Biochar from coffee husks the biochar project way

Biochar coffee husks is today’s learning curve project.

I went to give a demonstration of the Tlud gassifier stoves and a bigger home made Johnny Rodger tlud to green mountain coffee in Northern NSW. It was a wet day and we had the luxury of a beautiful freshly roasted organic coffee to really get our minds into gear for the task at hand with the further effects of unable to keep my mouth closed lol yap yap yapp yada yada yada Nice Coffee.

Green Mountain Coffee 1 300x157 Biochar from coffee husks the biochar project way

Green Mountain Coffee bio char team

This organic coffee company has a big pile of coffee husks that they would like to turn into biological charcoal and feed the char back to the coffee plants.

Piles of coffee husks 300x225 Biochar from coffee husks the biochar project way

Piles of coffee husks

Simple I thought we will run these through a gasifier and that will be it.

WRONG.

We tried introducing more primary air from the bottom but it kept putting the flames out. We then tried adding more secondary air from the bottom with no luck either. We tried extending the chimney for better draw and still no improvement. Finally we tried introducing the primary air into the top of the tlud and this seemed to work.

char from the tlud 300x225 Biochar from coffee husks the biochar project way

charred coffee husks from the tlud

Here is what I believe is one of our problems.

Bucket of coffee husks 300x225 Biochar from coffee husks the biochar project way

Coffee husks

The coffee husks although very dry are unable to hold a flame so when using them straight in a gassifier they do not stay alight.

Solution : )

Because you all know how I like to solve problems.

Ask the biochar community for any ideas that may work (This is the easy way)

Experiment by myself (this is the harder way).

My first idea is to introduce a piece of firelighter charcoal soaked in metho onto the top of the husks in a Tlud this way the charcoal can maintain a flame while the surrounding coffee husks turn into char.

What do you think out there in bio char experts land ?

Please comment below with any ideas you might have that will help me over come this problem and allow me to write up a  informational page for pyrolizing coffee husks. All information will be maintained as open source / public domain so everyone can learn this great new technology.

Charmaster Dolph Cooke

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About Charmaster

Male 45, Australian crazy about biochar. I love the feeling I get when I do something I thought I could not do. Intrests are :- Biochar, Bush Mechanics, Quantum Agriculture, Gardening, Composting, Alternative health through nature, helping others, Dreaming BIG then actioning those dreams.

5 Responses to “Biochar from coffee husks the biochar project way”

  1. Karl Frogner July 3, 2011 at 1:09 am #

    2 Jully ‘11
    Ulaanbaatar

    E, Dolph, aloha kaua-
    Just came upon your web page and thought you might like to take a look at the modifications we made to John Rogers’ 200 l TLUD based on what little I know from a bit of reading of TLUDs. I’ll send a set of pictures that should give you the basic idea if your page input allows me to, otherwise send me an email address and I’ll send them. An extended set of pictures is available that I would be happy to send if you think they would help. We are calling this biochar oven the UB 200 l natural draft TLUD oven, or the UB T- oven or t-oven for short. But please, please, please don’t call it a stove.

    [Input doesn't take my pictures - send me an email and I'll send the pictures
    pattamo_kop@yahoo.com]
    ———
    Photo 1 of 5 Component parts (l to r):
    Primary air chamber with adjustable slip ring intake ports;
    200 l feedstock chamber;
    afterburner (also with adjustable slip ring intake ports) with chimney.

    Photo 2. Chimney damper
    ———
    Only a power drill and a power grinder are needed to make the design, although the student who was doing the work had access to a welder and used it to put the handles on the slip rings on the primary air & afterburner air, the male slip coupe for the chimney and the handle for the chimney flue. Easy workarounds could be used if welding is a problem.
    I’ve run two trials so far, both with cow manure that was air dried after being shoveled out of the cowshed. Both runs were smokeless. The first, in which 20-30 x 20-30 x 5-10 cm sized pieces on down burned down in 55 min, the second that was filled with fairly uniform 7-10 x 7-10 x 5-10 pieces together with the fins from chopping up the larger pieces burned down in 1 hr 40 min. The charing was compleat throughout the charge, slightly oily on the ‘ub on the hand’ test.
    Another run was made (I was absent) using birch branch & twigs segments (2 cm on down) about 10 cm long. They had smoke problems with keeping the afterburner lit in an exposed site on a windy day, but the char came out good. Devising a wind shield should not be much of a problem.
    ———--
    Photo 3: The circled square pattern of 45 holes, each 13 mm in diameter.
    ———-
    We are very interested in developing these large TLUDs for getting serious amounts of biochar into the ground, leveraging smallholder benefits of biochar in sustainable rural development into timely climate change mitigation. We are thinking of initiating another sib-project based on a virtual community of low-tech biochar producers, TLUD designers and tinkers who would want to test and improve the design. Joining might be a good sub project for your Biochar Project or any of your interested readers.

    Me ke aloha-
    frog
    ———--
    Photo 4. Assembled 200 l TLUD
    ————
    Karl J. Frogner, PhD, OZP
    President & Project Development Head; UB International (UBI)
    Project Development Head; Mongolian Biochar Initiative (MoBI)
    Project Development Consultant; Thai Biochar Initiative (ThBI)
    Project Development Head; UBI Hawaii (UBI Ha
    Member, Advisory Committee, International Biochar Initiative (IBI)

    47-481 Ho’opala St.,
    Kane’ohe HI 96744 USA
    pattamo_kop@yahoo.com
    Hawaii: 1-808 234-3486
    Ulaanbaatar: 976 9600-3688
    Bangkok: 085 328-3731
    ————
    Photo 5. Burn line 20 min after spreading starting fire coals
    and putting afterburner/chimney in place.
    (Coals were spread 10 min after igniting starting fire)
    Note smokeless burn
    ———-
    http://www.biochar-international.org/regional/ubi
    http://www.biochar-international.org/regional/mongolia
    http://www.biochar-international.org/regional/thailand
    http://www.biochar-international.org/UBIHawaii

  2. Charmaster July 3, 2011 at 9:02 pm #

    Fantastic Stuff. I am so happy other folks want to share their biochar ingenuity I will take what you have sent me and create a biochar project post on (Y)our site no worries. I worked through the photos you sent and they are terrific it’s so great to see you guys getting into biochar and you guys look so proud as well. You’re doing a great job

    Charmaster Cooke

  3. Paul Olivier July 4, 2011 at 5:18 pm #

    It is easy to gasify coffee bean husks in a top-lit updraft gasifier. But a small fan is needed to force air through the husks. I use a small 40 x 40 mm fan, and the speed of the fan is controlled by a speed regulator. The amount of power consumed by this fan in the gasification of coffee bean husks is generally less than one watt.
    Virtually no smoke is created during the gasification of coffee bean husks.
    Here are two pictures of coffee bean husk being gasified:
    http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/150%20Burner/IMG_0467.JPG
    http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/150%20Burner/IMG_0468.JPG
    I did a similar experiment with much drier coffee husks, and I got a much bluer flame that what you see in these two pictures.
    Of course I get a much better result gasifying rice hulls:
    http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/150%20Burner/IMG_0444.JPG
    http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/150%20Burner/IMG_0445.JPG

    Here are some of the latest designs of my 150 mm gasifier:
    http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/150%20Gasifier%20Jpegs/001.jpg
    http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/150%20Gasifier%20Jpegs/003.jpg
    http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/150%20Gasifier%20Jpegs/004.jpg
    All of these gasifiers are fabricated out of stainless steel so that they can be used over many years.
    My 100 gasifier sells for about $30 US.
    The 150 gasifier sell for about $50 US.
    This is a totally non-profit effort.
    I also design larger gasifiers of a 100 kW capacity.
    Here equipment price drop to less than $5.00/kW.

    For the larger waste management concept that I am promoting in developing countries, see:
    http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/Paper/composting.pdf

  4. mokonnen July 4, 2014 at 5:09 pm #

    I need to communicate join your project .because your project is productive in 21 century.

  5. Charmaster July 4, 2014 at 5:58 pm #

    Thanks Mate

    Send me an email anytime

    Dolph Cooke

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