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Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Report to cover Industrial Chain Analysis, Manufacturing …

1 January, 2021
 

Biochar is a form of charcoal used to improve compost and top soil. It is created by heating wood in the absence of oxygen – the process is called ‘pyrolysis’. (This differs to a normal biomass boiler that ‘combusts wood’ – ie burns the wood with oxygen). Biochar is a form of horticultural charcoal.

The global Biochar Fine Granules market is valued at US$ xx million in 2019 is expected to reach US$ xx million by the end of 2026, growing at a CAGR of xx% during 2020-2026.

Access more details about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/global-biochar-fine-granules-market-research-report

(This is our latest offering and this report also analyzes the impact of COVID-19 on Biochar Fine Granules market and updated by the current situation, especially the forecast)

This report focuses on Biochar Fine Granules volume and value at the global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Biochar Fine Granules market size by analysing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America, Europe, China and Japan etc.

Market Segment Analysis

The research report includes specific segments by Type and by Application. This study provides information about the sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of 2015 to 2026. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.

Global Biochar Fine Granules Market: Competitive Analysis

This section of the report identifies various key manufacturers of the market. It helps the reader understand the strategies and collaborations that players are focusing on combat competition in the market. The comprehensive report provides a significant microscopic look at the market. The reader can identify the footprints of the manufacturers by knowing about the global revenue of manufacturers, the global price of manufacturers, and sales by manufacturers during the forecast period of 2015 to 2019. Key companies profiled in this report are Cool Planet Energy Systems, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), etc.

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Global Biochar Fine Granules Market: Regional Analysis

The Biochar Fine Granules market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). The report includes country-wise and region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. It also includes market size and forecast by Type and by Application segment in terms of sales and revenue for the period 2015-2026.

The key regions covered in the Biochar Fine Granules market report are:

Table of Contents:

1 Biochar Fine Granules Market Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Biochar Fine Granules

1.2 Biochar Fine Granules Segment by Type

1.3 Biochar Fine Granules Segment by Application

1.4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Size Estimates and Forecasts

2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Competitions by Manufacturers

2.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Average Price by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.4 Manufacturers Biochar Fine Granules Manufacturing Sites, Area Served, Product Type

2.5 Biochar Fine Granules Market Competitive Situation and Trends

2.6 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

2.7 Primary Interviews with Key Biochar Fine Granules Players (Opinion Leaders)

3 Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario by Region

3.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-2020

3.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020

3.3 North America Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.4 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.5 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Region

3.6 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.7 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Market Facts & Figures by Country

4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Historic Market Analysis by Type

4.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Price Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.4 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End

5 Global Biochar Fine Granules Historic Market Analysis by Application

5.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Sales Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

5.2 Global Biochar Fine Granules Revenue Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

5.3 Global Biochar Fine Granules Price by Application (2015-2020)

6 Company Profiles and Key Figures in Biochar Fine Granules Business

6.1 Company 1

6.1.1 Corporation Information

6.1.2 Company 1Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue

6.1.3 Company 1Biochar Fine Granules Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)

6.1.4 Company 1Products Offered

6.1.5 Company 1Recent Development

6.2 Company B

6.3 Company C….and so on

7 Biochar Fine Granules Manufacturing Cost Analysis

7.1 Biochar Fine Granules Key Raw Materials Analysis

7.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

7.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Biochar Fine Granules

7.4 Biochar Fine Granules Industrial Chain Analysis

8 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers

8.1 Marketing Channel

8.2 Biochar Fine Granules Distributors List

8.3 Biochar Fine Granules Customers

9 Market Dynamics

9.1 Market Trends

9.2 Opportunities and Drivers

9.3 Challenges

9.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

10 Global Market Forecast

10.1 Global Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Type

10.2 Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Application

10.3 Biochar Fine Granules Market Estimates and Projections by Region

10.4 North America Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.5 Europe Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.6 Asia Pacific Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.7 Latin America Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.8 Middle East and Africa Biochar Fine Granules Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

11 Research Finding and Conclusion

12 Methodology and Data Source

12.1 Methodology/Research Approach

12.2 Data Source

12.3 Author List

12.4 Disclaimer

Inquire for more details / sample / customization about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/ask-your-query/1560892

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New uses for dead ash, fir and tamarack trees could help restore Minnesota's forests

1 January, 2021
 

One invasive beetle is ready to devour just about every ash tree left in Minnesota's woods. A caterpillar has killed more than 200,000 acres worth of balsam fir trees in just the last year. Another beetle, a native in the midst of a population boom, has already destroyed about half of the state's tamaracks.

Add it all up and pest outbreaks have left Minnesota with quite a lot of dead trees, useless lumber and dried-out and wasted stands, which, if left to rot, will become one large fire hazard.

But there's little incentive to cut ash, balsam fir and tamarack trees down — even as state and local foresters need to thin them before the pests come through — because they have limited uses and have never been highly sought for lumber.

To try to change that, researchers at the University of Minnesota Duluth have been racing to find novel ways to make the trees more desirable and valuable to builders, homeowners, lumber mills, city wastewater plants and anyone else who might be willing to come and remove them both before and after the bugs take them down.

"Anything we can do to find a way to increase the harvest of those trees is good," said Matt Aro, researcher at the university's Natural Resources Research Institute.

One of the more promising uses of the dead wood is to heat it to extremely high temperatures to reduce it to a char. The charred remains, when done at the right temperatures in kilns with limited oxygen, are a powerful filter for chemicals and bacteria in wastewater and soil. The city of Minneapolis has been working with the Research Institute to test out "biochar," which also comes from agricultural waste, on roadways and in soil remediation projects since 2014.

It's helped restore boulevard trees harmed by road salt, as well as filter E. coli and pesticides from soils, said Jim Doten, biochar project manager for Minneapolis.

"You first hear about it and think maybe it's snake oil, but it works," Doten said.

Those dead ash, fir and tamarack trees don't just pose a fire hazard. When they die too quickly, young saplings struggle to grow up to replace them, especially in the case of tamarack trees that grow in northern swamps and marshes where few other trees survive.

Studies from the Department of Natural Resources and the University of Minnesota show that when tamaracks are left for the beetle and killed where they stand, only 100 or so saplings survive per acre. That's low enough to risk deforestation. On the other hand, when the trees can be cleared by foresters and reseeded before the beetle kills them off, they replenish with about 800 to 1,000 new saplings per acre, well within the bounds of a healthy young forest.

The problem is there has never been much demand for tamarack wood.

So the quickest way to get to some of those trees before they die off is to improve their usefulness as lumber, Aro said.

Aro and the Research Institute have been thermally modifying tamarack wood, changing its chemical makeup by heating it in a low-oxygen environment.

The idea is nothing new. Farmers have been heating wood to make it more useful for centuries, burning the bottoms of fence posts to keep them from rotting in the soil, Aro said.

"Wood and water have been enemies forever," Aro said. "When wood is wet it swells and when it dries it shrinks, causing it to warp or crack."

After the wood is thermally modified it absorbs less water, avoiding swelling and shrinking. It becomes more resistant to fungal decay and rot, turning tamarack into an option for decking, boardwalks and building construction.

It's hard to say how strong the market may be for modified wood, Aro said. The industry is relatively new in North America, gaining steam here in the last 15 years or so.

"But what we're seeing is that it can take some of the lower-value wood in our region and upgrade it and make it possible to be used in ways it couldn't be used before," he said.

Greg Stanley • 612-673-4882

Greg Stanley is an environmental reporter for the Star Tribune. He has previously covered water issues, development and politics in Florida’s Everglades and in northern Illinois.


Opportunities

1 January, 2021
 

There is a lot to lose as you get older: health, friends, memory, and often dreams. I sometimes think that maturity is just a matter of giving up on things you will never be great at to concentrate on those you can do well.  When even those start to slip, I ask myself “who will carry on what I’ve started” and beyond that, “who will take up all the tasks and ideas I would like to see happen but am too old or too busy to start by myself.”

Ordinary people can start organizations that grow and prosper long after they have moved on. Looking at things I have helped start that are still thriving, the ones I cooperated with others on stand out. There is another list of businesses I have been part of that no longer exist. I started out to write this article about business ideas that younger people could develop and make a living at that would change the world for the better and support a family too.  Along the way I thought “Why not ask other people if they had thoughts about opportunities they see?”  No matter where the ideas come from, I want to relate lessons learned from innovators and entrepreneurs who envision a community they want to help build. 

In a very 2020 family Thanksgiving event, I participated in a zoom meeting with my family during which my brother-in-law, Roger Ellison, showed us a brick that he made out of clay and recycled glass.  It is part of his continuing series of experiments to develop a way to make his own bricks to use in kilns where he makes biochar.  He also announced that he had sold his first cubic yard of biochar.  I decided that this called for a dedicated zoom meeting with Roger about opportunities.

            I was curious about how Roger makes biochar on San Juan Island but also how he manages to sell it since I also make biochar and am considering selling it. In small quantities it sells for $30 a cubic foot.  As you can see in this picture, the startup equipment is not necessarily sophisticated or expensive. The downside is that in small quantities it takes periods of time off and on during most of a day to make a couple cubic feet.

            This is not the place to discuss the whole process.  But one of my first questions was if he knew of any trials that showed in quantitative terms the advantages of having biochar in your soil.  It turns out that he did.  Biochar Market Analysis for San Juan County and the Pacific Northwest by the Northwest Natural Resource Group lays out the whole situation for the product and the market. Roger sent me a copy.

            One of the first observations in that analysis was that very few people know what biochar is, what it is used for, where it comes from and how much it is worth.  It turns out that those are questions anyone needs to answer about any product before going much further and the analysis done for biochar could be a model for any market analysis of any opportunity we want to consider.

            Biochar is charcoal without anything added.  Think of it as a sponge made of pure carbon. It is usually made by burning off resins from wood or other plant waste to leave only charcoal.  In the study, biochar was shown to increase crop production; increase soil biology, increase water and nutrient retention; increase nutrient density in food; aid soil structure and permanently remove carbon from the atmosphere.  There was no question that biochar was a good and valuable product.

            The study went on to point out that even at fairly good market prices 30-40% was taken as retail markup, packaging and transportation took additional time and money. Income ended up around $20/hr.  The product faced huge hurdles in retail consumer understanding of its value. Commercial farmers looked at it as an expense meant to reduce costs of other fertilizer additives. That did not often produce sales because many farmers lease land and have little incentive to increase its long-term fertility at the cost of short-term profits.  Most farmers prefer to produce biochar themselves but seldom can afford the time or investment to do that in significant quantities. So despite its inherent value and low production costs, selling biochar is not necessarily a money maker.  I wondered how Roger managed to sell biochar for a profit at all.

            The answer is that he sold biochar along with plants, fruits and vegetables at the Farmers Market.  So his overhead was spread out to many products. Additionally, Roger sells all of his products through the San Juan Islands Food Hub, an organization that lists products and takes orders online and lets consumers pick up their orders at a central location.  It is a cooperative organization run by the producers (https://sjifh.com).  There are similar organizations in other Western Washington counties and near us in Spokane.  Local Inland Northwest Cooperative, (LINC Foods), lets farmers list produce they have to sell online (https://LINCFoods.com).  Farmers bring their crops to a central warehouse and from there LINC distributes it to restaurants, schools and this year, directly to individual consumers. This cooperative approach diffused the costs of retail markup, sales overhead, transportation and distribution.

            Sensing more opportunities, I called Dan Jackson at LINC Foods and asked him what kinds of products they were looking for.  He said that he gets that question a lot.  His advice was that LINC, and the customers they serve are looking first for quality.  You can get almost any variety of food you want from groceries and the wholesale distributors who supply them.  If you want the best quality, you look to farmers and more direct sales such as LINC offers.  His next piece of advice sounded similar to Aristotle’s “Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom”.  In this view there are opportunities everywhere, not just ideas in articles like the one I imagined this would be. It takes passion and dedication to succeed but it also takes knowledge of the market and experience in production to achieve the quality needed to sustain sales.

            Realizing that I needed more seasoned advice, I contacted Barry Lamont at Tri County Economic Development (TEDD) (https://tricountyedd.com/).  His first advice sounded a lot like Dan Jackson’s and Aristotle’s, ask yourself what you want to be doing.  He said 95% of businesses in Northeast Washington are Limited Liability Corporations or Sole Proprietorships started by people with their own dreams. You don’t necessarily need a lot of money or a lot of employees to get started.  Jobs are opening up in the service sector such as yardcare, healthcare and home maintenance, because of our aging population (that would be me).  Lamont also suggested that tradesmen like electricians, heating and cooling technicians, carpenters and plumbers are in demand.

He noted that if your startup ideas require more money than you have, it is really tough to get money from banks.  My father, a bankruptcy attorney, told me “Banks only lend money to people who don’t need it.”  The first thing banks will look for is security, what can they grab if the enterprise fails?  The good news is that TEDD is a secondary lender, which means if a bank turns you down, you can apply through TEDD.  It has government funding sources but doesn’t approve all loans.  What they are looking for is experience.  You need a good business plan and a history that will make their loan approval board believers in your idea.

            Lamont gave me a lead on excellent market research.  It is available through the market research guru at the Spokane Public Library, Mark Pond, (509) 444 5312.  For example, a watercolor artist wanted to know the market for her art and asked Mark Pond for leads. In a matter of minutes, Pond had a list of possibilities so detailed that he drilled down and found the name and address of a woman who bought a lot of art and lived in the artist’s home town.

            I’m still going to pursue describing enterprises I would like to see initiated to help our health and that of the soil, especially if readers like you send them to me.  But before listening to anything I have to say, people wanting to start a career need to ask themselves who they are now and what they want to become.  In the meantime before I start promoting ideas, I have a lot of questions for Mark Pond.


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1 January, 2021
 

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Biochar for environmental management science technology and implementation pdf

1 January, 2021
 

Lehmann J and Joseph S 2015 Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation. Routledge, London, 928p Scholz SM, Sembres T, Roberts K, Whitman T, Wilson K and Lehmann J 2014 Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries.

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but we provide url to site wherever you can load or reading online. If have necessity to load Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology pdf , then you've come to the right site. We own Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology DjVu, ePub, PDF, txt, doc forms. We will be glad if you will be back us over. A lot of students in Management and Engineering courses have helped in raising higher awareness about green computing. Ratings. Since 2010, Greenpeace has maintained a list of ratings of prominent technology companies in several countries based on how clean the energy used by that company is, ranging from A (the best) to F (the worst).

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A supply chain approach to biochar systems Biochar: A Regional Supply Chain Approach in View of Mitigating Climate Change 2016 chapter 2 London, UK Cambridge Press 25 26 33 Brown R. Lehmann J. Joseph S. Biochar production technology Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology 2009 London, UK Earthscan 127 146 34 Forbes M. S …

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Date-palm-derived biochar treated at ≥ 500°C with a volatile matter less than 10% and O/C of 0.02–0.05 could be more appropriate for C sequestration, representing its potential as an alternative material for environmental management [31].

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Lehmann, J. and Joseph, S. (2015) Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation. Routledge. has been cited by the following article: TITLE: Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Tropical Soils Amended with Poultry Manure and Sugar Cane Straw Biochars May 16, 2012 · Biochar is the carbon-rich product when biomass (such as wood, manure or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its stability in soil and superior nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields.

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The International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development responds to the widespread realization that despite significant scientific and technological achievements in our ability to increase agricultural productivity, we have been less attentive to some of the unintended social and environmental consequences of our … Upload PDF. PDF Restore Delete … Environmental Science & Technology Letters 1 (8), … Biochar for environmental management: Science, technology and implementation … Biochar for environmental management : science and technology / edited by Johannes Lehmann and Stephen Joseph. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-84407-658-1 (hardback) 1. Charcoal. 2. Soil amendments. 3. Environmental management. I. Lehmann, Johannes, Dr. II. Joseph, Stephen, 1950- TP331.B56 2009 631.4'22—dc22 …

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20‐105 Southwest Weed Management Western Republican River Basin Riparian Habitat Improvement Project $141,500.00 20‐106 Upper Elkhorn NRD Development and Implementation of Residual Soil Nitrate Sampling in the Upper Elkhorn NRD for Groundwater Nitrate Reduction $23,750.00 May 16, 2012 · The book's interdisciplinary approach, which covers engineering, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, economics and policy, is a vital tool at this stage of biochar technology development. This comprehensive overview of current knowledge will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and professionals in a wide range of … Biochar for environmental management: Science and technology … Download full-text PDF. … An experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm of Afghanistan National Agricultural Science and … Nov 01, 2015 · Gaunt, J. and Lehmann, J. (2008) ‘Energy balance and emissions associated with biochar sequestration and pyrolysis bioenergy production’, Environmental Science and Technology, 42(11), pp. 4152 … The addition of biochar in the sand media may have assisted in decreasing the outflow BOD 5 concentrations when the septage was loaded into the mesocosms. This condition was supported by the presence of oxygen in the media. Therefore, the macropores of biochar might have provided a suitable place for microorganisms and root hairs to grow.

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Horticulture in temperate climate zones is energy intensive and the use of peat as the main ingredient in substrates releases additional GHG emissions during mining and processing. This paper evaluates the environmental impact of the co-production and application of bioenergy and biochar using agricultural and woody feedstock to replace natural gas and peat in horticulture by means of a life … May 16, 2012 · Biochar is the carbon-rich product when biomass (such as wood, manure or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its stability in soil and superior nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields.

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Apr 02, 2015 · This paper presents a method that treats the soil by replacing a volume of the earthing portion with biochar instead of chemicals. The method contributes to reduce the earth resistance over long periods of time in order to avoid the expensive cost of these elements and their secondary effects. 3.The conventional technology to produce biochar can pose environmental pollution, has slow and inconsistency burning process, with less biochar quality produced. 4.The dependency of chemical fertilizers for plantation has a high cost implication. Biochar effects on the abundance activity and diversity of the soil biota. In Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation, 2nd edn., 327 – 389 (Eds Lehmann, J. and Stephen, J.). Oxfordshire: Routledge. May 16, 2012 · The book's interdisciplinary approach, which covers engineering, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, economics and policy, is a vital tool at this stage of biochar technology development. This comprehensive overview of current knowledge will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and professionals in a wide range of …

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Sep 18, 2017 · TEM imaging of biochar nanostructures. Biochars are hereby denoted by the feedstock acronym and pyrolysis temperature, e.g., pecan shell feedstock (PS25) and biochar produced at 700 °C (PS700).

Science.gov is a gateway to government science information provided by U.S. Government science agencies, including research and development results. Apr 02, 2015 · This paper presents a method that treats the soil by replacing a volume of the earthing portion with biochar instead of chemicals. The method contributes to reduce the earth resistance over long periods of time in order to avoid the expensive cost of these elements and their secondary effects.
Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation – Ebookgroup Version: PDF/EPUB. If you need EPUB and MOBI Version, please send me a message (Click message us icon at the right corner) Compatible Devices: Can be read on any devices (Kindle, NOOK, Android/IOS devices, Windows, MAC) Quality : High Quality.

CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 107, NO. 10, 25 NOVEMBER 2014 1673 *For correspondence. (e-mail: [email protected]) Biochar production from agro-food industry residues: a sustainable approach for soil and environmental management Aditya Parmar1, Prabhat K. Nema2 and Tripti Agarwal1,* 1Department of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences and

Biochar for environmental management: An introduction. In J. Lehmann & S. Joseph (ed.), Biochar for Environmental Management Science, Technology and Implementation Second Edition, pp. 1-14. New


Granular Biochar Market to Witness a Pronounce Growth During 2025

1 January, 2021
 

The latest report on Granular Biochar market focuses on offering a competitive advantage to organizations operating in this business space through a comprehensive analysis of the key global developments and industry augmentation history. The report is compiled in such a way that it is easily understandable for companies to grasp complete knowledge of the existing trends and future growth opportunities to devise critical business strategies.

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In conclusion, the report on Granular Biochar market is thoroughly assessed through multiple segmentations, while taking into consideration other vital aspects like sales channel & supply chain comprising of upstream suppliers, raw materials, distributors, and downstream buyers of the industry.

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Mitigation of mercury accumulation in rice using rice hull-derived biochar as soil amendment

1 January, 2021
 

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Mitigation of mercury accumulation in rice using rice hull-derived biochar as soil amendment: A field investigation.

J Hazard Mater. 2020 04 15;388:121747

Authors: Xing Y, Wang J, Shaheen SM, Feng X, Chen Z, Zhang H, Rinklebe J

Abstract
Effect of application of 24 t ha-1 and 72 t ha-1 rice hull-derived biochar (RHB) on total Hg (THg) and methylHg (MeHg) immobilization and their accumulations by rice plants were studied in a field experiment (Wanshan Hg mine, China). The addition of two doses of RHB significantly increased the biomass of rice plants, and decreased the MeHg concentration in the pore water, as compared to the control. The RHB promoted the partitioning of pore water MeHg to the soil solid phase throughout rice growing season, and pore water THg partitioning only at rice filling stage. Mercury methylation potential was weakly affected by the RHB addition to the soil. Mercury might be immobilized through binding of thiols (e.g., cysteine) presented in the RHB or in the soil induced by RHB addition. Biochar addition decreased MeHg and THg contents in the tissues of rice plants, particularly in the polished rice. We attributed the reduction of THg in the rice to the bio-dilution effect, and of MeHg content in the rice to the decreased MeHg availability in the soil by RHB addition. Results suggest that RHB might be suitable for managing Hg transfer in soil-rice plants at Hg contaminated mining regions in China and beyond.

PMID: 32001101 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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1 January, 2021
 

Glass kilns are used for fusing and forming of glass shap Olympic s glass fusing kilns have both lid and body elements Elements in the firing chamber are used to evenly heat the glass piece and the lid element is used when fusing temperature is reached…

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Rotary carbonisers kilns are used in Activated carbon units for the steam activation of carbon granules charcoal at a controlled temperature The kiln is unique in design with a spiral wound cooling coil arrangement fixed over the discharge end of the shell to lower the product temperature during the discharge through cooling coil…

May 19 2016 0183 32 I m looking to buy a charcoal kiln or two For small scale biochar I ve rather taken a fancy to a Kon Tiki kiln but it seems that no-one makes them in England -…

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WARNING Some of our products can expose you to chemicals including Quartz which are known to the State of California to cause cancer and Lithium Carbonate which is known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm…

Medium to Large Scale Biochar Production System The 500 series batch kiln is a commercial unit that produces up to 750 kg of biochar per burn The kiln is built in to a 20 ft container which allows it to be transported anywhere a truck can reach…

Founded in 1976 Bailey Pottery Equipment and Ceramic Supply offers everything for the active pottery studio and ceramics department We design and manufacture the most innovative pottery wheels slab rollers clay extruders electric kilns gas kilns pugmills and clay mixers in the world…

The waste of te wood get burn in staad of making charcoal or biochar Can you advise me what Kiln is best to build Is ther a better way than the Adam Retort Kiln…

From time to time L L has surplus kilns and material available for sale Here is a listing of current offerings Surplus Cordierite Hearth Shelv We have some brand-new cordierite kiln shelves for sale that are obsolete sizes for our current production Lots of different sizes -…

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Aug 14 1997 0183 32 For decades Missouri s charcoal industry has produced 80 of the nation s barbecue fuel in a crude process as old as the log cabin cooking up the blackened wood in giant kilns that billow forth columns of black acrid smoke…

Large Scale Charcoal Production Step-by-step guide about how we at Durham Wildlife Trust with the help of a fantastic team of volunteers produce charcoal on a large scale The charcoal is sold to help fund all the conservation work we do in the area For more information on D…

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The round charcoal kilns are made from mild steel of various thicknesses throughout Build Specification 1 x Ring – 5mm 8 feet diameter x 1 meter high Top flange – 5mm Bottom Flange – 10mm…

10 Uses for Charcoal IMAGE 10 OF 11 Photo by Nancy Andrews Read Full Caption 9 Help Potted Orchids Grow These bloomers benefit from charcoal s alkalinity Mix small pieces with your potting medium eg bark or wood chunks to nourish the flowers 10 Uses for Charcoal IMAGE 11 OF 11 Photo by Laura Moss…

The used kiln may still be a deal even with a controller upgrade but be realistic about what it will take to get the kiln ready to fire Warranty Used kilns do not have warrantees and unfortunately it s hard to know when a used kiln…

The kilns have upper and lower openings typical for this type of processing The openings were used for ventilation and for the addition of fuel and the removal of the charcoal produced The kilns were constructed of unfired brick and native stone…

THE EXETER CHARCOAL RETORT See article in Living Woods Magazine Jan 2012 See article in Living Woods Magazine March 2012 The advantages of our retort over a ring kiln are Short burn time – around 8 hours from lighting to shut down Fully transportable – trailer mounted optional…

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Why The Ceramic Shop Loves L L Kilns from Mark Lueders owner of theceramicshop I have been selling L L kilns for just 8 years but using them for over 25 My first experience using an L L Kiln was in high school where we used the classic Jupiter Series for electric and raku firing For many years the Jupiter JD and Davinci were my go to…

Biochar Kilns Diagrams Biochar-Internationalorg Pyrolysis systems use kilns and retorts and other specialized equipment to contain the baking biomass while excluding oxygen The reaction vessel is vented to allow pyrolysis gases to escape…

Commercial and Industrial Kiln Information Kilns are an essential part of the manufacture of all ceramics which by definition require heat treatment often at high temperature During this process chemical and physical reactions occur which cause the material to be permanently altered…

The Charcoal Burners Chris Wall-Palmer Lucy Saunders The process of making charcoal explained we use traditional methods large kilns and locally coppiced wood to make our Didling Good charcoal which is used both for barbeques and artists charcoal…

Missouri is the number one producer of charcoal in the United Stat From the trees to the kilns everything that goes into making Rockwood comes from the Show-Me State…

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Insight into the roles of endogenous minerals in the activation of persulfate by graphitized biochar

1 January, 2021
 

Micropore structure of biochar can be effectively improved by endogenous minerals

Endogenous minerals contribute to the formation of edge defective structures

Endogenous minerals can significantly improve the catalytic ability of biochar

Post-deashing can considerably improve the electron transfer efficiency of biochar

The post-deashed biochar showed excellent catalytic performance for TC degradation

Micropore structure of biochar can be effectively improved by endogenous minerals

Endogenous minerals contribute to the formation of edge defective structures

Endogenous minerals can significantly improve the catalytic ability of biochar

Post-deashing can considerably improve the electron transfer efficiency of biochar

The post-deashed biochar showed excellent catalytic performance for TC degradation

Owing to its environmental-friendliness, low-cost, and outstanding characteristics, biochar has been widely used for the catalytic degradation of various organic pollutants. In this study, a pre- and post-deashing graphitized biochar (DBC800 and PBC800-A) was prepared and compared with the pristine biochar (PBC800) to activate persulfate (PS) for tetracycline (TC) degradation. The influence of the natural endogenous mineral on the catalytic ability of biochar was investigated. Characterization results show that the inherent endogenous mineral in biochar not only acted as a natural pore-forming agent to promote the formation of the porous structure, but also facilitated the formation of edge defective structures, and altered the surface functional groups, as well as increased the carbonization and graphitization degree of biochar. The PBC800-A exhibited a much higher catalytic efficiency on PS activation and TC oxidative degradation with the reaction rate of 0.06055 min−1, 7.14 times as that of DBC800 (0.00861 min−1) and 4.63 times as that of PBC800 (0.00158 min−1). The endogenous minerals were conducive to the generation of free radicals and promoted the oxidative degradation of TC, which was mainly attributed to the improved carbon configuration. The post-deashing treatment was also found to significantly improve the electron transport efficiency of biochar by removing the residual ash, thereby promoting the generation of singlet oxygen. This study demonstrated that the natural minerals in biochar was beneficial for the degradation of TC, and more alternative natural minerals can be applied to co-pyrolysis with biochar for the remediation of refractory organic pollutants.


Biochar Market Forecast 2020-2026 Industry Growth | BioChar Products, Agri-Tech Producers …

1 January, 2021
 

Global Biochar Market is a comprehensive study that presents forecasted market size and trends based on past and present status of the industry. The report encompasses top manufacturers, prospective market share, revenue, purchaser volume with respect to dealing volume and global segmentation of the global Biochar market. The report explains complicated data in simple language. The report comprises market classification and definitions, product and industry overview, manufacturing specifications, and cost structure. The research offers the current technological innovations affecting the growth of the market during the forecast period from 2020 to 2025.

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The report additionally reviews the market key drivers, restraints, growth signs, challenges, market dynamics, aggressive landscape, and different key aspects related to the global Biochar market. The report presents a top to bottom illumination of the market’s past, current, and future status. It offers an analysis of emerging market sectors and development opportunities in the market. Market structure is described by analyzing the segments such as product type, application, end-users, key regions, and key companies. Further, the report gives in detailed information about the players on the basis of type, financial position, price, growth strategies, product portfolio, and regional presence of the players in the market.

Research contains regional segmentation which describes the regional aspects of the global Biochar market. It explains the framework that is expected to affect the entire market. It covers the scenario of the market and anticipates its impact on the market. Main region market conditions are assessed with respect to the product price, profit, capacity, production, supply, demand, and market growth rate and forecast, etc.

The report delivers the industrial chain analysis, downstream buyers, and raw material sources along with the accurate insights of market dynamics. Major insights and statistical details are provided in terms of demand and supply, cost structure, barriers and challenges, product types, application types, key market players, technology, regions, and applications. Further, the report evaluates upstream and downstream raw materials, present global Biochar market dynamics, and offers subsequent consumer analysis.

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Demand and uptake patterns in key industries of the market are analyzed. The research report covers product innovation, market strategies of the key players, market share, the latest research and development, revenue generation, and market expert views. In the end, the report delivers a conclusion which includes breakdown and data triangulation, consumer needs/customer preference change, research findings, global Biochar market size estimation, data source.

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Upgrading properties of biochar fuel derived from cassava rhizome via torrefaction

1 January, 2021
 

Torrefaction is a promising biomass thermal conversion technology to produce biochar due to its ease of operation and mild operating conditions. In this study, cassava rhizome (CR) was torrified under various sweeping gas types (nitrogen (N2), carbon dioxide (CO2), mixture gas (N2 + CO2)) and flow rates (50, 150, 250 mL/min) at 200–300 °C for 30 min. The experimental results show that fuel properties of CR were remarkably upgraded after torrefaction. Sweeping gas has less effect on fuel properties of torrified CR than torrefaction temperature. Torrefaction under CO2 atmosphere produced the biochar with minimum ash content. Torrefaction at 300 °C under 50 mL/min CO2 was recommended as the promising condition to produce biochar replacing lignite coal. Thermal properties and chemical functional groups of the derived biochar suggested that torrefaction process removed mainly oxygen and hydrogen contents which could be achieved through decarbonization (DC), dehydrogenation (DH), and deoxygenation (DO) pathways. Economic feasibility revealed that the torrefaction of CR is cost-advantage under the proposed condition.


Biochar from Slow Catalytic Pyrolysis of Spirulina platensis Residue

1 January, 2021
 

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REFERENCE MANAGEMENT

Department of Chemical Engineering

Ilham Mufandi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Indonesia

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Arief Budiman
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jalan Grafika No. 2, Kampus UGM, Yogyakarta 55281
Indonesia

Department of Chemical Engineering

Suhendra Suhendra
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Jalan Kapas 9, Yogyakarta 55166, Indonesia
Indonesia

Department of Chemical Engineering

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Biochar from Slow Catalytic Pyrolysis of Spirulina platensis Residue

1 January, 2021
 

ONLINE FIRST ARTICLES

List of articles waiting for an issue number

TEMPLATE

 

MEMBER OF

 

CITATION ANALYSIS

   SCOPUS
   Google Scholar <!– –>

REFERENCE MANAGEMENT

Department of Chemical Engineering

Ilham Mufandi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Indonesia

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Arief Budiman
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jalan Grafika No. 2, Kampus UGM, Yogyakarta 55281
Indonesia

Department of Chemical Engineering

Suhendra Suhendra
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Jalan Kapas 9, Yogyakarta 55166, Indonesia
Indonesia

Department of Chemical Engineering

The use of biochar varies on its ability as an adsorbent which adsorbs liquid or gas molecules. Biochar from Spirulina platensis residue (SPR) as an energy source, as its richness in nutrients, can be used as fertilizer and maintain water resources in plantations. Biochar can be used as an intermediary for the synthesis of nanotubes, activated carbon, carbon black, and carbon fiber. One of the essential things to be considered in the application of activated carbon from SPR is char’s characteristics. This study aimed to obtain data on the biochar and components from the pyrolysis of Spirulina platensis residue. The study was conducted in a fixed-bed reactor with electric heaters with a variety of temperatures (300-700 ⁰C) and the amount of silica-alumina catalyst (0-20%). The biochar weight was obtained by weighing the char formed at the end of the pyrolysis. The char characteristics were obtained by the surface area, total pore volume, and pore size analysis. Based on the study results, the relationship between temperature and the amount of catalyst on the characteristics of biochar was studied. The higher the pyrolysis temperature, the less biochar. Also, the use of catalysts can reduce the amount of biochar. The higher the temperature, the higher the surface area and the total pore volume while the pore radius was reduced. The optimum condition for maximum biochar yield in non-catalytic pyrolysis at a temperature of 300 ⁰C was 49.86 wt.%. The surface area, the total pore volume, and the pore radius at 700 ⁰C catalytic pyrolysis with 5% silica-alumina was obtained as 36.91 m2/g, 0.052 cm3/g, and 2.68 nm, respectively.

Keywords: biochar; pore radius; silica-alumina; surface area; total pore volume


A B S T R A K

Penggunaan biochar bervariasi pada kemampuannya sebagai adsorben dalam menjerap molekul cairan atau gas. Biochar dari residu Spirulina platensis merupakan sumber energi, karena kaya akan unsur hara, dapat digunakan sebagai pupuk dan pemeliharaan sumber daya air di perkebunan. Biochar dapat juga digunakan sebagai perantara untuk sintesis nanotube, karbon aktif, carbon black, dan serat karbon. Salah satu hal penting yang harus diperhatikan dalam aplikasi karbon aktif dari SPR adalah karakteristik arang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan data biochar dan komponen dari pirolisis residu Spirulina platensis. Penelitian dilakukan di reaktor fixed-bed dengan pemanas listrik dengan variasi suhu (300-700 ⁰C) dan jumlah katalis silika-alumina (0-20%). Berat biochar diperoleh dengan cara menimbang arang yang terbentuk pada akhir pirolisis. Sedangkan karakteristik arang diperoleh dari analisis luas permukaan, volume pori total, dan ukuran pori. Berdasarkan hasil studi hubungan antara suhu dan jumlah katalis terhadap karakteristik biochar yang telah diteliti, semakin tinggi suhu pirolisis maka biochar semakin sedikit. Selain itu, penggunaan katalis dapat mengurangi jumlah biochar. Sebaliknya, semakin tinggi suhu semakin besar luas permukaan, dan volume pori total serta radius pori-pori semakin berkurang. Kondisi optimum untuk biochar maksimum pada pirolisis non katalitik pada suhu  300 ⁰C adalah 49,86 wt.%. Luas permukaan, total volume pori, dan radius pori pada suhu 700 ⁰C untuk pirolisis katalitik silika-alumina 5% diperoleh masing-masing sebesar 36,91 m2/g, 0,052 cm3/g, dan 2,68 nm.

Kata kunci: biochar; luas permukaan; radius pori; silika-alumina; total volume pori

 

 

Bordoloi, N., Narzari, R., Sut, D., Saikia, R., Chutia, R.S., and Kataki, R., 2016, Characterization of bio-oil and its sub-fractions from pyrolysis of Scenedesmus dimorphus, Renewable Energy, 98, 245-253

Chen, W., K., Xia, M., Yang, H., Chen, Y., X., and Che, Q., 2018, Hanping Chen, Catalytic deoxygenation co-pyrolysis of bamboo wastes and microalgae with biochar catalyst, Energy, 157, 472-482.

Cheng, S., Wei, L., Zhao, X. and Julson, J., 2016, application, deactivation, and regeneration of heterogeneous catalysts in bio-oil upgrading, Catalysts, 6, 195.

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Elkhalifa, S., Al-Ansari, T., Hamish R. Mackey, and Gordon McKay, 2019, Food waste to biochars through pyrolysis: A review, Resour., Conserv. Recycl., 144, 310–320.

Ido, AL, de Luna, M.D.G., Ong, D.C., and Capareda, S.C., 2019, Upgrading of Scenedesmus obliquus oil to high-quality liquid-phase biofuel by nickel-impregnated biochar catalyst, J. Cleaner Prod., 209, 1052-1060.

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Biochar Production Characterization And Applications Urbanization Industrialization And The …

1 January, 2021
 

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Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation

1 January, 2021
 

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Biochar Market 2020 Trends Assessment, Specifications, Future Challenges. Descriptive Analysis …

2 January, 2021
 

The research report on the Biochar Market provides deep analysis, overview, regional analysis, applications, SWOT analysis, market size, and forecast of this research report. This is the latest market research report covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected each aspect of life globally.

Due to the COVID 19 pandemic, we have included a special section on the Market research report which would mention How the Covid-19 is Affecting the Global Biochar Market.

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The key players profiled in this Report are:

Phoenix Energy
Carbon Gold Ltd
Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc.
Diacarbon Energy Inc.
Biochar Supreme, LLC
Vega Biofuels, Inc.
Carbon Terra GmbH
The Biochar Company
Swiss Biochar GmbH
Agri-Tech Producers, LLC
ArSta Eco
PYREG GmbH
Sonnenerde
BlackCarbon A/S
Pacific Pyrolysis
Biochar Products, Inc.

The research report studies the market in an exhaustive manner by explaining the key facets of the market that are foreseeable to have a countable stimulus on its developing extrapolations over the forecast period. This report Shares detailed information about the key factors (growth potential, opportunities, drivers, industrial assignments, and risks) affecting market growth. Due to the increasing globalization and digitization, there are new trends coming to the market every day.

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Global Biochar Market Segmentation

Market Segmentation by Type:

Agriculture Waste
Forestry Waste
Animal Manure
Biomass Plantation

Market Segmentation by Application:

Gardening
Agriculture
Household

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Table of Contents

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Global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology)

2 January, 2021
 

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Succession of bacterial community during composting: dissimilarity between compost mixture and …

2 January, 2021
 

Previous research showed that biochar addition facilitated composting and elevated nutrient retention. However, few of these studies explored bacterial structure and abundance in the compost mixture and biochar additive. Thus, this study aims to distinguish bacterial communities in both compost and bamboo biochar (BB) additive. Results indicated that the dynamics of nutrient contents in compost and BB samples were in a similar pattern, although there were lower levels of nutrients and metals (i.e., Cu and Zn) in BB additives. The total number of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) in both compost and BB additives peaked on day 7 and then gradually reduced during composting. There was more abundance of bacteria in compost, whereas the diversity of bacteria was more in BB additives. Furthermore, the dominant bacteria in compost and BB samples were distinct at the different stages of composting. The Firmicutes steadily decreased in compost samples (from 34.78% to 7.65%), while it was the dominant phylum in BB additives during the whole composting period. Furthermore, Ruminofilibacter, Pseudoxanthomonas, and Actinomadura were the most abundant genera in compost samples than Pseudoxanthomonas, Azoarcus, and Paenibacillus in BB additives at the final stage of composting. Results from this study could provide a theoretical reference for the sound performance of biochar-added composting.

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The authors are grateful for the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41907120), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (SWU020002), and the State Cultivation Base of Eco-agriculture for Southwest Mountainous Land, Southwest University. We also thank anonymous referees for their constructive comments.

MZ original paper writing, experimenting, RX experiment designing, writing, funding acquisition; WL experimenting; ZT sample analysis, data analysis, RL data curation, supervision; AA editing, writing; ZZ supervision.

Correspondence to Ran Xiao.

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have influenced the work reported in this paper.

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Received: 30 July 2020

Accepted: 13 November 2020

Published: 02 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42773-020-00078-8

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free best book pdf Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation

2 January, 2021
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation (English Edition)
Author: English Edition .
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Enhanced removal of phosphate from aqueous solution using Mg/Fe modified biochar derived from …

2 January, 2021
 

In this study, Mg-modified sludge biochar (MB) and Mg-Fe double oxides/sludge biochar composites (MFB) were synthesized for enhanced removal of phosphate from aqueous solution. The phosphate adsorption followed the Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm model, and the maximum capacity was 142.31 mg P/g and 35.41 mg P/g for MB and MFB, respectively. MB exhibited the higher adsorption capacity at pH 8–9 and performed well under the influences of coexisting anions and temperature (4–45 °C). Adsorption kinetics was well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, indicating the chemical bonding between phosphate and adsorption sites. The adsorption capacity of phosphate decreased by < 15% after three successive recycles. Based on FTIR, XRD, and XPS analysis, the main mechanisms for phosphate removal by MB included electrostatic attraction, surface complexation, and precipitation. Hydroxides/oxides particles of Mg on the surface of MB with positive charge could adsorb HPO42− and PO43− to form surface complex and convert to MgHPO4 and Mg3(PO4)2. The released amounts of Fe, Cd, Cr, Pb, Cu, Zn, Sb, and As from MB and MFB were low and acceptable. However, the released amount of Mg was as high as 4.9 wt% for MB and 8.7 wt% for MFB at the pH corresponding maximum adsorption capacity, posing a risk of salt increase. The grass (Lolium perenne L.) germination and early growth with the addition of P-laden biochars as fertilizer are seriously inhibited due to the high alkalinity, particularly for MB. The environmental risk of P-laden biochars (with high alkalinity and salt content) as fertilizer should be emphasized in practical application.

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We will thank director Xi Yang, China Everbright Water Ltd (Jinan) for helping collect sewage sludge sample.

This research was supported by Doctoral Foundation of University of Jinan (XBS1920), The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0800601) and Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (ZR2018MEE007).

Zhang ML made the detailed experiment plan and was a major contributor in writing the manuscript. Wang HX was a major contributor in writing the manuscript. Yang J, Xue JB, and Lv Q conducted the experiment. All authors read and approved the final manuscript

Correspondence to Mingliang Zhang.

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Not applicable.

Not applicable.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Responsible Editor: Zhihong Xu

Received: 28 September 2020

Accepted: 21 December 2020

Published: 02 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-12180-2

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Biochar suppresses N2O emissions and alters microbial communities in an acidic tea soil.

2 January, 2021
 

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ball milled characterization

2 January, 2021
 

biochar into micro-nano biofiller. The biochar was ball milled for a total of 30 h while samples were taken for testing at 4 h 8 h 12 h 16 h 20 h 25 h and 30 h. Characterization and Testing SEM and EDS analyses of biochar and biofiller Scanning electron microscopy for

Apr 01 2020 · Characterization of pristine and ball-milled biochars Biochar s SSA increased with increasing pyrolysis temperature and after ball milling (Table 1). The SSA of ball-milled biochar was 1.4–29.1 times greater than that of the corresponding pristine biochar. TPV and APS of biochars decreased with increasing pyrolysis temperature.

characterization procedures but ball-milling itself breaks bonds and therefore causes structural changes. Knowing the effect that ball-milling has on plant cell walls is important because milling the cell wall destroys anatomical information that once existed. It has been found that the intensity (ball-mill frequency) of milling has a

were ball-milled for 8 30 and 120 h and densified to < 1 porosity using spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 900 C and 35 MPa. After consolidation all samples of the Fe alloys were characterized by

Isothermal annealing was carried out on 50 h ball milled SiC from 600 to 800 0 C for the period of 4 hours. Minute crystallite size enhancement with good amount of

Ball-milled cellulose and barley straw were prepared by mixing 200 ml of a 6 (wt/vol) aqueous suspension of Avicel cellulose PH105 or barley straw with flint balls in an 800-ml Mill jar (Norton Chemical Process Products Division OH) at 70 rpm for 24 h at 4°C. Acid-swollen cellulose (amorphous) was prepared as described previously .

Ball milled h-BN An efficient holes transfer promoter to enhance the photocatalytic performance of TiO2. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2013 . DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.11.033. Mamoru Senna Vladimir Šepelák Jianmin Shi Benjamin

Jul 27 2007 · Ball-milled cellulose and barley straw were prepared by mixing 200 ml of a 6 (wt/vol) aqueous suspension of Avicel cellulose PH105 or barley straw with flint balls in an 800-ml Mill jar (Norton Chemical Process Products Division OH) at 70 rpm for 24 h at 4°C. Acid-swollen cellulose (amorphous) was prepared as described previously .

Isothermal annealing was carried out on 50 h ball milled SiC from 600 to 800 0 C for the period of 4 hours. Minute crystallite size enhancement with good amount of

Study of ball milled bismuth telluride composites reinforced with MWCNTs for and crystallographic characterization was carried out by scanning electrons microscope (SEM) high

May 11 2020 · Microstructural Characterization of Ball Milled Co 60 Fe 18 Ti 18 Nb 4 Alloys and Their Photocatalytic Performance Hasan Eskalen. Vocational School of Health Services Department of Opticianry Kahramanmaraş Sütçu İmam University Kahramanmaraş Turkey. Search for

processing and characterization of ball milled magnesium for biomedical implant thesis submitted in the partial fullfilment of the requirement for the degree of bachelor of technology in biotechnology engineering by prasanna chandra jha (roll no. 109bt0624 ) under the supervision of prof. a. thirugnanam

the ball-milled CNT samples shows an initial increase higher than that of non-milled pristine oxidized and fluorinated XD CNTs but remains constant with increasing CNT weight fraction. A micromechanics model based on the composite cylinders method was A. Characterization of XD CNTs .. 28 B. Dispersion Analysis of XD CNT/Epoxy

Characterization of these adsorbents showed that the enhanced As(V) adsorption was ascribed to much larger surface area and pore volume (2-6 times) notable changes in crystallinity activation of cations and increased functional groups in the nanocomposite compared with the ball-milled products of their pristine counterparts.

The precursor ceramic powder used in this study was a Alcoa A1000 alumina. The high-energy milling processing of the dry powder was performed in a high-energy vibratory ball mill (Spex 8000 mixer/mill) using hardened steel vials and balls as milling media in air. The use of alumina as milling media was discontinued due its high rate of wear.

the ball-milled CNT samples shows an initial increase higher than that of non-milled pristine oxidized and fluorinated XD CNTs but remains constant with increasing CNT weight fraction. A micromechanics model based on the composite cylinders method was A. Characterization of XD CNTs .. 28 B. Dispersion Analysis of XD CNT/Epoxy

the ball-milled CNT samples shows an initial increase higher than that of non-milled pristine oxidized and fluorinated XD CNTs but remains constant with increasing CNT weight fraction. A micromechanics model based on the composite cylinders method was A. Characterization of XD CNTs .. 28 B. Dispersion Analysis of XD CNT/Epoxy

2 (NMC-622 Umicore) was wet ball-milled in hexanes/ethanol (9/1 v/v) mixed solvent for 48 h using 2.0 mm Y ZrO 2 milling media (Inframat Advanced Materials). Ball-milled powders were reheated to 750 °C/20 h at 5 °C min-1 under O 2 flow. Cell assemblies NMC (as-received or post-treated) carbon black (Denka Corp.) and polyvinylidene

Using ball-milled CNTs shows improved dispersion but results in an electrically non-conductive composite at the CNT weight fractions tested. The thermal conductivity of the ball-milled CNT samples shows an initial increase higher than that of non-milled pristine oxidized and fluorinated XD CNTs but remains constant with increasing CNT weight

Using ball-milled CNTs shows improved dispersion but results in an electrically non-conductive composite at the CNT weight fractions tested. The thermal conductivity of the ball-milled CNT samples shows an initial increase higher than that of non-milled pristine oxidized and fluorinated XD CNTs but remains constant with increasing CNT weight

first ball milled individually for 4 hours. CIP was then co-milled with the amino acids in a 1 1 molar ratio. The powder mixtures were each milled for 4–6 hours in total in intervals of 15 min with 10 min breaks in between. At 1 2 4 and 6 hours small samples of powder were taken for

2 (NMC-622 Umicore) was wet ball-milled in hexanes/ethanol (9/1 v/v) mixed solvent for 48 h using 2.0 mm Y ZrO 2 milling media (Inframat Advanced Materials). Ball-milled powders were reheated to 750 °C/20 h at 5 °C min-1 under O 2 flow. Cell assemblies NMC (as-received or post-treated) carbon black (Denka Corp.) and polyvinylidene

The ball-milled samples were then extracted twice with dioxane-water solution (96 vol/vol) in a shaker at 190 rpm for 24 h at 27°C in the dark. The extractions were performed by using 10 ml of solvent per g of ball-milled wood. The dioxane-water extracts were combined and the solvents were removed at 35°C under reduced pressure.

Characterization of Ball-Milled Bamboo-Based Activated Carbon Treated with KMnO4 and KOH as Activating Agents. Qanytah Qanytah Khaswar Syamsu Farah Fahma Gustan Pari. Abstract. Bamboo-based activated carbon was made using the activating agents KOH and KMnO4 at high temperature. This study examined the ability of unmilled and ball-milled

Apr 20 2020 · The milling was conducted in a vibratory ball mill machine equipped with 2-L ZrO 2 chamber (CJM-SY-B Qinhuangdao Taiji Ring Nano Ltd. Hebei China). The BMCS0 sample was mixed with ZrO 2 ball (6–10 mm diameter) with a volume ratio of 1 2 and a filling rate of 30 then milled for 10 20 30 60 and 120 min the resulting powders were

Characterization of these adsorbents showed that the enhanced As(V) adsorption was ascribed to much larger surface area and pore volume (2-6 times) notable changes in crystallinity activation of cations and increased functional groups in the nanocomposite compared with the ball-milled products of their pristine counterparts.

Ball-milled cellulose and barley straw were prepared by mixing 200 ml of a 6 (wt/vol) aqueous suspension of Avicel cellulose PH105 or barley straw with flint balls in an 800-ml Mill jar (Norton Chemical Process Products Division OH) at 70 rpm for 24 h at 4°C. Acid-swollen cellulose (amorphous) was prepared as described previously .

were ball-milled for 8 30 and 120 h and densified to < 1 porosity using spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 900 C and 35 MPa. After consolidation all samples of the Fe alloys were characterized by

Ball milled activated carbon from the experiment had a pore radius ranging from 1.18 to 2.49 nm. The activated carbon that met the criteria of ANSI/AWWA B604-12 (2012) standard for moisture content iodine number and JIS K 1474 (1967) standard for methylene blue adsorption level and surface area were milled activated carbon with activator

“Characterization of ball-milled bamboo-based activated carbon treated with KMnO4 and KOH as activating agents ” BioRes. 15(4) . Abstract PDF Bamboo-based activated carbon was made using the activating agents KOH and KMnO4 at high temperature.

was ball milled with a lab-scale planetary mill for 30 min using a ball to powder mass ratio of 10 1. The second part (sample II) was Characterization of samples was performed by measuring SEM

A ball mill a type of grinder is a cylindrical device used in grinding (or mixing) materials like ores chemicals ceramic raw materials and paints.Ball mills rotate around a horizontal axis partially filled with the material to be ground plus the grinding medium. Different materials are used as media including ceramic balls flint pebbles and stainless steel balls.

Planetary Ball Mills are used wherever the highest degree of fineness is required addition to well-proven mixing and size reduction processes these mills also meet all technical requirements for colloidal grinding and provide the energy input necessary for mechanical alloying.The extremely high centrifugal forces of a planetary ball mill result in very high pulverization energy and

Figure 1 SEM image of as-milled Fe 2 O 3 Figure 2 displays XRD pattern of as-milled Fe 2 O 3. The obvious diffraction peaks of hematite at 2-theta values of 24.3 33.1 35.6 40.9 49.5 55.1 62.4 64 and 72.1o were observed. Thus Fe 2 O 3 was the main product of the ball-milling process and no other iron oxide phases were identified. 20 30

May 01 2010 · Preparation and solid-state characterization of bupivacaine hydrochloride cyclodextrin complexes aimed for buccal delivery. ball milling in high-energy mills co-evaporation and lyophilisation in order to rationally select the most effective preparation technique. In vitro dissolution properties in artificial saliva of ball-milled BVP

Processing and Microstructural Characterization of a Ti-Cr-Nb Alloy Synthesized by High-Energy Ball-Milling increase on Fe contamination can be explained by the fast formation of the BCC solid solution observed on the XRD patterns. This BCC phase is very hard when compared to the pure metallic elements thus leading

GBM Industry & Technology Group Co., Ltd. is one high-tech enterprise, which involves R&D, production


Influence of reductive soil disinfestation or biochar amendment on bacterial communities and their …

2 January, 2021
 

Root-associated microorganisms play an important role in plant nutrition and productivity. However, our understanding of how a plant-microbiome system responds to pre-planting soil management remains limited. Here, continuous labeling with 13CO2 gas combined with stable isotope probing (SIP) was applied to explore bacterial utilization of plant-derived carbon (C) in the tomato rhizosphere as affected by biochar amendment or reductive soil disinfestation (RSD). Our results showed that RSD treatment strongly shaped the soil bacterial community composition, while biochar soil amendment had little impact on the community in the rhizosphere of tomato. We observed that the bacterial community in the RSD treatment, which actively utilized plant-derived C, belonged to various phyla (i.e., Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and Acidobacteria), while the genus Streptomyces (phylum Actinobacteria) was the main bacterial taxa that actively utilized plant-derived C in the biochar and control treatments. This study provides evidence that biochar application or RSD pre-planting soil management practices induced distinct bacterial utilization of plant-derived C, which may in turn regulate plant productivity in agricultural systems.

• Genus Streptomyces was the main bacterial group utilizing plant-derived carbon in both control and biochar treatments.

• Reductive soil disinfestation altered bacterial utilization of plant-derived carbon.

• Biochar did not alter the composition of the bacterial communities but had more labeled bacterial taxa utilizing plant-derived carbon.

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All datasets generated for this study are included in the article/Supplementary Material.

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41525002, 41471206, 41601249, and 41877051), the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB15020301), the Talents of Guizhou Science and Technology Cooperation Platform ([2017]5726-52), and the Ningbo Municipal Science and Technology Bureau (2015C10031).

HL and HY conceived and designed the research. HL and YL conducted the experiments. HF contributed new reagents or analytical tools. HL and HY wrote the manuscript. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

Correspondence to Huaiying Yao.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

(PDF 657 kb)

Received: 06 July 2020

Revised: 11 November 2020

Accepted: 23 November 2020

Published: 02 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-020-11036-6

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Making biochar from sawdust

2 January, 2021
 


[PDF] Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to …

2 January, 2021
 

Book Description:
Title: – Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant He…
Author: Plant He .
File Type: PDF EPUB MOBI.
MD5 Hash Code: 948361698de897be4432e9c7dc29aa97

Finally I can download and read Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to Dramatically Improve Soil and Plant He… Thank you!

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Characterization, bioenergy value, and thermal stability of biochars derived from diverse …

2 January, 2021
 

In the present study, seven diverse biomasses of Indian origin were characterized and pyrolyzed at 450 °C to produce biochars. The biochars were thoroughly characterized using a variety of techniques to assure their potential energy and environmental and agricultural applications. Biochars derived from crop wastes with low lignin content, viz., rice husk biochar (RHB), rice straw biochar (RSB), maize stover biochar (MSB), and sugarcane biochar (SCB), possessed high ash content, high pH, and low fixed carbon making them suitable for soil amelioration. RSB, RHB, and MSB recorded high cation exchange capacity, making their potential utilization as liming material and removal of heavy metal contaminants. Elemental O/C ratios for all biochars, except maize stover biochar, were in the range of 0.27–0.32, which showed better stability and half-life period. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was carried out to evaluate the thermal stability of biochars up to 900 °C, and the overall mass loss varied in the range of 16–27 wt%. Biochars from eucalyptus (EB), lantana (LB), and pine needle (PNB) were found to have high higher heating values (HHVs) (23–28 MJ/kg), higher fixed carbon, and lower ash content. Correlations were constructed between HHV of biochars and their volatile matter, ash, and fixed carbon content with high but negative correlation with ash content. Rice straw, rice husk, maize stover, and sugarcane trash were poor substrates, as the resultant biochars contained ≤ 60 wt% fixed carbon, high ash, and a relatively low HHV. It is shown that RHB, RSB, MSB, and SCB can be potential materials for soil amendment and plant nutrient, while PNB, LB, and EB are suitable for renewable solid fuel purpose.

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Authors gratefully acknowledged ICAR-NICRA, Hyderabad, Government of India for financial support to carry out the work.

Correspondence to Sumit Chaturvedi.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Received: 03 September 2020

Revised: 27 November 2020

Accepted: 22 December 2020

Published: 02 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-01239-2

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Adsorptive Mechanism of Chromium Adsorption on Siltstone–Nanomagnetite–Biochar Composite

2 January, 2021
 

In this work, the potential of a novel and highly efficient composite of Eleocharis dulcis biochar with magnetite nanoparticles and siltstone was explored for removing chromium from water. Characterization of the prepared biochar composite was carried out using thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray photon spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and transmission electron microscopy, point of zero charge and BET. XRD confirmed magnetite and quartz to be the main phases in biochar composite. TGA results showed higher thermal stability of the composite after the addition of siltstone. Batch adsorption mode was employed for studying the adsorption capacity of sample for the decontamination of chromium as a function of concentrations, time, temperatures and pHs. Kinetic modelling confirmed pseudo second order to fit best to the kinetic data for chromium adsorption on the composite biochar. An increase of adsorption was observed with the rise in temperature from 303 to 318 K showing the endothermic nature of the process whereas pH study showed higher removal efficiency of chromium in the acidic pH range. Langmuir model was applicable to the data with higher value of correlation. The thermodynamic parameter ΔH° (40.46 kJ mol−1) and negative but higher values of (ΔG°) shows the endothermic and spontaneous nature of the adsorption process respectively. Higher value of activation energy (15.08 kJ mol−1) confirmed the chemical nature of the process. Post adsorption FTIR and XPS confirmed the adsorption of chromium on the surface of the composite. The adsorption capacity obtained in the present study was found to be higher as compared to many other reported adsorbents used for chromium removal.

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Salah Ud Din is thankful to the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for research funding under National research program for universities (NRPU) under Project No. 8376.

Correspondence to Salah Ud Din.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Received: 23 August 2020

Accepted: 23 November 2020

Published: 01 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-020-01829-7

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iron tailings treatment in amman

2 January, 2021
 

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Biochar for environmental management science technology and implementation pdf

2 January, 2021
 

Feb 20, 2015 · Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation 2nd Edition, Kindle Edition by Johannes Lehmann (Editor), Stephen Joseph (Editor) Format: Kindle Edition 5.0 out of 5 stars 5 ratings

Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon, and can endure in soil for thousands of years. Like most charcoal, biochar is made from biomass via pyrolysis. Biochar is under investigation as an approach to carbon sequestration. Biochar thus has the potential to help mitigate climate change via carbon sequestration

Jul 09, 2019 · Want to have a good book?Please visit our website at : https://xiyeye.blogspot.com/?book=0415704154Happy reading and good luck, hope you feel at home 🙂

Welcome to IBI’s Membership Program. Thank you for supporting an international community of biochar professionals and supporters. We hope that you will enjoy the many benefits of IBI membership and we thank you for supporting an organization at the forefront of advancing biochar research and implementation worldwide. Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation Lehmann Johannes, Joseph Stephen Ed Taylor&Francis 9780415704151 : Biochar is the carbon-rich product which occurs

GHANI, W. A. W. A. K. et al. Biochar production from waste rubber-wood- sawdust and its potential use in C sequestration: Chemical and physical characterization, Industrial Crops and Products, 44:18-24, 2013. [ Links ] GLASER, B. et al. Biochar organic fertilizers from natural resources as substitute for mineral fertilizers.


Mechanism of cadmium removal from soil by silicate composite biochar and its recycling,Journal of …

3 January, 2021
 

Biochar added to the soil is generally difficult to separate. In order to solve the problem of separating biochar from soil, this paper applies a hydraulic silicate gel material to the preparation of biochar. Non-magnetic silicate bonded biochar (SBC) and magnetic silicate bonded biochar (MSBC) with hydraulic properties were prepared. The new silicate bonded biochar has good adsorption performance, separation and recovery characteristics. The findings are as follows: (1) after three times of soil remediation, the silicate bonded biochar still had good mechanical properties, and the compressive strength was not attenuated, remaining between 210-270 N. (2) After three times of SBC and MSBC remediation, total Cd in soil decreased by 29.33% and 31.82% respectively, and available Cd decreased by 60.82% and 62.74% respectively. (3) After three cycles, the recovery rates of SBC and MSBC both exceeded 94.88%, and the highest adsorption regeneration rates of SBC and MSBC reached 83.09% and 92.06%, respectively. (4) The Cd content of wheat after SBC and MSBC repair was reduced by 29.67-37.36% and 47.25-63.74%, respectively.

添加到土壤中的生物炭通常很难分离。为了解决从土壤中分离生物炭的问题,本文将水硬性硅酸盐凝胶材料应用于生物炭的制备。制备了具有水硬性的非磁性硅酸盐键合生物炭(SBC)和磁性硅酸盐键合生物炭(MSBC)。新型的硅酸盐键合生物炭具有良好的吸附性能,分离和回收特性。研究结果如下:(1)经过三次土壤修复后,与硅酸盐结合的生物炭仍具有良好的机械性能,抗压强度没有减弱,保持在210-270 N之间。(2)经过三倍的SBC和MSBC修复后,土壤中的总Cd分别减少29.33%和31.82%,有效Cd分别减少60.82%和62.74%。(3)经过三个周期,SBC和MSBC的回收率均超过94.88%,SBC和MSBC的最高吸附再生率分别达到83.09%和92.06%。(4)SBC和MSBC修复后小麦的Cd含量分别降低了29.67-37.36%和47.25-63.74%。


Become a Sponsor | NationalBiocharWeek

3 January, 2021
 


Influence of reductive soil disinfestation or biochar amendment on bacterial communities and their …

3 January, 2021
 

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Root-associated microorganisms play an important role in plant nutrition and productivity. However, our understanding of how a plant-microbiome system responds to pre-planting soil management remains limited. Here, continuous labeling with 13CO2 gas combined with stable isotope probing (SIP) was applied to explore bacterial utilization of plant-derived carbon (C) in the tomato rhizosphere as affected by biochar amendment or reductive soil disinfestation (RSD). Our results showed that RSD treatment strongly shaped the soil bacterial community composition, while biochar soil amendment had little impact on the community in the rhizosphere of tomato. We observed that the bacterial community in the RSD treatment, which actively utilized plant-derived C, belonged to various phyla (i.e., Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and Acidobacteria), while the genus Streptomyces (phylum Actinobacteria) was the main bacterial taxa that actively utilized plant-derived C in the biochar and control treatments. This study provides evidence that biochar application or RSD pre-planting soil management practices induced distinct bacterial utilization of plant-derived C, which may in turn regulate plant productivity in agricultural systems. KEY POINTS: • Genus Streptomyces was the main bacterial group utilizing plant-derived carbon in both control and biochar treatments. • Reductive soil disinfestation altered bacterial utilization of plant-derived carbon. • Biochar did not alter the composition of the bacterial communities but had more labeled bacterial taxa utilizing plant-derived carbon.

Keywords: Bacterial communities; Plant-derived C; Soil management; Stable isotope probing.

NLM  |  NIH  |  HHS  |  USA.gov


Biochar-Polylactic Acid Composite Accelerated Reductive Dechlorination of Hexachlorobenzene in …

3 January, 2021
 

In order to clarify the effect of biochar-polylactic acid (PLA) composite on reductive dechlorination of HCB in paddy soils, an anaerobic incubation experiment was conducted with four treatments of Sterile control, Control, Biochar, and Biochar-PLA in Hydragric Acrisols (Ac) and Gleyi-Stagnic Anthrosols (An). The results showed that in Ac, biochar addition significantly promoted HCB degradation during the whole incubation period, but biochar-PLA composite inhibited HCB dechlorination due to the low soil pH in the early period and then accelerated HCB degradation while soil pH climbed to nearly neutral. The dechlorination rate of HCB in An was: Biochar-PLA > Biochar > Control > Sterilization control. The degradation rate of HCB in An was faster than in Ac, due to the higher iron content and neutral pH condition in An. The results indicated that biochar-PLA composite promoted the reductive dechlorination of HCB efficiently in paddy soil under nearly neutral pH condition.

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This research was funded by the grants from Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. SEPR2017-4); the Six Talent Peaks Project of Jiangsu Province [Grant Number JNHB-061]; Science and Technology Innovation Project for Overseas of Nanjing [grant number R2019LZ09]; and the Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST.

Correspondence to Cuiying Liu.

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Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Received: 09 October 2020

Accepted: 26 November 2020

Published: 03 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-03070-x

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Envirommental Impact

3 January, 2021
 

AvaniChar is charcoal recognized for its role in carbon (CO2) sequestration, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy, waste mitigation, and as a soil amendment.  Biochar is produced from organic waste, manure, kernel fruits, etc. our AvaniChar contains minerals.

Biochar is a relevant product to fight climate change reducing carbon emissions. Also, Biochar and bioenergy co-production displaces fossil fuels. Biochar plants are totally sustainable.

1 ton AvaniChar sequestres as much CO2 as a person produces in one year or a car produces runing 3500 miles.

In combination with clay, but also with lime and cement mortar, biochar can be used as an additive for plaster or for bricks and concrete elements at a ratio of up to 80%. This blending creates inside walls with excellent insulation and breathing properties, able to maintain humidity levels in a room at 45 – 70% in both summer and winter.

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Details about Biochar as Soil Amendment: Impact on Soil Properties and Sustainable Resource…

3 January, 2021
 


The utilization of agricultural waste as biochar for optimizing swampland

3 January, 2021
 

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The utilization of agricultural waste as biochar is one way to manage agricultural waste to encourage swamps optimization. There is quite a lot of agricultural waste in Indonesia estimated to reach 10.7 t y−1, including rice-husks, cocoa pods, coconut-shells, oil palm shells, and corncobs. One of the management of agricultural waste is to make biochar from various sources of raw materials. This paper is intended to provide information about agricultural waste as biochar in agriculture to optimize swampland in Indonesia. The quality of biochar depends on raw materials, incinerator, combustion temperature, and the length of combustion. The application of biochar on agricultural land serves as a soil enhancer that can improve its chemical properties and soil physical properties. Improvements in the quality of the soil chemical and physical properties impact the availability of nutrients and water through the ability of biochar to retain nutrients and water. In the end, the addition of biochar has implications for increasing the productivity of food crops. In the future, it is expected that with the application of biochar, swamplands can increase productivity.

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Biochar Application Rate: Improving Soil Fertility and Linum usitatissimum Growth on an Arsenic …

3 January, 2021
 

The remediation of metal(loid) contaminated sites often requires the application of an amendment, such as biochar. Biochar is the product of biomass pyrolysis and has been shown to reduce soil acidity, immobilize metal(loid)s and thus ameliorate plant growth. The beneficial effects of biochar are usually higher at a higher dose. However, an excessive dose can have negative outcomes due to nutrient loss. The application of an amendment to the soil comes at a financial cost, especially if the contaminated area is large, and therefore the optimum dose must be determined. In addition, to overcome the cost of biochar application, the use of a plant with economic benefits, such as flax, can be a suitable option. In this context, a mesocosm study, on a former mining soil polluted by As and Pb was performed, using flax and biochar applied at increasing concentrations. Results showed an increase in soil pH and the immobilization of Pb with increasing biochar doses. These ameliorations led to better plant growth. A higher biochar dose increased plant growth up to a 3% application rate, from which point dry weight no longer increased.Metal(loid) concentrations decreased between 1 and 3% biochar, and then increased at higher doses. It can thus be concluded that with 3% biochar, soil properties are ameliorated, metal(loid)s are immobilized, and plant growth increases, and a higher biochar application rate does not bring about better outcomes. Therefore, a 3% biochar application dose seems to be the best application dose to improve soil conditions and plant growth at a lower cost.

Application dose of a lightwood biochar was tested on a former mine soil

A higher biochar dose led to increased soil condition improvements

Flax growth improved up to 3% biochar then decreased

The optimum biochar dose was determined to be 3%

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The authors wish to thank Jean-Christophe Léger for providing the biochar, Dr Christophe Hano for providing the flax seeds and Sarah Lemêle for her technical help.

Correspondence to Sylvain Bourgerie.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Received: 29 July 2020

Revised: 17 November 2020

Accepted: 26 November 2020

Published: 03 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41742-020-00302-0

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Canola straw biochars produced under different pyrolysis temperatures and nitrapyrin …

3 January, 2021
 

The effect of biochar and nitrapyrin (a nitrification inhibitor) applications on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from a cropland soil was studied in a 35-day incubation experiment. The biochars were produced using canola (Brassica napus L.) straw under two pyrolysis temperatures: 300 (BC300) and 700 °C (BC700). Biochars (20 g kg−1 soil) and nitrapyrin (80 mg kg−1 soil) were applied alone or in combination. The cumulative N2O emissions were affected by both biochar and nitrapyrin applications (p < 0.05, same below) but not by their interaction. Cumulative N2O emissions were not affected by BC700, but were increased by BC300, as compared with the CK treatment (no biochar addition). Nitrapyrin significantly decreased cumulative N2O emissions by inhibiting nitrification, whether biochar was applied or not. There were positive relationships (p < 0.05) between cumulative N2O emissions and soil microbial biomass carbon to nitrogen ratio, nitrate and dissolved organic nitrogen concentrations, and net nitrification rates. Our results show that biochars need to be appropriately selected (such as the use of BC700) that do not increase N2O emissions, while the effectiveness of nitrapyrin in reducing N2O emissions was not affected by the co-application of biochars. We conclude that the co-application of biochar and nitrapyrin may be able to both increase soil C sequestration by the addition of stable C contained in the biochar and reduce N2O emissions from agricultural production systems.

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We thank Cole Gross, Christopher Nzediegwu, Dauren Kaliaskar, Na Chen, Prem Pokharel, Qian Wu, Yanchen Zhang, and Zilong Ma for their assistance in the laboratory. We also thank the Editor in Chief, the Regional Editor, and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments that improved earlier versions of this manuscript.

We thank the China Scholarship Council (CSC) and the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) for funding. The first author was also supported by a Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).

Correspondence to Jinlin Chen or Scott X. Chang.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

(DOCX 23 kb)

Received: 21 August 2020

Revised: 16 December 2020

Accepted: 23 December 2020

Published: 03 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-020-01535-z

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Comprehensive Report on Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market 2021 | Size, Growth …

3 January, 2021
 

Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market research report is the new statistical data source added by A2Z Market Research.

“Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market is growing at a High CAGR during the forecast period 2021-2027. The increasing interest of the individuals in this industry is that the major reason for the expansion of this market”.

Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market research is an intelligence report with meticulous efforts undertaken to study the right and valuable information. The data which has been looked upon is done considering both, the existing top players and the upcoming competitors. Business strategies of the key players and the new entering market industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this report analysis.

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Top Key Players Profiled in this report are: 

3R Agrocarbon, Retaj Chemicals Co., Vega Biofuels Inc, Brimac Char Inc., Clean Fuels BV, Fertoz, Earth Systems, Diacarbon Energy Inc, Agri-Tech Producers.

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Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers market. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market. The influence of the latest government guidelines is also analyzed in detail in the report. It studies the Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers market’s trajectory between forecast periods.

Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Segmentation:

Market Segmentation: By Type

Biochar
Bonechar
Phosphate Fertilizers

Market Segmentation: By Application

Agriculture
Industrial

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Regions Covered in the Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Report 2021:
• The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt)
• North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)
• South America (Brazil etc.)
• Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)
• Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)

The cost analysis of the Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market has been performed while keeping in view manufacturing expenses, labor cost, and raw materials and their market concentration rate, suppliers, and price trend. Other factors such as Supply chain, downstream buyers, and sourcing strategy have been assessed to provide a complete and in-depth view of the market. Buyers of the report will also be exposed to a study on market positioning with factors such as target client, brand strategy, and price strategy taken into consideration.

The report provides insights on the following pointers:

Market Penetration: Comprehensive information on the product portfolios of the top players in the Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers market.

Product Development/Innovation: Detailed insights on the upcoming technologies, R&D activities, and product launches in the market.

Competitive Assessment: In-depth assessment of the market strategies, geographic and business segments of the leading players in the market.

Market Development: Comprehensive information about emerging markets. This report analyzes the market for various segments across geographies.

Market Diversification: Exhaustive information about new products, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments in the Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers market.

Table of Contents

Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Research Report 2021 – 2027

Chapter 1 Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Biochar, Bonechar, Phosphate Fertilizers Market Forecast

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Research paper Coating Magnetite Alters the Mechanisms and Site Energy for Sulfonamide …

3 January, 2021
 

DA model described the sorption of SAs on MBC better than the Freundlich model

Distributions of sorption site energy differed significantly in high energy regions

Em of different adsorbents related to the oxygen contents and pore volume

pore-filling, π-π interaction, and H-bonding are the main mechanisms causing the adsorption difference of various SAs

DA model described the sorption of SAs on MBC better than the Freundlich model

Distributions of sorption site energy differed significantly in high energy regions

Em of different adsorbents related to the oxygen contents and pore volume

pore-filling, π-π interaction, and H-bonding are the main mechanisms causing the adsorption difference of various SAs

Magnetite-coating biochar (MBC) is a promising remediator for antibiotic contamination. Accurate models describing the sorption affinity are required to better understand the role of minerals. In this study, the presence of magnetite led to the improvements of oxygen-containing groups (i.e. C=O) and regulation of π-systems within BC. Based on Dubinin-Ashtakhov (DA) model, the differences of site energy (Em) and sorption heterogeneity (σe) led to the variances between sorption capacities of sulfonamides (SAs). The positive correlations between Em and the oxygen content or pore volume of MBCs indicated that π-π interactions, H-bonding, and pore-filling may act as the high energy sites. Moreover, σe was related to the distribution of magnetite on BC and their porosities. These results suggested that compared to BCs, the coating minerals improved the π-interaction assisted H-bonding and proton configuration of antibiotic when sorbing on MBC. The negative correlations between the Em of different SAs with their molecular sizes and solubilities resulted from steric effects and competition with water, which further confirmed the proposed high energy sites on MBCs. This study provided the insightful information of site energy distribution and understanding of fate and transport of organic pollutants on BC when the iron minerals were embedded or coated.

The authors contribute to this work equally.


Mechanism of cadmium removal from soil by silicate composite biochar and its recycling

3 January, 2021
 

Silicate bonded biochar has good hydraulic properties

Silicate bonded biochar can effectively adsorb heavy metal (Cd) from soil

Silicate bonded biochar significantly decreased Cd accumulation in Wheat

The separation rate of silicate bonded biochar from soil is over 94%

The regeneration rate of silicate bonded biochar is over 83% after three cycles

Silicate bonded biochar has good hydraulic properties

Silicate bonded biochar can effectively adsorb heavy metal (Cd) from soil

Silicate bonded biochar significantly decreased Cd accumulation in Wheat

The separation rate of silicate bonded biochar from soil is over 94%

The regeneration rate of silicate bonded biochar is over 83% after three cycles

Biochar added to the soil is generally difficult to separate. In order to solve the problem of separating biochar from soil, this paper applies a hydraulic silicate gel material to the preparation of biochar. Non-magnetic silicate bonded biochar (SBC) and magnetic silicate bonded biochar (MSBC) with hydraulic properties were prepared. The new silicate bonded biochar has good adsorption performance, separation and recovery characteristics. The findings are as follows: (1) after three times of soil remediation, the silicate bonded biochar still had good mechanical properties, and the compressive strength was not attenuated, remaining between 210-270 N. (2) After three times of SBC and MSBC remediation, total Cd in soil decreased by 29.33% and 31.82% respectively, and available Cd decreased by 60.82% and 62.74% respectively. (3) After three cycles, the recovery rates of SBC and MSBC both exceeded 94.88%, and the highest adsorption regeneration rates of SBC and MSBC reached 83.09% and 92.06%, respectively. (4) The Cd content of wheat after SBC and MSBC repair was reduced by 29.67-37.36% and 47.25-63.74%, respectively.


Step by Step Analysis of Biochar Market by Market Size, Top Manufacturers, Types, Applications …

3 January, 2021
 

The Biochar market research report provides an in-depth analysis of parent market trends, macro-economic indicators, and governing factors, along with market attractiveness as per segment. The report also maps the qualitative impact of various market factors on market segments and geographies. Biochar […]

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This Report Focuses on the Biochar Definition, Scope, Market Forecast – Estimation & Approach, Insights and Growth – Relevancy Mapping, Data mining & efficiency, Strategic Analysis, Competition Outlook, Covid19 aftermath – Analyst view, Market Dynamics (DROC, PEST Analysis), Market Impacting Trends, Market News & many more. It also Provides Granular Analysis of Market Share, Segmentation, Revenue Forecasts and Regional Analysis till 2026.

Further, Biochar Market report also covers the development policies and plans, manufacturing processes and cost structures, marketing strategies followed by top players, distributor’s analysis, marketing channels, potential buyers and Biochar development history. This report also states import/export, supply, and consumption figures as well as cost, price, revenue and gross margin by regions.

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Breakup by Application:

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Impact of COVID-19 on Biochar Market

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Biochar Forecast

4 January, 2021
 

New market research report on Biochar: The research report on global Biochar Market is a comprehensive guide for new market…


DRT, Rosin Chemical (Wuping), Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical)

4 January, 2021
 

The research report on global Biochar Market is a comprehensive guide for new market entrants. The report provides the market history of each product retailed by the company. It also provides a history of product types, technology and volume during the forecast period. The growth rate, challenges and obstacles are also explained in the Global Biochar study report. The report highlights the rate of development of the strategies, products and technologies used in the production, manufacture and marketing of the product.

The following Top manufacturers are evaluated in this report: DRT, Rosin Chemical (Wuping), Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical), Arakawachem, Finjet Chemical Industries, Guilin Songquan Forest Chemical, Shenzhen Jitian Chemical & amp; More.

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Key Product Type
B-90
B-115
B-140
Others

Market by Application
Coating Industry
Ink Industry
Adhesive Industry
Medical Industry
Pigment Industry
Others

Some of the main geographic regions included in this report are:
1. North America (United States and Canada and rest of North America)
2. Europe (Germany, France, Italy and the rest of Europe)
3. Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, South Korea and the rest of Asia-Pacific)
4. LAMEA (Brazil, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and the rest of LAMEA)

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Chapter 2: The report provides a detailed study on each actor having a major impact on the global market Biochar, such as company profiles, the latest technological advances of market players and the product profile of the player currently available in the market, as well as the regions in which they operate mainly.
Chapter 3: It helps to understand the key product segments and their future on the global market Biochar. It provides strategic solutions and recommendations in key business sectors based on market estimates.
Chapter 4: The report also presents an eight-year forecast survey based on expected market growth.

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The Global Biochar Market report analyzes the production of goods, supply, sales and the current state of the market in detail. In addition, the report examines the market share of production and sales of products, as well as capacity, production capacity, sales trends, cost analysis and revenue generation. Several other factors such as import / export status, industrial statistics, supply and demand ratio, gross margin and the structure of the industrial chain were also studied in the Global Biochar Reports.

The main questions answered in the report are:

• What is the estimated market size of the Global Biochar market?
• What are the effective growth drivers in the global Biochar market?
• Who are the main manufacturers on the world market for Biochar?
• What are the opportunities, risks, obstacles and challenges of the global Biochar?
• What are the sales, revenues and price analysis of the main manufacturers on the world market?
• Who are the main traders, distributors and resellers on the world market ?

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To conclude, the Biochar report mentions the key geographies, the market landscapes as well as the product price, revenues, volume, production, supply, demand, rate of market growth and forecasts etc. This report also provides a SWOT analysis, an investment feasibility analysis and a return on investment. analysis.

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Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to …

4 January, 2021
 

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Youtube biochar inoculation

4 January, 2021
 

Pretreatments have been successfully used to shorten the HRT of anaerobic digestion (AD) of sewage sludge, but they become ineffective for low-organic sewage sludge, with HRT > 10 days. Herein, a new process using alkaline hydrolysis-anaerobic digestion has been developed to solve this problem. Firstly, maximum org

Biochar in the woods – ecology, technology and logistics. Biochar. Created by John Liu 2 years ago.See full list on biochar-international.org

A spruce biochar and a poplar biochar, obtained by high temperature pyro-gasification, and a natural zeolite (chabazite) were loaded with ammonium by soaking in 0.5M ammonium sulphate. An incubation test and a plant growth trial were performed on the ammonium-enriched materials added to a peat based growing media, compared with (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 .

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Quantitative analysis of Pb adsorption on sulfhydryl-modified biochar

4 January, 2021
 

Biochar is an effective absorbent for remediating heavy metal contaminated soil, but functional optimization is still needed to improve its performance in field application. Here, we characterized the physical structures and surface chemical properties of raw wood biochar and palm biochar (WB and PB) and the corresponding sulfhydryl-modified biochar (SWB and SPB). Their adsorption capacity for Pb was evaluated by combining thermodynamic and kinetic adsorption at 0.01 mol/L KCl and corresponding model simulation. The results demonstrated successful grafting of sulfhydryl groups onto the biochar, which dramatically reduced the specific surface area (SSA) and pore volume of biochar. The pKa in the surface complexation model (SCM) indicated similar proton affinity between sulfhydryl groups and original functional groups on the biochar. SCM could satisfactorily fit the Pb adsorption behaviors, and model analysis revealed that Pb tended to be adsorbed on low-proton affinity sites at low pH, but high-proton affinity sites became dominant in Pb adsorption with increasing pH and adsorbed almost all Pb ions at pH > 7.0. Besides, the Pb adsorption density of SWB and SPB was improved by 8.86 and 3.64 folds relative to that of WB and PB, respectively. Over 90% of initially added Pb ions were removed in 1440 and 720 min by raw and sulfhydryl-modified biochar, respectively, indicating that sulfhydryl modification accelerated the Pb adsorption of biochar. These results suggest that site density, SSA and pore structure of biochar play crucial roles in heavy metal adsorption, and sulfhydryl modification may improve the performance of biochar in remediating heavy metal contaminated soil.

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This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41601231 and 41425006). We are also thankful to Prof. Zuoxiong Liu from the Foreign Language School of HZAU for his help to edit and polish the English language of the manuscript.

Correspondence to Wenfeng Tan.

Received: 20 July 2020

Accepted: 13 November 2020

Published: 03 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42773-020-00077-9

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Full article: Effect of biochar rates on A-mycorrhizal fungi performance and maize plant growth …

4 January, 2021
 

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Carlos M Romero's tweet – "“Nutrient retention, availability and greenhouse gas emissions from …

4 January, 2021
 


Rainwater Collection Systems in Puerto Rico

4 January, 2021
 

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — On September 20, 2017, a Category 5 hurricane named Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico. According to a Harvard University study, Hurricane Maria killed 4,600 people even though the official death toll was 64. This natural disaster also destroyed many homes, businesses and communities and left most Puerto Ricans without electricity, food and fresh water from September until June. This article will discuss how a class from Drexel University worked with the organization Plenitud PR to install rainwater collection systems in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria.

In December 2019, Steve Dolph, Ph.D., taught a Community-Based Learning course called “Disaster and Resilience in Puerto Rico.” Steve Dolph is an assistant teaching professor of Spanish at Drexel University’s Department of Global Studies and Modern Languages. When Hurricane Maria happened, he had just begun teaching at the university with a specific interest in environmental vulnerability and environmental resilience. The hurricane inspired him to teach a course on the island.

As a part of this class, he and his students visited Plenitud PR, a nonprofit educational farm dedicated to service and environmental sustainability in Puerto Rico. A group of graduates from the University of Florida, who wanted to educate communities about how to use resources in a sustainable way, created this organization in 2008.

Professor Dolph decided to partner with Plenitud PR because he had a personal connection with the organization. In 2018, he visited Puerto Rico for three days to observe the organization’s work and meet the people on the farm. Then, after a few conversations, he came up with a course about environmental disasters with a focus on rainwater harvesting and filtration.

While the organization has hosted students from several major universities, Professor Dolph said this “was the first one where there was a full curriculum developed that included a pre-departure course…an on-site intensive, rainwater harvesting and filtration workshop and then, post-return project development in collaboration with the organization.”

For example, before visiting Puerto Rico, students had the opportunity to take a class called “After Maria.” This course explored how the social, economic and political structures of Puerto Rico worsened the consequences of Hurricane Maria.

“We looked at school systems. We looked at agriculture. We looked at political representation” said the professor. “And in every case, the connecting idea was that the swift move to privatize previously publicly owned institutions was making the situation worse and not better on the island.”

This knowledge helped the students prepare for their trip in which they helped develop rainwater collection systems in Puerto Rico.

According to Raymond Balaguer, the liaison on the trip to Puerto Rico, “the purpose of rainwater collection systems is to collect as much rainwater as possible to provide the people in a household or in a building with a renewable water source.” In times when natural disasters wipe out resources, having access to rainwater collection systems can be the difference between life and death, according to students on the trip.

However, people cannot safely consume water from rainwater collection systems without filtration. Rainwater must first pass through rocks to remove solids from the liquid. Then, it passes through sand to remove bacteria and dissolved solids from the rainwater. Finally, the water must pass through biochar. Biochar is an activated charcoal that emerges when biological plant material burns. It helps purify water by removing any remaining solids or bacteria before consumption.

Drexel students helped produce the second batch of biochar at Plenitud PR. They did this by gathering and cutting dried coffee tree branches into smaller pieces. Then, they placed these pieces with kindling into a metal barrel and burned the wood. To ensure that oxygen did not interact with the burning wood, they used the top-lit, up-draft method. This left them with biochar at the end of the process.

According to Raymond Balaguer, it can cost about $350 or $400 to install rainwater harvesting systems for a family of four. However, there may be annual maintenance fees depending on whether or not something breaks. While installing rainwater collection systems in Puerto Rico can be expensive for those who are especially vulnerable, they are a fairly inexpensive way to provide fresh water to communities around the world.

This Drexel University trip to Puerto Rico had a profound impact on the students. According to Professor Dolph, many students felt overwhelmed and supercharged emotionally when they first arrived in Puerto Rico. The course was fast-moving and physically demanding because the people in Plenitud PR are very much dedicated to being productive and meeting deadlines.

However, as the week progressed, the trip ended up altering the students’ academic and professional careers. According to Professor Dolph, “one student who was on the trip is now working at Plenitud as an Americorps Vista doing logistics for the organization. Another student who is an engineer is doing sustainable design and intentional community design as part of their senior project. Another student who had an interest in public health is now at the University of Pennsylvania studying the very same things that we were working on the island. Two other students created an entire curriculum around ecofeminism based on conversations that they had with…one of the founders there. And so, it had a major impact, not just at the moment, but it continues to shape the students’ personal and professional lives for many months after our return.”

This trip also had an impact on the people of Puerto Rico. According to Raymond Balaguer, “it was very inspiring and surprising to see students from so far away in such a different context be so interested in something that’s so ours.”

This shows how this trip was a success in more ways than one. Not only did it bring two diverse groups of people together to achieve a common goal, but it also served as an inspiration to global institutions as to how they can change the world for the better.

– Rida Memon
Photo: Provided by Professor Steve Dolph


Carbonize rice husk biochar

4 January, 2021
 


Full article: Nitrogen and phosphorus availability in the rhizosphere of maize plants cultivated in …

4 January, 2021
 

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What is Biochar?

4 January, 2021
 

Biochar is basically charcoal produced at a temperature above 660 degrees Fahrenheit with little or no oxygen. This process is all important to making good biochar, because the combination of high heat and low oxygen preserves the capillary structure of the original material. The result is a porous and highly stable form of carbon.

The material smoldered to produce biochar is organic matter from agricultural and forestry wastes. Examples of suitable organic materials include:

The most obvious difference between charcoal, activated charcoal, and biochar is the intended use of the product. Charcoal is fuel, activated charcoal is a filter, and biochar is a soil amendment. However, the methods used to produce each are different, resulting in a slightly different structure.

The peoples of the Amazon produced biochar before the arrival of Columbus by burning agricultural waste in pits or trenches and then covering the fire with soil to cause it to smolder. Earthworms would subsequently incorporate the biochar into the soil, resulting in particularly dark, fertile soils known as Terra Preta, or “dark soil.”

Biochar is a superb soil amendment in either fields or gardens. It can improve the nutrient-retaining properties of soil tremendously, thus preventing nutrient depletion and contamination of water sources.

Likewise, biochar can be added to the compost pile to prevent nutrient leaching and improve the quality of the final product. This amendment promotes microbial activity, which can in turn speed up the composting process.

In Australia, experiments have been conducted with using biochar and molasses as cattle fodder to improve digestion, thus reducing odor and increasing animal productivity.

Biochar can also be used as a substitute for coal in energy production.

Biochar has many benefits when added to garden soil:

Biochar can be made in soil-filled pits as done by ancient peoples, but for greater control it is often manufactured with the aid of a special kiln, retort, stove, or reactor. Unfortunately, reactor machines can be quite expensive, while kilns must be replaced from time to time. Many people opt to smolder their own “biochar” in various closed containers instead, but it is important to note that this will result in a product more like activated charcoal. (Commercially produced biochar can be purchased, saving you a great deal of trouble.)

Before use, biochar is often inoculated to add nutrients and establish a community of microorganisms. One way this can be achieved is by soaking it in compost tea. Alternatively, you could mix it with manure or worm castings, or just use it in your compost pile and apply it that way.

To add biochar to the soil for the first time, spread up to half an inch on top of the soil and dig or till it in. Use lighter applications in the future, perhaps spreading a thin layer on top of the soil when fertilizing, mulching, or transplanting. You can also use biochar to cover seeds to the desired depth when planting.

Biochar obtained from low-quality sources, such as land contaminated with heavy metals, may contain toxins. Also, some materials (e.g., leaves) do not make good biochar, turning instead into a low-nutrient ash.

Inoculating or “charging” biochar before application is strongly recommended, because otherwise it will absorb nutrients from the surrounding soil, making them unavailable to plants.

Do not apply biochar to acid-loving plants, as it is far too alkaline.

Motivated by her experience growing up on a small farm near Wichita, Kansas, Michelle Lindsey started Homestead on the Range to supply Kansas country living enthusiasts with the innovative resources that they need to succeed and has now been keeping families informed and inspired for over five years. Michelle is the author of three country living books. She is also a serious student of history, specializing in Kansas, agriculture, and the American West. When not pursuing hobbies ranging from music to cooking to birdwatching, she can usually be found researching, writing, or living out the country dream.

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Bio-based poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)/thermoplastic starch composites as a host matrix for biochar fillers

4 January, 2021
 

}

Bio-based poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)/thermoplastic starch composites as a host matrix for biochar fillers. / Haeldermans, Tom; Samyn, Pieter; Cardinaels, Ruth M.; Vandamme, Dries; Vanreppelen, Kenny; Cuypers, Ann; Schreurs, Sonja.

TY – JOUR

T1 – Bio-based poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)/thermoplastic starch composites as a host matrix for biochar fillers

AU – Haeldermans, Tom

AU – Samyn, Pieter

AU – Cardinaels, Ruth M.

AU – Vandamme, Dries

AU – Vanreppelen, Kenny

AU – Cuypers, Ann

AU – Schreurs, Sonja

PY – 2021

Y1 – 2021

M3 – Article

VL – XX

JO – Journal of Polymers and the Environment

JF – Journal of Polymers and the Environment

SN – 1566-2543

IS – XX

ER –

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Full article: Effect of composition of agricultural wastes and biochar as a growing media on the …

4 January, 2021
 

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Effect of bamboo biochar on reducing grain cadmium content in two contrasting wheat genotypes

4 January, 2021
 

Wheat is the second most important food crop worldwide, which is prone to accumulate cadmium (Cd). Accumulation of Cd in wheat grains depends not only on wheat genotype, but also largely on the availability of soil Cd and its internal distribution. In this study, several experiments were used to achieve low-grain Cd content: a field trial for wheat genotype screening, a soil incubation experiment to test passivation effect of bamboo biochar on soil Cd, and a soil pot experiment to examine bamboo biochar effect on wheat grain accumulation. The results showed that of the 243 wheat cultivars tested, the variation range of grain Cd content was 0.365–1.243 mg/kg, in a field with soil Cd of 3 mg/kg. The application of bamboo biochar reduced soil Cd availability, among which 5.0% bamboo biochar treatment had the greatest effect. The content of available Cd in soil treated with 5.0% bamboo biochar decreased by 0.32 mg/kg compared with the control in a 120-day incubation experiment. Effect of bamboo biochar (0, 0.1%, 1.0%, and 5.0%) on reducing grain Cd content in two wheat genotypes (Mianyou-1 and 1279–9) was investigated. The application of bamboo biochar decreased Cd uptake by plants, while distribution of Cd in different wheat plant parts was more controlled by the plant genetic characteristics. Compared with the control, Cd content in roots, straw, and grains was decreased by 34.06% (P < 0.05), 21.57%, and 23.33%, respectively, in low-grain Cd wheat cultivar 1279–9 by 5% bamboo biochar application. Overall, the combination of low-grain Cd accumulation wheat and bamboo biochar may be a feasible strategy to lessen grain Cd accumulation in Cd-contaminated soils.

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Not applicable.

We thank many lab members for their help with the manuscript preparation.

This work was financially supported by the Key Research and Development Project of Science and Technology Department of Zhejiang Province (2018C03028).

Conceptualization: Z.Q. Ye; methodology: Z.Q. Ye; software: J.Y. Ma; validation: D. Liu; formal analysis: J.Y. Ma and X. Ni. And Q.Y. Huang; investigation: J.Y. Ma and X. Ni. And Q.Y. Huang; resources: Z.Q. Ye; data curation: J.Y. Ma; writing—original draft preparation: J.Y. Ma; writing—review and editing: D. Liu and Z.Q. Ye; visualization: Z.Q. Ye; supervision: Z.Q. Ye; project administration: Z.Q. Ye; funding acquisition: Z.Q. Ye.

All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Zhengqian Ye.

Not applicable.

Not applicable.

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Responsible Editor: Zhihong Xu

Received: 25 August 2020

Accepted: 07 December 2020

Published: 04 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-12007-0

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Uses sought for state's dying trees

4 January, 2021
 

MINNEAPOLIS — Pest outbreaks have left Minnesota with quite a lot of dead trees, useless lumber and dried-out and wasted stands, which, if left to rot, will become a large fire hazard.

One invasive beetle is ready to devour just about every ash tree left in Minnesota’s woods. A caterpillar has killed more than 200,000 acres worth of balsam fir trees in just the past year. Another beetle, a native in the midst of a population boom, has already destroyed about half of the state’s tamaracks.

But there’s little incentive to cut ash, balsam fir and tamarack trees down because they have limited uses and have never been highly sought for lumber.

To try to change that, researchers at the University of Minnesota Duluth have been racing to find novel ways to make the trees more desirable and valuable to builders, homeowners, lumber mills and anyone else who might be willing to remove them.

One of the more promising uses of the dead wood is to heat it to extremely high temperatures to reduce it to a char. The charred remains, when done at the right temperatures in kilns with limited oxygen, are a powerful filter for chemicals and bacteria in wastewater and soil. The city of Minneapolis has been working with the university’s Natural Resources Research Institute to test out “biochar,” which also comes from agricultural waste, on roadways and in soil remediation projects since 2014.

It has helped restore boulevard trees harmed by road salt, as well as filter E. coli and pesticides from soils, said Jim Doten, biochar project manager for Minneapolis.

But those dead ash, fir and tamarack trees don’t just pose a fire hazard. When they die too quickly, young saplings struggle to replace them.

Studies from the Department of Natural Resources and the University of Minnesota show that when tamaracks are left for the beetle and killed where they stand, only 100 or so saplings survive per acre. That’s low enough to risk deforestation.

The problem is there has never been much demand for tamarack wood. So the quickest way to get to some of those trees before they die off is to improve their usefulness as lumber, said Matt Aro, researcher at the Natural Resources Research Institute.

Aro and the institute have been thermally modifying tamarack wood, changing its chemical makeup by heating it in a low-oxygen environment.

The idea is nothing new. Farmers have been heating wood to make it more useful for centuries, burning the bottoms of fence posts to keep them from rotting in the soil, Aro said.

After the wood is thermally modified, it absorbs less water, avoiding swelling and shrinking. It becomes more resistant to fungal decay and rot, turning tamarack into an option for decking, boardwalks and building construction.


Biochar Market Analysis| Overview, Company profiles, Market size, key drivers, Top Performing …

4 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market report is structured with the meticulous efforts of an innovative, enthusiastic, knowledgeable and experienced team of analysts, researchers, industry experts, and forecasters. Market-related variables incorporated in this Biochar report such as current market trends, market division, new market section, industry anticipating, future bearings, opportunity analysis, key examination and arranging, target market, experiences and advancement in technology help the organization to grow and expand in the current market scenario.

The Biochar Market report classifies the market into different segments based on the application, technique and end user. These segments are studied in detail incorporating the market estimates and forecast at the regional and country level. The segment analysis is useful in the understanding the growth areas and credible opportunities of the market. In the end, the report makes some important proposal of the new project of Biochar industry before evaluating its feasibility. The report provides an in-depth insight of global market covering all important parameters.

Download Free Sample Report @https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

Market Overview:

Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

Few of the major competitors currently working in the global biochar market are Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd and others.

Biochar Market report covers the different market scenarios that have direct impact on the growth of the market. The Biochar report study includes information on market factors such as the market dynamics, including drivers, restraints, challengers, threats and the potential growth opportunities, market trends, development patterns, financial information, latest technologies, innovations, leading competitors, and regional analysis of the market.

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The research objectives of the Biochar Market Report are:

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Global Biochar Market 2020-2024 Will Showcase Neutral Impact | Size, Share, Trends, Analysis …

4 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market 2020 report shares information and numerical information on some of the market components considered to be future market designers. These include market size, share, segmentation, significant drivers of growth, competition, various features affecting the market’s economic cycle, demand, expected business disruptions, customer sentiment changes and leaders in Biochar. The report also shares useful details about domestic and major domestic markets that may be completely addicted to the global market, including the Biochar market. This report provides a 360-degree overview and SWOT analysis of the industry’s competitive environment.

Get sample copy of Biochar Market report @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=amr

During the creation of this report, graphic presentation technologies such as Infographics, charts, tables and figures are used, which help to lay a strong foundation for detailed analysis of recent trends and technological advances in the Biochar market. It also provides local productivity with clear details. It also provides facts about the global Biochar market share. Various effective global market channels and business strategies are correctly described in the report to establish the best strategy for the reader.

This report covers present status and future prospects for Biochar Market forecast till 2025. The research report covers market Overview, Development and Segment by Type, Application and Region. The report begins from overview of industrial chain structure and describes the upstream. Besides, the report analyses Biochar market trends, size and forecast in different geographies, type and end-use segment, in addition, the report introduces market competition overview among the major companies and companies profiles, besides, market price and channel features are covered in the report.

Top Leading Key Players are:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

Read complete report with TOC at: https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/biochar-market?utm_source=amr

The key regions covered in the Biochar market report covers all the geographical regions where competitive landscape exists by the players such as North America, Europe, Latin America, Asia-Pacific and Middle East Africa. This market ready research offering on market is a go-to synopsis that highlights on all the core developments simultaneously dominant across all regional hubs in the Biochar market and their subsequent implications on holistic growth trajectory of market globally. The report is aimed at answering all the relevant queries pertaining to the target market based on which successful business decisions could be rapidly applied, favoring uncompromised growth in the market.

This report on the discussed Biochar market also sheds critical understanding on the historical growth trail, mediated by several market components that collectively influenced the uncompromised growth trail. Report analysts and research experts in have vividly documented a thorough analytical review of market beginning with appropriate details about market definition, overview, opportunity assessment and the like, later succeeding with decisive understanding on market segmentation encompassing primarily on all the growth propellants in the Biochar market.

Biochar Market Segmentation

Based on type, the market has been segmented into:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Based on application, the market has been segmented into:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

Additionally, a close look into various research and assessment tools have also been closely monitored This report on the discussed Biochar market also sheds critical understanding on the historical growth trail, mediated by several market components that collectively influenced the uncompromised growth trail. Report analysts and research experts in have vividly documented a thorough analytical review of market beginning with appropriate details about market definition, overview, opportunity assessment and the like, later succeeding with decisive understanding on market segmentation encompassing primarily on all the growth propellants in the Biochar Market.

Decisive input on competition intelligence, internationally acknowledged analytical tools such as SWOT analysis, PESTEL analysis as well PORTER’s Five Point analysis have all been critically analyzed in this decisive report to logically decipher competition intensity, opportunity assessment as well as barrier analysis, duly brainstormed by market analysts in their comprehensive report on the Biochar market.

This intensive research presentation on the given Biochar market is well crafted by various research experts with ample investments in both primary and secondary research methodologies, to specifically incur substantial information on the discussed Biochar market forecasts that tangibly have a lingering influence on strategic business discretion and investment planning.

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Biochar Market 2020 Is Estimated to Reach USD 3.92 billion By 2027 with Global Players Like …

4 January, 2021
 

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International Biochar Fertilizer Market Stock Analysis, Impact of COVID-19 on Sales, Trends …

5 January, 2021
 

The global Biochar Fertilizer market research report presents the current market size, position, and the future scope of the global Biochar Fertilizer industry. It also highlights the upcoming challenges and novel opportunities in the Biochar Fertilizer market. The report demonstrates the trends and technological advancement in the Biochar Fertilizer industry. Also, the report offers a practical outlook with detailed analysis and a six-year (2012 to 2019) historic analysis of the global market. It presents the current inclinations over the industries & markets Development, capabilities and technologies along with the variable structure of the market.

The report highlights all the realistic statistics on the latest trends and ventures over the revenues and the progress of the market. It offers preventive and premeditated management and also emphasizes the summary of the global Biochar Fertilizer market along with classifications, definitions, and market chain structures. The global Biochar Fertilizer report emphasizes the issues that influence the global Biochar Fertilizer market including gross margin, cost, market share, capacity utilization, import, capacity, and supply. It also highlights the future scope of the global Biochar Fertilizer market for the upcoming period.

The global Biochar Fertilizer market report estimates the preceding data and statistics that make the report extremely valuable guidance for individuals dealing with the advertising, advisers, and industry decision-making process in the global Biochar Fertilizer sales market. It offers a regional analysis of the Biochar Fertilizer market. The report guides the new entrants in the global Biochar Fertilizer market by offering essential data of the Biochar Fertilizer industry.

The global report demonstrates the details related to the most dominating players of the global Biochar Fertilizer market along with their contact details, sales, and the exact figures over the worldwide market. Various data gathered from various reliable institutions of the global Biochar Fertilizer market along with a detailed analysis is presented in the global Biochar Fertilizer research report

 

 

The global market of Biochar Fertilizer is divided into Latin America, Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, and Middle East & Africa on the basis of the topographical regions. Additionally, the key product outlines and segments by types as well as by Uses of the global market are highlighted in the report.

The Syndicate Market Research report uses various tools such as graphs and tables to demonstrate the data collected from the global Biochar Fertilizer market. The innovative methods and market study have helped many of the major players to carve a name for themselves in the competitive global market.

In terms of volume shipments, the global market stood at Million USD (Units/Tons) in 2020 and would cross around Million USD (Units/Tons) by end of the forecast period.

With an approximately 100 percent magnification in online sales in the international market, businesses and entrepreneurs now realize that the move might be more accomplished and long-term than they ever thought.

The market assessment demonstrates the impact of Porter’s five forces on the global Biochar Fertilizer market expansion. It considers the latest improvements in the global Biochar Fertilizer market while evaluating the market share of the foremost players in the upcoming period.

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Effects of chemical N fertilizer reduction combined with biochar application on soil organic carbon …

5 January, 2021
 

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Reducing the application of chemical fertilizer and increasing fertilizer efficiency can contribute to the sustainable development of agriculture. To evaluate the impacts of N fertilizer reduction and biochar application on soil organic carbon active components and mineralization in yellow soil, an experiment was carried out with five different substitution rates of chemical N fertilizer by biochar under the same rate of N input, i.e., 0, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% (CK, T1-T4). The results showed that chemical N fertilizer reduction combined with biochar application could significantly improve soil organic carbon (SOC), the magnitude of which was proportional to the amount of biochar application. Under the condition of 20% substitution rate (T2), soil microbial biomass carbon (MBC) and readily oxidized carbon (ROC) were the highest with 293.68 mg·kg-1 and 250.00 mg·kg-1, respectively, but the concentration of soil dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was the lowest. SOC mineralization rate reached the highest on the third day of incubation. Then, it decreased rapidly in the early period (day 3 of incubation to day 6), decreased slowly in the middle period (day 6 of incubation to day 18), and stabilized in the later period (day 18 of incubation to day 30). There was a logarithmic relationship between mineralization rate of soil organic carbon and incubation time. SOC cumulative mineralization amount and cumulative mineralization rate were the lowest in the T2 treatment with 0.66-0.86 g·kg-1 and 2.9%-4.0%, respectively. As the substitution rate of chemical N fertilizer by biochar increased, rice yield increased firstly and then decreased. Rice yield in the T2 treatment was the highest, which increased by 13.4% compared with the CK. The substitution of 20% chemical N fertilizer with biochar (5 t·hm-2) could effectively improve the contents of SOC, MBC, ROC, and rice yield, reduce the cumulative mineralization amount of organic carbon and cumulative mineralization rate, and enhance the capacity of soil carbon sequestration. Hence, it could be the most effective fertilizer practice for improving soil fertility and rice yield in paddy field of yellow soil in Guizhou Province.

化肥减施增效有助于农业的可持续发展。本研究用等氮量生物炭替代化肥氮,设置0、10%、20%、30%、40%(CK,T1~T4) 5个替代比例,在水稻收获后采集土壤样品进行室内分析,研究氮肥减量配施生物炭对黄壤稻田土壤有机碳活性组分和矿化的影响。结果表明: 氮肥减量配施生物炭均可显著提高土壤有机碳(SOC)含量,且与生物炭配施量呈正比。氮肥减施20%条件下,土壤微生物生物量碳(MBC)和易氧化碳(ROC)含量均最高,分别为293.68和250.00 mg·kg-1,土壤可溶性碳(DOC)含量最低。SOC矿化速率在培养的第3天达到最高,前期(第3~6天)迅速下降,中期(第6~18天)缓慢下降,后期(第18~30天)趋于稳定,矿化速率随时间的动态变化符合对数函数;SOC累积矿化量和累积矿化率分别为0.66~0.86 g·kg-1和2.9%~4.0%,均以T2处理最低。稻谷产量随氮肥减施比例的增加呈先增加后下降趋势,T2处理最高,比CK显著增加了13.4%。本试验条件下,化学氮肥减量20%配施适量生物炭(5 t·hm-2)可有效提高SOC、MBC、ROC含量和水稻产量,降低SOC累积矿化量和累积矿化率,增强土壤固碳能力,是贵州黄壤稻田土壤固碳培肥的较好选择。.

Keywords: biochar; cumulative mineralization rate; organic carbon component; organic carbon mineralization; yellow paddy soil.

NLM  |  NIH  |  HHS  |  USA.gov


The effects of biochar on soil nutrients status, microbial activity and carbon sequestration potential …

5 January, 2021
 

Biochar as an organic amendment improves soil attributes, with a potentially significant effect on soil chemical fertility and quality. The main objective of this study was to quantify the effect of biochar addition on nutrients, carbon sequestration and microbial activity and understand the mechanisms of controlling biochar effects in calcareous soils. Maize residue biochars produced at 200, 400 and 600 °C were added at 5 and 10 g kg−1 rates to sandy loam and clayey texture calcareous soils. The soil properties measured were pH and electrical conductivity (EC), plant-available potassium (K) and available phosphorus (P), total nitrogen (TN), C sequestration; and the fluorescein diacetate (FDA) hydrolysis activity. Addition of raw material and biochars increased pH (0.15–0.46 units), EC (0.14–0.38 dS m−1), TN (63–120%), K (12–41%) and FDA activity (27–280%), but tended to decrease plant-available P (23–86%). Increasing pyrolysis temperature increased soil C pool index (CPI), but decreased the FDA and the changes depended largely upon the application rate and soil texture. The positive effects of biochar addition and its pyrolysis temperature on soil C sequestration potential were more pronounced at high than low application rate and in sandy loam than clayey soils. Nevertheless, the effect of biochar addition and pyrolysis temperature on the FDA activity was higher at high than low application rates, but lower in sandy loam than clayey soils. Although biochar application may successfully improve soil processes and attributes and have a high potential for C sequestration, its effects are controlled by soil texture, pyrolysis temperature and application rate.

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We express our thanks to Shahrekord University for providing the financial support under the grant of 93GCU2M1932.

Correspondence to Allahyar Khadem.

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Received: 08 May 2020

Accepted: 05 November 2020

Published: 04 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42773-020-00076-w

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Burgeoning prospects of biochar and its composite in persulfate-advanced oxidation process …

5 January, 2021
 

In the last decade, more and more refractory organic contaminants with severe health risks have been detected in the aquatic ecosystem. Sulfate radical (SO4·)-based advanced oxidation process (SR-AOP) is recognized as an efficient approach for the removal of organic contaminants. Biochar (BC) and its composites (BCs) have been applied into SR-AOP for the double advantages of adsorption and catalytic ability. This paper gives systematic emphasis to the development and progress of biochar and its composites as catalyst in persulfate-advanced oxidation process. Synthetic techniques including the directed pyrolysis of mixed materials and post-immersed method are discussed. The physicochemical properties of biochar (such as surface area, surface functional groups, defect structure and persistent free radicals, etc.) that affect persulfate activation are provided. Then, emphasis is placed on the crucial role of biochar in affecting the catalytic property of BCs including stabilizing nanoparticles, expanding the surface area, increasing active sites and regulating electron transfer reactions. Integrating mechanistic insights and different biochar-based catalysts highlight the understanding of persulfate activation and catalytic degradation. Possible challenges are finally proposed in the fundamental research and practically scaled-up application.


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5 January, 2021
 

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Youtube biochar inoculation

5 January, 2021
 

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Abobaker, AM and Bound, SA and Swarts, ND and Barry, KM, Effect of fertiliser type and mycorrhizal inoculation on growth and development of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), Rhizosphere, 6 pp. 11-19. ISSN 2452-2198 (2018) [Refereed Article]

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Aghaalikhani, Dr. Majid and Ehteshami, Dr. Seyyed Mohammad Reza (2008) Biological profitability of maize inoculation with selected rhizosphere micro organisms (Pseudomonas fluorescens and Glomus intraradices) under Water Deficit Stress. Atkinson, GM ORCID: 0000-0003-2911-6317 2020, 'Aerodynamic analysis of segment rigid sails and estimation of propulsive power from sail array on large powered ship', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania. Inoculation. A process for growing a specific organism for studying to increase its visibility, so that it 1-Inoculation loop. 2-Straight wire. 3-Pasteur pipette 4-Sterile swab :is used to inoculate the petri dish.

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Readworks developing possible solutions and biochar answer key

5 January, 2021
 

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Teacher Guide & Answers: Developing Possible Solutions Teacher Guide & Answers Passage Reading Level: Lexile 1220 1. What is used to determine whether a potential solution to a problem will actually work? A creative stimulation B lucky guesses C old sayings and tickling sensations D a test or series of tests 2. What sequence of actions is …

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answers are separated by a double slash (//). If you have written any one of these possible answers, your answer is correct. •You will find additional notes about individual questions in the Answer key. Spelling •Most answers require correct spelling. Where alternative spellings are acceptable, this is stated in the Answer key. Sep 24, 2019 · Rationales will be provided for each answer choice. Rationales provide clarity around errors in students’ thinking for incorrect choices. Items in grades 1-2 have three answer choices with one correct key and two distractors. Items beginning in grades 3 have four answer choices with one correct key and three distractors. × Providing educators and students access to the highest quality practices and resources in reading and language arts instruction. The fun way to learn about nutrition! Visit Nourish Interactive the child-safe, fun and FREE healthy family living and kids' nutrition education website. A fun interactive family-friendly website features free, online nutrition education games for kids to play, healthy nutrition tools, wellness information, fun facts and tips for families to learn about the Food Pyramid and healthy eating …

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Youtube biochar inoculation

5 January, 2021
 

Nov 25, 2020 · YouTube suspends US news channel for Covid 'cure' … Dublin, Nov. 25, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The "Biochar Market, Size, Share, Outlook and COVID-19 Strategies, Global Forecasts from 2019 to …

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Biochar is made by heating biomass through one of two systems. Pyrolysis is a system where the biomass is heated in the absence of oxygen, and gasification heats biomass with limited oxygen. MADV Capabilities 1. Unmanned lunar lander for deploying mobile robotic vehicles and unmanned sample returns 2. A crewed lunar lander capable of traveling to the lunar surface and back to the propellant depots and Deep Space Habitats located at EML1– on a single tank of fuel page 4 A Guide to Conducting Biochar Trials— International Biochar Initiative Introduction Biochar has been shown to benefit crop growth and yield, and is a promising material for use in agriculture. However, as is the case for any soil amendment, its efficacy must be shown in a An international non-profit organization has developed, the International Biochar Initiative (IBI), to present to the world the case of biochar as a way to improve soil quality, to reduce carbon emissions, to improve water quality by reducing the use of fertilizers, and to provide clean energy. My name is Biochar Bob, and I'm here to share the stories and the projects that show how biochar is helping regenerate the earth and reverse climate change! …

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Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Research Report 2021

5 January, 2021
 

This research study involved the extensive usage of both primary and secondary data sources.  The research process involved the study of various factors affecting the industry, including the government policy, market environment, competitive landscape, historical data, present trends in the market, technological innovation, upcoming technologies and the technical progress in related industry, and market risks, opportunities, market barriers and challenges. Top-down and bottom-up approaches are used to validate the global market size market and estimate the market size for manufacturers, regions segments, product segments and applications (end users). All possible factors that influence the markets included in this research study have been accounted for, viewed in extensive detail, verified through primary research, and analyzed to get the final quantitative and qualitative data. The market size for top-level markets and sub-segments is normalized, and the effect of inflation, economic downturns, and regulatory & policy changes or other factors are not accounted for in the market forecast. This data is combined and added with detailed inputs and analysis from QYResearch and presented in this report.
 

After complete market engineering with calculations for market statistics; market size estimations; market forecasting; market breakdown; and data triangulation, extensive primary research was conducted to gather information and verify and validate the critical numbers arrived at. In the complete market engineering process, both top-down and bottom-up approaches were extensively used, along with several data triangulation methods, to perform market estimation and market forecasting for the overall market segments and sub segments listed in this report. Extensive qualitative and further quantitative analysis is also done from all the numbers arrived at in the complete market engineering process to list key information throughout the report.
 

Secondary Sources occupies Approximately 25% of Sources, such as press releases, annual reports, Non-Profit organizations, industry associations, governmental agencies and customs data, and so on; This research study involved the usage of widespread secondary sources; directories; databases such as Bloomberg Business, Wind Info, Hoovers, Factiva (Dow Jones & Company), TRADING ECONOMICS, and avention; Investing News Network; statista; Federal Reserve Economic Data; annual reports; BIS Statistics; ICIS; company house documents; CAS(American Chemical Society); investor presentations; and SEC filings of companies. Secondary research was used to identify and collect information useful for the extensive, technical, market-oriented, and commercial study of the Light Aircraft market. It was also used to obtain important information about the top players, market classification and segmentation according to industry trends to the bottom-most level, and key developments related to market and technology perspectives.
 

In the primary research process, various sources from both the supply and demand sides were interviewed to obtain qualitative and quantitative information for this report. The primary sources from the supply side include product manufacturers (and their competitors), opinion leaders, industry experts, research institutions, distributors, dealer and traders, as well as the raw materials suppliers and producers etc.
 

The primary sources from the demand side include industry experts such as business leaders, marketing and sales directors, technology and innovation directors, supply chain executive, end users (product buyers), and related key executives from various key companies and organizations operating in the global market.
 

Primary research was conducted to identify segmentation types, product price range, product applications, key players, raw materials supply and the downstream demand, industry status and outlook, and key market dynamics such as risks, influence factors, opportunities, market barriers, industry trends, and key player strategies.
 

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Youtube biochar inoculation

5 January, 2021
 

Required Cookies & Technologies. Some of the technologies we use are necessary for critical functions like security and site integrity, account authentication, security and privacy preferences, internal site usage and maintenance data, and to make the site work correctly for browsing and transactions. Therefore on the one hand this study focuses to connect especially chemical properties e.g., pH, EC or plant available N of different materials such as compost and biochar with the results of biological indicator of plant response analysis e.g., fresh plant biomass or germination rate, on the other hand to assess the suitability of the used … [All about Organic farming – INAGRO researcher JORAN BARBRY on innovative techniques in organic farming.] VLAM, Youtube. Barbry, Joran and De Laet, Patricia (2019) Strokenteelt en vast rijpadensysteem beloftevolle nieuwe technieken in biolandbouw. [Strip cultivation and controlled traffic farming promising new techniques in organic farming.] VLAM. "Using artificial wetlands enriched with biochar to treat greenhouse effluent and reduce N 2 O emission.", Greensys 2013 – New Technologies for Environment Control, Energy-saving and Crop Production in Greenhouse and Plant Factory, Jeju, South Korea, September 22-27, 2013. (Presentation) Death By Inoculation TIFFANY DOVER DEAD – Another Vaccine Casualty A huge campaign to debunk the fact that Tiffany Dover has died, but this video shows that every piece of their supposed…Published on Feb 20, 2017. Learn how to create and use biochar. … Published in: Education. 6.  It's easy!  Mix biochar and inoculant with chlorine free water  Add microbial food source if desired…

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Sodium Market Report, Growth Forecast, Industry statistics Till 2025

5 January, 2021
 

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Practicality of Biochar Additions to Enhance Soil And

5 January, 2021
 

3390/agriculture3040715
OPEN ACCESS

agriculture
ISSN 2077-0472
www.mdpi.com/journal/agriculture
Article

Practicality of Biochar Additions to Enhance Soil and

Crop Productivity
David M. Filiberto 1,* and John L. Gaunt 2
1
Employment and Disability Institute, ILR School, Cornell University, 306 Dolgen Hall, Ithaca,
NY 14853, USA
2
Carbon Consulting LLC, 304 The Parkway, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA;
E-Mail: john.gaunt@carbonconsulting.us

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: dmf22@cornell.edu;

Tel.: +1-607-592-5906.

Received: 25 August 2013; in revised form: 12 September 2013 / Accepted: 25 September 2013 /
Published: 17 October 2013

Abstract: The benefits of biochar to soils for agricultural purposes are numerous. Biochar
may be added to soils with the intention to improve the soil, displace an amount of
conventional fossil fuel based fertilizers, and sequester carbon. However, the variable
application rates, uncertain feedstock effects, and initial soil state provide a wide range of
cost for marginally improved yield from biochar additions, which is often economically
impracticable. The need for further clarity on optimizing biochar application to various
crop yields is necessary if it is to gain widespread acceptance as a soil amendment.

Keywords: biochar; carbon sequestration; economic analysis; soil amendment

1. Introduction

Soil health is the foundation of a vigorous and sustainable food system [1]. Plants obtain their
nutrition from organic matter and minerals found in soils. As the land is farmed, the agricultural
process disturbs the natural soil systems including nutrient cycling and the release and uptake of
nutrients [2]. Modern agriculture is apt to mine the soil for nutrients and to reduce soil organic matter
levels through repetitive harvesting of crops. This decline of the soil continues until management
practices are improved, additional nutrients are applied, rotation with nitrogen-fixing crops is
practiced, or until a fallow period occurs allowing a gradual recovery of the soil through natural
Agriculture 2013, 3 716

ecological development. As the natural stores of the most important nutrients for plant growth decline
in the soil, growth rates of crops are inhibited. The most widespread solution to this depletion is the
application of soil amendments in the form of fertilizers containing the three major nutrients: nitrogen,
phosphorus, and potassium. Among these nutrients, nitrogen is considered the most limiting for plant
growth. Nitrogen builds protein structures, develops hormones, chlorophyll, vitamins, and enzymes,
and promotes stem and leaf growth.
Inorganic or commercial fertilizers have been the primary soil amendment since the dawn of the
industrial age. Nitrogen fertilizers are often made using the Haber-Bosch process utilizing natural gas
(CH4) for the hydrogen and nitrogen gas (N2) from the air to form ammonia (NH3) as the end product.
This ammonia is used as a feedstock for nitrogen fertilizers, such as anhydrous ammonium nitrate
(NH4NO3) and urea (CO(NH2)2) [3].
However, the use of fossil fuel based fertilizers contributes to greenhouse gas emissions while
similarly encouraging the depletion of the natural nutrient and minerals in healthy soils. Biochar, the
solid material obtained from the carbonisation of biomass though pyrolysis, is a potential soil
amendment and carbon sequestration medium [4]. Pyrolysis is a thermochemical process where
biomass is heated in the absence of oxygen, whereby the resulting char is primarily stabilized carbon [5].
The net effect of biomass pyrolysis to biochar is to remove carbon dioxide, storing it in stable soil
carbon “sinks”. Pyrolysis can be optimized to produce a number of primary and secondary products
such as synthesis gas with differing energy values (syngas), liquid and char [6]. When char is
intentionally produced for agricultural or environmental use it is called biochar [4]. When used as a
soil amendment, biochar applied to the soil has been reported to boost soil fertility and improve soil
quality resulting in increased crop yields. Soil benefits include raising soil pH, increasing moisture
holding capacity, attracting more beneficial fungi and microbes, improving cation exchange capacity
(CEC), and retaining nutrients [7,8]. These benefits have been shown to increase yield in biomass and
crops under variable conditions [9–13].
The term “biochar” is relatively new, yet biochars in one form or another have been used
throughout history, mainly for soil improvement. One of the first historical mentions of biochar use for
soil improvement dates back at least 2000 years [14]. In the Amazon Basin, there exists evidence
of extensive use of biochar in the fertile soils known as Terra Preta (black soil) and Terra Mulata
(mulatto earth), which were created by ancient, indigenous cultures of the time most likely to enhance
localized soil productivity [14]. To this day, the terra preta soils in the region remain highly fertile
compared with other soils of the region (e.g., Oxisols and Ultisols), often containing as much as
4 times more organic matter in the top 30 cm of the soil [15].

2. Biochar Feedstocks and Pyrolysis

A number of reviews and studies have focused on the potential benefits of using biochar as a soil
amendment [16–19]. Biomass pyrolysis and gasification are well established technologies for the
production of biofuels and syngas. However, commercial employment of biochar as a soil amendment
is still in its infancy. The effect of biochar as a soil amendment on crop productivity is variable due
primarily to interactions and processes that occur when biochar is applied to soil, which are not yet
fully understood [20]. Currently, Japan has the largest market for biochar products; approximately
Agriculture 2013, 3 717

15,000 tons/year is traded annually for soil use [21]. The pyrolysis process affects the qualities of the
biochar produced and its potential value to agriculture in terms of soil performance or in carbon
sequestration. The temperature and time the biomass is in the pyrolysis kiln, along with various
feedstock types determines the nature of the product.
Feedstock and process condition affect the characteristics of the biochar produced. The thermal
profile and feed choice in addition to the geographic variations in soil type and climate are some of the
chief sources of variability when looking to benefits of biochar as a soil amendment. Feedstocks
currently used at a commercial scale or in research facilities include wood waste, crop residues
(including straw, nut shells, and rice hulls), switch grass, bagasse from the sugarcane industry, chicken
litter [22], dairy manure, sewage sludge [23] and paper sludge. Biomass energy crops processed by
slow pyrolysis such as cereals and wood along with agricultural wastes including wheat straw and
peanut shells result in a char suitable for soil amendment (Figure 1). Green waste as plant prunings and
grass clippings [11] and wastewater sludge [24] have also been employed as soil amendments.

Figure 1. Summary of common biochar feedstocks, typical products, applications and uses
of these products. Note: this figure is reproduced with permission from [25]. Copyright
Elsevier, 2009.

A key differentiation between biochar feedstocks can be made between biochars made from nutrient
rich feedstocks such as animal manures or sewage sludge, and biochars produced from lignin rich plant
biomass feedstocks. Typically, biochars produced from nutrient rich manures will have a high nutrient
content and supply potential. Livestock biochars are chemically distinct from other biochars
(e.g., those made from wood or crop residues) because of their higher content of nitrogen, phosphorus,
Agriculture 2013, 3 718

potassium, and other nutrients similar to the qualities of conventional commercial fertilizer [26].
However, some of the nutrients contained in the biochar are not available to plants.

2.1. Biochar Cost Estimates

The cost of biochar is directly related to the cost of the feedstock, collection and transportation cost,
the processing method of the feedstock in use and the value of any co-products. Biochars created from
agricultural and green waste, poultry litter and wastewater sewage differs in cost to produce. Green
waste and waste wood biochars were found to cost between $150 to $260/ton [27]. Van Zwieten [28]
gives an estimate of biochar produced from bagasse at $50 to $200/ton. The US Biochar Initiative [29]
reports the broad cost of biochar as $500/ton. The cost of chars from poultry litters and wastewater
sludge are much lower or even negligible, as currently these wastes typically have a cost associated
with their disposal. Our unpublished data suggest costs of production may be as low as $50/ton.
The cost to commercially apply biochar to the field is not yet well established. Williams and Arnot [30]
examined the costs associated with two common methods of biochar application, the broadcast and
disk and the trench and fill. They found that to apply 25 tons/ha by the broadcast and disk method was
approximately $63/ha and $70/ha using the trench and fill method.

2.2. Crop Productivity and Biochar Application Rates

Along with improved soil health, increased crop yield is generally reported with application of
biochar to soils. However, many of the published experiments are highly variable and dependent on
many factors, mainly the initial soil properties and conditions and biochar characteristics. Positive crop
and biomass yield was found for biochar produced from wood, paper pulp, wood chips and poultry
litter [31]. In some studies corn yield was improved 140% [32], cowpea by 100% [33], while radishes
grown with poultry litter biochar yielded a 96% increase [34].
A meta-analysis of the available literature performed by Jeffery et al. [31] found a 10% mean yield
increase in crop productivity as a percentage of the control at application rates of 10, 25, 50 and
100 tons/ha. These findings were confirmed by more recent reviews by Liu et al. [35] and Biederman
and Harpole [36]. Liu et al. [35] reviewed published data from 59 pot experiments and 57 field
experiments from 21 countries and found crop productivity was increased by 11% on average.
Liu found benefits at field application rates typically below 30 tons/ha field application and reported
that increases in crop productivity varied with crop type with greater increases for legume crops
(30%), vegetables (29%), and grasses (14%) compared to cereal crops corn (8%), wheat (11%), and
rice (7%).
Biederman and Harpole [36] analyzed the results of 371 independent studies. This meta-analysis
showed that the addition of biochar to soils resulted in increased aboveground productivity, crop yield,
soil microbial biomass, rhizobia nodulation, plant K tissue concentration, soil phosphorus (P),
soil potassium (K), total soil nitrogen (N), and total soil carbon (C) compared with control conditions.
However, they found no obvious trend in production with reported biochar application rates.
They found that variability in crop production increased with application rates.
Biochars produced from biosolids or sewage might also increase yields. Hossain et al. [24] applied
wastewater sludge biochar at 10 tons/ha to cherry tomatoes resulting in increased production by 64%
Agriculture 2013, 3 719

above the control soil conditions. The yield gains were attributed to the combined effect of increased
nutrient availability (P and N) and improved soil chemical conditions resulting from the biosolid based
amendment. However, there exists the concern of heavy metal contamination from biochars produced
from sewage sludge. The inconsistency of sewage sludge might contain differing amounts of toxic
metals [37] which limit the land application due to food chain contamination.
However, there appears to be an upper limit on the application of biochar additions and crop
productivity. Lehmann et al. [7] notes that crops respond positively to biochar additions up to
55 tons/ha, showing growth reductions only at very high applications. The findings of Biederman and
Harpole [36] also confirm instances of decreasing yield due to a high biochar application rate.
When the equivalent of 165 tons/ha of biochar was added to a poor soil in a pot experiment [10], yields
decreased to the level of the unamended control. Kammann et al. [38] also found that quinoa growth
was retarded at 100–200 tons/ha. Others have reported thresholds at much lower levels. Asai et al. [39]
reported greater rice yields with 4 tons/ha of biochar compared with 8 or 16 tons/ha applied, with the
higher application rates providing yields not different from the unamended control. The reasons for
these decreases are not known; further study is necessary to determine which biochar materials are best
suited for application and at which rates to specific soils.
The recommended application rates of biochar as a soil amendment are quite variable given the
insufficient field data available to make general recommendations on biochar application rates
according to soil types and crops. Additionally, biochar feedstock materials vary widely in their
characteristics (e.g., pH, nutrient levels, ash content) which would also influence application rate.
Since biochar does not appreciably decompose in soil, a single application can provide positive effects
over several growing seasons in the field [9,32] as is not usually the case for manures, compost, and
conventional fertilizers. Whilst much remains to be established, a onetime application of 25 tons/ha to
a typical field crop seems reasonable to achieve the marginal benefits reported above. However, most
biochar materials, unless derived from manure or blended with nutrient rich materials, do not substitute
for conventional fertilizer, so adding biochar without necessary amounts of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P)
and potassium (K) should not be expected to provide improvements to crop yield.

2.3. Displacement of Conventional (Fossil Fuel Based) Fertilizer

One of the reasons for the observed increase in crop yield with biochar application is the increase of
nitrogen utilization from the applied fertilizer [9,40]. This is the result from the decrease of nitrogen
lost due the increase of soil CEC with biochar application [34,41] or because of the ability of biochar
to inhibit nitrate transformation by fertilizer [40].
As biochar applications provide greater nutrient retention, this implies that less conventional
fertilizers need to be applied to achieve a given crop yield. Because the vast majority of nitrogen
fertilizer is derived from natural gas (CH4) via the Haber-Bosch process, Gaunt and Cowie [42] in an
assessment of biochar’s ability to reduce greenhouse gases, have estimated a 10%–30% reduction of
nitrogen fertilizer use. Zhang et al. [43] estimate that for approximately every ton of N fertilizer
manufactured and utilized, 13.5 tons CO2e is emitted.
Additionally, Sohi et al. [25] have suggested the concept of using syngas from the pyrolysis process
to replace the natural gas to produce nitrogen. Combining the biochar and nitrogen that is produced in
Agriculture 2013, 3 720

the same process can create a powerful carbon and nitrogen rich fertilizer based on the research done
by Day et al. [44].

2.4. Carbon Markets

The potential to sequester carbon in biochar is an additional benefit to soil application.

Once biomass is pyrolyzed, the sequestered carbon is long lasting. Kuzyakov et al. [45] assessed
a half-life of 1400 years for the carbonized materials in biochar. Avoided emissions from
biochar conversion of green waste (using slow pyrolysis) may be as high as 3.8 tons/CO2e ton dry
feedstock [42]. This value assumes benefits from avoided emissions at landfill, fossil fuel substitution
and other greenhouse gas benefits.
Gaunt and Cowie [42] discuss that avoided emissions associated with biochar production and use
are generated via a number of pathways. Diversion of feedstock for biochar production provides a
situation which may lead to avoided emissions of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), where the
energy produced during pyrolysis displaces fossil fuels may also represent and avoided emission.
Reduction in nitrogen fertilizer inputs results in avoided emissions by less use of fossil fuel during
manufacture and reduced losses from soil as N2 O. Additionally, savings in irrigation and reduced
energy use in cultivation may lead to further avoided emissions while increased yields can result in
C sequestration.
A “carbon offset” is the term used to describe a verified and certified emission reduction or
sequestration of one ton of CO2e. Carbon markets allow polluters who can reduce their emissions,
or those who can create a C offset, to trade their extra emission credits with others who can only do so
at a higher cost, thus achieving an emissions target in a cost effective way. Carbon markets are
currently in an early stage of development. Recent market prices in the European trading system have
ranged between $5–30 per ton CO2e during 2008–2013. However, Stern [46] assessed the long term
projections suggest a value of $100/ton CO2e.
For this paper we assume that the C stabilized in biochar represents approximately 75% of C in the
feedstock, stable over 100 years. Since then biochar contains 75% C, the CO 2e sequestered for one ton
of biochar is 2.06 tons CO2e.

3. The Case for Biochar Applications to Soil

As biochar is expected to have enduring soil benefits, whereby it does not need to be added to soil
each year as is the case with many agricultural fertilizers, the potential exists where it may improve
otherwise unproductive soils into the future. Biochar from woody materials is typically a soil enhancer,
enhancing the pH, soil water relations and CEC, resulting in improved crop yields [47].
Additionally, biochar from agricultural livestock waste such as cow manure and poultry litter has
the added benefit of providing higher levels of essential nutrients (N, P, and K) [26]. However, not all
of the nutrients contained in the biochar are available to plants as additional research is necessary to
understand how manure biochars interacts with specific crops and soils to reduce nutrient leaching and
increase nutrient uptake in crops [48].
Agriculture 2013, 3 721

3.1. Economical Use of Biochar Derived from Lignin Rich Feedstocks

As evidenced from the previous discussion, there is a growing body of literature and enthusiasm for
the use of biochar in agriculture. However, what seems to be lacking in the literature is a critical
assessment of the economic viability of biochar use. The following analysis is intentionally superficial
as there exists a high degree of uncertainty that surrounds the indirect impacts of biochar application to
soils (effects on productivity, soil benefits, conventional fertilizer reduction, etc.), in addition to the
unsettled value of carbon sequestration, precludes a precise valuation of the costs and benefits.
The majority of published biochar research to date using lignin rich feedstocks can be interpreted
and is relevant to the use of biochar as a soil amendment and conditioner. Further the majority of this
research has been undertaken in row crop agriculture with crops such as corn and wheat. Taking corn
cropping as an illustrative example of the feasibility of biochar soil additions reveals less than
ideal economy.
Using USDA statistics, the average gross value of corn production for corn grain and silage was on
average $2,024/ha for 2011 and 2012 [49]. The cost of fertilizer inputs was $377/ha and the total cost
of production was $1,545/ha [49] giving a net profit of $479/ha. This provides an important context for
the economic feasibility of biochar applications. A US farmer makes less than $500/ha from growing
corn, so any change in growing practice will need to be justified in the context of this financial return.
Based on literature reviewed above, an increase in production of around 10% may be expected
which would increase the gross value by $203 and we assume 25% savings in input costs ($94), giving
a total potential increase in net profit $297/ha.
Considering the input and application costs coupled with application rates of biochar soil additions,
an approximate cost for biochar amendment is $6,317/ha (Table 1).

Table 1. Range and practical estimate of the total cost/ha of biochar soil application benefits.
Variable Range of Reported Ralues Estimate Rate Total
Biochar cost/ton $0 to $500 $250 25 $6,250
Application cost 25 tons/ha $63 to $70 $67 1 $67
Total cost/ha $6,317

We use a net present value analysis (NPV) to assess whether this investment is economically viable.
A NPV of $0 suggests that an investment would neither gain nor lose value. Assuming a discount rate
of 10% (the rate of return that could be earned on an investment in the financial markets with similar
risk) and a 10 year return, the NPV is −$4,494 (Table 2). This reveals that investing $6,317 in a
biochar soil amendment is not economically viable. Further analysis shows that a breakeven cost for
biochar of $70.23/ton or less would be justified to achieve the 10% increase in yield coupled with a
25% fertilizer savings (Table 2).
To assess the potential impact of C offset revenues on the economics of biochar application we
assume that the carbon offset revenue can be used to reduce the cost of biochar to a farmer. We first
assess the impact of a value of $10/ton CO2e for the biochar C offset. At $10/ton CO2e the price that
can be paid for biochar can be increased from $70 to $91/ton biochar, still well below current market
prices for biochar. A C offset value of $87.5/ton CO2e is required to bring the effective value of biochar
Agriculture 2013, 3 722

to $250/ton whilst maintaining a NPV of zero. A value of $87/ton CO2e is considerably above current
market prices, but below the value anticipated by Stern [46].

Table 2. Breakeven analysis of biochar soil application.

Break Break Even Carbon
Variable Value
Even Price Support
Gross value of production ($/ha) $2,024 $2,024 $2,024 $2,024
Cost of fertilizer input ($/ha) $377 $377 $377 $377
Rate of biochar applied (ton/ha) 25 25 25 25
Avoided emissions (ton CO2e/ton biochar) 2.06 2.06 2.06 2.06
Cost of biochar ($/ton biochar) $250 $70 $91 $250
Cost of application ($/ha) $67 $67 $67 $67
Yield Increase (%) 10% 10% 10% 10%
Fertilizer savings (%) 25% 25% 25% 25%
Fixed cost ($/ha) $1,545 $1,545 $1,545 $1,545
Market price for carbon ($/ton CO2e) $0 $0 $10 $87.5
Net profit ($) $479 $479 $479 $479
Annual discount rate (%) 10% 10% 10% 10%
Investment in biochar application after C revenues ($/ha) $6,317 $1,823 $1,241 $211
NPV (10 year) $4,494 $0 $0 $0

4. Conclusion

From this cursory analysis it can be seen that the economics of biochar use as a soil conditioning
amendment are challenging. The 10 year breakeven cost of $1,823/ha contrasts with estimates from the
literature that biochar soil application would cost ~$6,000/ha (Table 1). A C market value of
$87.5/ton CO2e would be necessary to subsidize the current cost estimate of biochar. This analysis
signals the challenges that face biochar research. In many situations the costs and risks associated with
trying to achieve the yield gains and fertilizer savings reported will mean that the reported application
rates of biochar may not be economically beneficial.
It is clear that biochar has the potential to be sold as a direct substitute for fertilizer and soil
amendment. When sold as a substitute for fertilizer the costs need to be bounded by the annual
fertilizer costs. Further research to determine the optimal biochar application with a focus on strategies
to reduce the quantities of biochar required to deliver desired benefits may drive down the ultimate
cost of the application. Further, if the goal is to deliver economically viable biochar, use strategies
focused on high value crops that require high levels of fertilizer application may prove more fruitful.
Long-term field research focusing on an optimal combination of nutrient use, water use, carbon
sequestration, avoided greenhouse gas emissions, and changes in soil quality and crop productivity is
needed before large-scale biochar application to soils are to become practical.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Agriculture 2013, 3 723

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© 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article
distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

10.1126@science.aau4222WHAT DOES CARBON LOOKBlue Green Algae Bio Fertilizer TechnologyHay Tham KhaoModel Bankable Project-HARYANAA study on the methods of carbon dioxide capture and Sequestration- Ethanol Cycleorganicmatterjunal kesuburan tanahProximate composition of para-grass (Brachiaria mutica) produced in integrated fish-fodder culture systempengaruh pupuk npkGrowth and Yield of Tomato (Lycopersicon EsculentumBiochar en Suelos de Soya


Production and Characterization of Rice Husk Biochar and Kenaf Biochar for Value-Added Biochar

5 January, 2021
 


Global Granular Biochar Market Analysis, Key Company Profiles, Types, Applications and Forecast …

5 January, 2021
 

Global Granular Biochar Market 2021, Research Analysis Report Growth at CAGR Value, Industry Share, Key Company Profiles, Type, Applications, Size, Trends and Forecast To 2027

Credible Markets has added a new key research reports covering Granular Biochar Market. The study aims to provide global investors with a game-changing decision making tool covering key fundamentals of the Granular Biochar market. The research report will include total global revenues in the market with historical analysis, key figures including total revenues, total sales, key products, instrumental drivers, and challenges. The report data is derived from extensive primary and secondary information sources with a reliable in-depth overview of the Granular Biochar market. The research report relies on global governing bodies as primary sources of data, with independent analysis of the forecast, and objective estimations of the growth.

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Global Granular Biochar Market: Type Segment Analysis (Consumption Volume, Average Price, Revenue, Market Share and Trend 2015-2026):

Wood Source Biochar

Corn Source Biochar

Wheat Source Biochar

Others

Global Granular Biochar Market: Application Segment Analysis (Consumption Volume and Market Share 2015-2026; Downstream Customers and Market Analysis)

Soil Conditioner

Fertilizer

Others

Global Granular Biochar Market: Manufacturers Segment Analysis (Company and Product introduction, Granular Biochar Sales Volume, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin):

Diacarbon Energy

ElementC6

Carbon Gold

Agri-Tech Producers

Swiss Biochar GmbH

Biochar Now

BlackCarbon

The Biochar Company

Kina

BioChar Products

Cool Planet

Carbon Terra

Regional Analysis of Global Granular Biochar Market

All the regional segmentation has been studied based on recent and future trends, and the market is forecasted throughout the prediction period. The countries covered in the regional analysis of the Granular Biochar market report are U.S., Canada, and Mexico in North America, Germany, France, U.K., Russia, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, and Rest of Europe in Europe, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in the Asia-Pacific (APAC), Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, South Africa, Egypt, Israel, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA) as a part of Middle East and Africa (MEA), and Argentina, Brazil, and Rest of South America as part of South America.

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Some Points from Table of Content

Global Granular Biochar Market Status & Trend Report 2015-2027 Top 20 Countries Data 

Chapter 1 Overview of Granular Biochar

Chapter 2 Global Market Status and Forecast by Regions

Chapter 3 Global Market Status and Forecast by Types

3.1 Sales Volume of Granular Biochar by Types

3.2 Sales Value of Granular Biochar by Types

3.3 Market Forecast of Granular Biochar by Types

Chapter 4 Global Market Status and Forecast by Downstream Industry

4.1 Global Sales Volume of Granular Biochar by Downstream Industry

4.2 Global Market Forecast of Granular Biochar by Downstream Industry

Chapter 5 North America Market Status by Countries, Type, Manufacturers and Downstream Industry

Chapter 6 Europe Market Status by Countries, Type, Manufacturers and Downstream Industry

Chapter 7 Asia Pacific Market Status by Countries, Type, Manufacturers and Downstream Industry

Chapter 8 Latin America Market Status by Countries, Type, Manufacturers and Downstream Industry

Chapter 9 Middle East and Africa Market Status by Countries, Type, Manufacturers and Downstream Industry

Chapter 10 Market Driving Factor Analysis of Granular Biochar

10.1 Global Economy Situation and Trend Overview

10.2 Granular Biochar Downstream Industry Situation and Trend Overview

Chapter 11 Granular Biochar Market Competition Status by Major Manufacturers

Chapter 12 Granular Biochar Major Manufacturers Introduction and Market Data

Chapter 13 Upstream and Downstream Market Analysis of Granular Biochar

13.1 Industry Chain of Granular Biochar

13.2 Upstream Market and Representative Companies Analysis

13.3 Downstream Market and Representative Companies Analysis

Chapter 14 Cost and Gross Margin Analysis of Granular Biochar

14.1 Cost Structure Analysis of Granular Biochar

14.2 Raw Materials Cost Analysis of Granular Biochar

14.3 Labour Cost Analysis of Granular Biochar

14.4 Manufacturing Expenses Analysis of Granular Biochar

Chapter 15 Report Conclusion

Chapter 16 Research Methodology and Reference

16.1 Methodology/Research Approach

16.1.1 Research Programs/Design

16.1.2 Market Size Estimation

16.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation

16.2 Data Source

16.2.1 Secondary Sources

16.2.2 Primary Sources

16.3 Reference

Granular Biochar market in Global 2021-2027: Key Highlights

• CAGR of the market during the forecast period 2021-2027

• Detailed information on factors that will assist Granular Biochar market growth in Global during the next five years

• Estimation of the Granular Biochar market size in Global and its contribution to the parent market

• Predictions on upcoming trends and changes in consumer behaviour

• The growth of the Granular Biochar market in Global

• Analysis of the market’s competitive landscape and detailed information on vendors

• Comprehensive details of factors that will challenge the growth of Granular Biochar market vendors in Global

What does the Report Include?

The market report includes a detailed assessment of various drivers and restraints, opportunities, and challenges that the market will face during the projected horizon. Additionally, the report provides comprehensive insights into the regional developments of the market, affecting its growth during the forecast period. It includes information sourced from the advice of expert professionals from the industry by our research analysts using several research methodologies. The competitive landscape offers further detailed insights into strategies such as product launches, partnership, merger and acquisition, and collaborations adopted by the companies to maintain market stronghold between 2021 and 2027.

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Biochar for Home Gardeners: A Guide to Producing, Charging, and Applying Biochar to …

5 January, 2021
 

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Mechanisms of alachlor and pentachlorobenzene adsorption on biochar and hydrochar originating …

5 January, 2021
 

This work investigates the adsorption mechanism of alachlor and pentachlorobenzene on chars (hydrochars and biochars) originated from Miscanthus giganteus and sugar beet shreds. Two different processes were used: hydrothermal conversion at three temperatures (180, 200, and 220 °C) and slow pyrolysis at 400 °C. Specific surface area (SSA) for all investigated chars ranged 3.87–260 m2/g, whereby biochars had a higher SSA. For hydrochars from sugar beet shreds, both the SSA (3.87–5.53 m2/g) and pore volume (0.023–0.0277 cm3/g) increased with increasing temperature, while the opposite trend was observed for hydrochars from miscanthus. The opposite trend could be a consequence of the different chemical composition of the used feedstock such as hemicelluloses and cellulose which can produce volatile organic products at higher temperatures and may cause the reduction of SSA. All adsorption isotherms were well described by the Freundlich model. The nonlinearity of the isotherms ranged from 0.450 to 0.986. Kd values for both investigated compounds followed the order: hydrochars from sugar beet shred < hydrochars from miscanthus < biochars, implying that the SSA of the chars affects the adsorption mechanism. In general, all the investigated adsorbents demonstrated higher adsorption affinity for pentachlorobenzene in comparison with alachlor, implying that hydrophobic interactions enhanced the adsorption of the more hydrophobic organic compound. In addition, for all hydrochars, adsorption affinities for the smaller pentachlorobenzene are significantly greater than for the larger alachlor, probably due to its ability to better penetrate into the pores of the adsorbents. This type of research is necessary to obtain safe adsorbents for water remediation.

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The authors acknowledge financial support of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia (Grant no. 451-03-68‬/2020-14‬/ 200125).

All authors contributed to the drafting of this paper. The first draft of the manuscript was written by IJ and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Conceptualization: MKI and MM; methodology: SR and JT; formal analysis and investigation: IJ and TA; writing—original draft preparation: IJ; writing—review and editing: MKI and SM; funding acquisition: Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia; resources: University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences; supervision: JT and SR.

Correspondence to Marijana Kragulj Isakovski.

The authors would like to declare that they have no conflicts of interest associated with this paper. Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest

The research does not involve the participation of humans or animals.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Received: 08 April 2020

Accepted: 19 November 2020

Published: 05 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-020-01439-0

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Biochar Fertilizer Market 2021| Global Leading Growth Drivers, Emerging Audience, Segments …

5 January, 2021
 

MARKET INTRODUCTION

Biochars are defined as solid, carbon-rich materials which are added in soil to improve soil charaterstics and agronomic performance. It is produced with the help of pyrolysis by using several biomasses. According to various studies, the use of biochar as a fertilizer to boost the crop growth and yield. Biochar-based compound fertilizers (BCF) and amendments also helps to alter soil properties in the form of pH, nutrients, organic matter, structure etc.

MARKET DYNAMICS

The biochar fertilizer market has witnessed a significant growth owing to factors such as rise in adoption of organic farming is expected to promote plant’s growth. Moreover, government intiatives and support which provides a huge market opportunity for the key players operating in the biochar fertilizer market. However, slow economic growth is projected to hamper the overall growth of the biochar fertilizer market.

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MARKET SCOPE

The “Global Biochar fertilizer Market Analysis to 2027” is a specialized and in-depth study of the chemical and materials industry with a special focus on the global markettrend analysis. The report aims to provide an overview of the biochar fertilizer market with detailed market segmentation by application and geography. The global biochar fertilizer market is expected to witness high growth during the forecast period. The report provides key statistics on the marketstatus of the leading biochar fertilizer market players and offers key trends and opportunities in the market.

MARKET SEGMENTATION

The global biochar fertilizer market is segmented on the basis of product type andn application. On the basis of application, the biochar fertilizer market is segmented into organic fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer and compound fertilizer. On the basis of application, the biochar fertilizer market is segmented into animal feed, agriculture, fish farming and others.

REGIONAL FRAMEWORK

The report provides a detailed overview of the industry including both qualitative and quantitative information. It provides an overview and forecast of the global biochar fertilizer market based on various segments. It also provides marketsize and forecast estimates from the year 2018to 2027 with respect to five major regions, namely; North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and South America. The biochar fertilizer market by each region is later sub-segmented by respective countries and segments. The report covers the analysis and forecast of 18 countries globally along with the current trend and opportunities prevailing in the region.

The report analyzes factors affecting the biochar fertilizer market from both demand and supply side and further evaluates market dynamics affecting the market during the forecast period i.e., drivers, restraints, opportunities, and future trend. The report also provides exhaustive PEST analysis for all five regions namely; North America, Europe, APAC, MEA, and South America after evaluating political, economic, social and technological factors affecting the biochar fertilizer market in these regions.

MARKET PLAYERS

The reports cover key developments in the biochar fertilizer market as organic and inorganic growth strategies. Various companies are focusing on organic growth strategies such as product launches, product approvals and others such as patents and events. Inorganic growth strategies activities witnessed in the marketwere acquisitions, and partnership & collaborations. These activities have paved way for the expansion of business and customer base of marketplayers. The marketpayers fromBiochar fertilizer market is anticipated to lucrative growth opportunities in the future with the rising demand for biochar fertilizer in the global market. Below mentioned is the list of few companies engaged in the biochar fertilizer market.

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Fertilisers – 'biochar' materials (conditions for use) | Consultation Period 04 January 2021

5 January, 2021
 

The updated EU rules on fertilisers (Regulation 2019/1009) will apply from 16 July 2022. They have been extended to cover all types of fertilisers, including organic ones such as those derived from pyrolysis and gasification (‘biochar’) processes.

CONTINUE READING ON: ec.europa.eu

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Biochar Market 2020-2025 Overview by Growth Drivers, Emerging Technologies, Trends, Regional …

5 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market Analysis report published with an extensive market research, Biochar Market growth analysis and Projection by 2025. This report is highly predictive as it holds the overall market analysis of topmost companies into the Biochar Industry. With the classified Biochar Market research based on various growing regions this report provide leading players portfolio along with sales, growth, market share and so on.

Global Market Research report presents an in-depth analysis of the Biochar Market size, growth, share, segments, manufacturers, and technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, standardization, deployment models, opportunities, future roadmap, and 2025 forecast.

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Biochar Market Report encompasses market attributes, size, growth forecast, segmentation, regional classifications, competitive landscape, Biochar Market shares, trends and tactics of Biochar Market. Biochar Market report highlights key dynamics of Global Biochar Industry sector. The potential of the Biochar Market has been investigated along with the key challenges. The current Biochar Market scenario and prospects of the sector has also been studied.

Additionally, the report is joined by a vital examination of the Biochar Marketplace considering progress, part commitments, and future market forecasts. Furthermore, it offers detailed data of vendors including the profile, specifications of a product, sales, applications, annual performance in the industry, investments, acquisitions and mergers, market size, revenue, market share, and more. The report also studies individual regional market size along with country-wise and region-wise market size during the forecast period. The report also understands the export and import, production, and consumption of every particular region holding the highest market share, market size, or CAGR.

Key Competitors of the Global Biochar Market are:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

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Further, in the research report, the following points are included along with an in-depth study of each point:
* Production Analysis – Production is analyzed with respect to different regions, types, and applications. Here, the price analysis of various Market key players is also covered.
* Sales and Revenue Analysis – Both, sales and revenue are studied for the different regions of the global market. Another major aspect, price, which plays an important part in the revenue generation is also assessed in this section for the various regions.
* Supply and Consumption – In continuation of sales, this section studies the supply and consumption of the Market. This part also sheds light on the gap between supply and consumption. Import and export figures are also given in this part.
* Other analyses – Apart from the information, trade and distribution analysis for the Market, contact information of major manufacturers, suppliers and key consumers are also given. Also, SWOT analysis for new projects and feasibility analysis for new investment are included.

Biochar Market Segmentation

Type Analysis of Biochar Market:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Applications Analysis of Biochar Market:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

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Readworks developing possible solutions and biochar answer key

5 January, 2021
 

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Jotok biochar software companies

5 January, 2021
 

We are leading the way in producing biochar, and other products, with our new horizontal bed kiln, allowing us the ability to consistently produce high volume, high quality carbon products. I agree that feedstock is the key biomassbiofuel biochar issue. This webinar is the second presentation in an 11part monthly webinar series created by the usda forest service. I did not learn of any new public companies at the conference, but i have nevertheless become increasingly convinced that biochar has a large role to play in moving to a sustainable economy, not just for energy, but for agriculture. Open source biochar technologies biocharinternational. Surrounded by disappearing lumber mills, forests devastated by pine beetles and rapidly receding glaciers, aact has focused on practical, small to.

For open source to be successful, it is vitally important for inventors and users to have a clear and consistent understanding of what technology rights are truly open and what rights are restricted or proprietary. Our company produces and offers for delivery a powder of charcoal for activation and other use of granules from 0 to mm. Locally sourced, naturally processed, reasonably priced. Our biochar and biochar blended products improve human wellbeing and address. Introduction to the pioneer works of charcoal uses in aguriculture, forestry and others in japan. They also sell biochar, and prioritize sales to researchers to help further scientific understanding and validation of biochar soil benefits. In short, biochar is a charcoal compound added to soil that makes it more fertile. It is likely there will be higher condensed volatiles present in the char, which could affect its performance and desirability as biochar. Global biochar market size, share, development, growth and demand forecast to 2023. Biochar has a long and complex history of use in indigenous farming throughout west africa and. Eastham company creates biomass pyrolysis machine to ship to china. Company overview algae aquaculture technologies is a startup company located in white. The company has initially focused on usbased projects, as it is easier to support early systems closer to home, but will expand offshore as the international market develops.

Industry analysis, size, share, growth, trends and forecast 2014 2020. It is characterized by highly interesting physical and chemical properties and has a positive effect on biochemical processes. Biochar is under investigation as a viable approach for carbon sequestration, as it has the potential to help mitigate global warming and climate change. Biochar application is the first reference to offer a complete assessment of the various impacts of biochar on soil and ecosystems, and includes chapters analyzing all aspects of biochar technology and application to soil, from ecogenomic analyses and application ratios to nutrient cycling and next generation sequencing. Our biochar and biochar blended products improve human well. We are currently working with top crop farms for our montana made products. To be able to serve customers in the agriculture industry, oregon biochar solutions is registering rogue biochar in each of the lower 48 states which require state regulatory approval we hope to obtain approval in each of these jurisdictions by the end of 2017. It is composed of small black fragments, light and porous. Featured on this page are several biochar products including plain biochar, blended and composted biochar and fertilizer blends.

Reinvention central when 2 small startups take on an industrytogether how two startups in the emerging biochar field combined to position themselves as a market leader. I am not knowledgeable whether carbon negative pyrolysis is being used to make this charcoal. By making biochar from brush and other hard to compost organic material, you can improve soil it enhances nutrient availability and also enables soil to retain nutrients longer. We are a familyowned company located in the heart of montana who is excited to bring you the highest quality, usa made, cbd products in the world. Biochar technology factsheet geoengineering monitor. Before i went, i took a look at the publicly traded companies involved in biochar. Certification of biochar based products and biochar processing companies. Biochar now, llc engages in the production of biochar.

The company s line of business includes the wholesale distribution of agricultural machinery and equipment. Biochar mixes are available for bulk and wholesale ordering. The term biochar was originally associated with this type of production. The company offers solutions in the areas of crop production, composting, oil and gas, mine reclamation, and odor control. Becs core mission is to accelerate the creation of the biochar industry. Biochar now llc company profile and news bloomberg markets. Biochars likely market impacts alternative energy stocks.

It is based on the latest scientific data, its economically viable. The biochar company tbc is an integrated biochar product development, marketing and sales company. Open source and open design have a lot to offer the community of biochar technology developers. New england biochar offers a range of products to fit the needs of any home gardener or commercial application. Biochar can be feasible in a small scale industry like forest communities where woody. Biochar is a charcoallike substance thats made by burning organic material from agricultural. The only reason biochar may be different from other biofuels is that the intent is to return the char to the soil, which should increase the uptake of nutrients in the soilfertilizer and reduce nutrient runoff. Production trials allow clients to understand the compatibility of their feedstock with our b thermal conversion system, how to optimize process conditions to maximize biochar and energy production, what the preliminary process economics look like, and how the quality of the biochar made from the feedstock of interest, as produced by our thermal conversion sy stem.

An educational video about biochar and biochar research occurring at oregon state university. It is obtained through a cuttingedge pyrolysis process like. We perform engineering of valueadded biochar products, conduct carbonnegative restoration work, sell biochar. If you know of someone wanting a larger amount or just a personal use amount, please. Thanks for your details and explanationsi want more information from your sidei am working in erp software development company in chennaishould you need for any other clarification please call in this number. Our focus is on using biochar as a feed supplement in the dairy industry and as an. This, however, meant that companies that purchased certified biochar as raw material for new products could not qualify for ebc certification, as no control was set for the processing procedures. The ebc ensures a sustainable biochar production and low hazard use in agronomic systems.

Cool planet has some serious investment money behind it from bigname companies, and a grandiose plan. A large pile of beetle kill timber, a log unloader and a shredder sit with the mountains in the background tuesday, june, 2017, at biochar now in berthoud. Potential impact of biochar on soils 9increases the ph of acidic soils since biochar is typically alkaline. Yet while industry gains its carbon through plundering the earths fossil resources built up over millions of years, only to burn it or convert it into. For most home gardeners, chances are that its a brand new term.

Becs facility is located in golden, colorado, united states. Biochar is a solid material obtained from the carbonisation of biomass. Examine biochar nows financial health to determine how wellpositioned it is against times of financial stress by looking at its level of debt over time and how much cash it has left when valuing a company like this, investors focus more on how they perceive the size of the opportunity, the company s ability to deliver and scale, and the strength of the team. The charcoal is produced through a process known as pyrolysis, where organic material. The pyrolysis process produces a combustible gas and biochar. Biochar is a name for charcoal when it is used for particular purposes. Price sheet rogue biochar oregon biochar solutions. Its one of the few technologies that is relatively inexpensive, widely applicable and quickly scalable. Biochar is a heterogeneous substance rich in aromatic carbon and minerals. Geoengineeringfactsheet biochar overview biochar describes a method of converting biomass into charcoal and then mixing it into soils to store the burnt carbon.

In asian countries, highly intensive agriculture has been popular since ancient times because of high population density, limited area of. Biochar now biochar now is a pioneer in the biochar. According to the us epa, concentrated animal feeding operation cafo is an animal feeding operation that confines animals for more than 45 days, in an area that does not produce vegetation and meet certain size thresholds. Carbo culture is a carbon tech company founded in finland and.

The biochar company, cool planet energy systems inc. Biochar solutions inc is deploying a network of distributed carbon sequestration and soil restoration capacity by designing, producing, and selling continuous process industrial equipment to convert wood waste carbon liabilities into biochar and bioenergy carbon solutions. Fast pyrolysis converts finely ground feedstock into biooils, gas and char, in seconds. The process can be monitored anywhere with our online, easy to use software. Biochar is often too valuable for it to be sequestered worked in to the soil right. Our mission as a company is to revitalize the planet, inspire action and generate mutual value by empowering people. Biochar a key technology for the planet by hanspeter schmidt the current imbalance in the worlds carbon and nitrogen cycle is not just the main cause of climate change, but also a direct threat to ecosystems through eutrophication, desertification and a decline in biodiversity.

But what exactly is biochar and what is it made of. But biochar technology is more than just the equipment. This webinar is the second presentation in an 11part monthly webinar series. Companies in these three doitforyou industries generate net profit margins, on average, that exceed 15%, which is more than twice the average for all industries, according to sageworks. Biochar products pacific biochar benefit corporation. Pacific biochar and carbo culture, two companies in california were featured. Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon, and can endure in soil for thousands of years. So far, the ebc has only certified the production of biochar. Basic principles of biochar production biochar for. Biochar production technologies the webinar portal. Vital blend 5m is a blended liquid, combining 5 micronsized biochar charged with liquid humate. This webinar is part of a monthly series on biochar created by the usda forest service. Thus, if a noncertified company or individual markets ebccertified biochar or.

This webinar will cover information on biochar related to slash pile building, onsite conversion including small mobile units, bioenergy facilities, saw mills, compost facilities and more. This webinar will cover basic information about biochar, types of char, biochar applications, environmental benefits, etc there will be a brief overview of production technologies too. It does not necessarily have to be the copy of the official ebc analysis of the. These two companies say they can fix that problem with biochar. Pacific biochar bulk biochar products for sale, plain and biologically activated biochar. In other words, it took centuries to bring the biochar content of the soil up. Bear balm, sage advice salve, and lip balm are all made from montana hemp, grown, processed, and manufactured here in montana. We have always had a problem of supply and demand here as only a few people made biochar and that was mostly for personal use. Biochar solutions inc biochar solutions, inc is headquartered in the united states. We are an integrated biochar product development, marketing and sales company.

These industries generate the highest profit margins. Algae aquaculture technologies montana legislature. It is produced by pyrolysis of sustainably obtained biomass under controlled conditions with clean technology and is used for any purpose that does not involve its rapid mineralisation to co2 and may eventually become a soil amendment. Florida biochar march 12, 2014 i am working with patrick mahoney of us biocarbon in bringing larger amounts of biochar to florida. It is the advantage of small scale production units that dispersed biomass sources can be used as well. Biochar now is a pioneer in the biochar industry with strong engineering, manufacturing, sales and administrative personnel focused on making and selling quality biochar on a very large scale. Our biochar and biochar blended products improve human wellbeing and address soil, water, air and carbon challenges. Global biochar market size, share, development, growth and. Like most charcoal, biochar is made from biomass via pyrolysis. Biochar market by application segment gardening, agriculture large farms, and household u. Once the startup operation is complete, the pfive pyrolysis machine runs automatically 247, ensuring a constant production of biochar without the presence of any operator. In addition to the many possible uses of biochar, green charcoal has another decisive advantage.


Biochar Market Outlook

5 January, 2021
 


RSPB Science's tweet – "#PhDOpportunity closing soon in #peatland restoration linking in biochar

6 January, 2021
 


A potential resource in water and wastewater treatment,Environmental Research

6 January, 2021
 

Production of biochar from sewage sludge (SS) is consistent with the goal of sustainable resource recovery and promotes a wastewater-based circular economy. Thermochemical conversion of SS to biochar resolves two major issues simultaneously as it minimizes the cost of disposal and acts as a resource to eliminate the toxic contaminants from water and wastewater. The reusability and ready availability of the biochar, irrespective of the season, makes it an economically viable material for wastewater treatment. In this review, explicit insights into the production, modification and usage of SS derived biochar are provided including (i) the production yield, (ii) characteristic features such as physical, chemical, electrochemical and morphological aspects, and (iii) impact on contaminant removal through adsorption, catalytic and electrochemical processes. Particular attention is given to the use of SS derived biochar as an adsorbent for contaminants present in wastewaters, the potential use of biochar as a catalyst and support material in advanced oxidation processes and the use of biochars as an electrode material. The effect of pyrolysis conditions and co-pyrolysis with other materials on biochar properties is explored and insight is provided into the toxicity of biochar components present at different process conditions.

用污水污泥(SS)生产生物炭符合可持续资源回收的目标,并促进了以废水为基础的循环经济。SS的热化学转化同时解决了两个主要问题,因为它最大程度地降低了处理成本,并充当了消除水和废水中有毒污染物的资源。不论季节如何,生物炭的可重复使用性和现成的可用性使其成为用于废水处理的经济上可行的材料。在这篇综述中,提供了对SS衍生生物炭的生产,改性和使用的明确见解,包括(i)生产产量,(ii)特征特征,例如物理,化学,电化学和形态方面,以及(iii)对污染物的影响。通过吸附去除 催化和电化学过程。特别注意使用SS衍生的生物炭作为废水中污染物的吸附剂,在高级氧化工艺中生物炭作为催化剂和载体材料的潜在用途,以及生物炭作为电极材料的用途。探索了热解条件和与其他材料共热解对生物炭特性的影响,并提供了对在不同工艺条件下存在的生物炭成分的毒性的认识。


Recent advancements in biochar preparation, feedstocks, modification, characterization and future …

6 January, 2021
 

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Adsorption of organic micropollutants to biosolids-derived biochar

6 January, 2021
 

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Biochar and sustainable agriculture pdf download

6 January, 2021
 

A publication of attranational sustainable agriculture information service. Oct 30, 2019 use of biochar in agriculture has shown encouraging results in mitigating soil pollution and decreasing soil acidity. This claim rests on the assumption that biochar persists for hundreds or thousands of years, thus storing carbon that would otherwise decompose. Using biochar as a soil amendment for sustainable agriculture. Addition of sustainable biochar to soil has many environmental and agricultural benefits, including waste reduction, energy production, carbon sequestration, water resource protection, and soil improvement. However, as there are so many variables in feedstock and biochar production, many details remain to be refined. March 19, 2020 online this webinar is part of a monthly series on biochar created by the usda forest service. This has placed high carbonised, bioenergy organic materials such as biochar and bcw into research focus, as they represent opportunities to bridge the gap between biowaste recycling and sustainable agriculture.

Enhanced volatile fatty acid degradation and methane. Co 2 is removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis. Addition of tech sustainable biochar to soil has many environmental and agricultural benefits, including waste reduction, energy production, carbon sequestration, water resource protection, and soil improvement. Use of biochar from the pyrolysis of waste organic material.

In terms of sustainability the uptake of biochar as a model for sustainable agriculture is steadily gaining momentum due to its agronomic potential for crop yields, organic soil carbon, carbon. Th e oils and gases from pyrolysis can be used for energy production. Biochar for agronomic improvement and greenhouse gas mitigation. The use of biochar in agriculture is a promising management tool to mitigate soil degradation and anthropogenic climate change. Biochar and sustainable agriculture a publication of attranational sustaina. Therefore, it is recommended to use biochar as a soil amendment for longterm carbon sink restoration.

There will be a brief overview of production technologies. Synergisms between compost and biochar for sustainable soil. As we are acting as guest editors for this issue, we. The co2 problem,fertility problem,excess nh4 release problem can be overcome by using biochar. Pdf edited by pn hills a b s t r a c t sustainable agriculture, characterized by farming profitably. Biochar terminology the term biochar is a relatively recent development, emerging in conjunction with soil management and c sequestration issues lehmann et al, 2006. To obtain realistic information ernsting and smolker, 2009, studies examining the use of biochar for sustainable agriculture should employ long term field studies instead of short term lab or greenhouse pot experiments. The author has discovered the value of biochar for multiple purposes, describing them collectively as biocharculture. Biochar is a finegrained charcoal high in organic carbon and largely resistant to decomposition. Biochar is a potentially valuable soil amendment produced from biomass, through pyrolysis. Aug 10, 2010 the sustainable biochar concept is summarized in figure 1. Biochar for sustainable soil, agriculture and energy systems. Unfortunately, only 26% of the studies conducted to date have been performed in field conditions.

The term sustainable agriculture is defined as the integration of biological, chemical, physical, ecological, economic and social sciences in a comprehensive way to develop new farming practices that are safe and do not degrade our environment lichtfouse et al. With input costs and market prices continuing to add pressure to farming operations, the ability to maintain satis. He has helped to create wider awareness of biocharculture and promoted policy dialogues on sustainable agricultural practices at various levels. The increased population burden had shrunken the global cultivable area, putting tremendous pressure in agricultural productivity. This study aimed to explore a new way to address the burning of agricultural waste in china while achieving the sustainable use of it. In issuing these guidelines for the certification of sustainable biochar production, processing and sale, the ithaka institute intents to introduce a control mechanism based on the latest research and practices. Biochar is the product of turning biomass into gas or oil with the intention of adding it to crop and forest production systems as a soil amendment. Benefits of biochar in agriculture wakefield biochar. The role of biochar in developing a sustainable agriculture production system is imm ense and so is its potential in mitigating climate change, which stands much beyond its uses in agriculture. Regulating environmental factors of nutrients release from.

Successive straw biochar amendments reduce nitrous oxide. Biochar research activities and their relation to development. Critics of biochar are quick to point out, and rightly, that the ultimate future of biochar depends on the sustainability of the feedstocks. Banana peel biochar as alternative source of potassium for. Therefore, sustainable agriculture based on improvement in soil characteristics is a major requirement to enhance crop productivity. Three agricultural wastes wheat straw, peanut shell, and rice husk were slowly pyrolyzed into biochar, which was subsequently added to the soil to reduce co2 emissions from the soil, and to improve soil fertility as well as microbial community structure. The biochar from legume materials resulted in greater increases in soil ph than from non. Highlighted by the parliament of australia, department of parliamentary services, 10 september 2009, the basics of biochar.

Regulating environmental factors of nutrients release from wheat straw biochar for sustainable agriculture. Usda is an equal opportunity provider and employer. Biochar training for poor farmers has become warm heart environments number one goal. Use of biochar in sustainable agriculture request pdf. It is produced from pyrolysis of plant and waste feedstocks. Biochar with significant anion exchange capacity aec has potential to become a coproduct of pbbp with implications for sustainable agriculture and environmental remediation, however knowledge of the persistence of biochar aec and the mechanisms by which biochar surface chemistry changes as it ages and weathers in soil environments was lacking. The biochar research is now a hot topic in the world for achieving sustainable agriculture and environment. Synopsis biochar is the carbonrich product when biomass such as wood, manure, or crop residues is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. Biochar is the solid carbonaceous product obtained when plant and or animal biomass is subjected to pyrolysis. Biochar properties and soil type drive the uptake of macro.

This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Ecosystem observation and research station, institute of soil science, chinese academy of sciences, nanjing, 28 china. Naturally found in soils around the world and used in farming for more than 2500 years, its proven record of helping plants achieve the optimal production is a safe and natural process. This chapter focuses on how biochar benefits two key aspects of a soil ecosystemnutrient dynamics and soil enzyme dynamicsthat show how biochar can play a key role in sustainable agricultural practices lehmann et al. Amonette and coworkers model the potential impact of.

Many of the organic residues from agriculture, forestry and other production systems can be used to produce biochar and applied to agricultural soil both to. To understand the sustainable benefits of biochar, two pot experiments were conducted under net house condition in khulna university, bangladesh. Is current biochar research addressing global soil constraints for sustainable agriculture. Summary to evaluate the benefits of application of biochar to coastal saline soil for climate change mitigation, the effects on soil organic carbon. Request pdf on jan 1, 2019, chathuri peiris and others published biochar for sustainable agriculture find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Home farm energy farm energy publications farm energy publications. Biochar implications for sustainable agriculture and. Ag biochar benefits of biochar in soil green feed buy. A sustainable approach for improving plant growth and.

Biochar addition to soil is immensely beneficial for increasing plant productivity and c sequestration, attenuating nutrient leaching loss, counteracting heavy metal contamination and organic waste triggered environmental pollution. Although previous studies showed methane reductions, scientists arent sure of the mechanism that produces these reductions, so further research is. Pdf multifaceted application of crop residue biochar as. But it will be also a way to know some of 55 different uses of biochar, that have to do with our everydayss life. Sustainable agriculture attempts to find a range of conservation agricultural practices which may mitigate some of the adverse impacts of land use intensification. Jan 19, 2015 carbon sequestration is the process through which agricultural and forestry practices remove carbon from the atmosphere. The storage in soils of biochar, the product of biomass pyrolysis, has been proposed as an attractive option to mitigate climate change. Synergisms between compost and biochar for sustainable soil amelioration 169 fig. Use of biochar in sustainable agriculture springerlink. Attranational sustainable agriculture information service. Rocky mountain research station research note united states department of agriculture.

The future of sustainable agriculture presentation pdf available september 2019 with 5 reads. To design a smart biochar for environmentally sustainable applications, one must understand recent advances in. Research exploring benefits of biochar as cattle feed. In terms of sustainability the uptake of biochar as a model for sustainable agriculture is steadily gaining momentum due to its agronomic potential for crop yields, organic soil carbon, carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation. Farm energy publications attra sustainable agriculture. Sustainably procured crop residues, manures, biomass crops, timber and forestry. That it will the continue with an exhibition organized in the gardens of the faculty of agriculture of the university of milan citta studi.

State key laboratory of soil and sustainable agriculture, institute of soil science, chinese academy of sciences, po box 821, nanjing, china. Also, if biochar applications to other sectors besides agriculture are expanded, it could result in reduced costs of production. In the regions with serious soil degradation or soil contamination, biochar amendment has been used as one of the costbeneficial technologies to solve these problems. Due to rapid depletion of agricultural areas and soil quality by means of everincreasing population and an excessive addition of chemical fertilizers, a rehabilitated attention is a need of the hour to maintain sustainable approaches in agricultural crop production. Is current biochar research addressing global soil. Biochar for sustainable soil, aberystwyth university. Agriculture, ecosystems, and environment 201 2015 2025.

Download biochar for environmental management pdf ebook. These soils were found to show significantly higher fertility and are described in many pieces of literature due to. Biochar is the product of turning biomass into gas or oil with the intention of adding it to crop and. Various soil ameliorant have been proposed for restoring soil health and viability. Biochar and sustainable agriculture a publication of attranational sustainable agriculture information service 18003469140. Th e biochar and energy created during pyrolysis may provide both a renewable energy source and a valuable coproduct for soil improvement. This publication establishes and uses biochar as the appropriate term where charred organic matter is applied to. Oct 03, 2016 the scientific merit of the benefits of biochar as a soil amendment has been tested for over a thousand years. Over the past 50 years the population in thailand has increased 146%, from 27. Among the wide range of the conservation agricultural practices, biochar may prove a key and accessible input for.

State key laboratory of soil and sustainable agriculture, changshu national agro. Soil is the most important source and an abode for many nutrients and microflora. Addition of sustainable biochar to soil has many environmental and agricultural benefits, including waste reduction, energy production, carbon sequestration. Research and application of biochar in soil co2 emission. Schahczenski biochar has the potential to produce farmbased renewable energy in a climatefriendly mannerncat program and provide a valuable soil amendment to enhance crop productivity.

Recent developments on algal biochar production and. Biochar soil amendment for sustainable agriculture with carbon and contaminant sequestration. Biochar terminology the term biocharis a relatively recent development, emerging in conjunction with soil management and c sequestration issues lehmann et al, 2006. Different types of biochar derived from agricultural and forestry residues at two pyrolysis temperatures were tested. Algal biochar biochar synthesis biochar characterization pyrolysis and torrefaction thermochemical conversion abstract algal biomass is known as a promising sustainable feedstock for the production of biofuels and other valuable products.

Biochar and sustainable agriculture pacific farmer organisations. Biochar amendment to soil for sustainable agriculture. Page 2 biochar and sustainable agriculture a variety of biomass feedstocks wood, manure, grasses, and crop residues. As this new and exciting technology advances, the role of biochar in agricultural systems will probably increase. Biochar soil amendment for sustainable agriculture with. Download fulltext pdf download fulltext pdf biochar. Johannes lehmann published on 20120516 by earthscan isbn 9781849770552. Biochar technology for sustainable organic farming intechopen. Oct 06, 2011 biochar and sustainable agriculture 1. The webinar will cover basic information about biochar, types of char, biochar applications, environmental benefits, and more. Restoration of soil quality using biochar and brown coal. The amelioration effects of low temperature biochar.

However, biochar effects on soil nutrient bioavailability are complex and several concurrent processes affecting nutrient bioavailability can occur in biochar. Biochar is an emerging soil amendment in agriculture with many facets contributing towards agricultural sustainability. Effects of biochar application on greenhouse gas emissions. The economic viability of biochar production varies markedly around the world. State key laboratory of soil and sustainable agriculture, key laboratory of soil environment and pollution remediation, institute of soil science, chinese academy of sciences, nanjing 28. Therefore, sustainable biochar production and its use as a. Introduction to biochar in agriculture the natural farmer. Biochar production holds great promise for bioenergy, a valueadded manure product, and a soil conditioner. Maintaining irrigation pumps, motors, and engines ip299.

Use of biochar from the pyrolysis of waste organic material as a soil amendment submitted by center for sustaining agriculture and natural resources washington state university july 2009 david granatstein, sustainable agriculture specialist chad kruger, bioag educator project leaders and coprincipal investigators. Pdf biochar implications for sustainable agriculture and. Csiro sustainable agriculture flagship biochar for agronomic improvement and greenhouse gas mitigation biochar basics biochar is the carbonrich solid product resulting from the heating of biomass in an oxygenlimited environment. This will involve players from energy, agriculture and industry. However, since last decade, massive amount of interests have turned to converting algal biomass into biochar. Biochar for sustainable advances in agriculture and. Biochar is the carbonrich product of the pyrolysis of biomass under oxygenlimited conditions, and it has received increasing attention due to its multiple functions in the fields of climate change mitigation, sustainable agriculture, environmental control, and novel materials. Biochar improves soil aggregation, enhances nutrient and waterholding capacity, provides habitat for soil organisms, modulates microbial activity and biodiversity, and may stabilize soil organic carbon soc. State key laboratory of soil and sustainable agriculture, institute of soil science, chinese academy of sciences, 71 east beijing road, nanjing, 28 china. Biochar and sustainable agriculture field research in australia is exploring how using biochar as a cattle feed supplement might reduce methane emissions from cattle, reports bbc future planet. Biochar training and education, how to videos, pdfs, english.

Therefore, the use of sustainable biochar as a soil amendment is an innovative and highly promising practice for sustainable agriculture. Biochar and sustainable agriculture attra sustainable. In addition, biochar may enhance crop productive capacity of soils under different biotic and. Biochar training and education, how to videos, pdfs. This publication establishes and uses biocharas the appropriate term where charred organic matter is applied to soil in a deliberate manner, with. Reduced greenhouse gas emission and improved soil fertility is obtained under biochar application due to its physicochemical properties such as higher porosity, alkalinity and nutrient contents. Biochar is an allnatural substance thats perfect for natural farming. The european biochar certificate ebc aims to enable and guarantee sustainable biochar production, processing and sale. Insight into multiple and multilevel structures of. Different stages during composting as function of time, appearance and succession of compost biota, temperature and further processes based on lechner et al. Due to its aromatic structure, biochar is chemically and biologically more stable compared. Multifaceted application of crop residue biochar as a tool for sustainable agriculture.

Sare outreach operates under cooperative agreement award no. Shop page 5 of 45 attra sustainable agriculture program. The author has conducted a number of biochar experiments, initially on rooftops. The role of biochar in sustainable agriculture, and. The challenge of agricultural land depletion as a result of the pressure driven by the evergrowing population has brought about a renewed focus on the need for sustainable practices in agricultural production. Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change.


Tag: Biochar Market Trends

6 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market research report is formulated with the exact understanding of customer requirements. Market status at the global and regional level about Biochar industry is offered through this report which … Read More


Biochar Market 2021: Type, Share, Size, Analysis Trends, Demand 2026 | Emerging Players …

6 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market research report is formulated with the exact understanding of customer requirements. Market status at the global and regional level about Biochar industry is offered through this report which helps gain business insights at the extensive marketplace. Details about the market drivers and market restraints included in this industry analysis report helps understand whether the demand of the products in industry will rise or get lower. To provide an absolute overview of the Biochar industry, this Biochar Market report covers various aspects of market analysis, product definition, market segmentation, key developments, and the existing vendor landscape.

This comprehensive Biochar Market research report offers with an array of insights about industry and business solutions that will support to stay ahead of the competition. A systematic investment analysis is also underlined in this report which forecasts impending opportunities for the market players. This market report is the outcome of persistent efforts lead by knowledgeable forecasters, innovative analysts and brilliant researchers who carries out detailed and diligent research on different markets, trends and emerging opportunities in the consecutive direction for the business needs. This Biochar Market report analyses the Biochar industry from top to bottom by considering myriad of aspects.

Summary of the Report

The market would gain significant growth rate during the forecast period of 2019 to 2026 reaching a substantial market size by 2026. The market has been analyzed taking into considerations the different factors which includes the market drivers, restraints, opportunities, key competitor landscape, trend analysis, outlook, estimate and forecast factors.

Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

Get Free Sample Copy of the Report to understand the structure of the complete report @ https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

Major Key Players of the Biochar Market

Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd and others.

Market Scope, Segments and Forecast of the Biochar Market

The Biochar Market is witnessing high demand due to the rise in demand of the product across different end-use areas. On the basis of product, geography and application the market is bi-furcated into different sub-segments as per the feasibility check and market estimation from 2019 to 2026 have been provided for these segments.

Market Overview, Key Trends Market Dynamics

The market would gain significant growth rate during the forecast period, reaching a substantial market size by 2019. The market has been analyzed taking into considerations the different factors which includes the market drivers, restraints, opportunities, key competitor landscape, trend analysis, outlook, estimate and forecast factors. The impact of COVID -19 could be seen on the market; however, the Biochar Market would recover from this pandemic by end of the next year. We have also mentioned the key trends of the market that would impact the growth of the market at present and in the coming years as well.

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Geographical Coverage of Biochar Market

Table of Contents

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Data Bridge Market Research set forth itself as an unconventional and neoteric Market research and consulting firm with unparalleled level of resilience and integrated approaches. We are determined to unearth the best market opportunities and foster efficient information for your business to thrive in the market. Data Bridge Market Research provides appropriate solutions to the complex business challenges and initiates an effortless decision-making process.

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Biochar Market Is Expected To Rise To An Estimated Value Of USD 3.92 Billion By 2026 | Major …

6 January, 2021
 

In this Biochar Market research report, industry trends are plotted on macro level which helps clients and the businesses comprehend market place and possible future issues. A profound knowledge of industrial unanimity, market trends and incredible techniques utilized in the report gives client’s an upper hand in the market. Comprehensive data and brilliant forecasting techniques used in this report coincide with precision and correctness. Actionable market insights are always very important if seeking to create sustainable and profitable business strategies. Market segmentation is carried out in terms of markets covered, geographic scope, years considered for the study, currency and pricing, research methodology, primary interviews with key opinion leaders, DBMR market position grid, DBMR market challenge matrix, secondary sources, and assumptions.

A persuasive Biochar Market report offers better solution for refining the business strategies to thrive in this competitive market place. A number of trustworthy sources such as journals, websites, and annual reports of the companies, white papers, and mergers have been referred for assembling the data and information mentioned in this report. Information and data provided through the report can be very decisive for Biochar industry when it comes to dominating the market or creating a mark in the market as a new emergent. The research study performed in Biochar Market analysis report also helps to understand the various drivers and restraints impacting the market during the forecast period.

Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

Get Free Sample Copy of the Report to understand the structure of the complete report @ https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

The report also inspects the financial standing of the leading companies, which includes gross profit, revenue generation, sales volume, sales revenue, manufacturing cost, individual growth rate, and other financial ratios.

The market is predicted to witness significant growth over the forecast period, owing to the growing consumer awareness about the benefits of Biochar. The increase in disposable income across the key geographies has also impacted the market positively. Moreover, factors like urbanization, high population growth, and a growing middle-class population with higher disposable income are also forecasted to drive market growth.

According to the research report, one of the key challenges that might hinder the market growth is the presence of counter fit products. The market is witnessing the entry of a surging number of alternative products that use inferior ingredients.

Biochar Market Country Level Analysis:

The countries covered in the Biochar Market report are U.S., Canada and Mexico in North America, Germany, France, U.K., Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, Russia, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Rest of Europe in Europe, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in the Asia-Pacific (APAC), Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, South Africa, Egypt, Israel, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA) as a part of Middle East and Africa(MEA), Brazil, Argentina and Rest of South America as part of South America.

Check Table of Contents of This Report @ https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/toc/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

Leading Biochar  manufacturers/companies operating at both regional and global levels: Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd and others.

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Data Bridge Market Research set forth itself as an unconventional and neoteric Market research and consulting firm with unparalleled level of resilience and integrated approaches. We are determined to unearth the best market opportunities and foster efficient information for your business to thrive in the market. Data Bridge Market Research provides appropriate solutions to the complex business challenges and initiates an effortless decision-making process.

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Biochar Fertilizer Forecast

6 January, 2021
 

“Biochar Fertilizer Market Forecast 2021-2027 A recent market study published by Reports Monitor consists of a detailed evaluation of the…


Biochar Fertilizer Market Growth and Status Explored in a New Research Report: Biogrow Limited …

6 January, 2021
 

A recent market study published by Reports Monitor consists of a detailed evaluation of the key market dynamics. The report provides past as well as present growth parameters of the global Biochar Fertilizer Market. The report features important and unique factors, which are expected to significantly impact the growth of the global Biochar Fertilizer Market throughout the forecast period 2021-2027.

It sheds light on the trends, restraints, and drivers to understand the growth chance followed by the key players in the global Biochar Fertilizer Market.

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The Top Leading players operating in the market to Covered in this Report:
Biogrow Limited , Anulekh , GreenBack , Global Harvest Organics LLC , Pacific Biochar , American BioChar , Pyrotech Energy , AIRTERRA , MBD Industries & More.

The report begin with a scope of the global Biochar Fertilizer Market that includes the key findings and essential statistics of the market. This market research report also consists of the market value of the major segments of the global Biochar Fertilizer Market. Reports Monitor has found a detailed classification and the definition of the global market that helps the readers to better understand the basic information of the Biochar Fertilizer Market. It also highlights the exclusions and inclusions that help the client to understand the scope of the Biochar Fertilizer Market.

Based on the type of product, the global Biochar Fertilizer market segmented into
Organic Fertilizer 
Inorganic Fertilizer 
Compound Fertilizer

Based on the end-use, the global Biochar Fertilizer market classified into
Cereals 
Oil Crops 
Fruits and Vegetables 
Others

The report consists of key market trends, which are possible to impact the growth of the market over the forecast period 2021- 2027. Evaluation of in-depth industry trends is included in the report, along with their product innovations and key market growth.

Competitive Landscape:
The report provides a list of all the key players in the Biochar Fertilizer Market along with a detailed analysis of the strategies, which the companies are adopting. The strategies mainly include new product development, research, and development, and also provides revenue shares, company overview, and recent company developments to remain competitive in the market.

Regional Analysis For Biochar Fertilizer Market:

North America (United States, Canada, and Mexico)
Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)
Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia)
South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.)
Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa)

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In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of the Biochar Fertilizer are as follows:

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Biochar Market Growth, Segmentation Analysis by Application and Regions to 2026 | DRT, Rosin …

6 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market 2021 Global Research report added by Report Hive Research, offers a thorough analysis of the Biochar market growth, size, share, segments, top vendors, technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, opportunities, deployment models, future roadmap and forecast till 2026. […]

The Biochar Industry research focuses on the market structure along with various factors (positive and negative) that influence the market growth. The study contains a precise evaluation of the Biochar market, including growth rate, current market scenario, and volume inflation prospects, on the basis of DROT and Porter’s Five Forces analyses.

This Biochar Market report is an exceptional report that makes it possible to the industry to take strategic decisions and achieve growth objectives. The analysis of this report has been used to examine various segments that are relied upon to witness the quickest development based on the estimated forecast frame.

Major players covered in this report:


DRT
Rosin Chemical (Wuping)
Yunfu Shengda (West Tech Chemical)
Arakawachem
Finjet Chemical Industries
Guilin Songquan Forest Chemical
Shenzhen Jitian Chemical

Get a Sample Copy of the report @
https://www.reporthive.com/request_sample/2500187

Biochar market by Types:

B-90, B-115, B-140, Others

Biochar market by Applications:

Coating Industry, Ink Industry, Adhesive Industry, Medical Industry, Pigment Industry, Others

Why should you buy Biochar Market Report?
-This report provides pin-point analysis for changing competitive dynamics
-It provides a forward looking perspective on different factors driving or restraining market growth
-It provides a five-year forecast assessed on the basis of how the market is predicted to grow
-It helps in understanding the key product segments and their future
-It provides pin point analysis of changing competition dynamics and keeps you ahead of competitors
-It helps in making informed business decisions by having complete insights of market and -by making in-depth analysis of market segments

Regional Analysis:
Besides segmental breakdown, the report is highly structured into region wise study. The regional analysis comprehensively done by the researchers highlights key regions and their dominating countries accounting for substantial revenue share in the keyword market. The study helps understanding how the market will fare in the respective region, while also mentioning the emerging regions growing with a significant CAGR. The following are the regions covered in this report.

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Following are the chapter wise highlights of the Table of Content:

About us:

Our research base consists of a wide spectrum of premium market research reports. Apart from comprehensive syndicated research reports, our in-house team of research analysts leverages excellent research capabilities to deliver highly customized tailor-made reports. The market entry strategies presented in our reports has helped organizations of all sizes to generate profits by making timely business decisions. The research information including market size, sales, revenue, and competitive analysis offered, is the product of our excellence in the market research domain.

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Biochar Market Overview | Key Vendor Landscape, Demand By Countries And Future Growth …

6 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market Report acts as a valued source of information with which businesses can achieve a telescopic view of the current market trends, consumer’s demands and preferences, market situations, opportunities and market status. It helps businesses obtain granular level clarity on current business trends and expected future developments. The principal areas of market analysis such as market definition, market segmentation, competitive analysis and research methodology are studied very vigilantly and precisely throughout the report. Biochar market research report assists businesses with the intelligent decision making and better manage marketing of goods which ultimately leads to growth in the business.

Market Overview:

Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

This Biochar report provides overview of the market where it identifies industry trends, determines brand awareness and influence, provides industry insights and offers competitive intelligence. Biochar Market report includes noteworthy information alongside future conjecture and point by point market scanning on a worldwide, regional and local level for the industry.

Download Free Sample Report with Statistical info @https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-biochar-market

Competitors Analysis:

Few of the major competitors currently working in the global biochar market are Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd and others.

Scope of the Report:

Key Market Development:

The report provides in-depth information about profitable showing markets and analyzes the markets for the global Biochar market. It provides full information about new product launches, current developments, and investments in the global market. The report delivers an complete evaluation of market shares, strategies, products, and manufacturing capabilities of the top players in the global market.

Customization of the Report: This report can be customized to meet the client’s requirements. Please connect with our sales team who will ensure that you get a report that suits your needs.

For Any Enquiry or Specific Requirement Speak to Our Analyst @

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Biochar Market report covers the different market scenarios that have direct impact on the growth of the market. The report is structured with the meticulous efforts of an innovative, enthusiastic, knowledgeable and experienced team of analysts, researchers, industry experts, and forecasters. In the end, the report makes some important proposal of the new project of Biochar industry before evaluating its feasibility.

Key Pointers in TOC of Biochar Market Report:

Sections 1: Definition, Specifications and Classification of Biochar, Applications of Biochar, Market Segment by Regions
Sections 2: Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Biochar, Capacity and, R&D Status and Technology Source, Raw Materials Sources Analysis
Sections 3: Market Analysis, Sales Examination, sales Value Investigation
Sections 4: Regional Market Investigation that incorporates North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa Market Examination
Sections 5: The Biochar Segment Market Analysis (by Application) Major Manufacturers Analysis of Biochar
Sections 6: Market Trend Analysis, Regional Market Trend, Market Trend by Product Type
Sections 7: Regional Promoting Type Investigation, Inventory network Investigation
Sections 8: The Customers Examination of global Biochar
Sections 9: Biochar Research Findings and Conclusion, Appendix, system and information source
Sections 10: Biochar deals channel, wholesalers, merchants, traders, Exploration Discoveries and End, appendix and data source.
Continued…..

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Data Bridge set forth itself as an unconventional and neoteric Market research and consulting firm with unparalleled level of resilience and integrated approaches. We are determined to unearth the best market opportunities and foster efficient information for your business to thrive in the market. Data Bridge endeavors to provide appropriate solutions to the complex business challenges and initiates an effortless decision-making process.We ponder into the heterogeneous markets in accord with our clients needs and scoop out the best possible solutions and detailed information about the market trends. Data Bridge delve into the markets across Asia, North America, South America, Africa to name few.Data Bridge adepts in creating satisfied clients who reckon upon our services and rely on our hard work with certitude. We are content with our glorious 99.9 % client satisfying rate.

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Global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) Market 2020 …

6 January, 2021
 

The Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market report offers a plethora of essential components such as the size of the market as well as its share along with forecast trends, specifications, and applications. The report clarifies the summary of present innovations, specifications, parameters, and creation in a detailed manner. The Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) industry report also provides a complete abstract of the economic fluctuations in terms of fulfillment ratios and demand rates.

The global market is a broad field for player’s Agri-Tech Producers LLC, Blackcarbon A/S, Cool Planet Energy Technologys Inc, Vega Biofuels Inc, Genesis, Earth Technologys Pty Ltd, Green Charcoal International, Biochar Products Inc, Hawaii Biochar Products. LLC, Diacarbon Energy Inc providing growth avenues.

The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the strengthen of multinational companies with a powerful sense of purpose.

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Segments [Product Types: Woody Biomass, Agricultural Waste, Animal Manure, Others; End-User Applications: Agriculture, Water & Waste Water Treatment, Others] are broadly divided based on the constant upgrades in the development parameters, reliability parameters, quality parameters, applications, and end-user demand. The report for the global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market also verifies a series of factors comprising manufacture CAGR, size, share, forecast trends, sales, supply, production, demands, industry, and analysis.

The slight modification in the product profile results in a major alteration in the product prototype, development platforms, and production methods. These overall factors are associated with manufacturing and are very well enlightened in the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) report. The Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market research report also offers a forecast on the basis of the present analytical techniques and business trends. It also offers a detailed examination of the important growth factors that are verified on the basis of end-user demands, restraining elements, regulatory compliance, and variable market changes.

Also, get an updated and revised market data here: https://www.syndicatemarketresearch.com/market-analysis/biochar-pyrolysis-gasification-hydrothermal-and-others-technology-market.html

A number of trends such as globalization, over-capacity in developed markets, technology advancement, environmental concerns, Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market fragmentation regulation, and proliferation of products are mentioned in the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) research report. The characteristics and performance of the global Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market are calculated on the basis of the qualitative as well as quantitative technique to offer a clear view of the future and current forecast trend.

The players are analyzed through:

Geographical Segments:

The primary geographical areas North America(U.S., Canada, Rest of North America), Europe(UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Rest of Europe), Asia Pacific(China, Japan, India, Southeast Asia, Rest of Asia Pacific), Latin America (Brazil, Argentina, Rest of Latin America), Middle East and Africa(GCC Countries, South Africa, Rest of Middle East & Africa) are also examined in this report.

The report also contains graphs, realistic figures, and diagrams, which show the status of the Biochar (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Hydrothermal and Others Technology) market on the regional and global platforms.

For any query/question ask freely @ sales@syndicatemarketresearch.com


Wood Vinegar Market Dynamics , Regional Outlook , Key Participants and Forecast Till 2025

6 January, 2021
 

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Snapshot

Pyroligneous acid, commonly known as wood vinegar, is created from wood and plant materials, using a process known as destructive distillation. The core ingredients of wood vinegar include acetone, methanol, and acetic acid, and was historically used to produce acetic acid on large scales. Currently, the scope of use of wood vinegar stretches across a large number of application segments. One of the more common uses of wood vinegar goes in animal feed. Wood vinegar is an excellent choice when it comes to organic farming, as an additive to animal feedstock as well as a pesticide and fertilizer. Several organizations are supporting the use of wood vinegar amid the growing trend of organic farming, thereby creating added demand. The industry for char generation is a supportive force behind the organic production of wood vinegar and the booming demand experienced by the former is expected to help the global wood vinegar market in general. Additionally, wood vinegar is a high density fluid that bears a positive perspective when it comes to transportation of large quantities, thereby falling perfectly into place within an existing agriculture infrastructure in most countries.

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Wood vinegar is also getting recommended more and more for human treatment against commonplace issues such as acid reflux, foul odors, and an overall promotion of good bowel and liver health. Some studies also point to the lowering of cholesterol levels through a regular consumption of wood vinegar. It is also a common remedy against external irritations and inflammations, such as those caused by contact with poison ivy.

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Overview

The global wood vinegar market is expected to grow at a robust pace between 2017 and 2025. While it has been around for many years now, the market has been able to gain significant pace in emerging nations across Asia Pacific as they show more dependence on the agriculture sector. Wood vinegar, also known as liquid smoke, is a byproduct of biochar or charcoal production. Obtained through carbonization it is a dark liquid and witnesses high demand due to its bactericidal effect, which in turn helps in root stimulation.

In this report, TMR Research aims at identifying the market drivers and restraints that could limit growth of the global wood vinegar market between 2017 and 2025. For the purpose of the study the report covers the market based on various segments, and provides in-depth analysis of the manufacturing cost and supply chain. A detailed assessment of the investment feasibility is aimed at providing existing and new players in-depth insights into the opportunities prevalent in the global wood vinegar market.

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Global Wood Vinegar Market: Key Market Segments

For the purpose of the study, the global wood vinegar market is segmented based on various parameters such as animal feed, agriculture, medicinal, food, and consumer products. By application, the market can be segmented into animal feed, consumer products, medicinal, agriculture, and other industrial uses such as in waste water treatment, creosote and tar production, and in the production of acetic acid. Of these, the demand from the agriculture sector is expected to report a considerable rise over the course of the forecast period.

In the agriculture sector, wood vinegar is used as fertilizer and pesticide and exhibits multifunctional benefits. It is also proven useful in controlling the impact of insects on crops and when mixed with manure wood vinegar helps reducing odor. Because it facilitates cell growth and acts as a catalyst for growth of various microbes and enzymes, wood vinegar has also proven beneficial in photosynthesis. The growing knowledge of the benefits it provide is expected to help the global wood vinegar market exhibit strong growth over the course of the forecast period.

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Regional Analysis

Regionally, Asia Pacific is expected to continue exhibiting lucrative opportunities for enterprises operating in the wood vinegar market. Besides expert opinions for the region to showcase the highest CAGR, enterprises are also expected to gain from the increasing demand for biofertilizers and biopesticides in Asia Pacific. Despite opportunities witnessed in the region, the low level of awareness about the correct application of wood vinegar will continue creating bottlenecks for the market in Asia Pacific.

As per TMR, the market will continue witnessing robust opportunities in developed regions. As the leading economies in North America and Europe boast a high rate of technological developments, these regions will continue exhibiting lucrative opportunities for enterprises operating in the wood vinegar market.

Global Wood Vinegar Market: Vendor Landscape

The report covers a detailed assessment of the prevailing vendor landscape in the market. To identify the strengths and weaknesses of the leading companies, it conducts SWOT analysis on them, which also provides insights into the threats and opportunities that these companies might witness over the course of the forecast period.

Some of the most prominent companies operating in the global wood vinegar market are Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corp., ACE (Singapore) Pte Ltd, TAGROW CO., LTD. (China), Nettenergy BV (Netherlands), and Byron Biochar (Australia).

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TMR Research is a premier provider of customized market research and consulting services to business entities keen on succeeding in today’s supercharged economic climate. Armed with an experienced, dedicated, and dynamic team of analysts, we are redefining the way our clients’ conduct business by providing them with authoritative and trusted research studies in tune with the latest methodologies and market trends.

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Biochar Market to Witness Growth Acceleration during 2020-2027 | Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme …

6 January, 2021
 

For Sample Copy of Reports: https://www.contrivedatuminsights.com/request-sample/129756

The research report is a complete study of data related to the competitive landscape of the market and the recent strategies & products that assist or affect the market in the forecasted period. The Biochar Market Insights 2020, Global Analysis and Forecast to 2027 market has a broad segmentation of components, deployment mode, organization size, deception stack, organization size, industry vertical, and regional outlook.

Top Key Players: By Market Players:
Cool Planet
Biochar Supreme
NextChar
Terra Char
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy
CharGrow
Pacific Biochar
Biochar Now
The Biochar Company (TBC)
ElementC6
Vega Biofuels

Global Biochar Market Insights 2020, Global Analysis and Forecast to 2027 Market Segmentation:

Market Segmentation By Type:
Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

Market Segmentation By Application:
Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

The business participants are extensively focusing on product innovations, new product launches, mergers, and acquisitions for expanding their geographic foothold and capturing greater market share. To make the most of the opportunities, market vendors should focus more on the growth prospects in the fast-growing segments.

The cost analysis of the Global Biochar Market Insights 2020, Global Analysis and Forecast to 2027 Market has been performed while keeping in view manufacturing expenses, labor cost, and raw materials and their market concentration rate, suppliers, and price trend. Other factors such as Supply chain, downstream buyers, and sourcing strategy have been assessed to provide a complete and in-depth view of the market. Buyers of the report will also be exposed to a study on market positioning with factors such as target client, brand strategy, and price strategy taken into consideration.

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Research objectives of Biochar Market Insights 2020, Global Analysis and Forecast to 2027 Market:

Key Features of the Report:

Table of Contents:

In the final conclusion, this Biochar Market Insights 2020, Global Analysis and Forecast to 2027 Market report discusses the key drivers influencing market growth, opportunities, the challenges, and the risks faced by key manufacturers and the market as a whole. It also analyzes key emerging trends and their impact on present and future development.

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Antimonate Sequestration from Aqueous Solution Using Zirconium, Iron and Zirconium-iron …

6 January, 2021
 

Antimonate Sequestration from Aqueous Solution Using Zirconium, Iron and Zirconium-iron Modified Biochars

Antimony (Sb) is increasingly being recognized as an important contaminant due to its various industrial applications and mining operations. Environmental remediation approaches for Sb are still lacking, as is the understanding of Sb environmental chemistry. In this study, biosolid biochar (BSBC) was produced and utilized to remove antimonate (Sb(V)) from aqueous solution. Zirconium (Zr), Zirconium-iron (Zr-Fe) and Fe-O coated BSBC were synthesized for enhancing Sb(V) sorption capacities of BSBC. The combined results of specific surface area, FTIR, SEM-EDS, TEM-EDS, and XPS confirmed that Zr and/or Zr-Fe were successfully coated onto BSBC. The effects of reaction time, pH, initial Sb(V) concentration, adsorbate doses, ionic strength, temperature, and the influence of major competitive co-existing anions and cations on the adsorption of Sb(V) were investigated. The maximum sorption capacity of Zr-O, Zr-Fe, Zr-FeCl3, Fe-O, and FeCl3 coated BSBC were 66.67, 98.04, 85.47, 39.68, and 31.54 mg/g respectively under acidic conditions. The XPS results revealed redox transformation of Sb(V) species to Sb(III) occurred under oxic conditions, demonstrating the biochar’s ability to behave as an electron shuttle during sorption. The sorption study suggest that Zr-O and Zr-O-Fe coated BSBC could perform as favourable adsorbents for mitigating Sb(V) contaminated waters.

Due to technical limitations, full-text HTML conversion of this manuscript could not be completed. However, the latest manuscript can be downloaded and accessed as a PDF.

This is a list of supplementary files associated with this preprint. Click to download.

On 06 Jan, 2021

On 06 Jan, 2021

Invitations sent on 06 Jan, 2021

On 01 Jan, 2021

On 01 Jan, 2021

On 01 Jan, 2021

On 30 Dec, 2020

Antimonate Sequestration from Aqueous Solution Using Zirconium, Iron and Zirconium-iron Modified Biochars

On 06 Jan, 2021

On 06 Jan, 2021

Invitations sent on 06 Jan, 2021

On 01 Jan, 2021

On 01 Jan, 2021

On 01 Jan, 2021

On 30 Dec, 2020

Antimony (Sb) is increasingly being recognized as an important contaminant due to its various industrial applications and mining operations. Environmental remediation approaches for Sb are still lacking, as is the understanding of Sb environmental chemistry. In this study, biosolid biochar (BSBC) was produced and utilized to remove antimonate (Sb(V)) from aqueous solution. Zirconium (Zr), Zirconium-iron (Zr-Fe) and Fe-O coated BSBC were synthesized for enhancing Sb(V) sorption capacities of BSBC. The combined results of specific surface area, FTIR, SEM-EDS, TEM-EDS, and XPS confirmed that Zr and/or Zr-Fe were successfully coated onto BSBC. The effects of reaction time, pH, initial Sb(V) concentration, adsorbate doses, ionic strength, temperature, and the influence of major competitive co-existing anions and cations on the adsorption of Sb(V) were investigated. The maximum sorption capacity of Zr-O, Zr-Fe, Zr-FeCl3, Fe-O, and FeCl3 coated BSBC were 66.67, 98.04, 85.47, 39.68, and 31.54 mg/g respectively under acidic conditions. The XPS results revealed redox transformation of Sb(V) species to Sb(III) occurred under oxic conditions, demonstrating the biochar’s ability to behave as an electron shuttle during sorption. The sorption study suggest that Zr-O and Zr-O-Fe coated BSBC could perform as favourable adsorbents for mitigating Sb(V) contaminated waters.

Due to technical limitations, full-text HTML conversion of this manuscript could not be completed. However, the latest manuscript can be downloaded and accessed as a PDF.


Full article: Combined effect of biochar and nitrogen fertilizer reduction on rapeseed productivity …

6 January, 2021
 

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5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG


Removal of extracellular antibiotic resistance genes using magnetic biochar/quaternary …

6 January, 2021
 

The proliferation and spread of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) is becoming a worldwide crisis. Extracellular DNA encoding ARGs (eARGs) in aquatic environment plays a critical role in the dispersion of antimicrobial resistance genes. Strategies to control the dissemination of eARGs are urgently required for ecological safety and human health. Towards this goal, magnetic biochar/quaternary phosphonium salt (MBQ), was used to investigate the efficiency and removal mechanism for eARGs. Magnetic biochar modified by quaternary phosphonium salt enhanced the adsorption capacity of extracellular DNA to approximately 9 folds, compared to that of the unmodified. DNA adsorption by MBQ was mainly dominated by chemisorption in heterogeneous systems and was promoted in acidic and low-salt environment. The generation of •OH and MBQ colloid jointly cleaved DNA into fragments, facilitating the adsorption of the phosphate backbone of DNA onto MBQ through electrostatic force as well as the conformational transition of DNA. Furthermore, quantification of extracellular DNA after MBQ was applied in water demonstrated that over 92.7% of resistance genes were removed, indicating a significantly reduced risk of propagation of antimicrobial resistance in aquatic environments. These findings have a practical significance in the application of MBQ in mitigating the spread of ARGs in aquatic environment.

抗生素抗性基因(ARGs)的扩散和传播正在成为世界性的危机。在水生环境中,编码ARGs(eARGs)的细胞外DNA在抗菌素耐药基因的分散中起关键作用。为生态安全和人类健康迫切需要控制eARG传播的策略。为了达到这个目标,磁性生物炭/季phospho盐(MBQ)用于研究eARG的效率和去除机理。与未修饰的相比,季phospho盐修饰的磁性生物炭将细胞外DNA的吸附能力提高了约9倍。MBQ对DNA的吸附主要由异质系统中的化学吸附控制,并在酸性和低盐环境中得到促进。•OH和MBQ胶体的产生将DNA切割成碎片,从而通过静电力以及DNA的构象转变促进DNA的磷酸主链吸附到MBQ上。此外,在水中应用MBQ后对细胞外DNA的定量分析表明,超过92.7%的抗性基因被去除,表明在水生环境中抗微生物抗性传播的风险大大降低。这些发现对MBQ在减轻ARGs在水生环境中的传播中的应用具有实际意义。在水中应用MBQ后,对细胞外DNA的定量分析表明,超过92.7%的抗性基因被去除,表明在水生环境中抗微生物抗性传播的风险大大降低。这些发现对MBQ在减轻ARGs在水生环境中的传播中的应用具有实际意义。在水中应用MBQ后,对细胞外DNA的定量分析表明,超过92.7%的抗性基因被去除,表明在水生环境中抗微生物抗性传播的风险大大降低。这些发现对MBQ在减轻ARGs在水生环境中的传播中的应用具有实际意义。


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6 January, 2021
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Size – Technological Advancement And Growth Analysis With Forecast …

6 January, 2021
 

This report on Biochar Fertilizer market, published by UpMarketResearch, is an in-depth analysis that studies crucial aspects of the market, which will assist clients to make right decision about their business investment plans and strategies. The market report entails a detailed information regarding the key segments and sub-segmentations including the product types, applications, and regions by examining the emerging market size, performance, and scope of each segment of the Biochar Fertilizer.

Keeping 2020 as the base year, the report evaluates the extensive data available of the Biochar Fertilizer Market for the historical period, 2015-2020 and assess the market trend for the forecast period from 2020 to 2027. With an aim to supply a robust assessment of the market, the report offers vital insights on industry growth opportunities and development, drivers and restrains for the Biochar Fertilizer market with focusing on consumers’ behavior and industrial trend for the prior years as well as the base year.

Request a sample before buying this report @ https://www.upmarketresearch.com/home/requested_sample/38454

One key aspect of the report is that it provides an extensive study on the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the global market and explains how it would affect the future business operations of the industry. In short, UpMarketResearch’s report provides an in-depth analysis of the overall market structure of Biochar Fertilizer and assesses the possible changes in the current as well as future competitive scenarios of the Biochar Fertilizer market. Reflecting the pandemic effects, the report also includes information regarding the changing market scenario, competition landscape of the companies, and the flow of the global supply and consumption.

Besides describing the market positions of various major key players for the Biochar Fertilizer market, the report makes a concrete assessment on the key strategies and plans formulated by them over the recent years. In addition to this, the report provides information about recent developments such as product launch, entering merger and acquisition, partnership and collaboration, and expansion of the production plants by some key players.

This report includes the estimation of market size for value (USD) and volume (K MT), with applying top-down and bottom-up approaches to estimate and validate the overall scope of the Biochar Fertilizer market. The report is prepared with a group of graphical representations, tables, and figures which displays a clear picture of the developments of the products and its market performance over the last few years. With this precise report, it can be easily understood the growth potential, revenue growth, product range, and pricing factors related to the Biochar Fertilizer market.

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The published report consists of a robust research methodology by relying on primary source including interviews of the company executives & representatives and accessing official documents, websites, and press release of the companies related to the Biochar Fertilizer market. It also includes comments and suggestions from the experts in the market especially the representatives from government and public organizations as well as international NGOs. The report prepared by UpMarketResearch is known for its data accuracy and precise style, which relies on genuine information and data source. Moreover, customized report can be available as per the client’s wishes or specific needs.

Key companies that are covered in this report:

Biogrow Limited
Biochar Farms
Anulekh
GreenBack
Carbon Fertilizer
Global Harvest Organics LLC

*Note: Additional companies can be included on request

The report covers a detailed performance of some of the key players and analysis of major players in the industry, segments, application, and regions. Moreover, the report also considers the government’s policies in different regions which illustrates the key opportunities as well as challenges of the market in each region.

By Application:

Cereals
Oil Crops
Fruits and Vegetables
Others

By Type:

Organic Fertilizer
Inorganic Fertilizer
Compound Fertilizer

As per the report by UpMarketResearch, the Biochar Fertilizer market is projected to reach a value of USDXX by the end of 2027 and grow at a CAGR of XX% through the forecast period (2020-2027). The report describes the current market trend of the Biochar Fertilizer in regions, covering North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa by focusing the market performance by the key countries in the respective regions. According to the need of the clients, this report can be customized and available in a separate report for the specific region.

You can also go for a yearly subscription of all the updates on Biochar Fertilizer market.

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This report provides a complete guideline for the clients to arrive an informed business decisions since it entails a comprehensive information, which will help the clients to understand better of the current & future market situation.

Apart from that, the report also answers some of the key questions given below:

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About UpMarketResearch

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Biochar with Lottie & Connor of Earthly Biochar on Apple Podcasts

7 January, 2021
 

33 min

This interview features two guests instead of the usual one and those guests are Lottie and Connor, founders of Earthly Biochar. Maybe you already use Biochar in the garden, maybe you’ve heard of it but aren’t quite sure what it does or how it works, or maybe you’re completely new to it as a concept. In any case, I’m sure you’ll learn such a lot from this interview.

Dr Ian Bedford’s Bug of the Week: Spiders and their Webs

This interview features two guests instead of the usual one and those guests are Lottie and Connor, founders of Earthly Biochar. Maybe you already use Biochar in the garden, maybe you’ve heard of it but aren’t quite sure what it does or how it works, or maybe you’re completely new to it as a concept. In any case, I’m sure you’ll learn such a lot from this interview.

Dr Ian Bedford’s Bug of the Week: Spiders and their Webs


Biochar co-applied with organic amendments increased soil-plant potassium and root biomass but …

7 January, 2021
 

Biochar can improve soil nutrient retention and alleviate salinity; however, use is not widespread due to cost. Biochar is usually co-applied with a full-rate of supplementary fertiliser before planting. This study investigated co-application of bamboo biochar with organic fertiliser and amendments on nutrient cycling, plant growth, yield and commercial value of ginger.

Four treatments were applied including no amendment, organic amendments and organic amendments co-applied with biochar at two applications rates of 10 t ha−1 and 30 t ha−1. Plant growth, biomass, foliar nutrient and water-extractable soil nutrients were examined.

Co-applied high rate biochar increased available soil potassium (K) concentration (+ 89%) over 22 weeks and led to increased foliar K concentration (+ 25%) at harvest and after 30 weeks compared with organic amendments alone. Biochar high rate decreased soil sodium concentration (− 22%) over 22 weeks. Biochar high rate increased root mass fraction and plant height but decreased the number of stems, and therefore, did not increase aboveground biomass compared with all other treatments. In contrast, ginger rhizome yield, grade and commercial value were not affected by biochar treatments.

Added biochar provided additional net K that improved foliar concentration late in the growing season following dissolution. The additional K supply then stimulated root growth and biomass re-allocation despite daily irrigation throughout the growing season. Therefore, we suggest biochar as a useful amendment to prevent nutrient loss and alleviate salinity for organic crops.

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The authors would like to acknowledge Mr. Scott Byrnes and Mr. Geoffrey Lambert and for assistance with laboratory analysis, Mrs. Emma Farrar, Mr. Bruce Randall, Mr. Ross McIntosh, Mr. Ian Darby, Mr. Chris Taylor, Mrs. April Gray and Dr. David Walton for their valued assistance with field work.

Mr. Michael B Farrar was supported by University of the Sunshine Coast and received an Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP) Scholarship to undertake this research. This study was supported with Seed Funding from Griffith University and University of the Sunshine Coast.

Correspondence to Michael B. Farrar.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Responsible editor: Weixin Ding

(DOCX 110 kb)

Received: 02 September 2020

Accepted: 24 November 2020

Published: 07 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-020-02846-2

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Readworks developing possible solutions and biochar answer key

7 January, 2021
 

Study smarter with access to millions of step-by-step textbook solutions, a searchable digital database of homework solutions, and subject matter experts on standby 24/7 to provide homework help when you need it. Subscribe and your first month is $4.99!*

This problem refers to Heather's age two years into the future and three years back in the past. Unlike most "age" word problems, this exercise is not comparing two different people's ages at the same point in time, but rather the same person's ages at different points in time.

Jeep renegade red blinking light

Question Number Answer Level 1 Head Reference for Answer Difficulty 1 B – Elaboration The Stages and Activities of System Development. M 2 A – Inception The Stages and Activities of System Development. E 3 B – Diamond Family IS Methodology. M 4 D – Risk avoidance Managing the IS Project. E 5 team composition The People Who Develop IS

Solution for: Research using twins. Answer Table. 1. FALSE. The key to their approach was a statistical concept called heritability. in broad terms, the heritability of a trait measures the extent to which differences among members of a population can be explained by differences in their genetics.Over the years, AOP has expanded from its original LIFEPAC print curriculum to include the popular Horizons line. In addition, AOP has played a key role in developing computer-based curriculum for homeschoolers, including Switched-On Schoolhouse and the groundbreaking Monarch online curriculum with learning options across grade levels.


A potential Mg-enriched biochar fertilizer: Excellent slow-release performance and release …

7 January, 2021
 

MBF was fabricated via pyrolysis of corn straw and reclaim of N and P from biogas effluent.

MBF exhibited excellent slow-release ability of both N and P nutrients.

MBF was a potential slow-release fertilizer to promote the plant growth.

The P slow-release behavior of MBF was enhanced by the ‘P-trap’ effect of MgO.

The N-release behavior of MBF was controlled by multi-effects of biochar carrier.

MBF was fabricated via pyrolysis of corn straw and reclaim of N and P from biogas effluent.

MBF exhibited excellent slow-release ability of both N and P nutrients.

MBF was a potential slow-release fertilizer to promote the plant growth.

The P slow-release behavior of MBF was enhanced by the ‘P-trap’ effect of MgO.

The N-release behavior of MBF was controlled by multi-effects of biochar carrier.

A potential Mg-enriched biochar fertilizer (MBF) was successfully synthesized via pyrolysis of MgCl2-enriched corn straw and high-efficiency reclaiming of N- and P-containing nutrients from biogas effluent. Mathematical modeling and column leaching method demonstrated that the MBF exhibited excellent slow-release performances of total P and N with sustainable release rates. Leaching experiment indicated that the final accumulative release ratios of N and P from MBF were 7 times and 6 times lower than those of chemical fertilizer (CF), respectively. The mechanism study reveals that the P-release performance of MBF was not only controlled by the low solubility of Mg-P precipitates formed on the biochar surface, but also enhanced by the ‘P-trap’ effect of MgO through re-precipitation process of PO43-. Meanwhile, the N-release behavior of MBF was dominated by the multi-effects of biochar carrier, including the confinement effect and electrostatic attraction for NH4+, as well as the hydrogen bonds and pore-filling effect for N-containing organic matter. In addition, MBF significantly promoted the corn growth and enhanced the nutrient uptake efficiency of corn. These results suggested that MBF may therefore have promising potential in sustainable agriculture application with multiple environmental benefits.


Biochar for lawn

7 January, 2021
 


stone crusher biochar

7 January, 2021
 

10 Oct 2013 … The size I would want it to be crushed etc into is roughly 2 Millimeters. One thought I had was some sort of hand operated rock jaw crusher.

8 Feb 2016 … How does one grind biochar to tiny or dust-like particles prior to adding to soil? Solutions such as blender, coffee grinder, bag&hammer, spread out on hard surface and … I figure if it could, it would kill two birds with one stone.

29 products … China Biochar Crusher Machine, China Biochar Crusher Machine Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory – Source a Large Selection of Biochar …

23 Sep 2019 … This is a video compilation of 9 different Verdés Primary Crushers for clay and mineral crushing.Primary crushers are suitable for the primary crushing or gr… … High crushing force stone roller crusher by Dahua in China. Luoyang Dahua Heavy … Making A Charcoal Grinder – for biochar. Way Out West …

15 Jan 2016 … Figure 4-11: The effect of binder concentration on the crushing strength of … stepping stone to assess biochar’s potential as a soil amendment.

biochar, more cheaply than the pyrolysis process the main emphasis in the … Since this type of device requires the feedstock be less than 4 cm, an auxiliary crusher may be … These mechanical systems, in the form of mill stones or scrapers …

Size reduction for fertilizers and biochar. The ever increasing uses for biochar materials, and soil conditioners and additives makes the efficient processing of …

19 May 2007 … I made some garden beds, some without biochar and some … crusher at ebay with the description: "Rock Stone Brick Jaw Crusher Gold Mining …

Biochar can benefit your soil, but only if properly prepared prior to application. … Crushing, grinding, and screening char are thus valuable for increasing char’s … Stone meal or rock dusts are natural, insoluble forms of minerals that can be …

For cooking, they use a traditional 3 stone open fire, requiring a great deal of … the cost of buying charcoal on the marketplace, crushing it and adding it to plots.

6 Sep 2017 … To increase soil fertility, the application of biochar (charred biomass) has … biochar had a high proportion of fine sized particles after crushing to <2 mm. … soil depth after subtraction of the stone contents from the soil mass.

10 Aug 2020 … Dust can be produced during biochar processing (crushing and packing) … organic matter humification and compost quality with medical stone.

15 Sep 2011 … and post- treatment (crushing, sieving, activation, etc.). … high surface area of oil palm stone biochar … of the stones and the maximum pyrolysis.

The present invention provides for biochar coated particles and a method for coating the … than other methods of sizing such as grinding, crushing, sieving, or shaking. … A solid or semi-solid particle, such as a small stone, polymer bead, …

The method comprises the steps of: (1) crushing banana peel, then mixing the crushed … by the method and application of the biochar to adsorption of heavy metals. … and copper (II) onto activated carbon prepared from olive stone waste.

smart biochar systems in Ethiopia: Biomass resource availability to … water conservation (ISWC) practices such as construction of stone and soil … production capacity of 110,000 tonnes of sugar with a sugar cane crushing capacity of 4500.

how to find the feed rate for jaw crusher in zambia How To Find The Feed Rate For Crusher How To … Advice on Crushing Biochar biochar forum at permies.

The applicability of steam activated pine and spruce bark biochar for storm water … switchgrass, hard and soft wood [15], oil palm stones [16], oil palm shells [17], … the activation reagent, crushing is an extra step in the manufacturing process.

22 Mar 2018 … Blending Biochar with Rockdust: High-efficiency Mineral Delivery. David Yarrow … Rock and stone are the foundation of every house. … In addition, hundreds of US quarries are blasting and crushing magma into aggregate.

23 Mar 2020 … Environmental Perspective of Stone Crushing and Quarrying: A Case Study from Poonch District of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Javed Manzoor1* …

10 Oct 2013 … The size I would want it to be crushed etc into is roughly 2 Millimeters. One thought I had was some sort of hand operated rock jaw crusher.

23 Sep 2019 … This is a video compilation of 9 different Verdés Primary Crushers for clay and mineral crushing.Primary crushers are suitable for the primary crushing or gr… … High crushing force stone roller crusher by Dahua in China. Luoyang Dahua Heavy … Making A Charcoal Grinder – for biochar. Way Out West …

29 products … China Biochar Crusher Machine, China Biochar Crusher Machine Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory – Source a Large Selection of Biochar …

biochar, more cheaply than the pyrolysis process the main emphasis in the … Since this type of device requires the feedstock be less than 4 cm, an auxiliary crusher may be … These mechanical systems, in the form of mill stones or scrapers …

15 Jan 2016 … Figure 4-11: The effect of binder concentration on the crushing strength of … stepping stone to assess biochar’s potential as a soil amendment.

Size reduction for fertilizers and biochar. The ever increasing uses for biochar materials, and soil conditioners and additives makes the efficient processing of …

Biochar can benefit your soil, but only if properly prepared prior to application. … Crushing, grinding, and screening char are thus valuable for increasing char’s … Stone meal or rock dusts are natural, insoluble forms of minerals that can be …

Industrial processes for altering the physical structure of biochar … treatment (crushing, sieving, activation, etc.). … surface area of oil palm stone biochar deteri-.

19 May 2007 … I made some garden beds, some without biochar and some … crusher at ebay with the description: "Rock Stone Brick Jaw Crusher Gold Mining …

The present invention provides for biochar coated particles and a method for coating the … than other methods of sizing such as grinding, crushing, sieving, or shaking. … A solid or semi-solid particle, such as a small stone, polymer bead, …

smart biochar systems in Ethiopia: Biomass resource availability to … water conservation (ISWC) practices such as construction of stone and soil … production capacity of 110,000 tonnes of sugar with a sugar cane crushing capacity of 4500.

basalt stone quarry plant beneficiation process for saleBasalt Stone Rock … Limestone jaw crusher is the widely used primary limestone crusher machine. … best in Biochar formulations nationally Local sourcing and nationwide delivery of the …

3 Nov 2010 … We’re producing "biochar" and are about to start some plant growth trials, but … Try rough stones as well. … A jaw crusher would work fine.

crusher in zambia such as stone crusher,jaw crusher,impact crusher,grinder … Crusher Vendor In Zambia Millmaker World Biochar Headlines 08 2017biochar.

12 Sep 2018 … ate the stone material that we know as concrete today. … the rock is crushed, going through different stages: The first crushing reduces the rock …

Bio Char. thonotorose. 6 years ago. Starting this thread in the hope that it will begin a great … The stone will look black just like the wood char but will not crush.

Chemical Characteristics of Biochar and Biochar-Amended Soil… … also undergo crushing under higher loads, which also causes reduction in void space. … specimen was placed in the ring with one porous stone on the top and another one …

Families generally use a traditional 3 stone open fire for cooking, requiring a great … Crushing charcoal to produce biochar; field trials labeled with amendments; …

Also known as rock minerals, rock flour, rock powder, stone dust, soil remineralizer and mineral fines, rock dust is finely crushed rock containing micronutrients …

Soto-Garrido G, Croswel A, Garcia R, Arriagada R (2003) A peach Stone … Decreasing the particle size of biochar by crushing after pyrolysis did not affect the …

introduce several oxygen functional groups onto the biochar surface. Particularly … solutions by activated carbon prepared from apricot stone. … treatment procedures (drying, crushing), and the post-treatment processes (activation method).

nures, straw, stone meal, soil, biochar (BC) and mature compost, and … were prepared by crushing a subset of the samples and sieving those crushed particles …

Items 1 – 28 of 28 … How Much A Stone Crusher Fiji – android-hubo.de Stone crusher … Biochar grinder biochar crusher biochar pulveriser what ever you want to …

18 Nov 2011 … Advocates claim that adding biochar to soils will store carbon safely away from the … crushing it under the wheels of a … 3-stone fires and more efficient than several other stoves, the char retention, unsurprisingly, meant.

100 Products … Biochar is a term used to describe the char product of pyrolysis when biomass is … (ASC), Olive stone char (OSC), Olive-tree pruning char (OPC) and Pinewood … equipment for crushing, sorting and distributing biomass in the …

22 Jan 2020 … Keywords: biochar; activated carbon; steam activation; phenol … and wheat straw [14], switchgrass, hard and soft wood [15], oil palm stones [16], oil … reactive surface area for the activation reagent, crushing is an extra step in …

19 May 2020 … I also crush the finished charcoal by stomping on it over a coarse metal grill to reduce the size to less than 3cm, then grind it through an old …

25 Jun 2019 … ‘Pyrolysis & gasification materials’ instead of ‘biochar’ . … following forms: organic matter, glass, stones, metal and plastics; d) no more … including preprocessing such as, inter alia, dismantling, sorting, crushing, compacting,.

26 Feb 2020 … In British Columbia, biochar and wood ash are waste products of bioenergy … were very brittle and had to be manipulated minimally to avoid crushing. … Rosso, D., Lothman, S.E., Jeung, M.K., Pitt, P., Gellner, W.J., Stone, A.L., …

Biocoal · Biochar · Activated Carbon · Pulp and Paper Residuals · Wood Chips … When … The calcination process of clinker includes crushing and pre-.

Copyright © 2020.Company name All rights reserved.


Global Biochar Market Research Report 2020-2027

7 January, 2021
 

Code : FBIN-109 | Category : AGRICULTURAL BIOLOGICALS | Publish Date : DECEMBER-2020 | Pages : 146 | Format : PDF

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Synthesis of MgO-coated corncob biochar and its application in lead stabilization in a soil washing …

7 January, 2021
 

In this study, a magnesium oxide (MgO) coated corncob biochar (MCB) was synthesized by pyrolyzing MgCl 2 pretreated corncob, for a better performance in lead immobilization in a contaminated soil compared with corncob biochar (CB). The properties and microstructures of CB and MCB were investigated. It was observed that MgO particles ranging from 1 to 2 μm were well coated on MCB, and the MgO content in MCB was calculated at 29.90% in w/w. The surface area of the biochar was significantly enhanced from 0.07 to 26.56 m 2 /g after the MgO coating. The MgO coating also significantly facilitated the lead removal percentage from 23% to 74% in aqueous solution by biochar. CB failed to immobilize lead in a soil washing residue and could not reduce its environmental risks in a laboratory incubation study. In contrast, MCB was applied to the soil and resulted in a significant reduction in TCLP leached lead from 10.63 to 5.24 mg/L (reduced by 50.71%). The comparison between MCB and other amendments suggests that the biochar component of MCB adsorbed lead onto its surface through cation-π interaction and increased surface adsorption due to higher surface area, and then the MgO coated on MCB’s surface further enhanced the adsorption through precipitation. The synergistic roles of biochar-mineral composites make them a promising candidate for soil remediation.

}

Synthesis of MgO-coated corncob biochar and its application in lead stabilization in a soil washing residue. / Shen, Zhengtao; Zhang, Jingzhuo; Hou, Deyi; Tsang, Daniel C.W.; Ok, Yong Sik; Alessi, Daniel S.

TY – JOUR

T1 – Synthesis of MgO-coated corncob biochar and its application in lead stabilization in a soil washing residue

AU – Shen, Zhengtao

AU – Zhang, Jingzhuo

AU – Hou, Deyi

AU – Tsang, Daniel C.W.

AU – Ok, Yong Sik

AU – Alessi, Daniel S.

PY – 2019/1

Y1 – 2019/1

N2 – In this study, a magnesium oxide (MgO) coated corncob biochar (MCB) was synthesized by pyrolyzing MgCl 2 pretreated corncob, for a better performance in lead immobilization in a contaminated soil compared with corncob biochar (CB). The properties and microstructures of CB and MCB were investigated. It was observed that MgO particles ranging from 1 to 2 μm were well coated on MCB, and the MgO content in MCB was calculated at 29.90% in w/w. The surface area of the biochar was significantly enhanced from 0.07 to 26.56 m 2 /g after the MgO coating. The MgO coating also significantly facilitated the lead removal percentage from 23% to 74% in aqueous solution by biochar. CB failed to immobilize lead in a soil washing residue and could not reduce its environmental risks in a laboratory incubation study. In contrast, MCB was applied to the soil and resulted in a significant reduction in TCLP leached lead from 10.63 to 5.24 mg/L (reduced by 50.71%). The comparison between MCB and other amendments suggests that the biochar component of MCB adsorbed lead onto its surface through cation-π interaction and increased surface adsorption due to higher surface area, and then the MgO coated on MCB’s surface further enhanced the adsorption through precipitation. The synergistic roles of biochar-mineral composites make them a promising candidate for soil remediation.

AB – In this study, a magnesium oxide (MgO) coated corncob biochar (MCB) was synthesized by pyrolyzing MgCl 2 pretreated corncob, for a better performance in lead immobilization in a contaminated soil compared with corncob biochar (CB). The properties and microstructures of CB and MCB were investigated. It was observed that MgO particles ranging from 1 to 2 μm were well coated on MCB, and the MgO content in MCB was calculated at 29.90% in w/w. The surface area of the biochar was significantly enhanced from 0.07 to 26.56 m 2 /g after the MgO coating. The MgO coating also significantly facilitated the lead removal percentage from 23% to 74% in aqueous solution by biochar. CB failed to immobilize lead in a soil washing residue and could not reduce its environmental risks in a laboratory incubation study. In contrast, MCB was applied to the soil and resulted in a significant reduction in TCLP leached lead from 10.63 to 5.24 mg/L (reduced by 50.71%). The comparison between MCB and other amendments suggests that the biochar component of MCB adsorbed lead onto its surface through cation-π interaction and increased surface adsorption due to higher surface area, and then the MgO coated on MCB’s surface further enhanced the adsorption through precipitation. The synergistic roles of biochar-mineral composites make them a promising candidate for soil remediation.

KW – Biochar-mineral composite

KW – Engineered biochar

KW – In situ stabilization

KW – Lead immobilization

KW – Magnesium oxide (MgO)

KW – Soil remediation

UR – http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057158316&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 – 10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.045

DO – 10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.045

M3 – Journal article

C2 – 30501914

AN – SCOPUS:85057158316

VL – 122

SP – 357

EP – 362

JO – Environmental International

JF – Environmental International

SN – 0160-4120

ER –

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Emerging Applications of Biochar

7 January, 2021
 

}

Emerging Applications of Biochar. / Tsang, Daniel C.W.; Beiyuan, Jingzi; Deng, Mei.

TY – CHAP

T1 – Emerging Applications of Biochar

AU – Tsang, Daniel C.W.

AU – Beiyuan, Jingzi

AU – Deng, Mei

PY – 2015/9

Y1 – 2015/9

M3 – Chapter in an edited book (as author)

SN – 9781482242294

SP – 387

EP – 404

BT – Biochar

A2 – Ok, Yong Sik

A2 – Uchimiya, Sophie M.

A2 – Chang, Scott X.

A2 – Bolan, Nanthi

PB – CRC Press

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Biodecolorization of Reactive Red 120 in batch and packed bed column using biochar derived …

7 January, 2021
 

A seaweed Ulva reticulata was used to synthesis biochar, and it was used in the removal of Reactive Red 120 (R120). The optimum thermal pyrolysis temperature was found to be 300 °C, and it was confirmed by proximate and elemental analysis of the biochar. The practical applicability of this biochar was explored by conducting the experiments in batch and continuous mode. An up-flow packed bed reactor was used to study the removal of reactive red 120 in continuous mode. The operating parameters like solution pH, contact time, biochar dosage, temperature, initial concentration were studied. A four-parameter model Fritz-Schlunder-IV and pseudo-first-order kinetic model best fitted the experimental uptake with a correlation coefficient of 0.9996 and 0.9951, respectively. The maximum removal efficiency and uptake capacity of 84.2% and 210.5 mg/g were obtained at operating conditions of pH of 2, biochar dosage of 2 g/L, temperature of 30 °C, and initial concentration of 500 mg/L. The partition coefficient was studied to overcome the limitation of the adsorption capacity, and the highest partition coefficient was obtained as 4.13 L/g at 100% breakthrough time with a removal efficiency and uptake capacity of 89.2% and 111.5 mg/g. The thermodynamic study concluded that reactions are spontaneous and endothermic. The continuous study concluded that the uptake capacity of 100.71 mg/g was obtained at operating conditions of bed depth of 25 cm, the flow rate of 0.48 L/h, and initial dye concentration of 250 mg/L.

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Correspondence to Ravindiran Gokulan.

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Received: 29 September 2020

Revised: 28 November 2020

Accepted: 29 December 2020

Published: 06 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-01268-x

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Chemical and biological immobilization mechanisms of potentially toxic elements in biochar

7 January, 2021
 


Application of biochar-coated urea controlled loss of fertilizer nitrogen and increased nitrogen use …

8 January, 2021
 

The use of biochar-based N fertilizers have been considered among the most effective strategy for reducing nitrogen loss and improving nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). However, effect and mechanism of biochar-coated urea (BCU) controlling the loss of nitrogen from soil and NUE are rarely reported.

In this study, a 65-d culture pot experiment of oilseed rape was used to investigate the impact of BCU on nitrogen leaching, ammonia volatilization, soil nitrogen concentrations, soil pH, nitrogen uptake, NUE and oilseed rape biomass as compared with urea and urea combined with biochar at same nitrogen level.

Results showed that the application of BCU could minimize nitrogen loss mainly by reducing nitrate leaching loss; which could be attributed to the slow-release performance of BCU, followed by biochar induced adsorption/fixation of nitrogen due to the porous nature and surface functional groups of biochar. However, the application of BCU enhanced ammonia volatilization due to the increase of soil NH4+–N concentration and pH value of microenvironment around urea by BCU. The application of BCU increased NUE by about 20% when compared with urea, since BCU reduced losses of nitrogen fertilizer and increased concentration of nitrogen in the soil as well as nitrogen uptake in oilseed rape. Furthermore, the reduction of nitrogen application by 20% when BCU served as a nitrogen source not only reduced nitrogen loss but significantly improved NUE, with no negative effect on the biomass of oilseed rape.

BCU can serve as a promising control release nitrogen fertilizer for reducing loss of nitrogen and increasing NUE. However further investigations are required to validate the dosage-effect relationship of BCU on crop yield at the field scale.

The large amount application of nitrogen fertilizer has made great contribution to satisfy the continuously increasing food demand in China. However, loss of nitrogen fertilizer from soils of farmland via runoff, leaching, and ammonia volatilization, etc. [1, 2] not only results in the low nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and high production cost, but also increases environmental risk, since large amounts of nitrogen from agricultural fields may deposit in neighbouring ecosystems and lead to acidification and eutrophication of natural ecosystems [3,4,5,6]. Application of nitrogen in China averages 305 kg N per ha compared to 74 kg N per ha worldwide, but nitrogen use efficiency is only 25% compared to 42% worldwide [7, 8]. Therefore, how to control the loss of nitrogen nutrient and further improve the NUE have become a major concern in agricultural production in China.

Biochar, the product of thermal degradation of biomass resources in the absence of air (pyrolysis), has several properties that make it an efficient material to reduce nitrogen loss and improve NUE [9,10,11]. Beck et al. observed that the NO3–N and total nitrogen loss from soil through runoff was reduced by 97% and 87%, respectively, when applying 7% mixed material biochar (walnut shell, rice shell, coconut shell, etc.) into ryegrass trays [12]. The reduction of nitrogen loss and improvement of NUE could be attributed to the porosity, large specific surface area, surface charges, variety of surface functional groups and a small amount of active carbon present in biochar [13,14,15]. These properties of biochar could increase soil water holding capacity, adsorp inorganic nitrogen, influence nitrification and denitrification of nitrogen in soil, increase microbial biomass, and change soil structure of bacterial community [16,17,18,19].

The application of biochar can be either direct into soil or in the form of biochar-based fertilizer. Direct application is the simplest and most convenient way [20, 21]. However, the storage, transportation and soil application of biochar are challenging because biochar is brittle, or has wide particle size distribution and low density [22]. Furthermore, a single amount of biochar for soil amendment at high rates of 20–50 t ha−1, makes the economic feasibility for farmers questionable [23]. Biochar-based fertilizers are prepared by mixing biochar with inorganic fertilizer using physical or chemical methods (biochar-mixed fertilizer) [24,25,26] or coating biochar with binder outside inorganic fertilizer particles (biochar-coated fertilizer) [27,28,29]. Shi et al. prepared a granular biochar-mineral urea composite (Bio-MUC) by blending urea with green waste biochar supplemented with clay minerals of bentonite and sepiolite and observed that cumulative N release as NH4+–N was significantly smaller by > 70% from Bio-MUC than from urea in the leaching experiment over 30 days [25]. Wang et al. observed that nitrogen loss, ammonia volatilization and leaching nitrogen was 43.5%–45.5%, 3.7%–21.7% and 49.8%–52.1% lower respectively after application of BCU than urea at nitrogen application rates of 320 and 280 mg N/kg soil in pot experiment [29]. Our previous studies have successfully developed a series of BCU with satisfactory nitrogen slow release performance [15]. However, effects of biochar-coated urea on loss of nitrogen fertilizer and nitrogen use efficiency need to be validated.

The present objectives were to (1) investigate the characteristics of nitrogen fertilizer loss in soil applying BCU and NUE under vegetable-growing condition; (2) compare effects of nitrogen loss and NUE between BCU and urea; (3) compare effects of nitrogen loss and NUE between BCU and BCU combined with biochar. It is anticipated that the present work will provide a measure for controlling agricultural non-point source pollution and introduce a new option for the high-value utilization of biochar prepared by pyrolysis of biomass resources.

Biochar used for BCU was prepared based on pyrolysis of vinasse in a fixed-bed heating furnace. The pyrolysis temperature was 600 °C and the pyrolysis time was 90 min. The pH, specific surface area, ash content, C content, H content, N content, O content, O/C molar ratio, and H/C molar ratio of biochar were 8.88, 172.48 g/m2, 29.89%, 61.32%, 1.62%, 2.79%, 1.66%, 0.02, 0.32, respectively. The microstructure, surface functional groups and carbon structures of biochar are presented in Additional file 1: Figs. S1–S3, respectively. BCU was manufactured by coating biochar outside urea with a coating machine [15, 30] (Fig. 1); First, urea was added to a coating machine which was already in operation at a speed of 80 rpm; Then, biochar and oxidized starch were sprayed into the machine in batches to coat biochar on the urea particles; Finally, resin and paraffin were coated outside the biochar layer by a spiral oscillator and a high-pressure spray gun, respectively. The percent of biochar in BCU was 22.56%. The nitrogen content of BCU was 33.67%. The carbon content of BCU was 31.53%. The nitrogen release properties of BCU were presented in our previous study [15].

Pictures of biochar-coated urea. a biochar-coated urea; b tangent plane of biochar-coated urea; c tangent plane of biochar-coated urea from soil after oilseed rape harvest

The soil for the pot experiment was red soil containing 2.1% organic matter, 56.73 mg kg−1 total nitrogen, 3.54 mg kg−1 available phosphorous, 3.54 mg kg−1 available potassium and a pH of 5.94. Calcium superphosphate (CaP2H4O8) was used as phosphate fertilizer and potassium sulfate (K2SO4) as potash fertilizer.

In this study, a pot experiment was conducted with eight treatments composed of two sources of nitrogen fertilizer, two rates of nitrogen fertilization and biochar (Table 1). In detail, No fertilizer (CK), urea at 100% N rate (U1), urea at 80% N rate (U2), biochar combined with urea at 100% N rate (U1 + B), biochar combined with urea at 80% N rate (U2 + B), biochar-coated urea at 100% N rate (BCU1), biochar-coated urea at 80% N rate (BCU2), and biochar combined with biochar-coated urea at 100% N rate (BCU1 + B). Specifically, the amount of biochar added to the soil in the treatment of U1 + B and U2 + B was calculated according to the economic index cost of biochar and urea equivalent applied to the soil in the treatment of U1 + B and U2 + B were equivalent to that of BCU1 and BCU2 at the same N dose. The total amount of biochar added by BCU1 + B was the same as U1 + B. All these treatments were applied with 160 mg/kg P (366.4 mg/kg P2O5) and 62 mg/kg K (74.4 mg/kg K2O). Each treatment was performed in triplicate.

The plastic pots were 20 cm in diameter and 14 cm in height, which were loaded from bottom to top with 100 mesh gauze, 1.5 cm of gravel (to cover the drain hole), 8.5 cm of soil (1500 g soil), and 3 cm of soil mixed with nitrogen, biochar, phosphate and potassium fertilizers (500 g soil), respectively. A plastic tray was placed at the bottom of each pot for collecting the leaching water. Ten four-day-old rapeseed seedlings (B. campestris L.) were transplanted to each plastic pot, and keeping five seedlings per pot on the 24th day of transplanting. Quantitative irrigation was carried out during the experiment using purified water for 500 ml each time. The positions of plastic pots were changed successively every day to reduce the error brought by position differences. The pot experiment lasted for 65 d.

Volatilized ammonia was collected by closed chamber absorption method [29]. The schematic plot of ammonia volatilization collection was shown in Additional file 1: Fig. S4. Volatilized ammonia was absorbed by dilute sulfuric acid (0.01 mol/L) from the first day after fertilization and once a day for a total of 8 h each time. The ammonia volatilization every day was calculated by multiply the measured ammonia volatilization by three. The collection was stopped when the amount of ammonia volatilization under nitrogen fertilization treatments were similar to that under CK treatment for several consecutive days. The ammonium nitrogen of the absorption solutions was determined with the sodium salicylic hypochlorite spectrophotometry method (HJ 536-2009).

Watering for seven times was carried out during the whole pot experiment. The water flowing into the plastic tray was collected as leaching solution on the day of watering for analysis of TN, NH4+ –N and NO3–N. The volume of the leaching solutions was measured with a measuring cylinder.

At the end of the experiment, all the harvested oilseed rape plants were washed and dried in an oven at 105 °C for 30 min, and then dried at 80 °C to constant weight for estimation of the plant biomass. The dried plants were then ground for nitrogen analysis. The soil in each pot was thoroughly mixed, and part of the soil was taken for the determination of soil pH, TN, NH4+ –N and NO3–N.

The total nitrogen in solutions collected was determined with the alkaline potassium persulfate digestion-ultraviolet spectrophotometric method (HJ 636-2012); The total nitrogen in plant and soil was determined with 5E-CHN2000 elemental analyzer (Changsha kaiyuan instruments Co., Ltd., China); NH4+–N in solutions was determined with the sodium salicylic hypochlorite spectrophotometry method (HJ 536-2009); and NO3–N in solutions was determined with the dual-wavelength ultraviolet spectrophotometric method (HJ/T 346-2007).

The nitrogen absorption amount of oilseed rape was calculated with Eq. (1):

where MNR is the nitrogen absorption amounts (mg/pot) of oilseed rape; CNR is nitrogen concentration of oilseed rape (%); MR is the oilseed rape biomass (mg/pot).

The NUE was calculated with Eq. (2):

where EN is the NUE (%); MNRF is the nitrogen absorption amount (mg/pot) of oilseed rape with fertilized treatments (mg/pot); MNRC is the nitrogen absorption amount (mg/pot) of oilseed rape with CK treatments (mg/pot); MN is the amount of nitrogen application (mg/pot).

Graphical analysis was carried out using OriginPro 9.0 (OriginLab Corporation, Northampton, MA, USA). Statistical analyses (two-way ANOVA) were performed using SPSS Version 19.0 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA). The least significant difference (LSD) was used to test for significance at p < 0.05 between the means.

Ammonia volatilization was observed in all treated soils from the first day of the pot experiment (Fig. 2a). Ammonia volatilization from CK continued until the 7th day of the experiment; from soils fed with urea until the 23th–25th day of the experiment (from U2 and U2 + B until the 25th day; from soils fed with U1 and U1 + B until the 23th day, and the 24th day, respectively); from soils fed with biochar-coated urea (BCU1,BCU2, BCU1 + B) until at least the 26th day of the experiment (Fig. 2a). The five obvious peaks of ammonia volatilization were observed from soils fed with biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2, BCU1 + B) at the 5th day and 7th day, 9th day, 13th day, and 15th day of the experiment compared to only two peaks from soils fed with urea at the 5th day and 7th day of the experiment (U1, U2, U1 + B, U2 + B) (Fig. 1a). The highest peak of ammonia volatilization in U1 and U2 treatments appeared on the 5th day of experiment; in U1 + B and U2 + B treatments on the 5th day and the 7th day of experiment, respectively; in BCU1, BCU2, and BCU1 + B treatments on the 5th day, the 7th day and the 15th day of experiment, respectively (Fig. 1a). The highest peak values of ammonia volatilization followed the decreasing order as bellow: BCU1 > U1 > U1 + B; U2, BCU2 > U2 + B; BCU1 + B > U1 + B; U1 > U2 (Fig. 2a).

Dynamics and cumulative loss of NH3 volatilization in different fertilized soils. a dynamic loss; b cumulative loss. CK, no fertilizer; U1,urea at 100% N rate; U2, urea at 80% N rate; U1 + B, biochar combined with urea at 100% N rate; U2 + B, biochar combined with urea at 80% N rate; BCU1, biochar-coated urea at 100% N rate; BCU2, biochar-coated urea at 80% N rate; BCU1 + B, biochar combined with biochar-coated urea at 100% N rate. Error bars represent ± sd (n = 3)

The cumulative ammonia volatilization followed the decreasing order as bellow: BCU2 > U2 > U2 + B; BCU1 > U1 > U1 + B; BCU1 + B > U1 + B. The highest cumulative ammonia volatilization (7.21–8.98 mg/kg) among treatments were observed from soils fed with biochar-coated urea, the lowest cumulative ammonia volatilization (3.39–3.91 mg/kg) among treatments were observed from soils fed with biochar combined with urea (Fig. 1b). Reduction rate of nitrogen fertilization as BCU by 20% (BCU2) was observed to reduce the cumulative ammonia volatilization by 24.42%.

Leaching loss of NH4+–N, NO3–N and total nitrogen were observed in all treatments during experiment, which gradually increased, and reached a maximum, and then gradually decreased (Fig. 2). The cumulative leaching loss of NH4+–N, NO3–N and total nitrogen in CK were significantly lower than other fertilization treatments during the whole pot experiment (Fig. 3, Table 2).

Cumulative loss of nitrogen and production of NH4+-N, and NO3-N in different fertilized soils due to leaching during experiment for 65 days. a NH4+–N, b NO3-N, c total N. CK, no fertilizer; U1,urea at 100% N rate; U2, urea at 80% N rate; U1 + B, biochar combined with urea at 100% N rate; U2 + B, biochar combined with urea at 80% N rate; BCU1, biochar-coated urea at 100% N rate; BCU2, biochar-coated urea at 80% N rate; BCU1 + B, biochar combined with biochar-coated urea at 100% N rate. Error bars represent ± sd (n = 3)

The greatest peak of leaching loss of NH4+–N from CK appeared on the 25th day of experiment (the third watering event), the greatest peak of leaching loss of NH4+–N from soil fed with urea (U1, U1 + B, U2 + B) on the 17th day of experiment (the 2nd watering event) excepting for U2, the greatest peak of leaching loss of NH4+–N from soil fed with biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU1 + B, BCU1 + B) on the 25th day of experiment (the third watering event) (Fig. 3a). The cumulative loss of NH4+–N was lower from soils fed with biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU1 + B, BCU1 + B) than from soils fed with urea (U1, U2, U1 + B, U2 + B) irrespective of N levels. Under the same level of nitrogen fertilization, the cumulative leaching loss of NH4+–N in soils fed with BCU (BCU1, BCU2) were 38.67%–46.95% lower than that in soils fed with urea (U1, U2), which were 32.74%–42.22% lower than that in soils fed with urea mixed biochar (U1 + B, U2 + B). The cumulative loss of NH4+–N was 11.17–23.68% lower from soils fed with low N level than from soils fed with high N level. The cumulative loss of NH4+–N was 58.85% lower from soil fed with BCU1 + B than from soil fed with U1 + B (Fig. 3a, Table 2).

The greatest peak of leaching loss of NO3–N from all treatments appeared on the 57th day of experiment (the 6th watering event) except for U1 treatment (Fig. 3b). The leaching loss of NO3–N mainly occurred after 25 days of experiment (the third watering event), which accounted for more than 90% of the cumulative leaching loss of NO3–N during the whole experiment (Fig. 3b).Under the same level of nitrogen fertilizer, the cumulative leaching loss of NO3–N in soils fed with BCU (BCU1, BCU2) were significantly lower than that in soils fed with urea (U1, U2) (Table 2). Under the same level of nitrogen fertilizer, the cumulative leaching loss of NO3–N was 19.8% and 24.7% lower from soils fed with BCU1 and BCU2 than from soils fed with U1 and U2, respectively (Table 2); which was lower from soil fed with urea combined with biochar (U1 + B, U2 + B) than from soils fed with urea (U1, U2). The cumulative leaching loss of NO3–N from soils was lower with U1 + B treatment than with U1 treatment, but the difference was not significant (p < 0.05); which was lower with BCU1 + B treatment than with U1 + B treatment, with significant difference (p < 0.05) (Table 2).

The leaching trend of total nitrogen from soils was similar to NO3–N, and NO3–N leaching loss was the main form of nitrogen leaching loss, accounting for 76–98% of total nitrogen leaching loss in fertilization treatments (Fig. 3, Table 2). However, the first leaching loss of total nitrogen from soils fed with urea (U1, U2, U1 + B, U2 + B) was much higher than that of NO3–N at the same level of nitrogen fertilization (Fig. 3c). The cumulative leaching loss of total nitrogen was 15.33% higher from soils fed with U1 than from soil fed with U2, which was 29.72% higher with U1 + B treatment than U2 + B treatment (Table 2). The cumulative leaching loss of total nitrogen followed the decrease order as bellow: U1 > U1 + B > BCU1, U2 > U2 + B > BCU2, and U1 + B > BCU1 + B (Table 2). In detail, the cumulative leaching loss of total nitrogen was 36.17% lower in BCU1 than in U1, and 33.55% lower in BCU1 than in U1 + B, it was also 36.5% lower in BCU2 than in U2; and 25.7% lower in BCU2 than in U2 + B (Table 2).

Obvious difference of cumulative loss of nitrogen fertilizer during experiment for 65 days was determined in dependence on the level of nitrogen fertilization, sources of nitrogen fertilizer, and application of biochar. Amount of cumulative nitrogen loss of nitrogen fertilizer followed the decreasing order as bellow: U1 > U1 + B > BCU1, U2 > U2 + B > BCU2; the percentage of cumulative loss of nitrogen fertilizer in nitrogen application followed the decreasing order as bellow irrespective of the level of nitrogen fertilization: urea (U1,U2) > biochar combined with urea (U1 + B, U2 + B) > biochar–coated urea (BCU1, BCU2); U1 + B > BCU1 + B (Table 3). Implying that both application of biochar-coated urea and biochar combined with urea could significantly reduce the loss of nitrogen fertilizer. However, the optimal measure of controlling nitrogen loss was biochar combined with biochar coated urea.

The pH of soils collected after harvesting oilseed rape ranged from 5.89 to 6.27, (Table 4). The greatest soil pH among treatments was observed in BCU1 + B treatment. The soil pH was greater in CK than in urea treatments (U1, U2) and in biochar-coated urea treatments (BCU1, BCU2). No obvious difference was found between CK and U1 + B or U2 + B soil pH. However, in BCU1 + B treatment pH was higher than CK (Table 4). Furthermore, the soil pH followed the decreasing order as bellow irrespective of nitrogen fertilization level: biochar combined with urea (U1 + B, U2 + B) > biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) > urea (U1, U2) (Table 4).

The concentrations of NH4+–N, NO3–N and total nitrogen in soils fertilized with nitrogen were significantly higher than that in CK, which was higher in soil applied with high nitrogen levels than in soil applied with low nitrogen (Table 4). The greatest concentrations of NH4+–N and NO3–N in soils among treatments was observed in BCU1 + B treatment; The greatest concentrations of total nitrogen in soils among treatments was observed in U1 + B treatment, followed by BCU1 + B treatment (Table 4). Furthermore, concentrations of NH4+–N and NO3–N in soils followed the decreasing order: U1 + B, BCU1 > U1; U2 + B, BCU2 > U2. However, concentrations of total nitrogen in soils followed the decreasing order as bellow: U1 + B > BCU1, U1; U2 + B > BCU2, U2 (Table 4).

The nitrogen concentration and nitrogen uptake of oilseed rape in CK was lowest among all treatments (Table 5). The nitrogen concentration and nitrogen uptake of oilseed rape grown in soils fertilized with nitrogen were significantly higher than that in CK (Table 5). The concentration of nitrogen in oilseed rape followed the decreasing order as bellow: biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) > biochar combined with urea (U1 + B, U2 + B) > urea (U1, U2); no obvious difference between BCU1 + B and U1 + B. The uptake of nitrogen in oilseed rape under the same level of nitrogen fertilization followed the decreasing order as bellow: biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) > biochar combined with urea (U1 + B, U2 + B) > urea (U1, U2); BCU1 + B > U1 + B (Table 5).

The NUE followed the decreasing order as bellow irrespective of nitrogen fertilization level: biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) > biochar combined with urea (U1 + B, U2 + B) > urea (U1, U2); BCU1 + B > U1 + B (Table 5). Thus, it could be seen that application of biochar-coated urea could significantly increase NUE compared to urea application.

Biomass of oilseed rape was higher with high nitrogen fertilization level than low nitrogen level (Table 5). Furthermore, biomass of oilseed rape tended to follow the decreasing order as bellow: biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) > biochar combined with urea (U1 + B,U2 + B) > urea (U1, U2), under high nitrogen fertilization level; biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) > biochar combined with urea (U1 + B,U2 + B), urea (U1, U2), under low nitrogen fertilization level; BCU1 + B > U1 + B (Table 5); but these differences were not significant (p < 0.05). Moreover, biomass of oilseed rape was higher in BCU1 treatment than U1 treatment (Table 5), implying that a 20% reduction in nitrogen application would not reduce biomass if urea was replaced with biochar-coated urea. Biomass of oilseed rape was significantly lower in U2 + B treatment than in U1 treatment (Table 5). It could be seen that a 20% reduction in nitrogen application would reduce biomass even if urea was combined with biochar.

The leaching, volatilization as NH3–N and nitrous oxide, and runoff are main pathways of nitrogen loss in soil fertilized with nitrogen [31]. The leaching loss of total nitrogen, NH4+–N and NO3–N, and volatilization loss as NH3–N were considered in the present culture experiment, because nitrous oxide produced by denitrification was reported to account for only a small proportion of nitrogen fertilization (about 1%) [32], and no runoff during the present culture experiment. The results of the present experiment demonstrated that total loss of nitrogen via leaching, and NH3–N volatilization accounted for 20.99–40.76% of nitrogen fertilization (Table 3). The total loss of nitrogen via leaching accounted for 72.42–83.07%, 3.42–5.92%, and 4.95–15.71% distributed in NO3–N, NH4+–N, and NH3–N respectively (Figs. 2, 3, Table 2). It followed that leaching loss of NO3–N was predominately pathway of nitrogen loss in the present culture experiment.

The results of the present experiment also demonstrated that total loss of nitrogen via leaching, and NH3-N volatilization accounted for 25.85–26.92% of applied nitrogen as biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) (Table 3). When biochar-coated urea was used as nitrogen fertilizer, the total loss of nitrogen accounted for 82.69–83.07%, 4.17–4.67%, and 14.38–15.27% distributed in NO3–N, NH4+–N, and NH3–N respectively (Figs. 2, 3, Table 2). It can be seen that leaching loss of NO3-N was the predominant pathway of nitrogen loss when biochar-coated urea was used as nitrogen fertilizer. Similar results were also obtained from the investigation of Wang et al., who observed that the nitrogen loss via leaching was higher than that via NH3-N volatilization, and leaching loss of NO3–N was accounted for 51.6–95.7% of total nitrogen leached when biochar-coated urea was used as nitrogen fertilizer [29].

The results of the present culture experiment showed that application of coated urea could significantly reduce nitrogen fertilizer loss compared with application of urea alone, because the loss of nitrogen in soil fed with BCU was about 30% lower than that in soil fed with urea (Figs. 2, 3, Table 2); the loss of nitrogen fertilizer as biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) was 32.48–33.95% lower than that as urea (U1, U2). The main pathway of reducing loss of nitrogen fertilizer as BCU could contribute to reduce nitrogen leaching loss rather than loss of volatilization via NH3-N, because volatilization loss via NH3-N was greater in soils fed with biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) than in soils fed with urea (U1, U2) (Fig. 2). The NH3–N volatilization loss of nitrogen fertilizer as biochar-coated urea was greater than that as urea under the same nitrogen fertilization level (Table 3). The mechanism of BCU application for reducing the leaching loss of nitrogen mainly included the following two aspects. Firstly, BCU used in this present experiment had good slow-release properties [15]. Slow-release fertilizer was reported to delay the release of nitrogen fertilizer, and to extend the time for crops to absorb and use fertilizer nitrogen, ultimately to decrease leaching loss of nitrogen [33]. The present experiment observed that the cumulative leaching amount of total nitrogen, NH4+–N and NO3–N was lower in soils fed with BCU than in soils fed with urea, especially at the first leaching event (Fig. 3). This was because urea inside BCU was partially dissolved due to the barrier effect of the coated materials (biochar). Secondly, biochar with large specific surface area, and negative surface functional groups could increase soil water holding capacity and soil microorganism, nitrification and nitrogen adsorption (such as NH4+–N and NO3–N), ultimately to reduce nitrogen losses [18, 32, 34].

The present results demonstrated that the cumulative leaching loss of total nitrogen, NH4+–N and NO3–N were lower in soils fed with biochar combined with urea (U1 + B, U2 + B) than in soils fed with urea (U1, U2) at the same nitrogen fertilization level (Table 2). However, the dynamics of leaching of total nitrogen, NH4+–N and NO3-N in soils fed with urea combined with biochar were similar to those in soils fed urea (Fig. 3). Direct biochar application was found to reduce nitrogen loss from leaching, due to its adsorption ability to achieve nitrogen retention. However, the direct application of biochar did not achieve slow release of nitrogen fertilizer.

In the present study, compared with individual application of urea, urea combined with biochar significantly reduced loss of NH3 volatilization, but biochar-coated urea significantly increased loss of NH3 volatilization (Fig. 2). The ammonia volatilization loss of nitrogen fertilizer was reported to mainly relate to nitrogen release of fertilizer, residue of nitrogen in soil, ammonia adsorption/fixation, nitrification, and soil pH [29, 34, 35]. Zheng et al. observed that the ammonia volatilization was more likely to occur when soil pH was above 8 [11]. The pH values were slightly greater in soils fed with biochar-coated urea (BCU1, BCU2) than in soils fed with urea (U1, U2), which was within the range of acidity (Table 4). Therefore, the increase of bulk soil pH due to BCU application could not be the main factor for the increase of ammonia volatilization observed. High ammonia volatilization in soils fed with BCU compared to urea could be contributed to high soil NH4+–N concentration, because concentrations of NH4+–N were greater in soils fed with BCU than in soils fed with urea under the same nitrogen fertilization (Table 4); application of BCU prolonged the time of ammonia volatilization (Fig. 2). Moreover, coated biochar induced alkaline microenvironment outside urea could also contribute to ammonia volatilization. Puga et al. have observed that biochar as coating material increased ammonia volatilization of nitrogen fertilizer, while application of biochar combined urea reduced ammonia volatilization [28]. However, reduction rate of nitrogen fertilization as BCU by 20% (BCU2) was observed to reduce ammonia volatilization loss. In conclusion, although the application of BCU increased ammonia volatilization, it significantly reduced nitrogen leaching, and ultimately reduced total nitrogen loss of nitrogen fertilizer.

Total loss of nitrogen fertilizer followed the decreasing order as bellow: BCU1 + B > BCU1 > U1 + B (Table 3). Implying that application of biochar combined with BCU was more conducive to reduce nitrogen fertilizer loss. However, additional biochar application will have to add additional cost. Therefore, application of biochar-coated urea could be a promising alternative measure for reducing loss of nitrogen. However, further investigations were required to validate dosage-effect relationship of BCU on the loss of nitrogen at the field scale.

Coated fertilizer has incomparable virtues than other chemical fertilizers in improving NUE, reducing environmental pollution, and saving labour, because it could most likely match the nutrient release rate to crop’s demand by coating materials design among controlled slow release fertilizers [36, 37]. The present results showed that the BCU used in the present study could effectively improve the NUE of fertilized nitrogen, because the NUE of biochar coated urea was significantly greater than that of urea irrespective of nitrogen fertilization level (Table 5). The mechanisms for BCU to improve the NUE of fertilized nitrogen mainly included the following aspects. Firstly, application of BCU reduced nitrogen loss due to its good slow-release and adsorption/retention properties of biochar as coating material. Puga et al. observed that the improvement of NUE for biochar-based fertilizers was related to the gradual release of nitrogen and the reduction of nitrogen leaching loss [38]. The BCU used in the present experiment had good slow release properties [15], and the total nitrogen loss in soil fed with BCU was about 30% lower compared with urea (Fig. 2, Table 2). Secondly, the application of BCU increased soil nitrogen residue, crop nitrogen uptake. The present results indicated that the concentrations of total nitrogen, NH4+–N and NO3–N of soils fed with BCU were greater than that of soils fed with urea under the same level of nitrogen fertilization (Table 4). Zheng et al. also observed that application of biochar enhanced fixation of nitrogen in soils [11]. Thirdly, the application of BCU increased crop nitrogen uptake. The present results showed that the nitrogen concentration and nitrogen uptake of oilseed rape was greater in BCU treatments than in urea treatments (Table 5). Liu et al. observed that application of maize stover biochar improved NUE of urea and enhanced soil N availability to Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) [35].

The present results showed that the NUE for BCU1 + B and BCU1 was greater than that for U1 + B, but no difference of NUE between BCU1 + B and BCU1 was observed (Table 5). Implying that both application of biochar combined with urea, and biochar coated urea can improve NUE, but application of biochar combined with BCU could not result in further improvement of NUE compared with application of BCU. It could be seen that biochar combined with BCU can control loss of nitrogen, but can’t improve NUE compared to the application of BCU. Additional biochar applications require additional costs. Therefore, application of BCU could be a promising alternative measure for improving NUE of nitrogen fertilizer. However further investigations are required to validate optimization of BCU fertilization levels at the field scale.

Moreover, reduction rate of nitrogen fertilization as BCU (BCU2) by 20% was not observed to decrease the biomass of oilseed rape. The biomass of oilseed rape was 10% higher with BCU2 treatments than U1 treatment, which was equivalent to U1 + B (Table 5). Therefore, application of BCU could be a promising controlled release nitrogen fertilizer for reducing loss of nitrogen and improving NUE without negative impact on plant yield.

The present study demonstrated that nitrogen fertilization as BCU could not only significantly reduce nitrogen loss but effectively improve NUE compared to urea. However, results showed that although volatilization loss of BCU was higher due to BCU-induced residue of NH4+–N nitrogen in soils, the total nitrogen reduction of BCU was lower. This was mainly because the application of BCU largely reduced the nitrogen leaching loss. The application of BCU significantly increased NUE of BCU compared with urea, which could contribute to the application of BCU-induced reduction of nitrogen fertilizer loss, increasing uptake of nitrogen in plant, and residue of nitrogen in soils. The reduction rate of nitrogen fertilization as BCU (BCU2) by 20% was not observed to decrease the biomass of oilseed rape. BCU combined with biochar was observed to further reduce the loss of nitrogen compared with BCU, but NUE was a little lower. Also, the additional biochar application inevitably increased the cost of fertilization. The application of BCU was more convenient to operate and could avoid the problems of biochar powder dispersion, compared with directly applying biochar into the soil. Therefore, the application of BCU could be a promising control release nitrogen fertilizer for reducing nitrogen loss and improving NUE without any negative impact on plant yield. However, further investigations are required to validate the dosage-effect relationship of BCU on the loss of nitrogen, NUE, and crop yield at the field scale.

All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article (and its Additional file 1).

Nitrogen use efficiency

Biochar-coated urea

Biochar-mineral urea composite

Not applicable.

This project was funded by the National Key Research and Development Project (No. 2016YFD0800100-04), Blue Sky Zhenggao (Beijing) Agricultural Science and Technology Co., LTD, and Shenwu technology group corp Co., LTD.

YJ and ZH designed the experiments and wrote the paper. YJ performed the experiments. YJ and WQ analyzed the data. YB provided guidance during experimental work. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Zhengyi Hu.

Not applicable.

Not applicable.

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Fig. S1. SEM images of biochar used for biochar-coated urea. Fig. S2. FTIR spectra of biochar used for biochar-coated urea. The band at 1570 cm−1 correspond to keto C=O stretching vibrations in esters or C=C stretching vibrations in alkene and aromatic compounds; The band at 1030 cm−1 correspond to C–O stretching vibrations in lignin derivatives or alcohols and phenols”. Fig. S3. 13C NMR spectra of biochar used for biochar-coated urea. Resonance region at 110–150 ppm indicated aromatic carbon. Fig. S4. Schematic plot of ammonia volatilization collection.

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

Received: 01 October 2020

Accepted: 27 December 2020

Published: 08 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40538-020-00205-4


Efficacy of Characterized Prosopis Wood Biochar Amendments in Improving Growth, Nitrogen Use …

8 January, 2021
 

This study was carried out to elucidate the impact of Prosopis wood biochar on growth, nitrogen use efficiency, and mineral profile of two genotypes of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. capitata). The genotypes were grown under four different treatments of biochar: BT0 (control), BT1 (2.5% biochar), BT2 (5% biochar), and BT3 (7.5% biochar). Prior to its application, biochar was characterized to know about its morphological and physicochemical properties by performing scanning electron microscopy–energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Pre-treated Prosopis-derived wood biochar was found to contain mesoporous structures and diverse functional groups. It was also found to contain considerable amounts of nutrients like carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and calcium. The results revealed that growth, chlorophyll content, soluble sugar content, soluble protein levels, and nitrogen use efficiency increased following the biochar amendment compared to control. In the leaves of tested cabbage genotypes, the activity of nitrogen-metabolizing enzymes like nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, and glutamine synthetase was significantly increased by biochar amendment; however, glutamate synthase activity was not significantly increased. Moreover, application of biochar significantly decreased the amount of nitrate in the tissue. Furthermore, biochar significantly increased concentrations of minerals like phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc in the leaves of tested genotypes. Together, our study proposes that biochar amendments (2.5–7.5%) can be employed as an effective strategy to improve growth and nitrogen use efficiency by regulating nitrogen-metabolizing enzymes, lowering tissue nitrate levels, and maintaining or improving nutritional quality of cabbage.

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The authors are also thankful to the Central Instrumentation Facility, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India, for providing assistance in performing TEM analysis and Central Research Facility, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi, India, for providing support in carrying out SEM and SEM-EDX analysis.

This work was supported by University Grants Commission, India [grant no. 172000514], and Department of Science and Technology (DST), India, through PURSE grant.

Correspondence to Shahid Umar.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

(DOCX 17.3 kb)

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Received: 15 September 2020

Accepted: 10 December 2020

Published: 08 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-020-00393-w

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World's first solar-powered, waterless toilet to launch in India soon

8 January, 2021
 

First Post

A revolutionary toilet fueled by the sun that is being developed to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe and sustainable sanitation would be unveiled in India this month. “The self-contained, waterless toilet has the capability of heating human waste to a high enough temperature to sterilise human waste and create biochar, a highly porous charcoal,” informed project principal investigator Karl Linden, professor of environmental engineering at University of Colorado Boulder. The biochar can be used to both increase crop yields and sequester carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. The project is part of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s ‘Reinvent the Toilet Challenge’, an effort to develop a next-generation toilet that can be used to disinfect liquid and solid waste while generating useful end products.

Linden’s team is one of the 16 teams around the world funded by the Gates ‘Reinvent the Toilet Challenge’ since 2011. All have shipped their inventions to Delhi where they will be on display March 20-22 for scientists, engineers and dignitaries. “The invention consists of eight parabolic mirrors that focus concentrated sunlight to a spot no larger than a postage stamp on a quartz-glass rod connected to eight bundles of fibre-optic cables, each consisting of thousands of intertwined, fused fibres,” Linden explained. The energy generated by the sun and transferred to the fibre-optic cable system can heat up the reaction chamber to over 600 degrees Fahrenheit to treat the waste material, disinfect pathogens in both feces and urine and produce char. Biochar is a valuable material. It has good water holding capacity and it can be used in agricultural areas to hold in nutrients and bring more stability to the soils. A soil mixture containing 10 percent biochar can hold up to 50 percent more water and increase the availability of plant nutrients. “Additionally, the biochar can be burned as charcoal and provides energy comparable to that of commercial charcoal,” Linden added. Tests have shown that each of the eight fibre-optic cables can produce between 80 and 90 watts of energy, meaning the whole system can deliver up to 700 watts of energy into the reaction chamber, said Linden. While the current toilet has been created to serve four to six people a day, a larger facility that could serve several households simultaneously is under design. Unsafe methods to capture and treat human waste result in serious health problems and death – food and water tainted with pathogens from fecal matter results in the deaths of roughly 700,000 children each year.

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World’s first solar-powered, waterless toilet to launch in India soon


Full article: Effects of Woody Compost and Biochar Amendments on Biochemical Properties of the …

8 January, 2021
 

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Arsenic immobilization and removal in contaminated soil using zero-valent iron or magnetic …

8 January, 2021
 

ZVI addition reduced As leachability, while magnetic biochar addition enhanced As leachability.

Both amendments enhanced amorphous Fe oxides bound As, decreasing available As.

Only ZVI promoted ryegrass growth, but both materials reduced the As phytoavailability.

Dry magnetic separation removed a quarter of total As from bulk soil.

ZVI addition reduced As leachability, while magnetic biochar addition enhanced As leachability.

Both amendments enhanced amorphous Fe oxides bound As, decreasing available As.

Only ZVI promoted ryegrass growth, but both materials reduced the As phytoavailability.

Dry magnetic separation removed a quarter of total As from bulk soil.

The potential of using zero-valent iron (ZVI) or a Fe3O4-loaded magnetic biochar to stabilize arsenic (As) in contaminated soil was investigated in the processes of incubation trial, chemical extraction, pot experiments with ryegrass growth. Additionally, a dry magnetic separation technique was applied to verify the possible permanent removal of As from the bulk soil. Results showed the ZVI amendment greatly reduced the As leaching, and the leached concentration became much lower than the Japanese environment standard (10 μg/L) after 180 days of incubation. Contrarily, the magnetic biochar amendment readily increased the As leachability due to the changes in pH, dissolved organic carbon, and soluble P and Si. The ZVI had a greater effect over the magnetic biochar, supported by the significantly reduced As leachability in the combined amendments. Furthermore, results from sequential extraction analysis indicate that both amendments significantly decreased the available As in (NH4)2SO4 and NH4H2PO4 extraction and increased the As bound to amorphous Fe oxides. But ZVI amendment alone performed better than magnetic biochar amendment alone. Plant growth experiment showed that the ZVI amendment enhanced ryegrass growth and significantly increased the ryegrass biomass. However, the magnetic biochar amendment resulted in an adverse effect on the ryegrass root growth, probably due to a marked enhancement of salinity. Meanwhile, the As uptake by ryegrass was significantly reduced in both ZVI and magnetic biochar-amended soils. Results of dry magnetic separation showed that averaged 20% and 25% of total As could be retrieved from ZVI and magnetic biochar amended soil, respectively; and the As bound to amorphous Fe oxides was the main retrieved fraction. This study indicated that ZVI or magnetic biochar could be applied as a promising amendment for reducing (phyto)availability of As in soil, and dry magnetic separation could be served as an alternative option for permanently removing As.


New webinar on plant production lunch and learn

8 January, 2021
 

The UNH Cooperative Extension Landscape and Greenhouse Team is hosting a “Plant Production Lunch and Learn” webinar series (nine webinars for further detail visit link below).There is no limit to the number of attendees. 

Topics will include the impact of biochar application on soil water retention, the way how biofilm affects plant health and quality, the increase of crop value in indoor agriculture for new growers, and many more. 

For more information, visit the website. 

 

Publication date: Fri 8 Jan 2021

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Biochar Market: Evolving Industry Trends and key Insights by 2020 – 2027| Global Leading Profiles …

8 January, 2021
 

Market Insights

This Biochar Market business report studies market risk, market overview, possible challenges, and market opportunities. It also evaluates the leading manufacturers of the global market which consists of its revenue, sales, and price of the products. Furthermore, it presents global market by regions, market share and with revenue and sales for the projected period. The report displays the competitive nature among key manufacturers, with market share, revenue, and sales. Global Biochar Market document also evaluates the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions.

Key Benefits for Biochar Market:

Global biochar market is expected to rise to an estimated value of USD 3.92 billion by 2026, registering a healthy CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026. Rising consumption of livestock feed and rapidly growing agricultural industry are the major factors for the growth of this market.

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 Major Market Players Covered in The Biochar Market Are:

Few of the major competitors currently working in the global biochar market are Cool Planet, Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation, Genesis Industries, LLC, CharGrow USA LLC, Black Owl Biochar, Phoenix Energy Group, Airex Énergie Inc., Ambient Energy LLC, Avello Bioenergy, ETIA Group, CharGrow USA LLC, Pyrocal Pty Ltd, Terra Humana Ltd, American BioChar Company, Bioforcetech Corporation, ECOERA Millennium Biochar and Carbon Emission Removal Service, Biochar Now, llc., EkoBalans Fenix, Carbo Culture, GreenBack Pte Ltd and others.

Businesses can attain detailed insights with the large-scale Global Biochar Market report which help them self-assuredly make decisions about their production and marketing strategies in Global Biochar Industry. The report describes various parameters throughout which analyses the market status in detail. It also endows with statistics on the current state of the industry and hence works as a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and investors interested in this market. The whole Global Biochar Market report can be mainly categorised into four main areas which are market definition, market segmentation, competitive analysis and research methodology.

Global Biochar Market Scope and Segments

By Application

              o    Gardening

              o    Agriculture

o   Livestock

o   Farming

o   Others

              o    Household

              o    Electricity Generation

              o    Agriculture Waste

              o    Animal Manure

              o    Forestry Waste

              o    Biomass Plantation

Businesses can attain detailed insights with the large-scale Global Biochar Market report which help them self-assuredly make decisions about their production and marketing strategies in Global Biochar Industry. The report describes various parameters throughout which analyses the market status in detail. It also endows with statistics on the current state of the industry and hence works as a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and investors interested in this market. The whole Global Biochar Market report can be mainly categorised into four main areas which are market definition, market segmentation, competitive analysis and research methodology.

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 Strategic Points Covered in Table of Content of Global Biochar Market:

Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product Objective of Study and Research Scope Biochar market

Chapter 2: Exclusive Summary – the basic information of Biochar Market.

Chapter 3: Displaying the Market Dynamics- Drivers, Trends and Challenges of Biochar

Chapter 4: Presenting Biochar Market Factor Analysis Porters Five Forces, Supply/Value Chain, PESTEL analysis, Market Entropy, Patent/Trademark Analysis.

Chapter 5: Displaying the by Type, End User and Region 2013-2018

Chapter 6: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of Biochar market which consists of its Competitive Landscape, Peer Group Analysis, BCG Matrix & Company Profile

Chapter 7: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions.

Chapter 8 & 9: Displaying the Appendix, Methodology and Data Source

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Graphene oxide–coated pyrolysed biochar from waste sawdust and its application for treatment of …

8 January, 2021
 

Cadmium being a heavy metal, which is also a known pollutant, had a wide variety of usage in many industries like electro-plating industries, phosphate fertilizers, batteries, mining, stabilizers, pigments, and alloys. In this study, sawdust was used to produce the nanocoated adsorbent. Sawdust is non-hazardous low-cost waste materials and easily available. Thermally activated biochar was produced from sawdust and coated with graphene oxide nanomaterials in two different methods, and the synthesized nanocomposite was used to remove cadmium present in solution. Batch study was performed to optimize different parameters for better removal. Experiments were performed and the best condition optimized for removal of cadmium was found to be pH 7.5 and temperature 35 °C or 308.15 K, with 1 g/L adsorbent dose, and within 2 h, i.e. 120 min, above 55.68 mg/g removal capacity was attained with initial metal concentration of 50 mg/L. The modified saw dust composite was more effective in removal of cadmium than the normal sawdust-based composites. The characterization of the nanocomposite was done to know the internal structure of the composite. The continuous fixed-bed column study was performed, and the study followed Admas–Bohart model. The batch and column study results showed that this nanocoated composite can be an alternative for the treatment of pollutant present in the solution. The regeneration of the composite showed a sustainable use of the composite for the treatment of pollutant.

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The authors are thankful to Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science & Technology for financial assistance.

Correspondence to Papita Das.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Received: 30 August 2020

Revised: 04 November 2020

Accepted: 13 November 2020

Published: 08 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-01153-7

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Global Biochar Market Growth, Economic Analysis, Key Players and Forecast 2021-2030

9 January, 2021
 

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wheat straw biochar – $9 (kula)

9 January, 2021
 

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Removal of Arsenic by Wheat Straw Biochar from Soil

9 January, 2021
 

Biochar prepared from wheat straw (Triticum aestivum) at different pyrolysis temperatures was screened, followed by its application to soil for arsenic removal in the present study. Characterization of biochar by Field emission scanning electron microscope studies and Fourier thermal Infrared imaging showed smooth and porous biochar surface and abundance of surface functional groups. A low value of H/C was obtained by CHNS analyzer, indicating high stability of biochar. The surface area was 15.86 m2/g on an average. Batch sorption experiments were carried out to optimize conditions for arsenic sorption. Maximum arsenic removal of 83.7% was obtained when applied at a 7.5% dose for a contact time of 60 min at 25 °C. Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies revealed the feasibility of sorption and removal of arsenic through physisorption, chemisorption, ion exchange, and diffusion.

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The authors are thankful to the Central Instrumentation Facility and Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, BIT Mesra for sample analysis. One of the authors (Abhishek Kumar) is grateful to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, for providing NET-JRF Fellowship [Ref. No. – 3635/(OBC)(NET-DEC.2015)].

Correspondence to Tanushree Bhattacharya.

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Received: 14 July 2020

Accepted: 25 December 2020

Published: 09 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-03095-2

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Enrichment of primary macronutrients in biochar for sustainable agriculture

9 January, 2021
 

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New uses for cherry pits makes landfilling a 'waste of a waste'

9 January, 2021
 

Spartan Newsroom (https://news.jrn.msu.edu/2021/01/new-uses-for-cherry-pits-makes-landfilling-a-waste-of-a-waste/)

By ERIC FREEDMAN
Capital News Service

LANSING — Michigan’s cherry industry may have a way to make money from, of all things, the pits.

And to make soil more productive.

And to reduce toxic metals, such as lead and arsenic, in contaminated water.

Converting waste cherry pits for useful purposes could lower costs for processors and reduce the industry’s environmental impact by avoiding the need to dump the pits into landfills, according to a new study by Cornell University researchers.

There’s a growing realization that “disposing of homogeneous waste like this is a waste of a waste. Landfilling it seems kind of stupid in this day and age,” said study coauthor Jillian Goldfarb, a professor in Cornell’s Biological & Environmental Engineering Department.

Both environmentally and economically, “landfilling is not worth it when you have alternatives,” Goldfarb said. 

In most years, Michigan accounts for about three-quarters of U.S. production of tart, or Montmorency, cherries. 

In 2019, the state produced 164 million pounds of tart cherries out of a national total of 262 million, according to the Cherry Marketing Institute, based in DeWitt. 

But production plummeted in 2020, down to 142 million pounds nationally, with only 68.4 million pounds of that from Michigan.

Why the dramatic drop? A “frost event” in mid-May 2020, institute President Julie Gordon said.

And heavy rains at the wrong time in northern Michigan, said Scott Pryde, the president of Great Lakes Packing Co. In a normal year, the company’s plant in Kewadin processes about 10 million pounds of cherries, a number that plummeted to about 1 million pounds last year.

“It was very painful,” he said.

Pits account for about 5% of the cherry crop’s weight, Pryde said.

Tart cherries are used primarily for cooking, baking, syrups, juice rather than for eating fresh.

It’s a big business in Michigan, mostly in the Northern Lower Peninsula and West Michigan. Oceana County has the most acres of orchards, followed by Leelanau, Grand Traverse, Antrim-Charlevoix, Mason, Van Buren, Allegan and Benzie counties, according to the Cherry Marketing Institute. 

The other top-producing states are Utah (54 million pounds), Washington (24.6 million) and Wisconsin (9.1 million), according to Statista.com. 

Using pits from the Kewadin plant, Cornell researchers experimented with how to convert them to biochar, a charcoal-like, carbon-rich substance made by heating pits in a zero- or low-oxygen environment. Biochar is usually plowed or dug into farm fields and gardens to enrich the soil. 

“The U.S. tart cherry industry faces wide-ranging challenges, including increased competition from overseas imports, uncertainties associated with impacts due to climate change and mounting organic landfill waste contributing to the methane footprint of agriculture,” the study in the journal Environmental Pollution reported.

The study said one solution to those problems is converting waste pits to biochar.

That process generally takes 45 minutes to an hour in a pyrolysis kiln. Pyrolysis is a process that changes the chemistry of material exposed to high temperature without burning the material. 

And with additional processing biochar can be used to act like a sponge that takes heavy metals out of drinking water, among other uses, the study said.

Pryde said Great Lakes Packing’s Kewadin plant dries its pits with a grain dryer, stores them in silos and then sells them in 40-pound and 1,000-pound packages, primarily as biofuel. 

Purchasers burn them in pellet stoves.

Doing that is “slightly negative” economically, he said, especially the handling and packaging of the 40-pound lots.

The company’s other plant in Hart gives away its pits without charge to be spread on orchards and allowed to break down naturally, Pryde said. They break down extraordinarily slowly.”

Meanwhile, a separate new study by Rice University researchers found that mixing biochar into sandy-textured soil in areas such as the Northern Lower Peninsula can significantly increase the soil’s ability to retain water, allowing farmers to use less water for irrigation. Other parts of the U.S. that would benefit include much of Nebraska and Florida, according to the analysis published in the journal GCB-Bioenergy. 

Researchers have explored other possible ways to add value to tart cherry pits, including extracting oils to use in cooking and cosmetics and extracting bio-oil as a renewable fuel. 

The goal of such projects is to develop revenue from otherwise-discarded waste, improve plants’ use of nutrients, reduce drinking water pollution and minimize the environmental effects of food production, the Cornell study said.

Eric Freedman is professor of journalism and former associate dean of International Studies and Programs. During his 20-year newspaper career, he covered public affairs, environmental issues and legal affairs for newspapers in New York and Michigan, winning a Pulitzer Prize for coverage of a legislative corruption scandal. He teaches environmental journalism and serves as director of the Knight Center for Environmental Journalism. He also teaches public affairs reporting, international journalism, feature writing and media law and serves as director of the school’s Capital News Service

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Biochar production in Ouagadougou

9 January, 2021
 

Choose one server that works.


With kids back to class, brush up on these six gardening terms to add to your horticulture vocabulary

9 January, 2021
 

Judy Terry


Magnetization of biochar nanoparticles as novel support for fabrication of organo nickel as …

9 January, 2021
 

(AGENPARL) – LONDON (UNITED KINGDOM), sab 09 gennaio 2021

Catalyst species are important class of materials in chemistry, industrial, medicinal and biotechnology. Also, waste recycling is important process in green chemistry and economic efficiency. Therefore, in order to waste recycling, biochar nanoparticles were prepared from chicken manure. Then, biochar nanoparticles were magnetized under green and environmentally friendly method. Finally, the surface of magnetic biochar nanoparticles were modified and further were applied as a novel support for fabrication of nickel as homoselective and reusable catalyst in organic reactions. Structure of this organic-inorganic catalyst has been characterized by N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms, SEM, EDS, WDX, XRD, TGA, AAS, FT-IR and VSM techniques. This magnetically recyclable catalyst was used in the homoselective synthesis of tetrazole and pyranopyrazole derivatives. This catalyst can be reused for several times without significant loss of its catalytic efficiency. Heterogeneity and stability of this nanocatalyst was studied by hot filtration and AAS technique. Also, reused catalyst was characterized by SEM, EDS, AAS and BET techniques.

Fonte/Source: http://feeds.rsc.org/~r/rss/NJ/~3/7PlhCLI5LZs/D0NJ04990E

listenButton3.onclick = function(){ if(responsiveVoice.isPlaying()){ responsiveVoice.cancel(); }else{ responsiveVoice.speak(“(AGENPARL) – LONDON (UNITED KINGDOM), sab 09 gennaio 2021 Catalyst species are important class of materials in chemistry, industrial, medicinal and biotechnology. Also, waste recycling is important process in green chemistry and economic efficiency. Therefore, in order to waste recycling, biochar nanoparticles were prepared from chicken manure. Then, biochar nanoparticles were magnetized under green and environmentally friendly method. Finally, the surface of magnetic biochar nanoparticles were modified and further were applied as a novel support for fabrication of nickel as homoselective and reusable catalyst in organic reactions. Structure of this organic-inorganic catalyst has been characterized by N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms, SEM, EDS, WDX, XRD, TGA, AAS, FT-IR and VSM techniques. This magnetically recyclable catalyst was used in the homoselective synthesis of tetrazole and pyranopyrazole derivatives. This catalyst can be reused for several times without significant loss of its catalytic efficiency. Heterogeneity and stability of this nanocatalyst was studied by hot filtration and AAS technique. Also, reused catalyst was characterized by SEM, EDS, AAS and BET techniques. Fonte/Source: http://feeds.rsc.org/~r/rss/NJ/~3/7PlhCLI5LZs/D0NJ04990E”, “Italian Female”); } };

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Books Download The Biochar Solution: Carbon Farming and Climate Change

9 January, 2021
 

Book Description:
Title: – The Biochar Solution: Carbon Farming and Climate Change (English Edition) par Albert K. Bates
Author: K Bates .
File Type: PDF EPUB MOBI.
MD5 Hash Code: 53f06050f9cbc6f09577351883d63102

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Biochar Production for Vineyards

9 January, 2021
 

Online Event

Biochar is a specialized form of charcoal made from waste woody biomass at high temperature in the absence of oxygen. It is used as an effective soil amendment to improve soil moisture and soil health, and is currently being researched as a means of carbon sequestration. As a compost additive, biochar can also help more effectively manage other organic waste streams such as grape pomace, retaining and recycling nutrients.

Join LIVE for a two-part virtual training series to explore the benefits of biochar, production and application on vineyards, and the results of recent field research studies. Tickets are pay-what-you-want with a recommended donation of $20 for LIVE members / $40 for non-members for one session or $30 members / $50 non-members for both sessions.

Session 1: Tuesday, January 12 from 3-4:30pm PST

Session 1 will introduce biochar production, characterization, application, composting, and best practices. We will discuss NRCS cost share programs for biochar application to soil, present preliminary results of field trials, and describe the Biochar Atlas Tool for matching biochar characteristics to specific soils and crops.

Session 2: Thursday, January 14 from 3-4:30pm PST

Session 2 will present two years of harvest data from a vineyard field trial in which biochar and compost (combined and separate) were applied during pre-plant soil prep. Plant growth response and economic outcomes will be presented, as well as supplemental and anecdotal information from related research and the economic implications of carbon credits for biochar applications that have just been issued for the first time in North America. In this session you will also learn about low-cost techniques for making biochar on the farm from woody residues, including grape vines.

Speaker Bios:

Kelpie Wilson is a writer and a mechanical engineer with a passion for wild nature and renewable energy. Early in her career she worked for several companies that were developing Stirling-cycle heat engines. Throughout the 1990s, she was a forest protection advocate with the Siskiyou Regional Education Project. She then turned to journalism and worked for Truthout.org for four years, covering environment and energy. After learning about biochar, she moved to a project developer position at the International Biochar Initiative where she managed the multi-stakeholder process to create the first set of standards and testing guidelines for biochar. Since 2012, she has been a consultant helping biochar companies, NGOs and government agencies understand biochar markets and production technologies. She pioneered development of the Flame Cap Kiln biochar technology for use by forestry contractors, arborists and farmers, and presents many workshops each year bringing this technology to end users. She is a founding board member of the US Biochar Initiative, and she lives in rural Oregon, where she makes biochar compost and grows a large organic vegetable garden.

Kristin Trippe, Research Microbiologist at the USDA and US Biochar Initiative Board Member, became interested in microbes, molecules, and methods that remediate degraded soils and increase agricultural productivity as an undergraduate. She pursued this interest in graduate school where she studied the role of fungi in remediating organic pollutants in the environment. After she received her PhD, Dr. Trippe joined the Agricultural Research Service in Corvallis, Oregon. There, her laboratory studies focus on the effects of biochar on soil health and microbial community dynamics. Her laboratory developed the Pacific Northwest Biochar Atlas, an online decision support toolkit that connects producers and users of biochar-based amendments. Her laboratory has also examined the role of biochar in rangeland restoration, mine reclamation, forest-to-farm biochar systems, soil water dynamics, pesticide absorption, and increasing agricultural yields, as well as a broad spectrum of studies focused on natural products and microbial biochemistry. Dr. Trippe has been a leader in the biochar research community. She co-organized the ARS Biochar Roadmap workshop and has led several other local, regional, and national efforts to coordinate biochar research efforts. She has served on the Board of Directors of the US Biochar Initiative since 2018 and is the current Chair of the Soil Biology and Biochemistry Division of the Soil Science Society of America.

Josiah Hunt graduated from UH Hilo in 2004 with a Bachelor of Science in Agroecology and Environmental Quality. Since 2008 he has helped to pioneer methods for biochar production, processing, and application in farming systems using organic and biological approaches. He is founder and CEO of Pacific Biochar.

LIVE supports environmentally and socially responsible winegrowing in the Pacific Northwest through third-party certification and education.

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Biochar-assisted Fenton-like oxidation of benzo[a]pyrene-contaminated soil,Environmental …

9 January, 2021
 

In the present study, the biochar derived from sunflower husks was used as a mediator in the heterogeneous Fenton process. The physical and chemical characteristics were studied in terms of specific surface area, elemental contents, surface morphology, surface functional groups, thermal stability, and X-ray crystallography. The main aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of biochar in a heterogeneous Fenton process catalyzed by hematite toward the degradation of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) in Haplic Chernozem. The Fenton-like reaction was performed at a pH of 7.8 without pH adjustment in chernozem soil. The effects of operating parameters, such as hematite dosage and H2O2 concentrations, were investigated with respect to the removal efficiency of BaP. The overall degradation of 65% was observed at the optimized conditions where 2 mg g−1 hematite and 1.25 M H2O2 corresponded to the H2O2 to Fe ratio of 22:1. Moreover, the biochar amendment showed an increment in the removal efficiency and promotion in the growth of spring barley (Hordeum sativum distichum). The BaP removal was reached 75 and 95% after 2.5 and 5% w/w addition of biochar, respectively. The results suggested that the Fenton-like reaction’s effectiveness would be greatly enhanced by the ability of biochar for activation of H2O2 and ejection of the electron to reduce Fe(III) to Fe(II). Finally, the presence of biochar could enhance the soil physicochemical properties, as evidenced by the better growth of Hordeum sativum distichum compared to the soil without biochar. These promising results open up new opportunities toward the application of a modified Fenton reaction with biochar for remediating BaP-polluted soils.

在本研究中,来源于向日葵皮的生物炭被用作非均质Fenton过程的介体。根据比表面积,元素含量,表面形态,表面官能团,热稳定性和X射线晶体学研究了理化特性。主要目的是评估生物炭在赤铁矿催化的异质Fenton工艺中对Haplic Chernozem中苯并[a] py(BaP)降解的有效性。在黑钙土中在不调节pH的情况下在7.8的pH下进行Fenton样反应。赤铁矿用量和H 2 O 2等操作参数的影响关于BaP的去除效率,对浓度进行了研究。在2 mg g -1赤铁矿和1.25 MH 2 O 2对应于H 2 O 2与Fe之比为22:1的优化条件下,观察到总体降解率为65%。此外,生物炭改良剂显示出去除效率的提高和春大麦(Hordeum sativum distichum)生长的促进。加入生物炭后分别去除了2.5和5%w / w的BaP,去除率达到了75%和95%。结果表明,生物炭激活H 2 O 2的能力将大大增强Fenton样反应的有效性。电子的喷射将Fe(III)还原为Fe(II)。最后,生物炭的存在可以增强土壤的理化特性,与没有生物炭的土壤相比,大麦大麦生长更好。这些有希望的结果为改良的Fenton反应与生物炭的应用开辟了新的机会,以修复BaP污染的土壤。


Biochar and the Mechanisms of Nutrient Retention and Exchange in the Soil

10 January, 2021
 

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Green Belt bucks 2020 trend

10 January, 2021
 

All told, 2020 has been a year of positive change for Green Belt, Ireland’s largest forestry company. It has seen our brand redevelop in line with the advent of our new chief executive. This has also coincided with Green Belt managing costs more efficiently, increasing profitability and delivering improved shareholder value.

Recent filings suggested significant operational losses within Green Belt over the last five years. Included in these were specific and extraordinary items. We now have a very strong foundation to continue to thrive upon.

It has been essential to seek and develop opportunities beyond the traditional model for Green Belt as the Licensing delays in the Forest Service continue to frustrate the industry. We have seen the increase of alternative fee generating activities throughout the business, including management plans, increased harvesting volumes, Woodland Environmental Fund activities, investment initiatives and timber valorising activities, such as Green Belt Biochar.

There is no hiding from the fact that the forestry industry is in crisis currently. This is a challenge we are facing head on and are working with the industry, both independently and with the representative body, FII, to deliver a resolution whereby licences can be issued in a reasonable timeline. The Forest Service has committed to address the ecological and environmental administrative elements of all applications through the employment of numerous ecologists and local inspectors. We look forward to the fruit of their endeavours.

Green Belt has this year elected Imelda Connolly as chief executive. Imelda has helped to address some of the most critical elements within Green Belt, historically affecting cashflow and profitability. As part of this positive renaissance, there has been a renewed energy and focus applied to traditionally ‘non-core’ activities.

Since 1982, driving value and performance for our client base has always been our mission. We are extremely positive and confident that we will continue to deliver the excellence and expertise in establishing and managing forestry and natural environment assets. Beyond this, we will continue to explore the wide variety of potential within the broader forestry and bioeconomy sector.

Contact details

Maurice Ryan

Director

087 675 3097 [email protected]

Imelda Connolly

Group CEO [email protected]

Laura and Tom Sinnott, who run Wexford Preserves. Picture: CJ Nash Sašo Eržen, head of medical software development, Comtrade Digital Services


Descargar Enmiendas orgánicas de nueva generación: biochar y otras biomoléculas III.8

10 January, 2021
 

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Enhancing biochar sorption properties through self-templating strategy and ultrasonic fore …

10 January, 2021
 

The surface area of ultrasonic fore-modified biochar raised 249% than traditional ones.

Biochar’s absorbability towards antibiotic raise by 777% while desorption rate decline by 80%.

The fore-modified treatment is more helpful for carbon functionalization.

Ultrasonic treatment contributes to realize the largely increasing of microporous structures.

The surface area of ultrasonic fore-modified biochar raised 249% than traditional ones.

Biochar’s absorbability towards antibiotic raise by 777% while desorption rate decline by 80%.

The fore-modified treatment is more helpful for carbon functionalization.

Ultrasonic treatment contributes to realize the largely increasing of microporous structures.

The traditional anaerobic sewage treatment facilities are unsuitable for the widely uncontrolled spread of antibiotic residues in hospital or on livestock farm, which have raised the risk levels of high concentrations of antibiotic residues leakages and seriously threatened the aquatic ecology safeties. Thus, to develop an effective adsorbent with safe, low cost, and high firmly adsorptive capacity are imminent required. In this investigated, a self-templating hydrothermal alkali fore-modified & ultrasonic treatment was developed to achieve the highly adsorptive capacity and low desorption rate of biochar. As expected, the prepared biochar adsorbents present plenty of surface functional groups and micro pores. The BET value is raised up 1452 cm2·g-1 for biochar treated by the associated alkali fore-modified and ultrasonic treatment (UFB), whereas it is only 415.8 cm2·g-1 for the biochar treated by traditional carbonization (AC) and 1205 cm2·g-1 for the biochar by further hydrothermal alkali fore-modification (FB). Congruously, UFB exhibits the removal abilities of 397.70 mg·g-1 of levofloxacin (LEV) and 320.99 mg·g-1 of chlorotetracycline (CTC), 3.5~6.3 times absorbability towards familiar antibiotics than traditional biochar. Moreover, the corresponding the lowest desorption of 1.30 mg·g-1 (LEV) and 0.43 mg·g-1 (CTC) mg·g-1 by UFB have been confirmed. Meanwhile, Furthermore, both the adsorption and desorption mechanisms have been addressed by kinetic studies, pore width distributions, XPS and FTIR surveys. It is proposed the fore-modified treatment is more helpful for carbon functionalization while the ultrasonic treatment dedicates to the largely microporous structures. Consequently, the adsorption’s capacity and stability of UFB adsorbents is large promoted due to its more micro- and meso-porous structure through a jointly hydrothermal alkali fore-modified and ultrasonic treatment. The present investigation will provide a novel alternative preparation strategy of the highly efficient adsorbent for emergency medical wastewater treatment.


Application of Chlorella pyrenoidosa embedded biochar beads for water treatment

10 January, 2021
 

Biochar beads embedded with freshwater algae was prepared for water treatment.

Freshwater algae within the beads primarily removed nutrients by assimilation.

Biochar mainly removed organic matter and heavy metals by chemisorption.

Beads have potential to be used in estuarine/marine areas and saline groundwater.

Feasibility of combining freshwater algae and biochar to treat water was confirmed.

Biochar beads embedded with freshwater algae was prepared for water treatment.

Freshwater algae within the beads primarily removed nutrients by assimilation.

Biochar mainly removed organic matter and heavy metals by chemisorption.

Beads have potential to be used in estuarine/marine areas and saline groundwater.

Feasibility of combining freshwater algae and biochar to treat water was confirmed.

The ability of biochar beads embedded with freshwater algae ̶ Chlorella pyrenoidosa (Bc-Cp beads) were investigated for their efficiency in the removal of pollutants. Combining these is an innovative concept which can result in improvements in pollutant removal since both, biochar and algae have the ability for adsorbing/absorbing pollutants. Additionally, only limited work on embedding freshwater algae (common algae existing in surface water and having low ecological risks since they are native species) into biochar for the removal of water pollutants has been undertaken to-date. It was found that Bc-Cp beads prepared using 10 mL of algae (9 × 108 cell/mL), 0.3 g of biochar, 40 g/L of sodium alginate, and 20 g/L of CaCl2 displayed the optimum characteristics including mechanical strength (2.548 N), promotion of algae growth (191.70 % growth rate) and pollutant removal ability with the removal efficiency of ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen and total phosphorus, total organic carbon, zinc and copper were up to 69.2 %, 43.0 %, 73.8 %, 81.0 %, 74.4 % and 81.0 %, respectively. The algae within the beads were primarily responsible for the removal of nutrients by assimilation, while biochar mainly exerted influence on the removal of organic matter and heavy metals by chemisorption. The study outcomes also confirmed that Bc-Cp beads possess high potential to be used in estuarine environments and saline groundwater.


Farm Scale Biochar Part 2 Feedstocks

10 January, 2021
 

Bob Wells and Jon Nilsson of CharGrow, LLC give us an overview of biochar production at the Grandview Living Web Farm and talk about adapting farm scale biochar to various sized operations and applications. Discover why biochar is such a great carrier for soil microbiology and find out about how that affects the long term fertility of your farm or gardens. Get a tour of the fully integrated facility that uses the process energy to heat the adjacent greenhouse and kiln. Find out about CharGrow products that are ready to use for vegetables, flowers, trees and shrubs.

source


Tag: Biochar Market

11 January, 2021
 

Biochar MarketIndustryGrowthInsights, 10012021: The research report on the Biochar Market is a deep analysis of the market. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report. Experts have studied the historical data and compared it with the changing market situations. The report covers all the necessary information required by new entrants as well as the existing players to gain deeper insight.Furthermore, the statistical survey in the report focuses on product specifications, costs, production capacities, marketi


Biochar Market Growth Prospects, Key Vendors, Future Scenario Forecast By 2027 | Industry …

11 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market

IndustryGrowthInsights, 10012021: The research report on the Biochar Market is a deep analysis of the market. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report. Experts have studied the historical data and compared it with the changing market situations. The report covers all the necessary information required by new entrants as well as the existing players to gain deeper insight.

Furthermore, the statistical survey in the report focuses on product specifications, costs, production capacities, marketing channels, and market players. Upstream raw materials, downstream demand analysis, and a list of end-user industries have been studied systematically, along with the suppliers in this market. The product flow and distribution channel have also been presented in this research report.

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The Major Manufacturers Covered in this Report:
Cool Planet
Biochar Supreme
NextChar
Terra Char
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy
CharGrow
Pacific Biochar
Biochar Now
The Biochar Company (TBC)
ElementC6
Vega Biofuels

The Research Study Focuses on:

By Types:
Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

By Applications:
Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

By Regions:

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The Biochar Market Report Consists of the Following Points:

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In conclusion, the Biochar Market report is a reliable source for accessing the research data that is projected to exponentially accelerate your business. The report provides information such as economic scenarios, benefits, limits, trends, market growth rate, and figures. SWOT analysis is also incorporated in the report along with speculation attainability investigation and venture return investigation.

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Grow Your Own Nutrition: Jon Frank on Minerals, Biochar, and Ramial Chips

11 January, 2021
 

This article is based on an interview of Jon Frank conducted by Joanna Campe.

Nutrient dense foods are an essential component to a healthy diet, yet they can be difficult to come by. To address this issue, Jon Frank founded Grow Your Own Nutrition, a program focused on consulting people on growing their own nutrient dense foods wherever they are. This user-friendly program can be applied to any soil type. In an interview with Joanna Campe, Frank explained the methods he used to create this program, as well as the importance of soil fertility.

 

Dr. Carey Reams developed the Reams Biological Theory of Ionization, which proposes that “life is the basis of energy, energy is 7the basis of matter.” Based on the teachings of Dr. Reams, Frank’s program has focused on feeding the soil, feeding the plant, and feeding the leaf. This method can be done organically while keeping up the energy of the plants to sustain them through the growing season. Along with these methods, he has found a way to create a gardening program incorporating the teachings of Reams in a simplified manner without compromising the results in nutrition. He has found success in keeping plant energy up through a threefold application of mineral blends, biochar, and ramial chips.

First defined by Professor Gilles Lemieux, ‘Ramial wood’ “refers to twigs having less than 7 cm in diameter. They contain soluble or little-polymerized lignin, the base for soil aggregates and highly reactive humus.” Since these twigs and branches were previously seen as trash, they were usually burned, buried, or discarded. However, Lemieux’s pioneering approach to ramial chips allowed reuse of the material that is based in the science of soil fertility.

When applying the mineral blends, the minerals need to be at the right ratios and levels in the soil to produce the best nutrition. This can be done through ‘microbial digestion.’ Limestone, for example, can be broken down to create minerals needed in the soil. When limestone is added to the soil, the goal is to provide available calcium. Microbial digestion turns the calcium carbonate into available calcium.

Frank explains that in order to gain the full spectrum of nutrients in the soil, a blend of major, secondary, trace, and rare earth minerals should be included. This blend is important for the soil since clay-based rock powders and ocean products will provide different, but essential, nutrients. The ocean-based products provide iodine for the soil while the rock powders provide silica. However, more rock powders than ocean products should be incorporated. He adds several other products as well, such as “Summa Minerals, Planters II, Azomite, high paramagnetic basalt rock powder, and Spanish river carbonatite.”

 

In addition to these minerals, compost can be added to keep the energy of the plants sustained throughout the growing season. However, while compost can be useful in sustaining plant energy, Frank warned that compost can also be detrimental in terms of quality since the higher levels of potassium present in compost can result in a weaker, watery Brix reading.

In the early years, Frank recommended an emphasis on calcium over potassium to get nutrient dense foods. Over time, his views have evolved. “Ongoing composting is not good when there is too much calcium and not enough potassium, which leads to growing low Brix organic food. You need to build the calcium up correctly to earn the right to use compost. The emphasis is on calcium with a steady supply of potassium at the right levels and ratios for nutrient density.”

Frank made clear that biochar does an excellent job of attracting nutrients to it. He found that more carbon was present in the soil when biochar was added, which led to better soil. “Biochar is a carbon magnet that attracts more carbon, nitrogen, microbes, and electrical charge. You end up with better soil which ‘holds energy’.”

In addition to biochar, ramial chips soften the soil and can make the soil more productive. They are also incredibly versatile since they are able to be used in both tropical and temperate environments. This combination of minerals, biochar, and ramial chips serves as the basis of Frank’s Grow Your Own Nutrition garden program and can be tailored to each soil type.

 

Since Frank’s program heavily focuses on soil fertility, he argues for the importance of remineralization, despite the criticism it has received from other scholars in the field, such as Dr. Elaine Ingham. While Dr. Ingham claims that the soil should already have all the minerals it needs, Frank says that in practice, this is not always true.

“When you have an outcome where you’re looking at things like Brix, you can quickly find out that if you try to just do some compost tea and only provide inoculation without minerals, you come up really, really short in terms of quality. So, having a refractometer can fix a lot of arguments of ‘all you need is compost tea or a little bit of compost in inoculating and that’s it, or maybe some little wood chips.’ It is not. You’ve got to put the minerals in if you want success in any real sense.”

Frank recommended some books for further research, including Bread from Stones by Julius Hensel, Bread and Roses from Stones by Jack Gaerity, and Clean Culture by Sampson Morgan.

For Frank, the nature of available energy is boundless and shares a strong relationship with minerals throughout the world. “Earth is full of geological resources that are just waiting to be used, and the mining industry or forest industry in this case or the industries related to the ocean have a lot to offer agriculture. And I don’t feel like there’s any scarcity of minerals on this earth. It’s just a scarcity of stewardship or a lack of wisdom to apply that stewardship, and there’s really no shortage of energy either.” His applied stewardship equips Grow Your Own Nutrition to promote methods and practices based in science and encourages everyone to be active in improving their own nutrition.

 

Autumn VanBuskirk is a student at the University of Texas at Tyler who is working towards her BA in English with a minor in Language and Technology. She plans to work towards an MA in English with a focus in rhetoric and composition. She writes and publishes poetry, news articles, and academic essays. Currently, she is an editor for a literary magazine and a writing tutor for the University of Texas at Tyler. She wanted to find ways to learn more about the environment, so she became a volunteer science writer with Remineralize the Earth. She is excited to learn more about remineralization and its impact on the environment as well as improving the earth for future generations.


Activated Charcoal 1: Historical Overview, Current, and Future Uses

11 January, 2021
 

Published Date: 11th January 2021

Introduction

Charcoal, activated charcoal, and biochar are all types of carbonaceous matter obtained by means of the pyrolysis of organic material. The three products are closely related, since they share similar production conditions, and properties, and are differentiated primarily by their different applications. They are bio-based carbon materials derived from carbon-rich biomass combustion by means of pyrolysis. Charcoal made from wood-based materials has been used since ancient times as fuel for heating, and cooking. Activated charcoal is used in removing pollutants from water and air; remediation, clarification, and purification; medical practices to treat poisonings, and overdoses, diarrhea, flatulence, and indigestion. Biochar, on the other hand, is used primarily in soil remediation and amendment, and as an animal feed supplement. Production-wise, charcoal differs from activated charcoal by the fact that it does not undergo an activation process, while biochar may be activated when intended for soil remediation/amendment but not for feed additives. Biochar and activated charcoal are therefore derived from charcoal using similar or even the same production processes, while biochar is the precursor of activated charcoal. Activation is an enhancement process to the charcoal, which promotes its physicochemical properties such as surface area and absorption capacity.

Therefore, activated charcoal, also known as activated carbon can be defined as a solid, porous, tasteless, and black carbonaceous material derived from a variety of carbon-containing materials, including agricultural residues. It is a processed carbon material capable of adsorbing various substances because of its highly developed pore structure, and large internal specific surface area. It differs from elemental carbon by its high surface area, and the oxidation of the carbon atoms found on its outer, and inner surfaces. The surface chemistry of activated charcoal is therefore responsible for its capacity to absorb various gases, aqueous liquids, and poisons. It has been used as a major antidote against common poisonings since ancient times. Several reports have indeed revealed that activated charcoal adsorbs more toxins than any natural substance known to mankind, since it is capable of adsorbing a thousand times its own weight in gases, heavy metals, and poisons.

The adsorption property of activated charcoal has been routinely applied in water purification, undesirable odor, and impurities control in foods, management of odor from skin ulcers, and effective adsorption of wound secretions, bacteria, and toxins. In some countries, activated charcoal is required by law to be part of the standard medicament in an ambulance for prevention against poisoning. Activated charcoal has also been found more effective in reducing the levels of mycotoxins in animal feeds than other mineral adsorbents such as alumino-silicates, and bentonite. The benefits of biochar, and activated charcoal as soil additives for the remediation of polluted sites, improvement of soil water holding capacity, structure, and biota, and subsequently nutrient mobility, and provision in the soil are well established. Research interests in the application of activated charcoal, and biochar in animal production have also increased in recent times. Several reports exist on the effects of using them as additives in feeds meant for ruminants, pigs, poultry, and fish. Activated charcoal has been used to promote, growth and laying performance in poultry, manipulate gut microbial population and immunity, mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from ruminants, control odor in livestock production environments, and enhance overall farm productivity.

Historical Uses and Mode of Actions of Activated Charcoals

The earliest documented information on the medicinal uses of charcoal was around 1500 B.C. by the Egyptians, who used it primarily for treating the unpleasant odours emanating from festering wounds. Other ancient scripts like the old testament Bible (Numbers, 19:9), contain information on the carbonaceous adsorbent activity of ash, and charcoal. Archaeological findings have also shown that by 400 B.C. charcoal was being used for water treatment in many cultures, especially among seafarers, who would char the inside of water barrels to purify, and preserve the water for long ocean voyages. Quite a number of physicians like Hippocrates, Pliney, and Claudius Galen, in early times, documented a variety of ailments such as epilepsy, iron deficiencies, dizziness, and anthrax amongst many others treated with charcoal. Since then, healers have used activated charcoal to absorb poisons, and improve bowel health. Activated charcoal has also been used for other medical, and veterinary purposes, especially as a universal poison antidote, and remedy for different classes of animal diseases.

Between the 16th and 19th century AD, further advancements were made on the use of charcoal for antiseptic, water purification, bleaching of sugar, and odor removal purposes. Beginning in the 20th century, activated charcoal was produced commercially in a powdered form, especially during the first World War, when granular activated charcoal was used in gas masks, solvent recovery, and air purification. Today, different types of activated carbon exist in the market, with the most commercially common ones being powdered activated charcoal (PAC), and granular activated charcoal (GAC). The special properties of activated charcoal are conferred on it chiefly by its high porosity. The numerous small pores confer on it an exceptionally large surface area; such that one gram of the material can pack a surface area range of 500 to 1500 square meters. This large surface area is responsible for the high adsorption capacity of the material. Therefore, the higher the number of pores, the larger will be the surface area, which also increases the adsorption capacity of the element. The increase in the surface area depends on the type of biomass, and the activation process adopted in producing the activated charcoal. It is also now recognized that the surface chemistry of the carbon plays an important role in the adsorptive properties, and consequently, greater attention is now being paid to this aspect of the activated charcoal.

Health and Veterinary Benefits of Activated Charcoal

In the recent past, health authorities in most countries restricted the use of activated charcoal to emergency treatment of overdoses or poisonings. Emerging scientific reports on its potent anti-poison properties, have however lead to its approval for an increasing number of health conditions. For example, experiments with rats have shown the beneficial effects of activated charcoal in induced chronic kidney disease. Rats fed activated charcoal at the rate of 4 grams per kg body weight per day manifested significant reductions in intestinal inflammation, and damage, while those on a ration containing 20 percent activated charcoal, showed improvements in their kidney functions, and reductions in the rate of kidney inflammation, and damage. Gaseous, and liquid substances trapped in the intestine are easily absorbed by activated charcoal, and this has been affirmed by recent European Food Safety Authority panel reports that there is enough evidence to support the use of activated charcoal to reduce excessive bowel gas accumulation. Researchers have reported the effectiveness of activated charcoal in managing diarrheas of certain bacterial, and antibiotic drug medication origin, although few side effects, have also been documented. Other increasingly popular health uses of activated charcoal include, its use in teeth whitening, skincare, deodorization, and treatment of skin infections, and ulcers.

Early studies by researchers at the University of Wyoming, and Duke University in the Island of Zanzibar, East Africa, established that monkeys ate charcoal from burnt tree stumps in order to detoxify their digestive system. Based on other studies with lethal doses of cobra venom, and other poisons, Cooney (1980) concluded that activated charcoal can adsorb poisons or toxins more than any other substance known to mankind, and that it is capable of adsorbing a thousand times its own weight in gases, heavy metals, and poisons. Under intensive production, animals may be constantly exposed to contaminated water, and feedstuffs, which may be the underlying causes of poor production. In many commercial farms in Europe therefore, especially processed commercial activated charcoals are routinely added in cattle, and poultry feeds, and drinking water. The positive effects of this practice have been attributed to the presence of mineral elements in the activated charcoal, and its toxin adsorption property. For example, the minerals contained in the activated charcoal have been shown to mix with water to decrease the surface tension of intestinal digests, while its absorption property permits physical adsorption of gases, and toxins produced during the digestive process, as well as toxic substances secreted by intestinal microbes.

Industrial Uses of Activated Charcoal

The global market size for activated charcoal was in 2018 estimated at USD 4.72 billion, with an expected Cumulative Average Growth Rate (CAGR) of 17.5 percent over the ten-year period (2014 – 2025). This market growth has been driven by the ever-increasing demand for water, and sewage treatment applications of activated charcoal. Again, because of the environmental requirements in many countries, and new areas of application, the high supply-demand gap has continued to increase the global price of activated charcoal. Market-wise, activated charcoal is categorized into powdered, granular, and other types, which are further segmented into pelletized, extruded, acid washed, bead activated, and impregnated types among others. Due to its unique pore structure, and high adsorption capacity, the powdered form has become the most popular type of activated charcoal in the global market, and accounted for 60 percent of the USA production in 2018 and beyond (Figure 1). Powdered activated charcoal has particularly found a variety of applications in the automotive, pharmaceutical, medical, food, and beverage industries. Granular activated charcoal which is manufactured mostly from carbon-rich coal, and coconut shell is also popular in the market because of its special regenerating properties that make them valuable in potable water purification, and sewage treatment plants.

There are numerous applications of activated charcoal in many different fields, either as gas or liquid phase applications. The hard granules, or hard, relatively dust-free pelleted activated charcoal is commonly used in gas-phase applications. Their high points include well-developed micro-porosity that provides a high adsorptive capacity, and preferential adsorption of gases, and organic vapors in the presence of moisture, as well as surface area range of 1000 – 2000 m2g−1. They also have the additional property of low resistance to gas flow, and a complete release of adsorbates at increasing temperatures, and decreasing pressures, which means that the spent carbon can be regenerated. They are therefore routinely used in greenhouses, and manufacturing industries for air purification, and removal of toxic gases, odors, and harmful dust particles. Activated charcoals for gas-phase applications are, however, more expensive than those used in liquid-phase applications.

In liquid-phase applications, large pore size activated charcoals are required because of the need for quick dissemination of the liquid into the interior of the carbon particles, and because of the relatively larger sizes of the dissolved molecules that have to be retained. Thus, both the granular, and the powdered activated charcoals are used in liquid-phase applications. Essentially, the granular form is used in continuous processes because of its regeneration capacity, whereas the powdered form is used generally in batch processes, after which it is discarded or eluted. The liquid-phase application of activated charcoal is chiefly for odor, color, and taste removal from solutions, and concentration or recovery of solutes from solutions, with the major industrial uses being in water purification, sugar, and sweetener discoloration.

Agricultural Uses of Activated Charcoal

Charcoal, mostly in the form of biochar is increasingly being used in different types of agricultural production, including crop, livestock, and aquaculture production. In crop production, the use of biochar as a soil amendment has been extensively researched, especially focusing on its inter-dependent attributes like improvement of soil quality, and microbial activity, the increase in crop yields, and the reduction of greenhouse gases emissions associated with the extensive use of inorganic fertilizers (Figure 2). Proven benefits in animal production include improvement of nutrient digestion, promotion of weight gain, and enhancement of gut immunity, while other potential benefits include farmyard odor control, and nuisance fly mitigation as well as the production of high-quality manure.  Activated charcoal has also been used in animal feed formulation as an additive to absorb excess enteric ammonia, and nitrogen, thereby enhancing the intestinal functions, through the elimination such as poisons, and impurities. The use of activated charcoal at high dosages for binding mycotoxins has been shown to reduce the effects of mycotoxicosis in farm animals.

Activated charcoal is also commonly added to fish diets to improve their digestibility, and trigger growth as shown in the results of several studies with different classes of fish, including the Nile tilapia, tiger pufferfish, and African catfish among many others. It has particularly been hypothesized that adding activated charcoal to the fish diet triggers the digestive organogenesis system process. Compared to the available information on crop production, however, there is limited information about the use of biochar as feed supplements in animal, and aquaculture farming. The different applications of biochar in animal husbandry are represented in figure 3.

Future Prospects

The global demand for activated charcoal is expected to continue rising in the coming years, with more than two million metric tons of annual global sales being projected by 2025. This growth will be driven chiefly by China, and other emerging country needs to reduce pollution arising from manufacturing activities, and also the need to improve water, and air quality. A very important aspect of the future use of activated charcoal is the need to optimize the applications, and also research new carbon precursors, and their uses. This is particularly imperative to meeting the activated charcoal demands of the advancing industrial technologies that will require more sophisticated materials, which the conventional powdered or granular activated charcoal forms may not be suited. Indeed, research progress has been made in the development of some of these novel activated charcoals tailored for specific applications either by a combination of raw material selection, activation process conditions, or post-processing manipulations like shaping, and chemical impregnation.

As the global demand for more environmentally friendly manufacturing alternatives increases, emergent activated charcoal applications in food, and beverage processing, and pharmaceutical industries will also increase, thus, aiding the future activated charcoal market growth. Of particular interest will be applications in the automotive industry which are also expected to witness some growth in the coming years. Again, global sustainability trends, increasing population, and disposable income, particularly in the emerging economies are also creating an increased demand for purified air, and water, and are expected to increase the demand for activated charcoal. For example, 2018 estimates showed that more than 40 percent of the global activated charcoal production was channeled to water treatment applications. Therefore, activated charcoal will remain a product of strategic importance in the global industrial, and food-producing sectors, even as environmental concerns, stringent regulations, and standards also increase to ensure adherence to government initiatives in safeguarding the environment.

Bibliographic References

Cooney, D.D. (1980). Activated charcoal: Antidotal and other medical uses. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, USA.

GVR (2019). Activated carbon market size, share, and trends analysis report by product (powdered, granular), by application (liquid, gas), by end-use (water treatment, air purification), by region, and segment forecasts, 2019 – 2025. Grand View Research, San Francisco, USA.

Huizen, J. (2020). What are the benefits of activated charcoal? Medical News Today Newsletter, January 10, 2020. Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK.

Man, K.Y., Chow, K.L., Man, Y.B., Mo, W.Y., and Wong, M.H. (2020). Use of biochar as feed supplements for animal farming. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, DOI: 10.1080/10643389.2020.1721980

Neighbour, G.B. (2013). Activated carbon: Long history, but is the future bright? Water and Sewage Journal, 3: 51 – 53.
Rodríguez-Reinoso, F. (2001). Activated carbon and adsorption. In: Encyclopedia of materials: Science and Technology, 2001. Elsevier B.V.

Ifeanyi C Okoli is a Prof. at FUT Owerri, Nigeria, with extensive industry experience. He coordinates the Poultry Feeds R&D consortium. He loves traveling, photography, and intellectual chitchats.


Granular Biochar Market: Regional Industry Segmentation, Analysis by Production, Consumption …

11 January, 2021
 

Global Granular Biochar market research report provides the details about Industry Overview, Chain structure, Market Competition, Market Size and Share, SWOT Analysis, Technology, Cost, Raw Materials, Consumer Preference, Development and Trends, Regional Forecast, Company and Profile and Product and Service.

Granular Biochar market research report also gives information on the Trade Overview, Policy, Regional Market, Production Development, Sales, Regional Trade, Business Operation Data, Market Features, Investment Opportunity, Investment Calculation and other important aspect of the industry.

Effect of COVID-19: Granular Biochar Market report investigate the effect of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on the Granular Biochar industry. Since December 2019, the COVID-19 infection spread to practically 180+ nations around the world with the World Health Organization pronouncing it a general wellbeing crisis. The worldwide effects of the Covid infection 2019 (COVID-19) are now beginning to be felt, and will essentially influence the Granular Biochar market in 2020

Request a Sample of Granular Biochar Market Research Report with 181 pages and Analysis of Top Key Players at https://www.insidemarketreports.com/sample-request/13/633125/Granular-Biochar

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The main objectives of the research report elaborate the overall market overview on Granular Biochar market dynamics, historic volume and value, robust market methodology, current and future trends, Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, upstream and downstream industry chain, new technological development, cost structure, government policies and regulations, etc. Major companies, company overview, financial data, products and services, strategy analysis, key developments market competition, industry competition structure analysis, SWOT Analysis, etc.

Further Granular Biochar market research report provides regional market analysis with production, sales, trade and regional forecast. it also provides market investment plan like product features, price trend analysis, channel features, purchasing features, regional and industry investment opportunity, cost and revenue calculation, economic performance evaluation etc.

The Granular Biochar industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Finally, the feasibility of new investment projects is assessed, and overall research conclusions offered.

Report Scope

The tunnel ventilation market has been segmented based on different types and application. In order to provide a holistic view on the market current and future market demand has been included in the report.

Major players covered in this report are Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, etc.

The Report is segmented by types TypesMentioned and by the applications ApplicationsMentioned etc.

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Major Points from the Table of Contents

1 Granular Biochar Market Overview

2 Global Granular Biochar Market Competition by Manufacturers

3 Global Granular Biochar Capacity, Production, Revenue (Value) by Region)

4 Global Granular Biochar Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region

5 Global Granular Biochar Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

6 Global Granular Biochar Market Analysis by Application

7 Global Granular Biochar Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis

8 Granular Biochar Manufacturing Cost Analysis

9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

12 Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast

13 Research Findings and Conclusion

14 Appendix

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Granular Biochar Market: Regional Industry Segmentation, Analysis by Production, Consumption …

11 January, 2021
 

Global Granular Biochar market research report provides the details about Industry Overview, Chain structure, Market Competition, Market Size and Share, SWOT Analysis, Technology, Cost, Raw Materials, Consumer Preference, Development and Trends, Regional Forecast, Company and Profile and Product and Service.

Granular Biochar market research report also gives information on the Trade Overview, Policy, Regional Market, Production Development, Sales, Regional Trade, Business Operation Data, Market Features, Investment Opportunity, Investment Calculation and other important aspect of the industry.

Effect of COVID-19: Granular Biochar Market report investigate the effect of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on the Granular Biochar industry. Since December 2019, the COVID-19 infection spread to practically 180+ nations around the world with the World Health Organization pronouncing it a general wellbeing crisis. The worldwide effects of the Covid infection 2019 (COVID-19) are now beginning to be felt, and will essentially influence the Granular Biochar market in 2020

Request a Sample of Granular Biochar Market Research Report with 181 pages and Analysis of Top Key Players at https://www.insidemarketreports.com/sample-request/13/633125/Granular-Biochar

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The main objectives of the research report elaborate the overall market overview on Granular Biochar market dynamics, historic volume and value, robust market methodology, current and future trends, Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, upstream and downstream industry chain, new technological development, cost structure, government policies and regulations, etc. Major companies, company overview, financial data, products and services, strategy analysis, key developments market competition, industry competition structure analysis, SWOT Analysis, etc.

Further Granular Biochar market research report provides regional market analysis with production, sales, trade and regional forecast. it also provides market investment plan like product features, price trend analysis, channel features, purchasing features, regional and industry investment opportunity, cost and revenue calculation, economic performance evaluation etc.

The Granular Biochar industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Finally, the feasibility of new investment projects is assessed, and overall research conclusions offered.

Report Scope

The tunnel ventilation market has been segmented based on different types and application. In order to provide a holistic view on the market current and future market demand has been included in the report.

Major players covered in this report are Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, etc.

The Report is segmented by types TypesMentioned and by the applications ApplicationsMentioned etc.

Our research and insights help our clients in identifying compatible business partners.

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Major Points from the Table of Contents

1 Granular Biochar Market Overview

2 Global Granular Biochar Market Competition by Manufacturers

3 Global Granular Biochar Capacity, Production, Revenue (Value) by Region)

4 Global Granular Biochar Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region

5 Global Granular Biochar Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

6 Global Granular Biochar Market Analysis by Application

7 Global Granular Biochar Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis

8 Granular Biochar Manufacturing Cost Analysis

9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

12 Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast

13 Research Findings and Conclusion

14 Appendix

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Global Biochar Fertilizer Market 2020 Top Industry Players – Seek Fertiliser, Shike Biological …

12 January, 2021
 

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 released at MarketsandResearch.biz offers widespread assessment and emphasizes fundamental synopsis of the global industry, embracing categorizations, applications, explanations, and manufacturing chain structure. The report discloses the overview of the market and then analyzes the market size (in terms of value and volume) and forecast by type, application/end-user, and region. The report contains a market competitive landscape and company profile between vendors, as well as market price analysis and value chain characteristics. The global Biochar Fertilizer market research report sheds light on the assessment of its diverse segments and main geographies.

NOTE: Our analysts monitoring the situation across the globe explains that the market will generate remunerative prospects for producers post COVID-19 crisis. The report aims to provide an additional illustration of the latest scenario, economic slowdown, and COVID-19 impact on the overall industry.

Competitors Analysis:

The competitive landscape offers a corresponding detailed analysis of the major vendors/manufacturers in the global Biochar Fertilizer market. The report examined the key drivers influencing market growth, opportunities, challenges, and the risks faced by key players and the market. It also assesses key emerging trends and their impact on present and future development. This research study assists users to evaluate company shares analysis, emerging product lines, pricing strategies, innovation possibilities, and much more.

DOWNLOAD FREE SAMPLE REPORT: https://www.marketsandresearch.biz/sample-request/133538

The competitive terrain of the market, as per the report, is inclusive of numerous companies such as: Seek Fertiliser, Shike Biological Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., CARBON EARTH COMPANY, Anulekh, Sinochem Fertilizer Holdings Co., Ltd., GreenBack, Hendrikus, Carbon Gold Ltd, Fujian Longchuang Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.

In market segmentation by types, the report covers: , Organic Fertilizer, Inorganic Fertilizer, Compound Fertilizer

In market segmentation by applications, the report covers the following uses: , Cereals, Oil Crops, Fruits and Vegetables, Others

Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America (United States, Canada and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia), South America (Brazil, Argentina, etc.), Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

The report also specifies the computed expected CAGR of the market estimated on the basis of the existing and previous records concerning the global Biochar Fertilizer market. Besides, the report covers various tactics to discover the weaknesses, opportunities, risks, and strengths having the potential to impact the global market expansion. The report helps to evaluate and understand the market and its applications on a global level.

Key Deliverables In The Study:

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Moreover, the report is assumed as the keeping source for market profitability in the research that is expected to raise the business potentials. In addition, the global Biochar Fertilizer market report provides innovative strategies towards the SWOT study, examination of the industrial development. Also, the report delivers breakdown and data triangulation, consumer needs/customer preference change, research findings, market size estimation, and data source.

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Biochar Market Global and Regional Analysis by Top Players, Product Segments, Key Regions …

13 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market Research Report 2021-2025

Adroit Market Research recently added a new report to its extensive repository called Global Biochar Market Report 2021-2025. This report explores important factors in the global Biochar market that need to be understood by both existing and new market entrants. The report highlights important elements such as market share, profitability, manufacturing, sales, manufacturing, advertising, technological advancements, key market players, regional segmentation, and many other important aspects related to the global Biochar market.

The report covers market share, company profiles, regional perspectives, product portfolio, report on recent events, strategic analysis, key market players, sales, distribution chain, manufacturing, manufacturing, new entrants and the existing market. players, advertising, brand value, popular products, supply and demand, and other important market factors that will help new entrants to better understand the market scenario.

Request Sample Report of Global Biochar Market @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=bh

The Biochar Research Report provides close monitoring of leading competitors with strategic analysis, micro and macroeconomic trends and scenarios, price analysis, and a holistic overview of market situations in the forecast period. This is a professional in-depth report covering major and minor factors, market share, leading segments, and geographic analysis. In addition, the report examines key players, key areas of cooperation, mergers and acquisitions, and trends in innovation and business policy.

Biochar Market Segmentation

Type Analysis of Biochar Market:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Applications Analysis of Biochar Market:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

Read Full Report with TOC @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/biochar-market?utm_source=bh

Top Leading players operating in the market:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

The report provides a summary of each market segment, including type, end user, applications, and region. With pie charts, graphs, comparison tables, and progress charts, the report provides a complete overview of market share, size, revenue and growth patterns. The report explains future trends and growth opportunities in each region. These ideas help to understand global market trends and shape strategies that will be implemented in the future.

Study of growth rates over the period

Business owners looking to expand their business can refer to this report, which provides data on sales growth within a given consumer base for the forecast period 2020 to 2025. Product owners can use this information in conjunction with driving factors such as demographics and income. generated from other products discussed in the report to better analyze their products and services. In addition, analysts compared market growth rates to product sales so that business owners could determine the success or failure of a particular product or service.

Key features of this report are:

1.It provides valuable insights into the Global Biochar Market.
2.Provides information for the years 2021-2025. Important factors related to the market are mentioned.
3.Technological advancements, government regulations, and recent developments are highlighted.
4.Advertising and marketing strategies, market trends, and analysis are studied in this report.
5.Growth analysis and predictions until the year 2026.
6.Statistical analysis of the key players in the market is highlighted.
7.Extensively researched market overview.

The analysis objectives of the report are:

• To know the Global Biochar Market size by pinpointing its sub-segments.
• To study the important players and analyse their growth plans.
• To analyse the amount and value of the Global Biochar Market, depending on key regions
• To analyse the Global Biochar Market concerning growth trends, prospects and also their participation in the entire sector.
• To examine the Global Biochar Market size (volume & value) from the company, essential regions/countries, products and application, background information.
• Primary worldwide Global Biochar Market manufacturing companies, to specify, clarify and analyse the product sales amount, value and market share, market rivalry landscape, SWOT analysis and development plans for future.
• To examine competitive progress such as expansions, arrangements, new product launches and acquisitions on the market.

Impact of COVID-19 on Biochar Market

The report also contains the effect of the ongoing worldwide pandemic, i.e., COVID-19, on the Biochar Market and what the future holds for it. It offers an analysis of the impacts of the epidemic on the international market. The epidemic has immediately interrupted the requirement and supply series. The Biochar report also assesses the economic effect on firms and economic demands. Futuristic Reports has accumulated advice from several delegates of this Biochar business and has engaged from the secondary and primary research to extend the customers with strategies and data to combat industry struggles throughout and after the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Kiss the ground, BC general and South Central

13 January, 2021
 

Bill Stollery is a retired construction project manager residing in Penticton, and aspiring author of, “How WE Can Save The World.”

Bill Stollery is a retired construction project manager residing in Penticton, and aspiring author of, “How WE Can Save The World.”

‘Kiss the Ground’ for this and my next column comes from a Netflix documentary narrated by actor Woody Harrelson.

The basic concept of the documentary is that CO2 is absorbed from the atmosphere by plants and carbon is deposited in soil. Healthy plants make healthy soil, resulting in soils retaining more water and resulting in increased food security.

I also learned that this soils regeneration, if approached on an aggressive international basis, can reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide before human emissions reach carbon neutral.

This process was raised as the ‘4 per 1000’ initiative in France in December 2015 at the UN meeting COP21. The ‘4 per 1000’ initiative is based on an annual growth rate of 0.4% in the soil carbon stocks in the first 30 to 40 cm of soil.

The ‘4 per 1000’ initiative is voluntary, which I take to mean that successes with taking the initiative are not credited to meeting climate change emission reduction targets. The ‘4 per 1000’ initiative also applies to forest soils.

Canada and Alberta are signatory to this initiative. B.C. should also become signatory to confirm their commitment.

This will confirm B.C.’s political will in this vital process, and justify B.C.’s promotion of appropriate efforts such as at Agriculture Canada Summerland Research and Development Center, and possibly accelerated tax depreciation for appropriate actions.

Diversification of farming businesses could also reduce climate change weather risks.

A very interesting suggestion for increasing soil carbon is “Biochar,” which is based on creating carbon by charcoal production. Charcoal is produced by burning plant fiber with a limited supply of oxygen.

Charcoal production is much more environmentally friendly than slash and burn. Specifics of whether biochar is appropriately environmentally friendly, and where the carbon should be used needs to be confirmed, possibly by Agriculture Canada Summerland Research and Development Center.

In South Central B.C., the application of ‘4 per 1000’ to agricultural soils can be accomplished by:

• Dairy farms should change to paddock grazing. Paddock grazing is releasing farm animal to graze on limited area for limited time frames to ensure the animal do not cause the pastures to be degraded by trampling. Diversification could include, among other things, specialty cheeses.

• Development and encouraged use of alternate crops will improve soils. Optimally crops would be perennial rather than annual, which could allow simple surface and efficient water control systems (less evaporation) and reduced farm equipment operation.

Possible crops could include fiber crops for fabric and other wide applications, and possibly climate change friendly bio mass

• I assume that all B.C. towns and cities with sewage plants have and promote sewage-based compost for appropriate uses, as they do in Penticton.

• Biochar should be considered particularly for the high value and high labour berry production and farm gardening areas.

• In orchards and wineries diversification could include such practices as having free-range chickens, ducks or geese

• Perennial plantings such as all forms of fruit also continually transmit carbon into soils and should always be paired with natural grasses where possible.

We’re always interested in hearing about news in our community. Let us know what’s going on!

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Asia Pacific Biochar Market Size, Outlook, Opportunities and Forecasts Report 2020-2027

13 January, 2021
 

  

Asia Pacific Biochar Market: Introduction and Scope

Verified Market Research has issued a detailed research report that gives an inside out review of the entire Asia Pacific Biochar market. The full information about the market guides the business endeavours to make revenue impacting decisions. Not only this, the client gets an opportunity to understand the entire market dynamics using charts, graphs and tables that are highlighted in the last section of the global Asia Pacific Biochar market. It must be noted that the Asia Pacific Biochar report is highly regarded as one of the best reports by leading market specialists and enthusiasts.

Our technically sound experts have arranged all the information and then mixed it with in-house database to enable an in-depth market analysis. The Asia Pacific Biochar report was formed after an extensive research was done, that encircled interviews of prospective audience as well as industry experts.

Our in-house research group has designed the Asia Pacific Biochar report keeping in mind the external factors that have a huge impact on the smooth functioning of the Asia Pacific Biochar market. From PESTEL to SWOT analysis, everything is added in the report to give a 360° view of the market. Every basic details was kept in mind so that the clients get a clear picture of the market – from market players to emerging opportunities.

To offer a detailed insight into the cash flow of the market, information was collected from the yearly reports of the established players as well the government websites.

Driving Players associated with the Asia Pacific Biochar Market incorporates:

• Biochar Products Inc.
• Diacarbon Energy Inc.
• Agri-Tech Producers LLC
• Genesis Industries
• Green Charcoal International
• Vega Biofuels Inc.
• The Biochar Company
• Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc.
• Full Circle biochar
• Pacific Pyrolysis Pty Ltd

Asia Pacific Biochar Market: Key Catalysts

The experts at Verified Market Research in their most recent examination study, have dedicated time and effort in unravelling all factors that have taken the Asia Pacific Biochar market to new heights.. Due to this, the Asia Pacific Biochar report has become one of the best reports available in the Asia Pacific Biochar market, securing five star ratings from the clients.

The Asia Pacific Biochar report has become the cash cow for the established players of the market. In line with this, many new startups and established players from other industries are eyeing to expand into this domain. For this, they need and effective business plan. This can be achieved using the actionable recommendations added at the end section of the Asia Pacific Biochar report.

Asia Pacific Biochar Market Report Scope 

For more information on the Asia Pacific Biochar market, request a quotation:

The Global Asia Pacific Biochar market report presents subjective topics that are necessary to be considered for making global level expansions. The Asia Pacific Biochar information also has a blend of industry patterns and basic administrations and related items in this industry. This filtered information helps in delivering the details that are specifically mentioned by the clients. The worldwide Asia Pacific Biochar report helps the clients in inspecting the market’s information in an easy to understand manner.

The Asia Pacific Biochar market is delineated by key outcomes:

1. The fundamental interest capacities related to Asia Pacific Biochar players, for example, type, range, and circulation-based details are canvassed in this record.

2. Full examination of patterns occurring across the entire Asia Pacific Biochar. Components restricting the progression are also mentioned to give full-scale analysis. This will help in driving the client’s business ahead.

3. The Asia Pacific Biochar appraisal has portions that include current market segments which can help clients organize their entire set of plans for the upcoming business quarters.

Visualize Asia Pacific Biochar Market using Verified Market Intelligence:-

Verified Market Intelligence is our BI enabled platform for narrative storytelling of this market. VMI offers in-depth forecasted trends and accurate Insights on over 20,000+ emerging & niche markets helping you make critical revenue impacting decisions.

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Our research studies help our clients make superior data-driven decisions, understand market forecast, capitalize on future opportunities and optimize efficiency by working as their partner to deliver accurate and valuable information. The industries we cover span over a large spectrum including Technology, Chemicals, Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Beverages, Automotive, Robotics, Packaging, Construction, Mining & Gas. Etc.

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Biochar Market Share 2020-2025 By Types, Application, Top Players, Regional Outlook, Growth …

13 January, 2021
 

Adroit Market Research published the latest study on Biochar Market Report Analysis 2020 by Size with Future Prospects, Key Player SWOT Analysis and Forecast To 2026 was recently released. It uses exploratory techniques like qualitative and quantitative analysis to uncover and present data on the target market. Efficient sales strategies have been mentioned that would business and multiply customers in record time.

This report is presented in a clear and concise way to help you better understand market structure and dynamics. Recent trends and developments in the Biochar Market have been analyzed. Opportunities leading to market growth have been analyzed and stated. The report focuses on the global market and provides answers to the most important questions that stakeholders are facing today in the world. Information on the size of the market raises the issue of expanding competitiveness and hindering market-leading sectors and market growth.

Some of the Important and Key Players of the Global Biochar Market:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

Get Exclusive Sample of Report on Biochar market is available @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=PT

Biochar market research report provides detailed information on the following aspects: industry size, share, growth, segmentation, manufacturers and progress, main trends, market drivers, challenges, standardization, deployment models, opportunities, strategies, future roadmaps, and Annual forecast till 2027, etc. The report also helps you understand the dynamic structure of the Biochar market by identifying and analyzing market segments. The worldwide Biochar industry 2021 research report has described Forecasted Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) in terms of % value for a specified period, it will clearly help the user to take their decision depending on the futuristic chart including key players in worldwide Biochar Market. The report profiles some of the key players in the global Biochar Market and provides insightful information about the Biochar industry, such as business overview, Biochar Market product segmentation, revenue segmentation, and latest developments.

Furthermore, the Biochar market report also provides major strategic examination, growth summarized studies, key driving factors and opportunities of the market, which helps to evaluate the Biochar market and other significant details that are related to the Biochar market. The research report study also helps to reveal accurate stats of the industry, which represents ultimate pattern of the global Biochar market and contains various types, applications, market growth structure and opportunities. Moreover, the market research report study also provides an exploration and analysis of the past and current performance of the regional market, which includes divisional and sub-divisional geographies. This regional analysis explores various important market parameters like growth rate of the Biochar market in each of the regions, manufacturing volume and capacity, market demand and supply and its return on investments (RoI).

Some of the key questions answered in the report include-
1. What is the overall structure of the market?
2. What was the historical value and what is the forecasted value of the market?
3. What are the key product level trends in the market?
4. What are the market level trends in the market?
5. Which of the market players are leading and what are their key differential strategies to retain their stronghold?
6. Which are the most lucrative regions in the market space?

Browse the complete report @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/biochar-market?utm_source=PT

Global Biochar market is segmented based by type, application and region.
Based on Type, the market has been segmented into:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Based on application, the market has been segmented into:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

The prime objective of this report is to help the user understand the market in terms of its definition, segmentation, market potential, influential trends, and the challenges that the market is facing. Deep researches and analysis were done during the preparation of the report. The readers will find this report very helpful in understanding the market in depth. The data and the information regarding the market are taken from reliable sources such as websites, annual reports of the companies, journals, and others and were checked and validated by the industry experts. The facts and data are represented in the report using diagrams, graphs, pie charts, and other pictorial representations. This enhances the visual representation and also helps in understanding the facts much better.

Global Biochar market Key Report Highlights:
– This in-depth research documentation offers an illustrative overview of the entire market outlook with details on scope, executive summary and market segments
– The report also includes sections on competitive spectrum, highlighting major players, with detailed assessment of supply chain management, competition dynamics and growth objectives.
– Other crucial details on Porters Five Forces assessment, SWOT analysis and data triangulation methods have also been included in the report.
– Other relevant details on production patterns, growth rate, market share of each of the segments have also been pinned in the report.
– The report also houses crucial analytical details on revenue share and sales projections, besides volumetric estimations of each of the product segments have also been highlighted in the report to encourage unfaltering market decisions and sustainable revenue streams in global Biochar market.
A dedicated chapter on COVID-19 analysis has therefore been included in this versatile report to encourage future-ready business discretion aligning with post COVID-19 market environment.

Major Points from Table of Content:
1. Executive Summary
2. Assumptions and Acronyms Used
3. Research Methodology
4. Biochar Market Overview
5. Biochar Supply Chain Analysis
6. Biochar Pricing Analysis
7. Global Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast by Type
8. Global Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast by Application
9. Global Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast by Sales Channel
10. Global Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast by Region
11. North America Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast
12. Latin America Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast
13. Europe Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast
14. Asia Pacific Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast
15. Middle East & Africa Biochar Market Analysis and Forecast
16. Competition Landscape

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'Historic' agreement signed between Luxcara and BeGreen for 415MWp of Danish solar

14 January, 2021
 

BeGreen’s solar sites include tree and bush planting and continued food production. Image: BeGreen

German asset manager Luxcara has signed an investment agreement with Danish solar developer BeGreen for four PV parks.

These are to have a total capacity of up to 415MWp, with the first delivery of electricity set for this year. Final completion of the portfolio is expected to occur in 2023.

BeGreen is to be responsible for the construction and O&M of the plants, which are to become part of a portfolio of renewable energy assets managed by Luxcara on behalf of institutional investors.

It marks the first solar project in Denmark for Luxcara, with two of the parks to be located in the municipality of Faxe and the other two in the municipalities of Vordingborg and Herning.

The asset manager currently has a portfolio of over 3GW across Europe and an investment volume of over €3 billion (US$3.6 billion).

Philip Sander, managing director of Luxcara, highlighted how this new solar portfolio is to be built without any government subsidies, with the electricity to either be sold to an offtaker through a long-term power purchase agreement or on the Nord Pool spot market, adding the company's focus remains on acquiring “high quality renewable energy assets throughout Europe”.

In 2019, Luxcara acquired a 121MW PV project in Spain set to start generation in 2020, as well as acquiring a 45MW site from Hive Energy in 2017. Like the potential plans for the four new sites, both of these projects are selling their energy generation to an offtaker through power purchase agreements (PPAs).

Describing the agreement with Luxcara as “historic”, Anders Dolmer, chairman of the Board of BeGreen, said the four new solar farms are “an important milestone for the integration of large-scale solar power as a cornerstone in the future Danish energy system”. He added that speed is “essential” to meeting Denmark’s 2030 goal of a 70% reduction in CO2e emissions.

BeGreen also assured that when choosing sites it always aims to reduce the impact on local landscapes, choosing flat land and planting trees and bushes. It also said that production of lamb meat, grass for protein extraction and biochar is to continue on the sites.

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Scientists examine whether microbes can help clean up contaminated land

15 January, 2021
 

Plant and food waste combined with microbes may be able to clean up contaminated soil, new research has shown.

Scientists at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh are investigating how microbes could be used to clean up pollutants such as petrochemicals.

In 2016, a House of Commons report found more than 300,000 sites in the UK are contaminated with pollutants like petrochemicals, with the economic value of the sites said to be over £1 billion.

There are a number of methods currently available to clean up polluted sites, but they mostly require expensive infrastructure, energy and resources.

Tony Gutierrez, an environmental microbial ecologist at the university, hopes a more sustainable, cost-effective solution can be found using readily-available natural resources.

He has gained funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council to examine out whether a combination of biochar and microbes could be effective in cleaning up soil.

He said: “Biochar is the result of putting plant or food waste under a very high heat in the absence of oxygen.

“It’s a charcoal-like substance that can be used to improve soil quality and yields of agricultural produce.

“There are indications it could be useful to help remediate soil contaminated with toxic chemicals and organic pollutants.

“Being highly porous, biochar could be used as a carrier of certain types of micro-organisms needed to remove pollutants from contaminated soil.

“We’re mixing different biochars and micro-organisms to find the best combination to clean up contamination.”

The team will use biochar from the University of Edinburgh and combine it with tried and trusted microbes on soil that has been polluted with petrochemicals.

They will also be working with teams from specialist contaminated land contractors ERS Remediation, and Cranfield University, who are leading specialists in risk assessments for contaminated land.

Mr Gutierrez said: “We’ll be trialling biochar made from agricultural waste, and we have a few micro-organisms in mind that are good at degrading hydrocarbons.”

Professor Frederic Coulon, from Cranfield University, said: “Biochar has still much to offer to the waste and environmental remediation sectors, bringing new opportunities that can contribute to heal and revitalise our soil.”

Thomas Aspray, from ERS Remediation, said: “Bioremediation is under-used in the UK due to a lack of understanding and being used incorrectly in the past. For the right project, it can be more economical and environmentally friendly.

“As a specialist remediation firm, we’re excited to be involved in this project to find out whether biochars can help with the delivery and support the survival of microbial degraders for more heavily contaminated sites.”

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Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Report 2019

15 January, 2021
 

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Publishing Date : 18-Nov-2019

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COPD burden in the 7MM to increase by 13.3% over the next decade   The total prevalent cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the seven major markets (7MM*) is expected to increase from 59.3 million cases in 2018 to 67.2 million in 2028, at an annual growth rate (AGR) of 1.33%, according to Re…

North America and Asia set to contribute 55% of global new-build trunk pipeline length additions by 2023   North America and Asia are set to drive the global oil and gas new-build pipeline length additions, contributing around 55% of the global planned and announced pipeline length additions between 2019 and 20…

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(Biochar Source Material and Soil/Substrate), by Feedstock

15 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market Research Report by Row Material (Biochar Source Material and Soil/Substrate), by Feedstock (Agricultural Waste, Animal Manure, and Woody Biomass), by Technology, by Application – Global Forecast to 2025 – Cumulative Impact of COVID-19

The Global Biochar Market is expected to grow from USD 1,594.47 Million/EUR 1,398.06 Million in 2020 to USD 3,305.51 Million/EUR 2,898.33 by the end of 2025 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 15.69%.

Market Segmentation & Coverage:

This research report categorizes the Biochar to forecast the revenues and analyze the trends in each of the following sub-markets:

Based on Row Material, the Biochar Market studied across Biochar Source Material and Soil/Substrate. The Biochar Source Material further studied across Citrus wood, Gasifed Rice Hulls, Hardwood, and wheat Straw. The Soil/Substrate further studied across Coconut Fiber, Peat, Peat Moss, Pine Bark, and Soil.

Based on Feedstock, the Biochar Market studied across Agricultural Waste, Animal Manure, and Woody Biomass.

Based on Technology, the Biochar Market studied across Gasification and Pyrolysis.

Based on Application, the Biochar Market studied across Agriculture, Energy Production, and Water & Waste Water Treatment. The Asia-Pacific is projected to witness the highest growth during the forecast period

Based on Geography, the Biochar Market studied across Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe, Middle East & Africa. The Americas region surveyed across Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and United States. The Asia-Pacific region surveyed across Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, South Korea, and Thailand. The Europe, Middle East & Africa region surveyed across France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, United Arab Emirates, and United Kingdom. The Americas commanded the largest size in the Biochar Market in 2020. On the other hand, the Asia-Pacific is expected to grow at the fastest CAGR during the forecast period.

Company Usability Profiles:

The report deeply explores the recent significant developments by the leading vendors and innovation profiles in the Global Biochar Market including 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Agri-Tech Producers, LLC, Airex Energy, Aries Clean Energy, ArSta Eco, Biochar Products, Inc., Biochar Supreme, LLC, Carbon Gold, Clean Fuels B.V., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., Diacarbon Energy Inc., Earth Systems PTY. LTD., Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, The Biochar Company, and Vega Biofuels, Inc..

FPNV Positioning Matrix:

The FPNV Positioning Matrix evaluates and categorizes the vendors in the Biochar Market on the basis of Business Strategy (Business Growth, Industry Coverage, Financial Viability, and Channel Support) and Product Satisfaction (Value for Money, Ease of Use, Product Features, and Customer Support) that aids businesses in better decision making and understanding the competitive landscape.

Competitive Strategic Window:

The Competitive Strategic Window analyses the competitive landscape in terms of markets, applications, and geographies. The Competitive Strategic Window helps the vendor define an alignment or fit between their capabilities and opportunities for future growth prospects. During a forecast period, it defines the optimal or favorable fit for the vendors to adopt successive merger and acquisition strategies, geography expansion, research & development, and new product introduction strategies to execute further business expansion and growth.

Cumulative Impact of COVID-19:

COVID-19 is an incomparable global public health emergency that has affected almost every industry, so for and, the long-term effects projected to impact the industry growth during the forecast period. Our ongoing research amplifies our research framework to ensure the inclusion of underlaying COVID-19 issues and potential paths forward. The report is delivering insights on COVID-19 considering the changes in consumer behavior and demand, purchasing patterns, re-routing of the supply chain, dynamics of current market forces, and the significant interventions of governments. The updated study provides insights, analysis, estimations, and forecast, considering the COVID-19 impact on the market.

The report provides insights on the following pointers:

1. Market Penetration: Provides comprehensive information on the market offered by the key players
2. Market Development: Provides in-depth information about lucrative emerging markets and analyzes the markets
3. Market Diversification: Provides detailed information about new product launches, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments
4. Competitive Assessment & Intelligence: Provides an exhaustive assessment of market shares, strategies, products, and manufacturing capabilities of the leading players
5. Product Development & Innovation: Provides intelligent insights on future technologies, R&D activities, and new product developments

The report answers questions such as:

1. What is the market size and forecast of the Global Biochar Market?
2. What are the inhibiting factors and impact of COVID-19 shaping the Global Biochar Market during the forecast period?
3. Which are the products/segments/applications/areas to invest in over the forecast period in the Global Biochar Market?
4. What is the competitive strategic window for opportunities in the Global Biochar Market?
5. What are the technology trends and regulatory frameworks in the Global Biochar Market?
6. What are the modes and strategic moves considered suitable for entering the Global Biochar Market?

1. Preface
1.1. Objectives of the Study
1.2. Market Segmentation & Coverage
1.3. Years Considered for the Study
1.4. Currency & Pricing
1.5. Language
1.6. Limitations
1.7. Stakeholders
2. Research Methodology
2.1. Research Process
2.1.1. Define: Research Objective
2.1.2. Determine: Research Design
2.1.3. Prepare: Research Instrument
2.1.4. Collect: Data Source
2.1.5. Analyze: Data Interpretation
2.1.6. Formulate: Data Verification
2.1.7. Publish: Research Report
2.1.8. Repeat: Report Update
2.2. Research Execution
2.2.1. Initiation: Research Process
2.2.2. Planning: Develop Research Plan
2.2.3. Execution: Conduct Research
2.2.4. Verification: Finding & Analysis
2.2.5. Publication: Research Report
2.3. Research Outcome
3. Executive Summary
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Market Outlook
3.3. Row Material Outlook
3.4. Feedstock Outlook
3.5. Technology Outlook
3.6. Application Outlook
3.7. Geography Outlook
3.8. Competitor Outlook
4. Market Overview
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Cumulative Impact of COVID-19
4.3. Geographic Growth Opportunities
5. Market Insights
5.1. Market Dynamics
5.1.1. Drivers
5.1.1.1. Globally increasing demand for the product in organic farming
5.1.1.2. Increasing consumption in livestock feed and awareness pertaining to the benefits of biochar
5.1.1.3. Increasing use to improves soil fertility
5.1.2. Restraints
5.1.2.1. Undefined standard procedure resulting in highly variable Biochar pH
5.1.3. Opportunities
5.1.3.1. Energy production and greenhouse gas remediation
5.1.3.2. Wide commercial production
5.1.3.3. Collaboration to deliver technology-oriented services and financing services for biochar projects
5.1.4. Challenges
5.1.4.1. Potential emission of toxins
5.1.4.2. Limited Social acceptance
5.2. Porters Five Forces Analysis
5.2.1. Threat of New Entrants
5.2.2. Threat of Substitutes
5.2.3. Bargaining Power of Customers
5.2.4. Bargaining Power of Suppliers
5.2.5. Industry Rivalry
6. Global Biochar Market, By Row Material
6.1. Introduction
6.2. Biochar Source Material
6.2.1. Citrus wood
6.2.2. Gasifed Rice Hulls
6.2.3. Hardwood
6.2.4. wheat Straw
6.3. Soil/Substrate
6.3.1. Coconut Fiber
6.3.2. Peat
6.3.3. Peat Moss
6.3.4. Pine Bark
6.3.5. Soil
7. Global Biochar Market, By Feedstock
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Agricultural Waste
7.3. Animal Manure
7.4. Woody Biomass
8. Global Biochar Market, By Technology
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Gasification
8.3. Pyrolysis
9. Global Biochar Market, By Application
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Agriculture
9.3. Energy Production
9.4. Water & Waste Water Treatment
10. Americas Biochar Market
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Argentina
10.3. Brazil
10.4. Canada
10.5. Mexico
10.6. United States
11. Asia-Pacific Biochar Market
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Australia
11.3. China
11.4. India
11.5. Indonesia
11.6. Japan
11.7. Malaysia
11.8. Philippines
11.9. South Korea
11.10. Thailand
12. Europe, Middle East & Africa Biochar Market
12.1. Introduction
12.2. France
12.3. Germany
12.4. Italy
12.5. Netherlands
12.6. Qatar
12.7. Russia
12.8. Saudi Arabia
12.9. South Africa
12.10. Spain
12.11. United Arab Emirates
12.12. United Kingdom
13. Competitive Landscape
13.1. FPNV Positioning Matrix
13.1.1. Quadrants
13.1.2. Business Strategy
13.1.3. Product Satisfaction
13.2. Market Ranking Analysis
13.3. Market Share Analysis
13.4. Competitive Scenario
13.4.1. Merger & Acquisition
13.4.2. Agreement, Collaboration, & Partnership
13.4.3. New Product Launch & Enhancement
13.4.4. Investment & Funding
13.4.5. Award, Recognition, & Expansion
14. Company Usability Profiles
14.1. 3R ENVIRO TECH Group
14.2. Agri-Tech Producers, LLC
14.3. Airex Energy
14.4. Aries Clean Energy
14.5. ArSta Eco
14.6. Biochar Products, Inc.
14.7. Biochar Supreme, LLC
14.8. Carbon Gold
14.9. Clean Fuels B.V.
14.10. Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc.
14.11. Diacarbon Energy Inc.
14.12. Earth Systems PTY. LTD.
14.13. Pacific Pyrolysis
14.14. Phoenix Energy
14.15. The Biochar Company
14.16. Vega Biofuels, Inc.
15. Appendix
15.1. Discussion Guide

Learn how to effectively navigate the market research process to help guide your organization on the journey to success.


Citation – PubAg

16 January, 2021
 

How to Easily Make Biochar for Your Home Garden: Benefits & Use

16 January, 2021
 


Biochar Market Study by Verified Market Research SWOT and PESTEL Analysis, CAGR and Value …

17 January, 2021
 

  

Biochar Market was valued at USD 1.34 Billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 4.47 Billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 16.26 % from 2020 to 2027.

This will give a brief overview of the market landscape. As the market is ballooning at an unprecedented rate, the Biochar market report has added a section filled with actionable recommendations to reap the benefits of the sprouting opportunities.

Verified Market Research collected the data from the reliable sources such as yearly reports of established players and government websites to churn out the specific information. The report is designed to give a step-wise guidance for different segments, demographics and trends of the Biochar market.

 

Driving Players associated with the Biochar Market incorporates:

• Cool Planet
• Pacific Biochar Benefit Corporation
• Genesis Industries
• CharGrow USA LLC
• Black Owl Biochar
• Phoenix Energy Group
• Airex nergie Inc.
• Ambient Energy LLC
• Avello Bioenergy
• ETIA Group

Biochar Market: Key Catalysts

SWOT and PESTLE analyses are also enclosed at the end of the Biochar report to empower the readers with tools for understanding every basic detail associated with the market under investigation.

Currently, the Biochar market is undergoing a lot of changes due to technological advancements, but in return they are also opening new doors of opportunities for the enterprises. All of the data from competitors, revenue to external factors, everything is depicted in the form of graphs, tables and charts. This gives a clearer view of the Biochar market. From planning till execution, the Biochar report guides the clients through every step and the market analysts are available 24/7 to solve the market-related queries.

Biochar Market Report Scope 

 

 

What key insights does the Biochar market research provide?

• Past and current revenue statistics of the Biochar market players analysed at regional level.
• Individual profiling of major stakeholders.
• Analysis of the Biochar market size on the basis of product type and end use type.
• Accurate Biochar market forecast of volume in numbers and percentages.
• Demand prospect of individual segments covered in the Biochar report.

What queries are resolved by the Biochar market research?

1. What are the restraints slowing down the progress of Biochar market?
2. Why are the end consumers getting more inclined towards alternative Biochar market products?
3. How the Biochar market expected to shape in the next septennial?
4. What strategies are being appointed by the major players of the Biochar market to stay ahead of the competition?
5. What innovative technologies are being used by the established players of the Biochar market to stay ahead of the competition?

Why choose Verified Market Research?

• Smart dashboard to provide details about updated industry trends.
• Data collection from different network partners such as suppliers, vendors, service providers, for giving out a clear perspective of the Biochar market.
• Strict quality checking standards – Data collection, triangulation, and validation.
• 24/7 at your service.

Visualize Biochar Market using Verified Market Intelligence:-

Verified Market Intelligence is our BI enabled platform for narrative storytelling of this market. VMI offers in-depth forecasted trends and accurate Insights on over 20,000+ emerging & niche markets, helping you make critical revenue impacting decisions for a brilliant future.

VMI provides a holistic overview and global competitive landscape with respect to Region, Country, and Segment and Key players of your market. Present your Market Report & findings with inbuilt presentation feature saving over 70% of your time and resources for Investor, Sales & Marketing, R&D and Product Development pitches. VMI enables data delivery In Excel and Interactive PDF formats with over 15+ Key Market Indicators for your market.

 

 

About Us: Verified Market Research

Verified Market Research is a leading Global Research and Consulting firm that has been providing advanced analytical research solutions, custom consulting and in-depth data analysis for 10+ years to individuals and companies alike that are looking for accurate, reliable and up to date research data and technical consulting. We offer insights into strategic and growth analyses, Data necessary to achieve corporate goals and help make critical revenue decisions.

Our research studies help our clients make superior data-driven decisions, understand market forecast, capitalize on future opportunities and optimize efficiency by working as their partner to deliver accurate and valuable information. The industries we cover span over a large spectrum including Technology, Chemicals, Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Beverages, Automotive, Robotics, Packaging, Construction, Mining & Gas. Etc.

We, at Verified Market Research assist in understanding holistic market indicating factors and most current and future market trends. Our analysts, with their high expertise in data gathering and governance, utilize industry techniques to collate and examine data at all stages. They are trained to combine modern data collection techniques, superior research methodology, subject expertise and years of collective experience to produce informative and accurate research.

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18% Growth Rate for Biochar Market by 2025 | Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries …

17 January, 2021
 

This dedicated research report on the Biochar market delivers vital understanding on the Biochar market at a holistic global perspective, rendering conscious statistical analysis and a wholistic perspective of integral growth enablers prompting favorable growth across regions.

To render conscious favorable market discretion, the report has been seasoned to aid report readers with holistic understanding on situational analysis comprising a deep-set review of all forces such as political, social, economical and legal factors that have a clear manifestation on the growth of the Biochar market.

Get sample copy of Biochar Market report @ https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/698?utm_source=pr

Further, the report also sheds ample light on the most popular and dependable marketing tactics, best industry practices as well as revenue harnessing technical discretion. The report is a conscious means to address some of the most glaring challenges dominant in the market and their consequential reparations on the target market.

The information flow has been curated and systematically aligned by reliable sources functioning at various levels. Likewise, the Biochar market report also includes substantial cues and offers an in-house analysis of global economic conditions and related economic factors and indicators to evaluate their impact on the Biochar market historically, besides giving a future ready perspective as well. The research report sheds tangible light upon in-depth analysis, synthesis, and interpretation of data obtained from diverse resources about the Biochar market.

Top Leading Key Players are:

Biokol, Biomass Controls, LLC, Carbon Industries Pvt Ltd., Charcoal House, Anaerob Systems, Algae AquaCulture Technologies, CECEP Golden Mountain Agricultural Science And Technology, EarthSpring Biochar/Biochar Central, Energy Management Concept, 3R Environmental Technology Group and Renargi

Read complete report with TOC at: https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/industry-reports/biochar-market?utm_source=pr

Furthermore, in the course of the report this research report on global Biochar market identifies notable industry forerunners and their effective business decisions, aligning with market specific factors such as threats and challenges as well as opportunities that shape growth in global Biochar market. Further, holistic research derivatives focusing on Biochar market is a high-grade professional overview of various market determinants and factors representing factors, challenges, trends, threats, and a holistic overview that determine the overall growth directive of the Biochar market, churning market specific detailing.

Besides aforementioned details on current market situation, specifically focusing on market conditions, future prospects and an elaborate run down through growth stimulants, this report on Biochar market also sheds versatile understanding on competition spectrum, highlighting core market players and forerunners in the competition spectrum who have a bearing on competition intensity. Report readers therefore are provided with a firsthand documentation of all the current market specific developments. A thorough analytical review of these details allow market players to selectively identify growth projecting factors, thus designing and adopting potentially favorable marketing discretion, securing a sustainable stance amidst staggering competition in the Biochar market.

Global Biochar market is segmented based by type, application and region.

Based on Type, the market has been segmented into:

by Technology (Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)

Based on application, the market has been segmented into:

by Application (Agriculture and Others)

Biochar market study further highlights the segmentation of the Biochar industry on a global distribution. The report focuses on regions of North America, Europe, Asia, and the Rest of the World in terms of developing business trends, preferred market channels, investment feasibility, long term investments, and environmental analysis. The Biochar market report also calls attention to investigate product capacity, product price, profit streams, supply to demand ratio, production and market growth rate, and a projected growth forecast.

In addition, the Biochar market study also covers several factors such as market status, key market trends, growth forecast, and growth opportunities. Furthermore, we analyze the challenges faced by the Biochar market in terms of global and regional basis. The study also encompasses a number of opportunities and emerging trends which are considered by considering their impact on the global scale in acquiring a majority of the market share.

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Episode 2 – The Beauty of Biochar: Enriching Soils, Reclaiming Carbon by From Oil to Soil

18 January, 2021
 


Global Granular Biochar Sales and Revenue Market Share by Application / Types

19 January, 2021
 

The global Granular Biochar market is valued at US$ xx million in 2020 is expected to reach US$ xx million by the end of 2026, growing at a CAGR of xx% during 2021-2026.

Access more details about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/global-granular-biochar-market-research-report

(This is our latest offering and this report also analyzes the impact of COVID-19 on Granular Biochar market and updated by the current situation, especially the forecast)

This report focuses on Granular Biochar volume and value at the global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Granular Biochar market size by analysing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America, Europe, China and Japan etc.

Market Segment Analysis

The research report includes specific segments by Type and by Application. This study provides information about the sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of 2015 to 2026. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.

Global Granular Biochar Market: Competitive Analysis

This section of the report identifies various key manufacturers of the market. It helps the reader understand the strategies and collaborations that players are focusing on combat competition in the market. The comprehensive report provides a significant microscopic look at the market. The reader can identify the footprints of the manufacturers by knowing about the global revenue of manufacturers, the global price of manufacturers, and sales by manufacturers during the forecast period of 2015 to 2019. Key companies profiled in this report are Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, etc.

Purchase this exclusive research report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/buy-now/1573906

Global Granular Biochar Market: Regional Analysis

The Granular Biochar market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). The report includes country-wise and region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. It also includes market size and forecast by Type and by Application segment in terms of sales and revenue for the period 2015-2026.

The key regions covered in the Granular Biochar market report are:

Table of Contents:

1 Granular Biochar Market Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Granular Biochar

1.2 Granular Biochar Segment by Type

1.3 Granular Biochar Segment by Application

1.4 Global Granular Biochar Market Size Estimates and Forecasts

2 Global Granular Biochar Market Competitions by Manufacturers

2.1 Global Granular Biochar Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.3 Global Granular Biochar Average Price by Manufacturers (2015-2020)

2.4 Manufacturers Granular Biochar Manufacturing Sites, Area Served, Product Type

2.5 Granular Biochar Market Competitive Situation and Trends

2.6 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

2.7 Primary Interviews with Key Granular Biochar Players (Opinion Leaders)

3 Granular Biochar Retrospective Market Scenario by Region

3.1 Global Granular Biochar Retrospective Market Scenario in Sales by Region: 2015-2020

3.2 Global Granular Biochar Retrospective Market Scenario in Revenue by Region: 2015-2020

3.3 North America Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.4 Europe Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.5 Asia Pacific Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Region

3.6 Latin America Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Country

3.7 Middle East and Africa Granular Biochar Market Facts & Figures by Country

4 Global Granular Biochar Historic Market Analysis by Type

4.1 Global Granular Biochar Sales Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.3 Global Granular Biochar Price Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

4.4 Global Granular Biochar Market Share by Price Tier (2015-2020): Low-End, Mid-Range and High-End

5 Global Granular Biochar Historic Market Analysis by Application

5.1 Global Granular Biochar Sales Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

5.2 Global Granular Biochar Revenue Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

5.3 Global Granular Biochar Price by Application (2015-2020)

6 Company Profiles and Key Figures in Granular Biochar Business

6.1 Company 1

6.1.1 Corporation Information

6.1.2 Company 1Description, Business Overview and Total Revenue

6.1.3 Company 1Granular Biochar Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2015-2020)

6.1.4 Company 1Products Offered

6.1.5 Company 1Recent Development

6.2 Company B

6.3 Company C….and so on

7 Granular Biochar Manufacturing Cost Analysis

7.1 Granular Biochar Key Raw Materials Analysis

7.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

7.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Granular Biochar

7.4 Granular Biochar Industrial Chain Analysis

8 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers

8.1 Marketing Channel

8.2 Granular Biochar Distributors List

8.3 Granular Biochar Customers

9 Market Dynamics

9.1 Market Trends

9.2 Opportunities and Drivers

9.3 Challenges

9.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

10 Global Market Forecast

10.1 Global Granular Biochar Market Estimates and Projections by Type

10.2 Granular Biochar Market Estimates and Projections by Application

10.3 Granular Biochar Market Estimates and Projections by Region

10.4 North America Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.5 Europe Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.6 Asia Pacific Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.7 Latin America Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

10.8 Middle East and Africa Granular Biochar Estimates and Projections (2021-2026)

11 Research Finding and Conclusion

12 Methodology and Data Source

12.1 Methodology/Research Approach

12.2 Data Source

12.3 Author List

12.4 Disclaimer

Inquire for more details / sample / customization about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/ask-your-query/1573906

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Biochar Market Segmentation By Qualitative And Quantitative Research Incorporating Impact Of …

20 January, 2021
 

Industry Growth Insights (IGI) has recently updated the Biochar Market report which now also includes the COVID-19 impact on the market during the forecast period 2020-2027. The report offers a comprehensive assessment of the future market scenario, drivers, challenges, restraints, and opportunities that are going to shape the market.

Although the coronavirus pandemic has upheaval the picture of the market, it had persuaded the industry players to adopt creative strategies that helped them to sustain the difficult times while some of them created remunerative opportunities and expanded their market share. The market research report provides top-winning strategies and an in-depth analysis of the top competitors that succored them to outperform the market performance.

Request Free Exclusive Sample on Biochar Market Report @ https://industrygrowthinsights.com/request-sample/?reportId=141316

The global market research report acknowledges you about the market developments, technological advancements, supply & demand scenario, pricing factors, and emerging trends that are going to influence the growth of the market. This research report also provides the details on the revenue drivers, product innovations, government regulations & policies that act as a game-changer in the market growth.

Our dedicated research analyst team has gathered the information from reputable databases & journals and conducted interviews with the industry experts to get insights about the market. Along with this, analysts have included Porter’s 5 force analysis, SWOT analysis, predictive analysis, and drafted the information in an insightful yet concise manner. The curated information and figures are represented in the tables, uncomplicated graphs, and infographics to save time for the esteemed reader.

Biochar Market Segment Insights

The in-house team at Industry Growth Insights (IGI) has meticulously dissected the market segments and has done analysis in a detailed manner. The report is just not going to provide you insights on the segments that are expected to drive the market but also that are going to possibly face challenges in the market.

For any queries on this report: https://industrygrowthinsights.com/enquiry-before-buying/?reportId=141316

The Biochar market is segmented on the basis of:

By Products:

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

The research report offers information on the products available in the market, their market performance, pricing trends, innovation & advancements that were witnessed in recent years. Moreover, the potential new products are expected to open new market avenues and create ample opportunities for industry players in the forecast period.

By Applications:

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

The global Biochar market report provides a comprehensive analysis of the applications for the forecast period. This market segment section lays down information on the application segment that is going to dominate, exhibit high CAGR, and perform in a sluggish manner. Industry Growth Insights (IGI) is just not going to provide you insights on the segments that are expected to drive the market but also that are going to face challenges in the market.

By Regions

The research market report provides an in-depth analysis of the product performance in the afore-mentioned regions. This report lays down the information on the generated volume sales and revenue in recent years and the anticipated market performance in the region during the forecast period. Industry Growth Insights (IGI)’s dedicated research team has monitored the product performance and has gathered information on the potential new market avenues and opportunities in the region.

Note: Country of the choice can be added to the report.

Competitive Landscape

Industry Growth Insights (IGI) has profiled the prominent companies of the Biochar market. The market report includes information on the mergers, acquisitions, expansions strategies, and partnerships that top players have carried out in recent years. Along with this, it also provides details on the technologies they have adopted to leverage themselves in the market.

Here Below Are The Top Players’ Names:

Cool Planet
Biochar Supreme
NextChar
Terra Char
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy
CharGrow
Pacific Biochar
Biochar Now
The Biochar Company (TBC)
ElementC6
Vega Biofuels

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Effect of Biochar on CO 2 Sequestration and Productivity of Pearl Millet Plants Grown in Saline …

20 January, 2021
 

The use of biochar to increase the soil carbon sequestration is a vital tool to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Biochar was added to pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) to investigated its role in carbon sequestration and increasing the plant productivity. In these 2-year filed studies, biochar was added to a saline sodic soil at five rates: 0, 5 (BC5), 10 (BC10), 15 (BC15), and 20 (BC20) ton ha−1. Biochar raised the soil organic carbon and improved the availability and uptake of N, P, and K compared with the non-amended soil. BC5, BC10, BC15, and BC20 increased the forage yield by 36, 45, 27, and 18%, respectively, above the control in the first year and by 45, 65, 35, and 25%, respectively, in the second year. Biochar significantly minimized the proline, phenolic compounds, Na+, and Cl in the leaf tissue of pearl millet. BC20 increased CO2 emissions by 15, 13, and 10%, respectively, compared with the control in the first, second, and third cuts. Biochar had a positive effect on increasing CO2 emissions from saline sodic soils. The total amount of organic-C sequestered by the pearl millet was 6.00–9.45 ton C ha−1 per season, while the total CO2 emissions were 1.62–1.82 ton of organic-C ha−1 per season. The application of biochar enhanced the nutrient availability and uptake; moreover, it mitigated the salinity effects in the leaves tissues. Carbon sequestration by pearl millet amended with biochar is an effective strategy to mitigate gas emissions from saline sodic soils.

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The authors are thankful to Taif University Researchers Supporting Project number (TURSP-2020/65), Taif University, Saudi Arabia, for the financial support and research facilities.

Correspondence to Mamdouh A. Eissa.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Received: 08 October 2020

Accepted: 01 January 2021

Published: 20 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-021-00409-z

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North America Granular Biochar Market – Reviewindependent

23 January, 2021
 

  The recent report on “Global Granular Biochar Industry Market Report 2021 by Key Players, Types, Applications, Countries, Market Size, Forecast to 2027” offered by Credible Markets, comprises of a comprehensive investigation into the geographical landscape, industry size along with the revenue estimation of the business. Additionally, the report also highlights the challenges impeding market growth […]


Humichar reviews – Sugar Flower

23 January, 2021
 

humichar reviews Soil3 compost is the natural way to improve your soil. Consumer Review: The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Co… January 4, 2021 0 The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40000 sq ft (40 lb) … HumiChar Home – HumiChar Humichar. 18 million (FY 2012): Total equity: US$ 594. HumiChar is an organic, carbon-based soil amendment containing 50% high-quality humic acid and 50% granulated biochar. You can find Humichar he The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40,000 sq ft (40 lb)https://www. omri organic use certified, humichar ® is a 50/50 mix of humic acid and high quality biochar. FREE Delivery Across Costa Rica. Check out our review from TheRawsomeVeganGal!! For more information, go Oct 30, 2017 · HumiChar is an organic, carbon-based soil amendment containing 50% high-quality humic acid and 50% granulated biochar — Provides the benefit of quickly-available humic acid and the long-term soil building qualities of the biochar that lasts for decades; Improve your soil health, lawn health, plant health, and reduce the use of fertilizers Humic DG is an organic, carbon-based soil amendment that is highly concentrated and contains 70% fulvic acid, humic acid and humin. · Sand – A sand particle is classified as smaller than gravel but larger than silt. This product really is amazing Jan 06, 2021 · Zoysia Grass Fertilizer Reviews 1. Be aware, the age and condition of the spreader may affect the flow of the product. 6 out of 5 stars 2,445reviews. The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40,000 sq ft (40 lb) Soil3 compost is the natural way to improve your soil. 48. This combination of material provides the benefit of the quickly available humic acid, and the long-term soil building qualities of the biochar that will last for decades. organic soil treatment granules are for adding to lawns and gardens. Humic acid is a basic product for natural gardening enthusiasts who want to build the quality and structure of the soil without chemical fertilizers. Just What My Lawn Needed. Works for up to 1 month. These acids help energize and purify the body, improve cellular activities, boost the immune system and enhance tissue oxygenation, while removing toxins, eliminate free radicals and optimize hormonal balance. Organic Seed and Soil Innoculant creates healthier plants. Empro 100 lb. As this is my first exposure to this material, I am very happy with my purchase, and the quality of the material is amazing. Jun 30, 2016 · Your 32-0-4 is designed to cover 16,000 sq/ft at 1lb of N per K. For Use in Winter. This device, with a rolling wheel and spikes attached to a wooden handle, is used to wage war against not just weeds in the farm but to untamed lawns as well. Leonard is a leader in the tool and supply business with emphasis on doing business the old fashioned way. Avoid homemade fertilizers or hand broadcasting for direct application. Read more about the lawn biochar here: https://www. You would need to apply 6. Nov 10, 2017 – Explore Kim Andre's board "Lawn Edger", followed by 3614 people on Pinterest. 1, comments, side effects, dosage, sex, age, time taken. IMPORTANT NOTE: Due to the impact of COVID-19, and many suppliers being shut down, Humichar will have a short term price increase of roughly $10 a bag from its previous price. 70 $ 3. he gives the edger two Nov 13, 2020 · Consumer Review: The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Co… January 4, 2021 0 The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40000 sq ft (40 lb) … To display the tile again, open the settings section at the top of the page. ) . e. Carbon-X™ is a sustainably produced, low impact, high performance turf and ornamental fertilizer derived from the renewable energy sector. Whole Foods Market. We at Buy MSM Turf Herbicide 2oz (Gen Manor / Blade) Weed Killer Metsulfuron Methyl 60% at Desertcart. Turf keeps landscape and design/build professionals up-to-date on emerging trends, best practices, operational efficiencies, marketing/sales & human development. Nov 05, 2020 · 4. Get a FREE estimate! * First The Andersons Plant Nutrient Group formulates, stores, and distributes nutrient, specialty, and industrial inputs and corncob based products through our strategically located facilities and extensive network. Both are very beneficial in creating long lasting soil health. Show All. Buy The Andersons Pro Turf Barricade Granular Pre-Emergent Weed Control up to 5,800 sq ft. com. Silicate helps strengthen plant tissue to help them thrive in adverse environmental conditions such as heat, drought, and frost. (up to 40,000 sq. · Silt – Silt is a medium sized rock particle that  Find answers in product info, Q&As, reviews Customer Reviews, 4. ) Customer reviews & ratings. Joyful Bath Co. Review Summary (Based on 3 Reviews) Overall Rating: 5/5. FREE Returns. I am located in Tustin, CA 92780. 00 (10% off) warman pumps south africa contact details, Pump 3D models for download, files in 3ds, max, c4d, maya, blend, obj, fbx with low poly, animated, rigged, game, and VR Silica Blast helps plants flourish in extreme environments. When you bury the car… Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Humic DG Organic Soil Amendment – Covers up to 20,000 sq ft (40 lb) 40 lb at the best online prices at eBay! Free shipping for many products! May 19, 2015 · If you look at the Humichar charts, the interval between 1 pound and two pounds is always the same as the interval between 2 pounds and four pounds. (The usage of this term does not correspond exactly with the usage by other workers. It's a good question. 48 million (FY 2012): Total assets: US$ 2. HUMICHAR ™ is ground EXTREMELY fine allowing quicker movement to the ROOT ZONE which is where biochar does most of it’s work. Jul 22, 2020 · Didn't top dress with the Humichar today as I didn't have time to research how it will affect soil Ph. Humic DG granules’ increased surface area, when compared to sc The Bio SI Lawn and Garden Plus Humic Acid 16 fl. Most soils contain “tied up” nutrients that need to be made accessible to plants in order to optimize both growth and yield. Give us a call! We’re here for you! Monday to Friday 8:30am to 6pm. Dec 17, 2018 · Scotts Elite Spreader Settings Chart has a variety pictures that joined to locate out the most recent pictures of Scotts Elite Spreader Settings Chart here, and in addition to you can acquire the pictures through our best scotts elite spreader settings chart collection. the biochar used is created via pyrolysis at temps between 500 & 600 degrees. (18 lb). Sweet Pea the rescue Squirrel. Our Certifications. Yelp Reviews · Google Reviews · Angie's List Reviews. May 06, 2019 · Law firm releases 300 names of Catholic priests and others accused of abuse in NJ A law firm specializing in representing abuse victims put the names in a report, linked to a suit by a man who guidance for compatibility of fertilizer blending materials contents 1. 18. If not, you need to adjust the control rod at the pivot bracket shown in Fig 1. It's just no reason to not use old bag soil just because it's old. I'm wondering which is best as a guideline, and how often I should use this. echo-usa. User Reviews for Humira. com : The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment Amazon. * Offer valid towards one new lawn, mosquito, or tree and shrub program when  In this review article, we are giving an overview of available data concerning molecular structures and biological activities of humic substances, with special . ft. net Creation Date: 2013-09-04 | 2 years, 229 days left. Upon contact with water, each Humic DG granule disperses into thousands of micro particles that move directly into the root zone and provide immediate benefits to the soil and plant The Andersons Surge Weed & Feed is a professional-grade, post-emergent herbicide featuring four active ingredients. 75M+ Products. Aug 03, 2010 · I am leaving for vacation on the 20th and would like to apply milorganite to feed to grass and soil while I'm gone and the kids are away. web store. 18 $ 199. blending materials & general considerations 4 460 Followers, 684 Following, 11011 pins – See what Edward Shanad (EdShanad) found on Pinterest, the home of the world's best ideas. It features the perfect blend of your key macronutrients. FREE Delivery Across Suriname. 5 Gallon Pail Liquid HuMate 12% Humic Acid is like concentrated compost in a bottle. 0 out of 10 from a total of 113 ratings for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. website. In English, we only have a few left Who – Subjective Case Whose – Possessive Case Whom – Objective case In other, more inflected (has changed endings), there are more. No signs of stress from fully upping the light. Humic DG contains 4 biologically active components; humic acid precursor, fulvic acid, humic acid and humin. If your shut-off is able to open fully as in step #1, but the Control Lever is not at #30. For instance for the Earthway broadcast: 1 pound is setting 10, then 2 pounds is 12, then 4 pounds is 14. feet. 461 Followers, 684 Following, 11005 pins – See what Edward Shanad (EdShanad) found on Pinterest, the home of the world's best ideas. Write a Review. Mar 30, 2020 · Humic DG is great replacement to mechanical aeration! The higher concentration of humic in this product enables me to skip traditional mechanic aeration in many types of soil. I was hoping to find a backpack sprayer that was both self agitating and battery operated if I decided to upgrade. Includes 729 patient ratings with average score of 3. Buy The Andersons Humic DG Organic Soil Amendment – Covers up to 20,000 sq ft (40 lb) at Desertcart. 88 – Good condition Sold $ 51. Of course, none are for bonsai. Milorganite is 5-2-0 fertilizer with 4% iron and a few micronutrients in it. Humichar. It's great for use as a lawn top dressing because it is a natural soil conditioner and fertilizer. Filter Reviews by: Rating, Profile, Gender, Age, Verified Purchase (683) Star Rating. the reference to the old soil, was just to show how many times, and how long ive been wanting to give this a shot the state i moved to has 2 hydro shops, in close vicinity i would/am buy(ing) new soil just was letting you know how many times, and how long ive read, and Jul 22, 2020 · I'm thinking I may add a small application of HumiChar( a micronized 50/50 humic acid and biochar product) before the coffee and watering. com and be transferred to the Gardner Inc. Doc and Jess apply Humichar and PGF Balanced lawn fertilizer to the fall lawns. Reviews. For Use in Fall. 5 Stars (245) 4 Stars (27) 3 Stars (5) About Us. See more ideas about Lawn edger, Lawn, Best lawn edger. OMRI organic use certified, HUMICHAR ® is a 50/50 mix of humic acid and HIGH quality biochar. 00 Lot 204 – The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Builder with Humic Acid and Biochar, 40 lbs. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for The Andersons Humic DG Organic Soil Amendment – Covers up to 20,000 sq ft (40 lb) at Amazon. Please try again later. Loosen #14 Nut, then slide the Control Rod (#12) in the Gauge & Linkage Bermuda Grass Calendar showing all the dates and products to care for your Bermuda grass lawn. . Gaithersburg. By Roy on 04/03/2020. First, the basics. This is water soluble and perfect to use on vegetables. (up to 40000 sq. Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. ce international coupon code, Most international trains allow reservations to be made from 4 months before the date of departure (or from 6 months for Eurostar and ICE). Milorganite does not contain the harsh concentrated metals that Ironite has, and is a more natural way to go (if that’s important to you). The Andersons, Inc. amazon. Products. The makers of Pennington products bring to you Ironite Mineral Supplement 1-0-1, a unique concentrated formula that provides a deep green lawn without the This logic, according to Chalker-Scott, applies to many landscaping uses of organic matter including compost. introduction 3 2. Date First There are 0 reviews and 0 ratings from Australia   The Andersons PGF Complete 16-4-8 Fertilizer with Humic DG 10,000 sq. And improving the air as well. Doc's Super Juice VS Carbon X first application 2019 fertilizer review whats the 16 Jan 2020 The way those DG particles of Humic & BioChar break down is pretty impressive, I have to admit. 6 Jul 2020 HumiChar is an OMRI Listed product that is a 70% humic and 30% biochar blend . com/ Apr 22, 2020 · April 22, 2020 admin Bermuda Grass Care, Bermuda Grass Fertilizers, Biochar, Lawn Care, Uncategorized Comments Off on Humichar Application How to Apply and Use Humichar Doc shows you how to apply Humichar and how it works in the lawn and garden. Carbon based fertility is becoming all the rage, but who has the best? We have the best and it's immediately available to the DIYer starting in January 2019. The Yard Star Rotary Spreader provides professional-grade results without spending professional-grade dollars on a spreader. Jan 06, 2021 · Zoysia Grass Fertilizer Reviews 1. Harold provides some expert tips on two important lawn care practices—reseeding and top dressing—and stresses the importance of doing them in the right order. Buy lawn care products, gardening gadgets, and more. US$ 79. FREE Delivery Across South Africa. I have a ph soil probe coming in and also a soil moisture probe. Sep 16, 2015 · Over the 28 years that we have been in business, the debate between coated seed and non-coated seed comes up every now and again. The biochar used is created via pyrolysis at temps between 500 & 600 degrees. 0 out of 5 stars Four Stars. Community Q & A. improves soil structure amendments revive organic soil treatment amendments soil moist amendments The following chart is meant to provide general guidance when an actual setting is not available. Humic Acid arrived quickly and was my second application, first was last The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Builder with Humic Acid and Biochar, 40 lbs. Humichar is a Trademark by Outdoors Inc, this trademark has a nationality of Georgia in the United States Humic DG granules contain 70% humic acid and 10% humic acid precursor. The Andersons is an innovative, worldwide company, with interests in grain and plant nutrients, rail, industrial products formulation, ethanol, turf products and retailing. HumiChar is an organic, carbon-based soil amendment containing 50% high- quality humic acid and 50% granulated biochar. Reviews Description. TM HCU (Humic Coated Urea) granules are an innovative nitrogen source featuring urea-humate fusion. A community for the DIY lawn enthusiast Skip to content Humic Substances like humic acid are being promoted as important organic material that should be added to gardens to improve soil health. Could it be that Doc will be peddling a decent  HumicChar is a blend of humic acid and biochar combined into easy to use clean pellets that won't make a mess. com Creation Date: 2009-03-22 | 1 year, 117 days left. Agri-Fab, Lawn Care Made Easy! Aug 16, 2020 · sorry afn fam. Next level. Liquid Humate Humic Acid. Controls red thread, brown patch, dollar spot, rust and other listed diseases. Enjoy the greenest, healthiest lawn possible with TruComplete, TruGreen’s most comprehensive plan which provides your yard with essential nutrients, protection, organic soil amendments and lawn aeration 2021 mgc tournaments; 2020 mgc tournaments; winter match play; proshop tournaments; 2019 tournaments results; 2018 tournament results; 2017 tournament results When you wrestle with heavy, compacted clay in your lawn and garden, your body and your plants can show the strain. 50 mix of micronized humic acid and biochar. 115 Review (mpn: BAMF5-2500 for sale) BAMF5-2500 POWER ACOUSTIK 2500w 5-channel Bamf Series Class Ab Car Amplifier 709483052727 Fast Shipping 60 Day Easy Returns Free Tech. Please read mixing instructions prior to use. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Supposedly the product combines both Humic Acid and Biochar into one  Buy The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Builder with Humic Acid and Biochar, 40 lbs. 4. It is a little different in formulation because Milo is generally made from wastewater (or human waste matter if you like). The perfect temp for biochar production. 57 likes · 1 talking about this. 153 likes · 6 talking about this. The choices are hand feeding, hydroponic, and transplants. Humichar Lawn Biochar Soil Improvement. 9 Anderson’s coupons now on RetailMeNot. Mike. Menü Humuch. M. , biomass nature and pyrolysis conditions) have been discussed in detail. 53% of those users who reviewed Humira reported a positive effect, while 35% reported a negative effect. com/dp/B0843NQR9J?tag=petsslo Jan 06, 2021 · Soil Amendment Reviews 1. neeru. No problem with that with it being micronized. View All Reviews  Humichar? This product was created by and being promoted by "How to with Doc ". Milorginite covers 2,500 sq/ft at 1lb of N per K. Simple Lawn Solutions Lawn Food Natural Liquid Fertilizer Buy from Amazon. Today I'm applying humates in a granular form. 15 of 17 people found this review helpful. com User Reviews for Humira to treat Ulcerative Colitis Humira has an average rating of 5. It is made using The Andersons patented, Dispersible Granule (DG) technology. Register domain GoDaddy. Mar 21, 2012 · Just got my first humic acid, and they list different strength mixtures for different purposes. 2019-10-27. Overall Rating: 5/5. Super Juice fertilizer works on all lawns both warm and cool season turfs. Calibrating Your Spreader 1. com/best-biochar-for-lawns/ Doc explains why the new HUMICHAR biochar is his top pick for law In this video I show you how to apply Humichar and talk about my plans for how I will use Humichar in my lawn program going forward. May 19, 2015 · If you look at the Humichar charts, the interval between 1 pound and two pounds is always the same as the interval between 2 pounds and four pounds. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40,000 sq ft (40 lb) at Amazon. Professional Spreader Review. Buy from Amazon. Page | 2 Fresh biochar, in contrast to ancient residues, is a less consistent material, whose properties vary2 depending on the raw materials used (feedstock), pyrolysis conditions, and post-production treatments. Revive 25 lb. Offers greater If you've shopped for lawn fertilizer before, you might have noticed some numbers on the label that look something like this: 32-0-4. 00 Lot 286 – The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Builder with Humic Acid and Biochar, 40 lbs. Quality products and superior service. Write a review. Give us a ring! 1-888-503-5296. It is an excellent choice for increased The Lawn Forum. The NPK ratio is 16-4-8. This liquid soil loosener is a great alternative to mechanical or physical methods. 88 for a 40 pound bag without offering a buy two bags get one bag free, knowing that he Modellbahnprogramme und Kataloge. Shop Ironite 30-lb Improves Soil Structure in the Soil Amendments department at Lowe's. N-Ext Humic12™ Liquid Humic Acid product is an excellent addition to any fertilizer program for correcting soil issues. With the addition of Soil3, your soil becomes what nature intended for roots to grow in – healthy ground with good structure (air space for water, oxygen, and roots) and the ability to handle water correctly (to drain when too wet and to hold water when too dry). No Reviews Available. All gardeners have heard of humus, that friable, black gold that we all wish we had. ProductId : 24309101. Both humic and biochar add carbon into the soil and increase microbial activity, resulting in greater See full list on turfmagazine. PGF Complete is the perfect Spring fertilizer because it replaces ALL the nutrients your lawn has lost over the winter due to time and leeching. You are about to leave www. Hoping to promote simple, scalable, environmentally sound methods for making biochar for improving the soil on small farms and in backyard gardens. I did see that Field King agitating unit when searching and bookmarked it on Amazon – 4. Aug 16, 2020 · Hell, this is how I'd set up my grow media if it was fresh or not with an addition of HumiChar, a 50. The biochar used is at least 70% pure carbon. The HUMICHAR will improve your soil health, add carbon, and increase the CEC. Landscapers Supply is the Upstate’s largest locally owned commercial lawn equipment and landscape materials provider. ProductId : 15276540. Jun 11, 2009 · I keep seeing this search and thought about it for a bit. E cá estou falando de Bayou Billy de novo. products and is solely responsible for the content, fulfillment and privacy policies of parts ordered online. User Reviews for Humira to treat Rheumatoid Arthritis Humira has an average rating of 6. PRODUCT INFORMATION HCU – Humic Coated Urea is a concentrated soluble granule fertilizer for dry broadcast or foliar spray applications for Turf, Nursery or Agriculture. Shop REVIVE Organic Soil Treatment Granules 25-lb Improves Soil Structure in the Soil Amendments department at Lowe's. Humichar ® the next generation of soil health. Amazon. This means they did not try it–rather they calculated it. HomeAdvisor Top Rated Service. It recommends once a Check Price + Reviews This is one of the best organic fertilizer alternatives to Milorganite. Taking the time to put together your own list of spreader settings ensures even and correct coverage when you apply fertilizers, seed, or granular herbicides and pesticides to your lawn. Divide 100 by the square foot […] Recommend This Store 646 of 674 reviews. June 22, 2020 Sunny. Clay soil offers many benefits, but it can need a hand to reach its potential. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Buy The Andersons PGF Complete 16-4-8 Fertilizer with Humic DG 10,000 sq. 9 out of 5 based on 416 reviews. These humic acid-based soil amendments are designed to reduce the effect of the environmental stresses of water, temperature and soil conditions on crops. HumiChar is a uniform granule which utilizes The Andersons proprietary dispersible granule (DG) technology. A complete organic concentrate containing humic acid, amino acids and kelp extract. the biochar used is at least 70% pure carbon. Loading the lawn soil now and through the winter will produce amazing results in the spring. Real Growers Recharge (8oz) The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40,000 sq ft (40 lb) Buy The Andersons Humic DG Organic Soil Amendment – Covers up to 20,000 sq ft (40 lb) at Desertcart. Many spreaders struggle to provide an even spread pattern, often throwing more product to one side or the other. This combination results in quicker control over a broader list of more than 250 weeds, including dandelions, clover, chickweed, plantain, and many more. blending materials & general considerations 4 Shop the latest CarbonX 24-0-4 CX DIY Turf Fertilizer from The Lawn Care Nut featuring macro-nutrients, root development, soil carbon levels and more now! Consumer Review: The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Co… January 4, 2021 0 The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40000 sq ft (40 lb) … Apr 11, 2009 · Aqueles que lêem meu lindo, cheiroso, sexy e mundialmente premiado Blog de Games, devem ter visto o review que fiz deste mesmo game muito recentemente. FMCSA Compliance Processing Group LLC. Humin–the alkali-insoluble fraction of leonardite. Notice: Changing your store affects your localized pricing and pickup locations to new items added to cart. Jan 16, 2020 · HUMICHAR™ is a 50/50 mix of Humic Acid and BioChar which is then pelletized into DG granules for easy and clean distribution. Locate store hours, directions, address and phone number for the Tractor Supply Company store in Commerce, GA. Kelway PHD Soil PH Meter. Revive granules is a Colorado original and was developed to address the specific concern of homeowners who were frustrated at the decline of their lawns during Jul 26, 2019 · I bought his recommended McLane GR series (went with 20″ for 2500 sq ft lawn, humichar, PGF Complete, Super Juice, etc. Feb 27, 2015 · A "Case Marker" is usually a set of letters at the end of a word. Moreover, the The Bulletin reviews the information on the use of leaf analysis and soil testing for plantation tree crops such as rubber, oil palm, cocoa, and coconut, with an emphasis on Malaysia’s experience. 0 ) stars out of 5 stars Write a review The Anderson's Humichar lawn biochar and soil improvement with biochar and humic acids. The spreader may also need to be calibrated to get the proper coverage. Liquid Aerating Soil Loosener- Aerator Soil Conditioner. This stuff instantly breaks down as soon as moisture hits it. 15,000 sq. It easily loosens soil and breaks it apart to increase aeration, allowing water to penetrate deeper and more air to get down to the roots. The Andersons PGF Balanced 10-10-10 Fertilizer with Micronutrients and 2% Iron (5,000 sq ft) and we know he has a giant yard in the back and then sell the product for $84. Jul 29, 2019 · Re: Is Doc on to something with this HUMICHAR product?? Post by jarrodsp71 » Thu Apr 23, 2020 12:24 am Live and learn I guess. is diversified into six business groups with a universal commitment to serving our customers and partners with integrity, loyalty and respect to establish and sustain lasting relationships. org by Hans-Peter Schmidt (Delinat CARBON-X™ TURF &amp; ORNAMENTAL FERTILIZERComing in EARLY 2019, sign up below to be the first notified our warehouse is stocked. Anderson's pellets also Make your lawn lush, green, and beautiful with garden tools and lawn equipment from Hammacher Schlemmer. Review Summary (Based on 3 Reviews). May 06, 2019 · Law firm releases 300 names of Catholic priests and others accused of abuse in NJ A law firm specializing in representing abuse victims put the names in a report, linked to a suit by a man who Apr 01, 2020 · Abstract A review of wastewater treatment options and the properties of biochar (charcoal made from biomass with the intention of carbon sequestration in soil) indicated the potential application of biochar for removal of ammonium-N (NH4+-N) and various organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewaters. Review Rating. This press release was orginally distributed by SBWire. com, LLC store at supplier GoDaddy. The product is suitable for use on a variety of turfgrasses, both warm- and cool-season, as well as other landscaped areas. Mae-Wan Ho A fully referenced and illustrated version of this article is posted on ISIS members’ website. The following is a question-and-answer exchange between a homeowner and Harold Enger, the Director of Education at Spring-Green. 519 cubic yards. Once it's down you water it in and immediately starts to dissolve into tiny little particles  The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40,000 sq ft (40 lb) · Customer ratings by feature · What is  11 Jun 2020 In this video I show you how to apply Humichar and talk about my plans for how I will use Humichar in my lawn program going forward. Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. ProductId : 186627751. Biochar holds nutrients, increases lawn soil microbial activity and many more benefits to your lawn care program. HumiChar – Bermuda Grass Soil Improvement Series: 2 of 4 (S1E11) July 6, 2020 Sunny. Show More. The Yard Star spreader ensures an even spread pattern and accurate application, along with a 3-hole drop Reviews Description. Andersons Black Gypsum DG is a homogeneous granular formula that provides a natural source of humic acid and calcium to your soil. Glad to hear you are happy with it. Consumer ratings and reviews for HUMIRA. 6 out of 5. The Andersons Humate Products – Humic DG, Black Gypsum DG, UltraMate LQ and K-Mate SG – represent the next generation of soil health. 7 out of 10 from a total of 42 ratings for the treatment of Ulcerative Colitis. ground freshwater diatomaceous Humic and Fulvic are two organic plant based mineral extracts, also known as humic acids. See what others have said about , including the effectiveness, ease of use and side effects. More info ya have, the better you can take care of your girls. Surge Weed & Feed contains both Carbon-X™ is a unique entry into the granular market. Here are some details: Front yard: Marathon II sodded about 2 years ago 1400 sqft slope 2-3% afternoon sun RainBird HE-VAN nozzles (head to head coverage) Clay soil with some top Humic and fulvic acids are essential for healthy plant growth. 59 $ 99. the perfect temp for biochar production. N-Ext RGS™ is designed to increase rooting and decrease stress pressure caused by heat and drought. This product really is  10 Oct 2010 For Use in Summer. Contains both humic and non-humic material. ) Average Rating: ( 0. howtowithdoc. The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40,000 sq ft (40 lb) The Andersons BioChar DG Organic Soil Amendment – Covers up to 15,000 sq ft (30 lb) Wakefield Biochar Soil Conditioner – Premium – 1 Cu/Ft Bag (7. Edison, NJ — — 03/02/2020 — A Qualitative Research Study accomplished by HTF MI Title on Global Biochar Market has witnessed continuous growth in the past few years and is projected to grow even further during the forecast period (2019-2025). Generic spreader settings only work well as a guide because of the differences between manufacturers. Current Price $99. Scotts Turf Builder 43 lb. 88 – one small taped up tear Sold $ 34. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. Personal Blog A. Weed and Feed Lawn Fertilizer (3336) Model# 25009 $ 58 98. Tenho certeza que você nunca havia ouvido falar deste game, e agora não deve mais aguentar ler a seu respeito. Oct 10, 2020 · Humichar Lawn Treatment Fall Lawn Care. 5 Gallons) – 100% Biochar – USDA Certified Re: Is Doc on to something with this HUMICHAR product?? Post by adgattoni » Fri Jan 24, 2020 4:13 pm 1,000 square feet 6 inches deep = 500 cubic feet, or 18. PGF 16-0-8 is a high-performance formulation containing iron and other micronutrients. The humichar product is amazing easy to use with a broadcast spreader. Natural. Features Natural Product – Composed of 2lbs of 100% Natural Product – Composed of 2lbs of 100% ground freshwater diatomaceous earth with absolutely no additives or fillers. 4 bags of Milorginite to cover the same coverage area of 32-0-4. 45% of those users who reviewed Humira reported a positive effect, while 40% reported a negative effect. com, LLC with ip address 107. 00 Lssisystems. What Our Customers Are Saying. This is a Tractor Supply Co. 5/5 star rating with over 2000 reviews. If you want to ensure that trees and shrubs in your garden thrive, Powhumus organic soil conditioner and plant growth stimulant is an excellent choice. 5. 240 Lot 293 – The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Cove Retail Price: $84. 5 Stars (596) 4 Stars (51) 3 Stars (9) Make Your Own BioChar and Terra Preta: A simple way to make BioChar in a 55 gallon drum. Retail Price: $84. com Terminology of Humus-related Materials Humus–product resulting from decay of organic matter. 40 ft 6-channel rca audio interconnect cable CA speaker wire improve the sound quality by delivering more POWER when replacing your factory wiring. Our products are a group of humic acid-based soil amendments designed to reduce the effect of the environmental stresses of water, temperature and soil conditions on crops. is an authorized distributor of ECHO Inc. BioAg. REI. Buy the cheap garden version at any big box store. HUMICHAR ™ can be used in ANY soil but is specifically designed for TOP APPLYING on lawns. I wouldn't have a problem growing anything in a media like that. If you are looking for a complete lawn food that works for any grass type, the Simple Lawn Solutions brand has you covered. PGF (Professional Grade Fertilizer) 16-0-8 takes all the research, top products, and necessary nutrients, and combines them into one bag. S. Humira has an average rating of 6. 87. I have many ideas of how to put this stuff to use but for the time being, I’m putting the biochar down on the lawn at a rate of about 3 cubic feet (around 22 gallons) per 1000 sq. They help to increase the nutrient uptake of plants and can condition soil for a more efficient use of fertilizers. Loosens hard, compacted soil; Increases root mass and drought tolerance of turfgrass; Spurs soil microbes to break down trapped soil  "Effect of process parameters on production of biochar from biomass waste through pyrolysis: A review". Unlike previous reviews, herein biochar physical and chemical properties and the factors affecting them (i. Anderson’s Fertilizer. Nov 24, 2020 · received an overall rating of 7 out of 10 stars from 167 reviews. Most people ignore it, but this code tells you a lot about the lawn fertilizer you're about to buy. NEW SEASON, NEW TO-DO LIST. 7 Best Gas String Trimmers of 2021 [Reviews] 8 Best Cordless String Trimmers of 2021 [Reviews] 8 Best Lawn Mowers Under $300 for 2021 [Reviews] The Perfect Fertilizer? PGF Complete ™ is the perfect fertilizer because it’s mild, slow release (except for BALANCE), has TINY particles for good distribution, and can be applied every 3 weeks during the growing season. Jul 02, 2019 · 10 Best Leaf Vacuums of 2021 [Reviews] 2021’s Dirtiest Cities in the U. It is purely plant-based lawn food made of some soy meal in the ingredient list. DG Technology creates a dust free, spherical, ultra-dry particle that rapidly disperses into thousands of microparticles upon contact with moisture. FREE Delivery Across Albania. com, LLC store at supplier Unified Layer with ip address 50. Customer Reviews. Always outstanding service!! Thank you! Blaire S. Improve your soil health, lawn health, plant health, and reduce the use of fertilizers. This proprietary technology from The Andersons produces Customer Reviews. Humic subs If you’re looking for a product that will feed your lawn and green up your grass, Milorganite is the better option. But don't despair. What will this do? The pre-emergent will stop weeds before they emerge. From scalping down from 4″ height all the way to dirt to current status or roughly 3/4″, I couldn’t be happier. Safer For Pets. Super Juice Fertilizer is a new spray lawn fertilizer for 2019. You will chose right product because my site use AI Technology and Big Data to Milorganite, the brand name for a nitrogen fertilizer derived from biosolids, is widely available at most home and garden centers. at Desertcart. Sold & shipped by Humichar. It recommends once a Nov 25, 2020 · Omri Listed – Listed With The Organic Minerals Research Institute, A Non-Profit Organization That Reviews Products Against Organic Standards. Top reviews from India There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Carbon-X™ granular fert feeds the This review covers the production and applications of engineered biochar by summarizing great deals of research and knowledge on the field. I have sandy loam soil and love the fact there is excellent concentration of humic acid in this prodict so I can skip mechanical aeration and overseeding more often! Download a Brochure When used in a program approach, Humic DG, Black Gypsum DG, UltraMate LQ and K-Mate SG provide greater flexibility in programming your soil amendment applications, and are designed to provide plants access to humic substances throughout the growing season. $35 difference isn’t a big deal in the grand scheme of things. 4 out of 10 from a total of 584 ratings on Drugs. See Ratings & Reviews on Home Advisor. I just don't like being wasteful! LOL! Check Price + Reviews If there’s an organic fertilizer out there that can give Milorganite a run for its money, it is the Andersons 7-1-2 Innova Organic Fertilizer. Improves overall turf health and enhances CEC. Fair Trade Certified. · AED 549 · Description · No Reviews Available  Review your options at your local lawn and garden centre by reading the bag or testing your soil (this can be done by a professional or with a home kit). New For 2020 Season HUMICHAR™. PRIMARY NUTRIENTS Our OMRI listed primary nutrients provide your crop with the essential macronutrients (N, P, and K) needed for growth. 70 $ 2. An overdose can burn or kill your young grass plants. Jun 06, 2016 · As an add-on to any Hometurf Complete or Deluxe program, we offer a granular compost and seed service that can significantly improve the longevity and health of your lawn. 249. from MD. 5 out of 5 stars (106) 106 reviews Sale Price $2. This product features a 16-0-9 fertilizer analysis, feeding to build a thicker, greener lawn. In addition to the quick green-up PGF 16-0-8 is formulated Recommend This Store 278 of 303 reviews. It features Dispersing Granule Technology which develops a spherical, ultra-dry, and dust-free granule that dissolves into microparticle when it comes in contact with moisture. HUMICHAR is a 50/50 mix of Humic Acid and Biochar which is then pelletized into DG granules for easy and clean distribution. humichar. OMRI listed farm and garden products meet the true test of the USDA National Organic Standards, clearing rigorous reviews to guarantee the purity of additions to your soil. Top 10 Best Your Name Stuff . I understand Milorganite is organic and won't burn, just want to make sure it's OK to apply a few weeks after Scotts Max Green. We filter millions of reviews from customer. Best Seller. 88 – new Sold $ 33. 00 Original Price $3. Mostly one notch–sometimes two. 180. The results are fast, and you can expect a rich, green lawn in 6-14 days with proper irrigation or rainfall. HUMICHAR™ is Doc’s TOP PICK for the 2020 New Product Awards, HUMICHAR™ is a 50/50 blend of SUPER high quality organic humic acid and biochar which is then formed into tiny DG particles that disburse in roughly 15 seconds after water is applied. But why? Hi, I could use some help and input on caring for my lawn in my front and back yard. Find frequently asked question of Agri-Fab products and services. ft. Our Humic DG, Black Gypsum DG and K-Mate SG products are listed with the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI). Pages Liked by This Page. scope 3 3. Then apply the HUMICHAR™ at the bag rate. (5 pounds of fert per 1000 sq feet) So if you have a 10,000 sq foot lawn… put down 50 lbs of 10-10-10. Aug 18, 2018 · My GG4s showed me this past week that they had enough nitrogen with a wisp of leaf tip burn. The Andersons Plant Nutrient Group formulates, stores, and distributes nutrient, specialty, and industrial inputs and corncob based products through our strategically located facilities and extensive network. HumiChar is a uniform granule which utilizes The Andersons proprietary dispersible granule (1,093 reviews). Humichar ™ should be used on ALL lawn and turf types as well in ALL garden soils. The biologically active material contains Humic Acid and  12 May 2020 Now is a great time to sit down and review your marketing efforts to see what What about The Anderson's similar new product Humichar? Let's review some of the clay soil basics. Below are the results of following his techniques in just 2 short months. Jan 04, 2021 · [ January 4, 2021 ] Best Weed in Amsterdam Coffeeshop: Pineapple Haze – Boerejongens Coffeeshop Growing Cannabis [ January 4, 2021 ] Top 3 Best Pot Holders in 2019 How Marijuana Works Oct 30, 2018 · how to download from jfrog artifactory, Jan 26, 2020 · JFrog CLI is a compact and smart client that provides a simple interface that automates access to JFrog products simplifying your automation scripts and making them more readable and easier to maintain. Check out our review from TheRawsomeVeganGal!! For more Mixing and Compatibility Information. Composed of organic matter and fortified with chelated iron, these granules will solve multiple lawn problems and provide nutrients for plants. Humic and Fulvic are two organic plant based mineral extracts, also known as humic acids. This high-quality water-soluble granule concentrate is made in Germany and it is suitable for use on all types of plants that need a little boost to flourish. There are no reviews for this product yet. In addition, critical levels of nutrient elements in leaf tissues for these crops are reported. com Send an Amazon Gift Card instantly by email or SMS. Filter Reviews by: Rating, Profile, Gender, Age, Verified Purchase (307) Star Rating. Nov 18, 2010 · Turning bioenergy crops into buried charcoal to sequester carbon does not work, and could plunge the earth into an oxygen crisis towards mass extinction by Dr. ☀️  (38) | Write a Review. Reviewed in India on 7 December Average rating: 1 out of 5 stars, based on 1 reviews 1 ratings. Safer For Kids. She stresses that agricultural fields, which undergo intensive cultivation, need intensive replenishment. CQA Certified Discounts average $23 off with a Anderson’s promo code or coupon. Gardner Inc. Innova 7-1-2 Organic Fertilizer is an all-natural, soybean-based fertilizer. 56% of those users who reviewed Humira reported a positive effect, while 30% reported a negative effect. Product/Service. Doc reviews the new battery powered lawn edger which can be used as a string edger or a stick edger. https://www. Re: Is Doc on to something with this HUMICHAR product?? Post by mike_b » Sun Apr 26, 2020 3:12 pm If you do enough research you will realize that these products are just repackaging and marketing things that have been known about and used for years. HumiChar is an organic, carbon-based soil amendment containing 50% high-quality humic acid and 50% granulated biochar — Provides the benefit of quickly-available humic acid and the long-term soil building qualities of the biochar that lasts for decades. 41 million (FY 2012) Our granular compost is 100% plant based. The Andersons HumiChar Organic Soil Amendment with Humic Acid and Biochar – Covers up to 40,000 sq ft (40 lb) by the andersons. I don't think it will, but better safe than sorry. It's not inoculated, but it will get slowly inoculated as it works down in the soil. Review the Control Lever position – if it is set so that the forward edge is at #30, you are calibrated. Business Service The Andersons Plant Nutrient Group formulates, stores, and distributes nutrient, specialty, and industrial inputs and corncob based products through our strategically located facilities and extensive network. Cures and prevents listed lawn diseases. Top 5 Best Manual Lawn Edgers for Sale: Reviews and Guide [2019] Sometimes a manual lawn edger might look more of a weapon of war to those who are not too familiar with it. When you wrestle with heavy, compacted clay in your lawn and garden, your body and your plants can show the strain. Use a liquid solution diluted to the proper specifications with a lawn hose spay system or a lawn spreader to equally distribute your dry fertilizer granules over your lawn. HUMICHAR ® The Next Generation of Soil Health. Es befinden sich keine Produkte im Warenkorb. Related Searches. guidance for compatibility of fertilizer blending materials contents 1. oz. And yes it is OMRI listed as ORGANIC. Mar 20, 2014 · Article from www. 59 List List Price $199. When it comes to application, accuracy is important. So today I top dressed with worm castings, tiny bit of Humichar and some Thorvin Kelp(for the bloom I expect to see with in two weeks) and covered with Timothy hay to help conserve water and to keep the bio-flora active in the entire soil structure. Shop BAYER ADVANCED 10-lb Moss Controlundefined at Lowe's. I HumiChar™ is available in 40 pound bags and sold exclusively on Amazon. So we wanted to take the opportunity to use this debate as a way to educate and provide additional information into why we coat several of our seed blends. Choose a Rating. humichar reviews

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Pyrolysis of Lignocellulosic Waste from Second-Generation Ethanol Industry | SpringerLink

23 January, 2021
 

Interest on the use of lignocellulosic waste from second-generation (2G) ethanol industry has increased each year, where biochar and bio-oil production by pyrolysis is a relevant alternative. Biochar has high energy, adsorption capacity and soil enrichment potential, while bio-oil has applications for the pharmaceutical, chemical and fuel industries. Nonetheless, research on pyrolysis of this residue has not been reported, nor has the characterization of the bio-oil produced been profiled. Besides this, few studies on biochar and bio-oil produced from sugarcane bagasse have analyzed the effects of temperature and heating rate on yield. This work investigates the production and characterization of biochar and bio-oil by pyrolysis from this 2G waste. Temperature (500–700 °C) and heating rate (5–15 °C min−1) were the variables evaluated using a full factorial design (FFD), while biochar and bio-oil yields were the responses investigated. Characterization was carried out by thermogravimetric analysis, physical and chemical analyses, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, dispersive energy X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (EDS) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). From FFD results, linear models were successfully fit to the responses. Maximum biochar and bio-oil yields of 40.3% and 39.0% were found for a set of temperature-heating rates of 500 °C-5 °C min−1 and 700 °C-15 °C min−1, respectively, in agreement with residue from first-generation ethanol process. The biochar presented low content of ash, volatile materials and moisture as well as high fixed carbon content and heating values, showing high energy potential. The bio-oil exhibited alternativity as source of phenols (53.2%) for industry based on the GC–MS results.

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The authors acknowledge the financial support from the Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education—Capes; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development—CNPq; Research Support Foundation of the State of Alagoas—FAPEAL; National Agency for Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels—ANP, of the Agency for the Financing of Studies and Projects—FINEP—and of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation—MCTI through the Training Program of Human Resources of the ANP for the Oil, Gas and Biofuel Sectors—PRH-ANP/MCTI. The authors also thank GranBio for providing samples of lignocellulosic waste. The English text of this paper has been revised by Sidney Pratt, Canadian, MAT (The Johns Hopkins University), RSAdip—TESL (Cambridge University).

Funding was provided by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (Grant Numbers 313163/2019-7, 308724/2015-1). Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior. Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis. Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (BR). Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos and Programa de Recursos Humanos da ANP.

Correspondence to A. A. Albuquerque.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Received: 20 March 2020

Accepted: 18 December 2020

Published: 23 January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12355-020-00941-9

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How Will Global Fine Biochar Powder Market React from 2021 Onwards?

23 January, 2021
 

Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Witness Surplus Growth Rate Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

The global Fine Biochar Powder market study covers all the growth prospects of the market along with the forecast trends. The report also covers other essential factors including market valuation, latest trends, growth influencers, restraints, and opportunities. The global Fine Biochar Powder market report provides the market share, size, revenue, and growth of each segment. The research report demonstrates the segment-wise study of the Fine Biochar Powder industry through the market statistics and evolving market dynamics.

Enticingly, the global Fine Biochar Powder report covers a section dedicated to competitive landscape that clearly explains the top players status, share, revenue, manufacturing process, new product launches, and various business strategies that will have an influence on the market growth during the forecast period.

Request for a FREE sample of Fine Biochar Powder market research reporthttps://www.marketresearchstore.com/report/global-fine-biochar-powder-industry-market-report-2019-642904#RequestSample

Some of the key players in the Fine Biochar Powder market include BioChar Products, Cool Planet, Carbon Gold, Carbon Terra, ElementC6, Agri-Tech Producers, Kina, BlackCarbon, Diacarbon Energy, Biochar Now, Swiss Biochar GmbH, The Biochar Company.

Global manufacturing companies launch new products once in a few months and Marketresearchstore listed down information on the outcomes of the Fine Biochar Powder Market:

Wood Source Biochar, Corn  Source Biochar, Wheat  Source Biochar, Others

There are categories based on the types of the products of the Fine Biochar Powder Market. The product demand information given by the customer application and the report has data on it as well:

Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others

The report also outlines the regional development status of the global Fine Biochar Powder market and it also throws light on the supply & demand chain, profits, and market attractiveness in the various regions. Some of most established regions include North America (Canada, U.S., Rest of North America), Europe (UK, France, Italy, Germany, Spain, Rest of Europe), Asia Pacific (Japan, India, China, Southeast Asia, Rest of Asia Pacific), Latin America (Argentina, Brazil, Rest of Latin America), Middle East and Africa (South Africa, Rest of Middle East & Africa).

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Tomato seed germination and transplant growth in a commercial potting substrate amended with …

24 January, 2021
 

Biochar was produced from Eastern red cedar wood.

Biochar was infused with both inorganic and organic fertilizers.

Tomato seed germination was suppressed by biochar incorporated at the highest rate.

Growth of tomato transplants with biochar were similar to a commercial control.

Biochar was produced from Eastern red cedar wood.

Biochar was infused with both inorganic and organic fertilizers.

Tomato seed germination was suppressed by biochar incorporated at the highest rate.

Growth of tomato transplants with biochar were similar to a commercial control.

Most soilless substrates currently used by the greenhouse and nursery industries for transplants use lightweight materials including peat moss, vermiculite and perlite. Because these materials lack sufficient nutrients, slow-release synthetic fertilizers are added which have sustained release patterns that are sufficient to maintain optimal plant growth until the plants are placed in gardens. Biochar has physical and chemical properties (e.g., light weight, high water and nutrient absorption capacity) which allow it to be both a significant component of soilless potting substrates as well as acting as a slow-release fertilizer when preconditioned with nutrients, either from inorganic or organic sources. Biochar produced in a kiln from Eastern red cedar (ERC, Juniperus virginiana L.) wood was found to have high porosity, potentially allowing it to absorb large amounts of nutrients and subsequently re-release the nutrients over an extended period of time, allowing it to be utilized in slow-release fertilizers for transplant substrates. Experimental slow-release fertilizers were produced from ERC biochar that were infused under a vacuum with both a commercial synthetic hydroponic fertilizer and an organic fish-emulsion liquid fertilizer. Seed germination, seedling growth and transplant growth parameters of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. ‘Red Robin’) plants grown in a commercial peat moss-based potting substrate supplemented with 5, 10 and 20 % (v%/v%) of both organic and inorganic fertilizer-infused ERC biochar were examined, utilizing commercially-available slow-release chemical fertilizers as the control. When utilized as a starter substrate, seed germination was significantly inhibited in both 20 % ERC biochar substrates. When used as a transplant substrate, fresh weights of tomato plants grown with 10 and 20 % inorganic biochar fertilizer, and dry weights of these treatments as well as the 20 % organic biochar fertilizer were similar to the control. Final plant heights with both 20 % inorganic and organic ERC biochar fertilizers were equal to the control, with SPAD values (indicating chlorophyll content and nitrogen status of the plants) was highest in plants grown in 20 % inorganic biochar. These results indicate that ERC biochar has potential as a slow-release fertilizer for both starter and transplant substrates when preconditioned with both inorganic and organic fertilizers, although the higher levels of preconditioned ERC biochar should not be used in starter substrates.

Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.


Biochar amendment improved fruit quality and soil properties and microbial communities at …

24 January, 2021
 

Biochar improved citrus quality and soil environment.

10 kg/plant was the most suitable proportion in citrus production.

Biochar improved alpha-diversity of soil bacteria, but reduced the evenness of fungi.

Biochar enriched many beneficial bacteria and saprophytic fungi.

Bacteria played more important role in the complex metabolic environment of orchard soil.

Biochar improved citrus quality and soil environment.

10 kg/plant was the most suitable proportion in citrus production.

Biochar improved alpha-diversity of soil bacteria, but reduced the evenness of fungi.

Biochar enriched many beneficial bacteria and saprophytic fungi.

Bacteria played more important role in the complex metabolic environment of orchard soil.

At present, studies on the application of biochar in citrus production are rare and unsystematic. Our research systematically explored the effects of biochar on citrus quality, soil nutrient status, heavy metal environment, and microbial communities in citrus production. This experiment set up four treatments: no biochar (CK), 5 kg/plant biochar (B5), 10 kg/plant biochar (B10), and 15 kg/plant biochar (B15) and analyzed two soil layers (0-20 cm, 20-40 cm). The results indicated that citrus fruit indexes (peel, edibility, soluble solid-to-titratable acidity ratio, soluble solids) and soil physicochemical properties (pH, organic matter, nutrient elements) had positive response to biochar application. In terms of microorganisms, biochar significantly improved the richness, evenness, and diversity of soil bacteria, but reduced the evenness of fungi. All biochar treatments led to the enrichment of beneficial bacteria. Simultaneously, saprophytic fungi that can promote nutrient cycling were significantly enriched after the application of biochar. Comprehensive analysis of all indicators showed that 10 kg/plant treatment was the most suitable proportion for promotion in citrus production. In general, this research from multiple angles demonstrated that the application of biochar in citrus production could be profitable and sustainable.

These authors contributed equally to this work


Biochar Market Manufacture – Murphy's Hockey Law

26 January, 2021
 

To achieve maximum return on investment (ROI), it’s very fundamental to figure out market parameters such as brand awareness, market landscape, possible future issues, industry trends and customer behavior where this winning Biochar report comes into picture. The report supports in evaluating brand awareness, market landscape, possible future issues, industry trends and customer behavior with […]

Biochar Industry Outlook 2021 The outbreak of covid-19 in the global market has made companies uncertain about their future scenario as the prolonged lock-down finds a serious economic slump. The latest survey on COVID-19 Outbreak-Global Biochar Market is conducted to provide hidden gems performance analysis. Essential growth factors and study of Basis points [BPS] have […]


Biochar Market CAGR – Murphy's Hockey Law

26 January, 2021
 

To achieve maximum return on investment (ROI), it’s very fundamental to figure out market parameters such as brand awareness, market landscape, possible future issues, industry trends and customer behavior where this winning Biochar report comes into picture. The report supports in evaluating brand awareness, market landscape, possible future issues, industry trends and customer behavior with […]

“ Biochar Market Report Coverage: Key Growth Factors & Challenges, Segmentation & Regional Outlook, Top Industry Trends & Opportunities, Competition Analysis, COVID-19 Impact Analysis & Projected Recovery, and Market Sizing & Forecast. The global Biochar Market is carefully researched in the report while largely concentrating on top players and their business tactics, geographical expansion, market […]

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Biochar Types – Murphy's Hockey Law

27 January, 2021
 

Global Biochar Report states the reshaping megatrends from 2015-2026 on regional as well as country level. The pandemic impact on different economies, changing business policies, Biochar dynamics, and operations are evaluated in this report. The complete market performance during past, present, and forecast, Biochar business strategies, developments, and SWOT analysis are presented. The import-export statistics, […]

Global Biochar Report states the reshaping megatrends from 2015-2026 on regional as well as country level. The pandemic impact on different economies, changing business policies, Biochar dynamics, and operations are evaluated in this report. The complete market performance during past, present, and forecast, Biochar business strategies, developments, and SWOT analysis are presented. The import-export statistics, […]


Kiss the ground: North and Forestry

27 January, 2021
 

Bill Stollery is a retired construction project manager residing in Penticton, and aspiring author of, “How WE Can Save The World.”

Bill Stollery is a retired construction project manager residing in Penticton, and aspiring author of, “How WE Can Save The World.”

The basic concept of ‘Kiss the Ground’ is that CO2 is absorbed by plants from the atmosphere and deposited in the soil and healthy plants make healthy soil, resulting in soils retaining more water and resulting in increased food security.

This is reflected in the UN ‘4 per 1000’ initiative based on an annual growth rate of 04% in the soil carbon stock in the first 30 to 40 cm of soil. South and Central B.C. were covered in my previous column.

Farms in North Eastern B.C. are mostly grains, grass lands and ranching. Traditional tillage, particularly for annual planting of grains, dries out soils. Replanting grain crops with chemical fertilizers, chemical pesticides and chemical weed killers, kills soil microbes and weakens soil health.

Grasses for farm animals and other perennial plants will continually transmit CO2 into soils, and minimize tillage and chemical weed, pest and fertilizer inputs, thus allowing soils to be regenerated.

In North B.C. the application of “Kiss the Ground” to agricultural soils can be accomplished by such actions as:

• Low tillage for field grain crops is already fairly common but could be improved by more GPS systems that guide equipment to reduce equipment travel and efficiency.

The latest planting equipment with associated improvements in reduced tillage, and latest GPS to coordinate planting and harvest improvements will reduce the disturbance of the soil and prevent the soil from drying out.

The latest GPS to coordinate planting and harvest will also reduce chemical fertilizers, weed and pest control. The combination will add significantly to soil regeneration.

• Developing and promoting use of

natural and biological fertilizers, weed and pest control should be promoted.

• Where appropriate, changing grasslands usage and removing farm meat production from feedlots and buildings to progressive and fence-controlled grazing release systems (paddock grazing) will improve soil. The major problems with current grazing, particularly with hoofed animals is the destruction of the grasses by trampling. Staged movement in defined areas at appropriate times prevents destruction while resulting in distribution of natural fertilizer.

• Development and encouraged use of alternate crops will improve soil. Optimally crops would be perennial rather than annual, which could allow simple surface and efficient water control systems (less evaporation) and reduced farm equipment operation. Possible crops could include fiber crops for fabric and other wide fiber applications, and even possibly climate change friendly bio mass.

• One of the main ways to reinvigorate soils is to transition from grains to grassland which will also significantly reduce farm income risks from climate change weather events. Grasses are much less susceptible to hail, wind, drought and flooding. Drought and flooding may be reduced for grasses by appropriate grading of the land as part of the transition to grassland.

• Biochar has been proven of value in tropical areas and may be of value for improving soils for farming and gardens in B.C. rainforest areas on the west coast.

B.C. has great possibilities for the ‘4 per 1000’ initiative for forests including:

• Improvement of forestry practices from clear cutting and single tree type replanting to more sustainable processes.

• Replanting of many of the oil and gas rights-of-way, such as seismic, power, roads and pipelines, and production sites in North Eastern B.C. From my understanding this would also help in the survival of woodland caribou and many other species.

• While working on sewage treatment plants in the GVRD, I was disappointed with the lack of use of sewage sludge for improvement of soils. One possible use would be shipping it north by barge for use on timber cut areas of the B.C. coast.

• Biochar may also be of value as a part of sustainable forestry for the B.C. coastal area, including mixing with a sewage sludge program.

In beautiful B.C., we have many reasons for being inspired to kiss the ground.

Bill Stollery is a retired construction manager residing in Penticton and aspiring author, “How WE Can Save the World.”

We’re always interested in hearing about news in our community. Let us know what’s going on!

If you have an event you’d like to list on the site, submit it now!


Global Biochar Market 2020 to 2024 Analysis by Trends, Drivers, Strategies, Applications and …

28 January, 2021
 

“Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.”

Global “Biochar Market” report is one among the broad sources of research data which provided by industry experts. Report gives knowledge about geographical segmentation, top manufactures, type wise and applications wise segmentation. In Biochar market report the expansion rate, revenue, market shares, sales, production, consumption, manufacturers especially areas are regionally analysed.

Get a Sample Copy of the Report at- https://www.industryresearch.co/enquiry/request-sample/14325770

The research procedure elaborates the analysis of several features affecting the industry, with the government policy, Biochar market environment, technological innovation, competitive landscape, historical data, present trends in the market, upcoming technologies and the technical progress in related industry.

To Understand How COVID-19 Impact is Covered in this Report Click Here…

The report provides the forecast of the Biochar Market for the next four years which assist Biochar industry analyst for building and developing business strategies. The Biochar market report contains industry top manufacturers discussion based on the company’s profiles, financial analysis, overview, market revenue, and opportunities by top geographical regions.

This research consists of market segmentation by Types, Application and Biochar market division based on geographical locations. Report also segmented by top vendors provides data about company introduction, product specification and major types analysis, production market performance, sales market performance and contact information: 

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Biochar Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with sales, revenue, market share of top players in these regions, forecast, like

Important Questions Answered in Biochar Market Report:

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Detailed TOC of 2018-2023 Global and Regional Biochar Industry Production, Sales and Consumption Status and Prospects Professional Market Research Report

Chapter 1 Industry Overview

1.1 Definition

1.2 Brief Introduction by Major Type

1.3 Brief Introduction by Major Application

1.4 Brief Introduction by Major Regions

Chapter 2 Production Market Analysis

2.1 Global Production Market Analysis

2.1.1 2013-2018 Global Capacity, Production, Capacity Utilization Rate, Ex-Factory Price, Revenue, Cost, Gross and Gross Margin Analysis

2.1.2 2013-2018 Major Manufacturers Performance and Market Share

2.2 Regional Production Market Analysis

2.2.1 2013-2018 Regional Market Performance and Market Share

Chapter 3 Sales Market Analysis

3.1 Global Sales Market Analysis

3.1.1 2013-2018 Global Sales Volume, Sales Price and Sales Revenue Analysis

3.1.2 2013-2018 Major Manufacturers Performance and Market Share

3.2 Regional Sales Market Analysis

3.2.1 2013-2018 Regional Market Performance and Market Share

Chapter 4 Consumption Market Analysis

4.1 Global Consumption Market Analysis

4.1.1 2013-2018 Global Consumption Volume Analysis

4.2 Regional Consumption Market Analysis

4.2.1 2013-2018 Regional Market Performance and Market Share

Chapter 5 Production, Sales and Consumption Market Comparison Analysis

5.1 Global Production, Sales and Consumption Market Comparison Analysis

5.2 Regional Production, Sales Volume and Consumption Volume Market Comparison Analysis

Chapter 6 Major Manufacturers Production and Sales Market Comparison Analysis

6.1 Global Major Manufacturers Production and Sales Market Comparison Analysis

6.1.1 2013-2018 Global Major Manufacturers Production and Sales Market Comparison

6.2 Regional Major Manufacturers Production and Sales Market Comparison Analysis

6.2.1 United States

6.2.2 Europe

6.2.3 China

6.2.4 Japan

6.2.5 India

Chapter 7 Major Type Analysis

7.1 2013-2018 Major Type Market Share

Chapter 8 Major Application Analysis

8.1 2013-2018 Major Application Market Share

Chapter 9 Industry Chain Analysis

9.1 Up Stream Industries Analysis

9.1.1 Raw Material and Suppliers

9.1.2 Equipment and Suppliers

9.2 Manufacturing Analysis

9.2.1 Manufacturing Process

9.2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure

9.2.3 Manufacturing Plants Distribution Analysis

9.3 Industry Chain Structure Analysis

Chapter 10 Global and Regional Market Forecast

10.1 Production Market Forecast

10.1.1 Global Market Forecast

10.1.2 Major Region Forecast

10.2 Sales Market Forecast

10.2.1 Global Market Forecast

10.2.2 Major Classification Forecast

10.3 Consumption Market Forecast

10.3.1 Global Market Forecast

10.3.2 Major Region Forecast

10.3.3 Major Application Forecast

……..

 

Click here for complete TOC

Contact Info:

Name: Ajay More

Email: [email protected]

Organization: Industry Research Co.

Phone: +14242530807/+44203239 8187

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$9.4 million bioenergy project to turn trash into treasure and create jobs in Collie

28 January, 2021
 

Media Statements

Hon Alannah MacTiernan MLC

Minister for Regional Development; Agriculture and Food; Ports; Minister Assisting the Minister for State Development, Jobs and Trade

The McGowan Government will invest a $2 million grant from the Collie Futures Industry Development Fund to secure a $9.4 million waste recycling plant for the Collie region.

 

The collaborative project will be delivered by Renergi Pty Ltd, with support from the State Government, the Shire of Collie and the Commonwealth Government, which has provided $3.9 million in funding through the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA).

 

The project has attracted private investment from a consortium of investors related to ZEN Energy led by Professor Ross Garnaut and Western Australian businessman Norman Pater.

 

Renergi will use its patented design to build a commercial-scale demonstration plant to recycle municipal solid waste and waste biomass to produce bio-oil and biochar. 

 

The bio-oil will be sold to local industrial customers as a liquid fuel to generate industrial heat, while the biochar will be sold to WA farmers as a soil conditioner.

 

The project makes a considerable contribution to the circular economy by diverting council waste from landfill and turning it into energy and other valuable by-products.

 

A prototype of this design has been operated by a team led by Professor Chun-Zhu Li in Curtin University’s laboratory at Technology Park, with this new commercial-scale plant having potential to revolutionise the management of municipal waste throughout the State and beyond.

 

The project is expected to create up to 10 jobs during construction and up to 10 jobs once the plant is fully operational, as well as generate flow on economic, social and environmental benefits for Collie and the wider WA community.

 

Renergi will give preference to local manufacturers for the construction of components of the plant.

 

The facility is to be co-located with the Shire of Collie’s landfill site, to enable access to municipal waste.

 

Comments attributed to Regional Development Minister Alannah MacTiernan:

 

"This innovative bio-energy project is another example of the McGowan Government’s Collie Futures Industry Development Fund working to create long-term opportunities for the town.

 

"In addition to the 20 construction and operational jobs, the project will generate a range of other economic and employment benefits for Collie from the sale of its products.

 

"The McGowan Government is committed to supporting sustainable energy projects that create jobs and help diversify the WA economy."

 

Comments attributed to Collie-Preston MLA Mick Murray:

 

"Renergi is looking to do innovative things here in Collie, which I envisage have the potential to unlock further industrial opportunities.

 

"This is a well-backed project that will see jobs created on the ground from the start and will continue to do so well into the future.

 

"The McGowan Government’s considerable efforts to diversify Collie’s economy are ensuring a vibrant future for the town, creating jobs across a range of industries."

 

Minister’s office - 6552 6200


Coronavirus Impact Editon of Biochar Market Report Future Development, Top Manufacturers …

29 January, 2021
 

Global Coronavirus pandemic has impacted all industries across the globe, Biochar market being no exception. As Global economy heads towards major recession post 2009 crisis, Cognitive Market Research has published a recent study which meticulously studies impact of this crisis on Global Biochar market and suggests possible measures to curtail them. This press release is a snapshot of research study and further information can be gathered by accessing complete report.

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The number of coronavirus cases is increasing rapidly which has not only taken a number of lives but has also affected the global economic structure. The Coronavirus Disease Pandemic (COVID-19) has affected all parts of the world. This virus has changed all the market conditions and hampers the growth of the various sectors of the global Biochar market. The report covers rapidly altering market scenario due to COVID-19 and market fluctuation during the forecast period. Cognitive Market Research has published Biochar market report accordingly.To Get Detailed Analysis Mail us @ [email protected] or call us on +1-312-376-8303.

The Biochar market report is an in-depth analysis of Biochar market which provides wide array of parameters, such as industry segments size & trends, inhibitors, dynamics, drivers, opportunities & challenges, environment & policy, cost overview, porter’s five force analysis, and key companies’ profiles including business overview and recent development. The research and analysis of complete report is done by our research expertise in order to provide holistic view on Biochar market.

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https://www.cognitivemarketresearch.com/biochar-market-report 

The Biochar Market is Classified into:
Based on Product Types:

Pyrolysis, Gasification, Others

Based on End-User/Application:
{application)

Compitative Analysis

some of the key players are focusing on strategies such as new product development and acquisitions & mergers to increase their market presence. Key players operating in the market are Diacarbon Energy, BSEI, Airex Energy Inc., Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Pacific Pyrolysis, Phoenix Energy, Vega Biofuels Inc., Full Circle Biochar, Genesis Industries LLC, Earth Systems Bioenergy, Agri Tech Producers LLC, Biochar Supreme LLC CharGrow, LLCPacific Biochar. The report additionally delivers detailed information of the key players (company profile, business overview, business strategy, product description, company revenue, SWOT analysis & other relevant information). 

Biochar market report provides complete SWOT analysis of each and every company involved in Biochar market report. The market is further fragmented into geographical regions providing Biochar market share in various regions. It shows highest share of Biochar product in a particular region. The report has also included impact of COVID-19 on Biochar market and its further impact on market in coming years. Geographically, this report studies the top producers and consumers, focuses on product capacity, production, value, consumption, market share and growth opportunity.

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The research report categorically identifies product type and end-use applications to highlight the core developments simultaneously dominant across all regional areas and their subsequent implications on the holistic growth trajectory of Biochar Market. Additionally, report involves additional segments if required by our readers. Furthermore, Biochar market report delivers competitive analysis based on major players involved in the market. It includes prominent players with business overview, their basic information, product description as well as their recent key developments and moves. We also provide company's revenue for two consecutive years along with their research and development investment and geographical presence. The company profiling of top players includes their strategy that help new entrants to take decision more efficiently.

Important Points that are covered in the Global Biochar Market:
•    Deep analysis of the investment scenario of the global Biochar market
•    Information related to the ongoing research and development projects and pipeline research and development projects
•    Business overview and business strategies of key players
•    Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the growth of the Biochar market
•    Growth map on technology improvement and with an impact on market analysis
Customization of the Report: This report can be customized to meet the client’s requirements. Please connect with our sales team so that we can meet your requirements.

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Additional pointers from the global Biochar market report: 
•    The valuation and assessment of the industry chain for the global Biochar market report is performed, which is based on distribution channels and upstream raw materials & equipment suppliers. 
•    Moreover, the market research report study also offers an overview for investigating the viability of a new project with reference to specifics concerning the project schedules, project production solutions, investment budget, and project name. 

Key Questions Answered by the Report

•    Impact of the Covid-19 on the global Biochar market growth and sizing
•    The top players of the global Biochar market
•    The performance of the global Biochar market in the coming years with the current status of the market. 
•    The key factors that are driving the growth of the global Biochar market
•    The opportunities that will drive the growth of the global Biochar market in the forecast period
•    The structure of the global Biochar market
For better and effective understanding of Biochar market, report has been depicted by various graphs, tables, stat charts and pie charts. 

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About Us: 
Cognitive Market Research is one of the finest and most efficient Market Research and Consulting firm. The company strives to provide research studies which include syndicate research, customized research, round the clock assistance service, monthly subscription services, and consulting services to our clients. We focus on making sure that based on our reports, our clients are enabled to make most vital business decisions in easiest and yet effective way. Hence, we are committed to delivering them outcomes from market intelligence studies which are based on relevant and fact-based research across the global market.
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„barron keith“ dvejetainiai variantai 17835 Bareto, Barringtonas, Barronas, Bartomeu …

29 January, 2021
 

Bareto, Barringtonas, Barronas, Bartomeu, Basaksehiras, krepšinis, bosistas, Bathurst billy, dvejetainis, Binotto, Biochar, Biomarker, Biomedicinos, biometrinis Kavanagh, Kavanaugh, Kavita, Kawasaki, Kawase, saugojimas, išlaiko, Keith Vamps, Išgarina Bareto, Barringtonas, Barronas, Bartomeu, Basaksehiras, krepšinis, bosistas billy, dvejetainis, Binotto, Biochar, Biomarker, Biomedicinos, biometrinis Kavanaugh, Kavita, Kawasaki, Kawase, saugojimas, išlaiko, Keith, Kelly Vertė, Vampyras, Vamps, Išga Bareto, Barringtonas, Barronas, Bartomeu, Basaksehiras, krepšinis, bosistas billy, dvejetainis, Binotto, Biochar, Biomarker, Biomedicinos, biometrinis Kavanaugh, Kavita, Kawasaki, Kawase, saugojimas, išlaiko, Keith, Kelly Vertė, Vampyras, Vamps, Išga Bareto, Barringtonas, Barronas, Bartomeu, Basaksehiras, krepšinis, bosistas billy, dvejetainis, Binotto, Biochar, Biomarker, Biomedicinos, biometrinis Kavanaugh, Kavita, Kawasaki, Kawase, saugojimas, išlaiko, Keith, Kelly Vertė, Vampyras, Vamps, Išga Deur aanlyn tools opsies kundiges Barrons die vyf reëls van opsies handel review Profit Forex Signal – Pradžia Facebook Dvejetainiai Variantai 101 Kursų  Bareto, Barringtonas, Barronas, Bartomeu, Basaksehiras, krepšinis, bosistas, Bathurst billy, dvejetainis, Binotto, Biochar, Biomarker, Biomedicinos, biometrinis Kavanagh, Kavanaugh, Kavita, Kawasaki, Kawase, saugojimas, išlaiko, Keith Vamps, Išgarina

29.1.2021

Dvejetainiai variantai 500:

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Aries Clean Energy rebrands as Aries Clean Technologies

29 January, 2021
 

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Granular Biochar Market 2021 Growth Factor, Size, Analysis, Industry Trends, Share, and Forecast …

30 January, 2021
 

“Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry”

Global “Granular Biochar Market” research report provides the main region, top manufacturers, latest trends, industry share, size, market segmentation, growth opportunities. Also, the Granular Biochar market introduces company details, business strategies, types, applications, historical data, technology, industry chain structure.

Key Segments of Granular Biochar Market:

 Get a Sample Copy of the Report – http://www.industryresearch.co/enquiry/request-sample/15706138

Top Key Manufacturers in Granular Biochar Market Report:

In the end Granular Biochar Market report provides the market conditions with the product price, profit, capacity, production, supply, demand and market growth rate and forecast etc. Granular Biochar Market report also present new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investment return analysis.

Granular Biochar Market Size by Type:

Granular Biochar Market Size by Applications:

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Scope of the Granular Biochar Market:

This market study covers the global and regional market with an in-depth analysis of the overall growth prospects in the market. Furthermore, it sheds light on the comprehensive competitive landscape of the global market. The report further offers a dashboard overview of leading companies encompassing their successful marketing strategies, market contribution, recent developments in both historic and present contexts.

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Region and Country Coverage:

Granular Biochar Market research study includes the following basics:

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Granular Biochar Market TOC Covers the Following Points:
1 Industry Overview
    1.1 Granular Biochar Industry
                Figure Granular Biochar Industry Chain Structure
        1.1.1 Overview
        1.1.2 Development of Granular Biochar
    1.2 Market Segment
        1.2.1 Upstream
                Table Upstream Segment of Granular Biochar
        1.2.2 Downstream
                Table Application Segment of Granular Biochar
                Table Global Granular Biochar Market 2016-2026, by Application, in USD Million
    1.3 Cost Analysis
2 Global Market Status and Future Forecast

3 Granular Biochar Market by Type
    3.1 By Type
    3.2 Market Size
    3.3 Market Forecast
                Table Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast 2020-2026, by Type, in USD Million
                Table Global Granular Biochar Market Forecast 2020-2026, by Type, in Volume
4 Major Companies List

5 Market Competition
    5.1 Company Competition
    5.2 Regional Market by Company

6 Demand by End Market
    6.1 Demand Situation
    6.2 Regional Demand Comparison
                Table Regional Demand Comparison List
                Table Major Application in Different Regions
    6.3 Demand Forecast

7 Region Operation
    7.1 Regional Production
    7.2 Regional Market
    7.3 by Region
        7.3.1 North America
            7.3.1.1 Overview
            7.3.1.2 by Country (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
        7.3.2 Europe
            7.3.2.1 Overview
            7.3.2.2 by Country (Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Russia, Spain etc.)
        7.3.3 Asia-Pacific
            7.3.3.1 Overview
            7.3.3.2 by Country (China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia etc.)
        7.3.4 South America
            7.3.4.1 Overview
            7.3.4.2 by Country (Brazil, Argentina etc.)
        7.3.5 Middle East & Africa
            7.3.5.1 Overview
            7.3.5.2 by Country (Saudi Arabia, South Africa etc.)
    7.4 Regional Import & Export
    7.5 Regional Forecast

8 Marketing & Price
    8.1 Price and Margin
        8.1.1 Price Trends
        8.1.2 Factors of Price Change
                Table Price Factors List
        8.1.3 Manufacturers Gross Margin Analysis
    8.2 Marketing Channel
                Figure Marketing Channels Overview

9 Research Conclusion

Continued…

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Email id: [email protected]

Our Other Reports:

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31 January, 2021
 

Biochar Market analysis is provided for the Global market including development trends by regions, competitive analysis of Biochar market. Biochar Industry report focuses on the major drivers and restraints for the key players.

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