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Biochar Consumption Market Size 2022 And Analysis By 2029 – Bristol City Supporters Trust

1 February, 2022
 

New Jersey, USA,-Market Research Intelligence has been analyzing technology and markets for Biochar Consumption since 2021. Since then, through the company's research analysis, we've been very near the most recent research and market development.

In addition, research intelligence works closely with many shoppers to assist them better understand the technology and market environment and develop innovation and commercialization strategies.

Market Research Intelligence offers a wealth of experience in Biochar Consumption marketing research. we've been during this business for the past 20 years,and during this point we've closely watched the increase and/or fall,success and/or disappointment of the many emerging technologies.

This gives us a uniquely experienced eye when it involves analyzing new electronic materials technologies. this is often vital because it helps to make a practical market and technology roadmap that reflects truth potential of technology supported its intrinsic characteristics and true level of technology and therefore the commercial challenges it faces.

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The authors of the report provide an encyclopedic account of the main regional markets and their progress in recent years. Readers receive accurate facts and figures related to Biochar Consumption market and its important factors such as consumption, production, revenue growth and CAGR. The report also shares the gross margin, market share, attractiveness index and value and volume growth of all segments studied by analysts. It highlights key developments, the product portfolio, the markets served and other areas that describe the growth of the activities of the main companies described in the report.

The report was prepared using the latest primary and secondary research methodologies and tools. Our analysts rely on government documents, white papers, press releases, reliable investor information, financial and quarterly reports and public and private interviews to collect data and information related to the market in which they work.

The major players covered in Biochar Consumption Markets:

Biochar Consumption Market Breakdown by Type:

Biochar Consumption Market breakdown by application:

The Biochar Consumption market report has been separated according to separate categories, such as product type, application, end-user, and region. Each segment is evaluated on the basis of CAGR, share, and growth potential. In the regional analysis, the report highlights the prospective region, which is expected to generate opportunities in the global Biochar Consumptions market in the coming years. This segmental analysis will surely prove to be a useful tool for readers, stakeholders and market participants in order to get a complete picture of the global Biochar Consumptions market and its growth potential in the coming years.

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Biochar Consumption Market Report Scope 

Regional market analysis Biochar Consumption can be represented as follows:

Each regional Biochar Consumption sectors is carefully studied to understand its current and future growth scenarios. This helps players to strengthen their position. Use market research to get a better perspective and understanding of the market and target audience and ensure you stay ahead of the competition.

The base of geography, the world market of Biochar Consumption has segmented as follows:


Key questions answered in the report:


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The study explores in depth the profiles of the main market players and their main financial aspects. This comprehensive business analyst report is useful for all existing and new entrants as they design their business strategies. This report covers production, revenue, market share and growth rate of the Biochar Consumption market for each key company, and covers breakdown data (production, consumption, revenue and market share) by regions, type and applications. Biochar Consumption historical breakdown data from 2016 to 2020 and forecast to 2021-2029.

About Us: Market Research Intellect

Market Research Intellect provides syndicated and customized research reports to clients from various industries and organizations in addition to the objective of delivering customized and in-depth research studies.We speak to looking logical research solutions, custom consulting, and in-severity data analysis lid a range of industries including Energy, Technology, Manufacturing and Construction, Chemicals and Materials, Food and Beverages. Etc Our research studies assist our clients to make higher data-driven decisions, admit push forecasts, capitalize coarsely with opportunities and optimize efficiency by bustling as their belt in crime to adopt accurate and indispensable mention without compromise.Having serviced on the pinnacle of 5000+ clients, we have provided expertly-behaved assert research facilities to more than 100 Global Fortune 500 companies such as Amazon, Dell, IBM, Shell, Exxon Mobil, General Electric, Siemens, Microsoft, Sony, and Hitachi.

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Malaysia Biochar Market Size 2022 And Analysis By 2029 – Bristol City Supporters Trust

1 February, 2022
 

New Jersey, USA,-The report attempts to offer high-quality and accurate analysis of the global Malaysia Biochar Market, keeping in view market forecasts, competitive intelligence, and technological risks and advancements, and other important subjects. Its carefully crafted market intelligence allows market participants to understand the most significant developments in the global Malaysia Biochar market that are impacting their business. Readers can become aware of crucial opportunities available in the global Malaysia Biochar market as well as key factors driving and arresting market growth. The research study also provides deep geographical analysis of the global Malaysia Biochar market and sheds light on important applications and products that market players can focus on for achieving strong growth.

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You can thoroughly evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of your competitors using our competitive analysis. The report also provides access to comprehensive production and shipment analysis from origin to end-user purchase. In addition, you will be informed about the latest industry developments to help you stay ahead of your competitors. Our analysts are always on their toes to constantly track and analyze changes or developments in the quality Malaysia Biochar industry. The report is filled with statistical announcements,market figures related to revenue,volume,annual average and share,and global and regional market forecasts.

The report includes a detailed segmentation study of the global Malaysia Biochar market,in which all segments are analyzed in terms of market growth,share, growth rate and other important factors. It also provides the attractiveness index of the segment, allowing players to inform about the profitable revenue pockets of the global Malaysia Biochar market. A broad evaluation of the segments provided in the report allows investment,strategy, and teams to focus on the right areas of the global Malaysia Biochar market.

The major players covered in Malaysia Biochar Markets:

Malaysia Biochar Market Breakdown by Type:

Malaysia Biochar Market breakdown by application:

The Malaysia Biochar market report has been separated according to separate categories, such as product type, application, end-user, and region. Each segment is evaluated on the basis of CAGR, share, and growth potential. In the regional analysis, the report highlights the prospective region, which is expected to generate opportunities in the global Malaysia Biochars market in the coming years. This segmental analysis will surely prove to be a useful tool for readers, stakeholders and market participants in order to get a complete picture of the global Malaysia Biochars market and its growth potential in the coming years.

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Malaysia Biochar Market Report Scope 

Regional market analysis Malaysia Biochar can be represented as follows:

Each regional Malaysia Biochar sectors is carefully studied to understand its current and future growth scenarios. This helps players to strengthen their position. Use market research to get a better perspective and understanding of the market and target audience and ensure you stay ahead of the competition.

The base of geography, the world market of Malaysia Biochar has segmented as follows:


Key questions answered in the report:


For More Information or Query or Customization Before Buying, Visit @ https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/product/global-malaysia-biochar-market-size-and-forecast/ 

The study explores in depth the profiles of the main market players and their main financial aspects. This comprehensive business analyst report is useful for all existing and new entrants as they design their business strategies. This report covers production, revenue, market share and growth rate of the Malaysia Biochar market for each key company, and covers breakdown data (production, consumption, revenue and market share) by regions, type and applications. Malaysia Biochar historical breakdown data from 2016 to 2020 and forecast to 2021-2029.

About Us: Market Research Intellect

Market Research Intellect provides syndicated and customized research reports to clients from various industries and organizations in addition to the objective of delivering customized and in-depth research studies.We speak to looking logical research solutions, custom consulting, and in-severity data analysis lid a range of industries including Energy, Technology, Manufacturing and Construction, Chemicals and Materials, Food and Beverages. Etc Our research studies assist our clients to make higher data-driven decisions, admit push forecasts, capitalize coarsely with opportunities and optimize efficiency by bustling as their belt in crime to adopt accurate and indispensable mention without compromise.Having serviced on the pinnacle of 5000+ clients, we have provided expertly-behaved assert research facilities to more than 100 Global Fortune 500 companies such as Amazon, Dell, IBM, Shell, Exxon Mobil, General Electric, Siemens, Microsoft, Sony, and Hitachi.

Contact us:
Mr. Edwyne Fernandes
US: +1 (650)-781-4080
UK: +44 (753)-715-0008
APAC: +61 (488)-85-9400
US Toll-Free: +1 (800)-782-1768

Website: –https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/


Fine Biochar Powder Market Regional Outlook, Competitive Strategies And Forecast up to 2026

1 February, 2022
 

The latest research report on Fine Biochar Powder Market covering the past and present business landscape, entails a comprehensive analysis of the industry performance over 2021-2026. Moreover, the projections cited in the document are computed and verified by expert analysts using tested research methodologies.

The report highlights the major driving forces, restraints, and opportunities that will play a pivotal role in determining the profit trajectory over the forecast timeframe. Further, it comprehends the overall size and scope of the industry by individually assessing the sub-markets. The document extends by compiling records of the competitive developments and associated trends, followed by in-depth profiles of all the major companies to help stakeholders in making informed decisions in the upcoming years.

Market segmentation and coverage

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Product range: Wood Source Biochar , Corn Source Biochar , Wheat Source Biochar and Others

Application spectrum: Soil Conditioner , Fertilizer , Others , ,By Company , Cool Planet , Biochar Supreme , NextChar , Terra Char , Genesis Industries , Interra Energy , CharGrow , Pacific Biochar , Biochar Now , The Biochar Company (TBC) , ElementC6 , Vega Biofuels , ,Production by Region , North America , Europe and China

Regional bifurcation: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa.

Competitive landscape summary

  • Cool Planet Biochar Supreme NextChar Terra Char Genesis Industries Interra Energy CharGrow Pacific Biochar Biochar Now The Biochar Company (TBC) ElementC6 Vega Biofuels Production by Region North America Europe China Japan Consumption by Region North America U.S. Canada Europe Germany France U.K. Italy Russia Asia-Pacific China Japan South Korea India Australia Taiwan Indonesia Thailand Malaysia Philippines Vietnam Latin America Mexico Brazil Argentina Colombia Middle East & Africa Turkey Saudi Arabia UAE

are the prominent players swaying the competitive trends in the Fine Biochar Powder market. These companies are assessed in the context of their product portfolio, revenue, sales, pricing model, and strategic undertakings.

By factoring in the performance and action plans of the aforementioned players, the report describes the approaches that will aid new entrants and other stakeholders in successfully executing geographic expansion, mergers & acquisitions, research & development, and new product launch plans over the forecast timeline.

Industry value chain analysis overview

The industry value chain analysis outlines the structure of the product lifecycle, from the production process to the end-users, so as to help businesses in enhancing their profits by identifying the areas where operational cost can be brought down without compromising on the value for end-users.

Some Major Points from Toc:-

1. Fine Biochar Powder Product Introduction

2. Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Size, Estimates and Forecasts

3. Global Fine Biochar Powder Competitor Landscape by Players

4. Breakdown Data by Type (2016-2026)

5. Breakdown Data by Application (2016-2026)

6. China Fine Biochar Powder Market Size YoY Growth 2016-2026

7. North America Fine Biochar Powder Market Size YoY Growth 2016-2026

8. Asia Pacific Fine Biochar Powder Market Size YoY Growth 2016-2026

9. Europe Fine Biochar Powder Market Size YoY Growth 2016-2026

10. Latin America Fine Biochar Powder Market Size YoY Growth 2016-2026

11. Middle East and Africa Fine Biochar Powder Market Size YoY Growth 2016-2026

12. Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Company Profiles

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Northwest Diamond Notes by nwdiamondnotes.com


Granular Biochar Market Report Covers Future Trends With Research 2022-2029 – Energy Siren

1 February, 2022
 

Granular Biochar Market report focused on the comprehensive analysis of current and future prospects of the Granular Biochar industry. This report is a consolidation of primary and secondary research, which provides market size, share, dynamics, and forecast for various segments and sub-segments considering the macro and micro environmental factors. An in-depth analysis of past trends, future trends, demographics, technological advancements, and regulatory requirements for the Granular Biochar market has been done in order to calculate the growth rates for each segment and sub-segments.

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Top Key Vendors of this Market are:

Swiss Biochar GmbH, Agri-Tech Producers, BioChar Products, Biochar Now, Kina, ElementC6, The Biochar Company, BlackCarbon, Carbon Gold, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, Diacarbon Energy.

Global Granular Biochar Market Segmentation:

Market Segmentation: By Type

Wood Source Biochar
Corn  Source Biochar
Wheat  Source Biochar
Others

Market Segmentation: By Application

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Granular Biochar market. This report is a consolidation of primary and secondary research, which provides market size, share, dynamics, and forecast for various segments and sub-segments considering the macro and micro environmental factors. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market.

The report provides insights on the following pointers:

Market Penetration: Comprehensive information on the product portfolios of the top players in the Granular Biochar market.

Competitive Assessment: In-depth assessment of the market strategies, geographic and business segments of the leading players in the market.

Product Development/Innovation: Detailed insights on the upcoming technologies, R&D activities, and product launches in the market.

Market Development: Comprehensive information about emerging markets. This report analyzes the market for various segments across geographies.

Market Diversification: Exhaustive information about new products, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments in the Granular Biochar market.

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The influence of the latest government guidelines is also analysed in detail in the report. It studies the Granular Biochar market’s trajectory between forecast periods. The cost analysis of the Global Granular Biochar Market has been performed while keeping in view manufacturing expenses, labour cost, and raw materials and their market concentration rate, suppliers, and price trend.

Reasons for buying this report:

Table of Contents

Global Granular Biochar Market Research Report 2022 – 2029

Chapter 1 Granular Biochar Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast

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Thermal Conversion and Catalysis Implementation for Food Waste Valorization

1 February, 2022
 

Finding items…

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Biochar Market Size (2022-2030) | Top Key Company Profiles – Bristol City Supporters Trust

1 February, 2022
 

New Jersey, United States,- The Biochar Market report covers the whole scenario of the global market including key players, their future promotions, preferred vendors, market shares along with historical data and price analysis. It continues to offer key details on changing dynamics to generate market improving factors. It aims to rationalize the expenses of the company. You can also find the current revenue generation rate and spend score here. The best thing about the Biochar market report is the provision of guidelines and strategies followed by major market players. The investment opportunities in the market highlighted here will be of great help in moving the business forward. Knowing the current state of the market is the most important thing covered here to help big players survive in the cutthroat market.

This Biochar market research depicts the economic catastrophe induced by the COVID-19 epidemic, which impacted every company sector. A large worldwide economic loss occurred from several industrial closures and income losses. Here, a high degree of information is offered to assess the market situation.

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Key market observation is conducted to make key findings on business growth. In the Competitive Assessment section, this Biochar Market report sheds light on the list of manufacturers, market conditions, current trends, company profiles, and market innovations. It becomes easy for the market players to seize the right opportunities as this report makes a detailed analysis of the weaknesses and strengths of the various competitors. The regional market as well as applications analyzed here to provide the right business opportunities for business players. This Biochar market report is the perfect blend of client performance and economic trends to enhance business ideas. It also facilitates the task of the main actors of the company by reducing the risks related to the activity.

Key Players Mentioned in the Biochar Market Research Report:

Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group and others. 

Biochar Market Segmentation:  

Biochar Market, By Feedstock Type

• Woody Biomass
• Agricultural Waste
• Animal Manure
• Others

Biochar Market, By Technology

• Pyrolysis
• Gasification
• Others

Biochar Market, By Application

• Electricity Generation
• Agriculture
• Forestry

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Biochar Market Report Scope 

Determining the pulse of the market becomes easy through this in-detail Biochar market analysis. Key players can find all competitive data and market size of major regions like North America, Europe, Latin America, Asia-Pacific and Middle East. As part of the competitive analysis, certain strategies are profiled which are pursued by key players such as mergers, collaborations, acquisitions and new product launches. These strategies will greatly help industry players to strengthen their market position and grow their business.

Key questions answered in the report: 

1. Which are the five top players of the Biochar market?

2. How will the Biochar market change in the next five years?

3. Which product and application will take a lion’s share of the Biochar market?

4. What are the drivers and restraints of the Biochar market?

5. Which regional market will show the highest growth?

6. What will be the CAGR and size of the Biochar market throughout the forecast period?

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 Visualize Biochar Market using Verified Market Intelligence:- 

Verified Market Intelligence is our BI-enabled platform for narrative storytelling of this market. VMI offers in-depth forecasted trends and accurate Insights on over 20,000+ emerging & niche markets, helping you make critical revenue-impacting decisions for a brilliant future. 

VMI provides a holistic overview and global competitive landscape with respect to Region, Country, and Segment, and Key players of your market. Present your Market Report & findings with an inbuilt presentation feature saving over 70% of your time and resources for Investor, Sales & Marketing, R&D, and Product Development pitches. VMI enables data delivery In Excel and Interactive PDF formats with over 15+ Key Market Indicators for your market. 

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Verified Market Research® is a leading Global Research and Consulting firm that has been providing advanced analytical research solutions, custom consulting and in-depth data analysis for 10+ years to individuals and companies alike that are looking for accurate, reliable and up to date research data and technical consulting. We offer insights into strategic and growth analyses, Data necessary to achieve corporate goals and help make critical revenue decisions. 

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We, at Verified Market Research, assist in understanding holistic market indicating factors and most current and future market trends. Our analysts, with their high expertise in data gathering and governance, utilize industry techniques to collate and examine data at all stages. They are trained to combine modern data collection techniques, superior research methodology, subject expertise and years of collective experience to produce informative and accurate research. 

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Cadmium Immobilization in the Rice – Paddy Soil with Biochar Additive

1 February, 2022
 


Summit Carbon Solutions Files for Pipeline Permit in Iowa – DTN/Progressive Farmer

1 February, 2022
 

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EarthRenew (ERTH.CN) Has The Best Looking Chart Setup in Agriculture – Equity.Guru

1 February, 2022
 

EarthRenew has appeared in my weekly Friday Agriculture Sector Roundup multiple times recently. The chart set up is just too good to ignore. Regular readers will know what I mean when they see the chart. Before we do, let’s take a look at the company.

EarthRenew produces and sells organic fertilizers from livestock waste in North America and Europe. It also produces electricity from natural gas using an industrial-sized gas turbine and supplies to electrical grids and cryptocurrency miners. The company sells fertilizers under GrowER and GrowER Biochar names.

The company produces organic fertilizer production through their patented thermal processing technology transforming livestock manure into the good stuff for plant growth and restoring soil health. This organic fertilizer also offers 20% to 40% higher yields than the equivalent chemical fertilizer! And it’s good for the environment! $70 million has been invested into both the development and commercialization of this technology.

I like the revenue stream with electricity, but I am even more bullish when it comes to fertilizers. Tons of farmers and analysts are talking about fertilizer shortages. In fact, if you read last week’s Agriculture roundup, I discussed what Russia-Ukraine tensions mean for agriculture. Fertilizers can be impacted. It might be a few months old, but the information in my Fertilizers roundup is still relevant when it comes to shortages.

So we have a favourable setting for fertilizers on a macro global scale. But we also have EarthRenew’s recent news of 2021 revenues. The company, alongside its subsidiary Replenish Nutrient, is reporting revenue for January-December 2021 of $14 million, up 106% or $7.2 million from the same period in 2020. EarthRenew is also reporting 2021 revenue from power generation of $1.1 million surpassing 2020 power revenue of $0.4 million. On a consolidated basis, the total combined revenue of EarthRenew and Replenish for the period of January to December 2021 was $15.1 million. EarthRenew is anticipating positive earnings from operations results for Q4, 2021.

The revenue leap is coming from Replenish sales, and the company will be focused on taking advantage of this uptake within the regenerative fertilizer market.

CEO Keith Driver commented, “We are pleased to see the year-over-year growth in revenue from the sale of regenerative fertilizer on track, as predicted. At the same time, we are close to commissioning Replenish’s expanded Beiseker facility, growing our granulated production capacity to 20,000 tonnes from 4,000 tonnes.”

EarthRenew is forecasting growth in revenues from fertilizer to be in excess of $24 million for 2022 (71 per cent growth). This growth in sales will largely be a result of the additional production capacity for granulated fertilizers coming online at the production facility in Beiseker, Alberta, as well as some efficiencies in the blended fertilizer business.

As a technical analyst and trader, this chart gets me super excited. Let me explain why.

All markets move in three phases: a downtrend, a range and an uptrend. EarthRenew has gone through a downtrend. A long one with multiple lower highs and lower lows. The stock then began to range beginning in Fall of 2021, bouncing between $0.15 and $0.20. We have seen days with big volume in this range signaling accumulation. To me, the chart is shaping up to form a combination of a double bottom and an inverse head and shoulders pattern here. For a trend reversal trader like myself, this is looking very good.

What’s the trigger? We need to see a break and close above $0.20. That would signal the break of this range, and the beginning of a new uptrend, with multiple higher highs and higher lows. If we continue to range, and break below $0.15 instead, we would have to step back and reassess.

With a market cap of around $14 million, the stock is looking very attractive in the macro environment where a possible fertilizer shortage is looming. We just need that catalyst to get us above $0.20, and this may come in the form of Q4 2021 earnings. Keep this stock near the top of your watchlist!

 

 

 


24 Unique Feedstock Biochars, there purpose, how they were designed (temp kiln) porosity …

1 February, 2022
 

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Rice husk ash addition to acid red soil improves the soil property and cotton seedling growth – Nature

1 February, 2022
 

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Red soil is characterized by poor physico-chemical properties and low nutrient availability. The present study aimed to examine rich husk ash (RHA) incorporation into red soil at various rates effects on its properties and the growth of cotton seedlings under a plug-seeding in tray experiment. Bulk density was decreased, and water holding capacity and total porosity were increased in red soil with increasing application rate of RHA. The addition of RHA counteracts the acidity of red soil and improves the nutrient availability to plants. The RHA incorporated soils favored the growth of cotton seedlings with improved shoot morphological traits and root architectures. The application rate at a volume ratio of 1:1 of RHA to red soil was found to be optimal for growing cotton seedlings in the present study. The mixture of RHA and red soil at a 1:1 volume ratio plus 2 g L−1 super absorbent polymers exhibited a high nursing seedling efficiency comparable to a commercial growing media under the condition of foliar application of mepiquat chloride at the one-true-leaf stage. RHA can be a promising substitute for peat as growing media for nursing cotton seedlings.

There are around 10.8 Mha of red soil in Jiangxi province China representing 64% of the total land area1. Red soil is derived from Quatenary red clay and categorized as Ferralic Cambisol2,3, which is characterized by poor chemical and physical characteristics such as low pH value and cation exchange capacity (CEC), low fertility (scarcity of potassium K, phosphorus P and calcium Ca, etc.), and high content of activated aluminum ion (Al3+), bad aeration and thin organic soil layer1,3. Cotton is grown widely in the hill red soil region of the middle-north section of Jiangxi province as a staple industrial crop4. It is difficult for the type of soil to produce comparatively high cotton lint yield due to its intrinsic drawback5. Thus, it is imperative to ameliorate the physical, chemical and biological properties of red soil for further enhancement of cotton productivity.

Jiangxi province is known as the largest third paddy rice production region in China with an annual production area of 3.30 Mha and a total yield above 20 million tons over the last decade6. Rice husk is a main byproduct during the milling process of paddy rice accounting for about 20–22% of rice kernel by weight7,8. The disposition of rich husk remains a main issue for the rice mill industry. Inappropriate disposition methods such as onsite burning, open dumping or land-filling may bring serious threats to environmental sustainability8. Rice husk can be used as fuel to generate electricity on a commercial scale9. The residue ash is called rice husk ash (RHA) after the combustion of rice husk. Depending on whether the combustion is complete or incomplete, rice husk ash is classified as white (WRHA) and black (BRHA) ones, or RHA1 and RHA2 with RHA1 being longer exposed to furnace than RHA210. At present, RHA is mainly utilized as a pozzolanic material, adsorbent and source of silica, etc.11, but its usage in the agriculture industry is still scarce.

RHA is rich in chemical elements like K, P, Ca, Magnesium (Mg) and silicon (Si), and moderately alkaline and has considerable neutralizing power which confers it an application of fertilizer10,12. RHA contains three-layered structures: internal, external and interface with interstitial and honeycombed pores11. Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) photograph of RHA indicated its high porosity leading to a huge specific surface area (SSA) and superior absorptive ability13. Similarly, Singh et al. (2019) also observed the presence of various macro- and micro-pores on the surface of RHA14. Thus, RHA can be employed to remediate the heavy metal contaminated soil. The incorporation of RHA to Pb contaminated soil mitigated Pb damage to R. communis, and enhanced the uptake of nutrients and the activities of antioxidant enzymes15. RHA significantly reduced inorganic arsenic (As) accumulation in rice grains16. In addition, RHA has been widely used as an absorbent for the removal of lead (Pb(II) and mercury (Hg(II)) from an aqueous solution11. In comparison to its role as a soil amendment, the utilization of RHA as growing media has drawn much less attention17. Virtually, RHA is a potential substitute for peat in growing media due to its chemical and physical attributes similar to biochar which is deemed as a promising replacement for peat10,17. Biochar and peat shared the common physico-chemical properties such as high water and air holding ability and CEC and lightweight18,19,20, but peat is a non-renewable resource and its regeneration takes a very long time21. Couples of types of biochars usage as a growing media were investigated and characterized by improved soil properties and seedlings growth21,22. Nevertheless, RHA does not be examined for its potential application value as a growing media.

Jiangxi province is located in subtropical monsoon climate region with excessive precipitation and frequent hit of cold wave from the north at the cotton seedling stage. Direct seeding is difficult to ensure full standing of cotton seedlings. Thus, seedling transplantation technology is widely adopted by cotton growers in that production area. Commercial growing media is usually not cheap specifically the transport cost is very high, and in turn increases the financial pressure on farmers. The manufacture of rice husk biochar (RHB) commonly takes a longer time and consumes considerable electricity, and therefore is less profitable economically. By contrast, RHA is abundantly available at a throw-away price as a byproduct of rice milling and steam and electricity generations. Certain properties of RHA above-mentioned may offset the inherent shortage of acid red soil. In the present study, we hypothesized that RHA incorporation into acid red soil can ameliorate the physico-chemical properties of soil and improve the growth parameters of cotton seedlings. The objectives of this study were to (i) examine the effect of RHA application as a growing media substrate on the physical and chemical characteristics of red soil; (ii) to determine the influence of RHA application on the physiological and growth parameters of cotton seedlings; (iii) verify whether there are significant differences or not in nursing seedlings between RHA media and a widely used commercial growing media. If RHA is utilized as a growing media, it can not only avoid the damage to the environment but also bring an economic benefit.

RHA was taken from a local rice mill in which rice husk was burnt to produce steam for the processing of paddy rice. The RHA shares multiple common physical and chemical characteristics with rice husk biochar (RHB) which is the product of the slow pyrolysis of rice husk under little or no oxygen condition10,15,16. Compared to RHA, RHB had greater carbon content, nitrogen content, neutralizing power, pH value, CEC, and SSA, and much less silicon content, but no difference in macro-and micro nutrients including K, P, Ca, Mg, Manganese (Mn), Iron (Fe)10,12. In addition, the manufacture of RHB typically consumes substantial energy and takes longer time relative to RHA as a by-product of the mill industry. The RHA was water-saturated and black-colored when applied to soil. Red soil was taken from an uncultivated soil layer at a depth of 30 cm in the campus of Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang China (28° 46′ N, 115° 55′ E), which was classified as Ferralic Cambisol2,3. The usage of uncultivated soil aimed to minimize herbicide, pesticide and pathogen residuals influence on cotton seedlings. The soil was air-dried, and then ground finely to pass through a sieve of 2 mm mesh. RHA was added to the soil one week before seeding at volume ratios of 1:0, 1:1, 2:1, and 1:2 (soil: RHA), and then mixed thoroughly by hand. The mixtures of soil versus RHA at volume ratios of 1:0, 1:1, 2:1, and 1:2 were defined as T0 (pure soil, the control), T1, T2, T3, respectively in experiment 1.

A second experiment was conducted to assess the effects of an optimized synthetic growing media formula (red soil combined with RHA at a ratio of 1:1 v/v, 2 g L−1 super absorbent polymers (SAP) (chemical name: potassium polyacrylamide, Renqiu Chemical Industry Co. Ltd, Renqiu city China) on cotton seedling growth. The formula was evidenced to perform best in previous preliminary tests. Experiment 2 included the following four treatments: T0 (pure soil), T5 (pure soil + 50 mg L−1 mepiquat chloride (MC) foliar painting at the one-true-leaf stage), T6 (red soil combined with RHA at a ratio of 1:1 v/v + 2 g L−1 SAP + 50 mg L−1 MC foliar painting at the one-true-leaf stage), and T7 (commercial nutrient soil with a trademark name of HUANUO, Shenyang Haoyuan Environmental Service Co. Ltd, Shenyang city China, plus 50 mg L−1 MC foliar painting at the one-true-leaf stage). The commercial nutrient soil contains peat, perlite, straw fibers, carbendazim, and rooting power, etc., as shown in the operation instruction.

Cotton seeds were planted in 72-cave plastic trays with 37 cm in length and 28 cm in width. The upper and bottom diameters of the cave were 3.5 cm and 1 cm, respectively, and the total volume of each cave was 25 mL. The two experiments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four treatments, and each treatment was repeated triple. Each of the plastic trays represented a replication and seventy-two seeds in each. The growth conditions in the greenhouse were set to be as follows: temperature 28/25 °C (day/night), photoperiod 16/8 h (light/dark), and light intensity 160 μmol m−2 s−1.

Ten normal seedlings were randomly sampled from each of plastic trays for measurement of the physiological and growth parameters at the three-true-leaf stage (about 1 month after seeding later), and then separated into three parts: root, stem, and leaf. A portion of subsamples was oven-dried at 105 °C for 30 min and then at 70 °C to constant weight. The fresh and dry weights were recorded, respectively. Dry subsamples were ground into fine powders for the determination of hexose, sucrose, starch, total carbon, and total nitrogen. The growing media with various ratios of red soil to RHA was subjected to analysis of physico-chemical properties at the end of the experiment. Soil bulk density (BD) was determined by the cutting-ring method as described by Liu23. Total porosity and water holding capacity (WHC) were measured according to Chang et al.22. pH value was measured in a 1:2.5 soil to deionized water mixture12. Available phosphorus was determined by the Olsen-P method, and Available potassium was extracted by ammonium acetate solution and quantified by a flame photometer24. Organic matter was measured following the titanium trichloride—potassium dichromate method24. Soil total nitrogen quantification was done by the Kjeldahl method. Nitrate nitrogen and ammoniacal nitrogen were determined according to the phenol-disulphonic acid and indophenol blue colorimetric methods, respectively24. Emergence rate was calculated as the percentage of survival seedlings to total seeds for each of treatments at the two cotyledons unfolding stage. Plant height was defined as the length from the base to the apex of plant. Root to shoot ratio was termed as the ratio of root dry weight to shoot dry weight. Stem diameter was measured at the middle of the hypocotyl using a vernier caliper scale. Seed index (SI) and G value were calculated in terms of the following functions25.

where SI represents seed index; SD: stem diameter; PH: plant height; RDW: root dry weight; SDW: shoot dry weight; growth period denotes days during seeding to sampling.

Roots were rinsed free of soil with tap water, and scanned by a root scanner (Expression 12000XL, J331B, Japan). Root architecture parameters were recorded by WinRHIZO software (WinRHIZO Pro, Regent Instruments, QC, Canada) including total root length, root surface area, root volume, average root diameter, and the number of root tips. The exaction and determination of nonstructural carbohydrates (hexose, sucrose, and starch) were conducted following our previous protocols26,27. Total carbon in seedling organs was determined using Multi N/C 2100 analyzer with HT 1300 solid module (Analytik-Jena, Germany) and total nitrogen using the Kjeldahl method. Root vigor was measured using the 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) method as described by Chen28.

All data were subjected to one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and means were separated by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test at a probability of 0.05 level using the SPSS package (ver. 18.0). The figures were produced by Origin 8.5. All methods and collection of plant materials were performed in accordance with the relevant institutional, national, and international guidelines and legislation.

The chemical properties of red soil and RHA were listed in Table 1. Soil pH, available P and K, organic matter, and total N were found higher for RHA as compared to the red soil. As expected, red soil is acidic and RHA is moderately alkaline. RHA incorporation to red soil ameliorated its physical properties (Table 2). Compared to T0 (pure red soil), T1 (1:1 of red soil to RHA) and T3 (1:2 of red soil to RHA) decreased bulk density and increased total porosity. WHC was increased as the rate of RHA application was enhanced. RHA application also improved the chemical characteristics of red soil (Table 3). Diverse ratios of the mixture of RHA and red soil had greater pH value, available P and K, organic matter and total N relative to pure red soil (T0). The more the addition of RHA to red soil, the greater these chemical characteristics in the mixtures. Ammonium nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen in red soil were enhanced slightly by RHA application. Taken together, RHA addition to red soil improved both physical and chemical properties. Bulk density was decreased by 4.67% to 58.88% while total porosity, available P, available K and organic matter were increased by 5.04 to 55.47%, 2.2 to 9.6 folds, 1.2 to 3.1 folds and 2.4 to 7.6 folds, respectively.

Plant height, stem diameter, seedling index and G value were enhanced by RHA application treatments, among which T1 performed the best, but no difference was observed in the emergence rate and root to shoot ratio between the RHA application and the control (Table 4). Similarly, the RHA addition also increased shoot dry (fresh) weight, root dry (fresh) weight and total dry (fresh) weight, and T1 documented the maximums among various treatments with the shoot, root and total dry weight being greater by 1.3, 1.0 and 1.2 times than the control, respectively (Table 5). Root architectures were improved by the RHA application (Table 6). Total root length, root surface area and numbers of tips were greater in T1 and T2, and root volume was greater in T1 relative to T0. No difference was observed in these root parameters between T2 and T0 (Table 6). The above results mean only a higher RHA application rate ≥ 50% volume ratio can contribute to the occurrence and growth of roots. T1 was found to be the optimal treatment with the best root architecture properties.

Sucrose and hexose concentrations in leaves were increased with the application of RHA, but no difference in the starch and total nonstructural carbohydrate concentrations (Fig. 1), which means the RHA application may improve the photosynthetic capacity of the cotton seedling leaf. Sucrose, starch and total nonstructural concentrations in roots were decreased with the application of RHA except T3, and T2 showed significant differences from T0 (Fig. 1a,c,d). Sucrose concentration in stems was decreased, but hexose concentration was increased by the RHA application (Fig. 1a,b). The application of RHA did not influence root vigor (Table 6). Total carbon concentration in the stem and root did not change with the application of RHA, but total nitrogen contents were decreased which led to enhanced carbon to nitrogen ratios in the stem and root (Table 7). The RHA application increased total carbon and total nitrogen accumulations summed across the whole plant with the maximums recorded in T1 (Table 7).

Effects of the mixtures of red soil and rice husk ash with various proportions on the sucrose (a), hexose (b), starch (c) and total nonstructural carbohydrate (d) concentrations in the root, stem and leaf of cotton seedlings. Histograms denote means ± SD, and diverse letters over which indicate significant difference at P ≤ 0.05 level. T0, T1, T2, and T3 represent the mixture of red soil to RHA at volume ratios of 1:0, 1:1, 2:1, and 1:2, respectively.

In experiment 1, the mixture of red soil and RHA at a 1:1 volume ratio (T1) was convinced to be the optimal growing media for cotton seedlings in terms of its benefits on soil and seedling properties in combination with cost-efficiency. Further, we examined the effects of super absorbent polymers (SAP) at various application rates, and mepiquat chloride (MC) involved in different usage doses and application timings on cotton seedling growth on the T1 treatment basis. Two g L−1 SAP as potassium polyacrylamide and 50 mg L−1 MC foliar painting at the one-true-leaf stage were determined as the most suitable treatment following a series of gradient tests, respectively (data not shown). In experiment 2, a synthetic growing media involved in T1 combined with SAP was employed to examine its application perspective in nursing cotton seedling with a widely used commercial growing media (CM) as the control. A total of four treatments were included in experiment 2. Except T0, the other three treatments were subjected to the same MC foliar painting of 50 mg L−1 at the one-true-leaf stage. The usage of MC was aimed to oppress tall-footed seedlings and strengthen root architecture. Three treatments with MC application had greater stem diameter, root to shoot ratio, seedling index, root fresh weight, root dry weight and root vigor than that without MC application (Tables 8, 9, 10). Compared to CM + MC(T7), T1 + SAP + MC (T6) recorded greater shoot fresh weight and total fresh weight, but smaller plant height, root fresh weight and root dry weight (Tables 8, 9). In the case of root architectures, total root length and number of root tips were greater, but the average diameter was smaller in CM + MC than in T1 + SAP + MC. The other growth parameters and root characteristics did not differ from each other (Table 10). Notably, both treatments had much better performance than the pure soil treatment (T1) in improving seedling properties. Taken together, the growing media (RHA mixed with red soil in a volume ratio of 1:1 plus 2 g L−1 SAP) is comparable to the commercial media in nursing cotton seedlings.

Rice husk is produced in large quantity during the process of rice milling which can be burned to generate steam or electricity, and the resultant rice husk ash (RHA) is left. It will be a pollutant on inappropriate disposal. RHA is characterized by lightweight, high SSA, porosity and durability, and good chemical stability8,29. Thus, it presents an enormous application value as a bioadsorbent for the removal of heavy metals and other toxic organic compounds from contaminated soil and water, but its utilization as a growing media is less investigated. In the present study, RHA incorporation into red soil at different rates was found to improve soil properties and cotton seedling growth parameters. RHA has a wide range of attributes similar to biochar like RHB10,16, but draw much less attention to its application in the agriculture industry than biochar, and thus relevant reports are limited. The following discussion is presented largely combined with biochar related studies.

Soil bulk density was decreased by the application rate of RHA equal to or above 50% by volume (Table 2). RHA incorporation rate at 33% by volume (T2) did not significantly modify the soil properties such as bulk density and total porosity (Table 2). The decreased bulk density in the mixed red soil should be derived from the small bulk density of RHA itself, a similar result as reported by Chang et al.22 who found decreased bulk density in sandy soil by pinewood biochar. Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) and transmission electron micrograph (TEM) analyses of the RHA microstructure indicated two kinds of pores present in RHA with one being microsized pores (around 10 μm) formed by interlacing of the fiber sheet and the other one being nanosized pores (< 50 nm) formed by nano SiO2 particles30. The nanopores and nano SiO2 particles are the crucial contributors to specific surface area and high activity of RHA. Similarly, Singh et al. also observed various macro- and micro-pores on the surface of RHA14. The existence of pores with a diameter range of 0.1 to 10 μm in a crop straw biochar can help improve the WHC of soil31. The biochar application rate was positively correlated with the WHC of biochar-amended soil when the former was below 20%, which means the presence of an optimal value of biochar application rate for maximizing the WHC22. The present study indicated a positive correlation between WHC and RHA application rate (Table 2).

The pH value was increased with increasing RHA incorporation rate (Table 3). RHA was moderately alkaline with a pH of 7.89 (Table 1) and featured by high neutralizing power, which is suitable for neutralization of acid soils17. The red soil in the present study is originally acidic and turned less acidic after the RHA incorporation (Table 3), as observed by Masulili et al.12. The higher pH of RHA may be attributed to the formation of carbonates during the combustion process12. Soil pH can affect the microbial abundance, diversity, and activity32. For example, the moderate alkalinity of RHA benefits soil bacterial communities accounting for rapid mineralization of organic matter and its microbial recruitment33. Typical acid red soil is a shortage of available K, P, Ca and Mg due to leaching under the subtropical monsoon climate with high precipitation and temperature2. By contrast, RHA is rich in available K and P (Table 1). Thus, RHA can directly enhance the nutrient availability of red soil as a primary source of nutrients. On the other hand, RHA can indirectly improve nutrient supply to plants owing to its high active surface, and the existence of couples of reactive functional groups affecting adsorption17,34. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis of RHA indicated it carries functional groups like hydroxyl (–OH), silanols (Si–OH) and siloxanes (Si–O–Si–OH) groups, but carboxylic radicals (–COOH) was not detected10. RHA is expected to increase soil CEC because of its good porosity and large and predominately negative charged surface functional groups, and the adsorption of organic matter on RHA surfaces. More cationic nutrients can be absorbed by a soil with a higher CEC than that with a lower CEC, so nutrients are retained other than leached and thus more available for plant uptake35.

RHA application improved the cotton seedling growth (Tables 4, 5), which is partly attributed to enhanced nutrient availability and pH (Table 3). Tian et al. reported that biochar derived from green waste combined with peat at a ratio of 1:1 by volume enhanced total biomass and leaf surface area of Calathea rotundifolia relative to peat substrate alone, which was associated with improved substrate attributes and increased nutrient availability on biochar addition36. Lettuce biomass was increased by 184–270% after the replacement of 10% peat (by volume) by sewage sludge biochar, which was attributed to enhanced N, P and K contents and microbial activities in growing media37. Increased biomass accumulation may be the result of increased inorganic nutrient uptake and photosynthetic production together. The former can be owing to enhanced nutrient availability due to RHA incorporation. The latter could be explained by the carbohydrate change in leaves occasioned by RHA addition. The hexose and sucrose concentrations in leaves were increased, but starch concentration was not affected by the RHA addition (Fig. 1a–c), suggesting greater photosynthetic productivity and carbon export availability in leaves. The root architecture of cotton seedlings was improved by RHA application treatments, among which T1 recorded the best performance (Table 4). Similar observations were reported in Muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia L.) and sugarcane22,38. Pinewood biochar addition to pure sandy soil improved soil physical characteristics and facilitated the root growth and development of potted Muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia L.)22. Cassava stem derived biochar application enhanced the soil fertility and pH, and improved the root properties of sugarcane seedlings in a potted experiment38. The increased root growth may be ascribable to improved soil physical properties helping the roots more easily access to air and water and less acidic pH which may be beneficial to microbial activities33. On the other hand, the improved root growth may be associated with the enhanced soluble sugars concentration in the leaf which is typically considered as an indicator of active photosynthesis under normal growth conditions39. For instance, the root growth of Arabidopsis seedlings at the early stage was prompted by the photosynthetic sucrose as a long-distance signal molecule40. Exogenous application of sugar can increase free auxin levels and basipetal auxin transport in Arabidopsis seedlings and promote the elongation of the hypocotyl and roots41. Sucrose application to the shoot of Arabidopsis alone triggered the emergence of lateral root primordia42. Druege et al. found that increased rooting of chrysanthemum cuttings was associated with higher sucrose: starch ratios in leaves43. The result accords well with the present study where increased sucrose concentration in combination with an invariable starch concentration in leaves due to RHA incorporation produced increased sucrose to starch ratios which were accompanied by enhanced root tips (Table 6, Fig. 1b,c).

T1 + SAP + MC and CM + MC performed better than the two other treatments, and did not differ significantly from each other in a majority of parameters tested (Tables 8, 9, 10). Peat is a major composition included in commercial growing media pushing its price to a high level, which is a non-renewable source due to its very long regeneration time. A large amount of exploitation of peat will impose severe damage on the environment as it provides certain ecosystem services such as biodiversity, water regulation and C sinks17. RHA possesses many physico-chemical properties similar to peat, and its usage as an additive to red soil exhibited desirable effects on nursing seedlings comparable to commercial growing media. Thus, RHA will be a promising substitute for peat as growing media, which is also of great implication for the development of circular economy in the agriculture sector.

Red soil is characterized by low pH value, and deficient available P and K, total N, and organic matter. The addition of RHA counteracts the acidity of red soil and improves the nutrient availability to plants. Bulk density was decreased and water holding capacity and total porosity were increased in red soil with increasing application rate of RHA. The RHA incorporated soils favored the growth of cotton seedlings with improved shoot morphological traits and root architectures. The application rate at a volume ratio of 1:1 of RHA to red soil was found to be optimal for growing cotton seedlings in the present study. The mixture of RHA and red soil at a 1:1 volume ratio plus 2 g L−1 SAP exhibited a high nursing seedling efficiency comparable to a commercial growing media under the condition of foliar application of mepiquat chloride at the one-true-leaf stage. RHA is a desirable substance for ameliorating the red soil properties and can replace peat as growing media for nursing cotton seedlings.

Raw data were generated at College of Agronomy Jiangxi Agricultural University. Derived data supporting the finding of this study are available from the corresponding author (FT) on request.

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 31960385, 31560364).

M.Y. conducted the experiment, collected and analyzed the data. X.L. and Q.L. measured the water holding capacity. F.T. designed and supervised the experiment, analyzed the data, wrote the original draft, and revised the manuscript. All authors have read and approved of the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Feiyu Tang.

The authors declare no competing interests.

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Received: 11 September 2021

Accepted: 07 January 2022

Published: 01 February 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-05199-7

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Blasting bananas with light could pave the way for more 'eco-friendly' biomass – Saudi Gazette

1 February, 2022
 

BERN — Banana peels zapped with a powerful lamp can be instantly turned into renewable energy, scientists have discovered.

This new method of extracting hydrogen — also possible with corn cobs, coffee beans and coconut shells — could be a significant way of boosting supplies of the gas from biomass.

It comes as Europe ramps up its hydrogen economy on the road to carbon neutrality by 2050.

According to the EU’s hydrogen policy, ‘renewable’ hydrogen can be made from biomass (plant and animal matter) provided certain sustainability criteria are met.

One major concern with biomass is that it can actually release more CO2, for example where forests are logged, to fuel power stations.

But the team of Swiss-based scientists explain that all of the products from their photo-thermal (light and heat based) technique can be captured, making it economical and climate safe.

“The relevance of our work is further heightened by the fact that we are indirectly capturing CO2 stores from the atmosphere for years,” wrote Dr. Bhawna Nagar, one of the authors from the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL).

“We have converted that into useful end products in no time using a xenon flash lamp.”

There are currently two main routes of chemically converting biomass using heat: gasification and pyrolysis.

Gasification blasts the organic material to temperatures of 1000 C, converting it into syngas — a mix of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide — which is used as biofuel.

A solid residue of carbon, known as ‘biochar’ or charcoal, is left behind.

Pyrolysis decomposes the biomass at lower temperatures of 400-800 C, in containers without oxygen. But this requires very specific reactors that can handle high temperatures and pressures, the scientists explain in Chemical Science.

A simpler method is now at hand in the form of photo-prylosis using a xenon lamp — which emits a bright white light, like that once seen in photographers’ studios. One powerful flashlight shot can trigger biomass conversion in just a few milliseconds.

First, the banana peels must be dried at around 100 C for 24 hours, then ground and sieved to a fine powder before being placed in a stainless steel reactor.

“Each kilogram of dried biomass can generate around 100 liters of hydrogen and 330g of biochar, which is up to 33 weight percent of the original dried banana peel mass,” said Dr. Nagar.

This splitting of natural biomass into gas and charcoal is offered as a “smart, rapid and eco-friendly” solution to hydrogen production.

The charcoal is valuable too as it can be added to soil to improve plant health, or stored as a carbon capture strategy.

Next, the scientists hope their method could be scaled up, and applied to industrial waste such as tires.

It could even pave the way for solar photo-pyrolysis — harnessing the sun’s energy to be even more sustainable. — Euronews


Full article: Acidity and Aluminum Speciation in Biochar Amended Tropical Soils

1 February, 2022
 

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1 February, 2022
 

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Wood Vinegar Market Predicted to Accelerate the Growth by 2017-2025 – Industrial IT

1 February, 2022
 

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Snapshot

Pyroligneous acid, commonly known as wood vinegar, is created from wood and plant materials, using a process known as destructive distillation. The core ingredients of wood vinegar include acetone, methanol, and acetic acid, and was historically used to produce acetic acid on large scales. Currently, the scope of use of wood vinegar stretches across a large number of application segments. One of the more common uses of wood vinegar goes in animal feed. Wood vinegar is an excellent choice when it comes to organic farming, as an additive to animal feedstock as well as a pesticide and fertilizer. Several organizations are supporting the use of wood vinegar amid the growing trend of organic farming, thereby creating added demand. The industry for char generation is a supportive force behind the organic production of wood vinegar and the booming demand experienced by the former is expected to help the global wood vinegar market in general. Additionally, wood vinegar is a high density fluid that bears a positive perspective when it comes to transportation of large quantities, thereby falling perfectly into place within an existing agriculture infrastructure in most countries.

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Wood vinegar is also getting recommended more and more for human treatment against commonplace issues such as acid reflux, foul odors, and an overall promotion of good bowel and liver health. Some studies also point to the lowering of cholesterol levels through a regular consumption of wood vinegar. It is also a common remedy against external irritations and inflammations, such as those caused by contact with poison ivy.

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Overview

The global wood vinegar market is expected to grow at a robust pace between 2017 and 2025. While it has been around for many years now, the market has been able to gain significant pace in emerging nations across Asia Pacific as they show more dependence on the agriculture sector. Wood vinegar, also known as liquid smoke, is a byproduct of biochar or charcoal production. Obtained through carbonization it is a dark liquid and witnesses high demand due to its bactericidal effect, which in turn helps in root stimulation.

In this report, TMR Research aims at identifying the market drivers and restraints that could limit growth of the global wood vinegar market between 2017 and 2025. For the purpose of the study the report covers the market based on various segments, and provides in-depth analysis of the manufacturing cost and supply chain. A detailed assessment of the investment feasibility is aimed at providing existing and new players in-depth insights into the opportunities prevalent in the global wood vinegar market.

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Global Wood Vinegar Market: Key Market Segments

For the purpose of the study, the global wood vinegar market is segmented based on various parameters such as animal feed, agriculture, medicinal, food, and consumer products. By application, the market can be segmented into animal feed, consumer products, medicinal, agriculture, and other industrial uses such as in waste water treatment, creosote and tar production, and in the production of acetic acid. Of these, the demand from the agriculture sector is expected to report a considerable rise over the course of the forecast period.

In the agriculture sector, wood vinegar is used as fertilizer and pesticide and exhibits multifunctional benefits. It is also proven useful in controlling the impact of insects on crops and when mixed with manure wood vinegar helps reducing odor. Because it facilitates cell growth and acts as a catalyst for growth of various microbes and enzymes, wood vinegar has also proven beneficial in photosynthesis. The growing knowledge of the benefits it provide is expected to help the global wood vinegar market exhibit strong growth over the course of the forecast period.

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Regional Analysis

Regionally, Asia Pacific is expected to continue exhibiting lucrative opportunities for enterprises operating in the wood vinegar market. Besides expert opinions for the region to showcase the highest CAGR, enterprises are also expected to gain from the increasing demand for biofertilizers and biopesticides in Asia Pacific. Despite opportunities witnessed in the region, the low level of awareness about the correct application of wood vinegar will continue creating bottlenecks for the market in Asia Pacific.

As per TMR, the market will continue witnessing robust opportunities in developed regions. As the leading economies in North America and Europe boast a high rate of technological developments, these regions will continue exhibiting lucrative opportunities for enterprises operating in the wood vinegar market.

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Vendor Landscape

The report covers a detailed assessment of the prevailing vendor landscape in the market. To identify the strengths and weaknesses of the leading companies, it conducts SWOT analysis on them, which also provides insights into the threats and opportunities that these companies might witness over the course of the forecast period.

Some of the most prominent companies operating in the global wood vinegar market are Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp., ACE (Singapore) Pte Ltd, TAGROW CO., LTD. (China), Nettenergy BV (Netherlands), and Byron Biochar (Australia).

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Biochar-filled plastics: Effect of feedstock on thermal and mechanical properties | SpringerLink

1 February, 2022
 

Biochar physicochemical properties are sensitive to feedstock and processing parameters. However, the effect of feedstock on thermomechanical properties of biochar-filled plastics is not well understood. This study characterizes the differences found between three polymeric matrices filled with biochar from two different feedstocks (i.e., dairy manure, and wood chip). Mechanical, thermal, and morphological testing was performed on three polymeric matrices: polypropylene (PP), polycaprolactone (PCL), and polylactic acid (PLA). Biochar feedstock affected the strength and ductility of filled plastics as well as the thermal behavior. Moreover, the effect was different depending on the matrix. Statistical differences were identified for the PLA and PCL samples, specifically the tensile strength varied by a factor of 1.5, and elongation at break by a factor of 2. These differences might be attributed to the moisture content, which was double (~ 6 wt%) for dairy manure biochar compared to wood chip biochar. Thermal characterization showed differences in the PLA matrix, with the crystallization behavior altered by feedstock type. PLA filled with dairy manure showed reduced crystallization in second heat in the DSC, which was counter to the behavior of PLA filled with wood chip biochar. Thus, wood chip biochar was the preferable choice of filler for PLA. These results indicate that biochar feedstock is an important design consideration when using biochar as a filler in plastics. In addition, the interactions between biochar feedstock and polymeric matrix type need to be taken into account.

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The authors corroborate that the data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article. Supplementary materials are not necessary but can be provided if requested to the corresponding author.

Python Software Foundation. Python Language Reference, version 3.8. Available at http://www.python.org

The authors would like to thank Ibrahim Cisse (Golisano Institute for Sustainability) for his help in measuring the biochar properties and Akio Enders from Cornell University for his help in providing the processing details of the biochar materials.

This work was possible through the support of the Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research (FFAR) grant #CA19-SS-0000000013.

Correspondence to C. A. Diaz.

The authors declare no competing interests.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Received: 29 September 2021

Revised: 11 January 2022

Accepted: 13 January 2022

Published: 01 February 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-022-02340-4

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Consequence of lignite and wheat straw biochar amendments on soil biological and … – SpringerLink

1 February, 2022
 

Wheat straw biochar (WSB) and lignite are counted as soil conditioners which used to improve soil properties and promote plant growth. Astragalus podolobus Boiss. & Hohen is a palatable species from Fabaceae family that is used for restoring of rangelands and fodder production as well as soil conservation against erosion. In this experiment, we studied the influence of WSB and lignite on soil properties and the plant traits of A. podolobus. For this purpose, the WSB and lignite were incorporated at levels of 0%, 1.25%, 2.5%, and 3.75% (w/w) in six repetitions. For this purpose, the experiment was done in pots at greenhouse condition. Data were analyzed statistically by one-way analysis of variance in SPSS21 software. The results demonstrated that WSB and lignite addition improve the soil microbial biomass (SMB) and chemical properties, e.g., electrical conductivity (EC), soil organic carbon (SOC), total N, phosphorus, and magnesium, but A. podolobus did not respond positively to these amendments. Also, lignite 3.75% (w/w) is the most effective treatment on improving soil properties. The SOC (g.kg−1) varied from 1.9 in the control to 4.6 and 6.5 by WSB and lignite at 3.75% (w/w), respectively. On the other hand, SMB (µg100gr−1 of soil) was significantly increased from 5.52 in the control to 11.5 and 11.67 by lignite and WSB 3.75% (w/w), respectively. The highest plant biomass (10.50 g) and the lowest roots dry weight (3.01 and 2.69 g) were observed in soil receiving lignite at 2.5% (w/w) and 1.25% (w/w), respectively. The amendment of WSB and lignite strongly enhance the properties of clay loam solonchak rangeland soil. It is suggested to add lignite soil conditioner at level 3.75%w/w in plantation the degraded rangelands but the response of other species must be tested to rate species that responds positively to the soil properties enhancement.

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Not applicable.

The authors are grateful for Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources- Iran for supporting the grant to conduct this research under a PhD dissertation in rangeland sciences for the first author.

This research was conducted under PhD Dissertation of the first author with funding of Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources.

Seyedeh Mohadeseh Ehsani, Hamid Niknahad-Gharmakher, and Esmaeil Sheidai-Karkaj conceived the idea of this research. Seyedeh Mohadeseh Ehsani and Javad Motamedi conducted the experiment. Seyedeh Mohadeseh Ehsani, Mousa Akbarlou, and Esmaeil Sheidai-Karkaj performed the literature search and developed the format of the paper. Esmaeil Sheidai-Karkaj as corresponding author and Seyedeh Mohadeseh Ehsani performed data analyses and writing, revision, and editing. All authors again technically checked and finalized the final version of manuscript.

Correspondence to Esmaeil Sheidai-Karkaj.

Not applicable.

Not applicable.

Not applicable.

The authors declare no competing interests.

Responsible Editor: Amjad Kallel.

Received: 20 August 2021

Accepted: 12 January 2022

Published: 31 January 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-022-09504-6

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Biochar Fine Granules Market Size 2022 And Analysis By 2029 – Bristol City Supporters Trust

1 February, 2022
 

New Jersey, USA,-The report attempts to offer high-quality and accurate analysis of the global Biochar Fine Granules Market, keeping in view market forecasts, competitive intelligence, and technological risks and advancements, and other important subjects. Its carefully crafted market intelligence allows market participants to understand the most significant developments in the global Biochar Fine Granules market that are impacting their business. Readers can become aware of crucial opportunities available in the global Biochar Fine Granules market as well as key factors driving and arresting market growth. The research study also provides deep geographical analysis of the global Biochar Fine Granules market and sheds light on important applications and products that market players can focus on for achieving strong growth.

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You can thoroughly evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of your competitors using our competitive analysis. The report also provides access to comprehensive production and shipment analysis from origin to end-user purchase. In addition, you will be informed about the latest industry developments to help you stay ahead of your competitors. Our analysts are always on their toes to constantly track and analyze changes or developments in the quality Biochar Fine Granules industry. The report is filled with statistical announcements,market figures related to revenue,volume,annual average and share,and global and regional market forecasts.

The report includes a detailed segmentation study of the global Biochar Fine Granules market,in which all segments are analyzed in terms of market growth,share, growth rate and other important factors. It also provides the attractiveness index of the segment, allowing players to inform about the profitable revenue pockets of the global Biochar Fine Granules market. A broad evaluation of the segments provided in the report allows investment,strategy, and teams to focus on the right areas of the global Biochar Fine Granules market.

The major players covered in Biochar Fine Granules Markets:

Biochar Fine Granules Market Breakdown by Type:

Biochar Fine Granules Market breakdown by application:

The Biochar Fine Granules market report has been separated according to separate categories, such as product type, application, end-user, and region. Each segment is evaluated on the basis of CAGR, share, and growth potential. In the regional analysis, the report highlights the prospective region, which is expected to generate opportunities in the global Biochar Fine Granuless market in the coming years. This segmental analysis will surely prove to be a useful tool for readers, stakeholders and market participants in order to get a complete picture of the global Biochar Fine Granuless market and its growth potential in the coming years.

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Biochar Fine Granules Market Report Scope 

Regional market analysis Biochar Fine Granules can be represented as follows:

Each regional Biochar Fine Granules sectors is carefully studied to understand its current and future growth scenarios. This helps players to strengthen their position. Use market research to get a better perspective and understanding of the market and target audience and ensure you stay ahead of the competition.

The base of geography, the world market of Biochar Fine Granules has segmented as follows:


Key questions answered in the report:


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The study explores in depth the profiles of the main market players and their main financial aspects. This comprehensive business analyst report is useful for all existing and new entrants as they design their business strategies. This report covers production, revenue, market share and growth rate of the Biochar Fine Granules market for each key company, and covers breakdown data (production, consumption, revenue and market share) by regions, type and applications. Biochar Fine Granules historical breakdown data from 2016 to 2020 and forecast to 2021-2029.

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Buy Wakefield Biochar Products Online in Nicaragua – Desertcart

1 February, 2022
 

Desertcart is the best online shopping platform in the Nicaragua where you can choose to buy from the largest selection of Wakefield Biochar products. Desertcart Nicaragua delivers the most unique and largest selection from around the world especially from the US, UK, India at a reasonable price and fastest delivery time. If you can't find a particular Wakefield Biochar product on Desertcart, we pay you!

Desertcart helps you to shop online and delivers Wakefield Biochar products to your doorstep. The best sellers after considering the top product reviews, rankings and benefits are: (1)  Wakefield (2)  Wakefield Revisited (3)  Biochar: A Guide To Analytical Methods (4)  Making Charcoal and Biochar: A Comprehensive Guide (5)  Wakefield Then & Now (6)  Carbon Considerations: Biochar, Biomass, Biopower, and Sequestration

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Real wastewater micropollutant removal by wood waste biomass biochars – Science Direct

1 February, 2022
 

Reference Number: 6d718235a9d618c4

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The co-addition of biochar and manganese ore promotes nitrous oxide reduction but favors …

2 February, 2022
 

In the present study, the effects of biochar and manganese ore (MO) on N2O and CH4 emissions during sewage sludge composting were investigated. The results demonstrated that the additive additions could effectively reduce total nitrogen loss and improve the agronomic value of compost. Furthermore, all the additive treatments could mitigate N2O (6.60–45.9%) and CH4 (33.6–71.3%) emissions. Compared to the single corn straw biochar (CSB) or MO addition, the co-addition of CSB and MO can further promote N2O reduction by 14.6–22.4% but increase CH4 emission by 22.9–33.7%. Overall, the co-addition of CSB and MO showed the lowest global warming potential, which was 42.1% lower than the control, among all the additive treatments. Integrating the analyzed results of Spearman rank correlation coefficients and functional genes, the inhibition of N2O generation during nitrification and denitrification processes was identified as the main mechanism for the reduced N2O emissions. For CH4, the reduced CH4 emissions were contributed by simultaneously inhibiting CH4 generation and promoting CH4 consumption, especially for the single CSB or MO treatments. Additionally, based on the analyzed results of the structural equation model, amoA and nirS were found to be the key functional genes affecting N2O emissions directly, and temperature and pH were identified as the root factors affecting N2O emissions through varied biological or chemical pathways. These findings could provide a new alternative to produce high-quality sewage sludge compost with lower environmental impact in an economical way.

在本研究中,研究了生物炭和锰矿 (MO) 对污水污泥堆肥过程中N 2 O 和 CH 4排放的影响。结果表明,添加剂的添加可有效降低总氮损失,提高堆肥的农艺价值。此外,所有添加剂处理都可以减轻 N 2 O(6.60-45.9%)和 CH 4(33.6-71.3%)的排放。与单独添加玉米秸秆生物炭 (CSB) 或 MO 相比,CSB 和 MO 的共同添加可进一步促进 N 2 O 减少 14.6-22.4%,但增加 CH 4排放量减少 22.9–33.7%。总体而言,在所有添加剂处理中,CSB 和 MO 的共同添加显示出最低的全球变暖潜能值,比对照低 42.1%。综合Spearman等级相关系数和功能基因的分析结果,确定硝化和反硝化过程中N 2 O生成的抑制是减少N 2 O排放的主要机制。对于 CH 4,减少的 CH 4排放是通过同时抑制 CH 4生成和促进 CH 4消耗,特别是对于单一的 CSB 或 MO 治疗。此外,基于结构方程模型的分析结果,发现amoA和nirS是直接影响N 2 O排放的关键功能基因,温度和pH被确定为影响N 2 O排放的根本因素。化学途径。这些发现可以提供一种新的替代方案,以经济的方式生产对环境影响较小的高质量污水污泥堆肥。


Global Biochar Market 2022 – Industry Segment, Drivers, Trends, Forecast to 2028

2 February, 2022
 

This Global Biochar Market research by MarketsandResearch.biz looks at historical and current growth prospects and trends for the years 2022 to 2028 in order to obtain a better understanding of major market drivers. An unique research technique was used to perform a complete study of the worldwide Biochar market’s developments and make conclusions about the industry’s future development potential. This approach combines primary and secondary research to assist analysts in determining the quality and dependability of data.

The global Biochar market analysis relied on secondary sources such as company websites, annual reports, SEC filings, investor presentations, annual reports, regulatory databases, and industry research papers. As primary sources for the article, product portfolio administrators, senior managers, vice presidents, and CEOs were interviewed.

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Revenue in the Biochar market is expected to rise between 2022 and 2028, with 2020 serving as the base year and 2028 as the forecast year. The study will look at the market’s compound annual growth rate throughout the predicted period (CAGR).

Biochar The market is divided into categories based on the following criteria:

Some of the applications discussed in the study are as follows:

The report is divided into the following categories.

The key organisations featured in the worldwide industry research are as follows:

The market includes the following geographical regions: The scope of the study is on major industrial geographic locations.

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The study places the market in relation to its geographical dispersion. It also encourages sourcing experts to improve categorization methodologies, consider vendor and industry issues, update investment, and employ best sourcing practises.

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Biochar – Engineer, Furnace Metal Fabricator / Installer – Jobzem Australia

2 February, 2022
 

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Biochar Market Growth by Regions and Geographical Analysis to 2027|Diacarbon Energy …

2 February, 2022
 

A research study conducted on the Biochar market offers substantial information about market size and estimation, market share, growth, and product significance. The Biochar market report consists of a thorough analysis of the market which will help clients acquire Biochar market knowledge and use for business purposes. This report provides data to the customers that is of historical as well as statistical significance making it usefully informative. Crucial analysis done in this report also includes studies of the market dynamics, market segmentation and map positioning, market share, supply chain & Industry demand, challenges as well as threats and the competitive landscape. Business investors can acquire the quantitative and qualitative knowledge provided in the Biochar market report.

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Biochar Market competition by top manufacturers/Key player Profiled:

Diacarbon Energy, Cool Planet Energy Systems, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Products, Vega Biofuels, Phoenix Energy, Pacific Pyrolysis, The Biochar Company, Clean Biofuels BV, Biochar Supreme
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At the time of this report, the official counts of cases and deaths from COVID-19 have passed 4,000,000 and 280,000. Many government announced a plan on reopening the national economy, but many countries are still at the stage of rising. It should be noted that the impact of the epidemic has accelerated the trend of localization, regionalization and decentralization of the global industrial chain and supply chain, so it is inevitable to reconstruct the global industrial chain. Faced with the global industrial change in the post epidemic era, enterprises in various countries must take precautions.

Chemical and petrochemical-related industries have been noticing the adverse effects of the COVID-19 outbreak. They are in the midst of a two-pronged crisis, besides the impact of COVID-19, another is the oil price war. Oil prices are dropping due to failed agreements on production cuts between OPEC and Russia in April and the need for chemicals and refined products is slowing from industrial slow-downs and travel restrictions in the wake of this global pandemic.
The chemical industry plays an important role in the production of countless products such as plastic, fertilizers, medicines, packaging products, etc., with the spread of coronavirus, many production facilities of several downstream industries have been halted. However, a rise in the demand for packaging materials has been increased to prevent the contamination of food, medicine, personal care, and medical products thereby creating a significant demand for chemicals involved in the packaging industry.

In such an environment, XYZ-research published a comprehensive analysis of key market trends in global Biochar 3160 market. It includes discussion on historical trends, current market status, competitive landscape, growth opportunities and challenges which are backed by factful feedbacks.

According to XYZResearch analysis, Biochar market will reach xx Million USD by the end of 2020, with a CAGR of xx % during the forecast period of 2022-2027, The XX segment in Biochar market is estimated to reach a market value of xx Million USD by 2020 from an initial market value of xx Million USD in 2019. China market value in 2019 is about xx Million USD, and Biochar production is xx. US market value in 2019 is about xx Million USD, and Biochar production is xx. Europe market value in 2019 is about xx Million USD, and Biochar production is XX.

Research objectives:

Post-COVID analysis on market growth and size (growth potential, opportunities, drivers, industry specific challenges and risks). To study and analyze the global Biochar market size by key regions / countries, product type and application, historical data from 2016 to 2022 and forecast to 2027.

The study covers the current market size of Biochar market and its growth rates based on 5-year records with a company overview of key players / manufacturers:

To understand the structure of Biochar market by identifying its various subsegments.
Focuses on the major players of the global Biochar market, to define, describe, and analyze the value, market share, market competitive landscape, SWOT analysis, and development plans in the coming years. To analyze the Biochar Market with respect to individual growth trends, future prospects, and their contribution to the total market.

Analyze competitive developments such as expansions, agreements, new product launches and acquisitions in the market to better understand the pre and post COVID scenario.

Biochar Market by Type:

Pyrolysis
Gasification
Others

Biochar Market By Applications:

Livestock
Farming
Others

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Biochar market significant regions

North America
Europe
Asia-Pacific
Latin America
Middle East and Africa

The important objectives of the study are to execute and provide an in-depth analysis of the global Biochar industry development rates, size, value, stocks and promote development, in addition to market trends and the market variables that influence Biochar growth and development. This report considers the risks with respect to the Biochar market vendors and also obstacles in addition to the market manufacturers.

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Biochar Market challenges

– Financial importance of article reviews
– Increase in regulatory research
– High cost of lighting

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Report Overview
1.1 Study Scope
1.2 Key Market Segments
1.3 Players Covered: Ranking by Biochar Revenue
1.4 Market Analysis by Type
1.4.1 Biochar Market Size Growth Rate by Type: 2022 VS 2027
1.5 Market by Application
1.5.1 Biochar Market Share by Application: 2022 VS 2027
1.6 Study Objectives
1.7 Years Considered

Chapter Two: Growth Trends by Regions
2.1 Biochar Market Perspective (2015-2027)
2.2 Biochar Growth Trends by Regions
2.2.1 Biochar Market Size by Regions: 2015 VS 2022 VS 2027
2.2.2 Biochar Historic Market Share by Regions (2015-2022)
2.2.3 Biochar Forecasted Market Size by Regions (2022-2027)
2.3 Industry Trends and Growth Strategy
2.3.1 Market Top Trends
2.3.2 Market Drivers
2.3.3 Market Challenges
2.3.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
2.3.5 Biochar Market Growth Strategy
2.3.6 Primary Interviews with Key Biochar Players (Opinion Leaders)

Chapter Three: Competition Landscape by Key Players
3.1 Top Biochar Players by Market Size
3.1.1 Top Biochar Players by Revenue (2015-2022)
3.1.2 Biochar Revenue Market Share by Players (2015-2022)
3.1.3 Biochar Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier Chapter Two: and Tier 3)
3.2 Biochar Market Concentration Ratio
3.2.1 Biochar Market Concentration Ratio (CRChapter Five: and HHI)
3.2.2 Top Chapter Ten: and Top 5 Companies by Biochar Revenue in 2022
3.3 Biochar Key Players Head office and Area Served
3.4 Key Players Biochar Product Solution and Service
3.5 Date of Enter into Biochar Market
3.6 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

Chapter Four: Research results and conclusion

Chapter Five: Methodology and data source

5.1 Methodology / Research approach
5.2 Data source
5.3 List of authors
5.4 Disclaimer ……

Chapter Six: Conclusion

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Biochar Market Regional and Restraint Analysis by 2027|Diacarbon Energy, Cool Planet …

2 February, 2022
 

Checkout FREE Report Sample of Biochar Market Report for Better Understanding:@https://www.reporthive.com/request_sample/2659536

Biochar Market competition by top manufacturers/Key player Profiled:

Diacarbon Energy, Cool Planet Energy Systems, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Products, Vega Biofuels, Phoenix Energy, Pacific Pyrolysis, The Biochar Company, Clean Biofuels BV, Biochar Supreme

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World trade was already slowing in 2019 before COVID 19 outbreak, weighed down by trade tensions and slowing economic growth, such as uncertainty generated from Brexit, the U.S.-China trade war, the Japan-South Korea trade war.

Trade is expected to fall by between 13% and 32% in 2020 as the COVID 19 pandemic disrupts normal economic activity and life around the world, according to the study of WTO.The decline in exports has been mainly due to the ongoing global slowdown, which got aggravated due to the current Covid-19 crisis. The latter resulted in large scale disruptions in supply chains and demand resulting in cancellation of orders.

XYZResearch’s analysis shows that as China started reopening its economy, world exports initially recovered across the board. But estimates of the expected recovery in 2022 are uncertain, with outcomes depending largely on the duration of the outbreak and the effectiveness of the policy responses.

This research report indicated that the global Biochar market was valued at USD XXX million in 2019, and it is expected to reach a value of USD XXX million by 2027, at a CAGR of XX % over the forecast period 2022-2027. In terms of the export, China occupied more than XX % export market share in 2019, India occupied XX %. XXX is the second largest region around the world, it occupied about XX % export market share in 2019. In terms of the Local Capacity, XXX is the largest region around the world, it occupied about XX % export market share in 2019.

Research objectives:

Post-COVID analysis on market growth and size (growth potential, opportunities, drivers, industry specific challenges and risks). To study and analyze the global Biochar market size by key regions / countries, product type and application, historical data from 2016 to 2022 and forecast to 2027.

The study covers the current market size of Biochar market and its growth rates based on 5-year records with a company overview of key players / manufacturers:

To understand the structure of Biochar market by identifying its various subsegments.
Focuses on the major players of the global Biochar market, to define, describe, and analyze the value, market share, market competitive landscape, SWOT analysis, and development plans in the coming years. To analyze the Biochar Market with respect to individual growth trends, future prospects, and their contribution to the total market.

Analyze competitive developments such as expansions, agreements, new product launches and acquisitions in the market to better understand the pre and post COVID scenario.

Biochar Market by Type:

Pyrolysis
Gasification
Others

Biochar Market By Applications:

Livestock
Farming
Others

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Biochar market significant regions

North America
Europe
Asia-Pacific
Latin America
Middle East and Africa

The important objectives of the study are to execute and provide an in-depth analysis of the global Biochar industry development rates, size, value, stocks and promote development, in addition to market trends and the market variables that influence Biochar growth and development. This report considers the risks with respect to the Biochar market vendors and also obstacles in addition to the market manufacturers.

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Biochar Market challenges

– Financial importance of article reviews
– Increase in regulatory research
– High cost of lighting

Adding a truly universal perspective with the most comprehensive report available in this market covering over 50 topographies.

* See how the Biochar market is affected by Coronavirus and how it is reasonably going to rise and develop as the effect of infection wanes.
* Make rural and national techniques based on information and examination of the neighborhood.
* Identify growth segments to consider.
* Circle the contenders using the hypothesis information and the pilots and models coming to market.
* Understand buyers based on the results of the most recent analytical surveys.

Why Report Hive Research?
Report Hive Research delivers strategic market research reports, statistical surveys, industry analysis and forecast data on products and services, markets and companies. Our clientele ranges mix of global business leaders, government organizations, SME’s, individuals and Start-ups, top management consulting firms, universities, etc. Our library of 700,000 + reports targets high growth emerging markets in the USA, Europe Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific covering industries like IT, Telecom, Semiconductor, Chemical, Healthcare, Pharmaceutical, Energy and Power, Manufacturing, Automotive and Transportation, Food and Beverages, etc. This large collection of insightful reports assists clients to stay ahead of time and competition. We help in business decision-making on aspects such as market entry strategies, market sizing, market share analysis, sales and revenue, technology trends, competitive analysis, product portfolio, and application analysis, etc.

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Bio Char 2 yard Super Sack -Soil – Fertilizer -Amendment – farm &… – Craigslist:Medford

2 February, 2022
 

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N-doped biochar from chitosan gel-like solution: Effect of hydrothermal temperature and …

2 February, 2022
 

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Investigating unsaturated hydraulic conductivity and water retention characteristics of … – NASA/ADS

2 February, 2022
 

This study investigates the influence of biochar amendment on the water retention and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (Kunsat) of compacted soils focusing on its potential application in bioengineered structures. Physical properties, water retention characteristics and Kunsat of two different soils, such as silty sand and pure sand and amended with 5% and 10% (w/w) biochar made from mesquite were measured with the help of instantaneous profile method (IPM). The water retention capacity of the biochar-amended soil was characterised by plotting soil water retention curve (SWRC) and estimating the saturated volumetric water content (θs), residual water content (θr), shape parameter ‘n’ and plant available water content (PAWC). The results revealed that the amendment of biochar in the soils increased the θs (by 20-30%), θr (60-370%) and PAWC (7-60%), and decreased the n (by 5-18%) and Kunsat (one-two order). The microstructural observation showed that the hydrophilic surface functional groups and intra-pores in biochar contributed to the improved water retention, while the altered pore size distribution and porosity of the soils due to biochar amendment increased the tortuosity of the water flow path and hence reduced the Kunsat. Based on the findings, biochar-amended soil is proposed to be used in bioengineered structures that could promote the growth of vegetation and improve the performance.

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The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A


Global Biochar Market 2022 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2028

2 February, 2022
 

The Biochar market report provides a detailed analysis of global market size, regional and country-level market size, segmentation market growth, market share, competitive Landscape, sales analysis, impact of domestic and global market players, value chain optimization, trade regulations, recent developments, opportunities analysis, strategic market growth analysis, product launches, area marketplace expanding, and technological innovations.

According to our latest study, due to COVID-19 pandemic, the global Biochar market size is estimated to be worth US$ 295.2 million in 2021 and is forecast to a readjusted size of USD 523.1 million by 2028 with a CAGR of 8.5% during review period. Soil Conditioner accounting for % of the Biochar global market in 2021, is projected to value USD million by 2028, growing at a % CAGR in next six years. While Wood-based Biochar segment is altered to a % CAGR between 2022 and 2028.

Global key manufacturers of Biochar include Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, and Carbon Gold, etc. In terms of revenue, the global top four players hold a share over % in 2021.

Market segmentation

Biochar market is split by Type and by Application. For the period 2017-2028, the growth among segments provide accurate calculations and forecasts for sales by Type and by Application in terms of volume and value. This analysis can help you expand your business by targeting qualified niche markets.

Market segment by Type, covers

Wood-based Biochar

Corn Straw Biochar

Rice Straw Biochar

Wheat Straw Biochar

Other Straw Biochar

Market segment by Application can be divided into

Soil Conditioner

Fertilizer

Others

The key market players for global Biochar market are listed below:

Cool Planet

Biochar Supreme

NextChar

Terra Char

Carbon Gold

ElementC6

Swiss Biochar GmbH

Pacific Biochar

Biochar Now

The Biochar Company (TBC)

BlackCarbon

Carbon Terra

Terra Humana

Liaoning Jinhefu

Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy

SEEK

Market segment by region, regional analysis covers

North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)

Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia, Italy, and Rest of Europe)

Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Southeast Asia, and Australia)

South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, and Rest of South America)

Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, South Africa, and Rest of Middle East & Africa)

The content of the study subjects, includes a total of 15 chapters:

Chapter 1, to describe Biochar product scope, market overview, market opportunities, market driving force and market risks.

Chapter 2, to profile the top manufacturers of Biochar, with price, sales, revenue and global market share of Biochar from 2019 to 2022.

Chapter 3, the Biochar competitive situation, sales, revenue and global market share of top manufacturers are analyzed emphatically by landscape contrast.

Chapter 4, the Biochar breakdown data are shown at the regional level, to show the sales, revenue and growth by regions, from 2017 to 2028.

Chapter 5 and 6, to segment the sales by Type and application, with sales market share and growth rate by type, application, from 2017 to 2028.

Chapter 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, to break the sales data at the country level, with sales, revenue and market share for key countries in the world, from 2017 to 2022.and Biochar market forecast, by regions, type and application, with sales and revenue, from 2023 to 2028.

Chapter 12, the key raw materials and key suppliers, and industry chain of Biochar.

Chapter 13, 14, and 15, to describe Biochar sales channel, distributors, customers, research findings and conclusion, appendix and data source.

The base year for the study has been considered 2019, historic year 2014 and 2018, the forecast period considered is from 2020 to 2027. The regions analyzed for the market include North America, Europe, South America, Asia Pacific, and Middle East and Africa. These regions are further analyzed at the country-level. The study also includes attractiveness analysis of type, application and regions which are benchmarked based on their market size, growth rate and attractiveness in terms of present and future opportunity for understanding the future growth of the market.

Market is segmented on the basis:

The report offers in-depth analysis of driving factors, opportunities, restraints, and challenges for gaining the key insight of the market. The report emphasizes on all the key trends that play a vital role in the enlargement of the market from 2019 to 2026.

The report provides company profile of the key players operating in the market and a comparative analysis based on their business overviews industry offering, segment market share, regional presence, business strategies, innovations, mergers & acquisitions, recent developments, joint venture, collaborations, partnerships, SWOT analysis, and key financial information.

1 Market Overview

1.1 Biochar Introduction

1.2 Market Analysis by Type

1.2.1 Overview: Global Biochar Revenue by Type: 2017 Versus 2021 Versus 2028

1.2.2 Wood-based Biochar

1.2.3 Corn Straw Biochar

1.2.4 Rice Straw Biochar

1.2.5 Wheat Straw Biochar

1.2.6 Other Straw Biochar

1.3 Market Analysis by Application

1.3.1 Overview: Global Biochar Revenue by Application: 2017 Versus 2021 Versus 2028

1.3.2 Soil Conditioner

1.3.3 Fertilizer

1.3.4 Others

1.4 Global Biochar Market Size & Forecast

1.4.1 Global Biochar Sales in Value (2017 & 2021 & 2028)

1.4.2 Global Biochar Sales in Volume (2017-2028)

1.4.3 Global Biochar Price (2017-2028)

1.5 Global Biochar Production Capacity Analysis

1.5.1 Global Biochar Total Production Capacity (2017-2028)

1.5.2 Global Biochar Production Capacity by Geographic Region

1.6 Market Drivers, Restraints and Trends

1.6.1 Biochar Market Drivers

1.6.2 Biochar Market Restraints

1.6.3 Biochar Trends Analysis

2 Manufacturers Profiles

2.1 Cool Planet

2.1.1 Cool Planet Details

2.1.2 Cool Planet Major Business

2.1.3 Cool Planet Biochar Product and Services

2.1.4 Cool Planet Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.2 Biochar Supreme

2.2.1 Biochar Supreme Details

2.2.2 Biochar Supreme Major Business

2.2.3 Biochar Supreme Biochar Product and Services

2.2.4 Biochar Supreme Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.3 NextChar

2.3.1 NextChar Details

2.3.2 NextChar Major Business

2.3.3 NextChar Biochar Product and Services

2.3.4 NextChar Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.4 Terra Char

2.4.1 Terra Char Details

2.4.2 Terra Char Major Business

2.4.3 Terra Char Biochar Product and Services

2.4.4 Terra Char Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.5 Carbon Gold

2.5.1 Carbon Gold Details

2.5.2 Carbon Gold Major Business

2.5.3 Carbon Gold Biochar Product and Services

2.5.4 Carbon Gold Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.6 ElementC6

2.6.1 ElementC6 Details

2.6.2 ElementC6 Major Business

2.6.3 ElementC6 Biochar Product and Services

2.6.4 ElementC6 Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.7 Swiss Biochar GmbH

2.7.1 Swiss Biochar GmbH Details

2.7.2 Swiss Biochar GmbH Major Business

2.7.3 Swiss Biochar GmbH Biochar Product and Services

2.7.4 Swiss Biochar GmbH Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.8 Pacific Biochar

2.8.1 Pacific Biochar Details

2.8.2 Pacific Biochar Major Business

2.8.3 Pacific Biochar Biochar Product and Services

2.8.4 Pacific Biochar Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.9 Biochar Now

2.9.1 Biochar Now Details

2.9.2 Biochar Now Major Business

2.9.3 Biochar Now Biochar Product and Services

2.9.4 Biochar Now Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.10 The Biochar Company (TBC)

2.10.1 The Biochar Company (TBC) Details

2.10.2 The Biochar Company (TBC) Major Business

2.10.3 The Biochar Company (TBC) Biochar Product and Services

2.10.4 The Biochar Company (TBC) Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.11 BlackCarbon

2.11.1 BlackCarbon Details

2.11.2 BlackCarbon Major Business

2.11.3 BlackCarbon Biochar Product and Services

2.11.4 BlackCarbon Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.12 Carbon Terra

2.12.1 Carbon Terra Details

2.12.2 Carbon Terra Major Business

2.12.3 Carbon Terra Biochar Product and Services

2.12.4 Carbon Terra Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.13 Terra Humana

2.13.1 Terra Humana Details

2.13.2 Terra Humana Major Business

2.13.3 Terra Humana Biochar Product and Services

2.13.4 Terra Humana Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.14 Liaoning Jinhefu

2.14.1 Liaoning Jinhefu Details

2.14.2 Liaoning Jinhefu Major Business

2.14.3 Liaoning Jinhefu Biochar Product and Services

2.14.4 Liaoning Jinhefu Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.15 Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy

2.15.1 Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy Details

2.15.2 Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy Major Business

2.15.3 Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy Biochar Product and Services

2.15.4 Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

2.16 SEEK

2.16.1 SEEK Details

2.16.2 SEEK Major Business

2.16.3 SEEK Biochar Product and Services

2.16.4 SEEK Biochar Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

3 Biochar Breakdown Data by Manufacturer

3.1 Global Biochar Sales in Volume by Manufacturer (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

3.2 Global Biochar Revenue by Manufacturer (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

3.3 Key Manufacturer Market Position in Biochar

3.4 Market Concentration Rate

3.4.1 Top 3 Biochar Manufacturer Market Share in 2021

3.4.2 Top 6 Biochar Manufacturer Market Share in 2021

3.5 Global Biochar Production Capacity by Company: 2021 VS 2022

3.6 Manufacturer by Geography: Head Office and Biochar Production Site

3.7 New Entrant and Capacity Expansion Plans

3.8 Mergers & Acquisitions

4 Market Analysis by Region

4.1 Global Biochar Market Size by Region

4.1.1 Global Biochar Sales in Volume by Region (2017-2028)

4.1.2 Global Biochar Revenue by Region (2017-2028)

4.2 North America Biochar Revenue (2017-2028)

4.3 Europe Biochar Revenue (2017-2028)

4.4 Asia-Pacific Biochar Revenue (2017-2028)

4.5 South America Biochar Revenue (2017-2028)

4.6 Middle East and Africa Biochar Revenue (2017-2028)

5 Market Segment by Type

5.1 Global Biochar Sales in Volume by Type (2017-2028)

5.2 Global Biochar Revenue by Type (2017-2028)

5.3 Global Biochar Price by Type (2017-2028)

6 Market Segment by Application

6.1 Global Biochar Sales in Volume by Application (2017-2028)

6.2 Global Biochar Revenue by Application (2017-2028)

6.3 Global Biochar Price by Application (2017-2028)

7 North America by Country, by Type, and by Application

7.1 North America Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2028)

7.2 North America Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2028)

7.3 North America Biochar Market Size by Country

7.3.1 North America Biochar Sales in Volume by Country (2017-2028)

7.3.2 North America Biochar Revenue by Country (2017-2028)

7.3.3 United States Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

7.3.4 Canada Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

7.3.5 Mexico Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

8 Europe by Country, by Type, and by Application

8.1 Europe Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2028)

8.2 Europe Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2028)

8.3 Europe Biochar Market Size by Country

8.3.1 Europe Biochar Sales in Volume by Country (2017-2028)

8.3.2 Europe Biochar Revenue by Country (2017-2028)

8.3.3 Germany Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

8.3.4 France Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

8.3.5 United Kingdom Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

8.3.6 Russia Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

8.3.7 Italy Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

9 Asia-Pacific by Region, by Type, and by Application

9.1 Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2028)

9.2 Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2028)

9.3 Asia-Pacific Biochar Market Size by Region

9.3.1 Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales in Volume by Region (2017-2028)

9.3.2 Asia-Pacific Biochar Revenue by Region (2017-2028)

9.3.3 China Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

9.3.4 Japan Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

9.3.5 Korea Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

9.3.6 India Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

9.3.7 Southeast Asia Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

9.3.8 Australia Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

10 South America by Region, by Type, and by Application

10.1 South America Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2028)

10.2 South America Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2028)

10.3 South America Biochar Market Size by Country

10.3.1 South America Biochar Sales in Volume by Country (2017-2028)

10.3.2 South America Biochar Revenue by Country (2017-2028)

10.3.3 Brazil Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

10.3.4 Argentina Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

11 Middle East & Africa by Country, by Type, and by Application

11.1 Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2028)

11.2 Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2028)

11.3 Middle East & Africa Biochar Market Size by Country

11.3.1 Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales in Volume by Country (2017-2028)

11.3.2 Middle East & Africa Biochar Revenue by Country (2017-2028)

11.3.3 Turkey Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

11.3.4 Egypt Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

11.3.5 Saudi Arabia Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

11.3.6 South Africa Market Size and Forecast (2017-2028)

12 Raw Material and Industry Chain

12.1 Raw Material of Biochar and Key Manufacturers

12.2 Manufacturing Costs Percentage of Biochar

12.3 Biochar Production Process

12.4 Biochar Industrial Chain

13 Sales Channel, Distributors, Traders and Dealers

13.1 Sales Channel

13.1.1 Direct Marketing

13.1.2 Indirect Marketing

13.2 Biochar Typical Distributors

13.3 Biochar Typical Customers

14 Research Findings and Conclusion

15 Appendix

15.1 Methodology

15.2 Research Process and Data Source

15.3 Disclaimer

List of Tables

Table 1. Global Biochar Revenue by Type, (USD Million), 2017 & 2021 & 2028

Table 2. Global Biochar Revenue by Application, (USD Million), 2017 & 2021 & 2028

Table 3. Cool Planet Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 4. Cool Planet Major Business

Table 5. Cool Planet Biochar Product and Services

Table 6. Cool Planet Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 7. Biochar Supreme Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 8. Biochar Supreme Major Business

Table 9. Biochar Supreme Biochar Product and Services

Table 10. Biochar Supreme Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 11. NextChar Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 12. NextChar Major Business

Table 13. NextChar Biochar Product and Services

Table 14. NextChar Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 15. Terra Char Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 16. Terra Char Major Business

Table 17. Terra Char Biochar Product and Services

Table 18. Terra Char Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 19. Carbon Gold Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 20. Carbon Gold Major Business

Table 21. Carbon Gold Biochar Product and Services

Table 22. Carbon Gold Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 23. ElementC6 Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 24. ElementC6 Major Business

Table 25. ElementC6 Biochar Product and Services

Table 26. ElementC6 Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 27. Swiss Biochar GmbH Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 28. Swiss Biochar GmbH Major Business

Table 29. Swiss Biochar GmbH Biochar Product and Services

Table 30. Swiss Biochar GmbH Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 31. Pacific Biochar Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 32. Pacific Biochar Major Business

Table 33. Pacific Biochar Biochar Product and Services

Table 34. Pacific Biochar Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 35. Biochar Now Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 36. Biochar Now Major Business

Table 37. Biochar Now Biochar Product and Services

Table 38. Biochar Now Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 39. The Biochar Company (TBC) Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 40. The Biochar Company (TBC) Major Business

Table 41. The Biochar Company (TBC) Biochar Product and Services

Table 42. The Biochar Company (TBC) Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 43. BlackCarbon Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 44. BlackCarbon Major Business

Table 45. BlackCarbon Biochar Product and Services

Table 46. BlackCarbon Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 47. Carbon Terra Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 48. Carbon Terra Major Business

Table 49. Carbon Terra Biochar Product and Services

Table 50. Carbon Terra Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 51. Terra Humana Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 52. Terra Humana Major Business

Table 53. Terra Humana Biochar Product and Services

Table 54. Terra Humana Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 55. Liaoning Jinhefu Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 56. Liaoning Jinhefu Major Business

Table 57. Liaoning Jinhefu Biochar Product and Services

Table 58. Liaoning Jinhefu Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 59. Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 60. Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy Major Business

Table 61. Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy Biochar Product and Services

Table 62. Hubei Jinri Ecological Energy Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 63. SEEK Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

Table 64. SEEK Major Business

Table 65. SEEK Biochar Product and Services

Table 66. SEEK Biochar Sales (MT), Price (US$/MT), Revenue (USD Million), Gross Margin and Market Share (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022)

Table 67. Global Biochar Sales by Manufacturer (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022) & (MT)

Table 68. Global Biochar Revenue by Manufacturer (2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022) & (USD Million)

Table 69. Market Position of Manufacturers in Biochar, (Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3), Based on Revenue in 2021

Table 70. Global Biochar Production Capacity by Company, (MT): 2020 VS 2021

Table 71. Head Office and Biochar Production Site of Key Manufacturer

Table 72. Biochar New Entrant and Capacity Expansion Plans

Table 73. Biochar Mergers & Acquisitions in the Past Five Years

Table 74. Global Biochar Sales by Region (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 75. Global Biochar Sales by Region (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 76. Global Biochar Revenue by Region (2017-2022) & (USD Million)

Table 77. Global Biochar Revenue by Region (2023-2028) & (USD Million)

Table 78. Global Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 79. Global Biochar Sales by Type (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 80. Global Biochar Revenue by Type (2017-2022) & (USD Million)

Table 81. Global Biochar Revenue by Type (2023-2028) & (USD Million)

Table 82. Global Biochar Price by Type (2017-2022) & (US$/MT)

Table 83. Global Biochar Price by Type (2023-2028) & (US$/MT)

Table 84. Global Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 85. Global Biochar Sales by Application (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 86. Global Biochar Revenue by Application (2017-2022) & (USD Million)

Table 87. Global Biochar Revenue by Application (2023-2028) & (USD Million)

Table 88. Global Biochar Price by Application (2017-2022) & (US$/MT)

Table 89. Global Biochar Price by Application (2023-2028) & (US$/MT)

Table 90. North America Biochar Sales by Country (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 91. North America Biochar Sales by Country (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 92. North America Biochar Revenue by Country (2017-2022) & (USD Million)

Table 93. North America Biochar Revenue by Country (2023-2028) & (USD Million)

Table 94. North America Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 95. North America Biochar Sales by Type (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 96. North America Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 97. North America Biochar Sales by Application (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 98. Europe Biochar Sales by Country (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 99. Europe Biochar Sales by Country (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 100. Europe Biochar Revenue by Country (2017-2022) & (USD Million)

Table 101. Europe Biochar Revenue by Country (2023-2028) & (USD Million)

Table 102. Europe Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 103. Europe Biochar Sales by Type (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 104. Europe Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 105. Europe Biochar Sales by Application (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 106. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales by Region (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 107. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales by Region (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 108. Asia-Pacific Biochar Revenue by Region (2017-2022) & (USD Million)

Table 109. Asia-Pacific Biochar Revenue by Region (2023-2028) & (USD Million)

Table 110. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 111. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales by Type (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 112. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 113. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales by Application (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 114. South America Biochar Sales by Country (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 115. South America Biochar Sales by Country (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 116. South America Biochar Revenue by Country (2017-2022) & (USD Million)

Table 117. South America Biochar Revenue by Country (2023-2028) & (USD Million)

Table 118. South America Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 119. South America Biochar Sales by Type (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 120. South America Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 121. South America Biochar Sales by Application (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 122. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales by Region (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 123. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales by Region (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 124. Middle East & Africa Biochar Revenue by Region (2017-2022) & (USD Million)

Table 125. Middle East & Africa Biochar Revenue by Region (2023-2028) & (USD Million)

Table 126. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 127. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales by Type (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 128. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (MT)

Table 129. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales by Application (2023-2028) & (MT)

Table 130. Biochar Raw Material

Table 131. Key Manufacturers of Biochar Raw Materials

Table 132. Direct Channel Pros & Cons

Table 133. Indirect Channel Pros & Cons

Table 134. Biochar Typical Distributors

Table 135. Biochar Typical Customers

List of Figures

Figure 1. Biochar Picture

Figure 2. Global Biochar Revenue Market Share by Type in 2021

Figure 3. Wood-based Biochar

Figure 4. Corn Straw Biochar

Figure 5. Rice Straw Biochar

Figure 6. Wheat Straw Biochar

Figure 7. Other Straw Biochar

Figure 8. Global Biochar Revenue Market Share by Application in 2021

Figure 9. Soil Conditioner

Figure 10. Fertilizer

Figure 11. Others

Figure 12. Global Biochar Revenue, (USD Million) & (MT): 2017 & 2021 & 2028

Figure 13. Global Biochar Revenue and Forecast (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 14. Global Biochar Sales (2017-2028) & (MT)

Figure 15. Global Biochar Price (2017-2028) & (US$/MT)

Figure 16. Global Biochar Production Capacity (2017-2028) & (MT)

Figure 17. Global Biochar Production Capacity by Geographic Region: 2022 VS 2028

Figure 18. Biochar Market Drivers

Figure 19. Biochar Market Restraints

Figure 20. Biochar Market Trends

Figure 21. Global Biochar Sales Market Share by Manufacturer in 2021

Figure 22. Global Biochar Revenue Market Share by Manufacturer in 2021

Figure 23. Biochar Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3) in 2021

Figure 24. Top 3 Biochar Manufacturer (Revenue) Market Share in 2021

Figure 25. Top 6 Biochar Manufacturer (Revenue) Market Share in 2021

Figure 26. Global Biochar Sales Market Share by Region (2017-2028)

Figure 27. Global Biochar Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2028)

Figure 28. North America Biochar Revenue (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 29. Europe Biochar Revenue (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 30. Asia-Pacific Biochar Revenue (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 31. South America Biochar Revenue (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 32. Middle East & Africa Biochar Revenue (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 33. Global Biochar Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2028)

Figure 34. Global Biochar Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2028)

Figure 35. Global Biochar Price by Type (2017-2028) & (US$/MT)

Figure 36. Global Biochar Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2028)

Figure 37. Global Biochar Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2028)

Figure 38. Global Biochar Price by Application (2017-2028) & (US$/MT)

Figure 39. North America Biochar Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2028)

Figure 40. North America Biochar Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2028)

Figure 41. North America Biochar Sales Market Share by Country (2017-2028)

Figure 42. North America Biochar Revenue Market Share by Country (2017-2028)

Figure 43. United States Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 44. Canada Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 45. Mexico Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 46. Europe Biochar Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2028)

Figure 47. Europe Biochar Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2028)

Figure 48. Europe Biochar Sales Market Share by Country (2017-2028)

Figure 49. Europe Biochar Revenue Market Share by Country (2017-2028)

Figure 50. Germany Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 51. France Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 52. United Kingdom Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 53. Russia Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 54. Italy Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 55. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales Market Share by Region (2017-2028)

Figure 56. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2028)

Figure 57. Asia-Pacific Biochar Sales Market Share by Region (2017-2028)

Figure 58. Asia-Pacific Biochar Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2028)

Figure 59. China Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 60. Japan Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 61. Korea Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 62. India Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 63. Southeast Asia Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 64. Australia Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 65. South America Biochar Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2028)

Figure 66. South America Biochar Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2028)

Figure 67. South America Biochar Sales Market Share by Country (2017-2028)

Figure 68. South America Biochar Revenue Market Share by Country (2017-2028)

Figure 69. Brazil Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 70. Argentina Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 71. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2028)

Figure 72. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2028)

Figure 73. Middle East & Africa Biochar Sales Market Share by Region (2017-2028)

Figure 74. Middle East & Africa Biochar Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2028)

Figure 75. Turkey Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 76. Egypt Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 77. Saudi Arabia Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 78. South Africa Biochar Revenue and Growth Rate (2017-2028) & (USD Million)

Figure 79. Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Biochar in 2021

Figure 80. Manufacturing Process Analysis of Biochar

Figure 81. Biochar Industrial Chain

Figure 82. Sales Channel: Direct Channel vs Indirect Channel

Figure 83. Methodology

Figure 84. Research Process and Data Source

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Synthesis, characterization, and application of microporous biochar prepared from … – SpringerLink

2 February, 2022
 

In the present study, microporous biochar was prepared from the waste plant fruit shell of Pterospermum acerifolium. To improve porosity and nitrogen content in biochar, the powder form of the fruit shell was pre-treated by HNO3 before the biochar synthesis. Furthermore, to enhance the adsorption capacity of biochar for cationic methylene blue (MB) dye, the surface of biochar was modified by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) surfactant to increase the negative charge density on the biochar surface. Before the performance of the adsorption experiments, the nitric acid-treated Pterospermum acerifolium fruit waste biochar (NAT-PABC) and SDS-modified nitric acid-treated Pterospermum acerifolium fruit waste biochar (SDS-NAT-PABC) were characterized by various sophisticated instruments such as FTIR, XRD, FE-SEM, EDX, elemental mapping, BET, XPS, and point of zero charge. An in-depth study of the functional groups and their interactions in NAT-PABC and SDS-NAT-PABC were examined with the help of the XPS technique and identified the functional groups responsible for the adsorption of MB dye. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to determine the optimal adsorption conditions. The maximum removal percentage of MB dye was achieved at pH 10 and 9 for NAT-PABC and SDS-NAT-PABC, respectively, within 240 min. The isotherm, kinetic, and mass transfer modeling were also examined and fitted with the experimental data. According to correlation coefficient (R2), nonlinear forms of the pseudo-second-order kinetic and Langmuir isotherm models were best suited for both NAT-PABC and SDS-NAT-PABC. The present work also reported a possible reaction mechanism that describes the adsorption phenomenon. The Gibbs energy and enthalpy for the MB adsorption process by NAT-PABC and SDS-NAT-PABC was found to be negative and positive, respectively, suggesting that the process was spontaneous and endothermic nature; therefore, the reaction was highly attainable at higher temperatures.

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The authors are thankful to the Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT ISM) Dhanbad, India, for their support. The authors are also grateful to Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi, India, for the characterization support. The author A. Oraon wants to acknowledge the whole team who supported him during this research study beside many difficulties faced in our mother institution BIT Sindri, Dhanbad, India.

Ajay Oraon: data curation, investigation, formal analysis, methodology, writing—original draft; Anuj Kumar Prajapati: conceptualization, investigation, validation and software analysis; Mahendra Ram: conceptualization, writing—review and editing; Vinod Kumar Saxena: investigation, validation; Suman Dutta: supervision, validation, writing—review; Amit Kumar Gupta: investigation, validation.

Correspondence to Mahendra Ram.

The authors declare no competing interests.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Received: 28 October 2021

Revised: 03 January 2022

Accepted: 04 January 2022

Published: 02 February 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-022-02320-8

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Directions to Field Sites for Biochar in the Woods Feb 1-3

2 February, 2022
 

Directions to Locations for Biochar in the Woods Workshop Field Events in Butte County on Feb 1-3

USBI Biochar in the Woods Workshop

Learn how to use biochar for forest resilience and carbon sequestration

Jan-Feb 2022

Online Symposium – January 27

Field Days – February 1-3

 

Schedule and Directions to all Butte County Field Events

Biochar in Place in Butte County – Detailed Schedule for Tuesday, February 1

Morning Session: Presentations at Butte Community College Skyway Center, Chico, CA

 

Butte College Skyway Center:

2480 Notre Dame Blvd.
Chico, CA 95928

9:00 Steve Feher, Sustainable Community Development Institute (SCDI) and Butte College Faculty – Welcome and Summary of Biochar Development in Butte County

9:45 Wolfy Rougle, Forest Health Watershed Coordinator, Butte County Resource Conservation District: Ecological Restoration – Landscape Level Planning for Ecological Resilience in Butte County

10:15 Break

10:30 Kelpie Wilson, Wilson Biochar Associates: Overview of Biochar in the Woods

11:15 Questions

11:30 Deborah Dumroese, USFS Research Soil Scientist: Opportunities to Improve Forest Soil Health

12:15 – Break for lunch and travel to Big Chico Creek Ecological Reserve 

Directions to Butte College Skyway Center:

2480 Notre Dame Blvd.
Chico, CA 95928

https://goo.gl/maps/ksp7imShaHntVPUd9

http://www.butte.edu/maps/                       

Afternoon Session: Field Trip: Big Chico Creek Ecological Reserve

1:30 – 3:30 Afternoon Field Trip: Big Chico Creek Ecological Reserve

Paul Maslin, Professor Emeritus, Biology, CSU Chico – Biochar from Burn Piles for Ecological Benefit – hands-on participation in demonstration of the techniques

Directions to Big Chico Creek Ecological Reserve:

https://www.csuchico.edu/bccer/public-use/directions.shtml       

Biochar in Place in Butte County Detailed Schedule for Wednesday, February 2

February 2: Biochar field day and kiln demonstration

9:00 am – 3 pm: Kelpie Wilson, Steve Feher, Butte Fire Safe Council

·Set up kilns and burn piles to demonstrate different techniques for making biochar in place

·Walk the site and discuss site-specific applications for biochar

Biochar in Place in Butte County Detailed Schedule for Thursday, February 3

February 3: Biochar field day and kiln demonstration

9:00 am – 3 pm: Kelpie Wilson, Steve Feher, Butte Fire Safe Council

·Set up kilns and burn piles to demonstrate different techniques for making biochar in place

·Walk the site and discuss site-specific applications for biochar

Field events on Feb 2 and 3 will be at the same location on Andover Drive in Magalia. Here are the driving instructions to Magalia site for Tuesday and Wednesday:
From HWY 99 and Skyway intersection in Chico, drive North on Skyway through Paradise, until crossing over Magalia Dam (Magalia Reservoir on the right, PID plant on left). Continue up the hill into Magalia. At first traffic light, turn left onto S. Park Dr. At the next intersection, turn left onto Andover Dr and follow it south until Boon Ct on the left. Park anywhere along Andover Dr. The Demo site will be marked by signs within walking distance.
If you reached South Park Dr, you have gone too far!!! Turn around and park along Andover D. on either side of the street, before you reach Boone Ct.

Link to Andover Drive on Google Maps:

https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Chico,+CA/Andover+Dr,+Magalia,+CA+95954/@39.8075448,-121.5978052,1477m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m14!4m13!1m5!1m1!1s0x80831f8dfc236487:0x308eeb8f793a4538!2m2!1d-121.8374777!2d39.7284944!1m5!1m1!1s0x809cd51248e25437:0xbffd7a0ee3809851!

Here is the complete schedule for Biochar in the Woods Webinar and Field Events, Jan 27 – Feb 3

December 2021

How did you get started with biochar?

By Kelpie Wilson, USBI Board Member

Building the Future from the Ground Up

A not-for-profit organization promoting the sustainable production and use of biochar through research, policy, technology and doing it!

© 2021 USBI. All rights reserved.


Recent advances in biochar technology for textile dyes wastewater remediation: A review …

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Sales Of Biochar Are Slated To Rise At A Cagr Of 11% To Top Us$ 23 Mn By 2032 – The …

3 February, 2022
 

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As per detailed industry analysis on biochar by Fact.MR, a market research and competitive intelligence provider, the global market is anticipated to expand at a robust CAGR of 11% over the forecast period of 2021-2031, reaching a valuation of US$ 23 Mn.

Biochar is an important component of soil amendment because it removes all harmful elements and sand pollution. Biochar reduces the danger of soil erosion by preventing fertilizer runoff, controlling and maintaining soil moisture, preventing soil leeching, and preventing soil erosion. Biochar possesses abilities to improve infiltrating precipitation in non-irrigated dry-land production areas, which continues to uplift the scope of penetration for biochar.

Biochar has been perceived as a potential soil health enhancer, and the escalating demand for effective soil conditioning agents continues to pace up the gains for the biochar market. Biochar and related products have been recently witnessing substantial traction as a viable substitute for boosting the soil’s carbon content, eventually resulting in rich soil fertility.

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Potential adoption of biochar as a sorbent in processes that are aimed at immobilizing the residues of bacteriostatic antibiotics, and pharmaceuticals, for instance, sulfamethoxazole from sewage, holds significant growth potential for stakeholders.

Growing interest of market players in developing biochar into novel products that are based on its unique chemical properties is likely to uphold sales. For instance, biochar makes a viable substitute for activated carbon, which is widely used in wastewater treatment facilities to help absorb potential contaminants and reduce odors.

With potential abilities to be used as a tool to slash down soil nitrogen leaching, and thereby achieve reduced nitrogen loss from soils in croplands, biochar holds the promise to be a part of soil amendment solutions that target improved N availability in soil.

Rising use of biochar pyrolysis equipment, latest advancements in gasification biochar systems, and growing demand for biochar in farming are expected to boost the biochar market value.

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Several biochar suppliers are currently leading the way and continue to dedicate their strategies to the innovation of competitively priced as well as energy-efficiency variants.

As low-emission, low-cost biochar products have been recently capturing the attention of participants in the market, it is highly likely that companies will remain adhered to advanced production techniques for a variety of economical substitutes for activated carbon applications.

Industry stakeholders are also eyeing gains out of the biochar application in limiting compost greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and odors, and hydrogen sulfide sorption in wastewater treatment.

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An insight into long-term effects of biochar application on forest soils | SpringerLink

3 February, 2022
 

Protection and appropriate management of forests is one of the key instruments for climate change adaptation. Soil amendments with biochar have shown to be promising in achieving this goal; however, the evaluation of its long-term effects on forest soils has largely been neglected. To assess the advantages and drawbacks of biochar in forest soils, data from relict charcoal hearths (RCH) can be a potent tool as they show changes in soil properties after up to several hundred years. RCHs can be found in places of former metallurgical hot spots and their presence leaves characteristic formations identifiable on a large scale using laser detection technologies. Forest soils with biochar amendment show an increase in base cations, shift towards more alkaline pH, smaller bulk density and seem to be especially beneficial to hostile environments. Sites with favourable conditions may show little to no improvement or may even be adversely affected. Still, with proper investigation, areas with affordable feedstock materials and poor forest soils—such as spruce monocultures of Central Europe—may benefit from biochar amendments and continue to do so in the long term.

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We would like to thank Dr. Ondřej Drábek for his analysis of exchangeable elements in soils from RCHs.

The research was supported by the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (project no. TL02000160).

Correspondence to Hana Johanis.

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could influence the work reported in this paper.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Communicated by Agustín Merino.

Received: 02 June 2021

Revised: 12 November 2021

Accepted: 19 January 2022

Published: 03 February 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-022-01440-0

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Answering burning questions on biochar – Newswise

3 February, 2022
 

Newswise — February 2, 2022 – Biochar is similar to charcoal and can be added to soil with the goal of improving its quality. It can help increase nutrient and water retention. However, what happens in soil impacts fungi and plants that live there, and it is not always clear how they will react to biochar.

Jake Nash, a researcher at Duke University, helped lead a study to determine how biochar affected microbes like fungi, as well as trees. He explains that biochar can be produced from many things like corn cobs, rice husks or pine wood. It is created through a process called pyrolysis, where the material is heated in the absence of oxygen (which makes it a different process than fire burning).

“Biochar has a very long history of use by indigenous peoples in the Amazon Basin who amended leftover charcoal from cooking fires into the soil,” Nash adds. “This created very rich and deep soils, called Terra preta. Even to this day, these soils are enriched compared to the surrounding soils.”

Much of the current research on biochar was conducted on annual, short-lived crops like corn, wheat, soybeans, and rice. Nash says that less work has been done to find out how biochar impacts long-lived plants like conifer trees, and early results have been very mixed. That’s why Nash’s team set out to evaluate how biochar affected two commonly grown Christmas trees, blue spruce and balsam fir.

This research was published in Soil Science Society of America Journal, a publication of Soil Science Society of America.

Their results showed many changes to the soil, trees, and soil fungi. They found that biochar increased the activity of certain microbes, which help decompose litter and return nutrients to the soil. However, it also had negative effects on the trees.

“These findings show that biochar can affect microbes and plants differently, and we need to better understand how the above and below-ground worlds interact with biochar,” Nash says. “Every biochar is different and needs to be well-characterized before farmers make the decision to use it on their crops.”

The researchers point to changes in soil pH — the measure of how acidic or basic something is — caused by the biochar that negatively affected the trees. Nash says many plants and microbes are very sensitive to pH changes so it may have changed which microbes were able to grow in the soil or affected plant performance, or both at the same time.

They did observe that the biochar increased soil moisture during their tests. This is because biochar can act like a sponge and retain water.

“The biochars that we used were both somewhat basic, which made the soil more basic after biochar application,” Nash says. “Our results might have to do with biochar’s effect on soil acidity or its effects on symbiotic fungi.”

Interestingly, they found that one species of symbiotic fungus called Wilcoxina mikolae came to dominate plant roots. They want to perform more tests to see why this may have happened and how shifts in fungal communities may have affected tree growth.

“Further testing might show specific tree species that are likely to perform better with biochar,” Nash says. “We might even be able to perform chemical testing on the biochar that will help us make good guesses about how it will perform in the field.”

The researchers say that biochar has the potential to remove carbon from the atmosphere. So, if scientists can understand how to best use biochar, it could be used to both improve soil health and combat climate change.

“I hope that people take away from this that biochar is not a magic silver bullet for all plant and soil health issues,” Nash says. “It needs to be used carefully to address specific issues with plant and soil health.”

Read more about this research in the Soil Science Society of American Journal. This work was funded by the Michigan Christmas Tree Association, Michigan State University, the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, and United States Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

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Newswise gives journalists access to the latest news and provides a platform for universities, institutions, and journalists to spread breaking news to their audience.

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Feedstock type, pyrolysis temperature and acid modification effects on physiochemical …

3 February, 2022
 

Biochar is an organic and pyrogenic material produced by pyrolysis of animal or plant-based feedstocks. In recent days, biochar has gained much attention due to its unique physiochemical properties and distinct role in improving the soil biological and physiochemical properties, carbon sequestration and remediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. However, performance of biochar in a specific role is largely dependent on its physiochemical properties which are influenced by biochar preparation conditions. The specific aim of this review paper is to highlight the impact of different biochar preparation conditions including pyrolysis temperature, type of feedstock and acid modifications on physiochemical properties of biochar such as pH value, pore volume, cation exchange capacity (CEC), volatile matter, specific surface area (SSA), carbon and ash contents. Biochar produced at higher pyrolysis temperature contains high pH, carbon and ash contents, high porosity and specific surface area but with lower volatile matter and cation exchange capacity values. The aforementioned changes occurred due to substantial decomposition of organic materials at high pyrolysis temperature. Biochar obtained from solid waste and animal manure feedstocks contains lower volatile matter, carbon contents and specific surface area but higher cation exchange capacity than biochar derived from wood and crop residue feedstocks. These changes are mainly attributed to profound variations in moisture, cellulose and lignin contents of feedstocks. Acid modification of biochar with oxalic acid, citric acid, sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid and hydrochloric acid increases surface functional groups (hydroxyl, carbonyl and carboxyl), specific surface area and porosity while pH value is decreased. The findings of this review paper suggest that a cost-effective and specific type of biochar with desirable physiochemical attributes can be prepared based on biochar preparation conditions, to solve specific environment or agriculture-related problems.

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The datasets used and/or analysed in this research are available from the corresponding author upon request.

We extend our thanks to Dr. Abid Ali (Assistant Professor Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad) for their technical support in improving the paper.

Original draft preparation (Ghulam Murtaza and Zeeshan Ahmed); review and editing (Muhammad Usman); resources and supervision (Zeeshan Ahmed).

Correspondence to Zeeshan Ahmed.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

Responsible Editor: Amjad Kallel

Received: 23 August 2021

Accepted: 06 January 2022

Published: 02 February 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-022-09539-9

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Biochar uk. Set fire to … Fertiliser production is the biggest source of greenhouse gas

3 February, 2022
 

Biochar uk. Set fire to … Fertiliser production is the biggest source of greenhouse gas


Impacts of rice-husk biochar on soil microbial biomass and agronomic performances of … – PubMed

3 February, 2022
 

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Tomato is beneficial to human health because it contains valuable vitamins such as vitamins A, C and several minerals. However, to meet up with the demands of the ever increasing population, there is need to improve tomato production. This research, thus, investigated the impact of rice-husk biochar on the agronomic performances of tomato plant and microbial biomass of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in different tomato growth stages. The rice husk biochar pyrolyzed at 350 °C was amended with soil at four different application rates: 0, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 t/ha. Physicochemical property of soil was conducted using Mid Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy method. Impact of biochar on Microbial Biomass Carbon, Microbial Biomass Nitrogen and Microbial Biomass Phosphorous was conducted using fumigation extraction method and monitored at three functional stages. Biochar application appreciably increase the soil physicochemical properties such as pH, Ca, Na, H+, S, P, B, C, Zn and cation exchangeable capacity in comparison with the control. Biochar amended soil significantly enhanced tomato height, stem girth, leaf area, flowers, fruit yields and weight. Although, B3 recorded the lowest leaf area, it possessed the highest number of fruits and fruit weight of 3 and 40%, respectively. The ratio of Microbial biomass C:N:P for biochar amended soil at 7.5 t/ha (B3) was 302.30:18.81:11.75 µg/g, compared to control, which was 242.12:18.30:11.49 µg/g. This study revealed that biochar amendments significantly (p < 0.05) increased the yields and microbial biomass of tomato plants. Conclusively, the application of rice-husk biochar (7.5 t/ha) to soil is considered as a suitable approach to improve tomato growth and yield.

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Klarna's Sustainability Chief Focuses on Climate Impact, Not Carbon-Neutral Claims – WSJ

3 February, 2022
 

Many companies’ climate strategies target “carbon neutrality” by buying enough carbon offsets to balance out their greenhouse gas emissions. But as carbon-neutral product labels proliferate, financial technology startup Klarna Bank AB is among the companies shifting to a different approach.

Some sustainability experts say that instead of claiming to have neutralized every metric ton of emissions, companies should make climate-related investments that have the potential for long-term impact. That could mean funding early-stage carbon-removal technologies that could one day remove large volumes of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.

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Asia-Pacific Biochar Market (2022 to 2028) – Featuring Arsta Eco, Carbons Finland and Air …

3 February, 2022
 

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The “Asia-Pacific Biochar Market 2022-2028” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering.

This report on the Asia-Pacific biochar market infers that the market is expected to advance at a CAGR of 15.60% in value and 12.38% in volume during the expected phase 2022-2028. South Korea, India, Australia & New Zealand, ASEAN countries, China, Japan, and Rest of APAC outline the overall market in the given region.

Biochar is a traditional practice in Japan. The country’s scientists are at the forefront of biochar research, understanding the chemical, physical, and chemical properties in soil and compost. Earlier, the traditional farming practices recycled massive amounts of human waste, ash, and other biomass into agriculture fields. In this regard, biochar production has also been practiced by farmers, gardeners, and builders in the country for more than 20 years. Hence, these factors contribute heavily to the growth of the biochar market in Japan.

In India, a high amount of crop residues is produced each year. Efficient and sustainable organic waste disposal is a key issue in rural farm areas and urban societies. In this regard, most wastes are either burnt or disposed of in landfills, degrading the environment significantly. Biochar production from farm wastes and its application in farm soil offer multiple environmental and financial advantages. There is also an availability of non-feed biomass resources for biochar production, which is expected to supplement the growth of the biochar market across India over the projected duration.

The key companies in the biochar market are Arsta Eco, Bio Energy Earth Systems, Carbons Finland OY, Anulekh Agrotech Pvt Ltd, Pacific Biochar, Air Terra, and Novo Carbo.

Key Topics Covered:

1. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – Summary

2. Industry Outlook

2.1. Impact of Covid-19 on Biochar Market

2.2. Key Insights

2.2.1. Pyrolysis is the Most Common Technique for Biochar Production

2.2.2. Agriculture Dominates the Application Segment

2.2.3. Growing Need to Avoid Biochar Loss During Application and Transportation

2.3. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

2.3.1. Threat of New Entrants

2.3.2. Threat of Substitutes

2.3.3. Bargaining Power of Buyers

2.3.4. Bargaining Power of Suppliers

2.3.5. Threat of Competitive Rivalry

2.4. Key Impact Analysis

2.5. Market Attractiveness Index

2.6. Vendor Scorecard

2.7. Industry Components

2.8. Regulatory Framework

2.9. Key Market Strategies

2.9.1. Product Launches & Developments

2.9.2. Partnerships & Agreements

2.10. Market Drivers

2.10.1. Favorable Initiatives

2.10.2. Availability of Cheap Feedstock

2.10.3. Ability of Biochar to Sequester Carbon

2.10.4. Reliable and Constant Energy Flow

2.11. Market Challenges

2.11.1. High Cost

2.11.2. Lack of Demonstration Projects

2.11.3. Contamination of Biochar and Its Feedstock

2.12. Market Opportunities

2.12.1. Opportunities for Biochar Market in the Future

2.12.2. Growth in the Organic Farming Industry

3. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – by Technology (Value in $ Million)

3.1. Slow Pyrolysis

3.2. Fast Pyrolysis

3.3. Gasification

3.4. Intermediate Pyrolysis

3.5. Hydrothermal Carbonization

3.6. Microwave Pyrolysis

4. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – by Feedstock (Value in $ Million)

4.1. Forestry Waste

4.2. Agriculture Waste

4.3. Biomass Plantation

4.4. Residential Waste

4.5. Animal Manure

5. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – by Application (Value in $ Million)

5.1. Agriculture and Livestock

5.2. Air, Soil, and Water Treatment

5.3. Horticulture

5.4. Industries

6. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – Regional Outlook (Value in $ Million & Volume in Kiloton)

6.1. China

6.2. Japan

6.3. India

6.4. South Korea

6.5. Asean Countries

6.6. Australia & New Zealand

6.7. Rest of Asia-Pacific

7. Competitive Landscape

7.1. Air Terra

7.2. Airex Energy

7.3. Anulekh Agrotech Pvt Ltd

7.4. Arsta Eco

7.5. Biochar Industries

7.6. Bioenergy Earth Systems

7.7. Carbofex

7.8. Carbon Gold

7.9. Carbons Finland Oy

7.10. Farm2Energy

7.11. Novo Carbo

7.12. Pacific Biochar

7.13. Pyreg GmbH

7.14. Pyrotech Energy

7.15. Renewable Carbon Resources Australia

8. Research Methodology & Scope

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/vv30ge

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Biochar – a breath for soils – IP Indexing

3 February, 2022
 

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Recovery of Metals from Mine Wastes: The Effect of Biochar–Fe Composites in the … – SpringerLink

3 February, 2022
 

Mine wastes are a major environmental problem of main mines activities. However, in recent years, related to the circular economy strategy, some of these wastes have been considered as secondary source of raw materials. Generally, metal’s content show low concentrations and their recovery made the development of cheap and sustainable technologies necessary. The main objective of the present research is to study the potential recovery of zinc from one mine waste (MW) originated in an old zinc/lead mine exploitation. Two biochar–Fe composites (BM–Fe and HM–Fe) were used as catalysts in the leaching of zinc and copper. Biochars were obtained by pyrolysis of pruning waste (BM–Fe) or hydrochar from pruning waste (HM–Fe), impregnated with 5 wt% ferric sulfate. The use of the two biochars did not improve the amount of zinc recovered, but was able to reduce, significantly, the arsenic leaching, promoting its immobilization in the final residue.

This study investigates the feasibility of metal recovery from mine tailings using a hydrometallurgical process with the addition of biochar–Fe composites. Optimization of experimental conditions can improve the recovery of zinc and copper while minimizing arsenic mobility. The use of biochar–Fe composites reduced arsenic leaching, promoting its immobilization in the final residue. In addition, leaching of mine waste in the presence of biochar–Fe composite led to residues with phytostimulation properties, contributing to reduce their environmental impact.

Mining and processing of mineral resources for metals production generate large amounts of waste. Initially, these wastes were discharged into the environment, in the absence of any previous treatment, but, in recent years, these wastes have been deposited in controlled tailings dams. However, failures in tailings dam storage have originated not only several environmental problems [1], but also multiple human risks. One of the most famous accidents in Europe was the spill of large-scale sulfide tailings dam in Los Frailes (Aznalcóllar, Spain). It caused the inundation of the floodplains of the rivers Agrio and Guadiamar [2, 3]. Furthermore, the tailings flood was on the verge to affect the Guadalquivir marshlands, threatening the Doñana Natural and National Parks’ ecosystems. In order to prevent similar issues in the future, there is a great need to perform new economically feasible ways of mining waste management that not only favor the valorisation of available resources, but also, to perform a safe environmental remediation recovering lands for other uses. According to article 5 of the Directive 2006/21/EC related to Extractive Waste (EWD), the management plan shall have the objective of (a) the prevention or reduction of extractive waste generation and of its harmfulness; (b) the recovery of extractive waste by means of recycling, re-using, or reclaiming such waste; and (c) ensuring the short- and long-term safety of the extractive waste, in particular by considering as part of the design [4].

Some extractive mine wastes still contain valuable and/or critical metals and their recovery is one of the most effective techniques to prevent metals pollution, achieving an economic advantage [5,6,7,8]. However, in most cases, the low concentration of valuable metals hinders their economic benefit. It is well known that hydrometallurgy is one of the most efficient technologies to recover valuable metals from low-grade ores and wastes, being sulfuric acid the most often used leaching system due to low price, availability, and dissolution capacity [9,10,11]. However, some mining wastes related to the exploitation of metallic deposits like copper, zinc, or lead are rich in sulfide minerals and show low solubility in sulfuric medium [12]. Recently, different researchers indicated that some carbon materials such as black carbon or activated carbon improved the kinetics of leaching of sulfide minerals such as chalcopyrite [13, 14] or enargite [15, 16]. The presence of carbon materials in the adequate ratio [14] leads to a substantial increase in copper extraction rate, probably due to the decreases in the redox potential, as well as galvanic interaction between sulfide particles and the carbon material surface [17, 18].

Old mine wastes, depending on the geological context of metal deposits, contain significant residual sulfide and sulfosalt content, with different reactivity under atmospheric conditions that are responsible for generating contamination. Previous works performed by our research group have shown that activated carbon and charcoal addition can also increase the extraction of Zn and Cu from mine tailings. In spite of the different properties between activated carbon and charcoal, their effect in the leaching of Zn and Cu was similar [19]. This result can open the prospect to use low-cost carbon materials, like biochar, as catalysts for the leaching of metals and the development of new hydrometallurgical processes. In addition, utilization of biomass, particularly biomass waste, to produce biochar can result in a change to a more circular economy. The potential use of carbon materials as catalysts in the leaching of low-grade ores or old mine tailing with altered minerals could have several advantages. For example, the great stability of carbon materials facilitates its recovery in the process and re-utilization, in a similar way to the use of activated carbon in gold metallurgy [20]. On the other hand, the presence of carbon materials, like biochars, in the final waste could limit their toxicity and environmental impact [21]. Currently, studies focused on the use of carbon materials during leaching processes for metals recovery from mining wastes are insufficient. For this reason, the aim of this work is to study the addition of two biochar-Fe composites in the leaching of zinc and copper from a mining waste. The arsenic concentration in the leaching systems was also analyzed. Finally, a phytotoxicity test was performed on the final residue obtained after leaching experiments.

One mining waste sample (MW) was selected from one abandoned mining deposit located in the southeast of Spain. The origin of MW was an abandoned zinc/lead ore extraction mine. Sample was air-dried, crushed, and sieved under 50 µm, using a ceramic mill. Wavelength X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) was achieved in an ARL ADVANT′XP+ sequential model from THERMO (SCAI-Malaga University) and metal composition was obtained by an UNIQUANT Integrated Software. A Bruker diffractometer, model D8 Advance A25 (SCAI-Malaga University), was used for X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis.

Two biochar–Fe composites obtained by pyrolysis of pruning waste impregnated with 5 wt% ferric sulfate (BM–Fe) or pyrolysis of hydrochar from pruning waste impregnated with 5 wt% ferric sulfate (HM–Fe) were used. Ingelia (Náquera, Spain) supplied pruning waste and hydrochar from pruning waste. The two types of biochar–Fe composites were prepared by impregnation with ferric sulfate salt of biomass waste or corresponding hydrochar, followed by pyrolysis at 500 °C for 5 h as was described in detail by Álvarez et al. [22].

The two biochar–Fe composites were air-dried, crushed, and sieved below 100 µm using a ceramic mill. Characterization of samples was performed according to the following properties: pH and redox potential (Eh) were determined with a biochar/distilled water ratio of 0.1/25 (g mL−1), using a Crison micro pH 2000 and Eh in a pH 60 DHS, respectively. Elemental analysis (C, H, N, O and S in %) was performed using a LECO CHNS 932 Analyser by dry combustion. Ash content (%) was calculated by combustion of samples at 850 °C in a Labsys Setaram TGA analyzer. Twenty mg of each sample was heated at a rate of 15 ℃/min up to 850 ℃ using 30 mL min−1 of air. Oxygen was obtained by difference as 100%-(%C + %H + %N + %S + %Ash). Following that, O/C and H/C ratios were calculated from the elemental analysis results. Porosity (%) was determined by Hg porosimetry, which was carried out using a Micromeritics AutoPore IV 9500 equipment. BET surface area (SBET), was analyzed by nitrogen adsorption isotherm, which was carried out at 77 K in a Micromeritics Tristar 3.00.

Leaching experiments were performed using a thermostatic bath with stirring model GFL 1083 (heating power of 1500 W and the voltage 230 V). The temperature conditions and stirring speed were 90 °C and 250 rpm, respectively. Approximately, 2.5 g of MW were weighed in a 250 mL borosilicate glass jar. Then, 50 mL of leaching agents (H2SO4 0.25 M or 0.17 M solutions with pH value of 0.6 and 1.0 respectively). Sulfuric acid with 95–98% purity was supplied by Sigma-Aldrich. Except for the control samples, each carbon material was added to MW in a 1/0.5 or 1/0.25 ratio (w/w).

One mL of each sample of the supernatant liquor was withdrawn at different reaction times (1, 2, 4 and 6 h). The sampling procedure was as follows: Firstly, in order to let the sample settle and favor the decantation of solids, the stirring was stopped. After that, 1 mL of the supernatant solution was removed, filtered, and transferred to a 25 mL graduated flask, making up to volume with distilled water. In order to compensate the extracted leaching solution and maintain the same conditions throughout the system, 1 mL of the corresponding sulfuric acid solution was added. After 6 h of leaching, the stirring was stopped, and the supernatant was allowed to cool down. After that, the pulp was filtered and the solid was washed twice with 50 mL of H2SO4 solution of pH 2. pH and Eh of leaching solution were determined along leaching experiments using a Crison micro pH 2000 and a pH 60 DHS, respectively.

Zn, Cu, As, and Sb concentration in the leaching and washed solutions were determined using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, model ICP-MS Elan DRCe (SCIEX Perkin Elmer) from SCAI-Malaga University.

The potential phytotoxicity of the final residue generated after leaching experiments was determined using the germination test described by Zucconi et al. [23]. Briefly, five seeds of Lepidium sativum were placed on petri dishes with filter papers at the bottom, then 5 mL of aqueous extract (1/10 w/v) of each sample was added. Seeds were maintained in the dark at 28 °C. Germination percentages (G) with respect to control (distilled water) and root lengths were determined after 48 h. The germination index (GI) was estimated as GI = G·Le/Lc where G is the percentage of germinated seeds in each extract with respect to the control, Le is the mean total root length of the germinated seeds in each extract, and Lc is the average root length of the control.

The significance of the differences among means was assessed by analysis of variance (ANOVA), using the Tukey test as a post hoc. Every analysis was performed in triplicate (n = 3).

Analysis by Rietveld method of XRD (Fig. 1) shows that main crystalline mineral species present in MW sample were the following: muscovite (49.6%), followed by quartz (38.9%), corkite (6.9%), and calcite magnesium (3.5%) The content of litharge stannite and calcite was lower than 1%. Table 1 summarizes chemical composition of MW, the background ranges, and generic reference levels of some trace elements in the natural soils of the Region of Murcia (Spain) [24]. Background levels are defined as the natural content of metals in a soil from a determined area without any anthropogenic influence. On the other hand, generic reference levels indicate the concentration of metals in the soil which do not pose a greater risk than the maximum acceptable to human health or ecosystems. According to that, each country or region determines the regulatory standards over which a soil can be considered contaminated for different land uses, such as agricultural, industrial, and urban. Although contents of Cu (0.0435% ± 0.0022), As (0.151% ± 0.0075), Co (0.0079% ± 0.0007), Zn (1.38% ± 0.05), and Pb (2.18% ± 0.07) of MW were lower than exploitable concentrations in ores, MW would can be classified as a contaminated soil as the concentration of Zn, As, Cu, Co, and Sb exceeded the background and generic reference levels. These metals are listed as very toxic trace elements due to their high degree of mobilization in soils, and the US Environmental Protection Agency [25] registers most of them as priority pollutants.

XRD pattern of MW sample

Table 2 shows the main properties of two biochar–Fe composites used in this work. HM–Fe showed high C content than BM–Fe. The lowest H/C ratios and, consequently, the highest aromaticity corresponded to BM–Fe (0.17), whereas HM–Fe showed the highest content of oxygen functional groups. The highest surface area corresponded to HM–Fe and the lowest to BW–Fe. Finally, two samples show basic pH and low Eh (mV) values.

Figure 2a provides the recovery of Zn (%) from MW treated with sulfuric solutions at pH 0.6 and 1.0, after 6 h of leaching experiments. Leaching experiments were performed at 90 °C in order to increase the kinetic of the reactions [9]. The percentage of total Zn recovered is higher in sulfuric solutions with pH 0.6 (varying from 72.8 to 76.3%) than in solution with pH of 1.0 (ranging from 63.5 to 70.7%). In general, the addition of biochar-Fe composites increased the total Zn recovered at pH 1.0, whereas at pH 0.6, the addition of biochar-Fe composites slightly diminished the amount of Zn recovered.

Recovery of Zn (a) and Cu (b)

The addition of BM–Fe with ratio 1/0.25 and using the leaching solution at pH 0.6, significantly increased the recovery of Cu (Fig. 2b). In a similar way to the recovery of Zn, using sulfuric leaching solution at pH 1, the addition of both biochar-Fe composites increased the recovered of Cu with respect to control.

With respect to As (Fig. 3a), the highest leaching was obtained at low pH (0.6). It is important to highlight that the addition of BM–Fe and HM–Fe biochars significantly reduced the leaching of As. During carbon-catalyzed atmospheric leaching of enargite, Jahromi et al. [26] concluded that the presence of activated carbon with high ferric concentration can immobilize As, which precipitates as scorodite particles. In our research, leaching was performed without ferric acid addition. However, biochars were prepared with Fe in their composition leading to higher As immobilization in the final residue. Previous works have proven that Fe-impregnated biochar has considerable ability for As immobilization in contaminated soils, decreasing the available As and increasing the As bound to Fe oxides of biochars [27]. The decrease in the leaching of As was an important improvement in the recovery of metals from mining wastes or minerals as As could be immobilized in the residue, decreasing costs of leaching solution purification. The behavior of Sb was similar to that of As, decreasing the amount of Sb leached with the addition of BM–Fe and HM–Fe (Fig. 3b). Carbon structure and the presence of Fe oxides in their surface can improve their Sb adsorption capacity [28,29,30]. As Tighe et al. [31] indicated, similarly to As, Sb can be immobilized in the residue due to their strong affinity to non-crystalline Al and Fe hydroxides.

Recovery of As (a) and Sb (b)

The evolution of Zn, Cu, and As concentration in the leaching solution is represented in Figs. 4, 5, and 6, respectively. A similar trend over time was observed for three elements. Cu, Zn, and As rise steadily between 1 and 4 h of leaching, increasing significantly between 4 and 6 h.

Extraction of Zn (%) in the leaching solution at pH 0.6 (a, b) and pH 1.0 (c, d)

Extraction of Cu (%) in the leaching solution at pH 0.6 (a, b) and pH 1.0 (c, d)

Extraction of As (%) in the leaching solution at pH 0.6 (a, b) and pH 1.0 (c, d)

Figure 7 shows the Eh evolution during leaching of MW and MW treated with BM–Fe and HM–Fe H2SO4 solution with pH 0.6 (Fig. 6a) and pH 1.0 (Fig. 6b). In general, the addition of biochars decreased the Eh of leaching systems. This result was similar to previous results obtained by Álvarez et al. [19]. Other researches have observed Eh reduction after carbon black addition to chalcopyrite in the sulfuric acid leaching system [17]. Galvanic interactions may occur between carbon structures and minerals in the acidic medium, which may decrease the Eh of the system [32]. It is expected that the addition of carbon materials lead to a decrease in Eh due to their C content and, consequently, low Eh values (Table 1). At pH 0.6, the main reductions in the Eh corresponded to samples MW/BM–Fe and MW/HM–Fe with ratio 1/0.5. However, at pH 1.0, the Eh was similar using ratios 1/0.5 and 1/0.25.

Eh (mV) evolution of samples in leaching solutions with pH 0.6 (a, b) and pH 1.0 (c, d)

Figure 8 provides the pH evolution during leaching of MW and MW treated with BM–Fe and HM–Fe in H2SO4 solution with an initial pH of 0.6 (Fig. 7a and b) and with a pH of 1.0 (Fig. 7c and d). In general, the pH of the leaching systems increased with time (from 0 to 6 h). However, it is important to note that when leaching is performed in the presence of biochar–Fe composites and, especially with more concentrated H2SO4 solution, the pH increment was lower than without biochar addition (Fig. 8a and b). This result can be due to the modification of biochar surface with leaching agent and the generation of acidic groups on their surface, with a low acid consumption during leaching process. Álvarez et al. [18] observed that the addition of carbon materials significantly decreased the pH of the ferric acid solution (Fe3+/H2SO4 0.5 M).

pH evolution of samples in leaching solutions with pH 0.6 (a, b) and pH 1.0 (c, d)

Table 3 shows the germination index of residues obtained after leaching and washing of MW and MW treated with BM–Fe and HM–Fe. In order to compare, the germination index of original MW sample before leaching was also determined (MW control). According to Emino and Warman [33], samples with GI > 100% can be considered phytonutrient or phytostimulant. In this study, the addition of BM–Fe increases the GI of final leaching residue from 80% in the MW control (and 71–77% in MW after leaching) to values higher than 100%. With the addition of HM–Fe, the GI of final residues was different depending on the pH used during the leaching process, being lower after the use of leaching solutions with pH 0.6.

With respect to electrical conductivity (EC), of the EC of MW significantly decreased after leaching and washing experiments, from 2.95 dSm−1 to values ranging from 0.05 to 0.40 dSm−1.

Results summarized in Table 3 showed that leaching of mine waste with the addition of BM–Fe in 1/0.5 or 1/0.25 ratios led to residues without phytotoxic characteristics. In fact, in these cases, the final residues showed phytoestimulation properties (GI > 100) indicating the potential used as growing media for the development of phytoremediation technologies in these mining areas.

The addition of biochar–Fe composites as catalysts in the leaching of metals from mine wastes could be a promising alternative to traditional hydrometallurgical processes. The use of biochars BM–Fe and HM–Fe did not improve the amount of zinc recovered, but was able to reduce, significantly, the arsenic leaching, promoting its immobilization in the final residue. The addition of biochar BM–Fe in a low ratio (1/0.25), using leaching solution of pH 0.6, increased copper recovery. Leaching of mine waste in the presence of BM–Fe generates residues with phytostimulation characteristics. The use of biochar BM–Fe as catalyst in hydrometallurgical processes can open an interesting line of research, as the final residues can be used as growing media for phytoremediation technologies, reducing their environmental impact. Further research will be necessary to optimize the characteristics of the biochars and their use in the leaching of metals.

Open Access funding provided thanks to the CRUE-CSIC agreement with Springer Nature. This research was funded by Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (MCIU), Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI), and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) with Grant Number RTI2018-096695-B-C31.

Correspondence to A. Méndez.

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

The contributing editor for this article was Grace Ofori-Sarpong.

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Received: 22 October 2021

Accepted: 05 January 2022

Published: 03 February 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40831-022-00495-y


Australia's Murray River Council Gets Behind Hemp Research

3 February, 2022
 

A local council in the Australian state of New South Wales is supporting a hemp cultivation trial and processing feasibility study.

The Murray River Council is a local government area in the Riverina region of New South Wales; formed in 2016 after the merger of Murray Shire with Wakool Shire.

Council was approached by Western Murray Land Improvement Group (WMLIG) to kick in $20,000 to support WMLIG and Hemp Cluster Group – the latter a working group of 8 members – to undertake a hemp trial and complete an industrial hemp processing feasibility study.

WMLIG’s stated goals are to contribute to a viable, capable and adaptable community by promoting sustainable farm and land management practices delivering enhanced agricultural productivity, sustainability and ecosystem services.

The project involves ascertaining the potential for growing hemp in the Murray River region across a range of seasonal conditions and for processing it into usable fibre for use in creating building products. It will also look into potential synergies between hemp production and biochar use on farms.

The trial and feasibility study will occur in the Wakool region.

WMLIG are investing $40,000 into the trial,  plus an additional $40,440 for the feasibility study – and that’s where the Council funds would go as the total cost of feasibility study is $60,440.

The Hemp Cluster plan to complete a feasibility study that will create a strong base to access government funding and/or private investment,” states a Murray River Council meeting agenda document. “The feasibility study will be based on a co-operative business model and will provide positive economic stimulus to this region.”

At its meeting last Tuesday, the motion to provide the cash was carried. While not budgeted, the funding may come from Council’s annual grants program.

It’s great to see a local government getting behind hemp. While the study may show cultivating hemp is not a viable proposition for the region, the Council document notes this is “unlikely”.

Hemp fibre has a multitude of applications in the building industry. Among its uses is hempcrete, particle/chipboard and insulation, with less environmental impact than many conventional products.


Global Granular Biochar Market 2021 Future Scenario – Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech … – ihotdesk

3 February, 2022
 

The market study dependent on Global Granular Biochar Market is distributed by Market Research Place. This report gives an accurate and cutting-edge picture of the business. It provides crucial information about the various parts influencing its movements through short investigation and exact data, which would help the players or accomplices chalk out the best improvement techniques and utilize the extra impending possibilities in this Granular Biochar market.

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This enlightens the further assessment concerning the market components, offer and pay guesses, and the parts at risk to affect any change of them. The examination is divided by region, type, application to give a more exact picture of the constituent components of this overall Granular Biochar industry.

The traders working in the market are:

Applications proposed in the Granular Biochar market investigation are:

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A holistic overview on corn cob biochar: A mini-review – SAGE Journals

3 February, 2022
 

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Biodecolorization of reactive blue 19 using biochar derived from groundnut shell – SpringerLink

3 February, 2022
 

The current research study determines the efficiency of groundnut shell-based biochar for biodecolorization of reactive blue (RB 19) in an aqueous solution in batch studies. The characteristics of the biochar were determined with the help of equipment such as energy dispersive system, Fourier transform infrared spectra, thermogravimetric analyzer (to conduct thermogravimetric analysis, i.e., TGA), and scanning electron micrograph. The researcher determined a few parameters namely, pH, temperature, initial dye concentration and dosage of the sorbent through a batch adsorption study. In addition to these, the researcher also used Freundlich followed by Langmuir as well as Toth models to determine the model’s sorption capacity. Pseudo-first-order kinetic model, as well as pseudo second-order kinetic model, were utilized in the study to examine how dye molecules were sorbed at varying periods. The sorbent’s capacity was tested through regeneration studies to identify optimal elutant, solid-to-liquid (S/L) ratio and sorption–elution cycles. With an uptake capacity of 7.99 mg/g, the researcher observed 53.27% reactive blue dye removal efficiency.

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Correspondence to R. Muralikrishnan.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Received: 20 September 2021

Accepted: 26 October 2021

Published: 03 February 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-021-02212-9

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Biochar from Biomass: A Review on Biochar Preparation Its Modification and Impact on Soil …

3 February, 2022
 

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Asia-Pacific Biochar Market (2022 to 2028) – Featuring Arsta Eco, Carbons … – Yahoo Finance

3 February, 2022
 

DUBLIN, February 03, 2022–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The "Asia-Pacific Biochar Market 2022-2028" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

This report on the Asia-Pacific biochar market infers that the market is expected to advance at a CAGR of 15.60% in value and 12.38% in volume during the expected phase 2022-2028. South Korea, India, Australia & New Zealand, ASEAN countries, China, Japan, and Rest of APAC outline the overall market in the given region.

Biochar is a traditional practice in Japan. The country's scientists are at the forefront of biochar research, understanding the chemical, physical, and chemical properties in soil and compost. Earlier, the traditional farming practices recycled massive amounts of human waste, ash, and other biomass into agriculture fields. In this regard, biochar production has also been practiced by farmers, gardeners, and builders in the country for more than 20 years. Hence, these factors contribute heavily to the growth of the biochar market in Japan.

In India, a high amount of crop residues is produced each year. Efficient and sustainable organic waste disposal is a key issue in rural farm areas and urban societies. In this regard, most wastes are either burnt or disposed of in landfills, degrading the environment significantly. Biochar production from farm wastes and its application in farm soil offer multiple environmental and financial advantages. There is also an availability of non-feed biomass resources for biochar production, which is expected to supplement the growth of the biochar market across India over the projected duration.

The key companies in the biochar market are Arsta Eco, Bio Energy Earth Systems, Carbons Finland OY, Anulekh Agrotech Pvt Ltd, Pacific Biochar, Air Terra, and Novo Carbo.

Key Topics Covered:

1. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – Summary

2. Industry Outlook

2.1. Impact of Covid-19 on Biochar Market

2.2. Key Insights

2.2.1. Pyrolysis is the Most Common Technique for Biochar Production

2.2.2. Agriculture Dominates the Application Segment

2.2.3. Growing Need to Avoid Biochar Loss During Application and Transportation

2.3. Porter's Five Forces Analysis

2.3.1. Threat of New Entrants

2.3.2. Threat of Substitutes

2.3.3. Bargaining Power of Buyers

2.3.4. Bargaining Power of Suppliers

2.3.5. Threat of Competitive Rivalry

2.4. Key Impact Analysis

2.5. Market Attractiveness Index

2.6. Vendor Scorecard

2.7. Industry Components

2.8. Regulatory Framework

2.9. Key Market Strategies

2.9.1. Product Launches & Developments

2.9.2. Partnerships & Agreements

2.10. Market Drivers

2.10.1. Favorable Initiatives

2.10.2. Availability of Cheap Feedstock

2.10.3. Ability of Biochar to Sequester Carbon

2.10.4. Reliable and Constant Energy Flow

2.11. Market Challenges

2.11.1. High Cost

2.11.2. Lack of Demonstration Projects

2.11.3. Contamination of Biochar and Its Feedstock

2.12. Market Opportunities

2.12.1. Opportunities for Biochar Market in the Future

2.12.2. Growth in the Organic Farming Industry

3. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – by Technology (Value in $ Million)

3.1. Slow Pyrolysis

3.2. Fast Pyrolysis

3.3. Gasification

3.4. Intermediate Pyrolysis

3.5. Hydrothermal Carbonization

3.6. Microwave Pyrolysis

4. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – by Feedstock (Value in $ Million)

4.1. Forestry Waste

4.2. Agriculture Waste

4.3. Biomass Plantation

4.4. Residential Waste

4.5. Animal Manure

5. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – by Application (Value in $ Million)

5.1. Agriculture and Livestock

5.2. Air, Soil, and Water Treatment

5.3. Horticulture

5.4. Industries

6. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market – Regional Outlook (Value in $ Million & Volume in Kiloton)

6.1. China

6.2. Japan

6.3. India

6.4. South Korea

6.5. Asean Countries

6.6. Australia & New Zealand

6.7. Rest of Asia-Pacific

7. Competitive Landscape

7.1. Air Terra

7.2. Airex Energy

7.3. Anulekh Agrotech Pvt Ltd

7.4. Arsta Eco

7.5. Biochar Industries

7.6. Bioenergy Earth Systems

7.7. Carbofex

7.8. Carbon Gold

7.9. Carbons Finland Oy

7.10. Farm2Energy

7.11. Novo Carbo

7.12. Pacific Biochar

7.13. Pyreg GmbH

7.14. Pyrotech Energy

7.15. Renewable Carbon Resources Australia

8. Research Methodology & Scope

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/vv30ge

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20220203005497/en/

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Dataset Documenting the Interactions of Biochar with Manure, Soil, and Plants – Preprints

3 February, 2022
 

How to cite: Bonds, D.; Koziel, J.A.; De, M.; Chen, B.; Singh, A.K.; Licht, M.A. Dataset Documenting the Interactions of Biochar with Manure, Soil, and Plants: Towards Improved Sustainability of Animal and Crop Agriculture. Preprints 2022, 2022020062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0062.v1). Bonds, D.; Koziel, J.A.; De, M.; Chen, B.; Singh, A.K.; Licht, M.A. Dataset Documenting the Interactions of Biochar with Manure, Soil, and Plants: Towards Improved Sustainability of Animal and Crop Agriculture. Preprints 2022, 2022020062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0062.v1).

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Biochar Market 2022: Industry Size & Share, Business Strategies, Growth Analysis – ihotdesk

3 February, 2022
 

Global Biochar Market Is Expected To Grow Over The Forecast Period

The Biochar market report provides an in-depth analysis of the market. It also covers various segmentation based on the growth, market size, market share, local & global market players, finances, sales analysis, opportunities analysis, government regulations, latest trends, geographical analysis, product launches, changing market growth analysis, and technological innovations.

The report also offers the historical and future trends that will help the market grow over the forecast period. The Global Biochar Market report extrapolates accurate and detailed forecast trends along with the figurative representations to provide a better understanding of the various segments. The report provides the necessary market information that can help the investors expand their business.

Get Free Sample Report + All Related Graphs & Charts (with COVID 19 Impact Analysis)https://www.marketresearchstore.com/sample/biochar-market-810894

Key Points Covered In The Report Include:

•    Annual growth assessment of the regional markets
•    Historical & future trends of each market segment
•    Various business strategies adopted by key players
•    Transforming competitive dynamics and growth analysis of the Biochar Market
•    Supply & demand ratio influencing the growth of the Biochar market during the forecast period

COVID-19 Impact Analysis:

In this report, the pre- and post-COVID impact on the market growth and development is well depicted for better understanding of the Biochar Market based on the financial and industrial analysis. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected a number of market and Global Biochar Market is no exception. However, the dominating players of the Global Biochar Market are adamant to adopt new strategies and look for new funding resources to overcome the rising obstacles in the market growth.

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The global Biochar company profiles offer information such as the company details, product launches, supply & demand ratio, market valuation, and global status. Additionally, the report also provides the growth factors, opportunities, threats, and strategies. The elaborative study and trustworthy statistical details in the Global Biochar Market offers better understanding of the business strategies, financial outcome, latest developments, and future scope of the Global Biochar Market. Some of the key players operating in the Global Biochar Market include Phoenix Energy, Carbon Gold Ltd, Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Diacarbon Energy Inc., Biochar Supreme LLC, Vega Biofuels Inc., Carbon Terra GmbH, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, Agri-Tech Producers LLC, ArSta Eco, PYREG GmbH, Sonnenerde, Black.

Target Audience of the Global Biochar Market in Market Study:

• Investors

• Value-Added Resellers (VARs)

• Venture capitalists

• Investment bankers

• Large, medium-sized, and small enterprises

• Third-party knowledge providers

• Key Consulting Companies & Advisors

The most important types of Biochar products covered in this report are: 

Agriculture Waste, Forestry Waste, Animal Manure, Biomass Plantation

The most widely used application of the Biochar market covered in this report are: 

Gardening, Agriculture, Household

In this report, the geographical analysis is another vital section of the research & analysis study of the Global Biochar industry. Some of the regions provide better regional market attractiveness include U.S., Canada and Mexico in North America, Peru, Brazil, Argentina and Rest of South America as part of South America, Germany, Italy, U.K., France, Spain, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Turkey, Russia, Hungary, Lithuania, Austria, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Rest of Europe in Europe, Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in Asia-Pacific (APAC), South Africa, Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, Kuwait, Israel, Egypt, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA). The regional analysis provides clear insight of the sales analysis, revenue, share, size, and the growth of various regional and country-level Biochar markets. Furthermore, the report provides a holistic picture of the Global Biochar Market through the historical and future volume and size analysis. The research report covers a detailed study of the growth and other aspects of the market.

To Know An Additional Revised 2020 List Of Market Players, Request A Sample Reporthttps://www.marketresearchstore.com/sample/biochar-market-810894

Strategic Points Covered in Table of Content of Global Biochar Market

Section 1: Introduction, market driving force product Objective of Study and Research Scope the Global Market

Section 2: Exclusive Summary – the basic information of the Biochar Market.

Section 3: Displaying the Market Dynamics- Drivers, Trends and Challenges of the Market

Section 4: Presenting the Market Factor Analysis Porters Five Forces, Supply/Value Chain, PESTEL analysis, Market Entropy, Patent/Trademark Analysis.

Section 5: Displaying market size by Type, End User and Region

Section 6: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the Global market which consists of its Competitive Landscape, Peer Group Analysis, BCG Matrix & Company Profile

Section 7: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries.

Section 8 & 9: Displaying the Appendix, Methodology and Data Source

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Size, Trends & Growth Analysis, 2021-2030

4 February, 2022
 

Allied Market Research

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Get detailed COVID-19 impact analysis on the Biochar Fertilizer Product Type (organic, Inorganic, And Compound) Market

Both organic and inorganic fertilizer are likely to be in high demand, enabling both categories to account for the utmost share within the market.

Through application, gardening, and agriculture application are anticipated to stay frontrunners

Expansion of agricultural sector in organic and compound segments in developing economies and therefore the launch of advanced and organic products and technologies are expected to make growth opportunities for biochar fertilizer market.

Some countries are anticipated to exhibit considerably high demand for biochar fertilizer during the forecast period. The special ability of Biochar is to retain nutrients and water in the topsoil horizons. Biochar benefits agriculture crops and plants by reducing nutrients leaching from the crop root zone and fertilizer requirements by improving land cultivation.

Market Scope and Structure Analysis

Report Metric

Details

Market Size Available for Years

  2020–2028

  Base Year Considered

  2020

  Forecast Period

  2021–2028

  Forecast Unit

  Value (USD)

  Segments Covered

  Product Type, Application, Technology and Region

Companies Covered

ECOSUS

Cool Planet

Biochar Supreme

Biochar Products Inc.

Diacarbon Energy Inc.

Agri-Tech Producers LLC

Green Charcoal International

Vega Biofuels Inc.

Full Circle Biochar

Pacific Pyrolysis Pty Ltd.

 

COVID-19 Impact analysis

Top Impacting Factors

Market Trends

Increasing use of biochar fertilizer in soil amendment

The effect of using biochar on soil relies on regional conditions including soil type, soil (depleted or healthy), temperature, and humidity. The pyrolysis of biomass residue extracted from agricultural or forest provides biofuel.

Biochar may be a by-product of pyrolysis which will be wont to fertilize farms to enhance their fertility and stability. Using biochar fertilizers has resulted in remarkable improvement in tropical soils, improving soil fertility and disease resistance.

Rising demand from food sector boosts the growth

Due to rapid climb of urbanization, hectic and busy life style and conservative supplementary dietary needs make consumers to shift towards the healthy and organic products. to satisfy all the daily nutrition supplements like vitamins, minerals consumers are more attracted towards organic food products.

This factor makes organic and compound manufacture to supply moreorganic products that are made up of biochar fertilizers. Furthermore, the demand for organic food is rising owing to growing cardiovascular heart diseases, obesity and vital sign problems. These are a number of the factors which will drive the expansion of the biochar fertilizer market.

Key Benefits of the Report

Questions answered in the Report

Key Market Segments

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Biochar Market to Witness High Growth, Dynamics, Production, Demand Analysis and …

4 February, 2022
 

Prophecy Market Insights recently published Biochar Market research which examines key industry factors such as growth drivers, existing and future trends, recent developments, threats, challenges, and opportunities in the global market. The research includes the competitive landscape of the Biochar Market as well as profiles of the leading organizations. North America, China, Africa, Germany, APAC, and other regions have been independently evaluated for a more detailed picture of each region’s performance in the Biochar Market and the various reasons for its positive and negative growth. In addition, this report offers a comprehensive overview of the market and provides a comprehensive value chain analysis. It provides detailed information on value creation at each stage of the value chain.

The Biochar market research offers a high-level overview of the industry, as well as product definitions and market scope. Following the introduction chapter, the sections that provide in-depth overview of the market based on substantial research. Along with market dynamics, the research includes a detailed market analysis that includes supply and demand forces.

Download PDF Brochure for report overview @ https://www.prophecymarketinsights.com/market_insight/Insight/request-pdf/3632

The Biochar Market Survey covers both top-down and bottom-up approaches used to calculate and verify market size and assess scenarios of various sub-markets in the global market. Market size assessment report in terms of volume (x units) and value (millions of USD/billion).

Biochar Market by Top Manufacturers:

Key players operating in the Global biochar market include, Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Biochar Products, Inc., Diacarbaon Energy, Inc., Chargrow LLC, Genesis Industries, Green Charcoal International, Vega Biofuels, Inc. Pacific Pyrolsis Pty. Ltd., Cool Planet Energy Systems, and Full Circle Biochar

Get Sample Copy of This Report @ https://www.prophecymarketinsights.com/market_insight/Insight/request-sample/3632

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The report takes into account the impact of the new COVID-19 pandemic on the markets and offers a clear assessment of the anticipated market volatility during the forecast period.

Important Questions Answered in Biochar Market Report:

Segmentation Overview:

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Making hydrogen from banana peels | by Vineeth Venugopal | Feb, 2022 | Medium

4 February, 2022
 


Biochar Market To Observe Strong Development By 2030 | Airex Energy Inc., ArSta Eco Pvt Ltd.

4 February, 2022
 

Allied Market Research recently published a report titled, “Biochar Market by production technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification, and Others), Application (Soil Amendment, Animal Feed, Industrial, and Others): Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2021–2030”. According to the report, the recent technological advancements and launch of new products have a significant influence on the growth.  The report includes a detailed analysis of the market trends, major driving factors, prime market players, and top investment pockets. It is vital for new market entrants, stakeholders, and shareholders to make informed decisions about their investments. The report includes a comprehensive analysis of market dynamics such as drivers, restraints, and opportunities. 

Browse Full Market Report (Including Full TOC, Table & Figures, etc.) @ https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/biochar-market-A11816

The report includes an overview of the market along with a SWOT analysis of key market players and Porter’s Five analysis to understand their market presence. Moreover, the report offers financial analysis, portfolio analysis, and business overview of the companies which helps stakeholders understand the long-term profitability of the industry. The report includes the latest market developments such as new product launches, partnerships, expansions, and mergers & acquisitions.

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The Biochar market study offers detailed research on driers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities in the market. In-depth knowledge about key drivers of the market helps in understanding market dynamics and how they can affect market growth. The restrains and challenges are offered in the report and are instrumental for market investments. Moreover, technological advancements and increased demand are anticipated to create new opportunities in the market. The market is anticipated to significant growth during the forecast period.

The report covers the qualitative and quantitative study of historic and forecast periods along with insights on recent market developments and business strategies. The report offers a detailed summary, ongoing market trends, and future estimations to help new market entrants formulate profitable business strategies.

Apart from this, the report includes several tools that establish market growth. The SWOT analysis offers a detailed understanding of the key determinants of market growth, which is essential for recognizing the upcoming opportunities in the market. Moreover, the market report includes Pestel analysis that offers industry-related data and information in tabular format. This information is essential to understand positive and negative attributes that can affect the global Biochar market. In addition, the report includes Porter’s Five analysis to focus on those factors that may benefit the company in the long run.

Get Detailed COVID-19 Impact Analysis on The Biochar Market @ https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/request-for-customization/12181?reqfor=covid

The global Biochar market report outlines the upstream raw materials, marketing channels, downstream customer surveys, and industry development trends to provide detailed information about major manufacturing equipment suppliers, major distributors, raw materials suppliers, and major customers.

The Biochar industry is studied on the basis of geography along with the competitive landscape in every region. The report targets North America (United States, Canada, and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia), South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia), Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa). These insights aid to devise business strategies and how to react to new lucrative opportunities.

The Biochar market report provides in-depth information on the segmentation of the market. The report includes a thorough analysis of sales, revenue, growth rate, and market shares of each segment during both the historic period and forecast period. To understand the segmentation, the report offers charts and tables as well.

The Covid-19 pandemic had an unprecedented impact on the growth of the global Biochar market. The country-wide lockdown in Europe and Asia and ban on international travel have disrupted the supply chain and revenue chain. The report offers a detailed analysis of the Covid-19 pandemic and its effect on the growth of the global Biochar market.

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The Biochar market report includes an analysis of the top 10 market players that are active in the market. The study includes sales, revenue analysis, and production of these companies. The prime market players are Airex Energy Inc., ArSta Eco Pvt Ltd., Biochar Supreme, Coaltec Energy USA, Farm2Energy Pvt. Ltd, Frontline BioEnergy LLC, KARR Group Co. (KGC), Pacific Biochar Corporation, Phoenix Energy, and ProActive Agriculture. These market players have adopted several business strategies such as mergers & acquisitions, new product launches, partnerships, and collaborations to maintain their foothold in the market.

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Woody Biomass Biochar Market is Expected to Witness Healthy Growth at 11% CAGR through 2031

4 February, 2022
 

The Fact.MR new report on the market survey of Woody Biomass Biochar gives estimations of the Size of Woody Biomass Biochar Market and the overall Woody Biomass Biochar Market share of key regional segments During Forecast Period.

The latest market research report analyzes Woody Biomass Biochar Market demand by Different segments. Providing business leaders with insights On Woody Biomass Biochar And how they can increase their market share.

Click Here To get a Sample Report (Including Full TOC, Table & Figures):-https://www.factmr.com/connectus/sample?flag=S&rep_id=3781

Key Segments Covered in Biochar Industry Research

We leverage space-age industrial and digitalization tools to provide avant-garde actionable Woody Biomass Biochar Market insights to our clients.

SWOT analysis has been performed in the market study to investigate the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of each player, both at global and regional levels.

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This report gives you access to decisive data such as:

Key Question answered in the Survey of Woody Biomass Biochar market Report By Fact.MR

The report also offers key trends of Woody Biomass Biochar market and an in-depth analysis of how the projected growth factors will shape the Woody Biomass Biochar market dynamics in the coming years of the forecast period.

Moreover, it also gives meaningful as well as actionable insights on the competitive analysis of Woody Biomass Biochar Market that are developing the current market scenario and which will be lucrative for the future demand of Woody Biomass Biochar Market.

Key Takeaways from Market Study

Crucial insights in Woody Biomass Biochar market research report:

The Demand of Woody Biomass Biochar Market study includes the current market scenario on the global platform and also Sales of Woody Biomass Biochar Market development during the forecast period.

To get all-in insights on the regional landscape of the Woody Biomass Biochar Market, buy now:-https://www.factmr.com/checkout/3781

The Market insights of Woody Biomass Biochar will improve the revenue impact of businesses in various industries by:

The latest industry analysis and survey on Woody Biomass Biochar provides sales outlook in 20+ countries, across key categories. Insights and outlook on Woody Biomass Biochar market drivers, trends, and influencing factors are also included in the study.

Competitive Landscape

Several biochar suppliers are currently leading the way and continue to dedicate their strategies to the innovation of competitively priced as well as energy-efficiency variants.

As low-emission, low-cost biochar products have been recently capturing the attention of participants in the market, it is highly likely that companies will remain adhered to advanced production techniques for a variety of economical substitutes for activated carbon applications.

Industry stakeholders are also eyeing gains out of the biochar application in limiting compost greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and odors, and hydrogen sulfide sorption in wastewater treatment.

Browse More Reports by Fact.MR : –https://www.einpresswire.com/article/557142137/high-efficiency-particulate-air-hepa-filtration-air-purifiers-to-capture-highest-market-value

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The post Woody Biomass Biochar Market is Expected to Witness Healthy Growth at 11% CAGR through 2031 appeared first on Latest Market Reports.

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Gasification Biochar Market: Majority of Revenue Shares are Held by Wide Pool of Several …

4 February, 2022
 

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The impact of the COVID-19 outbreak has compelled several manufacturers and industries to rethink their operations to gradually recover from the losses incurred for years to come. The organic chemicals industry suffered a huge setback due to halted production and a limited supply of raw materials.

The report offers actionable and valuable market insights of Gasification Biochar. The latest report by Fact.MR provides details on the present scenario of the market across various regions along with the historic data and forecast of the market. The report also includes information on the sales and demand of Gasification Biochar Market across various industries and regions.

To remain ‘ahead’ of your competitors, request for a sample –  https://www.factmr.com/connectus/sample?flag=S&rep_id=3781

The global Gasification Biochar market reached a valuation of US$ 8 Mn in 2020, which amounts to around 0.23% share of the overall charcoal market. Sales of Gasification Biochar are slated to rise at a CAGR of 11% to top US$ 23 Mn by 2031. Demand for pyrolysis technology in Gasification Biochar is set to increase at a CAGR of 10% across the assessment period of 2021 to 2031.

The market study done by Fact.MR gives exclusive information about how the market will grow. The study identifies crucial trends that are determining the growth of Gasification Biochar market. This newly published report sheds light on vital dynamics, such as the drivers, restraints, and opportunities for key market players as well as emerging players associated with the production and supply. The latest report by Fact.MR provides detailed Market Analysis of Gasification Biochar

Need more information about Report Methodology? Click here-  https://www.factmr.com/connectus/sample?flag=RM&rep_id=3781

Full Access of this Exclusive Report is Available at-  https://www.factmr.com/checkout/3781

Several Gasification Biochar suppliers are currently leading the way and continue to dedicate their strategies to the innovation of competitively priced as well as energy-efficiency variants.

As low-emission, low-cost Gasification Biochar products have been recently capturing the attention of participants in the market, it is highly likely that companies will remain adhered to advanced production techniques for a variety of economical substitutes for activated carbon applications.

Industry stakeholders are also eyeing gains out of the Gasification Biochar application in limiting compost greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and odors, and hydrogen sulfide sorption in wastewater treatment.

“Growing environmental concerns, rising acceptance of Gasification Biochar as an appropriate substitute for chemical fertilizers, and cooperative government waste management regulations are expected to create greater opportunities for the growth of the Gasification Biochar market over the next ten years,” says a Fact.MR analyst.

Read More Trending Reports of Fact.MR- https://www.einpresswire.com/article/557298123/demand-for-independent-front-suspension-is-estimated-to-remain-high-owing-to-the-system-of-better-handling-stability

Key Question answered in the survey of Gasification Biochar market report:

More Valuable Insights on Gasification Biochar Market

Fact.MR, in its new report, offers an unbiased Market Analysis of Gasification Biochar, Sales and Demand of Gasification Biochar, analyzing forecast statistics through 2019 and beyond. The study reveals growth projections on the basis of various criteria.

Explore Fact.MR’s Coverage on the Chemicals and Materials Domain:

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Gasification Biochar Market: Majority of Revenue Shares are Held by Wide Pool of … – EhTrend!

4 February, 2022
 

EhTrend!Gasification Biochar Market: Majority of Revenue Shares are Held by Wide Pool of Several Unorganized Players – New ...

The impact of the COVID-19 outbreak has compelled several manufacturers and industries to rethink their operations to gradually recover from the losses incurred for years to come. The organic chemicals industry suffered a huge setback due to halted …
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Biochar Market Size Report, 2021-2028: Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries …

4 February, 2022
 

The global Biochar market research report, published by Adroit Market Research, is designed to offer various market framework such as market size, portion, trends, growth path, value and factors that impact the current market dynamics over the forecast period 2022-2028. Most importantly, this report also provides the latest significant strategies adopted by major players along with their market share. The study’s purpose is to recognize recent market sizes for various segments and countries, as well as forecast values for the coming years. This research gives an analytical review of the market’s present trend and future estimates in order to find additional opportunities. The report is meant to provide both qualitative and quantitative aspects of the market in each of the areas and countries studied.

The Biochar Market research report includes historic data from 2016 to 2020 and forecasts until 2028 which makes the report’s an invaluable resource for industry executives, marketing, sales and product managers, consultants, analysts, and other people looking for key market data in readily accessible documents with clearly presented tables and graphs.

Free Sample Report + All Related Graphs & Charts @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=PT

Leading players of Biochar Market including:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

You can thoroughly assess the strengths and weaknesses of your competitors using our competitive analysis. In the report, you also have access to comprehensive production and shipment analysis from point of origin to end user purchase. Furthermore, you are informed about latest industry developments to help you stay ahead of your competitors. Our analysts are always on their toes to continuously track and analyze any changes or developments in the Biochar industry. The report is filled with statistical presentations, market figures related to revenue, volume, CAGR, and share, and global and regional market forecasts.

The report includes a detailed segmentation study of the global Biochar market, where all of the segments are analyzed in terms of market growth, share, growth rate, and other vital factors. It also provides the attractiveness index of segments so that players can be informed about lucrative revenue pockets of the global Biochar market. The extensive evaluation of segments provided in the report will help you to direct your investments, strategies, and teams to focus on the right areas of the global Biochar market.

Access full Report Description, TOC, Table of Figure, Chart, etc. @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/biochar-market?utm_source=PT

The Biochar Market research study examines the market’s primary features and prospects, as well as market constraints and significant competitors, firm profiles, and general strategies for acquiring a footing in local and global marketplaces. By evaluating historical data and future projections, this report predicts the total market size based on a worldwide scenario. Overall, the report would provide critical market data to forward-thinking clients aiming to prosper in the worldwide Biochar business. The business report provides a thorough and reliable examination of micro and macroeconomic issues, as well as market value interpretations that are anticipated to affect industry trends.

The Biochar industry research report provides thorough information on several important matters such as social, economical, environmental, etc. which are anticipated to have an impact on the growth of the Biochar sector. Furthermore, the market report analyzes all the factors having an influence on the growth of the Biochar industry. The report based on the global Biochar industry includes the insightful data on numerous opportunities and risks offered in the industry on global level. The study helps players in the industry to cope up with the competition in the Biochar sector. All the segments of the Biochar market are deeply studied in the report. The research also offers detailed data on the investment opportunities available in the Biochar market. The research based on the Biochar sector includes numerous graphs and tables to present data in a better manner for the better understanding of the readers.

Biochar market Segmentation by Type:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Biochar market Segmentation by Application:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

Regional Assessment and Segment Diversification:

– North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
– Europe (U.K., France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Central & Eastern Europe, CIS)
– Asia Pacific (China, Japan, South Korea, ASEAN, India, Rest of Asia Pacific)
– Latin America (Brazil, Rest of L.A.)
– Middle East and Africa (Turkey, GCC, Rest of Middle East)

Key Report Highlights:

• The report does an international market analysis and market development trends.
• The report details the product and technology developments taking place in the Biochar industry.
• Competitive landscape analysis is carried out in the study to better understand the competitors, their marketing strategies, pricing patterns, and more.
• The development status of the Biochar market and its international status are defined in the report.
• The development trends of the Biochar industry in the international markets.
• The market sectors or segments that are anticipated to grow at a significant CAGR in the upcoming years are highlighted in the report.
• The report forecasts the trends in the market by 2028 including its market size, growth ratio, consumption, investment feasibility, and more.
• The Biochar industry applications that are enormously rising across the globe are detailed.

Table of Content:

1 Scope of the Report
1.1 Market Introduction
1.2 Research Objectives
1.3 Years Considered
1.4 Market Research Methodology
1.5 Economic Indicators
1.6 Currency Considered
2 Executive Summary
3 Global Biochar by Players
4 Biochar by Regions
4.1 Biochar Market Size by Regions
4.2 Americas Biochar Market Size Growth
4.3 APAC Biochar Market Size Growth
4.4 Europe Biochar Market Size Growth
4.5 Middle East & Africa Biochar Market Size Growth
5 Americas
6 APAC
7 Europe
8 Middle East & Africa
9 Market Drivers, Challenges and Trends
9.1 Market Drivers and Impact
9.1.1 Growing Demand from Key Regions
9.1.2 Growing Demand from Key Applications and Potential Industries
9.2 Market Challenges and Impact
9.3 Market Trends
10 Global Biochar Market Forecast
11 Key Players Analysis
12 Research Findings and Conclusion

Do You Have Any Query Or Specific Requirement? Ask to Our Industry Expert @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/enquiry-before-buying/698?utm_source=PT

ABOUT US:

Adroit Market Research is an India-based business analytics and consulting company. Our target audience is a wide range of corporations, manufacturing companies, product/technology development institutions and industry associations that require understanding of a market’s size, key trends, participants and future outlook of an industry. We intend to become our clients’ knowledge partner and provide them with valuable market insights to help create opportunities that increase their revenues. We follow a code– Explore, Learn and Transform. At our core, we are curious people who love to identify and understand industry patterns, create an insightful study around our findings and churn out money-making roadmaps.

CONTACT US:

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Biochar and hydrochar in the context of anaerobic digestion for a circular approach – Science Direct

4 February, 2022
 

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7.95 – Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research

4 February, 2022
 

Volume 6 Issue 5
May-2019
eISSN: 2349-5162

Published Paper ID:
JETIRCB06017

Registration ID:
205467

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Article Versions Notes – MDPI

4 February, 2022
 

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Preparation of phosphoric acid modified antibiotic mycelial residues biochar – Science Direct

4 February, 2022
 

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For Gaza, relying on coal is the only way to survive the winter – Middle East Monitor – Worldakkam

4 February, 2022
 

Producing charcoal in the Gaza Strip is considered one of the most dangerous and demanding professions. Despite years of charcoal production as a result of surplus citrus and olive trees, only a handful of factories operate in this area.

However, like most outlying industries, 14 years of siege Production was reduced while the constant occupational practice of destroying Palestinian farmland reduced the supply of timber.

Taha Al-Hattab is one of the largest coal production plants in Gaza, producing over 80 tonnage of coal annually.He said Note The charcoal requires several production stages. At first, you will see a large number of citrus trees in a large hole in the ground. The trees are arranged to keep out air. The pits are then filled with sand and straw and burned for several days. After about 6 days, natural coal is formed.

However, the reduced availability of timber required for this process has led some to seek ways to produce coal through agricultural waste instead of timber. Through these efforts, we have succeeded in producing what is called a biochar that meets the specifications of natural charcoal. It is used to fertilize agricultural land and control pests. Efforts are underway to produce high quality charcoal.

Traditional ovens help Gazan overcome unemployment and fuel shortages

Al-Hajj Abu Radi says that regular power outages in besieged excursions mean that families are forced to look for alternative power sources to warm their homes and are independent of electricity. He sat around the fireplace, and he and his family often gathered around this natural heat source, remembering the memories they shared and telling the story of their day.

For four mothers, Umm Muhammed, the coal fire provides her with a heat source that she can cook for her family. With her husband, who is unable to work due to her illness, her family of Umm Muhammed lives on a limited income and cannot afford to buy a gas cylinder to connect to her rice cooker. For families, coal-seam fire is a source of both heat and nutrition.

Umm Muhammed recognizes the long-term health risks of using coal, but says she has no alternative.Her husband said Note: Note: “It’s very sad that my wife spends hours in front of the fire for us.”

In the light of increasing unemployment in the Gaza Strip, those who rely on the coal industry to provide them with regular salaries have attempted to develop and expand the industry. Their greatest concern is the misuse of coal in unventilated homes. This problem becomes more common in winter when people close doors and windows to keep heat out.

Some call coal black gold. Abdullah, a local coal merchant, states that the term was used for imported coal. Egyptian coal often competes with locally produced Gazan varieties, but is not readily available due to the sporadic closure of border crossings as a result of the siege. According to trader Abdullah, the price of coal depends on the quality of the wood used to make it.

However, the demand for this precious timber comes from other traditional forms of heating and cooking, such as wood stoves and fireplaces. Traditional clay ovens preferred by older people on strips rely on wood, and the wood used enriches the flavor of the food, so it is important to look for high quality produce.

Both coal and firewood provide Gaza Palestinians with a means of overcoming regular power outages and coping with them during the winter. That is, the damage they do to the user’s lungs and the environment is often overlooked for the immediate benefit they provide.

After a strong wind, Gaza is watching the squid rise

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https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20220131-for-gaza-relying-on-coal-is-the-only-way-to-survive-the-winter/ For Gaza, relying on coal is the only way to survive the winter – Middle East Monitor

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Biochar Market Report 2021-26: Growth, Demand, Scope, Outlook and Forecast | Workiton

4 February, 2022
 

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According to the latest report by IMARC Group titled, “Biochar Market Size: Global Industry Trends, Share, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026”, The global biochar market exhibited strong growth during 2015-2020. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the market to grow at a CAGR of around 10% during 2021-2026.

Biochar refers to a type of carbon-rich charcoal that is produced by the heating of agricultural waste, animal manure, and woody biomass. It helps in improving soil fertilization, maintaining adequate moisture levels, reducing pollutants, providing crop nutrition, and preventing soil leaching. Owing to various technological innovations, such as gasification and pyrolysis, biochar finds extensive applications across various industries, including pharmaceuticals and agriculture.

Request for a sample copy of this report: https://www.imarcgroup.com/biochar-market/requestsample

The prevalent trend of organic farming has stimulated the utilization of biochar in mixed farming, biodynamic agriculture, and zero tillage farming methods. In line with this, the rising health consciousness and escalating consumer expenditures on high-quality, organic food items have bolstered the market growth. Moreover, the thriving electronics industry is positively influencing the demand for biochar in the manufacturing of building materials. Apart from this, the increasing awareness about waste management, coupled with various stringent environmental regulations for minimizing carbon footprints, is expected to fuel the growth of the global biochar market in the coming years.

Browse full report with detailed TOC and list of figures and tables: https://www.imarcgroup.com/biochar-market

Key Market Segmentation

Breakup by Feedstock Type

Breakup by Technology Type

Breakup by Product Form

Breakup by Application

Breakup by Region

Competitive Landscape

As the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis takes over the world, we are continuously tracking the changes in the markets, as well as the industry behaviours of the consumers globally and our estimates about the latest market trends and forecasts are being done after considering the impact of this pandemic.

If you want latest primary and secondary data (2021-2026) with Cost Module, Business Strategy, Distribution Channel, etc. Click request free sample report, published report will be delivered to you in PDF format via email within 24 to 48 hours of receiving full payment.

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IMARC’s information products include major market, scientific, economic and technological developments for business leaders in pharmaceutical, industrial, and high technology organizations. Market forecasts and industry analysis for biotechnology, advanced materials, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, travel and tourism, nanotechnology and novel processing methods are at the top of the company’s expertise.

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Gasification Biochar Market: Majority of Revenue Shares are Held by Wide Pool of Several …

4 February, 2022
 

The impact of the COVID-19 outbreak has compelled several manufacturers and industries to rethink their operations to gradually recover from the losses incurred for years to come. The organic chemicals industry suffered a huge setback due to halted production and a limited supply of raw materials.

The report offers actionable and valuable market insights of Gasification Biochar. The latest report by Fact.MR provides details on the present scenario of the market across various regions along with the historic data and forecast of the market. The report also includes information on the sales and demand of Gasification Biochar Market across various industries and regions.

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The global Gasification Biochar market reached a valuation of US$ 8 Mn in 2020, which amounts to around 0.23% share of the overall charcoal market. Sales of Gasification Biochar are slated to rise at a CAGR of 11% to top US$ 23 Mn by 2031. Demand for pyrolysis technology in Gasification Biochar is set to increase at a CAGR of 10% across the assessment period of 2021 to 2031.

The market study done by Fact.MR gives exclusive information about how the market will grow. The study identifies crucial trends that are determining the growth of Gasification Biochar market. This newly published report sheds light on vital dynamics, such as the drivers, restraints, and opportunities for key market players as well as emerging players associated with the production and supply. The latest report by Fact.MR provides detailed Market Analysis of Gasification Biochar

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Several Gasification Biochar suppliers are currently leading the way and continue to dedicate their strategies to the innovation of competitively priced as well as energy-efficiency variants.

As low-emission, low-cost Gasification Biochar products have been recently capturing the attention of participants in the market, it is highly likely that companies will remain adhered to advanced production techniques for a variety of economical substitutes for activated carbon applications.

Industry stakeholders are also eyeing gains out of the Gasification Biochar application in limiting compost greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and odors, and hydrogen sulfide sorption in wastewater treatment.

“Growing environmental concerns, rising acceptance of Gasification Biochar as an appropriate substitute for chemical fertilizers, and cooperative government waste management regulations are expected to create greater opportunities for the growth of the Gasification Biochar market over the next ten years,” says a Fact.MR analyst.

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Key Question answered in the survey of Gasification Biochar market report:

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Fact.MR, in its new report, offers an unbiased Market Analysis of Gasification Biochar, Sales and Demand of Gasification Biochar, analyzing forecast statistics through 2019 and beyond. The study reveals growth projections on the basis of various criteria.

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Self-Standing Heterostructured NiCx-NiFe-NC/biochar as a Highly Efficient Cathode for … – Scite

4 February, 2022
 


Biochar Market, Size 2021, Market Analysis including Growth, Upcoming Trends and Growth …

5 February, 2022
 

Biochar Market report offers a deep analysis of the Market Research Industry. It demonstrates a rapid summary of industry data and a key enumerate of the market. The report highlights well-known performers from the Biochar Market beside contribution to the market vocation progress within the estimated time. CSP Market Research Report covers recent improvements while predicting the expansion of the players of the market.

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Market Overview:

Biochar Market Report is expected to grow at CAGR XX% by 2030. Biochar Market Report was $XX Million in 2020 and is expected to reach $XX Billion by the forecasted period 2021 to 2030.

Biochar Market:

The Biochar Market size was estimated at US$ XX Million in 2020 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of XX% over the upcoming years. The key growth factors behind the growth of Biochar Market include the growing demand for Biochar Market in the industry along with the increased use for Biochar Market in the related sector. Furthermore, the emergence of new market along with the growing urbanization across the globe are some other key factors for the growth of the Biochar Market in the upcoming years.

CSP Market Research- recently promoted report on Biochar Market offers a comprehensive valuation of the marketplace via in-depth comprehensions, accurate market growth by evaluating past developments, and keeping track of the current situation and future prospects by intellect progressive and likely areas.

Global Biochar Market: COVID-19 Impact

The COVID-19 pandemic had a huge impact across all the industries including logistics & supply chain, oil & gas, manufacturing, electronics, and others. The partial or full lockdown in the year 2020 and 2021 across numerous countries such as India, the U.S., the U.K., Germany, and others had further impacted the supply of raw materials and finished products across the globe. The demand for the product has decreased during the COVID-19 period due to halt in the manufacturing industry as the demand for raw materials and finished good has been halted during the COVID-19 period. Therefore, the Biochar Market is severely impacted by COVID-19.

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Biochar Market: Regional Analysis

Based on the regions, the >Biochar Market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America (LATAM), and Middle East & Africa (MEA). Asia Pacific is estimated to witness fastest growth in the Biochar Market during the forecast period. This is ascribed to the growing personal care industry in the region along with the rising urban population in the region. Besides, North America and Europe is estimated to witness substantial growth during the forecast period.

The study of CSP Market Research comprises of comprehensive primary investigation along with the detailed investigation of qualitative as well as quantitative aspects by various enterprise experts, key opinion leaders to obtain a deeper insight of the market and enterprise performance. The report Biochar Market gives a definite perception of popular market situation which introduces the historical and predicted market size in terms of value and volume, technological advancement, macro economical and governing factors in the market. The report presents detailed information and strategies of the top key players in the industry.

Please have a glance at the Covered Segment in the Report Biochar Market

The Market is Segmented by Product Type as Follows:
– Wood Source Biochar
– Corn Stove Source Biochar
– Rice Stove Source Biochar
– Wheat Stove Source Biochar
– Other Stove Source Biochar
Breakdown Information by Application and Market Share and Growth, Covering:
– Soil Conditioner
– Fertilizer
– Others

Key Top Players Covered in the Report:
Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, Pacific Biochar, Vega Biofuels, Liaoning Jinhefu Group, Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy, Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology, Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai)

*Listed companies in this report may vary in the final report subject to Name Change/Merger etc

CSP Market Research is also covering the Global-

Note- Reports can also be available Specific region-wise as per Client requirements

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The global Market classification is predicated on the variability of products and end-user request sections. The market study includes the event of every section of the worldwide market. The info summarized within the report may be a collection of variant manufacturer bodies to approximate the expansion of sections in future time.

Qualitative, Quantitative, Forecasting and in-depth analysis for the market will be provided on a global, regional, and country-level for the following years:

Our Research covers Competitors:

Market share and company profiles of the:

CSP Market Research Present latest study on- Biochar Market The report present extensive, in-depth analysis of the on-going trends, opportunities/ high growth areas, market drivers, which could help stakeholders to device and align market strategies according to the future market dynamics.

Based on elite players, present, past, and futuristic data will offer a profitable guide for all the readers and competitors. The overall analysis covers an overview of the industry policies, the cost structure of the products available in the market.

How will this Market study assistance you?

CSP Market Research- Our Research study will provide you with an understanding of the key market trends, challenges, Market Size, Market Key Players, Market Insights, SWOT analysis, and opportunities in the industries.

1. The report offers statistical data in terms useful (US$) also as Volume (units) till Forecast period.

2. Exclusive insight into the key trends affecting the industry, although key threats, opportunities, and disruptive technologies that would shape the Biochar Market supply and demand.

3. The report tracks the leading market players which will shape and impact the Biochar Market most.

4. The info analysis present within the report is predicated on the mixture of both primary and secondary resources.

5. The report helps you to know the important effects of key market drivers or restrains on business.

6. Distribution Channel sales Analysis by Value.

7. The study provides you the data from the different segment of the industry

8. Free Customization as per your requirement.

Target Audience of the Biochar Market in Market Study:

• Key Consulting Companies & Advisors

• Large, medium-sized, and small enterprises

• Venture capitalists

• Value-Added Resellers (VARs)

• Third-party knowledge providers

• Investment bankers

• Investors

Research Methodology- CSP Market Research

The research report Biochar Market has been prepared by conducting several rounds of primary interviews with key top management of several Tier-I and II companies. The primary research percentage of all of reports are above 80% whereas 20% of secondary research includes data from Hoovers, Factiva, Companies websites, one source avention and other government published records. Both top-down approach has been applied for the calculation of market size, volume, import and export and has been validated thoroughly.

Table of Content- Some Point Covered in the Report Biochar Market
For Complete and detailed TOC speak with our analyst and fill the inquiry form.

Chapter- 1. Research Framework (Research Objective, Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 2. Research Methodology- Qualitative Research, Primary & Secondary Sources, Quantitative Research, Primary & Secondary Sources, Market Size Estimation, Data Triangulation

Chapter- 3. Executive Summary (Overview)

Chapter- 4. Market Dynamics- Global Industry Outlook, Porter’s Five Forces Model, COVID-19 Impact Assessment on Market, Major Strategies Adopted by Key Players, Market Positioning of Key Players

Chapter- 5. Global Biochar Market Analysis, by Market Segmentation- Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast

Chapter- 6. Global Biochar Market Analysis, by Geography- Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa )

Chapter- 7. North America Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 8. Europe Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 9. Asia Pacific Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 10. Latin America Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 11. Middle East & Africa Biochar Market Analysis- (Key Insights, Market Size and Forecast, By Market Segmentation)

Chapter- 12. Company Profiles- (Company, Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area, Company Sales and Net Income Highlights, Business Overview, Company News

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Substrate extenders and alternatives – Nursery Management

5 February, 2022
 

Either proactively or reactively, the need for substrate (growing media) options is always important for growers.

Recent shortages have led to many growers being forced or highly encouraged to turn to “Plan B” in their substrate toolbox to bridge the gap between increased demand and some drastic shortages of common growing media components and products.

Many growers have even had to turn to “Plan C” or beyond to acquire the volumes of substrates needed for their rapidly expanding operations. Aside from supply shortages, other consumers have elected to explore new or alterative substrate options based on sustainability beliefs and goals, desire to use local or regional materials, the opportunity to utilize raw materials they already have access to, or to adopt new substrates that are better crafted to better optimize the crops they are growing in the specific growing systems they are utilizing.

Whatever the reason, the interest and demand for non-traditional substrate materials has never been higher, a trend that will only increase exponentially in the future.

This article will discuss some of the materials that are in higher demand and use today based on any or all of the above-mentioned reasons. It is also very important to note that not all possible substitutions or alternatives are listed here, as there are many that warrant attention and consideration.

Lastly, it should be strongly emphasized that there are no “replacements” for any substrate materials, as it is impossible to truly and literally replace something. So, there are no “peat replacements” or “perlite replacements” but instead viable materials that are suitable alternatives or substitutions to certain commonly known (traditional) materials.

While not new or novel in any way, processed bark materials continue to evolve in their usage across many substrate product lines and growing systems. A material used by growers since the 1960s, bark, particularly aged pine or fir bark, continues to fill the void left behind by peat or coconut (mainly coir) product shortages. Most traditionally used in outdoor ornamental nursery crop production and more recently in soft fruit container production, the use of bark as an aggregate additive or extender to peat in greenhouse substrates has increased significantly in the past decade. Thanks to advanced and particular processing techniques and handling methods, bark can be processed into a wide range of particle sizes. These size fractions can then be combined in any conceivable combination to engineer a substrate with very specific air and water properties, drainage profiles, densities, or structure for long-term container production.

For example, bark can be processed (double processed), fractioned, and reconstituted to have identical air and water porosities has any peat or coir substrate. Couple those abilities with the option of blending other materials with bark, and the options for nursery, greenhouse/floriculture, cannabis, or soft fruit production can be successful, even without traditional peat or coconut coir (excellent materials by the way) if they are unavailable or not desired.

Interest remains high for biochar products as additives or substitutes in soilless substrates (Fig. 1A-B).

Perhaps still more of a highly specialized or “novelty” component for many growers, others have trialed or adopted biochar products in some of their operations.

First, it is worthy of discussion that “biochar” can in many justified ways be considered a verb and a noun based on the high variability that can (and does often) exist in commercial products based on manufacturing methods and feedstocks. Similar to compost, biochar products can be extremely variable from source to source and even within a single production source over time. The cost of biochar also remains high in many areas and therefore is often not as economical as other materials.

The availability, consistency, and cost of biochar products is improving, however, and eventually the price and quality will likely be highly predictable and dependable.

As far as uses, despite some report’s, biochar cannot replace peat moss, but it can serve as an adequate substitute for perlite and it can be used as a partial peat or bark substitute or extender if the particle size is suitable/acceptable to the mix it is being added to. The stability that biochar adds to substrates is exceptional (for longer term perennial crops in containers) and most biochars can provide some limited nutrient availability to crops, increased nutrient holding and exchange capacities, and it can also initiate or host beneficial biological/microbial activity in soils and soilless substrates.

Rice hulls have seen a tremendous boost in sales and utilization across the horticulture industry in recent years. Thoroughly developed in the early 2000’s in large part due to research efforts from Dr. Mike Evans at the University of Arkansas (currently at Virginia Tech), rice hulls have been a trusted and viable commercial substrate component for many years.

Investigated as a substrate aggregate (perlite substitute), rice hulls were also discovered to be a highly effect weed barrier when used as a container mulch on outdoor (nursery) crop production. The extreme shortages in the perlite supply chain since 2020 have renewed the interest and use of this material as an aggregate to peat substrates. Available in small and large compressed bales, parboiled rice hulls are a regionally available (Arkansas and the Mississippi delta), organic by-product with large volumes of supply typically available (Fig. 1C-D).

No stranger to the growing media arena, Pittmoss is a product line (as well as the name of the company and brand) that has been producing growing media components since about 2015. Originally produced from just recycled newspapers and cardboard, today the Pittmoss product line uses other recycled organic/cellulosic materials as well.

No longer a local Pennsylvania and surrounding states product, Pittmoss now has at least seven products available for both professional and retail/hobby markets (Fig. 2). Best when used as an additive or extender to peat moss, coconut coir, aged bark or perhaps even wood fiber, the inherent physical and chemical properties seem to be suitable and beneficial as a mix component. Perhaps a good option for extending peat and coir supplies for short(er) term crop production.

The outlier of the group, processed miscanthus biomass, is appearing more and more on the alternative substrates radar.

Initially investigated well over a decade ago for its potential use as a component in nursery crop production, miscanthus today is being evaluated heavily again for other potential uses.

The availability of miscanthus biomass mostly comes from the large acreage that was planted 10-15 years ago during the early stages of the biofuel revolution when investors, business folks, and growers were planting thousands of acres proactively in hopes that the biomass market (for biofuel production) would explode and be a huge return on investment. While there is still biomass and biofuel research being conducted today, the volume of unutilized miscanthus in the eastern US is extensive.

Based on new processing technologies and material preconditioning treatments, miscanthus grass can be refined in to very fiberous, water absorbing, and low-density substrate components (Fig. 3). The potential for this fiberous material to be a suitable substrate component for short term crop production is increasing.

Changes abound in the world of taxonomy and naming plants. Current cultural discussions are widening our traditional (European) thinking of plant names and how we arrive at these names. In promoting the use of often overlooked native grasses in increasingly shrinking native habitats, I recently patented a cold hardy, early flowering selection of Sorghastrum nutans, Golden Sunset formerly referred to as Indian grass. Thanks to colleagues and insightful writers, I no longer use the common name Indian grass. I am proposing and using yellow prairie grass as a more appropriate and less offensive common name for this plant.

What’s the big deal? It’s just a common name! It’s a big deal if this name invokes harm and perpetuates and legitimizes bigotry, even if it does so unintentionally. I am not a Native American and cannot speak for how this name is viewed by Native Americans. I have been told the word Indian is offensive to Native Americans. And we know this word has been removed from mascots and icons of sports teams and institutions. To continue to use such terms indicates a lack of understanding, awareness, and can continue to perpetuate bigotry.

There really are no rules for common names, which vary regionally and cause much confusion. In a 2021 article, Kim E. Hummer proposed that one way to change common names that are slurs, insulting, or blatantly offensive would be simply to stop the common usage and adopt one of the existing but not offensive common names. Sorghastrum nutans has few, if any, additional common names. Of course, Native Americans know this grass. According to Linda Black Elk, Sorghastrum nutans, in Lakota is pheží šašá or ínkpa žiží. This can be translated in English to yellow grass or pheží žiží (Lakota Consortium, 2021). Thus I am proposing the name yellow prairie grass for Sorghastrum nutans, a name that I hope is respectful of indigenous peoples and still accurately describes the plant.

As much as I, a lifelong horticulturist, love plants, it is important to note that Native Americans respected them more and thought of plants as “beings with their own stories, beliefs and ways of life. Protocols require us to introduce plants just as we would introduce another human being. Plants have both spiritual and physical healing to offer, it is just necessary to ask for the help they can give,” writes Mary Siisip Geniusz in her 2015 book on Anishinaabe botanical teachings, “Plants Have So Much to Give Us, All We Have to Do Is Ask.” To understand the respect Native Americans gave to plants broadens our view as horticulturists. Plant names can help our knowledge and show respect for all cultures.

Though challenging to change plant names and have them become widely used, it is important to remove insults from our botanical nomenclature. While changing an offensive common plant name is fairly simple, we must also address changes for offensive Latin names or binomials, as proposed by L.N. Gillman and S.D. Wright in their 2020 paper, “Restoring indigenous names in taxonomy.” Horticultural publications should recognize and stop publishing offensive plant names. Names are important and convey different meanings to different cultures. Let us open our botanical and horticultural work to be more inclusive and benefit from all cultures adding to the wonder, art, and science of horticulture.

Looking for ideas to market native grasses? Check out Mary’s article to find out how retailers are boosting sales of this segment. www.nurserymag.com/article/pop-native-grass-sales/

After five years of study, Mt. Cuba Center has released “Wild Hydrangea for the Mid-Atlantic Region,” a research report that evaluates 29 species and cultivars of this popular native shrub. Sam Hoadley, manager of horticultural research, evaluated Hydrangea arborescens and its relatives H. cinerea and H. radiata on horticultural merit, adaptability, and ecological value.

Hydrangea arborescens are a classic landscape shrub that is currently undergoing a garden renaissance,” Hoadley says. “Their beauty, cultural adaptability, and ability to support wildlife make them a welcome addition to any garden in the mid-Atlantic region and beyond.”

The evaluation was conducted in full sun, and 19 taxa were also grown in 60 percent shade for comparison. Once established, one example of each hydrangea species and cultivar was cut back to 6 inches in late March to determine the effects of pruning on habit, bloom time, and flower size. Pollinator visits were studied to determine which hydrangeas have the greatest potential to support pollinators in home landscapes.

Mt. Cuba’s top nine horticultural performers are:

The inflorescences of Hydrangea arborescens and its close allies fall into two categories: lacecaps and mopheads. Lacecap inflorescences are the predominant flower form in wild H. arborescens and contain hundreds of fertile flowers which are usually surrounded by a ring of showy sterile flowers. Mopheads, on the other hand, contain masses of sterile flowers in large, often dome-shaped flower heads with relatively few fertile flowers hidden within. The combined effect of the sterile flowers results in a spectacular ornamental display which contributes to the popularity of mophead hydrangeas in gardens.

Most hydrangeas in this trial bloom for just a few weeks in early summer, but the flower heads remain attractive through late summer and fall and add ornamental interest to winter landscapes. H. arborescens flowers are primarily white with several pink blooming cultivars that have been released in recent years. Unlike the color-changing inflorescences of non-native H. macrophylla and H. serrata, the flower color of the native species does not change depending on the acidity, or pH, of the soil in which they are grown.

While early cultivars such as Hydrangea arborescens ‘Grandiflora’ and H. arborescens ‘Annabelle’ were simple selections of unique naturally occurring plants, many newer cultivars are the result of selective breeding aimed at producing plants with desirable garden traits such as compact habits, sturdy stems, and new flower forms and colors.

Nearly half of the hydrangeas in this trial are lacecaps. Lacecap hydrangeas produce large numbers of fertile flowers, often between 800 and 900 per inflorescence, with some cultivars nearing almost 2,000 fertile flowers per inflorescence. Sterile flowers are produced in much smaller quantities and are located around the perimeter of the flower head. Only one hydrangea in the trial, H. arborescens ‘Eco Pink Puff’, produced no sterile flowers, and this cultivar had one of the highest counts of fertile flowers of any plant in the evaluation. Cultivars such as H. arborescens ‘Mary Nell’ and H. arborescens ‘Haas’ Halo’ are lacecap hydrangeas with exceptionally large inflorescences and more sterile flowers than the average lacecap. Both are considered to be of higher ornamental value than their wild-type counterparts.

Many recent Hydrangea arborescens introductions are categorized as mopheads. Mophead hydrangeas produce primarily sterile flowers, although fertile flowers are still present in most cases. The fertile flowers of mophead hydrangeas are often obscured by the large quantities of sterile flowers, which makes it difficult to determine when these plants are functionally in bloom. Mopheads have significant ornamental qualities, but pollinator studies have shown that they lack the ability to attract the large numbers of insect pollinators that lacecaps do.

The variety of H. arborescens cultivars continues to grow and enables broader use in more horticultural niches thanks to ornamental breakthroughs. The introduction of hydrangea cultivars selected or bred for ornamental purposes raises questions about their ability to support wildlife, and this trial answered these questions by tracking pollinator visits.

The results show, with few exceptions, that lacecap hydrangeas are much more frequently visited by pollinators than mopheads. Mt. Cuba’s Pollinator Watch team, a trained group of volunteer citizen scientists, observed and recorded the number of pollinating insects visiting each of the 29 hydrangeas grown in full sun during 2019 and 2021.

Lacecap flowers are the predominant flower form in wild H. arborescens and contain hundreds of fertile flowers, usually surrounded by a ring of showy sterile flowers. Mopheads contain masses of sterile flowers in large, often dome-shaped flower heads, with relatively few fertile flowers.

H. arborescens ‘Haas’ Halo’, the top performer in the trial, is a cultivar offering both horticultural excellence and pollinator value. This cultivar produces exceptionally large and showy lacecap inflorescences that have proven to be highly attractive to insect pollinators.

View the entire report here: mtcubacenter.org/trials/wild-hydrangea-for-the-mid-atlantic-region.

Lacecap hydrangeas are much more frequently visited by pollinators than mophead hydrangeas.

Hydrangea arborescens ‘Haas’ Halo,’ the top performer in the trial, is a cultivar offering both horticultural excellence and pollinator value.

Hydrangeas do better in shade when grown in the Mid-Atlantic region.

Cutting back plants often reduces the overall height and width of the shrub while increasing the diameter of the flower heads.

When Dr. Charlie Hall speaks, people in the green industry tend to listen.

Hall was busy in 2021’s fourth quarter giving industry talks centered around what he believes are three of the biggest challenges horticultural businesses will face in the new year, and how growers can overcome them.

“The shape of the economic recovery [from COVID] is inversely correlated to the shape of the COVID curve,” Hall explained recently, noting that as COVID cases decrease, the economic recovery should conceivably speed up.

Setting records in professional sports or even in our own workout routines is fun. Setting records for rising inflation in our lifetimes? Yeah, that’s not so much fun.

“Currently we’re at about 7% inflation — we hadn’t been there in a very long time, something like 30 years or more, and this is higher inflation than even during the Great Recession,” Hall explained, noting his belief that the Federal Reserve will start to pull back on securities purchases by early summer to try and tamp down inflation.

Still, a wild card remains: Omicron and its impact. Will the new variant wreak absolute havoc on trade markets — as Delta did this past spring — or will we have learned enough by then to deftly maneuver around its impact?

“Delta blew us right upside the head with a two-by-four, and now we’ve got Omicron. Hopefully that is it, but we’ll see,” Hall added. “Then again, it might be the impetus to getting more people to get vaccinated, socially distance and wear masks.”

The rising cost of production is making a lot of growers look closely at their pricing structures, and for good reason. Hall says input costs are up between 12-14% over pre-pandemic levels. That’s probably a new normal that will stick around for quite some time, so it’s important to make pricing decisions with the long term in mind.

Hall characterizes the horticultural supply chain today as “obliterated,” but he also expects a relatively quick bounce back. He’s already seeing shipping costs decrease by about 25% from where they were during the worst stretch of the pandemic.

“We are seeing this ironing out of the supply chain issues — it’s probably going to be July or August at the earliest that the wrinkles will start to get ironed out and we’ll see lead times and container availability and things like that move in a positive direction,” Hall said. “We’re seeing improvement, but we’ve still got a way to go.”

Hall advises growers to start planning for what products and technologies they’ll need in 2023 today, or at least as soon as possible.

“We’ve got to start planning in longer time frames,” he says.

Adopting technologies that help growers manage the supply chain more efficiently is another piece of advice Hall would offer growers.

“This is where technology adoption — and having a backup supplier, and then a backup for the backup supplier — is really a critical piece of managing the supply chain,” Hall said. “And make sure you’re checking in with your suppliers, and even ask about your suppliers’ suppliers and how they’re doing. There needs to be more communication and coordination in the horticulture supply chain.”

The overall labor situation mirrors that of the supply chain currently: things may not be as bad as they were at the start of the pandemic, but they’re still not quite back to normal yet, either.

“Unemployment benefit claims have gone down dramatically, but the labor force is still significantly smaller than it was pre-pandemic,” Hall said, noting a current deficit of about 4 million workers from labor force statistics back in February 2020.

Those shortages are being felt among three significant groups in horticulture: women, retirees and truck drivers. The trucking industry is being squeezed extremely hard by COVID-19. The segment is short 80,000 drivers nationwide, according to Hall.

Although there is no magic bullet that Halls sees fixing the labor pool in the immediate short term, he is optimistic that proposed government initiatives to help make childcare more affordable for working families in President Joe Biden’s “Build Back Better” legislation will be passed and signed into law.

“Yes, we’re still 4 million workers down from where we were,” Hall explained. “But we’ve got 350 million people in this country. We created 5.6 million new jobs and got unemployment down to 2.4% during a global pandemic. We’re not that far off from what we economists would say are normalized levels of unemployment.”

Paying higher wages to green industry workers — Hall says we can’t ignore the fact that many operations paid “poverty level wages” to workers in the past — and sorting out the immigration problem at the border would be immensely helpful in ensuring the greenhouse industry’s workforce into the future.

The other side of the coin in horticulture currently is, after two years of record sales volumes and a veritable groundswell of good PR for the industry, how will the new plant parents evolve and shift their purchasing preferences in the new year? In 2020, an HRI-funded survey revealed that 98.5 million people participated in gardening, 18.3 million of which were doing so for the first time in their lives.

How will these new gardeners react this coming spring, when they’re not stuck at home as much by COVID concerns, and how do we as an industry relate to that new customer base and stay relevant in their future discretionary spending decisions?

Tasked with answering those critical questions is Michigan State University’s Dr. Bridget Behe, an expert on consumer behavior as it relates to horticulture.

“Salience is the big word for growers in 2022,” Behe said. “I’d like to see more partnerships and coordination between growers and their retail customers in terms of marketing and advertising.”

Adding that she “does not expect growers to do all of the marketing,” Behe thinks it would be to the ultimate benefit of all in the industry if growers and retailers joined forces more often in communicating the many health and wellness benefits derived from plants. And when you consider that recent research uncovered by Behe shows that 72% of consumers are willing to pay more for a product with a sustainability message versus those without, she certainly has a point.

“Those [plant] benefit messages are so powerful — did you know that being around plants has been shown to help improve our memory and concentration? And when we can link those claims to real research, it’s even more influential,” she argued.

A fine line exists between being braggadocious and self-confident, however, a fact not lost on Behe or her cohorts at MSU.

“We’re very conservative and humble people in this industry, so I don’t want growers to think it is bragging, but we need to start doing a better job of telling the story of the lower inputs we’re using today to produce these plants — all the less harmful pesticides we’re using and we’re moving away from plastics where we can — those type of things.”

For growers seeking out new ideas on how to market the environmentally friendly aspects of the industry more effectively, Behe says to take a look around at your peers in other industries.

“McDonald’s is doing an overhaul on the toy in the Happy Meal because they know their customers are concerned about plastics, and you’ve got Starbucks clearly showing that they are concerned with the sustainability of their coffee, and how they treat their labor force. And these types of campaigns are really resonating and helping out the bottom line, too.”

Her overarching piece of advice for growers interested in going down this route?

“I’m really hoping [the growers] continue to develop closer partnerships with retail, that it becomes not just about the sale, but there needs to be information flow back and forth — that’s what is going to help this industry maintain financially and environmentally,” Behe said. “Be more transparent and visible in sharing your value system as a grower — again, not just to make the sale, but to make the world a better place.”

Going forward, Hall shared that he is “pretty dang optimistic” for 2022 and beyond.

“If we can just get the materials that we need, the shipping containers and the trucks, and all the workers that we need to grow and ship these beautiful plants, we’re going to be just fine,” Hall stated.

For the first quarter of 2022, as you dive into another year of production schedules, Hall says to keep in mind that it’s a complete waste of time and energy to fret over things you cannot control.

“Inflationary pressures and supply chain disruption — those things do matter in the grand scheme of things, right? But there’s nothing you can do about them as a grower, you can only control what you can control,” he advised. “You can’t adjust interest rates at the Federal Reserve, right? But you do control your pricing structure. There are adjustments that can be made, those are the things I’d focus on in 2022.”

At the time of writing this article, the arduous task of budgets is in full swing. There has never been a time in my working career when the budget season has been so challenging and changing. Rising input and labor costs change on a day-by-day basis, it seems. Navigating and planning for the years’ expenses really requires those preparing their departments to drill down and assess those expenses. Where can we save? What can we prepay? Where are fuel prices headed? What do we need to do to stay competitive in the labor market to hire and retain?

And then there is policy. What will direct us through the coming year, and how do I rally staff to dive in? That adage “nothing is constant but change” rings through my head as new policies and mandates loom. Policy is our guiding principle as an organization. It’s what we believe is best for our employees and our business. Down streaming the communication of “the why” for policy change has never been more important. It affects peoples’ lives, their vacations, their vaccination status, and their livelihood. Assessing these policies prior to implementation has never been more important. They are not written in stone and can be rolled back or changed, but doing so after the fact could have lasting implications and impacts. Policy is not a bad word but making sure we have the right policy in place needs to come from groupthink, top-down buy-in, and formal execution of the practice or procedure.

Unprecedented staffing and labor shortages, the “great resignation” as it’s been termed, has really impacted our industry as well as many others. As Lyndsi Oestmann wrote in this column in January, this is the time we assess our bench players and our coaches. Do we have the right players in the right positions going into the year? Historically, any merit or across-the-board compensation increases come at the beginning of the first quarter. If there was a time for movement, promotion, reclassifications, or internal postings, now is the time. What do we need going into the year, and where are our gaps? It is imperative to assess how we fill those gaps and secure a strong enough bench. Sometimes major gaps can be filled by simple conversations and planting of the seed or bringing the possibility to an employee for advancement. Assess now in order to avoid rash panicked decisions later at planting, harvest, or whatever task needs to be filled by future leaders of your company.

One of the biggest assessments we make in a year is what is going into the planting plan. What is going into the soil in 2022, and what will sell in 2024 and beyond. Assessing market analysis and historical bell curves has shown us that our demands are always changing. Throw in inflation, rising costs referenced above, and a changing purchasing process will impact our industry. If we do nothing, we are not doing our job. Assessing increases and decreases in production models has never been more important as every labor and employee hour is borderline critical. We have to know what will sell, and the days of blind luck fliers or unfamiliar variety purchases need to be securitized for sales potential. Sometimes large swings are warranted, but mostly moderate “taps” here and there guide us and hedge us to that ultimate goal set or maximum return on investments. Sold out or sold through are not bad terms. Proper assessment will be the vessel that gets us there and ultimately make our year-end books shine.

Lastly, one of my personal assessment goals for 2022 is community outreach. Let’s not sugarcoat it. We need new blood and young people entering our industry. Succession plans are not going to get us there. As industry analysis shows us, we are failing in bringing new horticulturalists, growers, and IGC owners into this business. What can I do to reach out to our young people and show them the fun energy that comes with propagating, growing, selling, and shipping plants? Oregon’s historic number one commodity crop year after year is greenhouse and nursery. If you want to be in Ag, if you want to better the environment, if you want to have a sustaining, long-lasting career, horticulture can be where it is found. We need to step back and assess how to get our message out to this new up-and-coming “snap face gram” generation. If we fail to do so, if I fail to do so, then I didn’t assess.


Mycorrhizal Applications – Nursery Management

5 February, 2022
 

Mycorrhizal Applications was founded twenty-five years ago, however, the mycorrhizal fungi that comprise our MycoApply® mycorrhizal inoculant products have a partnership with plants that dates back more than 450 million years. It was the partnership with mycorrhizal fungi that facilitated plants’ colonization of dry land from their origins in the seas, and to this day, 95% of terrestrial plants rely on this symbiotic relationship to thrive.

These days, most professional growers have researched or studied mycorrhizae in one context or another and know that mycorrhizal fungi are beneficial soil organisms that have a symbiotic relationship with plant roots. However, although these beneficial soil organisms have been a bit of a buzzword in the horticulture world over the past few years, mycorrhizae are not a new technology, rather, they are long-time trusted plant partners. And MycoApply® is the long-time trusted mycorrhizal brand, helping growers utilize this technology since 1995.

How it Works: The benefits of mycorrhizae can be explained quite simply: “The better the roots, the better the plant.” Mycorrhizal fungi live in symbiosis with plants, directly providing the root system with what the plant needs (water and nutrients), while the plant provides what the mycorrhizal fungi need (excess sugars from photosynthesis). The plants establish this relationship with mycorrhizae when a growing plant’s roots come into contact with a mycorrhizal propagule (the “seed” of the fungi). Once the symbiotic relationship is established, mycorrhizae expand beyond the root mass by sending out ultra-fine mycelium filaments (hyphae) into the soil which act as a living extension of the plant’s roots, and increase the efficiency and effectiveness of nutrient and water utilization by the plant.

How Nurseries Can Benefit: Approximately 95% of all plants on earth are mycorrhizal, and rely on this symbiosis to thrive. Plants and mycorrhizae have developed this mutually beneficial relationship over the past 450+ millions years as a mechanism for increased survival. If you go out into nature on a hike in any undisturbed area like a forest or a meadow, the plants all around you are relying on this symbiotic relationship to survive in the absence of inputs. However, in horticulture, the mycorrhizal propagules that kick off this relationship are generally absent from soil or artificial growing media, and must be introduced through inoculation. Mycorrhizal Applications’ MycoApply® mycorrhizal inoculant products can be easily added to a professional grower’s production protocol by several means: horticulture injection systems, soil/media incorporation, drench, or plug/liner/bare root dip, or by any means a grower can position the inoculum in direct contact with growing or emerging roots.

Why MycoApply®? As the leader in the field of commercial mycorrhizal inoculant products, the team at Mycorrhizal Applications has decades of experience helping professional growers adopt this crucial biological technology. Growers can work with Mycorrhizal Applications to determine the best blend of mycorrhizal species to utilize for the particular crops that they grow, discuss which inoculation methods to consider, and plan for the ideal timing in the production process for inoculation in order to ensure the lowest cost and maximum return on investment.

MycoApply® is available through many nursery supply distributors in the U.S. and Canada. For more information, email inquiries@mycorrhizae.com , or contact the Mycorrhizal Applications team at (866) 476-7800.

For over 90 years, Lambert Peat Moss Inc., a family-owned business, has been acknowledged as a leader in the sphagnum peat-based products industry. Its devotion and passion make it the perfect partner for your business whether you are a professional grower or an amateur horticulturist. Well-known for its ability to quickly adapt to the customer’s requests and special needs, Lambert’s success is based on its preoccupation for quality control and consistency of their products. More than ever, growers are looking for specific products to help them stand out, including crops that often require particular growing conditions.

In order to transcend and meet the needs of its clients, Lambert provides the possibility to customize all its Standard Professional Peat-Based Substrates and gives the option to custom-blend virtually any formulation that suits the grower. Depending on the characteristics that growers are looking for, they can select the peat grade, adjust the pH (up or down), include a different moisture content, a nutrient charge, an organic-approved input, biologicals or disease-suppressive products. Lambert can provide endless possibilities to fulfill any grower’s expectations and assist retailers to develop their own private label of retail potting mixes and landscape soils for the horticultural market.

Quality is Lambert’s priority. Lambert’s in-house quality control laboratory performs continuous sampling and analysis during the production of the mixes. Agronomists and engineers have developed rigorous standards and procedures to make sure that every cubic foot of product leaving the yard complies with the company’s strict standards. Quality control procedures are regularly reassessed to increase the product’s quality. To comply with chemical standards, samples of products are constantly analyzed for pH and EC. Particle size distribution, porosity, moisture content and the yield and firmness of bags are frequently measured. Finally, random greenhouse tests to evaluate product performance are processed frequently.

The true pillar of Lambert’s success is its people. Experienced agronomists and soil technicians are always ready to help and guide customers with any questions they may have. In addition, the Lambert sales team includes industry veterans who truly love what they do and strive for customer success. During this pandemic period customer service is even more important. Even though it may not be possible to physically visit a site, the team is available to answer any questions or offer follow-up assistance using different virtual meeting applications – from targeting results to calibrating certain aspects of the substrate. Virtual meetings work surprisingly well and give the customer a quick answer when they need it most.

The Lambert family and its employees take great pride in providing clients with the highest quality of peat products and peat-based mixes while simultaneously nurturing the land from which it harvests. From this family to yours, it is an honor to be at the root of your success!

Visit us at www.lambertpeatmoss.com

Although some nurseries have stricken these two plants from production, there are still excessive amounts of Pyrus calleryana and Berberis thunbergii in pots, fields and retail shelves. Growers, retailers and landscapers in Pennsylvania will need to find alternatives, as these two plants have been deemed as noxious weeds by the state’s agriculture department.

Beginning in February, Pennsylvania nurseries began receiving notices asking them to begin decreasing inventory of the invasive P. calleryana (also known as Bradford pear or Callery pear). Once on the noxious weed list, plants can’t be legally sold or cultivated in the state. The popular, non-native, flowering fruit tree naturalizes, spreading from planted landscapes, crowding out other plants and disrupting native ecosystems. The ban on sale and cultivation was expected to take effect February 9, 2022, with enforcement phased in over two years.

“Callery pear is another non-native plant that was brought to this country for its beauty and rapid growth, without regard for its long-term potential to harm our environment and food supply,” says Agriculture Secretary Russell Redding in a released statement. “Banning the sale of an invasive plant is an important tool to stop its spread and is a step we take only after careful consideration of the damage it causes and its potential for continued harm to our ecosystem and economy.”

Enforcement of the ban will be phased in over two years to allow time for nurseries and landscaping businesses to eliminate it from their stock and replace the trees with alternatives that pose less threat to the environment and agriculture. The department has established an exemption procedure for breeders who own the rights to varieties that have been researched and proven sterile and will consider exempting these varieties from the ban.

Callery pear was brought to the U.S. in the early 1900s by researchers looking for a fire blight-resistant species that could be bred with European pear to increase fruit production. It has garnered attention in recent years as a prolific invader that can easily spread into woodlands, pastures, fields and natural areas.

By February 2023, the department will issue letters of warning to any plant merchant still selling Callery pears, providing a date in February 2024 after which remaining inventory will be subject to a destruction order. And by February 2024, the department will issue Stop Sale and destruction orders to plant merchants selling or distributing P. calleryana.

This falls on the heels of the state adding Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii) to the list of noxious weeds last fall. According to the department, the Japanese barberry was added to the list because it forms dense, prickly thickets that crowd out plants and disrupt native ecosystems. It is also thought to harbor black-legged ticks that spread lyme disease. The ban on the sale and cultivation took effect October 8, 2021.

Like in the case with Callery pears, enforcement of the ban will be phased in over two years to allow time for nurseries to eliminate it from their stock, find non-harmful alternatives, or develop seedless, sterile varieties.

Japanese barberry was originally brought to the U.S. from Japan and eastern Asia in the 1800s to be planted as an ornamental. It is widely used as a landscape shrub because of its fall coloring and resistance to deer.

By fall of 2022, the department will issue letters of warning to any plant merchant still selling Japanese barberry, providing a date in Fall 2023 after which remaining inventory will be subject to a destruction order.

By fall 2023, the department will issue Stop Sale and destruction orders to plant merchants selling or distributing Japanese barberry.

Growers, breeders and retailers with questions should contact ra-plant@pa.gov.

The average rate increase across all FedEx services is 5.9%.

According to the FedEx Standard List Rates, the average rates for ground services (including Ground Economy) will increase to 7.5% for small parcel 2-5 pounds, zones 2-8.

The minimum package charge will increase from $8.76 to $9.36 (1 pound, zone 2).

Are you selling direct to consumers? Expect large increases for Ground Economy (formerly SmartPost) services, which affect residential delivery.

Effective January 24, 2022, Additional Handling and Oversize packages will move to tiered pricing instead of flat-rate pricing.

A new $1.00 per package peak surcharge will apply to all Ground Economy packages, with no volume criteria.

Read the full report here: bit.ly/2022-FedEx-rates

The average rate increase across all UPS services is 5.9%.

According to the 2022 UPS Rates report, Zip codes included in Delivery Area Surcharge and Extended Delivery Area Surcharge have shifted.

UPS added a Remote Area Surcharge of $12 for some 2,700 Zip codes (added in conjunction with the Delivery Area Surcharge and the Extended Delivery Area Surcharge).

Additional Handling and Oversize packages will increase and continue as tiered pricing (as updated in April of 2021).

Read the full report here: bit.ly/2022-UPS-rates

The average rate increase across USPS services ranges between 3.1% and 7.5%, but there is a decrease in one category.

According to a released statement from USPS:

USPS adopted two new retail mail products focused on local communities. Plus One is intended for businesses to reach local customers utilizing mail. Connect Local Mail allows documents to be sent locally for same- or next-day delivery.

USPS added fees to packages exceeding certain dimension thresholds —

Dimension Noncompliance: $1.50 added to packages that exceed 22” in length or 1 cubic foot; Nonstandard Fees: between $4-$15 added to packages that exceed 22 inches or 2 cubic feet.

Priority Mail Flat Rate retail prices also changed. Price increases include: Small Flat-Rate box now $9.45; Medium Flat-Rate Box now $16.10; Regular Flat-Rate Envelope now $8.95; Legal Flat-Rate Envelope now $9.25; and Padded Flat-Rate Envelope now $9.65.

Find more information here: bit.ly/USPS-Postal-Explorer

Sources: DCL Logistics, FedEx, UPS, USPS

As of January 15, 2022, unvaccinated or partially vaccinated foreign national truck drivers, coming to Canada from the U.S. by land, will be directed back to the United States.

To qualify as a fully vaccinated traveler and to enter Canada, foreign national truck drivers must:

The final decision regarding entry and quarantine is made by a government representative at the port of entry, based on the information presented to them at the time.

Any individual who is symptomatic upon arrival to Canada will be directed to a Public Health Agency of Canada official and will be directed to isolate for 10 days from the time they enter Canada.

Either proactively or reactively, the need for substrate (growing media) options is always important for growers.

Recent shortages have led to many growers being forced or highly encouraged to turn to “Plan B” in their substrate toolbox to bridge the gap between increased demand and some drastic shortages of common growing media components and products.

Many growers have even had to turn to “Plan C” or beyond to acquire the volumes of substrates needed for their rapidly expanding operations. Aside from supply shortages, other consumers have elected to explore new or alterative substrate options based on sustainability beliefs and goals, desire to use local or regional materials, the opportunity to utilize raw materials they already have access to, or to adopt new substrates that are better crafted to better optimize the crops they are growing in the specific growing systems they are utilizing.

Whatever the reason, the interest and demand for non-traditional substrate materials has never been higher, a trend that will only increase exponentially in the future.

This article will discuss some of the materials that are in higher demand and use today based on any or all of the above-mentioned reasons. It is also very important to note that not all possible substitutions or alternatives are listed here, as there are many that warrant attention and consideration.

Lastly, it should be strongly emphasized that there are no “replacements” for any substrate materials, as it is impossible to truly and literally replace something. So, there are no “peat replacements” or “perlite replacements” but instead viable materials that are suitable alternatives or substitutions to certain commonly known (traditional) materials.

While not new or novel in any way, processed bark materials continue to evolve in their usage across many substrate product lines and growing systems. A material used by growers since the 1960s, bark, particularly aged pine or fir bark, continues to fill the void left behind by peat or coconut (mainly coir) product shortages. Most traditionally used in outdoor ornamental nursery crop production and more recently in soft fruit container production, the use of bark as an aggregate additive or extender to peat in greenhouse substrates has increased significantly in the past decade. Thanks to advanced and particular processing techniques and handling methods, bark can be processed into a wide range of particle sizes. These size fractions can then be combined in any conceivable combination to engineer a substrate with very specific air and water properties, drainage profiles, densities, or structure for long-term container production.

For example, bark can be processed (double processed), fractioned, and reconstituted to have identical air and water porosities has any peat or coir substrate. Couple those abilities with the option of blending other materials with bark, and the options for nursery, greenhouse/floriculture, cannabis, or soft fruit production can be successful, even without traditional peat or coconut coir (excellent materials by the way) if they are unavailable or not desired.

Interest remains high for biochar products as additives or substitutes in soilless substrates (Fig. 1A-B).

Perhaps still more of a highly specialized or “novelty” component for many growers, others have trialed or adopted biochar products in some of their operations.

First, it is worthy of discussion that “biochar” can in many justified ways be considered a verb and a noun based on the high variability that can (and does often) exist in commercial products based on manufacturing methods and feedstocks. Similar to compost, biochar products can be extremely variable from source to source and even within a single production source over time. The cost of biochar also remains high in many areas and therefore is often not as economical as other materials.

The availability, consistency, and cost of biochar products is improving, however, and eventually the price and quality will likely be highly predictable and dependable.

As far as uses, despite some report’s, biochar cannot replace peat moss, but it can serve as an adequate substitute for perlite and it can be used as a partial peat or bark substitute or extender if the particle size is suitable/acceptable to the mix it is being added to. The stability that biochar adds to substrates is exceptional (for longer term perennial crops in containers) and most biochars can provide some limited nutrient availability to crops, increased nutrient holding and exchange capacities, and it can also initiate or host beneficial biological/microbial activity in soils and soilless substrates.

Rice hulls have seen a tremendous boost in sales and utilization across the horticulture industry in recent years. Thoroughly developed in the early 2000’s in large part due to research efforts from Dr. Mike Evans at the University of Arkansas (currently at Virginia Tech), rice hulls have been a trusted and viable commercial substrate component for many years.

Investigated as a substrate aggregate (perlite substitute), rice hulls were also discovered to be a highly effect weed barrier when used as a container mulch on outdoor (nursery) crop production. The extreme shortages in the perlite supply chain since 2020 have renewed the interest and use of this material as an aggregate to peat substrates. Available in small and large compressed bales, parboiled rice hulls are a regionally available (Arkansas and the Mississippi delta), organic by-product with large volumes of supply typically available (Fig. 1C-D).

No stranger to the growing media arena, Pittmoss is a product line (as well as the name of the company and brand) that has been producing growing media components since about 2015. Originally produced from just recycled newspapers and cardboard, today the Pittmoss product line uses other recycled organic/cellulosic materials as well.

No longer a local Pennsylvania and surrounding states product, Pittmoss now has at least seven products available for both professional and retail/hobby markets (Fig. 2). Best when used as an additive or extender to peat moss, coconut coir, aged bark or perhaps even wood fiber, the inherent physical and chemical properties seem to be suitable and beneficial as a mix component. Perhaps a good option for extending peat and coir supplies for short(er) term crop production.

The outlier of the group, processed miscanthus biomass, is appearing more and more on the alternative substrates radar.

Initially investigated well over a decade ago for its potential use as a component in nursery crop production, miscanthus today is being evaluated heavily again for other potential uses.

The availability of miscanthus biomass mostly comes from the large acreage that was planted 10-15 years ago during the early stages of the biofuel revolution when investors, business folks, and growers were planting thousands of acres proactively in hopes that the biomass market (for biofuel production) would explode and be a huge return on investment. While there is still biomass and biofuel research being conducted today, the volume of unutilized miscanthus in the eastern US is extensive.

Based on new processing technologies and material preconditioning treatments, miscanthus grass can be refined in to very fiberous, water absorbing, and low-density substrate components (Fig. 3). The potential for this fiberous material to be a suitable substrate component for short term crop production is increasing.


Citation – PubAg

5 February, 2022
 

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New biochar district heating project built in Switzerland News & More

5 February, 2022
 

The newly developed PX 1500 from PYREG, a modularly configurable carbonisation system, carbonises unused biomass reminiscent of inexperienced waste into high-quality biochar. This course of takes place on IWB’s premises, producing ecological warmth in the method.

An annual heating output of round 1.5 GWh is fed straight into the district’s heating community, supplying the vitality wants of about 170 households in Basel.

Carbonisation, also called pyrolysis, completely and safely binds CO2. Without the PX 1500, the CO2 nonetheless certain in inexperienced waste could be launched into the environment via typical incineration or easy rotting.

IWB utilises solely regional, untreated biomass for carbonisation, reminiscent of wooden and inexperienced waste from a most radius of 40 kilometres round Basel. In the method, wooden and inexperienced cuttings are decomposed into biochar at 500-700oC underneath the exclusion of oxygen.

Because of the top quality of the uncooked supplies used, and the managed manufacturing course of, the ultimate biochar product qualifies for the internationally accepted EBC-AgroBio certificates. This means the biochar complies with necessities for EU-wide use as a soil conditioner, even in natural farming. IWB sells the biochar, round 550 tons per yr, to agricultural enterprises and personal prospects.

“With this, our first biochar plant, IWB emphasises its leading role as a service provider for renewable energy,” mentioned Dr Arthur Janssen, head of technique and innovation at IWB.

“Decarbonising the heat supply is one of our most important tasks, and not just in Basel. We carry this mission throughout Switzerland. The plant is a showcase project in terms of decarbonisation and energy efficiency. Also, our customers gain from the ecological benefits of the biochar.”

PYREG’s founder and chief technical officer, Helmut Gerber, commented: “Using PYREG’s world-class technology, IWB is a pioneer in climate protection and living proof of the enormous climate protection value that lies in CO2-negative district heating.

“We are convinced that flagship projects like this one in Switzerland will follow worldwide. They are important as we have no more time to lose on the way to achieving the Paris climate protection goals.”


Identification of bacterial populations and functional mechanisms potentially involved in …

5 February, 2022
 

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E-mail Address: eddie@volcani.agri.gov.il

Biochar soil amendment alleviates plant disease through microbial-mediated processes, but drivers facilitating this “biochar effect” are not fully understood. In this study, cucumbers were inoculated with and without the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-cucumerinum (FORC) in either biochar-amended or non-amended soils, and disease severity was assessed. Amplicon sequencing and shotgun metagenomics were then applied to identify bacteria and associated mechanisms potentially involved in pathogen inhibition, and candidate bacteria were tested for in-vitro FORC-antagonizing capacity. Biochar-amended plants showed lower FORC-associated growth stagnation compared with non-amended plants, supporting the “biochar effect”. Their rhizosphere had a more diverse microbiome with higher levels of secondary metabolite-encoding biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs). Pseudonocardiaceae (Lentzea spp.) and Myxococcaceae were significantly more abundant in biochar-amended rhizospheres of FORC-inoculated plants, and metagenome assembled genomes (MAG) from these taxa contained enzymes involved in binding and degradation of chitin, and novel BGCs encoding secondary metabolites. Lentzea spp. isolates related to the above MAG showed in-vitro antagonistic activity against FORC. Collectively, we postulate that biochar amendment generates a “buffering effect” that reduces FORC-facilitated destabilization of the root-associated microbiome, maintaining beneficial taxa that produce antagonizing enzymes and secondary metabolites that sustain plant health.


Synthesis, Characterization, and Application of Ag-Biochar Composite for Sono … – Frontiers

5 February, 2022
 

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FIGURE 1. Wheat Straw Biochar (A) as-synthesized (B) washed with distilled water.

FIGURE 2. (A)UV–Vis. spectra of AgNPs with different concentrations of silver nitrate (1, 5, 10 mM) and the plant extract (5 mg ml−1). (B) UV–vis. spectra of (B–i) AgNPs and (B–ii) Ag-WBc recorded at 24 h.

FIGURE 3. (A) SEM images and EDX spectra of biochar prepared from wheat straw. (B) SEM images and EDX spectra of Ag–Biochar composites.

FIGURE 4. FTIR spectra of Biochar (WBC) and Ag–Biochar composites (Ag–WBC).

FIGURE 5. Adsorption and sono-adsorption of phenol at different conditions (Experimental conditions: phenol conc. = 10 mg L−1, adsorbent dose = 0.05 g, pH = 3, ultrasound frequency= 35 kHz, US power= 80 W).

FIGURE 6. Effect of pH on percentage removal of phenol using Ag–WBC by sono-adsorption (Experimental conditions: phenol conc. = 10 mg L−1, contact time = 90 min, adsorbent dose = 0.05 g, ultrasound frequency = 35 kHz, US power= 80 W).

FIGURE 7. Effect of adsorbent dose on percentage removal of phenol using Ag–WBC by sono-adsorption (Experimental conditions: phenol conc. = 10 mg L−1, pH = 3, contact time = 90 min, ultrasound frequency = 35 kHz, US power= 80 W)

FIGURE 8. Effect of initial phenol concentration on percentage removal of phenol using Ag–WBC by sono-adsorption (Reaction conditions: pH =3, adsorbent dose =0.05 g, US power =80 W).

TABLE 1. Value obtained from the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models.

FIGURE 9. (A) Langmuir isotherm model for sono-adsorption. (B) Freundlich isotherm model for sono-adsorption.

FIGURE 10. (A) Plot of ln (Qe-Qt) vs. time for pseudo–first order kinetics model. (B) Plot of t/Qt vs. time for Pseudo–second order kinetics model.

Keywords: green synthesis, Ag–biochar/composite, sono-adsorption, phenol, wastewater treatment

Citation: Khan MN, Siddique M, Mirza N, Khan R, Bilal M, Riaz N, Waheed U, Shahzadi I, Ali A, Abdellattif MH, El-Saber Batiha G, Al-Harrasi A and Khan A (2022) Synthesis, Characterization, and Application of Ag-Biochar Composite for Sono-Adsorption of Phenol. Front. Environ. Sci. 10:823656. doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2022.823656

Received: 27 November 2021; Accepted: 10 January 2022;
Published: 04 February 2022.

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Copyright © 2022 Khan, Siddique, Mirza, Khan, Bilal, Riaz, Waheed, Shahzadi, Ali, Abdellattif, El-Saber Batiha, Al-Harrasi and Khan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Maria Siddique, maria@cuiatd.edu.pk; Ahmed Al-Harrasi, aharrasi@unizwa.edu.om; Ajmal Khan, ajmalkhan@unizwa.edu.om

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Search: 'Marta Camps' · Readings.com.au

5 February, 2022
 

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This volume focuses on the phenomenon of the Transition from the Middle to the Upper Palaeolithic in the Iberian Peninsula, with special reference to the site of Abric Romani (Capellades, Barcelona), more broadly the northern…

The first book to comprehensively describe analytical procedures and techniques for biochar analysis.

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Wood ash amended biochar for the removal of lead, copper, zinc and cadmium from … – Cronfa

5 February, 2022
 

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Environmental Technology & Innovation, Volume: 24, Start page: 101961

Swansea University Authors: Iain Robertson , Tash Hawkins , Tom Dunlop

  • Accepted Manuscript under embargo until: 21st September 2022

Published in: Environmental Technology & Innovation
ISSN: 2352-1864
Published: Elsevier BV 2021
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URI:https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa58004
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DOI (Published version): 10.1016/j.eti.2021.101961

E-mail: iss-research@swansea.ac.uk

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Biochar: A soil amendment that offers multiple benefits to climate, soil health, water quality

5 February, 2022
 

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Big Foot Organic Mycorrhizal Fungi Water-in Concentrate. 4 Species Endo Mycorrhizae … – Panama

5 February, 2022
 

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Biochar in Agriculture for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals (Paperback)

5 February, 2022
 

Biochar in Agriculture for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals introduces the state-of-the-art of biochar for agricultural applications to actualize sustainable development goals and highlight current challenges and the way forward. It focuses on scientific knowledge and biochar technologies for agricultural soil improvement and plant growth. Sections provide state-of-the-art knowledge on biochar production and characterization, focus on biochar for agricultural application and soil improvement, discuss the roles of biochar for environmental improvement in farmland to relieve water and waste management as well as climate change, highlight biochar used for boosting bioeconomy and clean energy, and discuss future prospects.

This book will be important to agricultural engineers and researchers as well as those seeking to improve overall soil and environmental conditions through the use of biochar.


Citation – PubAg

5 February, 2022
 

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Biochar Coupled Rehabilitation Of Cyanobacterial Soil Crusts A – Mobile Legends

5 February, 2022
 


Potential of Biochar as Soil Amendment: Prediction of Elemental Ratios from Pyrolysis of …

5 February, 2022
 

The rapid growth of the agriculture sector has been facing environmental issues with agriculture waste generation. Agriculture biomass is a good source for biochar production through the pyrolysis process. Biochar is a highly carbonaceous material and has been widely studied on its potential to improve soil quality. It is essential to understand and have a good prediction of biochar quality for biomass pre-screening. The elemental ratios and surface area both play an important role in determining the suitability of biochar as a soil amendment. In this study, a feedforward neural network (FFNN) with a backpropagation algorithm was developed to model the pyrolysis process in predicting the elemental ratios and surface area of various types of biochar using literature data. The O/C and H/C ratio are important parameters in soil quality to determine the stability of biochar in soil. Surface area is equally important to determine the porosity of biochar on its capability to retain water and nutrients. The optimization of the model was done by comparing the algorithm, transfer function, and hidden neurons. The prediction of the elemental ratios and surface area were based on the effect of pyrolysis temperature, heating rate, residence time, ultimate and proximate analysis. It was found that Levenberg–Marquardt backpropagation with ultimate analysis as input variable had the best results in terms of MSE (0.0087 and 0.0278), MAE (0.0594 and 0.0999), MAPE (17.835 and 11.891%), and R2 (0.8601). A validation test was done on the developed model to test its capability to predict the outputs on a wide range of biomass feedstock. The test has shown good alignment with experimental data as a low MSE of 0.0161 is obtained. The model has the capability to achieve high accuracy in prediction with a high overall R2 value and low MSE, MAE, and MAPE.

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The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Correspondence to Senthil Kumar Arumugasamy or Anurita Selvarajoo.

The authors declare no competing interests.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Received: 10 September 2021

Accepted: 20 January 2022

Published: 04 February 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-022-05510-2

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Descripción: Designing biochar properties through the blending of biomass feedstock with metals

5 February, 2022
 

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Tomáš Weidlich | IntechOpen

5 February, 2022
 

Open Access is an initiative that aims to make scientific research freely available to all. To date our community has made over 100 million downloads. It’s based on principles of collaboration, unobstructed discovery, and, most importantly, scientific progression. As PhD students, we found it difficult to access the research we needed, so we decided to create a new Open Access publisher that levels the playing field for scientists across the world. How? By making research easy to access, and puts the academic needs of the researchers before the business interests of publishers.

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Biochar Market – A Strategic Analysis – | Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd.

5 February, 2022
 


Biochar Market to Exhibit Tremendous Growth – Articles Academy

5 February, 2022
 

The biochar market size is anticipated to grow due to the launching of the African soils initiative that will eventually spread awareness and demand for the product. Fortune Business InsightsTM has presented this information in its upcoming report titled, “Biochar Market, 2021-2028”.

COVID-19 Impact –

Despite the fact that the coronavirus epidemic disrupted the market, stakeholders are encouraging farmers to install reactors on their farms to speed up the process of converting straw into biomass. This tendency is particularly noticeable in India, where stakeholders and farmers are stepping up efforts to enhance crop productivity despite the pandemic’s hurdles.

Furthermore, biochar has been recognized by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on climate change as a viable technique for reducing pollution. Such changes are turning into income potential for its manufacturers, who are now dealing with fluctuating demand and supply as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. It has received a lot of attention for its potential to improve soil health and agricultural productivity while still being environmentally benign.

List of Key Players in the Market:

Segmentation –

On the basis of feedstock, the market is fragmented into animal manure, forestry waste, agricultural waste, and others. On the basis of process, the market is divided into gasification, pyrolysis, and others. On the basis of application, the market is segmented into power generation and others. From a geographical standpoint, the market is classified into Europe, North America, Latin America, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East & Africa.

Report Coverage –

The report consists of an in-depth analysis of the biochar industry. It additionally comprises detailed information on regional growth of the industry, driving and restraining factors impacting the industry’s expansion. Furthermore, the report includes the incremental impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the biochar market growth.

Drivers & Restraints –

Incorporating Biochar with Cow Fodder to Reduce Methane Levels will Eventually Drive the Market

Among soil conditioners, biochar is one of the most widely utilised compounds. It has the ability to lower the carbon content of biomass by converting carbon structures in biomass to stable structures, hence contributing in CO2 reduction. Adding this versatile ingredient to cow fodder will improve its efficiency while also lowering methane levels, which will likely boost product sales. Increased knowledge of greenhouse gas emissions will aid in promoting products like biochar that serve to mitigate the effects of climate change. However, it is an uneconomical commodity for end consumers in some areas due to the high cost of offsite manufacturing and transportation.

Regional Insights –

Abundance of Agricultural Biomass to Fuel Growth in North America

The significant availability of wood and agricultural biomass in North America is predicted to promote the expansion of the biochar market. Due to the rising agricultural practices in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico, the biochar market share in Latin America is predicted to increase steadily. According to the European Environment Agency, agricultural land and grassland accounted for roughly 39% of the land in the European region in 2017.

Furthermore, the high percentage of agricultural land in the European region is expected to create a platform for the growth of the market. Asia Pacific region is likely to expand its product sales because of the enormous prospective markets in the region, including India and China.

Competitive Landscape-      

Building Reactors on Farms and Adopting New Technology to Help Key Market Players

Despite the fact that the coronavirus epidemic has slowed numerous activities in the global biochar industry, players are stepping up efforts to build reactors on farms and push the adoption of new technology in order to keep money flowing. However, it has been discovered that pyrolysis plants are typically costly to operate on a continuous basis, which can detract from the economics of its application in agricultural lands.

As a result, companies should do a life cycle cost analysis to assist in closing the gap in the field application. On the other hand, whether continuous feed pyrolyzers can enhance economies in advanced its manufacturing is now being contested.

Industry Developments

March 2019: African Soils Endeavor, a non-governmental organization, has initiated an initiative to create awareness among locals about the benefits and applications of biochar.

March 2019: Farmers in the region who use biochar will be reimbursed under the emissions reduction fund for regenerative agriculture methods, according to the Australia New Zealand Biochar Initiative.

April 2019: In the Buckhannon area of West Virginia, Environotics Unlimited announced intentions to build a USD10 million composting facility and a charcoal plant.

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Feeding biochar to horses: effects on nutrient digestibility, fecal characteristics, and blood parameters

5 February, 2022
 

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Investigation of cracking and water availability of soil-biochar composite synthesized from … – PubAg

6 February, 2022
 

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dr Justyna Bąk – – Головна – UMCS

6 February, 2022
 

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З огляду на налаштування твоєї програми та з метою справного функціонування сторінки umcs.pl, було заістальовано cookies. Користуючись сторінкою, ти погоджуєшся на їх використання. Можеш змінити це в налаштуваннях своєї програми.

Pl. Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej 2/46
20-031 Lublin

SCIENTIFIC INTERESTS:

Carbon surface chemistry. Adsorption processes on carbonaceous materials.

Perspective directions of the use of carbonaceous materials, with particular emphasis on biochar obtained from biomass.

Research on the influence of grinding, oxidation and modification of the sorbents on their surface properties and sorption capacity.

Sorption of metal ions and dyes on modified magnetic biochars and their composites.

Methods of biochar modification.

THE MOST IMPORTANT SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS:

Obtaining the title of the Best Graduate of the Faculty of Chemistry in 2014

Obtaining a special-purpose subsidy from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education for the development of young scientists and participants of doctoral studies at the Faculty of Chemistry in 2017 and 2018

Distinction of the doctoral dissertation

Award of the 3rd degree of dean in the competition for the best doctoral thesis defended at the Faculty of Chemistry of the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin in 2019

SELECTED PAPERS:

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4830-5666

D. Kołodyńska, J. Krukowska, P. Thomas, Comparison of sorption and desorption studies of heavy metal ions from biochar and commercial active carbon, Chem. Eng. J., 307 (2017) 353-363.

D. Kołodyńska, J. Krukowska-Bąk, J. Kazmierczak-Razna, R. Pietrzak, Uptake of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions by sorbents obtained from the spent ion exchange resins, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 224 (2017) 127-136.

D. Kołodyńska, J. Bąk, M. Kozioł, Ie.V. Pylypchuk, Investigations of heavy metal ions sorption using nanocomposites of iron modified biochar, Nanoscale Res. Lett., 12 (2017) 433-446.

D. Kołodyńska, J. Bąk, Use of three types of magnetic biochar in the removal of copper(II) ions from wastewater, Sep. Sci. Technol., 53 (2018) 1045-1057.

D. Kołodyńska, J. Bąk, M. Majdańska, D. Fila, Sorption on lanthanide ions on biochar composites, J. Rare Earth, 36 (2018) 1212-1220.

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The Dartmoor Dragon Biochar Retort – The cleaner and more compact method of producing …

6 February, 2022
 

THE DARTMOOR DRAGON RETORT

Designed by Beau Dobson and developed with the help of Geoff Self,
this machine is a small and affordable retort that can produce up to
60kg of high quality charcoal per day.

The system uses standard 205L drums as retort chambers
These drums are long lasting because they are used in a very air restricted environment and typically they’ll last around 30 cycles.

The drums can be safely and easily changed whilst the fully insulated outer chamber is hot.
The size of the machine lends itself well to small diameter wood such as that created from hedge laying or brash.
For more details contact us at admin@carboncompost.co.uk or ring Robin on 07515 683908

 

 

Email: admin@carboncompost.co.uk

Tel: Robin on 01392 431454 or 07515 683908
Geoff on 01392 274699 or 07966681676


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6 February, 2022
 

 

 


Researchers answer burning questions on biochar – Biofuels Digest

6 February, 2022
 

In North Carolina, the Soil Science Society of America reports that Duke University researchers led a study to determine how biochar affected microbes like fungi, as well as trees. Biochar can be produced from many things like corn cobs, rice husks or pine wood and is created through pyrolysis, where the material is heated in the absence of oxygen.

Biochar is similar to charcoal and can be added to soil with the goal of improving its quality. It can help increase nutrient and water retention. However, what happens in soil impacts fungi and plants that live there, and it is not always clear how they will react to biochar.

Their results showed many changes to the soil, trees, and soil fungi. They found that biochar increased the activity of certain microbes, which help decompose litter and return nutrients to the soil. However, it also had negative effects on the trees.


2 – A quoi Me serivira Le biochar? – Warm Heart Worldwide

6 February, 2022
 

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Results for Clay-biochar composites – Research Portal | Lancaster University

6 February, 2022
 


Using Biochar for Stormwater Management, February 9 2022 | Online Event | AllEvents.in

6 February, 2022
 

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