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Global Granular Biochar Market Report 2019 : The Biochar Company, Carbon Gold, Biochar Now …

1 January, 2019
 

Global Granular Biochar Market Report catches all comprehensive study of the industry by logical investigation and evaluation of upcoming tendencies. The report includes clients expectations which force on the review of granular biochar industry for the conclusion period span 2012 – 2017. The granular biochar report also leaves a comprehensive investigation of technological advances and capital requirements and regions classes, application, ingestion, sales, and earnings.

The Global Granular Biochar Market report points the analysis of providers and manufacturing companies. The review helps to summaries the granular biochar industrial in addition to financial development within the industry through expert analysis included inside it that comprises details expenses like raw material cost. Global granular biochar Market analysis is provided for the international market including development history, granular biochar industry competitive landscape analysis, and major regions development status on granular biochar Market scenario.Also, the worldwide research of granular biochar report is nearness examination of the business that association quickens. The report covers the state of business and additionally show the importance of it in Education Sector development prospects for 2018-2023. The report gives financial issues of the topic in Education Sector improvements, patterns and revolves around business sectors and materials, innovations and limits, and about the structure. For knowing the competition and offers growing in the are being discussed in detail here.

Download Sample Report of Global Granular Biochar Market:https://market.biz/report/global-granular-biochar-market-2017-mr/186834/#requestforsample

Real business granular biochar players have anticipated crossing value more than expectations before the finish of 2025, considering 2018 as the base year and conjecture period in the range of 2018 and 2025. These top players are Diacarbon Energy, Carbon Terra, ElementC6, Cool Planet, Kina, BioChar Products, Carbon Gold, Swiss Biochar GmbH, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company, BlackCarbon and Agri-Tech Producers.

Market Segmentation By Regions: Japan, North America, Europe, South America, The Middle East & Africa, India and China.

Market Segmentation By Types: Wood Source Biochar, Wheat Source Biochar and Corn Source Biochar.

Market Segment by Applications: Soil Conditioner and Fertilizer.

For Customization of the Granular Biochar Report Click Here: https://market.biz/report/global-granular-biochar-market-2017-mr/186834/#inquiry

The objective Of Global Granular Biochar Market:

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Global biochar Market Growth Opportunities, Industry Analysis, Geographic Segmentation and …

1 January, 2019
 

Market Research Mentor Data has launched a research report on the Global Biochar Market that predicts future market trends and current market trends. It includes analytic data of the biochar Market about growth rate, size, market trends, profitability, manufacturers, applications, historical data, popular regions, etc. The valuable detailed research report created by skilled industry experts, who are experienced in this research industry. This report on the Global biochar Market will be the epitome of the products we provide to the readers.

Get Sample of Global Biochar Market Research Report at: https://marketresearchmentor.com/reports/global-biochar-market/#request-sample

The Biochar report also sheds light on the evaluation of growth opportunities, challenges, market threats and constraining factors of the market. This report will help you to know each and every fact of the Global Biochar Market without a need to refer any other research report or a data source. It studies regional as well as global market and emerging segments, and market dynamics also. Moreover, it offers insight into the competitive landscape, market driving factors, industrial environment, and the latest and upcoming technological advancements to determine the overall scenario of industry and move forward to form lucrative business strategies effortlessly.

Competitive Landscape

Global Biochar Market report provides the comprehensive company profiles of a number of the significant market players, that will stay active in predestined decades, combined with product launches. Along with, biochar key developments, budgetary details, sale, and gross margin, company short-term and long-term approaches and SWOT analysis of those businesses. Thus, the biochar competitive landscape section elaborates on the present in addition to the futuristic potential of the leading international market players.

To be more specific, Leading players in the Global Biochar Market Research Report are:

The report provides important evaluation of biochar market section from 2014 to 2018 and prediction from 2019 to 2024. The report has also segmented the Global biochar Market on the basis of a few categories to make it easier for people to grasp the whole data without much of efforts. For better understanding, the report provides biochar market segmentation depending on the types, end users as well as the leading regions.

The specific type of Biochar Market includes:

Variety of applications of Biochar Market:

Biochar Market Segmentation: By Regional Segment:

Inquire for customization in Report @ https://marketresearchmentor.com/reports/global-biochar-market/#inquiry

Quick Overview of the Global Biochar Market

The report offers a five-year forecast for the global biochar market in terms of CAGR between 2019 and 2024 also year-on-year (Y-o-Y) growth to comprehend the consistency of the market and to identify the biochar market openings.

The biochar report offers concise and complete information on emerging market segments that will boost the decision-making process and feasibility of investment in biochar market.

The study demonstrates an in-depth analysis of the recent market trends, key drivers and restraints although various growth factors which are expected to influence the global biochar market performance in the long run.

The report profile the various contributors involved in the value chain of the global biochar market such as manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, and end users.

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Biochars Induced Changes in the Physicochemical Characteristics of Technosols

1 January, 2019
 

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Global Biochar Market Research Report 2019 : ElementC6, Biochar Now, Kina and Cool Planet

1 January, 2019
 

The report entitles GlobalBiochar Market offers accurate information and holistic view of biochar industry. Further, the biochar report additionally embraces the detailed investigation of the vend stats, Business opportunities so as to enable biochar industry shareholders to take a vital decision on their future projects.

The biochar report summarizes the upcoming market trends based on production technology, developmental plans, biochar industry technological advancement. The report considers all the major aspect pertaining to biochar business stability, basics concepts followed to understand the business tactics. Additionally, the global biochar market report also delivers a precise analyzation on SWOT related to the market players and also evaluates the biochar market size. It also scrutinizes the market segments deeply associated with the biochar product type, application, and geographical regional analysis. The main objective of the biochar report is to ascertain the market insight and help our users to attain ecological growth in their particular fields. Moreover, biochar report upholds an updated marketing tendency of the existing key manufacturer situations of biochar market.

To access the sample report of the global biochar market, click here: http://reporte.us/global-biochar-market-2018-2022-by-manufacturers-types-application-and-region/#request-sample

The research on global biochar market offers competitive outline towards the competitors that includes detailed company profile of major key players along with biochar product specifications such as product picture, recent developments, worldwide production chain, sales margin, techniques, financial details, cost and production capacity. The long-term and short-term strategies adopted by Global biochar market is described in detail here.

To make a report more useful biochar market is segmented based on Product type, end-user applications and geographical regions. In biochar report scope of individual segment studied separately, it gives freedom to market shareholders invest in right areas of biochar industry. The regional coverage of market is based on production, consumption, biochar industry chain structure, import and export scenario of the region along with growth rate of biochar market industry over the forecast period 2018 to 2023.

Market Competitors: Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy, Cool Planet, Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology, BioChar Products, Vega Biofuels, ElementC6, Pacific Biochar, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Swiss Biochar GmbH, BlackCarbon, Liaoning Jinhefu Group, Kina, Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai), Diacarbon Energy, Carbon Gold, The Biochar Company and Carbon Terra.

Market Segmentation By Regions: North America, The Middle East & Africa, South America, India, China, Europe and Japan.

Market Segmentation By Types: Rice Stove Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar and Wood Source Biochar.

Market Segment By Applications: Fertilizer and Soil Conditioner.

Inquiry before buying report at: http://reporte.us/global-biochar-market-2018-2022-by-manufacturers-types-application-and-region/#inquiry

The Objectives of the global biochar market report:

The report offers a thorough investigation of the biochar market as well as provides the market capacity and CAGR value for the forecast period 2018-2025, taking into account the previous year as the base year.

The global biochar market report explains the market perspective towards revenue calculation involved in various segments and also adheres eye-catching investment plans for biochar Industry with the growth of the market.

The research also presents the major viewpoints related to biochar market driving factors, restraints, opportunities, major challenges, global biochar market threats, the launching of new products in the market, geographical analysis and competitive tactics implemented by the biochar key players in the competitive market.

The report outlines the key players in the global biochar market depending on certain limitations which include company profile, biochar product portfolio, business segment, financial presentation, regional presence, biochar market recent development, mergers and acquisitions, distribution methods, and future techniques.

The overall global biochar market report executes the market scenario, for the upcoming market players to comprehend the market situation, key challenges, biochar marketing strategies. The information gathered here is through various interactions, research findings, interviews, biochar sales, distribution channels, industrial supply chain, conclusion, appendix, and data source.

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Global Biochar Fuel Market Research Report 2019 : Walking Point, Pacific Biochar Fuel, Vega …

1 January, 2019
 

The report entitles GlobalBiochar Fuel Market offers accurate information and holistic view of biochar fuel industry. Further, the biochar fuel report additionally embraces the detailed investigation of the vend stats, Business opportunities so as to enable biochar fuel industry shareholders to take a vital decision on their future projects.

The biochar fuel report summarizes the upcoming market trends based on production technology, developmental plans, biochar fuel industry technological advancement. The report considers all the major aspect pertaining to biochar fuel business stability, basics concepts followed to understand the business tactics. Additionally, the global biochar fuel market report also delivers a precise analyzation on SWOT related to the market players and also evaluates the biochar fuel market size. It also scrutinizes the market segments deeply associated with the biochar fuel product type, application, and geographical regional analysis. The main objective of the biochar fuel report is to ascertain the market insight and help our users to attain ecological growth in their particular fields. Moreover, biochar fuel report upholds an updated marketing tendency of the existing key manufacturer situations of biochar fuel market.

To access the sample report of the global biochar fuel market, click here: http://reporte.us/global-biochar-fuel-market-2018-2022-by-manufacturers-types-application-and-region/#request-sample

The research on global biochar fuel market offers competitive outline towards the competitors that includes detailed company profile of major key players along with biochar fuel product specifications such as production capacity, recent developments, financial details, sales margin, cost, techniques, product picture and worldwide production chain. The long-term and short-term strategies adopted by Global biochar fuel market is described in detail here.

To make a report more useful biochar fuel market is segmented based on Product type, end-user applications and geographical regions. In biochar fuel report scope of individual segment studied separately, it gives freedom to market shareholders invest in right areas of biochar fuel industry. The regional coverage of market is based on production, consumption, biochar fuel industry chain structure, import and export scenario of the region along with growth rate of biochar fuel market industry over the forecast period 2018 to 2023.

Market Competitors: RAUCH INTERNATIONAL, The Biochar Fuel Company (TBC), Hawaii Biochar Fuel, Pacific Biochar Fuel, Walking Point, Biochar Fuel Products, Ec6Grow, Agri-Tech Producers, Vega Biofuels, Cool Planet Energy Systems and Diacarbon Energy.

Market Segmentation By Regions: South America, Europe, India, China, North America, The Middle East & Africa and Japan.

Market Segmentation By Types: Fine Biochar Fuel Powder, Granular Biochar Fuel and Big Chip Biochar Fuel.

Market Segment By Applications: Energy Production, Agriculture and Environmental Protection.

Inquiry before buying report at: http://reporte.us/global-biochar-fuel-market-2018-2022-by-manufacturers-types-application-and-region/#inquiry

The Objectives of the global biochar fuel market report:

The report offers a thorough investigation of the biochar fuel market as well as provides the market capacity and CAGR value for the forecast period 2018-2025, taking into account the previous year as the base year.

The global biochar fuel market report explains the market perspective towards revenue calculation involved in various segments and also adheres eye-catching investment plans for biochar fuel Industry with the growth of the market.

The research also presents the major viewpoints related to biochar fuel market driving factors, restraints, opportunities, major challenges, global biochar fuel market threats, the launching of new products in the market, geographical analysis and competitive tactics implemented by the biochar fuel key players in the competitive market.

The report outlines the key players in the global biochar fuel market depending on certain limitations which include company profile, biochar fuel product portfolio, business segment, financial presentation, regional presence, biochar fuel market recent development, mergers and acquisitions, distribution methods, and future techniques.

The overall global biochar fuel market report executes the market scenario, for the upcoming market players to comprehend the market situation, key challenges, biochar fuel marketing strategies. The information gathered here is through various interactions, research findings, interviews, biochar fuel sales, distribution channels, industrial supply chain, conclusion, appendix, and data source.

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Cr(VI)

1 January, 2019
 

In this study, the bamboo biomass loaded with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) intercalated Mg/Al-layered double hydroxides (LDH) was calcined to obtain a novel nano-adsorbent (BC@EDTA-LDH), and BC@EDTA-LDH was used to remove hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in aqueous solutions. The results showed that the interaction between LDH and Cr(VI) on biochar played a dominant part in adsorption. The LDH of Cr(VI) intercalation was successfully reconstructed after adsorption. Fourier transform infrared spectra and X-ray diffraction results confirmed the reconstruction of Mg/Al-LDH. LDH had sustained release effect on the solution. As the pH values increased, the electrostatic repulsion between Cr2O72- and OH increased, and there existed competition for adsorption sites. The maximum adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) was 38 mg/g. The data was well-fitted with pseudo second-order model and Langmuir-Freundlich model. BC@EDTA-LDH showed a high adsorption capacity and was potentially suitable for removing heavy metals in wastewater.

 


Soil-applied biochar increases microbial diversity and wheat plant performance under herbicide …

1 January, 2019
 

The herbicide “fomesafen” causes phytotoxicity to the rotational wheat crop and may reduce its yield. Considering that biochar may improve remediation and biophysical conditions of the contaminated soil environments to benefit plant growth. Here, we investigated the impacts of three levels of the wheat straw-derived biochar (1%, 2%, and 4% (w/w)) on growth, physiological properties, and rhizosphere microbial communities of the wheat (Triticum aestivum) seedlings under the fomesafen stress using high-throughput sequencing. The results showed that biochar amended into soil significantly reduced the uptake of wheat to fomesafen and thereby eliminate its toxicity to wheat seedlings. Moreover, biochar increased the abundance and diversity of plant beneficial bacterial and fungal taxa in the rhizosphere of wheat seedlings. Compared with the three addition amounts, amendment with 2% of biochar has the best effects to reduce the toxicity of fomesafen on wheat seedlings and maintain the balance of soil microbial community structure in soil contaminated with fomesafen (1.0 mg kg−1). Overall, our results suggest that the level of biochar application influences the structure and diversity of soil microbiome (and mycobiome) and plant performance under abiotic stress conditions.

 


VOLUMES WORTH THEIR WEIGHT IN BIOCHAR

1 January, 2019
 


Global Biochar Market: Report Coverage

2 January, 2019
 

Global Biochar Market Report catches all comprehensive study of the industry by logical investigation and evaluation of upcoming tendencies. The report includes clients expectations which force on the review of biochar industry for the conclusion period span 2012 – 2017. The biochar report also leaves a comprehensive investigation of technological advances and capital requirements and regions classes, application, ingestion, sales, and earnings.

The Global Biochar Market report points the analysis of providers and manufacturing companies. The review helps to summaries the biochar industrial in addition to financial development within the industry through expert analysis included inside it that comprises details expenses like raw material cost. Global biochar Market analysis is provided for the international market including development history, biochar industry competitive landscape analysis, and major regions development status on biochar Market scenario.Also, the worldwide research of biochar report is nearness examination of the business that association quickens. The report covers the state of business and additionally show the importance of it in Education Sector development prospects for 2018-2023. The report gives financial issues of the topic in Education Sector improvements, patterns and revolves around business sectors and materials, innovations and limits, and about the structure. For knowing the competition and offers growing in the are being discussed in detail here.

Download Sample Report of Global Biochar Market:https://market.biz/report/global-biochar-market-2017-mr/154863/#requestforsample

Real business biochar players have anticipated crossing value more than expectations before the finish of 2025, considering 2018 as the base year and conjecture period in the range of 2018 and 2025. These top players are Vega Biofuels, Swiss Biochar GmbH, Liaoning Jinhefu Group, Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy, Cool Planet, Carbon Gold, Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai), BlackCarbon, Pacific Biochar, Diacarbon Energy, BioChar Products, Biochar Now, Kina, Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology, The Biochar Company, Agri-Tech Producers, ElementC6 and Carbon Terra.

Market Segmentation By Regions: China, Japan, Europe, South America, India, The Middle East & Africa and North America.

Market Segmentation By Types: Wood Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar and Corn Stove Source Biochar.

Market Segment by Applications: Fertilizer and Soil Conditioner.

For Customization of the Biochar Report Click Here: https://market.biz/report/global-biochar-market-2017-mr/154863/#inquiry

The objective Of Global Biochar Market:

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Biochar Fertilizer Market 2018-2025 by Regions (United States, North America, Europe, Asia …

2 January, 2019
 

Biochar Fertilizer market professionals analyses the worldwide growth and gives their beneficial study for new entrants, and who is interested. The important fact like market share, growth rate, leading countries, manufacturers, market size, and sales.

Biochar Fertilizer market report gives analysis with segmentation of types, and applications. Also, Biochar Fertilizer market report share status, growth rate, future trends, market drivers, opportunities, challenges, risk factors, during the forecast year 2018-2025.

Request for Sample Biochar Fertilizer Market Report at http://www.industryresearch.co/enquiry/request-sample/13188951

Biochar Fertilizer market report cover manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, and customers: Biogrow Limited, Biochar Farms, Anulekh, GreenBack, Carbon Fertilizer, Global Harvest Organics LLC, .

Biochar Fertilizer Market by Applications:
Cereals
Oil Crops
Fruits and Vegetables
Others
Biochar Fertilizer Market by Types:
Organic Fertilizer
Inorganic Fertilizer
Compound Fertilizer

The Biochar Fertilizer market report presents market dynamics and influencing the growth of the market including technology, supplies, capacity, production, profit, price, and competition. It also contains the product that are presently in demand within the market.  

Geographical Regions:

Browse for TOC, Figures, and Other Details of Biochar Fertilizer Market Report at http://industryresearch.co/13188951

What Our Report Offers:

Price of Report: $ 3900 (Single User License)

Purchase Biochar Fertilizer Report at http://www.industryresearch.co/purchase/13188951


Functionalized biochar-supported magnetic MnFe2O4 nanocomposite for the removal of Pb(ii)

2 January, 2019
 

In this study, a novel magnetic biochar-MnFe2O4 nanocomposite (BC/FM) was prepared using low-cost corn straw and MnFe2O4 by sol–gel/pyrolyzing route using egg white, which has abundant functional groups (–NH2 and –COOH). Following that, its composition, morphology and structure was characterized by various techniques including SEM-EDX, BET, XRD, and VSM. Batch experiment of the adsorption for Pb(II) and Cd(II) including influence of pH, kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamics was also studied. The results demonstrated that biochar could effectively support MnFe2O4, which displayed high dispersion on the surface of the biochar and possessed abundant functional groups and high surface area contributing to superior performance on Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal. Therein, MnFe2O4 with high magnetism is convenient for separating the magnetic BC/FM from an aqueous medium. Adsorption experiment results indicate that Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal by BC/FM was closely related to pH with the best value of pH 5.0, and the process reached equilibrium in 2 h. The adsorption process is well-described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Sips (Freundlich–Langmuir) model. Thermodynamic studies suggest that the adsorption process is spontaneous and exothermic. The maximum experimental adsorption capacity of BC/FM is 154.94 and 127.83 mg g−1 for Pb(II) and Cd(II), respectively, in single-solute system, which is higher than that of some of the other adsorbents of biochar or biochar-based composites. In bi-solute system, the preferential adsorption order of BC/FM for the two metals is Pb(II) prior to Cd(II). Finally, FTIR and XPS analysis verified that the main mechanism of Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal by BC/FM is by forming Pb/Cd–O or complexation of carboxyl and hydroxyl and ion exchange. Therefore, the prepared magnetic BC/FM composite, as an excellent adsorbent, exhibited potential applications for the removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from wastewater.

The article was received on 01 Nov 2018, accepted on 10 Dec 2018 and first published on 02 Jan 2019

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Biochar Fertilizer Market Viewpoint, Complete Analysis by Top Players, Trends and Predictions …

2 January, 2019
 

Industry Overview of  Biochar Fertilizer Market:

The fundamental purpose of this Biochar Fertilizer market report is to provide a correct and strategic analysis of the Profile Projectors industry. The report scrutinizes each segment and sub-segments presents before you a 360-degree view of the said market.It provides a deep insight into the industry parameters by accessing the market growth, consumption volume, the upcoming market trends, and the different prices variation for the forecast year.

To Request for PDF Sample, Click Here: https://www.garnerinsights.com/Global-Biochar-Fertilizer-Market-Insights-Forecast-to-2025#request-sample

Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Review 2018-2019 Forecast to 2025 — Analysis by Chemical Type, Technology, Application, End-User, Industry Vertical, and Region’ into its vast depository of research reports. In the first section of the report, the market definition, market overview, product description, product scope, product characterization, and product specification has been discussed. The information presented in this report provides an overview of the latest trends and development plans, patterns, and policies observed in the global market. Moreover, the study provides an analysis of the latest events such as the technological advancements and the product launches and their consequences on the global Biochar Fertilizer market. The global market also comprises the data accumulated from numerous primary and secondary sources..

The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market research report displays the market size, share, status, production, cost analysis, and market value with the forecast period 2018-2025. Besides, upstream raw materials, downstream demand analysis, consumption volume, and the market share by segments and sub-segments have also been mentioned. The research methodology of the market involves both primary as well as secondary research data sources. It commits different factors affecting Biochar Fertilizer industry such as market environment, various policies of the government, past data and market trends, technological advancements, upcoming innovations, market risk factors, market restraints, and challenges in the industry.

Major Key Players of the Biochar Fertilizer Market are:
Biogrow Limited, Biochar Farms, Anulekh, GreenBack, Carbon Fertilizer, Global Harvest Organics,

Major Types of Biochar Fertilizer covered are:
Organic Fertilizer, Inorganic Fertilizer, Compound Fertilizer,

Major Applications of Biochar Fertilizer covered are:
Cereals, Oil Crops, Fruits and Vegetables, Others,

Get Discount on this Report:  https://www.garnerinsights.com/Global-Biochar-Fertilizer-Market-Insights-Forecast-to-2025#discount

What are the influencing factors that are mentioned in the report?

Key Market Dynamics: The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market research report provides thorough forecasts on the latest market trends, development patterns, and research methodologies. Some of the factors that are directly influencing the market include the production strategies and methodologies, development platforms, and the product model itself, and even a minute change within the product profile would result in massive changes within the above mentioned factors. All of these factors are explained in detail in the research study.

Major Growth Prospects: The report also focuses on some of the key growth prospect, including new product launches, M&A, R&D, joint ventures, collaborations, agreements, partnerships, and growth of the key players functioning in the market, both in terms of regional and global scale.

Key Market Highlights: The report provides an in-depth analysis on some of the Biochar Fertilizer Market key factors, comprising revenue, cost, capacity, capacity utilization rate, production, production rate, consumption, import/export, supply/demand, gross, market share, CAGR, and gross margin. Additionally, the report presents a comprehensive study of the market growth factors and their latest trends, along with relevant market segments and sub-segments.

Analytical Tools: The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market report includes the precisely studied and evaluated data of the major market participants and their market scope using a number of analytical tools. The analytical tools include Porter’s five forces analysis, SWOT analysis, feasibility study, and investment return analysis, which have been used to study the growth of the key players operating in the market.

Potential Customers: The Biochar Fertilizer Market report provides noteworthy insights to readers, service providers, suppliers, distributors, manufacturers, stakeholders, and individuals who are interested in evaluating and self-studying this market.

At last, It includes the methodical description of the various factors such as the Biochar Fertilizer market growth and a detailed information about the different company’s revenue, growth, technological developments, production and the various other strategic developments.

To View Detail About Table of Content Click Here: https://www.garnerinsights.com/Global-Biochar-Fertilizer-Market-Insights-Forecast-to-2025

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

 

 


2018-2023 Philippines Biochar Market Report

2 January, 2019
 

In 2017, the Biochar market size was xx million USD in Philippines, and it will be xx million USD in 2023, with a CAGR of xx% between 2017 and 2023.

In Philippines market, the top players include
Cool Planet
Biochar Supreme
NextChar
Terra Char
Genesis Industries
Interra Energy
CharGrow
Pacific Biochar
Biochar Now
The Biochar Company (TBC)
ElementC6
Vega Biofuels

Split by product types/category, covering
Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar
Other Stove Source Biochar

Split by applications/end use industries, covers
Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others

Have any queries?

Contact Us

+91 8551022388

sales@nxtgenreports.com

Delivery Type: via email

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u/BestonMachineryId

2 January, 2019
 

Biochar Production Equipment for Sale


Top 10 stories of 2018

3 January, 2019
 

 

 No. 10: Ahead of the curve

Checking in at no. 10, our November 2018 cover story focused on how Willowbend Nurseries attacks the labor crisis by finding new ways to automate.

No. 9: Corso’s issues statement, AmericanHort’s Craig Regelbrugge discusses industry ramifications in aftermath of ICE raid

A wrap-up of the coverage following the raid that resulted in 114 of the company’s employees being arrested.

No. 8: America isn’t ready for the lanternfly invasion

This aggregated article from Bloomberg Business shows that the wider world is paying attention to the spotted lanternfly epidemic. For a nursery-centric take on this pest, watch for our January 2019 cover story – coming soon!

No. 7: Reclaiming boxwood from boxwood blight

This article from AmericanHort’s Jill Calabro covers the ways the Horticultural Research Institute is investigating to manage the disease. Expect an update following the MANTS trade show.

No. 6: Winners announced at 2018 Biltmore International Rose Trials

This article detailed the four roses that took home honors from the prestigious event, with a video showcasing the winners.

 No. 5: Betting on biochar

This article from the May 2018 issue of our magazine focused on why production nurseries should consider biochar as a soil amendment because it lets them use less water and less fertilizer to achieve the same quality plant. 

No. 4: Clinton Nurseries files for bankruptcy

This article, aggregated from a Connecticut newspaper, provided some information about the wholesale grower’s decision to seek federal bankruptcy protection.

No. 3: Registration opens for 2018 CANGC Convention

This article provided information about the CANGC Convention, including schedule of speakers at the California Association of Nurseries and Garden Centers annual event.

Gardens Alive! to close Michigan nursery

Two articles about the Gardens Alive! auction of nursery production facilities in Michigan, Tennessee and North Carolina were quite popular.

No. 1: Department of Transportation explores trucking rule changes

Botany Lane Greenhouse has announced it will provide the relaunched Ball Ingenuity Diamantina genetics as liner and pre-finished options.

Diamantina Dipladenia and Mandevilla genetics from Ball Ingenuity (formerly sold under the Summer Romance umbrella) are tropical bloomers with exceptional performance during hot weather.

Original Mandevilla genetics come from the Diamantina region of Brazil, known for diamond mining. French breeders are behind the Jade, Opal, Tourmaline, and Agate series of plants, and the 2019 rebranding marks a return to the plants’ roots, so to speak. The three new varieties are available in limited trial quantities.

Both bush and vining types from the Diamantina series bloom earlier than other Mandevilla/Dipladenia varieties and keep going when the mercury climbs. But the Diamantina series offers unique colors as well. Pepto pink Mandevillas might be a dime a dozen but only Diamantina offers a true vining yellow-flowering variety (Opal Yellow).

In 2020, the line is set to expand with orange-coral bicolor choices in both bush (Jade series) and vining (Opal series) and a deep fuchsia bush type to complement the pale pink Tourmaline Bush Pink that’s available now. Orange is a new frontier for these genetics, and Diamantina is the only range set to offer sunrise-colored Dipladena/Mandevilla flowers on the horizon.

Diamantinas thrive in warm days and temperate to cooler nights. This makes them superb for summers all over and a strong winter crop in frost free areas. To add the Diamantina series to your liner production, contact a Ball Seed sales representative. Here’s what’s available in liners shipping nationally along with pre-finished and finished plants shipping in the Western U.S.:

Bush types

Jade series

Exemplary branching habit and can be finished as quarts or larger pots.

Jade White

Tourmaline series

Non-vining mandevilla with enormous blooms. Grow in sizes ranging from 6-inch containers to solo large pots or mixed containers.

 

Vining types

Opal series

The Opal series has a controlled vining habit that allows it to be enjoyed from mixed containers to hanging baskets and landscape uses.

Agate series

This is the bedrock of the Mandevilla offerings, offering the same vigorous Mandevilla habit that gardeners have come to enjoy, but with improved disease resistance and an earlier flowering time.

 

 

Piney River, Virginia  – Saunders Brothers, Inc. will unveil a new generation of boxwood development and production with NewGen boxwood at MANTS 2019. Years in the making, NewGen boxwood is the Saunders Brothers’ focused response to be used as a tool to address the challenge of boxwood blight (C. buxicola) to the company and the horticulture industry at large. NewGen intends to raise the bar for boxwood to meet the changing dynamics of a new generation of the American garden and gardener.

The mission of NewGen Boxwood is to be the standard bearer for a distinctively better family of boxwood that fulfills key promises of better tolerance of boxwood blight, better resistance to boxwood leafminer, and wow factor in appearance. To meet those promises, NewGen aims to lead the industry in the identification, testing, and marketing of superior selections.

“As the brand name implies, we believe NewGen boxwood represents the future of boxwood — for Saunders Brothers and the industry as a whole,” said Bennett Saunders, general manager of Saunders Genetics. “To meet the threat of rising pest and disease pressure, as well as maintain boxwood as the foundation of the landscape and garden, we felt we needed a new approach. We have focused our attention on new and improved genetics, more thorough testing methods and protocols, partnering with like-minded growers, and establishing a distinguished brand identity.”

NewGen boxwood will be previewed at this year’s MANTS, which takes place Jan. 9-11 in Baltimore. Saunders Brothers will devote 2019 to introducing the program to the industry and its customers and building production on the three initial NewGen selections scheduled for limited market availability in late 2019 and full availability in spring 2020. At this time, three NewGen licensees have signed on to grow and distribute the product line in 2020. They include: Overdevest Nurseries, N.J.; Prides Corner Farms, Conn.; and Willoway Nurseries, Ohio.

Boxwood has been part of the family tradition at Saunders Brothers for over 70 years. In the 1970’s and 1980’s, Paul Saunders brought in new varieties in the face of dying populations of older English boxwood. Many of these varieties were planted throughout the eastern United States through his recommendations with the National Boxwood Trials.

Editor’s note: Read more about Saunders Brothers and boxwood in our Feb. 2017 cover story.

In the early 2000’s, boxwood have come under fire because of boxwood leafminer and more recently because of pressure from boxwood blight. Saunders Brothers spent many years researching and testing over 160 cultivars to find better genetic tolerance to both leafminer and boxwood blight. The resulting NewGen varieties were selected out of this pool and offer aesthetic appeal, grower friendliness, and a better tolerance of boxwood blight and boxwood leafminer.

GLEN ARM, MARYLAND – The Perennial Farm has announced a new program for landscaping and garden center professionals. In consultation with Dr. Allan Armitage, The Perennial Farm developed this program around a new and innovative 64-page booklet for landscapers, wholesalers and designers. Its pocket-size and weatherproof contents will serve as a quick and informative reference in the field and in the office. 

‘Solution Gardening’ will be unveiled at the MANTS trade show in Baltimore, from Jan. 9-11. The Perennial Farm will be showing off the new program in booths 539-545. 

The program’s goal is to provide an organized, concise guide proper plant selection. It aims to help landscapers, wholesalers and designers answer questions like what plants are best to keep deer away, which are useful for supporting pollinators, what can be used for drought tolerance, fragrance and more.

Learn more on the The Perennial Farm’s website.

Darwin Perennials announced it will ship AutoStix options for its vegetative perennial offerings through Darwin Colombia effective immediately. AutoStix is the transplant technology developed by Visser Horti Systems in The Netherlands that automates the process of sticking cuttings. Recent trials performed by Darwin Perennials with this labor-saving system has shown positive results, and the company is confident that more than 600 of its perennial varieties will work within the system.

“The rising cost of labor and the diminishing pool of workers is a major stress on greenhouse and nursery customers,” says Jacco Kuipers, general manager of Darwin Perennials. “Darwin Perennials is committed to offering solutions to the industry wherever it can, and providing our products in the AutoStix format is one way to help our customers achieve savings, while still producing high-quality and in-demand perennials.

“In this tight labor market, installing AutoStix has allowed us to continue aggressively pursuing our URC program instead of being forced to revert to higher-cost options,” says Chris Hansen of Hampshire Farms in Hampshire, Illinois.


Bioprocess turns pine needles into new products

3 January, 2019
 

A new bioprocess could turn pine needles on abandoned Christmas trees into environmentally friendly chemical products.

According to the University of Sheffield, biorefineries would use the sustainable process to break down the pine needles into a bio-liquid, which could have uses in paints and food sweeteners.

Cynthia Kartney from the university’s Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering said: “My research has been focused on the breakdown of this complex structure into simple, high-valued industrial chemical feedstocks such as sugars and phenolics, which are used in products like household cleaners and mouthwash.”

Pine needles take a long time to decompose and when they do so they emit large quantities of greenhouse gases. The complexity of lignocellulose, a major component present in pine needles, makes them useless to most industrial processes.

The university’s process involves the addition of heat and solvents such as glycerol, which is cheap and environmentally friendly. This breaks the chemical structure of pine needles down into a liquid product (bio-oil) and a solid by-product (bio-char).

Bio-oil typically contains phenol, commonly used in paint strippers; glucose, used in the production of sweeteners for food; and acetic acid, found in paint, adhesives and vinegar.

It could also potentially replace less sustainable chemicals currently used in industry, while the solid by-product, bio-char, has uses in other industrial chemical processes.

Kartney added: “In the future, the tree that decorated your house over the festive period could be turned into paint to decorate your house once again.”

Dr James McGregor, senior lecturer in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, said: “The use of biomass – materials derived from plants – to produce fuels and chemicals currently manufactured from fossil resources will play a key role in the future global economy.

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Remediation ability of Biochar for Salt-Affected Soils

3 January, 2019
 

Pakistan's Only Newspaper on Science and Technology

Salinization and its Impacts on the Environment: Soil salinization is a historical problem affecting agriculture sector all over the world in areas lying under arid and semi-arid climates including Pakistan. It is a continuous problem and has an equilibrium with normal soils.

Temperature, availability of fresh water, underground water quality, cropping patterns and management practices are significant factors affecting this equilibrium. In Pakistan, out of 79.6 million hectares of total area, about 9.97 million hectare is salt affected which is about 42 percent of the total cultivable area.  Salt-affected soils may be categorized in to three main categories including saline, saline-sodic and sodic, but the dominated one are saline-sodic soils which have higher concentration of total soluble salts as well as the excess of sodium. The salt equilibrium gets disturbed when intake of salts is higher than the harvest in the form of leaching or crop removal.

Such excessive concentrations of salts affect the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soils. Deterioration of soil characteristics impede the plant growth causing specific ion toxicity, osmotic deregulation, an increase in soil pH and nutrients imbalance. These limiting factors drastically decrease the crop yields and chalk out a big question mark on food security. Besides the deterioration of cultivable soils due to salinization, the industrialization and overpopulation are also shrinking the volume of agriculture soils. Under these circumstances, the only viable option is to bring the salt-affected soils under cultivation because the discovery of new lands for cultivation is not possible.

Biochar as an Effective Amendment

Adaptation of reclamation and sustainable management practices is the only workable option that can assist to increase the land for agricultural crops. There are different amendments which are being used to minimize the effects of salinization. Biochar, a pyrolysis product of organic matter under limited supply of oxygen is the most suitable amendment that is of considerable interest and gaining importance for improvement of salt affected soils. It is a carbon enriched material and produced by anaerobic burning of organic matter at a temperature ranging from 300 to 1000 °C.

Remediation Ability of Biochar for Salt-Affected Soils

Biochar application in soil increases plant growth, biomass, and nutrient uptake under water and salt stress conditions. As biochar is sourced from organic material, it carries a pool of nutrients (e.g K, Ca, Zn, Mg, Mn) which have varying release rates. Hence, it improves the fertility status of salt affected soils and nutrient availability to plants growing in such soils. It reduces sodium ion (Na+) toxicity to plants and increase potassium (K+) uptake under salt stress. Moreover, it is also source of calcium ions and replace sodium from exchange sites of soil by providing calcium in soil solution.

Biochar also has the ability to hasten the excessive salts leaching and thus decrease the leaching time of salts to a level that is highly suitable for crops. Its organic carbon contents increase the soil aggregate stability for a longer period of time than short term degradable molecules of simple organic amendments. Being a habitat for a number of soil microorganisms, it helps in improving salt-affected soils.

But all of these effects of biochar primarily depends on three factors including nature of feedstock, pyrolysis conditions, and rate of biochar added. Characteristics of biochar changes greatly with change in any of these factors. When it is produced with slow pyrolysis at high temperature having lignocellulosic feedstock is more stable as compared to quick pyrolysis and non-woody feedstocks. However, when it is produced from the non-woody feedstocks like plant residues and organic manures, it has higher pH, much richer in nutrients, and contain less stable carbon.

Economic Benefits of Biochar Over other Organic Amendments:

Organic amendments like compost and manures also have the ability to reclaim the salt affected soils. It is worth mentioning that they have characteristics similar to biochar and play an important role in enhancing the soil properties and plant growth. Nevertheless, biochar is more effective and acceptable regarding its stability in soil, application rate, and environment friendly nature. Simple organic materials need to apply at regular intervals and at higher rates in arid and semi-arid regions where high temperature increases their decomposition rate.

Hence, excessive application of quickly decomposable organic matter leads to higher emission of greenhouse gases (CO2) and require more economic costs. Moreover, if these amendments have higher contents of NH4, K and Na, they may increase the salinization upon decomposition. So, application of biochar is a better option because it is much more stable (decade to centuries), feasible economically, and have higher environmental significance’s.

Conclusion

Biochar proves to be extremely proficient and a sustainable approach to use in lands degraded by salts where it can support cultivation. Also, it plays an important role in increasing soil fertility and carbon sequestration, therefore, salinization and its associated hazards can be avoided through its application. Moreover, it is economical, productive and efficient for rehabilitation of salt affected soils.

Thus, in order to cope with salinity and sodicity, it is a supportive recommendation to focus on biochar use along with other management practices in agriculture. Through its use, we can improve overall productivity of our salt affected soils, earn income, and reduce poverty by getting benefits from cultivation of these soils.

This article is collectively authored by Aisha A Waris, Muhammad Zia-ur-Rehman, and Muhammad Umair


Biochar in pots and pH

3 January, 2019
 


A to-do list for House Democrats

3 January, 2019
 

Today California Rep. Nancy Pelosi was elected Speaker of The House. But who are the 15 Democrats that voted against her?


Influence of biochar application on growth of Oryza sativa and its associated soil microbial ecology

3 January, 2019
 

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Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery


Ball-milled biochar for galaxolide removal

3 January, 2019
 

The environmental risk of galaxolide (HHCB) spurs the need to develop efficient and economical removal technology. Although sorption is one of the best removal approaches, studies on sorption of HHCB by biochar were limited. With the purpose of combining the advantages of ball-milling and sorption technologies, six ball-milled biochars (BM-biochars) varied with biomasses and pyrolysis temperature were produced, characterized, and tested for HHCB removal from aqueous solution. At an initial HHCB concentration of 2 mg L−1, the unmilled and BM-biochars adsorbed 330–746 and 609–2098 mg kg−1 of HHCB, respectively. The increase in sorption capacities (about 3-fold increase) was mainly ascribed to the increase in BM-biochar’s external and internal surface area, pore volume and pore size, and the exposure of the graphitic structure. The removal of HHCB by the BM-biochars increased with increasing pyrolysis temperature. For lower temperature biochar (300 °C wheat straw biochar, WS300), hydrophobic partitioning played a major role in HHCB sorption onto unmilled biochar (log Koc/log Kow value of WS300 was 0.772 at a Ce of 1 mg L−1). Ball milling reduced the hydrophobicity of 300 °C biochar, which diminished the HHCB sorption. However, increased surface area, pore volume, pore size, and graphitic structure provided additional sorption sites, resulting in enhanced HHCB uptake (log Koc/log Kow value of BMWS300 was 1.23 at a Ce of 1 mg L−1). For higher temperature biochars (500 and 700 °C), ball milling mainly enhanced HHCB sorption onto high temperature biochars via surface adsorption, π-π interaction, and pore filling. For WS500, 77.9% of HHCB removal was due to surface adsorption. Ball milling increased this percentage to 96.7% for BMWS500. This work highlighted the potential of ball milling as an excellent engineering method to improve biochar’s sorption properties.

 


Biochar Market with Top 20 Countries data, Global Key Companies Profile, Types and Application …

4 January, 2019
 

The Biochar Market Report Covers Market Size Of Biochar And Its Growth Rates Supported 5 years Historical Data. The Biochar Market Report Provides Growth History, Sales Channel, Manufacturers Profiled In Biochar Business, Market Share Of Product, Application And Regional Scope Of Biochar. The Market Report Consists Of Key Drivers And Limiting Factors Relate To Biochar Market Growth, Improvement And Trends.

The Biochar Market Will Register A Xx% CAGR In Terms Of Revenue, The Global Market Size Will Reach US$ Xx Million By 2023, From US$ Xx Million In 2018. In Particular, This Report Presents The Global Market Share (Sales And Revenue) Of Key Companies In Biochar Business.

Top Leading Manufacturers Of Biochar Market: Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char, Genesis Industries, Interra Energy, CharGrow, Pacific Biochar, Biochar Now, The Biochar Company (TBC), ElementC6, Vega Biofuels, Carbon Gold, Kina, Swiss Biochar GmbH, BlackCarbon, Carbon Terra, Sonnenerde, Biokol, ECOSUS, Verora GmbH

Ask For Sample Report with Your Corporate E-mail ID

@https://www.360marketupdates.com/enquiry/request-sample/11725641

On The Basis Of Product: Biochar Market Report Displays, Revenue, Price, Market Size (Sales) Market Share And Rate Of Growth Of Every Category, Including:

Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar

On The Basis Of Users/Applications:Biochar Market Report Focuses On Sales Volume, Market Share And Rate Of Growth For Every Application, Including:
Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others

The Biochar Market Analysis Also Covers The Upstream Raw Materials, Downstream Client Survey, Equipment, Industry Development Trend, Proposals And Marketing Channels. Also The Regional Markets Of Biochar Industry Are Examined By Analyzing Their Supply And Demand Logistics, Historical Growth Rate In That Region, Production Capacity And Efficiency Along With The Product Pricing, Utilization And Profit.

 The Key Objectives Of The Report Are As Follows:

Key Points Covered In The Biochar Market Research Reports:

Do You Have Any Query Or Specific Requirement? Ask To Our Industry Expert

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Scope Of Biochar Market By Region:

The Questions Briefly Answered In Biochar Market Report:

Other Analyses: Apart From The Aforementioned Information, Trade And Distribution Analysis For The Manufactured Housing Industry, SWOT Analysis For New Projects And Feasibility Analysis For New Investment Are Included.

Report Highlights:

Purchase Complete Biochar Market Report 

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Phosphorus speciation in sewage sludge and the sludge-derived biochar by a combination of …

4 January, 2019
 


Mobile biochar retort

4 January, 2019
 


continuous retort char gold kiln design

4 January, 2019
 

A wide variety of biochar charcoal wood retort kiln options are available to you, There are 42 biochar charcoal wood retort kiln suppliers, mainly located in Asia. The top supplying country is China (Mainland), which supply 100% of biochar charcoal wood retort kiln respectively.

Click now for price and videos Structure This Wood Airflow Continuous Coconut Shell Charcoal Carbonization Stove Furnace Retort Kiln Machine includs one outer stove, three inner stoves,caps,hoisting equipment,purification system.

Alibaba offers 24 charcoal retort kiln design products. About 66% of these are carbonization stove, 4% are industrial furnace. A wide variety of charcoal retort kiln design options are available to you, There are 21 charcoal retort kiln design suppliers, mainly located in Asia.

Alibaba offers 145 charcoal wood retort kiln products. About 76% of these are carbonization stove, 6% are industrial furnace. A wide variety of charcoal wood retort kiln

Biochar Making Machine Biochar Retort Kiln Stove Oven , Find Complete Details about Biochar Making Machine Biochar Retort Kiln Stove Oven,Biochar Making Machine Biochar Retort Kiln Stove Oven,Wood Charcoal Carbonization Furnace,Airflow Carbonization Furnace from Carbonization Stove Supplier or Manufacturer Henan Daheng Machinery Co.,

Alibaba offers 1,101 biochar products. About 29% of these are organic fertilizer, 28% are carbonization stove, and 5% are charcoal. A wide variety of biochar options are available to you, such as humic acid, compost, and manure.

Environmental friendly biochar charcoal wood retort kiln for sale, US $ 7,000 10,000 / Set, New, Air Flow, Making Charcoal.Source from Gongyi City Songling Tengda Machinery Factory on Alibaba.

Alibaba offers 1,148 continuous charcoal kiln products. About 90% of these are carbonization stove, 2% are energy saving equipment, and 1% are other woodworking machinery. A wide variety of continuous charcoal kiln options are available to you, such as free samples.

Alibaba offers 151 continuous retorts products. About 35% of these are food sterilizer, 1% are packaging bags, and 1% are filling machines. A wide variety of continuous retorts options are available to you, such as autoclave, filling machine.

Alibaba offers 133 ce continuous biochar machine products. About 70% of these are carbonization stove, 14% are energy saving equipment. A wide variety of ce continuous biochar machine options are available to you,

Alibaba offers 84 lump charcoal kiln products. About 70% of these are carbonization stove, 23% are charcoal, and 3% are wood pellets. A wide variety of lump charcoal kiln options are available to you, such as heating system, barbecue (bbq).

There are 4,562 charcoal kilns suppliers, mainly located in Asia. The top supplying countries are China (Mainland), Vietnam, and India, which supply 92%, 5%, and 1% of charcoal kilns respectively. Charcoal kilns products are most popular in Africa, Southeast Asia, and Mid East.

Biochar Making Machine Biochar Retort Kiln Stove Oven , Find Complete Details about Biochar Making Machine Biochar Retort Kiln Stove Oven,Biochar Making Machine Biochar Retort Kiln Stove Oven,Wood Charcoal Carbonization Furnace,Airflow Carbonization Furnace from Carbonization Stove Supplier or Manufacturer Henan Daheng Machinery Co.,

Alibaba offers 64 wood log charcoal retort products. About 59% of these are carbonization stove. A wide variety of wood log charcoal retort options are available to you,

Biochar kiln This machine is used to carbonize different biomass materials into bbq charcoals. Therefore, one furnace can get 3tons machine made charcoal, 1.8 2.5tons natural wood charcoal. If your natural wood is fresh, it takes long time to remove moisture of wood, therefore, carbonization time is longer.

A wide variety of continuous charcoal kiln for making biochar options are available to you, There are 31 continuous charcoal kiln for making biochar suppliers, mainly located in Asia. The top supplying country is China (Mainland), which supply 100% of continuous charcoal kiln for making biochar respectively.

Horizontal continuous semi automatic retort for canned food 1.Before sending the machine,we will test and adjust,so you can use directly when you get it. Horizontal continuous semi automatic retort for canned food Zhengzhou Centaurus Machinery And Electrical equipment Co.,

Bamboo Wood Charcoal Carbonization Furnace/ Coconut Shell Charcoal Retort Kiln, US $ 35,000 56,000 / Set, New, Henan, China (Mainland), GUOXIN.Source from Gongyi Guoxin Machinery Factory (General Partnership) on Alibaba.

Biochar kiln This machine is used to carbonize different biomass materials into bbq charcoals. Therefore, one furnace can get 3tons machine made charcoal, 1.8 2.5tons natural wood charcoal. If your natural wood is fresh, it takes long time to remove moisture of wood, therefore, carbonization time is longer.

A wide variety of biochar charcoal retort kiln options are available to you, There are 48 biochar charcoal retort kiln suppliers, mainly located in Asia. The top supplying country is China (Mainland), which supply 100% of biochar charcoal retort kiln respectively.

Alibaba offers 268 charcoal retort machine products. About 75% of these are carbonization stove, 2% are food sterilizer. A wide variety of charcoal retort machine options are available to you,

Charcoal kiln plans products are most popular in Eastern Asia, Western Europe, and North America. You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers, including 3 with ISO9001, 2 with Other certification.

Alibaba offers 167 charcoal retort kiln products. About 74% of these are carbonization stove, 8% are industrial furnace. A wide variety of charcoal retort kiln options are available to you,

ALso, we provide the video and test if you are interested in our sawdust rice husk continuous biochar machine. cooling parts in the back side of the machine, there is one tube for cooling the hot charcoal powder, so we can get the charcoal powder directly; 6).

Continuous charcoal carbonization stove products are most popular in Southeast Asia, Africa, and Mid East. You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers, including 581 with ISO9001, 78 with Other, and 9 with ISO14001 certification.

The structure of biochar equipment Biochar equipment includes the following main parts furnace body, furnace cover, heating chamber, inner pot. 3. Weamp;rsquo;ll offer spare parts for biochar equipment with favorable price and perdurable maintenance.

Click now for price and videos Structure This Wood Airflow Continuous Coconut Shell Charcoal Carbonization Stove Furnace Retort Kiln Machine includs one outer stove, three inner stoves,caps,hoisting equipment,purification system.

The structure of biochar equipment Biochar equipment includes the following main parts furnace body, furnace cover, heating chamber, inner pot. 3. Weamp;rsquo;ll offer spare parts for biochar equipment with favorable price and perdurable maintenance.

Alibaba offers 166 wood charcoal producing kiln products. About 80% of these are carbonization stove, 3% are other woodworking machinery, and 1% are cement making machinery. A wide variety of wood charcoal producing kiln options

sharp design charcoal burning kiln/charcoal retort kiln/charcoal retort kiln plans Raw Material Request Carbonization Furnace is a machine used to charring biomass briquettes or other materials which contains a amount of carbon such as wood log, tree branches,

Alibaba offers 76 coal retort products. About 10% of these are food sterilizer. A wide variety of coal retort options are available to you,

Good Reputationenvironmental Friendly Biochar Charcoal Wood Retort Kiln For Sale 008618937187735 , Find Complete Details about Good Reputationenvironmental Friendly Biochar Charcoal Wood Retort Kiln For Sale 008618937187735,Biochar Charcoal Wood Retort Kiln,Charcoal Wood Retort Kiln,Wood Retort Kiln from Carbonization Stove Supplier or Manufacturer Gongyi

About 73% of these are carbonization stove, 13% are industrial furnace. A wide variety of retort carbon furnace options are available to you, MENU . MENU China best supplier Continuous Retort furnace for charcoal/Continuous Retort Popular Design Charcoal Retort Kiln High Quality . Factory price high performance wood charcoal retort

Alibaba offers 179 wood carbonization retort products. About 3% of these are food sterilizer, 1% are filling machines. A wide variety of wood carbonization retort options are available to you, such as autoclave, filling machine.

Making biochar from sawdust products are most popular in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South Asia. You can ensure product safety by selecting from certified suppliers, including 23 with ISO9001, 19 with Other certification.

Alibaba offers 180 retort kilns products. About 68% of these are carbonization stove, 8% are industrial furnace, and 4% are cement making machinery. A wide variety of retort kilns

Alibaba offers 166 wood charcoal producing kiln products. About 80% of these are carbonization stove, 3% are other woodworking machinery, and 1% are cement making machinery. A wide variety of wood charcoal producing kiln options

A wide variety of wood charcoal retort options are available to you, There are 234 wood charcoal retort suppliers, mainly located in Asia. The top supplying countries are China (Mainland), Indonesia, and India, which supply 96%, 2%, and 1% of wood charcoal retort respectively.

What you need is what we can do! In the future, Xinhai will continue to rely on three big supporting “technology, talents, management”, adhere to the international development strategy, and concentrate on providing customers with modern, efficient, energy-saving mine


Removal of azo dye from water via adsorption on biochar produced by the gasification of wood …

4 January, 2019
 

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Environmental Science and Pollution Research


Characteristic of adsorption cadmium of red soil amended with a ferromanganese oxide-biochar

4 January, 2019
 

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Environmental Science and Pollution Research


Biochar & Activate Carbon Market Report Presentation & RE-DIRECT Biochar Stakeholders …

5 January, 2019
 

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Share Biochar & Activate Carbon Market Report Presentation & RE-DIRECT Biochar Stakeholders Workshop

As a follow up to the recent successful RE-DIRECT Biochar and Activated Carbon Conference held in Claremorris Co Mayo in late October, the Irish Bioenergy Association (IrBEA) and the Western Development Commission  (WDC) invites you to a presentation, where the main finding of the finalised Biochar & Activated Carbon Market Study Report completed by Miltcon Services Ltd will be presented. This will be followed by a RE-DIRECT Biochar Stakeholders workshop. The aims and objectives of the follow on stakeholders workshop will be to discuss how the REDIRECT project and it’s Irish Partners(IrBEA and WDC) can aid and assist the development of an Irish Biochar and Activated Carbon sector which has huge potential in terms of the circular economy, climate change, emissions reduction and decarbonisation. This event is another important milestone on the road to development of the sector here. This event will present an valuable opportunity to network and develop collaborations between key stakeholders within the sector.

IrBEA and WDC look forward to welcoming you to the presentation and workshop. For further information please contact Seán Finan IrBEA CEO on 087 4146480. This event is free but you do need to book your place by registering here.

 

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Only 10 among the world's top 4000 influential researchers are Indian: Report

5 January, 2019
 

India is littered with renowned and prominent institutions in the sciences, engineering and social sciences – the IITs, IISc, TIFR, JNU, and TISS. Yet, a new report figures that only ten Indians are among the world top 1 percent of the world’s most-cited researchers.

Interestingly, in the report published by Clarivate Analytics, some of the ten researchers aren’t even from the leading institutes in the country.

The ‘Global Highly-Cited Researchers 2018 List’ is an annual compilation of statistics about research output from countries, institutions and individuals around the globe.

Now in its 5th edition, the report listed the world’s 4000 most ‘influential’ researchers of 2018, among which exactly 10 are Indian.

Dr CNR Rao

Among them is the world-renowned chemist from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Sciences, Bangalore and former advisory councilman to the Prime Minister, Dr C N R Rao. He is a pioneer in the field of a solid-state chemistry.

With a Bharat Ratna (2014) and 71 honorary doctorates to his name from different universities spanning the globe, Dr Rao has a vast list of publications and over a lakh citations.

He (almost) won a Nobel prize in Chemistry in 2016, and has been on the HCR list in many previous editions of the report as well.

Dr Dinesh Mohan

Also on the list is JNU professor Dr Dinesh Mohan, who’s team at the School of Environmental Sciences came up with a solution to biomass burning by converting leftover agricultural waste to ‘biochar’ – an excellent choice of fertilizer to improve fertility and crop productivity of soil.  His research work includes the monitoring of water and wastewater, low-cost sorbents for arsenic and biofuel production, among others.

Research citations are also dependent on the nature of work, Mohan told the Times of India. “Areas such as climate change, water and energy are areas where research is more relevant nowadays. Where you publish your work is also important for impact.”

Dr Rajeev Varshney

A recipient of the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, India’s top science award, Dr Rajeev Varshney has over 20 years of research experience in international agriculture, and the winner of over a dozen prestigious research awards in all.

He is currently the global Program Director for the ‘Genetic Gains’ project, which covers units like Genebank, pre-breeding, cell and molecular biology & genetic engineering, among dozens of other plant biotechniques at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in Patancheru, India.

Dr Ashok Pandey is a researcher at the Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, and the only researcher from Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) network of 5,000 Indian scientists to get a spot on the list.

“It is a matter of concern and needs to be addressed by the government, and stakeholders, including scientists,” Pandey said about the same to ToI.

Dr Avnish Agarwal, another awardee of the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar winner, said that the applied research is a largely-unrespected field in India, which is obsessed with fundamental research.

“We need to improve our research ecosystem…There is a lack of focus on quality research in Indian academia,” he told ToI. “If teachers do not do high-quality research, they will not be updated with new developments.”

Dr Alok Mittal and Dr Jyoti Mittal, researchers in environmental science, water treatment, green chemistry and chemical kinetics at the Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology in Bhopal.

Dr Rajnish Kumar, a researcher and professor at IIT Madras’s Department of Chemical Engineering, he was chosen as one of 2017’s most Influential Researchers by Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (I&EC Research). He is also the winner of the prestigious NASI-SCOPUS Young Scientist Award in Chemistry.

Dr Sanjeeb Sahoo is a researcher in nanotechnology at the Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar. He has close to 20 years of experience in the field, studying cancer drug delivery. Dr Sahoo has authored over 99 manuscripts, 8,964 citations, 5 patents and has edited a book on “Nanotechnology in Health care.”

Dr Sakthivel Rathinaswamy, a professor from Bharathiar University in Coimbatore, is also among the listed 4000 researchers from India. A researcher in Applied and Computational Mathematics, he has over 6,667 citations and several collaborations for research papers in international projects.

While the list gathers information about researchers from over 60 different countries, over 8o percent of the 4000 listed names come from just 10 countries, and 70 percent from just 5.

United States has the highest representation on the list with 2639 names, with the second largest influence is the United Kingdom with just 546 names. China is third in line with 482, while India is nowhere in the top 10, with all of 10 researchers to contribute.

Harvard University was the institute with the most number of influential researchers (186) .

 

“There is no unique or universally-agreed concept of what constitutes extraordinary research performance and elite status in the sciences and social sciences,” reads the Clarivate website. “Absence of a name on our list cannot be interpreted as inferior performance or stature in comparison to those selected.”

Well, that’s a comfort. There’s always room for more researchers from India next year.

“This year, they have included an additional category of ‘cross-field’ which took the number to 10,” Mohan said.

About 15 years ago, China and India were at the same level, but China today contributes to 15-16 percent of the science output in the world, while we currently on contribute 4 percent, CNR Rao said.

Many of the researchers also believe that socio-economic, cultural factors and brain drain have their role to play in such assessments.  Another is industrial partnerships and investments, which are very limited in India compared to elsewhere in the world.

 

 

 

 

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Baco Noir, Books and Biochar

5 January, 2019
 

It’s nice to have some confirmation that your wines are good from a wine expert. Recently I was pleased to learn that Ronald Irvine has tasted Barreca Vineyards varieties Léon Millot and Baco Noir. Before I elaborate on what he had to say let’s introduce Ron.

Mark Musick introduced the wine to Ron. Here is his description of how it went:
“We started with the Léon Millot, which Ron said was much cleaner and softer than he’d anticipated, most likely because it was harvested at 27° Brix, which is higher than any he’s seen. He said it’s phenomenal you didn’t add sugar.  Ron added that the wine didn’t have the Concorde “grapey” quality he expected. He said that, while the Léon Millot has good fruit characteristics, it’s also “leathery,” so it’s not all fruitiness. He said he thought people would like the wine because it’s so soft and easy to drink. However, he didn’t think it had the acidity to pair well with food…

From there we turned to the Baco Noir. Ron started by saying it “smelled wonderful,” and he guessed it was because the wine quickly “opened up” due to the lack of sulfites. Because of its higher Ph, Ron said it was sharper, crisper, has more of a “bight,” and would likely pair better with food. He also said the wine would likely age longer…

The bottom line is that Ron thought both of your wines that we samples are good to very good. I’m a novice wine taster, but I had to agree. The Baco Noir in particular would have been easy to drink all afternoon!”

Ron was worried about my “Natural” wines since they do not have sulfites. I think this is a topic that needs a lot more awareness and to that end I added a page to this website, What’s in Your Wine.. I think everyone should read that article because it has a lot to do with personal health as well as the health of the soil and environment.

Meanwhile besides Christmas, New Years etc. the weather has been mild and given me a chance to make a lot more biochar. Thanks to Joe Petrucelli, owner of Meyers Falls Market, I now have an old apple bin to store the stuff in and some new techniques for making it. You can expect a lot more on that topic in months to come.

So how did you get Mark Musick to introduce the wine to Ron Irvine? I missed that part.


Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Insights Report 2018 Kina, BlackCarbon, The Biochar

6 January, 2019
 

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The majority of the data in the global Fine Biochar Powder market research report is presented in graphical representation along with precisely calculated statistics. The performance of the Fine Biochar Powder market-related key players Kina, BlackCarbon, The Biochar Company, ElementC6, Carbon Gold, Biochar Now, Swiss Biochar GmbH, Carbon Terra, Cool Planet, Agri-Tech Producers, Diacarbon Energy, BioChar Products, vendors, and suppliers is analyzed in the research report. It also emphasizes the restraints and drivers influencing the global Fine Biochar Powder market.

The report highlights the complete analysis of various decisive parameters such as profit & loss figures, logistics & distribution channels, item value, and production capacity. The global Fine Biochar Powder market research report presents key factors such as application, improvement, product development, and various structures & procedures impacting on the global Fine Biochar Powder market. It also focuses on a variety of segments Wood Source Biochar, Corn  Source Biochar, Wheat  Source Biochar, Others and the regional analysis Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others of the global Fine Biochar Powder market.

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A perfect demonstration of the latest improvements and innovative technological solutions provides our client a free hand to expand ultramodern products and process to modernize the service offering. This ultimately assists to function with ultimate business options and apply smart executions. The Fine Biochar Powder report highlights the most recent trends, developments, promising business opportunities, and dormant tricks that offers a complete outlook of the global Fine Biochar Powder market. Demand proportion and progression of groundbreaking technologies are some of the key aspects explained in the global Fine Biochar Powder research report.

A well-crafted Fine Biochar Powder market research report is based on the primary and secondary sources. The report is presented in a more communicative and articulated format. It allows the customers to make strategic moves that would assist in the development and expansion of their businesses for the anticipated period.

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4. Demand and Supply Chain Analysis of the Fine Biochar Powder Market.

5. Company Profiles of Leading Fine Biochar Powder Market Players.

6. The Fine Biochar Powder Market Segmentation along with Performance of Individual Market Segment.

7. Distributors and End Users.

8. Import, Fare, Utilization and Utilization Incentive by Major Countries.

9. Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Forecast to 2025.

10. Fine Biochar Powder Research Report Conclusion.


Handy Biochar factsheet by Was…

6 January, 2019
 

Handy Biochar factsheet by Washington State University Extension via The Garden Professors Facebook group.

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Handy Biochar factsheet by Washington State University Extension via The Garden Professors …

6 January, 2019
 

source https://www.forestgarden.wales/status/190105-biochar/

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Magnetic nanoferromanganese oxides modified biochar derived from pine sawdust for adsorption …

6 January, 2019
 

In this study, a new type of composite material, namely modified biochar (MBC), was synthesized by loading the magnetic ferromanganese oxide nanoparticles on pine biochar. BET, SEM, and FTIR were employed to analyze the surface properties and pore structures of MBC. In addition, XRD was adopted to examine the crystal structure of MBC. Characterization results showed that the surface area and porosity of MBC have been greatly improved, and the functional groups have been introduced by ferromanganese oxides. Adsorption experiments of tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) including kinetics, isotherms, thermodynamics as well as the influence of pH, salt ion strength, and the environmental risk of MBC, were evaluated. The results revealed that the experimental data conformed to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Freundlich isotherm model. In the adsorption process, MBC showed excellent adsorption ability (maximum capacity for TC 100.74 mg g−1) to BC (33.76 mg g−1). In isotherm experiments, the maximum adsorption capacity of TC by MBC reached 177.71 mg g−1. Toxicity studies showed that the MBC had no harm to the environment. To conclude, MBC has great potential for applications in removing TC from water.

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Synthesis of Optimal and Near-Optimal Biochar-Based Carbon Management Networks with P-graph

6 January, 2019
 

The application of biochar to soil is a potentially significant way to achieve negative net emissions. Photosynthesis fixes carbon from the atmosphere during plant growth; subsequently, pyrolysis stabilizes the carbon in biomass into recalcitrant form, which results in long-term storage when the carbonized product is put in soil. However, effective planning of such Biochar-based Carbon Management Networks is needed to ensure that benefits are maximized, and that adverse consequences are mitigated. The objective of this work is to develop a P-graph methodology for planning Biochar-based Carbon Management Networks, where pyrolysis plants act as sources, while the agricultural lands that receive the biochar act as sinks. Two problem variants are considered. In the first case study, the allocation of biochar is constrained by the presence of contaminants that exist naturally in the biomass or are formed during pyrolysis, such that only 72.5% of the available biochar is applied to soil. In the second case study, the distribution of biochar is limited both by the ultimate soil carbon limit, as well as annual application rates at each site; 88.9% of the available biochar is used in the optimal solution. The P-graph framework also generates near-optimal network topologies, which present alternative solutions that can be useful for the large-scale implementation of Biochar-based Carbon Management Networks.

 


Biochar Market with top 20 Countries data : Changing Dynamics Of Competition With Forecast To …

7 January, 2019
 

Global Biochar Market Report provide complete analysis of the market structure along with forecast of the various segments and sub-segments of the market. Report cover tactical profiling of key players in the market, extensively analysing their core competencies, and drawing a competitive landscape for the market.

Top key players of industry are covered in Biochar Industry Research Report:

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Split by product type, with production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into:

Split by application, this report focuses on consumption, market share and growth rate of Biochar market in each application and can be divided into:

Global Biochar Market: Regional Segment Analysis (Regional Production Volume, Consumption Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate 2013-2023):

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Biochar Market Historic Data (2013-2017):

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Biochar Market Forecast 2018-2023

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Granular Biochar Market 2019: Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold

7 January, 2019
 

Including qualitative data, Global Granular Biochar Market report focuses on the evaluation of growth opportunities, current industry state, market threats, challenges, business strategies and factors of the market implemented by leading manufacturers. The report provides information on developments and global Granular Biochar market trends, drivers, and revenue.

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The report offers a competition scenario of the market players by elaborating key financial details which includes significant ratios. Along with the Granular Biochar report covers a detailed analysis of the key industry leaders to understand their company profile, business strategies, annual revenue, and their contribution to the global Granular Biochar market share. It explores opportunities as well as challenges for the newcomer and well-established players in the industry.

Major Players are:

Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra

This report makes sure to provide updated information on major Mergers, Acquisition, and Expansion happening around the world. This report will help you to establish an outlook on industrial development and characteristics of the market.

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Following market facets are enfolded in Global Granular Biochar Market Report:
1. An extensive summarization of the Global Granular Biochar Market.
2. The current and forecasted regional market size data based on applications, types, and regions.
3. Market trends, drivers and challenges for the Global Granular Biochar Market.
4. Analysis of company profiles of major players operating in the market.

The report finally concludes with strategic recommendations section that focuses on some effective strategic decisions which can be taken up by companies to increase their market shares.

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Biochar : Nursery growing media to control the disease

7 January, 2019
 

Pakistan's Only Newspaper on Science and Technology

Nursery growing media Biochar is carbon rich product obtained when biomass  is heated in a close container with little or no oxygen.

Today plant researchers focused on growing plants on the soil less media. Soil less media alternative nursery growing media. It consist of essential nutrients and its holding capacity, such as peat. In this detail we reviewed the works relating to nursery growing media biochar as element of growing media target. Its influence on plant growth and plant disease. Observed work showed that the influence of biochar on the growth of plant and its ability against resistance of disease is positive instead of peat. 

      1.1 Nursery growing media biochar

The major driver of interest is biochar’s remain for long period in the soil. almost all biochar types having estimated half-lives of hundreds to thousands of years. Therefore once applied, its slowly decompose and long lasting. There is wide variety of soils group and associated properties and process will requires specific biochar properties for specific soil in order to meet the intention of biochar application. Finally if we use proper amount of biochar instead of peat then farmer can control the diseases and enhance the growth and production of plants.

     1.2 Nursery growing media biochar for controlling plant disease

Nursery growing media biochar found in soils all around the world as a result of vegetation fire and remarkable soil managing practices. It having unique properties as a soil enhancer. We can control disease by observing it through the pathosystems.

         1. Foliar pathogen

         2. Soil born pathogen

These pathosystems tested the effect of biochar on plant disease. Studies show positive effect of biochar on controlling different kind of disease. It is all depend on the concentration of biochar. When we use it to control the disease that keep in mind about concentration because high concentration might be harmful.

Conclusions

Biochar is a peat alternative;unmeasured concentrations may cause a hidden risk by weakening the plants’ defenses or predispose the roots to pathogen attack. As a Result Understanding the safe limits of biochar concentrations in pathosystems that are common in nurseries and growing culture systems may help extend limits of beneficial biochar use in horticulture. Such benefits are needed if biochar is to have a role as partial peat replacement or as improve of peat-less alternative growth media.

 

Authors: Ahsan Shabbir*, Ahmed Mukhtar**and Abid Ali***

*Department of Plant Pathology University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

**Department of Agronomy University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

***Department of Entomology University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

 

 


Enhanced phosphate adsorption on Ca-Mg-loaded biochar derived from tobacco stems

7 January, 2019
 

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Policy support for biochar: Review and recommendations

7 January, 2019
 

The authors examine the role that government policy can play in accelerating production and use of biochar at commercial scale, such as providing commercial financial incentives, nonfinancial policy support and research and development funding. The article also includes broad recommendations for the development of policy that maximizes the net benefits of biochar adoption. GBC Bioenergy: http://bit.ly/2HcwFS3

Jan. 7, 2019, 2:27 p.m.

Ghasideh Pourhashem, Ph.D., is a nonresident scholar at the Baker Institute Center for Energy Studies. Pourhashem is broadly interested …

Katherine R. Zodrow, Ph.D. is an assistant professor of environmental engineering at Montana Tech and a nonresident scholar …

February 06, 2019

Oil has transformed the six Gulf monarchies from isolated hermit kingdoms into some of the …

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Utilization Of Halophytes As Non-conventional Crops For Arid Saline Lands Is Best Alternate: Prof …

8 January, 2019
 

KARACHI, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News – 8th Jan, 2019 ) :Professor Dr. Xiaojing Liu of Chinese academy of Sciences has said that the utilization of halophytes as non-conventional crops for arid saline lands holds immense potential to ensure food security in the future.

This he stated while speaking at an international conference on “Sustainable Development: Halophytes for Green Revolution” here on Tuesday.

The Institute of Sustainable Halophyte Utilization (ISHU) of the University of Karachi (KU) has organized the conference at the Karachi University business school (KUBS), KU, scheduled from January 07 to 09.

Professor Dr. Xiaojing Liu informed that the audience about the research of his group that can improve crop productivity and minimize that salt build up following salty water irrigation. He put stress on research-based amendments to soil structure and chemical composition that can prevent degradation of soil.

Professor Dr. Todd Egan from USA highlighted that salinization of lands is one of the major impediments to conventional agriculture especially in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Lack of rain and high summer temperatures can further aggravate the situation in these areas.

Most of our conventional crops are salt-sensitive and cannot endure even low levels of soil salinity. Hence, there is a dire need for innovative approaches to overcome aforementioned problems.

He said that his team has prepared a “Superabsorbent” that can retain about 90% of the soil moisture and essential nutrients, a pre-requisite for long-term crop productivity.

Use of such material can be of immense aid for high saline agriculture.

Professor Dr. Hans Werner Koyro from the Giessen University, Germany delivered his lecture about global climate change and use of biochar as a potential remedy to minimize harmful impacts of climate change on plants. He said that anthropogenic activities have accelerated the global climate change which are evident worldwide in forms of weather anomalies, drought spells, floods and tsunamis.

These conditions also impact on crop productivity, which is contrary to our increasing needs for food. Use of “Biochar” can be of one of the solutions for enhancing productivity of our agricultural lands, he said.

Biochar can sequester sodium and heavy metals, which are toxic for plants. Hence, use of biochar can play an important role in cultivation of halophytes as non-conventional crops on saline lands in sustainable way.

Dr. Irfan Khan, Professor of the Environmental Sciences, Islamic University Islamabad presented his views about use of halophytes for the success of the United Nations‘ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) particularly SDG-2, which aims to eliminate hunger from the world.

Halophyte cultivation as non-conventional crops is also in accordance with Pakistan‘s National Sustainable Development Policy, he said. He laid emphasis on the fact that generally there is a gap between policy-making bodies and academia, which has to be bridged in order to make these policies successful.

He also praised the organizers for holding the conference and declared it the need of the time.

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Global Biochar Market Insights Report 2018 – BioChar Products, Vega Biofuels, ElementC6 …

8 January, 2019
 

Get Free Sample of this Biochar Report Here: www.marketresearchstore.com/report/global-biochar-market-report-2018-industry-analysis-size-300442#RequestSample

In order to analyze the data and to understand the competition of the Biochar market, the use of the Porter’s five forces model is made during the research. The report consists of detail segmentation of the Biochar market, factors contributing to the growth and restraining factors of the Biochar market.

The listing supplies hints on the Upcoming pointers:

1. Business Diversification: Exhaustive Biochar information about new services, untapped geographies, latest advances, and also investments.

2. Strong Assessment: start to finish examination of stocks, plans, organizations, and amassing capacities of these best players.

3. Business Penetration: Comprehensive information on Biochar made accessible the very active players in the global sector.

4. Product Development/Innovation: Comprehensive information about technology, R&D pursuits, together with brand new product launches out of the global Biochar market.

5. Market Development: Comprehensive information regarding flourishing emerging markets which the report assesses the market to get Biochar worldwide record.

Read Detailed Index of full Research Study at: www.marketresearchstore.com/report/global-biochar-market-report-2018-industry-analysis-size-300442

The global Biochar market research report consists of the opportunities present in the Biochar market over the various end user segments. The report involves all the key players BioChar Products, Vega Biofuels, ElementC6, Diacarbon Energy, BlackCarbon, Carbon Gold, Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology, The Biochar Company, Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy, Kina, Liaoning Jinhefu Group, Pacific Biochar, Carbon Terra, Cool Planet, Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai), Swiss Biochar GmbH, Biochar Now, Agri-Tech Producers of the Biochar market and also all the prominent players involved in the global Biochar market. The global regional analysis of the Biochar market was conducted and is mentioned in the global Biochar market research report. The global Biochar market research report also elaborates the major dominating regions according to the segments as well as reports the emerging regions in the Biochar market. This helps in the proper understanding of the Biochar market, its trends, new development taking place in the Biochar market, behavior of the supply chain and the technological advancement of the market.

There are 15 Sections to show the global Biochar market

Sections 1, Definition, Specifications and Classification of Biochar , Applications of Biochar , Market Segment by Regions;
Section 2, Gathering Cost Structure, Crude Material and Suppliers, Amassing Methodology, Industry Chain Structure;
Sections 3, Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Biochar , Capacity and Commercial Production Date, Manufacturing Plants Distribution, R&D Status and Technology Source, Raw Materials Sources Analysis;
Sections 4, Generally Market Examination, Limit Examination (Association Piece), Sales Examination (Association Bit), deals Esteem Examination (Association Segment);
Sections 5 and 6, Regional Market Investigation that incorporates United States, China, Europe, Japan, Korea and Taiwan, Biochar segment Market Examination (by Sort);
Sections 7 and 8, The Biochar Segment Market Analysis (by Application) Major Manufacturers Analysis of Biochar ;
Sections 9, Market Trend Analysis, Regional Market Trend, Market Trend by Product Type Biomass, Agricultural waste, Animal manure, Others Market Trend by Application Agriculture, Forestry, Electricity generation, Climate change mitigation;
Sections 10, Local Advancing Sort Examination, Overall Trade Type Examination, Stock system Examination;
Sections 11, The Customers Examination of global Biochar;
Sections 12, Biochar Research Findings and Conclusion, Appendix, system and information source;
Sections 13, 14 and 15, Biochar deals channel, wholesalers, merchants, traders, Exploration Discoveries and End, appendix and data source.

For more information on this Biochar Report, Inquiry Here: www.marketresearchstore.com/report/global-biochar-market-report-2018-industry-analysis-size-300442#InquiryForBuying

The revenue generated through the sales from all the segments and sub-segments leads us to calculate the Biochar market size. To validate the data, top down approach and bottom up approach were carried during the research. All the necessary methodical tools are used to perform a deep study of the global Biochar market.


Reclaiming Phosphorus from Secondary Treated Municipal Wastewater with Engineered Biochar

8 January, 2019
 

Phosphorus (P), a vital growth-limiting nutrient, is often lost in wastewater discharge, which may not only deteriorate water quality but also accelerate P depletion. In this study, laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the reclamation and reuse of P from secondary treated wastewater (STWW) by engineered biochar loaded with aluminum oxyhydroxides (AlOOH). Biochar loaded with colloidal and nanosized AlOOH crystalline flakes was successfully produced through direct pyrolysis of hickory wood chips pretreated with aluminum salt. STWW samples were collected from a local wastewater treatment plant to evaluate the P sorption ability of the engineered biochar. The real wastewater was used in batch sorption experiments and the results showed that the engineered biochar effectively removed P from the STWW with relatively fast kinetics (< 8 h) and good capacity (8,346 mg-P/kg), mainly through the electrostatic attraction mechanism. When the engineered biochar was packed in fixed-bed columns, it also effective removed P from the real STWW. The P removal efficiencies of the fixed-bed columns were affected by biochar dosage and flow rate. Various fixed-bed filtration models were applied to simulate the column experimental data and the model results matched the experimental breakthrough curves of P well. After the use, the engineered biochar was laden with P and thus significantly stimulated seed (Vigna radiata R. Wilczek) germination and early seedling growth. Findings from this study demonstrate that engineered biochar has promising applications in wastewater treatment because it can not only reduce P level in discharge to benefit the environment but also reclaim it as an agricultural fertilizer to improve P biogeochemical cycling and sustainability.

 


Biochar: A Sustainable Approach for Improving Plant Growth and Soil Properties

8 January, 2019
 

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Home > Books > Biochar – An Imperative Amendment for Soil and the Environment [Working Title]

Soil is the most important source and an abode for many nutrients and microflora. Due to rapid depletion of agricultural areas and soil quality by means of ever-increasing population and an excessive addition of chemical fertilizers, a rehabilitated attention is a need of the hour to maintain sustainable approaches in agricultural crop production. Biochar is the solid, carbon-rich material obtained by pyrolysis using different biomasses. It has been widely documented in previous studies that, the crop growth and yield can be increased by using biochar. This chapter exclusively summarizes the properties of biochar, its interaction with soil microflora, and its role in plant growth promotion when added to the soil.

Crop growth and productivity are strongly influenced by various biotic and abiotic stresses such as pests, weeds, drought, high salinity, extreme temperature, etc. and the soil quality [1]. Soil is also contaminated by heavy metals through various human activities [2], which affect plant growth and development and ultimately brings low yielding cropping systems. Mining is one of the important sources of heavy metal contamination in soil [3, 4]. The strength of soil is directly related to nutrient availability. Plants require a number of soil nutrients like nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) for their growth, but soil nutrient levels may decrease over time after crop harvesting, as nutrients are not returned to the soil. In India, the soil of many regions is not only deficient in macronutrients like NPK but also in secondary nutrients (e.g. sulfur, calcium, and magnesium) and micronutrients (e.g. boron, zinc, copper, and iron) [5]. Thus, to fulfill the shortage, a large amount of chemical fertilizers is added to the soil; however, only a small percent of water-soluble nutrients are taken up by the plants and the rest are converted into insoluble forms, making continuous application necessary. Finally, the extensive use of chemical fertilizers has led to the deterioration of the environment causing infinite problems. It not only lowers the nutrient composition of the crops but also degrades the soil fertility in the long run [6, 7].

Besides fertilizers, pesticides are also the basic evil for agriculture, and the adverse effects of pesticides on the environment are truly responsible for influencing the microbial properties of soil. High inputs of fertilizers and pesticides and their long persistence in the soil adversely affect the soil microflora, thereby disturbing soil health and significantly reducing the total bacterial and fungal biomass [8]. Due to long-term treatment with inorganic fertilizers (N and NPK) and/or organic manures, a shift in structural diversity and dominant bacterial groups in agricultural soils has been recorded by Wu et al. [9]. Biofertilizers, on the other hand, can reenergize the soil by improving the soil fertility and hence can be used as a powerful tool for sustainable agriculture, rendering agro-ecosystems more stress-free. Additionally, the application of organic amendments to soils, from a remedial point of view, has typically been justified by their relatively low cost, which normally requires other forms of disposal (burial in a landfill, incineration, etc.). Soil amendments must possess properties such as high binding capacity and environmental safety and should have no negative effect on the soil structure, soil fertility, or the ecosystem on the whole [10]. The use of biochar has been accepted as a sustainable approach and a promising way to improve soil quality and remove heavy-metal pollutants from the soil [11].

Biochar is a carbon-rich organic material, an organic amendment, and a by-product derived from biomass by pyrolysis under high-temperature and low-oxygen conditions. Biochar is produced through a process called pyrolysis, which basically involves heating of biomass (such as wood, manure, or leaves) in complete or almost complete absence of oxygen, with oil and gas as co-products. However, the quantity of these materials produced depends on the processing conditions. Recently, it has been reported that biochar obtained from the carbonization of organic wastes can be a substitute that not only influences the sequestration of soil carbon but also modifies its physicochemical and biological properties [12, 13].

Biochar has the potential to produce farm-based renewable energy in an eco-friendly way. Specifically, the quality of biochar depends on several factors, such as the type of soil, metal, and the raw material used for carbonization, the pyrolysis conditions, and the amount of biochar applied to the soil [14]. In addition, the biochar amendment to the soil proved to be beneficial to improve soil quality and retain nutrients, thereby enhancing plant growth [15]. Since biochar contains organic matter and nutrients, its addition increased soil pH, electric conductivity (EC), organic carbon (C), total nitrogen (TN), available phosphorus (P), and the cation-exchange capacity (CEC) [16]. Earlier, Verheijen et al. [17] reported that the biochar application affected the toxicity, transport, and fate of various heavy metals in the soil due to improved soil absorption capacity. The presence of plant nutrients and ash in the biochar and its large surface area, porous nature, and the ability to act as a medium for microorganisms have been identified as the main reasons for the improvement in soil properties and increase in the absorption of nutrients by plants in soils treated with biochar [18]. Chan et al. [19] reported that biochar application decreased the tensile strength of soil cores, indicating that the use of biochar can reduce the risk of soil compaction. A lot has already been discussed on the benefits of inoculation of rhizobacteria in soil, but the addition of biochar can also provide more nutrients to the soil, thus benefiting the agricultural crops. The mixing of the plant growth-promoting microorganisms with biochar was referred to as the best combination for growth and yield of French beans by Saxena et al. [20].

Addition of biochar in the soil can be extremely useful to improve the soil quality, as well as to stimulate the plant growth, and thus, biochar can play an important role in developing a sustainable system of agriculture. Several uses and positive effects of biochar amendment have currently been considered as an effective method to reclaim the contaminated soil [21] and to achieve high crop yields without harming the natural environment. The positive influence of biochar on plant growth and soil quality suggests that using biochar is a good way to overcome nutrient deficiency, making it a suitable technique to improve farm-scale nutrient cycles. Therefore, a complete focus is been made to explore the positive effects of biochar amendment on soil stability and plant growth promotion.

Biochar is made up of elements such as carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen as well as minerals in the ash fraction. It is produced during pyrolysis, a thermal decomposition of biomass in an oxygen-limited environment. Biochar is black, highly porous, and finely grained, with light weight, large surface area and pH, all of which have a positive effect on its application to soil. To address the major concern on quality of agricultural soil degradation, biochar is applied to the soil in order to enhance its quality. Biochar is stabilized biomass, which may be mixed into soil with intentional changes in the properties of the soil’s atmosphere to increase crop productivity and to mitigate pollution. The raw material (biomass) used and processing parameters dictate the properties of the biochar.

A wide range of organic materials are suitable as feedstock for the production of biochar. Biochar can be produced with raw materials such as grass, cow manure, wood chips, rice husk, wheat straw, cassava rhizome, and other agricultural residues [22, 23]. It was reported that the production of biochar with high nutrients depends on the type of raw material used and pyrolysis conditions [24]. Biochar is produced from the residual biomasses such as crop residues, manure, wood residues, and forests and green wastes using modern pyrolysis technology. Agricultural wastes (bark, straw, husks, seeds, peels, bagasse, sawdust, nutshells, wood shavings, animal beds, corn cobs and corn stalks, etc.), industrial wastes (bagasse, distillers’ grain, etc.), and urban/municipal wastes [25, 26] have been extensively used, thus also achieving waste management through its production and use [27].

Feedstocks currently used on a commercial scale include tree bark, wood chips, crop residues (nut shells, straw, and rice hulls), grass, and organic wastes including distillers’ grain, bagasse from the sugarcane industry, mill waste, chicken litter, dairy manure, sewage sludge, and paper sludge [28, 29, 30]. A 40 wt.% yield of biochar from maize stover was obtained by Peterson et al. [31].

The biomass used for the production of biochar is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin polymers [32]. Among these, cellulose has been found to be the main component of most plant-derived biomasses, but lignin is also important in woody biomass.

Biochar can be manufactured on a small scale using low-cost modified stoves or kilns or through large-scale, cost-intensive production, which utilizes larger pyrolysis plants and higher amounts of feedstocks. Biochar is produced from several biomass feedstocks through pyrolysis as discussed above, generating oil and gases as by-products [33]. The dry waste obtained is simply cut into small pieces to less than 3 cm prior to use. The feedstock is heated either without oxygen or with little oxygen at the temperatures of 350–700°C (662–1292°F). Pyrolysis is generally classified by the temperature and time duration for heating; fast pyrolysis takes place at temperatures above 500°C and typically happens on the order of seconds (heating rates ≥ 1000°C/min). This condition maximizes the generation of bio-oil. Slow pyrolysis, on the other hand, usually takes more time, from 30 min to a few hours for the feedstock to fully pyrolyze (heating rates ≤ 100°C/min) and at the same time yields more biochar. The temperature range remains 250–500°C [34].

The type of biochar produced depends on two variables: the biomass being used and the temperature and rate of heating. High and low temperatures have an unequivocal effect on char yields. It has been noticed that at low temperature (<550°C), biochar has an amorphous carbon structure with a lower aromaticity than the biochar produced at high temperature [35]. High temperature leads to lower char yield in all pyrolysis reactions [36]. Peng et al. [37] reported the effect of charring duration on the yield of biochar; yield showing a decrease with increasing duration at the same temperature. The pyrolysis process seriously affects the quality of biochar and its potential value to agriculture in terms of agronomic performance or in carbon sequestration. The yield of biochar from slow pyrolysis of biomass has been stated to be in the range of 24–77% [38, 39] (Figure 1). The pyrolysis process can be shown as follows:

Biochar production from different biomasses.

Biochar is a stable form of carbon and can last for thousands of years in the soil [40]. It is produced for the purpose of addition to soil as a means of sequestering carbon and improving soil quality. The conditions of pyrolysis and the materials used can significantly affect the properties of biochar. The physical properties of biochar contribute to its function as a tool for managing the environment. It has been reported that when biochar is used as a soil amendment, it stimulates soil fertility and improves soil quality by increasing soil pH, increasing the ability to retain moisture, attracting more useful fungi and other microbes, improving the ability of cation exchange, and preserving the nutrients in the soil [41]. Biochar reduces soil density and soil hardening, increases soil aeration and cation-exchange capacity, and changes the soil structure and consistency through the changes in physical and chemical properties. It also helps to reclaim degraded soils. It has shown a greater ability to adsorb cations per unit carbon as compared to other soil organic matters because of its greater surface area, negative surface charge, and charge density [42], thereby offering the possibility of improving yields [43]. Samples with a sufficient amount of stable carbon can be added to the soil to be sequestered; a high sorption surface of biochar can characterize it as a soil additive, competent of halting risk elements in soil.

The physical characteristics of biochar are directly and indirectly related to how they affect soil systems. Soils have their own physical properties depending on the nature of mineral and organic matter, their relative amounts, and how minerals and organic matter are related. When biochar is present in the soil mixture, its contribution to the physical nature of the system is significant, affecting the depth, texture, structure, porosity, and consistency by changing the surface area, pore and particle-size distribution, density, and packing [44]. The influence of biochar on physical properties of soil directly affects the growth of plants, since the depth of penetration and accessibility of air and water in the root zone is determined mainly by the physical composition of the soil horizons. This affects the soil’s response to water, its aggregation, and work ability in soil preparation, dynamics, and permeability when swelling, as well as the ability to retain cations and response to changes at ambient temperature. The smaller the pores on biochar, the longer they can retain capillary soil water. The addition of biochar can reduce the effects of drought on crop productivity in drought-affected areas due to its moisture-retention capacity. It has been shown that it eliminates soil constraints that limit the growth of plants, and neutralizes acidic soil because of its basic nature [45]. Carbon dioxide and oxygen occupy air-filled spaces on the pores of biochar or can be chemosorbed on the surface. As biochar can contain nutrients, microorganisms, and syngases, it can also retain fertilizers in the soil longer than other soils and prevent it from leaching into water sources such as rivers and lakes.

As far as its chemical properties are concerned, biochar reduces soil acidity by increasing the pH (also called the liming effect) and helps the soil to retain nutrients and fertilizers [46]. The application of biochar improves soil fertility through two mechanisms: adding nutrients to the soil (such as K, to a limited extent P, and many micronutrients) or retaining nutrients from other sources, including nutrients from the soil itself. However, the main advantage is to retain nutrients from other sources. In most cases, the addition of biochar only has a net positive effect on the growth of crops if nutrients from other sources, such as inorganic or organic fertilizers, are used. Biochar increases the availability of C, N, Ca, Mg, K, and P to plants, because biochar absorbs and slowly releases fertilizers [47]. It also helps to prevent fertilizer drainage and leaching by allowing less fertilizer use and reducing agricultural pollution in the surrounding environment [48]. Biochar alleviates the impact of hazardous pesticides and complex nitrogen fertilizers from the soil, thus reducing the impact on the local environment.

Good healthy soil should include a wide and balanced variety of life forms, including bacteria, fungi, protozoa, nematodes, arthropods, and earthworms. Recently, biochar has been reported to increase the microbial respiration of the soil by creating space for soil microbes [49], and in turn the soil biodiversity and soil density increased. Biochar also served as a habitat for extra-radical fungal hyphae that sporulated in micropores due to lower competition from saprophytes and therefore served as an inoculum for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi [50]. It is believed that biochar has a long average dwelling time in soil, ranging from 1000 to 10,000 years, with an average of 5000 years [51, 52, 53]. However, its recalcitrance and physical nature present significant impediment to the evaluation of long-term stability [43]. The commercially available soil microbes which can be used for inoculation include Azospirillum sp., Azotobacter sp., Bacillus thuringiensis, B. megaterium, Glomus fasciculatum, G. mosseae, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Rhizobium sp., and Trichoderma viride [54].

The issues as food security, declining soil fertility, climate change, and profitability are the driving forces behind the introduction of new technologies or new farming systems. The amendment of soils for their remediation aims at reducing the risk of pollutant transfer to waters or receptor organisms in proximity. The organic material such as biochar may serve as a popular choice for this purpose because its source is biological and it may be directly applied to soils with little pretreatment [55]. There are two aspects which make biochar amendment superior to other organic materials: the first is the high stability against decay, so that it can remain in soil for longer times providing long-term benefits to soil and the second is having more capability to retain the nutrients. Biochar amendment improves soil quality by increasing soil pH, moisture-holding capacity, cation-exchange capacity, and microbial flora [56].

The addition of biochar to the soil has shown the increase in availability of basic cations as well as in concentrations of phosphorus and total nitrogen [57, 58]. Typically, alkaline pH and mineral constituents of biochar (ash content, including N, P, K, and trace elements) can provide important agronomic benefits to many soils, at least in the short to medium term. When biochar with a higher pH value was applied to the soil, the amended soil generally became less acidic [59]. Acidic biochar could also increase soil pH when used in soil with a lower pH value. The pH of biochar, similar to the other properties, is influenced by the type of feedstock, production temperature, and production duration.

Another valuable property of biochar is suppression of emissions of greenhouse gases in soil. It has also been demonstrated by Zhang et al. [60] that the emissions of methane and nitrous oxide were reduced from agricultural soils, which may have additional climate mitigation effects, since these are potent greenhouse gases. Spokas et al. [61] reported reduced carbon dioxide production by addition of different concentrations of biochar ranging from 2 to 60% (w/w), suppressed nitrous oxide production at levels higher than 20% (w/w), and ambient methane oxidation at all levels over unamended soil.

Several studies have shown the control of pathogens by the use of biochar in agricultural soil. Bonanomi et al. [62] reported that biochar is effective against both air-borne (e.g. Botrytis cinerea and different species of powdery mildew) and soil-borne pathogens (e.g. Rhizoctonia solani and species of Fusarium and Phytophthora). The application of the biochar derived from citrus wood was capable of controlling air-borne gray mold, Botrytis cinerea on Lycopersicon esculentum, Capsicum annuum and Fragaria × ananassa. Although there is a shortage of published data on the effects of biochar on soil-borne pathogens, evidence given by Elmer et al. [63] has shown that the control of certain pathogens may be possible. The addition of biochar in 0.32, 1.60, and 3.20% (w/w) to asparagus soils infested with Fusarium has augmented the biomass of asparagus plants and reduced Fusarium root rot disease [63]. Similarly, Fusarium root rot disease in asparagus was also reduced by biochar inoculated with mycorrhizal fungi [64]. A study of suppression of bacterial wilt in tomatoes showed that biochar obtained from municipal organic waste reduced the incidence of the disease in Ralstonia solanacearum infested soil [65]. Ogawa [66] advocated the use of biochars and biochar amended composts for controlling the diseases caused by bacteria and fungi in soil. The disease suppression mechanism has been attributed to the presence of calcium compounds, as well as improvements in the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the soil.

The prevention of ‘diffuse water pollution’ through ammonium sorption or the mediation of the dynamics of a soil solution containing nitrate, phosphorus, and other nutrients has been extensively studied. The application of biochar to soil can influence a wide range of soil constraints such as high availability of Al [67], soil structure and nutrient availability [24], bioavailability of organic [68] and inorganic pollutants [69], cation-exchange capacity (CEC), and retention of nutrients [70, 71]. Biochar can also adsorb pesticides, nutrients, and minerals in the soil, preventing the movement of these chemicals into surface water or groundwater and the subsequent degradation of these waters from agricultural activity.

Xie et al. [72] reported that biochar amendment enhanced soil fertility and crop production, particularly in soils with low nutrients. However, in soils with high fertility, no noticeable increase in production was noticed, and some studies even reported inhibition of plant growth. The observations of Taghizadeh-Toosi et al. [73] indicated that ammonia adsorbed by biochar could be later released to the soil. Saarnio et al. [74] showed that biochar application along with fertilizers can lead to better plant growth, but sometimes a negative effect was also observed without fertilization due to reduced bio-availability through sorption of nitrogen. It has been shown that application of biochar in the soil has a positive to neutral and even negative impact on crop production. Hence, it is crucial that the mechanisms for action of biochar in the soil be understood before its application.

The consequence of biochar addition on plant productivity depends on the amount added. Recommended application rates for any soil amendment should be based on extensive field testing. At present, insufficient data are available for obtaining general recommendations. In addition, biochar materials can vary greatly in their characteristics, so the nature of the particular biochar material (e.g. pH and ash content) also influences the application rate. Several studies have reported a positive effect of using biochar on crop yields with rates of 5–50 tonnes per hectare with appropriate nutrient management. The experiments conducted by Rondon et al. [75] resulted in a decrease in crop yield in a pot experiment with nutrient deficient soil amended with biochar at the rate of 165 tonnes per hectare. An experiment conducted in the United States showed that peanut hull and pine chip biochar, applied to 11 and 22 tonnes per hectare, could reduce corn yields below those obtained in the control plots with standard fertilizer management [76]. Thus, the control of the rate of application of biochar is necessary to prevent the negative impact of biochar.

There are several reports which show that biochar has the capability to stimulate the soil microflora, which results in greater accumulation of carbon in soil. Besides adsorbing organic substances, nutrients, and gases, biochars are likely to offer a habitat for bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi [64]. It has been suggested that faster heating of biomass (fast pyrolysis) will lead to the formation of biochar with fewer microorganisms, smaller pore size, and more liquid and gas components [77]. The enhancement of water retention after biochar application in soil has been well established [78], and this may affect the soil microbial populations. Biochar provides a suitable habitat for a large and diverse group of soil microorganisms, although the interaction of biochar with soil microorganisms is a complex phenomenon. Many studies reported that addition of biochar along with phosphate solubilizing fungal strains promoted growth and yield of Vigna radiata and Glycine max plants, with better performances than control or those observed when the strains and biochar are used separately [20, 79, 80].

The use of biochar increased mycorrhizal growth in clover bioassay plants by providing the suitable conditions for colonization of plant roots [81]. Warnock et al. [82] summarized four mechanisms by which biochar can affect functioning of mycorrhizal fungi: (i) changes in the physical and chemical properties of soil, (ii) indirect effects on mycorrhizae through exposure to other soil microbes, (iii) plant-fungus signaling interference and detoxification of toxic chemicals on biochar, and (iv) providing shelter from mushroom browsers. Carrots and legumes grown on steep slopes and in soils with less than 5.2 pH showed significantly improved growth by the addition of biochar [83]. It was found that biochar increased the biological N2 fixation (BNF) of Phaseolus vulgaris [75] mainly due to greater availability of micronutrients after application of biochar. Lehmann et al. [58] reported that biochar reduced leaching of NH4+ by supporting it in the surface soil where it was available for plant uptake. Mycorrhizal fungi were often included in crop management strategies as they were widely used as supplements for soil inoculum [84]. When using both biochar and mycorrhizal fungi in accordance with management practices, it is obviously possible to use potential synergism that can positively affect soil quality. The fungal hyphae and bacteria that colonize the biochar particles (or other porous materials) may be protected from soil predators such as mites, Collembola and larger (>16 μm in diameter) protozoans and nematodes [85, 86, 87].

Biochar can increase the value of non-harvested agricultural products [88] and promote the plant growth [58, 89]. A single application of 20 t ha−1 biochar to a Colombian savanna soil resulted in an increase in maize yield by 28–140% as compared with the unamended control in the 2nd to 4th years after application [90]. With the addition of biochar at the rate of 90 g kg−1 to tropical, low-fertile ferralsol, not only the proportion of N fixed by bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris) increased from 50% (without biochar) to 72%, but also the production of biomass and bean yield were improved significantly [75]. When biochar was applied to the soil, a higher grain yield of upland rice (Oryza sativa) was obtained in northern Laos sites with low P availability [91, 92]. Many of these effects are interrelated and may act synergistically to improve crop productivity. Often there has been a reported increase in yields, which is directly related to the addition of biochar as compared to the control (without biochar) [58]. However, in some cases, growth was found to be depressed [93].

The direct beneficial effects of biochar addition for the availability of nutrients are largely due to the higher content of potassium, phosphorus, and zinc availability and, to a lesser extent, calcium and copper [58]. Few studies have examined the potential for amending biochar in soil to impact plant resistance to pathogens. With reference to soil pathogens principally concerned with the effect of AM fungal inoculations on asparagus tolerance to the soil borne root rot pathogen Fusarium, Matsubara et al. [94] demonstrated that charcoal amendments had a suppressive effect on pathogens. One more study that supported these earlier findings stated that biochar made from ground hardwood added to asparagus field soil led to a decrease in root lesions caused by Fusarium oxysporum, F. asparagi, and F. proliferatum compared to the non-amended control [95]. Biochar reduces the need for fertilizer, which results in reduction in emissions from fertilizer production, and turning the agricultural waste into biochar also reduces the level of methane (another potent greenhouse gas) caused by the natural decomposition of waste.

Mixing biochar with other soil amendments such as manure, compost, or lime before soil application can improve efficiency by reducing the number of field operations required. Since biochar has been shown to sorb nutrients and protect them from leaching [70, 96], mixing of biochar may improve the efficiency of manure and other amendments. However, Kammann et al. [97] acknowledged in their recent review that very few studies that directly combined organic amendments with biochars were available. They found that co-composted biochars had a remarkable plant growth-promoting effect as compared to biochars when used pure, but no-systematic studies have been done to understand the interactive effects of biochars with non-pyrogenic organic amendments (NPOAs). Biochar can also be mixed with liquid manures and used as slurry. Additionally, combined biochar and compost applications have numerous advantages over mixing of biochar or compost with soil separately. These benefits, according to Liu et al. [98], include more efficient use of nutrients, biological activation of biochar, an enhanced supply of plant-available nutrients by biological nitrogen fixation, reduction of nutrient leaching, and the contribution of combined nutrients in comparison to a single application of compost and biochar. Diminutive biochars are most likely best suited for this type of application. Biochar was also mixed with manure in ponds and potentially reduced losses of nitrogen gas were recorded same as when it was applied to soil [99, 100].

The problem of the depletion of agricultural land as a result of the pressure caused by the ever-growing population necessitated the sustainable practice of crop production. It was suggested to use biochar as a means of remediating contaminated agricultural soil, improving soil fertility by reducing the acidity, and increasing the availability of nutrients. Thus, addition of biochar to the soil can be one of the best practices to overcome any biotic stress in soil and to increase the crop productivity. The positive effects of biochar on the interactions between soil-plant-water caused better photosynthetic performance and improved nitrogen and water use efficiency. Hence, it can be concluded by this comprehensive review that biochar has the potential to improve the properties of soil, microbial abundance, biological nitrogen fixation, and plant growth. Therefore, it is recommended to use biochar as a soil amendment for long-term carbon sink restoration.


Fine Biochar Powder Market Outlook 2018 – Market Trends, Revenue, Size, Share, Segment …

8 January, 2019
 

 “Fine Biochar Powder development status and future trend in Fine Biochar Powder Countries, focuses on top players in Fine Biochar Powder Countries, also splits Fine Biochar Powder by type and by Application, to fully and deeply research and reveal the market general situation and future forecast. Fine Biochar Powder Countries plays an important role in global market, comprehensive overview, market shares, and growth opportunities of Fine Biochar Powder market by product type, application, key manufacturers and key regions and countries.”

Fine Biochar Powder Market research report provides the newest industry data and industry future trends, allowing you to identify the products and end users driving Revenue growth and profitability. 
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Production Analysis – Production of the Fine Biochar Powder is analysed with respect to different regions, types and applications. Here, price analysis of various Fine Biochar Powder Market key players is also covered.

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2019 January

8 January, 2019
 

What should we do about climate change? A thoughtful essay on climate change… and a mention on biochar. Peter has a long history with biochar in NZ, dating back (at least) to the his 2007 paper ‘Biochar and bio-energy production for … Continue reading

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Assessment of Physicochemical and Nutritional Characteristics of Waste Mushroom Substrate …

8 January, 2019
 

Sustainability 2019, 11(1), 277; doi:10.3390/su11010277


Using Industrial Sewage Sludge-Derived Biochar to Immobilize Selected Heavy Metals in a …

8 January, 2019
 

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Waste and Biomass Valorization


Global Biochar Market Present Situation, Historical Background and Future Forecast 2023

9 January, 2019
 

The Biochar market research report provides the most recent business information and industry future trends, permitting you to spot the products and end users driving Revenue growth and profit. The business report lists the leading competitors and provides the insights strategic business Analysis of the key factors influencing the market.

The report includes the forecasts, Analysis, and discussion of necessary business trends, market size, market share estimates and profiles of the leading industry Players: BioChar Products, Agri-Tech Producers, Hawaii Biochar, Pacific Biochar, The Biochar Company (TBC) , Cool Planet Energy Systems, Walking Point, ec6Grow, RAUCH INTERNATIONAL, Diacarbon Energy, Vega Biofuels

Biochar Report provides analysis on regions which includes Competition Landscape, Revenue (M USD) and Growth Rate. Key players playing dynamics role in Biochar market with respect to regions mentioned below: USA, Europe, Japan, China, India, South East Asia.

Request For Sample Pre-order Enquiry

Biochar Market Report analyse major segmentation by types and application. Which includes Market Revenue and Growth Rate, Consumption and Growth rate, Market Price Analysis 2013-2018.

Application Segment Analysis:
Agriculture
Energy Production
Environmental Protection
Others

Biochar Market report additionally offers information about Production Market share by Players and Major Revenue (M USD) Market share by Players. Major Production, Revenue (M USD) Market share by Regions in 2018, Through 2023. Detailed research on Supply Chain Analysis which includes Industry Supply Chain Analysis, Raw material Market Analysis, Raw material Prices Analysis 2012-2018, Supply Market Analysis, Manufacturing Equipment Suppliers Analysis, Production Process Analysis, Production Cost Structure Benchmarks and End Users Market Analysis.

Lastly, Biochar Market report overviews on Major Distributors and contact information by Regions, Import, Export, Consumption and Consumption Value by Major Countries. Forecast data includes Demand by Regions Forecast through 2023, Price (by Regions, Types, Applications) Analysis Forecast through 2023 And Tables and figures Main Biochar Market Activities.

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Cultivation of salt-tolerant plants canhelp ensure food security

9 January, 2019
 

KARACHI – The utilisation of halophytes as non-conventional crops for arid saline lands holds immense potential to ensure food security in future, Professor Dr Xiaojing Liu of Chinese Academy of Sciences, expressed while speaking at the second day of the three-day international conference on ‘Sustainable Development: Halophytes for Green Revolution’.

Professor Dr Xiaojing Liu informed that the audience about the research of his group that improve crop productivity and minimise that salt build up following salty water irrigation. He stressed on research-based amendments in soil structure and chemical composition that can prevent degradation of soil.

Prof Dr Todd Egan from USA highlighted that salinisation of lands is one of the major impediments for conventional agriculture especially in the arid and semiarid regions of the world. Lack of rain and high summer temperatures can further aggravate the situation in these areas. Most of our conventional crops are salt-sensitive and can’t endure even low levels of soil salinity. Hence, there is dire need for innovative approaches to overcome aforementioned problems. He said that his team has prepared a “superabsorbent” that can retain about 90 per cent of the soil moisture and essential nutrients, a pre-requisite for long-term crop productivity. Use of such material can be of immense aid for high saline agriculture.

Prof Dr Hans Werner Koyro from the Giessen University, Germany delivered lecture about global climate changes and use of biochar as a potential remedy to minimize harmful impacts of climate change on plants. He said anthropogenic activities have accelerated the global climate changes which are evident worldwide in form of weather anomalies, drought spells, floods and tsunamis.  These conditions also impact crop productivity, which is contrary to our increasing needs for food. Use of “Biochar” can be of one of the solutions for enhancing productivity of our agricultural lands, he said. Biochar can sequester sodium and heavy metals, which are toxic for plants. Hence, use of biochar can play an important role in cultivation of halophytes as non-conventional crops on saline lands in sustainable way. Dr Irfan Khan, Professor of the Environmental Sciences, Islamic University, Islamabad presented his views about use of halophytes for the success of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly of SDG-2, which aims to eliminate hunger from the world. Halophyte cultivation as non-conventional crops is also in accordance with Pakistan’s National Sustainable Development Policy, he said. He stressed on the fact that generally there is a gap between policy-making bodies and academia, which he said has to be bridged in order to make these policies successful. He also praised the organizers for holding the conference and declared it the need of the time.    

Meanwhile, The Department of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences and Office of Research Innovation and Commercialization of University of Karachi, are jointly organizing fifth international conference, entitled ‘Environmental Horizon, sounding the alarm! Environment, Climate Change and Health’ at Professor Dr Salimuzzaman Siddiqui Auditorium, ICCBS, KU, on Friday.

The minister of state for climate change Zartaj Gul would be the chief guest of the inaugural session which is scheduled at 3:30pm. The special secretary, development and monitoring, department of health, Sindh government, Dr Dabeer A Khan, would be the guest of honor. The Vice Chancellor KU Professor Dr Muhammad Ajmal Khan, the Director General, World Wide Fund for Nature, Pakistan, Hammad Naqi Khan, the Patron-in-chief ICCBS, KU, and the former federal minister for science and technology, Professor Dr Atta-ur-Rahman, the Director ICCBS, KU, Professor Dr M Iqbal Choudhary, the Dean, Faculty of Science, KU, Professor Dr Tasneem Adam Ali, the Chairman Chemistry Department, Professor Dr Majid Mumtaz and Dr James Schauer would shed lights on the climate related issues.

NIPCO House, 4 – Shaharah e Fatima Jinnah,
Lahore, Pakistan
Tel: +92 42 36367580    |     Fax : +92 42 36367005


Biochar Market by Top Key Vendors, Trends, Sales, Supply, Demand, Analysis and Forecasts to …

9 January, 2019
 

Biochar market report acknowledges future market opportunities based on the earlier and recent market aspects of Biochar industry. Biochar Market report gives a summary of definitions, applications, types, regions, leading manufacturers, market size, futuristic developments, operation situation, development environment of Biochar industry.

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Biochar Market by Top Manufacturers:
Phoenix Energy, Pacific Biochar., Agri-Tech Producers, LLC, Earth Systems Bioenergy, Diacarbon Energy Inc, Genesis Industries LLC, Full Circle Biochar, Vega Biofuels, Inc, Cool Planet Energy System, CharGrow, LLC, Biochar Supreme LLC, Pacific Pyrolysis Pty Ltd

By Feedstock Type
Woody Biomass, Agricultural Waste, Animal Manure, Others

By Application
Electricity Generation, Agriculture, Forestry, Others,

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Geographically Segmentation:

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EarthRenew Inc. Receives Final Approval for Listing on the CSE and Other Corporate Updates

9 January, 2019
 

TORONTO, Jan. 09, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — EarthRenew Inc. (formely known as Valencia Ventures Inc.) (“EarthRenew” or the “Company”) (TSXV: VVI) is pleased to announce that the Canadian Securities Exchange (the “CSE”) has issued a final bulletin announcing the listing of the Company’s common shares on the CSE, with trading commencing on January 10, 2019 under the symbol “ERTH”. Consequently, the Company’s common shares have now been de-listed from the TSX Venture Exchange. Please refer to the link below to access the CSE’s final bulletin:

https://thecse.com/en/about/publications/bulletins/2019-0107-new-listing-earthrenew-inc-erth

Officers and Directors of EarthRenew

As per the management information circular dated as of July 16, 2018 and pursuant to the closing of the reverse take-over transaction, the following individuals have been elected as directors and appointed as officers of the Company:

Keith Driver – President, CEO and Director. Mr. Driver has served in leadership positions in several environmental technology companies over the past 15 years. His experience includes senior marketing, technical and management roles, focused on emerging products or technologies. Many of these opportunities have focused on processing organic feedstocks and marketing the end-products, such as compost and biochar. Keith holds two degrees in engineering and a MBA, and serves as a sessional instructor at the University of Calgary.

Ryan Ptolemy – Chief Financial Officer. Ryan Ptolemy is a CPA, CGA and CFA charter holder who also attained a BA from Western University. Ryan serves as CFO to many public and private companies in the resource sector, particularly development-stage companies. Ryan formerly served as CFO for an independent investment dealer in Toronto where he was responsible for financial reporting, budgeting and the company’s internal controls.

Damian Lopez – Corporate Secretary. Mr. Lopez was previously the chief executive officer of Valencia Ventures Inc., a predecessor of the Company. Mr. Lopez is a corporate lawyer with extensive mergers and acquisition and corporate finance experience. Mr. Lopez is currently a legal consultant to various Toronto Stock Exchange and TSXV listed companies in various sectors including mining, financial services, agriculture and technology. Mr. Lopez also acts as the Corporate Secretary of various Toronto Stock Exchange and TSXV listed companies. Mr. Lopez began his legal career as a corporate law associate at Stikeman Elliott LLP. Mr. Lopez holds a B.Comm from Rotman Commerce, University of Toronto and a J.D. from Osgoode Hall Law School.

Catherine Stretch – Director. Catherine Stretch has over 20 years of experience in Canadian capital markets, with a particular emphasis on the natural resource and agriculture sectors. Ms. Stretch is currently the Chief Commercial Officer of Aguia Resources Limited, an ASX and Exchange dual listed company developing phosphate assets in Brazil and a consultant to Brazil Potash Corp., a company developing a major potash deposit in Brazil and Irati Energy Corp., a company developing oil shale in Brazil. Ms. Stretch is engaged in a variety of activities for these companies including capital raising and structuring, marketing and investor relations, regulatory compliance and disclosure, new market development and strategic initiatives. Previously, Ms. Stretch was a partner and the Chief Operating Officer of a Canadian investment firm that had $1 billion in assets under management and focused on managing Investment Funds. Ms. Stretch currently sits on the Board of Emerita Resources Corp., an Exchange listed company developing various mineral assets in Spain; AnalytixInsight, an Exchange listed company developing data analytics software with a particular focus on global financial markets; and, UEX Corporation, a TSX listed company engaged in the exploration and development of uranium and cobalt.

David Argyle – Director. Mr. Argyle has more than 30 years of experience in identifying, developing, financing and managing fertilizer, mining and energy projects in South America, Asia, Africa and Australia. Mr. Argyle earned an MBA from the University of Michigan and holds a Bachelor of Commerce from the University of Western Australia.

Mr. Driver, Ms. Stretch and Mr. Argyle replaces Damian Lopez, Tito Gandhi and Bernard Wilson, who have each tendered their resignation. The Company would like to thank Mr. Lopez, Mr. Gandhi and Mr. Wilson for their continued support.

About EarthRenew

EarthRenew is a low-cost sustainable power-generation company with a patented production process that converts livestock waste to nutrient-rich, slow-release pelleted organic fertilizer. EarthRenew converts natural gas to electricity from an industrial-sized gas turbine which it intends to capitalize on through various revenue drivers. These include selling surplus electricity to the electrical grid and to cryptocurrency miners which can co-locate on site and to dry manure feedstock to produce high value organic fertilizer. The Company has a commercial scale operation in Strathmore, Alberta. 

For additional information, please contact:

Keith Driver
CEO of EarthRenew
Phone: (403) 860-8623
E-mail: kdriver@earthrenew.ca    

Cautionary Note regarding Forward – Looking Information

This press release contains “forward-looking information” within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities legislation. Forward-looking information includes, but is not limited to, statements with respect to EarthRenew’s ability to restart electricity production at the Strathmore Plan, EarthRenew’s ability to sell electricity to the electrical grid or to cryptocurrency miners, EarthRenew’s ability to execute its business plan, EarthRenew’s proposed business activity, the timing of the listing on the CSE and the delisting from the TSXV, receipt of any required third party and regulatory approvals, the impact of the reverse- take-over transaction on the Company and its stakeholders and other transaction statements. Generally, forward looking information can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “plans”, “expects” or “does not expect”, “is expected”, “budget”, “scheduled”, “estimates”, “forecasts”, “intends”, “anticipates” or “does not anticipate”, or “believes”, or variations of such words and phrases or state that certain actions, events or results “may”, “could”, “would”, “might” or “will be taken”, “occur” or “be achieved”. Forward-looking information is subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements of the Company to be materially different from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking information, including but not limited to: general business, economic, competitive, geopolitical and social uncertainties; the actual results of exploration activities; regulatory risks; risks inherent in foreign operations; and other risks of the renewable energy, mining and cryptocurrency industries. Although the Company has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking information, there may be other factors that cause results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. There can be no assurance that such information will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. Accordingly, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking information. The Company does not undertake to update any forward-looking information, except in accordance with applicable securities laws.

The TSXV has in no way passed upon the merits of the proposed transaction and has neither approved nor disapproved the contents of this news release.

EarthRenew Inc.

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Catalytic pretreatment of biochar residues derived from lignocellulosic3 feedstock for equilibrium

9 January, 2019
 


Biochar synthesized via pyrolysis of Broussonetia papyrifera leaves

9 January, 2019
 

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Environmental Science and Pollution Research


Dick Gallien: There's a better way to burn "waste wood"

9 January, 2019
 

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Intervals of clouds and sunshine. High 28F. Winds light and variable..

Partly cloudy early with increasing clouds overnight. Low 22F. Winds light and variable.

Biochar is the most sustainable, environmentally beneficial, natural resource known, benefiting soil life for hundreds to thousands of years

When I opened The Winona Farm Community Service Compost Site in 1990, that has been open every day from dawn until dark since, with no government assistance, MPCA was in charge of waste wood. To reduce air pollution, they were forcing communities to grind brush, which is very expensive, for a product with little market value. Winona was part of a resistance to grinding. In 1993, wastewood management was given to the Minnesota DNR Forestry Department, which sounded reasonable, but they’ve totally ducked the political issue since, by charging $5 for a yearly burn permit.

I recently asked the DNR for information on grants and research in Minnesota. The pleasant responder searched and listed biochar grants in Kansas, Nebrasha and university studies across the country, but said, “Embarrassingly, I found nothing in Minnesota.”

Only 25 percent of forestry grads find employment in the field. If you were a state DNR forester, would you bang on the directors door and say, “Sir, what you and our department call ‘waste wood’ is a wasted natural resource. It is our job to demonstrate and encourage better uses for it. ‘Recycling by fire’ is not the answer.”

Winona has torched over 1,000 ash trees on Prairie Island by the dog park. Goodview’s Compost Burn Site is waiting for your Christmas trees, to help start their yearly waste wood burn, which smolders for months in a residential area. Winona County recently spent five days with a crew and three trucks clearing trees and brush from the half-mile East Burns Valley Road by the “farm overlook,” then trucking the brush 14 miles one way to burn at a quarry alongside CR 23. This torching of a natural resource goes on across this state, with the blessing of the DNR.

On Saturday, Jan. 12, I’ve asked the Kiwanis Sunrisers if they would bring all of Winona’s Christmas trees to the farm overlook, where everyone can help stack them in the field, after which the pile will be lit on top, so there should be little, if any smoke. Then, when a molten mass, instead of letting it burn to ash, we’ll extinguish it with snow balls or whatever. The biochar will provide condominiums for micro organisms for hundreds of years in this forever farm field. This is not the usual “marshmallow, dead end burn,” but a celebration of healthy soil life, which will be appreciated by the environment.

Dick Gallien, Winiona

 

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Global Fine Biochar Powder Market 2019 Players – Biochar Now, Swiss Biochar GmbH, Carbon …

9 January, 2019
 

Global Fine Biochar Powder Market Report comprehends vital insights of global Fine Biochar Powder industry that allows a reader to clinch absolute knowledge of the worldwide competitive structure and pre-eminent manufacturers/companies. The report explores historic sitch, current affairs and futuristic approach of Fine Biochar Powder market to render an all-inclusive and amalgam knowledge and also offers reliable industry projection that helps a reader to get a more clear view of the market.

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The global Fine Biochar Powder market study report is based on significant market segments such as product/service types and applications, leading players, technology, and regions. The report enfolds major territories and sub-regions where the Fine Biochar Powder business robustly inhabits and also emphasizes market share, size, growth, business opportunities, and entry barriers in these areas.

The report provides crucial insight into factors that lead to impact the Fine Biochar Powder market consequently global economy on a minute level such as technological advancement, flexible consumption tendencies, raw material resources, industry infrastructure, and provincial regulations. An extensive competitive analysis is also covered in this report that assists active participants, and probable investors to develop effective and lucrative strategic and tactical planning for their business.

Major Players in Fine Biochar Powder Market :

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The Fine Biochar Powder report also discusses leading factors that steer growth rate and also helps to determine forthcoming market threats, investment opportunities, and restraints; it gives a robust perspective to analyse the present and futuristic scenario. Eventually it offers a vision to determine differences between competitors and yourself to strongly sustain in ever-changing business environment.

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Wakefield HERO – Premium Biochar Blend

10 January, 2019
 

A purely organic mix of OMRI listed compost, mycorrhizal fungi, and Wakefield Premium Biochar combined to provide an instant punch of life to your soil and plantings. The primary objective of the Wakefield HERO biochar blend is giving your soil back the ingredients it needs for a healthy ecosystem of microorganisms and vital nutrients. Organic turf management options can be successful for your landscaping projects. By using biochar, the soil’s health is allowed to stand the test of time by giving the good bacteria, microorganisms and water a place to stay. No chemicals needed. This combination of nutrients and Wakefield Premium Biochar is perfect for your turf to grow.

This biochar and compost blend is great for:

Wakefield Biochar offers price discounts on FTL orders. Contact a Wakefield representative for more detail.

A typical trailer load is 26 pallets with each pallet containing one supersack of Wakefield HERO biochar blend. Also, we are able to ship Wakefield HERO loose in dump trailers. Call for details.

For topical application use a compost or manure spreader to cover 400 sq/ft per cubic foot. A cubic foot of mix weighs ~40lbs.

Or, to mix into existing soil consider apply up to 1/2″ of HERO biochar blend into the top 4″ of top soil.

 

OMRI Listed


SA waste management firm keen to invest in Zim

10 January, 2019
 

Business Reporter
A SOUTH African company, Mashana Business Enterprises — whose representatives met President Mnangagwa at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland last year — has approached Government with a US$327 million investment kit for waste management.

The group’s representatives held meetings with Government and yesterday met stakeholders in the waste management sector among them the Ministry of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing and the Environmental Management Agency (EMA) among others.

The South African firm presented financing models of its preference, among them a 100 percent company financing plan on condition that it will be able to repatriate the investment when the need to arises.

The firm also expressed willingness to partner either Government or local authorities.

The plant the investor proposed to install turns waste into products such as active charcoal for industries, charcoal for households, organic fertiliser, biochar fertiliser and animal feedstock.

Mashana representative, Takalani Swanepoel said the firm was eager to invest and make Zimbabwe clean.

“We as Mashana want to clean Zimbabwe,” said Swanepoel.

“We want to make Zimbabwe’s environment zero tolerant to waste. We have many ways to do it and we are the only company in South Africa with this type of technology which we want to bring here,” she said.

Speaking after the meeting Local Government, Public Works and National Housing Minister July Moyo — in a speech read on his behalf by his deputy Jennifer Mhlanga — said the investment comes at an opportune moment when Zimbabwe is scouting for investment.

At the same time, the country has had to contend with cholera and typhoid outbreaks.

“Mashana Zimbabwe (Pvt) Ltd in partnership with Mashana Business Enterprises (SA) has approached us at an opportune time in response to our plea for investors to partner in complementing Government efforts to address the current challenges that the country is facing,” said Minister Moyo.

“I am informed them that the proposed “Turnkey total waste management” project will see a total capital injection of US$327 million and will be preceded by a demo project which will cost a figure of US$30 million.

“The project will use technology that will clean our environment of biomass waste and produce 100 percent ozone friendly, zero percent carbon-dioxide fuel product that everyone can use everyday.

“The overall products of the plant include: diesel, petrol and kerosene; activated charcoal for industries; charcoal for household cooking and industries; organic fertiliser; biochar fertiliser; and animal feedstock,” he said.

Minister Moyo said: “I urge all local authorities to harness this opportunity presented to us by Mashana,” he said.

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Biochar application to soil under arid conditions

10 January, 2019
 

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Arabian Journal of Geosciences


What is biochar

10 January, 2019
 

Biochar production is 300 – 500 lbs per hour depending on feedstock and moisture content. It is typically produced from thermal decomposition of organic feedstocks by slow pyrolysis. Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon, and can endure in soil for thousands of years. Introduction The term ‘biochar’ refers to black carbon formed by the pyrolysis of biomass i. Widespread production and use of biochar is one of our best chances to reduce greenhouse gases and fight climate change. Si sigues utilizando esta web sin cambiar tus ajustes de cookies o haces clic en "Aceptar" estarás dando tu consentimiento a esto. Biocharging (inoculating) your biochar will actively accelerate soil recovery and mycorrhizae growth, creating healthier, stronger and more nutrient dense plants. Garden Fertilizers; To make biochar right in your garden, start by digging a trench in a bed. , wood chips, plant residues, manure or other agricultural waste products] for the purpose of transforming the biomass carbon into a more stable form (carbon sequestration). Once the pyrolysis reaction has begun, it is self-sustaining, requiring no outside energy input. 16 May 2018 Biochar technology shows promise in mitigating climate change and improving soil quality, as well as reducing waste and producing energy as Biochar is the solid product remaining after biomass is heated to temperatures typically between 300°C and 700°C under oxygen-deprived conditions, a process Biochar is the charred organic matter formed under high heat and low oxygen conditions occurring in natural fires and modern pyrolysis systems. The so-called biochar production equipment has adopted this advanced biochar production technology and has been equipped with related mature devices, which is aimed at making charcoal from biomass and turning waste to energy. Eight on farm replicated Biochar trials are planned to be conducted across the region to evaluate and assess the productive and environmental benefits to soils through the incorporation of Biochar. Nov. 2 thousand in 2016, the global biochar market is projected to experience a CAGR of 14. As soil amendments, chars have been shown to increase soil fertility by improving nutrient and water retention, lowering soil acidity and density, and increasing microbial activity. 10. • Small scale biochar technologies are under development. Sustainable soil fertility management is a major constraint in the humid tropics and is probably one reason for Terra Preta’s high degree of public awareness. Biochar is an efficient adsorber of electromagnetic radiation, meaning that biochar-mud plaster can prevent “electrosmog”. It is similar to charcoal in production and composition; its main Biochar is a fine-grained, carbon enriched product created when biomass (e. The success of biochar production will depend on the economic values of the various products that can be produced or the potentially value-added uses of biochar that can be envisioned”. From August 22-25, 2016, over 300 biochar producers, researchers, users, and enthusiasts met at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon for the US Biochar Initiative 2. I've spent a considerable time both researching and experimenting to find a good way to make biochar. It is used as soil enhancer to increase fertility, prevent soil degradation and to sequester carbon in the soil. We must push big agri to get busy incorporating it into their operations. Biochar has been used for centuries, and it’s making a comeback in the past few decades among farmers. Biochar is under investigation as an approach to carbon sequestration. Biochar amended soil was shown not to be toxic to earthworms (Eisenia fetida), but there was significant weight loss measured in worms living in biochar amended soils. Biochar is within the scope of WikiProject Soil, which collaborates on Soil and related articles on Wikipedia. Biochar as a tool for soil quality; can the biochar be used for increasing tree stand productivity and storing carbon into the soil Principal investigator: Prof. However, with the advent of modern agro-chemistry, the agronomic value of biochar got rapidly into oblivion. Short answer: Biochar is a "catalyst" that improves microbial (digestive) efficiencies in whatever context & process it's inserted. Biochar is an organic soil amendment currently being researched and used in a variety of applications across Colorado. Biochar is an inert, fine-grained, highly porous carbon-rich form of charcoal. 5 ft), 1200mm square. Die Preistendenz basiert auf statistischen Analysen der Verkaufspreise für dieses Produkt innerhalb der letzten 90 Tage. Biochar is created by slowly heating a biomass in a low-oxygen environment, such as a kiln, until everything but the carbon is burned off. Progress has been slow and sporadic, yet research from the past decade hints at what could be a very exciting future. Informieren Sie sich auf unserer Internetpräsenz über unser Unternehmen und unsere Leistungen. Biochar has been gaining a lot of momentum in some agronomy circles as a cure-all soil amendment to improve the sustainability and productivity of our agricultural soils. Biochars can persist for long periods of time in the soil at various depths, typically thousands of y Biochar is charcoal – organic matter heated in a low-oxygen atmosphere – that is used as a soil amendment. : agricultural & wood waste), that when mixed with organic compost and added to soils, yields considerable benefits. The Basics of Biochar: A Natural Soil Amendment Josiah Hunt,1 Michael DuPonte,2 Dwight Sato,3 and Andrew Kawabata4 1Landscape Ecology LLC; 2,3,4CTAHR Department of 2Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences, 3Plant and En-vironmental Protection Sciences, 4Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences, Komohana Research and Extension Center, Hilo Biochar was also used in agriculture in the past (Allen 1846; Ogawa 1994; Ogawa 2008), but Terra Preta soils in the Amazon are among the most prominent examples of human enriched soils. growingyourgreens. g. BIOCHAR is a high carbon product produced through the process of thermal gasification (thermal decomposition of biomass by preventing combustion). • Carbon credits will help make small plants viable. IBI defines a Class One biochar as any biochar consisting of anything greater than 60% OrganicCarbon. The markets and uses for biochar are rapidly expanding, as are its production technologies and capacities, and its sales. Runde! Im Jahr 2018 gab es wieder die Möglichkeit am Projekt teilzunehmen und …Wir erzeugen und verkaufen 100%ige Biochar, welche aus unbehandeltem Naturholz durch Pyrolyse bei einer Temperatur von 850°Сhergestellt wird, um eine besonders effektive Mikroporigkeit zu erreichen. This 2,000 year-old practice converts agricultural waste into a soil enhancer that can hold carbon, boost food security, and increase soil biodiversity, and discourage deforestation. Bioenergy is a byproduct of our biochar manufacturing process. BIOCHAR INFUSION (Charged) Black Owl Biochar "INFUSION" (TM) adds the punch of . It’s 2600mm high (8. In properly prepared biochar, N and P are not only present as nutrients, but also as organic biomolecules of living soil biology. Biochar is a charcoal which is obtained by heating different waste products such as wood waste, agricultural waste, animal manure and forest waste. Infusion has the ideal Investing in a biochar making machine is a wise choice. With so much research being published on biochar (over 5000 publications in 2015 alone!), there is a need to bring together these two groups to share information, lessons learned, and to solicit ideas on the pathway forward for biochar commercial development. The term biochar is relatively new and may be unfamiliar to many, but the fundamentals of augmenting earth with fine-grained charcoal created by pyrolysis (heating carbon-rich organic matter in low oxygen conditions) have boosted the fertility of soil for thousands of years. Through the National Biochar Initiative researchers determined how biochar could be used in Australian conditions. The charcoal is produced through a process known as pyrolysis, where organic material undergoes decomposition in very low oxygen and high temperature conditions. Biochar Capacity Building Program. A small hole in the center of barrel cover, about 12 mm in diameter, vents the evolving offgases to an afterburner positioned above the barrel. Our approach is to develop the market for biochar by producing premium biochar with high organic carbon content. Biochar and Geoengineering. 201423. (>76%) These traits make Terra Char biochar ideal for use in agriculture. Applied at thicknesses of up to 20 cm, it is a substitute for Styrofoam insulation. What is biochar? Biochar is a heterogeneous substance rich in aromatic carbon and minerals. 2 Biochar feedstocks are woody debris, manure litters, and ag and other organic wastes. This online survey aims at enhancing transparency and networking possibilities among all stakeholders within the European Biochar Research Network (eBRN), we …Auch Sie können einen Beitrag leisten den Klimawandel zu bekämpfen! Biochar NET-2-U ging in die 2. The purpose of this project was to help the Environmental Science department at Shanghai Horizontal bed biochar production kiln. Like most charcoal Biochar is found in soils around the world as a result of vegetation fires and historic soil management practices. Bio charcoal production refers to carbonizing biomass materials by high temperature heating to generate charcoal. Pyrolysis is a thermochemical conversion process in which biomass is heated at high temperature (usually 450°-750°C) in the absence of oxygen to produce energy products, of which biochar is one (the others being bio-oil and syngas). Biochar applications: soil amendments, adsorbents, catalysts, fillers for composites, electronic applications Biochar standardization (International Biochar Initiative, European Biochar Certificate, Biochar Quality Mandate)Biochar is a charcoal-like material that is produced by pyrolysis of biomass. Like all charcoal, biochar is created by pyrolysis of biomass. Converting Shelterbelt Biomass to Biochar, Wilson Biochar Associates, February 2017 3 leaching of nitrogen and phosphorus. John from http://www. Impact: Biochar can produce 0. "The Biochar Fund is a social profit fund that completely changes the way in which chronic hunger, deforestation, energy access and climate change are addressed amongst the world's poorest USBI Biochar 2018 is the largest event in North America dedicated to advancing the sustainable production and use of biochar through scientific and engineering research, policy development, fi Biochar is a name for charcoal when it is used for particular purposes, especially as a soil amendment. Biochar can improve water quality, help the soil capture carbon for long periods of time, reduce nutrient and fertilizer leaching, reduce soil acidity, and even reduce the amount of water and fertilizer that required in the first place. Biochar Is a Valuable Soil Amendment. , 2007). About us. Biochar, früher auch Biokohle) von Swiss Biochar wird aus einer Mischung von ligninreichem Hackgut 650°C pyrolysiert, so dass die für das Bodensystem besonders wirksame Mikroporösität entsteht. How to use biochar in a sentence. Eine derzeit hoch aktuelle Fragestellung ist: Bringt der Einsatz von Biokohlen auf landwirtschaftlich genutzten Flächen tatsächlich Vorteile für Agrarsysteme und Umwelt?Die Preistendenz basiert auf statistischen Analysen der Verkaufspreise für dieses Produkt innerhalb der letzten 90 Tage. ’ ‘And some researchers predict biochar could make a difference. Biochar does alter soil properties. Grant Opportunities. 50 l = approximately 16 kg of biochar, on a pallet. Biochar is charcoal created from pyrolyzed biomass, and differs from charcoal only in the sense that its primary use is not for fuel but rather as a soil amendment. For this reason simple carbonization methods, similar to the original biochar piles but in improved form are likely to be more economical than more complicated plants that place emphasis Cool Terra® Biochar-Based Soil Amendment Featuring Engineered Biocarbon™ Technology. As a result, many scientists and environmentalists consider the production of biochar as a potential geoengineering technique. By making biochar from brush and other hard to compost organic material, you can improve soil — it enhances nutrient availability and also enables soil to retain nutrients longer. Although there is a great deal of interest in biochar from researchers, growers, and other stakeholder groups, the field suffers from 1) lack of readily available information for end users to make informed decisions and 2) differing opinions on the gross effects of biochar when used as Scientists have learned that biochar — a charcoal-like substance — is the ancient key to the dark, fertile soils of the Amazon. 02. Together they provide powerful benefit in the revialization of soils. This fact sheet provides a quick overview of what biochar is, the science behind its manufacture and use, and how it affects Global Biochar Market: Overview. Biochar is also useful for sequestering carbon by circumventing the normal decomposition process or acting as a fertilizer to enhance the sequestration rate of growing biomass. Sustainable biochar is a powerfully simple tool to fight global warming. As a result, biochar has recently received attention in the research community, and consequently Forest Service wildland firefighters Shelbie Zelnar, right, and Eric Parrinello dig through charcoal and burning slash in a kiln designed to create biochar in the Umpqua National Forest on Tuesday. Cool Terra® biochar-based soil amendment products are engineered to improve soil health, reduce water consumption and help optimize fertilizer use while sequestering substantial amounts of carbon. The biochar production technology we adopt is carbonization. It provides the same adsorption services to facilitate ion transfers, and the same favored habitat for microbe colonies to stabilize & organize. This 2,000 year-old practice converts agricultural waste into a soil enhancer that can hold carbon, boost food security, and increase soil …Pflanzenkohle aus Pflanzen, für Pflanzen. Biochar improves the soil's properties such that the fertility is improved, and consequently crop yields are increased. Komponente 2: Pflanzenkohle (Biokohle, Biochar) Pflanzenkohle ist vergleichbar mit einem Röntgenbild der ursprünglichen Biomasse d. Cover the Biochar with a high quality compost and water well (we recommend 4 cubic feet of compost). The biochar market is poised for tremendous growth and the bioenergy/biofuel sector is a billion dollar industry waiting for efficient and economical technology solutions. Holz- und Pflanzenkohle gehören seit über zwei Jahrtausenden zu den grundlegenden Rohstoffen der Zivilisation. Japan, China and Australia innovated producing biochar in small pyrolysis ovens like those on the left. Applications of biochar in agriculture: enhancing soil and compost properties. Pacific Biochar – Bulk biochar products for sale, plain and biologically activated biochar. Get paid to work with scientists and engineers to modify the lifecycle of agriculture chemicals by using biochar. The biochar approach provides a uniquely powerful solution, for it allows us to address food security, the fuel crisis, and the climate problem, and all in an immensely practical manner. Biochar as a soil amendment enhances plant growth and reduces need for water and fertilizer. It represents a scalable low-tech strategy for carbon sequestration in the soil. Shop with confidence. ” Biochar is a type of charcoal that's sustainably produced in the U. The global biochar market is witnessing a strong growth rate as a result of increased government initiatives, improved soil fertility and crop yield, and stringent environmental regulations. But the data so far are inconclusive. Biochar is applicable for human and animal waste management, converting urine, excrement, or dung into fertilizers and resulting in emissions reduction. Black Owl Biochar's Premium Organic product. The idea of creating biochar by burning organic waste in oxygen-free chambers — and then burying it — is being touted as a way to cool the planet. However you measure our experience of all things biochar, it adds up to something of great value DEFINITION: Biochar is black carbon produced from biomass sources [i. It advocates biochar research, development, demonstration and commercialization. by slowly heating wood waste and forest residue in a controlled atmosphere. sciencedirect. Soil depletion occurs when the components which contribute to soil fertility are removed and not replaced. Biochar is the solid product remaining after biomass is heated to temperatures typically between 300°C and 700°C under oxygen-deprived conditions, a process Dec 18, 2017 To learn more about biochar and its impact on sustainable growing practices, we spoke with Miller Soils, who produces biochar-based blends Biochar is charcoal used as a soil amendment. “ Biochar ” refers to char that is applied to soil in a deliberate manner as a soil amendment. Biochar is THE ONLY proven method of carbon sequestration and can be adapted for both home and commercial electricity production as well as over the road transportation that is CARBON NEGATIVE! Debra Maslowski says The current knowledge about biochar is limited and there remains a lot we don’t know. Finger Lakes Biochar Vision: In line with our ‘plant waste wisely’ tag line, we envision a future where human behavior towards organic matter mirrors the nutrient cycles found in nature. A. It can help you dispose of the biomass waste properly and bring you considerable profits. The charcoal is produced through a process When biochar is added to clay, it makes the soil less dense and it increases hydraulic conductivity, which makes intuitive sense. To address this burgeoning problem, researchers suggested applying biochar to degraded soils in order to enhance its quality. Biochar is created by pyrolyzing biomass, and the result is a fixed carbon skeleton that sequesters carbon and locks it in place. Published: 25 Mar 2009 . The map is continuously updated and will include more details in the future (e. In April 2014, this COST Action and the European Biochar Research Network have more than 270 individual participants from 31 countries. It can treat 1,000 pounds of biomass per hour with yielding 250 pounds of biochar. Die Pflanzenkohle von Swiss Biochar wird aus einer Mischung von ligninreichem Hackgut 650°C pyrolysiert, um besonders wirksame Mikroporösität zu erreichen. A. The resulting compost is an extremely effective slow release fertilizer. Biochar is under investigation as an approach to carbon sequestration to produce negative carbon dioxide emissions. e. Pflanzenkohle ist daher sehr porös, aber nicht amorph (gestaltlos). Biochar is a charcoal-like substance produced from agriculture and forest wastes which contains 70% carbon. 2013 · An educational video about biochar and biochar research occurring at Oregon State University. The Science of Biochar How Long Has Biochar Been Used? This young man might be the most popular guy in biochar! Rumor has it that the Amazonian people over 1000 years ago used biochar to create incredibly fertile land for farming. BioChar, also knows as terra preta do indio, is a brasilian soil developed by Native communities almost a thousand years ago. It is great seeing small farmers using it. Biochar is defined as carbonised biomass obtained from sustainable sources and sequestered in soils to sustainably enhance their agricultural and environmental value under present and future management. 20 l = approximately 6,4 kg of biochar, on a pallet. biochar, the potential exists for biochar to provide environmental quality benefi ts and to improve nonproductive or degraded soils. Check out what customers have to say about Black Owl Biochar: Biochar is a name for charcoal (pyrolized plant matter), especially in usage as soil amendment. Extensive research has been done in both applications, with a small amount of biochar being sold for these uses. on Sept. Weltweit sind Landwirte, Gärtner, Schulen, Universitäten und Firmen eingeladen, zwischen 18. e. Oregon Biochar Solutions manufactures ultra-pure biochar. ” I’d like to tell you how I think of biochar and answer a few frequently asked questions – hopefully that helps clear things up a bit. Intensive study of biochar-rich dark earths in the Due to its adsorption ability, some biochars have the potential to immobilise heavy metals, pesticides, herbicides, and hormones; prevent nitrate leaching and Jan 27, 2014 John from http://www. Bottom section is 10mm laser cut plate, floating Biochar production is an intelligent way of recycling organics and reduce environmental pollution. Created in a process known as pyrolysis, biochar is a carbon-rich charcoal soil amendment “Biochar may represent the single most important initiative for humanity’s environmental future. Biochar can also be applied to the outside walls of a building by jet-spray technique mixing it with lime. Microbes living in biochar are an ideal medium to retain and recycle these anions. biochar-journal. Learn how to make and use biochar to amend soil without chemical fertilizers. Only lately, when biochar got into focus as climate mitigation strategy, its function as soil amendment and nutrient carrier was Biochar is a type of charcoal or activated carbon that is especially good at supporting plant growth. If biochar could help us hold and spread out soil moisture, plus create a home for microbes, it may be a profound improvement. A good estimate is that biochar makes up about 10% of the soil that is used for planting. If you would like to participate, you can choose to edit this article, or visit the project page for more information. Datenschutz & Cookies: Diese Website verwendet Cookies. “It [biochar] distinguishes itself from charcoal and similar materials by the fact that biochar is produced with the intent to be applied to soil as a means to improve soil health, to filter and retain nutrients from percolating soil water, and to provide carbon storage”3. text IBI provides a platform for fostering stakeholder collaboration, good industry practices, and environmental and ethical standards to support biochar systems that are safe and economically viable One billion tons of biochar produced per year within 50 years. The potential benefits of biochar production are high–particularly in terms of mitigating climate change, improving soil quality, and producing renewable carbon-negative energy. The specific alterations and their magnitude are dependent on the physical and chemical characteristics of the biochar itself, the physical and chemical characteristics of the soil to which it is applied, and the amount of biochar material applied. Biochar is a form of charcoal produced from sustainable sources in an energy efficient way and used for any purpose that does not result in the immediate release of carbon back into the atmosphere. „Neu“ bezieht sich auf brandneue, nicht gebrauchte Artikel in ungeöffneter Verpackung, „gebraucht“ auf bereits benutzte Artikel. Activated carbons are a mature market of about one million tons annual production, which is growing slowly. Biochar definition is – a form of charcoal that is produced by exposing organic waste matter (such as wood chips, crop residue, or manure) to heat in a low-oxygen environment and that is used especially as a soil amendment. Biochar is a nearly pure carbon, all-natural, and naturally-occurring material that is produced by heating (wood) biomass just above its kindling temperature in an oxygen reduced environment, removing all the volatile organic compounds, producing a stable, low ash content, and extremely porous compound with numerous high-value applications MuniRem Environmental applies Biochar derived from different plant biomass and agricultural waste for: Soil, sediment and surface water remediation Prior art keywords biochar biomass method pyrolysis biochar core Prior art date 2009-06-08 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Biochar alone added to poor soil has little benefit to plants, but when used in combination with compost and organic fertilizers, it can dramatically improve plant growth while helping retain The term biochar is relatively new and may be unfamiliar to many, but the fundamentals of augmenting earth with fine-grained charcoal created by pyrolysis (heating carbon-rich organic matter in low oxygen conditions) have boosted the fertility of soil for thousands of years. Biochar is a method of effectively and organically rebuilding the soil in your vegetable garden or farm. g. Pflanzenkohle aus Pflanzen, für Pflanzen. ARTi sends completed biochar reactor to Haliburton Forest. An innovative agricultural technology with biochar that increases yields in an ecological manner. Although commonly valued as a soil amendment, biochar also holds promise by providing several mechanisms for carbon sequestration in addition to sequestering carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere in properly-buried pyrolyzed biomass. Biochar is a type of charcoal, made and used for specific purposes – most often as a soil amendment. But while it already is being produced on a small scale, biochar’s proponents and detractors are sharply divided over whether it can help slow global warming. In vielen wissenschaftlichen Veröffentlichungen und Medienberichten zur Terra Preta do Indio wird die Herstellung dieses äußerst fruchtbaren Bodens als Vorbild für eine nachhaltige Landnutzung einer einstigen Hochkultur im Amazonasgebiet herangezogen. Biochar has become a hot topic lately, and there is some confusion about just what people mean when they say, “biochar. Incrementing from its evaluated worth of US$444. , 3793 N. The lowest price is $13. Im Rahmen der pyrogene CO 2-Abscheidung und -Speicherung soll dieses Verfahren im Kampf gegen die Folgen der globalen Erwärmung verwendet werden. wood waste, manures) is bumed at relatively low temperatures (less than 1300°F) and under an anoxic (lack of Biochar 2018. Research has shown that the soil will be healthier, allowing crops and flowers to produce a larger yield. Soil degradation is a major concern in agriculture globally. Using biochar in green areas of the city, carbon sinks, plants grow easily, and storm water infiltrates efficiently, helping to manage flooding. 10 l = approximately 3,2 kg of biochar, on a pallet. Biochar Now Certifications BIOCHAR NOW PRODUCTS BIOCHAR 2016 Symposium: The Synergy of Science and Industry. Biochar is a highly porous stable Carbon-rich product resulting from the charring of biomass (e. Beston biochar making machine has invented the newest high temperature anaerobic technology, which can process various biomass wastes such as rice husk, coconut shell, palm shell, wood, bamboo, etc, into a black, porous, and fine-grained charcoal. 2 deals were found for Biochar. Gründung des Biochar Science Network of Switzerland (BCS) Pflanzenkohle mag einer der ältesten Bodenverbesserer der Menschheitsgeschichte sein, in der Wissenschaftsgeschichte jedoch ist die Erforschung der Pflanzenkohle einer der jüngsten Fachbereiche. und 26. Biochar is charcoal used as a soil amendment. Gardens and Flower Beds It is recommended that the top 4"-6" of your raised bed garden is mixed with the Wakefield Biochar Soil Conditioner. Department of Agriculture indicates. ’ Biochar. However, there were not significant reductions of lipid content, which indicates that they did not starve or avoid ingestion (Gomez-Eyles et al. Biochar keeps nutrients and fertilizers from washing away, encourages microbial growth, and absorbs and holds onto water, making your plants more drought resistant. Biochar is a charcoal-like material that is produced by pyrolysis of biomass. , 2011). A new biochar friend of mine from Western NY has just started manufacturing a nifty little retort for making biochar called the ‘Biocharlie’. Biochar, a biomass that is burned at very high temperature in the absence of oxygen, has recently become an interesting subject of study. Biochar, a material obtained after thermal treatment of this waste through pyrolysis, is an organic fertilizer that applied in soils and not only has positive effects on crop yields, but also Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology (Earthscan, 2009) is a comprehensive treatise on all aspects of biochar production and utilization and is essential to anyone Colorado Biochar Resources: Location Biochar Production Biochar Sales Equipment Manufacturing Contact Us. Ground biochar would blow away very quickly if driven over daily. Terra Preta Hoffnung für Böden und Klima? Von Rebecca Hillauer. Biochar is of increasing interest because of concerns about climate change caused by emissions of carbon dioxide. Ippolito, USDA–ARS, Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research Lab. Biochar is an ideal amendment to increase crop yields in most soil types. Like most charcoal, biochar is made from biomass via pyrolysis. Biochar is very porous, but not amorphous (unshaped), this determines the essential characterises of biochar and offers a wide range of applications. 5. This unit will a) produce biochar from nearly any feedstock b) condense wood vinegar from the raw syngas stream, c) crack and filter the raw syngas remaining after the condensation step to produce a clean mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, known as syngas, and d) optionally burn the syngas to Biochar is within the scope of WikiProject Soil, which collaborates on Soil and related articles on Wikipedia. Buy Green Man Char Biochar – the perfect soil conditioner for your garden. 06. Finally, don't forget to soak your biochar before application. byHorizontal bed biochar production kiln. Furthermore, a greener city contributes with a whole array of auxiliary benefits such as cleaner air, increased biodiversity while combating heat island effects. A brief history of biochar From Conquistadors to soil scientists, the evolution of terra preta into biochar is a bizarre and intriguing story. Biochar activities in Finland The Finnish Biochar Association is pleased to announce that the map of biochar activities in Finland is now published. 6,000 years ago, terra preta was invented—famous charcoal-rich “dark earth” of Brazil’s Amazon Basin—among the most fertile soils ever discovered on Earth—a stark contrast to California Biochar Association Donation Form $ Donation Amount: Choose Your Donation Amount: $25 – Student Member $100 – Individual Member $250 – Bronze Member (Small Business) $500 – Silver Member (Char Enthusiast) $1,000 – Gold (Benefactor) Give a Custom Amount Biochar—plant and animal material turned into charcoal to store carbon—has been proposed as a climate mitigation strategy. Srinivasarao, K. The Kon-Tiki flame curtain kiln re-connect biochar making to the ancient wisdom and craft of fire making and combines it with smart design based on modern thermodynamics to …Biochar can be thought off as x-ray scan of the original biomass, which uncovers the structures of the biomass input. Great for residential use, these units dispose of waste, generate heat and power and produce biochar for the family garden. How to Make Biochar Organically Improve your Vegetable Garden Soil. WHAT IS BIOCHAR? “Biochar is a solid material obtained from the carbonization or thermochemical conversion of biomass in an oxygen-limited environment. These waste products are used as feedstock for production of biochar. This substance is suitable for the creation of biochar-based soil amendment products, and new research suggests that it is appropriate for certain water filtration and environmental remediation applications. The Ithaka Institute’s team is made up of people who are not just specialized in their respective disciplines, but who, as in an ecosystem, are tightly linked with each other, forming a …The Australian Government funded research to understand biochar’s ability to store carbon and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Biochar may be added to soils with the intention to improve soil functions and to reduce 27. It is actually an ancient practice that was used by Natives in the Amazon’s Rainforests thousands of years ago, called Terra Preta. Ancient ‘Biochar’ Could Help Environment Monday, August 10, 2015. Our mission as a company is to revitalize the planet, inspire action and generate mutual value by empowering people. BIOCHAR. 5% during the forecast period of 2017 to 2025 and reach a valuation of US$14,751. Can I just buy a bag of charcoal at the market, grind it up and spread it on my field? Biochar describes a method of converting biomass into charcoal and then mixing it into soils to store the burnt carbon. This analysis draws on total lifecycle assessments of the many ways biochar prevents and sequesters greenhouse gases, while assuming the nascent biochar industry is limited by the availability of global biomass feedstocks. (Abstract from Wikipedia). Biochar is made by pyrolysis (thermo-chemical decomposition) of biomass (biological material from living or recently living organisms). It is not a cure all, research changes perceptions of its Biochar is a valuable soil amendment. Jukka PumpanenUse of Biochar for Soil Health Enhancement and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in India: Potential and Constraints Ch. Es idóneo para agricultura ecológica/orgánica, Soil carbon in heavily farmed areas has been lost; by adding more carbon back into the soil, we can address many of today’s most pressing problems. Find out more about all the benefits here. Since the Effects of Biochar and Sludge on Carbon Storage of Urban Green Roofs Green roofs can improve urban ecological conditions by mitigating the heat island effect and absorbing harmful gases. There is a catch, however: The biochar should be produced from chicken Find great deals on eBay for biochar. For more detailed information please see our list of related web links Biochar is created by slowly heating biomass (wood and other plant materials) in a low-oxygen environment, such as a kiln, until everything but the carbon is burned off and then putting it into the ground Buy biochar today. A total of $40,000 will be awarded in 2018 to accomplish projects that meet these goals. The black earth discovered in Amazonia, that dates well before the Conquistadors, was nourished with ground charcoal and organic residues. They are basically like Biochar has a larger climate-change mitigation potential than combustion of the same sustainably procured biomass for bioenergy, except when fertile soils are amended while coal is the fuel being offset. ” Unlike mined charcoal, it is made by pyrolysis (decomposition brought about by high temperatures). UPS and FedEx handle the company’s small shipments. The findings could help recycle urine into agricultural fertilisers. Globally increasing consumption of organic food and ability of biochar to enhance soil fertility & plant growth is expected to be a key factor driving the market growth. Soil Builders Doing Well by Doing Good. Footnotes. Biochar is likely to have great variation over climate, soil types, and various agricultural land-use practices, and that many of these figures represent initial findings which require more research in …Norway and abroad. Abbreviations: GHG, greenhouse gas; PAH, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. Biochar, or charcoal produced from plant matter and applied to soil, has become increasingly recognized as having the potential to address multiple contemporary concerns, such as agricultural productivity and contaminated ecosystem amelioration, primarily by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and improving soil functions. Biochar is a universal sorbent suitable in strategies for removing contaminants from both soil and water. Intensive study of biochar-rich dark earths in the Amazon (terra preta) has led to a wider appreciation of biochar’s unique properties as a soil enhancer. Gopinath, G. 49 from Chewy. As a leading manufacturer in China, Beston supplies high-quality biochar production equipment for sale. Guess we have to start somewhere. It it created using a pyrolysis process, heating biomass in a low oxygen environment. what is biochar Hoping to promote simple, scalable, environmentally sound methods for making biochar for improving the soil on small farms and in backyard gardens. Make Your Own BioChar and Terra Preta: A simple way to make BioChar in a 55 gallon drum. Biochar provides a unique soil improving solution for the long term, using locally available materials. Intensive study of biochar-rich dark earths in the Due to its adsorption ability, some biochars have the potential to immobilise heavy metals, pesticides, herbicides, and hormones; prevent nitrate leaching and Biochar is a solid material obtained from the carbonisation of biomass. It is produced by pyrolysis of sustainably obtained biomass under controlled conditions with clean technology and is used for any purpose that does not involve its rapid mineralisation to CO2 and may eventually become a soil amendment. Infusion is . It contains a high proportion of extremely stable carbon, and so sustainable production of biochar can be a significant, viable Negative Emissions Technology for mitigating human-induced climate change. biochar is a more stable nutrient source than compost and manure (Chan, et al. ’ ‘But turn the trash into biochar and experts say harmful carbon dioxides are sealed in, not released into the atmosphere. Today we are happy to offer you the first chapter of …The so-called biochar production equipment has adopted this advanced biochar production technology and has been equipped with related mature devices, which is aimed at making charcoal from biomass and turning waste to energy. com/ goes on a field trip to Josiah Hunt's Farm to share with you what is biochar, how its made and why you should never use Biochar has long been used as a carbon-rich soil enhancer and is acknowledged for its potential to support soil health. Focus on Australia. When you buy Green Man Char Biochar, you are purchasing a 100% natural and sustainable Australian Biochar is a solid material obtained from the pyrolysis or gasification of biomass. Abonnenten: 1,5K Biochar – an overview | ScienceDirect TopicsDiese Seite übersetzenhttps://www. Ours uses invasive buckthorn for feedstock and our biochar kiln is fired without the use of fossil fuels. From what I understand, biochar is the same substance as charcoal, just put to a different use. com/topics/materials-science/biocharSince biochar particles are small in size (micrometre range), determination of their mechanical properties through conventional testing equipment becomes challenging. All Black Owl Biochar (TM) products have greater than 70% Organic Carbon. 08. Biochar is a soil amendment that locks carbon in the soil, improves the availability of soil minerals to plants. Interest in biochar is particularly strong in the Pacific Northwest, led by the Northwest Biochar Workgroup, with over 100 members. Acceptable feedstocks include: wood chips, green waste, overs, rice hull, corn cob, nut shells and husks, cotton gin trash, pomace, and more. Biochar is an inert, fine-grained, highly porous carbon-rich form of charcoal. Years, tons, acres and lots of people. What is Biochar? Biochar is a solid, carbon-rich material obtained from the carbonization of biomass. Its origin. Biochar increases soil health, sustainability and reduces the effects of climate change. A new adventure is beginning. Biochar Now has negotiated national discount rates with major carriers. biochar to soil fertility while recharging the soil ecosystem. How many different kinds of biochar are there? There are many different kinds of biochar or carbonized biomass. It is not a cure all, research changes perceptions of its Biochar—plant and animal material turned into charcoal to store carbon—has been proposed as a climate mitigation strategy. Phone: (719) 544-2194 Fax: (719) 544-2195 Biochar is a powerful soil conditioner, it decreases carbon-dioxide levels in the atmosphere and, through its production, it will even create enough energy to provide heat and hot water for more than 80 apartments in the city. 05. (Use a fork to loosen the soil in the bottom of the trench and you’ll get the added benefits of this “double-digging” technique. Members & Partners in the European Biochar Research Netwok. Show results for. Biochar is a type of charcoal or activated carbon that is especially good at supporting plant growth. It is as green as we can make it The Bazman Firespire fire pit is a one off artistic piece and my labor of love to get right. Biochar also works as a natural fertilizer and insecticide. Biochar also has a variety of other uses, including animal feed supplements and use as a water filtration medium. The biochar machine uses slow pyrolysis to burn biomass in a low-oxygen chamber, which can be also called biochar pyrolysis plant. Use of biochar in agricultural systems is one viable option that can enhance natural rates of carbon sequestration in the soil, reduce farm waste and improve the soil quality. Biochar is a commercially produced product resulting from the pyrolysis of plant-based biomass. Milestones Awarded $2M in grant funding from the California Energy Commission (CEC) – 2015 The Biochar for Sustainable Soils (B4SS) is a medium-sized project funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) under the Land Degradation Focal Area in the GEF-5 Strategies. 2013Heating biomass in a zero-oxygen environment to temperatures of 250°C or greater yields energy-rich gases and liquids, and a solid charcoal, or char. ” I’d like to tell you how I think of biochar and answer a few frequently asked questions – hopefully that helps clear things up a bit. That's where expertise from Wilson Biochar Associates can make all the difference for the success of your enterprise. Biochar. Our part of California is prone to late summer wildfires of enormous proportions which litter the ground with the charred remains of chaparral. A Great Introduction to Biochar! Biochar is defined simply as charcoal that is used for agricultural purposes. . Biochar Can Beneficially Change The World. Biochar as an amendment to improve soil fertility and nutrient retention: Laboratory Experiments, since 2001: Changes of biochar properties and effects on soil fertility were monitored as influenced by biotic and abiotic processes and additions of inorganic and organic fertilizers. Donate today to help us do more! IBI is a 501(c)(3) non-profit NGO. 8 gigatons of carbon dioxide emissions reductions by 2050. International Biochar Initiative. When I was growing up on a small farm in Virginia we used untreated biochar on struggling soils, though we didn’t call it biochar then Biochar is a small part of the total project, but it shows the potential for using biochar as component in filteration media that can improve the system as a whole. Biochar is highly stable and does not degrade; it possesses physical properties that assist in retention of nutrients in the soil. Improves cation exchange capacity for greater mineral delivery to plant roots. , scale of each project). And in drought scenarios, the micropore space of biochar particles are going to hang onto water longer from the plant availability standpoint. Growing with Biochar assists growers to make, buy, prepare, use, and test biochar in soils on their farms. After months of hard work and anticipation, Team ARTi (Advanced Renewable Technology International) shipped its first, newly built biochar reactor to Haliburton Forest and Wild Life Reserve Ltd. Biochar is a material that helps fight global warming, and your garden. Last updated on December 30, 2018. It has gained much attention in recent years for its ability to boost soil fertility and microbiology, upgrade soil structure, and accelerate plant growth. Los ajustes de cookies de esta web están configurados para "permitir cookies" y así ofrecerte la mejor experiencia de navegación posible. Wir freuen uns, Sie auf unserer Homepage begrüßen zu können. Venkatesh,The BiGchar (Black is Green) patented biochar production technology features durability, mobility, and accepts a wide range of feedstocks. Dominic Woolf January 2008 Biochar as a soil amendment: A review of the environmental implications. The Biochar Company (TBC) is an integrated biochar product development, marketing and sales company. Biochar is not intended to be used solely as a soil substitute. Scanning all available deals for Biochar shows that the average price across all deals is $17. what is biocharBiochar is charcoal used as a soil amendment. Biochar Is a Valuable Soil Amendment. Biochar Market is envisaged to be developed at a telling rate on the back of regions; Players in the biochar market receive support from companies supplying pyrolysis technology and wood pellets and residue Growing with Biochar Soil Carbon Sequestration Teach & Test with Research & Demonstration Plots Lawrence, Kansas, May 2013. Patio, Lawn & Garden. Studies have shown that as part of a feed ration, biochar improved animal health and reduced odors. Biochar, form of charcoal made from animal wastes and plant residues (such as wood chips, leaves, and husks) that undergo pyrolysis, a process that rapidly decomposes organic …Zur Sommersonnenwende feiert die internationale Biochar-Gemeinde erneut den World CharDay. This 2,000 year-old practice Biochar is a high-efficiency delivery system for anions, with high bioavailability and minimal loss by leach­ing. Under low Biochar is charcoal used as a soil amendment. BioChar and its use in amending soil is an age old technique that has Previous Page 1 2 3 8 Next Page. Instead, they are now pushing biochar as a niche product for small-scale and organic farmers. Soil additives can improve roof soil properties and promote the stability of the urban ecosystem. The use of biomass-derived black carbon or biochar, the solid byproduct from the pyrolysis processing of any organic feedstock, has garnered recent attention as a potential vehicle for carbon sequestration and a beneficial soil conditioner. Biochar is the new techie eco name for plain charcoal made from renewable plant material (biomass). The Biochar Demonstration Project emerged from the community through a series of community outreach events organized by the Mendocino County Woody Biomass Working Group (WBWG). This unit will a) produce biochar from nearly any feedstock b) condense wood vinegar from the raw syngas stream, c) crack and filter the raw syngas remaining after the condensation step to produce a clean mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, known as syngas, and d) optionally burn the syngas to generate electricity. Biochar thus has the potential to help mitigate climate change via carbon sequestration. The Biochar for Sustainable Soils (B4SS) is a medium-sized project funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) under the Land Degradation Focal Area in the GEF-5 Strategies. Market Overview. August 22-25, Corvallis OR. A project backed by UN Environment and the Global Environment Facility is boosting the sustainability of soil amendments in Vietnam using biochar made from agricultural wastes. A signficant amount that research must be conducted to assess the value, performance, cost-benefit analysis, life cycle analyses, scaling, and carbon sequestration potential of biochar. growingyourgreens. Impressions of the 2018 Biochar Conference. Commercially available biochar currently sells at a price of between $200-$400 a cubic yard. [1] What is Biochar? Simply stated, Biochar is a solid by-product/waste stream (~90% of highly stable fixed carbon) resulting from the gasification of biomass feedstock (pyrolysis technology where biomass is heated with a minimum or absence of oxygen). It slows down the rate of decay, allowing organic matter to last longer in the soil. Industry Insights. Biochar only differs from charcoal in its intent: biochar is produced specifically for soil application, whereas charcoal has a multitude of applications. There is no more comprehensive reference guide today on the topic of Biochar than The Biochar Revolution. Biochar is a low-tech way to harness the vast power of plants to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Biochar: A Home Gardener's Primer WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION FACT SHEET • FS147E Home gardeners may have heard about biochar, but may not understand exactly what it is and what it does. A flurry of research has been funded and published related to biochar, but what really is this biochar stuff? A few studies have suggested that biochar helps speed up the composting process (probably by increasing microorganism populations), and when you put the biochar-compost on your garden, the biochar will already be full of hard-working microbes. Limited Input Mode – Mehr als 1000 ungeprüfte Übersetzungen! Du kannst trotzdem eine neue Übersetzung vorschlagen, wenn du dich einloggst und andereFutterkohle, Pflanzenkohle, TerraPreta & Co. Furthermore, biochar reduces pressure on forests. org/2018/05/16/what-is-biocharMay 16, 2018 Biochar technology shows promise in mitigating climate change and improving soil quality, as well as reducing waste and producing energy as The term biochar is relatively new and may be unfamiliar to many, but the fundamentals of augmenting earth with fine-grained charcoal created by pyrolysis Apr 24, 2018 Biochar is short for “biomass charcoal. An additional discount is available for 2 items. Barefoot Biochar Biochar Stoves Events Vitality Community Consultation Testimonials FAQ Our enterprise is located in northern New South Wales in the middle of a neglected plantation forest. Biochar protects and supports the growth of roots. The International Biochar Initiative (IBI) provides for the international exchange of information and activities in support of biochar research, development , demonstration and commercialization. Black Owl Biochar's Pure & Nautral, Premium Organic Biochar is OMRI-Listed. Biochar definition is – a form of charcoal that is produced by exposing organic waste matter (such as wood chips, crop residue, or manure) to heat in a low-oxygen environment and that is used especially as a soil amendment. Biochar is organic matter that has undergone combustion under low to no oxygen conditions (i. George Monbiot's implication that we believe biochar is a miracle solution to CO2 reduction is grossly misunderstood, say Pushker Kharecha and Jim Hansen . The Biochar Reddit Like most charcoal, biochar is made from biomass via pyrolysis. Biochar in soil: Mechanisms of Carbon sequestration, Soil quality improvement and Contaminant remediation 2012-2016 NRC Fri-Pro program ("excellent" proposal in …The project achieved this though testing different biochar production methods, conducting field trials and modelling the impact of applying this strategy worldwide. This is because more moisture and nutrients remain in the soil and don’t leach into the groundwater. Why four months? Sawdust is a pre ground feedstock that could be used. According to the International Biochar Initiative (IBI) recently released Standardized Product Definition and Product Testing Guidelines for Biochar That Is Used in Soil, biochar is: a solid material obtained from the thermochemical conversion of biomass in an oxygen-limited environment. Ziel der Richtlinien und Zertifizierung. Name. The use of biochar will Biochar Application is the first reference to offer a complete assessment of the various impacts of biochar on soil and ecosystems, and includes chapters analyzing all aspects of biochar technology and application to soil, from ecogenomic analyses and application ratios to nutrient cycling and next generation sequencing. Idea. Biochar is a sustainable solution for the environment, health and agriculture to name a new. Definition of biochar – charcoal produced from plant matter and stored in the soil as a means of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. During the carbonization process, the biomass is carbonized into bio-charcoal under a high-temperature and oxygen-absence environment. biochar to soil can have multiple benefits, such as the carbon sinks and soil additives to increase plant productivity. Autor: Perry MorrowAufrufe: 3,8KBiochar – Make It GreenDiese Seite übersetzenhttps://makeitgreen. Yoder and Galinato, 2009 1 Cubic foot of Sonoma Biochar is applied to the surface of 48 square feet of soil. This study evaluated the potential of four biochars each produced from a different Biochar is an exciting new field with great potential but significant uncertainties. Terra Char is the brand name of our quality biochar, which is made from ligneous biomass, and is known for its low moisture and high fixed carbon content. With higher rate of production yield, biochar can be used as soil fertilizer, fuel and additive of activated carbon. Biochar 2018 will be held in Wilmington Delaware with proximity to the Delaware River and Bay, Chesapeake Bay, Hudson Rivers, and Long Island Sounds watershed that together drain over 107,000 square miles providing critically important environmental and economic commerce, food, and natural resources for more than 45 million people. Biochar, it’s what we do. Biochar buffers the extremes – so in saturated soil conditions the biochar is going to drain more quickly, open that pore space up for oxygen and air infiltration. Ours uses invasive buckthorn for feedstock and our biochar kiln is fired without fossil fuels. It is a stable product, very rich in carbon, which is used to lock carbon into the soil. , scale of each project). Biochar has the potential to provide benefits to multiple economic sectors integrated within its supply chain, for example biochar and biofuel co-production can provide additional revenue streams for forestry and waste management. 99. Adding biochar to sand also makes it less dense, so one would expect that soil to drain more quickly as well; but in fact, researchers have found that biochar-amended sand holds water longer. With help from the Mens Shed we created the Biochar Stumpy Stove, a fantastic permaculture device that allows people in poorer countries to cook using less water while making biochar as a by-product. com/ goes on a field trip to Josiah Hunt's Farm to share with you what is biochar, how its made and why you should never use Biochar advocates initially worked to gain funding from carbon markets, arguing that biochar could “offset” fossil fuel pollution, but with the recent decline of global carbon markets they have largely retreated seeking carbon financing. Global Biochar Market: Snapshot. Biochar and its Making biochar is a huge subject on its own and better explored separately by the reader. 8 thousand by 2025. Biochar is charcoal created by pyrolysis of biomass, and differs from charcoal only in the sense that its primary use is not for fuel, but for biosequestration or atmospheric carbon capture and storage. Biochar activities in Finland The Finnish Biochar Association is pleased to announce that the map of biochar activities in Finland is now published. Email*Biochar is becoming a new trends substituting inorganic fertilizer which is environmentally friendly and help improve soil quality against degradation!Biochar is a name for charcoal (pyrolized plant matter), especially in usage as soil amendment. , pyrolysis) resulting in a recalcitrant, high carbon material specifically for use as a soil amendment. Weitere Informationen, beispielsweise zur Kontrolle von Cookies, findest du hier: Cookie-RichtlinieWe look forward to hearing from you. Oxford Biochar is part of the Big Biochar Experiment >>>> This is the first large-scale experiment on the use of biochar in British allotments and gardens. Biochar is a type of charcoal and is formed through the decomposition of biomass through pyrolysis with byproducts of bio-oil and syngas. Although commonly valued as a soil amendment, biochar also holds promise by providing several mechanisms for carbon sequestration in addition to sequestering carbon dioxide (CO 2) from the atmosphere in properly-buried pyrolyzed biomass. Locally sourced, naturally processed, reasonably priced. Perhaps the most biochar, more cheaply than the pyrolysis process the main emphasis in the latter is on the production of biochar. Terra Preta, die "schwarze Erde" der Indios aus dem Amazonasgebiet, gilt längst nicht mehr nur in Öko-Fachkreisen als Dauerhumus, der nicht abgebaut wird. Biochar is found in soils around the world as a result of vegetation fires and historic soil-management practices. The Best BioChar Garden Kiln is based on the Japanese cone kiln. com while the highest price is $22. ), manure and bone. , wood chips, plant residues, manure or other agricultural waste products] for the purpose of transforming the biomass carbon into a more stable form (carbon sequestration). 8 gigatons of carbon dioxide emissions reductions by 2050. My main conclusion is that there are many many bad ways shown on the internet to make biochar and the main problems are: Biochar, also known as black carbon, is a product derived from organic materials rich in carbon (C) and is found in soils in very stable solid forms, often as deposits. Buy Today. Biochar is a way for carbon to be drawn from the atmosphere and is a solution to reducing the global impact of farming (and in reducing the impact from all agricultural waste). With just one application of our premium biochar, you will increase the organic matter in your soil and help nutrients and water reliably get to the plant roots with great results for years. By making biochar from brush and other hard to compost organic material, you can improve soil — it enhances nutrient availability and also enables soil to retain nutrients longer. Reading: Laird D 2008 The charcoal vision: A win–win–win scenario for simultaneously producing bioenergy, permanently sequestering carbon, while improving soil and water quality. ‘Lehmann will discuss the combined benefit of biochar for carbon sequestration and improved soil fertility. Oregon Biochar Solutions manufactures ultra-pure biochar. Biochar Solutions Inc is deploying a Network of distributed carbon sequestration and soil restoration capacity by designing, producing, and selling continuous process industrial equipment to convert wood waste (carbon liabilities) into biochar and bioenergy (carbon solutions). “Currently sourcing enough biochar for application at the commercial farm scale is nearly impossible, due to lack of supply. Wenn du die Website weiterhin nutzt, stimmst du der Verwendung von Cookies zu. J. All diese Meiler (kiln) waren vergleichsweise klein, und eher für den Garten und Hobbybereich geeignet, aber das Prinzip war klar: Biochar mithilfe des Feuers …“Biochar may represent the single most important initiative for humanity’s environmental future. The modality of biochar in its ability to act as an effective soil amendment is similar to the traditional “slash-and-burn” fertilization method, where farmers removethe vegetation and The Biochar Solutions Thermal Conversion System is designed to manufacture a consistent, clean, and high quality biochar as the MAIN product. Biochar Farms was established to provide practical, accessible, and objective information about biochar production and its application to soils. 1 "Terra Preta"-certain dark highly fertile soils found in the South American Amazon thought to be purposefully created by pre-Columbian Indians 500-2500 years ago. • Returns look good if biochar can be sold for $200/ton and there is a value (market) for the gas. International Biochar Initiative, the Northwest Biochar Workgroup, and universities, including Oregon State University and Washington State University. blend of organically-listed vermicompost tea and . LTL carriers (partial truck loads) manage the medium sized loads and semi-tractor trailers handle the large shipments (up to 72 cubic yards per trailer). Biochar is an excellent long term carbon sink/reservoir/trap, and it’s been shown to produce wonderfully durable fertility in soils. BIOCHAR is an old technology backed up by new science that tackles modern world problems in relation to soil health and depletion. Charcoal Green® Biochar soil amendments for gardens and farms, soil decontamination, soil improvement, greener turf grass. Discover the mechanisms and processes of biochar amendment for achieving stunning agricultural and environmental benefits. Presentation of the potential of biochar to improve the fertility of poor soils, and to sequester carbon. Wakefield Biochar is a premium quality soil conditioner that gives your plantings the best opportunity for success because it helps create a healthier soil. die Grundstrukturen sind dabei freigelegt. . 5″ wide by 11″ deep kiln, made of sturdy 20 gauge steel, is by far the easiest, affordable, and fastest way to make biochar at home. Today biochar is being explored both as a soil amendment and as a way of sequestering carbon in soil. BIOCHAR PIROECO es un producto natural, CO2 NEGATIVO*, obtenido mediante ecopirólisis de biomasas seleccionadas, de fuentes sostenibles y renovables, sin aditivos químicos. US researchers have demonstrated that biochar, essentially burnt plants, can remove pharmaceuticals from urine waste streams. The USBI Biochar Conference, held this year in Wilmington, Delaware, was a great success, bringing together attendees from all sectors of the biochar industry along with some representatives from industries just waking up to biochar’s possibilities. What is Biochar. In more technical terms, biochar is produced by thermal decomposition of organic material (biomass such as wood, manure or leaves) under limited supply of oxygen (O2), and at relatively low temperatures (<700°C). Clockwise from the Biochar is the product of plant or animal products (biomass) undergoing pyrolysis, a high-heat chemical reaction, to convert the carbon-containing biomass to a stable, non-decomposing form of charcoal. Move the biochar and compost back and forth to make sure it all gets moist. Biochar is a very stable compound and when it is incorporated into soils can remain there for hundreds of years. Our Black Owl (TM) premium organic biochar is OMRI-listed and certified for organic use. Biochar mus be researched and developed deeper, I understand fears over monoculture giant feedlots for producing biochar as a way for industry to make money and get a bypass for carbon storage, yet we need to think about using it as a technology not a save all. Biochar is an emerging market; growing rapidly, still in its infancy, but with gigaton market potential when we, as in humanity, start addressing the climate crisis. Biochar is a C-rich organic material produced during slow exothermic decomposition of biomass at temperatures ≤700°C under zero oxygen or low oxygen conditions (Lehman and Joseph, 2009). It is the International Biochar Initiative of Cornell University that started promoting that technology around 10 years ago and has shown that biochar stimulates the soil metabolism and immune defences of the plants that protect them against diseases and insects. Biochar production may rub up against fire restriction rules in an urban environment. MSU AgBioResearch soil contaminant remediation experts Stephen Boyd, Brian Teppen and Hui Li are looking at the use of biochar to help sequester and remove dioxins and other… Check out this informative overview of Biochar, an ancient soil amendment that is essentially charred organic material, with Michael Whitman founder the Southern California Biochar Initiative, at the City of Thousand Oaks Household Hazardous Waste Facility. Biochar is found naturally in soils around the world, has been around for thousands of years and is a very important aspect of agricultural production. We produce and sell 100% Biochar made of natural non-processed wood by the pyrolysis method in the temperature of 850 ° to reach especially effective micro porosity. Buy organic biochar products online from Biochar Supreme. net/biocharBiochar improves water quality by helping to retain nutrients and agrochemicals in soils for use by plants and crops, resulting in less pollution. ) 2,5 cubic metres = approximately 800 kg of biochar in BigBag on a pallet. h. It can increase the soil’s ability to hold moisture, nutrients, and carbon, and increase habitat for beneficial soil microbes. Die Pflanzenkohle (engl. Agricultural and environmental communities are looking to biochar for enhancing soil carbon sequestration and crop productivity, but practical applications are elusive. Biochar fits within the broader concept of geoengineering, a slew of proposed methods to reverse climate change by essentially vacuuming greenhouse gases out of the atmosphere. Autor: BiocharAufrufe: 101KtBJ:The 55 uses of biocharDiese Seite übersetzenhttps://www. 4 kilo tons in 2017. Jan. The global biochar market size was estimated at 353. Haliburton Forest is a privat read more Biochar science is an continuously maturing field of study that is showing considerable growth and potential. Deals are available from 1 stores . In 2013, the NW Biochar Workgroup convened Biochar offers the following benefits to your soil and plant health: Both repenishes and retains soil nutrients so crops will be more nutrient-dense. To make Biochar, you burn biomass using pyrolysis – a low/no-oxygen burning environment that prevents combustion of the biomass material, and therefore produces charcoal. com/ goes on a field trip to Josiah Hunt's Farm to share with you what is biochar, how its made and  What is Biochar? – Regeneration International regenerationinternational. In newer technical applications it could be the end product from commercial scale Pyrolysis Plants that use everything from forest trimmings to chicken manure to city garbage as The biochar needs to have a living biofilm added to it so one might as well get that by using it for something useful other than the garden first. Biochar is one of the oldest soil amendments in the history of agriculture. Welcome to the UKBRC Biochar is a specially designed charcoal which offers a bright future for organic resource management, soil improvement and energy production. Independently, biochar can increase soil fertility of acidic soils (low pH soils), increase agricultural productivity, and provide protection against some foliar and soil-borne diseases. Biochar can: improve water quality increase soil productivity reduce climate change This is YOUR chance to be part of research that could affect the lives of billions. FIRE ACCELERATES / BIOCHAR DECELERATES THE CARBON CYCLE Biochar offers a strong link between the three Rio conventions as it simultaneously addresses climate change, soil …Biochar has become a hot topic lately, and there is some confusion about just what people mean when they say, “biochar. This 30. Hence, the identification of biochar properties responsible for positive (and negative) impacts on soil fertility, greenhouse gases and carbon sequestration is needed, followed by the development of methods to optimize these biochar properties and soil improvement. • Biochar is in development • More plant trials are needed to establish the agronomic and market values of biochar. Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon, and can endure in soil for thousands of years. The resulting biochar — similar to charcoal — is then added to compost, sawdust or fish waste, for example, before being placed into the ground. Your plants and crops will thank you as biochar increases the water and nutrient holding capacity of your soil, ensuring happy and healthy plants. Therefore, biochar is considered a ‘carbon sink’. Perhaps the most Pflanzenkohle (auch Biokohle) wird durch pyrolytische Verkohlung rein pflanzlicher Ausgangsstoffe hergestellt. S. Impact: Biochar can produce 0. In its simplest form it would be the leftover coals from a campfire. Biochar is the solid product of thermochemically processing biomass, used for agronomic or horticulture purposes. Juni so viel Pflanzenkohle wie möglich herzustellen und damit ein Zeichen dafür zu setzen, welche bedeutenden Auswirkungen die Bindung von pflanzlichem Kohlenstoff für den Kampf gegen den BioChar is a wonderful soil additive. com. The unit, called the Biochar 1000, is designed to convert woody biomass, such as agricultural or forestry waste, into biochar, a black, porous, and fine-grained charcoal that can be used as a BIOCHAR USE IN SOIL GUIDELINES & INSTRUCTIONS for Growers David Yarrow, May 2014 this unfinished article is a work-in-process Something old is new again. Biochar can also start out its agriculture life as a feed additive, with the resulting manure being composted and applied to the soil. Biochar has an important role within the context of 1st Nations & humanity's 'indigenous' ancestors worldwide cultivated 3-dimensional Polyculture Orchards as many sources in this article support. Biochar describes a method of converting biomass into charcoal and then mixing it into soils to store the burnt carbon. 2008 · Presentation of the potential of biochar to improve the fertility of poor soils, and to sequester carbon. Written by a team of biomass remains in the char. Advanced Biochar Products is aiming to revitalise the biochar industry, by ensuring product consistency and by using efficient production techniques. Beware the Biochar Initiative November 18, 2010 by Dr Mae-Wan Ho & filed under Compost , Consumerism , Deforestation , Global Warming/Climate Change …The book The Biochar Revolution, authored by Paul Taylor PhD has become known in the industry as the bible of Biochar. This is a great opportunity to upgrade your firepit or burn pile to a cleaner burning biochar-maker. It advocates biochar research and applications around the world. Here be dragons Biochar Quality (not all biochar is the same) Using a modified 5 gallon steel pail (learn more) with your incinerator allows you to choose what biomass you burn and control the temperature. When "finished," it's a coarse material that offers many benefits when mixed with soil. Welcome to the Biochar Journal (tBJ) We seek to spark innovative research to find economically and environmentally responsible uses for biochar. DEFINITION: Biochar is black carbon produced from biomass sources [i. When used as a soil amendment, biochar sequesters carbon. org/en/ct/2Biochar – that black charcoal like substance discussed so often in recent days for its miraculous effects on soil and compost – is good for more than just your garden. The most common feedstocks for biochar include wood, grasses, bamboo, crop waste (nut shells, corn cobs, fruit pits, rice hulls, etc. 2K likes. Since biochar can sequester carbon in the soil A charcoal-like product produced by the pyrolysis of biomass, biochar is composed largely of carbon. I’ve used it a few times now and I have to say it is the easiest way to make biochar ever! Oxford Biochar website >>>> All our products are 100% organic, Soil Association approved, carbon negative and locally sourced, ensuring your organic patch is truly climate-smart. Biochar is charcoal produced by heating organic material at a high temperature in limited oxygen. Biochar, the charcoal-like material sometimes touted as a miracle cure for global warming, might first gain economic traction as a weapon against local air pollution, research by the U. The process results in an extremely porous, light weight carbon rich material that can improve water and nutrient retention in soils, in addition to providing numerous environmental benefits. EGoS produziert, für den ökologischen Landbau zugelassene, Pflanzenkohle in PremiumPlus BIO-Qualität. PLEASE BE SURE TO FOLLOW THE FIRE SAFETY RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR YOUR AREA!! Ok, now go put a skewer on the biochar-making barbecue! Dimensions & Instructions from Kelpie's site: (The Pyramid kilns is) much easier to make than the round kiln. I refer you to a recent article published in a Malaysian agriculture journal on biochar production (declaration of interest here!). You can turn almost any organic material into biochar in the BioCharlie, including wood chips, sticks, branches, scrap lumber, cardboard, nuts, and bones. Grants are available to encourage Nebraskans and Kansans to use and produce biochar from the states’ wood resources. Refilling the Carbon Sink: Biochar’s Potential and Pitfalls The idea of creating biochar by burning organic waste in oxygen-free chambers — and then burying it — is being touted as a way to cool the planet


Biochar synthesized via pyrolysis of Broussonetia papyrifera leaves

10 January, 2019
 

In this study, Broussonetia papyrifera leaves collected from land near a restored manganese mine in the Hunan Province of China were converted into biochar under high-temperature anaerobic conditions, regeneration and utilization of agricultural and forest waste, and applied to the prevention of eutrophication. The physicochemical properties of the B. papyrifera biochar were characterized using Micromeritics 3Flex analyzer, scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS), zeta potential meter (zeta), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The effects of pH, ionic strength, coexisting ions, time, initial concentration, and temperature on the decontamination process of phosphate in water were studied. The results indicated that adsorption was enhanced under alkaline conditions. The pseudo-second-order model of adsorption kinetics was applied to illustrate the adsorption processes. The chemical adsorption reaction was the main rate-limiting step in the adsorption process. Isotherm experimental data were best fitted by the Freundlich model at 25 °C and by the Langmuir model at 35 °C. The phosphate combined with B. papyrifera biochar mainly in the forms of exchangeable phosphorus (Ex-P), Al-bound phosphorus (Al-P), and Fe-bound phosphorus (Fe-P). These results indicate that B. papyrifera biochar is a suitable candidate for the treatment of a eutrophic body of water.

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Segmented by Geography Trends and Applications, Growth and Forecasts 2022 with Global …

10 January, 2019
 

The Global Granular Biochar Market research report occupies as a profitable study which has a quality to move Granular Biochar market challengers and beginners towards their resolved goals. The report represents an overall analysis of factors surrounded around the rate of Granular Biochar market expansion up to 2023. Vital driving factors influencing global economy and Granular Biochar industry’s contribution in growth in the global market are foregrounded in this report.

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Global Granular Biochar Market Competitive Players: (Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, )

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Low Frequency Ultrasound Enhanced Dual Amination of Biochar

11 January, 2019
 

 


Feds, states may help biochar stay as much as its soil-saving potential

11 January, 2019
 

Despite the fact that each greenback spent on soil enchancment can save far more in environmental prices down the highway, startup prices can generally make it exhausting for farmers to implement greatest environmental practices. A workforce of researchers from Rice and North Dakota State universities argues that that is very true for utilizing biochar, however that the issue could be addressed by means of well-designed coverage.

Biochar is a porous, charcoal-like materials produced by way of pyrolysis, the high-temperature decomposition of biomass. Research present biochar improves soil water properties and enhances agricultural manufacturing by a mean of 15 %. It additionally reduces nutrient leaching, will increase nitrogen accessible to crops and reduces the discharge of nitrogenous gases, which may enhance native air high quality.

A coverage research led by Ghasideh Pourhashem, a former postdoctoral fellow at Rice’s Baker Institute for Public Coverage and now an assistant professor at North Dakota State, surveys present authorities applications and particulars how they help using biochar to reinforce agricultural productiveness, sequester carbon and protect priceless soil. The federal authorities already has 35 applications that do—or might—promote the deployment of biochar to enhance agricultural preservation and head off future environmental woes, based on Pourhashem and her workforce.

For the open-access research in World Change Biology Bioenergy, Pourhashem labored with Rice mentors Caroline Masiello, a professor of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, and Kenneth Medlock, the James A. Baker, III, and Susan G. Baker Fellow in Vitality and Useful resource Economics.

“Our earlier analysis has proven that wide-scale utility of biochar throughout the US’ agricultural soils can save thousands and thousands of {dollars} in well being prices by bettering regional air high quality,” stated Pourhashem, who joined North Dakota’s Division of Coatings and Polymeric Supplies and Heart for Sustainable Supplies Science in 2017 and is a member of the US Biochar Initiative advisory board.

However regardless of the accumulating proof, she stated biochar adoption has been gradual.

“Our new research exhibits how coverage frameworks can help biochar as a resource-saving, crop-boosting and well being care-improving materials,” Pourhashem stated.

The researchers notice the US has lengthy invested in biofuels like ethanol, they usually argue that biochar deserves comparable long-term help to enhance the nation’s soil and meals safety technique.

Masiello, a biogeochemist and knowledgeable on biochar, famous the monetary disconnect between those that bear the price of land-management adjustments and those that profit.

“There are many farmers who wish to do the correct factor, however the advantages of biochar do not accrue solely on-farm,” she stated, citing examples like cleaner water and air. “This paper is about how coverage can join the prices borne by farmers with the advantages to us all.”

The one energetic mortgage assure program the researchers recognized for biochar manufacturing is the Division of Agriculture’s Biorefinery, Renewable Chemical and Bio-based Product Manufacturing Help Program, which gives as much as $250 million per challenge. However different applications run by the Division of Vitality, the Division of Agriculture and initiatives in Iowa, Oregon, Colorado and Minnesota present practically $250 million extra in grants, matching or manufacturing funds and tax credit. The researchers additionally recognized eight applications that provide a complete of practically $30 million in analysis and growth funding that implicitly help biochar.

The researchers decided that authorities’s emphasis on biochar manufacturing is insufficient and tilts closely towards biofuels. Additionally they famous the necessity for extra upfront funding in massive biochar-focused manufacturing quite than small-scale amenities. They recommended funding may very well be inspired by the event of a broadly accepted set of product requirements for biochar.

“The potential long-term impacts of biochar are monumental,” Medlock stated. “A lot of the latest help for biochar has targeted on its use for carbon dioxide sequestration, however the advantages are a lot broader. The potential results on native air high quality and water high quality have implications that stretch far past the applying website, which makes coverage supportive of funding in biochar manufacturing and market growth one thing that needs to be critically thought-about.”

Extra data:
Ghasideh Pourhashem et al, Coverage help for biochar: Overview and suggestions, GCB Bioenergy (2018). DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12582


Tag : biochar

11 January, 2019
 

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Biochar Fertilizer Market Segmentation and Analysis by Recent Trends, Development and Growth …

11 January, 2019
 

The Global Biochar Fertilizer Market report gives a clear picture of the current market scenario which includes historical and projected market size in terms of value and volume, technological advancement and governing factors in the market.

Biochar Fertilizer Market competition by top manufacturers/ Key player/ Economy by Business Leaders: Biogrow Limited,,Biochar Farms,,Anulekh,,GreenBack,,Carbon Fertilizer,,Global Harvest Organics LLC,,. And More……

Get Access to Report Sample @ http://www.360marketupdates.com/enquiry/request-sample/13103534  

Overview of the Biochar Fertilizer Market:-

Biochar Fertilizer is an ecologically-friendly fertilizer prepared by adding organic matter and inorganic substances according to the characteristics of different regions, the growth characteristics of different crops and the principle of scientific fertilizatio.

Major classifications are as follows:

Major applications are as follows:

The scope of the Biochar Fertilizer Market Report: This report focuses on the Biochar Fertilizer in global market, especially in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa. This report categorizes the market based on manufacturers, regions, type and application.The worldwide market for Biochar Fertilizer is expected to grow at a CAGR of roughly xx% over the next five years, will reach xx million US$ in 2023, from xx million US$ in 2018, according to a new GIR (Global Info Research) study.

Biochar Fertilizer Market Segment by Regions, regional analysis covers

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The main points are described in details which are covered in this Market Report: —

Market Overview: Scope & Product Overview, Classification of Biochar Fertilizer by Product Category (Market Size (Sales), Market Share Comparison by Type (Product Category)), Biochar Fertilizer Market by Application/End Users (Sales (Volume) and Market Share Comparison by Application), Market by Region (Market Size (Value) Comparison by Region, Status and Prospect (2018-2023)).

Biochar Fertilizer Market by Competition by Players/Suppliers, Type, and Application: Competition by Players/Suppliers, Region, Types & Applications (Sales and Market Share, Revenue and Share Volume and Value)

Biochar Fertilizer Players/Suppliers Profiles and Sales Data: Company, Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors, Product Category, Application and Specification with Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin, Main Business/Business Overview.

Have any special requirement on above Biochar Fertilizer market report? Ask our Industry Expert @ https://www.360marketupdates.com/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/13103534

Biochar Fertilizer Market by Manufacturing Cost Analysis: Key Raw Materials Analysis, Price Trend of Key Raw Materials, Key Suppliers of Raw Materials, Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials, Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure (Raw Materials, Labour Cost), Manufacturing Process Analysis

Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers: Industrial Chain Analysis, Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing, Raw Materials Sources, Downstream Buyers

Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders: Marketing Channel (Direct & Indirect Marketing), Marketing Channel Development Trend, Market Positioning (Pricing Strategy, Brand Strategy, Target Client), Distributors/Traders List


Biochar is good for cannabis and the climate

11 January, 2019
 

And while it has many benefits as a soil amendment for cannabis growers, biochar may be a remedy for climate change, as well.

Biochar is charcoal produced from plant matter. It is made using a process called pyrolysis, which involves placing biomass into a special oven and heating it in the presence of little or no oxygen. The final product can capture carbon and lock it into the soil. That last part is the key to the more global benefits of biochar potentially reducing greenhouse gases such as methane and nitrous oxide.

As a soil amendment, biochar can increase soil fertility, increase agricultural productivity and provide protection against some foliar and soil-borne diseases.

Biochar attracts water and nutrients through a process known as CEC, “cation exchange capacity,” which allows your soil to attract these healthy staples and hold onto them. Because nutrients are retained, growers can use less fertilizer for both indoor and outdoor grows, says Grant Scheve of Biochar Solutions in White City.

Biochar is mixed into the soil, with the amount linked to the pH of your soil and other factors.

“We always recommend applying biochar directly to the root growth zone of your plants,” says Scheve. “Generally, we see the best results at a 10 percent by overall soil volume inclusion rate. However, we do have reforestation nurseries using … 25 percent raw biochar with fantastic results, and Wageningen University and Research in the Netherlands is conducting trials at 50 percent by volume to replace peat moss with great preliminary data.

“We have learned that our Rogue Biochar will hold 6.5 times its weight in water,” Scheve says. “The most efficient way is to include the biochar into your soil media procedure so there is an even distribution throughout the pots or beds.

“For growers who are planting in native soil (such as hemp farmers), we generally see them band the biochar directly into the planting rows. We have dozens of hemp growers who are using biochar, and they immediately notice zero transplant shock, less yellowing of fan leaves, less NPK inputs (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium), stronger stems and stocks, and increased bud density.”

From a forestry perspective, biochar is good news, too. “The majority of the wood feedstock we use is from clean logging residuals,” Scheve says.

Northwest Forest Products, which is primarily a forestry company, has gotten into biochar as a natural ancillary. The company thins forests to reduce fuels and the potential for catastrophic wildfire, and to promote forest health and wildlife habitat. But instead of burning the slash down to ash, or letting it rot and release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, it is being made into biochar.

“My main focus has been on how can we take wood waste and find a home for it,” says Matthew Delaney of Northwest Forest Products, and also Delaney Forest Services. “I know we need some wildfire in our forested landscapes but not catastrophic ones. We need to develop higher value markets for low-value material. I’ve been trying to build data sets showing biochar can work for farmers.”

A group called the Northwest Biochar Working Group is working to raise awareness of the benefits of biochar.

The group, composed of people from public organizations and private companies, is committed to building an industry that uses biochar to address the region’s pressing challenges, including stewardship.

Biochar isn’t available only to soil scientists and forest workers. At Walmart you can get a gallon bag of Wakefied Biochar Soil for approximately $40. At Blackbird Shopping Center, you can try Bigfoot’s version, which costs $16.99 for 4 ounces.

At Oregon Biochar, you can get it in bulk for $135 a cubic yard. For a bagged truckload, it costs $199 per yard. The company also has two cubic yard “Supersacks” for $499.

Jefferson Reeder is a freelance writer living in Medford. Reach him at jeffersonreeder@hotmail.com.


Feds, states can help biochar live up to its soil-saving potential

11 January, 2019
 

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Feds, states can help biochar live up to its soil-saving potential

11 January, 2019
 

Researchers at Rice University and North Dakota State University have assembled current and potential sources of government support to promote the production and use of biochar, which helps preserve valuable soil, enhance agricultural production, improve local air quality and sequester carbon dioxide.


Global Biochar Market Analysis & Forecast by 2028: ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon

11 January, 2019
 

Global Biochar Market 2019 trends report examines adoption trends, future growth abilities drivers prognosis, restraints, chances, challenges that are key, industry ecosystem, and sales series investigation. This global biochar market report presents market sizing a thorough analysis, and calling for the division within the market.

The International biochar market research Report 2019 is just a technical and comprehensive study of this global biochar industry with a concentration on the worldwide market tendency. The analysis intends to offer a synopsis of worldwide biochar market by geography, connect type and end user to observe high increase through the forecast period (2019-2028). The report offers statistics available on the biochar industry status of their market players also will be providing opportunities and trends in the industry.

Request For Sample @ https://market.us/report/biochar-market/request-sample/

Players Covered in Biochar Report:

Diacarbon Energy
Agri-Tech Producers
Biochar Now
Carbon Gold
Kina
The Biochar Company
Swiss Biochar GmbH
ElementC6
BioChar Products
BlackCarbon
Cool Planet
Carbon Terra
Pacific Biochar
Vega Biofuels
Liaoning Jinhefu Group
Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy
Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology
Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai)

The accounts assist answers for these questions:

The total economy and differing biochar product sections growing?

What is global biochar industry segments to increase?

What is the current market potential in contrast to other nations?

By Product Types:

Wood Source Biochar
Corn Stove Source Biochar
Rice Stove Source Biochar
Wheat Stove Source Biochar

By Application:

Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer

By regions:

North America
Europe
Asia-Pacific
Latin America
Middle East and Africa

The analysis, additionally, summarizes the boosters along with restrainers with influenced the global biochar market. The study details the chances widespread within the industry and their effect upon the Biochar businesses running in the market. The market segmentation predicated on the part of the biochar market report and regions are categorized.

Inquire More regarding the Report in: https://market.us/report/biochar-market/#inquiry

You will find 15 Chapters to display the Global Biochar Market greatly:

Chapter 1, To explain biochar introduction, merchandise range, economy review, market opportunities, market risk and market driving drive.

Chapter 2, To examine the best biochar executive summary from 2019 and 2028.

Chapter 3, To explain Biochar Market Overview from 2019-2028.

Chapter 4,5 and 6 To examine the market by type, by applications, and by regions.

Chapter 7 To explain Competitive Landscape, Market Share Analysis, and Company Profiles, biochar research findings and decision, appendix and information origin.

Get More Chemicals and Materials Reports @https://market.us/reports/chemical-and-materials/


HOW TO ACTIVATE BIOCHAR EASY TOP 3 WAYS TO INOCULATE BIO CHAR TERRA PRETA …

11 January, 2019
 

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Biochar – the future of sustainable agriculture: Lauren Hale at TEDxUCR

11 January, 2019
 

Agriculture & Farming News

Lauren Hale graduated with a Bachelors of Science from North Carolina State University in 2007. During her time there she studied the use of bacteria to …

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Aged biochar alters nitrogen pathways in bauxite-processing residue sand

11 January, 2019
 

Low nitrogen (N) content and retention in bauxite-processing residue sand (BRS) disposal areas pose a great challenge to the establishment of sustainable vegetation cover in this highly alkaline environment. The budget and fate of applied N in BRS and its potential environmental impacts are largely unknown. We investigated the effect of combined application of biochars [aged acidic (AC) vs alkaline pine (PC)] and di-ammonium phosphate (DAP) fertiliser on ammonia (NH3) volatilisation, nitrous oxide (N2O) emission and N retention in a 116-day glasshouse study. The application of AC to BRS decreased pH (≈0.5 units) in BRS, while PC biochar increased pH (≈0.3 units). The application of AC reduced NH3 volatilisation by ca. 80%, while PC by ca. 25%. On the other hand, the AC treatment increased N2O emission by 5 folds. However, the N loss via N2O emission in the AC treatment only accounted for ca. 0.4% of applied N. The reduction in BRS pH and increased retention of mineral N due to the presence of oxygen-containing (phenolic and carboxylic) functional groups in AC may be responsible for reduced NH3 volatilisation and increased N2O emission. This study has highlighted the potential of biochar (particularly aged biochar) in improving N retention and minimising environmental impacts in highly alkaline environments.

 


Effect of Biochar on Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions at the

11 January, 2019
 

Figure 1

PDF-Document (PDF, 514 KB)

Fidel, R.B.; Laird, D.A.; Parkin, T.B. Effect of Biochar on Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions at the Laboratory and Field Scales. Soil Syst. 2019, 3, 8.

Fidel RB, Laird DA, Parkin TB. Effect of Biochar on Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions at the Laboratory and Field Scales. Soil Systems. 2019; 3(1):8.

Fidel, Rivka B.; Laird, David A.; Parkin, Timothy B. 2019. “Effect of Biochar on Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions at the Laboratory and Field Scales.” Soil Syst. 3, no. 1: 8.

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Africa Biochar Partnership

11 January, 2019
 

The world’s leading sustainability award aims to recognize and support outstanding contributions from around the world. The goal is to stimulate creativity and achieve lasting synergies, striking the right balance between ecological, environmental and social needs. The prize has…

Dear Friends, As the year comes to a close, I wanted to thank you for your engagement and interest in the clean cooking sector. On behalf of the entire Clean Cooking Alliance, we remain deeply appreciative of your support…


Africa Biochar Partnership

11 January, 2019
 

The Africa BIOCHAR Partnership (ABP) will be the continental platform for advancing biochar systems in Africa. Biochar systems relate to biochar technology, pyrolysis, feedstock, agricultural use as well as to the complex of relations which are necessary to make the overall process sustainable and an opportunity for socioeconomic development.

ABP will focus on research, applications, technology transfer and market uptake, advocacy and policy advancement, stakeholders and end users’ engagement, strategies development, networking and dissemination.

The partnership will serve as a hub for peer-to-peer exchange and learning, training, and coordination of programs and assistance on accelerating biochar development strategies in Africa. The African region has abundance of biomass resources which are available almost throughout the year. A large portion of this biomass potential is scattered across hundreds of thousands of rural farms and small-scale non-mechanized processing units. With the current rate of soil nutrient depletion and deforestation through clearing of forest lands for agriculture, pastoral activities and settlement development, the need for improved biomass and soil management cannot be over-emphasized. Biochar systems have the potential to contribute to such development.

The overall objective of the Africa Biochar Partnership is to harmonize the coordination, communication and building capacities of biochar systems as opportunities for optimized biomass and biowaste use towards improved resource management in the sectors of agriculture, environment, energy, health and socioeconomic development of the African people.

The Africa Biochar Partnership will also facilitate the production and dissemination of improved cookstoves, thereby helping to ameliorate the persistent problem of overreliance on woody biomass to meet domestic energy demand mainly in the sub-Saharan African region. The specific objectives of the Partnership include but are not limited to:


What's the Buzz About Biochar?

11 January, 2019
 

Fri, January 25, 2019

1:00 PM – 3:00 PM EST

Nonprofit Collaborative

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Columbia, MD 21046

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Howard EcoWorks is kicking off 2019 with a Community Resiliency Education Series. Lectures, workshops and tours will be held throughout the year to educate the community on different facets and approaches to building individual, community and landscape-scale resiliency. Our goal is to generate discussion and dialogue around actions and opportunities that we will all need to prepare for an uncertain future. Keep an eye on our website and follow us on social media for upcoming events!

“What’s the Buzz About Biochar?” is the first seminar in EcoWorks’ Community Resiliency Education Series. Biochar is simply an organic-based charcoal that is used as a soil amendment. It has tremendous potential for improving crop productivity, filtering contaminants from water, sequestering carbon and, to be discussed in this seminar, reducing stormwater runoff.

Through a grant from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, EcoWorks is partnering the University of Delaware to conduct a research project in Ellicott City’s Tiber Hudson watershed to assess the potential benefit in local soils. The lead Principal Investigator, Dr. Paul Imhoff, will review the proposed project.

In addition, Ridge to Reefs, a non-profit working the Chesapeake Bay and island systems around the world, will provide a case study on a stormwater management practice called a woodchip bioreactor that has been modified to integrate biochar for additional water quality benefit. Both biochar and bioreactors have potential for turning typical “waste” products like wood chips and woody debris into something very functional for our ecosystem.


Fri, January 25, 2019

1:00 PM – 3:00 PM EST

Nonprofit Collaborative

9770 Patuxent Woods Drive

309

Columbia, MD 21046

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Feds, states can help biochar live up to its soil-saving potential

11 January, 2019
 


Feds, states can help biochar live up to its soil-saving potential

12 January, 2019
 


Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Data Survey Report 2025

12 January, 2019
 

Summary
The global Biochar Fertilizer market will reach Volume Million USD in 2018 with CAGR xx% 2018-2025. The main contents of the report including:
Global market size and forecast
Regional market size, production data and export & import
Key manufacturers (manufacturing sites, capacity and production, product specifications etc.)
Major Application
Major Type
Key manufacturers are included based on manufacturing sites, capacity and production, product specifications etc.:
Biogrow Limited 
Anulekh 
GreenBack 
Global Harvest Organics LLC 
Pacific Biochar 
American BioChar 
American BioChar 
AIRTERRA 
MBD Industries
Major applications as follows:
Cereals 
Oil Crops 
Fruits and Vegetables 
Others
Major Type as follows:
Organic Fertilizer 
Inorganic Fertilizer 
Compound Fertilizer
Regional market size, production data and export & import:
Asia-Pacific
North America
Europe
South America
Middle East & Africa

Summary:
Get latest Market Research Reports on Biochar Fertilizer . Industry analysis & Market Report on Biochar Fertilizer is a syndicated market report, published as Global Biochar Fertilizer Market Data Survey Report 2025. It is complete Research Study and Industry Analysis of Biochar Fertilizer market, to understand, Market Demand, Growth, trends analysis and Factor Influencing market.

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A novel method to tailor the porous structure of koh – activated biochar and its application in

12 January, 2019
 


Feds, states can help biochar live up to its soil-saving potential

12 January, 2019
 

Source: Science Daily

Researchers have assembled current and potential sources of government support to promote the production and use of biochar, which helps preserve valuable soil, enhance agricultural production, improve local air quality and sequester carbon dioxide.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190111112854.htm


Iowa lawmakers can act on climate change

13 January, 2019
 

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In the four years I have served as ranking member on the Environmental Protection Committee in the Iowa House of Representatives, the committee has produced only six trivial bills signed into law. Environmental protection clearly has not been a priority for Republican leaders.

It’s time for a change. In light of the devastating projections made in the recently-released National Climate Assessment, the Environmental Protection Committee should be redesignated the Climate Action Committee, giving it a serious mandate that Iowans would support and that our land, air and water deserve.

Americans don’t need to rely just on science when it comes to climate change. We can trust our senses as we experience natural catastrophes around the world. Still, these two findings from the National Climate Assessment should drive renewed state emphasis on climate policy action:

• Climate change is causing warmer temperatures and higher humidity levels, eroding soils and making conditions more suitable for pests and pathogens that destroy crops. Without emission reductions and adaptation measures, climate change will bring Midwest agricultural productivity back to 1980 levels by midcentury.

• Global atmospheric warming is making extreme rain events more common; alternating with drought, major flooding has become four times more likely in the 21st century, challenging our infrastructure and continuing Iowa’s run in national disaster declarations.

If the governor and Iowa House leadership get the memo, here are some easy buttons we can be push:

Iowa can join the United States Climate Alliance, a group of states committed to doing their share to achieve the nation’s goals under the Paris Climate Agreement, even though President Donald Trump refuses to commit.

This is the 10th anniversary of the state-commissioned Climate Change Advisory Council report, which offered many recommendations that have not been entertained by policymakers. The General Assembly can support the work of a renewed, private think tank/action engine of experts, starting with the agricultural impacts of our changing atmosphere.

You should start receiving the e-newsletters within a couple days.

Iowa State University’s Bioeconomy Institute supports Iowa agriculture in the quest for sustainable sources of fuel, energy, chemicals, and material, such as biochar. Researchers are part of a “New Carbon Economy” consortium launched by the Center for Carbon Removal to identify ways to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it into valuable products and services.

As part of the national Clean Power Plan, Iowa’s Department of Natural Resources mustered Iowa energy stakeholders in a mission to jump-start state-based initiatives. This effort can be renewed with help from the Iowa Energy Center as part of the Iowa Energy Plan recently adopted by the Economic Development Authority.

Abundant help is available to make climate action a reality. Along with legislators from 29 other states, I have participated in the Clean Energy Legislative Academy sponsored by the Center for the New Energy Economy at Colorado State University. Directed by former Colorado Gov. Bill Ritter, the Center is open to assisting Iowa.

The National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL) hosted a workshop on electricity markets in Indianapolis. As a member of the NCSL Natural Resources and Infrastructure Committee, I have access to the expertise and experience of lawmakers nationwide.

I also attended a two-day national issues forum sponsored by the National Caucus of Environmental Legislators that addressed “bold climate solutions.” These solutions have multiple benefits: Lowering energy costs, creating jobs and diversifying the sources of power supply (contributing to national security), in addition to protecting the environment.

As a state, we don’t need to reinvent any wheels. Here are just a few ideas that would jump-start some good conversations:

• Set a state carbon-reduction goal and require public entities to make plans to do their parts;

• Create a comprehensive soil health program that promote farming practices that sequester carbon as well as improve farmland-soil resilience and productivity.

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• Authorize cities and counties to establish programs in districts where energy improvements can be financed and repaid with cost savings;

• Require disclosure of utility costs and energy efficiency improvements for homes and buildings when they are leased or purchased;

• Establish goals for electric utilities to generate or buy solar energy, including through net-metering policies that account for the environmental benefits of solar generation;

• Require that energy efficiency plans and programs in the state be developed and implemented by an independent commission accountable to the Iowa Utilities Board.

In many respects, thanks to our investments in wind energy, Iowa has already done a lot of heavy lifting toward meeting the United States’ carbon reduction goals. If the governor and other legislative leaders are ready to find common ground for bipartisan collaboration, as Iowa voters expect, then no better place to start than with climate action.

• Iowa Rep. Chuck Isenhart, D-Dubuque, is ranking member on the House Appropriations Subcommittee for Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection.

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[Effect of Nitrogen on Magnesium Modified Biochar Adsorption to Phosphorus].

13 January, 2019
 

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The effect of ammonia-nitrogen in water on phosphorus removal by magnesium modified biochar (MBC) was developed to increase the utilization of wetland plants. The crystal structures were measured by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). MBC was prepared using reed as the biomass feedstock, which was modified with magnesium chloride. The raw biochar (BC) was prepared as a control. The removal of phosphate from solution using four different methods, i.e. MBC, BC, BC, and MgCl2 solutions (BC+Mg2+) and MgCl2 solutions (Mg2+), under different nitrogen to phosphorus molar ratios and initial phosphorus concentrations was investigated in batch experiments. The results demonstrated that the phosphorus removal efficiency of the four treatment methods, which followed the order of MBC>>BC+Mg2+≈Mg2+>BC. NH4+ in the solution, promoted phosphorus removal by MBC. In addition, the larger the ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus and the higher the initial phosphorus concentration, the stronger the phosphorus removal capacity of MBC was. In the three treatments with MBC, BC+Mg2+, and Mg2+, the XRD analysis showed that NH4+ reacted with Mg2+ and PO43- in the solution to form MgNH4PO4·6H2O at N:P=5 or 10, promoting the removal of phosphorus. For recycling purposes, waste biomass from constructed wetlands could be used to produce MBC and treat polluted water rich in ammonium and phosphate. Moreover, the ammonium-nitrogen promotes the phosphate removal by MBC. The results from this study provide a new theoretical basis and data support for the treatment of water eutrophication.

adsorption; ammonia nitrogen; biochar; modification; phosphorus


Characterization of biochars derived from different materials and their effects on microbial …

13 January, 2019
 

The properties of biochars derived from different raw materials (rice husk, bamboo, caragana, and garbage) and their effects on the microbial reductive dechlorination of pentachlorophenol (PCP) were investigated to understand how biochars influence the biotransformation of environmental pollutants. The results indicated that only caragana-derived biochar showed stable electron transfer activity for PCP dechlorination. Electro(chemical) analyses revealed that caragana biochar had the highest electrical conductivity (EC) (2.22 × 106 μS cm−1), while those of the other biochars were <1500 μS cm−1. The electron transfer capacities were within the ranges of 61.63–155.83 μmol e g−1. Cyclic voltammetry analysis suggested that there were no obvious redox peaks for the biochars, while the Fourier transform infrared analysis showed similar transmission spectra with variable absorption intensity; this suggested that all biochars possessed similar structures and functional group classes and the enhancement of PCP dechlorination was not attributable to the redox reaction. Overall, the beneficial effects of caragana biochar on PCP dechlorination depended on the EC rather than the redox functional groups, possibly because high EC values enabled the highest electron transfer, and thus resulted in the greatest promotion of reductive dechlorination activity.

The article was received on 15 Nov 2018, accepted on 26 Dec 2018 and first published on 09 Jan 2019

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Effect of poultry litter biochar on chromium (Cr) bioavailability and accumulation in spinach

14 January, 2019
 

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Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment Market Outlook, Opportunities and Forecasts Report 2018

14 January, 2019
 

The Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment Market Report on “Global Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment Market Analysis 2012-2017 and Forecast 2018-2023”.

The Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment Market report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the Market. It does so via in-depth qualitative visions, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research practices and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every face of the Market, including but not limited to: Regional Markets, Technology, Types, and Applications.

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The global Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment market will reach Million USD in 2017 and CAGR xx% 2011-2017. The report begins from overview of Industry Chain structure, and describes industry environment, then analyses market size and forecast of Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment by product, region and application, in addition, this report introduces market competition situation among the vendors and company profile, besides, market price analysis and value chain features are covered in this report.

Top Players (Market Analysis, Growth Opportunities, Demand, Forecasting).

Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment Market Product Type (Market Analysis, Growth Opportunities, Demand, Forecasting).

Major Applications (Market Analysis, Growth Opportunities, Demand, Forecasting).

The study objectives are:

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Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment Market Region Coverage (Regional Output, Demand & Forecast by Countries):

Major Highlights of the Grain & Seed Cleaning Equipment Market report:

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Loch Ness is home to a unique plantation of trees

14 January, 2019
 

 

It is known all around the world for its mysterious monster.

Now Loch Ness could help scientists solve a major puzzle even more problematic than that of Nessie – how to clean up our air and soils.

The area is home to a unique plantation of trees and experts hope a study of them will lead to a major eco-breakthrough.

Over the next four years, researchers will monitor the large-scale test site as they treat it with biochar, a charcoal-like substance made from forestry residue.

The black material is produced through pyrolysis, which involves heating organic matter to more than 250C in a zero-oxygen environment.

The team believes biochar could help remove thousands of tonnes of carbon from the atmosphere while also improving soils. And it is hoped that adoption of biochar as a fertiliser could provide a new income stream for the forestry industry.

Mike Perks of Forest Research, the UK’s principal organisation for tree-related studies, said: “Forestry is a nationally important industry, but in Scotland it is concentrated on upland, nutrient-poor soils where new trees can be slow to establish.

“Biochar could help soil carbon recover faster, reduce the need for additional fertiliser during forest establishment and add value to the industry as an additional product.

“If a business model can be developed, this represents a huge opportunity for Scotland’s £2 billion timber processing industry.”

Funded by the by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), the project will see Forest Research – the research arm of the Forestry Commission – work with Edinburgh University.

Dr Saran Sohi, leader of the UK Biochar Research Centre at Edinburgh University, said: “Biochar has a range of benefits for the environment. As well containing nutrients like phosphorus, it contains a high proportion of highly-stable carbon. This carbon remains sequestered in biochar for centuries, so its sustainable production could be a powerful tool in the fight against climate change.”


Biochar Market by Major Players, Size, Segmentation, Market Dynamics & Forecast 2023

14 January, 2019
 

Biochar Market 2018-2023 is evolving market at present. The report covers past, existing and future Market Trends, developments in Technologies. The Global Biochar Market study report provides a detailed analysis of the global market, providing significant information for the new market entrants or well-established players. Some of the important strategies employed by leading main players operating in the market and their impact analysis have been included in this report.

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Application of Biochar Market are: —

Key Players in this Biochar market are

Product Segment Analysis of the Biochar Market is:

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Major Highlights of Commercial Biochar Market:

Points Covered in Biochar market Report: 

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Industry News

14 January, 2019
 

Over the next four years, the scientists will be monitoring the site to find out how biochar, a charcoal-like substance made from forestry residue, performs as a fertiliser, nutrient sponge and soil carbon addition. The team believes biochar could be a green bullet for forestry and the wider environment, with the potential to generate income while improving soils, reducing residue and storing carbon.

Initial results have already been positive.

Mike Perks from Forest Research said: “Forestry is a nationally important industry, but in Scotland it is concentrated on upland, nutrient-poor soils where new trees can be slow to establish. “Every year, wood processing produces about a million tonnes of phosphorus-rich byproduct that could be used to make biochar instead of being sold as low-value mulch for horticulture. “Biochar could help soil carbon recover faster, improve planting success, reduce the need for additional fertiliser during forest establishment and add value to the industry as an additional product. “If a business model can be developed, this represents a huge opportunity for Scotland’s £2 billion timber processing industry.”

Hamish Creber, the NERC-funded PhD student overseeing the test site said: “Over the next four years we’ll be monitoring biochar’s performance, by measuring tree establishment success, growth and tree health. “Our initial results indicate that seedlings grown in soil with biochar are more effective at capturing and using light, which is an indicator for overall tree health.”

Dr Saran Sohi, leader of the UK Biochar Research Centre at the University of Edinburgh, said: “Biochar has a range of benefits for the environment. As well containing nutrients like phosphorus, it contains a high proportion of highly-stable carbon. “This carbon remains sequestered in biochar for centuries, so its sustainable production could be a powerful tool in the fight against climate change.” Forestry is not the only industry in Scotland that could benefit from biochar. Dr Sohi said: “Biochar can be made from almost any type of dry biomass, including waste materials. So it could be an enormous opportunity for ‘closed-loop’ type resource management, with numerous valuable benefits.”

The test site run by the University of Edinburgh and Forest Research is part of a wider NERC-funded project, Soils Research to deliver Greenhouse Gas Removals and Abatement Technologies (Soils-R-GGREAT), which is harnessing the best expertise in the UK on soils and biochar to provide a comprehensive global assessment of soil-based greenhouse gas removal.

Source: McDaid PR


Tree Bark Biochar to Help Scotland's Carbon Store

14 January, 2019
 

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The trees comprise a large-scale test site investigation by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)-funded scientists from the University of Edinburgh in collaboration with Forest Research, Britain’s principal organisation for forestry and tree-related research.

Over the next four years, the scientists will be monitoring the site to find out how biochar, a charcoal-like substance made from forestry residue, performs as a fertiliser, nutrient sponge and soil carbon addition.

The team believes biochar could be a green bullet for forestry and the wider environment, with the potential to generate income while improving soils, reducing residue and storing carbon.

Initial results have already been positive.

Mike Perks from Forest Research said:
“Forestry is a nationally important industry, but in Scotland it is concentrated on upland, nutrient-poor soils where new trees can be slow to establish.

“Every year, wood processing produces about a million tonnes of phosphorus-rich byproduct that could be used to make biochar instead of being sold as low-value mulch for horticulture.

“Biochar could help soil carbon recover faster, improve planting success, reduce the need for additional fertiliser during forest establishment and add value to the industry as an additional product.

“If a business model can be developed, this represents a huge opportunity for Scotland’s £2 billion timber processing industry.”

Hamish Creber, the NERC-funded PhD student overseeing the test site said:
“Over the next four years we’ll be monitoring biochar’s performance, by measuring tree establishment success, growth and tree health.

“Our initial results indicate that seedlings grown in soil with biochar are more effective at capturing and using light, which is an indicator for overall tree health.”

Dr Saran Sohi, leader of the UK Biochar Research Centre at the University of Edinburgh, said:
“Biochar has a range of benefits for the environment. As well containing nutrients like phosphorus, it contains a high proportion of highly-stable carbon.

“This carbon remains sequestered in biochar for centuries, so its sustainable production could be a powerful tool in the fight against climate change.”

Forestry is not the only industry in Scotland that could benefit from biochar.

Dr Sohi said:
“Biochar can be made from almost any type of dry biomass, including waste materials. So it could be an enormous opportunity for ‘closed-loop’ type resource management, with numerous valuable benefits.”

The test site run by the University of Edinburgh and Forest Research is part of a wider NERC-funded project, Soils Research to deliver Greenhouse Gas Removals and Abatement Technologies (Soils-R-GGREAT), which is harnessing the best expertise in the UK on soils and biochar to provide a comprehensive global assessment of soil-based greenhouse gas removal.

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Biochar Journal News

14 January, 2019
 


We need a safety net for climate

14 January, 2019
 

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There is an old joke that someone jumped off the 110-story Sears Tower in Chicago and lived to tell about it. The jumper told people on the 100th floor, as well as those on the 90th, 80th, 70th … “Humanity is in need of a safety net to hold us back from free fall into climate chaos,” notes the Biochar Journal.

There are about 5 billion tons of methane in the atmosphere. Estimates vary widely but a common estimate of methane stored in the Arctic Ocean is over 500 billion tons. It is stored in methane hydrates, sediments, and free gas under pressure. It is capped by a permafrost safety zone, which has already thawed in some areas and is beginning to thaw in others. Methane has 150 to 200 times the global warming potential as C02 on a yearly basis.

There are recent observations by European Copernicus of methane over North America, including Iowa, reaching levels of 2400 ppb. Above 1250 ppb and methane heats up the earth. There is a study that estimates about 55 trillion kilograms of carbon is stored in the soil. It is in the process of coming up.

There is a “near silver” bullet to provide a safety net from the free fall into climate chaos. It is a long shot. Biochar, which is pyrolyzed biomass, can sequester carbon, reduce carbon in the atmosphere, and prevent methane from escaping from the soil. But it has to be used.

Harold H. Hensel

Cedar Rapids

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Biochar Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2025 | Key Players BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon …

14 January, 2019
 

A new business intelligence report released by HTF MI with title “Global Biochar Market Analysis 2013-2018 and Forecast 2019-2024” that targets and provides comprehensive market analysis with future prospects to 2023. The analysts of the study have garnered extensive research methodologies and data sources (i.e Secondary & Primary Sources) in order to generate collective and useful information that delivers latest market undercurrents and industry trends.

Request Sample Report @: https://www.htfmarketreport.com/sample-report/1559324-global-biochar-market-15

If you are involved in the Global Biochar industry or intend to be, then this study will provide you comprehensive outlook. It’s vital you keep your market knowledge up to date segmented by major players. If you have a different set of players/manufacturers according to geography or needs regional or country segmented reports we can provide customization according to your requirement.

Biochar is the solid product of pyrolysis, designed to be used for environmental management. IBI defines biochar as: A solid material obtained from thermochemical conversion of biomass in an oxygen-limited environment. Biochar is charcoal used as a soil amendment. Like most charcoal, biochar is made from biomass via pyrolysis. Biochar can increase soil fertility of acidic soils (low pH soils), increase agricultural productivity, and provide protection against some foliar and soil-borne diseases. Furthermore, biochar reduces pressure on forests. Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon, and can endure in soil for thousands of years.The global Biochar market will reach xxx Million USD in 2018 and CAGR xx% 2018-2023. The report begins from overview of Industry Chain structure, and describes industry environment, then analyses market size and forecast of Biochar by product, region and application, in addition, this report introduces market competition situation among the vendors and company profile, besides, market price analysis and value chain features are

Competition Analysis:
Some of key competitors or manufacturers included in the study are Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, Pacific Biochar, Vega Biofuels, Liaoning Jinhefu Group, Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy, Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology & Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai)

Market Analysis by Types: , Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar & Other Stove Source Biochar

Enquire for customization in Report @ https://www.htfmarketreport.com/enquiry-before-buy/1559324-global-biochar-market-15

Market Analysis by Applications: Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer & Others

Market Analysis by Geographies:
This report is segmented into key Regions North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico), Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Russia, Spain etc.), Asia-Pacific (China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia etc.), South America (Brazil, Argentina etc.) & Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, South Africa etc.) with Production Development, Sales, and Regional Trade & Forecast.
Stay up-to-date with Global Biochar market research offered by HTF MI. Check how key trends and emerging drivers are shaping this industry growth as the study avails you with market characteristics, size and growth, segmentation, regional breakdowns, competitive landscape, shares, trend and strategies for this market. In the BiocharMarket Analysis & Forecast 2018-2023, the revenue is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2023, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2018 and 2023. The production is estimated at XX million in 2017 and is forecasted to reach XX million by the end of 2023, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2018 and 2023.

Early buyers will receive 10% customization on reports. Read Detailed Index of full Research Study at @ https://www.htfmarketreport.com/reports/1559324-global-biochar-market-15

Some of the Points cover in Global Biochar Market Research Report is:

Chapter 1: Overview of Global Biochar Market (2013-2025)
• Definition
• Specifications
• Classification
• Applications
• Regions

Chapter 2: Market Competition by Players/Suppliers 2013 and 2018
• Manufacturing Cost Structure
• Raw Material and Suppliers
• Manufacturing Process
• Industry Chain Structure

Chapter 3: Sales (Volume) and Revenue (Value) by Region (2013-2018)
• Sales
• Revenue and market share

Chapter 4, 5 and 6: Global Biochar Market by Type, Application & Players/Suppliers Profiles (2013-2018)
• Market Share by Type & Application
• Growth Rate by Type & Application
• Drivers and Opportunities
• Company Basic Information

Chapter 7, 8 and 9: Global Biochar Manufacturing Cost, Sourcing & Marketing Strategy Analysis
• Key Raw Materials Analysis
• Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing
• Marketing Channel

Chapter 10 and 11: Biochar Market Effect Factors Analysis and Market Size (Value and Volume) Forecast (2018-2025)
• Technology Progress/Risk
• Sales Volume, Revenue Forecast (by Type, Application & Region)

Chapter 12, 13, 14 and 15: Global Biochar Market Research Findings and Conclusion, appendix and data source
• Methodology/Research Approach
• Data Source (Secondary Sources & Primary Sources)
• Market Size Estimation

Some of the key questions answered in this report:

• Detailed Overview of Global Biochar market will help deliver clients and businesses making strategies.
• Influencing factors that thriving demand and latest trend running in the market
• What is the market concentration? Is it fragmented or highly concentrated?
• What trends, challenges and barriers will impact the development and sizing of Global Biochar market
• SWOT Analysis of each defined key players along with its profile and Porter’s five forces tool mechanism to compliment the same.
• What growth momentum or acceleration market carries during the forecast period?
• Which region may tap highest market share in coming era?
• Which application/end-user category or Product Type [, Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar & Other Stove Source Biochar] may seek incremental growth prospects?
• What would be the market share of key countries like North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico), Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Russia, Spain etc.), Asia-Pacific (China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia etc.), South America (Brazil, Argentina etc.) & Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, South Africa etc.) etc.?
• What focused approach and constraints are holding the Global Biochar market tight?

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Thanks for reading this article; you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like North America, Europe or Asia.

About Author :
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Biochar in potato and sweet corn production

14 January, 2019
 

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Superb sono-adsorption and energy storage potential of multifunctional Ag-Biochar composite

14 January, 2019
 

Silver embedded banana peel biochar (Ag-BBc) composite was tailored effectively by green synthetic route. Azadirachta indica leaf extract was employed for preparation of Ag nanoparticles as reducing agent and biochar was derived from the of banana peel via pyrolysis. The multi-functionality of the fabricated nanocomposite was investigated through its application towards energy storage and environmental remediation. The prepared composite was characterized in detail by various analytical techniques and the electro-chemical aspects were examined by cyclic-voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge methods. The improved specific capacitance of Ag-BBc composite was measured as 655 Fg-1 in 1 M Na2SO4 at a current density of 0.35 Ag-1. The Ag-BBc modified electrode exhibited an excellent cyclic stability of 79.3% after 5000 charge/discharge cycles and displayed high energy and power density of 40 Wh/kg and 490 Wkg−1 respectively, at 1 Ag-1. Furthermore, Ag-BBc composite was used for the ultrasonic assisted adsorption of Congo Red dye with appreciable adsorption efficacy of ∼98% within 5 min of contact time. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were considered to describe the equilibrium of dye using ultrasonic assisted adsorption process.

 


Biochar mentioned in IPCC report for the first time

14 January, 2019
 

Press Release — NZBIO

The Australia New Zealand Biochar Industry is an exciting place to be in 2019 with the inaugural mention of Pyrogenic Carbon Capture & Storage (PyCCS) which produces biochar, as a viable Negative Emissions Technology (NET) for carbon dioxide removal …The Australia New Zealand Biochar Industry is an exciting place to be in 2019 with the inaugural mention of Pyrogenic Carbon Capture & Storage (PyCCS) which produces biochar, as a viable Negative Emissions Technology (NET) for carbon dioxide removal (CDR) in the 2018 IPCC Report. NET’s are being touted to help meet climate targets and keep temperatures below the critical 1.5 degree increase determined by stakeholders.

It has been grouped with other NET’s such as biomass carbon (tree planting), building soil carbon through regenerative agriculture and Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS), a GHG mitigation technology which produces negative carbon dioxide emissions by combining biomass use with geologic carbon capture and storage. Up unitl now, these methods have gained more publicity.

PyCSS and biochar has now been gained credibility as a viable NET for CDR because biomass carbon is easily degraded and returned to atmosphere as GHG’s through the continual work of microbes (the natural carbon cycle). If biomass is pyrolysed, it is thermally recoved into solid biochar, liquid bio-oils and permanent gas that can all be stored in the biosphere, helping to cool the planet. This makes sense as the balancing practice to mining fossil fuel carbon and releasing it straight into the atmosphere. PyCCS and biochar help repair both the carbon and nitrogen cycles.

Pyrolysis currently captures and stores between 30-50% yields of soild biochar but with the liquid and gaseous recovery this figure moves up to >70%, according to a paper released on the topic in August last year https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327082062_Pyrogenic_Carbon_Capture_Storage_PyCCS

This increase in carbon sequestration is via the use of biochar in regenerative agriculture, bio based materials used in water filtration, building and road construction as well as suitable geological deposits. The first two applications are value added economic products requiring no further government incentive and this is what has attracted the attention of the IPCC. The other reason PyCCS and biochar is now taking hold in the mainstream market place is that it is a well established and environmentally safe technology that can be taken up globally.

The Australia New Zealand Biochar Initiative Inc (ANZBI) is a not for profit organisation and assists the mainstreaming of biochar in an ANZ context. https://www.anzbi.org/ ANZBI acknowledges that repairing anthropogenic global warming will be via a mix of solutions which PYCCS and biochar has synergies with.

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Biochar mentioned in IPCC report for the first time

14 January, 2019
 

Video | Business Headlines | Internet | Science | Scientific Ethics | Technology | <a href="http:///” style=”white-space: nowrap”>Search

The Australia New Zealand Biochar Industry is an exciting place to be in 2019 with the inaugural mention of Pyrogenic Carbon Capture & Storage (PyCCS) which produces biochar, as a viable Negative Emissions Technology (NET) for carbon dioxide removal (CDR) in the 2018 IPCC Report. NET’s are being touted to help meet climate targets and keep temperatures below the critical 1.5 degree increase determined by stakeholders.

It has been grouped with other NET’s such as biomass carbon (tree planting), building soil carbon through regenerative agriculture and Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS), a GHG mitigation technology which produces negative carbon dioxide emissions by combining biomass use with geologic carbon capture and storage. Up unitl now, these methods have gained more publicity.

PyCSS and biochar has now been gained credibility as a viable NET for CDR because biomass carbon is easily degraded and returned to atmosphere as GHG’s through the continual work of microbes (the natural carbon cycle). If biomass is pyrolysed, it is thermally recoved into solid biochar, liquid bio-oils and permanent gas that can all be stored in the biosphere, helping to cool the planet. This makes sense as the balancing practice to mining fossil fuel carbon and releasing it straight into the atmosphere. PyCCS and biochar help repair both the carbon and nitrogen cycles.

Pyrolysis currently captures and stores between 30-50% yields of soild biochar but with the liquid and gaseous recovery this figure moves up to >70%, according to a paper released on the topic in August last year https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327082062_Pyrogenic_Carbon_Capture_Storage_PyCCS

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This increase in carbon sequestration is via the use of biochar in regenerative agriculture, bio based materials used in water filtration, building and road construction as well as suitable geological deposits. The first two applications are value added economic products requiring no further government incentive and this is what has attracted the attention of the IPCC. The other reason PyCCS and biochar is now taking hold in the mainstream market place is that it is a well established and environmentally safe technology that can be taken up globally.

The Australia New Zealand Biochar Initiative Inc (ANZBI) is a not for profit organisation and assists the mainstreaming of biochar in an ANZ context. https://www.anzbi.org/ ANZBI acknowledges that repairing anthropogenic global warming will be via a mix of solutions which PYCCS and biochar has synergies with.

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Gross domestic product (GDP) rose 0.3 percent in the September 2018 quarter, down from 1.0 percent in the previous quarter, Stats NZ said today… GDP per capita was flat in the September 2018 quarter, following an increase of 0.5 percent in the June 2018 quarter. More>>

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Sewers could help clean the atmosphere

15 January, 2019
 

Sewage treatment — an unglamorous backbone of urban living — could offer a cost-effective way to combat climate change by flushing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.

In an article analyzing several possible technical approaches in the journal Nature Sustainability on Dec. 18, 2018, researchers at Princeton University concluded that sewer plants serving municipalities worldwide offer a major option for capturing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Although cautioning that research and development is needed before the systems could be deployed, the team identified several potentially viable paths to using sewage as a carbon sink — that is, sewer plants could clean the atmosphere as they clean water.

“The water industry could play a big role in tackling climate change,” said senior author Jason Ren, professor of civil and environmental engineering and the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment. “It is a very exciting idea because people always think about energy or transportation, but water has not been considered as a major factor in carbon reduction.”

Researchers at Princeton have concluded that sewer plants serving municipalities worldwide offer a major option for capturing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Although cautioning that research and development is needed before the systems could be deployed, the team identified several potentially viable paths to using sewage as a carbon sink — that is, sewer plants could clean the atmosphere as they clean water.

Sewer plants are massive industrial operations that use a variety of techniques to remove pollutants before wastewater returns to the environment. Although most people never think about the systems, the volume of water is staggering. New York City, for example, runs 14 sewer plants and processes 1.3 billion gallons of water daily (enough to fill about 22,000 Olympic pools.)

In the past few years, researchers have proposed methods to use that wastewater to capture enough carbon to offset the amount generated to power heavy equipment used to run sewer plants. They discovered that some techniques not only would allow the plants to balance their own emissions (cleaning water requires considerable energy use), they could also absorb extra carbon that operators pumped into the sewage as it moved through the plants.

“If you consider it as a resource, you could convert part of the waste material including the CO2 into products,” Ren said. “You could actually make money.”

Generally, the operators would use pipes to pump carbon dioxide gas into the sewer water in the plants. They would then use a variety of techniques to convert the gas into carbonate minerals, biofuels or a sludge-based fertilizer called biochar.

The researchers reviewed a range of techniques including:

This techniques uses a combination of bacteria and a low electrical charge to change the water’s alkalinity and, with the addition of silicates, convert carbon dioxide to solid carbonate and bi-carbonate. In addition to the solids, which can be used by industry, the process creates large amounts of hydrogen gas. The researchers noted that this technique is currently used in the laboratory and additional work is needed to show whether it is economical and applicable at the industrial level.

Microbial electrosynthesis is similar to the microbial electrolytic technique except that the process relies on bacteria to directly capture carbon dioxide and convert it into other organic compounds such as ethanol or formic acid. The researchers noted that the technology is promising but major breakthroughs are needed to fully develop the process.

Microalgae cultivation could be used as a complement to other processes. Algae and bacteria use the carbon dioxide, nitrogen and phosphorous in the wastewater to grow. Operators then harvest the algae, which can be used as animal feed, for soil treatment or in biofuel production. The researchers said work is going forward on identifying the best local microbial communities, small and intensive bioreactors, and efficient techniques for separating solids and liquids.

This method converts wastewater sludge and microalgae into material that improves soil’s ability to retain water and nutrients. The technique, which removes pathogens, is usually self-sufficient in terms of energy, although most biochar is now made from dry plants. The researchers said using wastewater sludge to make biochar may require more energy or additional steps to account for the additional water content.

A bioreactor used in Jason Ren’s lab at the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment. “The water industry could play a big role in tackling climate change,” said Ren, a professor of civil and environmental engineering and the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment. 

Ren said that in many locations, sewer plants are already located near industrial facilities that emit large amounts of carbon dioxide such as power plants, cement factories and refineries. He said using the sewer systems to capture the carbon could provide an economic return for these companies in the form of carbon credits. He also said the technique could be used by industries that already run their own wastewater treatment systems such as oil and gas producers, brewers, and distillers. When analyzing the potential environmental and economic benefits of such operation, they found millions of tons of CO2 could be captured and utilized, while billions of dollars in revenue could be generated in both the U.S. and China, the world’s two largest CO2 emitters.

The researchers cautioned that while many techniques are promising, “the concept is still in its infancy.” They said that full use of the technology will require work of not only scientists, but also regulators, investors and industry.

Jerald Schnoor, an engineering professor at the University of Iowa, said national leaders should consider wastewater treatment as part of efforts to decrease the country’s carbon footprint in coming decades.

“Wastewater treatment is one of the largest energy users and greenhouse gas emitters of a municipal spreadsheet,” said Schnoor, who was not involved in this research. “Technologies exist at pilot scale to achieve zero carbon and energy footprints, but they are not proven to be scalable or cost-effective at the current time. As the country now embarks on ‘green infrastructure’ initiatives, as being discussed by the new Congress, this should be a high priority.”

In addition to Ren, the authors include first author Lu Lu, an associate research scholar at Princeton; Catherine Peters, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Princeton; Jeremy Guest, of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Greg Rau, of the University of California, Santa Cruz; and Xiuping Zhu, of Louisiana State University. Support for the project was provided in part by the National Science Foundation.


US government can do more to promote biochar

15 January, 2019
 

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Charcoal-like biochar improves soil hydration and enhances agricultural production while it curtails nutrient leaching, increases nitrogen available to plants, and reduces the release of gas pollutants. (Credit: Ghasideh Pourhashem)

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A new study shows how well-designed government policy can address the problem of high startup costs making it hard for some farmers to implement best environmental practices—especially with regard to biochar.

Biochar is a porous, charcoal-like material produced via pyrolysis, the high-temperature decomposition of biomass. It improves soil water properties and enhances agricultural production an average of 15 percent and also reduces nutrient leaching, increases nitrogen available to plants, and reduces the release of nitrogenous gases, which can improve local air quality.

A new policy study surveys existing government programs and details how they support the use of biochar to enhance agricultural productivity, sequester carbon, and preserve valuable soil. The federal government already has 35 programs that do—or could—promote biochar deployment to improve agricultural preservation and head off future environmental woes, researchers say.

“Our previous research has shown that wide-scale application of biochar across the United States’ agricultural soils can save millions of dollars in health costs by improving regional air quality,” says Ghasideh Pourhashem, a former postdoctoral fellow at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy and now an assistant professor at North Dakota State.

But despite the accumulating evidence, policy makers are slow to adopt biochar. “Our new study shows how policy frameworks can support biochar as a resource-saving, crop-boosting, and health care-improving material,” Pourhashem says.

The United States has long invested in biofuels like ethanol, and the researchers argue that biochar deserves similar long-term support to improve the nation’s soil and food security strategy.

Caroline Masiello, a professor of earth, environmental, and planetary sciences, notes the financial disconnect between those who bear the cost of land-management changes and those who benefit.

“There are plenty of farmers who want to do the right thing, but the benefits of biochar don’t accrue entirely on-farm,” she says, citing examples like cleaner water and air. “This paper is about how policy can connect the costs borne by farmers with the benefits to us all.”

The only active loan guarantee program the researchers identified for biochar production is the Department of Agriculture’s Biorefinery, Renewable Chemical and Bio-based Product Manufacturing Assistance Program, which provides up to $250 million per project.

But Department of Energy and Department of Agriculture programs and initiatives in Iowa, Oregon, Colorado, and Minnesota provide nearly $250 million more in grants, matching or production payments, and tax credits. The researchers also identified eight programs that offer a total of nearly $30 million in research and development funding that implicitly support biochar.

The researchers say the government’s emphasis on biochar production is inadequate and tilts heavily toward biofuels. They also note the need for more upfront investment in large biochar-focused production rather than small-scale facilities.

They suggest the development of a broadly accepted set of product standards for biochar could encourage investment.

“The potential long-term impacts of biochar are enormous,” says Kenneth Medlock, a fellow in energy and resource economics at Rice. “Much of the recent support for biochar has focused on its use for carbon dioxide sequestration, but the benefits are much broader.

“The potential effects on local air quality and water quality have implications that extend far beyond the application site, which makes policy supportive of investment in biochar production and market development something that should be seriously considered.”

The study appears in Global Change Biology Bioenergy. Rice’s Shell Center for Sustainability supported the research.

Source: Rice University

Original Study DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12582

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Immobilization of Heavy Metals in e-Waste Contaminated Soils by Combined Application of …

15 January, 2019
 

This paper reports the effects of single and combined application of biochar and phosphate fertilizer on immobilization of heavy metals in e-waste-contaminated soils. The results showed that combined amending biochar and phosphate fertilizer improved physical and chemical characteristics of soil but resulted in ammonium nitrogen loss. Biochar combined with phosphate fertilizer increased shoot biomass of lettuce while biochar applied alone could inhibit the growth of lettuce. A distinct decrease of heavy metal concentrations in lettuce was observed in phosphate fertilizer + biochar (3.0%) treatments while highest heavy metal concentrations in shoots and roots were observed in control treatments. In phosphate fertilizer (0.8%) + biochar (3.0%) treatment, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations of lettuce leaf were reduced by 34.78%, 29.37%, 46.59%, and 40.95%, respectively. Biochar + phosphate fertilizer and biochar both reduced bioconcentration of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in different tissues of lettuce while transshipment of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn from root to shoot increased after combined amendment of biochar with phosphate fertilizer. Application of phosphate fertilizer + biochar enhanced the immobilization of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn by decreasing the exchangeable Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in the soil. Precipitation, adsorption, ionic exchange, and chelation contributed to the good immobilization capacity of biochar + phosphate fertilizer on Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in e-waste-contaminated soils.


Trial will investigate if biochar is "green bullet" for forestry and environment

15 January, 2019
 

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Synthesis, characterization, and application of date palm leaf waste-derived biochar to remove …

15 January, 2019
 

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15 January, 2019
 

 


Brightest minds win big

15 January, 2019
 

COMING out on top of the other nine finalists in Alliance Islamic Bank’s Eco-Biz Dream Project 3, the Green Team from University Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) were named the grand prize winner after presenting their business pitch on how to help revitalise Sungai Kerayong.

The team consisting of Mohd Fakharuddin Muhamad, Dayang Siti Herdawati Abang Hardin, Lennevey Kinidi and team leader Norzafirah Azriah Mohd Fadzli won RM10,000 in cash and the opportunity to help revitalise Sungai Kerayong in the Klang Valley with their social enterprise solution.

This will be carried out in collaboration with Alliance Islamic Bank, the local civic authorities, non-profit organisations, private enterprises, and communities living along Sungai Kerayong.

“The Eco-Biz Dream Project is now in its third year, and already it defies convention. It is a social entrepreneurship activation initiative done in collaboration with academia, and this year, the winning project will be jointly implemented by like-minded citizens who want to ‘Do Good’ together, and have a meaningful impact on the environment and society,” said Alliance Islamic Bank CEO Rizal IL-Ehzan.

To ensure sustainability of the winning pitch’s idea, Alliance Islamic Bank has engaged local authorities, non-profit organisations, crowdfunding partners, and private enterprises for the implementation phase.

“Alliance Islamic Bank is committing up to RM200,000 to be used as seed funding for the implementation. Any additional funding required will be raised via our strategic crowdfunding partners’ platforms, Ata Plus and Ethis Ventures. We hope that doing so will help lend greater visibility to the project among communities,” said Rizal.

The UNIMAS’ Green Team’s pitch revolves around the idea of developing a simple solution using BioChar, in a plug-and-clean filter to be used at wet markets situated at Sungai Kerayong. This is to reduce the amount of untreated effluents associated with high Chemical Oxygen Demand and nutrients going into the river.

The team of four, under the guidance of Professor Madya Dr. Shanti Faridah Salleh, Director of the Centre for Academic Assurance and Academic Development for UNIMAS, said the solution was inspired by the question of how to help the Sungai Kerayong community.

The first runner-up of the Eco-Biz Dream Project 3 was Team Monash Green Lab from Monash University, who won RM5,000 cash, followed by Team Aqua Plethora from University Putra Malaysia (UPM), who took home RM3,000 for their efforts.

The consolation prizes, RM1,000 cash prize each, went to Team Sungai Savers from Xiamen University Malaysia and Team Adiwangsa from University Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Alliance Islamic Bank Eco-Biz Dream Project 3 is carried out in collaboration with EcoKnights, Malaysian Greentech Corporation, and Asia School of Business.

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Biochar Market – to Garner Massive Recognition in the Years to Come

15 January, 2019
 

The global “Biochar Market: Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecasts 2016–2024”  report acts as a journal comprising every detailed information about the global Biochar Market, which basically includes a preface, market value, growth pattern, and much more relevant information. The report offers the complete structural outline and description of the Biochar Market. An estimation of the growth pattern is also offered by the global Biochar Market report, on the basis of past development, and present market trends, production technologies, and product modifications.

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Global Biochar Market: Growth Factors

Rising organic food consumption all around the world and biochar’s ability to improve fertility of soil as well as plant growth are factors anticipated to boost the growth of the global biochar market in the near future. Biochar being is an important soil improvement owing to its ability to eliminate all sand pollutants and poisonous elements from the soil has gain importance worldwide in agriculture field. Moreover, it prevents fertilizer runoff, soil leeching, and also helps maintain the level of moisture in the soil. At present, synthetic as well as other bio-based fertilizers are expected to influence the agricultural sector.

The global Biochar Market report offers detailed information regarding the market by segmenting it on the basis of manufactured product shape, type, and form; its processing technology, product applications, and others. Along with this, the global Biochar Market report offers the analytical information of the market with respect to different regions. The global Biochar Market forecast, growth pattern, previous development studies, and current market development patterns are also included in the report.

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The global Biochar Market report offers the significant factors that can affect the growth of the market by either escalating it or retarding it. The report also provides a short description on the various policies and regularizations launched by the government or to be launched in the upcoming years, which may affect the global Biochar Market either directly or indirectly.

The global Biochar Market report comprises the analyzed data generated by the experts using various methodological and analytical techniques such as SWOT analysis, probability, and others. The global report represents the information in a clean and easily understandable format comprising flowcharts, graphs, and examples.

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Biochar: potential forest health tool

16 January, 2019
 

As state officials and stakeholders look for ways to improve forest health around Washington that are in need of restoration, one possible new tool may be found in biochar – a fine-grain charcoal that can be used to treat wastewater and soil. Its potential for that and other uses has inspired a strong bipartisan effort calling for further research.

House Joint Resolution 4000 (HJR 4000) would affirm “the Legislature’s support for the research of biochar as an animal feed, remediation tool, landscaping material, and soil amendment for forest and agricultural lands.” The resolution is sponsored by Rep. Matt Shea (R-4) and cosponsored by 18 Republicans and Democrats. Its companion bill in the Senate is SJM 8005 sponsored by Rep. Shelley Short (R-7) with similar bipartisan cosponsors.

HJR 4000 acknowledges research conducted by Washington State University, the state Department of Ecology and the U.S. Forest Service on the uses of biochar.

One of the problems with biochar is that despite that research, common knowledge about it remains limited, says Greg Rock with Carbon Washington. At a Jan. 16. public hearing of the House Committee on Rural Development, Agriculture, & Natural Resources, he told lawmakers that “from a cynical perspective someone might say this memorial doesn’t do anything, and maybe it’s easy to get a bipartisan group to do nothing. But I disagree. I think that this is an important memorial, primarily an educational vehicle.”

He added that despite working as a sustainability engineer, he hadn’t heard about biochar until a few years ago. “Education is really important. It’s hard to expect legislators to have much knowledge of this topic. Biochar is not a panacea. It’s not going to solve all of our problems, but it’s a very interesting topic, and it’s worth studying more.”

According to a 2018 WSU study done in conjunction with Ecology, biochar created through waste materials can potentially help reduce landfill space demand as well as greenhouse gas emissions through carbon sequestration, a strategy advocated by Commissioner of Public Lands Hilary Franz in a January 2018 letter to state lawmakers.

A 2017 post by USFS noted that biochar can aid other forest health treatments such as mechanical thinning by restoring nutrients into soil and can help mimic the same positive forest management effects of natural wildfire. Also, USFS found that in greenhouse production biochar has the potential to offer the same nutrients and growth properties as vermiculite, a compound used to retain water in soil.

Reflecting on the research done, Rock said: “We’ve really positioned ourselves well to be a leader in this industry, which we are.”

No further action is scheduled for HJR 4000.


$4.7M to Study Storing Greenhouse Gases in Soil

16 January, 2019
 

California leads the nation in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, but reductions alone will not be enough to reach the targets set by the 2015 Paris climate agreement. To do that, greenhouses gases like carbon dioxide will need to be removed from the atmosphere on a monumental scale.

An ambitious new multicampus, multipartner consortium led by the University of California, Davis, and the UC Working Lands Innovation Center is taking on that challenge with the goal of finding ways to capture billions of tons of carbon dioxide and bring net carbon emissions in California to zero by 2045.

The consortium has received a three-year, $4.7 million grant from the state of California’s Strategic Growth Council to research scalable methods of using soil amendments — rock, compost and biochar — to sequester greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide in soil.

“We’re pleased to be leading this effort and tapping into the deep expertise in our state to tackle one of the world’s most pressing challenges,” said UC Davis Chancellor Gary S. May. “By leveraging California’s collective ingenuity in academia, agriculture and government, we can mitigate the most harmful effects of climate change globally.”

UC Davis Professor Ben Houlton, director of the John Muir Institute of the Environment and a member of the UC Office of the President’s Global Climate Leadership Council, is the principal investigator for the project. UC Berkeley Professor Whendee Silver, lead scientist of the Marin Carbon Project, is the co-principal investigator.

“We need to remove carbon dioxide pollution from the air in a way the world has never seen before,” said Houlton. “Amending the soil with natural materials can help to restore soil health, and boost crop yields while capturing carbon dioxide and locking it away so that it doesn’t cause climate impacts that harm people, ecosystems and the economy.”

The Working Lands Innovation Center will partner with industry, community groups, farmers, ranchers, tribes and small businesses to support the state’s agriculture and natural resources, and the livelihoods of Californians.

To find out whether adding pulverized rock, compost and biochar to different types of crops and rangelands can significantly sequester carbon, the consortium will conduct and oversee 29 treatment and control sites across California. The studies will assess whether soil amendments can bring additional co-benefits, such as improved crop and rangeland productivity and soil health to California growers and ranchers across diverse regions.  

The sites range from croplands in the Sacramento and San Joaquin valleys to the Imperial Valley, as well as ranchlands from Marin County to Southern California.

 

“Previous research points to some promising avenues for carbon capture and storage through the use of soil amendments,” said Silver. “For example, we found that adding organic waste — food waste, green waste, livestock manure — as composted soil amendments could save the equivalent of 28 million tons of carbon dioxide using just 5 percent of California’s rangelands. That’s equal to approximately 80 percent of the emissions from the state’s agriculture and forestry sector.”

At the end of the three years, the consortium plans to deliver the most promising “shovel-ready” soil amendment strategies for capturing carbon dioxide in soil.

In addition to UC Berkeley and UC Davis, the consortium also includes scientists from UC Merced, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and California State University, East Bay. The group will be working with the California Collaborative for Climate Change Solutions (C4S), Larta Institute, the Almond Board of California, commercial manufacturers of compost and biochar, ranchers and farmers, carbon offset registries, the U.S. Department of Agriculture California Climate Hub, and UC Cooperative Extension.

The project will also engage with tribal nations and indigenous communities that are already using innovative strategies and actions to enhance carbon sequestration in the land.

University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 | 530-752-1011

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17 January, 2019
 

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Feds, states can help biochar live up to its soil-saving potential

17 January, 2019
 

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The researchers note the United States has long invested in biofuels like ethanol, and they argue that biochar deserves similar long-term support to improve the nation’s soil and food security strategy.

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Nitrogen and phosphorus uptake efficiency in Indian mustard cultivated during three growth cycles …

17 January, 2019
 

Biochar has been used worldwide as an efficient soil amendment due to its beneficial interaction with soil particles and nutrients; however, studies on the effect of biochar on the availability of nutrients such as N and P in tropical soils are still missing. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of different types and doses of biochars on the concentration and uptake of N and P in Indian mustard plants (Brassica juncea L.) grown in a Cu contaminated soil during three successive growth cycles. The greenhouse experiment was set up as randomized block design in a 3×3 factorial scheme, with 3 types of biochars (coconut shell, orange bagasse and sewage sludge) and three rates of application (0, 30 and 60t ha-1), and 4 replicates. Biochar increased plant growth by approximately 30 to 224%; however, the orange bagasse biochar was the most effective. Biochar reduced plant N concentration in approximately 15-43%, regardless of the rate of application, indicating the need to carefully adjust N fertilization. In the last growth cycle, biochar from coconut shell and orange bagasse improved the N uptake efficiency suggesting a better amelioration effect with ageing in soil. Biochar did not affect P nutrition in Indian mustard to a great extent; however, it significantly decreased the N:P ratio in the plant.

Key words: biochar; pyrogenic carbon; copper contamination; plant nutrition; Brassica juncea

O biocarvão tem sido usado mundialmente como um eficiente insumo agrícola devido à sua interação benéfica com as partículas e os nutrientes do solo. Contudo, seu efeito na disponibilidade de nutrientes como N e P em solos tropicais tem sido pouco investigado. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes tipos e doses de biocarvão na concentração e na eficiência de absorção de N e P em plantas de mostarda indiana (Brassica juncea L.) cultivadas em solo contaminado com cobre, em três ciclos sucessivos de cultivo. O estudo foi desenvolvido em delineamento de blocos casualizados, em esquema fatorial 3×3, em casa de vegetação, com três tipos de biocarvão (casca de coco, bagaço de laranja e lodo de esgoto) e três doses (0, 30 e 60t ha-1). Todos os biocarvões aumentaram o crescimento das plantas, com variação de 30 a 224%. No entanto, o biocarvão de bagaço de laranja foi o mais eficiente. A presença de biocarvão reduziu a concentração de N nas plantas em torno de 14 a 43%, independente da dose aplicada, indicando a necessidade de monitoramento mais cuidadoso da fertilização nitrogenada. Os biocarvões de casca de coco e bagaço de laranja melhoraram a eficiência da planta na absorção de N no terceiro ciclo de cultivo, indicando melhor efeito com o tempo de contato como o solo. O uso de biocarvão teve pouca influência na nutrição fosfatada na mostarda indiana, mas diminuiu significativamente a relação N:P.

Palavras-chave: biocarvão; carbono pirogênico; contaminação com cobre,nutrição de planta; Brassica juncea

Use of biochar as soil amendment has been considered as an environmentally friendly strategy to improve soil fertility while reducing negative impacts caused by the inappropriate disposal of organic wastes. Effect of biochar on soil fertility is believed to be related to its high porosity, surface area and CEC, which increase the soil retention capacity for water and nutrients. However, many other factors such as the biochar liming effect and the presence of a variety of oxygenated functional groups make it difficult to predict all the benefits of biochar to plant growth and productivity (NGUYEN et al., 2017), specially the effect of biochar on the behavior of N and P in the soil and in the plant (KAMMANN et al., 2015; DEENIK & COONEY, 2016).

Nitrogen and P are very important plant macronutrients and their availability in soil as well as their interaction limits plant growth (GROOT et al., 2003). Studies about the effect of biochar on the availability of N in soil have generated many contradictory results varying from positive, negative and even no effect (CLOUGH et al., 2013; RAHMAN et al., 2013; NGUYEN et al., 2017). The same different outcomes are observed during the evaluation of the effects of biochar on plant N absorption (SAARNIO et al., 2013). Additionally, biochar has also been related to changes in the P cycle in highly weathered acidic soils (ABDELHAFEZ et al., 2017), where the availability of P is mostly controlled by the presence of reactive Al and Fe surfaces that present high affinity for P at low soil pH, causing P to be chemically adsorbed and leading to low agronomic P use efficiency (ANTONIADIS et al., 2015). In that case, the liming effect of biochar to certain extent can increase P availability by reducing P adsorption (VANEK & LEHMANN, 2015).

Plant growth in metal contaminated soils can be seriously impaired not only by high concentrations of heavy metals but also by availability of nutrients and nutritional status, including heavy metal tolerant ones such as Indian mustard (MOURATO et al., 2015) that are often used as food crop as well as to remediate contaminated soils (RODRÍGUEZ-VILA et al., 2015). Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the concentration of N and P in plant tissue as well as N and P use efficiency in Indian mustard plants cultivated in a copper contaminated soil and treated with different types and doses of biochar, during three successive growth cycles.

Soil was collected in the 0-0.20m layer from a fallow field at the Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS) experimental station, Northeast Brazil (about S 10º 55’ 46”; N 37º 06’ 13”). The soil was classified as Argissolo Amarelo (SANTOS et al., 2013), (Ultisol, according to SOIL SURVEY STAFF (2014)) and presented the following characteristics: pH: 4.64, organic carbon: 11.6g kg-1, CEC: 1.88cmol kg-1, P: 1.82mg kg-1, K: 25.4mg kg-1, total Cu: 100mg kg-1. Physical properties were: Sand: 72%, Silt: 13%, Clay: 15% (DAY, 1965).

The biochars were produced from coconut shell, orange bagasse and sewage sludge in a slow pyrolysis reactor, at 500oC. Biochar was ground, sieved to 2mm particle size and evaluated through proximate analysis (Ash, volatile matter and fixed C), and ultimate analysis (C, N, H and O) according to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D1752-84. Elemental composition of C, H, and N was determined using an elemental analyzer. Cation exchange capacity was determined by ammonium acetate method (THOMAS, 1982). Biochar pH and electrical conductivity were also determined. Biochar characteristics are presented in table 1.

Table 1 Characteristics of biochars. 

BiocharVMAshFCCNPpHCEC
————————————————- % ————————————————-cmolc kg-1
CSB15.810.867.279.50.420.0210.669.7
OBB17.616.158.772.32.550.5210.063.5
SSB26.036.034.143.06.801.067.3022.2

The experiments were carried out in a greenhouse environment at a temperature of 28oC and as a completely randomized design in a 3×3 factorial scheme, with 4 replicates. Treatments were three types of biochar (coconut shell-CSB; orange bagasse – OBB; and sewage sludge – SSB) and three rates of application (0, 30 and 60t ha-1). Experimental units were comprised of 5L plastic pots. Soil was spiked with copper sulfate three months prior the experiment. Biochar (37,5g or 75g) was mixed with the contaminated soil (3.5kg), transferred to pots, watered to field capacity and incubated during one week before planting in order to equilibrate. One healthy Indian Mustard seedling with four leaves was transferred to each pot and allowed to grow for 60 days. Plants were watered throughout the study to keep the soil at approximately 70% of its field capacity. Indian mustard plants were cultivated for three successive growth cycles (April to June; June to August; August to October, 2016). At the beginning of each growth cycle, 1g of mineral fertilizer (osmocote:14-14-14) was applied to each pot.

Before harvesting, chlorophyll content of the mid-section, fully expanded leaves was measured, using a non-modulated fluorimeter OS-30P model (ADC BioScientific Ltd., UK). After each harvesting, plants were washed with tap water, rinsed with DI water and dried in a 60oC oven for approximately 48 hours, weighed for the determination of the dry biomass and ground to pass through a 2mm screen for N and P analysis. Samples were digested in a hot block digestion system, according to the TKN protocol for N determination (BREMNER, 1996). Total P concentration in plant samples was determined in the TKN extracts using the molybdenum blue method (MURPHY & RILEY 1962). Soil samples were collected at the beginning of each growth cycle from each experimental pot, dried, sieved to 2mm screen and analyzed for pH, EC, organic C and concentration of extractable Cu, N, P, K and Na. Soil pH was determined in a 1:5 (w/w) biochar:water ratio after 1.5h shaking in a reciprocating shaker and 1h equilibration. Concentrations of extractable Cu, P, K and Na were determined following extraction with 1% citric acid (WU et al., 2004). Soil plant available N was extracted with 2M KCl. The uptake efficiency of N or P was calculated by dividing N or P uptake by the root biomass dry weight (GOOD et al., 2004).

Statistical analysis was performed separately on each crop cycle because the experiments were not run concurrently. Results are reported as the means of four replicates. Data obtained were subjected to two-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for assessing the significance of quantitative changes in the variables as a result of biochar treatments using SISVAR software package (FERREIRA, 2011). When a significant difference was observed between treatments, multiple comparisons were made by the Tukey-test at P<0.05.

Application of biochar significantly (P<0.05) increased plant biomass in all growth cycles (Table 2); however the effects varied with biochar type and rates of application. In the first and third growth cycles, biochar from coconut shell increased plant biomass by approximately 50 and 32%, regardless of the rate of application. In the second growth cycle, the increase was according to the rate of application, being 100% (30t ha-1) and 224% (60t ha-1). The OBB was more effective in increasing plant biomass in all growth cycles, varying from 168% (GC1), 148-191% (GC2, 30t ha-1 and 60t ha-1, respectively) and 60% (GC3). The effect of the SSB on plant biomass was only observed in the GC2 (150%) and GC3 (50% and 90%, for 30t ha-1 and 60t ha-1, respectively), confirming the beneficial effect of this biochar as reported by SILVA et al. (2017). Biochar effect in increasing plant growth was probably due to the amelioration effect in the contaminated soil by increasing soil pH and the availability of some nutrients such as P and K which was confirmed in the study of DEENIK & COONEY (2016) when corn cob and sewage sludge biochar was applied to an oxisol. The authors observed that biochars in combination with fertilizer doubled plant growth compared to the control in the first crop cycle produced no significant effect in the second cycle, and more than tripled plant growth for the sewage sludge biochar in the third cycle. In the present study, plants presented poor growth in the first cycle due to a problem in the greenhouse.

Table 2 Biomass and concentration of N and P in the shoot of Indian mustard plants after growing in the copper contaminated soil treated with biochar from coconut shell (CSB), orange bagasse (OBB) and sewage sludge (SSB). Means followed by same letter (uppercase in a row; lowercase in a column) are not significantly different (P < 0.05) for comparisons made within each crop cycle (n = 4 per treatment). 

Rate of applicationCSBOBBSSBCSBOBBSSBCSBOBBSSB
———–Growth cycle 1———–————Growth cycle 2————-————Growth cycle 3————–
———————————————————————————————————–Plant biomass (g dw plant-1) ———————————————————————————-
01.28Ab1.28Ab1.28Aa2.74Ac2.79Ac2.79Ab3.80Ab3.60Ab3.60Ac
301.97Ba3.96Aa1.05Ca5.48Bb6.92Ab7.00Aa5.09Aa5.87Aa5.37Ab
601.94Ba2.92Aa1.34Ba8.90Aa8.13Aa6.92ba4.97Ca5.65Ba6.80Aa
————————————————————————————————–Plant N (g kg-1)———————————————————————————————
027.8Aa27.8Aa27.8Aa28.0Aa28.0Aa28.0Aa46.9Aa46.9Aa46.9Aa
3023.4Bb21.3Bb29.1Aa18.3Ab15.1Ab16.8Ab33.9Ab34.5Ab32.6Ab
6023.9Ab19.7Bb29.5Aa15.2Ab16.5Ab17.9Ab37.2Ab31.9Bb34.4ABb
03.14Ab3.14Ab3.14Aa3.88Aa3.88Aa3.88Aa5.20Aa5.18Aa5.20Aa
305.42Aa5.04ABa3.97Ba3.34Aa3.98Aa4.03Aa4.92Ba5.93Aa4.96Ba
a603.94Ab3.04Ab3.40Aa3.59Aa4.40Aa4.08Aa5.30Aa5.72Aa5.40Aa
————————————————————————————————N : P ratio—————————————————————————————————–
07.23Aa7.23Aa7.23Aa8.22Aa8.22Aa8.22Aa9.40Aa9.07Aa9.03Aa
305.10Ab3.97Bb4.65ABb4.74Bc4.29Bc6.88Ab7.50Ab5.83Bb6.70ABb
604.36Ac3.83Ab4.42Ab6.37Bb6.50Bb8.38Aa7.05Ab5.57Bb6.41ABb

The increase in plant biomass caused by the presence of biochar was not followed by an increase in the concentration of N in the plant aboveground part, which varied from 15.1 – 46.9g kg-1. Considering that the concentration of N commonly ranges from 23.9 – 55.1g kg-1 for plants of the Brassica genus, the presence of biochar, especially in the GC2, caused a reduction in N concentration below the lower limit in most plants. In fact, all biochars reduced plant N (Table 2) in approximately 15-43%, regardless of the rate of application, which could be observed by the chlorotic appearance of leaves. Considering that all the plants were equally fertilized with N, the yellow discoloring of the leaves observed in the treatments with biochar is supposed to be related to the effect of biochar on the fate of N and not to the effect of the high Cu concentration in the contaminated soil. Therefore, N fertilization in soils treated with biochar should be a concern. Reduction in plant N concentration due to biochar was also confirmed by the reduction in the chlorophyll content (Table 3) and could have been a result of the improved growth and consequently increased demand for this essential macronutrient. ARGENTA et al. (2004) also reported good correlations between plant N and Chlorophyll content in maize plants.

Table 3 Chlorophyll A, Chlorophyll B and ChloA/ChloB ratio of Indian mustard plants after growing in the copper contaminated soil treated with biochar from coconut shell (CSB), orange bagasse (OBB) and sewage sludge (SSB). Means followed by same letter (uppercase in a row; lowercase in a column) are not significantly different (P < 0.05) for comparisons made within each crop cycle (n = 4 per treatment). 

Rate of applicationCSBOBBSSBCSBOBBSSB
————————Growth cycle 1———————————————–Growth cycle 2————————
——————————————————————–Chlorophyll A (SPAD) ——————————————————————–
028.3Aa28.3Aa28.3Aa27.9Aa27.9Aa27.9Aa
3027.1Aa27.2Aa29.1Aa24.0Ab23.2Ab23.8Ab
6026.1Aa20.5Bb29.5Aa22.5Ab23.7Ab21.6Ab
——————————————————————–Chlorophyll B (SPAD) ——————————————————————–
011.1Aa11.1Aa11.0Aa10.0Aa10.0Aa10.0Aa
309.42ABa8.12Bb11.1Aa6.57Ab6.90Ab8.00Ab
6011.0Aa6.22Bb11.5Aa7.15Ab7.02Ab6.52Ab
————————————————————–Chlorophyll A: Chlorophyll B ratio————————————————————
02.55Aab2.55Ab2.55Aa2.81Ab2.81Aa2.81Aa
302.88Ba3.34Aa2.64Ba3.70Aa3.38ABa3.00Ba
602.40Bb3.32Aa2.57Ba3.20Aab3.40Aa3.28Aa

Additionally, it was reported that during the ageing of biochar in the soil, NO3-N chemisorption through H-bonding may be enhanced because biochar becomes more hydrophilic (HAMMES & SCHMIDT, 2009); however, in the present study, the evaluation of N availability through KCl extraction showed little influence of the biochars (Table 4), except in the OBB treatment which significantly decreased extractable N. This effect could also be related to the increase in pH when the OBB was applied to soil (Table 4), leading to N loss through volatilization (NGUYEN et al., 2017). Therefore, different biochars may likely influence different mechanisms of N interaction in soil for which more investigation is needed.

Table 4 Extractable concentrations of P, N, K and Na, pH and EC in the copper contaminated soil treated with biochar from coconut shell (CSB), orange bagasse (OBB) and sewage sludge (SSB). Uppercase letters compare means among different biochars at the same dose. Lowercase letters compare means among different doses at the same biochar type ((P < 0.05) (n = 4 per treatment). 

Biochar typeRate of applicationPNKNapH
——————————————mg kg-1——————————————
CSB044.1Aa2.96Aa50.1Ac0.09Ac4.79Abc
3040.1Ba2.57Aa170Ab120Ab5.60Bb
6044.8Ca3.38Aa338Ba262Aa6.50Aa
OBB046.4Ab2.96Aa50.1Ac0.09Ab4.79Ab
3067.0Aa1.70Aab302Bb20.7Ba6.26Aa
6072.0Ba1.60Bb660Aa28.0Ca7.06Ba
SSB043.4Ac2.96Aa50.1Aa0.09Ac4.79Ab
3074.7Ab2.14Aa59.4Ca28.7Bb5.74Ba
6097.8Aa0.65Bb19.9Cb82.6Ba5.84Ca

The evaluation of the N uptake efficiency (NUE) showed a huge variation in the treatments among growth cycles (Figure 1). In the first GC, when biochar was recently incorporated to the soil, NUE varied from 0.57 to 0.80g N plant-1 g root-1, and only the OBB reduced the plant efficiency in taking up N. The NUE was greatly reduced in the second GC in all treatments, including the control, varying from 0.08 to 0.18g N plant-1 g root-1; however, this time all biochars caused reduction in the capacity of the plant to absorb N, except for CSB at 30t ha-1 and OBB at 60t ha-1. In the third GC, all biochars increased in approximately 80% the values of NUE, varying from 0.2 to 0.5g N plant-1 g root-1, except the SSB when applied at a rate of 30t ha-1.

The concentration of P in the shoot varied from 3.40 to 5.93g kg-1 (Table 2). Biochar did not affect P nutrition in Indian mustard, except for the CSB and OBB applied at a rate of 30t ha-1, in the first GC, which increased P concentration in the aboveground biomass by approximately 72% and 61%, respectively. These results are not likely related to the concentration of citric acid extractable P in the soil since application of CSB had no effect on P availability, regardless of the increase in soil pH caused by this biochar. In fact, application of OBB and SSB even increased the concentration of extractable P (Table 4), which could be related not only to the increase in soil pH but also to the concentration of P in the biochar (Table 1). A reasonable explanation for the lack of plant response related to P nutrition is the lower P requirement by Indian mustard plants which have higher demand for N.

The plant efficiency in taken up P greatly varied among growth cycles (Figure 1), from 0.09-0.14g P plant-1 g root-1 (GC1), 0.02-0.03g P plant-1 g root-1 (GC2) and 0.02-0.10g P plant-1 g root-1 (GC3). CSB and OBB significantly (P<0.05) increased P uptake efficiency (PUE), regardless of the rate of application. SSB had low influence on the PUE.

Biochar addition to soil significantly (P<0.05) reduced the N:P ratio in the plants, regardless of the type and rate of application (Table 2). In the control treatment, N:P ratio varied from 7.23 to 9.04 across the three growth cycles whereas in the biochar treatments this variation was from 3.83 to 8.38, with mean values of 5.85, 5.00 and, 6.24 for CSB, OBB and SSB, respectively, with lowest values mostly associated with the OBB. According to GARRISH et al. (2010), the N:P ratio is an effective tool to evaluate the availability of these nutrients to plants; values < 14 indicates N limitation whereas values > 16 are a sign of P restriction to plant productivity. Therefore, our values confirmed N limitation in plants treated with biochar.

All biochars increased plant growth and reduced plant N concentration; however, the most effective was the orange bagasse biochar, indicating the need for a more cautious management of the N fertilization. Biochar increased plant N uptake efficiency which could explain the improved plant growth.

Even though biochar from orange bagasse and sewage sludge increased the availability of P in soil, no biochar influenced plant P nutrition, regardless of the increase in pH of this acidic soil. This was probably related to the plant species itself and its lower demand for P than for N.

Considering that the plants had poor growth in the first cultivation cycle and; therefore, should not be taken into account, the effect of biochar on the plant N and P use efficiency seemed to improve as biochar aged in the soil from the second to the third cycle.

We thank the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for supporting our research.

0CR-2017-0592.R3

Received: August 23, 2017; Accepted: November 15, 2018; Revised: December 06, 2018


Global Biochar Market Set to Witness an Uptick During 2019-2024

17 January, 2019
 

The essential thought of Global Biochar statistical surveying report is to remember the basic parts of the industry including creating market inclinations, fundamental Biochar market stipulations, market share alongside type acquisitions and the up-coming ventures of the Biochar industry. The report additionally pulls in the key highlights important to take imperative Biochar business judgments and choices among the contenders. Global Biochar report executes an inside and out SWOT and PESTEL analysis to expand the general development and revenue of the industry. It helps in anticipating the future Biochar resources by investigating the previous inclinations and making sense of the present market scope.

The report features a definite examination of Global Biochar Market outline, division by types, potential applications and manufacturer’s information. The report grandstands tremendous Biochar data with respect to definitions, groupings, thorough investigation, applications, and master feelings and additionally enter factors that contribute to the market’s development. Biochar markets are estimated in view of the chronicled action and current openings, specialized advances, and difficulties.

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Sectioning the Biochar industry on the primary segment of producers, types, applications, and regions:

The worldwide Biochar market as indicated by significant players including Diacarbon Energy, Agri-Tech Producers, Biochar Now, Carbon Gold, Kina, The Biochar Company, Swiss Biochar GmbH, ElementC6, BioChar Products, BlackCarbon, Cool Planet, Carbon Terra, Pacific Biochar, Vega Biofuels, Liaoning Jinhefu Group, Hubei Jinri Ecology-Energy, Nanjing Qinfeng Crop-straw Technology, Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai)

Indicated by various Product Types as, Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar

Diverse end-client requests, the report orders the applications including Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer

Global Biochar report features the business spread crosswise over various nations everywhere in the world. It incorporates regions as, North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, The Middle East and Africa

The extent of the Worldwide Biochar Market Report is characterized by:

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— To survey the market size and offer as for Biochar revenue esteem and volume.

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— The market forecast from 2019 to 2024 including market volumes, esteem utilization is given by Biochar regions, by types, and by applications.

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Eminent Inquiries Replied in this Biochar Report:

* What will be the market development rate of Worldwide Biochar in 2024?

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All the key Biochar market players associated with the market like the merchants, wholesalers, providers, producers, vendors are canvassed in this report. The imperative points of interest identified with exploring techniques, Biochar channels, SWOT examination, and research discoveries are shrouded in profundity in this report.

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Fine Biochar Powder Market Overview, Technology Progress (2018-2025)

18 January, 2019
 

Fine Biochar Powder Market Report includes the valuation of market size for value and volume. Each top-down and bottom-up methods are used to estimate and validate the market size of Fine Biochar Powder market, to estimate the size of assorted alternative dependent submarkets in the overall market. Key players within the market are known through secondary analysis, and their market shares are determined through primary and secondary analysis. All percentage shares splits, and breakdowns are determined using secondary sources and verified primary sources.

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Manufacturers in Fine Biochar Powder Market:

Fine Biochar Powder Market by Applications:
Soil Conditioner
Fertilizer
Others
Fine Biochar Powder Market by Types:
Wood Source Biochar
Corn Source Biochar
Wheat Source Biochar
Others

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Other Regions (India, Southeast Asia, Central and South America and Middle East and Africa)

We can also provide the customized separate regional or country-level reports, for the following regions: North America, United States, Canada, Mexico, Asia-Pacific, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Singapore, Rest of Asia-Pacific, Europe, Germany, France, UK, Italy, Spain, Russia, Rest of Europe, Central and South America, Brazil, Argentina, Rest of South America, Middle East and Africa, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Rest of Middle East and Africa.

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The report then estimates 2018-2025 market development trends of Fine Biochar Powder market. Analysis of upstream raw materials, Production Process Analysis, and Industry Chain Analysis is also carried out. In the end, the report makes some important proposals for a new project of Fine Biochar Powder market before evaluating its feasibility.

 

 

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Efficient removal of oxytetracycline from aqueous

18 January, 2019
 

A novel magnetic attapulgite–biochar composite (MABC) derived from natural attapulgite, cauliflower leaves, and FeCl3 was successfully prepared as a low-cost adsorbent for oxytetracycline (OTC) removal from aqueous solution. Characterization experiments by different techniques suggested that attapulgite clay particles and Fe3O4 nanoparticles were successfully covered on the MABC surface. Compared with the pristine biochar (CLB) and attapulgite–biochar composite (ABC), MABC had the largest surface area, well-developed pore structure, and more surface oxygen-containing functional groups which could interact with organic pollutant via hydrogen bonding, π–π electron coupling, complexation, and ion exchange. The maximum adsorption capacity of MABC by the Langmuir model was 33.31 mg/g, which was dramatically higher than that of CLB and ABC. The effects of solution initial pH had little difference on the adsorption of OTC because of the buffering effect. Adsorbent-regeneration studies of MABC exhibited good reusability and separation property. All the results indicated that MABC could be used as a potential adsorbent because of its easy preparation and separation, high efficiency, wide pH range application, and abundant and cheap raw materials in the global ecosystem.

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Alho et al. – 2012 – Biochar and soil nitrous oxide emissions

18 January, 2019
 


Effect of Shea Nut Shell Biochar on Root Knot Nematodes

18 January, 2019
 

Annual Research & Review in Biology, ISSN: 2347-565X,Vol.: 30, Issue.: 2

Effect of Shea Nut Shell Biochar on Root Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

 

Fataw Ibrahim1, Albert Kojo Quainoo1 and Frederick Kankam2*

1Department of Biotechnology, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

2Department of Agronomy, University for Development Studies, P.O.Box 1882, Tamale, Ghana.

Fataw Ibrahim1, Albert Kojo Quainoo1 and Frederick Kankam2*

1Department of Biotechnology, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

2Department of Agronomy, University for Development Studies, P.O.Box 1882, Tamale, Ghana.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Dr. Rajeev Kumar, Department of Veterinary Public Health & Epidemiology, Vanbandhu College of Veterinary Science & A.H, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, India.

(2) Dr. George Perry, Dean and Professor of Biology, University of Texas at San Antonio, USA.

Reviewers:

(1) Mohamed Salah Khalil, Agricultural Research Centre, Egypt.

(2) Mahmoud M. A. Youssef, National Research Centre, Egypt.

(3) Haougui Adamou, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRAN), Niger.

(4) Manqiang Liu, College of Resources & Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, China.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sdiarticle3.com/review-history/45187

Abstracts

Effect of shea nut shell biochar on root knot nematodes and performance of tomato was investigated under nematode inoculated soils. Steam sterilized soil was admixed with biochar, which was later inoculated with 1000 second stage juveniles (J2) two weeks after transplanting. Tomato variety (Petomech-GH) was planted in potting medium of soil to biochar ratio of  one part of biochar (250 g) is to one part of soil (1B1S), one part of biochar is to two parts of soil (1B2S), two parts of biochar is to one part of soil (2B1S), and no biochar application (control). Steam sterilized soil amended with biochar inoculated with 1000 second stage juveniles (J2). The result indicated that, biochar increased the pH of the soil, lessened the adverse effects of Meloidogyne spp., resulting in decline in galling and improvement in growth and yield of tomato. Increased biochar concentration resulted in decreased nematode gall formation on the roots of the tomato plant. Biochar amended soils resulted in lower egg masses. Increased biochar concentration resulted in decreased performance of tomato plant. Tomato plants treated with low biochar concentrations (1B2S and 1B1S) produced higher fruit numbers and weights, and plant biomass.

Biochar; shea nut shell; root knot nematode; tomato.

DOI : 10.9734/ARRB/2018/45187

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Effects of biochar addition on chemical properties of a sandy soil from northeast Brazil

19 January, 2019
 

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Arabian Journal of Geosciences


Conversion of Cu(II)

19 January, 2019
 

Disposal of heavy metal-polluted biomass obtained from bioremediation through harmless approaches is a big challenge. In this work, we investigated the effects of pyrolysis temperatures on the conversion of exhausted Cu(II)-laden biomass into Cu nanoparticles (NPs) embedded biochar composite (CBC), Cu(II) chemical form and behavior variation, and associated ecotoxicity evolution. The potential of the resulted biochar products on the growth inhibition of harmful cyanobacterium species Microcystis aeruginosa was also evaluated. At the present study, the increase of pyrolysis temperature from 350 oC to 750 oC increased the pH value, surface area, total pore volume, and Cu concentration of CBC. Ecotoxicity test based on germination and root growth of Chinese cabbage showed that pyrolysis temperature > 550 oC relived the ecotoxicity of biomass waste. The further analysis revealed that the Cu in the CBC existed in CuO, CuO/Cu2O/Cu0 mixture, and Cu0 crystal forms when they were produced at pyrolysis temperatures of 350, 550 and 750 oC, respectively. The embedded Cu NPs in the CBC decreased from nanosize 28.7 nm to 5.8 nm with the temperature increase. Compared with the biochar without Cu, CBC-550 and CBC-750 significantly inhibited the growth of Microcystis aeruginosaalgae. Overall, this study demonstrated that the pyrolysis of Cu(II) laden biomass at ≥ 550 oC produces Cu NPs in-situ embedded biochar nanocomposite, which had the potential to be used as blue-green algae inhibitor with low ecotoxicity.

 


Global Biochar Market Outlook 2019-2027 : Cool Planet, Biochar Supreme, NextChar, Terra Char …

21 January, 2019
 

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The prediction for CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) is provided in the Global Biochar Market report in terms of % for particular period. This will help clients to make convincing decisions on the basis of prediction chart.

Production volume and income (US$) are the two primary factors on which the Biochar market size is calculated in the report. Furthermore, The report presents a detailed segmentation Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar, Market Trend by Application Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others of the global market based on technology, product type, application, and various processes and systems. Various Biochar market characteristics such as limitations, the future aspects of each section, and growth drivers have been covered in the report. On the basis of these characteristics, the Biochar market report decides the forecast the market all over the world.

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The Biochar report also has each aspect of the global market, starting from the fundamental data and moving on towards to different essential criteria, on the basis of which, the Biochar market is segmented. Major application fields of Biochar are also covered and examined based on their performance.

The Biochar market report also has profound analysis of current policies, regulations, rules, and industrial chain. Apart from this, other factors including major manufacturers, their chain of production, supply & demand for these products, goods, and cost structures for market along with the income are also wrapped in this report.

The report also predicts the characteristics of supply & demand, production capacity, the sequential presentation, and thorough analysis of the global Biochar market.

There are 15 Chapters to display the Global Biochar market

Chapter 1, Definition, Specifications and Classification of Biochar, Applications of Biochar, Market Segment by Regions;
Chapter 2, Manufacturing Cost Structure, Raw Material and Suppliers, Manufacturing Process, Industry Chain Structure;
Chapter 3, Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Biochar, Capacity and Commercial Production Date, Manufacturing Plants Distribution, R&D Status and Technology Source, Raw Materials Sources Analysis;
Chapter 4, Overall Market Analysis, Capacity Analysis (Company Segment), Sales Analysis (Company Segment), Sales Price Analysis (Company Segment);
Chapter 5 and 6, Regional Market Analysis that includes United States, China, Europe, Japan, Korea & Taiwan, Biochar Segment Market Analysis (by Type);
Chapter 7 and 8, The Biochar Segment Market Analysis (by Application) Major Manufacturers Analysis of Biochar ;
Chapter 9, Market Trend Analysis, Regional Market Trend, Market Trend by Product Type Wood Source Biochar, Corn Stove Source Biochar, Rice Stove Source Biochar, Wheat Stove Source Biochar, Other Stove Source Biochar, Market Trend by Application Soil Conditioner, Fertilizer, Others;
Chapter 10, Regional Marketing Type Analysis, International Trade Type Analysis, Supply Chain Analysis;
Chapter 11, The Consumers Analysis of Global Biochar ;
Chapter 12, Biochar Research Findings and Conclusion, Appendix, methodology and data source;
Chapter 13, 14 and 15, Biochar sales channel, distributors, traders, dealers, Research Findings and Conclusion, appendix and data source.

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Granular Biochar Market Overview, Growth, Demand and Forecast Research Report to 2023

21 January, 2019
 

Granular Biochar Market 2018 Analysis Report on “Global Granular Biochar Market Analysis 2012-2017 and Forecast 2018-2023” Forecast 2023.

In this report, Delivers Information studies of the current situation (with the base year being 2018) and the growth prospects of global Granular Biochar Forecast market 2018-2023.

The global Granular Biochar market will reach Million USD in 2017 and CAGR xx% 2011-2017. The report begins from overview of Industry Chain structure, and describes industry environment, then analyses market size and forecast of Granular Biochar by product, region and application, in addition, this report introduces market competition situation among the vendors and company profile, besides, market price analysis and value chain features are covered in this report.

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US government can do more to promote biochar

22 January, 2019
 

A new study shows how well-designed government policy can address the problem of high startup costs making it hard for some farmers to implement best environmental practices—especially with regard to biochar.

The post U.S. government can do more to promote biochar appeared first on Knowridge Science Report.

…read more

Source:: Knowridge Science Report


Global Biochar Market Analysis & Forecast: Seek Bio-Technology (Shanghai), Swiss Biochar

22 January, 2019
 

The research report on “Global Biochar Market 2019” delivers detailed prognosis on current and forecast market situation of global biochar market in the assessment period, 2019-2028. The analysis assesses biochar market increase report, earnings station, manufacturers profiled in biochar industry, a market analysis of product type, application, and region in detail. The biochar report also consists of key drivers and limiting factors affect the biochar market growth in industry trends or challenges faced by biochar manufacturers in forecast years.

The first section of this account comprises biochar market includes the aims of biochar research, specifications, and definition. That really is followed closely by in depth of biochar marketplace extent and dimension test, including region-wise biochar manufacturing value and also the historic CAGR increase from 2019 to 2028. This comprehensive analysis gives biochar marketplace focus ratio and also the convenience of biochar market. Additionally, the analysis included sections of biochar economy, also a study of sector regional and global biochar market dimensions and price analysis.

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The second section provides an aggressive examination of biochar market place and vital market players operating at the market. What’s more, biochar report provides information regarding leading businesses engaged with biochar industry. The info is at the shape of company outline, biochar merchandise graphics and specification, crucial financials particulars including (yearly profits, biochar creation, and earnings worth ), SWOT analysis of those organizations, biochar firm strategic outline and also their main improvements. It really can be a lot invaluable portion of biochar report supplies market standings of businesses that are leading.

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Blue Heron tends to trees on MLK Day

23 January, 2019
 

Students and adults turned out for a Martin Luther King Jr. Day of fostering the narrow field of about 70 apple, plum and pear trees adjacent to the Blue Heron Middle School parking lot.

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Students and adults turned out for a Martin Luther King Jr. Day of fostering the narrow field of about 70 apple, plum and pear trees adjacent to the Blue Heron Middle School parking lot.

Seth Rolland of Quimper Community Harvest, which planted the original 20 trees nine years ago and another 50 trees in 2013, has enlisted students and his fellow gleaners every MLK Day since then to tend to the trees.

Rolland has tried to make the event coincide with the federal holiday, which was observed Jan. 21.

Rolland said this year’s workers benefited from 50 cubic yards of wood chips and mulch donated by Hermann Brothers Logging and Construction of Port Angeles; 20 cubic yards of washed cow manure provided by Roger Short of Short’s Family Farm; and 1 cubic yard of biochar donated by Francesco L. Tortorici of Olympic BioChar.

Rolland explained how biochar absorbs the nutrients from other types of mulch, then releases them over time.

“The good stuff can run off in storms, but this holds it in,” Rolland said.

Tortorici added biochar is a byproduct of the Port Townsend Paper Corporation.

“They’ve made it for years but didn’t always have a use for it,” Tortorici said. “We’ve donated biochar to all the area school gardens. Our first use of it was at the Port of Port Townsend to help them remove heavy metals.”

Rolland also expressed his gratitude to the Port Townsend Food Co-op, which supplied a matching fund of $500 for the orchard. He said that may cover their expenses for the next year.

“We also had the soil tested this year, which adds to the cost,” Rolland said.

Anyone interested in contributing to the matching fund may contact Rolland at 360-385-5068 or sethrolland@gmail.com.

Rolland said the orchard eliminates “food miles” by putting the fruit right next to the kids, enabling them to pick it themselves and be introduced to sustainable, organic agriculture.

“It’s been shown through school garden programs that kids are more likely to eat and enjoy produce when they see it growing,” Rolland said.

Rolland estimated the most recent harvest yielded about 1,000 pounds of produce, and he predicted it’s still five years or so away from achieving its full potential.

“This is a relatively young orchard, so its output should be more and more every year,” Rolland said. “It’s not at its peak production yet.”

Rolland said the trees were planted with all-organic materials and fenced without plastic or pressure-treated woods.

Blue Heron teachers have used the orchard for scientific observation and experiments, and as a place for students to write, meditate or simply enjoy picking fruit.

“It’s an ideal place to study the entire cycle, from pollination to harvest,” Rolland said.

While the majority of young people in attendance were middle or high school students, Blue Heron Principal Theresa Campbell was joined by her two sons, one of whom is enrolled in college.

“It’s amazing to see the whole community come together to help out,” said Campbell, who took part in her first MLK Day tree-tending at Blue Heron. “It’s well worth the the labor for the reward. I already got to taste some of that from the previous harvest.”

A pair of graduating seniors developed a website for the orchard four years ago, complete with spreadsheets for tracking fruit growth and diseases.

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The Influence of Organic Manure and Biochar on Cashew Seedling Performance, Soil Properties …

23 January, 2019
 

Keywords:

Biochar research is gaining global interest with a promising potential for development of sustainable agriculture in Africa. Biochar is made by pyrolysis, a thermo-chemical decomposition of biomass at temperatures less than 700˚C in the presence of little or no oxygen. Lehmann and Joseph [1] widely documented the benefits of biochar to include: mitigation of climate change, energy production, soil improvement and waste management. According to Novak et al. [2] , biochar from Switchgrass showed high aliphatic-C character which is expected to contain substrates that may be minerialized by soil microbial activity to improve soil chemical and physical properties. Biochar has elaborate pore structure and large surface area properties [3] , with an ability to curtain fertilizer demand [4] , and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by about 800 kg of CO2 per ton of dry feedstock [5] . Within the soil, biochar acts as soil conditioner by improving its physical and biological properties, enhances water holding capacity and soil nutrients retention, and positively alters soil nutrient content and quality [6] [7] [8] [9] . Its effect on plant growth and yield is well documented [10] – [19] . So the recent awareness on need for reduction of residues in food products has necessitated research interest in eco-friendly plant enhancement and management systems. The use of biological control agents among which entomopathogens was studied had achieved a good height in crop protection strategies. However the association of Trichoderma harzianum and Beauverie bassiana with biochar and compost soils indicates a potential bio-control alternative of these amendments in addition to their use in soil fertility enhancement.

Work on cashew nursery soil amendment has been reported [20] ; likewise a number of research has been done on biochar as a soil amendment [1] [21] [22] . However, the use of biochar as alternative cashew nursery soil amendment in Nigeria is rare and the knowledge of it in enhancing growth and development of potted cashew seedlings has not been well exploited. Several farm wastes (grain husk, nutshell, wood, crop residues etc.) have carbon [23] and ash [24] . The need to convert these farm residues into a plant management enhancement necessitated this study. Hence, the objective of the study was to evaluate organic fertilizer sources of biochar (made from Cocoa Pod Husk) and compost on cashew seedlings performance and its effect on the chemical and microbial status composition of the soil.

The nursery experiment was carried out at Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN) Ibadan, Oyo state (Lat. 0.7˚1’N and Long. 03˚52’E). The biochar used was made from dried Cocoa Pod Husk with zero or no oxygen, while the compost was source from the market (A composition of plant and animal waste). Pure cultures of fungal used in this study were obtained and determination of specie affiliation was done according to Rifai, MA. [25] , Glare and Inwood [26] . Chemical analysis of the soil, biochar and the compost nutrient was done and the physico-chemical determined using standard procedures. The soil was top dressed with different 0 g (control), 5 g-compost, 5 g-biochar and 2.5 g biochar and compost combination per plant. Medium size cashew nuts were planted into each treatments. The experiment was laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) (4 × 4 × 3) with three replications. The plot size was four seedlings per treatment. The seedlings were monitored for four months. Manual weeding was done as at when due.

Data collected on vegetative growth parameter were: plant height, stem girth, numbers of leaves/plant and leaf area; interval of collection was four weeks for four months. At the termination of the experiment soil samples were collected for chemical analyzed for physico-chemical properties and were also assayed in-vitro on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) at 10−5 dilution factor, incubated at 29˚C + 2˚C and colony growths recorded. Plant leaves samples were also analyzed for mineral content and nutrient uptake and calculated on the cashew leaves samples. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out on the data for the variables measured during the study period to test for differences between the treatments using SAS [27] . Treatment means were separated using the least significant difference (LSD) test at P = 0.05.

The chemical composition of the soil, shown in Table 1 indicated that the soil used in this study needs improvement soil N was less than 0.15%, which is the optimum according to Sobulo, and Osiname [28] for plant growth. Also, P, K and Ca were also low in the soil concentration and below satisfactory level when compared to the cashew soil critical level of P-3.7; K-0.12; Ca 0.8. The values of Total C, N and K were higher in the organic compost than that of the biochar. However, P value (Table 1) was high in the biochar content, it is above the critical level needs of the soil.

In Figure 1, the various treatment did not significantly (P < 0.05) affect stem girth and number of leaves, however organic compost and the combination of biochar + compost which shows significant growth enhancement at 4 weeks after planting (WAP) for the two parameters. Onwuka and Nwangwu [29] observed similar trend in the growth parameters of potted Okra. At 12 WAP, sole compost manure and biochar + compost treated soil with cashew seedlings produced significantly higher number of leaves when compared with other

treatments. The result obtained was in line to work of [30] [31] [32] with the use of combination of biochar and compost.

Figure 2 showed that leaf area was significantly influence in biochar treated cashew seedlings at 8, 12 WAP, which indicate that the alkaline nature (PH―9.15) of the cocoa pod husk biochar may have provided nutrients which positively affected the leaf area development of the cashew seedlings. The results also showed comparable similarities among the other treatments applied. This could have being attributed to availability of other nutrient element in the compost. Sarah et al. [33] observed related impact of biochar application on soil properties and plant growth of pot grown Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Cabbage (Brassica chinensis). Among the treatments, only organic compost and mixture of biochar and compost significantly influenced the number of leaves at 4 WAP. This corroborates the finding of MoyinJesu [34] who reported that Nitrogen is responsible for good vegetative growth; he equally observed the element to have high contributory influence on organic matter build up.

Figure 3 shows that the association of Trichoderma harzianum and Beauverie bassiana were significantly higher in biochar integrated with organic-treated soil compared with other treatment types. But Beauverie bassiana was only present in the combination of biochar and organic. A similar trend was recorded with the presence of Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Rhizopus nigrican in the untreated control. The fungal genus Beauveria, Vuillemin has species that are often

pathogenic to insects, one of most common is B. bassiana, an entomopathogen which has extremely broad host range and used as commercial biopesticide for control of insects of agricultural, veterinary and medical significance [35] [36] [37] . The bioactivity of B. bassiana has been proof against many pests in the laboratory and efforts are being made to simulate the results in field condition. Genus Trichoderma are important biocontrol agents of several soil borne phytopathogens [38] . The Trichoderma species serves as a potential alternative to chemical control measure and growing pathogen resistance crop cultivars. The reports of Harman et al., [39] and Renio et al., [40] showed that Trichoderma use different mechanism for control of phytopathogens which includes mycoparasitism which out compete pathogenic fungi for nutrients, secretion for antibiotics and fungal cell wall degrading enzymes.

The soil textural class was sandy loam soil. The soil was slightly acidic with PH values of 5.30 – 6.5 across the soil. More so, the valued obtained in all the treatments varied only slightly with the treatments imposed as shown in Table 2. This was expected because the PH of the biochar was 9.51 before its addition to the soil which may have being neutralized indirectly. Similarly Glaser et al. [41] and Randon et al. [42] reported that biochar with high PH act as a liming agent thereby increased the soil PH, while Ilesanmi [43] reported that an increased soil PH could be because of the alkaline nature of biochar. The results also shown that the application of biochar significantly influence the Total C, N, exchangeable K, Mg, Cu and Zn, while the organic compost influences soil PH, Total C, N, P, Cu. The results in Table 2 shown that Biochar + organic compost treatment significantly influence PH, Total C, N, exchangeable Ca and Na content of the cashew seedlings. This is in line with the work of Scotti et al. [44] in their study of organic amendments as a tool for fertility recovery and Chan et al. [11] , Asai et al. [12] , Saarnio et al. [18] in their works on effects of fertilizer on plant growth. The use of biochar and compost increased the soil N thereby meeting the cashew nutrient requirement for N, while that of the combination of biochar + compost influenced the total C concentration and ECE of the soil (Table 2).

Table 3 shows that leaf mineral concentration of the cashew seedlings was significantly different for Ca, Na and Fe in untreated cashew seedlings compare to other treatment. This indicated that some quantities of these nutrients are present in the soil. Compost-treated cashew seedlings had high Mg, P and Cu and the biochar + compost combination treated soil had high Na and Mn nutrient composition when compare to the other treatment respectively. These finding concurred with earlier works of MoyinJesu [45] . The K mineral content value (1.37) of the leaves was significantly different from other treatments. Hammond [46] stated in his report that different type of biochar affect the soil, plants in various ways, depending on the climatic condition of the area of study.

The nutrient uptake of the cashew seedling leave shown similarities among the elements measured in the various treatments imposed in this study, apart from N, P and K content. The use of compost manure significantly enhanced K and N nutrient uptake when compared to other treatments. The application of compost and a combination of biochar + compost enhances P uptake compared to other treatments in this study (Table 4). This was corroborated with the findings of Chan et al. [6] and [7] ; and that of Van Zwieten et al. [9] , who reported that the application of biochar or fertilizer to the soil, increases the rate of nutrient uptake in plants. The use of sole biochar may enhance nutrient uptake but incorporating biochar + compost seemed to give better cashew seedling growth. This is in line with the report of Ofori et al. [47] on the combination of cocoa pod husk and NPK fertilizer.

This experiment result demonstrated there was increased in chemical concentration of the soil, leaf mineral/nutrient contents and cashew seedling plant development. Therefore taking into consideration that the soil used in this study was

Treatment means within each column followed by the same letters are not significantly different at

Treatment means within each column followed by the same letters are not significantly different at

Treatment means within each column followed by the same letters are not significantly different at

low in its nutrient status, the results obtained from this study shows that the application of biochar, and compost manure solely or in combinations have significant agronomic benefit to the soil. In this research, the impacts of biochar includes: modification of the soil physical and chemical properties, enhancement of cashew seedling vegetative growth parameters and improved nutrient uptake. And the presence of entomopathogen and bio-control agent indicates crop protection advantage of this bio-fertilizer. This study could be furthered with its application on cashew under field conditions to study the impact on soil compaction.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

Nduka, B.A., Ogunlade, M.O., Adeniyi, D.O., Oyewusi, I.K., Ugioro, O. and Mohammed, I. (2019) The Influence of Organic Manure and Biochar on Cashew Seedling Performance, Soil Properties and Status. Agricultural Sciences, 10, 110-120. https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2019.101009

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Carbonaceous micro-filler for cement

24 January, 2019
 

This study explores influence of biochar particle size and surface morphology on rheology, strength development and permeability of cement mortar, under moist and dry curing condition. Experimental results show that the flowability and viscosity of cement paste is more affected by macro-porous coarser (or ‘normal’) biochar particles of size 2–100 μm (NBC) compared to fine (or ‘ground’ biochar), which is in the size range of 0.10–2 μm (GBC). Addition of both GBC and NBC accelerates hydration kinetics by up to 4 h and improved early (1-day) and 28-day strength by 20–25% compared to the control. Water permeability, measured by capillary absorption was reduced by about 50% compared to control mortar, due to the addition of 0.50–1% NBC and GBC respectively. GBC is found to be more effective in minimizing loss in strength and water tightness under dry curing condition compared to the control and mortar with NBC and quartz filler respectively. In summary, findings from the study show that finer biochar particles offer superior performance in improving early strength and water tightness compared to normal biochar (with macro-pores), while 28-day properties are similar for mortar with both GBC and NBC respectively.

 


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24 January, 2019
 

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Biochar Network New Zealand – Latest News [Page 1]

25 January, 2019
 

This InfoPage in unregistered, if this is your news page register Biochar Network New Zealand for InfoPages here.

Putting Carbon Back into Soil – Inaugural General Meeting

Friday, 25 January 2019, 1:51 pm | Biochar Network New Zealand

In a world having too much carbon in the atmosphere and obsessed about expensive and dangerous technologies for it’s removal, it is comforting to know that a form of charcoal has now been accepted by the IPCC as a useful tool in the fight against … More >>

In a world having too much carbon in the atmosphere and obsessed about expensive and dangerous technologies for it’s removal, it is comforting to know that a form of charcoal has now been accepted by the IPCC as a useful tool in the fight against … More >>


Putting Carbon Back into Soil – Inaugural General Meeting

25 January, 2019
 

Video | Agriculture | Confidence | Economy | Energy | Employment | Finance | Media | Property | RBNZ | Science | SOEs | Tax | Technology | Telecoms | Tourism | Transport | <a href="http:///” style=”white-space: nowrap”>Search

PUTTING CARBON BACK INTO SOIL

In a world having too much carbon in the atmosphere and obsessed about expensive and dangerous technologies for it’s removal, it is comforting to know that a form of charcoal has now been accepted by the IPCC as a useful tool in the fight against climate change.

Biochar is charcoal which can be used to lift productivity in agriculture and as a long-lived carbon store in soils. It can be used to enhance water quality and as a bioremediation tool for contaminated soils. The production of biochar can also deliver secondary bioenergy benefits and deal with many types of ‘liability’ biomass. Biochar has attracted worldwide attention as a Negative Emissions Technology (NET) in the latest IPCC report, presented at COP24. Biochar has been identified as having positive impacts on 12 of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals.

A growing number of New Zealand farmers are becoming interested in making and using Biochar, leading to a new organisation is being formed, Biochar Network New Zealand (BNNZ), which will have its Inaugural General Meeting in Pukekohe on 14 February.

BNNZ is planning to promote and support activities that provide widespread awareness, understanding and acceptance of Biochar in New Zealand, leading to a diverse range of production and application scenarios for the benefit of New Zealand’s agriculture, industry and environment.

The BNNZ IGM will take place at 10am on 14 February 2019 at the Reid Anderson Lounge, 18 Wesley Road, Pukekohe.

If you wish to attend, or participate via remote access, please email your request to: BNNZ@soilcarbon.org.nz

For more information about biochar please see:
http://soilcarbon.org.nz/biochar-what-is-it-and-why-does-it-matter/

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Growth, Seed Yield, Mineral Nutrients and Soil Properties of Sesame

27 January, 2019
 

Agronomy 2019, 9(2), 55; doi:10.3390/agronomy9020055


Biochar – Putting Carbon Back into Soil

27 January, 2019
 

Source: Press Release Service — Auckland

(PR.co.nz) In a world having too much carbon in the atmosphere and obsessed about expensive and dangerous technologies for it’s removal, it is comforting to know that a form of charcoal has now been accepted by the IPCC as a useful tool in the fight against climate change.

Biochar is charcoal which can be used to lift productivity in agriculture and as a long-lived carbon store in soils. It can be used to enhance water quality and as a bioremediation tool for contaminated soils. The production of biochar can also deliver secondary bioenergy benefits and deal with many types of ‘liability’ biomass. Biochar has attracted worldwide attention as a Negative Emissions Technology (NET) in the latest IPCC report, presented at COP24. Biochar has been identified as having positive impacts on 12 of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals.

A growing number of New Zealand farmers are becoming interested in making and using Biochar, leading to a new organisation is being formed, Biochar Network New Zealand (BNNZ), which will have its Inaugural General Meeting in Pukekohe on 14 February.

BNNZ is planning to promote and support activities that provide widespread awareness, understanding and acceptance of Biochar in New Zealand, leading to a diverse range of production and application scenarios for the benefit of New Zealand’s agriculture, industry and environment.

The BNNZ IGM will take place at 10am on 14 February 2019 at the Reid Anderson Lounge, 18 Wesley Road, Pukekohe.

If you wish to attend, or participate via remote access, please email your request to: BNNZ@soilcarbon.org.nz

Media Release 29 January 2019.

MIL OSI


The physical activations of the biochar improve the properties of specific surface area, pore volume

27 January, 2019
 


Bioenergy + Carbon Storage & Sequestration (BeCSS)

28 January, 2019
 

Please visit status.squarespace.com for updates


Biochar Amendment affects soil water and CO2 regime during Capsicum Annuum plant growth

29 January, 2019
 

Recent studies on using soil enhancer material, such as biochar, provide varying results from a soil hydrological and chemical perspective. Therefore, research focusing on soil-biochar-plant interactions is still necessary to enhance our knowledge on complex effects of biochar on soil characteristics. The present study investigated the changes in soil water content (SWC) and soil respiration (belowground CO2 production) over time during the growth of Capsicum annuum (pepper) in pot experiments. Concurrently, we investigated the influence of grain husk biochar with the amount of 0, 0.5%, 2.5%, and 5.0% (by weight) added to silt loam soil. Pepper plants were grown under natural environmental conditions to better represent field conditions, and additional irrigation was applied. SWC among treatments showed minor changes to precipitation during the beginning of the study while plants were in the growing phase. The highest water holding throughout the experiment was observed in the case of BC5.0. CO2 production increased in biochar amended soils during the first few days of the experiments; while the overall cumulative CO2 production was the highest in control and the lowest in BC2.5 treatments. We used the HYDRUS 1D soil hydrological model to simulate changes in SWC, using the control treatment without biochar as a reference data source for model calibration. The simulated SWC dynamics fitted well the measured ones in all treatments. Therefore, the HYDRUS 1D can be an exceptionally valuable tool to predict the hydrological response of different amount of biochar addition to silt loam soil including plant growth.

Read the complete report here. 

Source: MDPI

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US Biochar Market to Benefit from Environmental Advantages, Rising at 19.0% CAGR from 2014 to …

29 January, 2019
 

Biochar is a solid material that is obtained from the carbonization of biomass. It is added to soil to enhance soil quality and reduce emission through carbon sequestration. The use of biochar for carbon sequestration is believed to offset carbon emission from natural and industrial processes. Biochar also improves water quality by retaining the agrochemicals and soil nutrients that could have mixed with water and caused water pollution. In addition to carbon sequestration and soil amendment, sustainable biochar practices can yield products that can be used as fuel.

Read Report Overview @ 

https://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/us-biochar-market.html

Pyrolysis is a simple and low-cost technique used to produce a wide range of products such as biochar, bio-oil, and bio-chemicals. The biochar obtained as the output of the pyrolysis process can improve soil fertility. Biochar can be obtained either using the slow or fast pyrolysis technique. The biochar industry in the U.S. is in the development phase with several research institutes and companies trying to develop biochar at low cost, which could prove economical for both buyers and sellers. The U.S. market for biochar includes companies that are involved in small and medium scale biochar manufacturing. These companies provide biochar for gardening, research, agriculture (large farms), and household purposes.

Manufacturers provide biochar in a pure form and engineered biochar/biochar mixes designed to meet the requirement of small scale users such as gardeners. The second set of manufacturers includes farmers and gardeners who produce biochar for their own use. These manufacturers use low cost practices to develop biochar such as stoves and burners. Various market players are developing gasification, slow pyrolysis, and fast pyrolysis systems for production of biochar. There are a large number of players in the U.S. involved in the manufacture and supply of biochar. Very few technology providers can be observed in the U.S. biochar market. Most of the companies are concentrating on producing biochar – particularly those using the slow pyrolysis systems.

Request Report Brochure @ 

https://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/sample/sample.php?flag=B&rep_id=3636

Release of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere through rising use of fossil fuels has resulted in global warming. Fossil fuel is a carbon-positive fuel that increases the amount of carbon in the atmosphere. Moreover, carbon is continually released in the atmosphere as a result of decomposition of plants and animals. Biochar’s ability to act as a carbon sink and its capability to sequester carbon is likely to drive growth in the U.S. biochar market in the future. Furthermore, biochar is a helpful tool to achieve the goal of crop diversity and food security in areas with scarce organic resources. The potential of biochar to improve soil fertility and enhance crop productivity is also likely to act as an important driver of growth in the U.S. biochar market. Additionally, application of biochar for waste management is likely to fuel additional demand for biochar in the U.S. biochar market.

Most of the biochar applications (waste water treatment, energy production) are still unexplored and thus raising the finance to carry out biochar projects is one of the major restraints to the biochar market in the U.S. The success of the U.S. biochar market largely depends on research activities directed toward establishing biochar as a prime product with proven benefits. The location of pyrolysis facilities would continue to be an important factor in the development of the biochar industry in the U.S. The location of such facilities in or near to the vicinity of feedstock producing areas or demand centers would help in reducing the cost of production for biochar. The expected introduction of energy credits on use and manufacturing of biochar would further boost the U.S. biochar market in the near future.


Global Biochar Market 2024 Growth Analysis by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application …

30 January, 2019
 

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Biochar Market Report with Detailed Global Analysis and Forecast of 2018-2023

30 January, 2019
 

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Contact your hosting provider letting them know your web server is not completing requests. An Error 522 means that the request was able to connect to your web server, but that the request didn’t finish. The most likely cause is that something on your server is hogging resources. Additional troubleshooting information here.

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Simultaneous adsorption and immobilization of As and Cd by birnessite-loaded biochar in water …

31 January, 2019
 

A novel biochar was prepared by loading birnessite to improve its capability to simultaneously adsorb As(III), As(V), and Cd(II) in water and soil. Layer sheet–structured birnessite was successfully loaded onto the biochar surface with increased functional groups. SEM, XRD, and FTIR combining with XPS analysis were utilized to characterize birnessite-loaded biochar and its adsorption mechanisms for As and Cd(II). The saturated adsorption capabilities of the birnessite-loaded biochar (BRB) for As(III), As(V), and Cd(II) were as large as 3543, 2412, and 9068 mg/kg (calculated by Langmuir isotherm model), much higher than for the corresponding non-loaded biochar (no adsorption of As, 4335 mg/kg for Cd). Adsorption of Cd and As onto BRB was controlled by multi mechanisms; Cd(II) appeared to coordinate to vacant sites of birnessite, while As formed surface complex with functional groups. Furthermore, BRB showed higher abilities for co-adsorption of As(III) and Cd or As(V) and Cd, which may be due to the formation of Cd3(AsO4)2 surface precipitate as well as synergistic reaction between anions and cations. After conditioning to soil, BRB showed potential for Cd and As remediation under both flooded and unflooded conditions. These results suggested that BRB can be used as an effective sorbent for simultaneous immobilization of heavy metals, especially As and Cd, in environmental and agricultural systems.

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