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Adhesion of Bacillus salmalaya and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens on Oil Palm Kernel Shell …

1 January, 2022
 

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Making Biochar For Your Garden – Korean Natural Farming Technique – A Quiet Simple Life …

1 January, 2022
 

In this video series, I’m teaching you about biochar. We’ll look at how it is made and some of the ways it can be used in your garden.

Let’s get started with the basics of making and using biochar.

Let’s take a look at how I make small batches of Biochar in my wood stove.

Dutch ovens gasify when they reach the proper temperature.

Learn how to make Korean Natural Farming solutions from charcoal that you can use to feed your plants.

In this final video in the series, I show you how I strain the finished solutions. I also provide some important information about their uses.

If you value the website content I create, please consider financially supporting it. Click here to use Stripe or PayPal. Thank you! ♥

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Characterization of biochars produced from cornstovers for soil amendment – Academia.edu

1 January, 2022
 

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Filter Socks – Gullywasher

1 January, 2022
 

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Biochar colloids fate and transport in subsurface

1 January, 2022
 


Roles of soluble minerals in Cd sorption onto rice straw biochar – PubMed

1 January, 2022
 

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Transforming to biochar provides an environmentally friendly approach for crop residue reutilization, which are usually applied as sorbent for heavy metal removal. As typical silicon-rich material, the specific sorptive mechanisms of rice straw derived biochar (RSBC) are concerned, especially at the low concentration range which is more environmentally relevant. In the present study, Cd sorption onto RSBCs at the concentration of ≤ 5 mg/L was investigated. The sorptive capacity was positively correlated with the pyrolytic temperature of the biochar and the environmental pH value. Water soluble minerals of the RSBCs played the dominant roles in Cd sorption, contributing 29.2%, 62.5% and 82.9% of the total sorption for RSBCs derived under 300°C, 500°C and 700°C, respectively. Increased number of cations, dominantly K+, were exchanged during the sorption. Coprecipitation with cations and carbonates may also be contributive to the sorption. The dissolution of silicon-containing minerals was found to be declined during sorption, suggesting its involvement in the sorption process, possibly through precipitation. Whilst, the sparingly soluble silicate crystals may impose ignorable role in the sorption. Complexation with organic groups is only a minor mechanism in Cd sorption, compared to the much more dominant roles of the inorganic ashes.

Keywords: Biochar; Cadmium; Rice straw; Silicon-rich; Sorption.

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Removal of potentially toxic metal by biochar derived from rendered solid residue with high …

1 January, 2022
 

The purpose of this study was to produce rendering animal carcass residue char (RACR-C) by pyrolyzing the solid residues of low-recyclable rendered pig carcasses and to evaluate their cadmium (Cd) adsorption characteristics and mechanisms. As the pyrolysis temperature increased, the inorganic content of RACR-C increased, while the carbon content decreased. In particular, the surface structure and chemistry of RACR-Cs prepared at different pyrolysis temperatures were well described by SEM-EDS, XRD, XRF, TGA, and FTIR. The Cd adsorption characteristics of RACR-C were in good agreement with the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order models, and the Cd adsorption capacities of RACR-Cs prepared at various pyrolysis temperatures were in the order of RACR-C500 (73.5 mg/g) > RACR-C600 (53.8 mg/g) > RACR-C400 (41.5 mg/g) ` RACR-C250 (15.9 mg/g). The intraparticle diffusion model suggested that the adsorption of Cd by RACR-C is greatly influenced by internal diffusion as well as external boundary. Since the Cd adsorption capacity of RACR-C is greatly influenced by the initial dosage, pH, and co-existing metals, it is necessary to manage these influencing factors when treating wastewater containing heavy metals. Our results suggest that Cd adsorption by RACR-C is a complex adsorption phenomenon by various mechanisms such as adsorption by functional group (C˭C and C-O), precipitation of Cd-P and ion exchange reaction by exchangeable cation occurring rather than by a single specific mechanism. © 2020 The Authors

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Similarity between HR 4504 (117th) and HR 4504 (117th) – BillMap

1 January, 2022
 

Similar sections (3) :


a case study with UAV and satellite image fusion based on additive wavelet transform (AWT)

1 January, 2022
 

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Figure 7 | Novel Lanthanum Doped Magnetic Teff Straw Biochar Nanocomposite and … – Hindawi

1 January, 2022
 

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.


An overview on biochar production, its implications, and mechanisms of … – Experts@Minnesota

1 January, 2022
 

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Short-term biochar effect on soil physicochemical and microbiological properties of a …

1 January, 2022
 

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Reply to Activating/inoculating biochar — advice? – Permies

1 January, 2022
 


Potato peels as a sustainable source for biochar, bio-oil and a green heterogeneous catalyst …

1 January, 2022
 

The sustainable processing approach has been followed to transform the potato peel as the potential source for bio-oil and green heterogeneous catalysts. The byproduct (biochar) obtained from the thermochemical conversion was reused as a green, renewable and sustainable source for heterogeneous catalysts. The alkali and alkaline-rich biochar was recovered and transformed into bio-based mixed metal oxide and carbonates through calcination. The catalyst was characterized with the Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis, Fourier Transform Infrared, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller, X-Ray Diffraction, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope, and Transmission Electron Microscopy. The best operating temperature for pyrolysis was found to be 500˚C, which produced the highest bio-oil (23.60%) and relatively high bio-char (29.50%). The synthesized catalyst showed high catalytic activity due to high potassium content (36.54%) in oxide and carbonate form. The maximum oil conversion (97.50%) was obtained using the optimized parameters: temperature 60 ˚C; 9:1 methanol to oil ratio; time 2 h, and catalyst loading 3 wt.%. The integrated catalyst synthesizing method helped to valorize the food waste to high value-added products like biochar and bio-oil, which have the property of fuel and platform chemicals. Moreover, as the catalyst is derived from biomass, it is more environmentally benign, sustainable, and recyclable.


biochar– Meaning in Marathi – HinKhoj Dictionary

1 January, 2022
 

English Marathi Dictionary | इंग्रजी मराठी शब्दकोश

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biochar – Meaning in Marathi. biochar definition, pronuniation, antonyms, synonyms and example sentences in Marathi. translation in Marathi for biochar with similar and opposite words. biochar ka marathi mein matalab, arth aur prayog


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1 January, 2022
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Incentive Program – Western Wisconsin Conservation Council

2 January, 2022
 

$1,000 awards are available to the first ten applicants who meet these criteria:

Deadline to apply is January 15, 2022

The UWRF is studying the impact of mixing in biochar with manure/compost. Initial findings support the idea that use of biochar in this way can: 1) assist farmers in controlling costs by reducing reliance on external inputs (e.g. artificial fertilizers); and 2) improve the soil quality and environmental sustainability by minimizing nutrient loss and runoff and improving soil resiliency. So far, the scale of the experiment has been small, but they are ready to expand the acreage under observation.

How will the program work?
We are inviting WWCC Members to assist the research by volunteering a small 1–2-acre section of a crop field in which the farmer would plant normally but allow UWRF to apply the biochar/fertilizer mixture in place of other fertilizers, and subsequently test the soil and crop results compared to approaches being used in the rest of the field. UWRF researchers will work with participating WWCC members to select an appropriate application area, agree on protocols and timeline and establish a direct line of communication.

What will participating members receive
Thanks to a special grant from the Wisconsin Chapter of The Nature Conservancy, participating members will receive a stipend of up to $1,000/parcel ($300/year for each of the 3 years of the study) and would, in addition, be able to keep all the production that is generated in the test area, aside from what is needed for laboratory samples. Beyond the financial incentive, however, UWRF is confident members will experience at least some of these in-field benefits:

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Ag Future: Innovation in Agri-Food:Apple Podcast内の#189: What is Biochar? | David Butler

2 January, 2022
 

17分

There is an increasing awareness of biochar among the agricultural community and beyond, but what is it? David Butler, head of sustainability at Alltech, joins Ag Future to discuss the history of this porous piece of carbon, its application in agriculture and how it's now being used in products ranging from asphalt to jet fuel.

There is an increasing awareness of biochar among the agricultural community and beyond, but what is it? David Butler, head of sustainability at Alltech, joins Ag Future to discuss the history of this porous piece of carbon, its application in agriculture and how it's now being used in products ranging from asphalt to jet fuel.


Evaluating biochar and its modifications for the removal of ammonium, nitrate, and …

2 January, 2022
 

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Biochar in manure can suppress water stress of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) and increase …

2 January, 2022
 

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Influence of pyrolysis temperature on the characteristics and lead(II) adsorption capacity of …

2 January, 2022
 

Xu, Y. and Bai, T. and Li, Q. and Yang, H. and Yan, Y. and Sarkar, B. and Lam, S.S. and Bolan, N. (2021) Influence of pyrolysis temperature on the characteristics and lead(II) adsorption capacity of phosphorus-engineered poplar sawdust biochar. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 154. ISSN 0165-2370

© 2020 Lancaster University Library


Dr Sai Bhaskar Reddy Nakka – Apple Podcasts

2 January, 2022
 

10 episodes

Environment – Development – Climate Change – Disasters – Sustainability – Agriculture Irrigation – Rural Energy – Biochar Leadership – Open Knowledge – Gender

Environment – Development – Climate Change – Disasters – Sustainability – Agriculture Irrigation – Rural Energy – Biochar Leadership – Open Knowledge – Gender

Rainwater harvesting in a city

Rainwater harvesting especially in cities or urban areas, the conditions of Hyderabad city located in a semi-arid area with about 80 cm of rainfall is used for examples and strategy. (Podcast in Telugu)

How Famers Could Apply Biochar Compost and Other Values

How Famers Could Apply Biochar Compost increase NPK and other values (in Telugu Language)

Biochar and Pati Matti – rich soil left by civilizations existed in the past

Pati Mati (old soil) and biochar a traditional material formed from the existence of human civilizations in the past. It is highly fertile soil and useful for crops. In the past human civilizations existed also improved the environment by their practices and they were not so much cause of degradation. (in Telugu Language)

Complete Life

On to lead a complete life covering all spheres of life.. (in Telugu)

Forests as a source of microbes for sustaining agriculture

The forest soils are rich in soil microbes, by inoculating them into the agriculture fields the soil health will improve and there will be more yields. Explaining the benefits of soils microbes. (in Telugu).

Discussion Regarding Immersion of Ganesha in Hussain Sagar in Telugu

Dr Sai Bhaskar participated in a discussion on the immersion of Ganeshas in the polluted Hussain Sagar Lake waters. Mr. Devulapalli Amar was the anchor and it was a live show.


HOT|COOL NO.3/2021 – "Don't waste it!"

2 January, 2022
 

• It is by far the cheapest CCS technology • It actively integrates with and boosts local economies • It supports sustainable growth in the farming sector Biochar has multiple benefits besides carbon sequestration. It delivers long-term carbon sequestration, and biochar also improves soil and increases food production – it has been known for millennia. The relatively low temperature (600 degrees C) in the SkyClean pyrolysis process leaves the nutrients in biochar readily avail- able for absorption by new crops. It makes biochar a desira-ble soil additive. In recent years researchers have found biochar to possess a wide range of additional benefits for agriculture: • Biochar significantly improves the water retention in sandy and other types of dry soil • Conversely, biochar improves water flow in heavy clay soil, attractive in regions suffering from increased precipitation due to climate change • Remains of antibiotics, pesticides, hormone-like substances, and microplastics occur in slurry and manure and tend to be concentrated in the soil after fertilization. The pyrolysis process breaks down these residues into harmless constitu- ent molecules • Biochar reduces leaching of nitrogen. In addition to the benefits of biochar, pyrolysis will also help agriculture lower emissions from methane as the pyrolysis of manure fibers eliminates methane formation from the feedstock and in- corporates the constituent elements into the oil and gas fractions. The technology has caught the attention of the Danish au- thorities and is listed as one of the essential contributing technologies that will help Denmark reach its 2030 CO 2 emis- sion re-duction target.

Carbon-negative heat production can accelerate climate goals Keeping global warming within the 1.5 – 2 degrees C is not possible with reduced CO 2 emis-sions only. It also requires the large-scale application of technologies that can remove CO 2 from the atmosphere. The minimum amount of CO 2 that will need to be removed from the atmosphere to breach the maxi- mum allowance of atmospheric CO 2 specified by IPCC will be ten gigatons per year from 2055 onwards. Few CCS technologies on the horizon promise to be able to deliver at such a scale. Biochar production, however, promises to be one of the few pathways towards large-scale sustaina- ble sequestration of CO 2 at low cost since almost any type of biological residue can serve as feedstock for pyrolysis processes like the one SkyClean uses. Experts from the Technical University of Denmark and Aarhus University have estimated that Danish agriculture can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 50 % using the SkyClean tech- nology. It is not too much of a stretch to see the existing synergy between DH and biofuel expand to include biochar-based heat production. Fun fact: to remove ten gigatons of CO 2 from the atmosphere annually, 200,000 SkyClean plants with 20 MW capacity could do the job. Special layout section, focusing on biochar Biochar is posed to enter the big league of large-scale CCS technologies Stiesdal’s SkyClean technology joins the growing number of efforts to elevate biochar from a soil-improving by-product of pyrolyzed feedstock to a center-stage role among CCS tech- nol-ogies. Biochar is a stable material that does not decompose for hundreds of years. The biochar pellet output from the SkyClean process is easily handled and spread on farmland with existing farm tools and machinery. It will integrate with farming at any stage of technological development. Among the wide variety of current and proposed carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, biochar production from sustainable biomass has several advantages:

For further information please contact: Jesper Ahrenfeldt, jah@stiesdal.com

A 20MWSkyClean plant processes 5 tons of biomass per hour and can supply 4 MWof heat output to the district heating systemwhile the rest of the energy in biomass ends up in the biochar and bio-oil.


HOT|COOL NO.3/2021 – "Don't waste it!"

2 January, 2022
 

Key figures for a 20 MW SkyClean system Input on an annual basis • 45,000 tons of rawmaterials (straw, deep litter, manure, fiber residue from biogas, wood chips, and the like). Output on an annual basis • 48,000 MWh heat, corresponding to 3,000 household annual heat consumption. • 6,100 tons of bio-oil, equivalent to 4,000 Danes' annual con- sumption of liquid fuels • 36,000 tons of CO 2 captured and stored in the formof biochar • 19,000 tons of CO 2 saved emissions from the fuels Promising potential for integration with district heating Due to the inherently local and regional aspect of a large-scale implementation of SkyClean where plants ideally are distrib- uted close to local feedstocks, there are promising synergies between a commercialized SkyClean deployment and local DH networks. The world is transitioning from centralized fossil fuel-based power sources towards decen-tralized renewable energy sources, which is also reflected in DH infrastructure develop- ment. Presently, in Denmark, legislators have decided to clear the way for local heat energy producers to offer their excess heat to the local DH network commercially. This has prompted Danish cooperative retail giant Coop to announce that they plan to provide excess heat from local stores to local DH networks. This type of development opens up many new possibilities for sustainable heat production, and with technologies like SkyClean, the prospect of connectivity with DH is very attrac- tive. A SkyClean plant could be made to fit into an existing DH infra- structure either as a new DH plant or as a source of heat energy to existing DH networks. The competencies required to oper- ate a SkyClean plant resemble those of conventional biomass- based plants already inte-grated with DH in some places.

Dry plant material typically contains approx. 50% carbon that the plants have extracted from the atmosphere in the form of CO 2 . In the pyrolysis process, half of the carbon in the residue is converted to biochar, while the other half becomes oil and gas. Biochar is a stable material that only decomposes very slowly, and half of the carbon that becomes biochar is thus effectively removed from the atmosphere. Half of the carbon that does not turn into biochar comes out of the pyrolysis process as carbon-neutral fuel in the form of gas and oil, and heat energy. Due to the nature of the SkyClean process, where half of the carbon in agricultural residue is stored as biochar in each cycle, SkyClean achieves the paradoxical but very beneficial effect that the more fuel the plant produces, the more CO 2 is removed from the atmosphere. The roadmap towards commercialization SkyClean is being developed by the Stiesdal subsidiary Stiesdal Fuel Technologies. In August 2021, the company introduced a fully automated 200 kW SkyClean test facility capable of treat- ing 500 tons of agricultural residue annually, which gives a to- tal CO 2 emission reduction of approximately 600 tons. The test plant is part of the preparations for the ten times larger 2 MW SkyClean plant, which Stiesdal Fuel Technologies will finance and build later this autumn, expected to be inau- gurat-ed in early 2022. The preparation of the SkyClean technology towards actual commercialization will continue in 2022 when another 2 MW pilot plant is established further to develop processes and further optimization for commercial production. This plant has received a state grant of DKK 23 million and is being built in collaboration with Haldor Topsoe, Arla Foods, Ørsted, and the Technical University of Denmark. Stiesdal Fuel Technologies expects to begin construction of the first actual prototype of a commercial 10-20 MW SkyClean plant in the autumn of 2022. The company is aiming to make its technology scalable from the outset and to reduce costs through standardization. This means standardized modules for feedstock storage and preparation, standardized pyrolysis units, and streamlined post-processing of oil, gas, and biochar.

A visualization of how a standardized 20 MW plant would look.


Biochar and fertilization effects on weed incidence in winter wheat – CROSBI

2 January, 2022
 

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    Planet & The People: CAN BIOCHAR PROTECT THE PLANET auf Apple Podcasts

    2 January, 2022
     

    38 Min.

    What is Biochar and how can it be used as a climate solution with Carbo Culture

    What is Biochar and how can it be used as a climate solution with Carbo Culture


    Fenchol (CAS 1632-73-1) Market By Size, Demand Analysis, Type, Statistics, Regions and Forecast

    2 January, 2022
     

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    2028 ): Latest Trends, Key Market Dynamics, Revenue and Business Opportunities – Industrial IT

    2 January, 2022
     

    Biochar market research report provides the details about Industry Chain structure, Market Competition, Market Size and Share, SWOT Analysis, Technology, Cost, Raw Materials, Consumer Preference, Development and Trends, Regional Forecast, Company and Profile and Product and Service.

    The Global Biochar market report combines comprehensive analysis of overseas markets with new insights into the target industry. Market size, driving forces and vulnerabilities, major players, segment overview and geographical perspective are among the variables addressed in the study. It also contains data on the business environment, value / volume results, marketing tactics and expert knowledge. The research also examines the importance of fields and evidence for prediction, as well as their various aspects. The report also includes company profiles, specifications, product photos, capacity, price, costs, revenue, growth and contact information for global key industry players in the global Biochar market.

    Download Sample Copy of the Report to understand the structure of the complete report (Including Full TOC, Table & Figures) @  https://www.globalmarketvision.com/sample_request/4584

    The leading companies in the global Biochar market are likely to strengthen the competition in the market owing to the technological advancements that are being introduced in the industry by them through exhaustive investment in research and development.

    Some of the key players in the Global Biochar Market are Company Coverage (Company Profile, Sales Revenue, Price, Gross Margin, Main Products, etc.):

    Protean Electric, Elaphe, e-Traction, ZIEHL-ABEGG, .

    The goal of qualitative research, on the other hand, is to offer descriptive data to the readers of the report. The qualitative methodologies utilised in the study were Porter’s Five Forces, PESTEL, SWOT, and feasibility analysis. Customers might use it to learn about the Biochar market’s drivers, constraints, challenges, and opportunities. The study also contains significant data on product offers, as well as market suppliers and distributors. The study also includes a brief description of the end-user industries and demand forecasts.

    Global Biochar Market Segmentation:

    By Type

    Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar

    By Application

    Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others

    Biochar Market Regional Analysis Includes:

    This report on global Biochar market is a comprehensive research study that helps in getting answers for the relevant questions with respect to the developing trends and growth opportunities in this specific industry. It helps to identify each of the protruding barriers to growth, apart from recognizing the trends within various application segments of the global market for Biochar.

    COVID-19 put an immediate halt to many business activities across the globe, as several countries had shut down their ports, The industry was affected in several ways due to the pandemic leading to low-scale operations, and eventually, a negative impact on business activities. Over a period, this adversely affected the turnover and revenue.

    Some of the key questions answered in this report:

    Reasons to Purchase Biochar Market Report

    Get Research Report within 48 Hours @ https://www.globalmarketvision.com/checkout/?currency=USD&type=single_user_license&report_id=4584

    The report’s conclusion leads into the overall scope of the global market with respect to feasibility of investments in various segments of the market, along with a descriptive passage that outlines the feasibility of new projects that might succeed in the global Biochar market in the near future. The report will assist understand the requirements of customers, discover problem areas and possibility to get higher, and help in the basic leadership manner of any organization. It can guarantee the success of your promoting attempt, enables to reveal the client’s competition empowering them to be one level ahead and restriction losses.

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    Metformin Hydrochloride Market outlook and forecast by applications, regions and trends 2028

    2 January, 2022
     

    The report on the Metformin Hydrochloride market provides the definition, overview, size analysis, market share analysis, Breakdown Data by Type, application, quantitative and qualitative analysis, major players, and regional graphs.

    The Global Metformin Hydrochloride market from 2021 to 2028 study focuses on a global examination of data from the most recent market developments. The goal of Global Market Vision is to offer clients with a comprehensive market description so that they may build development plans.

    Based on an in-depth and competent analysis, the Metformin Hydrochloride presents a forecast for 2021-2028. It covers market drivers, opportunities, limits, and problems. This study will aid business analysts in attaining success in both global and regional markets. It provides a comprehensive examination of current events, as well as the identification of high-growth areas, segmentation, and regional analysis.

    Request for Sample with Complete TOC and Figures & Graphs @ https://www.globalmarketvision.com/sample_request/4583

    Top key players, who operate in the Global Metformin Hydrochloride Market are summarized in the report to understand their role in the market and their upcoming strategies. Numerous marketing channels and strategies are likely to prosper in the forecast period and have also been designated in the report to help readers formulate winning approaches.

    Global Metformin Hydrochloride market competition by TOP MANUFACTURERS, with production, price, revenue (value) and each manufacturer including:

    NSG, Corning, AGC, Saint-Gobain, Scohott AG, Guardian Industries Corp., Abrisa Technologies, EuropeTec Groupe, Groglass, IQ Glass, AVIC Sanxin Co., Ltd.

    The report studies the diverse product segments and end-user applications segment of the global Metformin Hydrochloride market. Accumulating important data from pertinent sources, the report evaluates the growth of individual segments of the market. Also, the market size and the growth rate of each of the segments have been deliberated in the report. The report considers the key geographic segments and talks about all the favorable conditions boosting the growth of the market.

    Global Metformin Hydrochloride Market Segmentation:

    By Type

    Metformin HCL, Metformin DC, Others

    By Application

    Metformin Hydrochloride Tablets, Metformin Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets, Others Form

    By Geography

    Market reporting provides a concise overview of the segments and sub-segments including product types, applications, players and regions that provide key aspects of the market. The report focuses on COVID-19 pandemic performance impact and provides the current market and discusses in depth market conditions. The report has been able to proceed with a thorough study of market dynamics, changing consumer behavior, and the flow of global supply chains affected by the market. These important insights of reporting goals present strong guidance for customers to get information about their business decisions from their investment market to assess the factors that are likely to affect current and future market conditions.

    Key questions answered in this research study

    • What is the global production, production value, consumption, consumption value of Metformin Hydrochloride?
    • Who are the global key manufacturers of Metformin Hydrochloride Market? How are their operating situation?
    • What are the types and applications of Metformin Hydrochloride? What is the market share value of each type and application?
    • What are the upstream raw materials and manufacturing equipment of Metformin Hydrochloride? What is the manufacturing process of Metformin Hydrochloride?
    • Economic impact on Metformin Hydrochloride Market and development trend of market.
    • What will be the market size and the growth rate be in 2028?
    • What are the key factors driving the global Metformin Hydrochloride Market?
    • What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the Metformin Hydrochloride Market?
    • What are the challenges to market growth?
    • What are the Metformin Hydrochloride Market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the market?

    Metformin Hydrochloride Market Report Highlights

    Market Size: Accurate market size and CAGR forecasts for the period 2021-2028

    Market Penetration: Thorough information on the product portfolios of the top players in the Global Metformin Hydrochloride Market. The report analyzes the market based on Product Outlook. Product Type, Target Consumer, Distribution Channel and region.

    Product Development/Innovation: Comprehensive insights on upcoming products, research and development activities, and product launches in the Global Metformin Hydrochloride Market.

    Market Development: Comprehensive information about lucrative emerging markets. The report analyzes the markets for various types of Global Metformin Hydrochloride market.

    Market Diversification: Exhaustive information about products, untapped regions, recent developments, and investments in Global Metformin Hydrochloride market

    Competitive Assessment: In-depth assessment of leading players operating global Metformin Hydrochloride Market are provided to understand the global competitive scenario.

    Also, the mentioned Tables and Figure with required and significant statistics and insights are there in our report to give an all-round idea to our clients.

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    With our reports, you can make important tactical business decisions with the certainty that they are based on accurate and well-founded information. Our experts can dispel any concerns or doubts about our accuracy and help you differentiate between reliable and less reliable reports, reducing the risk of making decisions. We can make your decision-making process more precise and increase the probability of success of your goals.

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    Green Coal and Biochar Production | Climate Chance

    2 January, 2022
     

    Chad has a strong agricultural potential; large fields of cotton, rice, and sesame are cultivated, but the country was at risk of losing large areas of forest cover. One of the reasons for this is the high dependence on wood and charcoal for daily activities, such as cooking and farming.

    The Chadian government banned the production, distribution and use of charcoal in December 2008. This measure was imposed to combat deforestation and global warming, but without providing alternatives. The population turned to firewood or continued to use charcoal illegally. More than 97% of the population has no access to electricity on a regular basis, and alternatives are limited and often unaffordable, and more than 90% of farmers are unfamiliar with natural fertilizers.

    Charcoal has been difficult to find since it was banned by the government. Raw wood burns less efficiently, requiring more wood to meet the needs. The fumes produced by burning wood and charcoal contain irritating pollutants, which lead to respiratory infections. Children and women are particularly affected because they spend a lot of time near cooking fires. They travel long distances to collect wood, exposing themselves to abduction and rape. The government has set up a reforestation programme, but without establishing a production line for good quality seedlings.

    ENVODEV proposes solutions to replace charcoal with locally produced fuel: green charcoal and biochar. Its production requires a lot of readily available resources, which are mostly usually destroyed. The green charcoal is offered at an affordable price, which helps to alleviate the energy crisis in Chad.

    In addition, ENVODEV aims at providing farmers and market gardeners with a new, locally produced soil improver that requires little knowledge for its use, which can alleviate the problem of soil pollution caused by expensive chemicals. The interest shown in public demonstrations suggests that there is local, national and international interest in these products, from the general public, organisations, public and private representatives and authorities.

    The aim is to identify the materials that go into the production of green charcoal and to target areas where there is an abundance of these materials. The selected samples are evaluated and tested, and ENVODEV decides on the techniques for producing green charcoal. A training workshop is then set-up, and ENVODEV establishes a production team. Training in green charcoal production techniques focuses on the collection of raw materials, the use of production tools, carbonisation and the production of green charcoal. Groups, once formed, are entrusted with production and distribution.

    ENVODEV is responsible for the management, and coordination of activities (training sessions, distribution, marketing, administration). In regards to the production of green charcoal, which is a biofuel produced from biomass (agricultural waste, biodegradable industrial waste, etc.), ENVODEV has been able to train and equip four (4) women’s groups of forty-eight (48), eight (8) groups and mixed associations of eighty (80) young people in the towns of Moundou and its surroundings, Doba, Kelo and N’djaména. For the production and use of biochar, which is a soil amendment that helps retain water for plant growth, ENVODEV has been experimenting with this new product in the town of Moundou for the past two years with farmers and market gardeners in order to improve the yield of their crops. Twelve farmers and market gardeners have benefited from training and experimentation on the production and use of biochar.

    The purpose of this project is to train and equip young people and women in the city of Moundou for the production of green charcoal and the experimentation of biochar. The first phase of the project aims at training on the production of green charcoal and its dissemination to households and restaurants in order to limit the use of charcoal. The second phase consists of continuing the experimentation of biochar with farmers and market gardeners in order to master its use in crops; this will allow the latter to improve the yield of their crops, and limit the use of fertilisers and chemicals that are harmful to the environment.

    Ongoing research

    01/01/2021 – 06/30/2021

    In the implementation of the green coal and biochar production project:

    During the training on green charcoal and biochar production, emphasis was placed on the quality of the green charcoal and biochar that will be produced: it was stated that the green charcoal produced should not crumble after drying and should not give off smoke during use. The biochar produced should not contain any ash.

    ENVODEV staff is comforted in its activities and is motivated to persevere.

    This project is funded by MCC after submitting the project answering a call for proposals.

    ENVODEV is a non-profit association that has been working in the field of environmental protection for over ten (10) years. Its activities focus on the training and providing the tools, skills, and equipment to groups, associations and young entrepreneurs on the production of green coal, improved stoves and biochar.

    Regarding the production of green charcoal, which is a biofuel produced from biomass (agricultural waste, biodegradable industrial waste, etc.), ENVODEV has been able to train and equip four (4) women’s groups of forty-eight (48), eight (8) groups and mixed associations of eighty (80) young people in the towns of Moundou and its surroundings, Doba, Kelo and N’djaména.

    For the production and use of biochar, which is a soil amendment that helps retain water for plant growth, ENVODEV has been experimenting with this new product in the town of Moundou for the past two years with farmers and market gardeners in order to improve the yield of their crops. Thus, twelve farmers and market gardeners have benefited from training and experimentation on the production and use of biochar. Activities related to the production of improved stoves are carried out in the towns of Moundou, Kelo and Ndjaména with young people and women.  More than fifty young people and women have been trained for this purpose. The activities linked to the production of these stoves have enabled these young people and women to have jobs and income enabling them to meet their social and economic needs.

    In parallel, ENVODEV also works in collaboration with several other organisations at the national and international level on capacity building and data exchange related to environmental protection and research & development.

    MCC (Menonite Central Comite)


    Enhancing Cd(II) adsorption on rice straw biochar by modification of iron and manganese oxides

    2 January, 2022
     

    Central South University of Forestry and Technology

    Central South University of Forestry and Technology

    Central South University of Forestry and Technology

    Central South University of Forestry and Technology

    Central South University of Forestry and Technology

    Central South University of Forestry and Technology

    Metal oxide-modified biochar exhibited an excellent adsorption performance in the treatment of wastewater. Iron nitrate and potassium permanganate were oxidative modifier, by which Oxygen-containing groups and iron-manganese oxides could be introduced into biochar. In this study, Fe-Mn oxide-modified biochar (BC-FM) was synthesized using rice straw biochar, and its adsorption process, removal effect and mechanism for removing Cd(II) from the wastewater were explored by batch adsorption experiments and characterization. Adsorption kinetics showed that the maximum adsorption capacity for Cd(II) by BC-FM was 120.77 mg/g at 298 K, which was about 1.5 to 10 times the amounts of other modified biochar mentioned in the paper. The Cd adsorption of BC-FM was well fit by pseudo-second-order adsorption model and Langmuir model, and was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The adsorption process was mainly controlled by a chemical adsorption mechanism. Moreover, BC-FM can maintain Cd removal rate of about 50% even reused for three times. The capture of Cd(II) by BC-FM was realized by coprecipitation, surface complexation, electrostatic attraction and cation-π interaction. In addition, the loaded iron-manganese oxides also played important role in the removal of Cd(II) by the redox reaction and ion exchange in BC-FM. The results suggested that BC-FM could be regarded as an efficient adsorbent in the treatment of Cd contamination wastewater.

    Keywords: Fe-Mn oxide-modified biochar, Cadmium, Adsorption, Characterization analysis, Wastewater

    Suggested Citation

    China

    China

    China

    China

    China

    China

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    Activated Lettuce Waste for Efficient Adsorption of Cd(II) in Aqueous Solution – MDPI

    2 January, 2022
     

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    Single-Step Hydrothermal Synthesis of Biochar from H3PO4-Activated Lettuce Waste for … – MDPI

    2 January, 2022
     

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    Performance of biochar as a catalyst for tar steam reforming: Effect of the porous structure …

    2 January, 2022
     

    University of Limerick
    Limerick
    V94 T9PX
    Ireland

    Tel: +353-(0)61-202700

    Registered Charity Number 5806

     

    © University of Limerick


    Biochar and sewage sludge phosphorus fertilizer effects on phosphorus bioavailability and …

    2 January, 2022
     

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    Use of porous algal biochar in water treatment in the state of Ceará in Brazil – Fingerprint …

    2 January, 2022
     

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    Granular Biochar Market Report | Global Forecast To 2028

    3 January, 2022
     

    Research Methodology

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    GESS RNG Biogas USA LLC Announces 2022 Project Roadmap | | news-journal.com

    3 January, 2022
     

    Sunny skies. High around 60F. Winds S at 10 to 20 mph..

    Clear. Low near 40F. Winds S at 5 to 10 mph.

    HUNTERSVILLE, N.C., Jan. 3, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — GESS RNG Biogas USA LLC (www.gessrngbiogas.com) is pleased to publicly announce four Renewable Natural Gas projects across the United States, thanks in part to successful development of a proprietary swine manure collection process that reduces the amount of manure fed into lagoons and significantly increases efficiency.  

    This proprietary new process, which GESS RNG Biogas’s teams have been working on since 2018, allows swine manure to be fed into an anaerobic digester. Compared to traditional covered lagoon systems, anaerobic digesters not only improve gas production efficiency, but greatly reduce odor and atmospheric pollution from escaping gases, cold-weather production loss, limitations on material processing, and wet waste. The processed material, digestate, can be used as nutrient-rich fertilizer, biochar, or swine feed. 

    GESS RNG Biogas will implement this system at two biogas plants in North Carolina. The Union County plant can accept swine manure, poultry litter, food processing byproduct, and agricultural row crops as feedstock. This plant is designed to initially produce up to 200,000 MMBtus of biogas per year, scaling up to 500,000 MMBtus per year. The Bladen County plant will collect swine manure and poultry litter from multiple surrounding farms, with initial production estimates between 160,000 and 200,000 MMBtus of biogas per year, scaling up to 500,000 MMBtus per year. 

    In addition, GESS RNG Biogas is finalizing two dairy projects. The first, in Grand Rapids, MI, will have 8,000 wet cow equivalent, producing up to 150,000 MMBtus of biogas per year. The second, in Syracuse, KS, will have 16,000 wet cow equivalent, producing up to 300,000 MMBtus of biogas per year. 

    On all projects, GESS RNG Biogas’s sister company, Cyclum Renewables LLC (www.gocyclum.com), will be installing renewable microgrids. These microgrids will allow sites to utilize RNG, Biodiesel, and EV trucks, which can be fueled on-site, while also producing each biogas plant’s electricity. These measures will minimize the Carbon Intensity score of each plant, allowing the fuel we produce to be as sustainable as possible. Cyclum has agreed to offtake a certain portion of this RNG for use in fuel production at its coming renewable fuel truck stops. 

    GESS RNG Biogas USA’s Lathan Welker stated, “we are proud to pioneer technologies that improve on the shortcomings of older methods, in terms of both efficiency and environmental responsibility. In doing so, GESS RNG Biogas hopes to continue to produce the lowest-carbon biogas possible.” 

    Media Contact:

    Drew McGovern

    877-734-4204

    Drew.mcgovern@gocyclum.com

    SOURCE GESS RNG Biogas


    GESS RNG Biogas USA LLC Announces 2022 Project Roadmap | News | sanfordherald.com

    3 January, 2022
     

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    Mainly sunny. High near 45F. Winds light and variable..

    Partly cloudy skies during the evening will give way to cloudy skies overnight. Low 28F. Winds light and variable.

    HUNTERSVILLE, N.C., Jan. 3, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — GESS RNG Biogas USA LLC (www.gessrngbiogas.com) is pleased to publicly announce four Renewable Natural Gas projects across the United States, thanks in part to successful development of a proprietary swine manure collection process that reduces the amount of manure fed into lagoons and significantly increases efficiency.  

    This proprietary new process, which GESS RNG Biogas’s teams have been working on since 2018, allows swine manure to be fed into an anaerobic digester. Compared to traditional covered lagoon systems, anaerobic digesters not only improve gas production efficiency, but greatly reduce odor and atmospheric pollution from escaping gases, cold-weather production loss, limitations on material processing, and wet waste. The processed material, digestate, can be used as nutrient-rich fertilizer, biochar, or swine feed. 

    GESS RNG Biogas will implement this system at two biogas plants in North Carolina. The Union County plant can accept swine manure, poultry litter, food processing byproduct, and agricultural row crops as feedstock. This plant is designed to initially produce up to 200,000 MMBtus of biogas per year, scaling up to 500,000 MMBtus per year. The Bladen County plant will collect swine manure and poultry litter from multiple surrounding farms, with initial production estimates between 160,000 and 200,000 MMBtus of biogas per year, scaling up to 500,000 MMBtus per year. 

    In addition, GESS RNG Biogas is finalizing two dairy projects. The first, in Grand Rapids, MI, will have 8,000 wet cow equivalent, producing up to 150,000 MMBtus of biogas per year. The second, in Syracuse, KS, will have 16,000 wet cow equivalent, producing up to 300,000 MMBtus of biogas per year. 

    On all projects, GESS RNG Biogas’s sister company, Cyclum Renewables LLC (www.gocyclum.com), will be installing renewable microgrids. These microgrids will allow sites to utilize RNG, Biodiesel, and EV trucks, which can be fueled on-site, while also producing each biogas plant’s electricity. These measures will minimize the Carbon Intensity score of each plant, allowing the fuel we produce to be as sustainable as possible. Cyclum has agreed to offtake a certain portion of this RNG for use in fuel production at its coming renewable fuel truck stops. 

    GESS RNG Biogas USA’s Lathan Welker stated, “we are proud to pioneer technologies that improve on the shortcomings of older methods, in terms of both efficiency and environmental responsibility. In doing so, GESS RNG Biogas hopes to continue to produce the lowest-carbon biogas possible.” 

    Media Contact:

    Drew McGovern

    877-734-4204

    Drew.mcgovern@gocyclum.com

    SOURCE GESS RNG Biogas


    Biochar-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron can simultaneously decrease cadmium and … – X-MOL

    3 January, 2022
     

    Cadmium (Cd) and Arsenic (As) in rice grains are a primary exposure source for human beings. However, the simultaneous stabilization of Cd and As in soil becomes difficult due to the opposite properties of those. In this study, we investigated the simultaneous effects of biochar-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI-BC) and water management on the decrease of Cd and As bioaccumulation in rice grain. Compared to the control, 0.25–1.00% nZVI-BC coupled with alternate wetting and drying (AWD) management simultaneously decreased the bioaccumulation of Cd and As in rice grains by 15.85–69.16% and 23.06–59.45%, respectively. The cancer risk associated with rice consumption effectively reduced by 15.60–52.41% after the application of nZVI-BC, and the lowest cancer risk was detected in 1.00% nZVI-BC under AWD management. Furthermore, rice cultivated under AWD management had a lower total cancer risk than that cultivated under continuous flooded (CF) management with the same amendment of type and dose. The reduction of soil Cd and As availability and the formation of iron plaque dominated the decrease of Cd and As uptake by rice grains. The elevated soil pH was responsible for Cd adsorption, and the dominant mechanism for As immobilization was the formation of complexes. The iron plaque was double-edged, promoting and inhibiting Cd uptake by rice, wherein the inhibition was predominant under aerobic conditions. In addition, iron plaque was a barrier to preventing the As accumulation by rice, a larger amount of As was immobilized on the iron plaque with nZVI-BC treatment. This study sheds new insights on the simultaneous remediation of Cd and As co-contaminated paddy fields.

    大米中的镉(Cd)和砷(As)是人类的主要暴露源。然而,由于 Cd 和 As 在土壤中的相反性质,它们的同时稳定变得困难。在这项研究中,我们研究了生物炭支持的纳米级零价铁 (nZVI-BC) 和水分管理对减少稻米中 Cd 和 As 生物积累的同时影响。与对照相比,0.25–1.00% nZVI-BC 加上交替干湿 (AWD) 管理同时将稻谷中 Cd 和 As 的生物积累分别降低了 15.85–69.16% 和 23.06–59.45%。应用nZVI-BC后,与食用大米相关的癌症风险有效降低了15.60-52.41%,AWD管理下1.00% nZVI-BC的癌症风险最低。此外,在 AWD 管理下种植的水稻的总癌症风险低于在类型和剂量相同的连续洪水 (CF) 管理下种植的水稻。土壤 Cd 和 As 有效性的降低和铁斑块的形成主导了水稻籽粒对 Cd 和 As 吸收的减少。土壤 pH 值升高是 Cd 吸附的原因,而 As 固定的主要机制是复合物的形成。铁斑是双刃的,促进和抑制水稻对Cd的吸收,其中在有氧条件下抑制占主导地位。此外,铁斑是防止水稻积累砷的屏障,大量的砷通过 nZVI-BC 处理固定在铁斑上。这项研究为同时修复 Cd 和 As 共污染的稻田提供了新的见解。


    BIOCHAR IN CONCRETE – Dissertations.se

    3 January, 2022
     

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    Effects of biochar on transport and retention of phosphorus in porous media – X-MOL

    3 January, 2022
     

    Given the complexity of soil components, a detailed understanding of the effects of single factors on phosphorus transport and retention will play a key role in understanding the environmental effects of phosphorus. In this work, quartz sand columns (considering five factors: doping rate, pH, particle size, ionic strength and cation type), combined with a two-site nonequilibrium transport model (TSM), were used to investigate phosphate (P) transport behavior. The results show that changes in doping ratio (0.4%–1.6%) and pH (5–9) have a notable effect on the transport of P, while, particle size of quartz sand hardly impacts the transport. When biochar was added at 1.6%, the surface of biochar increased the P fixation rate by about 37% through direct interaction with phosphate and bridging action with metal ions. As the morphology of P changed under different pH conditions, a part of P was immobilized in the form of precipitation. The immobilization of P was further enhanced with the increase of ionic strength. Compared with the direct interaction of P with biochar in Na+ solution, Ca2+ and Mg2+ solutions are more likely to adsorb P. Meanwhile, the TSM model also fits the transport behavior well. This study provides a perspective for evaluating the environmental behavior of P in the porous media interaction with biochar.

    鉴于土壤成分的复杂性,详细了解单个因素对磷运输和滞留的影响将在了解磷的环境影响方面发挥关键作用。在这项工作中,石英砂柱(考虑五个因素:掺杂率、pH、粒径、离子强度和阳离子类型),结合双位点非平衡传输模型(TSM),用于研究磷酸盐(P)传输行为. 结果表明,掺杂比(0.4%~1.6%)和pH值(5~9)的变化对P的迁移有显着影响,而石英砂的粒径几乎不影响迁移。当生物炭的添加量为 1.6% 时,生物炭表面通过与磷酸盐的直接相互作用和与金属离子的架桥作用,使固磷率提高了约 37%。随着不同 pH 条件下 P 的形态发生变化,一部分 P 以沉淀的形式固定化。随着离子强度的增加,P的固定化进一步增强。与 P 与生物炭在 Na 中的直接相互作用相比+溶液、Ca 2+和Mg 2+溶液更容易吸附P。同时,TSM 模型也很好地拟合了输运行为。本研究为评估 P 在多孔介质与生物炭相互作用中的环境行为提供了一个视角。


    Biochar in Agriculture for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals (Paperback) | Golden …

    3 January, 2022
     

    Biochar in Agriculture for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals introduces the state-of-the-art of biochar for agricultural applications to actualize sustainable development goals and highlight current challenges and the way forward. It focuses on scientific knowledge and biochar technologies for agricultural soil improvement and plant growth. Sections provide state-of-the-art knowledge on biochar production and characterization, focus on biochar for agricultural application and soil improvement, discuss the roles of biochar for environmental improvement in farmland to relieve water and waste management as well as climate change, highlight biochar used for boosting bioeconomy and clean energy, and discuss future prospects.

    This book will be important to agricultural engineers and researchers as well as those seeking to improve overall soil and environmental conditions through the use of biochar.


    Research to explore water treatment and reuse using biochar | WaterWorld

    3 January, 2022
     

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    Table 4. Effects of different types of biochar types on different crops under different soil conditions

    3 January, 2022
     

    From Scientific Research to Knowledge


    Biochar Fertilizer Market Size 2021 Analysis by Top Key Players – Industrial IT

    3 January, 2022
     

    New Jersey, United States,- Market Research Intellect has been analyzing technology and markets for Biochar Fertilizer since 2018. Since then, through Research Analysis of companies, we have been very close to the latest research and market development.

    In addition, Market Research Intellect works closely with many customers to help them better understand the technology and market environment and develop innovation and commercialization strategies.

    Market Research Intellect offers a wealth of expertise in Biochar Fertilizer Market analysis. We have been in this business for the past 20 years, and we have closely watched the rise and/or fall, success and/or disappointment of many emerging technologies during this time.

    This gives us a uniquely experienced eye when it comes to analyzing emerging electronic materials technologies. This is very important because it helps build a realistic market and technology roadmap that reflects the true potential of technology based on its intrinsic characteristics and the true level of technology and commercial challenges it faces.

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    In addition, market revenues based on region and country are provided in the report on Biochar Fertilizers. The authors of the report also shed light on the common business tactics adopted by actors. The main players in the global bBiochar Fertilizer market and their full profiles are included in the report. In addition, investment opportunities, recommendations and current trends in the global Biochar Fertilizer market are mapped by the report. Thanks to this report, key players in the global Biochar Fertilizer market will be able to make good decisions and plan their strategies accordingly to stay ahead of the curve.

    The competitive landscape is an essential aspect that every key player must know. The report highlights the competitive scenario of the global Biochar Fertilizer market to know the competition at the national and global levels. The market experts also presented the broad outlines of each major player in the global Biochar Fertilizer market, taking into account key aspects such as business areas, production and product portfolio. In addition, the companies in the report are studied according to key factors such as company size, market share, market growth, revenues, production volume and profits.

    The major players covered in Biochar Fertilizer Markets:

    Biochar Fertilizer Market Breakdown by Type:

    Biochar Fertilizer Market breakdown by application:

    The Biochar Fertilizer market report has been separated according to separate categories, such as product type, application, end-user, and region. Each segment is evaluated on the basis of CAGR, share, and growth potential. In the regional analysis, the report highlights the prospective region, which is expected to generate opportunities in the global Biochar Fertilizers market in the coming years. This segmental analysis will surely prove to be a useful tool for readers, stakeholders and market participants in order to get a complete picture of the global Biochar Fertilizers market and its growth potential in the coming years.

    Get | Discount On The Purchase Of This Report @ https://www.marketresearchintellect.com/ask-for-discount/?rid=394017

    Biochar Fertilizer Market Report Scope 

    Regional market analysis Biochar Fertilizer can be represented as follows:

    Each regional Biochar Fertilizer sectors is carefully studied to understand its current and future growth scenarios. This helps players to strengthen their position. Use market research to get a better perspective and understanding of the market and target audience and ensure you stay ahead of the competition.

    The base of geography, the world market of Biochar Fertilizer has segmented as follows:


    Key questions answered in the report:


     

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    Verified Market Intelligence is our BI-enabled platform to tell the story of this market. VMI provides in-depth predictive trends and accurate insights into more than 20,000 emerging and niche markets to help you make key revenue impact decisions for a brilliant future.VMI provides a comprehensive overview and global competitive landscape of regions, countries, and segments, as well as key players in your market. Showcase your market reports and findings with built-in presentation capabilities, providing more than 70% of time and resources for investors, sales and marketing, R & D, and product development. VMI supports data delivery in Excel and interactive PDF formats and provides more than 15 key market indicators for your market.

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    The study explores in depth the profiles of the main market players and their main financial aspects. This comprehensive business analyst report is useful for all existing and new entrants as they design their business strategies. This report covers production, revenue, market share and growth rate of the Biochar Fertilizer market for each key company, and covers breakdown data (production, consumption, revenue and market share) by regions, type and applications. Biochar Fertilizer historical breakdown data from 2016 to 2020 and forecast to 2021-2029.

    About Us: Market Research Intellect

    Market Research Intellect provides syndicated and customized research reports to clients from various industries and organizations in addition to the objective of delivering customized and in-depth research studies.We speak to looking logical research solutions, custom consulting, and in-severity data analysis lid a range of industries including Energy, Technology, Manufacturing and Construction, Chemicals and Materials, Food and Beverages. Etc Our research studies assist our clients to make higher data-driven decisions, admit push forecasts, capitalize coarsely with opportunities and optimize efficiency by bustling as their belt in crime to adopt accurate and indispensable mention without compromise.Having serviced on the pinnacle of 5000+ clients, we have provided expertly-behaved assert research facilities to more than 100 Global Fortune 500 companies such as Amazon, Dell, IBM, Shell, Exxon Mobil, General Electric, Siemens, Microsoft, Sony, and Hitachi.

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    Biochar Market Growth – Industrial IT

    4 January, 2022
     

    New Jersey, United States,- The latest report published by Verified Market Reports shows that the Biochar Market is likely to garner a great…

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    Biochar Market Size, Scope, Forecast to 2029 | Key Players – Industrial IT

    4 January, 2022
     

    New Jersey, United States,- The latest report published by Verified Market Reports shows that the Biochar Market is likely to garner a great pace in the coming years. Analysts examined market drivers, confinements, risks and openings in the world market. The Biochar report shows the likely direction of the market in the coming years as well as its estimates. A close study aims to understand the market price. By analyzing the competitive landscape, the report’s authors have made a brilliant effort to help readers understand the key business tactics that large corporations use to keep the market sustainable.

    The report includes company profiling of almost all important players of the Biochar market. The company profiling section offers valuable analysis on strengths and weaknesses, business developments, recent advancements, mergers and acquisitions, expansion plans, global footprint, market presence, and product portfolios of leading market players. This information can be used by players and other market participants to maximize their profitability and streamline their business strategies. Our competitive analysis also includes key information to help new entrants to identify market entry barriers and measure the level of competitiveness in the Biochar market.

    Get Full PDF Sample Copy of Report: (Including Full TOC, List of Tables & Figures, Chart) @ https://www.verifiedmarketreports.com/download-sample/?rid=78284

    Key Players Mentioned in the Biochar Market Research Report:

    Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels 

    Biochar Market Segmentation:  

    By the product type, the market is primarily split into:

    • Wood Source Biochar
    • Corn Stove Source Biochar
    • Rice Stove Source Biochar
    • Wheat Stove Source Biochar
    • Other Stove Source Biochar

    By the application, this report covers the following segments:

    • Soil Conditioner
    • Fertilizer
    • Others

    The global market for Biochar is segmented on the basis of product, type, services, and technology. All of these segments have been studied individually. The detailed investigation allows assessment of the factors influencing the Biochar Market. Experts have analyzed the nature of development, investments in research and development, changing consumption patterns, and growing number of applications. In addition, analysts have also evaluated the changing economics around the Biochar Market that are likely affect its course.

    The regional analysis section of the report allows players to concentrate on high-growth regions and countries that could help them to expand their presence in the Biochar market. Apart from extending their footprint in the Biochar market, the regional analysis helps players to increase their sales while having a better understanding of customer behavior in specific regions and countries. The report provides CAGR, revenue, production, consumption, and other important statistics and figures related to the global as well as regional markets. It shows how different type, application, and regional segments are progressing in the Biochar market in terms of growth.

    Get Discount On The Purchase Of This Report https://www.verifiedmarketreports.com/ask-for-discount/?rid=78284

    Biochar Market Report Scope

    Geographic Segment Covered in the Report:

    The Biochar report provides information about the market area, which is further subdivided into sub-regions and countries/regions. In addition to the market share in each country and sub-region, this chapter of this report also contains information on profit opportunities. This chapter of the report mentions the market share and growth rate of each region, country and sub-region during the estimated period.  

     • North America (USA and Canada)
     • Europe (UK, Germany, France and the rest of Europe)
     • Asia Pacific (China, Japan, India, and the rest of the Asia Pacific region)
     • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and the rest of Latin America)
     • Middle East and Africa (GCC and rest of the Middle East and Africa) 

    Key questions answered in the report: 

    1. Which are the five top players of the Biochar market?

    2. How will the Biochar market change in the next five years?

    3. Which product and application will take a lion’s share of the Biochar market?

    4. What are the drivers and restraints of the Biochar market?

    5. Which regional market will show the highest growth?

    6. What will be the CAGR and size of the Biochar market throughout the forecast period?

    For More Information or Query or Customization Before Buying, Visit @ https://www.verifiedmarketreports.com/product/global-biochar-market-growth-2019-2024/

    Visualize Biochar Market using Verified Market Intelligence:-

    Verified Market Intelligence is our BI-enabled platform for narrative storytelling of this market. VMI offers in-depth forecasted trends and accurate Insights on over 20,000+ emerging & niche markets, helping you make critical revenue-impacting decisions for a brilliant future. 

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    Buy The Andersons BioChar DG Organic Soil Amendment – Haiti

    4 January, 2022
     

    Take upto 15% OFF on your first purchase.

    Copyright © 2022 Ubuy Co. All rights reserved.


    Effect of Biochar and Zeolite on Cadmium Uptake in Green bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum …

    4 January, 2022
     

    Abstract

    Gharahi, N. (2021). Effect of Biochar and Zeolite on Cadmium Uptake in Green bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum) and Leaching in Saline-alkaline Soil. Journal of Water and Soil Resources Conservation, 11(2), 69-78. doi: 10.30495/wsrcj.2021.19214

    Nasrin Gharahi. “Effect of Biochar and Zeolite on Cadmium Uptake in Green bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum) and Leaching in Saline-alkaline Soil”. Journal of Water and Soil Resources Conservation, 11, 2, 2021, 69-78. doi: 10.30495/wsrcj.2021.19214

    Gharahi, N. (2021). ‘Effect of Biochar and Zeolite on Cadmium Uptake in Green bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum) and Leaching in Saline-alkaline Soil’, Journal of Water and Soil Resources Conservation, 11(2), pp. 69-78. doi: 10.30495/wsrcj.2021.19214

    Gharahi, N. Effect of Biochar and Zeolite on Cadmium Uptake in Green bell Pepper (Capsicum Annuum) and Leaching in Saline-alkaline Soil. Journal of Water and Soil Resources Conservation, 2021; 11(2): 69-78. doi: 10.30495/wsrcj.2021.19214

     

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    Forest biochar rocket stove | Farm Hack

    4 January, 2022
     

    Join the conversation! The forum activity is now at GOATeach.org!  We are working to cross pollinate our conversations. Document and share tools at farm hack and talk at GOAT!  Also join GOAT riot and introduce yourself and your projects!

    Click here to have ALL of the Forums’ activity sent to your Email Inbox! or drill down into the forums and subscribe to each one individually.

    FarmHack is a community for those who embrace the long-standing farm traditions of tinkering, inventing, fabricating, tweaking, and improving things that break. We are farmers of all ages, but the project has special relevance to young and beginning farmers as a place to learn from their peers’ and their elders’ successes, mistakes and new ideas. We also seek to bring our non-farmer allies on board: engineers, architects, designers, and the like. Together, with an open-source ethic, we can retool our farms for a sustainable future.

    Want to get in touch with the volunteers who coordinate this website and events? E-mail us at info@farmhack.net.

    All Farm Hack documentation and written materials are open source, both hardware and software.


    PISTACHIO BIOCHAR CERTIFIED ORGANIC – business/commercial – by owner… – Craigslist Hawaii

    4 January, 2022
     

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    Avoid scams, deal locally Beware wiring (e.g. Western Union), cashier checks, money orders, shipping.


    Bayonne joins opposition to proposed human waste processing facility in Kearny – Hudson Reporter

    4 January, 2022
     

    Both the Bayonne City Council and Mayor James Davis have joined the opposition to a self-described renewable energy company’s proposal to build a human waste processing facility in Kearny.

    Aries Clean Technologies is seeking to construct a facility for processing what it calls “biosolids,” commonly known as solid human waste that has been treated. The solid human waste would first be delivered to the facility in watertight trucks from regional wastewater treatment plants.

    The facility would process the solid human waste, also referred to as sludge, by drying it and treating it to prevent odor. The process results in “biosolids,” which Aries then heats to high temperatures to “gasify.” That creates the final product, which it calls “biochar.” The “biochar” would be used in things like fertilizer and concrete manufacturing.

    According to Aries’s plans, the facility would process 470 tons of “biosolids” per day, producing 25 tons of “biochar” daily. Permitting for the project is currently underway, and Aries estimates full operations by the second or third quarter of 2023.

    The plan calls for the facility to be constructed in a heavy industrial area at 75 Jacobus Avenue. The neighborhood is defined by similar industrial uses, but residents say the plans for this facility, in a word, stink.

    Bayonne stands against planned facility

    This has prompted residents and members of the public, including Kearny Mayor Al Santos, to oppose the plans. Santos and the Kearny Town Council passed a resolution against the proposed facility “because of its environmental, health and land use impacts” at its Dec. 7 meeting.

    In the wake of that, the Bayonne City Council passed a resolution at its Dec. 15 meeting opposing the “biosolids” processing facility. Mayor Davis also voiced his opposition to the plans.

    “We support the right of Kearny and every municipality to make judgments about which businesses are appropriate for the environment in their community,” Davis said.

    The plans for the facility are currently on hold pending a public hearing before the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection for necessary permits. The hearing was set for Dec. 13, but the town filed an objection with the NJDEP saying that the company did not give adequate public notice.

    As a result, the town announced on Dec. 9 that the hearing was cancelled. Aries indicated in their cancellation notice that the hearing would be “rescheduled at a later date.”

    ‘Environmentally friendly’ versus ‘greenwashing’

    While there is no date for a new hearing for the proposed facility, residents and officials alike have already organized against it. Critics of the facility have accused Aries of “greenwashing” their process, alleging that they use green terminology as a distraction because the “biosolids” are actually sludge and that the “biochar” is actually toxic ash. The alleged toxic ash is carcinogenic, critics claim, and would produce an overwhelming smell.

    Meanwhile, Aries maintains that the “biochar” is non-hazardous, would not produce an odor, and that the “biochar” is created from “biosolids” not sludge. The sludge would be treated first and then turned into “biosolids” which would be treated further to become “biochar.” And the company chose the location for the proposed facility because it already receives sludge at a local transfer station at the site.

    Arguments from both sides will likely be heard at the public hearing, whenever that may be rescheduled. In the meantime, Aries is constructing a “biosolids” facility in Linden, which it anticipates will be completed before the permitting of the Kearny facility is complete and “will serve as a demonstration of the validity of the Aries technology.”

    For updates on this and other stories, check www.hudsonreporter.com and follow us on Twitter @hudson_reporter. Daniel Israel can be reached at disrael@hudsonreporter.com. 

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    Irrigation and biochar effects on pearl millet and kinetics of ammonia volatilization from …

    4 January, 2022
     

    Little information is available about biochar’s role in kinetics of ammonia (NH3) volatilization and growth of pearl millet (Pennisetum glacum L.) cultivated on a saline sandy soil under different levels of soil moisture. A field experiment was carried out for two years to explore biochar impacts in reducing the hazards of salts and NH3 volatilization from saline sandy soils. Biochar was added in three doses (0, 5 (BC5), and 10 (BC10) ton ha−1) and the soil was irrigated to 100% (I100), 80% (I80), and 60% (I60) of plant-available soil water. The experiment was factorial (3 × 3) and was laid out in a split plot design. results: Biochar enhanced the soil quality, availability and concentrations of nutrients in plant, and chlorophyll synthesis, on the other hand it reduced Na, Cl, and proline in the leaf tissue. Increasing the soil moisture from I60 to I100 elevated nutrients availability in soil and concentrations of nutrients in plant and caused remarkable increases in the quality of forage material. I100 enhanced the forage yield by 21.2 and 36.6%, respectively, in the first and second year compared with I60. BC5 and BC10 enhanced the forage yield by 18.4 and 31.8% and caused 19.1 and 34.7% increases in the water use efficiency (overall the irrigation treatments). Increasing the soil moisture and the application of biochar reduced NH3-volatilization. Biochar and soil moisture status affected significantly on the kinetics of NH3 loss and the half-life time. I100 increased the half-life time by 78.7% in comparison with I60. Addition of BC5 and BC10 to the soil elevated the half-life time by 13.5 and 35.8% compared to the control. BC10 and I100 reduced the NH3 volatilization and enhanced the forage yield of pearl millet. Controlling soil moisture and adding biochar are important strategies to minimize the negative impacts of salinity and reduce the emission of NH3 in addition to improving the performance of saline sandy soils.

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    The authors are grateful to Taif University Researchers Supporting Project number [TURS-2020/65], Taif University, Saudi Arabia for the financial support given this research. The authors extend their sincere appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for supporting this research study through College of Food & Agricultural Sciences and Research Center. The authors are grateful to Senior Foreign Expert Project of China (Grant number G2021034008L).

    Correspondence to Mosaed A. Majrashi.

    There were no conflicts of interest from the authors.

    Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

    Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

    Received: 13 July 2021

    Accepted: 23 December 2021

    Published: 04 January 2022

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-021-00753-0

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    Ostomi/Stoma Bakım ve Aksesuarları Pazarı Trend Teknolojiler, Kalkınma Planları … – Haber Radikal

    4 January, 2022
     

    Global Ostomy/Stoma Care and Accessories Market Size Size research report 2021 offers in-depth assessment of revenue growth, market definition, segmentation, industry potential, influential trends for understanding the future outlook and current prospects for the market.

    This study provides information about the sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of (2021 to 2028). Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid market growth. Estimations about the CAGR value for specific forecast period, market drivers, market restraints, and competitive strategies are assessed in this Ostomy/Stoma Care and Accessories Market report.

    The global ostomy/stoma care and accessories market size stood at USD 2.81 b2018 and is projected to reach USD 4.23 Billion by 2026, exhibiting at a CAGR of 5.2% in the forecast period

    Get a Sample Copy of the Report at – www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/enquiry/request-sample-pdf/102425

    Important Features that are under Offering and Key Highlights of the Market Report:

    Key players covered in the global Ostomy/Stoma Care and Accessories Market research report:

    For More Detailed Information, Speak to Our Analyst at – www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/enquiry/speak-to-analyst/102425

    An Overview of the Impact of COVID-19 on this Market:

    The emergence of COVID-19 has brought the world to a standstill. We understand that this health crisis has brought an unprecedented impact on businesses across industries. However, this too shall pass. Rising support from governments and several companies can help in the fight against this highly contagious disease. There are some industries that are struggling and some are thriving. Overall, almost every sector is anticipated to be impacted by the pandemic.

    We are making continuous efforts to help your business sustain and grow during COVID-19 pandemics. Based on our experience and expertise, we will offer you an impact analysis of coronavirus outbreak across industries to help you prepare for the future.

    Major Table of Contents for Ostomy/Stoma Care and Accessories Market Research Report:

    Tam Raporu  –  www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/checkout-page/102425 adresinden satın alın

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    Effects of hydroxyapatite and modified biochar derived from Camellia oleifera fruit shell on …

    4 January, 2022
     

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    The feasibility and mechanism of redox-active biochar for promoting anammox performance …

    4 January, 2022
     

    Redox-active biochar has been regarded as an effective additive to promote heterotrophic denitrification, yet little is known about the feasibility of adding biochar for promoting anammox performance. In this study, we investigated the effects of different biochar doses (3–14 g/L; 1.5–7.1 g/g VSS) on anammox performance. Results showed that, in a short term (40 days), biochar could enhance anammox nitrogen removal rate (NRR) and nitrogen removal efficiency (NRE) by 0–18.0% and 0.2%–11.6%, respectively; this enhancement effect increased at 3–10 g biochar/L assays and reached a plateau at 10–14 g biochar/L assays. The optimal biochar dosage was identified to be 10 g/L (5.1 g/g VSS), with the NRR and NRE being 5.6%–18.0% and 4.0%–11.6% higher than those of the control, respectively. The highest specific anammox activity was simultaneously obtained at 10 g biochar/L assay, being 51% higher than that of the control. It revealed that biochar promoted the secretion of extracellular polymeric substances (increased by 30%–40% compared with that of the control) and increased the ratio of extracellular proteins to polysaccharides as well, directly enhancing the extracellular electron transfer capacity (ETC) of anammox biomass. The increased ETC of anammox biomass would further accelerate the metabolic activities of anammox bacteria, and promote the relative abundance of anammox bacteria, i.e., Ca. Brocadia was enriched by 5.8–12.6 folds than that of the control. These results demonstrate that biochar is feasible to enhance anammox activity and nitrogen removal performance, facilitating to a fast startup and enhanced nitrogen removal of anammox system.

    氧化还原活性生物炭被认为是促进异养反硝化的有效添加剂,但关于添加生物炭促进厌氧氨氧化性能的可行性知之甚少。在本研究中,我们研究了不同生物炭剂量(3–14 g/L;1.5–7.1 g/g VSS)对厌氧氨氧化性能的影响。结果表明,在短期内(40天),生物炭可分别提高厌氧氨氧化氮去除率(NRR)和脱氮效率(NRE)0-18.0%和0.2%-11.6%;这种增强效果在 3-10 g biochar/L 测定时增加,并在 10-14 g biochar/L 测定时达到稳定状态。最佳生物炭用量被确定为 10 g/L (5.1 g/g VSS),NRR 和 NRE 分别比对照高 5.6%–18.0% 和 4.0%–11.6%。在 10 g biochar/L 测定中同时获得最高的厌氧氨氧化比活性,比对照高 51%。结果表明,生物炭促进细胞外聚合物的分泌(比对照增加30%~40%),并增加细胞外蛋白质与多糖的比例,直接提高厌氧氨氧化酶的细胞外电子转移能力(ETC)。生物质。厌氧氨氧化生物量ETC的增加将进一步加速厌氧氨氧化菌的代谢活动,促进厌氧氨氧化菌的相对丰度,结果表明,生物炭促进细胞外聚合物的分泌(比对照增加30%~40%),并增加细胞外蛋白质与多糖的比例,直接提高厌氧氨氧化酶的细胞外电子转移能力(ETC)。生物质。厌氧氨氧化生物量ETC的增加将进一步加速厌氧氨氧化菌的代谢活动,促进厌氧氨氧化菌的相对丰度,结果表明,生物炭促进细胞外聚合物的分泌(比对照增加30%~40%),并增加细胞外蛋白质与多糖的比例,直接提高厌氧氨氧化酶的细胞外电子转移能力(ETC)。生物质。厌氧氨氧化生物量ETC的增加将进一步加速厌氧氨氧化菌的代谢活动,促进厌氧氨氧化菌的相对丰度,Ca。Brocadia 的含量比对照高 5.8-12.6 倍。这些结果表明生物炭在提高厌氧氨氧化活性和脱氮性能方面是可行的,有利于厌氧氨氧化系统的快速启动和增强脱氮。


    Biochar Industry

    4 January, 2022
     

    ReportsGlobe announces the launch of the Biochar Market Research Report. It is predictable that the market will grow at a…

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    Updated Research Report on Global Biochar Market, 2022-2028 Trends and Forecasts …

    4 January, 2022
     

    ReportsGlobe announces the launch of the Biochar Market Research Report. It is predictable that the market will grow at a lasting pace in the coming years. The Biochar Market 2022 research report presents an analysis of market size, share and growth, trends, cost structure and comprehensive and statistical data in the global market.

    Get FREE Sample copy of this Report with Graphs and Charts at: https://reportsglobe.com/download-sample/?rid=80512

    Biochar Market Segmentation:

    Biochar Market, By Application (2016-2028)

    Biochar Market, By Technology (2016-2028)

     

     

    Biochar Market, By Region (2016-2028)

    Major Players Operating in the Biochar Market:

    The Biochar market is divided by type and by application for the period 2022-2028, the growth between the segments provides correct tricks and forecasts for sales by type and application in terms of volume and value. This analysis can help you grow your business by targeting qualified niche markets.

    The analysis of the Biochar regional market can be represented as follows:

    All regional segmentation has been studied based on recent and future trends and the market is forecast throughout the prediction period. The countries covered by the regional analysis of the Global Biochar Market Report are

    Get up to 50% discount on this report at: https://reportsglobe.com/ask-for-discount/?rid=80512

    Goals and objectives of the Biochar Market Study

    The study carefully examines the profiles of the most important market players and their main financial aspects. This comprehensive business analysis report is useful for all new and existing participants when designing their business strategies. This report covers production, revenue, market shares and growth rate of the Biochar market for each key company and covers broken down data (production, consumption, revenue and market shares) by regions, type and applications. Biochar Historical distribution data for 2016-2021 and forecast for 2022-2028.

    Ask your queries regarding customization at: https://reportsglobe.com/need-customization/?rid=80512 

    Some Major Points from Table of Contents: 

    1 Report Overview

    2 Market Trends and Competitive Landscape

    3 Segmentation of Biochar Market by Types

    4 Segmentation of Biochar Market by End-Users

    5 Market Analysis by Major Regions

    6 Product Commodity of Biochar Market in Major Countries

    7 North America Biochar Landscape Analysis

    8 Europe Biochar Landscape Analysis

    9 Asia Pacific Biochar Landscape Analysis

    10 Latin America, Middle East & Africa Biochar Landscape Analysis

    11 Major Players Profile 

    How Reports Globe is different than other Market Research Providers: 

    The inception of Reports Globe has been backed by providing clients with a holistic view of market conditions and future possibilities/opportunities to reap maximum profits out of their businesses and assist in decision making. Our team of in-house analysts and consultants works tirelessly to understand your needs and suggest the best possible solutions to fulfill your research requirements.

    Our team at Reports Globe follows a rigorous process of data validation, which allows us to publish reports from publishers with minimum or no deviations. Reports Globe collects, segregates, and publishes more than 500 reports annually that cater to products and services across numerous domains. 

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    Research Fellow in Biochar Systems Modelling – Leeds – Indeed.com

    4 January, 2022
     

    Would you like to contribute to a £30m national research programme exploring innovative methods of large-scale greenhouse gas removal from the atmosphere? Do you have experience of developing whole systems models of energy, engineering and environmental systems? Are you interested in understanding how biochar can contribute to avoiding dangerous climate change?

    You will play a leading role in modelling the lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions reduction potential of a variety of approaches to biochar, as well as evaluating their techno-economic benefits. The position will make you a key researcher within a £4.5m multi-disciplinary and multi-university consortium investigating how the greenhouse gas reduction benefits of biochar can be realised within the UK, and more widely. Your work will contribute to a strategically important £30m UKRI research programme that sets out to identify sustainable routes for large-scale removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, allowing the UK to take a major step towards achieving net zero emissions.

    You will focus on developing engineering whole systems models of biochar processing routes, aiming to identify those options that maximise net greenhouse gas reductions while also minimising costs. Research will mainly draw on your background in engineering, thermodynamics and/or applied physics to predict how both costs and emissions are related to key biochar processing parameters. You should also be keen improve your understanding of the biological and agricultural aspects of biochar by interacting with consortium colleagues working in these areas to generate data for your model. You should be comfortable with developing user-friendly modelling tools in Matlab or Python and be willing to support consortium colleagues in making use of your tools.

    Further information about the UKRI Greenhouse Gas Reduction Programme can be found at: https://www.ukri.org/news/uk-invests-over-30m-in-large-scale-greenhouse-gas-removal/

    Additional details about the “Biochar Demonstrator Addressing Key Deployment Barriers for Carbon Sequestration” consortium are available on the UKRI website:

    https://gtr.ukri.org/projects?ref=BB%2FV011596%2F1

    To explore the post further or for any queries you may have, please contact:

    Tim Cockerill, Professor of Efficient Energy Utilisation

    Tel: +44 (0)113 343 7678

    Email: T.Cockerill@leeds.ac.uk

    Please note: If you are not a British or Irish citizen, from 1 January 2021 you will require permission to work in the UK. This will normally be in the form of a visa but, if you are an EEA/Swiss citizen and resident in the UK before 31 December 2020, this may be your passport or status under the EU Settlement Scheme.


    Biochar-based fertilizer can enhance nutrient availability in young cocoa plants – SSRN Papers

    4 January, 2022
     

    affiliation not provided to SSRN

    affiliation not provided to SSRN

    affiliation not provided to SSRN

    affiliation not provided to SSRN

    affiliation not provided to SSRN

    affiliation not provided to SSRN

    Agriculture strongly depends on natural resources and is inherently vulnerable to climate change. Concurrently, it contributes to climate change by emitting greenhouse gases. The application of biochar-based fertilisers (BBF) in a tropical agronomy has the potential of mobilising native soil-nutrients and enhancing nutrient uptake from mineral fertilisers in conjunction with carbon sequestration.   Here, we performed pot-trials with T. cacao seedlings planted in an Oxisol with critically low phosphorus (P) levels (slightly acidic, high aluminium). Four different BBFs were applied at a 2t biochar ha ̄¹ and deployed at different placement levels (i.e., topsoil-, subsoil- and hotspot-application). The topsoil application of mineral fertiliser (representing farmer’s practice), served as the reference point for comparisons. The subsoil application of biochar, charged with mineral fertiliser increased the aboveground biomass, total leaf area and chlorophyll content index by 56 %, 222 %, and 140 % respectively. Also, foliar P levels were significantly higher (+ 53 %) compared to farmer practice. The N:P ratio of the foliar tissue was optimised indicating the potential of BBF to alleviate P availability constrains as the systems limiting factor.Thus, biochar applied at low dosages, but upgraded to BBF can considerably improve plant nutrition. Small scale technology to produce biochar can be easily adopted and integrated in T. cacao systems. We suggest that BBF application to tropical perennial systems can contribute to achieving a range of sustainable development goals (SDGs), including more farmer income, higher yields, and carbon sequestration while reducing the fossil-fuel dependency on industrial fertiliser production.

    Keywords: Climate change mitigation and adaptation, Agroforestry, Nutrient availability, Phosphorus limitations, tropical carbon farming

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    Deep 6 Biochar | Findsun.net

    4 January, 2022
     

    Only a couple weeks left to help support the #biocharlocal movement. Don’t pass up the chance to bring biochar to your community! nhttps://www.indiegogo.com/projects/biochar-local-the-movement#/

    Learn more about Deep 6 Biochar at the #cents16 conference today in #columbusohio. You can find us at the Ohio Hills Biochar booth!

    #biocharlocal #biochar #sustainablefarming

    We believe 2016 will be a year of real, substantial change, particularly for the climate change and sustainable farming communities.nnHelp us contribute to a better, healthier planet in 2016 by supporting our cause on IndieGogo and bring Biochar Local to your community!nnhttps://www.indiegogo.com/projects/biochar-local-the-movement#/

    Support us on IndieGoGo today! nhttp://igg.me/at/BiocharLocal/x/12926146

    http://www.cnbc.com/2015/12/10/how-were-helping-farmers-on-climate-change-prince-albert-commentary.html


    Evaluating Slow Pyrolysis of Parthenium hysterophorus Biochar: Perspectives to Acidic Soil …

    4 January, 2022
     

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    Meseret Muche, Eyayu Molla, Sultan Mohammed, Esubalew Sintie, Ahmed Hassen, "Evaluating Slow Pyrolysis of Parthenium hysterophorus Biochar: Perspectives to Acidic Soil Amelioration and Growth of Selected Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Varieties", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2022, Article ID 8181742, 13 pages, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/8181742

    1Department of Biology, Woldia University, P.O. Box 400, Woldia, Ethiopia

    2Department of Natural Resource Management, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

    Application of biochar on acidic soils may improve soil fertility and crop productivity. This study aimed to explore the relevance of parthenium biochar-induced changes in the physicochemical properties and agronomic performance of the selected wheat varieties in acidic soils. A pot trial was used in determining the effect of slow pyrolysis parthenium biochar on acidic soils and the agronomic performance of wheat varieties. A general linear model (GLM) of multivariate analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) was used to compare functional variation among soil assayed parameters with biochar dosages and years. Biochar-treated acidic soils did not show significant differences in their physical properties. However, a significant incremental trend was observed in the soil moisture content. The biochar-amended acidic soils showed noticeable differences in the soil pH, available phosphorous, and exchangeable bases (Ca, K, and Na) compared to the control. In all soil samples, a decreasing trend in the soil micronutrients was observed with an increase in the biochar amounts. The analysis also unveiled significant changes in root length, root and shoot dry biomass, and plant height of wheat varieties in response to the biochar amendments. The application of 19.5 t/ha and 23 t/ha dosages of biochar gave the maximum changes in the agronomic performance of Kekeba and Ogolcha varieties, while the minimum was obtained in the 26.5 t/ha and the control. Furthermore, PCA axis 1 accounted for 74.34% of the total variance within a higher eigenvector value (10.4076), and most of the soil parameters were positively correlated with CEC (0.29), available phosphorous (0.29), and soil pH (0.28); however, the micronutrients were negatively correlated. In conclusion, Parthenium hysterophorus biochar has the potential to amend acidic soils, and thus, the application of 16.0, 19.5, and 23 t·ha−1 biochar dosages are considered suitable to reduce the soil acidity level and improve the agronomic performance of wheat varieties. However, extensive research will be needed to determine the effects of biochar on soil properties and crop production in field conditions.

    In Ethiopia, low soil fertility is one of the factors limiting the yield of many crops. This is caused by the removal of surface soil by erosion, crop removal of nutrients from the soil, total removal of plant residue from farmland, and lack of proper crop rotation practices [1, 2]. On the other hand, invasive herbaceous weedy species such as Parthenium hysterophorus are increasing in different regions of Ethiopia [3]. P. hysterophorus (Asteraceae) is an aggressive alien weed species native to the Americas, and at present, it is extensively spread in Asia, Australia, and Africa [4] and Ethiopia [3]. It grows along roadsides and in fallow and cultivated lands, riverbanks, disturbed areas, and floodplains. It competes with and replaces native species and is also a significant crop weed [35]. It is the most noxious weed in the agricultural system due to prolific seed production, allelopathic effect, and competitiveness [5]. Various studies have been conducted on the toxic effect of the P. hysterophorus on a wide range of crops. For instance, studies showed that extracts of the weed at lower concentrations (2.5–4%) significantly diminished seed germination, seedling biomass, and chlorophyll content of wheat by 60–75% [6, 7] and grain yields of sorghum and maize by 40–97% and 30–60%, respectively [5]. However, different studies proposed that parthenium biochar can be used as green manure, compost, biocontrol, and soil amelioration that improve the soil physical, chemical, and biological properties and is a source of readily available plant micro- and macronutrients [810]. Hence, amendment of soil acidity through pyrolysis carbon extracted biochar from this aggressive weed (P. hysterophorus) is momentous. Biochar (BC) is a fine-grained carbon-rich product obtained when the biomass is heating in an oxygen-depleted atmosphere [11, 12]. It contains porous carbonaceous and an array of functional groups [13]. Recently, the potential of biochar use to recapture excess soil nutrients, crops, and remove contaminants has received growing attention [1417]. The feedstock sources and pyrolytic temperatures are the principal factors for the nutrient provisions. And thence, the herbaceous feedstock may pyrolyze above 400°C and woody raw materials even above 800°C [18]. The addition of biochar to acidic soils changes soil pH from 3.9 to 5.1 [19], boost electrical conductivity [20], boost cation exchange capacity from 7.41 to 10.8 cmol+/kg [21], and increase the percent base saturation from 6.4 to 26% and modifies soil acidity [22]. Therefore, the present study was initiated to assess the potential effect of P. hysterophorus biochar on the amelioration of acidic soils and the agronomic performance of selected wheat (Triticum aestivum) crop varieties.

    The study was conducted at the research site of Woldia University, Northeastern Ethiopia, from June 2018 to November 2020. Geographically, the site lies between 11°35′ and 12°00′ N latitude and 39°14′ and 39°48′ E longitude and 2,740 meters above sea level (masl). The mean annual rainfall recorded during the study period was 1,050 mm, and the average annual minimum and maximum temperatures were 18 and 28.7°C, respectively [23]. The district was a representative of wet highland and characterized by erosion-prone, susceptible to acidity, low potential, and oxen plow cereal belt area. The main crop types grown in the district are oats (Avena sativa L.), line seed (Linum usitatissimum L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), and wheat (T. aestivum). The area was selected for the study because soil acidity and invasion of parthenium weed in the area are important issues that require urgent attention.

    Fresh P. hysterophorus weed was collected in the vicinity of the study site before flowering to prevent seed dispersal. The entire plant material (biomass) was washed with distilled water to remove impurities and allowed to air-dry. The dried weed was cut down into smaller pieces (10–15 cm) and treated with an active chemical (7% H2SO4/1 kg) to lower the temperature of carbonization [24]. A kilogram of chemically treated dried sample was tightly placed in a closed perforated austenitic stainless steel covered with a fitting lid and inserted into the muffle furnace and then charred at 350°C (slow pyrolysis temperature) for 30 minutes in an oxygen-free medium [25]. The biochar produced was transferred from the muffle furnace into the pot (height of 40.0 cm and 27.0 cm width) and washed thoroughly with distilled water to remove the component of chemically active acid. At the end, the recommended dosages of fine-grained biochar was characterized (Table 1; Supplementary 1), measured [26], and denoted based on the dose of parthenium biochar (PB) as PB0% (0 t/ha), PB5.33% (12.5 t/ha), PB8.0% (16.0 t/ha), PB10.67% (19.5 t/ha), PB13.3% (23 t/ha), and PB16% (26.5 t/ha). The pyrolyzed biochar was later grounded and sieved with a 0.05 mm sieve and made ready for application.

    In this study, a pot experimental design that involves a complete randomized design (CRD) with three replications of three (wheat varieties) × six (biochar rates) factorial combinations was used. Before the experiment, the pH of the soil samples (ranging from 5.2 to 5.6) was randomly collected at 0–25 cm depth from 15 pits of acidic farmlands. The soil samples were bulked together to serve as composite soil samples. Then a 12 kg of dry acidic soil was mixed with different dosages of biochar filled in each 40 cm height and 27.0 widths experimental pot. The P. hysterophorus biochar dosages were 0, 12.5, 16.0, 19.5, 23, and 26.5 t/ha, which accounted for the dry weights of the potting soil (Supplementary 2). The pots were left for two months with three days interval of 2000 mL watering for decomposition and merely mixed the biochar into the acidic soil [26, 27]. After preparing the pots filled with equal amounts of soil, different amount of biochar was added as per treatments in a complete randomized design with three replications. Three wheat varieties (Kekeba, Ogolcha, and Kingbird) obtained from Ethiopia Agricultural Research Institute were used as test crops. Before sowing, the seeds were first washed with distilled water and sterilized with 2% sodium hypochlorite for 2 minutes. Accordingly, pots were filled with equal amounts of soil and different dosages of biochar and arranged into blocks, and one of the treatments was used as a control (Supplementary 2). Afterward, 15 viable seeds were selected and evenly sowed into each pot, and each germinating pot was regularly supplied with 2,000 mL of water once a day in the morning. Cultural practices such as weeding, hoeing, disease, and pest control were applied uniformly for all treatments to produce healthy and pure seedlings. Weeds were managed by hand weeding after weed emergence. Finally, the wheat varieties were separately harvested.

    Soil samples were collected before and after treatments (Table 1) in the farmlands and analyzed following the standard laboratory protocols. Soil particle size was analyzed following the hydrometer or Bouyoucos method [28]. Soil moisture content was determined by the percentage weight loss of the soil sample after being dried at 105°C divided by the dry soil weight [29]. The soil pH was measured in water (pH (H2O)) and potassium chloride (1 M KCl) [28]. Soil organic carbon content was analyzed by wet combustion or dichromate oxidation methods [30]. The soil available phosphorous content was determined by the 0.5 M sodium bicarbonate extraction solution/pH 8.5/method of Olsen as described by [20]. Exchangeable basic cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, and Na+) were analyzed by saturating the soil samples with 1 N NH4OAc solution at pH 7. Then Ca2+ and Mg2+ were determined from the extract using atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), while exchangeable K+ and Na+ were determined using a flame photometer from the same extracted [31]. Cation exchange capacity (CEC) was estimated titrimetrically by distillation of ammonium displaced by sodium from NaCl solution [32]. Furthermore, the available micronutrients (Cu, Mn, Zn, and Fe) were measured after extraction with 1 M NH4OAc as described by [31].

    The following phonological crop data were collected in each wheat variety as recommended by [33]. The assay parameters were plant height (PH), head length (HL), spike number (SN), seed number per plant (SNPP), root length (RL), shoot dry biomass (SDB), and root dry biomass (RDB). Plant height (PH; cm) was recorded from randomly selected ten wheat plants and measured from the soil surface to the top-most growth point of plants at the time of physiological maturity, and the mean value was used for analysis. Head length (HL; cm) was recorded from randomly selected ten wheat plants from the uppermost part of the peduncle to the tip of grain-bearing parts at maturity, and the mean value was taken for analysis. Spikes number (SN) was counted from ten randomly taken wheat plants at physiological maturity in length, and then average value was recorded. Seed number per plant (SNPP) was measured by counting the number of grains per spike in each experimental pot at harvesting time. Root length (RL; cm) was measured lengthwise from the crown (underneath the ground where the secondary roots emerge) to the tip of the primary root at harvesting time after properly uprooted from the experimental pot. Shoot dry biomass (SDB; gram) was measured from ten randomly selected wheat plants from the net pot area at the time of harvesting, and then the samples were air-dried for 72 hours, after which weight was taken. Root dry biomass (RDB; gram) was also recorded by taking the average below-ground biomass of ten randomly selected wheat plants after the samples were air drying out for 72 hours.

    The data were subjected to multivariate analysis (two- and three-way ANOVA) using the general linear model (GLM) procedures of SAS v.9.1.3 to compare the soil physicochemical properties and growth of the varieties influenced by parthenium weed biochar across the soil sample years. Mean comparisons were employed using least significant difference (LSD) at 5% levels. The principal component analysis (PCA) was used for determining the functional variation of the soil assayed parameters after the data log-transformed using PAST version 3.0 statistical analysis software.

    The biochar made from the P. hysterophorus weed improves the soil quality and increases the growth of the selected wheat varieties. Thus, parthenium biochar is characterized by higher pH, C content, exchangeable bases, and available phosphorus content (Table 1), which amends acidity in the soil system.

    Soil particle distribution did not show a significant difference between the soils sampled in different years (Table 2). Similarly, there was no significant difference between the interaction effect of sand (F (5, 35) = 2.3; ; R2 = 0.84), clay (F (5, 35) = 1.7; ; R2 = 0.72), and silt particles contents (F (5, 35) = 2.1; ; R2 = 0.52; Table 2). Conversely, there was an increase in the clay and silt contents. However, a significant reduction in the sand fraction was observed with an increase in the dose of mixed biochar (Tables 2 and 3). The post hoc test in Table 3 revealed a higher overall mean of the sand fraction (61.3 ± 1.0) was recorded in the control (0 t/ha), and however, the clay (23.0 ± 0.7) and silt (20.5 ± 0.00) contents were observed in 16.0 t/ha and 26.5 t/ha biochar rates, respectively. The soil moisture content (SMC) showed a consistent and significant change among the soils treated with different dosages of P. hysterophorus biochar and soil sample years . However, the interaction effect (F (5, 35) = 1.98; ; R2 = 0.95) between the soil sample years and biochar application was insignificant (Table 2). Irrespective of the interaction effect, the soil water content was increasingly higher as biochar amounts increased to result in a slight increase in the overall mean soil moisture content (21.6 ± 0.5) in the soil with a 26.5 t/ha (16%) P. hysterophorus biochar dose compared to the control (15.5 ± 0.5; Table 3).

    Soil pH showed a statistically significant difference between the biochar dosages across the soil sample years (Table 4). Regardless of the interaction effects, there was an increasing trend in the soil pH values with the pyrolysis weed (Table 5). The highest soil pH (H2O: 7.8 ± 0.5 and KCl: 7.1 ± 0.5) was recorded in the soil treated with 26.5 t/ha biochar, while the lowest was observed in the control (Table 5). In addition, a significant increase in EC content occurred as biochar concentration increased within the soil sample years (F (5, 35) = 10.07; ; R2 = 0.97; Table 5). Application of a 26.5 t/ha of biochar increased the soil EC by 14.88 and 12.33% as compared to the control in the first and second soil sample years, respectively. Similarly, biochar-treated acidic soils across the soil sample years showed significant changes in exchangeable bases (Ca, K, and Na) and CEC (Table 4). In addition, there was a significant interaction effect between exchangeable Ca++ (F (5, 35) = 5.8; ; R2 = 0.90), Na+ (F (5, 35) = 5.4; ; R2 = 0.81), and CEC (F (5, 35) = 31.4; ; R2 = 0.92; Table 4). The higher overall average values of the exchangeable bases and CEC found in the P. hysterophorus biochar ranged between 23 and 26.5 t/ha (Table 5). On the contrary, the exchangeable Mg2+ content was not influenced by the biochar dosages and with the interaction effect (Table 4). Despite the interaction effect, a maximum (7.3 ± 2.0 cmol+/kg) value was recorded in the soil treated with 16 t/ha of biochar and the minimum in control (Table 5). The contents of available phosphorous and soil organic carbon also showed a considerable increase with the increase in biochar amounts and soil sample years (Table 4). As a result, the highest Av. P (73.2 ± 9.2 ppm) and SOC (2.2 ± 0.5%) contents found in the soils treated with 26.5 t/ha biochar that raised the Av. P content up to 5.75% and SOC by 3.6% compared to the control (Table 5).

    The multivariate analysis also revealed a significant difference in the contents of soil micronutrients between biochar-treated soils, but not in the interaction effect of the soil sample years and the amounts (Table 6). Irrespective of the significant difference in the interaction effect, there was a consistent decrease in the amounts of micronutrients with increasing parthenium biochar dosages from 12.5 t/ha to 23 t/ha (Figure 1). However, the highest average values of Fe (6.0 ± 0.6), Cu (0.96 ± 0.5), Mn (3.2 ± 0.3), and Zn (1.3 ± 0.2) registered in soils amended with no biochar (Figure 1).

    The amendment potential of different dosages of biochar on the chemical properties of acidic soils in the two years’ time was evaluated using multivariate analysis. PCA axis 1 accounted for 74.34% variance and total eigenvalue equivalence to 10.407 and positively correlated with the soil EC (0.294), CEC (0.291), and available phosphorus (0.289) and negatively loading with the micronutrients including Mn (−0.27) and Zn (−0.25) (Table 7; Figure 2). The PCA biplot revealed the soil sampling years (first and second) and biochar dosages. Thus soil sample year two has a high degree of association with the biochar dosages, apart from the control treatments that had no significant changes across soil sampling years owning to no parthenium biochar (Figure 2). In contrast, the soil sample year one and biochar dosages did not show a higher association. However, the availability of those parthenium biochar-induced nutrients enhanced along with years within decreasing trends of the micronutrients.

    The multivariate analysis revealed that plant height (PH) and head length (HL) of wheat varieties were significantly (; ) affected by the application of different biochar during the first and second years growth period (Table 8). There were significant differences in seed number per plant (SNPP) and spikelet numbers (SN) among the wheat varieties between biochar amendments across both years (Table 8). Despite the influences in the biochar rates, there was no interaction effect among the treatment factors. The analysis further indicated that Ogolcha (AGO) wheat variety showed the highest performance in PH (62.67 ± 4.6 cm), HL (6.5 ± 0.4 cm), SNPP (28.33 ± 1.3), and SN (29.0 ± 2.9) in between 12.5 and 19.5 t/ha biochar dosages followed by the Kekeba (KEK) wheat variety (Figure 3). However, the Kingbird (KIN) variety had comparatively lower growth performance due to parthenium biochar additions in two growing years (Figure 3).

    Root length, root dry biomass, and shoot dry biomass of wheat varieties also showed significant changes between biochar dosages and wheat growing periods. Correspondingly, there was a considerable interaction effect between the concentration of biochar and wheat varieties in root length and root dry biomass) and shoot dry biomass (Table 8). However, the combined factors (biochar rates, wheat varieties, and cropping years) have no significant interaction effect on the agronomic parameters (Table 8). Wheat varieties KEK and AGO were comparatively higher overall average values in terms of SDB (12.0; 11.47), RDB (5.03; 5.0), and RL (35.5; 43.75), respectively, compared to the KIN wheat variety across the two cropping years (Figure 4).

    The results of the study showed that an increase in the applied biochar dosage increased the clay content and decreased the sand fraction. Van-Zwieten et al. [22] demonstrated that biochar applied in the soil mixture could significantly influence soil texture and increase the clay fractions. However, there was no considerable difference across years and with the combined effect of the variables, which could be associated with the nature of parent material that cannot modify in two years. The notable difference in SMC of acidic soils was the result of biochar application that enhances the formation of large surface area and increases soil porosity, which increases the water holding capacity. This finding agreed with the work of Uzoma et al. [34], who stated that the amendment of soil by cow manure biochar lifts up SMC by 15%. Similarly, Asai et al. [35] and Jones et al. [36] reported the significant effect of biochar to increase the water holding capacity of degraded soils.

    Biochar is known to decrease soil acidity and, in turn, enhance plant growth by increasing soil fertility [37]. Thus, in all treatments, application of P. hysterophorus biochar increased the soil pH by shifting from acidic (5.4) to neutral (6.7) and slightly alkaline (7.8) conditions (Table 5), which is an ideal soil pH environment for crop growth. The effect was due to the biochar having higher pH content (Table 1) and, in turn, a liming function capable of neutralizing acid-forming cations in the soil exchange sites [38] and the dissolution of alkaline carbonates and hydroxides minerals present mainly in the ash fraction of the biochar [12]. Previous studies on the rice husk biochar increased the acidic tea garden from soil pH 3.33 to 3.63 [39]; the chicken manure biochar indicated a considerable change in the soil pH from 3.9 to 5.1 [40], and when 39 t·ha−1, herbaceous feedstock applied in the soil alter the pH from 7.1 to 8.1 [17]. Due to the chemical composition of the char (Table 1), the soil EC has augmented within the biochar rates. However, irrespective of the EC values, the effect of salinity was found negligible in all soil types (Table 5, [41]). Mensah and Frimpong [42] indicated that the soil EC was increased by 10.8% in the 2.5 t/ha of tannery wastes biochar treatment. Despite these enhancing results, there is a study that reports the opposite for long-term field trials. Jones et al. [36] showed that three years of biochar addition to the soil system significantly reduced the soil EC from 46 to 43 μs·cm−1 in a UK field trial. P. hysterophorus biochar-treated soils found in the ranges of between medium to a very high content of the exchangeable base and CEC [41]. These higher contents are ascribed to the potential effect of the pyrolysis carbon to release base-forming cations, which offset the incidence of soil acidity. Similar findings were reported by Agegnehu et al. [17], Agegnehu et al. [27], and Mensah and Frimpong [42] who found a highly variable charge in organic material that increases the exchangeable bases after the addition of biochar. Similar findings of an increase in soil CEC (from 7.41 to 10.8 cmol+/kg) and PBS (6.4 to 26%) in the biochar-treated soils were also reported by Bhattarai et al. [43]. Also, an increasing trend in Mg content compared to the control treatment, but with no considerable difference was observed in this study. And this might be related to the lower production temperature and the feedstock nature. In the same ways, no significant difference in the concentration of Mg content was due to the application of red oak biochar (500°C; 2%) reported by Mensah and Frimpong [42]. On the other hand, the addition of P. hysterophorus biochar (12.5–26.5 t/ha) to acidic soil improved Av. P and SOC contents by 5.5 and 2.9%, respectively, compared to the control (Table 5). This trend of an increase in Av. P and SOC contents are associated with the effects of biochar application. The result agreed with the findings of Jones et al. [36], who reported the effect of biochar in the improvement of total organic carbon from 2.27 to 2.78% and Av. P from 15.7 to 15.8 mg·kg−1. This was due to the biochar effect that increased the soil pH (Table 1) and surface area of soil colloids, which in turn increased the nutrient holding capacity of the soil. In similar studies, Agegnehu et al. [17] and Mensah and Frimpong [42] also found higher soil Av. P in biochar-amended soil due to an increase in soil pH.

    The availability of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, and Zn is generally higher at lower pH or acidic soil [44]. However, in this study, the addition of parthenium biochar in acidic soils reduced the bioavailability of micronutrients (Fe, Mn, Cu, and Zn) because the application of biochar in acidic soil can adsorb and immobilize heavy metals [11, 15]. Also, as P. hysterophorus biochar dosages increase, rates of micronutrients significantly decrease in the soil system. As a result, the proportion of heavy metals in biochar-treated soils was found in the range of low to medium compared with control as per the ratings of FAO [41]. In a pot trial study, the application of hardwood-derived biochar on contaminated soils also reduced the availability of zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) metal types [13]. Similarly, Qiao et al. [16] described that the application of biochar in acidic soils significantly decreased acid-soluble heavy metal concentrations (Fe, Mn, Pb, and Cd) and their bioavailability for plants. Moreover, eigenvector coefficients and the PCA biplot (Table 7; Figure 2) showed a strong and positive association between the biochar dosages and years in improving essential soil nutrients (pH, basic cations, Av. P, and SOC), but micronutrients were negative loading with increasing biochar dosages and soil sampling years. Previous studies by Agegnehu et al. [27] indicated that most of the parameters (K, SOC, and CEC) equally contributed to the total variation and thus positive loading.

    The application of biochar in the acidic soil exhibited a greater effect on plant height (PH) and head length (HL), especially in AGO and KEK wheat varieties as compared to the KIN variety (Figure 3). In contrast, the control treatment had to wane the agronomic performance of the studied wheat varieties, which may be due to the soil minerals are being chemically less available to the plants in acidic soil. But the higher growth performance in biochar-amended soils is the capacity of the char to lower soil acidity and improves the potential availability of essential nutrients for wheat growth. And this was in line with the findings of Mensah and Frimpong [42] who reported the increments of plant height, the number of leaves, and stems girth of two maize varieties after the application of corncob biochar alone or in combined with compost in the acidic rainforest and coastal savannah soils. However, the performances of the varieties decreased as the parthenium biochar dosages increased above 23 t/ha, which could be due to an increase in soil pH (>7.0) above the optimum level where wheat growth requires a pH of 6 to 7. A previous study by Asai et al. [35] revealed that the addition of higher than 16 t/ha of teak and rosewood biochar in the field condition of acidic soil reduces rice growth. The P. hysterophorus biochar significantly increases the radicle length, root dry biomass, shoot dry biomass, seed number per plant (SNPP), and spikelet number (SN) of the wheat varieties, which might be due to liming effect of basic cations available in the char (Table 1). An increasing trend in biomass agrees with the findings of Agegnehu et al. [17] and Bhattarai et al. [42]. However, Van-Zwieten et al. [22] observed that the wheat and soybean biomass production was not affected solely by the slow pyrolysis of paper mill biochar addition. Moreover, in this study, the AGO wheat variety observed the higher entire biomass in acidic soil amended by parthenium biochar, followed by the KEK variety, whereas the lower entire growth performance was recorded in KIN wheat variety with a similar amendment in acidic soils.

    Soil acidity and invasive weeds significantly reduced crop productivity and sustainability. Thus, ameliorating soil acidity through averting noxious weed into a usable form of biochar is indispensable to boost fertility and crop productivity. The present study revealed that P. hysterophorus biochar considerably increased the SMC, pH, Av. P, exchangeable bases, and SOC compared to the control treatments (with no biochar). However, soil particle size fractions did not show significant variation across the years. P. hysterophorus biochar significantly decreased the bioavailability of metal contaminants that attributes to the occurrence of soil acidity. Furthermore, the higher agronomic performance of the wheat varieties found in the biochar-amended acidic soils. Also, the higher crop assay parameters were recorded in Ogolcha (AGO) and Kekeba (KEK) wheat varieties compared to the lower performance of the Kingbird (KIN) variety. However, the performances of the entire wheat varieties gradually declined as the concentration of chars exceeded over 23 t/ha. To this end, integrated agricultural inputs with the P. hysterophorus biochar are very crucial to amend soil acidity. More comprehensive studies will be needed to evaluate the effectiveness of P. hysterophorus biochar in the amelioration of acidic soil, soil microorganisms, and yields on field conditions of different soil types.

    The raw data sets used and/analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

    The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

    MM has designed the project and contributed to data collection, laboratory analysis, interpretation, and manuscript write-up. EM was involved in data analysis, manuscript organization, and edition. SM and ES guided, edited the study, and critically reviewed the ideas. AH was involved in data collection and laboratory analysis. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

    The authors are thankful to the farmers, Holeta Agricultural Institute Soil Laboratory Department and Gonder Soil Testing technicians, and the anonymous reviewers of the Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute soil department for their valuable comments. The collection of the data and laboratory expenses herein were supported by Woldia University Research and Community Service office annual grant fund.

    Supplementary 1: framework of the P. hysterophorus biochar preparation. Supplementary 2: conceptual framework of the soil sample preparation and layout of the research design for cropping. (Supplementary Materials)

    Copyright © 2022 Meseret Muche et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.


    Biochar Market Growing Demands on Sales and Segmental Outlook Insights 2021 – NewsBreak

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    Global Wood Source Biochar Market Outlook 2022

    5 January, 2022
     

    This research study involved the extensive usage of both primary and secondary data sources.  The research process involved the study of various factors affecting the industry, including the government policy, market environment, competitive landscape, historical data, present trends in the market, technological innovation, upcoming technologies and the technical progress in related industry, and market risks, opportunities, market barriers and challenges. Top-down and bottom-up approaches are used to validate the global market size market and estimate the market size for manufacturers, regions segments, product segments and applications (end users). All possible factors that influence the markets included in this research study have been accounted for, viewed in extensive detail, verified through primary research, and analyzed to get the final quantitative and qualitative data. The market size for top-level markets and sub-segments is normalized, and the effect of inflation, economic downturns, and regulatory & policy changes or other factors are not accounted for in the market forecast. This data is combined and added with detailed inputs and analysis from QYResearch and presented in this report.
     

    After complete market engineering with calculations for market statistics; market size estimations; market forecasting; market breakdown; and data triangulation, extensive primary research was conducted to gather information and verify and validate the critical numbers arrived at. In the complete market engineering process, both top-down and bottom-up approaches were extensively used, along with several data triangulation methods, to perform market estimation and market forecasting for the overall market segments and sub segments listed in this report. Extensive qualitative and further quantitative analysis is also done from all the numbers arrived at in the complete market engineering process to list key information throughout the report.
     

    Secondary Sources occupies Approximately 25% of Sources, such as press releases, annual reports, Non-Profit organizations, industry associations, governmental agencies and customs data, and so on; This research study involved the usage of widespread secondary sources; directories; databases such as Bloomberg Business, Wind Info, Hoovers, Factiva (Dow Jones & Company), TRADING ECONOMICS, and avention; Investing News Network; statista; Federal Reserve Economic Data; annual reports; BIS Statistics; ICIS; company house documents; CAS(American Chemical Society); investor presentations; and SEC filings of companies. Secondary research was used to identify and collect information useful for the extensive, technical, market-oriented, and commercial study of the Light Aircraft market. It was also used to obtain important information about the top players, market classification and segmentation according to industry trends to the bottom-most level, and key developments related to market and technology perspectives.
     

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    Biochar Market Size, Trends, Forecast to 2029 | Key Players – Industrial IT

    5 January, 2022
     

    New Jersey, United States,- The Biochar Market is carefully studied in the report, essentially focusing on the key players and their business tactics, geographic expansion, market segments, the competitive landscape, manufacturing, and price and cost structure. Each section of the research study is specially prepared to examine key aspects of the Biochar market. For example, Market Dynamics section delves in more depth into the drivers, restraints, trends, and opportunities in the Biochar market. With qualitative and quantitative analyzes, we help you with an in-depth and comprehensive research on the Biochar market. We also focused on the SWOT, PESTLE, and Porter’s Five Forces analysis of the Biochar market.

    Leading players of the Biochar market are analyzed taking into account their market share, recent developments, new product launches, partnerships, mergers or acquisitions, and markets served. We also provide an exhaustive analysis of their product portfolios to explore the products and applications they concentrate on when operating in the Biochar market. Furthermore, the report offers two separate market forecasts – one for the production side and another for the consumption side of the Biochar market. It also provides useful recommendations for new as well as established players of the Biochar market.

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    Key Players Mentioned in the Biochar Market Research Report:

    Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group and others. 

    Biochar Market Segmentation:  

    Biochar Market, By Feedstock Type

    • Woody Biomass
    • Agricultural Waste
    • Animal Manure
    • Others

    Biochar Market, By Technology

    • Pyrolysis
    • Gasification
    • Others

    Biochar Market, By Application

    • Electricity Generation
    • Agriculture
    • Forestry

    The Biochar market is segmented as per type of product, application, and geography. All of the segments of the Biochar market are carefully analyzed based on their market share, CAGR, value and volume growth, and other important factors. The report also provides accurate estimations about the CAGR, revenue, production, sales, and other calculations for the Biochar market. Each regional market is extensively studied in the report to explain why some regions are progressing at a high rate while others at a low rate. We have also provided Porter’s Five Forces and PESTLE analysis for a deeper study on the Biochar market.

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    Biochar Market Report Scope 

    Geographic Segment Covered in the Report:

    The Biochar report provides information about the market area, which is further subdivided into sub-regions and countries/regions. In addition to the market share in each country and sub-region, this chapter of this report also contains information on profit opportunities. This chapter of the report mentions the market share and growth rate of each region, country and sub-region during the estimated period.  

     • North America (USA and Canada)
     • Europe (UK, Germany, France and the rest of Europe)
     • Asia Pacific (China, Japan, India, and the rest of the Asia Pacific region)
     • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and the rest of Latin America)
     • Middle East and Africa (GCC and rest of the Middle East and Africa) 

    Key questions answered in the report: 

    1. Which are the dominant players of the Biochar market?

    2. How will the Biochar market change in the next five years?

    3. Which product and application will take a lion’s share of the Biochar market?

    4. What are the drivers and restraints of the Biochar market?

    5. Which regional market will show the highest growth?

    6. What will be the CAGR and size of the Biochar market throughout the forecast period?

    For More Information or Query or Customization Before Buying, Visit @ https://www.verifiedmarketresearch.com/product/biochar-market/ 

     Visualize Biochar Market using Verified Market Intelligence:- 

    Verified Market Intelligence is our BI-enabled platform for narrative storytelling of this market. VMI offers in-depth forecasted trends and accurate Insights on over 20,000+ emerging & niche markets, helping you make critical revenue-impacting decisions for a brilliant future. 

    VMI provides a holistic overview and global competitive landscape with respect to Region, Country, and Segment, and Key players of your market. Present your Market Report & findings with an inbuilt presentation feature saving over 70% of your time and resources for Investor, Sales & Marketing, R&D, and Product Development pitches. VMI enables data delivery In Excel and Interactive PDF formats with over 15+ Key Market Indicators for your market. 

    Visualize Biochar Market using VMI @ https://www.verifiedmarketresearch.com/vmintelligence/ 

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    Verified Market Research® is a leading Global Research and Consulting firm that has been providing advanced analytical research solutions, custom consulting and in-depth data analysis for 10+ years to individuals and companies alike that are looking for accurate, reliable and up to date research data and technical consulting. We offer insights into strategic and growth analyses, Data necessary to achieve corporate goals and help make critical revenue decisions. 

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    Animal Bedding – ARTi

    5 January, 2022
     

    About ARTi

    ARTi was founded by Iowa State University students in 2013 from multiple disciplines and nationalities. We develop and implement biorenewables technologies © Copyright 2020. All Rights Reserved.


    Copper/Nickel-Decorated Olive Pit Biochar: One Pot Solid State Synthesis for … – HAL UPEC – UPEM

    5 January, 2022
     

    ICMPE | UPEC-UPEM | UPEC | INC-CNRS | CNRS

    Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles


    A Review About Preparation and Properties of Biochar and Application Fields in the Environment

    5 January, 2022
     

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    Print ISSN: 1681-6900

    Online ISSN: 2412-0758

    Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 12, Pages 1894-1904
    10.30684/etj.v39i12.1996

    Publisher: University of Technology-Iraq

    Email:  [email protected]

    Editor-in-chief: Prof. Dr. Qusay F. Alsalhy


    2021 Year in Review: Wildfires rate as year's top local news story – Methow Valley News

    6 January, 2022
     

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    Biochar Market Trends Analysis, Top Manufacturers, Shares, Growth Opportunities And …

    6 January, 2022
     

    The Biochar market report can be your strong base if you intend to have an accomplished study and analysis of Biochar market. Your task of understanding your core market will be eased after studying our report. The content of this report will provide vital information about key market channels based on different geographical locations globally pertaining to Biochar. You will be able to comprehend your niche market and key leaders in you segment, and accordingly take strategic actions based on your strengths. The report includes market size, prospective demand generation statistics, information about supply chains, competitor data, prices and margins, trading information and vendor details. The key players in your market segment are covered in the report with deep insights regarding Biochar, types, current and future trends, and also overall share of the market.

    The much needed market forecast with facts and figures will be presented in the report for you to make informed and actionable plans. Key profitable constituents can be easily found based on the all-inclusive picture presented by the report. This will help you to capitalize on opportunities that the market puts forth by making strong workable strategies. The information provided in the report is collectively gathered from various publishers archived in our database and also from paid database services. This data is presented in a structured manner post consultation with dealers, customers, and raw material suppliers. This ensures that the report has genuine information and covers all the details related to Biochar market.

    Biochar Market: Competition Landscape

    The Biochar market report includes information on the product launches, sustainability, and prospects of leading vendors including: (Cool Planet Energy Systems, Tolero Energy, Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Biochar Supreme, Pacific Biochar, Avello Bioenergy, The Biochar Company, Full Circle Biochar, Vega Biofuels Inc., Biochar Products, Diacarbon Energy Inc, Gree Charcoal International)

    Click the link to get a free Sample Copy of the Report @ https://crediblemarkets.com/sample-request/biochar-market-909481?utm_source=Shweta&utm_medium=SatPR

    Biochar Market: Segmentation

    By Types

    Gasified Rice Hull Biochar (GRHB)
    Sawdust Biochar (SDB)
    Bark and Wood Biochar (BWB)

    By Applications

    Industrial Fuel
    Soil Amendment
    Carbon Black
    Barbecuing
    Decontamination
    Livestock Production
    Others

    Biochar Market: Regional Analysis

    All the regional segmentation has been studied based on recent and future trends, and the market is forecasted throughout the prediction period. The countries covered in the regional analysis of the Global Biochar market report are U.S., Canada, and Mexico in North America, Germany, France, U.K., Russia, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, and Rest of Europe in Europe, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in the Asia-Pacific (APAC), Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, South Africa, Egypt, Israel, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA) as a part of Middle East and Africa (MEA), and Argentina, Brazil, and Rest of South America as part of South America.

    Key Benefits of the report:

    Direct Purchase this Market Research Report Now @ https://crediblemarkets.com/reports/purchase/biochar-market-909481?license_type=single_user;utm_source=Shweta&utm_medium=SatPR

    Major Points Covered in TOC:

    Market Overview: It incorporates six sections, research scope, significant makers covered, market fragments by type, Biochar market portions by application, study goals, and years considered.

    Market Landscape: Here, the opposition in the Worldwide Biochar Market is dissected, by value, income, deals, and piece of the pie by organization, market rate, cutthroat circumstances Landscape, and most recent patterns, consolidation, development, obtaining, and portions of the overall industry of top organizations.

    Profiles of Manufacturers: Here, driving players of the worldwide Biochar market are considered dependent on deals region, key items, net edge, income, cost, and creation.

    Market Status and Outlook by Region: In this segment, the report examines about net edge, deals, income, creation, portion of the overall industry, CAGR, and market size by locale. Here, the worldwide Biochar Market is profoundly examined based on areas and nations like North America, Europe, China, India, Japan, and the MEA.

    Application or End User: This segment of the exploration study shows how extraordinary end-client/application sections add to the worldwide Biochar Market.

    Market Forecast: Production Side: In this piece of the report, the creators have zeroed in on creation and creation esteem conjecture, key makers gauge, and creation and creation esteem estimate by type.

    Research Findings and Conclusion: This is one of the last segments of the report where the discoveries of the investigators and the finish of the exploration study are given.

    Do You Have Any Query Or Specific Requirement? Ask to Our Industry Expert @ https://crediblemarkets.com/enquire-request/biochar-market-909481?utm_source=Shweta&utm_medium=SatPR

    Key questions answered in the report:

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    Fine Biochar Powder Market Size, Scope, Forecast to 2029 | Key Players – Industrial IT

    6 January, 2022
     

    New Jersey, United States,- The latest report published by Verified Market Reports shows that the Fine Biochar Powder Market is likely to garner a great pace in the coming years. Analysts examined market drivers, confinements, risks and openings in the world market. The Fine Biochar Powder report shows the likely direction of the market in the coming years as well as its estimates. A close study aims to understand the market price. By analyzing the competitive landscape, the report’s authors have made a brilliant effort to help readers understand the key business tactics that large corporations use to keep the market sustainable.

    The report includes company profiling of almost all important players of the Fine Biochar Powder market. The company profiling section offers valuable analysis on strengths and weaknesses, business developments, recent advancements, mergers and acquisitions, expansion plans, global footprint, market presence, and product portfolios of leading market players. This information can be used by players and other market participants to maximize their profitability and streamline their business strategies. Our competitive analysis also includes key information to help new entrants to identify market entry barriers and measure the level of competitiveness in the Fine Biochar Powder market.

    Get Full PDF Sample Copy of Report: (Including Full TOC, List of Tables & Figures, Chart) @ https://www.verifiedmarketreports.com/download-sample/?rid=546822

    Key Players Mentioned in the Fine Biochar Powder Market Research Report:

    Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels 

    Fine Biochar Powder Market Segmentation:  

    By the product type, the market is primarily split into:

    • Wood Source Biochar
    • Corn Source Biochar
    • Wheat Source Biochar
    • Others

    By the application, this report covers the following segments:

    • Soil Conditioner
    • Fertilizer
    • Others

    The global market for Fine Biochar Powder is segmented on the basis of product, type, services, and technology. All of these segments have been studied individually. The detailed investigation allows assessment of the factors influencing the Fine Biochar Powder Market. Experts have analyzed the nature of development, investments in research and development, changing consumption patterns, and growing number of applications. In addition, analysts have also evaluated the changing economics around the Fine Biochar Powder Market that are likely affect its course.

    The regional analysis section of the report allows players to concentrate on high-growth regions and countries that could help them to expand their presence in the Fine Biochar Powder market. Apart from extending their footprint in the Fine Biochar Powder market, the regional analysis helps players to increase their sales while having a better understanding of customer behavior in specific regions and countries. The report provides CAGR, revenue, production, consumption, and other important statistics and figures related to the global as well as regional markets. It shows how different type, application, and regional segments are progressing in the Fine Biochar Powder market in terms of growth.

    Get Discount On The Purchase Of This Report https://www.verifiedmarketreports.com/ask-for-discount/?rid=546822

    Fine Biochar Powder Market Report Scope

    Geographic Segment Covered in the Report:

    The Fine Biochar Powder report provides information about the market area, which is further subdivided into sub-regions and countries/regions. In addition to the market share in each country and sub-region, this chapter of this report also contains information on profit opportunities. This chapter of the report mentions the market share and growth rate of each region, country and sub-region during the estimated period.  

     • North America (USA and Canada)
     • Europe (UK, Germany, France and the rest of Europe)
     • Asia Pacific (China, Japan, India, and the rest of the Asia Pacific region)
     • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and the rest of Latin America)
     • Middle East and Africa (GCC and rest of the Middle East and Africa) 

    Key questions answered in the report: 

    1. Which are the five top players of the Fine Biochar Powder market?

    2. How will the Fine Biochar Powder market change in the next five years?

    3. Which product and application will take a lion’s share of the Fine Biochar Powder market?

    4. What are the drivers and restraints of the Fine Biochar Powder market?

    5. Which regional market will show the highest growth?

    6. What will be the CAGR and size of the Fine Biochar Powder market throughout the forecast period?

    For More Information or Query or Customization Before Buying, Visit @ https://www.verifiedmarketreports.com/product/fine-biochar-powder-market-size-and-forecast/

    Visualize Fine Biochar Powder Market using Verified Market Intelligence:-

    Verified Market Intelligence is our BI-enabled platform for narrative storytelling of this market. VMI offers in-depth forecasted trends and accurate Insights on over 20,000+ emerging & niche markets, helping you make critical revenue-impacting decisions for a brilliant future. 

    VMI provides a holistic overview and global competitive landscape with respect to Region, Country, and Segment, and Key players of your market. Present your Market Report & findings with an inbuilt presentation feature saving over 70% of your time and resources for Investor, Sales & Marketing, R&D, and Product Development pitches. VMI enables data delivery In Excel and Interactive PDF formats with over 15+ Key Market Indicators for your market. 

    Visualize Fine Biochar Powder Market using VMI @ https://www.verifiedmarketresearch.com/vmintelligence/

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    Wood Source Biochar Market with Future Prospects, Key Player SWOT Analysis and …

    6 January, 2022
     

    Market Study Report recently added a new report on Global Wood Source Biochar Market, which is an in-depth study providing complete analysis of the industry for the period 2021 to 2026. It provides complete overview of Global Wood Source Biochar industry considering all the major industry trends, market dynamics and competitive scenario.

    A detailed report subject to the Wood Source Biochar market, this research study retains focus on the fundamental aspects of this industry. The report includes the current scenario of the Wood Source Biochar market and also the overall outlook from a worldwide as well as regional point of view. The Wood Source Biochar market dynamics from the perspective of end-use domains, product segments, and the industry players have also been entailed in the report.

    Request a sample Report of Wood Source Biochar Market at: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/request-a-sample/4482332?utm_source=Groundalerts.com&utm_medium=Ram

     

    A brief evaluation of the best contenders of this industry forms a crucial part of this research study. In addition, the report addresses the parameters of market segmentation, pertaining to the product, application, and regional landscapes.

    How will the report help prominent investors identify the most profitable growth grounds of the Wood Source Biochar market?

    How has the competitive landscape of the Wood Source Biochar market been evaluated?

    Ask for Discount on Wood Source Biochar Market Report at: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/check-for-discount/4482332?utm_source=Groundalerts.com&utm_medium=Ram

    A brief run-through of the segmentation of the Wood Source Biochar market:

    Segmentation of the Wood Source Biochar market product spectrum:

    The product landscape of this industry is divided into product types such as

    • Oak
    • Hickory
    • Maple
    • Other

    .

    Pointers covered:

    Segmentation of the Wood Source Biochar market application spectrum:

    The application landscape of the industry is divided into application types such as

    • Soil Conditioner
    • Fertilizer
    • Others
    • By Company
    • Cool Planet
    • Biochar Supreme
    • NextChar
    • Terra Char
    • Genesis Industries
    • Interra Energy
    • CharGrow
    • Pacific Biochar
    • Biochar Now
    • The Biochar Company (TBC)
    • ElementC6
    • Vega Biofuels
    • Production by Region
    • North America
    • Europe
    • China
    • Japan
    • Con

    .

    Pointers covered:

    For More Details On this Report: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/reports/global-wood-source-biochar-market-outlook-2022

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    Neighbors object to plan for biochar facility | South Central Florida Life

    6 January, 2022
     

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    Preparation of magnetic chitosan corn straw biochar and its application in adsorption of … – X-MOL

    6 January, 2022
     

    In this study, the magnetic chitosan biochar (MCB) was magnetized by chemical coprecipitation after loading chitosan with Schiff base reaction. The prepared MCB was used to remove amaranth dye in solution. The synthesized MCB was characterized to define its surface morphology and specific elements. The amaranth dye adsorption system was optimized by varying the contact time, pH, and initial concentration. The adsorption of MCB on amaranth dye was measured in a wide pH range. According to Zeta potential, the surface of MCB was positively charged in the acidic pH region, which was more conducive to the adsorption of anionic amaranth dye. In addition, the adsorption data was fitted with the pseudo-first-order model and Langmuir adsorption model and the maximum adsorption capacity reached 404.18 mg/g. The adsorption efficiency of MCB was still above 95% after three cycles of adsorption and desorption. The removal percentage in the real sample of amaranth dye by MCB was within 94.5–98.6% and the RSD was within 0.14–1.08%. The MCB adsorbent with advantages of being easy to prepare, easy to separate from solution after adsorption, has good adsorption performance for amaranth dye and is effective potential adsorbent to remove organic anionic dye in wastewater.

    在这项研究中,磁性壳聚糖生物炭 (MCB) 在装载壳聚糖与席夫碱反应后通过化学共沉淀被磁化。制备的MCB用于去除溶液中的苋菜红染料。对合成的 MCB 进行表征以定义其表面形态和特定元素。通过改变接触时间、pH 值和初始浓度来优化苋菜红染料吸附系统。MCB 对苋菜红染料的吸附在很宽的 pH 范围内测量。根据Zeta电位,MCB表面在酸性pH区域带正电荷,更有利于阴离子苋菜红染料的吸附。此外,吸附数据符合准一级模型和Langmuir吸附模型,最大吸附容量达到404.18 mg/g。经过三个循环的吸附和解吸后,MCB的吸附效率仍保持在95%以上。MCB对苋菜红染料实际样品的去除率在94.5-98.6%之间,RSD在0.14-1.08%之间。MCB吸附剂具有制备容易、吸附后易从溶液中分离等优点,对苋菜红染料具有良好的吸附性能,是去除废水中有机阴离子染料的有效潜在吸附剂。


    Stoichiometric Carbocatalysis via Epoxide-like C−S−O Configuration on Sulfur-Doped …

    6 January, 2022
     

    Heteroatom doping is a promising technique to enhance biochar for effective environmental remediation. However, development of electroactive heteroatom-doped biochars, e.g., sulfur-doped biochar, has been hindered due to complex nature of non-stoichiometric biomass-derived carbon and changeable electrochemical state of dopants. Herein, we produced a series of wood waste-derived biochars with customized levels of minerals and redox-active moieties, aiming to unravel the crucial factors for sulfur doping. Calcium (Ca) in biochar was found to preferentially coordinate with sulfur to form inactive inorganic sulfur minerals (i.e., CaSO4 and CaS) with inferior catalytic reactivity. After diminishing the inherent Ca minerals beforehand, we could introduce surface phenoxyl-type radicals (C−O) and vacancy defects on the biochar to develop an electrophilic C−S−O bonding configuration, which guaranteed a high affinity towards peroxymonosulfate (PMS, 2.08 mM g−1, 30 min) and efficient removal of bisphenol A (BPA, 91.1%, 30 min). Scavenging experiments and in-situ Raman analyses indicated that the epoxide-like C−S−O structure induced nucleophilic addition of PMS to generate surface-bound singlet oxygen (1O2, major) and hydroxyl radicals (OH, minor) through a preservative and stoichiometric interfacial reaction. Overall, the proposed approach overcomes the major hurdles in science-informed fabrication of sulfur-doped biochar and advances its development for environmental remediation.

    杂原子掺杂是一种很有前景的技术,可以增强生物炭以进行有效的环境修复。然而,由于非化学计量的生物质衍生碳的复杂性质和掺杂剂的多变电化学状态,电活性杂原子掺杂生物炭(例如硫掺杂生物炭)的发展受到阻碍。在此,我们生产了一系列具有定制水平的矿物质和氧化还原活性部分的木材废料衍生的生物炭,旨在阐明硫掺杂的关键因素。发现生物炭中的钙 (Ca) 优先与硫配位形成非活性无机硫矿物(CaSO 4和 CaS) 具有较差的催化反应性。在预先减少固有的 Ca 矿物质后,我们可以在生物炭上引入表面苯氧基型自由基 (C−O ) 和空位缺陷以形成亲电 C−S−O 键构,这保证了对过硫酸盐 (PMS, 2.08  mM  g -1,30 分钟)和有效去除双酚 A(BPA,91.1%,30 分钟)。清除实验和原位拉曼分析表明,类环氧化物的 C-S-O 结构诱导 PMS 的亲核加成以产生表面结合的单线态氧(1 O 2,主要)和羟基自由基(OH,次要)通过防腐剂和化学计量界面反应。总体而言,所提出的方法克服了以科学为依据的掺硫生物炭制造中的主要障碍,并促进了其在环境修复方面的发展。


    and wood-derived biochars improved nutrient bioavailability, enzyme activity … – Lancaster EPrints

    6 January, 2022
     

    Chen, Hanbo and Yang, Xing and Wang, Hailong and Sarkar, Binoy and Shaheen, Sabry M. and Gielen, Gerty and Bolan, Nanthi and Guo, Jia and Che, Lei and Sun, Huili and Rinklebe, Jörg (2020) Animal carcass- and wood-derived biochars improved nutrient bioavailability, enzyme activity, and plant growth in metal-phthalic acid ester co-contaminated soils: A trial for reclamation and improvement of degraded soils. Journal of Environmental Management, 261. ISSN 0301-4797

    © 2020 Lancaster University Library


    Biochar Market Size 2022-2028 Industry Share, Growth Analysis, Regional Demand, Key …

    6 January, 2022
     

    The Biochar market report is a perfect foundation for people looking out for a comprehensive study and analysis of the Biochar market. This report contains a diverse study and information that will help you understand your niche and concentrate of key market channels in the regional and global market for Biochar. To understand competition and take actions based on your key strengths you will be presented with the size of the market, demand in the current and future years, supply chain information, trading concerns, competitive analysis and the prices along with vendor information. The report also has insights about key market players, applications of Biochar, its type, trends and overall market share.

    To set your business plan into action based on our detailed report, you will also be provided with complete and accurate prediction along with future projected figures. This will provide a broad picture of the market and help in devising solutions to leverage the key profitable elements and get clarity of the market to make strategic plans. The data present in the report is curated from different publications in our archive along with numerous reputed paid databases. Additionally, the data is collated with the help of dealers, raw material suppliers, and customers to ensure that the final output covers every minute detail regarding the Biochar market, thus making it a perfect tool for serious buyers of this study.

    Biochar Market: Competition Landscape

    The Biochar market report includes information on the product launches, sustainability, and prospects of leading vendors including: (, Cool Planet Energy Systems, Tolero Energy, Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Biochar Supreme, Pacific Biochar, Avello Bioenergy, The Biochar Company, Full Circle Biochar, Vega Biofuels Inc., Biochar Products, Diacarbon Energy Inc, Gree Charcoal International)

    Click the link to get a free Sample Copy of the Report @ https://crediblemarkets.com/sample-request/biochar-market-909481?utm_source=Akhilesh&utm_medium=SatPR

    Biochar Market: Segmentation

    By Types

    Gasified Rice Hull Biochar (GRHB)
    Sawdust Biochar (SDB)
    Bark and Wood Biochar (BWB)

    By Applications

    Industrial Fuel
    Soil Amendment
    Carbon Black
    Barbecuing
    Decontamination
    Livestock Production
    Others

    Biochar Market: Regional Analysis

    All the regional segmentation has been studied based on recent and future trends, and the market is forecasted throughout the prediction period. The countries covered in the regional analysis of the Global Biochar market report are U.S., Canada, and Mexico in North America, Germany, France, U.K., Russia, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, and Rest of Europe in Europe, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in the Asia-Pacific (APAC), Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, South Africa, Egypt, Israel, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA) as a part of Middle East and Africa (MEA), and Argentina, Brazil, and Rest of South America as part of South America.

    Key Benefits of the report:

    Direct Purchase this Market Research Report Now @ https://crediblemarkets.com/reports/purchase/biochar-market-909481?license_type=single_user;utm_source=Akhilesh&utm_medium=SatPR

    Major Points Covered in TOC:

    Market Overview: It incorporates six sections, research scope, significant makers covered, market fragments by type, Biochar market portions by application, study goals, and years considered.

    Market Landscape: Here, the opposition in the Worldwide Biochar Market is dissected, by value, income, deals, and piece of the pie by organization, market rate, cutthroat circumstances Landscape, and most recent patterns, consolidation, development, obtaining, and portions of the overall industry of top organizations.

    Profiles of Manufacturers: Here, driving players of the worldwide Biochar market are considered dependent on deals region, key items, net edge, income, cost, and creation.

    Market Status and Outlook by Region: In this segment, the report examines about net edge, deals, income, creation, portion of the overall industry, CAGR, and market size by locale. Here, the worldwide Biochar Market is profoundly examined based on areas and nations like North America, Europe, China, India, Japan, and the MEA.

    Application or End User: This segment of the exploration study shows how extraordinary end-client/application sections add to the worldwide Biochar Market.

    Market Forecast: Production Side: In this piece of the report, the creators have zeroed in on creation and creation esteem conjecture, key makers gauge, and creation and creation esteem estimate by type.

    Research Findings and Conclusion: This is one of the last segments of the report where the discoveries of the investigators and the finish of the exploration study are given.

    Do You Have Any Query Or Specific Requirement? Ask to Our Industry Expert @ https://crediblemarkets.com/enquire-request/biochar-market-909481?utm_source=Akhilesh&utm_medium=SatPR

    Key questions answered in the report:

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    What is Biochar? – And How to Make It – Grimm's Gardens

    6 January, 2022
     

    What is biochar? When I first heard of this amazing soil amendment, I was very skeptical. How could charcoal help improve my soil? How could I use it in the garden? And how can I make it at home without any special equipment? All these things and more I have learned about in the last 5 years, since first hearing about biochar at a seminar in Kansas City.

    Biochar is a type of charcoal made from plant materials and wood. Unlike the material we use in our grills, biochar is ground up and inoculated with microbials and nutrients, then used in the garden and landscape.

    Besides having the knowledge of what it is, you need to know where in the garden to use biochar. It is not like other soil amendments, in that it has to be produced, either on or off site, before being added to the soil. But what are the benefits?

    There micropores on the surface of the individual particles of biochar, which are good hiding places for microorganisms. Organisms such as fungi and bacteria play and important role in a plant’s ability to take up valuable nutrients. Since biochar not only houses these organisms, but ties up heavy metals which are binding plant nutrients, it has a double benefit to plant growth.

    You can find more about microorganisms in the soil the in the book: Teaming with Microbes by Jeff Lowenfels & Wayne Lewis.

    Because biochar is black or very dark in color, when it is ground to a grain size material and mixed into the soil, it turns the soil dark. This has been done in the past using ash from chimney pots. The now darker soil is able to absorb heat better, and may allow for the soil to warm up quicker in the spring. This means earlier planting times for some vegetables.

    This is a difficult question to ask. It is expensive to buy as a soil amendment, but time consuming if making it at home. Let us look at buying pros and cons first.

    Like I said, it is expensive. A 1 cubic foot bag may cost between $20 and $50, depending on the manufacturer and location being shipped from. That bag, in turn, covers approximately 375 square feet, which is a 10 foot by 37.5 foot bed. That sounds like it covers a lot, but many gardeners have multiple beds, and turf as well, that they may want to use it on. It adds up quickly.

    On the other hand, commercially produced biochar has already done all your time consuming work. You do not need to worry about getting your fire just right, about oxygen levels of your fire or kiln, or activating it. You can just buy it and apply it.

    One other con of buying biochar versus making it, is the affect you are having on your own environment. Commercially produced charcoals often do not recycle or use available materials, but bring in wood or manure from out of state locations. This is not environmentally responsible. If you make your own, then you will always know the source of materials.

    Making your own biochar is not as hard as it sounds. You do not need an oven, or a kiln. Just and open pit will and a covering will be enough. The covering for the pit should have a small hole to allow a small amount of oxygen in, but otherwise smother the fire. By producing it yourself, you can recycle waste products from your own landscape or farm.

    However, you may not be able to make it in your own backyard. If you live in an HOA or inside city limits, you may be limited on the type of bonfires you can create in your yard. Also, activating your own biochar may be more time intensive then you want to do.

    When biochar is first produced, it is devoid of nutrients and may act as a sponge, soaking up nutrients from the soil. Thus, it needs to be charged or activated before adding to the soil. This can be done several ways.

    Producing biochar on a micro-scale at home and mixing it with compost to activate it is the way I prefer to produce it. I have an abundance of tree cuttings, cow, chicken, and goat manures, and leaves that I use for both. The best method for small-scale production is a pit method, because I can control the size of fire and not waste water for putting it out.

    This video will help you discover how to build a pit and make your own biochar at home. Finally Making Biochar

    Biochar is not the hard to make thing many of us wondered about when we first saw it in the garden center. Rather, it can be easy to make and use in the garden. We can produce this beneficial soil amendment and watch our gardens grow.

    Happy planting!

    Grimm’s Gardens is a family owned full-service garden center in Hiawatha, Kansas with a wide variety of products and also features an arboretum and u-pick garden. We have a full online store listing hundreds of our most popular trees, flowers, shrubs, and garden items!


    Physicochemical Characterization of Cherry Pits-Derived Biochar – MDPI

    6 January, 2022
     

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    6 January, 2022
     


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    6 January, 2022
     

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    Swiss Railways among winners of energy prize – SWI swissinfo.ch

    6 January, 2022
     

    Swiss Federal Railways has developed an IT system that temporarily switches off heating in carriages when they are full during peak hours. In this way, the railway network says it will be able to flexibly manage the consumption of 70 megawatts of power by 2023.

    The State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (Seco) has awarded its annual Watt d’Or prizeExternal link to the Railways along with two other Swiss energy-saving projects in the fields of agriculture and construction.

    A group of farmers in canton Zug, who formed the company Verora, are fellow recipients of the prize for their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock.

    Verora designed and built a system for burning vegetation to create a type of charcoal known as biochar. This is added to livestock feed to reduce the amount of gases cattle produce when digesting their food.

    It is also credited with producing more nutrient-rich fertilizer for crop production.

    The RaumRaster prefabricated building design, created by the company schaerraum, has also been recognised by Seco this year. This comprises of a wooden structure, made of local materials, fixed onto a concrete base.

    When combined with smart energy systems, the building skeletons are said to produce 50% more energy than they consume.

    The construction allows houses to be built within eight months at a cheaper cost than traditional construction methods. The company says this could reduce rent prices by up to 20%.

    Comments under this article have been turned off. You can find an overview of ongoing debates with our journalists here. Please join us!

    If you want to start a conversation about a topic raised in this article or want to report factual errors, email us at english@swissinfo.ch.

    With a SWI account, you have the opportunity to contribute on our website.

    You can Login or register here.


    Organic manures and low-cost biochar: A tool for sustainable crop prod – Sikkimexpress

    6 January, 2022
     

    TODAY is Friday, January 7,2022 16.33° c

    Thursday, Jan 06, 2022 11:45 [IST]

    Last Update: Thursday, Jan 06, 2022 06:08 [IST]

    Organic agriculture is holistic food production system which promotes and enhances agro ecosystem health including quality and healthy food. A good farm design should incorporate rain water harvesting, soil and water conservation measure, in-situ residue management for soil health, hedge row on fences, fodder crops, multiple tree, fruits vegetables and food crops at appropriate location, with livestock, fisheries, vermicomposting etc. integration for enhancing income and effective recycling of on farm residue.
    The basic concept of INM or IPNM is the adjustment of plant nutrient supply through various sources to an optimum level for sustaining the desired crop productivity. It involves proper combination of organic manure, crop residues, N2 fixing crops like pulses, oilseeds and biofertilizers suitable to the system of land use and ecological, social and economic conditions. The cropping system rather than an individual crop, and farming system rather than an individual field, is the focus of attention in this approach for development INM practices for various categories.
    Integrated Organic Nutrient Management refers to the maintenance of soil fertility and plant nutrient supply at an optimum level for sustaining the desired productivity through optimization of the benefits from all possible sources of organic and biological components except inorganic in an integrated manner. It involves proper combination of chemical fertilizers, organic manure, crop residues, N2~fixing crops (like pulses such as rice bean, Black gram (Paheli dal), other pulses and oilseeds such as soybean and biofertilizers suitable to the system of land use and ecological, social and economic conditions.
    Organic rice production involves recycling of crops residues, crop rotation, inclusion of legumes in system both in sequence or as an intercrop, green manuring, off-farm waste recycling, use of mineral rocks like rock phosphate, mechanical cultivation, biological pest control and avoid use of synthetic agrochemicals with overall objective of sustainable production, maintaining resources and environmental quality.
    Weed control, soil fertility and management of pest and diseases are the principal challenges associated with organic production. Relevant/appropriate measures should be taken to ameliorate acid soil. Clearing of primary forest not permitted and burning of organic matters to clear land to the minimum level. Across the slope cultivation should be practiced.
    The major challenge in Organic Agriculture is the availability of huge quantities of organic inputs for satisfying the farm demand. Use of animal excreta based manure alone is not sufficient for meeting the nutrient needs of the crops. It is therefore, necessary to utilize all the sources available on and off farm effectively. The resource components available for nutrient management in organic farming are: farmyard manure, crop residue, weed biomass, green manures, biofertilizers, composts / phospho-compost, vermicomposting, oil cakes, mulching / cover crop, liquid manures, biodynamic preparation, botanicals, legumes in cropping sequence, crop rotation / intercropping / sequential cropping, hedge row / alley cropping, indigenous nutrient solution, conservation tillage, by-product from integrated farming systems, industrial / agricultural / household waste and certified commercial products.
    To remove organic contaminants or heavy metals, biochar utilization is a relatively promising and novel technology until date. The hardwood biochar decreases the water-soluble Zn and Cd in soil significantly and finally decreases their cytotoxicity. Charcoal contained some alkaline and alkaline earth metals and holds more pH normally due to which inoculation of charcoal in soil enhances the efficiency of immobilizing the soil contaminated with heavy metals. To ameliorate chromium-polluted soils, application of biochar from maize stalk is useful, and it also reduces the carbon dioxide emission that may produce due to burning of biomass.
    Biochar application through chicken manure in Cd-polluted soil increases Cd immobilization significantly via the adsorption and precipitation mechanism. Biochar derived from sugar cane straw was capable to reduce the availability of Zn, Cd, and Pb in mine-polluted soils along with uptake of Zn, Pb, and Cd in an area with toxic levels of Cd by jack bean plants. Biochar addition at 10% in contaminated soil decreases CaCl2 extractable Cd by 92% significantly.
    Biochar incorporation in soil boosts the surface negative charge of the variable charge soil, and due to which, it could enhance the sorption capacity to the cationic nutrients and cationic heavy metal. In addition, complexes with heavy metals can be created by different functional groups like –CH, –NH, –COO, and –OH. Biochar or biocarbon through its hydrogen bonding, ?-? electron receptor/donor, and cationic bridge is able to sorb different toxic antibiotics such as sulfamethoxazole and fluoroquinolone in water phase. Biochar is resistant to biodegradation, and it has more specific surface area which creates an active adsorption affinity for different hydrophobic organic pollutants as well as toxic inorganic pollutants. Due to the more surface to volume ratio of biochar, they have a strong and positive affinity to toxic and highly persistent pollutants like dioxins, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, furans (PCDD/Fs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). To decrease the mobility of such inorganic pollutant by biochar, the pH changes are highly specific mechanism.
    Progressive farmers use different types of synthetic polymers which are very popular. But such synthetic products are non-biodegradable and the degraded by-products always results in polluted environment. Biodegradable polysaccharides like pine resin may be utilized as a substitute of synthetic polymers because of their controlled release behaviour, uncomplicated biodegradability, coating capability, non-toxic character, quick degradation by microbes and eco-friendly behaviour. It was well established that among the field applied chemical fertilizers roughly 80-90% P, 40-70% N and 50-70% K are lost into the environment worldwide. The biochar-hydrogel composite exhibited an enhanced swelling character than biochar alone and it was due to excellent water absorption capacity of hydrogel. Such type of characteristics has resulted various practical application of biochar-hydrogel in dry (arid) zone to improve water holding capacity in coarse textured soil as well as constant supply of water to crops. As a carrier of minerals nutrients its potential is gigantic along with presence of essential nutrients as enriched biochar. Currently scientists have launched a tendency towards manufacture of fertilizers based on biochar. Many researchers investigated for production of controlled-release fertilizer utilizing low cost supporting substance like biochar. Various monomers which are hydrophilic in nature were utilized as initial raw substances for manufacturing hydrogels which are appropriate for specific applications. (PIB)
    (*Scientists, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Sikkim Centre, Tadong, Gangtok)

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    Full article: Efficiency of iron modified Pyrus pyrifolia peels biochar as a novel adsorbent for …

    7 January, 2022
     

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    Biochar For Environmental Management Science Technology And Implementation – Curiosity Quills

    7 January, 2022
     

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    Robotic Process Automation Market 2021-26: Size, Trends, Share, Growth And Forecast – Business

    7 January, 2022
     

    According to the latest report by IMARC Group “Robotic Process Automation Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026“, The global robotic process automation market reached a value of US$ XX Billion in 2020. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the market to grow at a CAGR of XX% during 2021-2026.

    Robotic process automation (RPA) represents an advanced software technology that builds, deploys, and manages software robots. It assists in manipulating data, passing data from various applications, triggering responses, or executing transactions. Robotic process automation also aids in streamlining workflows and increasing employee satisfaction, engagement, and productivity by eliminating repetitive tasks from their workdays. Besides this, it offers numerous benefits, such as greater resilience, higher accuracy, accelerated transformation, enhanced compliance, improved productivity, etc. Robotic process automation is also scalable, requires minimal investment, and provides a significant return on investment (ROI).

    Request for a free sample copy of this report: https://www.imarcgroup.com/robotic-process-automation-market/requestsample

    Note: We are regularly tracking the direct effect of COVID-19 on the market, along with the indirect influence of associated industries. These observations will be integrated into the report.

    Market Trends:

    Shifting consumer preferences towards remote working to comply with government regulations regarding COVID-19, continue business operations, and prevent the spread of the pandemic, are primarily driving the global RPA market. Besides this, various leading players are integrating RPA with advanced technologies, such as machine learning (ML),which is further augmenting the market growth. Additionally, numerous key manufacturers are utilizing artificial intelligence (AI) to handle cognitive processes that require skills, including visualizing screens, comprehending speech, carrying on conversations and chats, understanding documents, etc. This, in turn, will continue to propel the RPA market over the forecasted period.

    Breakup by Component:

    Breakup by Operation:

    Breakup by Deployment Model:

    Breakup by Organization Size:

    Breakup by End User:

    Market Breakup by Region:

    Competitive Landscape with Key Player:

    Ask Analyst for Customization and Browse full report with TOC & List of Figure: https://www.imarcgroup.com/robotic-process-automation-market

    As the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis takes over the world, we are continuously tracking the changes in the markets, as well as the industry behaviours of the consumers globally and our estimates about the latest market trends and forecasts are being done after considering the impact of this pandemic.

    If you want latest primary and secondary data (2021-2026) with Cost Module, Business Strategy, Distribution Channel, etc. Click request free sample report, published report will be delivered to you in PDF format via email within 24 to 48 hours of receiving full payment.

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    Fed batch retort (biochar forum at permies)

    7 January, 2022
     


    Catalytic pyrolysis shows success against the plastic bag menace – Digital Journal

    7 January, 2022
     

    Researchers have developed a clean and cost-effective way to process waste plastic, such as from discarded bags.

    By

    Published

    Humanity has lived without plastic for around one hundred years and the substance forms part of everyday life, despite efforts made to reduce its use. Processes to reduce plastics are often offset by manufacturers seeking to utilize the low-cost, and quick-to-manufacture nature of the material. Too many consumers are reliant upon plastics, and this reliance will only be addressed by fundamental changes in infrastructures and lifestyle.

    The environmental risks from plastics are well-documented and the planet struggles with more than seven billion tons of plastics, most of it being indestructible. Disposal presents a major concern and less than 10 percent of global plastic waste is recycled at all and less than 1 percent will be recycled more than once.

    In addition, 24.4 trillion pieces (82,000–578,000 tons) of microplastics have been calculated to be present in the world’s oceans.

    One of the major sources of plastic pollution is from plastic bags. A new initiative sets out to partly address the issue of disposal. Scientists report success using the process of catalytic pyrolysis (using a dewaxing catalyst) in order to turn plastic wastes into a valuable fuel source (a substance that is similar in properties to diesel).

    For this, researchers from California State Polytechnic University focused on recycling plastic and upgrading plastic into other products or converting it to a vapor with heat, to create a fuel-like product.

    At the heart of the pyrolytic process is the transformation of primary organic waste into a sustainable fuel or other valuable chemicals. The term pyrolysis refers to the thermochemical decomposition of carbon-based matter in the absence of oxygen. Such a process can be used on plastic bags.

    According to researcher Mingheng Li, the catalyst is the most important factor in the process: “The catalyst is critical to this particular pyrolysis process, because it only requires one step to get to the desired fuel product at relatively mild temperatures.”

    The catalyst was made by dipping a zeolite substrate in an aqueous solution containing nickel and tungsten and drying it in an oven at 500 degrees Celsius.

    The research appears in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, with the research paper titled “Catalytic production of diesel-like oils from plastic wastes.”

    In related news, a different team of scientists (from RMIT University) have developed a new plastic upcycling approach that offers a sustainable alternative for the production of carbon nanotubes (which are used for hydrogen storage, composite materials, electronics, fuel cells and biomedical technologies).

    The process first converts agricultural or organic waste to biochar (a carbon-rich form of charcoal often used for improving soil health) and then uses the biochar is used to eliminate toxic contaminants like Poly-cyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons as  plastic is broken down into gas and oil. The process eliminates contaminants and convert plastics into high-quality liquid fuel.

    Dr. Tim Sandle is Digital Journal’s Editor-at-Large for science news. Tim specializes in science, technology, environmental, and health journalism. He is additionally a practising microbiologist; and an author. He is also interested in history, politics and current affairs.

    COPYRIGHT © 1998 – 2021 DIGITAL JOURNAL INC. Digital Journal is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more about our external linking.


    The impact of biochar on the activities of soil nutrients acquisition enzymes is potentially …

    7 January, 2022
     

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    Pemanfaatan Biochar Tongkol Jagung Guna Perbaikan Sifat Kimia Tanah Lahan Kering | Zenodo

    7 January, 2022
     

    January 7, 2022 Journal article Open Access

    Zakarias Adrianto Mautuka, Astriana Maifa, Martasiana Karbeka

    One of the soil properties related to plant growth and development is soil chemical properties. Soil chemical components include soil pH, c-organic, cation exchange capacity, macro and micro nutrients. One of the efforts to improve soil quality that can be taken is the use of materials classified as soil enhancers, namely biochar. One of the plant biomass that can be used as a source of biochar is corn cobs. Corncob biochar is made by combustion of limited oxygen in a prepared combustion pit. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of biochar from coconut shell on soil improvement in terms of soil chemical properties (pH, C-organic, N, P, K, C/N, CEC). The results of the study of soil chemical properties on the growth of shallot plants with the addition of biochar were able to increase soil nutrients such as pH, C-organic 6.81%, nitrogen 0.33%, phosphorus 0.10%, potassium 0.56%, and C ratio. /N 20.64 %, CEC 20.64 meq/100g.


    Granular Biochar Market to Witness Robust Expansion by 2029 – Industrial IT

    7 January, 2022
     

    Granular Biochar Market report focused on the comprehensive analysis of current and future prospects of the Granular Biochar industry. This report is a consolidation of primary and secondary research, which provides market size, share, dynamics, and forecast for various segments and sub-segments considering the macro and micro environmental factors. An in-depth analysis of past trends, future trends, demographics, technological advancements, and regulatory requirements for the Granular Biochar market has been done in order to calculate the growth rates for each segment and sub-segments.

    Get Sample Copy (Including FULL TOC, Graphs and Tables) of this report: https://www.a2zmarketresearch.com/sample-request/578553

    Top Key Vendors of this Market are:

    Swiss Biochar GmbH, Agri-Tech Producers, BioChar Products, Biochar Now, Kina, ElementC6, The Biochar Company, BlackCarbon, Carbon Gold, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, Diacarbon Energy.

    Global Granular Biochar Market Segmentation:

    Market Segmentation: By Type

    Wood Source Biochar
    Corn Source Biochar
    Wheat Source Biochar
    Others

    Market Segmentation: By Application

    Soil Conditioner
    Fertilizer
    Others

    Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Granular Biochar market. This report is a consolidation of primary and secondary research, which provides market size, share, dynamics, and forecast for various segments and sub-segments considering the macro and micro environmental factors. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market.

    The report provides insights on the following pointers:

    Market Penetration: Comprehensive information on the product portfolios of the top players in the Granular Biochar market.

    Competitive Assessment: In-depth assessment of the market strategies, geographic and business segments of the leading players in the market.

    Product Development/Innovation: Detailed insights on the upcoming technologies, R&D activities, and product launches in the market.

    Market Development: Comprehensive information about emerging markets. This report analyzes the market for various segments across geographies.

    Market Diversification: Exhaustive information about new products, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments in the Granular Biochar market.

    Get Special Pricing on this Premium Report: https://www.a2zmarketresearch.com/discount/578553

    The influence of the latest government guidelines is also analysed in detail in the report. It studies the Granular Biochar market’s trajectory between forecast periods. The cost analysis of the Global Granular Biochar Market has been performed while keeping in view manufacturing expenses, labour cost, and raw materials and their market concentration rate, suppliers, and price trend.

    Reasons for buying this report:

    Table of Contents

    Global Granular Biochar Market Research Report 2022 – 2029

    Chapter 1 Granular Biochar Market Overview

    Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

    Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

    Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

    Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

    Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

    Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

    Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

    Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

    Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

    Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

    Chapter 12 Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast

    Buy Exclusive Report: https://www.a2zmarketresearch.com/checkout

    If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

    About A2Z Market Research:

    The A2Z Market Research library provides syndication reports from market researchers around the world. Ready-to-buy syndication Market research studies will help you find the most relevant business intelligence.

    Our Research Analyst Provides business insights and market research reports for large and small businesses.

    The company helps clients build business policies and grow in that market area. A2Z Market Research is not only interested in industry reports dealing with telecommunications, healthcare, pharmaceuticals, financial services, energy, technology, real estate, logistics, F & B, media, etc. but also your company data, country profiles, trends, information and analysis on the sector of your interest.

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    Related Report:

    Thermoplastic Polyamide Market See Huge Growth for New Normal| Elastron, Evonik Industries, Arkema, BASF SE, Alliance Polymer


    WSU Report Looks At Potential Of Biochar – PNW AG Network

    7 January, 2022
     

    Washington State University recently published a roadmap for future development of the biochar industry in the Pacific Northwest and beyond. Karen Hills with WSU’s Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources said this collaborative effort not only looked at the current state of the biochar industry, but also tried to address what it will take for biochar to move to the next level.

    “And provide sort of the maximum benefit in terms of what biochar can do from climate change mitigation to increasing soil health and improving agricultural soils to revitalizing rural economies in these places that have had forest-based industries.”

    Hills noted while the potential for biochar is great, many questions remain.

    “If someone is going to invest in this product, for use on their farm, they have to know that they’ll get a return on their investment.  And although there has been a lot of biochar research undertaken, there’s such a wide variety of seed stocks, and methods for producing biochar as well as soils and crop production systems that, we’re not really at a point where it’s easy to predict if you apply this particular biochar in this system, we can accurately predict, or at least reasonably predict, what is going to happen or how that’s going to benefit the crop.”

    Hills added their research shows that the biochar industry has the potential to draw down emissions in Washington by 8%-19%. Biochar is the carbon-rich solid produced by heating biomass under low-oxygen conditions to a temperature where its chemical structure transforms to a more stable form.

    Click Here to read WSU’s Roadmap.

    If you have a story idea for the PNW Ag Network, call (509) 547-1618, or e-mail [email protected]


    Impact of Biochar and Nitrogen Application on Soil Physicochemical Attributes at Various …

    7 January, 2022
     

    Habibullah* and Sahib Alam  

    Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, Vol.34, Iss.2, Pages 368-377

    Nawab Khan, Ram L. Ray, Muhammad Ihtisham, Badar Naseem Siddiqui, Muhammad Khayyam, Raheel Anjum and Simplice A. Asongu

    Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, Vol.38, Iss. 1, Pages 322-330

    Mazhar Ullah and Mohammad Sayyar Khan

    Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, Vol.38, Iss. 1, Pages 312-321

    Yaregal Tilahun, Benyam Tadesse, Getachew Mekonnen and Tilahun Bekele

    Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, Vol.38, Iss. 1, Pages 295-311

    Dilshad Ahmad, Muhammad Afzal and Asif Ali Abro

    Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, Vol.38, Iss. 1, Pages 287-294

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    Data linked to publication entitled "Biochar derived from Acai agroindustry waste enhances …

    7 January, 2022
     


    Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Analysis, Research Study With Diacarbon …

    7 January, 2022
     

    Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market research is an intelligence report with meticulous efforts undertaken to study the right and valuable information. The data which has been looked upon is done considering both, the existing top players and the upcoming competitors. Business strategies of the key players and the new entering market industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this report analysis. It also provides market information in terms of development and its capacities.

    Get Sample Copy of this report with latest Industry Trend and COVID-19 Impact @: https://www.a2zmarketresearch.com/sample-request/578388

    Some of the Top companies Influencing in this Market includes:

    Diacarbon Energy Inc, Earth Systems, Retaj Chemicals Co., Brimac Char Inc., Fertoz, Vega Biofuels Inc, Clean Fuels BV, 3R Agrocarbon, Agri-Tech Producers.

    Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers market. This report is a consolidation of primary and secondary research, which provides market size, share, dynamics, and forecast for various segments and sub-segments considering the macro and micro environmental factors. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market.

    Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Segmentation:

    Market Segmentation: By Type

    Biochar
    Bonechar
    Phosphate Fertilizers

    Market Segmentation: By Application

    Agriculture
    Industrial

    Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market research report offers:

    Get Up to 30% Discount on the first purchase of this report @: https://www.a2zmarketresearch.com/discount/578388

    Regions Covered in the Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Report 2022:
    The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt)
    North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)
    South America (Brazil etc.)
    Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)
    Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)

    The cost analysis of the Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market has been performed while keeping in view manufacturing expenses, labor cost, and raw materials and their market concentration rate, suppliers, and price trend. Other factors such as Supply chain, downstream buyers, and sourcing strategy have been assessed to provide a complete and in-depth view of the market. Buyers of the report will also be exposed to a study on market positioning with factors such as target client, brand strategy, and price strategy taken into consideration.

    Key questions answered in the report include:

    Table of Contents

    Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Research Report 2022 – 2029

    Chapter 1 Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Overview

    Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

    Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

    Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

    Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

    Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

    Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

    Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

    Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

    Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

    Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

    Chapter 12 Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Forecast

    Buy Exclusive Report: https://www.a2zmarketresearch.com/checkout

    If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

    About A2Z Market Research:

    The A2Z Market Research library provides syndication reports from market researchers around the world. Ready-to-buy syndication Market research studies will help you find the most relevant business intelligence.

    Our Research Analyst Provides business insights and market research reports for large and small businesses.

    The company helps clients build business policies and grow in that market area. A2Z Market Research is not only interested in industry reports dealing with telecommunications, healthcare, pharmaceuticals, financial services, energy, technology, real estate, logistics, F & B, media, etc. but also your company data, country profiles, trends, information and analysis on the sector of your interest.

     

    Contact Us:

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    1887 WHITNEY MESA DR HENDERSON, NV 89014

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    +1 775 237 4147

     

    Related Report:

    Fungi and Bacteria for Food Market Past Research, Deep Analysis and Present Data With Chr. Hansen, BASF SE, Syngenta AG, Marrone Bio Innovations, BioAg Alliance (Monsanto/Novozymes)


    Wood Source Biochar Market: Qualitative Analysis Of The Leading Players And Competitive …

    7 January, 2022
     

    Wood Source Biochar market report offers complete information on the size, shares, growth rate, revenue, and volume of this vertical. Initial response to Covid-19 and future implications are also taken into account.

    The Wood Source Biochar market report accounts pivotal information pertaining to the growth drivers and restraints that will define the industry growth in the upcoming years. Moreover, it identifies the opportunities existing across the various regions to further aid business expansion.

    According to the report, the Wood Source Biochar market is projected to expand with XX% CAGR over the forecast period 2021-2026.

    Request a sample Report of Wood Source Biochar Market at: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/request-a-sample/4464202?utm_source=altcoinbeacon.com&utm_medium=SP

    In recent times, the coronavirus outbreak is peaking in some markets while its lingering impact continues to challenge others. Amid the uncertainties, companies are revising their budget for reopening and reinventing with full force but now they must consider the pandemic’s progression and its recurrence across the various geographies. Our deep dive analysis of this business sphere will not only help you chart a plan of action for recovery but will empower you in crafting strategies to remain profitable.

    Apart from this, the research report also delivers an in-depth evaluation of the various sub-markets to impart a better understanding of the revenue prospects of this industry.

    Main pointers from the Wood Source Biochar market report:

    Highlights of TOC:

    Overview: Presents a broad overview of the Wood Source Biochar market, acting as a snapshot of the elaborate study that follows.

    Market Dynamics: A straight-forward discussion about key drivers, restraints, challenges, trends, and opportunities of the Wood Source Biochar market.

    Product Segments: Explores the market growth of the wide variety of products offered by organizations, and how they fare with end-users.

    Application Segments: This section studies the key end-use applications that contribute to the market growth and the emerging opportunities to the Wood Source Biochar market.

    Geographical Segments: Each regional market – with a region-specific study of each segment- is carefully assessed for understanding its current and future growth scenarios.

    Company Profiles: Leading and emerging players of the Wood Source Biochar Market are thoroughly profiled in the report based on their market share, market served, products, applications, regional growth, and other factors.

    Ask for Discount on Wood Source Biochar Market Report at: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/check-for-discount/4464202?utm_source=altcoinbeacon.com&utm_medium=SP

    Wood Source Biochar market segments included in the report:

    Product gamut: Oak, Hickory, Maple and Other

    Application spectrum: Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer and Others

    Competitive outlook: Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6 and Vega Biofuels

    For More Details On this Report: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/reports/global-wood-source-biochar-market-2021-by-manufacturers-regions-type-and-application-forecast-to-2026

     

     

    Some of the Major Highlights of TOC covers:

    Development Trend of Analysis of Wood Source Biochar Market

    Marketing Channel

    Market Dynamics

    Methodology/Research Approach

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    To Save Soil Health, Biochar Furnaces Are Being Opened In Bihar – Muzcorner

    7 January, 2022
     

    To save the health of the soil, the Bihar government is soon going to open biochar furnaces.

    These furnaces will be opened in Krishi Vigyan Kendras in 11 districts of Bihar.

    The construction work of furnaces has been completed in all the selected Krishi Vigyan Kendras.

    The trial has also been done by running the furnaces.

    At present, the government is collecting straws from the farmers.

    Due to Corona, the opening ceremony of these furnaces has been stopped for the time being, but its use will be started in the Rabi season.

    The Agriculture Department has a plan that the biochar produced by these furnaces will be used on agricultural land of 24 thousand hectares.

    Farmers will also be informed about the benefits of biochar.

    In these furnaces, stubble from farmers will be collected and burnt at 380 to 400 degrees centigrade and the residue that will be left will be biochar, which will be mixed with the soil to remove the carbon deficiency present in the soil.

    Biochar contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potash, etc., which are very beneficial for the health of the soil.

    By using biochar, farmers also have to apply fertilizer to the soil.

    Most of the stubble is burnt in Shahabad of Bihar.

    In a recent aerial survey, Agriculture Secretary Dr. N. Saravan Kumar found that the highest incidence of stubble burning in Bihar is in Shahabad.

    Sanjay Likes to write about Blog and Stuff. A Native to Muzaffarpur. In the meantime he like to try different recipes.

    Submitting…


    Stability of biochar derived from banana peel through pyrolysis as alternative source of nutrient in soil

    7 January, 2022
     

    Biochar derived from banana peels can be used as an alternative nutrient in the soil that can promote crop growth while reducing fertiliser usage. Biochar stability has proportional relationship to biochar residence time in the soil and potassium is one of the vital nutrients needed for plant growth. This research aims at providing optimum pyrolysis operating conditions like temperature, residence time, and heating rate using banana peels as feedstock. An electrical tubular furnace was used to conduct the pyrolysis process to convert banana peels into biochar. The elemental compositions of biochar are potassium, oxygen (O), and carbon (C) content. The O:C ratio was used as the biochar stability indicator. Analysis of results showed that operating temperature has the most remarkable effect on biochar yield, biochar stability, and biochar’s potassium content. In addition, a multilayer feedforward artificial neural network model was developed for the pyrolysis process. Eleven training algorithms were selected to model the multi-input multi-output neural network (MIMO). The most suitable training algorithm was identified through four performance criterions which are root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MSE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), and regression (R2). The results show that the Levenberg–Marquardt backpropagation training algorithm has the lowest error. From the chosen training algorithm, neural network was trained, and optimum operating parameters for banana peel were predicted at 490 °C, 110 min, and 11 °C/min with a high yield of 47.78%, O/C ratio of 0.2393, and 14.04 wt. % of potassium.

    Instant access to the full article PDF.

    Rent this article via DeepDyve.

    Learn more about Institutional subscriptions

    All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article.

    Correspondence to Anurita Selvarajoo or Senthil Kumar Arumugasamy.

    The authors declare no competing interests.

    Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

    Actual vs. predicted series on biochar yield, O:C ratio, and potassium content (training algorithm with medium performance)

    Actual vs. predicted series on biochar yield, O:C ratio, and potassium content (training algorithm with bad performance)

    Received: 06 October 2021

    Accepted: 14 December 2021

    Published: 07 January 2022

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-021-09691-x

    Instant access to the full article PDF.

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    The Application of Biochar in Adsorption of Emerging Contaminants – MDPI

    7 January, 2022
     

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    Project Details – CSA Registries

    8 January, 2022
     

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    US Granular Polysilicon Industry: Future Demand, Market Analysis & Outlook upto 2027 …

    8 January, 2022
     

    Global Granular Polysilicon Industry: with growing significant CAGR during 2022-2027

    New Research Report on Granular Polysilicon Market which covers Market Overview, Future Economic Impact, Competition by Manufacturers, Supply (Production), and Consumption Analysis

    Understand the influence of COVID-19 on the Granular Polysilicon Market with our analysts monitoring the situation across the globe. Request Now

    The market research report on the global Granular Polysilicon industry provides a comprehensive study of the various techniques and materials used in the production of Granular Polysilicon market products. Starting from industry chain analysis to cost structure analysis, the report analyzes multiple aspects, including the production and end-use segments of the Granular Polysilicon market products. The latest trends in the pharmaceutical industry have been detailed in the report to measure their impact on the production of Granular Polysilicon market products.

    With the present market standards revealed, the Granular Polysilicon market research report has also illustrated the latest strategic developments and patterns of the market players in an unbiased manner. The report serves as a presumptive business document that can help the purchasers in the global market plan their next courses towards the position of the market’s future.

    Get sample of this report @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/sample/346848

    Leading key players in the Granular Polysilicon market are –
    REC Silicon, SunEdison, Granules Germany GmbH, Shaanxi Non Ferrous Tian Hong Rec Silicon Materials, Tokuyama Corporation

    Product Types:
    Silane Method
    Metallurgical Method

    On the Basis of Application:
    Automotive
    Aerospace
    Others

    Regional Analysis For Granular Polysilicon Market

    North America (the United States, Canada, and Mexico)
    Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)
    Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia)
    South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.)
    The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa)

    Get Discount on Granular Polysilicon report @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/discount/346848

    This report comes along with an added Excel data-sheet suite taking quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

    What’s in the offering: The report provides in-depth knowledge about the utilization and adoption of Granular Polysilicon Industries in various applications, types, and regions/countries. Furthermore, the key stakeholders can ascertain the major trends, investments, drivers, vertical player’s initiatives, government pursuits towards the product acceptance in the upcoming years, and insights of commercial products present in the market.

    Full Report Link @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/industry-growth/granular-polysilicon-market-trends-2022-2027-346848

    Lastly, the Granular Polysilicon Market study provides essential information about the major challenges that are going to influence market growth. The report additionally provides overall details about the business opportunities to key stakeholders to expand their business and capture revenues in the precise verticals. The report will help the existing or upcoming companies in this market to examine the various aspects of this domain before investing or expanding their business in the Granular Polysilicon market.

    Contact Us:
    [email protected]

    © All Right Reserved Daily Research Sheets 2022

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    US Graphics Display Controllers Market size, share, trend | Complete Analysis with Omicron …

    8 January, 2022
     

    Graphics Display Controllers Market 2022-2027:

    The Global Graphics Display Controllers market exhibits comprehensive information that is a valuable source of insightful data for business strategists during the decade 2017-2027. On the basis of historical data, Graphics Display Controllers market report provides key segments and their sub-segments, revenue and demand & supply data. Considering technological breakthroughs of the market Graphics Display Controllers industry is likely to appear as a commendable platform for emerging Graphics Display Controllers market investors.

    The complete value chain and downstream and upstream essentials are scrutinized in this report. Essential trends like globalization, growth progress boost fragmentation regulation & ecological concerns. This Market report covers technical data, manufacturing plants analysis, and raw material sources analysis of Graphics Display Controllers Industry as well as explains which product has the highest penetration, their profit margins, and R & D status. The report makes future projections based on the analysis of the subdivision of the market which includes the global market size by product category, end-user application, and various regions.

    Get Sample Report: https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/sample/346853

    This Graphics Display Controllers Market Report covers the manufacturer’s data, including shipment, price, revenue, gross profit, interview record, business distribution, etc., these data help the consumer know about the competitors better.

    Topmost Leading Manufacturer Covered in this report:
    Socionext (Formed from Fujistu and Panasonic), Barco, Intersil, Toshiba, Samsung Semiconductor, ADL Embedded Solutions, Analog Devices, Microchip Technology, STMicroelectronics, Solomon Systech, Shenzhen Hengstar Technology

    Product Segment Analysis:
    LCD Graphics Display Controller
    LED Graphics Display Controller
    OLED Graphics Display Controller

    On the Basis of Application:
    Medical Devices
    Automotive Applications
    Avionics Devices
    Industrial Devices
    Home Appliances
    Others

    Get Discount @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/discount/346853

    Regional Analysis For Graphics Display Controllers Market

    North America (the United States, Canada, and Mexico)
    Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)
    Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia)
    South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.)
    The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa)

    The objectives of the report are:

    – To analyze and forecast the market size of Graphics Display Controllers Industry in the global market.
    – To study the global key players, SWOT analysis, value and global market share for leading players.
    – To determine, explain and forecast the market by type, end use, and region.
    – To analyze the market potential and advantage, opportunity and challenge, restraints and risks of global key regions.
    – To find out significant trends and factors driving or restraining the market growth.
    – To analyze the opportunities in the market for stakeholders by identifying the high growth segments.
    – To critically analyze each submarket in terms of individual growth trend and their contribution to the market.
    – To understand competitive developments such as agreements, expansions, new product launches, and possessions in the market.
    – To strategically outline the key players and comprehensively analyze their growth strategies.

    View Full Report @ https://www.marketresearchupdate.com/industry-growth/graphics-display-controllers-market-trends-2022-2027-346853

    At last, the study gives out details about the major challenges that are going to impact market growth. They also report provides comprehensive details about the business opportunities to key stakeholders to grow their business and raise revenues in the precise verticals. The report will aid the company’s existing or intend to join in this market to analyze the various aspects of this domain before investing or expanding their business in the Graphics Display Controllers markets.

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    Effects on Soil N2o Emissions and Carbon Stocks – SSRN Papers

    8 January, 2022
     

    China Agricultural University

    China Agricultural University

    China Agricultural University

    China Agricultural University

    China Agricultural University

    affiliation not provided to SSRN

    affiliation not provided to SSRN

    In China, an increasing number of farmers are using drip fertigation schemes with reduced fertilizer inputs to produce vegetables in greenhouses. When chicken manure is applied as a basal fertilizer, farmers usually do not use any additional organic material inputs, although soil organic carbon (SOC) concentrations are mostly below the optimum for vegetable production. Here, we tested over a 4-year experimental period whether drip fertigation alone (DIF) or in combination with additional organic matter applications, namely, maize straw (DIF+S) or biochar (DIF+BC), is a suitable option to improve soil C sequestration and how this can affect soil N 2 O emissions, yields, or crop nitrogen use efficiency in the greenhouse vegetable production system. Our study showed superior results for DIF+BC, as significantly higher soil C sequestration rates and lower soil N 2 O emissions were found, while fruit yields remained unchanged at high levels. Thus, our calculations showed that DIF+BC exhibited a reduction in yield-scaled N 2 O emissions of approximately 20% and 34%, respectively, compared with DIF and DIF+S. The contribution of biochar incorporation to increased SOC was approximately 78%, which was four times higher than that of straw incorporation. Overall, our results highlight the potential of drip fertigation in combination with biochar to increase the environmental sustainability of greenhouse vegetable production.

    Keywords: Drip fertigation, incorporation of straw or biochar, N2O emissions, soil organic carbon, greenhouse vegetable production

    Suggested Citation

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    Beijing
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    Beijing
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    Climate Action eJournal

    Political Economy – Development: Domestic Development Strategies eJournal

    Political Economy – Development: Environment eJournal

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    BioChar Production | BioMass Energy Techniques

    8 January, 2022
     

    Biochar production has proven valuable as a soil enhancer for over a thousand years. As a soil amendment charged with nutrients and inoculated with microbes, biochar products unleash a biological explosion in soil. Biochar can be an important tool to increase food security and cropland diversity in areas with severely depleted soils, scarce organic resources, and inadequate water and chemical fertilizer supplies.

    Over the years, further research has shown biochar to be useful in numerous other applications including as a food additive, livestock supplement, water retention and filtration, construction aggregate, and much more!

    Extremely efficient heat production allows the BET BioMass System to create Biochar as a bi-product of our combustion process. This biochar can be used as a soil amendment which creates a recalcitrant soil carbon pool that is carbon-negative. Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon, and can endure in soil for thousands of years and has been shown to mitigate climate change via carbon sequestration.

    Biochar can actually reduce the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere by transforming the carbon in biomass into stable carbon structures. According to many studies, biochar implementation could offset as much as 12% of anthropogenic GHG emissions on an annual basis.

    The addition of the BET carbon sequestration technology to create biochar, represents a significant opportunity to BET System users through the extensive marketability and income generating potential of biochar.

    Field testing results have shown that biochar outputs can be achieved without reducing the energy output and increasing the fuel input requirements of a BET System.

    BioMass Energy Techniques works with our clients to improve total value by developing biochar conversion kits to complement our standard BET Systems. The PRD product line is designed for biochar producers who wish to maximize the yeild rates and have more direct control on the pyrolysis process.

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    Sustainable lightweight mortar using biochar as sand replacement – Taylor & Francis Online

    8 January, 2022
     

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    Ozonized biochar filtrate effects on the growth of Pseudomonas putida and cyanobacteria …

    8 January, 2022
     

    Biochar ozonization was previously shown to dramatically increase its cation exchange capacity, thus improving its nutrient retention capacity. The potential soil application of ozonized biochar warrants the need for a toxicity study that investigates its effects on microorganisms.

    In the study presented here, we found that the filtrates collected from ozonized pine 400 biochar and ozonized rogue biochar did not have any inhibitory effects on the soil environmental bacteria Pseudomonas putida, even at high dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations of 300 ppm. However, the growth of Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 was inhibited by the ozonized biochar filtrates at DOC concentrations greater than 75 ppm. Further tests showed the presence of some potential inhibitory compounds (terephthalic acid and p-toluic acid) in the filtrate of non-ozonized pine 400 biochar; these compounds were greatly reduced upon wet-ozonization of the biochar material. Nutrient detection tests also showed that dry-ozonization of rogue biochar enhanced the availability of nitrate and phosphate in its filtrate, a property that may be desirable for soil application.

    Ozonized biochar substances can support soil environmental bacterium Pseudomonas putida growth, since ozonization detoxifies the potential inhibitory aromatic molecules.

    The pyrolysis of biomass to biochar may produce some chemical compounds such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH’s), furans, and dioxins that may be toxic to microorganisms (Lyu et al. 2016). The use of biochar was proposed for the remediation of soil and waste waters (Li et al. 2017; Wang et al. 2015). Before being applied to soils, the toxicity effects of biochar on microorganisms needs to be investigated. Several factors including the feedstock used for pyrolysis, the temperature of pyrolysis, and the age of biochar may affect its toxicity (Lehmann and Joseph 2009; Hale et al. 2012). Smith et al. (2016) showed that the water soluble organic compounds from pinewood biochars made at high temperatures (above 400 °C) exhibit less toxicity on cyanobacteria compared to pinewood biochars made at lower temperatures (below 400 °C).

    The effect of ozonization was shown to create some oxygen functional groups on the biochar surface, which resulted in an increase in cation exchange capacity (CEC) (Sacko et al. 2020; Huff et al. 2018), a key property for fertilizer retention in soil; we recently showed the biochar CEC increased by up to almost 10 times upon ozonization under dry conditions (Kharel et al. 2019). This type of ozonized biochar materials could potentially have significant applications for agroecosystem sustainability such as to help unlock phosphorus from certain insoluble phosphate materials and improve soil properties. However, to consider the large-scale applications of ozonized biochar with soils, it is important to study the potential impacts of ozonized biochar substances on soil microorganisms. Among the various soil microorganisms, we are interested in P. putida, a common bacterium in the plant rhizosphere. The presence of P. putida in soil was shown to promote plant growth (Silby et al. 2011; Mercado-Blanco and Bakker 2007). Recently, there has been particular interest in the inoculation of biochar with bacteria prior to its introduction to soils and plant roots (Tu et al. 2020). Some bacteria-inoculated biochars were shown to improve the soil microbial community and plant growth (Wei et al. 2020; Głodowska et al. 2017; Egamberdieva et al. 2018). Our ozonized biochar may be a potential candidate for the development of bacteria-inoculated biochars; given the increased oxygen functional groups on its surface (Sacko et al. 2020; Kharel et al. 2019), we would expect it to immobilize nutrients that can be used by soil bacteria. In addition, our ozonized biochar was shown to unlock phosphate from insoluble hydroxyapatite material (Sacko et al. 2020), which would enable plant roots to have easier access to usable phosphate. However, before considering the application of ozonized biochar as a bacterial inoculant, it is particularly important to test whether the latter would be toxic or not to microbial growth. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no studies on the effects of ozone-treated biochar on microorganisms. In this study, the effects of ozonized biochar water extractable dissolved organic carbon were tested on the growth of Pseudomonas putida, which is a soil environmental bacterium.

    Freshwater on the land surface is an essential part of the water cycle. Allochthonous organic matter can gain access to the watershed via soil leaching. If ozonized biochar were to be applied to soil systems, the soil leaching would bring some ozonized biochar molecular fragments, such as the dissolved organic carbon materials, into the freshwater. Therefore, it is also important to know what effects the ozonized biochar filtrate would have on microorganisms of a freshwater ecosystem. In addition, contamination of freshwater by toxic metals poses serious concerns (Zhong et al. 2018). Therefore, for the application of ozonized biochar as a remediation of toxic metals in freshwater to be considered, it is important to determine its effects on freshwater microorganisms. Cyanobacteria are commonly found in freshwater. In this study, we also investigated the effects of ozonized biochar water soluble organic materials (filtrate) on Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, a freshwater cyanobacteria. Finally, we tested for the potential differences between the filtrates of ozonized biochars and non-ozonized biochar.

    The pine biochars used for this study were produced in a similar fashion as previously reported (Sacko et al. 2020) with some pre-pyrolysis changes. The pre-pyrolysis preparation here involved the removal of the bark, the chopping of the pinewood into smaller pieces (5 mm diameter) and the washing of 50 g of the pine biomass with 300 mL of milli-Q water to reduce ash content (Cen et al. 2016; Deng et al. 2013). The washed pinewood was then dried prior to its pyrolysis. The pinewood was pyrolyzed under atmospheric pressure to reach the highest treatment temperatures of 300 °C, 400 °C, or 500 °C. The resulting biochars obtained were named pine 300 or P300 (40.98 ± 1.44% yield), pine 400 or P400 (28.36 ± 0.28% yield), and pine 500 or P500 (25.10 ± 1.30% yield). In addition, rogue biochar (RBC) from Oregon Biochar Solutions was also used. This biochar was made from a mixture of softwood tree materials, such as pine and Douglas fir through pyrolysis at 700 °C; more characteristics about the Rogue biochar can be found in a previous report (Kharel et al. 2019). All biochars were ground and sieved through a 106-µm screen and stored in an oven at 105 °C.

    Each biochar was ozone treated under wet or dry conditions as described in our previous work (Sacko et al. 2020) with a slight modification. For the wet ozone treatment, 1.5 g of oven-dried biochar was mixed with 10 mL of milli-Q water. The mixture was ozonized for 90 min in a tubular reactor using an oxygen gas stream containing ozone at a gas flow rate of 3 L/min from a Welsbach T-series ozone generator. Pure oxygen at 8 psi was fed into the ozone generator that used a voltage of 115 V for its corona discharge to convert a significant amount of oxygen molecules to ozone molecules. After the ozone treatment, the 10 mL filtrate was collected using a Büchner vacuum filtration system with Fisherbrand P8 filter paper (catalog number 09-795B). The biochar was subsequently washed with 25 mL and 300 mL of milli-Q water and the resulting filtrates were collected for each wash. The washed biochar was then dried in the oven at 105 °C. The dry-ozone treatment was conducted in a similar manner, but here, no water was added to the biochar prior to the ozone treatment; after 90 min of ozone treatment, the biochar was subsequently washed with 10 mL, 25 mL, and 300 mL of milli-Q water. The filtrate was collected for each wash. The washed biochar was dried in the oven at 105 °C. The non-ozonized biochar control was prepared in a similar manner, but without the ozonization; briefly 1.5 g of biochar was washed with 10 mL, 25 mL, and 300 mL of milli-Q water. The filtrates were collected, and the washed biochar was stored in the oven at 105 °C.

    The filtrates that were collected contained water extractable organic carbon materials. In an effort to quantify the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in these filtrates, they were further filtered through a 0.2-µm pore-size filter. The concentration of the dissolved organic carbon in the filtrate and the pH of the biochar slurry were measured in a similar manner, as described in our previous work (Sacko et al. 2020). Note that a 0.2-µm filtration also ensures removal of potential bacterial contaminants, prior to the use of the filtrate for the toxicity assay.

    Wild-type cyanobacteria Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 were taken from log-phase growth and inoculated into fresh BG-11 liquid medium buffered at pH 8.0 with Tris Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (TES). Similarly, the wild-type Pseudomonas putida KT2440 cells were inoculated into fresh Luria Broth (LB) medium buffered with Tris/Tris HCl at pH 7.0. These two cultures served as the stock, and they were each shaken prior to inoculation of the wells. The bioassay setup was performed with a similar concept as done by Smith et al. (2016) with some modifications. The assay was conducted with Corning Costar 24-well plates. The total volume of liquid loaded in each well was 2500 µL. The biochar filtrate was loaded into each well to achieve a DOC concentration ranging from 0 ppm (no DOC control) to 300 ppm; the biochar filtrate (0–1000 µL) was mixed with milli-Q water (0–1000 µL) so that the combined volume did not exceed 1000 µL. To bring the total volume up to 2500 µL, 1500 µL of the S. elongatus PCC 7942 or P. putida in BG-11 or LB medium, respectively, were added to each well. The cells were pipetted from the stock liquid cultures; the stock cultures were hand shaken vigorously prior to each transfer to the wells to ensure that the original cell concentration was similar across the wells. If the desired DOC concentration was not able to be obtained due to the low DOC concentration, the well was left empty. The blank wells consisted of just 1500 µL of BG-11 or LB medium without the cells. The setup of the plates is shown in Table 1. The plates inoculated with P. putida were incubated at 37 °C and the plates inoculated with S. elongatus PCC 7942 were incubated at room temperature under actinic light intensity 15–20 µmol/m2/s.

    The assay was performed using the filtrates from RBC and P400 biochars. The growth of the cells was monitored by measuring the optical density (OD730) using a BioTek Synergy HT multimode microplate reader at absorbance measuring light wavelength of 730 nm on day 0, day 0.5, day 1, day 2, day 3, day 4, and day 5 for the P. putida assays. Note that this optical density is a measurement of cell culture population density by the light scattering effect of the microbial cells. 730 nm was preferred to 600 nm as longer wavelengths have less interference issues (Hecht et al. 2016). For that purpose, in this project, OD730 was used to reduce absorbance signals from the biochar filtrates. For the PCC 7942, the optical density was measured at 730 nm every 2 days from day 0 to day 16. Before each measurement, if evaporation occurred, milli-Q water was added to replenish wells to the initial liquid level. Cells from wells were mixed by pipetting prior to each measurement. Photographs of the multi-well plates were also taken prior to each measurement. Each plate assay was done in duplicate (n = 2).

    As a background control, OD730 measured on day 0 for each well was used as the blank for that well for the entire time of the growth assay. For that matter, the OD730 at day 0 was subtracted from the OD730 values of the same plate at days 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16. The purpose of that was to just monitor the OD730 due to the growth of cells and not the scattering that may be due to biochar DOC particles or other interferences.

    Another background control was performed to see if biochar filtrate varied over time; an assay was also performed using just the filtrates at the different DOC concentrations without bacterial cells (Additional file 1: Fig. S1). The purpose for that is because the biochar filtrates also display a wide range of absorbance that may change over time. These plates were observed over the period of the growth assay, and their OD730 were also recorded to see if any change occurred in filtrates when bacterial cells were absent. Each control plate assay was done in duplicate (n = 2). The OD730 recorded for these controls did not vary over the time of the study.

    To determine the effect of biochar ozonization on nutrient content, the concentrations of several anions (nitrate, phosphate, sulfate, and chloride) were measured from the filtrate of ozonized biochars and the filtrate of the non-ozonized biochars. A Dionex 5000 Ion chromatography instrument packed with AG23/AS23 column of 0.4 × 250 mm was used for anion separation. 4.5 mM Na2CO3 and 0.8 mM NaHCO3 solutions were used as mobile phase eluents. The samples were loaded on a Dionex AS 40 autosampler. The signals were detected with a conductivity detector. The data collection time of the ion chromatography was set to 30 min. A Thermo Scientific Dionex 7 Anion standard solution (Thermo Fisher 057,590) was used to quantify the anions. For this analysis, the filtrate was collected from the 2nd wash (25 mL wash) of the 1.5 g biochar. Each sample type was measured in triplicate (n = 3). A standard acetic acid ACS grade was also used as a reference.

    The presence of potential inhibitory compounds was tested in the filtrate of the ozonized biochars and the non-ozonized biochar. Aliquots of filtrate were dried under an inert stream of nitrogen to give approximately 15 mg of DOC content. The dried filtrates were then dissolved in 500 µl silylation grade acetonitrile followed by trimethylsilyl derivatization with 500 ul N-Methyl-N-trimethylsilyltrifluoroacetamide plus 1% 2,2,2-Trifluoro-N-methyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)-acetamide, Chlorotrimethylsilane (MSTFA + 1% TMCS) and heated at 70 °C for 1 h. After 2 days, 1 µL was injected to an Agilent 7890A-5975C inert XL gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) system using previously described conditions (Tschaplinski et al. 2012). Inhibitory compounds were identified using a Wiley Registry 10th Edition/NIST 2014 Mass Spectral library.

    The dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration of the biochar filtrates was measured before and after ozonization. The pristine pine biochars (P300, P400, P500) showed less DOC in their filtrate as the pyrolysis temperature increased; the pine 300 contained a total of 2.80 ± 0.18 mg DOC/g biochar, the pine 400 contained 1.96 ± 0.31 mg DOC/g biochar and the pine 500 contained 1.40 ± 0.19 mg DOC/g biochar (Fig. 1). The lower temperature biochars with a more acidic pH (Additional file 1: Fig. S2) may be more water soluble, which may explain the release of more water soluble fragments (i.e., DOC) than the higher temperature biochars that exhibit more hydrophobic characteristics (Xiao et al. 2014).

    Total dissolved organic carbon extracted from the pine 300 (P300), pine 400 (P400), pine 500 (P500), and rogue biochar (RBC) before and after wet/dry ozonization. The DOC amounts reported are in mg DOC/g biochar. The error bars denote the error of the average of 3 measurements (n = 3)

    The ozone treated biochars had significantly more DOC in their filtrate. The wet ozonized P300 had six times more DOC materials compared to the non-ozonized P300 (Fig. 1). The wet ozonized P400 released the highest DOC amount among the pine biochars at 23.49 ± 1.70 mg DOC/g biochar, which was twelve times more DOC than the non-ozonized pine 400 (Fig. 1). Wet-ozone treatment of P500 also generated some DOC, but only increased by a factor of 2 to 3. The dry-ozonized rogue biochar released the most DOC material (34.49 ± 1.00 mg DOC/g biochar). The effect of the generated DOC materials was tested on the growth of Pseudomonas putida and cyanobacteria Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 as follows.

    The filtrates from pine 400 biochar and rogue biochar were used for the toxicity assay as they generated the highest amount of DOC materials upon ozone treatment. In addition, the pine 400 wet ozonized biochar showed great efficiency at solubilizing phosphate from hydroxyapatite material (Sacko et al. 2020) and the dry ozonized rogue biochar showed a high cation exchange capacity (Kharel et al. 2019). Before these biochars can be considered for application into the soil, it is important to know how they would affect soil microbes.

    The growth assay of P. putida incubation with the P400 biochar filtrate showed that the P. putida growth was not inhibited at any of the tested DOC concentrations of ozonized P400 filtrate and non-ozonized P400 filtrate (Fig. 2). The photograph of the multi-well plates of the P. putida incubation with the P400 filtrates showed that there was cell growth, as seen by the turbidity of the liquid cells in each well (Fig. 2A). The optical density (OD730) measurements of the cells supported these observations (Fig. 2B). Note that the OD730 data reported were all calculated by subtracting the scattering caused by the biochar filtrates and other particles. That is the OD730 reported is only reflecting the growth of the cells. The OD730 from the P. putida incubated with the filtrates from P400 (non-ozonized, wet-ozonized, and dry-ozonized) at DOC concentrations 2–25 ppm were somewhat similar to that of the 0-ppm control. The P. putida incubation with the filtrates from the wet-ozonized pine 400 at high DOC concentrations also had comparable OD730 measurements to that of the 0-ppm “no DOC” control; no statistical difference was observed (Fig. 2B). The filtrate from the non-ozonized P400 did not have enough DOC, therefore, that assay was limited to low DOC concentrations. The OD730 of the P. putida growth was also recorded daily for up to 5 days when incubated with non-ozonized, wet-ozonized, and dry-ozonized pine 400 biochar filtrates. The data showed that even at high DOC concentrations (150 ppm, 300 ppm), the growth rate of P. putida was not inhibited (Additional file 1: Figs. S3, S4, S5).

    Growth assay of P. putida in incubation with filtrates from wet-ozonized, dry-ozonized, and non-ozonized pine 400 biochar at different DOC concentrations. A Photographs of multi-well plate with P400 biochar filtrates inoculated with P. putida on day 0, day 0.5 and day 5 of the growth assay. The photographs shown are one of the two replicates. The setup of the plate is shown in Table 1. B Optical density (OD730) of P. putida liquid culture after 5 days of incubation with P400 biochar filtrates. The error bars on the graph represent the standard deviation of the 2 multi-well plates (n = 2)

    The toxicity assay conducted with the filtrates from rogue biochar (RBC) also showed that P. putida grew at all the different DOC concentrations tested (Fig. 3A). The optical density measurements confirmed these observations (Fig. 3B). The non-ozonized rogue biochar filtrate and the wet-ozonized rogue biochar filtrate did not have any major effect on the growth rate of P. putida at the DOC concentrations tested (Additional file 1: Figs. S6, S7). The P. putida incubation with the filtrate from the dry-ozonized rogue biochar at DOC concentrations of 2 ppm and 10 ppm had similar growth to that of the non-ozonized and wet-ozonized rogue biochar as shown by the OD730 data on day 5 (Fig. 3B). At higher DOC concentrations from the dry-ozonized rogue biochar, the growth of P. putida appeared to be stimulated in comparison with that at lower DOC concentrations. The P. putida cells culture density growth measured as OD730 in the medium with 150 ppm DOC was higher than that with 2 ppm DOC (statistical p value: 0.018). However, when compared to the control, there was no statistical difference. The P. putida cells culture of the 0 ppm DOC (“no DOC” control) had an OD730 of 1.48 ± 0.23 which was slightly smaller (statistic p value: 0.056) than that of the 150 ppm DOC with a measured OD730 of 2.07 ± 0.05. The 300 ppm DOC P. putida cell culture also showed a slightly higher OD730 (2.03 ± 0.34) compared to the no DOC control (statistic p value 0.1071) (Fig. 3B). The cell culture density growth recorded daily as OD730 also showed that P. putida grew slightly better with the dry-ozonized RBC filtrate at high DOC concentrations compared to lower DOC concentrations (Additional file 1: Fig. S8).

    Growth assay of P. putida in incubation with filtrates from wet-ozonized, dry-ozonized, and non-ozonized rogue biochar at different DOC concentrations. A Photographs of multi-well plate with RBC biochar filtrates inoculated with P. putida on day 0, day 0.5 and day 5 of the growth assay. The photographs shown are one of the two replicates. The setup of the plate is shown in Table 1. B Optical density (OD730) of P. putida after 5 days of incubation with RBC biochar filtrates. The error bars on the graph represent the standard deviation of the 2 multi-well plates (n = 2). At day 5, the P. putida inoculated in the well with 300 ppm of the dry-ozonized RBC filtrate had too much growth and OD730 could not be measured; therefore, the content of the well was split in two wells and their OD730 measurements were added. The asterisks brackets (*) show significant difference (p < 0.05) between treatments

    Low temperature-pyrolysis-produced biochars such as P400 have greater amounts of microbial inhibitory compounds, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH’s), furans, volatile organic compounds, etc. (Lyu et al. 2016; Smith et al. 2016). We expected the growth of P. putida to be inhibited by the filtrate from P400, but that was not the case. This may be because P. putida is capable of degrading several aromatic compounds that may be toxic to other microorganisms (Nogales et al. 2017).

    Overall, the growth of the soil bacterium P. putida was not inhibited by the filtrates from the wet-ozonized pine 400 and the dry-ozonized rogue biochar. At high DOC concentrations (300 ppm), these filtrates may have some slight stimulatory effect to the growth of P. putida, which may be due to P. putida’s ability to degrade and possibly utilize several aromatic compounds (Nogales et al. 2017).

    The effect of ozonized biochar water extractable organic carbon was tested on the growth of cyanobacteria Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 (7942). The 7942 was able to grow when incubated with filtrates from non-ozonized, wet-ozonized, and dry-ozonized pine 400 (Fig. 4). At a DOC concentration of 25 ppm, the filtrate from the non-ozonized P400 (OD730 0.72 ± 0.05) and dry-ozonized P400 (OD730 0.77 ± 0.02) had no major effect on the growth of 7942 as their OD730 was similar to that of the 0-ppm control (OD730 0.72 ± 0.11) as recorded on day 16 (Fig. 4). The 25-ppm DOC from the wet-ozonized P400, on the other hand, slightly stimulated the growth of 7942 with an OD730 of 1.06 ± 0.12 on day 16, which was slightly greater than the 0-ppm “no DOC” control (statistic p value: 0.160). The wet-ozonized P400 filtrate stimulated the growth of 7942 also at 75 ppm DOC (statistic p value: 0.098). However, at higher DOC concentrations (150 ppm and 300 ppm), the growth of 7942 was significantly inhibited (Fig. 4).

    Growth assay of Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 (7942) in incubation with filtrates from wet-ozonized, dry-ozonized, and non-ozonized pine 400 (P400) biochar at different DOC concentrations. A Photographs of multi-well plate with P400 biochar filtrates inoculated with 7942 on day 0, day 4 and day 16 of the growth assay. The photographs shown are one of the two replicates. The setup of the plate is shown in Table 1. B Optical density (OD730) of 7942 after 16 days of incubation with P400 biochar filtrates. The error bars on the graph represent the standard deviation of the 2 multi-well plates (n = 2). The asterisks brackets (*) show significant difference (p < 0.05) between treatments

    The DOC extracted from the dry-ozonized P400 biochar had no major effect on the growth of 7942 at the concentrations tested (2–150 ppm DOC) (Fig. 4). The growth rate was also recorded and showed that the P400 non-ozonized biochar filtrate inhibited the growth rate of 7942: from day 10 to day 14, the OD730 of 7942 incubated with non-ozonized P400 filtrate (25 ppm) was slightly less than that of the control 0 ppm (Additional file 1: Fig. S9). It is not until day 16 that the OD730 of the 7942 incubated with non-ozonized P400 filtrate (25 ppm) caught up to the OD730 of the 7942 incubated with the control at 0 ppm DOC (no DOC) (Additional file 1: Fig. S9). The 7942 incubated with the filtrate from the dry-ozonized pine 400 at 25 ppm DOC grew at the same rate as the 0-ppm control (Additional file 1: Fig. S10). 7942 incubated with the wet-ozonized P400 filtrate at 25 ppm also grew at the same rate as the 0 ppm up until day 10, then grew slightly better than the control (Additional file 1: Fig. S11). Also as shown in Fig. 4, at a DOC concentration of 10 ppm, the 7942 grew significantly better in presence of the wet-ozonized P400 DOC compared to the non-ozonized P400 DOC (statistic p value: 0.027). These observations indicated that at 10 ppm and possibly 25 ppm DOC, the non-ozonized P400 filtrate had a slight inhibition on the growth of 7942 compared to the dry and wet-ozonized P400 filtrate. It is possible that:

    Some inhibitory compounds generally present in pine 400 biochar (Smith et al. 2016) may have been reduced upon ozonization of biochar;

    Ozonization of biochar have caused the release of more nutrients which may have benefited the growth of 7942.

    The effect of the DOC extracted from the rogue biochar was also tested. On day 16, the PCC 7942 incubated with the dry-ozonized rogue biochar filtrate at 2–25 ppm had higher OD730 reading (growth) than when 7942 was incubated with the filtrates from the wet-ozonized RBC at 2–25 ppm and from the non-ozonized RBC at 2–25 ppm (Fig. 5). In addition, at DOC concentrations of 2–10 ppm, the non-ozonized RBC filtrates significantly inhibited the growth of 7942 compared to the “no DOC” control (statistical p value < 0.05). This indicates that at these DOC concentrations, the cells grow better when incubated with the dry-ozonized rogue biochar filtrate than with the non-ozonized rogue biochar filtrate. It is possible that dry-ozonization reduces the presence of inhibitory compounds that may be present in RBC. It is also possible that dry-ozonization caused the release of more nutrients in the filtrate of RBC. However, at higher concentrations (300 ppm), the dry-ozonized RBC filtrate significantly inhibited the growth of 7942 compared to the 0-ppm control (statistic p value: 0.013). Furthermore, we observed that the growth rate of 7942 was slowed in the presence of non-ozonized rogue biochar filtrate (at 2–25 ppm DOC) until day 14 (Additional file 1: Fig. S12). The growth rate of 7942 was also slowed when incubated with the dry-ozonized RBC filtrate at 75 ppm for 12 days, then picked back up on days 14–16 (Additional file 1: Fig. S13). At high DOC concentrations (150–300 ppm), the dry-ozonized RBC filtrate significantly inhibited the growth rate of 7942, which was still growing, but at a much slower rate than when it was incubated with the control 0 ppm DOC (Additional file 1: Fig. S13). The filtrate from the wet-ozonized RBC had a similar effect on the growth pattern of 7942 as the non-ozonized RBC; at 2–25 ppm DOC, they had a slower growth than the 0-ppm control for the first 14 days (Additional file 1: Fig. S14).

    Growth assay of Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 (7942) in incubation with filtrates from wet-ozonized, dry-ozonized, and non-ozonized rogue biochar (RBC) at different DOC concentrations. A Photographs of multi-well plate with RBC biochar filtrates inoculated with 7942 on day 0, day 4 and day 16 of the growth assay. The photographs shown are one of the two replicates. The setup of the plate is shown in Table 1. B Optical density (OD730) of 7942 after 16 days of incubation with RBC filtrates. The error bars on the graph represent the standard deviation of the 2 multi-well plates (n = 2). The asterisks brackets (*) show significant difference (p < 0.05) between treatments

    The filtrate from the dry-ozonized rogue biochar at 300 ppm DOC was much less inhibitory to the growth of PCC 7942 than the filtrate from wet-ozonized P400 biochar at 300 ppm DOC (Figs. 4, 5, Additional file 1: Figs. S11, S13). The rogue biochar being made at higher temperatures (700 °C) may have less inhibitory compounds to start with, compared to the pine 400 made at lower temperatures (400 °C). The filtrate from dry ozonized rogue biochar at low DOC concentrations (2–25 ppm) appeared to slightly stimulate the growth of cyanobacteria PCC 7942, and have no inhibitory effect on P. putida at high concentrations. In addition, the dry-ozonized rogue biochar was recently characterized by our lab to be able retain and exchange cations 7–9 time more than the non-ozonized control (Kharel et al. 2019). While the results presented here are empirical evidence that the ozonization of biochar reduces its inhibitory effect on the growth of P. putida KT2440 and S. elongatus PCC 7942, to the best of our knowledge this is the first study that investigated the effect of ozonized biochar filtrates on microorganisms. These results are of great importance as it showed a potential reduction of inhibition upon ozonization; these findings call for more investigation into the property and effect of ozonized biochar on a wider range of microorganism for its use as a soil amendment.

    In the literature, studies have shown that some biochars may contain nutrients, such as nitrate, phosphorus, ammonium that are released over time when the biochar is introduced into the soil (Mukherjee and Zimmerman 2013; Glaser and Lehr 2019). Earlier, we hypothesized that the stimulatory effect seen in the incubation of the bacteria with the ozonized biochar filtrates may be owing to some nutrients that are released following ozonization. In this section, we tested the presence of several anions in the filtrate of biochar before and after ozonization.

    We found that the filtrate from the dry-ozonized rogue biochar contained larger amounts of phosphate (32.80 mg/L ± 0.26) and nitrate (22.75 mg/L ± 0.20), compared to the filtrate from the wet-ozonized pine 400, where the levels were undetectable (Table 2). The release of nitrate and phosphate from the dry-ozonized rogue biochar were certainly caused by ozone treatment, given that the non-ozonized RBC only contained a small amount of phosphate (4.92 mg/L ± 0.60) and an undetectable amount of nitrate (Table 2). Ozone treatment of rogue biochar made it more polar and water soluble, as shown by the acidic pH of the ozonized biochar in Additional file 1: Fig. S2. This may have facilitated the release of nutrients. It is possible that the extra phosphate in the filtrate of the dry-ozonized RBC favored the growth of the P. putida and S. elongatus PCC 7942 (at low DOC concentration) compared to the non-ozonized RBC. Nitrate and phosphate are important nutrients in the soil; another potential benefit of ozonized rogue biochar would be to deliver more of these nutrients in the soils with low initial amounts of available phosphorus.

    Another observation made by the ion chromatography (IC) analysis was that dry ozone treatment of rogue biochar significantly decreased the amount of chloride in the filtrate (Table 2). The IC conductivity of the filtrates is shown in Additional file 1: Fig. S15. Wet-ozonized P400 filtrate showed the presence of two compounds (IC elution peaks “a” and “b”) that were not present in the non-ozonized pine 400. The exact identities of these compounds are unknown, but we suspect them to be small carboxylated molecules produced by the cleavage of biochar olefinic groups by ozone. Literature showed that under certain conditions ozone can degrade humic acids into small organic acids, such as formic acid, oxalic acid, acetic acid, etc. (Kusakabe et al. 1990; Takahashi et al. 1995). Here, we suspect that wet ozonization of pine 400, generated some amount of these organic acids; signal “a” could be monocarboxylated organic anion, such as acetate (Scientific 2013); this was later supported as it has similar retention time with standard acetic acid (Additional file 1: Fig. S16).

    Another hypothesis made earlier was that ozonization may reduce the amount of inhibitory compounds. Therefore, we also analyzed for the presence of some potential inhibitory compounds in the filtrates from biochar materials before and after ozonization.

    The filtrates extracted from the non-ozonized P400, wet-ozonized P400, non-ozonized RBC, and dry-ozonized RBC were analyzed by GC–MS to see if they exhibited the presence of potential inhibitory compounds. Smith et al. (2013) found that the toxicity of biochar water soluble organic compounds (WSOC) on algal growth was mainly caused by the presence of certain aromatic species with negatively charged groups and that these inhibitory compounds are likely to contain a carboxyl group; these toxic compounds were particularly prevalent in pinewood-derived biochar and could originate from the degradation of lignin (Smith et al. 2013). Here, para-toluic acid and terephthalic acid were the major differentiating compounds that were detected. The summary of their detection among treatments is shown in Table 3. p-toluic acid was detected in non-ozonized pine 400 biochar filtrate but was not detected in wet-ozonized P400; p-toluic acid was not detected in non-ozonized rogue biochar and dry-ozonized rogue biochar filtrate (Table 3). In addition, terephthalic acid was also detected in non-ozonized P400 filtrate but was only present in trace amounts in wet-ozonized P400 filtrate. It is possible that the effect of ozonization degraded those potential inhibitory compounds (Chandrasekara Pillai et al. 2009; Zang et al. 2009), which in turn may have helped reduce the inhibitory effect of pine 400 filtrate. In addition, ozone has been used to degrade PAH’s (O’Mahony et al. 2006). The study here tested only two microorganisms. It is possible that these ozonized filtrates may have a different effect on other microorganisms with different metabolic pathways. Nonetheless, the observations are important; the decreased inhibitory effect of the ozonized biochar filtrate at the tested DOC concentrations further supports the potential application of ozonized biochar. An interesting future study would be to see if P. putida or other non-photosynthetic bacteria can utilize the DOC from the ozonized biochar when the latter is the only source of carbon in minimal media.

    We previously showed that ozonization can significantly improve the CEC of biochar (Kharel et al. 2019). A high CEC biochar would have a greater nutrient retention capability, which is an important feature for its use as a soil amendment. Here, we conducted a toxicity assay of the filtrates from ozonized biochars on a soil bacterium (P. putida) and a freshwater bacterium (S. elongatus PCC 7942). We found that the water-soluble organic compounds from the ozone treated pine 400 biochar did not have any inhibitory effect on P. putida. Similarly, the filtrate from the high CEC rogue biochar did not show any inhibitory effect on P. putida. On the contrary, P. putida slightly grew better with the filtrate from the dry-ozonized rogue biochar at high DOC concentrations.

    The toxicity assay performed on the freshwater cyanobacteria S. elongatus PCC 7942 had different results. The wet-ozonized P400 filtrate and the dry-ozonized RBC filtrate at low DOC concentrations (10–75 ppm) slightly improved the growth of 7942; but at higher DOC concentration (150–300 ppm) they inhibited the growth of 7942. In addition, we found that at a similar DOC concentration of 25 ppm, the non-ozonized P400 filtrate inhibited the growth rate of PCC 7942, but the wet-ozonized P400 filtrate did not. Furthermore, we found the presence of potential inhibitory compounds p-toluic acid and terephthalic acid in non-ozonized P400 filtrate, but only trace amounts in wet-ozonized P400 filtrate. Ozonization may have degraded these potential inhibitory compounds. Finally, we found that ozonization increased the release of phosphate and nitrate from rogue biochar, which may have provided extra nutrients for the growth of the bacteria. While many studies showed the efficiency of biochar in improving microbial activities via biochar-microbe interactions (Zhu et al. 2017), others have shown that in the short term, biochar pores may not be a preferred habitat for microbes (Quilliam et al. 2013). Given that the filtrate collected from ozonized biochar had no inhibitory effect on P. putida, a future and interesting study would be the use of ozonized biochar as an inoculum carrier and see how easily bacteria populate the ozonized biochar.

    All data and materials are available as reported in the research article and its supporting information document that will be posted on the journal website.

    We wish to thank for the support of this research in part by Prof. Lee’s start-up research funds provided by the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, the College of Sciences, the Office of Research at ODU, and the ODU Research Foundation, and in part by the Center for Bioenergy Innovation funded by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the US Department of Energy Office of Science. The metabolite profiling research in the detection of potential bacterial inhibitory compounds was supported by the Center for Bioenergy Innovation funded by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the US Department of Energy Office of Science. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the United States Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.

    This research was supported in part by Prof. Lee’s start-up research funds provided by the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, the College of Sciences, the Office of Research at ODU, and the ODU Research Foundation, and in part by the Center for Bioenergy Innovation funded by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the US Department of Energy Office of Science.

    OS performed the experiments including biochar sample production, ozonization treatment, TOC analyzer measurements, toxicity assays, ion chromatography measurements. OS under the guidance of JWL designed the experiments, analyzed the data, and wrote the manuscript. NLE and TJT performed the mass spectrometry analysis at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and edited the manuscript. SK brought significant contribution in the production of the pine biochar samples and the anions measurements with Ion Chromatography. JWL conceived the original idea of using ozonized biochar for soil amendment purposes and the potential effects of the ozone-generated biochar molecular fragments on microorganisms, conducted this research project, and edited the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

    Correspondence to James Weifu Lee.

    Not applicable.

    All authors are consent for publication of this manuscript.

    Authors declare no competing interests.

    Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

    Ozonized biochar filtrate effects on the growth of Pseudomonas putida and cyanobacteria Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. Additional figures show the additional data on the growth assay (Figure S1) and optical density measurements (Figure S3–S14). Additional data on the biochars sources (Figure S2) is also shown. Figure S15–S18 represent data on ion chromatography and the GC-MS spectra of the biochar filtrates.

    Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

    Received: 26 October 2021

    Accepted: 27 December 2021

    Published: 06 January 2022

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40643-021-00491-2


    117th Congress (2021-2022): Biochar Innovations and Opportunities for Conservation …

    8 January, 2022
     

    Bill History – Congressional Record References


    Deluxe Public Toilet Opened in Motijheel, Muzaffarpur – Muzcorner

    8 January, 2022
     

    This Friday (i.e. on January 7, 2022), Muzaffarpur Municipal Corporation opened a Deluxe Public Toilet in Motijheel.

    It was inaugurated by the City Mayor, Rakesh Kumar Pintu in the presence of Deputy Mayor, Manmardan Sukla, and Muzaffarpur Municipal Commissioner, Vivek Ranjan Matrey.

    Presenting at the site, Muzaffarpur Municipal Commissioner, Vivek Ranjan Matrey said, we are embarrassed to see, we don’t have any toilet facilities in the middle of the city. But, the same is restored and now, we are expanding the same facilities to other main markets as well.

    The toilet has been constructed and going to be operated by Sulabh Sanitation Mission Foundation.

    One can use the toilet room and bathroom for just Rs 5 and Rs 7 respectively.

    The toilet has two separate commode seats for women and handicapped whereas a total of seven seats with two bathrooms for general use.

    Sanjay Likes to write about Blog and Stuff. A Native to Muzaffarpur. In the meantime he like to try different recipes.

    Submitting…


    Preparation of nano-biochar from conventional biorefineries for high-value applications

    8 January, 2022
     

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    6 ways to lower your garden's carbon footprint in 2022 – House Beautiful

    8 January, 2022
     

    Limit your impact on the environment with these easy changes.

    potted herbs in gardengardening toolshomemade compost heapRHS Gardening Letterbox Gift

    Treat your gardening-loving friend to this wonderful RHS gift set. Small enough to fit through the letterbox, it includes a pair of gardening gloves and a handy set of wooden plant labels. 

    Pollinator Beebom, Wildflower Seed Mix

    These easy-to-use seedboms biodegrade into the environment leaving only plants behind. The ultimate stocking filler, each pack contains Cornflowers, Vipers Bugloss, Wild Marjoram, Red Clover, Borage & Phacelia.

    SEE MORE: 6 steps to sowing wildflower seeds in your garden

    Burgon & Ball Flora & Fauna Gardening Gloves, Medium

    Gloves are a must-have for gardeners. With a sweet bird print and ultra-soft fell palms, this Burgon & Ball style is perfect for all. 

    Plantsmith Houseplant Care Gift Box

    Surprise plant parents with this houseplant care gift set. Featuring plant food, tonic and care mist, it has all the essential nutrients to help keep plants happy and healthy.  

    Sophie Conran trowel gift boxed

    Presented in a lovely box, this Sophie Conran trowel makes the perfect gift for your garden-loving friend. 

    Engraved Slate Plant Marker

    Make a friend or family member smile with this lovely personalised state plant marker. 

    Dutch Floral Patterned Plant Pot

    £11.95

    Have you ever seen a more beautiful plant pot? These even come with their own bulbs, so expect Delft Blue Hyacinth to blossom next spring.

    Sophie Conran tool bag

    Keep tools and accessories neatly stored away with this stylish gardening bag. Designed by Sophie Conran, it’s water resistant, wipe clean and has practical restraining straps to keep your items safe. 

    Lemon and Rosewood Organic Hand Lotion

    Gardening is often tough on the hands, so it’s important for regular gardeners to look after their skin. Trust us, this hand cream will go down a treat…

    Dig the Earth Tea Towel

    Dry up dishes in style with Emma Bridgewater’s tea towel featuring everything you might find in a potting shed. 

    Mini Green Earthenware Watering Can

    Formed from earthenware and finished with a glaze, this watering can is a must-have for avid gardeners. 

    Shetland Hexagonal Bee House

    Encourage bees into the garden with this affordable bee house. Designed to imitate honeycomb’s hexagonal shapes, it’s the perfect nesting site. 

    Canvas Garden Kneeler

    £24.95

    This practical canvas kneeler is a must-have for every gardening aficionado. Its long handle makes it incredible practical to hang in a shed or garage after use. 

    Personalised RHS Set Of Two Ceramic Planters

    Get personal with your gift ideas and give something printed with your own message. These ceramic planters make excellent presents.

    Wild at Home: Style & Care for Beautiful Plants Book

    A book is always a good idea. Wild at Home is a great title to gift plant and garden lovers alike. 

    Hawkesbury Hand Fork

    Every gardener needs a practical hand fork. Tidy up flower beds and borders with this three-pronged hand tool from Garden Trading.

    Lloyd the Llama Ceramic Planter

    Keep succulents and small cacti in this sweet llama-shaped ceramic planter. 

    50cm Peace Lily | Spathiphyllum | 13cm Pot | By Plant Theory

    Bring a smile to your friend’s face with this peace lily in a soft grey pot. With dark green foliage and long-lasting white flowers, it’s a beautiful way to brighten any room. 

    Seconds Good Gardening Gardening Tools 1/2 Pint Mug

    With a gardening tools design, this gorgeous mug is a brilliant gift for every garden  lover.  

    Chilli Grower Workshop for Two

    Learning new skills are always exciting. This experience gift will give guests the chance to professionally learn how to grow their own chillis at home.

    Burgon & Ball Enamel Bird Feed Tin, Cream

    This enamel tin is an incredibly stylish way to store bird seeds. We’re certain it will make a well-received gift. 

    Fat Ball Bird Seed Gift Box

    £25

    This gift box will give your gardening friends a step in the right direction to help care for any small garden birds.  

    Follow House Beautiful on Instagram.


    A holistic overview on corn cob biochar: A mini-review – PubMed

    8 January, 2022
     

    COVID-19 Information

    Public health information (CDC)

    Research information (NIH)

    SARS-CoV-2 data (NCBI)

    Prevention and treatment information (HHS)

    Español

    Corn cob is one of the agricultural waste materials subjected to improper burning, which creates pollution. It can be used for the production of green technologies for further applications. Carbonisation or slow pyrolysis could be promising alternative to burning. It has many applications, such as soil ameliorant, waste water treatment, carbon sequestration, composting, supercapacitor, fuel cell and biocomposites material. It motivated to investigate the suitability of corn cob as a potential material for biochar production and its application. The advanced form of analysis, such as thermogravimetric, scanning electron microscopy, surface area, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy, is elaborated for in-depth knowledge of characteristics. The hypothesis is that if the available corn cob is used for biochar production, it will reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2) emission. On a global level, conversion of available corn cob into biochar is expected to reduce CO2 emission by 0.13 Gt per year. The reduction in CO2 emission also favours economy. If 1 tonne of biomass per year is converted into biochar, 0.82 tonnes of CO2 can be reduced per year and by considering the emission cost of Rs 1800 per tonne, the cost saving would be Rs 1476 per year. The presented mini-review article provides an outline of the state-of-art information on corn cob biochar and its novel application. It will be helpful to scientific domain to find new opportunities in biochar research and also the humanity will be benefitted due to reduction in greenhouse gases.

    Keywords: Agricultural waste; burning; carbon dioxide emission; greenhouse gases; slow pyrolysis; waste management.

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    Wet wastes to bioenergy and biochar: A critical review with future perspectives – Science Direct

    8 January, 2022