## The Biochar Solution – E-bog – Albert K. Bates – Storytel – Mofibo

1 May, 2022

How the dirt below our feet can save us from extinction.

Conventional agriculture destroys our soils, pollutes our water and is a major contributor to climate change. What if our agricultural practices could stabilize, or even reverse these trends?

The Biochar Solution explores the dual function of biochar as a carbon-negative energy source and a potent soil-builder. Created by burning biomass in the absence of oxygen, this material has the unique ability to hold carbon back from the atmosphere while simultaneously enhancing soil fertility. Author Albert Bates traces the evolution of this extraordinary substance from the ancient black soils of the Amazon to its reappearance as a modern carbon sequestration strategy.

Combining practical techniques for the production and use of biochar with an overview of the development and future of carbon farming, The Biochar Solution describes how a new agricultural revolution can reduce net greenhouse gas emissions to below zero while increasing world food reserves and creating energy from biomass wastes. Biochar and carbon farming can:

• Reduce fossil fuels inputs into our food system
• Bring new life to desert landscapes
• Filter and purify drinking water
• Help build carbon-negative homes, communities and nations.

Biochar is not without dangers if unregulated, and it is not a panacea, but if it fulfills its promise of taking us back from the brink of irreversible climate change, it may well be the most important discovery in human history.

How the dirt below our feet can save us from extinction.

Conventional agriculture destroys our soils, pollutes our water and is a major contributor to climate change. What if our agricultural practices could stabilize, or even reverse these trends?

The Biochar Solution explores the dual function of biochar as a carbon-negative energy source and a potent soil-builder. Created by burning biomass in the absence of oxygen, this material has the unique ability to hold carbon back from the atmosphere while simultaneously enhancing soil fertility. Author Albert Bates traces the evolution of this extraordinary substance from the ancient black soils of the Amazon to its reappearance as a modern carbon sequestration strategy.

Combining practical techniques for the production and use of biochar with an overview of the development and future of carbon farming, The Biochar Solution describes how a new agricultural revolution can reduce net greenhouse gas emissions to below zero while increasing world food reserves and creating energy from biomass wastes. Biochar and carbon farming can:

• Reduce fossil fuels inputs into our food system
• Bring new life to desert landscapes
• Filter and purify drinking water
• Help build carbon-negative homes, communities and nations.

Biochar is not without dangers if unregulated, and it is not a panacea, but if it fulfills its promise of taking us back from the brink of irreversible climate change, it may well be the most important discovery in human history.

Lyt og læs, hvor og når det passer dig – med Mofibo har du altid dit helt eget bibliotek i lommen. Start din gratis prøveperiode i dag.

## Enrichment of Pb 2+ from aqueous solution by biochar produced from giant reed – Figshare

1 May, 2022

Abstract

Biochar is a promising material for facilitating the remediation of aqueous phase contaminated with toxic trace metals. However, biochar properties from lignocellulosic biomass such as giant reed is underexplored. The sorption of Pb2+ by biochar produced from giant reed at different temperature profiles were studied. Two biochar of temperature 300 °C and 500 °C were studied. The prepared biochar was characterized using X-Ray Diffraction, BET Surface Area and Pore Analyser, Scanning Electron Microscopy, CHN Analyser and electrostatic Zeta Potential. Results showed that biochar produced at 300 °C was effective than that produced at 500 °C in the removal of Pb2+ from aqueous phase. Solution pH showed strong effect on the adsorption ability of GR 300 °C to the Pb2+, the maximum adsorption capacity (19.2 mg g-1) was found to occur under these conditions (Temp. 25 °C, Pb2+ conc. 40 mg/ L, stirring rate 60 rpm, biochar dosage of 0.1 g, in 24 h). The equilibrium data were adequately fitted to Freundlich and Langmuir. GR 300 fitted best to Freundlich model with R2 = 0.89, while GR 500 fitted well to Langmuir of R2 = 0.521. The rate of adsorption was best described by Pseudo-second order model (R2 =1). FTIR analysis and batch experiments results suggested that Pb2+ adsorption mechanism was dominated by complexation with active surface functional groups, precipitation and cationic exchange. Experimental model results suggested that giant reed-derived biochar has high adsorption capacity for Pb2+ compared to other plants biochar reported in other literature.

## Iron-biochar production from oily sludge pyrolysis and its application for organic dyes removal

1 May, 2022

Reference Number: 704e808a7f0ce6dc

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## Where To Buy Biochar Near Me? [Answer] 2022 – BD Jobs Today

1 May, 2022

There is no one definitive answer to this question. Different Biochar retailers have different prices and shipping times. Some stores offer free shipping on orders over $75, while others charge an additional fee. {“@context”:”https://schema.org”,”@type”:”FAQPage”,”mainEntity”:[{“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How often do you apply biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “I haven’t applied biochar in a while.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Where do I get biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There is no one definitive answer to this question. Different Biochar Suppliers offer different methods and prices for Biochar production. Some suppliers offer Biochar production in bulk, while others produce it in smaller quantities. Additionally, Biochar production can vary in terms of its quality and purity.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “What is biochar used for?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Biochar is a natural material that is used to create soil, bricks, and other building materials. Biochar is made from the ashes of trees and other plants that have died naturally.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Can I use lump charcoal as biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Yes, lump charcoal can be used as a biochar, but it should be used in a small amount and at a very low temperature to avoid causing too much heat.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Can you make biochar at home?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Yes, Biochar can be made at home. Biochar is made from organic materials such as wood chips, leaves, straw, and other plant material that has been burned to create heat and char. Biochar can be used to create a variety of products, including compost, soil amendment, and fuel.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “What are the disadvantages of biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There are many disadvantages to using biochar as a soil amendment, but the most common is that it does not add organic matter to the soil, which can lead to a decrease in the fertility of the soil. Biochar can also cause waterlogging, which can lead to a decrease in crop yields.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How do you use black owl biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Biochar is a black owl biochar product made from the ashes of plants that have been burned. Biochar is used to improve soil fertility, reduce emissions from power plants, and to improve air quality.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How much is a bag of biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “The average bag of biochar is about 2.5 kilograms.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How do I activate biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Activating biochar is a complex process that can vary depending on the type of biochar, the soil type, and the climate. Generally, activated biochar can be added to soils as a mulch, as a soil amendment, or as a plant food.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How small should biochar be?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Biochar is a type of charcoal that is made from wood chips, leaves, or other organic matter. Biochar is used as a soil amendment to help improve soil fertility and to protect against erosion. Biochar can also be used as a fuel source or as a source of heat and energy.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Does biochar help clay soil?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Biochar is a type of charcoal that is made from plant material. It can help to improve the soil’s texture and structure, and can help to reduce the amount of water that needs to be used to cultivate plants.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Can you charge biochar with urine?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Yes, biochar can be charged with urine. Biochar can be placed on a surface to collect urine and then the urine can be used to create a power source for a device or to generate heat.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Is biochar good for lawns?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Biochar is a type of charcoal that is created from the remains of plants or trees.Biochar is said to have many benefits for lawns, including reducing erosion, improving water uptake and providing nutrients for plants.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Does biochar affect pH?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There is no scientific evidence to support the claim that Biochar affects pH.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Why is biochar not used?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There are many reasons why biochar is not used as a soil amendment. First, biochar is a natural resource and takes time to accumulate on a land surface. Second, biochar is a very slow release material and takes time to break down and assimilate nutrients. Third, biochar is not a long-term solution and will only last for a few decades if not properly managed. Finally, biochar is not effective at storing energy and can decompose quickly.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How quickly does biochar work?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Biochar is a type of charcoal that is created by breaking down organic matter such as wood and leaves into smaller pieces. Biochar can be used to produce heat, create a fire, and to clean up soil. Biochar can be used in many applications, including agriculture, energy production, and environmental protection.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “What temperature do you make biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “What temperature do you make biochar?”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “What is the fastest way to charge biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There is no one answer to this question as charging biochar will vary depending on the type of biochar and the charger. However, some tips on how to charge biochar include using a biochar charger, using a biochar stovetop, or using a biochar pump.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Is activated charcoal the same as biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Activated charcoal is made from the charcoal in coal and other fossil fuels. Biochar is made from trees that have been chopped down and their bark removed.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Do worms eat biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “No, worms do not eat Biochar. Biochar is made from wood chips and other materials that have been treated with a heat or flame.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “What are the advantages of biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There are many advantages to using biochar, including its ability to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, improve soil health, and improve water usage. Biochar can also be used to create a “black market” for charcoal, as it is not registered with the government as a source of natural gas.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Are fireplace ashes good for the garden?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on the type of fireplace ashes and how they are used. Generally speaking, fireplace ashes are good for the garden in the following ways:1. They help to fertilize the soil around the plants.2. They are a good source of ashes for burning in the fireplace.3. They can be used to make mulch.4. They can be used as a natural fertilizer.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Is biochar the same as wood ash?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Biochar is made from the ashes of trees. It is a natural product that is used to create a product that can be used in cooking and heating.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Is biochar good for soil?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There is no definitive answer to this question as the effects of biochar on soil are still being studied. However, some scientists believe that biochar may have some benefits for soil, including improving soil structure, improving water uptake, and reducing erosion.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How do I add wood ash to my garden?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Adding wood ash to your garden can help to improve the soil’s structure and organic matter, as well as increase the growth of plants.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Is biochar a good fertilizer?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Biochar is a type of charcoal that is made from plant material. Biochar is said to be a good fertilizer because it helps to improve soil structure and drainage, and increase the growth of plants.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “What is the best biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There is no one “best” biochar because there is no one ideal way to produce it. Different methods produce different levels of biochar, so it is important to choose the right one for your specific needs. Some of the most popular biochar methods include:-Masonry-Brickmaking-Construction-Renewable energy-Food production”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How do you make homemade biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Making Biochar is a process of heating organic material, such as wood chips or leaves, until the organic matter decomposes and releases heat and carbon dioxide. The organic matter is then burned to create heat and carbon dioxide, which creates Biochar. Biochar is used as a fuel, soil amendment, and environmental protection tool.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How much biochar do I add to soil?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on the specific soil type and climate. However, adding a few cubic meters of biochar to a soil can help to improve soil moisture retention, reduce erosion and help to slow the growth of weeds.”}}, {“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “What is Black Owl biochar?”, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Black Owl biochar is a type of charcoal made from the remains of trees and other plants that have been burned. Biochar is used to improve soil fertility, prevent erosion, and help to store energy in the soil.”}}]} {“@context”:”https://schema.org”,”@type”:”QAPage”,”mainEntity”:{“@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Where To Buy Biochar Near Me?”, “text”: “Where To Buy Biochar Near Me?”, “answerCount”: 1, “upvoteCount”: 1, “dateCreated”: “2022-05-01T18:57:38Z”, “author”: {“@type”: “Person”, “name”: “Tom”}, “acceptedAnswer”: {“@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “There is no one definitive answer to this question. Different Biochar retailers have different prices and shipping times. Some stores offer free shipping on orders over$75, while others charge an additional fee.”, “dateCreated”: “2022-05-01T18:57:38Z”, “upvoteCount”: 1, “url”: “https://bdjobstoday.info/where-to-buy-biochar-near-me”, “author”: {“@type”: “Person”, “name”: “Tom”}}, “suggestedAnswer”: []}}

1 May, 2022

## Biochar Archives – East Tip

1 May, 2022

DUBLIN, April 29, 2022–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The “Biochar Market by manufacturing expertise, Software: World Alternative Evaluation and Business Forecast, 2021-2030” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s providing. The worldwide biochar market was valued at $170.9 million in 2020, and is projected to succeed in$587.7 million by 2030, rising at a CAGR of 13.2 from 2021 to … Read more

## Biochar improves cd-contaminated soil and lowers Cd accumulation in Chinese flowering …

1 May, 2022

Graphical abstract

Highlights • The interaction of biochar with Brassica parachinensis L. reduced Cd contents in Chinese flowering cabbage. • Combined effect of biochar and plant on physicochemical, biological properties and Cd-bioavailability was greater than that on single effect. • Biochar application is beneficial to increase sand fraction and improve soil texture. • The Cd-bioavailability was influenced by physicochemical and biological factors.

Abstract Biochar is porous and rich in functional groups on its surface. When applied to Cd-contaminated soils, it can reduce Cd availability and decrease Cd uptake by crops. However, the combined effect of biochar application with vegetables on soil biogeochemistry is often neglected. In the pot experiment of this study, biochar (B) derived from straws of Pennisetum hydridum was applied (2% by weight) to a Cd-contaminated soil planted with two cultivars of Chinese flowering cabbage (Brassica parachinensis L.): Bilvcutai (C+B) and Teqingchixin#4 (T+B). The results showed that in C+B and T+B, soil textures were loam, while CK, C, T were silty loam, and B was sandy loam; soil moisture increased by 19 % and 12 %, respectively; soil pH increased significantly by 0.29 and 0.30 units, respectively; soil organic matter increased by 28 % and 11 %, respectively; soil cation exchange capacity increased by 40 % and 29 %, respectively; Urease, neutral phosphatase, and sucrose activities did not change significantly in C+B, but urease activity increased significantly while phosphatase activity decreased sign ificantly in T+B; Bacterial abundance increased 3.7- and 3.4-fold, and fungal abundance increased 1.2- and 1.7-fold, while actinomycete abundance increased 2.4- and 1.6-fold in C+B and T+B, respectively; soil available nitrogen increased by 38 % and 58 %, respectively; soil available phosphorus increased by 55 % and 66 %, respectively; while soil available Cd was decreased by 30 % and 25 %, respectively. In addition, biochar application improved vegetable gowth, and the plant Cd content in the roots decreased by approximately 18 % and 14 % in C+B and T+B, respectively, and that in the aboveground parts decreased by approximately 10 % in C+B and T+B. Thus, biochar application improved soil fertility and quality while reducing Cd bioavailability and uptake by Chinese flowering cabbage.

Graphical abstract

Highlights • The interaction of biochar with Brassica parachinensis L. reduced Cd contents in Chinese flowering cabbage. • Combined effect of biochar and plant on physicochemical, biological properties and Cd-bioavailability was greater than that on single effect. • Biochar application is beneficial to increase sand fraction and improve soil texture. • The Cd-bioavailability was influenced by physicochemical and biological factors.

Abstract Biochar is porous and rich in functional groups on its surface. When applied to Cd-contaminated soils, it can reduce Cd availability and decrease Cd uptake by crops. However, the combined effect of biochar application with vegetables on soil biogeochemistry is often neglected. In the pot experiment of this study, biochar (B) derived from straws of Pennisetum hydridum was applied (2% by weight) to a Cd-contaminated soil planted with two cultivars of Chinese flowering cabbage (Brassica parachinensis L.): Bilvcutai (C+B) and Teqingchixin#4 (T+B). The results showed that in C+B and T+B, soil textures were loam, while CK, C, T were silty loam, and B was sandy loam; soil moisture increased by 19 % and 12 %, respectively; soil pH increased significantly by 0.29 and 0.30 units, respectively; soil organic matter increased by 28 % and 11 %, respectively; soil cation exchange capacity increased by 40 % and 29 %, respectively; Urease, neutral phosphatase, and sucrose activities did not change significantly in C+B, but urease activity increased significantly while phosphatase activity decreased sign ificantly in T+B; Bacterial abundance increased 3.7- and 3.4-fold, and fungal abundance increased 1.2- and 1.7-fold, while actinomycete abundance increased 2.4- and 1.6-fold in C+B and T+B, respectively; soil available nitrogen increased by 38 % and 58 %, respectively; soil available phosphorus increased by 55 % and 66 %, respectively; while soil available Cd was decreased by 30 % and 25 %, respectively. In addition, biochar application improved vegetable gowth, and the plant Cd content in the roots decreased by approximately 18 % and 14 % in C+B and T+B, respectively, and that in the aboveground parts decreased by approximately 10 % in C+B and T+B. Thus, biochar application improved soil fertility and quality while reducing Cd bioavailability and uptake by Chinese flowering cabbage.

## Swelling behaviour and microstructure of biochar bentonite | Scholars Portal Journals

1 May, 2022

Biochar bentonite is a potential candidate as a porous layer for nuclear waste repositories. It would provide an ideal niche for bacteria that could feed on sulfate from the host rock and hydrogen from the corroding canisters. In this study, the influence of biochar amendment on the swelling properties of bentonite at different densities has been examined through swelling experiments. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images were used to study the surface microscopic morphology of biochar bentonite samples. On the basis of the SEM results, the fractal dimension representing the microstructure of biochar bentonite was determined. The relationship between fractal dimension and the maximum swelling pressure was discussed to reveal the correlation between the microstructure and the variation of mechanical properties for biochar bentonite.

Biochar bentonite is a potential candidate as a porous layer for nuclear waste repositories. It would provide an ideal niche for bacteria that could feed on sulfate from the host rock and hydrogen from the corroding canisters. In this study, the influence of biochar amendment on the swelling properties of bentonite at different densities has been examined through swelling experiments. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images were used to study the surface microscopic morphology of biochar bentonite samples. On the basis of the SEM results, the fractal dimension representing the microstructure of biochar bentonite was determined. The relationship between fractal dimension and the maximum swelling pressure was discussed to reveal the correlation between the microstructure and the variation of mechanical properties for biochar bentonite.

## A sulfur self‐doped multifunctional biochar catalyst for overall water splitting and a …

1 May, 2022

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## Amazon.com : Organic Ficus Lyrata – Fiddle Leaf Fig Potting Soil Mix – Premium Grade Ingredients

1 May, 2022

• Cz Garden Fiddle Leaf Fig Potting Mix create small pockets of moisture and air for your plants to thrive!
• Never worry about over-watering and drowning precious plants
• Do more with Cz Garden Organics Fiddle Leaf Fig Potting Mix!

Sterile, odorless, lightweight, and safe to handle, experienced growers can count on our Fiddle Leaf Fig Potting Mix!

## Construction of biomass waste derived hierarchical porous biochar framework based lithium …

1 May, 2022

Reference Number: 704e80c4fcd43314

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## Effects of the application of biochar on soil fertility status, and nutrition and yield of onion …

1 May, 2022

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5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG

## Antonio, J.A., Salazar, P., Barrón, V., Torrent, J., María, D., Campillo, C., Gallardoand, A. and …

1 May, 2022

Antonio, J.A., Salazar, P., Barrón, V., Torrent, J., María, D., Campillo, C., Gallardoand, A. and Villar, R. (2013) Enhanced Wheat Yield by Biochar Addition under Different Mineral Fertilization Levels. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 33, 475-484.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-012-0128-3

has been cited by the following article:

AUTHORS:

JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Soil Science, Vol.8 No.1, January 11, 2018

ABSTRACT: A field experiment was conducted to examine the residual influence of biochar applied previously to an established experiment at the Agriculture University Research Farm, Peshawar on soil properties and yield of maize crop during summer 2016. The experiment was established in RCB design with split plot arrangements having cropping systems (CS) in main plots and biochar (BC) in sub-plots. Cropping systems were: 1) wheat-mung bean; 2) wheat-maize; 3) chickpea-maize; and 4) chickpea-mung bean. During the past three seasons, each cropping system received biochar at 0, 40, 60 and 80 t&#183ha&#451 along with recommended dose of NPK in each season. For this study, maize was planted after chickpea and wheat in summer 2016. The results showed that grain yield, cobs weight and total N uptake of maize was significantly greater for chickpea-maize than for wheat-maize cropping system. Soil organic C was also significantly higher in soil under chickpea-maize than under wheat-maize cropping system. However, other yield components such as stover yield, harvest index and N concentration in grain and stover of maize and soil properties such as pH, EC and mineral N were non-significantly affected by cropping systems. With respect to residual effect of biochar grain yield of maize and bulk density of soil were maximum for treatment receiving biochar at 40 t&#183ha&#451 whereas cobs weight soil pH and mineral N were highest receiving biochar at 60 t&#183ha&#451. Moreover, N concentration in stover, N uptake and soil organic C were maximum for treatment receiving biochar at 80 t&#183ha&#451. However, stover yield, harvest index, N concentration in grain, and soil EC were non-significantly affected by biochar treatments. However interactions between CS × BC were significant for yield and yield parameters of maize and for soil properties (bulk density mineral N), while non-significant for harvest index, soil organic C, pH and EC. It was concluded that chickpea-maize cropping system performed better in terms of improving yield and yield components of maize and in improving soil properties. Application of biochar to previous crops also improved yield and yield parameters of the following maize as well as soil properties. Thus we recommend that legumes must be involved in cropping system for sustainable and higher productivity and improved soil properties. However, further studies are suggested to find out suitable dose of biochar for sustainable and economic crop productivity and soil fertility.

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2 May, 2022

## [Elsevier] Wet wastes to bioenergy and biochar: A critical review with future perspectives

2 May, 2022

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## Biochar Production Equipment Survey – Find Freelance Jobs – Upwork

2 May, 2022

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## Biochar Market Size, Share, Analysis, Applications, Sale, Growth Insight, Trends, Leaders …

2 May, 2022

The recent report on Biochar Market” offered by Credible Markets, comprises of a comprehensive investigation into the geographical landscape, industry size along with the revenue estimation of the business. Additionally, the report also highlights the challenges impeding market growth and expansion strategies employed by leading companies in the “Biochar Market”.

An exhaustive competition analysis that covers insightful data on industry leaders is intended to help potential market entrants and existing players in competition with the right direction to arrive at their decisions. Market structure analysis discusses in detail Biochar companies with their profiles, revenue shares in market, comprehensive portfolio of their offerings, networking and distribution strategies, regional market footprints, and much more.

Biochar Market: Segmentation

Major Players in Biochar market are:

Biochar Industries
Green Man Char
Renewable Carbon Resources Australia
Pacific Pyrolysis Pty Limited
Green Life Soil Co
Agri-Tech Producers, LLC
Diacarbon Energy Inc.

Most important types of Biochar products covered in this report are:

Agriculture Waste
Forestry Waste
Animal Manure
Biomass Plantation

Most widely used downstream fields of Biochar market covered in this report are:

Gardening
Agriculture
Household

Click the link to get a free Sample Copy of the Report @ https://crediblemarkets.com/sample-request/biochar-market-378828?utm_source=Pranay&utm_medium=SatPR

Major Points Covered in TOC:

1 Biochar Introduction and Market Overview

1.1 Objectives of the Study

1.2 Overview of Biochar

1.3 Biochar Market Scope and Market Size Estimation

1.3.1 Market Concentration Ratio and Market Maturity Analysis

1.3.2 Global Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate from 2016-2026

1.4 Market Segmentation

1.4.1 Types of Biochar

1.4.2 Applications of Biochar

1.4.3 Research Regions

1.5 Market Dynamics

1.5.1 Biochar Industry Trends

1.5.2 Biochar Drivers

1.5.3 Biochar Market Challenges

1.5.4 Biochar Market Restraints

1.6 Industry News and Policies by Regions

1.6.1 Industry News

1.6.2 Industry Policies

1.7 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

1.8 Biochar Industry Development Trends under COVID-19 Outbreak

1.8.1 Global COVID-19 Status Overview

1.8.2 Influence of COVID-19 Outbreak on Biochar Industry Development

2 Industry Chain Analysis

2.1 Upstream Raw Material Supply and Demand Analysis

2.1.1 Global Biochar Major Upstream Raw Material and Suppliers

2.1.2 Raw Material Source Analysis

2.2 Major Players of Biochar

2.2.1 Major Players Manufacturing Base of Biochar in 2020

2.2.2 Major Players Market Distribution in 2020

2.3 Biochar Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis

2.3.1 Production Process Analysis

2.3.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure of Biochar

2.3.3 Labor Cost of Biochar

2.4 Market Channel Analysis of Biochar

2.5 Major Down Stream Customers by Application

3 Global Biochar Market, by Type

4 Biochar Market, by Application

5 Global Biochar Consumption, Revenue ($) by Region (2016-2021) 6 Global Biochar Production by Top Regions (2016-2021) 7 Global Biochar Consumption by Regions (2016-2021) 8 Competitive Landscape 9 Global Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast by Type and Application 10 Biochar Market Supply and Demand Forecast by Region 11 New Project Feasibility Analysis 12 Expert Interview Record 13 Research Finding and Conclusion 14 Appendix Key questions answered in the report: About US Credible Markets has emerged as a dependable source for the market research needs of businesses within a quick time span. We have collaborated with leading publishers of market intelligence and the coverage of our reports reserve spans all the key industry verticals and thousands of micro markets. The massive repository allows our clients to pick from recently published reports from a range of publishers that also provide extensive regional and country-wise analysis. Moreover, pre-booked research reports are among our top offerings. The collection of market intelligence reports is regularly updated to offer visitors ready access to the most recent market insights. We provide round-the-clock support to help you repurpose search parameters and thereby avail a complete range of reserved reports. After all, it is all about helping you reach an informed strategic decision about purchasing the right report that caters to all your market research demands. Reports in the repository of Credible Markets leverage predictive analytical models to study the performance of critical market segments. We believe in the fact that demands of businesses depend on an array of parameters and thus adhere to delivering industry-specific research solutions. Our client base traversing from thriving start-ups to some of the Fortune 500 companies speaks for our expertise in providing deep-dive insights on any desired industry sectors. Contact Us Credible Market Analytics 99 Wall Street 2124 New York, NY 10005 Email: [email protected] ## Representativeness of European biochar research: part I – field experiments 2 May, 2022 Download A representativeness survey of existing European Biochar field experiments within the Biochar COST Action TD1107 was conducted to gather key information for setting up future experiments and collaborations, and to minimise duplication of efforts amongst European researchers. Woody feedstock biochar, applied without organic or inorganic fertiliser appears over-represented compared to other categories, especially considering the availability of crop residues, manures, and other organic waste streams and the efforts towards achieving a zero waste economy. Fertile arable soils were also over-represented while shallow unfertile soils were under-represented. Many of the latter are likely in agroforestry or forest plantation land use. The most studied theme was crop production. However, other themes that can provide evidence of mechanisms, as well as potential undesired side-effects, were relatively well represented. Biochar use for soil contamination remediation was the least represented theme; further work is needed to identify which specific contaminants, or mixtures of contaminants, have the potential for remediation by different biochars. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ## Wood Vinegar Market Set For Rapid Growth, To Reach USD 1796 Million by 2028 – Industrial IT 2 May, 2022 Market Research Outlet is continuing to do research on Wood Vinegar Market by Application (Agriculture, Animal Feed, Pharmaceutical, Personal Care and Cosmetic, Food & Beverages, and Other), by Method (Slow Pyrolysis, Intermediate Pyrolysis, and Rapid Pyrolysis): Global Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis and Forecast, 2022 â€“ 2028 to thoroughly address the industry’s key drivers and present condition, as well as give a complete review. This report covers a variety of essential market characteristics and variables, as well as their growth. The discussion will cover market characteristics, classifications, applications, drivers, constraints, and worldwide industry trends Wood Vinegar Market. Global Wood Vinegar Market Set For Rapid Growth, To Reach USD 1796 Million by 2028, based on Market Research Outlet newly published report. The prime objective of this report is to provide the insights on the post COVID-19 impact which will help market players in this field evaluate their business approaches. Also, this report covers market segmentation by major market verdors, types, applications/end users and geography(North America, East Asia, Europe, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Middle East, Africa, Oceania, South America). Download Free PDF Sample Report with Complete TOC and Figures & Graphs (Covid 19 Impact Analysis): https://www.marketresearchoutlet.com/report/Wood-Vinegar-MarketKEY/request-sample Key players in the Wood Vinegar Market: Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp., Tagrow Co., Ltd., Byron Biochar, Nettenergy BV, ACE Pte Ltd., Vinegar Australia, Sort Of Coal, VerdiLife LLC, Taiko Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., and others. Key Indicators Analysed Market Players & Competitor Analysis: The report covers the key players of the industry including Company Profile, Product Specifications, Production Capacity/Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin 2022-2028 & Sales with a thorough analysis of the market’s competitive landscape and detailed information on vendors and comprehensive details of factors that will challenge the growth of major market vendors. Global and Regional Market Analysis: The report includes Global & Regional market status and outlook 2022-2028.Further the report provides break down details about each region & countries covered in the report. Identifying its sales, sales volume & revenue forecast. With detailed analysis by types and applications. Market Trends: Market key trends which include Increased Competition and Continuous Innovations. Opportunities and Drivers: Identifying the Growing Demands and New Technology Porters Five Force Analysis: The report provides with the state of competition in industry depending on five basic forces: threat of new entrants, bargaining power of suppliers, bargaining power of buyers, threat of substitute products or services, and existing industry rivalry. Get Exclusive Discount on this report: https://www.marketresearchoutlet.com/Wood-Vinegar-Market/discount Key Reasons to Purchase To gain insightful analyses of the market and have comprehensive understanding of the global market and its commercial landscape. Assess the production processes, major issues, and solutions to mitigate the development risk. To understand the most affecting driving and restraining forces in the market and its impact in the global market. Learn about the market strategies that are being adopted by leading respective organizations. To understand the future outlook and prospects for the market. Besides the standard structure report, we also provide custom research according to specific requirements Cumulative Impact of COVID-19: COVID-19 is an incomparable global public health emergency that has affected almost every industry, and the long-term effects are projected to impact the industry growth during the forecast period. Our ongoing research amplifies our research framework to ensure the inclusion of underlying COVID-19 issues and potential paths forward. The report delivers insights on COVID-19 considering the changes in consumer behavior and demand, purchasing patterns, re-routing of the supply chain, dynamics of current market forces, and the significant interventions of governments. The updated study provides insights, analysis, estimations, and forecasts, considering the COVID-19 impact on the market. Key Benefits of the Report: Key Answers Questions such as: 1. What is the market size and forecast of the Wood Vinegar Market? 2. What are the inhibiting factors and impact of COVID-19 shaping the Wood Vinegar Market during the forecast period? 3. Which are the products/segments/applications/areas to invest in over the forecast period in the Wood Vinegar Market? 4. What is the competitive strategic window for opportunities in the Wood Vinegar Market? 5. What are the technology trends and regulatory frameworks in the Wood Vinegar Market? 6. What is the market share of the leading vendors in the Wood Vinegar Market? 7.What modes and strategic moves are considered suitable for entering the Wood Vinegar Market? Customize Your Report Don’t miss out on the opportunity to speak to our analyst and know more insights about this market report. Our analysts can also help you customize this report according to your needs. Our analysts and industry experts will work directly with you to understand your requirements and provide you with customized data in a short amount of time. You can buy the complete report @ https://www.marketresearchoutlet.com/checkout?report=MRO-209305&type=single Contact Us: Ash G. Corporate Sales Specialist Market Research Outlet USA: +1-213-262-0704 APAC: +91-959-503-5024 Email: [email protected] ## Biochar boosts Fleurieu dairy production | Stock Journal | South Australia 2 May, 2022 ## Biochar for the Small Farm or Garden – The Patterson School Foundation 2 May, 2022 Biochar provides a means of turning waste biomass into an organic soil amendment that can stimulate the soil food web, increase water and nutrient retention, increase crop production, and build soil-based carbon to fight climate change. In this workshop, we will learn what biochar is, how to make and use it, what to expect, and how it fits into soil restoration and climate change mitigation. (function() { window.mc4wp = window.mc4wp || { listeners: [], forms: { on: function(evt, cb) { window.mc4wp.listeners.push( { event : evt, callback: cb } ); } } } })(); ## One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of magnetic N-doped sludge biochar for efficient removal of … 2 May, 2022 Wuhan University of Technology Wuhan University of Technology Wuhan University of Technology Northeast Agricultural University affiliation not provided to SSRN Wuhan University of Technology Wuhan University of Technology Wuhan University of Technology China Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs – Agro-Environmental Protection Institute Northeast Agricultural University Northeast Agricultural University Wuhan University of Technology – State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures Efficient removal of zwitterionic tetracycline (TC) from water is a critical environmental challenge which is not fully addressed by conventional treatment technologies. A magnetic N-doped sludge biochar (MNSBC) was the first time synthesized by simple one-pot hydrothermal method. pH, ionic species/strength and humic acid concentration were the critical factors affecting TC adsorption. Elovich and Freundlich models better describing the experimental data illustrated that TC adsorption onto MNSBC was a multi-layer physicochemical adsorption process. Lewis acid-base, π-π conjugation, electrostatic interactions and pore filling were the main adsorption mechanism. MNSBC also exhibited excellent performance for TC adsorption in various environmental waters, which achieved removal rates of up to 91.6%, 89.0%, 82.0% and 80.8% in mineral, tap, lake and Yangtze River waters, respectively. The magnetic susceptibility of MNSBC allowed it to be easily collected after adsorption. Regeneration using NaOH could maintain its sustainable adsorption performance. Furthermore, MNSBC showed a very low release levels of iron and total nitrogen at all pH ranges (from 3 to 11), which suggested its suitability for water treatment applications. This study developed a simple technology for synthesis of effective TC adsorbent for different environmental waters and identified a circular economy pathway to reuse of water industry wastes. Keywords: Sludge, Biochar, Hydrothermal synthesis, Tetracycline, Adsorption mechanism Suggested Citation Wuhan China Wuhan China Wuhan China Harbin, Heilongjiang 150038 China No Address Available Wuhan China Wuhan China Wuhan China China Harbin, Heilongjiang 150038 China Harbin, Heilongjiang 150038 China Wuhan China We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. To learn more, visit . ## NetZero: coffee husks, biochar and a 1 million dollar prize. An interview with Axel Reinaud 2 May, 2022 A look at the Biochar International Initiative website shows us that the production and use of biochar and syngas is rapidly growing in importance. Biochar is not only a great soil amendment and excellent for CO2 sequestration, but syngas can be converted into heat and electricity. However, in the coffee world, the by-products of which would be ideal for the extraction of biochar and syngas (and also bio-oil) via pyrolysis, this has not yet quite arrived. There have been a number of scientific papers and projects, e.g. in Ethiopia (1), Uganda (2) and Ecuador (3), but real applications have not yet been achieved. However, the Pyrolysis-Flox technology (4) developed in collaboration with Ökozentrum Schweiz and Sofies could be promising. It produces biochar and syngas from coffee husks and pulp in an extremely clean way: the energy (power & heat) is used to operate mechanical coffee dryers called guardiolas, and the biochar is used as a soil amendment. First applications exist in Vietnam (5) and Peru (6). The first real attempt to use coffee husks on a larger scale as feed stock for pyrolysis has recently been made by NetZero, a young company based in Paris. NetZero's primary concern is the carbon removal from the atmosphere. I recently had a conversation with one of the co-founders, Axel Reinaud. This was 2 weeks before NetZero was awarded by XPRIZE & the (Elon) Musk Foundation with a$1 million prize in their "XPRIZE Carbon Removal" competition. Here is my interview with Axel Reinaud:

Hello Axel, I know your time is precious; for that let’s dive right away in the subject. I think it’s not exaggerated to say that even with a magnifying glass it’s impossible to find applications of pyrolysis in the waste stream of the coffee chain. But you want to change this?

Well, we are a tiny little piece within this huge amount of coffee waste, or maybe better to call it coffee by-products. Technically we we're not limited to coffee, but we decided to focus 100% on it initially. The main reason for that is that my partner and co-founder is the owner of Synergie Nord Sud, the largest coffee processing plant in Cameroon, located in Nkongsamba, western Cameroon. Because of that we have access to lots of coffee husks and we said, okay, let’s go for it, let’s start in Cameroon! But again, technically it’s no problem to switch to other types of biomass.

You use the husks of the sundried coffees I assume.

Yes, that’s correct. We use the husks of Robusta coffee which also includes the parchments. In Cameroon they grow mostly Robusta, but husks from Arabicas would do the same job.

Does the amount of husks of a harvest season last for a whole year? I mean, for an amortization of your equipment it should ideally run all over the year.

We aren’t actually looking from one harvest season to the next, but from one "de-husking season" to the next. The peak of available husks lasts between early April to the end of June, but de-husking happens over the course of the whole year. On top of that, we store the coffee husks produced during the peak of the season, to use during the lower production times.

Which means that you are not only storing the husks, but also the whole, dried coffee cherries, and when a certain quantity of that coffee is sold, then the husks are removed and become available to you.

Exactly! We can say the coffee is "a storage of value" for the farmers, and for us as well.

So, you use exclusively the husks of sundried coffees?

Yes. Washed coffees are very different, the pulp is too wet for pyrolysis. It's not suitable.

Well, I mean, you could dry the pulp, but that's a lot of extra work to do and would raise the costs. My understanding is that the energy output from pulp is less compared to that from husks or other organic waste like straw, wood etc. For that, countries like Brazil, Vietnam and Ethiopia with their large volumes of sundried coffees must be suitable for your technology. Do you have plans to expand to any of these countries?

Absolutely! We already have plans to build our second plant, this time in Brazil. But first we need to stabilize our model. As you know, this is very early days, the company is just a year old, so we have to go step by step. We need to see how it works, learn, and then we start building more plants. But we're not immediately going to spread to all countries because this would be difficult to manage. For probably the next year or two we’ll stay in Cameroon and Brazil, and then I can imagine to expand. It will be an iterative process, and yes, countries like Vietnam and Ethiopia are on our expansion list.

Which affords investments…

Exactly! So, basically there is a huge potential but we need to go slowly at the beginning. We have to learn and improve our model.

I want to understand a bit more the economic side. Let’s start with the husks: do you get them for free or do you pay for them?

The husks are not free, but they are relatively cheap, at least for now. In return, the farmers get the resulting biochar for a very low price as well, it's a circular model. We need to find the right economics: the lower the costs of the feedstock, the lower the costs and price of the biochar.

Is this model profitable?

We believe it’s profitable, although we still have to prove it. I mean, the economic parameters are tricky; we are aware of this, but we think we can make it work.

How many tons of coffee husks can you turn into Biochar with your equipment in a year?

There's a lot of coffee husks to work with! You have a husk:bean ratio of almost 50:50. At our site in Cameroon, about 10,000 tons of husks are generated as by-product per year. If our machine runs at full capacity, we can turn 8,000 tons of these husks into biochar over the course of the year. I don’t know exactly the volume of sundried coffees that is produced worldwide annually, but it’s a lot. We can install lots of machines!

Those are some impressive numbers!

Yes, it’s not bad! But again, the volume of husks is already there.

In Cameroon and elsewhere! Which brings us back to Brazil, Vietnam, Ethiopia etc.

Exactly! That's why we went to Brazil. There is this big opportunity. And one day maybe we'll go to Vietnam or Ethiopia.

And everyone there will ask you: "How much CO2 will be kept out of the atmosphere compared to burning the husks, or just letting them decay?"

About 3,300 tons of CO2 per year is stored in the biochar if we run on full capacity.

How do farm and mill owners react when you present them your project and these numbers?

People are very interested! Everyone is sensitive to the environmental concerns, everyone's sensitive to the price of fertilizers, and everyone's sensitive to the trend toward more value-added coffee. We had initially thought that we would have to push hard for people to accept our model, but actually it's the opposite, they're asking for it! As soon as they understand the concept, they want it. Given that we propose something that will have a real agronomic value, they make their calculation, and very quickly they realize it's a good deal.

But to operate economically you have to collaborate with larger farms or co-ops…

We can collaborate with cooperatives, or we can work with a mix of large farms and small farmers, the structure of the coffee production varies by country and even by region. We cannot deal individually with, let’s say, 2000 smallholders, that’s impossible. But usually you have some kind of focal point, whether it's a large farm, a cooperative, a mill or a de-husking facility. There are ways to find the right type of partners.

How large is the collection area you need to be economically sustainable?

I would say, roughly estimated, about 10-15 km squared would be enough to get the volume of husks that we need.

How do I have to imagine the collaboration with a large coffee farm, a co-op, a mill, etc.?

The coffee producers are our clients, so to say. The operation to produce biochar and syngas is fully owned by NetZero. We do the plant design, we buy the equipment, do the operations, we do everything.

This model of collaboration and processing allows you to bring your whole idea at a scale that one day might have a measurable impact regarding CO2 removal!

That’s what we are hoping for! You know, you can say it's kind of an equilibrium between being big enough to be efficient, and being small enough to stay close to the sources of the biomass. We don't pretend to have the full knowledge, or that we have the ultimate ratio in our hands just yet. We're going to learn, we will develop. We know all this will take some time, and when we are ready, we’ll scale up.

Generally, with pyrolysis you produce biochar, syngas, and usually oil as well. The biochar, as you mentioned before, is sold for a low price to the suppliers of the husks. What are you doing with the oil and the gas?

Due to our technology there is barely any oil left. The gas will be used to generate electricity. We will feed the generated electricity into the grid. We are working on that process. I would say in about three to four months we can start.

I couldn’t find anyone using coffee husks for pyrolysis on a commercial basis. Is NetZero really the only company doing this?

To our knowledge, yes. Maybe there are some other people working with coffee husks in the background, but to our knowledge, it’s so far only us. There are a lot of people producing biochar in North America and Europe at a large scale with different feedstocks. But our smaller scale model, with just coffee husks, I haven't seen that elsewhere. We are the first ones doing this, but we hope to be copied because that would mean that we found a winning formula.

A question regarding the biochar: is biochar and its application well known in the area you are working in?

No, biochar is unknown; only a few people have heard of it and had a vague idea. For that we developed a model to train the farmers who supply us with the husks. It’s still on small scale and we were tinkering with that for a while. The first set of farmers is trained. But since farmers often first want to see how, and if, it works, we established kind of test plots were people just come over and watch how the biochar is applied to the soil. Then they might take a bit of biochar back with them and apply it to some short rotation crops, and if it works they might say okay, maybe we can use it for our coffee fields when we replant trees.

What helps us ultimately to convince farmers to apply biochar to their soil is the steep increase of the prices of fertilizers. The farmers say, ok, what are the alternatives, and we say okay, maybe we have something you want to try. We hope that farmers that attend a training session will teach their neighbours, friends or family members; and that the "by-stoppers" are curious enough to try it out themselves. We will see how it evolves or if we have to invest more to get the word out. We are aware that this will not be a fast process. We don’t expect things happen overnight.

And this process will happen also at different speeds…

Exactly, some people are more innovative and might be faster, and some will go slower. That's the inertia of the system, especially in agriculture.

Last question: how fast did it go with your decision to start this adventure?

I was interested in biochar and climate change for a long time. My father was working on such topics, and so, at some point I decided okay, let's give it a try. I started thinking of what concrete action I could take. I was talking to many other people, and gradually the idea emerged. It didn't come like this, overnight. And not to forget: I also had to quit my job at Boston Consulting Group. It was quite a lot of thinking; and lots of work to design the model. Now, a bit more than a year later, we're trying prove that our idea works. It's a field where lots of people have been working or thinking about possibilities, but not too many people have done it at scale, and definitely not in a country like Cameroon. For that we are still exploring and discovering, as there's very little concrete experience out there. It’s a long but exciting way to go.

Axel Reinaud, thank you so much for your precious time!

A comprehensive overview of pyrolysis with coffee by-products is given by Kathleen Draperin her White Paper "The Potential for Biochar to Improve Sustainability in Coffee Cultivation and Processing".

## Effectiveness of biochar filters vegetated with Echinochloa pyramidalis in domestic …

2 May, 2022

Edna Buhnyuy Visiy, Boris Merlain Kanouo Djousse, Lekeufack Martin, Cyrille Nanfaak Zangue, Abimbola Sangodoyin, Adeniyi Sulaiman Gbadegesin, Theophile Fonkou; Effectiveness of biochar filters vegetated with Echinochloa pyramidalis in domestic wastewater treatment. Water Sci Technol 2022; wst2022147. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2022.147

The use of biochar in constructed wetlands for domestic wastewater treatment is gradually being acclaimed by environmentalist due to its high specific surface area and porosity. In this study, the effectiveness of Corn Cob Biochar (CCB) and Rice Husk Biochar (RHB) in vertical flow constructed wetlands vegetated with Echinochloa pyramidalis was studied with sand as common reference material. The filters were fed with primarily treated domestic wastewater at a hydraulic loading rate of about 350 L/m2/day for 6 months. Water samples were collected monthly for physicochemical and bacteriological analysis and plant growth assessed every two weeks throughout the study. Biochar filters were highly performant in wastewater improvement with no significant differences between the biochar types. Both biochars were more efficient than sand in the removal of COD, BOD, true colour, TSS and TDS. However, sand filters performed better in the reduction of nutrients. All wetlands showed positive plant growth though the plants did not significantly affect the performance of the different filters for most parameters. However, a better plant growth was observed in the CCB filters. The study shows that CCB and RHB can effectively replace sand as substrates in constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment.

• Valorisation of crop wastes through biochar production.

• Biochar filters are less effective in the removal of nutrients compared to sand.

• Significant organic matter removal in vegetated constructed wetlands.

• Significant reduction of bacteriological parameters regardless of substrate type.

• Biochar substrates promote the growth of Echinochloa pyramidalis.

Valorisation of crop wastes through biochar production.

Biochar filters are less effective in the removal of nutrients compared to sand.

Significant organic matter removal in vegetated constructed wetlands.

Significant reduction of bacteriological parameters regardless of substrate type.

Biochar substrates promote the growth of Echinochloa pyramidalis.

Impact Factor        1.915

CiteScore        3.3    Q2

13 days submission to first

decision

## Biochar characterization for water and wastewater treatments – ScienceDirect

2 May, 2022

Reference Number: 7056be8ea8ec8c89

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2 May, 2022

## Alternatives to Peat Moss for Gardeners

2 May, 2022

By Erin Marissa Russell

Many gardeners are searching for alternatives to peat moss because of concerns about peat moss’ sustainability. We’ve got the scoop on all the different materials you can use in place of peat moss in your garden. Just keep reading to learn what you can use instead of peat moss, so you can garden sustainably.

Biochar is a charcoal product that helps soil to hang onto more water and nutrients, keeping them available for your plants. Biochar also promotes a healthy environment for beneficial microorganisms in the soil. More benefits of biochar include improved water quality, added carbon in the soil, reduced leaching of fertilizer and other nutrients, reduced soil acidity, and a reduction in the amount of water and fertilizer your soil requires.

To use biochar in your garden, start by mixing it with compost or another fertilizer. Let the mixture sit for at least 10 days, blending and adding water each day. Finally, use the biochar by tilling this mixture into the top four to six inches of your soil.

Coconut coir has gained popularity in recent years as a garden amendment, and we think it’s one of the best substitutes for peat moss in the garden. It is made of the brown and white fibers that are between the shell of the coconut and the seed’s outer covering. These fibers are a waste product created in coconut processing, so using coconut coir in the garden is quite a sustainable practice.

The resulting product is excellent for moisture retention in the soil, as it can hold up to 10 times its weight in water. In addition to improving moisture retention, coconut coit also promotes air circulation in the soil and improves the soil’s drainage. It has a neutral pH level and decomposes slowly, which means you won’t need to replace it for some time. Coir is also known to have antifungal properties, so using it may reduce the risk of fungal disease in your garden.

For more information, see our article The Many Benefits of Coir Mulch.

Compost can help promote the presence of beneficial microorganisms in the soil, at the same time adding rich organic material that includes the nutrients plants need to thrive.

As a peat moss alternative, compost benefits the soil structure, allows water to travel through the soil and improves water retention, and makes the soil a haven for earthworms, increasing their presence.

In addition to being a sustainable product created by kitchen waste, compost reduces landfill space by making use of items that would otherwise be trash.

Gardeners who have livestock can make use of the manure that livestock creates by letting it rot well and then using it in the garden. Even gardeners who do not have livestock of their own may be able to get manure for free from friends or family. Manure is a sustainable product, and for many gardeners, it’s easy to get a hold of.

Well rotted manure increases the amount of carbon in the soil, making this nutrient more available for your plants. Composted manure will also increase the presence of beneficial microbes in the soil.

However, if manure is not well rotted, it can be dangerous to plants. In addition, some gardeners choose not to use manure because they find the smell unpleasant.

For more information, see our article Using Manure as Fertilizer for Gardens.

As long as you have trees on your property, you can allow them to decompose by simply not raking them up in the fall, creating leaf mold you can use in your garden. This is a super sustainable way for your garden to get the nutrients it needs, as well as other benefits.

Leaf mold is a powerhouse when it comes to water retention, able to hold up to 500 times its weight in water. The availability of leaves makes leaf mold a renewable resource, as well as a free soil amendment for most gardeners who have trees.

However, leaf mold does have a slightly acidic pH level, making it an inappropriate choice to use with certain plants. There’s also the risk of adding weed seeds to your garden when you spread leaf mold as a soil amendment.

Similarly to leaf mold, pine needles are a renewable, sustainable resource that many gardeners can collect on their own property for free. Pine needles won’t lower the pH level of the soil as peat moss would. Because of their shape, pine needles are great at adding some aeration to the soil and making it more porous. As a mulch, pine needles create a dense mat that won’t blow away but will allow water to penetrate. However, pine needles don’t do anything to help retain water, as they have no moisture retention of their own.

Whichever of these more sustainable options you choose, we know there’s a peat moss alternative on this list that will work for you. Enjoy all the benefits of using peat moss in the garden without the twinge in the conscience or, in many cases, the cost associated with peat moss.

https://www.farmersalmanac.com/peat-moss-alternatives

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/garden-how-to/soil-fertilizers/peat-moss-alternatives.htm

I’ve found that you can find FREE horse manure on Craigslist in almost any area. Most of the ads say you load, meaning they don’t load it for you.

Get that manure and add Red Wiggler worms to it. Keep moist and it will be the BEST (IMO) growing soil.

RedWigglersFarm.com

document.getElementById( “ak_js_1” ).setAttribute( “value”, ( new Date() ).getTime() );

Our gardening obsessed editors and writers choose every product we review. We may earn an affiliate commission if you buy from one of our product links, at no extra cost to you.

## Polishing of painting process effluents through adsorption with biochar from winemaking residues

2 May, 2022

A real industrial effluent from the pre-treatment and painting processes was polished through adsorption using alternative biochar derived from grape pomace wastes. The biochar was produced in a pilot-scale plant from composted grape pomace. Biochar showed an equilibrium between acidic and basic groups on the surface. The presence of irregular cavities in the structure and mesopores was confirmed by analyzing N2 physisorption and SEM. Concerning the effluent, Ni and Zn were the main problematic elements. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics of Ni and Zn from the effluent using the biochar could be represented by the Henry, pseudo-first-order, and pseudo-second-order models, respectively. Adsorption equilibrium was reached within 60 min for Ni and Zn present in the real effluent. Besides, the adsorption process was endothermic, favorable, and spontaneous. These results demonstrate that Zn and Ni metals were successfully removed from the industrial effluent, presenting final concentration values within the limit of legislation for effluent disposal in agricultural soil.

The datasets used and analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

The authors would like to thank Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) for their financial support.

Conceptualization, F. L. Carvalho, F. Ketzer, and G. L. Dotto; methodology, R. R. Schio and J. P. dos Santos; formal analysis and investigation, R. R. Schio and J. P. dos Santos; writing — original draft preparation, F. L. Carvalho, F. Ketzer, R. R. Schio, and J. P. dos Santos; writing — review and editing, G. L. Dotto, D. Pinto, and L. F. O. Silva; funding acquisition, G. L. Dotto and L. F. O. Silva; and supervision, G. L. Dotto. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Luis F. O. Silva or Guilherme L. Dotto.

Not applicable.

Not applicable.

Not applicable.

The authors declare no competing interests.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Responsible Editor: Zhihong Xu

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Accepted: 24 April 2022

Published: 02 May 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-20488-4

## Biochar Market 2022 SWOT Analysis including Key Players as iacarbon Energy, BSEI, Airex …

2 May, 2022

The Latest Released Biochar market study has evaluated the future growth potential of Global Biochar Market and provides information and useful stats on market structure and size. The report is intended to provide market intelligence and strategic insights to help decision makers take sound investment decisions and identify potential gaps and growth opportunities. Additionally, the report also identifies and analyses changing dynamics, emerging trends along with essential drivers, challenges, opportunities and restraints in Biochar market.

If you are a Biochar manufacturer and would like to check or understand policy and regulatory proposal, designing clear explanations of the stakes, potential winners and losers, and options for improvement then this article will help you understand the pattern with Impacting Trends.

Click To get SAMPLE PDF (Including Full TOC, Table & Figures) – @ https://roweltoassociates.com/sample/5890

The top Major Competitive Players are :-

Diacarbon Energy, BSEI, Airex Energy Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, Vega Biofuels Inc., Full Circle Biochar, Genesis Industries LLC, Earth Systems Bioenergy, Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Biochar Supreme LLC CharGrow, LLCPacific Biochar

Biochar Market Report Scope

On the basis of Type, the global Biochar market is fragmented:-

On the basis of application, the global Biochar market is fragmented:-

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Based on geography:-

Detailed TOC of Biochar Market Market Research Report-

i) Global Biochar Market Sales ii) Global Biochar Market Revenue & market share

Get Complete TOC @ https://roweltoassociates.com/report/5890/biochar-market#toc

FIVE FORCES & PESTLE ANALYSIS:

In order to better understand Market condition five forces analysis is conducted that includes Bargaining power of buyers, Bargaining power of suppliers, Threat of new entrants, Threat of substitutes, Threat of rivalry.

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## Biochar Market, Research Study, Revenue, Overview, Key Players, Growth, Trends and …

2 May, 2022

Global Market Vision recently released a new report titled Biochar market Size Report, Growth and Forecast 2022-2029, Breakdown Data by Company, Key Regions, Types and Applications. The report has been compiled using primary and secondary research methodology that will provide a precise and precise understanding of the Biochar market. Analysts used a top-down and bottom-up approach to assess the segments and properly assess their impact on the Biochar market. The report offers a market overview which briefly describes the market situation and major segments. It also mentions the best players represented in the Biochar market.

Complete the form to Get Sample Report + All Related Graphs & Charts @ https://globalmarketvision.com/sample_request/4584

Under COVID-19 outbreak globally, this report provides 360 degrees of analysis from supply chain, import and export control to regional government policy and future influence on the industry. Detailed analysis about market status (2015-2021), enterprise competition pattern, advantages and disadvantages of enterprise products, industry development trends (2022-2029), regional industrial layout characteristics and macroeconomic policies, industrial policy has also been included. From raw materials to end users of this industry are analyzed scientifically, the trends of product circulation and sales channel will be presented as well.

Key players in the global Biochar market:

Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels, Carbon Gold, Kina, Swiss Biochar GmbH, BlackCarbon, Carbon Terra, Sonnenerde, Biokol, ECOSUS, Verora GmbH.

Market Segmentation by Product Type:

Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar

Market Segmentation by Application:

Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others,

Geographically, the report discovers the potential of the global Biochar market in the regions of Sweden, Switzerland, Korea, Turkey, Mexico, France, Italy, Philippines, Columbia, United States, Thailand, Canada, UAE, China, Poland, Taiwan, Netherlands, Indonesia, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Argentina, South Africa, India, Nigeria, South UK, Malaysia, Australia, Egypt, Spain, Belgium, Chile, and Rest of the World.

Further, it gives cautious information about the fundamental perspectives, for instance, production plans, buyers, merchants, acquisitions, affiliations, latest affiliations and various parts that sway the market improvement. It gives information about the reachability of the approaching endeavors and gauge of the advantage incident increases by the associations.

The Report Provides:

Key Questions Answered with this Study

1) What makes Biochar Market feasible for long term investment?

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3) Territory that may see steep rise in CAGR & Y-O-Y growth?

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5) What opportunity emerging territory would offer to established and new entrants in Biochar market?

6) Risk side analysis connected with service providers?

7) How influencing factors driving the demand of Biochar in next few years?

8) What is the impact analysis of various factors in the Global Biochar market growth?

9) What strategies of big players help them acquire share in mature market?

10) How Technology and Customer-Centric Innovation is bringing big Change in Biochar Market?

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## Freres uses wood waste to generate carbon-sequestering biochar | Timber | capitalpress.com

3 May, 2022

The cogeneration plant at Freres Engineered Wood in Lyons, Ore.

Kyle Freres, left, vice president of Freres Engineered Wood, talks with Ron Vandeburgh, cogeneration plant manager, at the company’s facility in Lyons, Ore.

Freres Engineered Wood is a family business founded in 1922 that specializes in manufacturing plywood, veneer and mass timber components for wood buildings.

A storage facility at Freres Engineered Wood can store up to three days’ worth of mulched feedstock for the company’s cogeneration plant.

Biochar is a carbon-rich material created when organic biomass, such as wood, is roasted at high temperatures in a low oxygen environment. It is essentially a finely grained charcoal, and can be used as a soil amendment to improve fertility.

Kyle Freres, vice president of Freres Engineered Wood, shows a sample of biochar left over from the company’s cogeneration plant, which uses tree bark, limbs and wood waste as a feedstock.

Biochar is a carbon-rich material created when organic biomass, such as wood, is roasted at high temperatures in a low oxygen environment. It is essentially a finely grained charcoal, and can be used as a soil amendment to improve fertility.

Kyle Freres, vice president of Freres Engineered Wood, shows a sample of biochar left over from the company’s cogeneration plant, which uses tree bark, limbs and wood waste as a feedstock.

The cogeneration plant at Freres Engineered Wood in Lyons, Ore.

Kyle Freres, left, vice president of Freres Engineered Wood, talks with Ron Vandeburgh, cogeneration plant manager, at the company’s facility in Lyons, Ore.

Freres Engineered Wood is a family business founded in 1922 that specializes in manufacturing plywood, veneer and mass timber components for wood buildings.

A storage facility at Freres Engineered Wood can store up to three days’ worth of mulched feedstock for the company’s cogeneration plant.

LYONS, Ore. — Tech giant Microsoft is investing in carbon credits generated by an Oregon wood products company to help reduce, and eventually erase, its carbon footprint.

The offsets come from biochar produced at Freres Engineered Wood, which manufactures plywood and veneer in the Santiam Canyon east of Salem.

Biochar is a carbon-rich material created when organic biomass, such as wood, is roasted at high temperatures in a low oxygen environment. It is essentially a finely grained charcoal, and can be used as a soil amendment to improve fertility.

Because it also sequesters carbon, biochar is marketed as a tool to mitigate the effects of climate change.

Biochar from Freres was certified last year by Puro.earth, a marketplace on which companies can buy or trade carbon credits to offset their emissions from other sources. Microsoft has agreed to purchase these credits as part of a sweeping program to become carbon negative by 2030.

Carbon negative means Microsoft aims to sequester more carbon than it emits each year.

ACT Commodities, a financial institution that backs climate projects around the world, brokered the deal for Freres, a family-run business founded in 1922.

“As part of the path to our carbon-negative goal by 2030, we are glad to purchase biochar-based carbon removal credits via ACT from the Pacific Northwest-based supplier Freres,” said Elizabeth Wilmott, carbon program director for Microsoft.

Freres Engineered Wood — formerly Freres Lumber Co. — has long made biochar as a byproduct of its cogeneration plant in Lyons, said Kyle Freres, the company’s vice president.

Built in 2007, the plant runs around the clock burning ground up tree bark, limbs and other woody debris to create the steam that powers a massive turbine generator, creating enough electricity for about 5,000 homes.

Portland General Electric, a regional utility, buys the electricity. Meanwhile, what’s left over is a combination of ash and biochar that Freres previously sold to farmers. Not only is biochar more than 70% carbon, but its porous nature allows soil to retain more water, growing more robust crops.

In recent years, however, Freres said it has become increasingly difficult to manage such large volumes of biochar. “Farmers are seasonal, and our business isn’t,” he explained.

The company opted to send the excess carbon-rich material to a landfill 45 miles away near Corvallis.

By selling carbon credits to Microsoft, Freres said the added revenue will offset their disposal costs in the short term while providing an incentive for them to research and develop new commercial products. He envisions marketing a proprietary blend of topsoil and biochar to farmers and home gardeners.

“I think the agricultural markets could be a big opportunity for us,” Freres said.

The company is now experimenting with techniques to separate beneficial biochar from the non-combustible ash. Once that process is refined, Freres said they hope to start product development in the next year or two.

A portion of the feedstock used in the cogeneration plant comes from Freres’ timber operations, though a majority is collected from outside the company, including urban manufacturers in the Portland area.

All of the unsalable wood is mulched and fed into the plant, where it is burned at between 1,400 and 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit.

“These are materials that are really not useful for anything else,” Freres said. “We don’t let anything go to waste.”

Freres said he believes wood products play a key role in sequestering carbon and combating climate change.

“Frankly, we feel like our industry is one of the greenest on the planet,” Freres said. “It’s products like this that really burnish our environmental credentials.”

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Biochar is a carbon-rich material created when organic biomass, such as wood, is roasted at high temperatures in a low oxygen environment. It is essentially a finely grained charcoal, and can be used as a soil amendment to improve fertility.

Kyle Freres, vice president of Freres Engineered Wood, shows a sample of biochar left over from the company’s cogeneration plant, which uses tree bark, limbs and wood waste as a feedstock.

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## Increasing Use of Biochar in Animal Feeding is Driving Growth – Yahoo Finance – Planet's Water

3 May, 2022

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## Hardwood modified and unmodified biochar amendments used for saline alkali soil remediation

3 May, 2022

This study investigated the effects of modified and unmodified biochar as soil conditioners in alleviating saline-alkaline soil. The biochar was treated with HCl afterward referred as modified biochar (MBCs) and unmodified biochar (UMBCs), respectively. For the quoted reason, a pot experiment was conducted by taking 2% and 3% doses of MBCs and UMBCs in comparison to control without biochar. All the pots were collected in replicates such as each treatment carry three pots for MBCs2, MBCs3, UMBCs2, and UMBCs3, respectively, along with control to observe its effects on soil salinity, available nutrients, and its plant uptake. Results showed that the application of MBCs significantly decreased the soil pH by 1.1 to 0.9 compared to the control condition. Similarly, significant decreased was observed in the level of HCO3 + CO3−2. Significant decrease of HCO3 for MBCs2, MBCs3, UMBCs2, and UMBCs3 was about 55%, 46%, 58%, and 45%, respectively, as compared to control. However, major cations increased significantly which further play significant role in increasing cation exchange capacity. In addition, application of both (MBCs and UMBCs) had increased soil organic matter (SOM). MBCs2 increased by 10%, whereas MBCs3 increased by about 20%. Similarly, SOM of UMBCs2 and UMBCs3 were increased by about 8% and 11%, respectively. Available nutrients such as N and P were increased both in soil and its plant uptake with application of biochar. Application of 3% observed greater than 2%. Findings of the present study suggest that applying MBCs for remediating saline-alkali soil was promising.

We acknowledge the Department of Environmental Sciences and Central Resource Laboratory University of Peshawar for providing instrumentation and lab facilities.

This study was financially supported by Pakistan Science Foundation under National Sciences Linkages Program Project No. (PSF/NSLP/KP-AWKUM (827).

Correspondence to Sardar Khan or Javed Nawab.

The authors declare no competing interests.

Accepted: 19 April 2022

Published: 02 May 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-022-10157-8

## Methane reduction efficiency of biochar-methanotroph-amended clay | SpringerLink

3 May, 2022

During a landfill’s service, a large amount of methane will be produced and released attributable to microbial degradation of organic matter; this methane escapes into the atmosphere even with gas traps in place. Methane is a flammable and explosive greenhouse gas. When the concentration of methane in the landfill reaches a certain limit, it can cause explosions, fires, and other accidents, and its potential global greenhouse effect is approximately 25 times higher than that of carbon dioxide. Therefore, because the emission of methane from landfills into the atmosphere aggravates the greenhouse effect, for the sake of safety and environmental protection, it is urgent to take measures to reduce the ability of methane to escape through the landfill cover. Methanotrophs are microorganisms that use methane as their sole carbon and energy source and have a strong ability to oxidize methane biologically. In this paper, methanotrophs’ methane removal efficiency in an inorganic salt culture medium was studied. It was found that the methane removal efficiency in the inorganic salt culture medium increased first and then decreased as the pH or initial methane concentration increased. Methanotrophs’ methane removal efficiency in this study was highest when the pH was equal to 7, or the initial methane concentration was equal to 2%. Biochar is an economic and environment-friendly “green material” with a porous structure, high specific surface area, and high ion exchange capacity. It can adsorb escaped methane and can provide a good habitat for methanotrophs. In this paper, biochar-methanotroph-amended clay was taken as the research target, and the effects of the presence or absence of methanotrophs, the amount of biochar, and the compactness of soil on the removal of methane were analyzed, and the methane removal efficiency of biochar-clay mixture with methanotrophs was studied. The above experiments were conducted under laboratory-scale conditions, and the methane concentration, pH, and dry density were set with reference to the measured data in the cover of the landfill in order to expect the closest possible approximation to the actual landfill cover experimental environment. The results showed that the efficiency of methane removal increased first and then decreased as the biochar content and compaction increase. Furthermore, the efficiency of methane removal was strongest when the biochar content was 15% or the dry density was 1.2 g/cm3.

The authors are grateful to the National Sciences Foundation of China (grant no. 41977214, 41572284) for the financial support.

Correspondence to Wen-jing Sun.

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Accepted: 19 April 2022

Published: 02 May 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-022-10151-0

3 May, 2022

## Global Biochar Machine Market 2022 Opportunities and Key Players To 2028

3 May, 2022

MarketsandResearch.biz, through its comprehensive report Global Biochar Machine Market from 2022 to 2028, provides an in-depth study of the current state and significant drivers of the given industry. The detailed summary of the global Biochar Machine market report offers a compressed list of Biochar Machine industry drivers, challenges, opportunities, and market trends. The regional analysis enables consumers & suppliers to build strategies based upon the performance of segments in the regions. It helps to penetrate the regional markets in such a way that will generate profitability and increase cash flows.

It offers a clear understanding of Biochar Machine market attributes such as market shares, values, size, and production volume. It also develops worldwide trading factors such as import, export, and local consumption. The study meticulously catalogs all the relevant data about company profiles, product offerings, and the necessary financial details of the top vendors in the market and evaluates their product sales, revenue, gross margins, and pricing.

Furthermore, SWOT and Porter’s five forces model analysis increase the practicality of this report. The data synthesis methods are used before using the data in the statical research. Data validation is done after passing through various stages such as integration, screening, data interpolation, and extrapolation. The growth rate (CAGR) of each region is predicted so that the report provides an opportunistic roadmap to the participants of the Biochar Machine industry.

Type-based market segmentation:

Application-based market segmentation:

Based on the sales & production of the product, the market has been described into

ACCESS FULL REPORT: https://www.marketsandresearch.biz/report/231349/global-biochar-machine-market-2021-by-manufacturers-regions-type-and-application-forecast-to-2026

Some of the promising players in the market are

Customization of the Report:

This report can be customized to meet the client’s requirements. Please connect with our sales team (sales@marketsandresearch.biz), who will ensure that you get a report that suits your needs. You can also get in touch with our executives on 1-201-465-4211 to share your research requirements.

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3 May, 2022

## Biochar and super absorbent polymer improved growth, yield, and phytochemical …

3 May, 2022

Reference Number: 705efc79ba723344

Timestamp:

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## Communication / Event Management – Climate protection and biochar – EEJobs

3 May, 2022

The carbonization and material use of biomass is a key technology for limiting climate change and represents the most important technical carbon sink for the coming years. In addition to renewable energy, the process of pyrolysis yields biochar, a highly versatile material with a broad range of uses.

The European Biochar Industry Consortium (EBI) is the European Biochar Industry Association. Our members are mainly small and medium sized companies active in the field of pyrolysis and biochar: Manufacturers of pyrolysis systems, biochar producers, refiners and traders and biochar-based carbon sinks.

In agriculture, demand for biochar has been in increasing in recent years. More recently, further applications have been spreading, such as the use in construction materials or the consumer goods industry. Have you heard of climate-positive, biochar-amended concrete yet?

Every long-term material application contributes to the creation of a carbon sink, which actively removes carbon from the atmosphere. In addition, biochar can replace fossil resources, thus directly reducing CO2 emissions of. EBI’s mission is to raise awareness of the potential of biochar for the improvement of various materials, as well as for climate protection. We do this on a national, but especially on a European level.

We work in a highly dynamic environment; the industry is growing exponentially and thus our tasks and opportunities are changing as well. We work in the areas of Policy, Industry Standards, Communication and Market Intelligence.

Do you have a passion for presenting complex issues in an understandable and inspiring way for different target groups? Here we would need support. Likewise in the area of event management, as we will be organizing the first European congress in the field of biochar at the beginning of 2023.

As soon as possible, we are looking for appropriately qualified and motivated support for the location Augustinerplatz 2, Freiburg im Breisgau. You will work independently in cooperation with your colleagues. The position is designed as a part-time position (50%), with the possibility of expansion. Home office is an option, but we would also like to offer you a place in our office in the beautiful center of Freiburg.

We value diversity and therefore welcome all qualified applications.

Please send us your application with CV, letter of motivation and relevant references in the form of a PDF file to: info@biochar-industry.com . Please state your earliest possible start date.

Application deadline is 05 June, 2020.

## Effect of Co-Applicated Acid Biochar and Fertilizer on Amaranth Growth in … – SSRN Papers

3 May, 2022

Tianjin University – Tianjin University of Science and Technology

Tianjin University

Tianjin University – Tianjin University of Science and Technology

Tianjin University – Tianjin University of Science and Technology

Tianjin University – Tianjin University of Science and Technology

Tianjin University – Tianjin University of Science and Technology

Tianjin University – Tianjin University of Science and Technology

Food safety concerns due to soil chromium (Cr) pollution have attracted considerable attention in agricultural field. Therefore, alternative technologies are required to improve food safety in contaminated farmland. In this study, the combination between vinegar residue biochar (VB) and basic fertilizer (BF) was applied as VB-BF, then amaranth growth and soil properties in Cr-polluted farmland was investigated. The amaranth biomass under VB-BF treatment was 6.16 times higher than control and 4.24 times higher than BF alone. Cr concentration in amaranth root was reduced by 90.04% compared to the control, and 85.22% lower than BF alone. In a result of soil, BF improved soil fertility, but also increased the toxic labile Cr fractions. In contrast, VB-BF stimulated the growth of degrading microorganisms, promoting carbon cycle and nutrient conversion, thus promoting amaranth's growth. In addition, VB improved Ca and Zn uptake by amaranth, thereby enhancing plant resistance to Cr stress. Moreover, the fixation effect of VB decreased the adverse impacts of BF on Cr, and lowered the toxicity to amaranth in seeding stage. Therefore, the dual factors of increasing fertility and reducing toxicity accounted for the improvement of amaranth growth. However, vigorous amaranth secreted a large quantity of rhizosphere organic acids, which increased HO-Ac extractable Cr in soil during the harvest period. Our findings showed safety in seeding stage is more critical for overall growth. Overall, this work has practical implications for improving food safety under Cr-contaminated soil.

Keywords: acid biochar, fertilizer, chromium, amaranth, soil

Suggested Citation

China

Nankai District
Tianjin, 300072
China

China

China

China

China

China

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3 May, 2022

## Europe Biochar Machine Market 2022 size and Key Trends in terms of volume and value By 2028

3 May, 2022

Overview Of Biochar Machine Market

This has brought along several changes in This report also covers the impact of COVID-19 on the global market.

The Biochar Machine Market analysis summary by Reports Insights is a thorough study of the current trends leading to this vertical trend in various regions. Summary In addition, this study emphasizes thorough competition analysis on market prospects, especially growth strategies that market experts claim.

Biochar Machine Market competition by top manufacturers as follow: Beston Machinery Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou Dingli Group, FEECO International, Inc., New England Biochar LLC, Henan Olten Environmental Sci-Tech Co., Ltd., ESSAR ENGINEERS, Micro Fab Engineers, Kingtiger Environmental Technology Co., Ltd., LABH GROUP, PRASHANT BAMBOO MACHINES, SREE SAKTHI ENGINEERING WORKS

Get a Sample PDF copy of the report @ https://www.reportsinsights.com/sample/646281

The global Biochar Machine market has been segmented on the basis of technology, product type, application, distribution channel, end-user, and industry vertical, along with the geography, delivering valuable insights.

The Type Coverage in the Market are:
Coconut Shell Charcoal Making Machine
Wood Charcoal Making Machine
Biomass Carbonization Machine

The Application Coverage in the Market are:
Industrial Smelting
Agricultural Fertilizer
Daily Heating
Cooking

Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report covers
North America
Europe
China
Rest of Asia Pacific
Central & South America
Middle East & Africa

Major factors covered in the report:

To get this report at a profitable rate.: https://www.reportsinsights.com/discount/646281

The analysis objectives of the report are:

Our report offers:

– Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments.
– Market share analysis of the top industry players.
– Strategic recommendations for the new entrants.
– Market forecasts for a minimum of 9 years of all the mentioned segments, sub segments and the regional markets.
– Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations).
– Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations.
– Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends.
– Company profiling with detailed strategies, financials, and recent developments.
– Supply chain trends mapping the latest technological advancements.

Access full Report Description, TOC, Table of Figure, Chart, etc. @   https://www.reportsinsights.com/industry-forecast/biochar-machine-market-analysis-by-regions-646281

ReportsInsights is the leading research industry that offers contextual and data-centric research services to its customers across the globe. The firm assists its clients to strategize business policies and accomplish sustainable growth in their respective market domain. The industry provides consulting services, syndicated research reports, and customized research reports.

## The Company Powering The New Carbon To Value Revolution – International Business Times

3 May, 2022

Ally Power’s Founder and CEO Joe Alfred is spearheading a new carbon to value revolution. Thanks to his new partnership with Carbon Optimum, he has found a novel way to produce energy from municipal waste, without emitting any C02.

This is an invaluable solution at a time when energy costs are soaring and there’s a big fuel shortage, exacerbated by global geopolitical tensions. With increasingly more countries trying to wean themselves off Russian energy, and solar and wind power too intermittent to be reliable, the need has become even more acute.

By using pyrolysis technology, waste will be turned into electricity, hydrogen, and biochar, as well as carbon dioxide as a by-product. The electricity can be sold as energy to the grid, while the hydrogen can be used as fuel for hydrogen-powered vehicles. The biochar can be sold as a building material to cement and agricultural industries.

The carbon dioxide will be captured and used by Carbon Optimum to make biomass, which can also be used by the agricultural, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and other sectors. This way, the joint venture can generate carbon credits for sale to the secondary energy market.

The ability to accrue multiple credits over a short period will attract a host of investors looking for a healthy return and to get into the green energy market.

That’s only the tip of the iceberg, with Ally Power harboring ambitious future growth plans to scale up as its hydrogen fuelling stations are rolled out across America over the next decade.

While hydrogen is a viable alternative energy solution to fossil fuels, the current market is fraught with a multitude of difficulties. Up until now, production has been centralized in large plants with big carbon footprints, with 98% of hydrogen that’s made producing carbon dioxide as a by-product.

Added to that, the compression or refrigeration needed to transport it requires expensive equipment to house it. The on-site generation of hydrogen from electrolysis also requires three times the electricity needed to charge an electric vehicle (EV).

That’s where Ally Power’s distributed hydrogen stations come in. They produce no carbon dioxide and require no fossil fuels to distribute it to consumers; they are cost-effective; they produce and store electricity for EVs and grid stabilization and consumption using fuel cell technology, and each plant has a small physical footprint.

Ally Power’s technology uses a boiler to produce hydrogen, and a steam turbine to turn heat to energy through the chemical reaction of aluminum, sodium hydroxide, and water. The additional byproduct of sodium aluminate can be sold to the construction and cement industries, as well as water treatment or could be turned back into aluminum hydroxide to smelt new aluminum.

When built, the company’s zero-emission, tri-generation power plant in Redding, California, will provide hydrogen refueling and electric battery charging capabilities. It’s also raising $40 million to build 12 hydrogen fuelling stations on the U.S. east and west coast alongside its existing electric battery charging capabilities. Ally Power will set up the stations along the busy I-5 and I-495 corridors, enabling Federal and State employees on the east coast to use the technology. Scaling up from a combined revenue base of$45.6m in 2023, by 2027, it expects to have grown six-fold with no fewer than 30 stations in operation, bringing in 227.3m. With battery EV and plug-in hybrid EV sales projected to peak at 4.7m by 2030 from 845,050 today, this is a huge opportunity to get in on the green energy revolution. That’s where Ally Power’s solution is helping to make a difference, not only in the fight against climate change but also to capitalize on a huge economic and sustainable opportunity by turning harmful waste material into a viable energy source. ## Treatments of wood ash amended biochar to reduce nutrient leaching and immobilise lead … 3 May, 2022 The pollution of aqueous environments by metals has continued to increase due to anthropogenic activities such as mining, waste disposal, industrial activities and the use of motor vehicles. Globally, vehicle numbers are predicted to increase to 2.8 billion by 2050 with aqueous pollutants associated with vehicles, such as Pb, Cu, Zn and Cd, increasing alongside vehicle numbers. With these increases, methods to minimise metal pollution are important to find; one such method is wood ash amended biochar. Whilst biochar has the potential to reduce contaminated runoff, this study explores the potential for the biochar itself to leach nutrients (PO43-, SO42- and NO3-) which are constituent parts of its biomass and potentially harmful to the ecosystem the biochar would be deployed to remediate. Treatments such as sintering wood ash to the biochar, granulating the biochar and rinsing the biochar were studied to ascertain their impact on the retention of minerals key to immobilisation, the leaching of nutrients and the immobilisation of Pb, Cu, Zn and Cd. It was demonstrated that wood ash sintered larch biochar granulated <3mm (WASGr) retained the highest concentration of minerals associated with immobilisation, reduced leaching of nutrients to below Water Framework Directive thresholds and maintained Pb, Cu, Zn and Cd immobilisation at 97-100% once rinsed with deionised water. As a result, WASGr rinsed with deionised water, has the potential to be scaled-up and deployed to immobilise Pb, Cu, Zn and Cd from motorway runoff without a negative impact on the concentration of nutrients in the surrounding waters. S. Cairns, I. Robertson, P. J. Holliman and A. Street-Perrott, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2022, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/D1EW00962A This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications, without requesting further permission from the RSC, provided that the correct acknowledgement is given and it is not used for commercial purposes. To request permission to reproduce material from this article in a commercial publication, please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page. If you are an author contributing to an RSC publication, you do not need to request permission provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you are the author of this article, you do not need to request permission to reproduce figures and diagrams provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you want to reproduce the whole article in a third-party commercial publication (excluding your thesis/dissertation for which permission is not required) please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page. Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content. This article has not yet been cited. ## Learn to Make Biochar *For Your Garden *For Your Farm *For the Climate – AllEvents.in 3 May, 2022 Patterson School Foundation, 4646 Patterson School Drive, Lenoir, United States Tickets for Learn to Make Biochar *For Your Garden *For Your Farm *For the Climate can be booked here. Patterson School Foundation, 4646 Patterson School Drive, Lenoir, United States Stay tuned with the most relevant events happening around you. Attend, Share & Influence! E.g. Jack is first name and Mandanka is last name. ## Global Biochar Market to be Driven by Growing Environmental Awareness in the Forecast … 3 May, 2022 The new report by Expert Market Research titled, ‘Global Biochar Market Report and Forecast 2021-2026’, gives an in-depth analysis of the Global Biochar Market, assessing the market based on its segments like applications, technology, and regions. The report tracks the latest trends in the industry and studies their impact on the overall market. It also assesses the market dynamics, covering the key demand and price indicators, along with analysing the market based on the SWOT and Porter’s Five Forces models. Request a free sample copy in PDF or view the report summary@ https://www.expertmarketresearch.com/reports/biochar-market/requestsample The key highlights of the report include: Market Overview (2016-2026) The main purpose of biochar is to produce charcoal from regulated heating of waste items, such as agricultural waste, timber waste, forest waste and manure. The global biochar market is projected to produce high product demand in the forecast period through environmental sensitivity, cheaper raw material costs and coherent waste management regulations governmental policies. Industry Definition and Major Segments Biochar is a kind of wood produced by exposing low oxygen heating organic waste (for example wood chips, residues of plants or manure). It is usually used to reduce pollutants or hazardous components and to stop moisture runoff, soil washing and fertilizer, amongst other end purposes. Explore the full report with the table of contents@ https://www.expertmarketresearch.com/reports/biochar-market On the basis of application, the market is segmented into: On the basis of technology, the market is divided into: On the basis of region, the market is segmented into: Latest News on Global Biochar Market@ https://www.expertmarketresearch.com/pressrelease/biochar-market Market Trends The growing focus on land development and increasing demand for organic food is key to the growth of the global biochar industry. The increased awareness of the environment also contributes to the growth of the biochar market. Moreover, the global biochar market is predicted to enhance reduced raw material costs and coherent waste management policy. The issues which may hinder worldwide biochar market expansion in the next few years are the economic hurdles and the lack of customer awareness. Key Market Players The major players in the market are Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Dicarbon Energy Inc., Biochar Products Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Vega Biofuels Inc., The Biochar Company, Phoenix Energy, and Others. The report covers the market shares, capacities, plant turnarounds, expansions, investments and mergers and acquisitions, among other latest developments of these market players. About Us: Expert Market Research is a leading business intelligence firm, providing custom and syndicated market reports along with consultancy services for our clients. We serve a wide client base ranging from Fortune 1000 companies to small and medium enterprises. Our reports cover over 100 industries across established and emerging markets researched by our skilled analysts who track the latest economic, demographic, trade and market data globally. At Expert Market Research, we tailor our approach according to our clients’ needs and preferences, providing them with valuable, actionable and up-to-date insights into the market, thus, helping them realize their optimum growth potential. We offer market intelligence across a range of industry verticals which include Pharmaceuticals, Food and Beverage, Technology, Retail, Chemical and Materials, Energy and Mining, Packaging and Agriculture. Media Contact Company Name: EMR Inc. Contact Person: Steven Luke, Corporate Sales Specialist – U.S.A. Email: sales@expertmarketresearch.com Toll Free Number: +1-415-325-5166 | +44-702-402-5790 Address: 30 North Gould Street, Sheridan, WY 82801, USA City: Sheridan State: Wyoming Country: United States Website: https://www.expertmarketresearch.com Also, Check Procurement Intelligence which provides you with Infallible research solutions. *We at Expert Market Research always thrive to give you the latest information. The numbers in the article are only indicative and may be different from the actual report. ## Granular Biochar Market 2022 2022-2027 – Queen Anne and Mangolia News 4 May, 2022 Granular Biochar Market: Overview The Global Granular Biochar Market report provides information about the Global industry, including valuable facts and figures. This research study explores the Global Market in detail such as industry chain structures, raw material suppliers, with manufacturing The Granular Biochar Sales market examines the primary segments of the scale of the market. This intelligent study provides historical data from 2015 alongside a forecast from 2022 to 2027. Results of the recent scientific undertakings towards the development of new Granular Biochar products have been studied. Nevertheless, the factors affecting the leading industry players to adopt synthetic sourcing of the market products have also been studied in this statistical surveying report. The conclusions provided in this report are of great value for the leading industry players. Every organization partaking in the global production of the Granular Biochar market products have been mentioned in this report, in order to study the insights on cost-effective manufacturing methods, competitive landscape, and new avenues for applications. This report contains a thorough analysis of the pre and post pandemic market scenarios. This report covers all the recent development and changes recorded during the COVID-19 outbreak. Get Sample Report: https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/sample/346847 Top Key Players of the Market: Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra Types covered in this report are: Wood Source Biochar Corn Source Biochar Wheat Source Biochar Others On the Basis of Application: Soil Conditioner Fertilizer Others With the present market standards revealed, the Granular Biochar market research report has also illustrated the latest strategic developments and patterns of the market players in an unbiased manner. The report serves as a presumptive business document that can help the purchasers in the global market plan their next courses towards the position of the market’s future. Check Discount on Granular Biochar Market report @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/discount/346847 Regional Analysis For Granular Biochar Market North America (the United States, Canada, and Mexico) Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy) Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia) South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.) The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa) Why B2B Companies Worldwide Rely on us to Grow and Sustain Revenues: This report provides: Get Full Report @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/industry-growth/granular-biochar-market-trends-2022-2027-346847 In the end, the Granular Biochar Market report includes investment come analysis and development trend analysis. The present and future opportunities of the fastest growing international industry segments are coated throughout this report. This report additionally presents product specification, manufacturing method, and product cost structure, and price structure. Contact Us: sales@marketresearchupdate.com ## Sustainability research at Saskatchewan Polytechnic recognized through RCE Awards 4 May, 2022 Saskatchewan Polytechnic researchers Ramon Ricafort, and David Halstead and Leila Benmerrouche jointly, accepted two awards for Education for Sustainable Development at the annual RCE Saskatchewan Awards on May 4, 2022. The recognition by the Saskatchewan Regional Centre for Expertise (RCE) in Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is for Ricafort’s current research on adding recycled plastic waste to concrete for commercial application and Halstead’s and Benmerrouche’s research on biochar as a soil remediation additive. Ricafort’s research has potential benefits for both the construction and engineering industries, but also educational potential for the end consumer of plastic products that wind up in recycling facilities or landfills. An instructor in the Engineering Design and Drafting Technology program at Sask Polytech’s Moose Jaw campus, Ricafort won a previous RCE award in 2020. “Receiving another award for his research from RCE Saskatchewan is further acknowledgement that his work, and the larger project of making sustainability applied research and education a focus at Sask Polytech, will have a positive impact on the environment for years to come,” says Dr. Robin Smith, academic chair for SLICE. Halstead and Benmerrouche work out of Sask Polytech’s School of Natural Resources and Built Environment at Prince Albert campus. Their research on biochar has similar potential for long-reaching benefits to more than just the industry partners who initially engaged them. By pairing research with unique student opportunities and industry knowledge sharing, all participants in their research are now better positioned to develop new approaches and technologies for incorporating biochar into a variety of other sustainability initiatives, whether in industry applications or in ongoing research. Those unfamiliar with the concept of RCEs or ESD and the related United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, may find their heads spinning with the acronyms and wonder what these awards are about, or even why they’re important. But important they are. As one small step, applied research of the kind these researchers are doing with industry partners has the potential to have important regional benefits—and those regional benefits, when added together with others, have great impact for the planet. Nearly 20 years ago, the UN General Assembly put into motion a lofty plan to further sustainable development through education. Led by the United Nations Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), an official Decade of Education for Sustainable Development stressed the need to reorient existing education towards sustainability—and to make it meaningful at a local level. Much has happened in the years since, but one significant outcome has been the creation of a global, multi-stakeholder network of Regional Centres of Expertise on Education for Sustainable Development. These centres focus on promotion of sustainable development through research and education within a local context. As of January 2022, over 170 RCEs have been officially acknowledged by the United Nations University. Saskatchewan is home to one of only six RCEs in Canada. As a key partner, Sask Polytech is proud to be a member of the Global RCE Network. This work will be further amplified through the newly launched Sustainability-Led Centres of Excellence (SLICE). RCEs bring together groups that facilitate learning towards sustainable development in local and regional communities. To qualify as an RCE, applicants to the Global Network must have four core elements: governance, collaboration, research and development, and transformative education. RCEs are made up of more than just the higher education institutions that often form their core. The Global RCE Network explains that RCEs play a crucial role in implementing action towards education for sustainable development using their local knowledge and global network. By definition, RCEs link formal education (research centres, higher education institutions, high schools, primary schools) with non-formal and informal education (museums, parks, local government, community, media, business and industry, non-governmental organizations) through a series of horizontal, vertical and lateral connections. Sask Polytech’s Hannin Creek Education and Applied Research Centre (HCEARC), which falls under SLICE and operates in partnership with the Saskatchewan Wildlife Federation, is an example of this model. The centre was recently highlighted in a publication by the UN University about RCE biodiversity work. HCEARC is the only boreal field station in Saskatchewan, and is ideally suited for environmental studies, ecological research, post-secondary, and youth education. Under its roof, and often outdoors, it brings together formal and non-formal education to great benefit—delivering applied research and new teaching and learning opportunities at a regional level. An accompanying video produced by the UN University features a Sask Polytech applied research project on Lake Sturgeon undertaken as part of the Hannin Creek centre. With grant funding provided by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and working with industry partner Cenovus Energy, the applied research team evaluated the reproductive potential of the endangered fish. Student intern and researcher Maycie McWillie notes that, “although the study is still ongoing, their work has raised community awareness through citizen science and media publicity.” This type of sustainability-focussed research with a strong educational component is what UNESCO had in mind all those years ago. Dr. Susan Blum, associate vice president of Applied Research and Innovation, agrees, noting, “Recognition by RCE-Saskatchewan tells us that our sustainability-focussed research is making a difference at the local level. Congratulations to Ramon, David and Leila for this well-deserved recognition and thank you to all of the researchers for the difference they are making in Sask Polytech’s sustainability efforts.” Saskatchewan Polytechnic is signatory to the SDG Accord. Sustainable Development Goal alignment is one of the ways Sask Polytech is leading the rise of polytechnic education. Published May 2022. Brianna Bergeron Communications 306-250-3978 (cell) brianna.bergeron@saskpolytech.ca ## Students present biochar research at Earth Day event | Department of Agronomy and Horticulture 4 May, 2022 Britt Fossum | Graduate Student | Agronomy and Horticulture Students working in Assistant Professor Michael Kaiser’s research group presented projects related to biochar, a biomass-derived material used as a soil additive, at the Lincoln Earth Day event April 23. The students’ posters displayed alongside a booth organized by the Lincoln Biochar Initiative. Kaiser is a soil scientist engaged in research and teaching at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in the Department of Agronomy and Horticulture. Student research projects displayed and presented at the event included undergraduate theses on biochar feedstocks presented by Amelia Long, a senior environmental studies major and on analyzing the potential use of biochar for agriculture in Rwanda prepared by Andromede Uwase, a senior integrated science major. An ongoing research project focused on biochar application combined with no-till and cover crops in Nebraska presented by Britt Fossum, an agronomy graduate student specializing in environmental studies, was also presented. Work in Kaiser’s group explores the potential for biochar as an agricultural soil amendment and as a climate-smart agricultural practice with potential to improve soil health and stimulate carbon storage. In addition to research, his work with the Lincoln Biochar Initiative aims to raise awareness of biochar and promote production and utilization of biochar in city-wide development projects. 202 Keim Hall Lincoln, NE 68583-0915 (402) 472-2811 Email: agrohort@unl.edu Some parts of this site work best with JavaScript enabled. ## Stabilization of ruthenium on biochar-nickel magnetic nanoparticles as a heterogeneous … 4 May, 2022 Waste recycling and the use of recyclable and available catalysts are important principles in green chemistry in science and industrial research. Therefore in this study, biochar nanoparticles were prepared from biomass pyrolysis. Then, they were magnetized with nickel nanoparticles to improve their recycling. Further, the magnetic biochar nanoparticles (biochar-Ni MNPs) were modified by dithizone ligand and then applied for the fabrication of a ruthenium catalyst (Ru-dithizone@biochar-Ni MNPs). This nanocatalyst was characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), wavelength dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (WDX), N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) techniques. The XRD studies of Ru in the nanocatalyst showed that the crystalline structure of ruthenium in the Ru-dithizone@biochar-Ni MNPs was hcp. Another principle of green chemistry is the use of safe and inexpensive solvents, the most suitable of which is water. Therefore, the catalytic activity of this catalyst was investigated as a practical, selective, and recyclable nanocatalyst in the Suzuki carbon–carbon coupling reaction in aqueous media. The VSM curve of this catalyst showed that it could be easily recovered using an external magnet, and recycled multiple times. Also, VSM analysis of the recovered catalyst indicated the good magnetic stability of this catalyst after repeated use. P. Moradi and M. Hajjami, RSC Adv., 2022, 12, 13523 DOI: 10.1039/D1RA09350A This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications without requesting further permissions from the RSC, provided that the correct acknowledgement is given. Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content. ## US Aluminum Alloy Wheels Market (Russia-Ukraine Crisis Impact Analysis) Future Scope … 4 May, 2022 Aluminum Alloy Wheels Market 2022-2027: The Global Aluminum Alloy Wheels market exhibits comprehensive information that is a valuable source of insightful data for business strategists during the decade 2017-2027. On the basis of historical data, Aluminum Alloy Wheels market report provides key segments and their sub-segments, revenue and demand & supply data. Considering technological breakthroughs of the market Aluminum Alloy Wheels industry is likely to appear as a commendable platform for emerging Aluminum Alloy Wheels market investors. The complete value chain and downstream and upstream essentials are scrutinized in this report. Essential trends like globalization, growth progress boost fragmentation regulation & ecological concerns. This Market report covers technical data, manufacturing plants analysis, and raw material sources analysis of Aluminum Alloy Wheels Industry as well as explains which product has the highest penetration, their profit margins, and R & D status. The report makes future projections based on the analysis of the subdivision of the market which includes the global market size by product category, end-user application, and various regions. Get Sample Report: https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/sample/343510 This Aluminum Alloy Wheels Market Report covers the manufacturer’s data, including shipment, price, revenue, gross profit, interview record, business distribution, etc., these data help the consumer know about the competitors better. Topmost Leading Manufacturer Covered in this report: Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, Pacific Biochar, Vega Biofuels, Liaoning Jinhefu Group, Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy, Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology, Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai) Product Segment Analysis: Wood Source Biochar Corn Stove Source Biochar Rice Stove Source Biochar Wheat Stove Source Biochar Other Stove Source Biochar On the Basis of Application: Soil Conditioner Fertilizer Others Get Discount @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/discount/343510 Regional Analysis For Aluminum Alloy Wheels Market North America (the United States, Canada, and Mexico) Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy) Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia) South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.) The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa) The objectives of the report are: – To analyze and forecast the market size of Aluminum Alloy Wheels Industry in the global market. – To study the global key players, SWOT analysis, value and global market share for leading players. – To determine, explain and forecast the market by type, end use, and region. – To analyze the market potential and advantage, opportunity and challenge, restraints and risks of global key regions. – To find out significant trends and factors driving or restraining the market growth. – To analyze the opportunities in the market for stakeholders by identifying the high growth segments. – To critically analyze each submarket in terms of individual growth trend and their contribution to the market. – To understand competitive developments such as agreements, expansions, new product launches, and possessions in the market. – To strategically outline the key players and comprehensively analyze their growth strategies. View Full Report @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/industry-growth/aluminum-alloy-wheels-market-trends-2022-2027-343510 At last, the study gives out details about the major challenges that are going to impact market growth. They also report provides comprehensive details about the business opportunities to key stakeholders to grow their business and raise revenues in the precise verticals. The report will aid the company’s existing or intend to join in this market to analyze the various aspects of this domain before investing or expanding their business in the Aluminum Alloy Wheels markets. ## Europe Biochar Market 2022 Development Stat– DRT, Rosin Chemical (Wuping), Yunfu … 4 May, 2022 Global Biochar Industry: with growing significant CAGR during 2022-2027 New Research Report on Biochar Market which covers Market Overview, Future Economic Impact, Competition by Manufacturers, Supply (Production), and Consumption Analysis Understand the influence of COVID-19 on the Biochar Market with our analysts monitoring the situation across the globe. Request Now The market research report on the global Biochar industry provides a comprehensive study of the various techniques and materials used in the production of Biochar market products. Starting from industry chain analysis to cost structure analysis, the report analyzes multiple aspects, including the production and end-use segments of the Biochar market products. The latest trends in the pharmaceutical industry have been detailed in the report to measure their impact on the production of Biochar market products. With the present market standards revealed, the Biochar market research report has also illustrated the latest strategic developments and patterns of the market players in an unbiased manner. The report serves as a presumptive business document that can help the purchasers in the global market plan their next courses towards the position of the market’s future. Get sample of this report @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/sample/343511 Leading key players in the Biochar market are – DRT, Rosin Chemical (Wuping), Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical), Arakawachem, Finjet Chemical Industries, Guilin Songquan Forest Chemical, Shenzhen Jitian Chemical Product Types: B-90 B-115 B-140 Others On the Basis of Application: Coating Industry Ink Industry Adhesive Industry Medical Industry Pigment Industry Others Regional Analysis For Biochar Market North America (the United States, Canada, and Mexico) Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy) Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia) South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.) The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa) Get Discount on Biochar report @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/discount/343511 This report comes along with an added Excel data-sheet suite taking quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report. What’s in the offering: The report provides in-depth knowledge about the utilization and adoption of Biochar Industries in various applications, types, and regions/countries. Furthermore, the key stakeholders can ascertain the major trends, investments, drivers, vertical player’s initiatives, government pursuits towards the product acceptance in the upcoming years, and insights of commercial products present in the market. Full Report Link @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/industry-growth/biochar-market-trends-2022-2027-343511 Lastly, the Biochar Market study provides essential information about the major challenges that are going to influence market growth. The report additionally provides overall details about the business opportunities to key stakeholders to expand their business and capture revenues in the precise verticals. The report will help the existing or upcoming companies in this market to examine the various aspects of this domain before investing or expanding their business in the Biochar market. ## Speciation Evolution of Phosphorus and Sulfur Derived from Sewage Sludge Biochar in Soil 4 May, 2022 Please enable Cookies and reload the page. This process is automatic. Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. Please allow up to 5 seconds… Redirecting… ## biochar thoughts on tlo soil use in pots | 420 Magazine ® 4 May, 2022 ## The Worldwide Biochar Industry is Expected to Reach587.7 Million by 2030 | IQ Stock Market

4 May, 2022

DUBLIN, May 4, 2022 /PRNewswire/ –The Biochar Market by production technology, Application: Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2021-2030 report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering.

The global biochar market was valued at $170.9 million in 2020, and is projected to reach$587.7 million by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 13.2 from 2021 to 2030.

Biochar is a charcoal produced from the pyrolysis of biomass in the absence of oxygen. It is porous, carbon rich solid that possesses cation exchange capacity (CEC). It is widely used in soil amendment applications to enhance the soil quality, and plant nutrition. In addition to this, it is used as a prime animal feed supplement to enhance the digestion, blood formation, and nutrition intake efficiency of cattle (cows and goats)

The increasing demand for crops has surged the growth of the agriculture sector where biochar is widely used for soil amendment applications. This is expected to aggressively penetrate and boost the demand for biochar in the growing agriculture industry. In addition, biochar reduces the use of other inorganic fertilizers; thus making agriculture a profitable business. This has led the farmers become more linear toward using biochar for crop production. This factor may positively drive the growth of the biochar market.

However, biochar manufacturing is an expensive process as it involves the use of various sophisticated and costly pyrolysis equipment. This restrains the manufacturers with low investment potential to enter into the biochar market. This factor is expected to hamper the market growth.

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## Effects of phosphorus-modified biochar as a soil amendment on the growth and quality of … – Nature

4 May, 2022

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Phosphorus (P) deficiency in agricultural soil is a worldwide concern. P modification of biochar, a common soil conditioner produced by pyrolysis of wastes and residues, can increase P availability and improve soil quality. This study aims to investigate the effects of P-modified biochar as a soil amendment on the growth and quality of a medicinal plant (Pseudostellaria heterophylla). P. heterophylla were grown for 4 months in lateritic soil amended with P-modified and unmodified biochar (peanut shell) at dosages of 0, 3% and 5% (by mass). Compared with unmodified biochar, P-modified biochar reduced available heavy metal Cd in soil by up to 73.0% and osmotic suction in the root zone by up to 49.3%. P-modified biochar application at 3% and 5% promoted the tuber yield of P. heterophylla significantly by 68.6% and 136.0% respectively. This was different from that in unmodified biochar treatment, where tuber yield was stimulated at 3% dosage but inhibited at 5% dosage. The concentrations of active ingredients (i.e., polysaccharides, saponins) in tuber were increased by 2.9–78.8% under P-modified biochar amendment compared with control, indicating the better tuber quality. This study recommended the application of 5% P-modified biochar for promoting the yield and quality of P. heterophylla.

Phosphorous (P) is an essential element for plant growth and productivity, due to its vital role in many basic metabolisms, including photosynthesis and respiration. The fixed P in soils is in the form of aluminum/iron or calcium/magnesium phosphates, which are generally not available for plant uptake1. Available P is scarce in 30–40% of the arable soils around the world2. Direct application of P fertilizers may lead to low P use efficiency due to the formation of precipitation and adsorption to soil particles2. Moreover, high P fertilizer usage could cause a higher risk of P loss through soil leaching, runoff and erosion, possibly leading to environmental issues like water eutrophication3. Therefore, how to reduce P loss and enhance soil P use efficiency deserves to be studied.

It is a potential approach to use some organic soil amendments like biochar to improve the soil P retention and therefore reduce P loss. Biochar is a carbon-rich material produced from the pyrolysis of biomass wastes at a high temperature with limited supply of oxygen. It has received wide attention due to its cost-effectiveness and environmentally-friendly nature. Biochar can improve soil fertility due to high levels of possessed nutrients4. Meanwhile, biochar could enhance water holding capacity and immobilize the potentially toxic metals through large specific surface area, increased micropores and oxygen-containing functional groups3. Therefore, plant growth and crop productivity can be enhanced. The feedstocks of biochar were mainly the residues and wastes in agriculture or industry5. For example, large peanut yield in China resulted in high production of peanut shell biochar for reutilization of resources6. However, a limitation in peanut shell biochar application is that the total P content is generally very low (< 1%)2. This may lead to unbalanced nutrient content, inhibiting seed germination and plant growth7. Therefore, it is necessary to improve P availability in biochar.

Recently, the modification of biochar with P has been found to improve P utilization efficiency and adsorption performance efficiently3. Based on the previous studies, P-modified biochar was produced via two main types of method. One type was to impregnate the feedstock into the solution of H3PO4 or K3PO4 and then pyrolyze it at a given temperature and duration3,8. Another way was to mix the pristine biochar with the solution of Ca(H2PO4)2∙H2O or KH2PO4 to lade it with P9,10,11. Subsequently, physicochemical characteristics and microstructures of the P-modified biochar were measured to evaluate the modification. More functional groups such as P–O, P–C groups were produced on biochar surface after modification, indicating biochar loaded by P3. Increased porosity in P-modified biochar contributed to a higher capacity to possess P when it was oxidated and immersed in phosphate solution. Consequently, when mixing P-modified biochar with soil, available P in biochar would release, causing a higher P concentration in soil for a long term12. Zhang et al.3 showed that P-modified biochar had a higher efficiency to immobilize Cu and Cd in soil. It was attributed to the increased adsorption ability with higher cation exchange capacity (CEC) and specific surface area after modification. Lyu et al.13 and Tan et al.11 pointed out the reduced leaching rate of uranium (U) under remediation by P-modified biochar. However, the previous studies mainly focus on the influence of P-modified biochar as a soil conditioner on the remediation of contaminated soil by changing physical and chemical properties3,11,13. The effects of P-modified biochar on the growth and quality of medicinal plants have not been studied.

Medicinal plants have abundant ingredients (e.g., terpenoids and polysaccharides), which can boost the development of medical therapy, commercial trade, human cultures and green ecology. Pseudostellaria heterophylla (P. heterophylla), belonging to the family of Caryophyllaceae, is one of the most widely used traditional Chinese medicinal plants. Its medicinal organ (i.e., root tuber) possesses various ingredients, including saponins, polysaccharides and amino acids. Those ingredients have multiple medicinal functions such as strengthening the spleen, replenishing Qi, moistening the lungs14,15. P. heterophylla is also selected to be one of the representative Chinese medicines for the prevention and treatment of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)16. However, the biomass and quality of its medicinal organ (root tuber) declines seriously due to soil sickness after replanting17. Besides, P. heterophylla is commonly planted in subtropical areas, such as Guizhou province in China, where cultivated soils are highly contaminated with heavy metals (e.g., Cd). Those heavy metals come from natural geological processes and anthropogenic activities, threatening the quality of medicinal plants and public health18. It is essential to promote the growth and quality of P. heterophylla by improving soil health and quality through soil remediation.

Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effects of P-modified biochar treatment on the growth and quality of one popular medicinal plant P. heterophylla. Leaf area, shoot height, root properties and biomass of medicinal organ (root tuber) were measured to evaluate the growth of P. heterophylla. The concentrations of active ingredients (i.e., polysaccharides and saponins) in medicinal organs were also determined. This is the first study to reveal the yield and quality of medicinal plant (especially its medicinal organ) under P-modified biochar treatment with different dosages. The results have practical impacts on the instruction of large-scale planting.

Figure 1 shows the scanning electron microscope (SEM) results of unmodified and P-modified biochar. Their porous structure could be observed clearly. The number of pores was increased significantly after biochar modification, indicating the improved micropore system and larger specific surface area. Apart from micropore structure, the chemical compositions and functional groups were also altered under the biochar modification. The results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in Table S2 and its deconvolutions of P 2p etc. in Fig. S1 analyzed the chemical compositions of unmodified and P-modified biochar. The concentrations of some nutrient elements were increased in the biochar after P-modification from < 1 to 4.13% (mass concentration) for P and by 60.1% for K. Meanwhile, compared with unmodified biochar, the mass of some other elements such as Na, Al, Cl was reduced in P-modified biochar by 31.5–65.3%. According to Fig. S1, the peak energy of N 1s at 407.2–407.5 eV was lower for P-modified biochar. This illustrated that the content of NO3 was decreased19,20. Meanwhile, by partially replacing NO3, PO43− with a binding energy of 133 eV in P 2p3,21 was formed on biochar surface during modification. This was consistent with the peak at 531.0 eV in O 1s spectrum for P-modified biochar, which corresponded to the oxygen atoms of PO43− group22. Additionally, Fig. S2 shows that the peaks (e.g., 3420, 1030–1090, 500–600 cm−1) were strengthened for the P-modified biochar, compared with the spectrum for unmodified biochar. This indicates more hydroxy and PO43− were produced during the biochar modification3,23. This result was in agreement with Zhang et al.3 that P-modified biochar possessed more oxygen-containing functional groups such as hydroxy, P–O groups. The increased oxygen-containing functional groups in modified biochar was attributed to the oxidization of carbonized biochar surface under H2O2 treatment24. P impregnation by K3PO4 solution led to the PO43– laden biochar after modification. Increased hydroxy in modified biochar surface could enhance soil water retention capacity and immobilize soil contamination3. PO43− could improve soil P supply. Therefore, compared with unmodified biochar, P-modified biochar had more advantages in promoting plant growth.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) for (a) unmodified; (b) P-modified biochar.

Soil pH and nutrient elements (e.g., K, P, N) with significant changes after biochar amendment were shown in Table 1. Unmodified biochar at 3% and 5% could increase soil pH from 4.45 to 4.79 and 4.93 respectively. P-modified biochar increased pH from 4.45 to 5.11–5.33, which was above the minimum limit for the growth of P. heterophylla25,26. Soil available K increased significantly with the increasing dosage of biochar from 0 to 5% (p < 0.05), regardless of the unmodified and modified biochar. When the application dosage of biochar was 3–5%, available K in soil increased by 118.3–142.0% under P-modified biochar treatment, compared with that under unmodified biochar. After incubation of biochar amended soil for half a month, the concentration of soil available P was relatively low in control (0.87 mg/kg) and unmodified biochar treated groups (0.69–1.15 mg/kg). All of them were at an extreme scarce level based on Specification of Land Quality Geochemical Evaluation (DZ/T 0295—2016)27. However, when the soil was treated with P-modified biochar, the soil available P increased to 8.02 (scarce level) and 23.91 mg/kg (abundant level) at 3% and 5% biochar dosages, respectively.

In addition, the concentration of N (mainly NH4+ and NO3), S (SO42−) and Cl (Cl) increased significantly under biochar application, due to direct release from biochar to soil water solution28,29. Compared with the soils under unmodified biochar amendment, the concentrations of N and Cl in soil amended with P-modified biochar at the same dosage were reduced by 6.2–8.4% and 25.4–49.9% respectively. In contrast, the concentration of plant available S (i.e., SO42−) under modified biochar amendment was increased. Hence, compared with unmodified biochar, P-modified biochar with higher nutrient (i.e., K, P, S) level and lower Cl concentration was more suitable for medicinal plant growth.

Figure 2a shows the concentrations of available Cd in soil under different treatments. In the control group without biochar amendment, plant available Cd was 0.460 mg/kg, exceeding the permissible limits (0.3 mg/kg) proposed by the World Health Organization30. Both unmodified and modified biochar at 3–5% dosage could reduce soil available Cd significantly below the limit (0.3 mg/kg) (p < 0.05). Compared with unmodified biochar treatment, available Cd decreased from 0.174 to 0.084 mg/kg at 3% P-modified biochar dosage while that decreased from 0.047 to 0.029 mg/kg at 5% dosage.

(a) Initial concentrations of plant available toxic metal Cd in soil and (b) mean total suction in soil (root zone) during plant growth period subjected to different amendments. Data are presented as mean value ± standard deviation (n = 3). Different letters above the bars indicate significant differences (P < 0.05) between the groups under different treatments.

Total suction in the root zone is also an important indicator of plant growth. Figure 2b shows the results of total soil suction in the root zone, which is the sum of matric suction and osmotic suction. Total soil suction in the root zone increased from 79.9 kPa for control soil to 314.1 kPa for 3% unmodified biochar treated soil. Total suction became higher with the increasing dosage of biochar. In the case of the soil treated with 5% unmodified biochar, the total suction in the root zone rose to 440.2 kPa. The total soil suction was reduced by 36.7–46.7% under 3% and 5% P-modified biochar treatments, respectively, compared with unmodified biochar treatment. In terms of matric suction, the average matric suction in the root zone during the plant growth period showed a slight increase from 5.4 to 10.5–11.7 kPa under unmodified biochar amendment. It increased to 13.5–16.8 kPa when the soil was treated by P-modified biochar. Slightly higher matric suction under biochar amendment was possibly due to improved plant growth and higher root water uptake ability31. Compared with the magnitude of matric suction, osmotic suction had a dominant role in affecting total suction in this figure. Therefore, it showed the similar effects of different soil treatments on total suction in the root zone. Unmodified biochar amendment increased osmotic suction by 307.5–475.2% at 3–5% application. Compared with unmodified biochar treatment, P-modified biochar reduced osmotic suction by 38.9–49.3%.

Figure 3 shows the leaf area and shoot height of P. heterophylla during the 4-month growth period (16 weeks). In Fig. 3a, leaf area increased by 70.6–165.7% until the 6–8th week and then decreased by 64.3–79.4% for control and unmodified biochar (3% and 5%) groups. However, for P-modified biochar groups (3% and 5%), it shows only slight decrease of leaf area after the 10th week. In the first 6 weeks, compared with control, 75.9–234.3% larger leaf area was observed in the groups with biochar application, regardless of biochar modification. There was no significant difference between unmodified and P-modified biochar treated groups at the same biochar dosage. After the 6th week, as the decrease of leaf area for control and unmodified biochar groups, the advantages of P-modified biochar to increase leaf area were highlighted. After the 10th week, significant enlargement of leaf area was observed in the P-modified biochar group compared with unmodified biochar groups (p < 0.05). Similar trends were also observed for shoot height in Fig. 3b. P-modified biochar amendment at the dosage of 5% was the most beneficial to the plant growth characteristics (leaf area and shoot height). One difference was that at the first 6 weeks, the shoot height of P. heterophylla under unmodified biochar treatment was higher (< 18.9%) than those under P-modified biochar at the same dosage.

Variations of (a) leaf area and (b) shoot height during plant growth period (4 months). Data are presented as mean value ± standard deviation (n = 3). Different letters above the bars indicate significant differences (P < 0.05) between the groups under different treatments.

Mean root length (RL) and root length density (RLD) are two morphological parameters to reflect the growth of underground parts, which are shown in Table 2. Root length among all treatments had no significant difference (p > 0.05). Root length density increased under all biochar amendments except 5% unmodified biochar treatment, which showed a reduction of 13.1% compared with control. At 3% biochar dosage, unmodified and P-modified biochar enhanced root length density by 3.3% and 50.5% respectively. Compared with control, the most significant increase of root length density by 61.1% was in the group under 5% P-modified biochar treatment (p < 0.05).

Figure 4a shows the fresh and dry biomass of root tuber under control, unmodified and P-modified biochar treatments. Application of 3% unmodified biochar increased the tuber biomass by 45.4% (from 0.134 for control to 0.195 g/pot) (p > 0.05). When the application dosage increased to 5%, the dry biomass of root tuber decreased to 0.079 g/pot. As for P-modified biochar amendment, it was significantly increased by 68.6% and 136.0% at 3% and 5% dosages, respectively, compared with control (p < 0.05). At the 3% and 5% dosages of biochar application, P-modified biochar enhanced the yield (dry biomass) by 16.0% (p > 0.05) and 301.0% (p < 0.05) respectively, compared with unmodified biochar. The similar trends were also observed in fresh biomass.

Variations of (a) biomass and (b) morphology (mean length and mean maximum diameter) of root tuber. Data are presented as mean value ± standard deviation (n = 3). Different letters above the bars indicate significant differences (P < 0.05) between the groups under different treatments.

Figure 4b shows the morphology of P. heterophylla tuber including the mean length and mean maximum diameter under different soil treatments. The difference of tuber length under various treatments including control showed no statistical significance. The mean maximum diameter of root tuber declined from 3.65 mm for control to 2.79 mm for 5% dosage of unmodified biochar. Unlike unmodified biochar, P-modified biochar increased the mean tuber diameter by 35.2% and 31.5% to 4.93 mm and 4.80 mm, at dosages of 3% and 5% respectively (p < 0.05).

The concentration of active ingredients in the medicinal organ is one of the key factors to evaluate the quality of medicinal plants. Figure 5 shows the active ingredients (polysaccharides and saponins) of the dried root tuber of P. heterophylla. In Fig. 5a, compared with control, application of 3% unmodified biochar improved the polysaccharides concentration in root tuber by 19.0% while 5% unmodified biochar application decreased it by 20.7%. For P-modified biochar amendment, the concentrations of polysaccharides were increased significantly by 63.7% and 78.8% at 3% and 5% dosages respectively, compared with control (p < 0.05). The concentration of polysaccharides in dried root tuber under all these treatments was above the minimum limit of 6% proposed in HKCMMS (2020)32. Compared with the seed tuber, polysaccharides concentration was increased by 20.6–115.7% under all biochar treatments except at 5% unmodified biochar, in which it was decreased by 4.4%. The concentration of saponins, another important active ingredient for P. heterophylla, was measured and the results are shown in Fig. 5b. Compared with control, the 3% and 5% dosages of unmodified biochar decreased the concentrations of saponins in dried root tubers by 24.1% and 59.0%, respectively. In contrast, saponins concentrations were increased by 2.9% and 27.8% at 3% and 5% P-modified biochar treatments, respectively. The application of 5% P-modified biochar could improve saponins concentration with statistical significancy (p < 0.05). The root tuber under all these treatments enhanced the concentrations of saponins by 15.5–260.0% compared with their seed tuber.

Active ingredients including (a) polysaccharides and (b) saponins in root tuber. Data are presented as mean value ± standard deviation (n = 3). Different letters above the bars indicate significant differences (P < 0.05) between the groups under different treatments.

Figure 6 shows the relationships between plant characteristics and soil physicochemical properties assayed by RDA. The first two axes of the RDA could explain 78.5% of the total variation. The first component (RDA1) largely differed for soil nutrient levels (e.g., P, K, S) and soil toxic metal (i.e., Cd), separating the P-modified biochar treatments (blue and green points) from control. The second component (RDA2) mainly explained the variability driven by soil EC and Cl concentration, separating unmodified biochar treatments (yellow and red points) from others. As shown by the vectors in RDA, soil pH and nutrient levels (K, P, S) were positively related to most plant characteristics except tuber length. It may be due to the elongation of the underground part for the acquisition of more nutrients like P by the plant under P deficiency33. Among the soil nutrient elements, P showed the closest relationship with properties of root and tuber while K, S, N had more significant effects on leaf and stem of P. heterophylla than other nutrients. Therefore, P, which was mainly supplied by P-modified biochar, was a promising nutrient to improve yield and active ingredients of P. heterophylla tuber with relatively high efficiency, followed by S and K. Cd concentration was negatively correlated with most plant characteristics especially leaf area and shoot height due to its metal toxicity. However, it showed no negative effects on the concentration of saponins in the tuber, due to potential stimulation of Cd on plant defense for saponins biosynthesis26. Soil EC and Cl showed negative correlations with properties of root and tuber but positive correlations with tuber length of P. heterophylla.

The relationships among the plant characteristics (blue arrow with black font) and soil physicochemical parameters (red arrow) measured in five groups under different treatment based on a redundancy analysis (RDA). The first two RDA components could explain 78.5% (59.97% + 18.48%) of the total variation.

According to the results from XPS (in Table S2, Fig. S1), FTIR (in Fig. S2) and the measurements of available nutrients (in Table 1), the supply and availability of K and P were increased by P-modified biochar. This was mainly due to the application of K3PO4 solution for P source during biochar modification. More pores were created when biochar was oxidated by diluted H2O2 solution in modification procedure (SEM in Fig. 1), leading to the biochar with larger surface area and hence enhanced possession of K and P12. P was adsorbed onto the modified biochar surface by pore filling, electrostatic attraction, anion exchange, surface precipitation, etc34. After mixing modified biochar with soil, the possessed K and P by biochar during modification could be re-released into soil water directly as a nutrient source35. This process was governed by solute diffusion under concentration gradient from biochar phase into the aqueous phase36,37. The repeatable released P in soil water was transported to the root surface by mass flow or diffusion for plant uptake38. Unmodified biochar at 5% dosage could also slightly increase the P availability due to the soil neutralization by biochar in acid soil to reduce the constraint of soil exchangeable Al on soil available P2. However, it was partially counteracted by the potentially increased soil P sorption under unmodified biochar amendment. Therefore, the improvement of P availability by unmodified biochar was not statistically significant. Due to the relatively low concentration of available P (0.69–1.15 mg/kg) in control and unmodified biochar treated soil (Table 1), the diffusion of P to rhizosphere is limited. Therefore, the nutrients (i.e., P) absorbed by plant via root water uptake could not meet the plant nutrient demand, leading to reduced leaf area, shoot height, RL and RLD39. P-modified biochar (3–5%) enhanced available P concentration (8.02–23.91 mg/kg) in soil. Once the P concentration in the root zone was reduced due to plant uptake, it would be compensated from the non-rhizosphere region based on nutrient gradient40. After 4-month plant growth, the available P level in the rhizosphere of P. heterophylla under P-modified biochar treatment was 4.73–13.70 mg/kg at harvest. It was still obviously higher than that under the control and unmodified biochar treated groups (i.e., < 3 mg/kg). This indicated that P-modified biochar could desorb P into soil water as a supplement in a relatively long term (i.e., more than 4 months). This was consistent with the finding by Zhang et al.12 that P-modified biochar could increase the soil available P from < 20 mg/kg to approximate 39 mg/kg and remain this available P level for more than 45 days.

Apart from improved soil fertility (e.g., P), the reduced stress caused by toxic metal (Cd) and high soil total suction was another reason for plant growth promotion by P-modified biochar (Fig. 3), compared with unmodified one. In terms of Cd stress (Fig. 2a), firstly, the increase of pH value in soil amended with biochar especially P-modified one (Table 1) was one important reason for Cd immobilization. Based on the negative correlation between pH and Cd eluate from soil proposed by Monhemius et al.41, the application of modified biochar could lead to Cd immobilization with higher efficiency in soil. Secondly, more oxygen-containing functional groups (e.g., hydroxy, carboxyl) in P-modified biochar3 increased the negative charge of amended soil, leading to better adsorption ability to Cd. Relatively abundant P in modified biochar amended soil might form some precipitations like Cd(PO3)2, Cd(OH)PO3·H2O with Cd, resulting in a reduction of Cd availability3. Lastly, increased number of micropores and larger specific surface area of P-modified biochar (SEM in Fig. 1) resulted in more available Cd adsorbed on the surface or into the pores. This led to reduced Cd mobility in soil and enhanced soil quality. Meanwhile, the growth of plants in soil treated by P-modified biochar could be improved due to reduced Cd stress with less phytotoxicity and ecotoxicity. Available soil Cd could induce stomata closure, decrease the content of chlorophyll and inhibit the root elongation, leading to reduced plant growth26. Therefore, P-modified biochar reduced Cd stress and hence promoted the growth of both aboveground and underground part efficiently. Increase of soil pH was another reason for plant growth improvement by biochar treatment especially P-modified biochar. Soil acidity and toxicity of excessive H+ and Al3+ were alleviated, reducing negative effects on root elongation42.

Based on the previous study, biochar possessed abundant nutrients (K, N, P, Ca, S, Mg, etc.)43. Increased nutrient ions (e.g., available K+) released from biochar into soil water, leading to a higher osmotic suction under both unmodified and P-modified biochar amendments44,45. Compared with unmodified biochar, some ions (e.g., Cl) were reduced significantly during washing and filtering processes in modification (Table 1). It could result in a lower concentration of anions in soil water. In addition, increased micropores in biochar after modification (SEM in Fig. 1) could improve the adsorption capability for ions (e.g., Na+)46, leading to osmotic suction reduction and therefore decreased total suction. As pointed out by Ng et al.47, the rate of plant water uptake was governed by Darcy’s law, which is defined as the product of hydraulic gradient and hydraulic conductivity. Hydraulic gradient is proportional to the difference of hydraulic heads (i.e., controlled by total suction) between the plant roots and soil. A high total suction in an unmodified biochar amended soil reduced the hydraulic gradient between soil and plant roots. Hydraulic conductivity of plant roots was also reduced in the soil with high total suction48. Root water uptake was sequentially inhibited47. Inhibited water uptake by roots in soil with high total suction also reduced plant growth (e.g., root elongation) and metabolism (e.g., photosynthesis)49. Therefore, compared with P-modified biochar or unmodified biochar at relatively low dosage (3%), 5% unmodified biochar with higher total suction in the root zone led to the decline in tuber yield. P-modified biochar decreased the total suction in the root zone and potentially enhanced water uptake, contributing to the promoted growth of P. heterophylla.

An excess of Cl concentration in unmodified biochar was another possible reason leading to a shorter plant growth period and less plant growth, compared with P-modified biochar. Excessive Cl in soil could result in inhibited plant uptake of some nutrient anions (e.g., NO3, H2PO4) by roots through antagonism, contributing to a limited improvement of plant growth50. It also induced the burn of leaf tip with limited photosynthesis51. As the plant grew, the reduced nutrient levels and the continued uptake of Cl caused by transpiration resulted in higher Cl accumulation in the plant with more severe toxicity52. Therefore, P-modified biochar with reduced Cl content showed improved plant growth characteristics.

Improved shoot growth with enlarged leaf area (Fig. 3) under P-modified biochar treatment enhanced the photosynthetic capacity, producing more carbohydrates. Apart from the organic compounds utilized by plant growth and metabolism, others as storage products were transferred and accumulated in the organs like root tuber53. Due to the increased storage of carbohydrates into tuber via promoted photosynthesis, the root tuber growth of P. heterophylla was improved in P-modified biochar treated groups54. As for unmodified biochar treated groups, high dosage (i.e., 5%) application reduced leaf area after the 6th week. Therefore, declined leaf growth at a relatively early period led to the lower storage of carbohydrates in root tuber and hence less yield of P. heterophylla. In addition, the up-regulated plant hormones for the formation of roots (including adventitious root) by biochar possibly contributed to increased tuber yield55.

The polysaccharides concentration in root tuber was positively correlated to plant growth and yield, based on Fig. 6. The previous study pointed out that the highest biomass accumulation and polysaccharide production were also simultaneously observed in the same condition for another medicinal plant Callerya speciosa56. Polysaccharides were polymeric carbohydrate macromolecules in the plant, which were derived from carbohydrate via carbon reactions of photosynthesis57. Promoted photosynthesis produced more carbohydrate as the feedstock for the synthesis of polysaccharides, possibly leading to higher polysaccharides concentration in the tuber. Therefore, inhibited leaf growth and water uptake under 5% unmodified biochar caused by high total suction in the root zone led to the reduced photosynthesis and hence polysaccharides concentration in tuber. Compared with unmodified biochar, P-modified biochar supplied higher levels of nutrients (e.g., P) and reduced the total suction in the root zone, resulting in the enhanced polysaccharides accumulation and therefore higher plant quality. The declined concentration of saponins in P. heterophylla tuber with increasing dosage of unmodified biochar is likely due to regulated gene expression under biochar amendment55. Viger et al.55 found out that biochar addition could induce the down-regulation of genes related to plant defense like biosynthesis of jasmonic acid and secondary metabolites. Therefore, reduced stimulation of saponins formation by inhibited jasmonic acid resulted in decreased saponins concentration in tuber.

However, P modified biochar improve the synthesis of active ingredients (polysaccharides and saponins) of P. heterophylla in tuber in two possible ways. Firstly, P (e.g., phosphate) supplied by P-modified biochar (shown in XPS, FTIR results, etc.) had a vital impact on the accumulation of active ingredients (polysaccharides and saponins) directly58. Yin et al.59 concluded that the accumulation of polysaccharides and saponins for the adventitious roots of P. heterophylla was enhanced as phosphate supply increased from 0 to 2.5 mM. Plant P uptake might play an important role in the formation of some enzymes or precursors related to saponins synthesis60. Relative abundant P supply and plant uptake under the P-modified biochar treatment stimulated the synthesis of active ingredients in tuber of P. heterophylla and therefore improved its quality. Indirectly, morphology of root tuber changed by biochar amendment could also affect the accumulation of polysaccharides and saponins. The plumper tubers with less length and larger diameter under P-modified biochar treatment tended to have higher concentration of active ingredients than the slender ones in control and unmodified biochar treated groups26.

In conclusion, P-modified biochar enhanced plant available P in soil. Meanwhile, it decreased the stress of potentially toxic elements (i.e., Cd, Cl) and high soil osmotic suction, compared with unmodified biochar treatment. P-modified biochar showed higher efficiency in promotion of P. heterophylla yield by 16.0–301.0% in comparison to unmodified biochar. This indicated that P-modified biochar could minimise the negative effects caused by high dosages of unmodified biochar and supply more nutrients for plant uptake. Compared with control and unmodified biochar treated groups, both the active ingredients (i.e., polysaccharides and saponins) in tuber were enhanced by P-modified biochar significantly. Therefore, this study reveals that P-modified biochar is a promising soil amendment in herbal planting. An application of 5% P-modified biochar by mass is recommended to enhance the growth and quality of P. heterophylla with higher yield and active ingredients production. In the further study, it is necessary to carry out more analyses (XRD, etc.) of modified biochar to deepen the understanding of its altered properties and characterizations. In addition, a larger number of replicates for laboratory experiments and field test should be considered for further large-scale cultivation.

The tested lateritic soil was collected from Bijie, Guizhou province (27° 24′ N, 105° 20′ E), which is the top producer and exporter of Chinese medicine in China. After the field soil was air-dried, it was sieved through a 4.75 mm mesh for planting. The pH of the tested soil sample was measured by pH meter following ASTM D4972-01 (2007)61. Electric conductivity (EC) of soil samples was determined by conductivity meter62. Cation exchange capacity (CEC) was analysed following the method proposed by Gillman and Sumpter63. Total carbon and inorganic carbon in biochar were measured by a total organic carbon analyzer (Shimaszu, TOC-VCPH). The plant available nutrients (i.e., K, P, Mg, Ca, Cu, Zn) in soil samples were extracted by Mehlich 3 Extraction Method64. The detailed basic physicochemical properties of the tested soil are summarised in Supplementary Table S1 in Supplementary Information.

Biochar was supplied by Sanli New Energy Co., Ltd. in Shangqiu, Henan province and it was produced from peanut shell at 500 °C pyrolysis. After being sieved through a 2 mm mesh, the contents of biochar with the particle size of < 0.075 mm, 0.075–0.425 mm, > 0.425 mm were 7.7%, 48.1% and 44.2% respectively. The production of phosphorus-modified biochar (P-modified biochar) was based on Zhang et al.12. Firstly, 10 g/L potassium phosphate (K3PO4) solution was prepared, which was mixed with the diluted hydrogen peroxide (8% by mass). The mixed solution was added to the crushed and sieved (< 2 mm) biochar according to the mass ratio of 2:1 for about 24 h. Hydrogen peroxide was used in this procedure for oxidization to increase the biochar surface area and the P adsorption. After filtration, the modified biochar was dried in an oven at a temperature of 60 °C for 24 h. After cooling it to room temperature, the modification process was finished. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) results of unmodified and P-modified biochar were present in Fig. 1. It is observed that the increased number of pores in biochar after modification. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to analyze the chemical compositions of unmodified and P-modified biochar and the results are presented in Supplementary Table S2. XPS deconvolutions of N1s, P2p, O1s, C1s were also performed and the results are presented in Supplementary Fig. S1. The surface functional groups of biochar before and after modification were determined by a Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). After baseline correction, the FTIR spectra are shown in Fig. S2.

Both the unmodified (B3, B5) and P-modified biochar (PB3, PB5) at 3% and 5% (by mass) were applied. They were then mixed with the lateritic soil continuously until the color became uniform65. The mixed samples with 40% water content were incubated for half a month at 25 °C66. Soil without biochar amendment was set as control (CK). Soil pH, EC and CEC, plant available nutrients (e.g., K, P) were determined61,62,63,64. Soil EC was enhanced dramatically by 309.7–521.2% under unmodified biochar. Compared with unmodified biochar, P-modified biochar reduced the soil EC by 31.2–33.3%. Soil extractable N (from NO3, NO2, NH4+, etc.) was evaluated based on the methods proposed by Carter and Gregorich67, Jones and Willett68. Available anions (i.e., Cl, NO3, SO42−, F) in soil were measured using Ion Chromatograph proposed by Dick and Tabatabai69. The concentration of plant-available toxic metal Cd in soil was determined via the NH4NO3 extraction method66.

The seed tubers of P. heterophylla in this study were supplied by Changhaojinhuang Traditional Chinese Medicine Co. LTD from Guizhou province, China. Seven seed tubers were planted at 60 mm depth with a horizontal spacing of 60 mm in each pot. The pots in this study were cylindrical with a diameter of 240 mm and a height of 160 mm26. The soil in each pot was compacted at relative compaction of 65% with the depth of 130 mm. For these five various treatments (CK, B3, PB3, B5, PB5), each soil condition had three replicated pots (21 seedlings in total). The adopted number of replicates followed the suggestions by Shetty and Prakash70, Silambarasan et al.71 and Zhou et al.72. A miniature-tip tensiometer and a moisture sensor were installed at 90 mm depth to monitor soil suction and volumetric water content (VWC) within the root depth zone respectively73.

All of the prepared pots were placed in a plant room with temperature of 28 ± 2 °C and humidity of 60 ± 5%. The cool white fluorescent lamps with light intensity of 200 μmol m2/s and wavelength of 400–700 nm were set in the top of pots as light source74. Lights for plants were turned on for 12 h and off for 12 h every day. During the 4-month plant growth period, the volumetric water contents of all vegetated soil pots were controlled (i.e., ~ 40%) by the irrigation every 4 days. No additional fertilizer (phosphorus, etc.) was provided during plant growth. No significant change of soil texture was observed during the experiment.

During the plant growth period (4 months), leaf number, leaf area and shoot height were monitored every 2 weeks. Leaf area was obtained by ImageJ based on photographs while shoot height was measured by ruler. After 4 months, the plants were harvested and divided into different organs. The underground part of plants was gently washed by Milli-Q water to remove soil particles, which can minimize the potential damage. Root length was measured by ImageJ. Root length density was determined by dividing total length of roots over soil volume75.

The measurement of tuber morphology including tuber length and maximum diameter of tuber was conducted by ImageJ26. The length of tuber was determined as the axial distance between the top of tuber and tuber tail. The maximum diameter was measured in the section with the largest lateral elongation. Based on Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica standard32, the minimum diameter and length of tuber are larger than 2 mm and 10 mm, respectively. The wet and dry biomass of medicinal organ (root tuber) were measured before and after oven-drying at 60 °C for 24 h, respectively. Dry biomass of root tuber was used as the indicator of the yield17.

After oven-drying the root tubers and grinding them into powders, active ingredients were measured to evaluate the quality of P. heterophylla. Total polysaccharides in tuber of P. heterophylla were measured following anthrone sulfuric acid method proposed by HKCMMS (2020)32. Anthrone sulfuric acid solution was prepared by dissolving anthrone (0.1 g) in 80% sulfuric acid (100 mL). Firstly, the powdered samples of root tuber were mixed with distilled water for extraction of polysaccharides in water bath for 60 min. After centrifuging, the supernatant was collected. This extraction process was repeated for two more times. After combining the supernatants, ethanol was added to obtain the mixture at 4 °C for 12 h for precipitation of polysaccharides. The residue was dissolved in distilled water to obtain the test solution samples. Then, standard solution and test solution (2 mL) were mixed with anthrone sulfuric acid solution (6 mL) in a water bath (60 °C) for 15 min. After cooling in ice water bath for another 15 min, the mixture could be measured by UV/Visible spectrometer at 625 nm. Based on the standard of HKCMMS (2020)32, the concentrations of polysaccharides (calculated as anhydrous glucose) in dried plant samples should not be less than 6.0%.

Total saponins in tuber of P. heterophylla were measured by vanillin-ethanol method proposed by Zhang et al.76. The dried and powdered samples mixing with absolute ethanol were conducted by ultrasonic extraction. Ginsenoside Re (10 mg) was dissolved in methanol (100 mL) for the standard series. After drying the extraction (2 mL) and the standard solution with different volumes, 8% vanillin—ethanol solution (0.2 mL) and 60% sulfuric acid (5 mL) were added sequentially at 60 °C for 20 min. Finally, the concentrations of saponins in tested plant samples could be analysed after cooling by UV/Visible spectrometer at 560 nm.

Total suction in root zone soil was determined by the sum of matric suction and osmotic suction77. Matric suction was monitored by tensiometer during plant growth period and consequently its average value during the growth period could be obtained. Soil samples in the root zone at the initial and end of plant growth were collected. Osmotic suctions of these soil samples were estimated by the following Eq. 62:

where (pi) is the soil osmotic suction (kPa) at the average gravimetric water content ((omega_{act}), %) of the soil during plant growth period. (EC_{meas}) is the measured electrical conductivity (dS/m) of the extraction from root zone soil at the reference gravimetric water content ((omega_{ref}), %) with the 1:5 soil/water mixture.

The statistical package SPSS 20 (2011), the R software package (version 4.0.3) and Canoco 5.0 software were used for the statistical analysis in this study. Statistical differences between data from different soil conditions were assessed with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) using statistical package SPSS 20 (2011). Post-hoc Tukey’s honestly significant difference (HSD) was used in this analysis. Correlations were tested by Pearson’s correlation analysis. Results were considered to be statistically significant when p value was less than 0.05, corresponding to a 95% confidence interval. Different letters (e.g., a, b and c) were used to indicate statistical significance of difference (p < 0.05) among groups. Redundancy analysis (RDA) was implemented in Canoco 5.0.

All data generated or analysed in this study are included in this published article and its supplementary information files.

The authors acknowledge the research grants, 51778166 and U20A20320 awarded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. This experimental study complied with relevant institutional, national, and international guidelines and legislation. IUCN Policy Statement on Research Involving Species at Risk of Extinction and the Convention on the Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora were complied in this research.

C.W.W.N., conceptualization, methodology, supervision. Y.C.W., investigation, resources, writing-original draft, visualization. J.J.N., validation, writing-review and editing, visualization. P.S.S., validation, writing-review and editing.

Correspondence to Yu Chen Wang or Jun Jun Ni.

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Accepted: 18 April 2022

Published: 04 May 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-11170-3

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## List Of All Upcoming Biochar Events In Leeds – AllEvents.in

4 May, 2022

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E.g. Jack is first name and Mandanka is last name.

## BioChar super soil amendment – farm & garden – by owner – sale – Craigslist: Los Angeles

4 May, 2022

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Avoid scams, deal locally Beware wiring (e.g. Western Union), cashier checks, money orders, shipping.

## Speciation Evolution of Phosphorus and Sulfur Derived from Sewage Sludge Biochar in Soil

4 May, 2022

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## DataSheet1_Characterization of Montmorillonite–Biochar Composite and Its Application in …

4 May, 2022

Atrazine is a widely used triazine herbicide, which poses a serious threat to human health and aquatic ecosystem. A montmorillonite–biochar composite (MMT/BC) was prepared for atrazine remediation. Biochar samples were characterized by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS). Structural and morphological analysis of raw biochar (BC) and MMT/BC showed that MMT particles have been successfully coated on the surface of biochar. Sorption experiments in aqueous solution indicated that the MMT/BC has higher removal capacity of atrazine compared to BC (about 3.2 times). The sorption of atrazine on the MMT/BC was primarily controlled by both physisorption and chemisorption mechanisms. The amendment of MMT/BC increased the sorption capacity of soils and delayed the degradation of atrazine. Findings from this work indicate that the MMT/BC composite can effectively improve the sorption capacity of atrazine in aquatic environment and farmland soil and reduce the environmental risk.

## Biochar Market Business Growth Tactics, Future Strategies, competitive Outlook, Industrial …

4 May, 2022

A recent market research report entitled Biochar Market Size, Share, Growth, Industry Trends, and Forecast, done by our research team depicts the comprehensive and collaborative analysis of industry during past, present, and forecast periods. The report determines historic growth analysis and current scenario of Biochar Market place and intends to offer actionable insights on global market growth projections. The report sheds light on all the industry verticals like competitive market scenario, regional presence, and development opportunities. The next part covers the market competition landscape based on revenue and growth rate. Further, it explains market types, applications, and price analysis.

Get Sample Report at https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-biochar-market&yog

The biochar market is expected to witness market growth at a rate of 13.71% in the forecast period of 2021 to 2028. Data Bridge Market Research report on biochar market provides analysis and insights regarding the various factors expected to be prevalent throughout the forecast period while providing their impacts on the market�s growth. The rise in the consumption of products in producing organic food is escalating the growth of biochar market.

The major players covered in the biochar market report are Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex �nergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd, among other domestic and global players.

Our Reports Will Help Clients Solve the Following Issues:

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Global Biochar Market, By Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Batch Pyrolysis Kiln, Microwave Pyrolysis, Cookstove and Others), Application (Gardening, Agriculture, Household, Electricity Generation), Feedstock (Agriculture Waste, Animal Manure, Forestry Waste, Biomass Plantation), Country (U.S., Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Rest of South America, Germany, France, Italy, U.K., Belgium, Spain, Russia, Turkey, Netherlands, Switzerland, Rest of Europe, Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Rest of Asia-Pacific, U.A.E, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, South Africa, Israel, Rest of Middle East and Africa) Industry Trends and Forecast to 2028

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Some of the important question for stakeholders and business professional for expanding their position in the Biochar Market:

Q 1. Ahead of 2022, which region offers the most lucrative open doors for the market?

Q 2. What are the business threats, as well as the impact of the most recent scenario on market growth and estimation?

Q 3. In terms of applications, types, and areas, what are the most promising, high-development possibilities for the Canned Wine movement?

Q 4.What segments of the Biochar Market are attracting the most attention in 2022 and beyond?

Q 5. Who are the major participants in the Biochar Market, both now and in the future?

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## D5207118419 – International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE)

4 May, 2022

Abstract: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a naturally occurring component found during microbial disintegration and processing of natural gas & oil which can cause wellbeing and condition issue if being discharged into a climate at high fixation. Activated carbon which cost a lot in manufacturing is used as an adsorbent for removing these hazardous gases. As an alternative, the abundance waste of biomass available can be converted into good use. Biochar is one of the most practical and promising adsorbents that shows incredible potential as an adsorbent for the expulsion of contaminants in wastewater and gas treatment. This study covered on the characteristics and adsorption performance of two adsorbents Activated Rice Husk Biochar (RHB) and Rice Husk Hydrogel Composite (RH-HBC) on hydrogen sulfide. RHB is prepared by treating grinded rice husk biochar using aqueous Zinc Chloride (ZnCl2) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) solution to increase the size of pores of active sites and remove the impurities present in on the adsorbents. Polymerization is conducted by using initiator (ammonium persulfate, APS), monomer (acrylamide, AAm) and crosslinker (N,N’-methylenebisacrylamide,MBA) to create treated hydrogel biochar (RH-HBC). The adsorption performance is done to evaluate the effect of sorbent weight (20 g, 25 g, 30 g), H2S gas flow rate (200 L/hr, 150 L/hr, 100 L/hr) and temperature (30℃, 50℃, 70℃). RHB shows better porosity compared to RH-HBC where it has a higher surface area (222.85m2/g) compared to RH-HBC (8.68m2/g). While the presence of alkene group C=C in RH-HBC gives more stability to withstand high temperature compared to RHB. From the result, it can be concluded that the increased the sorbent weight, give an increased in adsorption capacity. When increased the gas flow rate, it gives a shorter contact time between gas and adsorbent which result in less adsorption capacity. RH-HBC give longest breakthrough time and highest adsorption capacity compared with RHB in all experiment.
Keywords: Biochar, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Elemental Analysis (EA), Fourier Transform infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Hydrogel Biochar Composite, Thermogravimetry Analysis (TGA).
Scope of the Article:  Composite Materials.

## Biochar Market To Power Robustly And To Witness Profitable Growth During The Forecast …

5 May, 2022

Research Objective

The Rowelto Associates study gives a comprehensive understanding of the market size, revenue, the different segments, the drivers of development, the causes of restraints, and geographical presence of the industry, which is fairly significant. The objective essentially is to basically carry out a complete analysis of the ‘Biochar Market‘ and to provide extensive knowledge about industry and business attractions in the market investigation done by Rowelto Associates. This study also gives an insight into COVID-19’s influence on the industry and on the before and after comparison of the epidemic in a subtle way. In conjunction with this, the customer obtains in-depth knowledge about the industry and the enterprise from a previous, for all intents and purposes present and future viewpoint and may essentially invest cash and deploy resources properly.

Customer acquisition is an important aspect for making a product successful and this can be achieved with such market report. Getting data from the target market through Biochar market research report can be a source of creating concrete and long-term marketing plans. All small and large organizations require market report to gather feedback from their target audience regularly mainly in terms of customer experience, satisfaction, expectations etc. Market report plays very influential role in understanding where to test new products or services. Biochar Market report provides with a platform to analyze the scope of success of upcoming products and make changes in strategizing the product according to the feedback they receive.

COVID-19 coverage

The fairly worldwide pandemic was followed by the supply side shock caused by the interruption of supply systems. The COVID pandemic has a large market impact on sales because of the interruption in manufacturers’ transportation capacities as a result of stricter lock-down standards and growing safety concerns greater than xx% of the sales units. It has made it difficult for companies to continue with the basically national shutdown of the industry and the shortage of available labour. The supply eventually began to respond to demand with easing lock-offs and relaxation in the following months. In the following months and the projection term, the companies are predicted to gain momentum in a major way.

Global Biochar Market Report provide in-depth information about the Leading Competitors involved in this report:

Diacarbon Energy, BSEI, Airex Energy Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, Vega Biofuels Inc., Full Circle Biochar, Genesis Industries LLC, Earth Systems Bioenergy, Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Biochar Supreme LLC CharGrow, LLCPacific Biochar

Biochar Market Report Scope

This report segments the Global Biochar Market

The study includes all sorts of segments from the Regional, Geographical segmentation, Product Type segmentation, End-user segmentation, and Application segmentation. These segments were produced with considerable investigation into diverse geographical and economic characteristics and situations. The product category really has the greatest sales share of more than a percentage point in its 2021 sector, and the forecast is expected to continue to dominate. Roughly a percent of overall sales was in the for all intents and purposes other alternative sector.

On the basis of module type, the Biochar market is segmented into,

The end user application segment for Biochar market is segmented into

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Regional Outlook

The study actually aims at providing a thorough understanding of the Biochar industry, taking account of the numerous local and global circumstances in the many growing countries and marketplaces worldwide. In addition, while evaluating the regional views as regards export perspectives, trade considerations have been taken into account. It also illustrates the influence that changes have specifically had on industry, attractiveness and commerce in the short-term and particularly long-term in key economies such as the USA, Canada, UK, and Japan. Major economic developments have been recorded in established markets such as APAC, EMEA, and America, and readers have learnt how such changes influence the regional business landscape.

Competitive Landscape

Subways for the Biochar industry have been rising as production and demand have grown in the kind of last decade. This study analyses the existence, basically relative sizes, product offerings, as well as the market positions of many small, medium and micro companies in the pre and post-pandemic industry in depth, or so they thought. The study also gives an overview of the strategy of competitors for business and corporate offices and functions. The study discusses operations, technical facilities, marketing strategy, and financial capacity in a major way. The report thus mostly offers shareholders and stakeholders a very excellent general definitely grasp of the market.

Objective of Studies:

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Company Profile

Rowelto provides high-quality market research services at a convenient cost. We are a global leader in market research, able to reach as many nations as feasible. We provide one-of-a-kind data collection services in various industries and ensure that our insights are unique and objective. We’ve assembled a global research unit and advisors familiar with your role, company, and sector.

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Rowelto Associates
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Email: sales@roweltoassociates.com

5 May, 2022

## Misinformation in Moreau – Saratoga Biochar Looks to Clear the Air

5 May, 2022

2254 Route 50 South, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866 (518) 581-2480 [email protected]

## Climate change is real and Ghana is paying the price for it – Environment Minister – MyJoyOnline.com

5 May, 2022

The Minister for Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation says climate change is having an adverse effect on the Ghanaian economy.

Dr. Kwaku Afriyie says although African countries’ contribution to climate change has not been vast, the continent, particularly Ghana, is bearing the brunt of the effects.

“We are at the receiving end of this global action. Africa’s contribution to global warming is very minuscule. But unfortunately, we are paying the price for this global action,” he stated.

Interacting with the press on Wednesday, Dr Kwaku Afriyie revealed that cocoa production, one of the major sources of revenue for the country, has been negatively affected.

“People may think this is an academic exercise but where I come from, I live through this climate change. A lot of you know that in Western North, Bia East and West are epicenter of cocoa production. Not anymore. The cocoa belt is moving southwards as a result of climate change and now the epicenter in the areas of Bogoso and Prestea which used to be too wet for cocoa production, these northern portions are now suitable for cashew and other resistant trees.”

He further revealed that the Western North used to produce about one-third of Ghana’s cocoa – 400,000 metric tonnes, but currently produces 150,000 metric tonnes of cocoa.

Meanwhile, Dr Kwaku Afriyie says as part of efforts to build climate resilience, an Adaption Fund Project has been executed.

The project is supporting four northern regions that have been hit hard by climate change, to enhance food and income security by rehabilitating, constructing and handing over five dams and five boreholes to some selected district assemblies.

These districts include Nandom, Sissala East in the Upper West Region, and Bongo and Bawku Municipal in the Upper East Region.

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## An Alternative Approach for the Estimation of Biochar Yields – English

5 May, 2022

Weber, Kathrin (Corresponding author); Heuer, Sebastian; Quicker, Peter; Li, Tian; Løvås, Terese; Scherer, Viktor

Columbus, Ohio : American Chemical Society (2018)
Journal Article

In: Energy & fuels
Volume: 32
Issue: 9
Page(s)/Article-Nr.: 9506-9512

## Partnership to explore low emissions steel production technologies at Port Kembla | Mirage News

5 May, 2022

The University of Wollongong (UOW) has entered into a partnership with Australian steel producer BlueScope Steel and Future Fuels Cooperative Research Centre, to explore potential pathways to decarbonise the steelmaking process at Port Kembla Steel Works.

The University’s vision to deliver potential low-carbon fuels solutions, including through its ARC Steel Research Hub, complements the Federal Government’s Low Emissions Technology Statement that ensures Australia’s Long-Term Emissions Reduction Plan and supports achieving net zero emissions by 2050.

UOW Steel Research Hub Director Dr Paul Zulli said the project would assist in the implementation of technologies that minimise energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in BlueScope’s Port Kembla steelmaking operations.

“This exciting collaborative project with BlueScope and the Future Fuels CRC is a unique opportunity to support this vision, through research involving site-specific evaluations of all potential emission reduction opportunities at Port Kembla Steel Works, and pilot-scale test work of biochar pneumatic conveying,” Dr Zulli said.

“UOW’s multidisciplinary science and engineering capabilities, particularly in sustainable steelmaking and clean energy fields, should help advance a range of innovative solutions for future, lower emissions steelmaking at Port Kembla.

“The findings should point to potentially transformative economic and abatement impacts.”

ARENA CEO Darren Miller said reducing emissions from making steel was a priority for Australia.

“To meet our net zero targets, Australia needs to reduce emissions from the iron ore mining sector and steel industry.

More than seven per cent of the world’s emissions come from steelmaking and these emissions have proven difficult to abate. We’re pleased to be partnering with an Australian company motivated to solve this decarbonisation challenge,” he said.

This project will explore prospective technologies which have the potential to reduce emissions across steel manufacturing at PKSW, including the role Australia’s emerging renewable hydrogen industry can play on the pathway to low emissions steel. Based on the project’s outcomes, future investigations will be tabled for those high-potential, priority technology options identified for PKSW.

“As the world’s largest exporter of iron ore, Australia has an important role to play in lowering emissions across the steel value chain. We’re excited by the insights this project will provide. This is a positive step toward building a low emissions steel industry here in Australia,” Mr Miller said.

Low emissions steel is a priority technology under the Australian Government’s Low Emissions Technology Statements. ARENA has identified the steel and aluminium value chains as priority areas where it aims to support innovative and replicable technologies, processes and commercial models that can help to lower emissions.

UOW Energy Futures Network Director Mr Ty Christopher said that the University is dedicated to strengthening its existing partnerships with energy and manufacturing companies to bring innovative ideas to life, drawing on the local expertise of national and global partnerships.

“The University generates $2.5 billion in gross output annually and is an anchor institution for the Illawarra region,” Mr Christopher said. “UOW has demonstrated the ability to develop and commercialise innovative energy solutions, such as the Hysata hydrogen production technology spun out of the University. “The application of the Hysata hydrogen electrolyser technology to industry has the potential to significantly shift the economics of green hydrogen production, bringing the$2/kg target within reach.

“UOW remains committed to investing in research and innovations, building trusted relationships, and training the workforce of the future and partnering with ARENA and BlueScope steel is one of the great outcomes of our commitment.”

UOW Steel Hub’s overarching goal is to support the transition of Australia’s steel manufacturing industry to a more sustainable, competitive and resilient position based on the creation of new, higher value-added products and more advanced manufacturing processes.

More details about the Hub can be found on UOW’s website https://www.uow.edu.au/steel-research-hub/overview/

## Companies say they'll use Maine wood to make fuel and fertilizer – Granite Geek

5 May, 2022

The Bangor Daily News has a story about several companies looking to convert old paper mills into factories that turn wood into biochar (as I’ve reported) or biofuels of various types.

It’s a hopeful sign both for environmental reasons and for the economy of the North Woods.

But the story also includes this quote: “Maine is just riddled with people who promised the moon and didn’t deliver.”

document.getElementById( “ak_js_1” ).setAttribute( “value”, ( new Date() ).getTime() );

Dave Brooks has written a science/tech column since 1991 – yes, that long – and has written this blog since 2006, keeping an eye on topics of geekish interest in and around New Hampshire, from software to sea level rise, population dynamics to printing (3-D, of course). He moderates monthly Science Cafe NH discussions, beer in hand, and discusses the geek world regularly on WGIR-AM radio..

## Characterization and photocatalytic activity of the biochar converted from the Acrostichum …

5 May, 2022

In the present study, Acrostichum aureum Linn. (AAL) was proved as an accumulator of iron and a potential candidate to remove iron pollutants from groundwater. The iron-loaded biochar converted from the iron-contaminated AAL plants was determined the characterization and photocatalytic activity to demonstrate the potential for reusing the AAL biomass enriched with iron. In a 47-day hydroponic experiment, AAL plants could steadily grow in 20.0 mg L−1 Fe(NO3)3 solutions and pH ranging from 6.0 to 7.0. The total amount of iron introduced into the phytoremediation system is 240 mg iron, of which the AAL plants accumulate about 70%. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that the iron-enriched biochar (named Fe-Bio-C) mainly consists of α-Fe2O3, and the Fe content determined by EDX is around 23 wt%. BET results revealed that the iron-enriched biochar possesses a higher specific surface area, around 266.9 m2 g−1, compared to the original biochar, around 18.2 m2 g−1. The photocatalytic performance of the Fe-Bio-C was studied in the discoloration of methyl orange (MO), with a maximum MO removal capacity of 18.8 mg g−1. These findings show the phytoaccumulation of Acrostichum aureum Linn. plants to remove iron pollutants from groundwater and the potential application of the iron-accumulated biomass.

This work is supported by Basic Science Research Programs through the National Research Foundation (NRF) Korea, funded by the Ministry of Education (2021R11A1A01051246).

Correspondence to L. T. T. Nguyen.

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

Editorial responsibility: Hari Pant.

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Revised: 24 January 2022

Accepted: 12 April 2022

Published: 05 May 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-022-04195-8

## Farm Biochar Production – Nots

5 May, 2022

May 19, 2022

10:00 am

Calverstown House

NOTS are delighted to present Ireland’s first introductory course into the production of Biochar on the farm. Biochar is a key component for soil health in organic and biological agriculture models.

Hosted on the farm of experienced Biochar producer Kim McCall in County Kildate, the course will demonstrate how to utilise small-dimension timber that can be found on most farms and converted into biochar through a process of pyrolysis.

The course will feature the following topics:

Monday- Thursday

Friday

Saturday-Sunday

9am -5pm

9am -4pm

Closed

1pm -2pm

1pm -2pm

Closed

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## Biochar Market Growth Analysis, Recent Developments of Top Key Players, Research …

5 May, 2022

The biochar market is expected to witness market growth at a rate of 13.71% in the forecast period of 2021 to 2028.

The Biochar business report provides an explanation of market trends, future prospects, market restraints, leading market drivers, market segments, key developments, key players in the market, and competitor strategies. A thorough analysis has been performed in this report to know the potential of the market in the present and the future prospects from various angles. A large-scale Biochar marketing report also contains a precise investment analysis that forecasts forthcoming opportunities for the market players in the chemical & material industry. The market research analysis is one of the finest options to resolve business challenges quickly by saving a lot of time.

Click the link to get a Sample Copy of the Report@ https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-biochar-market&Rohit

Furthermore, businesses can decide upon the strategies for the product, customer, key player, sales, promotion, or marketing by acquiring a detailed analysis of competitive markets. Global Biochar market research report is formulated with the exact understanding of customer requirements. The industry report offers market potential for each geographical region based on the growth rate, macroeconomic parameters, consumer preferences and buying patterns, market demand, and supply scenarios. The research work, market insights, and analysis are carried out thoroughly in this report putting forth marketplace clearly at the center of attention.

Some of the prominent players in the global Biochar market are Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd, among other domestic and global players. Market share data is available for global, North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and South America separately. DBMR analysts understand competitive strengths and provide competitive analysis for each competitor separately.

Biochar Market Scope and Market Size

The biochar market is segmented on the basis of technology, application and feedstock. The growth amongst the different segments helps you in attaining the knowledge related to the different growth factors expected to be prevalent throughout the market and formulate different strategies to help identify core application areas and the difference in your target markets.

The Biochar market report has been separated according to separate categories, such as product type, application, end-user, and region. Each segment is evaluated on the basis of CAGR, share, and growth potential. In the regional analysis, the report highlights the prospective region, which is expected to generate opportunities in the global Biochar market in the coming years. This segmental analysis will surely prove to be a useful tool for readers, stakeholders, and market participants in order to get a complete picture of the global Biochar market and its growth potential in the coming years.

Regional market analysis Biochar can be represented as follows:

Each regional Biochar sector is carefully studied to understand its current and future growth scenarios. This helps players to strengthen their position. Use market research to get a better perspective and understanding of the market and target audience and ensure you stay ahead of the competition.

North America (the United States, Canada, and Mexico)
Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)
Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia)
South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.)
The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa)

Lastly, the Biochar report provides Market intelligence in the most comprehensive way. The report structure has been kept such that it offers maximum business value. Biochar report provides critical insights into the market dynamics and will enable strategic decision-making for the existing market players as well as those willing to enter the Biochar Market.

NOTE: Our team is studying Covid-19 impact on various industry verticals and wherever required we will be considering Covid-19 analysis of markets and industries.

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5 May, 2022

## Future Forest Company calls for change to UK's biochar policy | Forestry Journal

5 May, 2022

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The plea was made by the Future Forest Company following its participation at an Academic Industry Meeting day event hosted by Edinburgh Innovations, the University of Edinburgh’s commercialisation service, which links academia with industry.

Put simply, biochar is biomass heated in the absence of oxygen to make a charcoal-like substance, preventing it breaking down so that carbon can be usefully stored in the soil for hundreds or thousands of years. Current regulation permits biochar to be produced from biomass such as agricultural and forest wastes.

The Future Forest Company is now calling on the UK Government and carbon standards agencies to embrace biochar production from “complex feedstock”, including waste streams.

Simon Manley, head of carbon at The Future Forest Company, said: “One of the University of Edinburgh’s recent studies showed that biochar from plastic-containing feedstock can still meet international material standards for quality so that it can go into things such as concrete, asphalt, and into the construction industry.

“Producing biochar from waste can potentially address environmental challenges around plastic pollution and energy recovery.

“We want to explore this further. We believe establishing these materials as eligible feedstock for biochar could have huge impact on pushing biochar production into the mainstream and unlocking its full potential. The potential for biochar to help the UK achieve its net zero commitment is established, but not currently on to full realisation.”

Dr Saran Sohi, senior lecturer in Soil Science and Biochar at the School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, said: “Discussion of updated regulation is underway in Government, and in the light of the urgency around climate change, these changes must be strategic, comprehensive and integrated in policy.

“Waste materials account for about half of the CDR opportunity presented by biochar. Industry can help shape the frameworks that allow biochar CDR to progress in ways that are clean, economically viable and swift.”

## Green synthesis of bimetallic Ag/ZnO@Biohar nanocomposite for photocatalytic degradation …

5 May, 2022

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In this work, a simple and green synthesis procedure for phytofabrication Zinc oxide-silver supported biochar nanocomposite (Ag/ZnO@BC) via Persicaria salicifolia biomass is investigated for the first time to uphold numerous green chemistry such as less hazardous chemical syntheses. XRD technique showed the crystal structure of the phytosynthesized Ag/ZnO@BC, whereas UV–visible spectroscopy, FT-IR, SEM, EDX, TEM, and XPS analyses indicated the successful biosynthesis of the nanocomposite. Testing the photocatalytic potential of this novel nanocomposite in the removal of TC under different conditions unraveled its powerful photodegradation efficiency that reached 70.3% under the optimum reaction conditions: TC concentration; 50 ppm, pH; 6, a dose of Ag/ZnO@BC; 0.01 g, temperature; 25 °C, and H2O2 concentration; 100 mM. The reusability of Ag/ZnO@BC was evident as it reached 53% after six cycles of regeneration. Ag/ZnO@BC was also shown to be a potent antimicrobial agent against Klebsiella pneumonia as well as a promising antioxidant material. Therefore, the current work presented a novel nanocomposite that could be efficiently employed in various environmental and medical applications.

Wastewater recycling, for different purposes, needs financially-feasible and effective technologies for removing toxic organic and inorganic pollutants1,2,3. Such an approach has been manifested as an effective option for the management of wastewater in view of the emerging green technologies4,5. This trend has become a priority in most of the world’s countries stemming from the water need for an available supply that could solve the problem of water shortage caused by the fluctuation in precipitation and the irregular availability of other water sources, especially for agriculture6. Water reserves are rapidly depleting as a result of the exponential growth of the world’s population and global warming7.

Biochar (BC) is a carbon-rich solid material that is formed through pyrolysis of biomass at high temperatures in an oxygen-free (or low-oxygen) condition. Outstanding properties including biocompatibility, facile synthesis, easy regeneration, and surface modification have rendered the biochar to be harnessed in lots of different applications. Biochar has been comprehensively examined for the removal of toxic pollutants, where it is utilized to immobilize toxic materials including heavy metals and organic contaminants by adsorption and also as a support for various types of catalysts that could be used for degrading perilous contaminants in advanced oxidation processes (AOPs)8. However, there are some negative aspects when using pristine biochar, such as limited porosity and functional units. Subsequently, various amendments including chemical, physical, and magnetic modification as well as the impregnation with nanomaterials especially the bimetallic nanoparticles have been employed to improve biochar efficiency. The monometallic nanoparticle systems have several drawbacks, including limited pH range of action, and poor recyclability9. On the other hand, bimetallic nanoparticles, which are made up of two metals, have been concluded to be efficient in resolving these negative points and thereby enhancing the performance of these nanomaterials by virtue of their nanocomponents properties and also the new properties that emerge as a result of the synergic effect of bimetallic nanoparticles10.

Among the numerous types of nanoparticles, gold and silver garnered most of the researchers’ consideration owing to their outstanding characteristics and applicability in various fields including antibacterial, antioxidant, photocatalytic, and other applications11,12. Also, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles have gotten a lot of interest because of their numerous applications including UV light-emitting diodes and catalysts13. The nanoparticle synthesis employing green chemistry techniques has several positive aspects compared to the conventional physical and chemical routes, mainly being easy to synthesize, does not contaminate the environment, and relatively inexpensive14,15. Thus, obviating the usage of toxic chemicals and the high cost of production that is frequently attributed to physical and chemical synthesis techniques16,17.

Tetracyclines, which are broad-spectrum antibiotics for humans and animals that are synthesized by modifying natural tetracycline to form several new compounds18, constitute another perilous source of toxic organic pollutants that severely affect water quality. Tetracycline (TC) has been considered as one of the highly popular drugs particularly in the last two years because of its utilization as an antibacterial as well as an antiviral against the progression of Coronavirus. These tetracyclines, on the other hand, are challenging to get decomposed, and only a limited percentage of them can be absorbed by human or animals’ bodies19 causing a variety of environmental and health problems20,21. Accordingly, a suitable and cost-effective treatment strategy is highly required.

Based on the available literature, this is the first study for using the extract of Persicaria salicifolia (Brouss. ex Willd.) Assenov., which is a common hydrophyte species that found alongside the Nile Delta region in Egypt22, in the synthesis of AgNPs, ZnONPs, and also its biomass for the preparation of biochar material Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite in a facile, cost-effective, and complete green synthesis procedure, which represents the main novelty of this work. Subsequently, the target of this work is threefold: (1) to examine the synergistic effect of green synthesized AgNPs and ZnONPs supported on P. salicifolia biochar in the photocatalytic degradation of perilous organic pollutants such as Tetracycline (TC) under different reaction conditions, for the sake of optimizing the process, (2) to examine the antibacterial efficiency of the prepared nanocomposite, (3) to test its antioxidant potentiality.

Zinc nitrate hexahydrate Zn(NO3)2.6H2O and silver nitrate (99.9%, AgNO3) were purchased from Merck, USA. Tetracycline was purchased from EL NASR pharmaceutical company, Egypt.

Persicaria salicifolia (P. salicifolia) was collected from the northern coast of Egypt, specifically from Kafr El-Dawar governorate. Plant material was collected in accordance with applicable national and international guidelines23. Permission for collecting the investigated plant species for scientific purposes was obtained from Environmental Sciences Department, Alexandria University. Plant specimens were identified by Professor Manal Fawzy according to Boulos24. Voucher specimens were deposited in Tanta University Herbarium (TANE) with voucher Numbers: 14122–14127, which is a public herbarium providing access to the deposited material. The plant stem organ was separated from the whole plant and then the stem was cleaned many times with deionized water (D.W.) to remove any debris. Subsequently, it was fractured and dried in air before starting the overnight oven drying at 60 °C. Dry stems were then grinded into a fine powder using a mixer. Moreover, ten grams of the fine powder was pyrolyzed for 3 h at 550 °C in a muffle furnace to get immaculate biochar.

4.9 g of P. salicifolia powder were mixed with 0.175 g of Zn(NO3)2.6H2O and 0.08 g of AgNO3 with a wt% ratio of 1:1 for Zn : Ag and a wt% ratio of 2:100 for both Ag: biochar and Zn : biochar. Subsequently, this mixture was dissolved in 100 mL D.W and sonicated for about 30 min followed by stirring for another 30 min accompanied by heating at 70 °C. Furthermore, this mixture was oven-dried at 60 °C for a period of 24 h. After that, it was pyrolyzed using a muffle furnace at 550 °C for 3 h to get both ZnO and Ag ions reduced into ZnONPs and AgNPs on the surface of the P. salicifolia dried powder which will be pyrolyzed in a limited amount of oxygen to obtain the biochar material in order to finally obtain the novel biochar nanocomposite (Ag/ZnO@BC). The synthesis process is displayed in Fig. 1.

Schematic illustration of the green synthesis of Ag/ZnO@BC.

The phytosynthesis of Ag/ZnO@BC was indicated by UV–visible spectroscopy (Genesis 10S UV–VIS spectrophotometer, Thermo scientific). Crystallinity of pristine biochar and Ag/ZnO@BC were determined by XRD (Siemens D-5000) with Cu Kα radiation (λ = 0.154 nm). SEM (model EVO 40, Zeiss) attached to EDX (model Bruker EDX system) were used for the examination of the morphology and analysis of elements. TEM measurements were conducted on a JEOL model 1200EX instrument operated at an accelerating voltage of (80 kV). XPS analysis was collected ESCALAB250Xi (Thermo Scientific, China) spectrometer with a monochromatic Al Kα radiation source (energy 1486.68 eV) at 164 W. FT-IR spectrums were attained over the range of 4000–400 cm−1 using a TENSOR-5, Bruker FTIR Spectrometer. TGA analysis was carried out using Pyris-1, Diamond TG/DTA PerkinElmer. Zeta potentials of synthesized samples were determined using ZetaPALS, Brookhaven, USA to measure their surface charge and stability.

Photocatalytic activity of the green synthesized Ag/ZnO@BC against TC was evaluated. The effect of different doses of Ag/ZnO@BC (0.005, 0.0075, and 0.01 g) was tested with 20 mL of TC solutions. As well as the effect of the initial concentration of TC (25, 50, and 75 ppm) was investigated. Four different levels of pH (2, 4, 6, and 8) were tested. Three different temperatures were used including 10 °C, 25 °C, and 40 °C. In addition, the effect of free radicals such as H2O2 was examined utilizing various concentrations including 25, 50, 75, and 100 mM. All these factors were studied to search for the optimum conditions for TC removal. Control experiments were carried out using the pristine biochar with the same experimental conditions. Test and control solutions were mixed for 30 min in dark conditions for the sake of adsorption/desorption equilibration to eliminate the adsorption effect and determine the actual photocatalytic degradation efficiency. Then, the solutions were subjected to stirring under a xenon lamp as a UV light source (λ ≈ 320 nm and the intensity ≈ 500 watts) and monitored. Next, 2 mL aliquots were taken and centrifuged at 17,000 rpm for 1 min to separate the solid nanocatalyst, then diluted with D.W. to 4 mL to be within the absorbance range of the UV–visible system. The absorbance of the resultant diluted supernatant of control and test solutions was measured at 360 nm in a quartz cuvette (path length 1 cm) using Genesis 10S UV–VIS spectrophotometer, Thermo scientific. Percentages of TC photodegradation were measured by the following formula:

where (A0) denotes the initial absorbance, while (A) indicates the final absorbance.

Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633), Staphyllococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739), and Klebsiella pneumonia (ATCC 1388) were used. The colonies’ turbidity was compared to a 0.5 McFarland turbidity standard, which is equivalent to 2 × 108 CFU/mL.

Muller Hinton agar is dissolved in D.W and sterilized in the autoclave after being distributed into 25 mL portions into 6 separate flasks. Flasks were shaken then decanted onto sterile petri dishes and allowed to solidify.

Ag/ZnO@BC was placed in wells after filtration for the sake of sterilization. Subsequently, the plates were put in the refrigerator overnight to allow diffusion of Ag/ZnO@BC.

Plates were left at 35 ± 2 °C for duration of 24 h.

All measurements were taken with the naked eye while seeing the back of the Petri dish a few inches above a black background that was lit by reflected light.

The antioxidant efficiency of Ag/ZnO@BC was determined using the DPPH (2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) test to measure free radical scavenging activity. Triplicates of the assay were performed. 1 mL of Ag/ZnO@BC liquid sample was mixed with 1 mL of DPPH (0.2 mM) and control experiment of DPPH that did not include nanocomposites during the process. These combinations were mixed for 3 min at room temperature in the dark. The concentration of radical is then determined by measuring the reduction in absorbance percentage of the mixture after 20 min. The control had been set to over. At 517 nm, the change in absorbance was estimated. As a positive control, vitamin C (ascorbic acid) was employed. The following equation was used to calculate the radical scavenging activity.

The absorbance in the absence of antioxidants is called control absorbance, whereas the absorbance in the presence of antioxidants as Ag/ZnO@BC or Vitamin C is called sample absorbance.

The experimental work was done in triplicate (n = 3), and the results were given as a mean value with the standard deviation (± SD) subtracted.

The excitation created by a light source at a specific wavelength causes a unique peak at that wavelength called surface plasmonic resonance (SPR) in UV–visible spectroscopy. The morphology of nanoparticles often determines the shape and location of the SPR peak. Regarding the UV–visible range of the pristine biochar (Fig. 2a), no bands were detected. However, two SPR bands were observed in Fig. 2b at 340 nm and 450 nm which are characteristic for ZnONPs and AgNPs, respectively, indicating the reduction of both zinc oxide and silver ions on the biochar surface and the phytoformation of Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite. The observed SPR band of AgNPs was concomitant with other results that aimed at the synthesis of AgNPs nanocomposites. Moreover, the obtained results in the current study are similar to those previously reported that ZnONPs exhibit a characteristic SPR band ranging from 330 to 380 nm25. Furthermore, it has been noticed that the bandgap energy (Eg) of Ag/ZnO@BC was calculated by the Tauc plot and it was found to be 3.8 eV as shown in Fig. 2c. Such a narrow bandgap was resulting from the introduction of ZnO and Ag nanoparticles into the nanocomposite which is in agreement with Gurgur et al.26 who reported a bandgap energy of 3.24 eV for ZnONPs that was narrowed to 3.12 eV after modifying with AgNPs using Bridelia ferruginea as well as Rajendran et al.27 who did find a similar result when the bandgap energy of ZnO was diminished from 3.28 to 3.12 eV after doping it with AgNPs. Also, the current result was in line with Cheraghcheshm et al.28 who reported a bandgap energy of 3.22 eV for ZnO-Ag nanocomposite. Therefore, the deposition of ZnONPs and AgNPs on the biochar surface diminishes the bandgap energy of the pristine biochar and facilitates the creation of new energy states in Ag/ZnO@BC caused by Ag-C bonds formed as a result of AgNPs association with biochar’s carbon content29. Thus, Ag/ZnO@BC could be harnessed efficiently in the photocatalytic degradation of toxic pollutants.

UV–visible spectra of Biochar (a) and Ag/ZnO@BC (b) Tauc plot of ZnO-Ag- biochar (c).

FTIR spectroscopy is frequently utilized to recognize functional groups that may contribute to the reduction and stabilization of phytosynthesized nanoparticles30,31. Regarding the FTIR spectrum of the pristine biochar (Fig. 3a) three functional groups were observed including a stretching vibration of hydrogen-bonded O–H group at approximately 3330 cm−1, C–H bending at around 1430 cm−1, and C–N group at 1116 cm−1, which are all related to biomolecules of P. salicifolia4. These peaks were also detected in the spectrum of both Ag/biochar and ZnO/biochar (Fig. 3b,c) yet with different intensity, indicating their participation in reducing both AgNPs and ZnONPs on the biochar surface. In addition, a new ZnO peak was detected at 617 cm−1 in ZnO/biochar confirming the formation of ZnO nanoparticles32. All these functional groups appeared in the spectrum of Ag/ZnO@BC but with different intensities due to the interaction among Ag, ZnO, and the biochar as shown in Fig. 3d and these results were similar to Sajjad et al.33 who mentioned a comparable result when doping Cu with ZnO using the extract of Euphorbia milii. Accordingly, it was concluded that the phytoconstituents of P. salicifolia present in its biochar such as flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids, and glycosides34 were responsible for the reduction and stabilization of ZnONPs and AgNPs on the surface of biochar. Therefore, this result confirmed the successful formation of Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite.

FT-IR spectroscopy of Biochar (a), Ag/biochar (b) ZnO/biochar (c), and Ag/ZnO@BC (d).

Zeta potential is a useful surface characteristic for determining the stability and surface charge of colloidal materials35,36. Potential measurement can reflect charge alternation on materials surfaces. The sample concentration utilized for measurement is often at nanomolar concentration, meaning that it is a particularly sensitive approach for nanomaterial investigation37. In the current study, the zeta potential of the pristine biochar was − 24.3 mV (Fig. 4a) indicating the presence of a high concentration of bioactive ingredients in P. salicifolia pristine biochar material yet it changed to − 24.6 (Fig. 4b) after the formation of Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite confirming the successful deposition of ZnO and Ag nanoparticles on the biochar surface. The stability of Ag/ZnO@BC owing to the repulsion forces between its negatively charged particles could be concluded by the detected negative zeta potential38, which is similar to that obtained by Hassan et al.39 who detected a negative value (− 25.6 mV) for biochar nanocomposite and in line with Dheyab et al.40 who did enhance the zeta potential value from − 31.3 mV for Fe3O4 nanoparticles to − 45.3 mV after coating these nanoparticles with citric acid.

Zeta potential of biochar (a) and Ag/ZnO@BC composite (b).

As it was previously employed by many workers, SEM analysis was utilized to investigate morphological surface features of biochar before and after modification with ZnONPs and AgNPs and to inspect porosity, size, and shape of ZnONPs and AgNPs supported on the biochar surface. Using SEM only helps to provide data about surface structure but together with EDX, it can be used for the identification and quantification of attached particles41. The pristine biochar and Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite were illustrated in Fig. 5a, b and Fig. 5c, d respectively. SEM results unraveled a porous structure in both materials in this work as the release of materials in the form of tiny volatile molecules such as CO, CO2, CH4, and H2O during the heat conversion process (pyrolysis) is widely thought to cause porosity42. The abundant distribution of white particles on the surface of Ag/ZnO@BC is quite apparent in Fig. 5c, d, which were not existing in the biochar (Fig. 5a, b), denoting the successful phytosynthesis of ZnONPs and AgNPs on biochar’s surface. Various elements were detected in the EDX spectrum of the pristine biochar including C and O as displayed in Fig. 5e that are considered as the major elements in most biochar materials, particularly the carbon as it increases with increasing pyrolysis temperature43,44. In addition, other elements were observed such as Na, Mg, Si, Cl, K, and N with different percentages, which are considered as the primary plant ingredients45. Almost most of these elements were detected in the EDX spectrum of Ag/ZnO@BC as shown in Fig. 5f. Additionally, the detection of clear signals for nano silver at 3 keV in the current study was in line with recent results which were reported by others such as Ma et al.46 who phytosynthesized AgNPs using soybean. In addition, signals that are attributed to Zn were observed at 0.9, 8.65, and 9.6 keV in the same figure, and they were found to be concomitant with Shaban et al.47 who modified cotton fibers with ZnONPs. Thus, indicating the synthesis of Ag/ZnO@BC. The Elemental analysis of Ag/ZnO@BC’s surface (inset Fig. 5f) showed that the zero-valent Ag percentage was 2.41% while the elemental Zn percentage was 1.37% which are close to the percentages of both Zinc oxide and silver ions (2%) which were originally used on the biochar surface confirming the high efficiency of the extract of P. salicifolia in reducing ions of zinc and silver on the biochar’s surface. Moreover, the particle size of the dispersed nanoparticles on the surface of the biochar was observed ranging from 20 to 30 nm which was similar to other research works48.

SEM images of biochar (a) and (b), Ag/ZnO@BC (c) and (d), EDX spectrum of pristine biochar (e), and Ag/ZnO@BC (f).

TEM analysis which is commonly utilized in determining the morphology of synthesized nanoparticles49,50, was used in this study to examine the size and shape of the phytosynthesized AgNPs and ZnONPs on the biochar surface. TEM images showed the distribution of AgNPs and ZnONPs on biochar surface as shown in Fig. 6a. On a higher scale, AgNPs and ZnONPs were shown to be spherical with various particle sizes up to 20 nm as displayed in Fig. 6b, c is in agreement with the size range obtained by SEM analysis confirming the successful green synthesis of Ag/ZnO@BC and indicating its potential applicability in different applications as a result of this small nanoparticle size. The obtained result is in agreement with the results obtained by Ravikumar et al.51 as they observed similar shapes for the nanocomposite Ag-TiO2@Pd/C with sizes ranging from 10 to 40 nm as well as Zhang et al.52 who detected a particle size of around 20 nm for γ-Fe2O3-ZnO-biochar nanocomposite.

TEM images of Ag/ZnO@BC at 500 nm (a), 100 nm (b), and 50 nm (c).

The ionic properties and bonding configuration changes between biochar and Ag/ZnO@BC were further investigated using XPS which is considered a strong surface technique. Main surveys for biochar and Ag/ZnO@BC indicate the presence of C1s, O1s, and N1s as major constituents. In addition, Zn2p and Ag3d appeared in the case of Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite as shown in Fig. 7a. Figure 7c shows the C1s spectrum of the biochar and the different peaks at 284.48 eV, 285.88 eV, and 288.08 eV are attributed to C–C, C=C, and C–O, respectively, which are generally resulting from the polyphenol groups of the plant53. In comparison with the C1s of the Ag/ZnO@BC (Fig. 7f), there is an obvious shift in the C–O peak at 288.08 eV to 287.18 eV, and another one was observed in the C=C that shifted from 285.88 to 284.88 eV with a large intensity indicating the reduction of Ag ions into AgNPs and the formation of ZnONPs on the biochar surface. The binding energies of the O1s spectrum of the biochar (Fig. 7b) show that the binding energy peak at 530.88 eV, 531.98 eV, and 532.88 eV were attributed to the O atoms from sulphonate function54, S=O group55 and C–O group56, respectively. The O1s of the Ag/ZnO@BC (Fig. 7e) shows that there was an unequivocal change in the intensity of these peaks at 530.48 eV, 531.48 eV, and 532.88 eV denoting the Zn–O bonding as the intensity of these peaks partially associated with the changes in the oxygen vacancy concentration57 and the bounding of AgNPs to the biochar surface. Furthermore, the N1s spectrum of biochar showed the presence of C–N at 398 eV and 400.08 eV as presented in Fig. 7d that shifted to 398.78 eV and 401.48 eV in the case of Ag/ZnO@BC (Fig. 7g) signifying the formation of ZnO and AgNPs and their possible interaction with nitrogen58. The Ag3d spectrum (Fig. 7h) showed two peak binding energies at 367.18 eV and 372.78 eV corresponding to the unbound Ag3d5/2 and Ag3d3/2, respectively of AgNPs since the binding energy difference was nearly 6 eV similarly to Ravikumar et al.51 who synthesized a nanocomposite of Ag-TiO2@Pd/C for the sake of ofloxacin photodegradation. Figure 7i showed the peaks of Zn2p3/2 and Zn2p1/2 at 1023.08 and 1044.98 eV, respectively. It has to be mentioned that the binding energy difference of 21.9 eV between these two peaks confirmed the presence of zinc in the Zn2+ oxidation state as in line with Krishnakumar et al.59 who prepared a nanocomposite of AgBr–ZnO. Consequently, the XPS analysis indicated the occurrence of ZnO and AgNPs on the Ag/ZnO@BC surface.

XPS spectra for biochar and Ag/ZnO@BC survey (a), biochar O1s (b), C1s (c), N1s (d), Ag/ZnO@BC O1s (e), C1s (f) N1s (g), Ag3d (h) and Zn2p (i).

TGA analysis of Ag/ZnO@BC and biochar are displayed in Fig. 8. Ag/ZnO@BC demonstrated a first systematic stage with near weight loss of 10% up to 140 °C while the biochar sample showed a weight loss of 7% nearly up to the same temperature that could be accredited to the moisture content loss. Further, the Ag/ZnO@BC and biochar were practically stable up to 330 °C and 320 °C. Subsequently, a significant weight loss from 330 to 475 °C for Ag/ZnO@BC and from 320 to 490 °C for biochar sample occurred that may be accredited to the breakdown of cellulosic and hemicellulosic compounds60. Eventually, there was a slight weight loss for both samples up to 700 °C that could be related to the decomposition of the lattice structure of both samples61 but with a higher degree of weight loss in the case of pristine biochar. The obtained result is in line with Inyang et al.62 who improved the thermal stability of biochar by modifying it with carbon nanotubes. Thus, it is obvious that the total weight loss of Ag/ZnO@BC was lower compared to the biochar that could be related to the zinc oxide and silver nanoparticles’ capacity of resisting thermal decomposition.

TGA curves of biochar and Ag/ZnO@BC.

XRD spectrum of the biochar (Fig. 9a) demonstrated distinguishing peaks at 28.19°, 40.37°, 48.53°, and 57.31° that were indexed to (002), (100), (101), and (004) planes, respectively, which were mentioned by other researchers63, while the XRD of Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite (Fig. 9b) revealed the same peaks of the biochar but with a lesser intensity and slightly shifted positions in addition to other new characteristic peaks of AgNPs were observed at 38°, 43.35°, 64.47° and 77.19° which are attributed to (111), (200), (220), and (311) planes referring to face-centered-cubic (FCC) silver [JCPDS file number 04-0783]. Moreover, the (111) plane, in line with numerous researchers, was the preferred growth direction for the phytosynthesized AgNPs on the surface of Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite. Furthermore, other peaks were detected at 32.15°, 34.35°, 36.03°, 48.49°, 54.77°, and 62.83°. These peaks are indexed as (100), (002), (101), (102), (110), and (103) and confirmed the presence of crystalline phytosynthesized ZnONPs with hexagonal wurtzite structure [JCPDS file number 36-1451]. These results were in agreement with Yu et al.41 who used the ball milling method for the synthesis of ZnO-biochar. Thus, the current results confirmed the successful phytosynthesis of both AgNPs and ZnONPs on the biochar surface resulting in the production of Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite.

XRD patterns of biochar (a) and Ag/ZnO@BC (b).

In this study, several factors affecting the photodegradation process of TC were investigated including the pH level, initial concentration of TC, the dose of Ag/ZnO@BC, the temperature of the reaction, and the free radicals effect such as H2O2 to search for the optimum conditions for the removal of TC. The pH was firstly inspected within 1 h of photodegradation of 50 ppm TC as it is regarded to have the major effect on the photocatalytic degradation since the pH affects the surface charge and electron transfer ability of the photocatalyst64. When the reaction condition was highly acidic (pH 2), the removal efficiency was only 24.68%. Subsequently, the removal efficacy improved to 45.69% at pH 4, then it boosted to almost 70.3% at pH 6. However, it diminished to approximately 60% at the alkaline pH level (pH 8), which could be attributed to the decomposition of H2O2 into O2 instead of forming the OH radicals that are highly required for the photodegradation of TC65. Therefore, Ag/ZnO@BC was proved to be harnessed as a photocatalyst for TC photodegradation over a wide range of different pH levels (Fig. 10a).

Effect of pH (a), initial TC concentration (b), Ag/ZnO@BC’s dose (c), temperature on the removal efficiency of TC (d), Photocatalytic degradation of TC after 60 min using room temperature (e), effect of H2O2 concentration on the removal efficiency of TC (f), recyclability of Ag/ZnO@BC (g), Photocatalytic degradation of TC after 60 min using ZnO/biochar (h), and Ag/biochar (i).

Regarding the variation in the initial concentration of TC from 25 to 75 ppm, the photodegradation efficiency was observed to be approaching 70.3% with all the tested concentrations as shown in Fig. 10b yet in different times as it took 30, 60, and 100 min to reach 70.3% photodegradation efficiency for 25, 50, and 75 ppm under pH 6. Thus, indicating the high efficacy of Ag/ZnO@BC in the application of TC removal with various concentrations.

The effect of variation in Ag/ZnO@BC’s dose on the removal efficiency of TC was conducted in the current work as presented in Fig. 10c within 1 h of photodegradation of 50 ppm TC under pH 6. Subsequently, it was concluded that with varying the catalyst dose from 0.005 to 0.0075 g and 0.01 g, the photodegradation efficiency escalated from 40.7 to 54.1 and 70.3%, respectively, which is in agreement with66 who reported a similar result.

Concerning the temperature effect on the TC removal with a concentration of 50 ppm in 1 h at pH 6 (Fig. 10d), it was detected that the efficiency was only 42.1% at the temperature of 10 °C. However, the efficiency boosted and reached almost 70.3% when the temperature increased to 25 °C. Additionally, the same degradation percentage was obtained when the temperature was raised to 40 °C yet with a slightly faster rate. Also, it has to be noticed that when the effect of temperature was tested in the absence of Ag/ZnO@BC, the degradation efficiency was only around 14% as shown in Fig. 10e indicating the minor influence of bare temperature on the TC degradation. It could be suggested that the photocatalytic degradation becomes quicker by raising temperature as a result of the increased production of hydroxyl free radicals. Thus, the intermediate temperature (25 °C) was utilized for the rest of the experiments to mimic the natural conditions of wastewater treatment plants.

In order to determine the H2O2 effect on the photodegradation process of TC, four different concentrations of H2O2 (25, 50, 75, and 100 mM) were experimented with the TC solutions (50 ppm) under pH 6 for 1 h as shown in Fig. 10f. In the lowest concentration, the achieved degradation percentage was nearly 59.75%. Subsequently, the degradation percentage increased to 61.1%, 63.9%, and 70.3% with increasing the concentration of H2O2 to 50, 75, and 100 mM. Thus, the effect of H2O2 addition was confirmed to enhance the removal of TC as it provides a source of hydroxyl groups, which resulted in supplying the photodegradation system with extra hydroxyl radicals67.

When the stability and recycling of Ag/ZnO@BC as a photocatalyst was inspected (Fig. 10g) within 1 h of photodegradation of 50 ppm TC at pH 6, it was indicated that the efficiency of Ag/ZnO@BC diminished from 70.3 to 53% after six cycles of utilization, denoting the well efficacy of Ag/ZnO@BC reuse. In addition, it has to be clarified that the biochar was used as a support for AgNPs and ZnONPs to facilitate the regeneration process of these nanoparticles and obtain high degradation efficiencies for TC as in line with Liu et al.68 who enhanced the degradation efficiency of TC from 67.3 to 92.5% by synthesizing a nanocomposite of Fe-Cu-biochar compared to Fe-Cu alone. Also, when the photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO/biochar and Ag/biochar was tested in degrading TC, it was found that the degradation efficiency was approximately 21% for ZnO/biochar and 29% for Ag/biochar as displayed in Fig. 10h, i, respectively, confirming the synergistic effect of AgNPs and ZnONPs together in enhancing the degradation efficiency of TC up to 70.3%.

According to the abovementioned results, the optimum conditions for the removal of TC were determined to be pH 6, the dose of Ag/ZnO@BC 0.01 g, the temperature of 25 °C, and H2O2 concentration of 100 mM. When these experimental conditions were carried out experimentally with an intermediate concentration of TC (50 ppm), the removal efficiency reached 70.3% in 60 min as shown in Fig. 11a that is similar to the degradation efficiency of 77% obtained by Shi et al.69 who applied green synthesized nanosheets of carbon-doped graphitic carbon nitride in 1 h. Kinetics of the photodegradation of TC under the optimum conditions are presented in Fig. 11b and the rate constant K was 0.0182 min−1. Therefore, when UV light interacted with Ag/ZnO@BC, electron–hole pairs were formulated owing to the SPR phenomenon of both ZnONPs and AgNPs resulting in the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide anion (O2) by the reaction of free electrons e with oxygen as well as hydroxyl radicals (OH) through the reaction of h+ with H2O molecules on the surface of Ag/ZnO@BC, which in turn leads to the degradation of TC that is in line with the result obtained by Pan et al.70 who targeted the degradation of TC using nanodiamonds/UiO-66-NH2, Sun et al.71 who utilized Fe-doped g-C3N4, as well as Guo et al.72 who used carbon nitride decorated with Cu3P nanoparticles. Also, the photodegradation of TC could be enhanced by the action of other ROS species such as the singlet oxygen (1O2) that usually results from the reaction of UV light with oxygen (O2)73.

UV–Vis absorption spectrum for the photodegradation of TC by Ag/ZnO@BC under the optimum conditions (TC concentration 50 ppm, pH 6, dose of Ag/ZnO@BC 0.01 g, temperature of 25 °C, and H2O2 concentration of 100 mM) (a) Kinetics of photocatalytic degradation of TC under the optimum conditions (b).

The well-known inhibitory properties of Ag and ZnO nanoparticles have been used in a range of therapeutic applications74 most notably the inhibition of gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial strains. Subsequently, the antimicrobial efficacy of Ag/ZnO@BC synthesized in this work was tested against different gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia and also gram-positive bacteria including Bacillus subtilis and Staphyllococus aureus. The bactericidal function of the impregnated nanoparticles is thought to be a process of two steps; firstly, they interact with thiol groups in proteins, causing inactivation, and secondly their interaction with bacterial DNA, condensing the DNA and preventing DNA replication leading to apoptosis75.

The obtained results indicated that Ag/ZnO@BC is a strong antibacterial agent towards Klebsiella pneumonia as it prevented it’s growth at all (Fig. 12a) with a high concentration (2 × 108 CFU/mL), particularly when compared with other green synthesized AgNPs, ZnONPs, and their nanocomposites that are presented in Table 1 such as Pd-RGO-ZnO that was fabricated by Rajeswari et al.76 and resulted in an inhibition zone of 11 mm against Klebsiella pneumonia. Also, our nanocomposite was better than Ag-ZnONPs that led to an inhibition zone of 24 mm against the same bacterial strain27. However, Ag/ZnO@BC could not stop the growth of Escherichia coli (Fig. 12b). Therefore, Ag/ZnO@BC can be utilized as an efficient antibacterial material in wastewater disinfection from Klebsiella pneumonia.

Antimicrobial effect of Ag/ZnO@BC against Klebsiella pneumonia (a) and Escherichia coli (b).

Oxidative stress and other health problems are generally resulting from free radicals85. DPPH, which is a common toxic free radical, has been confirmed to cause adverse effects on human health. The antioxidant properties of Ag/ZnO@BC are probably resulting from the donation of electrons from the highly-dense oxygen atom of this nanocomposite to the nitrogen atom’s odd electron in the DPPH molecule, resulting in the attenuated intensity of n → π* transition at 517 nm and the disappearance of DPPH characteristic violet color86. In this work, the scavenging% of DPPH improved exponentially from 13.77 to 41.89% by increasing the concentration of Ag/ZnO@BC increased from 12.5 to 50 µg/mL (Fig. 13) which is considered as a good percentage and concomitant with scavenging percentages reported by other workers including RGO-ZnO nanocomposite that achieved an antioxidant efficiency of 45%76 and better than ZnONPs-Cellulose nanocomposite that was synthesized by Ali et al.80 and attained only 14.85% of DPPH scavenging. Vitamin C attained 13.9%, 31.8%, and 46.9% of DPPH scavenging at the concentrations of 12.5, 25, and 50 µg/mL, in a respective manner, (Fig. 13) that are comparable with Ag/ZnO@BC. Consequently, the acceptable antioxidant potency of Ag/ZnO@BC was indicated against DPPH and its encouraging employment in the removal of other free radicals.

Antioxidant efficiency of Ag/ZnO@BC and Vitamin C (positive control) against DPPH.

A comparison between Ag/ZnO@BC and other nanomaterials including different nanocomposites efficacy in DPPH scavenging is presented in Table 2.

In the current study, a sustainable, cost-effective, and the completely green procedure was employed for the production of Ag/ZnO@BC nanocomposite utilizing P. salicifolia biomass is being reported for the first time. The phytosynthesized nanoparticles on the Ag/ZnO@BC surface were mainly spherical and ranging from 20 to 30 nm. Numerous phytoconstituents in P. salicifolia biomass were suggested to be involved in the green synthesis of Ag/ZnO@BC including flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids, and glycosides. The stability of Ag/ZnO@BC was designated via a zeta potential value of − 24.6 mV. Ag/ZnO@BC displayed high efficiency in the photocatalytic degradation of TC that reached 70.3% under the optimum reaction conditions including TC concentration; 50 ppm, pH; 6, the dose of Ag/ZnO@BC; 0.01 g, temperature of 25 °C, and H2O2 concentration of 100 mM. Moreover, the reusability of Ag/ZnO@BC was acceptable as it reached 53% after the sixth cycle of reuse and the rate constant K was 0.0182 min−1. Moreover, Ag/ZnO@BC demonstrated a substantial antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumonia as well as a promising antioxidant activity with a maximum efficacy of 41.89% at the maximum concentration (50 µg/mL). Therefore, Ag/ZnO@BC constituted a novel nanocomposite that could be proficiently applied in a variety of environmental and medical uses.

Open access funding provided by The Science, Technology & Innovation Funding Authority (STDF) in cooperation with The Egyptian Knowledge Bank (EKB).

M.H. was in charge of the investigation, laboratory experimentation, data curation, visualization and writing the manuscript. M.F. formulated the idea of this manuscript and was in charge of conceptualization, supervision, visualization, and reviewing the manuscript. A.S.E. was in charge of validation, visualization, data interpretation, and revision of the manuscript.

Correspondence to Mohamed Hosny or Manal Fawzy.

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

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Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Accepted: 15 April 2022

Published: 05 May 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-11014-0

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## Learn To Make Biochar *For Your Garden *For Your Farm *For The Climate – UNATION

5 May, 2022

https://www.unation.com/event/10290643

## Demand For Pyrolysis Technology In Biochar Is Set To Increase At A CAGR Of 10% By 2031

5 May, 2022

The global biochar market reached a valuation of US$8 Mn in 2020, which amounts to around 0.23% share of the overall charcoal market. Sales of biochar are slated to rise at a CAGR of 11% to top US$ 23 Mn by 2031. Demand for pyrolysis technology in biochar is set to increase at a CAGR of 10% across the assessment period of 2021 to 2031.

As per Fact.MR, a market research and competitive intelligence provider, the global biochar market was valued at US$8 Mn in 2020. Biochar sales are primarily driven by its growing use as a charcoal alternative and widening applicability in electricity and power generation. Non-energy applications also remain a major booster to biochar sales. Carbon sequestration and water retention properties of biochar and driving demand for biochar in agriculture. Though the use of biochar in building materials, plastics recycling, and as a carbon black alternative is currently at its nascent stage, its industrial applications are likely to grow as government agencies continue to research in this area. Growing demand for biochar in electricity production, rising adoption of gasification biochar systems, and increasing sales of biochar in agriculture are driving the market growth. All of these factors are expected to drive the biochar products market at 11% CAGR over the 2021 to 2031 forecast period. Request Customization https://www.factmr.com/connectus/sample?flag=RC&rep_id=3781 Potential adoption of biochar as a sorbent in processes that are aimed at immobilizing the residues of bacteriostatic antibiotics, and pharmaceuticals, for instance, sulfamethoxazole from sewage, holds significant growth potential for stakeholders. Growing interest of market players in developing biochar into novel products that are based on its unique chemical properties is likely to uphold sales. For instance, biochar makes a viable substitute for activated carbon, which is widely used in wastewater treatment facilities to help absorb potential contaminants and reduce odors. With potential abilities to be used as a tool to slash down soil nitrogen leaching, and thereby achieve reduced nitrogen loss from soils in croplands, biochar holds the promise to be a part of soil amendment solutions that target improved N availability in soil. Rising use of biochar pyrolysis equipment, latest advancements in gasification biochar systems, and growing demand for biochar in farming are expected to boost the biochar market value. Several biochar suppliers are currently leading the way and continue to dedicate their strategies to the innovation of competitively priced as well as energy-efficiency variants. As low-emission, low-cost biochar products have been recently capturing the attention of participants in the market, it is highly likely that companies will remain adhered to advanced production techniques for a variety of economical substitutes for activated carbon applications. Industry stakeholders are also eyeing gains out of the biochar application in limiting compost greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and odors, and hydrogen sulfide sorption in wastewater treatment. About Us: Market research and consulting agency with a difference! That’s why 80% of Fortune 1,000 companies trust us for making their most critical decisions. While our experienced consultants employ the latest technologies to extract hard-to-find insights, we believe our USP is the trust clients have on our expertise. Spanning a wide range – from automotive & industry 4.0 to healthcare & retail, our coverage is expansive, but we ensure even the most niche categories are analyzed. Our sales offices in United States and Dublin, Ireland. Headquarter based in Dubai, UAE. Reach out to us with your goals, and we’ll be an able research partner. Contact:US Sales Office: 11140 Rockville Pike Suite 400 Rockville, MD 20852 United States Tel: +1 (628) 251-1583 Corporate Headquarter: Unit No: AU-01-H Gold Tower (AU),Plot No: JLT-PH1-I3A, Jumeirah Lakes Towers,Dubai, United Arab EmiratesEmail: sales@factmr.comVisit Our Website: https://www.factmr.com ## Biochar Market Expected to Witness a Sustainable Growth over 2028 | Biokol, Biomass … 5 May, 2022 In this dedicated research report on the global Biochar Market experts at Adroit Market Research focus on lending report readers through a number of apex qualitative and quantitative aspects, such as the competitive spectrum, vendor positioning, growth rate and trajectory, profit margins, and other monetary policy-related details. The research report on the Global Biochar Market evaluates beneficial points boosting growth that help stakeholders to strategize their business plans accordingly. The research has conducted extensive qualitative and quantitative research with a focus on recent developments and others. The research is validated by the experts in the Biochar market. Assessment of various customers significance to the Biochar market is offered in the study. Various customer behavior towards the products and services offered in the Biochar market and up-gradation or improvements necessary in the products and services is also detailed in the report. Free Sample Report + All Related Graphs & Charts @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=PTT5 Leading players of Biochar Market including: Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi This research report also provides brief discussion about top manufacturers and customers. The study also reports on product capability, value, and manufacturing, consumption and growth prospects in major regions and includes comprehensive explanations of the world’s leading markets. This is a valuable source of guidance and advice, and the report includes key statistics on the Biochar market. In addition, key specifics, such as product logo, company profiles, product attributes, contact information, and other definitions are given in a global ‘Biochar’ market report. This study report covers the feasibility of new business projects, along with tables and statistics to better determine the global Biochar market. This report closely identifies the pain points and various customer touchpoints. Business intelligence solutions are provided in the report. This could help market capitalists, stakeholders, investors, CXOs and other market players boost their customer engagement with their brands. The research offers quantitative and qualitative customer insights. Besides tools, techniques, and market growth methodologies to the market participants, the report studies the market dynamics that influence the prices of the products and services and behaviors of producers and consumers. The data-driven research guides the business professionals, owners, CXOs, policymakers, and investors to overcome the threats and challenges and make informed business decisions. The Biochar market report satisfies many stakeholders through this industry, as an instance, investors, producers, vendors and providers to get equipment, government businesses, research and consulting firms, new entrants, and financial analysts. Various plan matrices found in analyzing the world wide Biochar market would furnish stakeholders crucial inputs to build tactical conclusions accordingly. Subsequently, the Biochar report aims worldwide leading top industry players along with information like company profiles and product specifications and graphics, sales and market share and contact info. Biochar market Segmentation by Type: by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others) Biochar market Segmentation by Application: by Application (Agriculture and Others) Key Highlights of the Biochar Market Report: * The global Biochar market report is intended to offer an insight into the Biochar industry backed by a thorough qualitative and quantitative analysis. * The Biochar market insight offered includes data provided by influential participants of the Biochar market including marketers, business experts, investors, stakeholders and customers. * The objective of the Biochar market report is to offer an all-inclusive perspective from all participants for the young entrepreneurs and marketers. * The drivers and restrains along with trends are majorly discussed in the Biochar market report * The global Biochar market report also provides an overview of the competitive environment globally. * It explains the market status, share and revenue along with new strategies implemented for growth and development to satisfy current market needs and demands. * The Biochar market report identifies major growth regions with Asia Pacific expected to lead during the forecast period. Reasons for buying this report: * Analysing the outlook of the Biochar market with the recent trends and Porter’s five forces analysis * To study current and future market outlook in the developed and emerging markets * Market dynamics scenario, along with growth opportunities of the market in the years to come * Market segmentation analysis including qualitative and quantitative research incorporating the impact of economic and non-economic aspects * Regional and country level analysis integrating the demand and supply forces that are influencing the growth of the market. * Market value (USD Million) and volume (Units Million) data for each segment and sub-segment * Distribution Channel Sales Analysis by Value * Competitive landscape involving the market share of major players, along with the new product launch and strategies adopted by players in the past five years * Comprehensive company profiles covering the product offerings, key financial information, recent developments, SWOT analysis, and strategy employed by the major market players Table of Content: 1 Scope of the Report 1.1 Market Introduction 1.2 Research Objectives 1.3 Years Considered 1.4 Market Research Methodology 1.5 Economic Indicators 1.6 Currency Considered 2 Executive Summary 3 Global Biochar by Players 4 Biochar by Regions 4.1 Biochar Market Size by Regions 4.2 Americas Biochar Market Size Growth 4.3 APAC Biochar Market Size Growth 4.4 Europe Biochar Market Size Growth 4.5 Middle East & Africa Biochar Market Size Growth 5 Americas 6 APAC 7 Europe 8 Middle East & Africa 9 Market Drivers, Challenges and Trends 9.1 Market Drivers and Impact 9.1.1 Growing Demand from Key Regions 9.1.2 Growing Demand from Key Applications and Potential Industries 9.2 Market Challenges and Impact 9.3 Market Trends 10 Global Biochar Market Forecast 11 Key Players Analysis 12 Research Findings and Conclusion Do You Have Any Query Or Specific Requirement? Ask to Our Industry Expert @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/enquiry-before-buying/698?utm_source=PTT5 ABOUT US: Adroit Market Research is an India-based business analytics and consulting company. Our target audience is a wide range of corporations, manufacturing companies, product/technology development institutions and industry associations that require understanding of a market’s size, key trends, participants and future outlook of an industry. We intend to become our clients’ knowledge partner and provide them with valuable market insights to help create opportunities that increase their revenues. We follow a code– Explore, Learn and Transform. At our core, we are curious people who love to identify and understand industry patterns, create an insightful study around our findings and churn out money-making roadmaps. CONTACT US: Ryan Johnson Account Manager Global 3131 McKinney Ave Ste 600, Dallas, TX 75204, U.S.A Phone No.: USA: +1.210.667.2421/ +91 9665341414 ## Biochar Market Insights 2022, Size, Global Upcoming Trends, Industry Share, Growth Rate … 5 May, 2022 The Biochar Market Analysis to 2031 is a specific and top to bottom investigation of the assembling and development industry with an exceptional spotlight on the worldwide market pattern examination. The report expects to give an outline of the Biochar market with point-by-point market division item, end client, and geology. The Biochar the market is relied upon to observe high development during the estimated time frame. The report gives key measurements available status of the main Biochar market players and offers key patterns and openings on the lookout. Get a Sample Copy of this Report at – https://marketresearch.biz/report/biochar-market/request-sample The report additionally incorporates the profiles of key organizations alongside their SWOT investigation and market techniques in the Biochar market. Likewise, the report centers around driving industry players with data, for example, organization profiles, parts, and administrations offered, monetary data of the most recent 3 years, and the vital advancement in the beyond five years. Top Key Players:– Agri-Tech Producers, LLC Genesis Industries LLC Diacarbon Energy Inc. Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc. Vega Biofuels, Inc. Earth Systems Bioenergy Biochar Products, Inc. Earth Systems PTY. LTD. Waste to Energy Solutions Inc. Swiss Biochar GmbH Coronavirus initially started in Wuhan (China) in December 2019 and from that point forward it has spread at a high speed across the globe. The US, India, Brazil, Russia, France, the UK, Turkey, Italy, and Spain are a portion of the most noticeably terrible impacted nations in wording affirmed cases and announced passings. COVID-19 has been influencing economies and enterprises in different nations because of lockdowns, travel boycotts, and business closures. Closure of different plants and industrial facilities has impacted the worldwide inventory chains and contrarily affected the assembling, conveyance timetables, and deals of items in the worldwide market. Hardly any organizations have effectively declared potential postponements in item conveyances and droop in later deals of their items. As per the current market circumstance, the report further evaluates the present and future impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the general market, giving more solid and valid projections moreover, the worldwide travel boycotts forced by nations in Europe, Asia-Pacific, and North America are influencing the business coordinated efforts and associations openings. Competitive Landscape: Based on type and applications, the entry of new items and exploration associated with the development of inventive items is one of the significant viewpoints which is relied upon to affect the market. The report uncovers data about the deals and market development of various business sectors territorially and broadly. This review means to suggest an investigation of the market with respect to development patterns, possibilities, and players commitment to the market improvement. The report likewise tracks items and administrations request development estimates for the market. A provincial investigation of the Biochar industry is additionally done. Biochar: Regional Segments The various sections on regional segmentation provide regional aspects of the global Biochar market. This chapter describes the regulatory structure that will most likely have an impact on the entire market. It highlights the political landscape in the market and predicts its influence on the Biochar market globally. •North America (US, Canada) Europe (Germany, UK, France, Rest of Europe) Asia and the Pacific (China, Japan, India, Rest of Asia Pacific) Latin America (Brazil, Mexico) the Middle East and Africa Market Segmentation Based on type, the active segment had the highest market share in 2021, accounting for XX percent of the total market share, and is expected to maintain this position throughout the forecast period. Moreover, the same segment is estimated to register the highest CAGR of XX% from 2022 to 2031, while the passive segment is estimated to register the highest CAGR of XX% from 2022 to 2031.Key Offerings: Market segmentation and key players operating in the global biochar market: By technology: Pyrolysis Gasification Hydrothermal Others By application: Agriculture Water & waste water treatment Others Market Size & Forecast by Revenue Market Segmentation – A detailed analysis by product, types, end-user, applications, segments, and geography Market Dynamics – Leading trends, growth drivers, restraints, and investment opportunities Competitive Landscape – Top key vendors and other prominent vendors. Do You Have Any Query Or Specific Requirements? Drop Your Query Here @ https://marketresearch.biz/report/biochar-market/#inquiry Regional Framework The report provides a detailed overview of the industry including both qualitative and quantitative information. It provides an overview and forecast of the global market based on various segments. It also provides market size and forecast estimates from the year 2021 to 2031 with respect to five major regions, namely; North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), the Middle East and Africa (MEA), and South America. The Biochar market by each region is later sub-segmented by respective countries and segments. The report covers the analysis and forecast of 18 countries globally along with the current trend and opportunities prevailing in the region. Table of Contents Chapter1 Global Economic Impact on Industry Chapter2 North America Biochar Overview Chapter3 Global Market Analysis by Application Chapter4 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type Chapter5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions Chapter6 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region Chapter7 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers Chapter8 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy, and Downstream Buyers Chapter9 Global North Biochar Forecast Chapter10 Manufacturing Cost Analysis Chapter11 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders Chapter12 Market Effect Factors Analysis Click here for the complete INDEX, which includes data, facts, figures, tables, and more @ https://marketresearch.biz/report/biochar-market/#toc See more extensively researched reports here: Who We Are:- Marketresearch.biz is market research, analysis, and solutions firm that assists clients in making well-informed business decisions by providing strategic and tactical help. We are a group of devoted and passionate individuals that believe in giving our all to whatever we do and never shy away from a challenge. We cover global and regional markets, industries, sectors, and domains such as pharmaceuticals, chemicals and materials, technology and media, food and beverage, packaging, and consumer products, among others, with coverage, analysis, information, statistics, and reports. Contact Us: Prudour Pvt. Ltd. 420 Lexington Avenue, Suite 300 New York City, NY 10170, United States Tel: +1 (347) 796-4335 Email id:[email protected] Website: https://marketresearch.biz/ Find More Market Research Related Reports @https://mrfactors.com/ ## Copyrolysis of Recycled Plastics and Biomass Reduces Biochar Bioavailable Silicon … 5 May, 2022 Please enable Cookies and reload the page. This process is automatic. Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. Please allow up to 5 seconds… Redirecting… ## Granular Biochar Market 2022 Size Growth Research Report by 2028 – Materials Handling 6 May, 2022 Overview Of Granular Biochar Industry 2022-2028: This has brought along several changes this report also covers the impact of COVID-19 on the global Granular Biochar market. The Granular Biochar Market analysis summary by Reports Insights is a thorough study of the current trends leading to this vertical trend in various regions. The research summarizes important details related to market share, market size, applications, statistics, and sales. In addition, this study emphasizes thorough competition analysis on market prospects, especially growth strategies that market experts claim. Granular Biochar Market competition by top manufacturers as follow: Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra Get a Sample PDF copy of the report @ https://www.reportsinsights.com/sample/619693 The global Granular Biochar market has been segmented on the basis of technology, product type, application, distribution channel, end-user, and industry vertical, along with the geography, delivering valuable insights. The Type Coverage in the Market are: Wood Source Biochar Corn Source Biochar Wheat Source Biochar Others Market Segment by Applications, covers: Soil Conditioner Fertilizer Others Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report covers North America Europe China Rest of Asia Pacific Central & South America Middle East & Africa Major factors covered in the report: To get this report at a profitable rate.: To get this report at a profitable rate.: https://www.reportsinsights.com/discount/619693 The analysis objectives of the report are: Our report offers: – Market share assessments for the regional and country-level segments. – Market share analysis of the top industry players. – Strategic recommendations for the new entrants. – Market forecasts for a minimum of 9 years of all the mentioned segments, sub-segments, and the regional markets. – Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations). – Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations. – Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends. – Company profiling with detailed strategies, financials, and recent developments. – Supply chain trends map the latest technological advancements. Access full Report Description, TOC, Table of Figure, Chart, etc. @ https://www.reportsinsights.com/industry-forecast/granular-biochar-market-status-2022-619693 About US: ReportsInsights is the leading research industry that offers contextual and data-centric research services to its customers across the globe. The firm assists its clients to strategize business policies and accomplish sustainable growth in their respective market domain. The industry provides consulting services, syndicated research reports, and customized research reports. Contact US: Contact No: : (US) +1-214-272-0393 ## Experimental and numerical investigation on rainwater management of dual substrate layer … 6 May, 2022 Biochar is one of the potential amendment materials in green roofs. The previous studies concentrate on the single layer green roof using biochar-amended substrate. The influence of biochar in green roof amended with dual layer of substrate is rarely studied. This study is aimed to evaluate the rainwater management of dual substrate layer green roof using biochar amended soil. Four biochar-amended soil columns (0, 5, 10, and 15%) were established to investigate the hydraulic processes. Hydraulic properties (hydraulic conductivity and soil water retention curve) of biochar-amended soil were measured by laboratory tests. The hydrological processes of single layer green roofs amended with biochar were evaluated using numerical simulation. The result shows that bare soil has the least surface runoff and 5% BAS the highest water storage. Thus, bare soil and 5% BAS can be preferred as upper and lower layer, respectively. B15BI0 (i.e., 15 cm bare soil combined with 0 cm bichar-amended soil), B0BI15, B12BI3, B10BI5, B7.5BI7.5, B5BI10, and B3BI12 were explored using numerical simulation method. Real rainfall data recorded in the local city was input into the program. The substrate B5BI10 possessed the highest reduction of peak outflow (19.52%), and longer delay (4.2 min) than single layer substrate. The substrate B12BI3 and B3BI12 shows the longest peak delay (i.e., 5 min). B2BI12 also corresponds to the highest rainwater outflow delay (i.e., 24 min). It provided a reasonable design guidance of dual substrate layer green roof using biochar-amended soil in local area. Instant access to the full article PDF. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions The authors would like to express their sincere gratitude to National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51878185) and Innovative Research Team Program of Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016GXNSFGA380008) for support. Correspondence to Guoxiong Mei. The authors approve the publication of manuscript. The authors declare no competing interests. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Received: 24 February 2022 Revised: 25 April 2022 Accepted: 27 April 2022 Published: 06 May 2022 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-022-02754-0 Instant access to the full article PDF. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions ## Performance of biochars for the elimination of trace organic contaminants and metals from … 6 May, 2022 Urban stormwater carries dissolved organic and metal contaminants that pose risks to water supplies and the environment. Green infrastructure elements such as biofilters have the potential to capture and treat urban stormwater prior to infiltration to groundwater. Because conventional sand-based biofilters often fail to eliminate dissolved contaminants from stormwater, there is a need to improve biofilter treatment efficiency. In our study, we investigated four different wood-derived biochars for the removal of seven trace organic contaminants (TrOCs, atenolol, benzotriazole, dicamba, diuron, fipronil, mecoprop, terbutryn) and five metals (cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, zinc). Three biochars were produced at pyrolysis temperatures of 400 °C, 580 °C, and 750 °C, and one biochar of biomass gasification (1100–1400 °C). Batch experiments conducted with synthetic stormwater showed that the removal capacity of the biochars increased with increasing production temperature and specific surface area. The gasification biochar outperformed the three pyrolysis biochars and was further tested in flow-through column experiments operated for more than eight months and 4000 pore volumes. The least retained organic contaminant was dicamba followed by fipronil and terbutryn. Using a 1-D forward prediction intraparticle diffusion-limited sorption model, 20% breakthrough of dicamba was estimated to occur at 1100 and 5300 pore volumes in biochar-amended sand filters containing 1 to 10 weight percent biochar, respectively. Based on these results, case study calculations for a full-scale biochar filter in Los Angeles, CA, suggest potential service lifetimes of five years and longer when using dicamba as an indicator compound for early TrOC breakthrough. S. Spahr, M. Teixidó, S. S. Gall, J. C. Pritchard, N. Hagemann, B. Helmreich and R. G. Luthy, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2022, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D1EW00857A This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications without requesting further permissions from the RSC, provided that the correct acknowledgement is given. Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content. This article has not yet been cited. ## Strategic use of biochar for CO 2 capture and sequestration – Sejong University 6 May, 2022 Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2022 Elsevier B.V We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies Log in to Pure About web accessibility ## Misinformation in Moreau – Saratoga Biochar Looks to Clear the Air – NewsBreak 6 May, 2022 ## Morphological Control of Biochar with Emerging Functionalities by Thermodynamic and … 6 May, 2022 Please enable Cookies and reload the page. This process is automatic. Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. Please allow up to 5 seconds… Redirecting… ## Black Powder Organic Biochar Carbon Fertilizer For Agriculture Use With 95% Purity Chemical Name 6 May, 2022 Our unique product is made from organic matter that has been burned at a high temperature in an oxygen-free environment in order to create organic carbon. This special type of carbon is known for its ability to improve soil fertility, absorb and hold water, and suppress . It’s perfect for use in agriculture as it helps to fertilize plants, boost crop yields, and store water in the soil. Our carbon-rich fertilizer is made from a special type of organic char that has been used for centuries to enrich soils and boost crop growth. Its superior ability to bind nutrients and control makes it the perfect choice for all types of farmland. ## Misinformation in Moreau – Saratoga Biochar Looks to Clear the Air 6 May, 2022 Featured News & Columns New Business Spotlight New Hires Contact Us New Business Submission Instagram Saratoga Business Report 2254 Route 50 South Saratoga Springs, NY 12866 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.document.getElementById(‘cloak3819cd1d3cbab461ca25943ef8fd83ad’).innerHTML=”;var prefix=’ma’+’il’+’to’;var path=’hr’+’ef’+’=’;var addy3819cd1d3cbab461ca25943ef8fd83ad=’info’+’@’;addy3819cd1d3cbab461ca25943ef8fd83ad=addy3819cd1d3cbab461ca25943ef8fd83ad+’spacitydigital’+’.’+’com’;var addy_text3819cd1d3cbab461ca25943ef8fd83ad=’info’+’@’+’spacitydigital’+’.’+’com’;document.getElementById(‘cloak3819cd1d3cbab461ca25943ef8fd83ad’).innerHTML+=’‘+addy_text3819cd1d3cbab461ca25943ef8fd83ad+’‘; Copyright 2021 Saratoga Business Report Website Design and Maintenance by Spa City Digital. ## Mechanisms of straw biochar's improvement of phosphorus bioavailability in soda saline-alkali soil 6 May, 2022 High pH and exchangeable sodium percentage, structural deterioration due to alkalinity, and nutrient deficiencies are typical characteristics of soda saline-alkali soil. In addition, phosphorus is typically the main limiting nutrient. Thus, there have been intense efforts to counter the salinity and improve the phosphorus availability of these soils (which cover large and growing areas). A promising approach is long-term application of straw biochar, which can significantly reduce soil salinity and promote the transformation of soil phosphorus. However, the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Thus, major aims of this review are to systematically address the mechanisms whereby biochar improves phosphorus bioavailability in soda saline-alkali soil through changes in the soil’s physico-chemical properties, aggregate stability, contents of organic acids, enzyme activities, key functional genes, and microbial community structure. Another is to provide theoretical foundations for establishing effective methods for applying straw biochar to improve soda saline-alkali land and optimize phosphorus fertilizer applications. Instant access to the full article PDF. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions All data and materials are true and valid and can use general repositories saving. Ethical approval We declare on behalf that the work described here is original research that has not been published previously, in whole or in part. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 42177447), the Science and Technology Development Plan Project of Jilin Province (grant no. 20210203010SF), and the Natural Science Foundation of Jilin Province, China (grant no. 20210101395JC). Yuefen Li and Guanghui Li: writing & editing of the manuscript; Yuefen Li: review and editing of the manuscript, and funding acquisition; all authors read and approved the final manuscript. Correspondence to Yuefen Li. All the authors listed consent to participate. All the authors listed have approved the enclosed manuscript. The authors declare no competing interests. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. • Phosphorus availability in saline-alkali soils is low. • Appropriate biochar application can counter adverse effects of salinity and alkalinity. • Biochar addition can enhance phosphorus cycling in soil ecosystems. • It can also enhance soils’ micro-ecological conditions. Responsible editor Zhihong Xu. Received: 28 February 2022 Accepted: 24 April 2022 Published: 06 May 2022 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-20489-3 Instant access to the full article PDF. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions ## Effects of Biochar on Biointensive Horticultural Crops and Its Economic Viability in the … – MDPI 6 May, 2022 You are accessing a machine-readable page. In order to be human-readable, please install an RSS reader. All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license. No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BY license, any part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Feature Papers represent the most advanced research with significant potential for high impact in the field. Feature Papers are submitted upon individual invitation or recommendation by the scientific editors and undergo peer review prior to publication. The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel research study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature. This type of paper provides an outlook on future directions of research or possible applications. Editor’s Choice articles are based on recommendations by the scientific editors of MDPI journals from around the world. Editors select a small number of articles recently published in the journal that they believe will be particularly interesting to authors, or important in this field. The aim is to provide a snapshot of some of the most exciting work published in the various research areas of the journal. Find support for a specific problem in the support section of our website. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Visit our dedicated information section to learn more about MDPI. This is an early access version, the complete PDF, HTML, and XML versions will be available soon. González-Pernas, F.M.; Grajera-Antolín, C.; García-Cámara, O.; González-Lucas, M.; Martín, M.T.; González-Egido, S.; Aguirre, J.L. Effects of Biochar on Biointensive Horticultural Crops and Its Economic Viability in the Mediterranean Climate. Energies 2022, 15, 3407. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15093407 González-Pernas FM, Grajera-Antolín C, García-Cámara O, González-Lucas M, Martín MT, González-Egido S, Aguirre JL. Effects of Biochar on Biointensive Horticultural Crops and Its Economic Viability in the Mediterranean Climate. Energies. 2022; 15(9):3407. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15093407 González-Pernas, Francisco M., Cristina Grajera-Antolín, Olivia García-Cámara, María González-Lucas, María T. Martín, Sergio González-Egido, and Juan L. Aguirre. 2022. “Effects of Biochar on Biointensive Horticultural Crops and Its Economic Viability in the Mediterranean Climate” Energies 15, no. 9: 3407. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15093407 Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals ## Global Biochar Market Detailed Survey and Report Outlook Shows How Top Companies Is … 6 May, 2022 Rowelto Associates has added latest research report on “Global Biochar Market”, this report helps to analyze top manufacturers, regions, revenue, price, and also covers Industry sales channel, distributors, traders, dealers, research findings, conclusion, appendix and data source. At the beginning of 2020, COVID-19 disease began to spread around the world, millions of people worldwide were infected with COVID-19 disease, and major countries around the world have implemented foot prohibitions and work stoppage orders. Except for the medical supplies and life support products industries, most industries have been greatly impacted, and Biochar Market industries have also been greatly affected. The Biochar market is one of the fastest-growing markets in the US and the world. In just a short period, many innovations, the emergence of key players, and positive regulations by the authorities have resulted in consistent growth. Despite the slowdown in the global economy, the Biochar Market has shown resistance to the recession and is one of the first markets to open in the green. To know how the Biochar market has emerged from the slowdown and its future prospects, growth plans, risks analysis, and more, you need to have a comprehensive Biochar market research report. Get Free sample of this report – https://roweltoassociates.com/sample/5890 This Report covers the manufacturers’ data, including: shipment, price, revenue, gross profit, interview record, business distribution etc., these data help the consumer know about the competitors better. This report also covers all the regions and countries of the world, which shows a regional development status, including market size, volume and value, as well as price data. Besides, the report also covers segment data, including: type segment, industry segment, channel segment etc. cover different segment market size, both volume and value. Also cover different industries clients information, which is very important for the manufacturers. Top Players covered in this report :- Diacarbon Energy, BSEI, Airex Energy Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, Vega Biofuels Inc., Full Circle Biochar, Genesis Industries LLC, Earth Systems Bioenergy, Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Biochar Supreme LLC CharGrow, LLCPacific Biochar Biochar Market Report Scope Access this report Biochar Market @ Product Type Segmentation:- Industry Segmentation:- Get Full Research Study @ https://roweltoassociates.com/sample/5890 The Biochar Industry and familiarizes them with the latest market trends, challenges, opportunity, industry information, and market share. The report content includes technology, industry drivers, geographic trends, market statistics, market forecasts, producers, and raw material/equipment suppliers. Global Biochar market size was xx million US$ and it is expected to reach xx million US$by the end of 2028, with a CAGR of XX between 2022 and 2028. Along with contributing significant value to the users, the report by Rowelto Associates has focused on Porter’s Five Forces analysis to put forward the wide scope of the market in terms of opportunities, threats, and challenges. The information extracted through different business models like SWOT and PESTEL is represented in the form of pie charts, diagrams, and other pictorial representations for a better and faster understanding of facts. Promising Regions & Countries Mentioned In The Biochar Market Report: Get Free Exclusive Sample of this Premium Report at: https://roweltoassociates.com/sample/5890 Biochar Market Intended Audience: Competitive landscape, high-potential prospects, and future development visions are among the report’s main highlights. It also provides data on a wide range of topics to assist industry players in surviving in a dynamic global market. It also takes into account the impact of economic conditions on growth prospects in main expansion segments. This one-of-a-kind Metal Sputtering Target market research report depicts pertinent market data, such as emerging platforms, trends, and tools that have been introduced to the market. Company Profile Rowelto provides high-quality market research services at a convenient cost. We are a global leader in market research, able to reach as many nations as feasible. We provide one-of-a-kind data collection services in various industries and ensure that our insights are unique and objective. We’ve assembled a global research unit and advisors familiar with your role, company, and sector. Contact Rowelto Associates 447 Sutter St Ste 405 PMB 87 San Francisco, CA 94108 Tell: +1-650-515-3443 Email: sales@roweltoassociates.com ## Biochar | Xeero.io 6 May, 2022 Enjoy our selection of top articles written by our professional staff Biochar is a carbon-rich material produced during the pyrolysis process, which is a thermochemical decomposition of biomass at a temperature of ≤700°C in the absence or limited supply of oxygen. It is an important tool for carbon sequestration and has potential applications in agriculture, water filtration, and soil remediation. California is increasingly susceptible to climate change. Most of California has a Mediterranean climate with warmer and drier summers and cooler wetter winters. But the climate is diverse going from hot desert to alpine tundra. The scientific journal Science modeled the future of the ocean and oceanic species if climate change keeps its current pace. The water cycle is very simple. Water comes to earth as rain, part of it infiltrates the soil, part runoff to a river, lake or ocean. Composting is an aerobic method of decomposing organic solid wastes. It can therefore be used to recycle organic material. The process involves decomposing organic material into a humus-like material, known as compost, which is a good fertilizer for plants. Biogas is a renewable fuel produced by the breakdown of organic matter such as food scraps and animal waste. It can be used in a variety of ways, including as vehicle fuel and for heating and electricity generation. Recycling is a process that involves converting old or discarded materials into new materials and objects. This not only helps to reduce waste, but also conserves energy and lowers greenhouse gas emissions. A carbon footprint is the total greenhouse gas emissions caused by an individual, event, organization, service, place or product, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent. Scientists have long known that hurricanes that hits central America, Caribbean and USA are born in northern Africa. Climate change in Ireland is a growing concern. The Irish government has acknowledged the need to take action on climate change, and has set ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, progress towards these targets has been slow, and Ireland is currently not on track to meet its goals. The affects of climate change in the the United Kingdom (UK) are continuing to grow, with heat waves, flooding and higher costs commonplace. Climate change in Australia affects the air we breathe, the food we eat and the water we drink. As global temperatures rise, so do sea levels. This makes it harder for coastal communities to protect themselves from storms and flooding. Warmer temperatures also lead to more evaporation, which can lead to drought conditions inland. Email: Info@xeero.io Address: Derekh Ben-Zvi 84 6810431, Tel Aviv, Israel Copyright © 2022 Xeero.io. Designed by Xeero.io team All Rights Reserved. ## Biochar | Xeero.io 6 May, 2022 Biochar is a carbon-rich material produced during the pyrolysis process, which is a thermochemical decomposition of biomass at a temperature of ≤700°C in the absence or limited supply of oxygen. It is an important tool for carbon sequestration and has potential applications in agriculture, water filtration, and soil remediation. Biochar made from agricultural waste can improve soil fertility and crop yields, while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It can also be used to filter water and remove contaminants such as heavy metals and organic pollutants. Additionally, biochar can be used to remediate contaminated soils by adsorbing harmful toxins. Despite its many potential benefits, large-scale production of biochar faces challenges related to cost, scalability, and logistics. Additionally, more research is needed to optimize biochar production and understand its long-term effects on the environment. Biochar is produced through the process of pyrolysis, which is a thermochemical decomposition of biomass at a temperature of ≤700°C in the absence or limited supply of oxygen. There are many different types of pyrolysis reactors, but all follow the same general process. First, the biomass is fed into the reactor where it is heated to a high temperature. This causes the biomass to break down into its component parts: gases, liquids, and solid char. The gases and liquids are then removed from the reactor, leaving behind the biochar, which is subsequently stored or further processed. Carbon sequestration is the process of storing carbon in the atmosphere to mitigate climate change. Biochar is a type of carbon sequestration that can be used to store carbon in the soil. When mixed with compost and applied to agricultural land, biochar can help improve soil fertility and crop yields while also sequestering carbon. When added to agricultural soils, it can help sequester atmospheric carbon by increasing the soil’s ability to hold organic material and nutrients. This reduces greenhouse gas emissions while also improving soil fertility and crop yields. In fact, some studies have shown that adding biochar to soils can double crop yields compared with traditional farming methods. Biochar can be used as a water filtration system due to its high surface area and ability to adsorb contaminants. When placed in a water filter, biochar can remove heavy metals, organic pollutants, and other toxins from water. This makes it an effective tool for improving water quality. Biochar can also be used to remediate contaminated soils. By adsorbing toxins and pollutants, biochar can clean up contaminated sites. This makes it an effective tool for restoring polluted land. Biochar is often used in combination with compost. Compost is a type of organic matter that can be added to soils to improve plant growth. When biochar and compost are mixed together, they can create a powerful tool for sequestering carbon, improving soil fertility, and increasing crop yields. A carbon sink is a type of carbon sequestration that removes carbon from the atmosphere and stores it in a long-term reservoir. Biochar can be used as a carbon sink by sequestering atmospheric carbon in soils. This helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and slow the rate of climate change. In addition to its use in agriculture, biochar can also be used as a feedstock for livestock. When mixed into cattle feed, it has been shown to increase the growth and weight of cattle. This makes it an important resource for the livestock industry. This is particularity relevant as it pertains to the production of methane, a greenhouse gas, in livestock. As a type of carbon sequestration, biochar has the potential to mitigate climate change. By capturing and storing atmospheric carbon in soils, it can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and slow the rate of climate change. It can also help farmers adapt to climate change. As weather patterns become more erratic, biochar can help improve soil fertility and increase crop yields. This makes it an important tool for farmers who are struggling to adapt to a changing climate. Its use in agriculture can lead to a positive feedback loop that reinforces itself, resulting in increased carbon sequestration, improved crop yields and more. Carbon credits or carbon offsets are tradable certificates that represent the right to emit one metric ton of carbon dioxide or another greenhouse gas. Biochar is eligible for the generation of carbon credits under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Clean Development Mechanism. This means that biochar projects can earn carbon credits that can be sold to offset greenhouse gas emissions. CO2 Removal Certificates are a type of carbon credit that can be generated from biochar projects. These certificates represent the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and can be sold to offset emissions. document.getElementById( “ak_js_1” ).setAttribute( “value”, ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Email: Info@xeero.io Address: Derekh Ben-Zvi 84 6810431, Tel Aviv, Israel Copyright © 2022 Xeero.io. Designed by Xeero.io team All Rights Reserved. ## biochar | Aam Aadmi Party 6 May, 2022 Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) 16 New Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) are being installed. These include: STP at Coronation Pillar It is an integral part of Delhi’s Sewage Master Plan 2031 and will be Asia’s biggest and cheapest plant and will be sustainab… read more ## The best biochar around. Available now – farm & garden – by owner -… – Seattle Craigslist 6 May, 2022 We’ve detected that JavaScript is not enabled in your browser. You must enable JavaScript to use craigslist. We’ve detected you are using a browser that is missing critical features. Please visit craigslist from a modern browser. Avoid scams, deal locally Beware wiring (e.g. Western Union), cashier checks, money orders, shipping. ## Does biochar application as a soil amendment increase… – ECHEMI 6 May, 2022 LaToya Boggans No Comments Yet Scan the QR code to share the topic ## Aviation Fuel Market Share, Industry Demand, Growth Rate, SWOT Analysis, and Business … 6 May, 2022 The Global Aviation Fuel Market report offers a detailed analysis of the industry, with market size forecasts covering the next ten years. This report will also analyse factors that influence demand for tactical communication, key market trends, and challenges faced by industry participants. With the tables and figures, the report provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market. The global aviation fuel market size stood at nearly US$ 300 Bn in 2018 and is projected to reach more than US$450 Bn by the end of 2026, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.22% in the forecast period. Request a Sample Copy of Aviation Fuel Market Research Report: https://www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/enquiry/request-sample-pdf/100427 An exhaustive assessment of market restraints is included in the report, which reveals differences in market drivers and provides scope for strategic insights and developments. The study has incorporated growth analysis from different aspects that enhance the market growth scenario. These constitute the main market drivers, restraints, and trends that change the market positively or negatively. This Report Focuses On the Top Players in Global Market, Like: Methodology The research technique utilized in the Residential Steam Boiler Systems study is thorough and structured so that the report covers every element of the industry. The information is gathered from primary and secondary sources and validated by industry professionals. Interviews with analysts and industry professionals, and suppliers and distributors are among the major sources. Report Customization: The report can be customized according to your business requirements as we recognize what our clients want In addition to customization of our reports, we also offer fully tailored research solutions to our clients in all industries we track. Our research and insights help our clients in identifying compatible business partners. Ask for Customization: https://www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/enquiry/customization/100427 Reasons to Purchase this Report: Purchase Full Report at – https://www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/checkout-page/4445555 Some Points from Table of Content View Other Related Reports: Geophysical Service Market Trends, Size, Share Growth Insights, Industry Research and Business Forecast Cryogenic Pump Market Key News, Price Trend, 2022 Size Outlook, Share Value and Industry Forecast Cryogenic Pump Market Global Analysis, Share, Opportunity, Competition and Forecast 2022 Cryogenic Pump Market Research Report Industry Latest News, p Company Analysis, Research Methodology and Forecast, Fortune Business Insights Cryogenic Pump MarketGlobal Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Trends, Demand, Growth, Opportunities and Forecast, Fortune Business Insights Biochar Market – Business Plan With Demand, Maximum Growth And Revenue Biochar Market Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Swot Analysis And Forecast 2022 Biochar Market 2022 Industry Growth, Size, Share, p Players, Emerging Trends, New Opportunity And Forecast Biochar Market Size, Share, Growth, Analysis, Revenue, Challenges and Forecast Submersible Pump Market Size, Share, Analysis, Development, Regional Trends, Forecast 2022 About Us: Fortune Business Insights™ offers expert corporate analysis and accurate data, helping organizations of all sizes make timely decisions. 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Phone: US :+1 424 253 0390 UK : +44 2071 939123 APAC : +91 744 740 1245 Email: [email protected] Fortune Business Insights™ ## Biochar Fertilizer Market Consumption Analysis, Business Overview and Upcoming Trends 6 May, 2022 Latest research report, titled “Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Insights 2022 and Forecast 2028, This includes overview and deep study of factors which are considered to have greater influence over future course of the market such as market size, market share, different dynamics of the industry, Biochar Fertilizer Market companies, regional analysis of the domestic markets, value chain analysis, consumption, demand, key application areas and more. The study also talks about crucial pockets of the industry such as products or services offered, downstream fields, end using customers, historic data figures regarding revenue and sales, market context and more. Get Exclusive Sample Pages of Biochar Fertilizer Market – COVID-19 Impact and Global Analysis with Strategic Insights at: https://www.globmarketreports.com/request-sample/186324 Our Research Analyst implemented a Free PDF Sample Report copy as per your Research Requirement, also including impact analysis of COVID-19 on Biochar Fertilizer Market Size The COVID-19 Outbreak:Global Biochar Fertilizer Market study covers current status, % share, future patterns, development rate, SWOT examination, sales channels, to anticipate growth scenarios for years 2022-2028. It aims to recommend analysis of the market with regards to growth trends, prospects, and player’s contribution in the market development. Market split by Type, can be divided into:Organic FertilizerInorganic FertilizerCompound FertilizerMarket split by Application, can be divided into:CerealsOil CropsFruits and Vegetables Global Biochar Fertilizer Market by Geography: Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)• Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)• North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada.)• South America (Brazil etc.)• The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt.) Years Considered to Estimate the Market Size:History Year: 2015-2022Base Year: 2022Estimated Year: 2022Forecast Year: 2022-2028 Direct Purchase Copy of Functional Proteins Market Research Study at:https://www.globmarketreports.com/buynow/186324/global-Biochar Fertilizer-market Reasons to buy: Some Major TOC Points: 1. Biochar Fertilizer Market Overview1.1 Introduction1.2 Scope1.3 Assumptions1.4 Players Covered1.5 Market Analysis By Type1.5.1 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Size Growth Rate By Type (2022-2028)1.5.2 …1.6 Market By Application1.6.1 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Share By Application (2022-2028)1.6.2 Application 12. Executive Summary3. Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis By Type (Historic 2016-2022)3.1 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Size Analysis (USD Million) 2016-20223.1.1 Type 13.1.2 …3.2 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Share Analysis By Type (%) 2016-20224. Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis By Application (Historic 2016-2022)4.1 Global Nanoscale Smart Materials Market Size Analysis (USD Million) 2016-20224.1.1 Application 14.1.2 Application 24.1.3 Application 34.2 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Share Analysis By Application (%) 2016-20225. Biochar Fertilizer Market Analysis By Regions (Historic 2016-2022)5.1 Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Size Analysis (USD Million) 2016-20225.1.1 Biochar Fertilizer Market Share By Regions (2016-2022)5.1.2 United States5.1.3 Europe5.1.4 China5.1.5 Japan5.1.6 India5.1.7 Rest Of The World6. Key Companies Analysis/Company ProfileContinued……….. For More Information with including full TOC: https://www.globmarketreports.com/industry-reports/186324/biochar-fertilizer-market Customization of the Report: Glob Market Reports provides customization of reports as per your need. This report can be personalized to meet your requirements. Get in touch with our sales team, who will guarantee you to get a report that suits your necessities. Get Customization of the [email protected]: https://www.globmarketreports.com/request-customization/186324 Contact Us:Glob Market Reports17224 S. Figueroa Street,Gardena, California (CA) 90248, United StatesCall: +1 915 229 3004 (U.S)+44 7452 242832 (U.K)Website: www.globmarketreports.com ## Long-term Effects of Biochar Application on Microbial Properties and Physicochemical … – CNKI 6 May, 2022 10.19336/j.cnki.trtb.2017.06.20 (D) Agriculture; (A) Mathematics/ Physics/ Mechanics/ Astronomy Biology; Fundamental Science of Agriculture; Agronomy S153;S154.3 Scan QR Codes “Mobile CNKI-CNKI Express” App Oper“CNKI Express” and click the scan icon in the upper left corner of the homepage. Scan QR Codes Read this article on your phone. ## Products Archives – ALL THINGS BIOCHAR 6 May, 2022 In the creation of ALL THINGS BIOCHAR solid product, PYROCHAR+, a powerful co-product of condensed smoke, PYROGRO, is made. PYROCHAR+ is the solid BIOCHAR product created via the pyrolytic process implemented by ALL THINGS BIOCHAR with additional macro and micro nutrients. Copyright © 2022 · All Rights Reserved · Virtual Essentials ## North American Biochar & Bioenergy 2022 Conference – MeetingHand 7 May, 2022 August 08 – 10, 2022 Morgantown Marriott at Waterfront Place WaterFront Place, Morgantown, West Virginia, US The 2022 North American Biochar & Bioenergy conference will focus on bridging scientific, industrial, practitioner, and policy gaps in biomass utilization for biochar and bioenergy production. The meeting will draw attention to biochar and bioenergy science, technology, and sustainability issues at local-to-global scales. The US Biochar Initiative (USBI) promotes the sustainable production and use of biochar, and has hosted the pre-eminent North American biochar conference since 2009. The West Virginia University (WVU) is our academic conference partner. WVU is currently leading the MASBio Program through funding from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture North American Biochar and Bioenergy will be held in Morgantown, West Virginia. Biochar is a solid, carbon-rich material produced via the high-temperature, low-oxygen processing of wood scraps, manures, poultry litter, and other low-value biomass feedstocks. While closely rated to charcoal and activated carbon, the term ‘biochar’ is reserved for material intentionally produced for use as a soil amendment for agriculture or environmental remediation. It has demonstrated value for increasing soil carbon content; modulating soil hydraulic properties, pH, and cation exchange capacity; reducing nutrient losses through runoff and nitrous oxide emissions; and sorbing a wide variety of environmental contaminants. Biochar chemical and physical properties vary widely depending upon its source material and processing, however, and thus there are large R&D efforts within academia and industry to engineer better-performing and more sustainable chars. The 2022 Conference will provide countless opportunities to promote your business, services and/or cause. The conference diverse customer reach will be one of the largest ever offered at a Biochar conference. The mid-Atlantic/Appalachian region is seeing rapid growth and financial investments in biochar and bioenergy opportunities. Conference attendees will bring together a breadth of industries and professionals that are directly involved, decision-makers and/or responsible for managing the regions natural resources, biomass energy, products and services, federal/state laws and policy development, carbon markets, sequestration and adaptive management strategies, project financing, environmental remediation and restoration, and the development of climate smart agriculture and forestry. Nestled in the Appalachian Mountains, Morgantown, West Virginia offers a relaxing small city feel yet is in close proximity to over 50 million people. The conference will provide both premium and regular exhibit space along with many other sponsorship packages. This exhibitor information was created to assist you in planning for your upcoming participation in a show here at the Morgantown Marriott at Waterfront Place Conference Center. We want to ensure you have a safe and successful show and are here to help ensure your company or organization gains the most benefits and opportunities possible. The Waterfront Place Conference Center is a smoke-free facility located in the Warf District along the winding Monongahela River. The facility has ground floor access and is predominantly covered in carpeting with over 50,000 square feet of event space with onsite audio-visual support including data access. All shipments of freight or display materials are to be sent to Two Waterfront Place, Morgantown, WV 26501. All display materials should be pre-shipped or brought in during exhibitor load-in times. All items and trash should be removed during load-out times. Items to be shipped out should be handled in advance or be pre-arranged for pick-up. Exhibitors are required to move in/out through the rear of the building via ground level dock. Exhibitor audio visual needs are serviced by our in-house provider Inspire Audio Visual, which may include electric, internet, equipment and projection. For exhibitor audio visual services contact (304) 581-2850. Show order form for any additional onsite needs can be coordinated through the conference facility and Inspire. All exhibitors must check in at the conference registration desk prior to going to the facility ground floor loading dock. Prior to being given access to the vendor storage area a conference badge must be displayed to the conference staff. Any person in the building without such identification will be asked to leave. Main entrance may be used only for carry in displays and materials with approval. All Exhibitors should observe their designated load-in times assigned for the event to avoid congestion. Carts or dolly may be limited at times depending on level of activity. Vendor is welcomed to provide their own cart or dolly to expedite Load-In. Parking is available via the conference facilities two parking garages on either end of the facility. No items may be pulled, dragged or pushed across the carpet, floors or thresholds. Items must be on wheels (i.e. handcart, dolly or pallet jack). All vendors are responsible for breaking down boxes/cartons/crates that need to be disposed and removed to either a designated area or by utility personnel. Trash and recycling dumpsters are located outside the Security Entrance for all waste. The facility should be left broom swept. Conference staff will walk thru the facility after load-out with Marriott and Inspire Event Management to ensure the there is no need for extra cleaning or trash removal. Vendors may be charged for any excessive cleaning and or damage to their contracted space. The Waterfront Place Conference Center is a 24-hour secure building with an on-site security command center. Cameras are located on the perimeter and on select interior rooms and hallways. Exhibitors are urged to remove valuable property from the premises during non-exhibit hours. The Waterfront Place Conference Center is not responsible for lost or stolen property. Exhibitors must wear their name show badges/wrist bands at all times. Please contact , John Webster, Conference Marketing Coordinator with any questions or special requests. He would be happy to assist you with any immediate concerns at info@biochar2022.com Early Normal Late Speaker Registration$425.00

$450.00$500.00

To be used by individuals submitting abstracts/posters for consideration. Once accepted by reviewers and commitment made to attend the submitter will be required to register at the speaker rate. The Book Now Pay Later option can be used.

Regular Registration

$450.00$550.00

$600.00 Government Registration$425.00

$450.00$500.00

MASBio Annual Meeting

$425.00$450.00

$500.00 Student Registration$250.00

$275.00$300.00

Day Pass – Tuesday

$250.00$275.00

$300.00 Day Pass – Wednesday$250.00

$275.00$300.00

Welcome to the heart of Mountaineer Country! Morgantown, WV is the perfect mix of college spirit and small-town traditions. Each restaurant, diner, and family has their own version of the treasured pepperoni-roll, and everyone has attended a West Virginia University football game.

Located at the intersection of Interstate 79 and Interstate 68, Morgantown is the perfect weekend-trip destination. Take a tour through local wineries and craft beer pubs, or fly into Morgantown Municipal Airport for quick access to shopping in Downtown Morgantown. Grab a paddle and float down the Monongahela River as it cuts through town, or stick to the shore as you bike along the Rail Trail.

As the home of West Virginia University (WVU), Morgantown is the home of thousands of students ten months out of the year. As a research university, WVU offers bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral and professional degrees, as well as leading programs in law and medicine. West Virginia University is also home of the Mountaineers and Mountaineer football, a team that dominates the field, causing the iconic “Let’s Go! Mountaineers” chant to echo through the town on game day.

Life is always moving in Morgantown, with live-events, marathons, festivals, and more happening throughout the year. Local love for the arts has grown into artisan markets, high-production theatre performances, social art projects, and city-beautification through painted murals and sculpture. Many residents wonder how they will leave their mark on Morgantown, without even realizing the mark that it will leave on them.

Pittsburgh International Airport is the largest airport located near Morgantown.

Pittsburgh International Airport –

Alternate Airport Transportation: Regency Global Transportation

Morgantown Municipal Airport: Morgantown Municipal Airport serves North Central West Virginia and surrounding areas. https://www.morgantownairport.com/

Flights are operated by Southern Airways Express. Southern is a Mississippi-based airline, offering scheduled regional air service to over twenty cities in the Gulf and Mid-Atlantic regions. Southern Airways interline tickets connecting with United, American and Alaska Airlines flights can be purchased below, as well as on popular travel websites such as Orbitz, Expedia, Priceline, Kayak and United, American, and Alaska Airlines websites.

Tickets are also available for purchase through travel agents or by calling the Southern Customer Service Center at 1-800-329-0485.

North Central West Virginia Airport: Is approximately 32 miles from the Marriott Conference Center and Hotel. Marriott Event Center (2 Waterfront Place) is about 35 minutes from the North Central West Virginia Airport. Phone Number: +1 304-842-3400 Visit Airport Website: http://www.flyckb.com/

Hotel Airport Shuttle: This hotel does not provide shuttle service.

Alternate Airport Transportation: R&R Transit LLC

We recognizing the many and varied travel needs of our conference attendees we wanted to provide a way to hopefully help coordinate transportation too and from the airport.

To help connect conference traveler who might be able to hookup at the airport and share the cost of the ride or rental car to Morgantown, we have established an account with Group Car Pool Service. To use, just go to the link and fill in your information. We hope this help make your travel easier, cheaper and a great way to hook up with other conference attendees early even before officially joining us. If you are renting a car and would like to have some travel buddies, dropping a note on Group Car Pool site and let folks know when you will be heading to and from the Airport or other destinations.

The Morgantown Marriott at Waterfront Place is a brand new, beautiful, full-service Wharf District hotel overlooks the picturesque Monongahela River and boasts 207 well-appointed guest rooms and suites. We offer an abundance of amenities, including luxurious bedding, free high speed WiFi, a beautiful indoor pool, state-of-the-art fitness center, concierge lounge, room service, flat screen HDTVs, and more. The hotel features a full service Starbucks, signature restaurant (Bourbon Prime), and an incredible location near downtown Morgantown, WVU, golf courses, local wineries and other area attractions.

With over 50,000 square feet of modern, flexible meeting and event space, the Waterfront Place is the perfect destination to host the Biochar 2022 conference and workshops. The facility is the recent recipient of Convention South Readers Choice Award Winner 2019 (“Best meeting site in the South”).

Morgantown Marriott at Waterfront Place: The Marriott is providing to Biochar 2022 Conference attendees a nightly room rate of $149.00 (King Bed Standard) plus applicable state and local taxes (12%). The Marriott is also providing the rates the same rates 1 day before the conference and 2 days post conference. There are only 160 rooms at this conference rate. For reservations call the hotel at +1-304-296-1700. To get the discounted rate, use the Event Name: US Biochar Conference. Hotel Address: 2 Waterfront Place, Morgantown, WV 26501, USA Hotel Morgan: 127 High Street, Morgantown, WV 26505. +1-304-292-8200. Less than 1 mile to the Morgantown Marriott at Waterfront Place Conference Center. 12-15 minute walk, 6 minute bike and 3-4 minutes by car. Promo Code: LBWV (Sun-Thurs)$95.00+Tax.

Scholar Hotel Morgantown: 345 Chestnut Street, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA +1-304-777-4100. Less than 1 mile to the Morgantown Marriott at Waterfront Place Conference Center. About a 15 minute walk or 4 minute drive.

Other Hotel Choices

Camping Options

Chestnut Ridge Park

Coopers Rock, WV State Park

RV and Camping in WV

COVID PROTOCOLS

At Biochar 2022, we will provide COVID-19 safety measures such as offering the choice of a colored lanyards to indicate individual comfort level during the event:

CANCELLATIONS/REFUNDS/COVID CLOSURE

No refund will be provided after the end of late registration. Cancellations prior to the end of the late registration will be refunded less an administration fee of 15%. In the event of a COVID closure as defined by the federal, State or WVU, the event will be rescheduled. The registrant will have the option of a refund less an administrative fee of 15% or provided credit for attendance at the rescheduled event. If the event has to be cancelled a refund will be provided less the administrative fee of 15%.

BIOCHAR 2022 CONFERENCE CONTACT:

If you should have any questions, comments or concerns please email info@biochar2022.com

August 08 – 10, 2022

Morgantown Marriott at Waterfront Place
WaterFront Place, Morgantown, West Virginia, US

Speaker Details

Institution

## Letter to the editor: Saratoga Biochar is good for area – The Post-Star

7 May, 2022

Editor:

As a resident of Moreau and as a representative for labor, I fully support the Saratoga Biochar project. Not only will they be creating good-paying jobs with benefits right here in our area which will employ our friends, families and neighbors, but they’ll be producing an environmentally beneficial product. In addition to putting carbon back into the soil and not the atmosphere, their carbon fertilizer is a safe substitute for harmful chemical fertilizers that already pollute our waterways.

Lots of information can be found in their submitted materials which can be found on the town of Moreau’s website.

Saratoga Biochar’s process destroys PFAS, VOCs, pathogens, microplastics and numerous other trace contaminants found in biosolids through thermal oxidation at temperatures exceeding 1,600 degrees F, which also reduces nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. The exhaust goes through multiple scrubbers to remove any remaining particles and compounds, ensuring air emissions are safe. The building will be completely enclosed and under negative pressure, which will eliminate odors.

Current biosolid disposal methods being done in NY include incinerating, burying in landfills and/or applying directly to the land in our region — none of which removes these toxic chemicals from our environment. NY isn’t the only state doing this.

The entire process will also be bound by rules set forth by NYS DEC and the EPA, including third-party monitoring.

Everyone says we should Buy American! Well, if you want to buy American products, those products need to be made here — and Saratoga Biochar will be doing just that.

Bill Austin, Moreau, organizer – Plumbers & Steamfitters UA Local 773

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## Biochar in water and wastewater treatment – a sustainability assessment – Fingerprint

7 May, 2022

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## Bio Char – farm & garden – by owner – sale – Craigslist Santa Maria

7 May, 2022

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## Environmental analysis of producing biochar and energy recovery from pulp and paper mill …

7 May, 2022

In: ISSN 1530-9290, Volume 23, 5, Pages 1039-1051, 2019

Sweden is one of the largest exporters of pulp and paper products in the world. It follows that huge quantities of sludge rich in carbonaceous organic material and containing heavy metals are generated. This paper carried out a comparative environmental analysis of three different technologies, which can be adopted to produce biochar and recover energy from the biosludge, using landfilling as the reference case. These three thermochemical biosludge management systems—using incineration, pyrolysis, and hydrothermal carbonization (HTC)—were modeled using life cycle assessment (LCA). Heat generated in the incineration process (System A) was considered to be for captive consumption within the kraft pulp mills. It was assumed that the biochars—pyrochar and hydrochar—produced from pyrolysis (System B) and HTC (System C), respectively, were added to the forest soils. The LCA results show that all the alternative systems considerably improve the environmental performance of biosludge management, relative to landfilling. For all systems, there are net reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (–0.89, –1.43, and –1.13 tonnes CO2‐equivalent per tonne dry matter biosludge in Systems A, B, and C, respectively). System B resulted in the lowest potential eutrophication and terrestrial ecotoxicity impacts, whereas System C had the least acidification potential. The results of this analysis show that, from an environmental point of view, biochar soil amendment as an alternative method for handling pulp and paper mill biosludge is preferable to energy recovery. However, an optimal biochar system needs to factor in the social and economic contexts as well.

Times Cited: 23

References: [No data available]

Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 6.38

Relative Citation ratio (RCR): [No data available]

[No data available]

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Mendeley:

2019, Unused

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## Biochar Market Emerging Trends, Growth, Revenue by 2029 – ManufactureLink

7 May, 2022

California (United States) –Global Market Vision always provides credible reports. Global Biochar market Growth 2022-2029 is the latest addition by us which makes available useful information about the Biochar market. The report features the recent and upcoming growth trends of this business. The rising opportunities in the industry and related influencing factors which are valuable for the businesses are highlighted in the report. The report involves a collection of information about data about the customers, marketing strategy, competitors. The manufacturing industry is becoming increasingly dynamic and innovative, with more private players enrolling in the industry.

Get a Biochar Market Report Sample Copy @ https://globalmarketvision.com/sample_request/4584

The segmentation chapters enable readers to understand aspects of the market such as its products, available technology and applications. These chapters are written to describe their development over the years and the course they are likely to take in the coming years. The research report also provides detailed information on new trends that may define the development of these segments in the coming years.

The top most players with the entire requirement cover in this report:

Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels, Carbon Gold, Kina, Swiss Biochar GmbH, BlackCarbon, Carbon Terra, Sonnenerde, Biokol, ECOSUS, Verora GmbH.

Market Segmentation:

Based on the type, the market is segmented into

Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar

Based on the application, the market is segregated into

Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others,

Global Biochar Market: Regional Segments

The different section on regional segmentation gives the regional aspects of the worldwide Biochar market. This chapter describes the regulatory structure that is likely to impact the complete market. It highlights the political landscape in the market and predicts its influence on the Biochar market globally.

The report provides an in-depth analysis of production cost, market segmentation, end-use applications, and industry chain analysis. The report provides CAGR, value, volume, revenue, and other key factors related to the global Biochar market. Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures are also analysed. This report additionally states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins. All the findings and data have been gathered through extensive primary and secondary research and are validated by industry experts and research analysts. The study also contains data regarding producers and distributors, downstream buyers, and the cost structure of manufacturing the global Biochar market.

The following aspects are given with full analysis from the Biochar market research reports:

Production Analysis – The beginning of this Biochar is examined based on the most important countries, types, and applications. The pricing analysis of various Biochar market main players will be completely covered in this study.

Profit and Sales Analysis – Earnings and sales for key components of the international Biochar market are validated. Another important factor, price, which has a significant impact on sales growth, can be evaluated in this section for many regions.

Segments and Benefits — Continuing with the profits theme, this paper examines the design and ingestion of its Biochar market. The differences between usage and supply, export and import data are also highlighted in this research.

Many global Biochar industry – leading players have been evaluated in this area based on their company profile, product portfolio, ability, pricing, cost, and revenue.

Other Analysis – In addition to the foregoing data, demand, and supply analysis for the Biochar economy, contact information for significant producers, suppliers, and consumers can be assigned.

Global Biochar Market Research Report 2022 – 2029

Chapter 1 Biochar Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Biochar Market Forecast

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report at a customized price.

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## Introduction to Amendment Improves (修正改进) | 学术写作例句词典

7 May, 2022

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## Biochar 2022 Latest Trends | Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd …

7 May, 2022

The global Biochar Market business trends, enduser, locations, and forms related along using solutions. This comprehensive Biochar data generates the procedure for strategic planning easy and assist with producing leading small business options. An ideal demonstration of the current little business expansions, additionally Biochar technological improvements supply the client free hands to enlarge their tailor-made products and approaches to update the service supplies.

Additionally, the supplies ideal little company options to the market. The Biochar report highlights the contemporary trends, improvements, demanding little business opportunities, along with other essential information of the net wide Biochar marketplace. Requirement ratio as well as the development of innovative technologies are a few the essential elements that’s frequently discussed in the net Biochar marketplace listing.

Free Sample Report + All Related Graphs & Charts @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=SujaT07

Leading players of Biochar Market including:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

The World Biochar marketplace study begins from the simple info and accelerates to various significant details. The next part addresses the competitive landscape at the Biochar marketplace based on earnings and growth speed. Additionally, Biochar market forms, software and cost analyzes are clarified. Additionally, the Biochar market stocks and also the evaluation of the distribution chain in addition to the business profiles are clarified. It features trading and globalization with Biochar providers and clients.

The detailed study of all the crucial aspects of the Biochar market is included in the market report such as market share, production, regions, key players, etc. The comprehensive analysis of potential customer base, market values and future scope is included in the global Biochar market report. A competitive analysis of the Biochar industry and main product segments of the market is given in the study. The research report provides an in-depth study of market dynamics with the help of several charts, tables, graphs, etc. to offer users with better presentation of the data. The Biochar market report takes a detailed note on the major industrial events in past years. These events include several operational business decisions, innovations, mergers, collaborations, major investments, etc. The research report provides a 360 degree view of global Biochar market.

The research report includes the information on all the strategic developments that have been made in the Biochar sector over the years. The Biochar market research report offers an insightful data on the investment or growth opportunities in the Biochar industry. The research report on global Biochar market covers a full documentation of study of all the segments of the market. Along with that the research report on the global market holds all the vital information regarding the latest technologies and trends being adopted or followed by the vendors across the globe. The growth of the Biochar industry is associated with the adoption of these trends and tools. The research report is complete guide to understand all the vital aspects related to Biochar market for the new entrants in the global Biochar market.

Biochar market Segmentation by Type:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Biochar market Segmentation by Application:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

Highlights of the global Biochar market report:

1. The Biochar market research report provides statistical analysis via graphs, figures and pie charts indication the market dynamics and growth trends in the past and in future.
2. The report also shares current market status, drivers and restrains, granular assessment of the industry segments such as sales, marketing and production along with data provided from producers, retailers and vendors.
3. The Biochar report also includes the analysis of top players in the market and their market status, revenues and changing strategies.
4. Leading players turning towards trending products for new product development and changing sales and marketing strategies due to the impact of COVID-19 are shared in the global Biochar market report.
5. The Biochar market report offers product segmentation and applications including the wide range of product services and major influential factors for expansion of the industry.
6. Along with this, regional segmentation is also provided in the Biochar market report identifying the dominating regions.

* Analysing the outlook of the Biochar market with the recent trends and Porter’s five forces analysis
* To study current and future market outlook in the developed and emerging markets
* Market dynamics scenario, along with growth opportunities of the market in the years to come
* Market segmentation analysis including qualitative and quantitative research incorporating the impact of economic and non-economic aspects
* Regional and country level analysis integrating the demand and supply forces that are influencing the growth of the market.
* Market value (USD Million) and volume (Units Million) data for each segment and sub-segment
* Distribution Channel Sales Analysis by Value
* Competitive landscape involving the market share of major players, along with the new product launch and strategies adopted by players in the past five years
* Comprehensive company profiles covering the product offerings, key financial information, recent developments, SWOT analysis, and strategy employed by the major market players

Table of Content:

1 Scope of the Report
1.1 Market Introduction
1.2 Research Objectives
1.3 Years Considered
1.4 Market Research Methodology
1.5 Economic Indicators
1.6 Currency Considered
2 Executive Summary
3 Global Biochar by Players
4 Biochar by Regions
4.1 Biochar Market Size by Regions
4.2 Americas Biochar Market Size Growth
4.3 APAC Biochar Market Size Growth
4.4 Europe Biochar Market Size Growth
4.5 Middle East & Africa Biochar Market Size Growth
5 Americas
6 APAC
7 Europe
8 Middle East & Africa
9 Market Drivers, Challenges and Trends
9.1 Market Drivers and Impact
9.1.1 Growing Demand from Key Regions
9.1.2 Growing Demand from Key Applications and Potential Industries
9.2 Market Challenges and Impact
9.3 Market Trends
10 Global Biochar Market Forecast
11 Key Players Analysis
12 Research Findings and Conclusion

Adroit Market Research is an India-based business analytics and consulting company. Our target audience is a wide range of corporations, manufacturing companies, product/technology development institutions and industry associations that require understanding of a market’s size, key trends, participants and future outlook of an industry. We intend to become our clients’ knowledge partner and provide them with valuable market insights to help create opportunities that increase their revenues. We follow a code– Explore, Learn and Transform. At our core, we are curious people who love to identify and understand industry patterns, create an insightful study around our findings and churn out money-making roadmaps.

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## Morphological Control of Biochar with Emerging Functionalities by … – ACS Publications

7 May, 2022

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## Caz Austen on Twitter: "They are creating biochar from #invasivespecies Rhododendron ponticum …

7 May, 2022

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## Solved Question 3. What is biocapacitors? Illustrate the | Chegg.com

7 May, 2022

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## emissions, iron fertilization, biochar, CO2, emissionbon, cars, pH, carbonates | Target Batch

7 May, 2022

Methods of carbon storage include: -Reducing carbon _________ -______________ of the oceans (increases growth of algae and phytoplankton) -_________ (creating charcoal with waste biomass and burying it in the ground) -Injecting _____ into expired oil or gas wells or injecting it into the deep ocean -Removing it from __________ -Add basic substances to the ocean to increase ____ and allow dissolving of ________ -Chemically combining it with metals to form ____________, which can be put in the ocean

## Boosting active sites of protogenetic sludge-based biochar by boron doping for electro … – X-MOL

8 May, 2022

There has been extensive research on biochar materials in the field of adsorption, catalysis, etc. Hereon, we reported a gentle synthesis of electrode by abundant biomass of municipal sludge and cheap precursor of boric acid as carbon source and boron source. Experimental results demonstrated that a small amount of boron doping had a profound impact on the elemental composition and active sites of sludge-based biochar significantly, resulting the improvement EF activity for sulfamerazine (SMR) removal. Under the optimal reaction conditions, including initial pH, added divalent iron, applied current and air flow, 95.12% of SMR could be removed in 180 min in EF system. It was confirmed that hydroxyl radical (·OH) and superoxide radical (·O2) were the primary active substances for SMR degradation. The effect experiments of various ions, types of wastewater and pollutants were carried out and the stability experiments were conducted for eight cycles without significant efficiency loss, which proved the exceptional applicability and reusability of the gained boron doped sludge-based biochar electrode BSBC-E. These functions of boron-doped sludge-based biochar cathode could be a promising material for emerging organic contaminants remediation.

## loaded biochar as an efficient heterogeneous Fenton catalyst for organic pollutants removal

8 May, 2022

Diwei Chen, Zhiyan Zheng, Feiji Zhang, Rufu Ke, Nan Sun, Yonghao Wang, Yongjing Wang; Fe@Fe2O3-loaded biochar as an efficient heterogeneous Fenton catalyst for organic pollutants removal. Water Sci Technol 2022; wst2022152. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2022.152

With increased demand for various chemical raw materials, sudden pollution incidents are more prone to occur during their transportation and usage, threatening the environment and human health. In this study, discarded tea stalks were recycled into composite materials (FSC-X00: X represents the calcination temperature) by impregnating tea stalks in Fe2+ solution combined with subsequent calcination. X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) patterns verified the existence of Fe0 and Fe2O3, and Fe2O3 was gradually reduced to Fe0 when the calcination temperature was raised from 700 °C to 900 °C. FSC-X00 was adopted as a heterogeneous catalyst for activating H2O2 to quickly degrade phenol in water system. The degradation experiments indicated that FSC-600 exhibited superior degradation performance for phenol (20 mg/L) within 5 min and 80% total organic carbon (TOC) removal rate at pH = 3 within 30 min. The effects of the calcination temperature, the pH value and the amount of H2O2 on the degradation efficiency were investigated. Competing experiments showed that fulvic acid (FA) and inorganic salts Na+ had little effect on the degradation performance. The FSC-600 catalyst can be reused by thermal reduction. In addition, it was found that FSC-600 has a good degradation effect on ciprofloxacin (CIP), norfloxacin (NOR) and enrofloxacin (ENR), indicating that FSC-600 catalysts are a promising candidate for quick degradation of organic pollutants by Fenton reaction. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra analysis indicated that •OH is the dominant reactive oxygen species (ROS) and part 1O2 from O2 also participated in the degradation. This study provides an example of creating catalysts from organic solid waste for use in emergency treatment for phenol.

• Fe@Fe2O3-loaded biochar (FSC-600) was prepared by waste tea stalks and FeSO4 combined with calcinations.

• FSC-600-H2O2 exhibited superior degradation performance for phenol, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin and enrofloxacin in a short period.

• Mechanism analysis indicates that •OH is dominate ROS and little 1O2 from O2 also participated the degradation.

Fe@Fe2O3-loaded biochar (FSC-600) was prepared by waste tea stalks and FeSO4 combined with calcinations.

FSC-600-H2O2 exhibited superior degradation performance for phenol, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin and enrofloxacin in a short period.

Mechanism analysis indicates that •OH is dominate ROS and little 1O2 from O2 also participated the degradation.

Impact Factor        1.915

CiteScore        3.3    Q2

13 days submission to first

decision

## Black gold for the backyard – crowdpulp

8 May, 2022

It feels counterintuitive, however some charred stays could be the most effective factor for our gardens.

I maintain coming throughout articles about biochar in books and magazines. At first it appeared an odd factor to be getting enthusiastic about, however the extra I be taught, the extra helpful it appears.

Biochar is charcoal, which you bury in your backyard soil or sprinkle in your farm … however why?

Archaeologists have found soils within the Amazon which might be 2m deep, black, tremendous fertile and with a close to impartial pH, however which have been used for rising crops constantly for a few thousand years. Normally within the Amazon the soil could be acid, and leached of vitamins by the excessive rainfall, however not right here. What had been occurring, was people had been burying charcoal, the pyrolysed stays of bones, wooden and plant waste within the soil. That is now referred to as biochar.

Biochar has a very excessive porosity; it might probably maintain water and could be an actual bonus in drought inclined areas because it reduces the necessity for irrigation.

The porosity can be a cheerful place for microbes, that migrate into the biochar and get on with their job of metabolising vitamins, making the soil extra fertile with out the necessity for added fertiliser.

Biochar additionally helps maintain the soil pH extra impartial, lowering the necessity to add lime.

It sounded so helpful I believed I had higher have a go at making some biochar utilizing a technique I discovered in a life-style block journal. What must occur is burning carbon within the absence of oxygen. The tiny scale methodology is to take two tin cans. Crimp the sting of 1 can with a twisting movement, utilizing a pair of long-nose pliers. Snipping the sides of the can with tin snips labored, too, however the sharp edges had been a bit dodgy. The intention is to have the ability to push the 2 cans collectively.

In a single experiment, I tightly stuffed the crimped can with dried prunings reduce a bit shorter than the size of two cans. Then I jammed the opposite can firmly on to the primary, like a lid.

One other experiment was to fill the 2 cans many of the method up with nut shells then push the 2 collectively.

As a winter night attracts to an in depth, and the hearth within the wooden burner begins to exit, I toss these tin can tubes into the embers. The following morning the cans are opened to disclose mild weight, brittle black biochar that clinks when rattled.

If I tipped this charcoal straight within the backyard all my backyard microbes would migrate into their thrilling new dwelling and cut back the fertility of the backyard for as much as a yr, so one other step is required. “Pre-charging” the biochar entails soaking it in wealthy compost tea, or worm wee, or placing it within the compost heap. It will also be tossed in amongst animal bedding, resembling straw within the chook home. As soon as it’s charged with vitamins you’ll be able to sprinkle it on prime of pasture the place the worms will do the job of working it into the soil, or combine it into the soil when planting bushes or vegetable seedlings.

As a result of the carbon in biochar is pyrolysed it takes a really very long time to interrupt down (as much as 1000 years), it’s an effective way to sequester carbon, which often rots and returns carbon to the environment.

Think about all these thousands and thousands of tons of forestry slash being pyrolysed into biochar and used on an enormous scale to cut back our agricultural inputs, whereas additionally lowering our nationwide carbon footprint.

I’ve a basket of cans beside the hearth, so I can throw a couple of in each night this winter and slowly flip our backyard waste into black gold.

This topic is far greater than I can clarify on this quick article so listed here are some hyperlinks to web sites that may clarify the science higher than I can.

soilcarbon.org.nz/biochar-what-is-it-and-why-does-it-matter

www.slowfarm.co.nz/providers/biochar

Hilary Rowley is a frugal, foraging foodie from Waitati. Every week on this column, one in every of a panel of writers addresses problems with sustainability.

## Biochar Concrete – BlogMech

8 May, 2022

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## Black gold for the garden | Otago Daily Times Online News

8 May, 2022

Plus

You are not permitted to download, save or email this image. Visit image gallery to purchase the image.

It feels counterintuitive, but some charred remains might be the best thing for our gardens, writes Hilary Rowley.

I keep coming across articles about biochar in books and magazines. At first it seemed an odd thing to be getting excited about, but the more I learn, the more useful it seems.

Biochar is charcoal, which you bury in your garden soil or sprinkle on your farm … but why?

Archaeologists have discovered soils in the Amazon that are 2m deep, black, super fertile and with a near neutral pH, but which have been used for growing crops continuously for a couple of thousand years. Usually in the Amazon the soil would be acid, and leached of nutrients by the high rainfall, but not here. What had been happening, was humans had been burying charcoal, the pyrolysed remains of bones, wood and plant waste in the soil. This is now called biochar.

Biochar has a really high porosity; it can hold water and would be a real bonus in drought prone areas as it reduces the need for irrigation.

The porosity is also a happy place for microbes, that migrate into the biochar and get on with their job of metabolising nutrients, making the soil more fertile without the need for additional fertiliser.

Biochar also helps keep the soil pH more neutral, reducing the need to add lime.

It sounded so useful I thought I had better have a go at making some biochar using a method I found in a lifestyle block magazine. What needs to happen is burning carbon in the absence of oxygen. The tiny scale method is to take two tin cans. Crimp the edge of one can with a twisting motion, using a pair of long-nose pliers. Snipping the edges of the can with tin snips worked, too, but the sharp edges were a bit dodgy. The aim is to be able to push the two cans together.

In one experiment, I tightly filled the crimped can with dried prunings cut a bit shorter than the length of two cans. Then I jammed the other can firmly on to the first, like a lid.

Another experiment was to fill the two cans most of the way up with nut shells then push the two together.

As a winter evening draws to a close, and the fire in the wood burner starts to go out, I toss these tin can tubes into the embers. The next morning the cans are opened to reveal light weight, brittle black biochar that clinks when rattled.

If I tipped this charcoal straight in the garden all my garden microbes would migrate into their exciting new home and reduce the fertility of the garden for up to a year, so another step is required. “Pre-charging” the biochar involves soaking it in rich compost tea, or worm wee, or putting it in the compost heap. It can also be tossed in among animal bedding, such as straw in the chook house. Once it is charged with nutrients you can sprinkle it on top of pasture where the worms will do the job of working it into the soil, or mix it into the soil when planting trees or vegetable seedlings.

Because the carbon in biochar is pyrolysed it takes a very long time to break down (up to 1000 years), it is a great way to sequester carbon, which usually rots and returns carbon to the atmosphere.

Imagine all those millions of tonnes of forestry slash being pyrolysed into biochar and used on a huge scale to reduce our agricultural inputs, while also reducing our national carbon footprint.

I have a basket of cans beside the fire, so I can throw a few in every evening this winter and slowly turn our garden waste into black gold.

This subject is much bigger than I can explain in this short article so here are some links to websites that will explain the science better than I can.

soilcarbon.org.nz/biochar-what-is-it-and-why-does-it-matter

www.slowfarm.co.nz/services/biochar

Hilary Rowley is a frugal, foraging foodie from Waitati. Each week in this column, one of a panel of writers addresses issues of sustainability.

We are the South’s eyes and ears in crucial council meetings, at court hearings, on the sidelines of sporting events and on the frontline of breaking news.

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We employ local journalists and photographers to tell your stories, as other outlets cut local coverage in favour of stories told out of Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch.

You can help us continue to bring you local news you can trust by becoming a supporter.

## Biochar reactors, kilns and retorts for sale in Auckland, NZ | Char Bro Limited

8 May, 2022

Also known as biochar reactors or biochar burners, there are many ways to make biochar.

We’ve collected some of the best options here for you to make biochar from your spare biomass.

Like the biochar kiln featured on Country Calendar on 17th October 2021, but better

Our biochar kilns we sell are handmade with love and lots of effort in West Auckland… so you don’t have to 🙂

Made to order – enquire here

Char Bro Limited
Phone: +64 (0)21 101 8228

Made with love in West Auckland, New Zealand

We accept direct credit and online payment from credit and debit cards

## Md. Aminur Rahman on Twitter: "Transformation of Antimonate at the Biochar–Solution Interface …

8 May, 2022

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## 81: Colum Title 0 Soil 1 2 3 4 Description Raw soil | Chegg.com

8 May, 2022

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Reference ID: #b0655cd0-cf5c-11ec-9c40-714648556269

## Adsorption of Cd in Solution By Different Modified Biochar – CNKI – 中国知网

8 May, 2022

10.13304/j.nykjdb.2016.059

(D) Agriculture; (B) Chemistry/ Metallurgy/ Environment/ Mine Industry

Organic Chemical Industry; Environment Science and Resources Utilization

X52;TQ424

Scan QR Codes

“Mobile CNKI-CNKI Express” App

Oper“CNKI Express”

and click the scan icon in the upper left corner of the homepage.

Scan QR Codes

8 May, 2022

## Numerical study on pulverized biochar injection in blast furnace – Fingerprint – Kyushu University

8 May, 2022

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8 May, 2022

Publish Date
03 May 2018

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8 May, 2022

## Biochar enhanced the performance of microalgae/bacteria consortium for insecticides …

8 May, 2022

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## Aging features of metal(loid)s in biochar-amended soil: Effects of biochar type and aging method

9 May, 2022

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9 May, 2022

The Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) has announced $924,784 for BlueScope Steel to investigate options to decarbonise operations at the Port Kembla Steelworks (PKSW) in New South Wales. Future Fuels CRC will support the study by providing technical input and review activities and by leveraging its broader knowledge base of technical, commercial, market barriers and opportunities for future fuels, including hydrogen and biogases. Bluescope is partnering with the University of Wollongong to assist in delivering the project by provide expertise in process modelling, steelmaking technologies and pneumatic conveying of raw materials. The Port Kembla Steelworks Renewables and Emissions Reduction Study will consider the technical and economic feasibility of several decarbonisation options for the plant. This initial project will explore two main pathways to lowering emissions at Port Kembla: Smart Carbon Usage and Direct Carbon Avoidance. The project is expected to be completed in 13 months. Smart Carbon Usage refers to opportunities to substitute coal with renewable carbon sources in the steel production process. The project includes a series of plant trials where BlueScope will investigate the potential to partially replace coal that is injection into the blast furnace with renewable biochar. Direct Carbon Avoidance refers to longer term opportunities to decarbonise steelmaking, including through the utilisation of renewable hydrogen in combination with a Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) process. Editorial Editor Molly Hancock Molly.hancock@primecreative.com.au Journalist Gabrielle O’Hagan Advertising nick.lovering@primecreative.com.au 11-15 Buckhurst Street South Melbourne Victoria 3205 Australia ## 55 uses of biochar – Permies.com 9 May, 2022 Check out Redhawk’s soil series: https://permies.com/wiki/redhawk-soil A build too cool to miss:Mike’s GreenhouseA great example:Joseph’s Garden All the soil info you’ll ever need: Redhawk’s excellent soil-building series ## GPRC Share Price Target – Biochar Now Inc OTCCE USA Chart Analysis – Bazaartrend 9 May, 2022 ## Newsletter Archive – ANZBIG 9 May, 2022 Get notified of events, news and projects ## Herb Garden – Carbon Gold 9 May, 2022 ## Bioeconomy Institute Team Wins$1M From XPRIZE For Biochar Tech – Carbon Herald

9 May, 2022

A research team from Iowa State University is one of the XPRIZE $1 million award receivers announced on April 22nd. The Bioeconomy Institute Carbon Removal Team has developed a demonstration-scale pyrolyzer that sequesters carbon dioxide via biochar. The system also produces bio-oil as a by-product that can replace diesel fuel. According to leading experts from the Iowa State University’s Bioeconomy Institute – Robert Brown – distinguished professor in Engineering, and the Gary and Donna Hoover, chair in Mechanical Engineering and co-director of Iowa State’s Bioeconomy Institute, the XPRIZE prize validates the research team’s approach to carbon sequestration called pyrolysis. Pyrolysis involves heating biomass in the absence of oxygen which produces a carbon-rich material known as biochar – a form of charcoal. The idea is for the CO2 to be stored in a solid form rather than risking it being released into the atmosphere. Biomass stores CO2 while vegetation is growing but when it decays or is burned for energy, it releases the same amount of carbon dioxide that it has sequestered naturally during its lifetime. The biochar is storing the CO2 providing a tool to keep away carbon from being released into the atmosphere. Biochar is then added to the soil where it is supposed to stay there for centuries to millennia. It also improves soil health and crop yield which further increases the carbon storage potential of soil naturally and it can replace fertilizers. The bio-oil produced from the process could also be refined into renewable diesel fuel or bio-asphalt which is a renewable substitute for petroleum-based asphalt. The Bioeconomy Institute Carbon Removal Team currently has two pyrolyzers – a lab-scale unit installed on campus in the Biorenewables Research Laboratory and a larger pilot-scale unit at the BioCentury Research Farm outside Ames. The team has also partnerships with Stine Seed Company – the largest independent seed company in the US and Frontline Bioenergy – renewable products company, to build a demonstration-scale pyrolyzer near Redfield, Iowa, northwest of Des Moines. The new pyrolyzer is slated to come online this summer and will be capable of capturing and storing the equivalent of over 1,000 tons of carbon dioxide a year. The process also requires heating to produce the biochar. However, the team innovated and made it self-heating which improves its cost-effectiveness and environmental performance. According to the researchers, the “auto-thermal pyrolyzer” works by pumping a small amount of air into the reactor, which causes some of the products of pyrolysis to partially oxidize and give off heat. The carbon removal team plans to run for the larger award from XPRIZE of up to$50 million that will be determined in 2025. It aims its invention to combat climate change by showing biochar as an effective means of storing carbon in the soil and thus keeping it away from the air.

## Why Automated Biochar Production Equipment Is So Well Liked – Brazil – Agricial.com

9 May, 2022

Also called charcoal, biochar is a natural byproduct of the pyrolysis process. When organic material is converted, through extreme heat into charcoal, this is achieved by making use of biochar production equipment. This can come in various sizes. You are able to purchase a whole plant if you would like. Overall, it’s a wonderful way to utilize materials that you might be getting rid of each year. Instead, it will be easy to transform this into burnable fuel which can be used and then sell on. If you would like the top biochar production equipment to generate charcoal and bio oil, this is tips on how to look for the best machines.

Biochar Machines Or Plants?

There can be a debate about what scale of pyrolysis plant you need to invest in. As an example, biochar machines are really loved by small to medium size companies. This determination may also be produced by looking at just how much access you will need to materials that you can use. In case you have a large amount of material, it’s smart to buy a biochar machine that may handle an excessive quantity of volume.

Where You Can Obtain Pyrolysis Plants And Machines

The businesses that you locate on the net might not necessarily be near by. You might want to order these machines coming from a company a huge number of miles away. What you must assess may be the viability of the company, is reputation, and the caliber of the machines that they are producing. In the same way, should you be investing in a pyrolysis plant, you should consider there output, size, and exactly how much it is going to cost to use them. You can obtain these from countries like China that are known for producing some of the best units on the planet. Additionally, countries for example India, and in many cases the Philippines, are great sources for such industrial machines. More information on charcoal making machine for sale here.

Could It Be Useful To Own One?

If you have a substantial amount of this product available, you should consider getting an exceptionally large and robust pyrolysis plant. If you can produce a great deal of this product, it’s likely to be very simple to recoup your time and money you are making into one. Alternatively, in case you have a tiny amount of biodegradable material, as well as plastic and rubber, you may convert this into charcoal and biofuel. It might be very advantageous to obtain one if you absolutely have usage of these appliances that may produce charcoal.

Fully automated biochar production devices are relatively readily available. You may not realize the amount of businesses on earth are producing them on an annual basis. The actual size of the machines, and where these are located, will assist factor to your final choice. Never forget the price of shipping as well as other fees you will probably have to cover, to get it sent to your facility. Once fully operational, you can utilize all of these disposable materials, creating all of the charcoal and bio-oil that you will need. It’s a wonderful way to preserve environmental surroundings, and simultaneously, cash in on your efforts as you may convert this material to burnable fuel on a daily basis. Overall, this sawdust charcoal making machine is simply popular since they can help your organization recycle materials and also create a profit.

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9 May, 2022

Jessica Kouvo

Episodes: 3

## Meaning of biochar – Scrabble and Words With Friends: Valid or not, and Points – WinEveryGame

9 May, 2022

### Words With Friends Score: 15

biochar is a valid Words With Friends word

if( (window.canMakeWords !== true) || (window.canMakeWords2 !== true)) { document.getElementById(“plead”).innerHTML = Perhaps you may be blocking Ads on WinEveryGame.

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## Barnoldswick's Ouzledale Foundry creates carbon-friendly stove | Craven Herald

9 May, 2022

As a subscriber, you are shown 80% less display advertising when reading our articles.

Those ads you do see are predominantly from local businesses promoting local services.

These adverts enable local businesses to get in front of their target audience – the local community.

The Tawi outdoor stove from ESSE, has four specialised cooking surfaces and steals carbon out of the carbon cycle. This simple and efficient woodburner runs on just a handful of dry twigs and is ready to cook almost as soon as it’s lit. .

Created in partnership with Graeme Boyd-Moss of CarbonFarmers.World, the unique design of the Tawi means it offsets its own carbon footprint. Instead of releasing clouds of woodsmoke into the air, it produces clean-burning wood gas, and biochar as a byproduct. As well as being a long-term carbon store, biochar can be used for a variety of useful purposes such as enriching your soil and eliminating household odours.

ESSE sales director Mark Blewitt said: “Since 1854, ESSE has been known for efficient cookers and stoves hand-built in the UK. Over the years, ESSE’s clean-burning stoves have been recognised with a string of British patents reflecting our commitment to the environment and high-quality product performance. The Tawi sits well within the ESSE family and we’re proud to have partnered with CarbonFarmers.World on it. This outdoor cook stove combines multiple benefits without compromise: it will suit foodies and adventurous chefs equally.

The Tawi cook stove retails from £195 and dimensions are: 37cm x 54cm x 70cm. More details at esse.com

## Haffner Energy Announces Appointment of Alban Reboul Salze as Chief Operating Officer

9 May, 2022

VITRY-LE-FRANÇOIS, France, May 09, 2022–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Regulatory News:

Haffner Energy, leading player in the energy transition, is strengthening its organization to accelerate its development in the production of green hydrogen and renewable gases based on its innovative biomass thermolysis technology.

Alban Reboul Salze has been appointed Chief Operating Officer and will have as his main mission to support Haffner Energy's industrial deployment in France and internationally. In this newly created and strategic position, Alban Reboul Salze will oversee the industrial management headed by Frédéric Aubert, the design office, and the implementation and operation of projects. He is a member of the Executive Committee, chaired by Philippe Haffner, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, assisted by his brother, Marc, co-founder of the company and Deputy Chief Executive Officer in charge of technology and Research & Development.

An engineering graduate from the prestigious École Polytechnique, Alban Reboul Salze acquired a solid professional experience within the company TotalEnergies; for 20 years, he held various responsibilities in France and internationally in the direction and operational management of industrial and energy projects, business development and more recently in the direction of the digital twin program for the industrial sites of the Company.

The arrival of Alban Reboul Salze is fully in line with the dynamic of transformation and strong growth which the company has been engaging since its listing on the Euronext Growth® market in February 2022. This new organization will support the industrialization strategy of the Hynoca® technology in Europe, North America and Southeast Asia, with a view to achieving the company's ambitious commercial and financial objectives.

A family company co-founded and co-managed by Marc and Philippe Haffner and a player in the energy transition for 28 years, Haffner Energy designs and provides technologies and services enabling its customers to produce green hydrogen, renewable gas replacing natural gas combined with carbon capture through the co-production of biochar through its Hynoca® process, by thermolysis of biomass. This process allows the production of hydrogen or renewable gas at highly competitive cost, is carbon negative of 12 kg (net) of CO2 per kg of hydrogen produced, while depending very little on the electricity grid and the cost of electricity. This enables Haffner Energy to make a very rapid and agile contribution to the strategic challenges of Europe's energy independence combined with the acceleration of its decarbonization.

Contacts

Investor Relations, Haffner Energy

Media Relations, New Cap
Nicolas Merigeau
haffner@newcap.eu
Tel : +33 (0)1 44 71 94 98

## HERO Blend 1 cu. ft. Biochar Organic Garden Compost with Mycorrhizal Fungi – Trinidad and Tobago

9 May, 2022

Take upto 15% OFF on your first purchase.

## Historic Method Has Reappeared In Present Day Gardens – Reading Eagle – Hands On Hydroponics

9 May, 2022

What particular gardening procedure was utilized 7,000 years ago in the Amazon jungle but only just lately has reappeared in modern day gardening?

The respond to is biochar, which is a certain sort of carbon applied as a long term soil modification to give astounding positive aspects to bad soil. In the generally infertile central Amazon River Basin, “highly sustainable fertile soils acknowledged as terra preta come about in patches. The soils there have on common a few moments larger natural and organic make any difference material, larger nutrient ranges and a much better nutrient retention ability than surrounding infertile soils,” according to Bruno Glaser in “Philosophical Transactions.”

Whilst the specific historical mechanisms look to have been missing, the large carbon content presents us a clue that those soils had been taken care of with carbon that was shaped by slow pyrolysis, or burning wood in a confined air natural environment. This drives out the oils and drinking water and leaves a composition of pure carbon loaded with open up air spaces that are repositories for vitamins, air and soil microbes. Humidity sticks to the partitions and offers h2o and nutrition back again to the soil like a sponge. Modern day screening demonstrates that ordinary charcoal does not have the similar consequences.

It’s not plenty of to just dump dry biochar on to your backyard mattress. In buy to make the biochar all set for use in our gardens, it need to be energized or billed. This inoculation is quick. Combine the biochar, drinking water, compost, soil or other resources of microbes this sort of as worm castings in a bucket, increase drinking water and let it sit for two weeks.

The addition of compost acts to buffer the increased pH of the biochar. To utilize, dig out 3 to 6 inches of your backyard garden mattress where your plants’ roots will finally grow, distribute out the biochar, refill the bed and blend it into the soil. The simple recipe phone calls for 2 cups of biochar (or ½ to 1 pound) for every one sq. foot of bed to be dealt with.

The finest section is that the gardener only needs to add biochar at the time for the reason that it is a everlasting soil amendment. Because of its complex pore framework, it lends gains for decades with its infusion of microbes, which proceed to mature within just the soil. The biochar proceeds to support your crops by releasing vitamins and minerals and h2o. It enhances the soil composition, lessening compaction and increasing oxygen stages in the soil.

The base line is that biochar reveals the most extraordinary final results on bad soil, wherever the mixture acts as a catalyst to strengthen the total well being and vitality of the soil and plants. It is unquestionably well worth a consider as a lo-tech, sustainable fertilizer for lengthy-term reward in your yard.

Tina Ehrig is a Penn Point out Extension Master Gardener volunteer.

Ah, Might, time for individuals horrible noticed lanternflies to appear to existence. Just after hatching and right before reaching adulthood, noticed lanternflies go as a result of 4 nymph stages. The nymphs are compact (1/4 to ½ inch) and can be really hard to find. The initially a few stages or instars are all black with white spots. The very last instar is pink with white dots and black stripes. Adult SLF emerge in July and are active until eventually wintertime.

In get to preserve birds and compact mammals from becoming caught on unprotected sticky bands, circle traps are remaining proposed. Employing a mesh cloth, the traps encircle the tree and funnel the spotted lanternflies into a bag or container. For the do-it-yourselfer, there are instructions on how to construct your individual entice at https://extension.psu.edu/how-to-build-a-new-style-noticed-lanternfly-circle-trap  To acquire a completed traps, call https://www.greatlakesipm.com/monitoring/traps/12/1/2/

Even however the Southeastern region of Pennsylvania has been below quarantine for several a long time, sightings of noticed lanternfly at any daily life phase should be claimed to https://extension.psu.edu/have-you-noticed-a-noticed-lanternfly

For all the present information and facts relating to Spotted Lanternfly, link with the Penn State extension web site at https://extension.psu.edu/spotted-lanternfly-management-tutorial.

The Berks County Penn Condition Learn Gardeners are out there to respond to all your gardening concerns through the Yard Hotline at berksmg@psu.edu. Or call the Extension Office at 610-378-1327. Walk-ins welcome.

## Biochar Market 2022 By Top Trends, Opportunities & Forecasts To 2028 – GroundAlerts.com

9 May, 2022

The report titled ‘Global Biochar Market Research Report’ is based on the comprehensive analysis undertaken by the analysts and contains thorough insights about the global market sphere. Detailed study of the business landscape, alongside the essential parameters shaping the commercialization matrix of the market is included.

An in-depth qualitative and quantitative research of the global market has been undertaken in this report. The study reckons various important aspects of the market by focusing on the historical and forecast data. Information pertaining to SWOT analysis as well as Porter’s five force model, alongside the PESTEL analysis has been encompassed in the report.

The research documentation on the Biochar market elucidates details about the drivers and constraints, regional growth opportunities, market size, along with competitive spectrum, prominent contenders in the market, and segmental analysis.

The report aims to enumerate several data and updates related to the global market while elaborating on varied growth opportunities that are presumed to bolster the market growth with appreciable rate over the forecast period. An insightful overview of the Biochar market, alongside the well-summarized market definition and detailed industry scenario are presented in the report.

An exhaustive summary revolves around the market dynamics. The segment is inclusive of information with regards to the drivers propelling the market growth, restraining parameters, growth opportunities existing in the industry, and numerous trends defining the global market. In addition, data on pricing models as well as value chain analysis are included in the report. Anticipated growth of the market over the analysis timeline based on the historic estimates and figures has also been incorporated in the study.

The Biochar market report entails details regarding the expected CAGR registered by the industry during the study period. Also, an array of technological advancements and innovations that will favor the industry outlook over the estimated period are also enlisted in the report.

Top Companies

Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Full Circle Biochar, Diacarbon Energy Inc., Green-Charcoal International, Genesis Industries, Pacific Pyrolysis Pty Ltd., Vega Biofuels Inc., and Biochar Products Inc.

The regional segmentation covers

North America, U.S., Canada, Europe, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Russia, Bulgaria, Asia Pacific, China, India, Japan, Australia, Malaysia, South Korea, Indonesia, Latin America, Brazil, Mexico, Middle East & Africa, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait

Request for customization @ https://www.decresearch.com/roc/3484

What are the key takeaways of this report?

A graduate in Electronics Engineering, Ronak writes for Technology Magazine and carries a rich experience in digital marketing, exploring how the online world works from a technical and marketing perspective. His other areas of interest include reading, music, and spo…

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## 13 C methodologies for quantifying biochar stability in soil: A critique

9 May, 2022

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## Biochar Market Size, Share, Industry Growth, Analysis 2021-2026 – ManufactureLink

10 May, 2022

According to the latest report by IMARC Group titled, “Biochar Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026”, The global biochar market exhibited strong growth during 2015-2020. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the market to grow at a CAGR of around 10% during 2021-2026.

Biochar refers to a type of carbon-rich charcoal that is produced by the heating of agricultural waste, animal manure, and woody biomass. It helps in improving soil fertilization, maintaining adequate moisture levels, reducing pollutants, providing crop nutrition, and preventing soil leaching. Owing to various technological innovations, such as gasification and pyrolysis, biochar finds extensive applications across various industries, including pharmaceuticals and agriculture.

Request for a sample copy of this report: https://www.imarcgroup.com/biochar-market/requestsample

The prevalent trend of organic farming has stimulated the utilization of biochar in mixed farming, biodynamic agriculture, and zero tillage farming methods. In line with this, the rising health consciousness and escalating consumer expenditures on high-quality, organic food items have bolstered the market growth. Moreover, the thriving electronics industry is positively influencing the demand for biochar in the manufacturing of building materials. Apart from this, the increasing awareness about waste management, coupled with various stringent environmental regulations for minimizing carbon footprints, is expected to fuel the growth of the global biochar market in the coming years.

Key Market Segmentation

Breakup by Feedstock Type

Woody Biomass
Agricultural Waste
Animal Manure
Others

Breakup by Technology Type

Slow Pyrolysis
Fast Pyrolysis
Gasification
Hydrothermal Carbonization
Others

Breakup by Product Form

Coarse and Fine Chips
Fine Powder
Pellets, Granules and Prills
Liquid Suspension

Breakup by Application

Farming
Gardening
Livestock Feed
Soil, Water and Air Treatment
Others

Breakup by Region

North America
Europe
Asia Pacific
Middle East and Africa
Latin America

Competitive Landscape

Agri-tech Producers
Diacarbon Energy Inc.
Cool Planet
Pacific Biochar
Phoenix Energy
Biomacon GmbH
Vega Biofuels
Terra Char
Avello Bioenergy
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy Services
Element C6
Carbon Gold Ltd.
Biochar Solution Ltd.

As the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis takes over the world, we are continuously tracking the changes in the markets, as well as the industry behaviours of the consumers globally and our estimates about the latest market trends and forecasts are being done after considering the impact of this pandemic.

If you want latest primary and secondary data (2021-2026) with Cost Module, Business Strategy, Distribution Channel, etc. Click request free sample report, published report will be delivered to you in PDF format via email within 24 to 48 hours of receiving full payment.

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IMARC Group is a leading market research company that offers management strategy and market research worldwide. We partner with clients in all sectors and regions to identify their highest-value opportunities, address their most critical challenges, and transform their businesses.

IMARC’s information products include major market, scientific, economic and technological developments for business leaders in pharmaceutical, industrial, and high technology organizations. Market forecasts and industry analysis for biotechnology, advanced materials, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, travel and tourism, nanotechnology and novel processing methods are at the top of the company’s expertise.

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## Introduction to Iron Loaded Biochar (铁载生物炭) | 学术写作例句词典

10 May, 2022

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## Global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol Market 2022 Overview of Segments – Guam Buildup News

10 May, 2022

MarketandResearch.biz has released a report titled Global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol Market that includes market growth aspects for the forecast period of 2022-2028. The study looks at a significant global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol market, the forces going to drive it, the factors restricting it, and the opportunities for growing demand.

The geographic analysis section examines each region’s enormous potential, as well as its total volume in the global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol market. Our experts worked diligently to improve that the study was accurate. The study thoroughly examines and forecasts the global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol market.

The research accurately depicts the geographic coverage of the global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol market. This study provides a legal analysis based on company insights, product portfolio, market share, regional existence, corporate strategy, mergers and acquisitions, technical progress, recent news, collaboration, partnerships, SWOT analysis, and critical financial data.

The following are the key players mentioned in the global market report:

The regions and countries are mentioned in the global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol market report:

The following product kinds are mentioned in the report:

The next application types are mentioned in the news:

ACCESS FULL REPORT: https://www.marketandresearch.biz/report/221232/global-4-bromophenethyl-alcohol-market-growth-2021-2027

The study examines global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol market trends, inflation rates, driving factors, and the intensity of competition by segment. The news gathers firsthand information, theoretical and practical assessments by industry experts, and input from industry professionals and service providers at all stages of the manufacturing process.

One of the most critical factors in acquiring this study was its accuracy and data-driven research methodology. The data is combined with a massive mix of experience, analytics, pattern recognition, and information science to produce research methodologies that result in a diverse yet precise study of the global 4-Bromophenethyl Alcohol industry.

Customization of the Report:

This report can be customized to meet the client’s requirements. Please connect with our sales team (sales@marketandresearch.biz), who will ensure that you get a report that suits your needs. You can also get in touch with our executives on 1-201-465-4211 to share your research requirements.

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## Biochar application modifies soil properties of a former mine technosol | TNO Publications

10 May, 2022

Biochar application modifies soil properties of a former mine technosol: SEM/EDS study to investigate Pb and As speciation

2021

http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:31b0c27a-992e-4ce4-b577-a3d4326d6185

https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-021-01289-0

957628

Springer

Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery

article

Hosted by TU Delft Library

## Magnesium-modified rice straw biochar realizes red soil improvement and carbon …

10 May, 2022

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10 May, 2022

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Abstract

10 May, 2022

10 May, 2022

## What You Should Understand The Biomass Pyrolysis Plant – China

10 May, 2022

The Biomass Pyrolysis Plant is a specialized plant that converts Biomass into Biochar through the whole process of pyrolysis technology. Biomass is low pollution, renewable and utilized for several types of applications. The main end product, which is called biochar supplies a favorable economic value along with numerous applications.

Biomass refers to raw materials that are employed to produce charcoal. Such as:

– Sludge

– Agricultural residues including coconut shells, coconut husks, straw, and various other green agricultural waste

– Wood from woodlands and natural forests

The biomass pyrolysis plant, that also goes with the names of Biochar Pyrolysis Machine or Biomass Carbonization Plant, serves the goal of producing charcoal from raw materials generally known as biomass. This can be made possible through high-temperature heating. The charcoal created from biomass offers many applications across several industries.

In the business of agriculture, biochar is frequently employed to boost the conditions of soil that help to facilitate harvesting. In other industries, the charcoal can be used as being a steel-coating agent, activated charcoal, or being a fuel. Biochar is additionally used as Shisha charcoal or perhaps for BBQs

The Biomass Pyrolysis Plant includes a double-layer design, which ensures that the lower part of these machines is at constant contact with the recent air. The methods of biochar production likewise helps to improve heat use efficiency from beginning to end.

The desulfurization steam and smoke abatement are cooled off by a condenser, which ensures there is no gas pollution which these plants match to the environmental protection standards.

Through the entire production processes, the combustible gas produced is minimal. The gas that may be produced is moved by a fan to provide heat to the pyrolysis furnace, which will help to save significantly on energy costs.

These machines only use an individual source for the production of heat, that helps to bring down overall costs.

This sort of pyrolysis technology can perform reducing combustible waste volumes by 95% or maybe more.

Normally the one-fire two-step method adopted by these appliances is a unique and innovative technology: https://bestonasia.com/charcoal-manufacturing-machine/.

Carbonizing biomass not simply handles Biomass Waste but can also be used to get rid of other wastes like medical waste, oil sludge, rubber, tires, plastic, municipal solid waste and more. Through the procedure of pyrolysis, this particular waste is effectively changed into useful resources like fuel oil, steel wire, carbon black and more.

Reliant on the temperature and thermal environment, pyrolysis mainly yields biochar at temperatures below 450 degrees, if the rate of heating is gradual and primarily gases as soon as the temperature exceeds 800 degrees, using heating rates which are more rapid.

Pyrolysis plant made by Beston Group works well with both large and small scale locations and is an efficient ways to discard unwanted waste. It also provides a favorable and flexible technique to convert biomass in the solid form into easily transported and stored liquids, which can be often then employed for producing chemicals, power, and also heat.

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10 May, 2022

## BIOCHAR, Pre innoculated, READY to use. – farm & garden – by owner -… – Seattle Craigslist

10 May, 2022

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## Global Biochar Market to be Driven by Growing Environmental Awareness in the Forecast …

10 May, 2022

The new report by Expert Market Research titled, ‘Global Biochar Market Report and Forecast 2021-2026’, gives an in-depth analysis of the Global Biochar Market, assessing the market based on its segments like applications, technology, and regions. The report tracks the latest trends in the industry and studies their impact on the overall market. It also assesses the market dynamics, covering the key demand and price indicators, along with analysing the market based on the SWOT and Porter’s Five Forces models.

Request a free sample copy in PDF or view the report summary@ https://www.expertmarketresearch.com/reports/biochar-market/requestsample

The key highlights of the report include:

Market Overview (2016-2026)

The main purpose of biochar is to produce charcoal from regulated heating of waste items, such as agricultural waste, timber waste, forest waste and manure. The global biochar market is projected to produce high product demand in the forecast period through environmental sensitivity, cheaper raw material costs and coherent waste management regulations governmental policies.

Industry Definition and Major Segments

Biochar is a kind of wood produced by exposing low oxygen heating organic waste (for example wood chips, residues of plants or manure). It is usually used to reduce pollutants or hazardous components and to stop moisture runoff, soil washing and fertilizer, amongst other end purposes.

On the basis of application, the market is segmented into:

On the basis of technology, the market is divided into:

On the basis of region, the market is segmented into:

Latest News on Global Biochar Market@ https://www.expertmarketresearch.com/pressrelease/biochar-market

Market Trends

The growing focus on land development and increasing demand for organic food is key to the growth of the global biochar industry. The increased awareness of the environment also contributes to the growth of the biochar market. Moreover, the global biochar market is predicted to enhance reduced raw material costs and coherent waste management policy. The issues which may hinder worldwide biochar market expansion in the next few years are the economic hurdles and the lack of customer awareness.

Key Market Players
The major players in the market are Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Dicarbon Energy Inc., Biochar Products Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Vega Biofuels Inc., The Biochar Company, Phoenix Energy, and Others. The report covers the market shares, capacities, plant turnarounds, expansions, investments and mergers and acquisitions, among other latest developments of these market players.

Expert Market Research is a leading business intelligence firm, providing custom and syndicated market reports along with consultancy services for our clients. We serve a wide client base ranging from Fortune 1000 companies to small and medium enterprises. Our reports cover over 100 industries across established and emerging markets researched by our skilled analysts who track the latest economic, demographic, trade and market data globally.

At Expert Market Research, we tailor our approach according to our clients’ needs and preferences, providing them with valuable, actionable and up-to-date insights into the market, thus, helping them realize their optimum growth potential. We offer market intelligence across a range of industry verticals which include Pharmaceuticals, Food and Beverage, Technology, Retail, Chemical and Materials, Energy and Mining, Packaging and Agriculture.

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Also, Check Procurement Intelligence which provides you with Infallible research solutions.

*We at Expert Market Research always thrive to give you the latest information. The numbers in the article are only indicative and may be different from the actual report.

## Malaysia Biochar Market Size 2022 Analysis by 2029 | Key Players

10 May, 2022

This study is one of the most detailed and accurate ones, focusing solely on the global Malaysia Biochar market. It sheds light on important factors affecting the growth of the global Malaysia Biochar market on several fronts. Market participants can use this report to gain a correct understanding of the competitive environment and strategies adopted by major players in the global Malaysia Biochar market. The report author classifies the global Malaysia Biochar market by product,application, and region type. The segments studied in the report are analyzed based on market share,consumption,production,market attractiveness and other important factors.

Geographic analysis of the global Malaysia Biochar market provided in the research study is an intelligent tool that interested parties can use to identify profitable local markets. It allows readers to be aware of the characteristics of different local markets and how they are progressing in terms of growth. The report also provides an in-depth analysis of Malaysia Biochar market dynamics,including drivers,challenges,restraints,trends and opportunities, and market influencers. It provides statistical analysis of the global Malaysia Biochar markets,including average annual,revenue,volume, market share and other important figures. As a whole,it emerges as a full package of various market information research focused on the global Malaysia Biochar market.

The planned sale of a product is also included in this Malaysia Biochar market report, which helps market participants to bring new products to market and avoid mistakes. It suggests which parts of the business need to be improved in order for the business to be successful. It’s also simple to discover a new chance to stay ahead of the market, and this market research report gives the most recent trends to help you place your business in the market and gain a significant advantage.

One of the crucial parts of this report includes the discussion of the key supplier of the Malaysia Biochar industry on the summary, profiles, market revenue and financial analysis of the brand. The report will help market participants to develop future business strategies and find out about global competition. A detailed analysis of the market segmentation is carried out on producers, regions, type and applications in the report.

The major players covered in Malaysia Biochar Markets:

Global market segmentation Malaysia Biochar :

Malaysia Biochar Market Breakdown by Type:

Malaysia Biochar Market breakdown by application:

The analysis of the study was carried out worldwide and presents the current and traditional growth analysis, competition analysis and growth prospects of the central regions. With industry-standard analytical accuracy and high data integrity, the report offers an excellent attempt to highlight the key opportunities available in the global Malaysia Biochar market to help players establish strong market positions. Buyers of the report can access verified and reliable market forecasts, including those regarding the overall size of the global Malaysia Biochar market in terms of sales and volume.

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