biochar-powder-market

    Table of Content

    1 Study Coverage
    1.1 Fine Biochar Powder Product Introduction
    1.2 Market Segments
    1.3 Key Fine Biochar Powder Manufacturers Covered: Ranking by Revenue
    1.4 Market by Type
    1.4.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Growth Rate by Type
    1.4.2 Wood Source Biochar
    1.4.3 Corn Source Biochar
    1.4.4 Wheat Source Biochar
    1.4.5 Others
    1.5 Market by Application
    1.5.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Growth Rate by Application
    1.5.2 Soil Conditioner
    1.5.3 Fertilizer
    1.5.4 Others
    1.6 Study Objectives
    1.7 Years Considered

    2 Executive Summary
    2.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Size, Estimates and Forecasts
    2.1.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Revenue 2015-2026
    2.1.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder Sales 2015-2026
    2.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder, Market Size by Producing Regions: 2015 VS 2020 VS 2026
    2.2.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-2020
    2.2.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020

    3 Global Fine Biochar Powder Competitor Landscape by Players
    3.1 Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Manufacturers
    3.1.1 Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
    3.1.2 Fine Biochar Powder Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
    3.2 Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Manufacturers
    3.2.1 Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
    3.2.2 Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)
    3.2.3 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI) (2015-2020)
    3.2.4 Global Top 10 and Top 5 Companies by Fine Biochar Powder Revenue in 2019
    3.2.5 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
    3.3 Fine Biochar Powder Price by Manufacturers
    3.4 Fine Biochar Powder Manufacturing Base Distribution, Product Types
    3.4.1 Fine Biochar Powder Manufacturers Manufacturing Base Distribution, Headquarters
    3.4.2 Manufacturers Fine Biochar Powder Product Type
    3.4.3 Date of International Manufacturers Enter into Fine Biochar Powder Market
    3.5 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

    4 Market Size by Type (2015-2026)
    4.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Size by Type (2015-2020)
    4.1.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Type (2015-2020)
    4.1.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Type (2015-2020)
    4.1.3 Fine Biochar Powder Average Selling Price (ASP) by Type (2015-2026)
    4.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast by Type (2021-2026)
    4.2.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Sales Forecast by Type (2021-2026)
    4.2.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Forecast by Type (2021-2026)
    4.2.3 Fine Biochar Powder Average Selling Price (ASP) Forecast by Type (2021-2026)
    4.3 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End

    5 Market Size by Application (2015-2026)
    5.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Size by Application (2015-2020)
    5.1.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Application (2015-2020)
    5.1.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Application (2015-2020)
    5.1.3 Fine Biochar Powder Price by Application (2015-2020)
    5.2 Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast by Application (2021-2026)
    5.2.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Sales Forecast by Application (2021-2026)
    5.2.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Forecast by Application (2021-2026)
    5.2.3 Global Fine Biochar Powder Price Forecast by Application (2021-2026)

    6 North America
    6.1 North America Fine Biochar Powder by Country
    6.1.1 North America Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Country
    6.1.2 North America Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Country
    6.1.3 U.S.
    6.1.4 Canada
    6.2 North America Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Type
    6.3 North America Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Application

    7 Europe
    7.1 Europe Fine Biochar Powder by Country
    7.1.1 Europe Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Country
    7.1.2 Europe Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Country
    7.1.3 Germany
    7.1.4 France
    7.1.5 U.K.
    7.1.6 Italy
    7.1.7 Russia
    7.2 Europe Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Type
    7.3 Europe Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Application

    8 Asia Pacific
    8.1 Asia Pacific Fine Biochar Powder by Region
    8.1.1 Asia Pacific Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Region
    8.1.2 Asia Pacific Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Region
    8.1.3 China
    8.1.4 Japan
    8.1.5 South Korea
    8.1.6 India
    8.1.7 Australia
    8.1.8 Taiwan
    8.1.9 Indonesia
    8.1.10 Thailand
    8.1.11 Malaysia
    8.1.12 Philippines
    8.1.13 Vietnam
    8.2 Asia Pacific Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Type
    8.3 Asia Pacific Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Application

    9 Latin America
    9.1 Latin America Fine Biochar Powder by Country
    9.1.1 Latin America Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Country
    9.1.2 Latin America Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Country
    9.1.3 Mexico
    9.1.4 Brazil
    9.1.5 Argentina
    9.2 Central & South America Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Type
    9.3 Central & South America Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Application

    10 Middle East and Africa
    10.1 Middle East and Africa Fine Biochar Powder by Country
    10.1.1 Middle East and Africa Fine Biochar Powder Sales by Country
    10.1.2 Middle East and Africa Fine Biochar Powder Revenue by Country
    10.1.3 Turkey
    10.1.4 Saudi Arabia
    10.1.5 U.A.E
    10.2 Middle East and Africa Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Type
    10.3 Middle East and Africa Fine Biochar Powder Market Facts & Figures by Application

    11 Company Profiles
    11.1 Cool Planet
    11.1.1 Cool Planet Corporation Information
    11.1.2 Cool Planet Description and Business Overview
    11.1.3 Cool Planet Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.1.4 Cool Planet Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.1.5 Cool Planet Related Developments
    11.2 Biochar Supreme
    11.2.1 Biochar Supreme Corporation Information
    11.2.2 Biochar Supreme Description and Business Overview
    11.2.3 Biochar Supreme Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.2.4 Biochar Supreme Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.2.5 Biochar Supreme Related Developments
    11.3 NextChar
    11.3.1 NextChar Corporation Information
    11.3.2 NextChar Description and Business Overview
    11.3.3 NextChar Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.3.4 NextChar Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.3.5 NextChar Related Developments
    11.4 Terra Char
    11.4.1 Terra Char Corporation Information
    11.4.2 Terra Char Description and Business Overview
    11.4.3 Terra Char Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.4.4 Terra Char Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.4.5 Terra Char Related Developments
    11.5 Genesis Industries
    11.5.1 Genesis Industries Corporation Information
    11.5.2 Genesis Industries Description and Business Overview
    11.5.3 Genesis Industries Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.5.4 Genesis Industries Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.5.5 Genesis Industries Related Developments
    11.6 Interra Energy
    11.6.1 Interra Energy Corporation Information
    11.6.2 Interra Energy Description and Business Overview
    11.6.3 Interra Energy Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.6.4 Interra Energy Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.6.5 Interra Energy Related Developments
    11.7 CharGrow
    11.7.1 CharGrow Corporation Information
    11.7.2 CharGrow Description and Business Overview
    11.7.3 CharGrow Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.7.4 CharGrow Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.7.5 CharGrow Related Developments
    11.8 Pacific Biochar
    11.8.1 Pacific Biochar Corporation Information
    11.8.2 Pacific Biochar Description and Business Overview
    11.8.3 Pacific Biochar Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.8.4 Pacific Biochar Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.8.5 Pacific Biochar Related Developments
    11.9 Biochar Now
    11.9.1 Biochar Now Corporation Information
    11.9.2 Biochar Now Description and Business Overview
    11.9.3 Biochar Now Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.9.4 Biochar Now Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.9.5 Biochar Now Related Developments
    11.10 The Biochar Company (TBC)
    11.10.1 The Biochar Company (TBC) Corporation Information
    11.10.2 The Biochar Company (TBC) Description and Business Overview
    11.10.3 The Biochar Company (TBC) Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.10.4 The Biochar Company (TBC) Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.10.5 The Biochar Company (TBC) Related Developments
    11.1 Cool Planet
    11.1.1 Cool Planet Corporation Information
    11.1.2 Cool Planet Description and Business Overview
    11.1.3 Cool Planet Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.1.4 Cool Planet Fine Biochar Powder Products Offered
    11.1.5 Cool Planet Related Developments
    11.12 Vega Biofuels
    11.12.1 Vega Biofuels Corporation Information
    11.12.2 Vega Biofuels Description and Business Overview
    11.12.3 Vega Biofuels Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)
    11.12.4 Vega Biofuels Products Offered
    11.12.5 Vega Biofuels Related Developments

    12 Future Forecast by Regions (Countries) (2021-2026)
    12.1 Fine Biochar Powder Market Estimates and Projections by Region
    12.1.1 Global Fine Biochar Powder Sales Forecast by Regions 2021-2026
    12.1.2 Global Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Forecast by Regions 2021-2026
    12.2 North America Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.2.1 North America: Fine Biochar Powder Sales Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.2.2 North America: Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.2.3 North America: Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)
    12.3 Europe Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.3.1 Europe: Fine Biochar Powder Sales Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.3.2 Europe: Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.3.3 Europe: Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)
    12.4 Asia Pacific Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.4.1 Asia Pacific: Fine Biochar Powder Sales Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.4.2 Asia Pacific: Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.4.3 Asia Pacific: Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast by Region (2021-2026)
    12.5 Latin America Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.5.1 Latin America: Fine Biochar Powder Sales Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.5.2 Latin America: Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.5.3 Latin America: Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)
    12.6 Middle East and Africa Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.6.1 Middle East and Africa: Fine Biochar Powder Sales Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.6.2 Middle East and Africa: Fine Biochar Powder Revenue Forecast (2021-2026)
    12.6.3 Middle East and Africa: Fine Biochar Powder Market Size Forecast by Country (2021-2026)

    13 Market Opportunities, Challenges, Risks and Influences Factors Analysis
    13.1 Market Opportunities and Drivers
    13.2 Market Challenges
    13.3 Market Risks/Restraints
    13.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
    13.5 Primary Interviews with Key Fine Biochar Powder Players (Opinion Leaders)

    14 Value Chain and Sales Channels Analysis
    14.1 Value Chain Analysis
    14.2 Fine Biochar Powder Customers
    14.3 Sales Channels Analysis
    14.3.1 Sales Channels
    14.3.2 Distributors

    15 Research Findings and Conclusion

    16 Appendix
    16.1 Research Methodology
    16.1.1 Methodology/Research Approach
    16.1.2 Data Source
    16.2 Author Details
    16.3 Disclaimer

    About Us:

    QY Research established in 2007, focus on custom research, management consulting, IPO consulting, industry chain research, data base and seminar services. The company owned a large basic data base (such as National Bureau of statistics database, Customs import and export database, Industry Association Database etc), expert’s resources (included energy automotive chemical medical ICT consumer goods etc.

     


    COVID-19 impact: Biochar Market Likely to Emerge over a Period of 2020 to 2029

    10 July, 2020
     

    A recent study published on the global Biochar market offers an in-depth understanding of the overall prospects of the market. Further, the summary of the key findings of the research along with the megatrends influencing the growth of the Biochar market is highlighted in the presented study. The market introduction and definition is included to help our readers understand the basic concepts of the study on the Biochar market.

    As per the report, the Biochar market is set to grow at a CAGR of ~XX% over the forecast period (20XX-20XX) and reach a value of ~US$XX towards the end of 2029. The regional trade analysis along with the leading importers and exporters is included in the study. In addition, the supply-demand analysis and the key developments in the Biochar market are highlighted in the report.

    Request Sample Report @ https://www.factmr.co/connectus/sample?flag=S&rep_id=3781

    Important Findings of the Report

    Segmentation of the Biochar Market

    competitive dynamics of biochar market, get the sample of this report 

    Biochar Market – Additional Insight 

    Does Biochar Promise to Help Mitigate Climate Changes? 

    Growing awareness about the carbon negative nature of pyrolysis-derived biochar is creating fresh growth avenues for stakeholders. The potential role of this bichar system derived by the process of pyrolysis is being increasingly viewed as a potential tool to mitigate climate change, by restoring plant based carbon in a stabilized form in soil to prevent decomposition. Though the consensus revolving around the effectiveness of soil biochar amendments in eradicating CO2 from the atmosphere continues to grow, its chemical properties and net carbon footprint are widely variable. 

    Research Methodology 

    An authentic methodology, coupled with a holistic approach, lays the base for the actionable insights mentioned in the biochar market for the time frame, 2019-2029. The Fact.MR report provides comprehensive information about the future opportunistic value of biochar market along with enthralling insights into the forecast analysis of the market.

    Intensive primary and secondary research has been employed to garner riveting insights into the projection analysis of biochar market market. The report on biochar market has further undergone various cross-validation tunnels to ensure that the report carries one-of-its-kind and exclusive information for the readers.

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    Important questions pertaining to the Biochar market catered to in the report:

    Reasons to Buy From Biochar Market Report:

    Ask analyst about this report at https://www.factmr.co/connectus/sample?flag=AE&rep_id=3781

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    United States Biochar Market Report 2016

    10 July, 2020
     


    Growing Focus on Product Innovation Likely to Impact the Growth of the Biochar Market 2014 – 2020

    10 July, 2020
     

    The global Biochar market was valued at $XX million in 2019, and our analysts predict the global market size will reach $XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2019 and 2025.

    Biochar Market research Report is a valuable supply of perceptive information for business strategists. This Biochar Market study provides comprehensive data which enhances the understanding, scope and application of this report.

    Additionally, the report gives two distinct market forecasts, one from the perspective of the producer and another from that of the consumer. It also offers valuable recommendations for new as well as established players of the global Biochar market. It also provides beneficial insights for both new as well as established players of the global Biochar market.

    Request Sample Report @ https://www.futuremarketinsights.co/reports/sample/REP-AP-209

    The Biochar Market report profiles the following companies, which includes: –

    key players in Asia Pacific biochar market

    Key Geographies/ Countries Covered

    Asia Pacific: Greater China, India, ASEAN, Australia & Zealand, Japan and Others (Singapore, North Korea and South Korea)
    Other Key Topics

    Examples of key Companies Covered
    ARSTA Eco, Earth Systems, Guangdong Dazhong Agricultural Science and Technology Co. Ltd, Rainbow Bee Eater and Pacific Pyrolysis

    Request Methodology On This Report @ https://www.futuremarketinsights.co/askus/REP-AP-209

    This report studies the global Biochar Market status and forecast, categorizes the global Biochar Market size (value & volume), revenue (Million USD), product price by manufacturers, type, application, and region. Biochar Market Report by Material, Application, and Geography-Global Forecast to 2024 is an expert and far-reaching research provide details regarding the world’s major provincial economic situations, Concentrating on the principle districts (North America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific) and the fundamental nations (United States, Germany, United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, and China).

    Report Highlights

    Comprehensive pricing analysis on the basis of product, application, and regional segments

    The detailed assessment of the vendor landscape and leading companies to help understand the level of competition in the global Biochar market

    Deep insights about regulatory and investment scenarios of the global Biochar market

    Analysis of market effect factors and their impact on the forecast and outlook of the global Biochar market

    A roadmap of growth opportunities available in the global Biochar market with the identification of key factors

    The exhaustive analysis of various trends of the global Biochar market to help identify market developments

    We offer tailor-made solutions to fit your requirements, request [email protected] https://www.futuremarketinsights.co/customization-available/REP-AP-209

    Overview of the chapters analysing the global Biochar Market in detail:

    Chapter 1 details the information relating to Biochar introduction, Scope of the product, market overview, Market risks, driving forces of the market, etc

    Chapter 2 analyses the top manufacturers of the Biochar Market by sales, revenue etc for the Forecast period 2019 to 2024

    Chapter 3 throws light on the competition landscape amongst the top manufacturers based on sales, revenue, market share etc for the period 2019 to 2024.

    Chapter 4 analyses the global market by regions and their market share, sales, revenue etc for the period 2019 to 2024.

    Chapters 5 to 9 analyse the Biochar regions with Biochar countries based on market share, revenue, sales etc.

    Chapter 10 and 11 contain the information regarding market basis types and application, sales market share, growth rate etc for forecast period 2019 to 2024.

    Chapter 12 focuses on the market forecast for 2019 to 2024 for the Biochar Market by regions, type and application, sales and revenue.

    Chapter 13 to 15 contain the details related to sales channels, distributors, traders, dealers, research findings, research findings, and conclusion etc for the Biochar Market.


    Steam gasification of marine biomass and its biochars for hydrogen-rich gas production

    10 July, 2020
     

    In this study, steam gasifications of a kind of marine biomass, i.e., Zostera marina (eelgrass), and the biochars derived from pyrolysis of it were carried out for the biohydrogen production in a fixed-bed reactor. The effects of reaction temperature and water injection rate on the hydrogen production were investigated. In order to understand the effect of sea salts attached on the surface of eelgrass for the hydrogen production, the eelgrass washed by water (washed-eelgrass) was also used as the feedstock. It was observed that hydrogen productions from the gasification of washed-eelgrass as well as its biochar were higher than those of raw eelgrass and its biochar, indicating that the impurities of raw eelgrass had a negative effect on the hydrogen production. The biochar derived from the pyrolysis of washed eelgrass at 550 °C had the largest amount of hydrogen yield at the gasification temperature of 850 °C with a water injection rate of 0.15 g/min. It was found that both the hydrogen production and reaction rates were enhanced by mixing washed-eelgrass biochar obtained at 350 °C with the calcined seashells at a weight ratio of 1 to 2, especially at the gasification temperature of 650 °C. Meanwhile, in the presence of the calcined seashell, CO2 content decreased sharply whereas the hydrogen yield had no obvious increase.

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    This work is supported by Hirosaki University, Japan. Y. A. Situmorang and N. Chaihad gratefully acknowledge the scholarship from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan.

    Correspondence to Abuliti Abudula or Guoqing Guan.

    Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

    (DOCX 1699 kb)

    Received: 26 May 2020

    Revised: 19 June 2020

    Accepted: 01 July 2020

    Published: 10 July 2020

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-00868-x

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    Add Nitrogen

    10 July, 2020
     

    The server understood the request, but is refusing to fulfill it because access is forbidden to the requested resource.

    Back to previous page | shopify.com


    Odia scientist-led team develops tech for producing biofuel

    10 July, 2020
     

    The present scenario calls for production of biofuels using green technology.  The term biofuel is referred to as liquid or gaseous fuels that are predominantly produced from biomass. Biofuels are important because they can replace petroleum based fuels.

    Biofuels are generally considered as offering many priorities, including sustainability, reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, regional development, social structure and agriculture, and security of energy supply, says Dr Sanjib Kumar Karmee, Principal Scientist and Head of Thermo-Chemical Conversion Division Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute Anand,Gujarat.

    In the above context, biomass, in particular forestry (sawdust) and agricultural wastes, are best sources to meet the energy demands of the future as it is not only renewable but also environmentally friendly ,says Dr Karmee further.

    The energy obtained from biomass is used mainly for heat production, electricity, and as liquid fuels for vehicles. Various advanced technologies have been developed to obtain biofuels and chemicals from biomass, which include the hydrothermal process, pyrolysis and combustion.

    Pyrolysis of biomass is one of the most efficient technologies used to produce biofuels. The process is carried out at elevated temperatures under an inert atmosphere which is maintained using either argon or nitrogen gases. The process generates bio-oil, biochar (solid), and pyro-gas (gaseous products), explains Dr Karmee further.

    To conduct pyrolysis experiments the Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute has designed and developed a new pyrolysis plant to produce biofuels from saw-dust and agro residues. A team led by Odia Scientist Dr  Karmee  has demonstrated that biomass can be successfully converted into biofuels using both batch and pilot scale system. The newly developed pilot system has important industrial significance since it can operate at 15 kg/hr scale. The results of these experiments are published in the Fuel journal (Elsevier), informs Dr Karmee further.


    FREE INDUSTRY WEBINAR July 17 | Use of Biochar in Soil Restoration, Landscaping and Green …

    10 July, 2020
     

    FREE Webinar Registration: CLICK HERE

    Biochar is a charcoal-like substance made by thermally treating organic material from urban, agricultural and forestry wastes (also called biomass) in a controlled process called pyrolysis.

    Three experts in the production and use of biochar will discuss and provide examples of the conversion of urban organic residues to biochar for use in urban landscaping, restoration of urban soils and green infrastructure.

    Tom is a biomass energy engineering consultant from Portland, Oregon. With more than 40 years in the design and development of systems for conversion of industrial and urban wood residues, and agricultural residues including crop straws and manures, he finds biochars to be useful for nutrient and residue management.

    Tom chairs the International Biochar Initiative and the U.S. Biochar Initiative.

    Mark received his B.S. degree in Environmental Horticulture from the University of Florida. Later he focused his M.S. degree studies in the Longwood Graduate Program on compost and potting soil. After the Longwood Graduate Program, Mark started The Organic Mechanic Soil Company, LLC in 2006.

    Mark has served as a consultant for the EPA and Institute for Local Self-Reliance, and recently received the Young Professional Award from the Perennial Plant Association.

    Chuck is the Vice President, Business Development for Ecotone, an ecological restoration design/build firm and owner of Infinite Solutions, a mid-Atlantic biochar sales and implementation company focusing on urban systems. He has 30 Years of Experience in the Environmental and Engineering Consulting and Construction Industry.

    Chuck served as past chair for the USBI Biochar 2018 Conference held in Wilmington, DE and a board member of the U.S. Biochar Initiative.

    FREE Webinar Registration: CLICK HERE

    Pennsylvania Recycling Markets Center • Penn State Harrisburg • 777 West Harrisburg Pike • Church Hall • Middletown, PA 17057-4898 • 717-948-6660

    © Copyright 2020 • All rights reserved.


    Global Biochar Market will grow with surging CAGR during the period 2020-2025

    10 July, 2020
     

    The Global Biochar Market has registered a significant CAGR during the last decade. It is expected to reach higher annual growth in the forthcoming years. Stability, robust financial system, raw material affluence, soaring global Biochar demand are boosting market development. Similarly, technological advancements, innovations, increasing industrialization, and urbanization in the developing and developed regions are likely to uphold the Biochar market revenue during the forecast period.

    Market Research Explore published an extensive analysis of the global Biochar market considering various crucial factors of the market. The research study enfolds accurate and authentic assessments of the past as well as the future pace of the market. The report contains vital evaluations based on market demand, production, sales volume, revenue, and annual growth rates. The report also elaborates on current market rivalry, industry environment, segments, and leading competitors in the global Biochar market. It helps market players, stakeholders, industry experts, researchers, and company officials in gaining deep comprehension of the market.

    Sample Copy Global Biochar Market Report 2019

    Assessment of leading Biochar market participants:

    The global Biochar market has been divided into several crucial segments such as product types, applications, regions, and end-users. Additionally, it explores regions including North America, Europe, South America, the Middle East, Asia, and the rest of the world while performing regional analysis. The segmentation analysis assists market players precisely targeting the actual market size and selecting appropriate segments for their Biochar businesses.

    Financial assessments of leading Biochar players’ are also highlighted in the market report. It underscores the evaluation of their production cost, pricing structure sales volume, gross margin, profitability, sales revenue, growth rate, and other financial ratios. Additionally, it illuminates companies’ organizational structure, corporate alliance, production volume, product specifications, manufacturing base, processes, value chain, raw material sourcing strategies, distribution networks, and global presence. The referred analysis helps market players intuit the strengths, weaknesses, and market positions of their strong rivals.

    Study of major segments of the global Biochar industry:

    Coherent survey of Global Biochar Market 2019

    Besides, the report sheds light on the market rivalry situation and performance of leading Biochar manufacturers. The report has studied recent developments performed by leading manufacturers in the global Biochar market which includes product research, innovations, and development. Their strategic moves were also examined in the report, including mergers, ventures, partnerships, product launches, and brand promotions that helped companies expand their service areas.

    Moreover, the report illuminates current and forthcoming challenges and opportunities in the global Biochar market, which poses great impacts on market development. Also, potential market risks, threats, and uncertainties are elucidated in the report to help market players and clients to control loss to their Biochar businesses. The report assists market players in building profitable strategies to hit their market goals in the desired time of span.

    You can ask for customized information for the Biochar market at [email protected].

    Email: [email protected]

    Daily Research Chronicles Inc.
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    Application Research of Biochar for the Remediation of Soil Heavy Metals Contamination

    10 July, 2020
     

    Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website.

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    This is an early access version, the complete PDF, HTML, and XML versions will be available soon.

    Cheng, S.; Chen, T.; Xu, W.; Huang, J.; Jiang, S.; Yan, B. Application Research of Biochar for the Remediation of Soil Heavy Metals Contamination: A Review. Molecules 2020, 25, 3167.

    Cheng S, Chen T, Xu W, Huang J, Jiang S, Yan B. Application Research of Biochar for the Remediation of Soil Heavy Metals Contamination: A Review. Molecules. 2020; 25(14):3167.

    Cheng, Sheng; Chen, Tao; Xu, Wenbin; Huang, Jian; Jiang, Shaojun; Yan, Bo. 2020. “Application Research of Biochar for the Remediation of Soil Heavy Metals Contamination: A Review.” Molecules 25, no. 14: 3167.

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    Size-dependent biochar breaking under compaction: Implications on clogging and pathogen …

    10 July, 2020
     

    Most of broken biochar particles during compaction were trapped in biofilters.

    Dominant biochar breaking process was disintegration, not abrasion.

    Disintegration was prominent when biochar particle size was small.

    Exponential model predicted the clogging of compacted biofilters.

    E. coli removal and clogging rate was highest in the filters with smallest biochar.

    Most of broken biochar particles during compaction were trapped in biofilters.

    Dominant biochar breaking process was disintegration, not abrasion.

    Disintegration was prominent when biochar particle size was small.

    Exponential model predicted the clogging of compacted biofilters.

    E. coli removal and clogging rate was highest in the filters with smallest biochar.

    Breaking of biochar during compaction of amended soil used in roadside biofilters or landfill cover can affect infiltration, clog amended soil, and change its pollutant removal capacity. It is unknown how the initial biochar size affects the biochar breaking, clogging potential, and contaminant removal capacity of biochar-amended soil. We compacted a mixture of coarse sand and biochar with sizes smaller than, similar to or larger than the sand and applied stormwater contaminated with E. coli in columns packed with the compacted sand-biochar mixture. Coating biochar with a dye and analyzing the dye concentration in the broken biochar particles eluted from the columns, we proved that biochar predominantly breaks under compaction by disintegration or splitting, not abrasion, and increases in biochar size decrease the likelihood of biochar breaking. We attribute this result to the effective dissipation of compaction energy through a greater number of contact points between a large biochar particle and the adjacent particles. Most of the broken biochar particles deposited in the pores, resulting in an exponential decrease in hydraulic conductivity of amended sand with an increase in suspended sediment loading. The clogging rate was higher in the columns with smaller biochar. The columns with small biochar also exhibited high E. coli removal capacity, partly because of an increase in straining by the smaller pore size created by the deposition of fine biochar particles created during compaction. These results are useful in selecting appropriate biochar size for its application in soils and roadside biofilters for water treatment.

    This paper has been recommended for acceptance by Yong Sik Ok.


    Global Impact of Covid-19 on Wood Vinegar Market to Witness Promising Growth Opportunities …

    10 July, 2020
     

    The Global Wood Vinegar Market Report contains essential details of the industry, intended to help the customers identify the optimum approaches to get ahead in the market and make well-informed decisions. An extensive overview of the global sector included in the report examines vital market information to forecast the growth of the market in the forecast duration. The CAGR of the market for the coming years to 2026 has been estimated based on a detailed assessment of the market with authentic and relevant information pertaining to the different segments of the sector. The driving and restraining factors prevailing in the industry have been studied to predict their impact on the growth of the Wood Vinegar market in the coming years.

    This is the only report that is inclusive of the current effect of the coronavirus on the market and its future trends. The coronavirus has widely impacted the world economy, and its aftereffects are elucidated in detail in the report for the Wood Vinegar market.

    The sample of the report can be availed by [email protected] https://www.reportsanddata.com/sample-enquiry-form/2838

    It provides an elaborate breakdown of critical market statistics, market estimation, and profiles of leading players operating in the global Wood Vinegar industry.

    In market segmentation by manufacturers, the report covers the following companies-

    ACE (Singapore) Pte Ltd, Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp., Nettenergy BV (Netherlands), TAGROW CO., LTD. (China), and Byron Biochar (Australia).

    Wood Vinegar product types, applications, geographies, and end-user industries are the key market segments that are comprised in this study. The report speculates the prospective growth of the different market segments by studying the current market standing, performance, demand, production, sales, and growth prospects existing in the market.

    In market segmentation by types of Wood Vinegar, the report covers-

    In market segmentation by applications of the Wood Vinegar, the report covers the following uses-

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    Major highlights of the global Wood Vinegar market report:

    The report depicts all the analytical details in a well-structured manner, for example, in the statistics, graphs, tables, through which users can more easily grasp detailing. Moreover, it discusses accurate forecasts and gives a detailed research methodology.

    The global Wood Vinegar market report answers some important questions for you:

    Read the full Research Report along with a table of contents, facts and figures, charts, graphs, [email protected] https://www.reportsanddata.com/report-detail/wood-vinegar-market

    To summarize, the global Wood Vinegar market report studies the contemporary market to forecast the growth prospects, challenges, opportunities, risks, threats, and the trends observed in the market that can either propel or curtail the growth rate of the industry. The market factors impacting the global sector also include provincial trade policies, international trade disputes, entry barriers, and other regulatory restrictions.


    Biochar Market Value Share, Supply Demand, Share and Value Chain

    10 July, 2020
     

    Biochar Market Insights 2018, is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Biochar industry with a focus on the Global market. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Biochar manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry. Overall, the report provides an in-depth insight of 2018-2025 global Biochar market covering all important parameters.

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    The key points of the Biochar Market report:

    The report provides a basic overview of the Biochar industry including its definition, applications and manufacturing technology.

    The report explores the international and Chinese major industry players in detail. In this part, the report presents the company profile, product specifications, capacity, production value, and 2018-2025 market shares for each company.

    Through the statistical analysis, the report depicts the global total market of Biochar industry including capacity, production, production value, cost/profit, supply/demand and Chinese import/export.

    The total market is further divided by company, by country, and by application/type for the competitive landscape analysis.

    The report then estimates 2018-2025 market development trends of Biochar industry. Analysis of upstream raw materials, downstream demand, and current market dynamics is also carried out.

    The report makes some important proposals for a new project of Biochar Industry before evaluating its feasibility.

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    The report firstly introduced the Biochar basics: definitions, classifications, applications and market overview; product specifications; manufacturing processes; cost structures, raw materials and so on. Then it analyzed the worlds main region market conditions, including the product price, profit, capacity, production, supply, demand and market growth rate and forecast etc. In the end, the report introduced new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investment return analysis.

    The major players profiled in this report include:
    Tennant Coatings
    LATICRETE International
    Dur-A-Flex
    Sika
    Tremco Incorporated
    Prime Resins

    The end users/applications and product categories analysis:
    On the basis of product, this report displays the sales volume, revenue (Million USD), product price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into-
    General Type

    On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate of Biochar for each application, including-
    Agriculture
    Animal Feed
    Health & Beauty Products

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    * Regional and country level analysis integrating the demand and supply forces that are influencing the growth of the market.

    * Competitive landscape involving the market share of major players, along with the new projects and strategies adopted by players in the past five years

    * Comprehensive company profiles covering the product offerings, key financial information, recent developments, SWOT analysis, and strategies employed by the major market players

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    Wood Vinegar Market Forecast to 2027 – Covid-19 Impact and Global Analysis by Prominent …

    10 July, 2020
     

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    Some of the Major Market Players Are:

    Ace (Singapore) Pte Ltd., Byron Biochar, Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp., Dongying Runyi Biotechnology Co. Ltd., Frutarom Industries Ltd, Kerry Group PLC, Merck KGaA, Nakashima Trading Co.Ltd, Nettenergy B.V., Wood Vinegar Australia

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    REGIONAL FRAMEWORK

    The report provides a detailed overview of the industry including both qualitative and quantitative information. It provides an overview and forecast of the global Wood Vinegar Market based on various segments. It also provides market size and forecast estimates from the year 2018 to 2027 with respect to five major regions. The Wood Vinegar Market by each region is later sub-segmented by respective countries and segments. The report covers the analysis and forecast of 18 countries globally along with the current trend and opportunities prevailing in the region.

     

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    Best Granite Crusher Machine In India Biochar

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    Fine Biochar Powder Market Trends, Regulations and Competitive Landscape Outlook to 2019-2026

    11 July, 2020
     

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    Segment by Type, the Fine Biochar Powder market is segmented into
    Wood Source Biochar
    Corn Source Biochar
    Wheat Source Biochar
    Others

    Segment by Application, the Fine Biochar Powder market is segmented into
    Soil Conditioner
    Fertilizer
    Others

    Regional and Country-level Analysis
    The Fine Biochar Powder market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries).
    The key regions covered in the Fine Biochar Powder market report are North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa. It also covers key regions (countries), viz, U.S., Canada, Germany, France, U.K., Italy, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Mexico, Brazil, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, etc.
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    Fine Biochar Powder market competitive landscape provides details and data information by players. The report offers comprehensive analysis and accurate statistics on revenue by the player for the period 2015-2020. It also offers detailed analysis supported by reliable statistics on revenue (global and regional level) by players for the period 2015-2020. Details included are company description, major business, company total revenue and the sales, revenue generated in Fine Biochar Powder business, the date to enter into the Fine Biochar Powder market, Fine Biochar Powder product introduction, recent developments, etc.

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    Cool Planet
    Biochar Supreme
    NextChar
    Terra Char
    Genesis Industries
    Interra Energy
    CharGrow
    Pacific Biochar
    Biochar Now
    The Biochar Company (TBC)
    ElementC6
    Vega Biofuels

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    Comprehensive Report on Boron Fertilizer Market 2020 | Trends, Growth Demand, Opportunities …

    11 July, 2020
     

    Boron Fertilizer Market research is an intelligence report with meticulous efforts undertaken to study the right and valuable information. The data which has been looked upon is done considering both, the existing top players and the upcoming competitors. Business strategies of the key players and the new entering market industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this report analysis.

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    Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

    Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

    Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

    Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

    Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

    Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

    Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

    Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

    Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

    Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

    Chapter 12 Global Boron Fertilizer Market Forecast

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    Biochar Fertilizer Market During 2020-2026 Future Growth Prospects Focusing Emerging Key …

    11 July, 2020
     

    Biochar Fertilizer Market research is an intelligence report with meticulous efforts undertaken to study the right and valuable information. The data which has been looked upon is done considering both, the existing top players and the upcoming competitors. Business strategies of the key players and the new entering market industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this report analysis.

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    Top Key Players Profiled in This Report:

    Biogrow Limited, Biochar Farms, Anulekh, GreenBack, Carbon Fertilizer, Global Harvest Organics LLC

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    Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Biochar Fertilizer market. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market. The influence of the latest government guidelines is also analyzed in detail in the report. It studies the Biochar Fertilizer market’s trajectory between forecast periods.

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    Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

    Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

    Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

    Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

    Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

    Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

    Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

    Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

    Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

    Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

    Chapter 12 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Forecast

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    Fine Biochar Powder Market: Quantitative Analysis, Current and Future Trends, 2019-2029

    11 July, 2020
     

    The Global Fine Biochar Powder Marketplace gives detailed Evaluation about all of the Important aspects regarding the marketplace. The analysis on Global Fine Biochar Powder economy, offers profound insights regarding the Fine Biochar Powder marketplace covering all of the significant characteristics of the marketplace. In addition, the report offers historical information with prospective prediction over the forecast period. Various critical aspects like market trends, earnings development patterns market stocks and supply and demand are contained in practically all of the market research document for every single business. A number of the vital facets analysed in the report contains market share, creation, key areas, earnings rate in addition to key players.

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    Market Segment Analysis
    The research report includes specific segments by Type and by Application. This study provides information about the sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of 2015 to 2026. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.
    Segment by Type, the Fine Biochar Powder market is segmented into
    Wood Source Biochar
    Corn Source Biochar
    Wheat Source Biochar
    Others

    Segment by Application
    Soil Conditioner
    Fertilizer
    Others

    Global Fine Biochar Powder Market: Regional Analysis
    The Fine Biochar Powder market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). The report includes country-wise and region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. It also includes market size and forecast by Type and by Application segment in terms of sales and revenue for the period 2015-2026.
    The key regions covered in the Fine Biochar Powder market report are:
    North America
    U.S.
    Canada
    Europe
    Germany
    France
    U.K.
    Italy
    Russia
    Asia-Pacific
    China
    Japan
    South Korea
    India
    Australia
    Taiwan
    Indonesia
    Thailand
    Malaysia
    Philippines
    Vietnam
    Latin America
    Mexico
    Brazil
    Argentina
    Middle East & Africa
    Turkey
    Saudi Arabia
    U.A.E
    Global Fine Biochar Powder Market: Competitive Analysis
    This section of the report identifies various key manufacturers of the market. It helps the reader understand the strategies and collaborations that players are focusing on combat competition in the market. The comprehensive report provides a significant microscopic look at the market. The reader can identify the footprints of the manufacturers by knowing about the global revenue of manufacturers, the global price of manufacturers, and sales by manufacturers during the forecast period of 2015 to 2019.
    The major players in global Fine Biochar Powder market include:
    Diacarbon Energy
    Agri-Tech Producers
    Biochar Now
    Carbon Gold
    Kina
    The Biochar Company
    Swiss Biochar GmbH
    ElementC6
    BioChar Products
    BlackCarbon
    Cool Planet
    Carbon Terra

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    Biochar Market Insight, Present Scenario & Growth Prospect 2020-2026 |Cool Planet, Pacific …

    13 July, 2020
     

    Biochar Market analysis report delivers key data about the product portfolios, product values, company profiles, shares, and contact data for the company. This promotional market research document on the worldwide market also represents all the regions as well as countries across the globe, which showcase a regional manufacturing status, such as volume, market size, value and price details. It also represents a brief summary of sales, revenue share, demand/supply data, and market growth analysis during the predicted period. The Biochar Market business research report showcases an overall mapping of the industry vendors and the analysis of the competitive landscape.

    Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

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    Unlock new opportunities in Biochar Market; the latest release from Data Bridge Market Research highlights the key market trends significant to the growth prospects, Let us know if any specific players or list of players needs to consider to gain better insights.

    Biochar Market report offers an in-depth overview of product specification, technology, product type and production analysis considering major factors such as Revenue, Cost, Gross and Gross Margin. Biochar Market report takes care of every opportunity, challenges, drivers, market structures, and competitive scene for the customers.

    Competitive Landscape:

    The Biochar Market report contains an in-depth profiling of the key market players, along with the recent developments (New product launches, partnerships, agreements, collaborations, and joint ventures) and strategies adopted by them to sustain and strengthen their positions in the market.

    What’s keeping “Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture” Ahead in the Biochar Market.

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    Global Biochar Market Segmentation:

    Global Biochar Market By Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Batch Pyrolysis Kiln, Microwave Pyrolysis, Cookstove and Others)

    Application (Gardening, Agriculture, Household, Electricity Generation)

    Feedstock (Agriculture Waste, Animal Manure, Forestry Waste, Biomass Plantation)

    Geography (North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa)

    To prepare Biochar Market research report, certain steps are to be followed for collecting, recording and analysing market data. All statistical and numerical data is interpreted in Biochar Market report with the use of established and advanced tools such as SWOT analysis and Porter’s Five Forces Analysis. The major areas covered in the Biochar Market report include market definition, market segmentation, competitive analysis and research methodology. The finest market research report is the one which is pertinent, unique, and creditable and also makes use of proven tools and techniques to formulate complex market insights into simpler version.

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    Important Questions Answered in Biochar Market Report:-

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    What are dynamics, this overview includes analysis of scope and price analysis of top vendors profiles of Biochar Market?

    What are opportunities, risk and driving force of Biochar Market?

    Who are the opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in Biochar Market?

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    Role of biochar in promoting circular economy in the agriculture sector. Part 1

    13 July, 2020
     

    Recently, biochar has been widely used for versatile applications in agriculture and environment sectors as an effective tool to minimise waste and to increase the efficiency of circular economy. In the present work, we review the current knowledge about biochar role in N, P and K cycles. Ammonia volatilisation and N2O emission can be reduced by biochar addition. The content of available P can be improved by biochar through enhancement of solubilisation and reduction in P fixation on soil mineral, whilst high extractable K in biochar contributes to K cycle in soil. Liming effect and high CEC are important properties of biochars improving beneficial interactions with N, P and K soil cycle processes. The effectiveness of biochar on N, P and K cycles is associated with biochar properties which are mainly affected by feedstock type and pyrolysis condition.

    Biochar, a pyrogenic material derived from the thermochemical conversion of biomass in an oxygen-depleted environment, has come into the limelight in the last decade for its potential to foster soil C sequestration. In addition, biochar can be a multifunctional player for local circularity across agriculture, energy and environmental domains in several processes such as substitution of activated carbon [1], nutrient retention [2], enhancement of anaerobic conditions in biorefinery processes [3], immobilisation of heavy metals in mining soils [4] decontamination of water [5], and sorption of pesticides [6]. Generally, physical (e.g., large porosity and surface area) and chemical (e.g., recalcitrant aromatic C structure, hydrophobicity, cation exchange capacity) properties of biochar are the key factors bringing these multi-beneficial utilities [2, 7, 8].

    A large number of review reports has been published regarding biochar from different and specific aspects such as key component for recovering of contaminated soil [9], soil conditioner [1, 10], application in upland fields and political support for biochar use [11]. However, there are only a few reports regarding biochar interaction with different soil nutrient cycles [12, 13] and its multiple-use in the agricultural domain. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the primary nutrients required by plants for growth, whereas several biochar interactions with soil components can contribute to increase the availability of these nutrients. Here, our review presents the role of biochar for different reactions in cycles of these three nutrients.

    Biochar properties rely on the content and chemical nature of organic and inorganic components in its matrix. Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, sulphur and nitrogen prevail in the biochar organic matter. Mineral elements, such as silica, aluminium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium and potassium, are mainly present in biochar ash. The content of C in biochar increases in the range 17 to 85% with increasing pyrolysis temperature [14,15,16], whilst, on average, organic C accounts for less than 50% of total C [15]. In general, total C increases over pyrolysis temperature whilst biochar yield is decreased [17]. The functional groups found in biochar include hydroxyl, epoxy, carbonyl, carboxyl, ether, ester, sulphonic, aliphatic, phenolic and aromatic C groups [9, 18]. Especially, biochar enriched with carboxyl and phenolic C groups has a higher cation exchange capacity (CEC), thus presenting a higher capacity to adsorb nutrients [19].

    The properties of biochar are significantly dependent on the feedstock types and the pyrolysis conditions, as well as on pre- and post-pyrolysis treatments [9, 18]. During the pyrolysis, lignocellulosic compounds in the feedstock are converted to aliphatic C groups at pyrolysis temperature around 400 °C. Furthermore, at temperatures above 500 °C, aromatisation and graphitisation processes occur [18], which increase the content of aromatic C groups and the degree of hydrophobicity, therefore enhancing nutrient absorption [8]. At the same time, other properties are reduced, such as the O/C and H/C ratios and the content of carboxyl groups, which are prone to interact with soil C pools [9, 20]. The CEC of biochar is also strongly associated with the type of feedstock and pyrolysis conditions [14, 21]. Woody-derived biochars have lower CEC than manure waste biochars, whilst high-temperature biochars have lower CEC than low-temperature biochars. Therefore, the selection of the proper pyrolysis conditions is a key step to formulate biochar for specific use and purposes in soil [9, 18].

    Regarding optimal application rate in pot, Jaiswal et al. [22] concluded that an inverted U-shaped relationship between biochar dose and plant growth is a common pattern. However, under field conditions, most of the significant improvements in crop yield were obtained at high biochar application rates (> 2.5 tonnes ha−1) [23].

    Nitrogen (N) is an important element for ecosystems and biochar can be a useful tool contributing to N input in soil–plant system. As previously mentioned, there is a wide variety of feedstocks for biochar production. Usually, manure-based biochar presents high-nutrient contents than plant-based biochar. However, the average N available as nitrate in different types of biochar is generally less than 0.01% [24]. Despite the low content of available N, biochar plays an important role in determining N availability in soil as it may directly or indirectly influence various N forms and processes (Fig. 1) involved in the N cycle, such as dissolved organic N, N immobilisation and mineralisation, nitrification, N2O emission, ammonia volatilisation, and biological N2 fixation [25,26,27]. Generally, biochar has a large potential for decreasing soil N losses in different soil types, whilst the influence on crop production is lower in temperate regions than in tropical ones [28].

    Application of biochar in the soil may directly or indirectly influence many processes involved in the N cycle

    In general, biochar application to soil decreases NO3 and NH4+ leaching, but does not reduce dissolved organic N (DON) leaching since most of the DON carries a net negative charge [26]. Also, DON turnover of organic matter pool in contrasting agricultural environments is not influenced by the application of fresh or aged biochar [29]. Jones et al. [30] found a small and transient impact of biochar addition to soil on DON turnover. Conversely, other authors report that biochar addition at high application rate reduces protein and free amino acid production and consumption which slows down soil organic N cycling [31].

    Soil application of biochar produced at low pyrolysis temperature (< 350 °C) increases the rate of organic N mineralisation to NH4+, in comparison to biochar produced at 550 °C, due to a larger labile C fraction [27]. In addition, acid functional groups and labile C are present on the surface of biochar produced at low temperature and this type of biochar normally adsorbs more NH4+ in comparison with biochar produced at high temperature [32]. Probably, the labile C content of low-temperature biochar may contribute to immobilising N in the mineral soil [33]. The application of biochar accelerates soil N transformations in the short term with increased N bioavailability through N mineralisation of recalcitrant pools, followed by immobilisation of NH4+ in the labile soil organic N pool [22]. Furthermore, Nelissen et al. [27] reported that NH4+ is immobilised quickly by adsorption, which thereby consequently reduces available N and concomitantly minimises potential soil N losses. The application of slow pyrolysis biochar in the soil presents N immobilisation for a much shorter period than the fast pyrolysis biochar [34]. The same authors report that N immobilisation after biochar application in the soil is a transient phenomenon because the labile part is mineralised after a few months. Biochar application had a significant impact on both N mineralisation and immobilisation, but since there is a balance between gross N mineralisation and gross N immobilisation the soil net N mineralisation is not significantly altered by biochar application [35]. An increase in gross N immobilisation may be induced by microbial activity when large availability of C in the labile fraction of biochar increases [36].

    Changes in water status and distribution in the soil, associated with changes in soil oxygenation, may increase nitrification rates in biochar amended soils since nitrification is dependent on soil O2 availability [31]. Abujabhah et al. [37] have shown that rising biochar application rates (0, 2.5 and 5% wt/wt) reduced NH4+ and increased NO3. Underlying factors of this result were biochar sorption capacity and increased soil aeration which favoured higher nitrification rate. The enhanced nitrification rate with rising biochar application rates could have also been due to the increase in pH in these soils amended with biochar [27, 31] which may have stimulated autotrophic nitrification [36]. Despite the positive effect of nitrification on increasing plant-available N, a better understanding of the long-term effects of biochar amendment on soil N cycling in various agricultural settings is required for full exploitation of biochar potential [31]. In this context, it is known that the use of biochar reduces NO3 leaching and N2O emission in horticulture and arable farming, but it does not affect losses in perennial crops and grasslands [38].

    The function of biochar as an electron shuttle transferring electrons to denitrifying soil microorganisms, in combination with the liming effect and high surface area of biochar, has been reported as an explanation of the N2O emission rate reduction in biochar-amended soils [39].

    The use of biochar may reduce N2O emissions by approximately 40% in Anthrosols and Arenosols. Beyond N2O emissions reduction, biochar application also reduces NO3 leaching, which increases the efficient use of N and ultimately mitigates climate change [38].

    In biochar pyrolysed at low temperature, reduced phenolic moieties, acting as electron donors, enhanced N2O reduction, whilst in biochar pyrolysed at high temperature the oxidised quinone moieties, functioning as electron acceptors, decreased denitrification rate and N2O emissions [40]. Furthermore, the electrical conductivity structure of biochar produced at high-temperature promoted N2O reduction. The biochar function as an electron shuttle tends to decrease or even suppress soil N2O emission inversely to the biochar ageing [41]. However, the mechanisms involved in the modification of nitrification and denitrification genes caused by biochar application to soil are not fully elucidated [42]. The biotic and abiotic mechanisms responsible for inducing soil N2O mitigation by biochar are probably a result of soil and biochar properties and their interactions [43]. An example of these interactions is the inhibition of the nitrification process and the reduction of denitrifiers activity due to an increase in soil moisture and aeration of soil caused by biochar application [44, 45]. Concerning the suppression of N2O emission from denitrification, the ideal biochar properties are high carbonisation degree, high pH and large surface area [33]. Besides to reduce N2O emission, biochar must be applied in adequate proportion with N fertiliser to ensure a C/N ratio greater than 60 [46].

    In addition to understanding the mechanisms involved in biochar influence on N2O emission, another critical factor for improving biochar management practices is the duration of their effect on N2O emission mitigation [47]. According to Borchard et al. [38], in general, the reduction of N2O emission due to biochar application tends to have a minor effect after 1 year. The benefits of biochar on soil greenhouse gas emissions are also highly influenced by soil conditions, especially the water content, which controls N-cycling pathways [48]. Considering the many types of biochars that affect the soil N2O emissions differently, further research into the use of these materials in crops under different field conditions is required [49]. In addition, there is a lack of experimental data regarding the effect of long term and repetitive additions of biochar to the soil [28].

    Ammonia (NH3) volatilisation, especially in tropical soils due to high temperature and low soil CEC, is the primary source of soil N loss and results in low N use efficiency by crops [28, 50]. According to Mandal et al. [50], the most common form of N fertiliser used in agriculture is urea, and the ammonification of urea raises the soil pH which consequently increases NH3 volatilisation rates.

    Biochar application may contribute to decreasing NH3 emissions. The effectiveness of biochar in reducing NH3 volatilisation in soils where ammonia N fertiliser was applied depends on its surface area and the presence of acidic functional groups responsible for NH3 adsorption [51, 52]. Another factor that may contribute to the reduction of NH3 volatilisation is the retention of NH4+ due to increase of soil cation exchange capacity (CEC) after biochar application [51]. According to Sha et al. [53], the application of wood biochar at rates of 5 to 15 t ha−1, combined with N fertiliser rates lower than 200 kg N ha−1, may contribute to the reduction of NH3 volatilisation.

    Conversely, it has also been shown that application of biochar with high pH (> 9) and application rates greater than 40 t ha−1 in clay acidic soils (pH ≤ 5) with low SOC (≤ 10 g kg−1) increases NH3 volatilisation [23]. Also, the combination of biochar and ammonium-based N fertilisers causes high NH3 volatilisation [53]. The increase of NH3 volatilisation in low pH soils occurs due to soil pH increase caused by biochar [35]. With increasing soil pH, there is an enhanced supply of OH to NH4+ which is converted to NH3.

    The N2 fixation is a crucial pathway to enhance soil N availability in various ecosystems, especially when the N supply is limited [54]. Biological N fixation (BNF) is an essential ecosystem service for agriculture and thereby understanding the relationship and impacts of biochar application on BNF is vital [55]. The application of biochar may increase the BNF in legumes, on average, by 63%, and this effect is mainly occurring in acidic soils (pH ≤ 5) [35]. Azeem et al. [56] showed that the application of 10 t ha−1 of biochar produced by pyrolysis of sugarcane bagasse biomass at 350 °C in mash bean plots increased nodule figures by 89% and N2 fixation by 83% in comparison to treatments without biochar, respectively. The biochar should be selected according to soil and plant type to promote BNF in root nodules or by association with free-living bacteria [57]. Eucalyptus biochar application at 60 g of biochar kg−1 of soil increased by 78% BNF of Phaseolus vulgaris L. compared to control due to higher availability of B and Mo [58]. However, the authors found that increasing the biochar rate to 90 g kg−1 decreased BFN and biomass production probably due to lower N availability and consequently lower photosynthate production. A small application rate (10 t ha−1) of biochar obtained from the aboveground plant biomass of pasture plants resulted in higher nodulation and BNF of Trifolium pratense L. due to the higher availability of K, whilst a very high application rate (120 t ha−1) led to a reduction in the amount of BNF and biomass production [55]. The application of 10 t ha−1 of paper mill biochar under acidic soil conditions caused a liming effect, which resulted in higher BNF, yield of Vicia faba L. and Mo absorption [59]. In a temperate pasture with intercropping of legumes and grasses, the ageing of the applied biochar tended to decrease the BNF and the competitiveness of the legumes with the grasses [60].

    Anthropogenic activity in the soil negatively affects the soil microbial community and the greater the human interference with soil, the greater the potential for BNF after biochar application [54]. Furthermore, biochar application in soils with low organic C content not only increases BNF, but also enhances crop productivity by improving N content and decreasing bulk density [56]. Concomitantly biochar can increase soil N content not only directly, but also indirectly through the transportation of manure-derived biochar by insects [61].

    Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient for plant growth; however, only 10 to 25% of P applied with mineral fertilisers is considered to be taken up by plants [62], whilst the rest is fixed in soils or is lost to water bodies. Soil properties; such as pH, compositions of mineral and organic matter, cation exchange capacity and texture, control plant availability of P in soils [63].

    Application of biochar is known to influence, both directly and indirectly, soil P dynamics by adding extra P present in the biochar, changing soil pH and shifting microbial community compositions. The meta-analysis of 108 pairwise comparisons by Glaser and Lehr [64] and the data from 124 peer-reviewed papers resumed by Gao et al. [65] both showed that plant-available P in agricultural soils was significantly increased by the application of biochar produced from different materials and pyrolysis conditions, as well as for a variety of climate and soil types. The plant-available P in soils tends to increase with the biochar application rate [59], and an application rate above 10 Mg ha−1 is recommended for achieving positive effects on the plant-available P in soils [58].

    The beneficial effects of biochar on nutrient cycles, however, are specific to biochar properties [63, 66,67,68]. The quantification of P present in biochar is source dependent; biochars produced from nutrient-rich feedstocks, such as manure and crop residues, generally have higher P values than those from lignocellulosic feedstocks, and therefore are best suited to be used as soil P fertiliser [52, 69]. For example, the study performed by Novak et al. [70] showed that the concentration of total P in manure-based biochars was 53 to 105 times higher than that in lignocellulosic-based biochars and the release of dissolved P in soils amended with manure-based biochars was approximately 850 times higher than in the soils amended with lignocellulosic-based biochars.

    A large amount of inorganic P remains in the biochar, since organic P present in original materials is transformed into inorganic P during the pyrolysis process at temperatures above 350 °C [71]. Speciation of inorganic P in biochar is strongly dependent on the pyrolysis temperatures, where P complexation in ash compounds occurs during carbonisation [72, 73]. When produced at a temperature above 600 °C, orthophosphate becomes the dominant P species in biochar, whilst pyrophosphate is often the dominant species in biochar produced between 350 and 600 °C [71]. In the study carried out by Bruun et al. [74], labile calcium phosphates, such as brushite and magnesium phosphates, were the dominant P species in the biochar produced from digestate solids at low temperature, whilst these P compounds were transformed into more stable P minerals, such as apatite, in biochars produced above 600 °C. Therefore, the proportion of available P in biochar primarily depends on the pyrolysis temperature.

    Pyrolysis temperature also affects biochar’s alkalinity. Biochar, especially that derived from mineral-rich materials, is commonly alkaline, and alkalinity increases with increasing pyrolysis temperature [63, 75, 76]. For instance, the initial pH of ~ 3.2, 6.3, and 7.5 for oak wood, corn stover and poultry litter, respectively, became the final pH of ~ 7.9, 9.4 and 10.3 after pyrolysis at 600 °C, respectively [60].

    Application of alkaline biochar increases soil pH and induces change to P dynamics in acidic soils, especially in soils with low P sorption capacity [63, 67]. Phosphorus tends to complex with Al or Fe to form Al- or Fe-P minerals in acidic soils and/or is strongly bound to Al- or Fe-(hydr)oxides, and thus become unavailable for plants. These Al- or Fe-P minerals will be solubilised when pH increases above 7 [77]. In the study by Schneider and Haderlein [72], significant P release by addition of biochar was observed in acidic soils rich in goethite (i.e. Fe-oxides). Introducing dissolved organic matter into soils is known to reduce soil P fixation through competing for sorption sites, forming chelates between cations, such as Fe3+ and Al3+, and organic molecules [78], and enhancing electrostatic repulsive forces [72]. Therefore, the P release observed in the study performed by Schneider and Hederlein [72] was most likely caused by the negatively charged organic matter derived from biochar, which reduced P sorption on goethite in addition to increase the soil pH.

    Furthermore, Hiemstra et al. [79] studied the interaction of pyrogenic organic matter and oxide surfaces with P and estimated that the long-term addition of biochar could release P in acidic soils (i.e. pH < 5.5) by more than tenfold compared to P in soil without biochar amendment. The biochar-derived dissolved organic matter had a higher number of carboxylic groups than soil humic acid, thus actively interacted with metal (hydr)oxides resulting in reduced P sorption [79].

    In the case of alkaline soils, biochar does not play a major role in P transformation. Phosphorus is strongly bound to Ca compounds in alkaline conditions above pH 7. Thus, soil P fixation increases in alkaline soils amended with biochar through precipitation of Ca-P minerals and P sorption onto calcite in alkaline soils due to additional input of alkaline elements such as Ca, which is often contained in biochar [63]. In general, biochar had no effect on P sorption isotherms in alkaline soils, especially in soils with high P sorption capacity [63, 80].

    In contrast to the positive impact on soil-available P described previously, especially in acidic soils, it has been shown that biochar with low P content can reduce P availability in soils [72], through increasing P sorption capacity promoted by surface area increase [81] and in metal oxides and carbonates [82] derived from biochar, through immobilisation of P by stimulating microbial activity [80, 83] and by means of precipitation of stable phosphate minerals in alkaline soils [65].

    Change in soil pH caused by biochar also influences the phosphatase activity and the microbial abundance. The meta-analysis of the effects of biochar amendment on soil enzyme activities performed by Zhang et al. [84], where 401 paired comparisons were analysed amongst 43 peer-reviewed published papers, showed that overall soil enzyme activity linked to P cycling increased by 11%. The significant increase of the enzyme activity linked to P cycle was observed especially in acidic and neutral farmland soils, as well as with the addition of biochar produced at high temperatures [84]. Similarly, several other studies showed shifts in enzyme activities induced by biochar addition [65, 85]; for instance, alkaline phosphomonoesterase activities were increased, whilst acidic phosphomonoesterase activities were inhibited by addition of biochar regardless of soil types [86, 87]. However, this effect could have been partly due to the absorption of the substrate or enzymes, which occurs more strongly at lower pH rather than at a higher one [88, 89]. In fact, the study performed by Masto et al. [90] showed that both alkaline and acid phosphomonoesterase activities increased in red soils with addition of the biochar produced from Eichornia. They also observed a threefold increase in soil microbial biomass after application of biochar [90]. The enhancement of microbial biomass was also observed in other studies performed in a wide range of soil types [75, 91], where it is known that mineralisation of P also enhances with increasing microbial biomass [91].

    Other studies showed a shift of microbial community composition towards a higher proportion of fungi over bacteria after the addition of biochar to the soil [83, 92], due to the increase in porosity caused by biochar that makes the habitat more favourable for fungi [93]. Fungi are known to be important decomposers in soils [75].Therefore, the increase in fungi abundance caused by biochar application also enhances the plant available P in soils through accelerated mineralisation of organic P [83].

    Biochar typically contains a large amount of potassium (K), whose concentration usually ranges from 0.70 to 116 g kg−1 [24]. During pyrolysis, C and N become volatile at milder temperatures, whilst K begins to volatise at a relatively higher temperature over 700 °C [25]. Therefore, an increase in K concentration tends to occur in most of the manufactured biochar. Depending on the feedstock biomass and pyrolysis condition, the contents of extractable K in the biochar can be variable. Typically, water-soluble K increased as the pyrolysis temperature increased [94]. In other reports, extractable K initially increased with increasing pyrolysis temperature, but then declined when pyrolysis temperature became elevated [95]. Potassium-enriched biochar has been manufactured from K-rich biomass, such as animal manures [96], banana peduncle [97], rice straw [98] and seaweeds [7].

    A number of observations was documented on the transformation and speciation of K in feedstocks during pyrolysis [99]. Zheng et al. [94] observed an increase of water-soluble K (from 37 to 47%) in giant reed biochar with increasing pyrolysis temperature from 300 to 600 °C, whilst most of the K in the feedstock was transformed into crystallised minerals during pyrolysis. Tan et al. [100] showed that stable and complexed K forms in rice straw were converted into soluble K forms such as potassium sulphate, potassium nitrate and potassium chloride during pyrolysis, which are more easily absorbed by plants. Biochar amendment, therefore, potentially serves as a direct source of K nutrient, which would be an especially suitable amendment for K-deficient soils [94]. However, presence of K nutrient in the biochar or biochar-applied soils does not guarantee that this will be available to plants. Liu et al. [99] suggested that water-insoluble portions of K are embedded in the carbon skeleton structure in highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) intercalation compounds or in complex-K, which are stable in the soil and dissolves only slowly during ageing of biochar in the long term.

    Availability of biochar-derived K nutrient to plants will depend on several physicochemical factors such as solubility of K compounds into water and/or high ionic strength solution, the extent and rate of dissolution of these compounds from biochar to soils, and properties of the soils such as texture, exchange capacity, pH, and water content. Prakongkep et al. [101] reported that biochars produced from 14 tropical plant wastes contained 3.5–51 g kg−1 total K, in which water-soluble K content was in the range of 0.4–30 g kg−1. In an 8-week experiment, Limwikran et al. [102] examined the kinetics of mineral dissolution from nine biochars manufactured from tropical plant wastes into the tropical soils of Oxisols and Ultisol. They reported that some of the water-soluble K was rapidly diffused into the soil, whilst the remaining K fraction was slowly dissociating. Absorption of a considerable amount of Ca by biochar in exchange for the K release was shown in this experiment, suggesting a complex interaction amongst plant nutrients in the biochar–soil environment [102]. Novak et al. [70] examined the release kinetics of K and P from various biochar in fine-loamy soil in a 150-d column leaching experiment, which showed an initial rapid release of dissolved K, followed by a significant decline in the dissolved K content in the leachate from soils supplemented with either poultry litter biochar or ‘designer biochar’ at a blending ratio of 80:20 pine chip/poultry litter biochar. They also reported that such a blended biochar was aligned with soil P and K levels recommended for corn production in southeastern USA Coastal Plain sandy soils [70].

    Biochar can assist in improving K availability and K use efficiency in plants. A meta-analysis of 371 independent studies strongly suggested that biochar application resulted in increased soil K content and plant K tissue concentration [12]. In cotton, application to soil of 1% biochar together with chemical fertiliser significantly increased K content of different plant parts and improved growth and yield [103]. Amendment with biochar from K-rich crop residues, particularly those made from wheat straw, increased available K in sandy loam soil [104]. Application of poultry litter and hardwood biochar improved diary pasture yield in Australian Ferralsols, which was attributed to the alleviation of K and P nutrient constraints in the Ferralsol regardless of the N fertiliser dose applied [48].

    In general, increased soil CEC gained by the application of biochar, due to its structural properties such as porous structure, large surface area and negative surface charge, tends to strengthen the retention of K and enable the slow release of nutrients [105]. Kizito et al. [106] examined the effect of soil application of corn cob and wood biochar saturated with an anaerobic digestate (AD) derived from biomethanol production. They observed that the application of AD-enriched wood biochar to clay loam soil at a rate of 20 t ha−1 increased soil CEC by > 300%, which were accompanied with a significant increase in the soil macronutrient contents including K, and aboveground biomass of cultivated maize plants.

    The long-term effects of biochar-based K supplementation have been addressed in several studies. Two years of maize cultivation on Midwestern Mollisols, amended with hardwood biochar, significantly increased soil available K content and enhanced plant K uptake in the drought year; the latter effect was attributable to the increase in highly mobile K and was favoured by elevated moisture content in biochar-amended soils [107]. A 3-year field study in cotton–garlic intercropping system demonstrated that application of corn straw biochar at 5–20 t ha−1 at each cotton season increased the available K content of the 0–20 cm soil layer, and significantly improved cotton yield in the 3 successive years [108]. It is noteworthy that the biochar application also improved fiber qualities of harvested cotton such as fiber length and fiber strength, which is known to be adversely affected by K- and N-deficiency, but not by P-deficiency, suggesting that the observed amelioration of cotton fiber quality can be attributable to the supply of these nutrients [108]. These observations suggested that biochar application may offer an effective measure for sustainable agriculture in the long term.

    In addition, increased concentration of K in biochar, together with Mg and Ca, functions as a liming agent to neutralise acid soils [109]. Meta-analysis of the literature showed that biochar application led to a reduction in the acidity of the soil in multiple studies [110]. The 90-day incubation experiments in acidic Ultisol supplemented with four crop residue biochar increased soil pH and exchangeable base cations and decreased exchangeable Al3+, especially for legume crop residue biochar [111]. As a matter of fact, the biochar amendment shows pronounced improvement of crop growth and yield in acidic soils [112].

    Being a monovalent basic cation, K is highly susceptible to leaching [113]. Although biochar amendment can increase K leaching by supplying a significant amount of mobile K, at the same time biochar amendment can increase CEC, which strengthens the retention of K, thereby potentially functioning as a suppressor of leaching. A soil column experiment in which rice plants were grown showed a marked increase in K concentration in the leachate of a biochar-amended sandy soil, whilst no significant enhancement of K leaching was observed in biochar-amended clay soil [114], suggesting multiple interactions amongst soluble K, other nutrients, biochar, and soil types.

    Biochar is involved with many soil N transformation processes (e.g. ammonia volatilization, N2O emission and biological nitrogen fixation), resulting in decreasing N losses and improving N retention. Biochar prevents P fixation in acidic soils and increases P solubilisation as a consequence of the enhanced microbial activity as well as changing pH in soils, thus increasing soil P availability. Content of extractable K in soil increases after biochar amendment, although original content of K in biochar is largely variable. The properties of biochar are significantly dependent on the feedstock types and the pyrolysis conditions, as well as on pre- and post-pyrolysis treatments, which also consistently affect the impact of biochar on soil cycles of N, P and K. Therefore, screening of biochars is highly recommended to avoid losses and increase the retention of N, P and K labile forms in soils. To use biochar effectively as a replacement of chemical fertiliser, knowledge of the composition and speciation of element in biochar and the characteristic of soils amended is essential. Given that most of the reports on increased yield in field applications are the result of a high biochar application rate, it is important to develop biochar fertilisers highly efficient even at low application dose based on nanostructures and soluble components [23]. Change in biochar properties due to the ageing effect is another topic deserving future research [21, 60, 115]. Also, some possibly negative impact of biochar amendment to soil should be taken into consideration such as potential increases in P leaching [63] and high EC [116]. Considering the above-mentioned matters, future studies should include the development of standard characteristics in biochar properties [75] and a better understanding of potential and long-term biochar-induced changes in the nutrient cycles under various environments, soil types, and land management.

    Not applicable.

    Cation exchange capacity

    Nitrogen

    Dissolved organic nitrogen

    Biological nitrogen fixation

    Phosphorus

    Potassium

    Highly ordered pyrolytic graphite

    Anaerobic digestate

    Electrical conductivity

    Keiji Jindo wish to acknowledge financial support (3710473400-1). Fábio Satoshi Higashikawa and Carlos Alberto Silva thank the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) for financial support (403912/2016-4) and scholarship provided (303899/2015-8 Grant). Kinya Akashi would like to thank the Joint Research Program and the Project Marginal Region Agriculture of the Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, and the IPDRE Program, Tottori University for financial supports. Miguel A. Sánchez-Monedero wish to thank the support by the Project No RTI2018-099417-B-I00 from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, cofunded with FEDER funds.

    Not applicable.

    KJ, YA, FSH, CAS and KA wrote the manuscript; GM, MASM and CM collaborated to the text redaction and formatted the whole text. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

    Correspondence to Keiji Jindo.

    The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

    Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

    Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

    Received: 12 November 2019

    Accepted: 20 February 2020

    Published: 13 July 2020

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40538-020-00182-8


    Production of microalgal biochar and reducing sugar using wet torrefaction with microwave …

    14 July, 2020
     

    This study employed the microwave-assisted acid hydrolysis pretreatment using wet torrefaction on two indigenous microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD with different biomass composition to investigate the yields of solid biochar and total reducing sugar in the liquid hydrolysate. Operating conditions at low temperatures (160, 170 degrees C) with short holding time (5, 10 min) under several concentrations of diluted acid medium (0, 0.1 and 0.2 M) were carried out to investigate the torrefaction severity effects towards the properties of the solid and liquid products. The highest biochar yields of 54.5% and 74.6% are obtained from C. vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD, respectively under the wet torrefaction conditions with an improvement in the properties for fuel and value-added environmental application. The highest total reducing sugar concentration of 98.11 g/L and 12.08 g/L are obtained in C. vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD liquid hydrolysates, respectively after acid hydrolysis pretreatment. With the co-production of high total reducing sugar in the liquid hydrolysate that can be utilized for bioethanol production and solid biochar as another value-added product, the acid hydrolysis pretreatment using wet torrefaction can be one of the conversion technologies towards the application of renewable energy production. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    }

    Production of microalgal biochar and reducing sugar using wet torrefaction with microwave-assisted heating and acid hydrolysis pretreatment. / Yu, Kai Ling; Chen, Wei-Hsin; Sheen, Herng-Kuang; Chang, Jo-Shu; Lin, Chih-Sheng; Ong, Hwai Chyuan; Show, Pau Loke; Ng, Eng-Poh; Ling, Tau Chuan.

    TY – JOUR

    T1 – Production of microalgal biochar and reducing sugar using wet torrefaction with microwave-assisted heating and acid hydrolysis pretreatment

    AU – Yu, Kai Ling

    AU – Chen, Wei-Hsin

    AU – Sheen, Herng-Kuang

    AU – Chang, Jo-Shu

    AU – Lin, Chih-Sheng

    AU – Ong, Hwai Chyuan

    AU – Show, Pau Loke

    AU – Ng, Eng-Poh

    AU – Ling, Tau Chuan

    PY – 2020/8

    Y1 – 2020/8

    N2 – This study employed the microwave-assisted acid hydrolysis pretreatment using wet torrefaction on two indigenous microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD with different biomass composition to investigate the yields of solid biochar and total reducing sugar in the liquid hydrolysate. Operating conditions at low temperatures (160, 170 degrees C) with short holding time (5, 10 min) under several concentrations of diluted acid medium (0, 0.1 and 0.2 M) were carried out to investigate the torrefaction severity effects towards the properties of the solid and liquid products. The highest biochar yields of 54.5% and 74.6% are obtained from C. vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD, respectively under the wet torrefaction conditions with an improvement in the properties for fuel and value-added environmental application. The highest total reducing sugar concentration of 98.11 g/L and 12.08 g/L are obtained in C. vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD liquid hydrolysates, respectively after acid hydrolysis pretreatment. With the co-production of high total reducing sugar in the liquid hydrolysate that can be utilized for bioethanol production and solid biochar as another value-added product, the acid hydrolysis pretreatment using wet torrefaction can be one of the conversion technologies towards the application of renewable energy production. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    AB – This study employed the microwave-assisted acid hydrolysis pretreatment using wet torrefaction on two indigenous microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD with different biomass composition to investigate the yields of solid biochar and total reducing sugar in the liquid hydrolysate. Operating conditions at low temperatures (160, 170 degrees C) with short holding time (5, 10 min) under several concentrations of diluted acid medium (0, 0.1 and 0.2 M) were carried out to investigate the torrefaction severity effects towards the properties of the solid and liquid products. The highest biochar yields of 54.5% and 74.6% are obtained from C. vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD, respectively under the wet torrefaction conditions with an improvement in the properties for fuel and value-added environmental application. The highest total reducing sugar concentration of 98.11 g/L and 12.08 g/L are obtained in C. vulgaris ESP-31 and Chlorella sp. GD liquid hydrolysates, respectively after acid hydrolysis pretreatment. With the co-production of high total reducing sugar in the liquid hydrolysate that can be utilized for bioethanol production and solid biochar as another value-added product, the acid hydrolysis pretreatment using wet torrefaction can be one of the conversion technologies towards the application of renewable energy production. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    KW – Microalgae and biochar

    KW – Microwave-assisted heating

    KW – Acid hydrolysis

    KW – Wet torrefaction

    KW – Reducing sugar

    KW – Bioethanol

    KW – BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION

    KW – LIPID PRODUCTION

    KW – VULGARIS ESP-31

    KW – BIO-OIL

    KW – BIOMASS

    KW – BAGASSE

    KW – DENSIFICATION

    KW – OPTIMIZATION

    KW – CULTIVATION

    KW – PYROLYSIS

    U2 – 10.1016/j.renene.2020.04.064

    DO – 10.1016/j.renene.2020.04.064

    M3 – Article

    VL – 156

    SP – 349

    EP – 360

    JO – Renewable Energy

    JF – Renewable Energy

    SN – 0960-1481

    ER –

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    Biochar Fertilizer Market Demand Analysis and Projected huge Growth by 2025

    14 July, 2020
     

    The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market report by UpMarketResearch.com provides a detailed analysis of the area marketplace expanding; competitive landscape; global, regional, and country-level market size; impact market players; market growth analysis; market share; opportunities analysis; product launches; recent developments; sales analysis; segmentation growth; technological innovations; and value chain optimization. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report.

    Request Free Sample Of This Report At: https://www.upmarketresearch.com/home/requested_sample/38454

    Market Segmentation

    The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market has been divided into product types, application, and regions. These segments provide accurate calculations and forecasts for sales in terms of volume and value. This analysis can help customers increase their business and take calculated decisions.

    By Product Types,
    Organic Fertilizer
    Inorganic Fertilizer
    Compound Fertilizer

    By Applications,
    Cereals
    Oil Crops
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Others

    By Regions and Countries,
    Asia Pacific: China, Japan, India, and Rest of Asia Pacific
    Europe: Germany, the UK, France, and Rest of Europe
    North America: The US, Mexico, and Canada
    Latin America: Brazil and Rest of Latin America
    Middle East & Africa: GCC Countries and Rest of Middle East & Africa

    The regional analysis segment is a highly comprehensive part of the report on the global Biochar Fertilizer market. This section offers information on the sales growth in these regions on a country-level Biochar Fertilizer market.

    The historical and forecast information provided in the report span between 2018 and 2026. The report provides detailed volume analysis and region-wise market size analysis of the market.

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    The chapter on competitive landscape provides information about key company overview, global presence, sales and revenue generated, market share, prices, and strategies used.

    Major players in the global Biochar Fertilizer Market include
    Biogrow Limited
    Biochar Farms
    Anulekh
    GreenBack
    Carbon Fertilizer
    Global Harvest Organics LLC

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